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Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 57-62, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935580


Objective: To examine the effective and safe outcomes of drug-coated balloon (DCB) angioplasty for the treatment of femoropopliteal long lesions in mid-term and long-term follow-up. Methods: The clinical data of 114 patients with symptomatic (Rutherford 2 to 6) femoropopliteal long lesions who underwent angioplasty with DCB between June 2016 and May 2021 at Department of Vascular Surgery,Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 75 males and 39 females were enrolled, aged (71.9±8.4)years (range: 49 to 89 years). Among 138 lesions in 114 patients, there were 111 de nove lesions (80.4%, 111/138). Total occlusions were recanalized in 116 limbs (84.1%, 116/138). The lesion length was (280.9±78.7)mm (range: 150 to 520 mm). DCB angioplasty combined with debulking devices was used in 59 lesions (42.8%, 59/138).The bail-out stent implantation was performed in 27 limbs (19.6%, 27/138). The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate cumulative primary patency rate, freedom from the clinically driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR) rate and accumulate survival rate. Univariate and multivariate analyses with Cox proportional hazards models were performed to determine the significant prognostic factors for primary patency. Results: DCB angioplasty was completed in 114 patients. The technical success rate was 98.2%(112/114). The mean follow-up time was 18 months (range: 3 to 54 months).The results showed that primary patency rates at 12, 24 and 36 months postoperatively were 87.5%, 75.2% and 55.1%, respectively. Freedom from CD-TLR rate at 12, 24 and 36 months postoperatively were 92.4%, 81.8% and 68.7%, respectively. Accumulate survival rate at 12, 24 and 36 months postoperatively were 96.2%, 94.0% and 80.2%. Multivariate Cox's regression analyses showed that chronic limb-threatening ischemia(CLTI) (HR=2.629, 95%CI:1.519 to 4.547, P<0.01) and hyperlipidemia (HR=2.228, 95%CI: 1.004 to 4.948, P=0.026) were independent prognosis factors for primary patency in DCB treatment of femoropopliteal long lesions. Conclusions: DCB provided favorable outcomes for the treatment of femoropopliteal long lesions. CLTI and hyperlipidemia are independent prognosis factors for restenosis after DCB angioplasty.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Angioplasty, Balloon , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Femoral Artery , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Popliteal Artery , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Patency
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928886


Lubrication coating is widely used to reduce the friction between the interventional devices and the blood vessels, improves the surface biocompatibility of the interventional device, and also brings the coating stability problems and related risks. This paper describes the coating-related content from the equipment description, performance verification, technical requirements, etc., to reduce the risk of the coating to an acceptable level.

Catheters , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Friction , Lubrication
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1246-1250, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351481


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the interventions of percutaneous transluminal drug-coated balloon angioplasty (DCB PTA) and standard PTA in the treatment of patients with the below-the-knee peripheral artery disease (BTK PAD). METHODS: Overall, 196 patients (113 males and 83 females; mean age: 63.56±11.94 years; 45-83 years) were treated with PTA for BTK PAD between June 2014 and March 2019. RESULT: Standard PTA (group 1; 96 patients) and DCB PTA (group 2; 100 patients) results were analyzed and compared retrospectively. No statistically significant difference was found between the mean ages of group 1 and 2 patients (p=0.371, p>0.05). Demographic and clinical data were compared and no any statistically significant differences was found between the two groups. Comparing in terms of the iliac lesion, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups. However, a statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of frequency of popliteal lesions (p=0.001; p<0.05). There was not a statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of other lesions. In addition, limb salvage rates were 82.0% (18 amputations) and 65.6% (33 amputations) in the drug-release balloon group and the naked balloon group, at the end of 1 year, respectively. No distal embolism, limb-threatening ischemia, and mortality were observed in any patients. CONCLUSIONS: Based on this study, patients in the DCB group had significantly higher rates of primary patency as compared with the other patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon/methods , Peripheral Arterial Disease/therapy , Popliteal Artery , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Femoral Artery , Middle Aged
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786135


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of conventional sandblasted, large-grit, acid-etched (SLA) surface coated with a pH buffering solution based on surface wettability, blood protein adhesion, osteoblast affinity, and platelet adhesion and activation.METHODS: Titanium discs and implants with conventional SLA surface (SA), SLA surface in an aqueous calcium chloride solution (CA), and SLA surface with a pH buffering agent (SOI) were prepared. The wetting velocity was measured by the number of threads wetted by blood over an interval of time. Serum albumin adsorption was tested using the bicinchoninic acid assay and by measuring fluorescence intensity. Osteoblast activity assays (osteoblast adhesion, proliferation, differentiation, mineralization, and migration) were also performed, and platelet adhesion and activation assays were conducted.RESULTS: In both the wetting velocity test and the serum albumin adsorption assay, the SOI surface displayed a significantly higher wetting velocity than the SA surface (P=0.000 and P=0.000, respectively). In the osteoblast adhesion, proliferation, differentiation, and mineralization tests, the mean values for SOI were all higher than those for SA and CA. On the osteoblast migration, platelet adhesion, and activation tests, SOI also showed significantly higher values than SA (P=0.040, P=0.000, and P=0.000, respectively).CONCLUSIONS: SOI exhibited higher hydrophilicity and affinity for proteins, cells, and platelets than SA. Within the limits of this study, it may be concluded that coating an implant with a pH buffering agent can induce the attachment of platelets, proteins, and cells to the implant surface. Further studies should be conducted to directly compare SOI with other conventional surfaces with regard to its safety and effectiveness in clinical settings.

