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1.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 14(1): 47-55, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1089815

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Reading disability (RD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms often co-occur in school-age children. Methods: The present study evaluated the performance of 216 Brazilian children from 3rd and 4th grades on "cool" executive function (EF) abilities and phonological processing. The children were divided into three groups: those with ADHD symptoms only, those with RD only, and controls. Results: MANOVA analyses, controlling for age and nonverbal intelligence, showed worse performance for the RD group, compared to the ADHD symptoms group, on measures of phonological processing (phonemic awareness, phonological short-term memory, and lexical access) and "cool" EF components (orthographic verbal fluency and processing speed). The ADHD symptoms group did not differ from the control group on the majority of the "cool" EF tasks. Compared to the control group, the ADHD symptoms group and the RD group both showed significantly more errors in rapid automatized naming of figures, which evaluates the inhibition component of EF; performance on this task was similar for these groups. Conclusion: We conclude that children with RD have greater impairment in phonological processing and "cool" EF compared to those with ADHD symptoms. Furthermore, deficits in inhibitory control may be shared among children with both conditions.


RESUMO Introdução: Dificuldades de leitura (DL) e sintomas do Transtorno de Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade (TDAH) frequentemente coocorrem em crianças escolares. Métodos: O presente estudo comparou o desempenho em FE "frias" e processamento fonológico de 216 crianças brasileiras de 3ª e 4ª anos, que foram divididas em três grupos: apenas com sintomas de TDAH, apenas em DL e controles. Resultados: As análises de MANOVA, controlando para idade e inteligência não-verbal, indicaram que o grupo com DL apresentou desempenho significativamente inferior ao grupo com sintomas de TDAH nas medidas de processamento fonológico (consciência fonológica, memória verbal de curto prazo e acesso lexical) e em componentes das FE "frias" (fluência verbal ortográfica e velocidade de processamento). O grupo com sintomas de TDAH não se diferiram do grupo controle na maior parte das tarefas de FE "frias". Ambos os grupos com sintomas de TDAH e DL apresentaram desempenhos significativamente menores (mais erros) em comparação às crianças de desenvolvimento típico na tarefa de Nomeação Seriada Rápida de figuras que avalia o componente de controle inibitório, e o desempenho foi semelhante entre os grupos. Conclusão: Conclui-se que crianças com DL apresentam maior comprometimento em processamento fonológico e FE "frias" em comparação àquelas com sintomas de TDAH e que déficits no controle inibitório podem ser compartilhados entre crianças com ambas as condições.


Subject(s)
Humans , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Child , Cognition , Dyslexia , Neuropsychology
2.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782073

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated the prevalence of amyloid positivity and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in subjects with cognitive complaints with the aim of identifying differences in clinical parameters and cognitive function according to the pattern of coexistence.METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 200 subjects with memory impairment and applied both standardized ¹⁸F-florbetaben PET and brain MRI, including susceptibility-weighted imaging. The amyloid burden was visually classified as positive or negative, and the number and location of CMBs were also analyzed visually. Descriptive analysis was performed for the prevalence of amyloid positivity and CMBs. The relationship between the coexisting pattern of those two findings and clinical parameters including the results of neuropsychiatric tests was analyzed.RESULTS: Positive amyloid PET scans were exhibited by 102 (51.5%) of the 200 patients, and 51 (25.5%) of them had CMBs, which were mostly located in lobar areas in the patients with positive amyloid scans. The patients with CMBs were older and had a higher burden of white-matter hyperintensities than the patients without CMBs. The patients with CMBs also performed worse in confrontation naming and frontal/executive function. When classified by topographical region, parietal CMBs (odds ratio=3.739, p=0.024) were significantly associated with amyloid positivity.CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of CMBs was higher in patients with cognitive decline than in the general population. CMBs play distinctive roles in affecting clinical parameters and neuropsychological profiles according to the coexistence of amyloid pathology.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid , Brain , Cognition , Dementia , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Memory , Parietal Lobe , Pathology , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782068

