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1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210214, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356213

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar os uniformes usados na cerimônia de formatura de enfermeiras e seus significados para a identidade profissional. Método Estudou-se uma escola de enfermagem de Minas Gerais, no período de 1947 até 1964. Pesquisa qualitativa, histórico-social, mediante a qual foram analisados documentos escritos, fotográficos e orais, considerando as bases conceituais de identidade profissional, do sociólogo Claude Dubar, e de vestuário e seus significados simbólicos, de Roland Barthes. Resultados O uniforme das enfermeiras, usado na formatura, possuía signos de identidade institucional e profissional. Foi constituído pelo clássico vestido branco, com touca e outros acessórios. Conclusões e implicações para a prática O uniforme de formatura de enfermeiras correspondeu aos avanços da moda e da cientificidade, configurando-se uma marca na construção do papel e consolidação da identidade profissional, contribuindo para a identificação de uma categoria profissional em formação.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar los uniformes utilizados en la ceremonia de graduación de enfermeras y sus significados para la identidad profesional. Método Se estudió una escuela de enfermería de Minas Gerais, relativo al periodo de 1947 a 1964. Investigación cualitativa, histórico-social, en la que se analizaron documentos escritos, fotográficos y orales, considerando las bases conceptuales de la identidad profesional, del sociólogo Claude Dubar, y de vestuario y sus significados simbólicos, de Roland Barthes. Resultados El uniforme de las enfermeras, utilizado en la graduación, presentaba señales de identidad institucional y profesional. Consistía en el clásico vestido blanco, con gorra y otros complementos. Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica El uniforme de graduación de enfermeras correspondió a los avances de moda y cientificidad, convirtiéndose en una marca en la construcción y consolidación de la identidad profesional, contribuyendo para la identificación de una categoría profesional en formación.


Abstract Objective to analyze the uniforms used in the graduation ceremony of nurses and their meanings for professional identity. Method A nursing school in Minas Gerais was studied from the period of 1947 to 1964. Qualitative, social-historical research, through which written, photographic and oral documents were analyzed, considering the conceptual bases of professional identity, by the sociologist Claude Dubar, and of clothing and its symbolic meanings, by Roland Barthes. Results The nurses' uniform used at graduation had institutional and professional identity signs. It consisted of the classic white dress, with a cap and other accessories. Conclusions and implications for practice The nurse's graduation uniform corresponded to the advances in fashion and scientificity, becoming a mark in the construction of the role and a consolidation of professional identity, contributing to the identification of a professional category in training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Schools, Nursing/history , Social Identification , Clothing/history , Nurse's Role/history , History of Nursing , Nurses , Brazil , Qualitative Research
2.
RECIIS (Online) ; 15(1): 136-154, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177113

ABSTRACT

Com o avanço das tecnologias de informação, as redes sociais estão inseridas diretamente no cotidiano dos indivíduos e refletem o modo como grupos e indivíduos constroem suas relações sociais, afetivas e laborais. Considerando que a percepção sobre os corpos é influenciada pelos canais de comunicação, este trabalho procura discutir o crescimento do movimento Body Positive (BoPo) em perfis do Instagram, tendo em vista a estetização da saúde e o efeito de influência e controle que são exercidos sobre a relação dos indivíduos com seus corpos. Para tanto, toma-se como referência a análise dos mecanismos neoliberais de controle e modulação de subjetividades marcados pela exigência de desempenho máximo e pela permanente concorrência consigo mesmo e com os outros. Procura-se apresentar uma reflexão crítica sobre a capacidade de captura dos mecanismos de controle em redes sociais que, em associação ao mercado capitalista, produzem novas roupagens para antigos dispositivos de poder.


With the advancement of information technologies, social media are inserted straight in people's daily life and reflect the way groups and individuals build their social, affective, and work relations. Considering that body perception is influenced by media channels, this paper aims to discuss the Body Positive movement increase on Instagram profiles, given the aestheticization of health and the influence and control effect over the relation of individuals with their bodies. Therefore, it takes as reference the analysis of neoliberal's control and subjectivity modulation mechanisms marked by both the exigency of maximum performance and the permanent competition with itself and the others. It seeks to present a critical reflection on the capture capacity of the social media control mechanisms that, associated with a capitalist market, produces new clothes to old power dispositives.


