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Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 228-234, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970272


Objective: To investigate the prevalence and poor prognosis of late-onset sepsis (LOS) in very low birth weight infant (VLBWI). Methods: This prospective, multicenter observational cohort study was conducted based on the data from Sina-Northern Neonatal Network (SNN). The general data, perinatal information and poor prognosis of 6 639 VLBWI, who were admitted to the 35 neonatal intensive care units from 2018 to 2021, were collected and analyzed. According to the occurrence of LOS during hospitalization, the VLBWI were assigned to the LOS group and non-LOS group. The LOS group was further divided into 3 subgroups according to the occurrence of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and purulent meningitis. The Chi-square test or Fisher exact probability method, independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test and multivariate Logistic regression model were used to analyze the relationship between LOS and poor prognosis in VLBWI. Results: A total of 6 639 eligible VLBWI were enrolled, including 3 402 cases (51.2%) of males and 1 511 cases (22.8%) with LOS. The incidences of LOS in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI) and extremely preterm infants were 33.3% (392/1 176) and 34.2% (378/1 105), respectively. There were 157 cases (10.4%) who died in the LOS group and 48 cases (24.9%) in the subgroup of LOS complicated with NEC. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that LOS complicated with NEC was associated with increased mortality and incidence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) or periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), moderate or severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and extrauterin growth retardation (EUGR) (ORadjust=5.27, 2.59, 3.04, 2.04; 95%CI 3.60-7.73, 1.49-4.50, 2.11-4.37, 1.50-2.79; all P<0.01); LOS complicated with purulent meningitis was also associated with increased mortality and incidence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ IVH or PVL, and moderate or severe BPD (ORadjust=2.22, 8.13, 3.69, 95%CI 1.30-3.37, 5.22-12.67, 2.49-5.48; all P<0.01); the infants without NEC or purulent meningitis in the LOS group was only associated with increased incidence of moderate or severe BPD (ORadjust=2.20, 95%CI 1.83-2.65, P<0.001). After ruling out contaminated bacteria, a total of 456 cases showed positive blood culture, including 265 cases (58.1%) of Gram-negative bacteria, 126 cases (27.6%) of Gram-positive bacteria, and 65 cases (14.3%) of fungi. The most common pathogenic bacteria was Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=147, 32.2%), followed by coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (n=72, 15.8%) and subsequently Escherichia coli (n=39, 8.6%). Conclusions: The incidence of LOS is high in VLBWI. Klebsiella pneumoniae is the most common pathogenic bacteria, followed by coagulase-negative Staphylococcus and Escherichia coli. LOS is associated with a poor prognosis for moderate to severe BPD. The prognosis of LOS complicated with NEC is poor with the highest mortality, and the risk of brain damage is significantly increased when LOS complicated with purulent meningitis.

Infant , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Prospective Studies , Coagulase , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Sepsis/epidemiology , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Escherichia coli , Infant, Extremely Premature , Meningitis
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982726


Objective:To investigate the etiological characteristics of nasal bacterial infection in patients with nasal lymphoma. Methods:The results of bacterial culture of nasal secretions from 39 healthy people and 86 patients with nasal lymphoma in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2019 to June 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, and the differences in nasal bacteria distribution between nasal lymphoma and healthy people were analyzed and compared. Results:Corynebacterium(38.90%) was the most common bacteria in the nasal cavity of healthy people, followed by coagulase-negative Staphylococcus(31.95%), Staphylococcus epidermidis(15.28%) and Staphylococcus aureus(6.95%). The most common bacteria in nasal lymphoma patients was Staphylococcus aureus(30.37%), followed by Corynebacterium(9.63%), Staphylococcus epidermidis(7.41%) and coagulase negative Staphylococcus(6.67%). A total of 81 nasal lymphoma patients were detected with bacteria, positive rate is as high as 94.19%(81/86). Conclusion:Staphylococcus aureus is the main pathogenic bacteria in nasal secretion of patients with nasal lymphoma, which provides guiding significance for the clinical prevention and treatment of nasal lymphoma complicated with infection or not.

Humans , Retrospective Studies , Coagulase , Nasal Cavity , Bacteria , Staphylococcus aureus , Rhinitis/complications , Staphylococcal Infections
Rev. chil. infectol ; 39(3): 254-259, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407788


INTRODUCCIÓN: Staphylococcus lugdunensis, es un estafilococo coagulasa negativa (SCN) con características de virulencia y de sensibilidad antimicrobiana que lo hacen más parecido a Staphylococcus aureus que a otros SCN. OBJETIVOS: Conocer las características clínicomicrobiológicas de los aislados de S. lugdunensis identificados en nuestra institución. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de los aislados de S. lugdunensis entre los años 2017 y 2019 en el Servicio de Microbiología del Hospital Universitario San Jorge de Huesca (España). Se revisaron las historias clínicas correspondientes a los pacientes con aislamiento de S. lugdunensis, considerándose las siguientes variables: edad, sexo, tipo de muestra, servicio de procedencia y enfermedad de base. La identificación bacteriana se realizó con MALDI-TOF VITEK MS (BioMérieux, Francia). Así mismo, se estudió su patrón de susceptibilidad antimicrobiana in vitro mediante microdilución en placa. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron 44 aislados de S. lugdunensis: 12 procedían de heridas, 10 fueron abscesos, 8 úlceras, 7 orinas, 4 frotis cutáneos, 2 exudados óticos, y 1 exudado vaginal. En relación con la enfermedad de base destacaron cinco pacientes con procesos tumorales y diez con diabetes mellitus. En 17 pacientes existían antecedentes de cirugía o traumatismo reciente. La mayoría de las cepas fueron sensibles a los antimicrobianos estudiados. En 19 de ellas se observó producción de β-lactamasa, dos fueron resistentes a macrólidos y tres a clindamicina. Todas las cepas fueron sensibles a oxacilina, gentamicina y cotrimoxazol. CONCLUSIONES: Aunque S. lugdunensis mantiene una buena sensibilidad a la mayoría de los antimicrobianos, su tendencia a producir abscesos y que exprese factores de virulencia más parecido a S. aureus que a otros SCN, hace necesaria una correcta identificación en el laboratorio con el fin de que su incidencia no quede subestimada.

BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus lugdunensis is a coagulase-negative staphylococcus (CNS) with virulence and antibiotic sensitivity characteristics which makes it more similar to Staphylococcus aureus than other CNS. AIM: To know the microbiological and clinical characteristics of S. lugdunensis isolates identified from our health sector. METHODS: A retrospective study of S. lugdunensis isolates was carried out between 2017 and 2019 in the Microbiology Service of the San Jorge University Hospital in Huesca (Spain). The clinical records of patients with S. lugdunensis isolation were reviewed, considering the following factors: age, sex, sample type, service and underlying disease. Bacterial identification was performed using MALDI-TOF VITEK MS (BioMérieux, France). The pattern of antibiotic susceptibility was studied by means of plate microdilution. RESULTS: 44 isolates of S. lugdunensis were obtained: 12 corresponded to wounds, 10 were abscesses, 8 ulcers, 7 urine samples, 4 skin smears, 2 otic exudates, and 1 vaginal exudate. Regarding the underlying disease, five patients had a tumor processes and ten had diabetes mellitus. In 17 patients there was a history of recent surgery or trauma. Most of the strains were susceptible to the antibiotics studied. Production of beta-lactamase was observed in 19 of them, two were resistant to macrolides and three to clindamycin. None of the isolates were resistant to oxacillin, gentamicin or cotrimoxazole. CONCLUSIONS: Although S. lugdunensis maintains a good sensitivity to most antibiotics, its tendency to produce abscesses and that it expresses virulence factors more similar to S. aureus than to other CNS requires a correct identification in the laboratory so that its incidence is not underestimated.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Staphylococcal Infections/microbiology , Staphylococcus lugdunensis , Oxacillin , Staphylococcus aureus , beta-Lactamases , Clindamycin , Gentamicins , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination , Retrospective Studies , Coagulase , Macrolides , Virulence Factors , Abscess/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19664, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394033


Abstract Neonatal sepsis continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS), commonly found on the skin, being the main agents isolated. The aim of this study was to evaluate CoNS isolated from blood cultures of newborn (NB) infants. The study took place between 2014 and 2016/2017 in a tertiary hospital in southern Brazil. Using the VITEK 2 system (bioMérieux, Marcy l'Etoile, France), the microorganisms were identified and had their sensitivity profiles determined. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of linezolid, tigecycline, and vancomycin were also determined. The clinical parameters and mortality rates of NBs were evaluated. From January to December 2014, 176 CoNS isolates were obtained from 131 patients and from June 2016 to July 2017, 120 CoNS isolates were obtained from 79 patients. Staphylococcus epidermidis was most prevalent in both periods. Resistance rates increased between 2014 and 2016/2017, especially against ciprofloxacin (52.27% and 73.11%, p = 0.0004), erythromycin (51.40% and 68.07%, p = 0.0054), gentamicin (50.59% and 67.23%, p = 0.0052), and penicillin (71.3% and 99.17%, p = 0.0001), respectively. With 100% susceptibility to linezolid, tigecycline, and vancomycin in both periods and methodologies tested. In 2014, 53.44% of the NBs received antibiotic therapy, and of these, 77.14% used a catheter; in 2016/2017, these were 78.48% and 95.16%, respectively. Regarding laboratory tests, a hemogram was ineffective, since patients with sepsis presented normal reference values. In 2014 and 2016/17, 15.71% and 17.74% of the NBs died, respectively. S. epidermidis was the predominant microorganism, related to catheter use in most cases. The resistance rates have increased over time, demonstrating the importance of adopting control and prevention measures in this hospital. CoNS are responsible for a significant neonatal sepsis mortality rate in infants.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome/pathology , Infant, Newborn , Coagulase/adverse effects , Skin , Staphylococcus epidermidis/pathogenicity , Microbial Sensitivity Tests/instrumentation , Mortality , Sepsis/pathology , Blood Culture/classification , Blood Culture/instrumentation , Hospitals
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e212, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1339132


Introducción: la sepsis tardía por estafilococo coagulasa negativo (SCoN) es una causa común de morbimortalidad en la unidad neonatal. Los SCoN son los microorganismos más frecuentemente involucrados con aproximadamente el 50% de los casos. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la incidencia y las características de los neonatos portadores de sepsis tardía por SCoN. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal, retrospectivo. Se utilizaron las bases de datos del laboratorio de microbiología del hospital y las historias clínicas electrónicas para obtener la información. El período de estudio analizado fueron los años 2018 y 2019 en la unidad de cuidados intensivos e intermedios de recién nacidos del Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell. Resultados: obtuvimos una incidencia de 2,5% de los ingresos a cuidados intensivos e intermedios (25 pacientes). La edad gestacional al nacer fue de 28 semanas (25,0-35,0) y la mediana del peso fue de 1.070 g (730,0-2.365,0). La media de edad gestacional posmenstrual al momento del diagnóstico fue de 32,92±7,921 semanas. Por sospecha de sepsis precoz, 17 pacientes habían recibido un curso de antibióticos previo. El signo clínico más frecuentemente observado fue el deterioro del estado general, en 11 pacientes, seguido de distensión abdominal en 6 y fiebre en 5. Dentro de los SCoN, el más frecuentemente aislado fue el Staphylococcus epidermidis (13 pacientes); 22 pacientes recibieron tratamiento, 18 de ellos con vancomicina-meropenem y 4 con monoterapia con vancomicina. Conclusión: estos patógenos representan una causa importante de morbimortalidad en la unidad neonatal, particularmente en pacientes que presentan mayor gravedad y mayor necesidad de soporte vital. Se necesitan pautas claras de interpretación del rol de estos microorganismos y de abordaje de pacientes con riesgo de sepsis tardía, incluyendo el tratamiento antibiótico empírico.

Introduction: Coagulase Negative Staphylococci (CoNS) late onset sepsis is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). CoNS are the most frequently isolated microorganisms and total 50% of cases. The objective of this study is to analyze the incidence and characteristics of newborns carriers of late onset CoNS. Materials and methods: we performed a descriptive, retrospective, longitudinal study. Data was obtained from the hospital's microbiology laboratory database and electronic medical records. Patients included were those admitted to NICU during the period between 2018 and 2019. Results: we obtained an incidence of 2.5% of patients admitted to the NICU (25 patients). Median gestational age at birth was 28 weeks 25.0-35.0 and median birth weight was 1.070 g 730.0-2365.0. Mean gestational age at the time of diagnosis was 32.92±7.921 weeks. 17 patients had received an antibiotics course at birth because of early onset sepsis suspicion. The most frequently observed clinical symptom was deterioration of general condition, 11 patients, followed by abdominal distention in 6 and fever in 5. Among CoNS, the most frequently isolated pathogen was Staphylococcus epidermidis (13 patients). 22 patients received treatment, 18 a combination of vancomycin and meropenem and 4 received vancomycin monotherapy. Conclusion: these pathogens are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the newborn intensive care unit, particularly in patients with more serious conditions and in those who require more advanced life support measures. Clearer interpretation of their role is needed as well as to determine a proper approach to patients at risk of late onset sepsis, including empiric antibiotic treatment.