Adsorption , Blood Platelets , Calcium Chloride , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Dental Implants , Fluorescence , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Immunoassay , In Vitro Techniques , Miners , Osteoblasts , Serum Albumin , Surface Properties , Titanium , Wettability
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772686


Titanium dental implants have wide clinical application due to their many advantages, including comfort, aesthetics, lack of damage to adjacent teeth, and significant clinical effects. However, the failure of osseointegration, bone resorption, and peri-implantitis limits their application. Physical-chemical and bioactive coatings on the surface of titanium implants could improve the successful rate of dental implants and meet the clinical application requirements. This paper reviews the characteristics of surface modification of titanium implants from the aspects of physics, chemistry, and biology. Results provide information for research and clinical application of dental implant materials.

Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Dental Implants , Esthetics, Dental , Osseointegration , Surface Properties , Titanium
Braz. dent. sci ; 22(3): 335-343, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1008849


Objective: This study evaluated the wettability and adhesive properties of three different photopolymerized resin-based pulp-capping materials with or without bioactive glass (BAG). Material and Methods: Cylindrical specimens (5 per group) were prepared from photo-polymerized pulp-capping materials (TER-TheraCal LC, BIN-Biner LC, and CAL-CalciPlus LC containing BAG). After surface finishing, contact angle measurements were made (θ)using the sessile drop method and surface free energy was calculated. For shear test, cylindrical acrylic blocks (N = 30) (diameter: 6 mm; height: 1 m) in the center were filled with the pulp-capping materials (N = 10 per group) flattened using a metal spatula and photo-polymerized. The specimens were stored at 37 °C in 100% humidity for 24 h prior to the bonding procedures. An adhesive system (CLEARFIL SE BOND, Kuraray) was applied on the material surfaces and photo-polymerized for 20 s. Then, resin composite material (Filtek Z250, 3M ESPE) was bonded on the substrate materials using translucent plastic molds (internal diameter: 2 mm; height: 2 mm). The specimens were photopolymerized with an LED photo-polymerization unit for 20 s. After polymerization, the specimens were stored at 37 °C, at 100% humidity for 24 h. Shear force was applied at the pulp-capping material and the resin composite interface In a universal testing machine (1 mm/min).Data were analyzed using 1-way ANOVA and Tukey`s tests at the significance level of 0.05. Results: Contact angle values showed significant difference between the 3 materials with group CAL presenting the lowest (35.35 ± 12.89) and group BIN the highest values (74.77 ± 13.56) (p < 0.05). Significantly lower surface energy was observed with BIN (36.22) (p 0.05). Group BIN (9.12 ± 3.45) showed significantly lower (p < 0.05) mean bond strength than those of TER (11.56 ± 5.67) and CAL (12.66 ± 4.34) (p > 0.05). Most of the observed modes of failures in all groups were of mixed type of failures. Conclusion: The bioglass used in Calciplus LC did not adversely affect the wettability, surface energy and adhesive properties. (AU)

Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou as propriedades de molhabilidade e adesivas de três diferentes materiais capeadores pulpares fotopolimerizaveis à base de resina, com ou sem vidro bioativo (BAG). Material e Métodos: Amostras cilíndricas (5 por grupo) foram preparadas a partir de materiais capeadores pulpares fotopolimerizáveis (TER-TheraCal LC, BIN-Biner LC e CAL-CalciPlus LC contendo BAG). Após o acabamento da superfície, as medidas do ângulo de contato foram feitas (θ) usando o método de gota séssil e a energia livre da superfície foi calculada. Para o ensaio de cisalhamento, blocos de acrílico cilíndricos (N = 30) (diâmetro: 6 mm; altura: 1 m) foram preenchidos no centro com os materiais de capeamento pulpar (N = 10 por grupo) achatados usando uma espátula metálica e fotopolimerizados. Os espécimes foram armazenados a 37 ° C em 100% de umidade por 24 h antes dos procedimentos de colagem. Um sistema adesivo (CLEARFIL SE BOND, Kuraray) foi aplicado nas superfícies do material e fotopolimerizado por 20 segundos. Em seguida, o material de resina composta (Filtek Z250, 3M ESPE) foi colado nos materiais do substrato utilizando moldes de plástico translúcido (diâmetro interno: 2 mm; altura: 2 mm). Os espécimes foram fotopolimerizados com um dispositivo de fotopolimerização de LED por 20 s. Após a polimerização, os espécimes foram armazenados a 37 °C, a 100% de umidade por 24 h. A força de cisalhamento foi aplicada no material capeador e na interface da resina composta em uma máquina universal de ensaios (1 mm / min). Os dados foram analisados por meio do teste de ANOVA e teste de Tukey ao nível de significância de 0,05. Resultados: Os valores do ângulo de contato mostraram diferença significativa entre os 3 materiais com o grupo CAL apresentando os menores valores (35,35 ± 12,89) e o grupo BIN os maiores valores (74,77 ± 13,56) (p < 0,05). Uma energia de superfície significativamente menor foi observada com o BIN (36,22) (p 0,05). O grupo BIN (9,12 ± 3,45) apresentou resistência de união média significativamente menor (p 0,05). A maioria dos modos de falhas observados em todos os grupos eram de tipo misto de falhas. Conclusão: O biovidro utilizado no Calciplus LC não afetou negativamente a molhabilidade, energia superficial e propriedades adesivas. (AU)

Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Shear Strength , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170220, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893730