Con el avance de las tecnologías de la información, las redes sociales se insertan directamente en la vida diaria de las personas y reflejan la forma en que los grupos y las personas construyen sus relaciones sociales, afectivas y laborales. Teniendo en cuenta que la percepción de los cuerpos está influenciada por los canales de comunicación, este documento busca discutir el crecimiento del movimiento Body Positive (BoPo) en los perfiles de Instagram, en vista de la estetización de la salud, la influencia y el efecto de control que se ejercen sobre la relación de individuos con sus cuerpos. Con este fin, se toma como referencia el análisis de los mecanismos neoliberales para controlar y modular las subjetividades marcadas por la demanda de máximo rendimiento y competencia permanente consigo mismo y con los demás. Busca presentar una reflexión crítica sobre la capacidad de capturar mecanismos de control en las redes sociales que, en asociación con el mercado capitalista, producen ropa nueva para viejos dispositivos de energía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Beauty Culture , Communication , Information Technology , Social Networking , Social Media , Clothing , Social Marketing , Life Style
3.
São Paulo; s.n; 2021. 164 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362209

ABSTRACT

As roupas constituem, em parte, a maneira como as pessoas vivem e expressam as necessidades humanas que avançam vorazmente sobre o sistema natural. Sob forma de vestuário, é possível visualizar a representatividade da cadeia têxtil no cotidiano das pessoas, os efeitos e influência da produção, consumo e descarte na sociedade. Do montante produzido anualmente, menos de 1% desses materiais são reciclados em novas roupas ou outros produtos. O setor têxtil é intensivo na extração de recursos e geração de resíduos, possui altos índices de desperdício e é extremamente poluidor. O Brasil possui a quinta maior cadeia têxtil do mundo. A economia circular e a economia criativa podem contribuir neste enfrentamento pelo seu potencial de promover a reutilização de recursos existentes e a redução de impactos sociais, ambientais e à saúde. Nesse contexto, o objetivo deste estudo é analisar empresas da cadeia têxtil que adotam princípios da economia criativa e da economia circular com o intuito de identificar práticas que minimizam os impactos ambientais de resíduos têxteis e expandem a consciência ambiental de consumidores e empresas. A partir da revisão bibliográfica sistemática e das informações obtidas em visitas técnicas, com observação de campo e registro fotográfico, assim como de entrevistas com base em roteiro pré-elaborado com os empreendedores, foi possível observar os princípios da economia circular e da economia criativa como diferencial estratégico do negócio. Foram identificados alguns marcadores que alicerçam as práticas sustentáveis desenvolvidas nos negócios analisados como: i) gestão da parceria e alinhamento de propósito; ii) Gestão do ciclo de vida ou associação aos fluxos de resíduos dos grandes geradores; iii) Logística reversa e a estruturação de custos para sua viabilidade. O estudo de caso evidenciou como diferentes domínios de conhecimento inter-relacionam os temas de economia criativa e economia circular de forma hierárquica. Assim, foi elaborado framework de planejamento estratégico e os dados levantados durante a pesquisa foram organizados em website, consolidando imagens e conceitos para divulgação da pesquisa, e apoiar empreendedores na concepção de novos negócios cujo propósito é a sustentabilidade.


Clothes constitute, in part, the way in which people live and express human needs that voraciously advance over the natural system. In the form of clothing, it is possible to visualize the representativeness of the textile chain in peoples daily lives, the effects and influence of production, consumption and disposal in society. Of the amount produced annually, less than 1% of these materials are recycled into new clothes or other products. The textile sector is intensive in resource extraction and waste production, has high levels of waste and is extremely polluting. Brazil has the fifth largest textile chain in the world. The circular economy and the creative economy can contribute to this confrontation by their potential to promote the reuse of existing resources and the reduction of social, environmental and health impacts. In this context, the objective of this study is to analyze companies in the textile chain that adopt principles of the creative economy and the circular economy in order to identify practices that minimize the environmental impacts of textile waste and expand the environmental awareness of consumers and companies. From the systematic bibliographic review and the information obtained in technical visits, with field observation and photographic record, as well as interviews based on a pre-prepared script with the entrepreneurs, it was possible to observe the principles of circular economy and creative economy as strategic differential of the business. Some markers were identified that underpin the sustainable practices developed in the analyzed businesses, such as: i) management of the partnership and alignment of purpose; ii) Life cycle management or association with waste streams from large generators; iii) Reverse logistics and cost structuring for its viability. The case study showed how different domains of knowledge interrelate the themes of creative economy and circular economy in a hierarchical way. Thus, a strategic planning framework was developed and the data collected during the research were organized on a website, consolidating images and concepts for disseminating the research, and supporting entrepreneurs in the conception of new businesses whose purpose is sustainability.


Subject(s)
Textile Industry , Textiles , Clothing , Waste Management , Drawing , Economics
4.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41: e219501, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340421

ABSTRACT

Resumo O presente estudo propôs analisar, sob a perspectiva feminista de pesquisa e da psicologia social do trabalho, os sentidos do trabalho e de gênero que emergiram das narrativas de adoecimento de trabalhadoras da indústria do vestuário de Criciúma, Santa Catarina. Trata-se de uma pesquisa do tipo empírica - com a realização de entrevistas -, de caráter exploratório e qualitativa, que parte da perspectiva do construcionismo social e da análise narrativa. Os sujeitos da pesquisa foram quatro trabalhadoras da indústria do vestuário. Evidenciou-se que o trabalho se apresenta como via de socialização e subjetivação de trabalhadoras, bem como de adoecimento, seja nos meios fabril, doméstico ou de cuidado. Com base na perspectiva de gênero, postula-se que a divisão sexual do trabalho ainda é um entrave à equidade nos contextos laborais, mediante uma atualização do caráter exploratório das atividades realizadas por mulheres, sobretudo pela invisibilidade, no âmbito reprodutivo, e pela precarização do trabalho produtivo.(AU)