Sepse tardia para Staphylococcus coagulase negativa (SCoN) é uma causa comum de morbidade e mortalidade na unidade neonatal. SCoNs são os microrganismos mais frequentemente envolvidos e representam aproximadamente 50% dos casos. O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a incidência e as características de neonatos com sepse tardia por SCoN. Materiais e métodos: foi realizado um estudo descritivo, longitudinal e retrospectivo. Usamos os bancos de dados do laboratório de microbiologia e prontuários médicos eletrônicos de nosso hospital para obter as informações. O período de estudo analisado foi de 2018 e 2019 na unidade de terapia intensiva e intermediária para recém-nascidos do Centro Hospitalar Pereira Rossell. Resultados: obtivemos uma incidência de 2,5% de internações em Terapia Intensiva e Intermediária (25 pacientes). A idade gestacional ao nascer foi de 28 semanas 25,0-35,0 e o peso médio foi de 1070g 730,0-2365,0. A média da idade gestacional pós-menstrual no momento do diagnóstico foi de 32,92 ± 7,921 semanas. 17 pacientes haviam recebido um curso anterior de antibióticos por suspeita de sepse precoce. O sinal clínico mais frequentemente observado foi deterioração do estado geral em 11 pacientes, seguido por distensão abdominal em 6 e febre em 5. Dentre os SCoN, o mais isolado foi o Staphylococcus Epidermidis (13 pacientes). 22 pacientes receberam tratamento, 18 deles com Vancomicina-Meropenem e 4 com Vancomicina em monoterapia. Conclusão: esses patógenos representam uma importante causa de morbimortalidade na unidade neonatal, principalmente em pacientes com maior gravidade e maior necessidade de suporte de vida. Orientações claras são necessárias para interpretar o papel desses microrganismos e para abordar pacientes com risco de sepse tardia, incluindo tratamento com antibióticos.

Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Staphylococcal Infections/epidemiology , Neonatal Sepsis/epidemiology , Staphylococcal Infections/diagnosis , Staphylococcal Infections/drug therapy , Staphylococcus epidermidis/virology , Uruguay/epidemiology , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Cross Infection , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Coagulase , Staphylococcus haemolyticus/virology , Staphylococcus hominis/virology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e306, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1278306


Los estafilococos coagulasa negativos son microorganismos frecuentemente aislados cuya significancia clínica puede ser difícil de establecer por su carácter de comensales habituales de la piel. En la población neonatal estos patógenos han ido adquiriendo mayor protagonismo debido a la sobrevida de pacientes mas prematuros que en el pasado, así como sus necesidades de tratamiento, que determinan mayores tiempos de estadía hospitalaria. Estos elementos representan factores de riesgo también para el desarrollo de endocarditis en estos pacientes, particularmente debido a la utilización de catéteres intravasculares centrales por tiempo prolongado. En este caso clínico se presenta un paciente pretérmino severo que presentó una endocarditis a estafilococo coagulasa negativo a partir del cual discutiremos las características de las infecciones por estos microorganismos, las características de la endocarditis infecciosa en el recién nacido pretérmino y la utilización de antibióticos en estos pacientes, así como algunos elementos asociados a la vigilancia activa en el uso de antibióticos.

Coagulase negative staphylococcus (CoNS) are commonly isolated microorganisms whose clinical importance may be difficult to establish due to their role as part of our usual skin microbiota. These pathogens have gained relevance in neonatal population due to an improvement in neonatal care that determine longer survival rates and hospitals stays. Neonatal endocarditis is also affected by these microorganisms and particularly by the use of central intra vascular lines for long periods of time. In this clinical case we introduce a severe preterm patient who developed a CoNS endocarditis and discuss the characteristics of CoNS infections and endocarditis in preterm newborns as well as some antibiotic vigilance principles.

Os estafilococos coagulase negativos são microrganismos frequentemente isolados, cujo significado clínico pode ser difícil de estabelecer devido ao seu caráter de comensais cutâneos comuns. Na população neonatal, esses patógenos vêm adquirindo maior destaque devido à sobrevida de pacientes mais prematuros do que no passado, bem como suas necessidades de tratamento, as quais determinam tempos de internação mais longos. Esses elementos também representam fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de endocardite nesses pacientes, principalmente pelo uso prolongado de cateter intravascular central. Neste caso clínico apresentaremos um paciente pré-termo grave que apresentou endocardite estafilocócica coagulase-negativa a partir do qual discutiremos as características das infecções por esses microrganismos, as características da endocardite infecciosa no recém-nascido pré-termo e o uso de antibióticos nesses pacientes bem como alguns elementos associados à vigilância ativa no uso de antibióticos.

Humans , Female , Staphylococcal Infections/diagnosis , Staphylococcal Infections/drug therapy , Staphylococcus epidermidis/virology , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Endocarditis/diagnosis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Staphylococcal Infections/complications , Coagulase , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Endocarditis/etiology , Infant, Extremely Premature
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 24(1, cont.): e2404, jan-jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1252766


Ice cream is susceptible to contamination by handling and bad hygiene conditions during both the storage process and the fractioning for sale, and once contaminated, it can cause diseases. The purpose of this survey was to evaluate the microbiological quality of ice cream sold in bulk, of pasty and soft types, offered for consuming. Thirty samples of pasty ice cream sold in bulk, and thirty samples of soft ice cream were analyzed through the counting of thermotolerant coliforms, coagulase-positive Staphylococcus spp., and searching for the presence of Salmonella spp. During the study, a total of ten (33%) samples of pasty ice cream and five (16%) samples of soft ice cream were found to be beyond the limits established by the Brazilian law. Salmonella spp. was found in four samples (6.7%). These results are an alert for the need of greater attention to the microbiological quality of ice cream in order to ensure the safety of its consumers.(AU)