Abstract Coated archwires and ceramic brackets have been developed to improve facial esthetics during orthodontic treatment. However, their mechanical behavior has been shown to be different from metallic archwires and brackets. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the deflection forces in coated nickel-titanium (NiTi) and esthetic archwires combined with ceramic brackets. Material and Methods Non-coated NiTi (NC), rhodium coated NiTi (RC), teflon coated NiTi (TC), epoxy coated NiTi (EC), fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP), and the three different conventional brackets metal-insert polycrystalline ceramic (MI-PC), polycrystalline ceramic (PC) and monocrystalline ceramic (MC) were used. The specimens were set up on a clinical simulation device and evaluated in a Universal Testing Machine (Instron). An acrylic device, representative of the right maxillary central incisor was buccolingually activated and the unloading forces generated were recorded at 3, 2, 1 and 0.5 mm. The speed of the testing machine was 2 mm/min. ANOVA and Tukey tests were used to compare the different archwires and brackets. Results The brackets presented the following decreasing force ranking: monocrystalline, polycrystalline and polycrystalline metal-insert. The decreasing force ranking of the archwires was: rhodium coated NiTi (RC), non-coated NiTi (NC), teflon coated NiTi (TC), epoxy coated NiTi (EC) and fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP). At 3 mm of unloading the FRP archwire had a plastic deformation and produced an extremely low force in 2; 1 and 0.5 mm of unloading. Conclusion Combinations of the evaluated archwires and brackets will produce a force ranking proportional to the combination of their individual force rankings.

Orthodontic Wires , Titanium/chemistry , Ceramics/chemistry , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Appliance Design/methods , Coated Materials, Biocompatible/chemistry , Nickel/chemistry , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Friction , Statistics, Nonparametric , Esthetics, Dental , Mechanical Phenomena
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(6): e2040, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-976944


RESUMO Objetivo: comparar a formação de aderências intraperitoneais, induzidas em ratos, quando utilizadas as telas de polipropileno e Sepramesh®. Métodos: foram utilizados 20 ratos Wistar, machos, agrupados randomicamente em dois grupos de dez animais cada. Duas telas de dimensão 10x20mm foram dispostas intraperitonealmente em cada animal, uma de polipropileno (PP) e a outra Sepramesh®. No Grupo 1, a tela de polipropileno foi posicionada à direita e a tela Sepramesh® à esquerda. No Grupo 2, a disposição das telas foi invertida. Após 14 dias do procedimento, os animais foram eutanasiados e a incorporação e a porcentagem de aderências, em cada tela, analisadas macroscopicamente. Os dados coletados foram submetidos à análise estatística com nível de significância adotado de p<0,05. Resultados: todas as telas apresentaram aderências. Nas telas Sepramesh®, a porcentagem de superfície coberta por aderências variou entre 2% e 86%, com média de 18,6±18,6%, enquanto que, nas telas de polipropileno, variou entre 6% e 86%, com média de 57,4%±34,9% (p<0,05). Os sítios preferenciais de formação de aderências, em ambas as telas, foram as bordas. Conclusão: embora nenhuma tela tenha sido capaz de inibir completamente o desenvolvimento de aderências, a tela Sepramesh® apresentou menos aderências em relação à tela de polipropileno. A preferência da formação de aderências nas bordas das próteses evidencia a importância da fixação adequada das telas.

ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the formation of induced intraperitoneal adhesions in rats when using polypropylene and Sepramesh® meshes. Methods: we used 20 male Wistar rats, randomly grouped in two groups of ten animals each. We arranged two 10x20mm meshes intraperitoneally into each animal, one being the polypropylene (PP), and the other, Sepramesh®. In Group 1, the polypropylene mesh was positioned to the right, and the Sepramesh®, to the left. In Group 2, the meshes' layout was reversed. After 14 days of the procedure, we euthanized the animals and analyzed the incorporation and percentages of adhesions macroscopically in each mesh. We submitted the collected data to statistical analysis with a significance level of 5% (p<0.05). Results: all meshes showed adhesions. In the Sepramesh® ones, the percentage of surface covered by adhesions ranged from 2% to 86%, with a mean of 18.6±18.6%, while in the polypropylene meshes, it varied between 6% and 86%, with an average of 57.4%±34.9% (p<0.05). The preferred adhesion sites on both meshes were the edges. Conclusion: although no mesh was able to completely inhibit the development of adhesions, the Sepramesh® mesh presented less adhesions to the polypropylene mesh. The most common sites of adhesion formation were the edges of the prosthesis, which evidences the importance of the adequate fixation of the meshes.

Animals , Male , Rats , Peritoneal Diseases/prevention & control , Polypropylenes , Surgical Mesh , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(4): 277-283, Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887947


Abstract Background: The place of drug-eluting balloons (DEB) in the treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR) is not well-defined, particularly in a population of all-comers with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Objective: Compare the clinical outcomes of DEB with second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) for the treatment of ISR in a real-world population with a high proportion of ACS. Methods: A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with ISR treated with a DEB compared to patients treated with a second-generation DES was performed. The primary endpoint was a composite of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE: all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization). Comparisons were performed using Cox proportional hazards multivariate adjustment and Kaplan-Meier analysis with log-rank. Results: The cohort included 91 patients treated with a DEB and 89 patients treated with a DES (74% ACS). Median follow-up was 26 months. MACE occurred in 33 patients (36%) in the DEB group, compared to 17 patients (19%) in the DES group (p log-rank = 0.02). After multivariate adjustment, there was no significant difference between the groups (HR for DEB = 1.45 [95%CI: 0.75-2.83]; p = 0.27). Mortality rates at 1 year were 11% with DEB, and 3% with DES (p = 0.04; adjusted HR = 2.85 [95%CI: 0.98-8.32]; p = 0.06). Conclusion: In a population with a high proportion of ACS, a non-significant numerical signal towards increased rates of MACE with DEB compared to second-generation DES for the treatment of ISR was observed, mainly driven by a higher mortality rate. An adequately-powered randomized controlled trial is necessary to confirm these findings.