Abstract Based on a feminist perspective and on the social psychology of work, this study aimed to analyze the meanings of work and gender arising from illness narratives of female workers of the garment industry of Criciúma, Santa Catarina. This exploratory empirical research was conducted from the social constructionism perspective, with qualitative data collected by means of interviews conducted with four garment workers. The results indicate that the work in the garment industry comprises a means of socialization and subjectivation of workers, besides triggering illness in the relation between factory, domestic, and care work. From a gender perspective, the sexual division of labor remains as an obstacle to reaching equity in the labor context before the constant maintenance of the exploratory nature of activities performed by women, the invisibility in the reproductive scope, and the precarization of productive work.(AU)


Resumen El presente estudio propuso analizar, desde la perspectiva feminista de investigación y de la psicología social del trabajo, los sentidos del trabajo y de género que emergieron en los relatos de enfermedad de las trabajadoras de la industria indumentaria de Criciúma, Santa Catarina (Brasil). Esta es una investigación empírica - con la realización de entrevistas -, de carácter exploratorio y cualitativo, que parte de la perspectiva del construccionismo social y del análisis narrativo. Los sujetos de la investigación fueron cuatro trabajadoras de este ramo. Se evidenció que el trabajo es una vía de socialización y subjetivación de las trabajadoras, así como de enfermedad, producida entre la fábrica, el hogar y el trabajo de cuidado. Con base en la perspectiva de género, se postula que la división sexual del trabajo sigue siendo un obstáculo a la equidad de género en los contextos laborales, bajo una actualización del carácter exploratorio de las actividades realizadas por mujeres, especialmente por la invisibilidad, en el ámbito reproductivo, y la precarización del trabajo productivo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Psychology, Social , Women , Women, Working , Disease , Industry , Clothing , Narration , Empirical Research , Research Subjects , Empathy , Employment , Equity , Gender Equity , Occupational Groups
5.
Rev. enferm. neurol ; 2020(3): 141-148, 31/12/2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1281567

ABSTRACT

El uniforme como prenda que caracteriza al personal de salud ha sufrido diversos cambios, lo ideal es que sea de algodón pues controla la humedad, es resistente al agua, hipoalergénico y se adapta a las condiciones climáticas. Una vestimenta adecuada corresponde a un profesional de enfermería, ya que infunde respeto y admiración pues su imagen es de confianza, conocimientos y valores ante la sociedad. En el medio hospitalario es necesario que las prendas de vestir y accesorios tengan una limpieza diaria y correcta; sin embargo, estudios demuestran que se contamina la ropa y los accesorios, razón por la que se revisan algunos artículos que nos permiten hablar de la importancia de la higiene para evitar infecciones asociadas a la atención médica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clothing , Medical Care , Infections
8.
Psico (Porto Alegre) ; 51(2): 33744, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123420

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste artigo é descrever e analisar vivências de trabalho de feirantes de roupas que atuam na informalidade, em uma feira na cidade de Fortaleza-CE. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa que fez uso de observação direta e de entrevistas na coleta de dados, e da técnica de análise de conteúdo. Foram entrevistadas 17 feirantes que atuavam na comercialização de produtos e sem vínculo formal de emprego. Como resultado, identificaram-se trajetórias laborais marcadas pela informalidade e pela precarização. As vivências de trabalho apresentam aspectos positivos, como a renda obtida, a sensação de liberdade e a flexibilidade de tempo, e negativos, como o desconforto pelo período de funcionamento da feira e o cansaço. Amizade, confiança e ajuda recíproca compõem seus cotidianos, assim como a concorrência. Evidencia-se que as vivências relatadas são permeadas por ambivalências que, entretanto, não são suficientes para ensejar o desejo de mudança de ocupação.


This article aims to describe and analyze the work experiences of clothes merchants, that work informally in Fortaleza, Brazil, street market. It is a qualitative research that uses direct observation and interviews as data, and content analysis as a technique for interpretation. In total, 17 street merchants operating directly in the marketing of products without a formal working contract were interviewed. The results showed labour trajectories marked by informality and precariousness. Work experiences of the informal merchants have positive features, as the income obtained, feelings of freedom and flexibility of time, and negative, as the discomfort related to the market operation hours and tiredness. Friendship, trust and reciprocal aid compose merchant's daily life, as well as competition. It is evidenced that the experiences reported are permeated by an ambivalence which, however, are not sufficient to lead to the desire to change occupation.