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Similar-sized stroke lesions at similar locations can have different prognoses in clinical practice. Lesion-network mapping elucidates network-level effects of lesions that cause specific neurologic symptoms and signs, and also provides a group-level understanding. This study visualized the effects of stroke lesions on the functional brain networks of individual patients.METHODS: We enrolled patients with ischemic stroke who were hospitalized within 1 week of the stroke occurrence. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed 3 months after the index stroke. For image preprocessing, acute stroke lesions were visually delineated based on diffusion-weighted images obtained at admission, and the lesion mask was drawn using MRIcron software. Correlation matrices were calculated from 280 brain regions using the Brainnetome Atlas, and connectograms were visualized using in-house MATLAB code.RESULTS: We found characteristic differences in connectograms between pairs of patients who had comparable splenial, frontal cortical, cerebellar, and thalamocapsular lesions. Two representative patients with bilateral thalamic infarctions showed significant differences in their reconstructed connectograms. The cognitive function had recovered well at 3 months after stroke occurrence in patients with well-maintained interhemispheric and intrahemispheric connectivities.CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study has visualized the effects of stroke lesions on the functional brain networks of individual patients. Consideration of the neurobiologic mechanisms underlying the differences between their connectograms has yielded new hypotheses about differences in the effects of stroke lesions.


Subject(s)
Brain , Cerebral Infarction , Cognition , Connectome , Functional Neuroimaging , Humans , Infarction , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Masks , Neurologic Manifestations , Pilot Projects , Prognosis , Stroke
4.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782066

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance and safety of a new ¹⁸F-labeled amyloid tracer, ¹⁸F-FC119S.METHODS: This study prospectively recruited 105 participants, comprising 53 with Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, 16 patients with dementia other than AD (non-AD), and 36 healthy controls (HCs). In the first screening visit, the Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery cognitive function test was given to the dementia group, while HC subjects completed the Korean version of the Mini Mental State Examination. Individuals underwent ¹⁸F-FC119S PET, ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET, and brain MRI. The diagnostic performance of ¹⁸F-FC119S PET for AD was compared to a historical control (comprising previously reported and currently used amyloid-beta PET agents), ¹⁸F-FDG PET, and MRI. The standardized uptake value (SUV) ratio (ratio of the cerebral cortical SUV to the cerebellar SUV) was measured for each PET data set to provide semiquantitative analysis. All adverse effects during the clinical trial periods were monitored.RESULTS: Visual assessments of the ¹⁸F-FC119S PET data revealed a sensitivity of 92% and a specificity of 84% in detecting AD. ¹⁸F-FC119S PET demonstrated equivalent or better diagnostic performance for AD detection than the historical control, ¹⁸F-FDG PET (sensitivity of 80.0% and specificity of 76.0%), and MRI (sensitivity of 98.0% and specificity of 50.0%). The SUV ratios differed significantly between AD patients and the other groups, at 1.44±0.17 (mean±SD) for AD, 1.24±0.09 for non-AD, and 1.21±0.08 for HC. No clinically significant adverse effects occurred during the trial periods.CONCLUSIONS: ¹⁸F-FC119S PET provides high sensitivity and specificity in detecting AD and therefore may be considered a useful diagnostic tool for AD.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Brain , Cognition , Dataset , Dementia , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mass Screening , Methods , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Seoul
5.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782064

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the reliability and validity of a short form of the Korean Dementia Screening Questionnaire-Cognition (KDSQ-C) as a screening tool for cognitive dysfunction.METHODS: This study recruited 420 patients older than 65 years and their informants from 11 hospitals, and categorized the patients into normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment, and dementia subgroups. The KDSQ-C was completed separately by the patients and their informants. We abstracted three components of the KDSQ-C and combined these components into the following four subscales: KDSQ-C-I (items 1–5, memory domain), KDSQ-C-II (items 1–5 & 11–15, memory domain+activities of daily living), KDSQ-C-III (items 1–5 & 6–10, memory domain+other cognitive domains), and KDSQ-C-IV (items 6–10 & 11–15, other cognitive domains+activities of daily living). The reliability and validity were compared between these four subscales.RESULTS: A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis of questionnaire scores provided by the patients showed that the areas under the ROC curves (AUCs) for the KDSQ-C, KDSQC-I, and KDSQ-C-II for diagnosing dementia were 0.75, 0.72, and 0.76, respectively; the corresponding AUCs for informant-completed questionnaires were 0.92, 0.89, and 0.92, indicating good discriminability for dementia.CONCLUSIONS: A short form of the patient- and informant-rated versions of the KDSQ-C (KDSQ-C-II) is as capable as the 15-item KDSQ-C in screening for dementia.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Cognition , Dementia , Humans , Mass Screening , Memory , Cognitive Dysfunction , Reproducibility of Results , ROC Curve , Self Report , Self-Assessment
6.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 41(spe): e20190148, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1093867