Os sorvetes são suscetíveis à contaminação pela manipulação e más condições higiênicas durante o processamento, armazenamento e do fracionamento para venda, uma vez contaminados podem causar doenças. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a qualidade microbiológica de sorvetes, vendidos a granel, pastosos e expressos, oferecidos para consumo. Trinta amostras de sorvete pastoso, vendido a granel, e trinta amostras de sorvete expresso foram analisadas realizando-se contagem de coliformes termotolerantes, Staphylococcus spp. coagulase-positiva e pesquisando-se a presença de Salmonella spp. Foram detectadas dez (33%) amostras de sorvete pastoso e cinco (16%) amostras de sorvete expresso fora dos limites estabelecidos pela legislação brasileira. Salmonella spp. foi encontrado em quatro amostras (6,7%). Esses resultados alertam para a necessidade de uma maior atenção à qualidade microbiológica dos sorvetes, a fim de garantir a segurança do consumidor.(AU)

Los helados son susceptibles a la contaminación por manipulación y malas condiciones higiénicas durante el procesamiento, almacenamiento y fraccionamiento para venta, una vez contaminados pueden causar enfermedades. El objetivo de este estudio ha sido evaluar la calidad microbiológica de helados vendidos a granel, pastosos y suaves, ofrecidos para el consumo. Se analizaron treinta muestras de helados pastosos vendidos a granel, y treinta muestras de helados suaves, realizándose el conteo de coliformes termotolerantes, Staphylococcus spp. coagulase positiva e investigándose la presencia de Salmonella spp. Se detectaron diez (33%) muestras de helado pastoso y cinco (16%) muestras de helado blando fuera de los límites establecidos por la legislación brasileña. Salmonella spp. se encontró en cuatro muestras (6,7%). Esos resultados destacan la necesidad de una mayor atención a la calidad microbiológica de los helados, con el fin de garantizar la seguridad del consumidor.(AU)

Salmonella , Staphylococcus , Coliforms , Ice Cream/microbiology , Hygiene , Coagulase/analysis
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2021. 88 p. tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380841


Existe no Brasil uma grande variedade de queijos que se enquadram no conceito de "queijo minas artesanal". Produtores consideram que a legislação que regula o setor, em níveis municipal, estadual e federal, é confusa e excessivamente rigorosa, dificulta a padronização dos produtos, interfere no crescimento do setor e facilita a comercialização de queijos em desacordo com os padrões de higiene e segurança estabelecidos. Este trabalho de pesquisa de mestrado pretendeu gerar dados sobre as condições higiênico-sanitárias e segurança microbiológica de queijos minas artesanal, produzidos em Minas Gerais e coletados no comércio da cidade de São Paulo, bem como contribuir com informações a respeito da diversidade bacteriana nos queijos estudados. Foram estudadas 100 amostras de queijo minas artesanal coletadas no comercio de São Paulo, que foram submetidas à enumeração de microrganismos indicadores de higiene (coliformes, Escherichia coli e estafilococos), Salmonella e Listeria monocytogenes, empregando técnicas convencionais de cultivo e também moleculares. Os estafilococos coagulase positivos foram estudados quanto à tolerância à biocidas de interesse para alimentos, determinando-se também a diversidade microbiana, utilizando-se Next Generation Sequencing em Illumina MiSeq. Os resultados indicaram baixa ocorrência dos patógenos estudados, e que 10% e 32% das amostras excederam os limites para Escherichia coli e estafilococos coagulase positiva estabelecidos pelas legislações vigentes, respectivamente. Entre os estafilococos coagulase positiva, 37,7% foram tolerantes a algum dos biocidas testados, com maior prevalencia dos tolerantes ao cloreto de benzalcônio (75%). Quanto à diversidade bacteriana, os gêneros predominantes foram Streptococcus (32,7%), Lactococcus (30,6%) e Corynebacterium (15,6%). A microbiota bacteriana detectada nos queijos Canastra estudados não apresentou dissimilaridade quando comparada à microbiota bacteriana de outros queijos Canastra coletados nos locais de produção em outro estudo. Observou-se que as regiões de coleta dos queijos na cidade de São Paulo e os pontos de comercialização em São Paulo apresentam maior influência sobre a microbiota detectada para o queijo minas artesanal do que as regiões de produção (p<0,05), sugerindo a interferência das práticas de manipulação após a produção na diversidade bacteriana detectada nos queijos

There is a wide variety of cheeses in Brazil that fit the concept of "artisanal minas cheese". Producers consider that the legislation that regulates the sector, at municipal, state and federal levels, is confusing and excessively strict, hinders the standardization of products, interferes with the growth of the sector and facilitates the marketing of cheeses in disagreement with the hygiene and safety standards. This master's research work aimed to generate data on the hygienic-sanitary conditions and microbiological safety of artisanal Minas cheeses, produced in Minas Gerais and collected in São Paulo's commerce, as well as to contribute with information about the bacterial diversity in the studied cheeses. One hundred samples of artisanal Minas cheese collected in the São Paulo market were subjected to the enumeration of hygiene indicator microorganisms (coliforms, Escherichia coli and staphylococci), Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes, using conventional cultivation and also molecular techniques. Coagulase positive staphylococci were studied for tolerance to biocides of interest to food, and microbial diversity was also determined using Next Generation Sequencing in Illumina MiSeq. The results indicated a low occurrence of the studied pathogens, and that 10% and 32% of the samples exceeded the limits for Escherichia coli and coagulase positive staphylococci established by the current legislation, respectively. Among the coagulase positive staphylococci, 37.7% were tolerant to at least one of the tested biocides, with a greater prevalence of those tolerant to benzalkonium chloride (75%). As for microbial diversity, the predominant genera were Streptococcus (32.7%), Lactococcus (30.6%) and Corynebacterium (15.6%). The bacterial microbiota detected in the studied Canastra cheeses showed no dissimilarity when compared to the bacterial microbiota of other Canastra cheeses collected at the production sites in another study. It was observed that the cheese collection regions in the city of São Paulo and the marketing points in São Paulo had a greater influence on the detected bacterial microbiota than the production regions (p<0.05), suggesting the interference of the practices of manipulation after production in the bacterial diversity detected in the cheeses

Cheese/analysis , Hygiene/standards , Food , Salmonella , Coagulase/agonists , Corynebacterium , Escherichia coli , Coliforms
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(2): e017, mayo-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1119286


Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la contaminación bacteriana de los conos de gutapercha de tipo beta (ß) en los tiempos 0, 24, 47 y 72 horas de las diferentes proveedurías de la Clínica Odontológica de la Universidad Científica del Sur (Lima, 2020). Materiales y métodos: Se obtuvo 16 conos de gutapercha tipo beta (ß) de empaques cerrados bajo medidas asépticas, los cuales fueron colocados en viales con 2 ml de caldo BHI y, posteriormente, fueron sembrados en agar BHI, así como en medios selectivos agar manitol salado y agar MacConkey. Pasadas las 24 horas de incubación a 37 °C, se realizó la lectura de las placas y el conteo de UFC. El mismo procedimiento se realizó para los tiempos 24, 48 y 72 horas, lo que dio un total de 64 conos de gutapercha tipo ß. Resultados: Se observó que el nivel de contaminación bacteriana fue el mismo tanto entre las distintas proveedurías como a las 0, 24, 48 y 72 horas. Solo se hallaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p = 0,044) entre los distintos tiempos de la proveeduría número 5. Finalmente, todas las muestras sometidas a la prueba de la coagulasa arrojaron resultados negativos. Conclusión: Los conos de gutapercha de tipo beta (ß) se contaminaron por igual producto de su almacenamiento y manipulación, independientemente de la proveeduría en la que permanecieron. (AU)

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determinate the bacterial contamination of Beta (ß) gutta-percha cones at 0, 24, 47 and 72 hours of the different supplies of the Universidad Científica del Sur, Lima 2020. Materials and Methods: 16 ß-type gutta-percha cones were obtained of sealed packages under aseptic measurements, they were placed in vials with 2ml BHI and subsequently planted in BHI agar plates as well as in selective medias as Salted mannitol agar and MacConkey agar after 24 hours of incubation at 37 ° the plates were read and count in CFU, the same procedure was performed for the other times evaluated 24, 48 and 72 hours, giving a total of 64 ß-type gutta-percha cones. Results: It was observed that the level of bacterial contamination was the same among the different supplies in all the establish times of in this study 0, 24, 48 and 72 hours. Therefore, there were no significant differences in the level of bacterial contamination between the supplies. On the other hand, only statistically significant differences (p = 0.044) were found between the different times of the supply number 5. Finally, all the samples submitted to the coagulase test had a negative result. Conclusion: The gutta-percha cones of type ß were contaminated equally regardless of the supply in which they were stored or manipulated. (AU)

Humans , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections , Coagulase , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Gutta-Percha
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(2): 160-169, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132430


ABSTRACT The increasing rates of nosocomial infection associated with coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) were the rationale for this study, aiming to categorize oxacillin-resistant CoNS species recovered from blood culture specimens of inpatients at the UNESP Hospital das Clínicas in Botucatu, Brazil, over a 20-year period, and determine their sensitivity to other antimicrobial agents. The mecA gene was detected in 222 (74%) CoNS samples, and the four types of staphylococcal chromosomal cassette mec (SCCmec) were characterized in 19.4%, 3.6%, 54.5%, and 14.4% of specimens, respectively, for types I, II, III, and IV. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values to inhibit 50% (MIC50) and 90% (MIC90) of specimens were, respectively, 2 and >256 µL/mL for oxacillin, 1.5 and 2 µL/mL for vancomycin, 0.25 and 0.5 µL/mL for linezolid, 0.094 and 0.19 µL/mL for daptomycin, 0.19 and 0.5 µL/mL for quinupristin/dalfopristin, and 0.125 and 0.38 µL/mL for tigecycline. Resistance to oxacillin and tigecycline and intermediate resistance to quinupristin/dalfopristin were observed. Eight (2.7%) of all 300 CoNS specimens studied showed reduced susceptibility to vancomycin. Results from this study show high resistance rates of CoNS to antimicrobial agents, reflecting the necessity of using these drugs judiciously and controlling nosocomial dissemination of these pathogens.

Humans , Staphylococcal Infections/microbiology , Staphylococcus/drug effects , Coagulase/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Staphylococcus/genetics , Staphylococcus/chemistry , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/drug effects , Penicillin-Binding Proteins/genetics , Genes, Bacterial/genetics , Hospitals, Teaching
Rev. patol. trop ; 49(1)2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099655


Colonial cheese is a culturally and economically important product from the south of Brazil. As most of its production is artisanal, the technology employed is mostly knowledge passed down from one generation to the next according to family tradition and may be produced with raw or pasteurized milk. It is noted for its spicy flavour and variable composition and is often classified as a medium to high-moisture cheese. This intrinsic feature increases the risk of microbial spoilage and food poisoning. One of the main bio-indicators of contamination in colonial cheese is coagulase positive Staphylococcus. The purpose of this study was the phenotypic identification of Staphylococcus species isolated from the products and surfaces in the main production stages of colonial cheese. Staphylococcus sp. isolates from the food and the production environment were obtained from two colonial cheese-production agro-industries in Rio Grande do Sul. Samples of fresh milk, curd, ripening and final colonial cheese were collected. In addition, surface sampling was performed on the coagulation tanks, production tables, molds, cheese ripening shelves and on the hands of the handlers. Staphylococcus sp. isolates in the cheese and the production environments tested in this study were identified by phenotypic techniques through biochemical and MALDI-TOF MS analyses. These isolates were subjected to gene expression analysis for enterotoxins A, B, C, D, and E. All isolates (72) were identified as Staphylococcus sp., and 43% of the total isolates tested were coagulase positive. Staphylococcus aureus was the predominant species in the raw milk and production tanks. Regarding coagulase negative staphylococci isolates, S. warneri and S. sciuri were most abundant. The sea and seb genes were detected in 4% of the Staphylococcus isolates. The results indicate eleven different species of Staphylococcus present in the colonial cheese production environments studied. The predominant presence of S. aureus in the different samples of milk, curd, ripened cheese, ready-to-eat cheese and hands of the handlers indicates that there are issues with the selection of milk-producing animals, pasteurization process and/or hygiene control of handlers. The sea and seb genes were detected in samples of raw milk and colonial cheese. No enterotoxin genes were detected in coagulase negative staphylococci.