El objetivo de este artículo es describir y analizar vivencias de trabajo de feriantes que actúan en la informalidad, en un mercado de ropa en la ciudad de Fortaleza, Brasil. Es una investigación cualitativa con uso de observación directa y de entrevistas, y de la técnica de análisis de contenido. Se entrevistaron 17 feriantes que actuaban en la comercialización de productos y sin vínculo formal de empleo. Como resultados, se identificaron trayectorias laborales marcadas por la informalidad y precarización. Las vivencias de trabajo presentan aspectos positivos, como la renta obtenida, sensación de libertad y flexibilidad de tiempo, y negativos, como el período de funcionamiento de la feria y cansancio. La amistad, la confianza y las ayudas recíprocas componen su cotidiano, así como la competencia. Las vivencias relatadas están impregnadas por ambivalencias que, sin embargo, no son suficientes para dar lugar al deseo de cambio de ocupación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Work , Clothing , Commerce , Occupational Groups , Qualitative Research
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810943

ABSTRACT

Since mid-December of 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection has been spreading from Wuhan, China. The confirmed COVID-19 patients in South Korea are those who came from or visited China. As secondary transmissions have occurred and the speed of transmission is accelerating, there are rising concerns about community infections. The 54-year old male is the third patient diagnosed with COVID-19 infection in Korea. He is a worker for a clothing business and had mild respiratory symptoms and intermittent fever in the beginning of hospitalization, and pneumonia symptoms on chest computerized tomography scan on day 6 of admission. This patient caused one case of secondary transmission and three cases of tertiary transmission. Hereby, we report the clinical findings of the index patient who was the first to cause tertiary transmission outside China. Interestingly, after lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra, AbbVie) was administered, β-coronavirus viral loads significantly decreased and no or little coronavirus titers were observed.


Subject(s)
China , Clothing , Commerce , Coronavirus , Fever , Hospitalization , Humans , Korea , Male , Pneumonia , Thorax , Viral Load
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(12): 4449-4458, dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055741

ABSTRACT

Resumo O artigo propõe uma leitura da crise da saúde no interior de uma crise mais ampla das utopias e da necessidade de reinventarmos a emancipação social que indique trilhas realistas de esperanças a partir do presente. Para isso propomos a articulação de quatro tipos de justiça: social, sanitária, ambiental e cognitiva. As duas primeiras são bem conhecidas do pensamento crítico e da saúde coletiva, e as duas últimas ampliam o entendimento da crise em sua natureza civilizatória, ética e planetária, marcada pelas contradições e potencial destrutivo da modernidade eurocêntrica, ocidental e capitalista. O social, na perspectiva assumida, é considerado indissociável das dimensões ecológicas, ontológicas e epistemológicas que marcarão os grandes embates na interface entre ética, política, ciência e transformação social em tempos de acirramento das várias crises, surgimento de distopias e necessária transição civilizatória. O artigo se apoia nas contribuições de três campos do conhecimento: a saúde coletiva, a ecologia política e as abordagens pós-coloniais, em especial as epistemologias do Sul de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, em torno da reinvenção da emancipação social. Ao final propomos breves reflexões para que a saúde coletiva produza alternativas sobre temas como desenvolvimento econômico, científico e tecnológico, promoção, vigilância, atenção e cuidado.


Abstract The article proposes a reinterpretation about the health crisis within a broader crisis of utopias and the need to reinvent social emancipation that can show us realistic paths of hope from the present. For this purpose, we propose the association of four types of justice: social, health, environmental and cognitive. The two first ones are well known in critical thinking and collective health, and the last two extend the understanding of the crisis in its civilizing, ethical, and planetary aspects, marked by the contradictions and destructive potential of Eurocentric, Western and capitalist modernity. The social is considered inseparable from the ecological, ontological, and epistemological dimensions in the interface between ethics, politics, science and social transformation related to the various crises and the necessary civilizational transition. The article is based on contributions from three fields of knowledge: collective health, political ecology and postcolonial approaches, especially the Epistemologies of the South, as presented by Boaventura de Sousa Santos around the reinvention of social emancipation. Finally, we propose some brief reflections for collective health to produce alternatives on topics such as economic, scientific and technological development, health promotion, surveillance, and care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Social Justice , Environmental Health , Public Health , Freedom , Right to Health , Violence , Warfare , Economic Development , Clothing , Colonialism , Metaphor , Capitalism , Social Marketing , Racism , Ethnic Violence , Sustainable Development/economics , Industry
11.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20190700. 14 p. tab.
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1005707

ABSTRACT

La norma técnica contiene: la finalidad, objetivos, ámbito de aplicación, base legal, disposiciones generales y específicas para el uso y especificaciones técnicas de la indumentaria de trabajo para el personal técnico y auxiliar asistencial de la salud en las instituciones prestadoras de servicios de salud, a fin de contribuir al cumplimiento de los principios de bioseguridad y los lineamientos de vigilancia, prevención y control de las infecciones asociada a la atención de la salud; así como a la adecuada identificación del personal de la salud por parte de los usuarios de los servicios, al estandarizar la indumentaria de trabajo del personal técnico y auxiliar asistencial de la salud de las entidades conformantes del Sector Salud.