Resumo Fundamento: O papel de balões farmacológicos (BFs) no tratamento de reestenose intra-stent (RIS) não está bem definido, particularmente em na síndrome coronária aguda (SCA). Objetivo: Comparar desfechos clínicos do uso de BF com stents farmacológicos (SFs) de segunda geração no tratamento de RIS em uma população real com alta prevalência de SCA. Métodos: Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva de pacientes consecutivos com RIS tratados com um BF comparados a pacientes tratados com SF de segunda geração. O desfecho primário incluiu eventos cardiovasculares adversos importantes (morte por todas as causas, infarto do miocárdio não fatal, e revascularização da lesão alvo). As comparações foram realizadas pelo modelo proporcional de riscos de Cox ajustado e análise de Kaplan-Meier com log-rank. Resultados: A coorte incluiu 91 pacientes tratados com BF e 89 pacientes tratados com um SF (75% com SCA). O tempo mediano de acompanhamento foi de 26 meses. Eventos cardiovasculares adversos importantes ocorreram em 33 pacientes (36%) no grupo BF, e em 17 (19%) no grupo SF (p log-rank = 0,02). Após ajuste multivariado, não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos (HR para BF = 1,45 [IC95%: 0,75-2,83]; p = 0,27). As taxas de mortalidade de 1 ano foram 11% com BF, e 3% com SF (p = 0,04; HR ajustado = 2,85 [IC95%: 0,98-8,32; p = 0,06). Conclusão: Em uma população com alta prevalência de SCA, observou-se um aumento não significativo nas taxas de eventos cardiovasculares adversos importantes com o uso de BF comparado ao uso de SF de segunda geração para o tratamento de RIS, principalmente pelo aumento na taxa de mortalidade. É necessário um ensaio clínico controlado, randomizado, com poder estatístico adequado para confirmar esses achados.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/instrumentation , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Coronary Restenosis/therapy , Acute Coronary Syndrome/therapy , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Prosthesis Design , Time Factors , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/adverse effects , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/methods , Multivariate Analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Coronary Restenosis/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality
Braz. dent. j ; 28(3): 317-323, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888643


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the surface free energy (SFE), wetting and surface properties as well as antimicrobial, adhesion and biocompatibility properties of diamond-like carbon (DLC)-coated surfaces. In addition, the leakage of Escherichia coli through the abutment-dental implant interface was also calculated. SFE was calculated from contact angle values; R a was measured before and after DLC coating. Antimicrobial and adhesion properties against E. coli and cytotoxicity of DLC with human keratinocytes (HaCaT) were evaluated. Further, the ability of DLC-coated surfaces to prevent the migration of E. coli into the external hexagonal implant interface was also evaluated. A sterile technique was used for the semi-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (semi-quantitative PCR). The surfaces showed slight decreases in cell viability (p<0.05), while the SFE, R a, bacterial adhesion, antimicrobial, and bacterial infiltration tests showed no statistically significant differences (p>0.05). It was concluded that DLC was shown to be a biocompatible material with mild cytotoxicity that did not show changes in R a, SFE, bacterial adhesion or antimicrobial properties and did not inhibit the infiltration of E. coli into the abutment-dental implant interface.

Resumo O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a energia livre de superfície (ELS), molhabilidade e propriedades de superfície assim como propriedades antimicrobianas, de adesão e biocompatibilidade de superfícies recobertas com Diamond-Like Carbon (DLC). Além disso, investigou-se a infiltração de Escherichia coli por meio da interface abutment-implante dentário. ELS foi calculada a partir dos valores de ângulo de contato; Ra foi medida antes e depois do revestimento com DLC. Foram avaliadas propriedades antimicrobianas e de adesão contra E. coli e citotoxicidade do DLC utilizando queratinócitos humanos (HaCaT). Além disso, também avaliamos a capacidade para impedir a migração de E. coli na interface do implante hexágono externo. Uma técnica estéril foi utilizada para a reação em cadeia da polimerase semi-quantitativa (PCR semi-quantitativo). As superfícies mostraram uma ligeira diminuição da viabilidade celular (p<0,05), enquanto a ELS, R a , adesão bacteriana, testes antimicrobianos e de infiltração não apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas (p>0,05). Concluiu-se que o DLC demonstrou ser um material biocompatível levemente citotóxico que não mostra alterações na Ra , ELS, adesão bacteriana ou propriedades antimicrobianas e não inibiu a infiltração de E. coli na interface abutment-implante dentário.

Humans , Biofilms , Carbon , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Dental Abutments , Dental Implants , Diamond , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bacterial Adhesion , Cell Line , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Escherichia coli/physiology , Keratinocytes/cytology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Surface Properties
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 30(2): 77-82, Apr.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-885705


ABSTRACT Background: Hernia correction is a routinely performed treatment in surgical practice. The improvement of the operative technique and available materials certainly has been a great benefit to the quality of surgical results. The insertion of prostheses for hernia correction is well-founded in the literature, and has become the standard of treatment when this type of disease is discussed. Aim: To evaluate two available prostheses: the polypropylene and polypropylene coated ones in an experimental model. Methods: Seven prostheses of each kind were inserted into Wistar rats (Ratus norvegicus albinus) in the anterior abdominal wall of the animal in direct contact with the viscera. After 90 days follow-up were analyzed the intra-abdominal adhesions, and also performed immunohistochemical evaluation and videomorphometry of the total, type I and type III collagen. Histological analysis was also performed with hematoxylin-eosin to evaluate cell types present in each mesh. Results: At 90 days the adhesions were not different among the groups (p=0.335). Total collagen likewise was not statistically different (p=0.810). Statistically there was more type III collagen in the coated polypropylene group (p=0.039) while type I was not different among the prostheses (p=0.050). The lymphocytes were statistically more present in the polypropylene group (p=0.041). Conclusion: The coated prosthesis was not different from the polypropylene one regarding the adhesion. Total and type I collagen were not different among the groups, while type III collagen was more present on the coated mesh. There was a greater number of lymphocytes on the polypropylene mesh.

