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Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 845-850, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012242


Objective: To investigate the effect of clonal hematopoiesis (CH) in remission on hematopoiesis recovery in patients with NPM1 mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after chemotherapy. Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed on 86 patients with NPM1(mut) AML newly diagnosed and treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University between July 2016 and June 2019. Their clinical data and NGS test results at diagnosis were analyzed. Moreover, bone marrow samples in remission were tested using Sanger sequencing. The log-rank test was used to analyze the difference in hematopoietic recovery, and Cox proportional hazard models were used to analyze the prognostic factors affecting hematopoietic recovery. Results: The median age of the 86 NPM1(mut) AML patients was 50 years (15-69 years). There were 39 males and 47 females. Forty-one patients were induced with intensity chemotherapy ("7 + 3"), whereas 45 patients were treated with low-dose cytarabine-based induction chemotherapy. At diagnosis, The most common mutations in the patients were FLT3, DNMT3A, TET2, and IDH1/IDH2 mutations. CH-associated mutations persisted in 21 patients during remission, and the mutations were DNMT3A, TET2, ASXL1, and IDH1/IDH2. The recovery time of neutrophils in patients with CH-associated mutations in remission was consistent with that in patients without CH in remission (P=0.282) but the recovery time of platelets in patients with CH in remission was significantly longer[26 (95% CI 21-32) days vs 25 (95% CI 23-26) days, P=0.032]. Furthermore, univariate analysis indicated that age, induced chemotherapy program, and CH in remission were risk factors for platelet recovery, whereas multivariate analysis indicated that induced chemotherapy program and CH in remission were independent risk factors for platelet recovery (HR=0.454, P=0.001 and HR=0.520, P=0.027, respectively) . Conclusion: CH in remission delays the hematopoietic recovery of patients with NPM1(mut) AML after chemotherapy.

Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Aged , Clonal Hematopoiesis , Hematopoiesis , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 618-621, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928763


With the progress of medical technology, cloning hematopoietic was found to be widely exist in normal people. Because of its clinical significance and prognosis is unclear, it is named clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential(CHIP), which has been detected in blood diseases such as myelodysplastic syndrome and lymphoma, and proven to be related to poor prognosis. Recently, CHIP has been also detected in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). In this article, the definition and influencing factors of CHIP, clinical significance, prognosis and treatment in MM were reviewed.

Humans , Clonal Hematopoiesis , Hematopoiesis , Multiple Myeloma , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 25(4): 210-221, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388944


Resumen La Hematopoyesis Clonal de Potencial Indeterminado (HCPI), más conocida como CHIP por sus siglas en inglés, se define como la expansión clonal de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas (CMHs) que albergan una o más mutaciones somáticas (en la mayoría de los casos una sola mutación) sin un cáncer hematológico subyacente ni evidencia morfológica definitiva de displasia, con una frecuencia alélica mayor al 2%. Los individuos con HCPI progresan a malignidad a una tasa de cerca del 0.5% a 1% por año, convirtiéndose así en un modelo de campo de cancerización. Sin embargo, sus implicaciones van más allá debido a que se ha encontrado asociación con enfermedades inflamatorias crónicas, como enfermedad cardiovascular ateroesclerótica, diabetes y enfermedades autoinmunes. Además, es considerado un factor predictivo en pacientes con cáncer hematolológico y no hematológico que reciben quimioterapia y radioterapia.

Abstract Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) is the expansion of hematopoietic stem cells harboring one or more somatic mutations. These patients do not have underlying hematologic neoplasia, myelodysplasia, or dysplasia, but can progress to a malignant state at a rate of 0.5 to 1% per year. CHIP could be used as a model of field cancerization, since it has been associated with chronic inflammatory diseases, arteriosclerosis, diabetes, and autoimmune conditions. CHIP is also considered a predictive factor in hematological and non-hematological cancer patients receiving chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

Humans , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Clonal Hematopoiesis , Autoimmune Diseases , Drug Therapy , Mutation , Neoplasms