Subject(s)
Clothing , Technical Standards , Health Facilities , Workforce
12.
Geriatr., Gerontol. Aging (Impr.) ; 13(1): 57-58, jan-mar.2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005573

ABSTRACT

O envelhecimento humano é cada vez mais pauta de estudos que avaliam doenças crônico-degenerativas e a interferência dessas na capacidade de execução de atividades de vida diária (AVDs). A doença de Parkinson (DP) é uma patologia cujos sintomas podem agravar a qualidade da performance em atividades diárias, principalmente quanto a déficits em movimentos manuais coordenados. No que tange aos aspectos de usabilidade na interação com produtos, em específico os de vestuário, percebe-se que até então pesquisas científicas não aprofundam as relações possíveis entre variáveis envolvidas nesse processo. Entre as variáveis, podem-se destacar as características de manipulação de força e desempenho associadas à percepção de esforço e desconforto gerados no ato de vestir-despir e se tais variáveis interferem no gênero e na situação de saúde na qual se encontram pessoas idosas. Pelo que se sabe até aqui, diferentes desenhos das interfaces podem influenciar negativamente a ação de abrir e fechar aviamentos de vestuários, limitando a autonomia em realizar essa AVD básica de forma independente. Logo, o objetivo principal do estudo foi compreender os aspectos do manejo de aviamentos de fecho, bem como a influência das perdas motoras e funcionais com base em atividades simuladas de uso, que possam esclarecer detalhes acerca da relação do usuário/atividade/produto. Com metodologia experimental, de caráter descritivo e exploratório, de natureza quantitativa e laboratorial, pode-se avaliar atividades com botões e zíperes. O estudo contou com 40 participantes, nos quais se verificou, por meio dos resultados alcançados, que as variáveis de força não influenciam o desempenho de manipulação de aviamentos de fecho e que os efeitos da DP interferem na má execução da atividade coordenada, comprometendo a completude. Também foi constatado que a diminuição do desempenho em manipular aviamentos de fecho e os desenhos dos artefatos influenciam negativamente a usabilidade em fechar e abrir botões e zíperes destacáveis. Cabe ressaltar que os resultados aqui encontrados fomentam a necessidade de conscientização das empresas do setor de vestuário para desenvolverem produtos que possam promover a independência e a satisfação do uso, permitindo contribuir com a vestibilidade na interação homem-atividade-produto.


There has been an increasing number of human aging studies evaluating chronic degenerative diseases and how they interfere with the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs). Parkinson's disease (PD) is a condition whose symptoms may deteriorate the quality of ADL performance, especially in terms of impaired coordinated hand movements. Regarding aspects of usability in the interaction with products, specifically clothing items, scholarly research has not yet delved into the possible relationships between variables involved in this process. The variables include characteristics of strength manipulation and performance associated with perceived effort and discomfort while dressing-undressing, and whether such variables are associated with gender and health status of older people. Different interface designs are known to possibly have a negative influence on the action of opening and closing clothing fasteners, limiting the autonomy to perform a basic ADL independently. Thus, the study primarily aimed to understand aspects of the management of clothing fasteners as well as the influence of motor and functional impairment based on simulation activities, which may clarify features of the user-activity-product relationship. An experimental method of descriptive, exploratory, quantitative, and laboratory nature was used to assess activities with buttons and zippers. The study included 40 participants and results showed that strength variables had no influence on the performance of manipulating clothing fasteners and that PD leads to poor performance in the coordinated activity, compromising its conclusion. Furthermore, poor performance in manipulating clothing fasteners and fastener design were found to negatively influence the ability to open and close detachable buttons and zippers. These results emphasize the need of raising awareness of clothing companies to the importance of developing products that can promote user independence and satisfaction, contributing thus to an improved user-activity-product interaction.


Subject(s)
Parkinson Disease/complications , Activities of Daily Living , Clothing , Ergonomics
13.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(1): 111-117, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-990642