Staphylococcus , Cheese/analysis , Coagulase , Enterotoxins
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 87: e0032020, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1130088


In order to characterize the milk production chain and study the dairy herd health in the city of Codó, state of Maranhão, Brazil, a checklist was applied and tests were carried out to detect clinical and subclinical mastitis using mastitis test strip cup and the California mastitis test (CMT), from June to August 2019, in 295 dairy cows from 20 farms. Water and milk samples were collected for microbiological analysis. It was observed that herdsmen do not have adequate knowledge about good agricultural practices. As for milking, only 60% are performed in corrals with coverage, and as for the floor, 60% are made of clay and 40% are made of concrete. In 35% of the properties, the water used in milking management comes from wells and the rest from dams. Pre and postdipping practices, CMT, mastitis strip cup test and the adoption of a mastitis control program are not carried out on any of the properties Two cows tested positive for subclinical mastitis and one cow tested positive for tuberculosis. In the microbiological analysis of the milk, a high count of total coliforms and thermotolerants was obtained, with values between 23 to > 1,100 MPN/mL and < 3.0 to > 1,100 MPN/mL, respectively. The presence of coagulase positive staphylococci was also observed in 25% of the samples. The water samples also showed high contamination by total coliforms between 4.1 to > 2.419.6 MPN/mL and 40% showed the presence of Escherichia coli. These results reflect the need for more investments in technical assistance and technical training for these producers.(AU)

Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar a cadeia produtiva do leite e estudar a sanidade do rebanho leiteiro do município de Codó, estado do Maranhão, Brasil, através da aplicação de um checklist e da realização de exames para detecção de mastite clínica e subclínica pelos métodos da caneca do fundo escuro e California mastitis test (CMT), no período de junho a agosto de 2019, em 295 vacas leiteiras procedentes de 20 propriedades. Coletaram-se amostras de leite e água da ordenha para análises microbiológicas. Observou-se que os ordenhadores não possuem conhecimento adequado sobre as boas práticas agropecuárias. Quanto à realização da ordenha, apenas 60% realizam-na em currais com cobertura; quanto ao piso, 60% são de terra batida e 40% de concreto. A água utilizada no manejo da ordenha é proveniente de poços em 35% das propriedades e as demais de açudes. As práticas de pré e pós-dipping e os testes CMT e caneca de fundo escuro e a adoção de programa de controle da mastite não são realizados em nenhuma das propriedades. Diagnosticaram-se duas vacas com mastite subclínica e uma com tuberculose e verificou-se elevada contaminação por coliformes totais e termotolerantes nas análises microbiológicas do leite, variando entre 23 NMP/mL a >1.100 NMP/mL e < 3.0 a > 1.100 NMP/mL, respectivamente, e presença de estafilococos coagulase positivos em 25% das amostras. As amostras de água também apresentaram elevada contaminação por coliformes totais entre 4,1 NMP/mL a > 2.419,6 NMP/mL e 40% apresentaram presença de Escherichia coli. Esses resultados refletem a necessidade de mais investimentos em assistência técnica e treinamento técnico para esses produtores.(AU)

Animals , Cattle , Milk/microbiology , Livestock , Food Safety , Microbiological Techniques , Coagulase , Food Quality Standards , Escherichia coli , Multiple Tube Method , Checklist , Mastitis
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 87: e1382018, 2020.
Article in English | VETINDEX, LILACS | ID: biblio-1118084


This review aimed to describe the biofilm formation ability of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, addressing its impact to the food industry. Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus have the ability to produce enterotoxins in food, making it an important line of study, as it constitutes a risk to public health. The biofilm formation by these microorganisms requires physicochemical processes, such as hydrophobic forces, which are essential for the first phase of fixing the biofilm on the surface. In industrial facilities, stainless steel equipment is the most associated with the formation of biofilms, due to the presence grooves and cracks. Many species of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus produce biofilm, but the most studied is S. epidermidis, as it is the most frequently isolated from food. Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus form biofilm on different surfaces in the food industry, and can become a source of permanent contamination, that can be present in the final product, intended for human consumption. Among other alternatives to combat the formation of biofilm in industrial food facilities, there is the implementation of Good Manufacturing Practices, which is effective in preventing bacterial adhesion, and therefore, the formation of biofilm. However, further studies are needed in order to quantify the occurrence of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus biofilms in the food industry.(AU)

Esta revisão bibliográfica teve como objetivo descrever a capacidade de formação de biofilme por Staphylococcus coagulase-negativo, relacionando seu impacto na indústria alimentícia. Os Staphylococcus coagulase-negativos possuem a capacidade de produzir enterotoxina nos alimentos, tornando-se uma importante linha de estudo, pois constitui um risco para a saúde pública. A formação do biofilme por esses micro-organismos requer processos físico-químicos, como forças hidrofóbicas, essenciais para a primeira fase de fixação do biofilme na superfície. Nas indústrias, equipamentos de aço inoxidável são os mais associados à formação de biofilmes, em decorrência de possuírem ranhuras e fendas. Muitas espécies de Staphylococcus coagulase-negativo produzem biofilme, porém, o mais estudado é o S. epidermidis, por ser o mais frequentemente isolado de alimentos. Os Staphylococcus coagulase-negativos formam biofilme em diferentes superfícies de indústrias alimentícias, podendo se tornar uma fonte de contaminação permanente, contaminando o produto final destinado ao consumo humano. Dentre outras alternativas para combater a formação do biofilme nas plantas alimentícias, a implantação das Boas Práticas de Fabricação é eficaz para prevenir a adesão bacteriana, evitando a formação do biofilme. No entanto, são necessários estudos para quantificar a ocorrência de biofilmes de Staphylococcus coagulase-negativos em indústrias alimentícias.(AU)

Staphylococcus/physiology , Coagulase , Biofilms/growth & development , Food Contamination , Food Industry
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 39(3): 513-523, jul.-set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038811