RESUMO Racional: A correção herniária é tratamento realizado rotineiramente na prática cirúrgica. O aprimoramento da técnica operatória e dos materiais disponíveis trouxe grande benefício na qualidade dos resultados cirúrgicos. A inserção de próteses para correção herniária é bem embasada na literatura e tornou-se o padrão de tratamento. Objetivo: Avaliar em modelo experimental dois tipos de próteses diferentes, de polipropileno e polipropileno revestido. Métodos: Foram inseridas sete próteses de cada tipo em ratos Wistar (Ratus norvegicus albinus) na parede abdominal anterior do animal em contato direto com as vísceras. Após o seguimento de 90 dias analisaram-se as aderências intra-abdominais, bem como avaliação por imunoistoquímica e videomorfometria do colágeno total, tipo I e tipo III. Também, fez-se análise histológica com hematoxylina-eosina para avaliação dos tipos celulares presentes em cada tela. Resultados: Aos 90 dias as aderências não foram diferentes entre os grupos (p=0,335). O colágeno total igualmente não foi estatisticamente diferente (p=0,810). O colágeno tipo III foi estatisticamente maior no grupo polipropileno revestido (p=0,039) enquanto o tipo I não diferiu entre as próteses (p=0,050). Os linfócitos foram estatisticamente mais presentes no grupo polipropileno (p=0,041). Conclusão: A prótese revestida não foi diferente da de polipropileno na variável aderência. O colágeno total e tipo I não foram diferentes entre os grupos enquanto que o colágeno tipo III foi mais presente na tela revestida. O número de linfócitos foi maior na tela de polipropileno.

Animals , Male , Rats , Peritoneal Diseases/classification , Polypropylenes/chemistry , Postoperative Complications/classification , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Collagen/analysis , Peritoneal Diseases/etiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Tissue Adhesions/classification , Tissue Adhesions/etiology , Rats, Wistar , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Equipment Design , Herniorrhaphy/instrumentation
Braz. dent. j ; 28(1): 40-45, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839110


Abstract The aim was to evaluate the flexural strength and the effects of deflection on the surface roughness of esthetic orthodontic wires. The sample consisted of 70 archwire 0.014-inch: polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE)-coated Nickel-Titanium (Niti) archwires (Titanol Cosmetic-TC, Flexy Super Elastic Esthetic-FSE, esthetic Nickel Titanium Wire-ANT); epoxy resin-coated Niti archwires (Spectra-S, Niticosmetic-TEC); gold and rhodium coated Niti (Sentalloy-STC) and a control group (superelastic Niti (Nitinol-NS). The initial roughness was evaluated with a rugosimeter. After that, the wires were submitted to flexural test in an universal testing machine. Each wire was deflected up to 2 mm at a speed of 1 mm/min. After flexural test, the roughness of the wires was evaluted on the same surface as that used for the initial evaluation. The data of roughness and flexural strength were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (a=0.05). Student t-test compared roughness before and after deflection (a =0.05). The roughness of S and ANT (epoxy resin and PTFE-coated wires, respectively), before and after deflection, was significantly higher than the other groups (p<0.05). Wire deflection significantly increased the roughness of the wires S and STC (p<0.05). The flexural strength of groups FSE and NS (PTFE and uncoated) was higher compared with that of the other groups (p<0.05). We concluded that the roughness and flexural strength of the orthodontic wires does not depend on the type of the esthetic coating, but it is influenced by the method of application of this coating. The deflection can increase the roughness of the esthetic orthodontic wires.

Resumo O objetivo foi avaliar a resistência a flexão e os efeitos da deflexão na rugosidade de superfície de fios ortodônticos estéticos. A amostra foi composta por 70 segmentos de fios NiTi calibre 0,014 polegadas: revestidos por politetrafluoretileno (PTFE) (Titanol Cosmetic-TC, Flexy Super Elastic Esthetic-FSE, Aesthetic Nickel Titanium Wire-ANT); revestidos por resina epoxídica (Spectra-S, Niticosmetic-TEC); revestidos por ouro e ródio (Sentalloy-STC); e grupo controle sem revestimento (Nitinol-NS). A rugosidade inicial foi avaliada em perfilômetro. Em seguida, os fios foram submetidos ao teste de resistência a flexão 3 pontos em máquina de ensaio universal. Cada fio foi defletido até 2mm com velocidade de 1 mm/min. Após o ensaio de resistência a flexão, a rugosidade dos fios foi verificada na mesma superfície avaliada inicialmente. Os resultados rugosidade e resistência a flexão foram analisados por análise de variância 1 fator e teste de Tukey (a=0,05). Teste t de Student foi utilizado para comparação da rugosidade antes e após deflexão (a=0.05). A rugosidade de S e ANT (revestimentos resina epoxídica e PTFE, respectivamente), antes e após a deflexão, foi significativamente maior que dos demais grupos (p<0,05). A deflexão aumentou significativamente a rugosidade dos fios S e STC (p<0,05). A resistência a flexão de FSE e NS (teflon e sem recobrimento, respectivamente) foi maior comparada aos demais grupos (p<0,05). Conclui-se que a rugosidade e resistência a flexão não dependem do tipo de revestimento estético, mas é influenciada pelo modo de aplicação deste revestimento. A deflexão pode aumentar a rugosidade de alguns fios estéticos.