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the symbolic effects of the official military uniform of the nurses from Brazilian Army in World War II. Method: This research was developed using the historical method, with iconographic sources. The data were discussed based on the concepts of the social world theory, by Pierre Bourdieu. Results: The images selected demonstrate the own meaning of the uniforms, evidencing the functions and the social position of those who wear it, being private and obligatory to use it in the military field. Final considerations: In the case of the nurses from the Brazilian Expeditionary Force, the appropriation of uniforms promoted the visual communication representing military nurse in the context of war, at the same time it served for distinction purposes in the army, but not necessarily in the nursing field. Symbolically, they remained amongst the walls of the barracks even after the end of the war and, thus, they remained unknown and marked by the symbols of forgetfulness.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar los efectos simbólicos de la vestimenta militar oficial de las enfermeras del Ejército Brasileño en la II Guerra Mundial. Método: La investigación fue desarrollada usando el método histórico con fuentes de imágenes. Los datos fueron discutidos a la luz de conceptos de la teoría del mundo social, de Pierre Bourdieu. Resultados: Las imágenes seleccionadas demuestran el significado propio de los uniformes, explicitando las funciones y la posición social de quien los porta, siendo de uso privativo y obligatorio en el campo militar. Consideraciones finales: En el caso de las enfermeras de la Fuerza Expedicionaria Brasileña, la apropiación de uniformes promovió la comunicación visual de la figura-tipo de la enfermera militar en el contexto de la guerra, al tiempo que confería distinción en el ámbito del ejército, pero no necesariamente en el campo de la enfermería. Simbólicamente, permanecieron entre los muros de los cuarteles incluso después del término de la guerra, y, por consiguiente, se mantuvieron desconocidas y marcadas por los signos del olvido.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar os efeitos simbólicos do vestuário militar oficial das enfermeiras do Exército Brasileiro na II Guerra Mundial. Método: A pesquisa foi desenvolvida usando o método histórico, com fontes imagéticas. Os dados foram discutidos à luz de conceitos da teoria do mundo social, de Pierre Bourdieu. Resultados: As imagens selecionadas demonstram o significado próprio dos uniformes, explicitando as funções e a posição social de quem os porta, sendo de uso privativo e obrigatório no campo militar. Considerações finais: No caso das enfermeiras da Força Expedicionária Brasileira, a apropriação de uniformes promoveu a comunicação visual da figura-tipo da enfermeira militar no contexto da guerra, ao mesmo tempo que conferiu distinção no âmbito do exército, mas não necessariamente no campo da enfermagem. Simbolicamente, elas permaneceram entre os muros dos quartéis mesmo após o término da guerra e, por conseguinte, mantiveram-se desconhecidas e marcadas pelos signos do esquecimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Social Identification , Clothing/standards , Military Personnel/psychology , Brazil , Clothing/psychology , World War II , Military Personnel/statistics & numerical data
14.
Rev. Bras. Psicoter. (Online) ; 21(1): 111-119, Jan./Abril 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1052412

ABSTRACT

Este ensaio propõe refletir algumas questões contemporâneas que cercam o imaginário da vestimenta infantil, partindo do entendimento da noção de infância de diferentes épocas e buscando elementos da história do vestir infantil. Paralelamente traz fenômenos e características da sociedade atual, com sua ambiguidade, velocidade e variedade na busca de relativizar conceitos e compreender melhor a relação entre as latências dos adultos e o vestir das crianças, talvez como um desejo de volta ao passado e de sua própria infância.(AU)


This essay proposes to reflect some contemporary issues that surround the imagery of childrens clothing, starting from the understanding of the notion of childhood from different times and looking for elements of the history of childrens vestment. At the same time, it brings phenomena and characteristics of present-day society with its ambiguity, speed and variety in the quest to relativise concepts and to better understand the relationship between adults latencies and childrens dressing, perhaps as a desire back to the past and of their own childhood.(AU)


Este ensayo propone reflejar algunas cuestiones contemporáneas que rodean el imaginario de la vestimenta infantil, partiendo del entendimiento de la noción de infancia de diferentes épocas y buscando elementos de la historia del vestir infantil. Paralelamente trae fenómenos y características de la sociedad actual, con su ambigüedad, velocidad y variedad en la búsqueda de relativizar conceptos y comprender la relación entre las latencias de los adultos y el vestir de los niños, quizás como un deseo de vuelta al pasado y de su propia infancia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Child , Clothing , History
15.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 28: e20170593, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1004802

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the use of the student uniform as one of the determinants in the establishment of the professional identity of the nurse graduated from Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery in the 1950-1960. Method: Socio-historical study, using documents of that time and interviews by means of the thematic oral history technique with seven former Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery students as sources, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Claude Dubar's concept of identity supported the discussion of the data. Results: the uniform leveled the students, equaled them and set a standard of behavior to be followed. It also distinguished them hierarchically and served as an assessment item during the course. Conclusion: the uniform was a determinant strategy of the professional identity during the daily course reality as, according to the former students, it was an element that distinguished this group's positions and behaviors, permitting the understanding of the graduated nurse's possible roles in the society of that time.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el uso del uniforme de alumna como uno de los determinantes de formación de la identidad profesional de la enfermera diplomada por la Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery, en las décadas de 1950-1960. Método: Estudio socio-histórico, cuyas fuentes fueron documentos de la época y entrevistas llevadas a cabo por la técnica de la historia oral temática con siete antiguas alumnas de la Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery, Rio de janeiro, Brasil. El concepto de identidad de Claude Dubar apoyó la discusión de los datos. Resultados: el uniforme nivelaba las estudiantes, igualándolas y definiendo un patrón de conducta a ser seguido. También las diferenciaba jerárquicamente y era un objeto incluso en la evaluación durante el curso. Conclusion: El uniforme fue una estrategia determinante de la identidad profesional durante el cotidiano en el curso de la Escuela pues, según las antiguas alumnas, era un elemento que demarcaba posiciones y comportamientos de este grupo, permitiendo comprender los posibles papeles de la enfermera diplomada en la sociedad de aquel tiempo.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o uso do uniforme de aluna como estratégia de formação da identidade profissional da enfermeira diplomada pela Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery, nas décadas de 1950-1960. Método: estudo sócio-histórico, cujas fontes foram documentos da época e entrevistas realizadas pela técnica da história oral temática com sete ex-alunas da Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. O conceito de identidade de Claude Dubar subsidiou a discussão dos dados. Resultados; o uniforme nivelava as estudantes, igualando-as e definindo um padrão de comportamento a ser seguido. Também as diferenciava hierarquicamente e era um objeto incluso na avaliação durante o curso. Conclusão: o uniforme foi uma estratégia determinante da identidade profissional durante o cotidiano no curso, pois, na visão das ex-alunas, era um elemento que demarcava posições e comportamentos deste grupo, permitindo compreender os possíveis papéis da enfermeira diplomada na sociedade à época.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Students , Career Choice , Clothing , History of Nursing , Nurses
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750278