Resumen Introducción. Las infecciones por Staphylococcus aureus y Staphylococcus coagulasa negativa multirresistentes a los antibióticos y asociadas con la atención en salud tienen un gran impacto epidemiológico por su alta morbimortalidad; además, se han relacionado con la formación de biopelículas, lo cual también se asocia con la resistencia a los antimicrobianos. Objetivo. Determinar la resistencia a la meticilina y cuantificar la producción de biopelículas para establecer su posible relación con los aislamientos clínicos de S. aureus y Staphylococcus coagulasa negativa. Materiales y métodos. Se estudiaron 11 cepas de S. aureus y 12 de Staphylococcus coagulasa negativa. La resistencia a la meticilina se determinó con discos de cefoxitina tomando como valores de referencia los estándares del Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) de 2018. La producción de biopelícula se cuantificó con cristal violeta. Los genes mecA e icaADBC se identificaron mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR), y se hizo un análisis bivariado con la prueba de ji al cuadrado y el coeficiente V de Cramér, utilizando el programa SPSS™, versión 20.0. Resultados. Nueve cepas de S. aureus fueron resistentes a la meticilina (SARM) y dos fueron sensibles. Ocho cepas de Staphylococcus coagulasa negativa fueron resistentes y cuatro fueron sensibles. El genotipo mecA se encontró en ocho de las nueve cepas de S. aureus y en seis de las ocho de Staphylococcus coagulasa negativa resistentes a meticilina. Todas las cepas formaron biopelícula. Diez cepas de S. aureus y 11 de Staphylococcus coagulasa negativa presentaron el genotipo icaADCB. No se encontró asociación entre la resistencia a meticilina y la formación de biopelícula. Conclusiones. La cefoxitina es suficiente para determinar el fenotipo resistente a meticilina y se asoció con el genotipo mecA. Las cepas resistentes a la meticilina y poseedoras del gen mecA pueden presentar un mecanismo de resistencia alterno. Los dos grupos de cepas formadoras de biopelícula se relacionaron con la presencia del operón icaADCB. La formación de biopelícula y la resistencia a la meticilina se expresaron como características independientes en los dos grupos de cepas.

Abstract Introduction: Infections associated with health care caused by S. aureus and coagulase- negative Staphylococci multi-resistant to antibiotics cause a high epidemiological impact due to their high morbidity and mortality. Biofilm formation, which has been associated with antimicrobial resistance, can also occur. Objectives: To determine methicillin resistance and to quantify the biofilm production to establish if there is a relationship in clinical isolates of S. aureus and coagulase-negative Staphylococci. Material and methods: A total of 11 strains of S. aureus and 12 of coagulase-negative Staphylococci were studied. Methicillin resistance was determined with cefoxitin discs and the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CSLI), 2018 reference values. Biofilm production was quantified by the crystal violet method. The mecA and icaADBC genes were identified by PCR. A bivariate analysis was performed with chi-square (c2) and Cramér's V statistical tests, using SPSS™, version 20.0 software. Results: Nine S. aureus strains were methicillin-resistant and two were sensitive. Eight coagulase-negative Staphylococci strains were resistant and four were sensitive. The mecA genotype was found in eight of the nine S. aureus resistant strains and six of eight resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococci. All strains formed biofilms. Ten strains of S. aureus and 11 of coagulase-negative Staphylococci presented the icaADCB genotype. No association was found between methicillin-resistance and biofilm formation. Conclusions: Cefoxitin is enough to define the resistance phenotype and is associated with the mecA genotype. All strains formed biofilms and were related to the presence of the icaADCB operon. Biofilm formation and methicillin resistance were independent features in both groups of strains.

Humans , Staphylococcus/drug effects , Staphylococcus/physiology , Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects , Staphylococcus aureus/physiology , Methicillin Resistance , Biofilms/growth & development , Oxacillin/pharmacology , Staphylococcal Infections/microbiology , Staphylococcus/enzymology , Staphylococcus/genetics , Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , DNA, Bacterial/isolation & purification , Microbial Sensitivity Tests/methods , Cefoxitin/pharmacology , Methicillin Resistance/genetics , Coagulase , Penicillin-Binding Proteins/genetics , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Genes, Bacterial , Mexico , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(2): 82-91, apr 2019. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1025704


Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most important pathogenic type to humans, and the most common species responsible for a wide range of diseases such as furuncles, various abscesses, wounds abscesses resulting from surgical operations, dermatitis, soft tissue inflammation, arthritis, bones inflammation, bronchial pneumonia, inflammation of internal parts of the heart and injuries caused by toxins such as toxic shock syndorome and staphylococcus aureus syndrome and food poisoning. The current study aimed by finding the genes responsible for the virulence factors in S. aureus isolates by using the Single and Multiplex PCR mechanism (technology). A total of 60 specimens (urine, burn swabs, wound swaabs) from different clinical cases were collected from patients (in different age groups) who admitted to several health centers in Al-Diwaniyah Teaching Hospital, Iraq, during a period extending from October 2016 to January 2017. Some virulence factors were investigated for 30 isolate only of MRSA using Single and Multiplex PCR for detection virulence factor genes which both coa gene encoding production of coagulase, clfA gene encoding for clumpting factor, spa gene encoding for protein A, fnbA gene encoding for fibronectin binding proteins, luks gene encoding prouction of Panton Valentine Leukocidin (PVL). Results 30 (100%) were possess coa, clfA, spa and fnbA genes, 13 (43.3%) were possess luks gene

Humans , Specimen Handling/instrumentation , Staphylococcal Protein A , Staphylococcus aureus/pathogenicity , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Fibronectins , Coagulase , Coenzyme A/classification , Virulence Factors/genetics , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification , Leukocidins
J. appl. sci. environ. manag ; 23(1): 183-186, 2019. tab
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1263386


The emergence of coagulase negative Stapylococci as major pathogens reflects the increased use of implants in hospitals. Fifty-four coagulase-negative staphylococci were isolated from a total of 242 clinical specimens at the Central Hospital, Kwale. All isolates were identified by standard bacteriological methods. Antibiotic sensitivity test was performed on all coagulase- negative staphylococci (CoNS) isolates using the modified Kirby-Bauer method with 10 different antibiotics. Staphylococcus epidermidis was the commonest species (83.3%), while Staphylococcus saprophyticus was 16.7%, mainly from urine samples. Highest sensitivity was found with ofloxacin (81.5%), followed by ciprofloxacin (77.8%) and, highest resistance occurred with cotrimoxazole to which no isolate was sensitive

Coagulase , Nigeria , Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome
Pan Afr. med. j ; 33(193)2019.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1268572