Humans , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Esthetics, Dental , Materials Testing/methods , Orthodontic Wires , Dental Stress Analysis , Surface Properties
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e68, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952108


Abstract The objective of this study was to compare coating dimensions and surface characteristics of two different esthetic covered nickel-titanium orthodontic rectangular archwires, as-received from the manufacturer and after oral exposure. The study was designed for comparative purposes. Both archwires, as-received from the manufacturer, were observed using a stereomicroscope to measure coating thickness and inner metallic dimensions. The wires were also exposed to oral environment in 11 orthodontic active patients for 21 days. After removing the samples, stereomicroscopy images were captured, coating loss was measured and its percentage was calculated. Three segments of each wire (one as-received and two after oral exposure) were observed using scanning electron microscopy for a qualitative analysis of the labial surface of the wires. The Lilliefors test and independent t-test were applied to verify normality of data and statistical differences between wires, respectively. The significance level adopted was 0.05. The results showed that the differences between the wires while comparing inner height and thickness were statistically significant (p < 0.0001). In average, the most recently launched wire presented a coating thickness twice that of the control wire, which was also a statistically significant difference. The coating loss percentage was also statistically different (p = 0.0346) when the latest launched wire (13.27%) was compared to the control (29.63%). In conclusion, the coating of the most recent wire was thicker and more uniform, whereas the control had a thinner coating on the edges. After oral exposure, both tested wires presented coating loss, but the most recently launched wire exhibited better results.

Humans , Orthodontic Wires , Titanium/chemistry , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Coated Materials, Biocompatible/chemistry , Nickel/chemistry , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Orthodontic Brackets , Esthetics, Dental , Mouth/chemistry
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276702


<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>The risk of surgery-related infection is a persistent problem in orthopaedics and infections involving implants are particularly difficult to treat. This study explored the responses of bone and soft tissue to antimicrobial-coated screws. We investigated whether such screws, which have never been used to fix bony tissues, would result in a cytotoxic effect. We hypothesised that the coated screws would not be toxic to the bone and that the likelihood of infection would be reduced since bacteria are not able to grow on these screws.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Titanium screws were inserted into the left supracondylar femoral regions of 16 rabbits. The screws were either uncoated (control group, n = 8) or coated with a polyvinylpyrrolidone-polyurethane interpolymer with tertiary amine functional groups (experimental group, n = 8). At Week 6, histological samples were obtained and examined. The presence of necrosis, fibrosis and inflammation in the bony tissue and the tissue surrounding the screws was recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Live, cellular bone marrow was present in all the rabbits from the experimental group, but was replaced with connective tissue in four rabbits from the control group. Eight rabbits from the control group and two rabbits from the experimental group had necrosis in fatty bone marrow. Inflammation was observed in one rabbit from the experimental group and five rabbits from the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Titanium surgical screws coated with polyvinylpyrrolidone-polyurethane interpolymer were associated with less necrosis than standard uncoated screws. The coated screws were also not associated with any cytotoxic side effect.</p>

Animals , Rabbits , Bone Screws , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Polyurethanes , Toxicity , Povidone , Toxicity , Surgical Wound Infection , Titanium
Acta cir. bras ; 31(12): 774-782, Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837658


ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To assess the capsules formed by silicone implants coated with polyurethane foam and with a textured surface. METHODS: Sixty-four Wistar albinus rats were divided into two groups of 32 each using polyurethane foam and textured surface. The capsules around the implants were analyzed for 30, 50, 70 and 90 days. Were analyzed the following parameters: foreign body reaction, granulation tissue, presence of myofibroblasts, neoangiogenesis, presence of synovial metaplasia, capsular thickness, total area and collagen percentage of type I and III, in capsules formed around silicone implants in both groups. RESULTS: The foreign body reaction was only present in the four polyurethane subgroups. The formation of granulation tissue and the presence of myofibroblasts were higher in the four polyurethane subgroups. Regarding to neoangiogenesis and synovial metaplasia, there was no statistical difference between the groups. Polyurethane group presented (all subgroups) a greater capsule thickness, a smaller total area and collagen percentage of type I and a higher percentage area of type III, with statistical difference. CONCLUSION: The use of polyurethane-coated implants should be stimulated by the long-term results in a more stable capsule and a lower incidence of capsular contracture, despite developing a more intense and delayed inflammatory reaction in relation to implants with textured surface.

Animals , Female , Rats , Polyurethanes/administration & dosage , Foreign-Body Reaction/pathology , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Silicone Gels/administration & dosage , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Implant Capsular Contracture/pathology , Surface Properties , Rats, Wistar , Breast Implantation/methods , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(2): e4888, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-766978


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of sodium hyaluronate (HY), single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and HY-functionalized SWCNTs (HY-SWCNTs) on the behavior of primary osteoblasts, as well as to investigate the deposition of inorganic crystals on titanium surfaces coated with these biocomposites. Primary osteoblasts were obtained from the calvarial bones of male newborn Wistar rats (5 rats for each cell extraction). We assessed cell viability using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide assay and by double-staining with propidium iodide and Hoechst. We also assessed the formation of mineralized bone nodules by von Kossa staining, the mRNA expression of bone repair proteins, and the deposition of inorganic crystals on titanium surfaces coated with HY, SWCNTs, or HY-SWCNTs. The results showed that treatment with these biocomposites did not alter the viability of primary osteoblasts. Furthermore, deposition of mineralized bone nodules was significantly increased by cells treated with HY and HY-SWCNTs. This can be partly explained by an increase in the mRNA expression of type I and III collagen, osteocalcin, and bone morphogenetic proteins 2 and 4. Additionally, the titanium surface treated with HY-SWCNTs showed a significant increase in the deposition of inorganic crystals. Thus, our data indicate that HY, SWCNTs, and HY-SWCNTs are potentially useful for the development of new strategies for bone tissue engineering.

Animals , Male , Calcification, Physiologic/drug effects , Hyaluronic Acid/pharmacology , Nanotubes, Carbon , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Titanium/metabolism , Apoptosis/drug effects , /metabolism , /metabolism , Cell Survival , Coated Materials, Biocompatible/pharmacology , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Collagen Type III/metabolism , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Nanotubes, Carbon/chemistry , Organometallic Compounds/pharmacology , Primary Cell Culture , Rats, Wistar , RNA, Messenger/analysis , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Staining and Labeling/methods , Tissue Engineering/methods , Titanium/chemistry
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 24: e2722, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-960964


Abstract Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness and safety in the use of second-generation central venous catheters impregnated in clorhexidine and silver sulfadiazine when compared with other catheters, being them impregnated or not, in order to prevent the bloodstream infection prevention. Method: systematic review with meta-analysis. Databases searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS/SciELO, Cochrane CENTRAL; search in Congress Proceedings and records from Clinical Trials. Results: 1.235 studies were identified, 97 were pre-selected and 4 were included. In catheter-related bloodstream infection, there was no statistical significance between second-generation impregnated catheter compared with the non-impregnated ones, absolute relative risk 1,5% confidence interval 95% (3%-1%), relative risk 0,68 (confidence interval 95%, 0,40-1,15) and number needed to treat 66. In the sensitivity analysis, there was less bloodstream infection in impregnated catheters (relative risk 0,50, confidence interval 95%, 0,26-0,96). Lower colonization, absolute relative risk 9,6% (confidence interval 95%, 10% to 4%), relative risk 0,51 (confidence interval 95% from 0,38-0,85) and number needed to treat 5. Conclusion: the use of second-generation catheters was effective in reducing the catheter colonization and infection when a sensitivity analysis is performed. Future clinical trials are suggested to evaluate sepsis rates, mortality and adverse effects.

Resumen Objetivo: evaluar la efectividad y seguridad del uso de catéteres venosos centrales de segunda generación, impregnados en clorhexidina y sulfadiazina de plata, comparados con otros catéteres impregnados o no impregnados, para prevención de infección de la corriente sanguínea. Método: revisión sistemática con metaanálisis. La búsqueda fue realizada en las bases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS/SciELO, Cochrane CENTRAL; fueron consultados anales de congresos y registros de ensayos clínicos. Resultados: fueron identificados 1.235 estudios, 97 preseleccionados y cuatro incluidos. En la infección de la corriente sanguínea, relacionada al catéter, no hubo significación estadística entre catéter de segunda generación impregnado en comparación a los no impregnados, riesgo relativo absoluto 1,5%, intervalo de confianza 95% (3%-1%), riesgo relativo 0,68 (intervalo de confianza 95%, 0,40-1,15) y número necesario para tratar 66. En el análisis de sensibilidad, hubo disminución de la infección de la corriente sanguínea en los catéteres impregnados (riesgo relativo 0,50, intervalo de confianza 95%, 0,26-0,96). Reducción de la colonización, riesgo relativo absoluto de 9,6% (intervalo de confianza 95%, 10% a 4%), riesgo relativo 0,51 (intervalo de confianza 95% de 0,38-0,85) y número necesario para tratar 5. Conclusión: el uso de los catéteres de segunda generación fue efectivo en la reducción de la colonización del catéter y de infección cuando realizado análisis de sensibilidad. Se sugirieron ensayos clínicos futuros que evalúen tasas de sepsis, mortalidad y efectos adversos.

Resumo Objetivo: avaliar a efetividade e segurança do uso de cateteres venosos centrais de segunda geração, impregnados em clorexidina e sulfadiazina de prata, comparados com outros cateteres impregnados ou não, na prevenção de infecção de corrente sanguínea. Método: revisão sistemática com metanálise. Busca realizada nas bases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS/SciELO, Cochrane CENTRAL; consulta em anais de congresso e registro de ensaios clínicos. Resultados: foram identificados 1.235 estudos, 97 pré-selecionados e quatro incluídos. Na infecção de corrente sanguínea, relacionada ao cateter, não houve significância estatística entre cateter de segunda geração impregnado em comparação aos não impregnados risco relativo absoluto 1,5%, intervalo de confiança 95% (3%-1%), risco relativo 0,68 (intervalo de confiança 95%, 0,40-1,15) e número necessário para tratar 66. Na análise de sensibilidade, houve diminuição da infecção de corrente sanguínea nos cateteres impregnados (risco relativo 0,50, intervalo de confiança 95%, 0,26-0,96). Redução da colonização, risco relativo absoluto de 9,6% (intervalo de confiança 95%, 10% a 4%), risco relativo 0,51 (intervalo de confiança 95% de 0,38-0,85) e número necessário para tratar 5. Conclusão: o uso dos cateteres de segunda geração foi efetivo na redução de colonização do cateter e de infecção quando realizada análise de sensibilidade. Sugerem-se ensaios clínicos futuros que avaliem taxas de sepse, mortalidade e efeitos adversos.

Humans , Silver Sulfadiazine/administration & dosage , Chlorhexidine/administration & dosage , Catheter-Related Infections/prevention & control , Central Venous Catheters , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/administration & dosage , Coated Materials, Biocompatible
Acta cir. bras ; 30(10): 675-680, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764392


PURPOSE:To assess the systemic response of pigs to the intraperitoneal implantation of polypropylene mesh associated with chitosan-based film with a degree of deacetylation of 95%.METHODS:Blood samples were collected 24 hours before, and two and seven days after surgery. Systemic reactions were evaluated based on white blood cell count, C-reactive protein, and total serum protein, albumin and globulin levels.RESULTS:The systemic response was proportional to the composite response induced by polypropylene mesh, and the tissue inflammatory response was higher in the PP group (p=0.0033).CONCLUSION:The polypropylene mesh/chitosan-based film composite did not elicit a systemic response in pigs.

Animals , Male , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Acute-Phase Reaction/etiology , Chitosan/therapeutic use , Coated Materials, Biocompatible/therapeutic use , Polypropylenes/therapeutic use , Surgical Mesh , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Leukocyte Count , Materials Testing , Peritoneal Cavity/surgery , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Swine , Serum Albumin/analysis , Serum Globulins/analysis , Time Factors
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(4): 623-634, July-Aug. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-763049


ABSTRACTThe use of meshes has become the first option for the treatment of soft tissue disorders as hernias and stress urinary incontinence and widely used in vaginal prolapse's treatment. However, complications related to mesh issues cannot be neglected. Various strategies have been used to improve tissue integration of prosthetic meshes and reduce related complications. The aim of this review is to present the state of art of mesh innovations, presenting the whole arsenal which has been studied worldwide since composite meshes, coated meshes, collagen's derived meshes and tissue engineered prostheses, with focus on its biocompatibility and technical innovations, especially for vaginal prolapse surgery.

Female , Humans , Coated Materials, Biocompatible/therapeutic use , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Surgical Mesh , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Absorbable Implants , Inventions , Tissue Engineering/methods
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 30(2): 159-163, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748942


Abstract Introduction: Intravascular coronary stenting has been used in the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD), with a major limitation of in-stent restenosis (ISR). The 316 stainless steel has been widely used for coronary stents. In this study, we developed a novel coating method to reduce ISR by simultaneously coating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and anti-CD34 antibody on 316L stainless steel. Methods: Round 316L stainless steel sheets in the D-H group were polymerized with compounds generated from condensation reaction of dopamine and heparin using N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethylcarbodiimide (EDC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS). Sixteen sheets from the D-H group were further immersed into 1ug/ml VEGF165 and 3mg/ml heparin sodium one after another for 10 times, and named as the D-(H-V)10 group. Eight sheets from the D-(H-V)10 group were coated with anti-CD34 antibody and termed as the D-(H-V)10-A group. Immunofluorescence assay and ELISA were used to evaluate whether the 316L stainless steel disks were successfully coated with VEGF and anti-CD34 antibody. Results: The results of immunofluorescence assay and ELISA showed that VEGF could be detected in the D-(H-V)10 and D-(H-V)10-A group, suggesting the steel sheets were successfully covered with VEGF. Anti-CD34 antibody could only be observed in the D-(H-V)10-A group, which was the only group coated with CD34 antibody. Both results suggested that the 316L stainless steel sheets were successfully coated with VEGF and anti-CD34 antibody. Conclusion: Our study developed a method to simultaneously coat VEGF and anti-CD34 antibody to stainless metal steel. This research serves as a fundamental role for a novel coating strategy. .

Resumo Introdução: O stent coronário intravascular tem sido utilizado no tratamento de doença arterial coronária, com uma maior limitação de restenose intra-stent (RIS). O aço inoxidável 316 tem sido amplamente utilizado para stents. Neste estudo, foi desenvolvido um novo método de revestimento para reduzir a RIS para revestir simultaneamente o fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF) e anti-CD34 em aço inoxidável 316L. Métodos: Placas de aço inoxidável 316L redondas no grupo DH foram polimerizadas com compostos gerados a partir da reacção de condensação de dopamina e heparina utilizando N- (3-dimetilaminopropil) -N'-etilcarbodiimida (EDC) e N-hidroxissuccinimida (NHS). Dezesseis folhas a partir do grupo DH foram ainda imersas em 1 ug/ml de VEGF 165 e 3 mg/ml de heparina sódica, um após outro por 10 vezes, sendo denominado como o grupo D-(HV)10. Oito folhas de D-(HV)10 foram revestidas com anticorpo anti-CD34 e denominado como grupo D-(HV)10-A. Testes de imunofluorescência e ELISA foram usados para avaliar se os discos de aço inoxidável 316L foram revestidos com sucesso com VEGF e anticorpo anti-CD34. Resultados: Os resultados dos testes de imunofluorescência e ELISA mostraram que o VEGF pôde ser detectado nos grupos D-(HV)10 e D-(HV)10-A, evidenciando que as chapas de aço foram cobertas com VEGF com sucesso. O anticorpo anti-CD34 podia apenas ser observado no grupo D-(HV)10-A, o único grupo revestido com anticorpo CD34. Ambos os resultados sugerem que as chapas de aço inoxidável 316L foram revestidas com sucesso com VEGF e anticorpo anti-CD34. Conclusão: Nosso estudo desenvolveu um método para revestir simultaneamente VEGF e anti-CD34 de aço inoxidável. Esta pesquisa tem um papel fundamental para a nova estratégia de revestimento. .

Humans , /chemistry , /immunology , Coated Materials, Biocompatible/chemistry , Drug-Eluting Stents , Stainless Steel/chemistry , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/chemistry , Coronary Restenosis/prevention & control , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Ethyldimethylaminopropyl Carbodiimide/chemistry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Time Factors