ABSTRACT

The calcium phosphate coating on various pretreated metals was prepared by soaking in modified simulated body fluid (m-SBF) solution. The coating structure and its surface morphologies were determined by x-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. The results revealed significant differences in morphology and composition of the calcium phosphate coatings with and without chitosan and NaOH-pretreated commercially pure titanium (cp-Ti) substrate. The calcium phosphates formed on chitosan coated-Ti pretreated with NaOH were ~ 350 nm-sized resulting in strong bonding of the apatite layer with the substrates and a uniform gradient of stress transfer from coating materials to the Ti-substrate. After NaOH pretreatment, the hydroxyl groups bind to Ca²⁺ to attract PO₄³⁻ anions, eventually resulting in a continuous layer of calcium phosphate on chitosan coated-Ti substrate during immersion in m-SBF solution. The chitosan coated-Ti showed hydrophobic surface while NaOH pretreatment resulted in maximum hydrophilicity to the Ti substrate. Due to improved wettability of Ti by NaOH pretreatment before chitosan coating, aggregation of calcium phosphate was prevented and size-controlled composite materials were obtained.


Subject(s)
Anions , Body Fluids , Calcium Phosphates , Calcium , Chitosan , Clothing , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Immersion , Metals , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Titanium , Wettability , X-Ray Diffraction
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760058

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of Botox and Neuronox in the management of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB). METHODS: We performed a triple-masked, randomized control study to compare Botox and Neuronox in 48 eyes of 24 patients with BEB. All 24 patients randomly received Botox or Neuronox in the periorbital region in a masked, randomized split-face manner, keeping the injection sites and doses uniform. The toxin preparation, injection, and clinical evaluations were done by three independent observers. Objective outcome measures included improvement in the severity of spasm, grading of the functional visual status, changes in palpebral fissure height, lagophthalmos, superficial punctate keratitis and Schirmer's test at 2 weeks, 6 weeks, and upon conclusion of the effect of the toxin. Subjective outcome measures included duration of the effect and a forced choice stating which half of the face was better. Evaluations were performed through clinical measurements, external digital photography, and high-definition videography. RESULTS: The mean duration of relief from spasms was 3.78 months (standard deviation, 1.58 months; range, 1 to 6 months). The improvement in the objective parameters like severity of spasm and functional visual status was statistically significant at the 2-week and 6-week follow-up visits (p < 0.001). The changes in palpebral fissure height, lagophthalmos, and superficial punctate keratitis were equally observed in both groups. At 2 and 6 weeks, three of 24 (12.5%) and one of 24 (4%) patients, respectively, reported an unequal effect between the two sides of the face, but this difference was not statistically significant. At final follow-up (conclusion of the toxin effect), patients reported equal effect with no preference for either hemiface. No statistically significant differences were found in the comparative analysis between the Neuronox and Botox groups. CONCLUSIONS: Neuronox and Botox are comparable in terms of their safety and efficacy in the management of BEB.


Subject(s)
Blepharospasm , Botulinum Toxins , Botulinum Toxins, Type A , Clothing , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Keratitis , Masks , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Photography , Spasm
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759917

ABSTRACT

This study examines how Choe Han-gi (崔漢綺, 1803–1879) developed his medical discourse which integrated the concepts of traditional Chinese medicine with modern Western anatomy, based on the philosophy of Seo Gyeong-deok (徐敬德, 1489–1546), a scholar of the Neo-Confucianism of Joseon (1392–1910). Seo emphasized gi (氣, C. qi, vital, material force) rather than yi (理, C. li, the principle of things) as a way of understanding the world. Since Choe's early academic interests pertained to Neo-Confucianism, it is reasonable to examine his philosophy in this context. Similar to Seo, Choe assumed that the most essential component of the world was the intrinsic and mysterious gi. Although Seo spoke of gi as a damil cheongheo ji gi (湛一淸虛之氣, the gi which is profound, uniform, clear, invisible, and empty), Choe preferred to use the word singi (神氣, C. shenqi, the intrinsic, invisible, and mysterious gi). He believed that the earth, moon, and stars operated through the action of singi and that all creatures could only exist by relying on it. Singi was the most important premise in Choe's medical discourse, a fact demonstrating that although he could be very critical of traditional Chinese medicine, his perspective was part of that tradition. He believed that singi integrated and operated the entire human body and that it perceived external objects. He also emphasized the role of hyeongjil (形質, C. xingzhi, a visible object with a form and quality; here it means all human bodies). This was the medium through which singi could appear in reality. Choe thought that singi could not reveal itself in reality without hyeongjil, and that hyeongjil became a dead thing without singi. His perception of the role of hyeongjil was expressed in his interest in modern Western anatomy, an interest that complemented his focus on singi. In light of his understanding of the singi-hyeongjil relationship, Choe criticized both modern Western anatomy and traditional Chinese medicine. He thought that modern Western anatomy lacked awareness of singi and that traditional Chinese medicine lacked accurate knowledge of human anatomy. Although he was not completely sympathetic toward any forms of medicine, he was open to ideas from both Western and Chinese medicine. Choe could not accept Western anatomy as fully as Japanese intellectuals did. The study of anatomy in Japan had developed in relation to the idea of Ancient Learning (古學, C. guxue), which denied such theories of systematic correspondence as Yin and Yang and the Five Elements (陰陽 五行, C. yinyang wuxing) and tended to focus on the action of hyeongjil itself. Because Choe accepted modern Western anatomy without accepting Ancient Learning, his perspective was unique in the history of East Asian anatomy. From a medical history perspective, how does Choi Han-gi's medical discourse distinguish itself from other medical discourses, and what are its characteristics? In addition to other explanations, focusing on the political imagination associated with medicine can help illuminate the differences between the medical discourse of Choe and those of others. Discussion of medicine and the human body was tied to political thought, manifesting the political imagination of the society in which that discussion took place. The development of Western and Japanese anatomy reflected a vertical and hierarchical political order, exemplified by the belief that the brain was the center of the body. However, Choe doubted that organs like the brain or heart dominated the body. In his view, the singi ruled the body; it was not a specific organ, and it was equally inherent in all people. His political thought also emphasized the horizontal and equal order among people. His view of singi simultaneously influenced both his perspective on medicine and his perspective on society. Choe Han-gi's belief in this horizontal and equal political order was inherent in his singi-centered medical discourse.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Brain , Clothing , Complement System Proteins , Heart , Human Body , Humans , Imagination , Japan , Learning , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moon , Philosophy , Qi
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763722

ABSTRACT

The inhalation of naphthalene used as deodorant balls in public toilets could be an important cancer risk factor. The atmospheric concentration of naphthalene in public toilets (C(in)) was estimated both by a polyurethane foam passive air sampler (PUF-PAS) deployed in nine public toilets in Seoul, Korea and by a steady-state indoor air quality model, including emission estimation using Monte-Carlo simulation. Based on the estimated C(in), cancer risk was also assessed for cleaning workers and the general population. The steady-state C(in) estimated using the estimated emission rate, which assumed that air exchange was the only process by which naphthalene was removed, was much greater than the C(in) value measured using PUF-PAS in nine public toilets, implying the importance of other removal processes, such as sorption to walls and the garments of visitors, as well as decreased emission rate owing to wetting of the naphthalene ball surface. The 95 percentile values of cancer risk for workers based on the estimation by PUF-PAS was 1.6×10⁻⁶, whereas those for the general public were lower than 1×10⁻⁶. The results suggested that naphthalene deodorant balls in public toilets may be an important cancer risk factor especially for the cleaning workers.


Subject(s)
Air Pollution, Indoor , Clothing , Deodorants , Inhalation Exposure , Inhalation , Korea , Polyurethanes , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Seoul
20.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 306-313, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763460

ABSTRACT

Subepithelial tumors are divided into benign subepithelial and potentially malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumors. It is difficult to distinguish between these tumor types. Contrast-enhanced harmonic endoscopic ultrasound is reportedly useful for diagnosing subepithelial tumors, can be safely and easily performed by understanding the principle and method, and can be used to distinguish between tumor types with high sensitivity on the basis of differences in contrast effect. The generated image shows a hyper-enhancement pattern in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (sensitivity, 78%–100%; specificity, 60%–100%; accuracy, 60%–100%) and hypo-enhancement pattern in benign subepithelial tumors. Contrast-enhanced harmonic endoscopic ultrasound can be used to estimate the malignancy potential of gastrointestinal stromal tumors by evaluating the uniformity of the contrast and the blood vessels inside the tumor, with abnormal intra-tumor blood vessels, heterogeneous enhancement, and non-enhancing spots suggesting malignancy. Contrast-enhanced harmonic endoscopic ultrasound has a higher sensitivity than other imaging modalities for the detection of vascularity within gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Additionally, it has been reported that treatment effects can be estimated by evaluating the blood flow in the gastrointestinal stromal tumor before and after treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors using contrast-enhanced ultrasound. However, there will be subjective-bias and the results depends on the performer’s skill.


Subject(s)
Blood Vessels , Clothing , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Methods , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography
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