Introduction: la réalisation des hémocultures est le meilleur moyen de diagnostic des bactériémies, cependant les résultats faussement positifs peuvent entraîner une confusion concernant les schémas thérapeutiques antibiotiques, mettant ainsi en danger la sécurité des patients. L'objectif principal de ce travail est d'évaluer la prévalence des Staphylocoques à coagulase négative (SCN) ainsi que Corynebacterium spp et Bacillus spp dans les ballons d'hémoculture analysés au Laboratoire de Microbiologie du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) Ibn Rochd de Casablanca. Cette prévalence a été aussi évaluée en fonction de différents services hospitaliers sur l'année 2016.Méthodes: il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective descriptive basée sur une analyse de la base de données informatisée du laboratoire de bactériologie-virologie du CHU Ibn Rochd de Casablanca sur une période de 12 mois allant du 1er janvier au 31 décembre 2016, Ont été inclus dans notre étude les bactéries faisant partie de la flore commensale (staphylocoque à coagulase négative,corynébactéries spp et Bacillus spp) Les ballons d'hémoculture ont été incubés sur automate Bactec FX . L'identification des germes à partir d'une culture positive a été réalisée selon les techniques standards de bactériologie et l'antibiogramme selon EUCAST 2015. L'étude est basée sur une analyse de la base de données informatisée du système KALISIL (Netika) version (2.2.10.) du laboratoire de microbiologie du CHU Ibn Rochd-Casablanca Maroc.Résultats: sur 7959 demandes d'hémocultures adressées au laboratoire de bactériologie provenant de 5801 patients, 2491 étaient positifs dont 848, soit 34% des ballons positifs ou 10,6% de l'ensemble des ballons reçus durant l'année 2016, ont été représentées par staphylocoque à coagulase négative, 56 soit (2,2%) ballons des hémocultures par corrynébacteruim SP, suivi par 60 soit (2,4%) ballons par bacillus sp. La fréquence d'isolement du SCN par rapport aux autres bactéries en fonction des services cliniques a montré une fréquence plus élevée dans les services de pédiatrie avec 47,2% suivie des services de médecine avec 44,1%. Conclusion: cette étude montre que, Les staphylocoques à coagulase négative sont les organismes les plus fréquemment isolés des hémocultures, ils constituent une cause non négligeable d'infections nosocomiales mais, ils sont également les contaminants les plus courants des hémocultures

Academic Medical Centers , Blood Culture , Coagulase , Morocco , Staphylococcal Skin Infections/diagnosis , Staphylococcal Skin Infections/microbiology
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766839


PURPOSE: To analyze clinical aspects in a cohort of patients with Staphylococcus keratitis according to coagulase positivity (coagulase negative Staphylococcus [CNS], coagulase positive Staphylococcus [CPS]). METHODS: Epidemiology, predisposing factors, clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes, and antibiotic susceptibility were comparatively analyzed in 138 cases of culture-proven Staphylococcus keratitis (94 eyes with CNS and 44 eyes with CPS) over 20 years (1998–2017) at Yeungnam University Hospital. Poor clinical outcomes were defined as a final corrected visual acuity <0.1, a decreased visual acuity after treatment, complications, or surgical treatment. Risk factors for poor clinical outcomes were evaluated in the total cohort and analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: The most common predisposing factors were corneal trauma in the CNS group (47.9%) and previous ocular surface disease in the CPS group (31.8%). No significant differences were observed in mean age, sex, previous ocular surface disease, epithelial defect size, and hypopyon between the two groups. Methicillin susceptibility (39.4% vs. 72.7%, p < 0.001) was significantly lower in the CNS group, and poor clinical outcomes (28.0% vs. 43.9%, p = 0.076) were more common in the CPS group. The significant risk factors for poor clinical outcomes were initial best-corrected visual acuity <0.1, epithelial defect size ≥ 5 mm², symptom duration ≥10 days, and hypopyon. CONCLUSIONS: No significant differences were observed in epidemiological factors and initial clinical characteristics between the two study groups, but predisposing factors and methicillin susceptibility differed between the two groups. Treatment outcomes were relatively worse in the CPS group than in the CNS group, but the difference was not statistically significant. Poor clinical outcomes were more associated with long symptom duration and poor initial clinical characteristics than with coagulase positivity.

Humans , Causality , Coagulase , Cohort Studies , Corneal Injuries , Epidemiology , Keratitis , Logistic Models , Methicillin , Risk Factors , Staphylococcus , Visual Acuity
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760697


OBJECTIVES: Staphylococcus aureus is a nosocomial pathogen that provides a major challenge in the healthcare environment, especially in burns units where patients are particularly susceptible to infections. In this study, we sought to determine molecular types of S. aureus isolates collected from burns patients, based on staphylococcal protein A and coagulase gene polymorphisms. METHODS: Antibiotic susceptibility testing of 89 S. aureus strains isolated from burn wounds of patients was assessed using the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. Strains were characterized by spa typing, coa typing, and resistance and toxin gene profiling. RESULTS: A total of 12 different spa types were identified with the majority being t790 (18%). Panton-Valentine leucocidin encoding genes were identified in spa types t044 (5.6%), t852 (2.2%) and t008 (2.2%). The most commonly detected antibiotic resistance gene was ant (4′)-Ia (60.7%). Ten different coa types were detected and the majority of the tested isolates belonged to coa III (47.2%). All the high-level mupirocin-resistant and low-level mupirocin resistant strains belonged to coa type III. CONCLUSION: The present study illustrated that despite the high frequency of coa III and spa t790 types, the genetic background of S. aureus strains in Iranian burns patients was diverse. The findings obtained are valuable in creating awareness of S. aureus infections within burns units.

Humans , Ants , Burns , Coagulase , Delivery of Health Care , Diffusion , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Genetic Background , Leukocidins , Methicillin Resistance , Methicillin , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Methods , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Mupirocin , Staphylococcal Protein A , Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcus , Wounds and Injuries
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(1): 85-87, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041445


Abstract INTRODUCTION. This study aimed to evaluate different methods for differentiation of species of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) that caused infections in hospitalized immunocompromised patients. METHODS. A total of 134 CoNS strains were characterized using four different methods. RESULTS. The results of matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) analysis were in complete agreement with those of tuf gene sequencing (kappa index = 1.00). The kappa index of Vitek 2® Compact analysis was 0.85 (very good) and that of the conventional method was 0.63 (moderate). CONCLUSIONS . MALDI-TOF MS provided rapid and accurate results for the identification of CoNS (134; 100%).

Humans , Staphylococcus/genetics , Bacteriological Techniques/methods , Coagulase/metabolism , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Phenotype , Staphylococcus/drug effects , Staphylococcus/enzymology , Reproducibility of Results , Disk Diffusion Antimicrobial Tests , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology