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Biosci. j. (Online) ; 37: e37072, Jan.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359176


The evaluation of coffee quality in Brazil for commercialization is conducted mainly through sensory analysis, also known as the "cup test", in which professional tasters evaluate and score various attributes. The adoption of chemical methods could complement the sensory classification of beverages, if correlations between these chemical and sensory analyses exist, making classification less subjective. This work aimed to identify the relationships between the chemical and sensorial traits of coffee-beverage quality and to evaluate the use of these traits as criteria for the selection of Bourbon cultivars. Twenty coffee genotypes from the first three harvests across five municipalities of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil were evaluated. The genotypic values, predicted for each genotype, were used to determine the index based on the sum of ranks from Mulamba and Mock. The genetic correlations among the evaluated traits were also estimated. The presented evaluations were not able to efficiently detect genetic and phenotypic relationships between the chemical and sensorial characteristics of drink quality, but as selection criteria for generation advancement in the beverage quality, it is possible to use these characteristics. Bourbon Amarelo LCJ 9-IAC, Bourbon Amarelo-Procafé, Bourbon Amarelo-Boa Vista, Bourbon Vermelho-São João Batista, and Bourbon Amarelo-Samambaia were the genotypes with the most promising cup quality in the studied regions. Through the selection of these five genotypes, the selection gain was 1.65% for sensory score for beverage quality, when the interaction among the studied environments was removed. The heritability was 92% for improving this trait.

Coffea/genetics , Plant Breeding
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 36: 34-46, nov. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048187


Background: Somatic embryogenesis receptor-like kinase 1 (SERK1) is a cell membrane receptor active in different plant tissues and involved in cell differentiation activities including somatic embryogenesis. The identification of promoter elements responsible for SERK1 expression during the onset of somatic embryogenesis can be useful to understand the molecular regulation of the cell-to embryo transition, and these promoter elements represent biotechnological tools in plant organ tissue culture. Results: A −1,620 bp DNA sequence located upstream of the Coffea canephora SERK1 gene homologue (CcSERK1) was isolated, and then, different segments containing key response elements (REs) for somatic embryogenesis onset and development were fused to the uidA (encoding a ß-glucuronidase, GUS) reporter gene to evaluate its expression in transgenic leaf explants. DNA segments of −1,620 and −1048 bp in length directed uidA expression with patterns in leaf explants similar to those occurring during somatic embryogenesis. When a −792-bp fragment was used, uidA expression disappeared only in leaf explants and pro-embryogenic mass but persisted in developing embryos. No uidA expression was detected in any embryogenic stage when a −618-bp fragment was used. Conclusion: DNA deletions showed that a −1048-bp sequence located upstream of the CcSERK1 gene is sufficient to direct gene expression during the onset and the development of C. canephora somatic embryogenesis. The DNA segment located between −1048 and −792 bp (containing BBM and WUS REs) is needed for gene expression before embryogenesis onset but not during embryo development. The promoter segment between −792 and −618 bp (including GATA, ARR1AT, and ANT REs) regulates gene expression in developing embryos.

Plant Proteins/genetics , Protein Kinases/genetics , Coffea/genetics , Biotechnology , Gene Expression , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Plants, Genetically Modified , Cloning, Molecular , Genes, Reporter , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Embryonic Development
Rev. biol. trop ; 59(2): 607-617, jun. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-638107


In Coffea arabica (arabica coffee), the phenotypic as well as genetic variability has been found low because of the narrow genetic basis and self fertile nature of the species. Because of high similarity in phenotypic appearance among the majority of arabica collections, selection of parental lines for inter-varietals hybridization and identification of resultant hybrids at an early stage of plant growth is difficult. DNA markers are known to be reliable in identifying closely related cultivars and hybrids. Sequence Related Amplified Polymorphism (SRAP) is a new molecular marker technology developed based on PCR. In this paper, sixty arabica-hybrid progenies belonging to six crosses were analyzed using 31 highly polymorphic SRAP markers. The analysis revealed seven types of SRAP marker profiles which are useful in discriminating the parents and hybrids. The number of bands amplified per primer pair ranges from 6.13 to 8.58 with average number of seven bands. Among six hybrid combinations, percentage of bands shared between hybrids and their parents ranged from 66.29% to 85.71% with polymorphic bands varied from 27.64% to 60.0%. Percentage of hybrid specific fragments obtained in various hybrid combinations ranged from 0.71% to 10.86% and ascribed to the consequence of meiotic recombination. Based on the similarity index calculation, it was observed that F1 hybrids share maximum number of bands with the female parent compared to male parent. The results obtained in the present study revealed the effectiveness of SRAP technique in cultivar identification and hybrid analysis in this coffee species. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (2): 607-617. Epub 2011 June 01.

En Coffea arabica (café arabica), el fenotipo y la variabilidad genética son bajos debido a la estrecha base genética y la autofecundación de la especie. Por su alta similitud fenotípica entre la mayoría de las colecciones de arábica, la selección de líneas parentales para hibridación entre variedades, y la identificación de los híbridos resultantes en una fase inicial de crecimiento, es difícil. Para la identificación de variedades estrechamente relacionadas y sus híbridos, los marcadores de ADN son confiables, pero los polimorfismos de amplificación de secuencias relacionadas (SRAP, por sus siglas en inglés) constituyen una nueva tecnología de marcadores moleculares basada en PCR. En este trabajo, sesenta progenies arábica híbridas, pertenecientes a seis cruces, fueron analizadas utilizando 31 marcadores altamente polimórficos. El análisis reveló siete tipos de perfiles de marcadores que son útiles en la discriminación de los progenitores y los híbridos. El número de bandas amplificadas por pares de cebadores estuvo entre 6.13 a 8.58 con un promedio de siete bandas. Entre las seis combinaciones de híbridos, el porcentaje de bandas compartidas entre híbridos y sus progenitores estuvo entre 66.29% y 85.71% con bandas polimórficas que variaron entre 27.64% y 60.0%. El porcentaje de fragmentos híbridos específicos obtenidos en diversas combinaciones híbridas varió entre 0.71% y 10.86% lo que se atribuye a la recombinación meiótica. Con base en el cálculo del índice de similitud, se observó que los híbridos F1 compartieron un número máximo de bandas con el progenitor femenino que con el masculino. Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio muestran la eficacia de la técnica de SRAP en la identificación de cultivos e híbridos de esta especie de café.

Coffea/genetics , DNA, Plant/genetics , Hybridization, Genetic/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Genetic Markers/genetics , Phenotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique
Braz. j. biol ; 70(2): 387-393, May 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-548244


The transformation of coffee plantlets with the cry1ac gene of Bacillus thuringiensis was achieved by biolistic using either the whole pUBC plasmid or only the ubi-cry1ac-nos genetic cassette. The cry1ac gene was inserted into coffee plants in order to confer resistance to the leaf miner Leucoptera coffeella, an insect responsible for considerable losses in coffee crops. Bearing in mind that the genetic cassettes used for this study lack reporter genes and/or selection marker genes, the parameters for the transformation procedure by biolistic were previously standardised with a plasmid carrying the gus reporter gene. The presence of the cry1ac gene in young plantlet tissues was determined by PCR, Southern blot and reverse transcription-PCR. Our results show that the obtainment of viable coffee plantlets, transformed by bombardment with the cry1ac gene and without selection markers nor reporter genes, is feasible.

A transformação das plântulas de café com o gene cry1ac de Bacillus thuringiensis foi realizada por biobalística, utilizando todo o pUBC plasmídeo ou só o cassete genético UBI-cry1ac-nos. O gene cry1ac foi inserido no cafeeiro a fim de conferir resistência à folha mineiro Leucoptera coffeella, um inseto responsável por perdas consideráveis nas culturas de café. Tendo em conta que ao plasmídeo e ao cassete genético utilizados para este estudo faltam genes repórteres e/ou de seleção, os parâmetros para o processo de transformação por biobalística foram previamente padronizados com um plasmídeo transportando o gene repórter gus. A presença do gene cry1ac em tecidos de jovens plântulas foi determinada por PCR, Southern blot e transcrição reversa-PCR. Nossos resultados mostram que a obtenção de plântulas de café, transformado por bombardeamento com o gene cry1ac sem genes de seleção genética nem repórteres é viável.

Animals , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Coffea/genetics , Endotoxins/genetics , Hemolysin Proteins/genetics , Plants, Genetically Modified/genetics , Transformation, Genetic/genetics , Blotting, Western , Biolistics/methods , Lepidoptera , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Plant Diseases/parasitology , Plant Diseases/prevention & control