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aim: To compare the domains of the Multidimensional Model of Successful Aging (MMSA) with the nursing terminologies, such as, NANDA International (NANDA-I), Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) and Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC), in order to find similarities among them. Method: Cross-mapping between MMSA and nursing terminologies in two stages: individual analysis and comparison between the MMSA and the nursing terminologies, based on the mapping process rules; consensus among researchers to validate the results. Results: All NOC and NIC domains were mapped with similarity in the MMSA domains, and 12 of the 13 NANDA-I domains showed similarity to the MMSA domains. In addition, similarity was identified between MMSA and most classes of the three classifications. Conclusions: The similarity between MMSA, NANDA-I, NIC and NOC supported the idea that the MMSA framework can be used in the nursing process to qualify the nursing practice in the elderly care.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Comparar dominios del Modelo Multidimensional del Envejecimiento Exitoso (MMES) con las terminologías de enfermería, NANDA International (NANDA-I), Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) y Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) en busca de similitudes. Métodos: Mapeo cruzado entre MMES y las terminologías de enfermería realizado en dos etapas: análisis individual y comparación de MMES con las terminologías de enfermería, basado en las reglas del proceso de mapeo; consenso entre los investigadores para validar resultados. Resultados: Todos los dominios NOC y NIC se asignaron con similitud en los campos MMES, y 12 de los 13 dominios NANDA-I mostraron similitud con los campos MMES. Además, se identificó similitud entre el MMES y la mayoría de las clases de las clasificaciones. Conclusiones: La similitud entre MMES y NANDA-I, NIC, NOC fortaleció la idea de que el referencial del MMES puede entrelazarse con el proceso de enfermería para calificar la práctica de enfermería en el cuidado al anciano.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar domínios do Modelo Multidimensional do Envelhecimento Bem Sucedido (MMES) com as terminologias de enfermagem, NANDA International (NANDA-I), Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) e Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) em busca de semelhanças entre eles. Métodos: Mapeamento cruzado entre MMES e terminologias de enfermagem realizado em duas etapas: análise individual e comparação do MMES e terminologias de enfermagem, com base nas regras do processo de mapeamento; consenso entre os pesquisadores para validar os resultados. Resultados: Todos os domínios NOC e NIC foram mapeados com similaridade nos domínios MMES, e 12 dos 13 domínios NANDA-I mostraram semelhança com os domínios MMES. Além disso, identificou-se semelhança entre o MMES e a maioria das classes das três classificações. Conclusões: A similaridade entre MMES e NANDA-I, NIC, NOC fortaleceu a ideia de que o referencial do MMES pode ser entrelaçado com o processo de enfermagem para qualificar a prática de enfermagem no cuidado ao idoso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aging , Health Transition , Standardized Nursing Terminology , Nursing Process , Social Support , Adaptation, Psychological , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cognition , Spirituality , Emotions , Resilience, Psychological , Physical Functional Performance
7.
Psico (Porto Alegre) ; 51(1): e-31313, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1097666

ABSTRACT

Investigou-se sistemas cognitivos do Desenho da Figura Humana (DFH) mais utilizados no âmbito internacional e nacional, e realizou análise qualitativa. A busca foi feita no Periódicos CAPES, SciELO, Redalyc e Pepsic. A partir dos critérios de seleção, foram analisados 33 artigos que permitiram a dentificação do sistema Goodenough-Harris, como o mais estudado internacionalmente, e o sistema Wechsler no contexto nacional. O ano de 2005 apresentou maior publicações. Observou-se predomínio da busca de evidências de validade com amostras brasileiras, enquanto que internacionalmente os estudos foram mais heterogêneos. Conclui-se que a maioria dos sistemas apresentam propriedades psicométricas minimamente adequadas sendo, porém, necessário a realização de novos estudos que investiguem o funcionamento dos sistemas, principalmente no âmbito nacional, que possui apenas 10 estudos. Limitações e agenda de pesquisa são apresentadas


This study investigated the most frequently used Human Figure Drawing (HFD) cognitive systems in the international and national scope, and carried out a qualitative analysis of them. A search was conducted through the databases Periódicos CAPES, SciELO, Redalyc, and Pepsic. Based on the selection criteria, a review of 33 articles provided the identification of the Goodenough-Harris system, as the most studied internationally, and the Wechsler system in the national context. The largest number of publications occurred in 2005. Regarding the study types, among those with a Brazilian sample most aimed to find validity evidence, while internationally studies were more heterogeneous. The conclusion is that most systems presented minimally fit psychometric properties, but that new studies are necessary to investigate system function, particularly at the national level, which has only 10 studies. Limitations and research agenda are presented.


Se investigó los sistemas cognitivos más utilizados del Dibujo de la Figura Humana (DFH) en el ámbito internacional y nacional, y realizó un análisis cualitativo. La búsqueda fue en las bases de datos Periódicos CAPES, SciELO, Redalyc y Pepsic. Un análisis de 33 artículos proporcionó la identificación del sistema Goodenough-Harris como el más estudiado internacionalmente, en el contexto nacional fue el sistema Wechsler. El mayor número de publicaciones se produjo en 2005. Se observó que en los realizados con muestras nacionales la mayoría buscó evidencias de validez y los estudios internacionales eran más heterogéneos. La conclusión es que la mayoría de los sistemas presentan propiedades psicométricas mínimamente ajustadas, pero se necesitan nuevos estudios para investigar la función de cada uno de esos sistema, particularmente a nivel nacional, que fueron encontrados apenas 10 estudios. Se presentan limitaciones y una agenda de investigación


Subject(s)
Psychological Tests , Child , Cognition , Human Body
8.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3282, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1101721

ABSTRACT

Objective: to know the relationship between the sensory function, gait ability, and cognitive function with dependency in older adults. Method: a descriptive cross-sectional design, 146 older adults took part. Measurements: Snellen chart, Audiometer, Stereognosia tests, Semmes-Weinstein monofilament, basic aromas and flavors, GAITRite system, Montreal Cognitive Assessment Test, the Barthel Index, and the Lawton and Brody Index. Results: sensory function, cognitive function and gait explain 25% dependence on basic activities of daily life and 21% dependence on instrumental activities of daily life. The variables that influence dependence on basic activities were taste (p=.029), gait speed (p=.009), cadence (p=.002) and step length (p=.001) and, in instrumental activities, gait speed (p=.049), cadence (p=.028) and step length (p=.010). Conclusion: gait speed, cadence and stride length are variables that influence both dependence on basic and instrumental activities of daily life.


Objetivo: conhecer a relação entre a função sensorial, capacidade de caminhar e função cognitiva com dependência em idosos. Método: estudo transversal descritivo, com a participação de 146 idosos. Medições: Carta de Snellen, audiômetro, testes de estereognosia, monofilamento de Semmes-Weinstein, aromas e sabores básicos, sistema GAITRite, Montreal Cognitive Assessment Test e índice de Barthel e Lawton e Brody. Resultados: função sensorial, função cognitiva e caminhar explicam 25% de dependência de atividades básicas da vida diária e 21% de dependência de atividades instrumentais da vida diária. As variáveis que influenciam a dependência de atividades básicas foram: paladar (p=0,029), velocidade de caminhar (p=0,009), cadência (p=0,002) e comprimento do passo (p=0,001), e nas atividades instrumentais, velocidade de caminhar (p=0,049), cadência (p=0,028) e comprimento do passo (p=0,010). Conclusão: velocidade de caminhar, cadência e comprimento do passo são variáveis que influenciam a dependência de atividades básicas e instrumentais da vida cotidiana.


Objetivo: conocer la relación entre la función sensorial, capacidad de marcha y función cognitiva con la dependencia en adultos mayores. Método: diseño descriptivo transversal, en que participaron 146 adultos mayores. Mediciones: Carta Snellen, Audiómetro, pruebas de Estereognosia, Monofilamento de Semmes-Weinstein, aromas y sabores básicos, sistema GAITRite, Montreal Cognitive Assessment Test e Índice de Barthel y de Lawton y Brody. Resultados: la función sensorial, función cognitiva y marcha explican el 25% de la dependencia en las actividades básicas de la vida diaria y 21% de la dependencia en actividades instrumentales de la vida diaria. Las variables que influyen sobre la dependencia en actividades básicas fueron gusto (p=0,029), velocidad de marcha (p=0,009), cadencia (p=0,002) y longitud del paso (p=0,001); y en actividades instrumentales, velocidad de marcha (p=0,049), cadencia (p=0,028) y longitud del paso (p=0,010). Conclusión: velocidad de marcha, cadencia y longitud del paso son variables que influyen en la dependencia en actividades básicas e instrumentales de la vida diaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Activities of Daily Living , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cognition/physiology , Walking Speed , Gait Analysis , Gait
9.
Estud. Psicol. (Campinas, Online) ; 37: e190032, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1056161

ABSTRACT

Several types of cognitive interventions have been performed with elderly individuals to verify physical and quality of life benefits. The objective of this study was to verify if the cognitive gains found in two cognitive intervention programs are related to changes in the mood, quality of life and physical fitness variables (maximum oxygen consumption, lean mass, fat percentage and handgrip strength). A total of 39 elderly women from the Distrito Federal (Brazil), participating in a cognitive training group based on mnemonic strategies and a group of cognitive stimulation based on perceptual and attention exercises. Both groups showed a tendency to reduce depressive symptoms, an increase in their fat mass and a decrease in their lean mass. Taken together, these findings may contribute to identify the directionality of mnemonic interventions in Brazilian elderly individuals regarding the subjective and physical performance variables.


Diversos tipos de intervenções cognitivas têm sido realizados com idosos para a verificação de ganhos físicos e de qualidade de vida. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar se ganhos cognitivos apresentados em dois programas de intervenção cognitiva estão relacionados a alterações de humor, qualidade de vida e aptidão física (consumo máximo de oxigênio, massa magra, percentual de gordura e força de preensão palmar) em idosas. Foram avaliadas 39 mulheres idosas do Distrito Federal (Brasil), divididas em dois grupos: um que realizou treino cognitivo baseado em estratégias mnemônicas; e outro, de estimulação cognitiva baseada em exercícios perceptuais e de atenção. Ambos os grupos apresentaram tendência a reduzir os sintomas depressivos e obtiveram aumento de massa gorda e diminuição de massa magra. Em conjunto, esses achados podem contribuir para identificar a direcionalidade das intervenções mnemônicas em idosos brasileiros sobre as variáveis subjetivas e de desempenho físico.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Aged , Physical Fitness , Cognition , Neuropsychology
10.
MedUNAB ; 23(1): 51-61, 2020/03/30.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1087829

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El cuidado a la salud es una empresa humana, cuyo valor esencial es de índole moral, orientado hacia el bien; entonces, las prácticas de cuidados de salud deberán ser estudiadas y orientadas no sólo por las ciencias naturales, sino también por las ciencias humanas aplicadas. El objetivo del presente artículo es determinar la relación entre las estrategias didácticas de enseñanza y la formación de valores de los estudiantes de primer semestre de un técnico auxiliar en enfermería de una institución de Bucaramanga. Metodología. Corresponde a un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo correlacional, de corte transversal con una muestra por conveniencia de 80 estudiantes de primer semestre de un técnico auxiliar de una Institución en Bucaramanga. Se tuvo en cuenta como criterio de exclusión estudiantes de primer semestre mayores de 22 años. Los instrumentos de recolección de datos utilizados son dos encuestas sobre las estrategias didácticas de enseñanza y la formación en valores las cuales tienen su fundamentación teórica en dimensiones propias de estas dos variables de investigación. Resultados. se logra encontrar una correlación positiva moderada de 0.508 entre las estrategias didácticas de enseñanza y la formación en valores, con un nivel de significancia de (p = 0.000) de los estudiantes de primer nivel. Conclusiones. Se considera importante abordar el tema planteado en esta investigación desde un enfoque cualitativo de manera complementaria, dadas las percepciones que pueden surgir desde los docentes y estudiantes en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje. Las experiencias subjetivas de estas dos partes pueden construir una escala de valores distinta teniendo en cuenta los diferentes ámbitos sociales, familiares y educativos en los cuales se desarrollan diversas percepciones frente a la labor de enfermería. Cómo citar: Gerardino-Meneses RE. Estrategias de formación en valores en estudiantes de un programa técnico de auxiliar de enfermería en Bucaramanga durante el 2018. MedUNAB. 2020;23(1):51-61. doi:10.29375/01237047.3638


Introduction. Healthcare is a human endeavor. It has essential and ethical considerations, and it seeks the wellbeing of others. As such, healthcare practices should be studied and analyzed, not only in the light of natural sciences, but also applying human sciences as well. This article intendsto describe the relationship between learning and teaching strategies and formation of values in freshman students of the assistant nursing technical program from an educational institute in Bucaramanga. Methodology. This is a cross-sectional, quantitative, descriptive and correlational study, using a sample of 80 freshman students of the assistant nursing technical program from an educational institution in Bucaramanga. The eligibility criteria were freshman students 22 years and older. In order to collect data, two surveys on learning and teaching strategies and formation of values were administered. The theoretical basis for the surveys were dimensions specific to these two investigation variables. Results. There is a moderate positive correlation of 0.508 between teaching and learning strategies and formation of values, with a level of significance of (p = 0.000) from freshman students. Conclusions. It is important to address the subject of this investigation from a qualitative standpoint and using a complementary approach, considering the perceptions of both faculty and students that arise during teaching and learning. Subjective experiences from both parties may create two different scales of values, considering different societal, family and educational environments in which different perceptions, regarding the nursing profession, are conceived. Cómo citar: Gerardino-Meneses RE. Estrategias de formación en valores en estudiantes de un programa técnico de auxiliar de enfermería en Bucaramanga durante el 2018. MedUNAB. 2020;23(1):51-61. doi:10.29375/01237047.3638


Introdução. O cuidado em saúde é uma empresa humana, cujo valor essencial é de natureza moral, orientado para o bem; então, as práticas de cuidados em saúde devem ser estudadas e orientadas não apenas pelas ciências naturais, mas também pelas ciências humanas aplicadas. O objetivo deste artigo é determinar a relação entre as estratégias didáticas de ensino e a formação de valores dos alunos do primeiro semestre de um curso técnico de auxiliar de enfermagem de uma instituição de Bucaramanga. Métodos. Corresponde a um estudo quantitativo, correlacional, descritivo e transversal, com uma amostra por conveniência de 80 alunos de primeiro semestre de um curso técnico de auxiliar de uma Instituição em Bucaramanga. Alunos do primeiro semestre acima de 22 anos foram excluídos do estudo. Os instrumentos de coleta de dados utilizados são dois questionários sobre as estratégias didáticas de ensino e a formação de valores, que tem fundamentação teórica nas dimensões próprias destas duas variáveis de pesquisa. Resultados. É possível encontrar uma correlação positiva moderada de 0,508 entre as estratégias didáticas de ensino e a formação de valores, com nível de significância de (p = 0,000) dos alunos do primeiro semestre. Conclusão. Considera-se importante abordar a questão levantada nesta pesquisa a partir de uma abordagem qualitativa de maneira complementar, dadas as percepções que podem surgir de professores e alunos no processo de ensino-aprendizagem. As experiências subjetivas destas duas partes podem construir uma escala diferente de valores, levando em consideração os distintos âmbitos sociais, familiares e educacionais nos quais desenvolvem-se diversas percepções sobre otrabalho de enfermagem. Cómo citar: Gerardino-Meneses RE. Estrategias de formación en valores en estudiantes de un programa técnico de auxiliar de enfermería en Bucaramanga durante el 2018. MedUNAB. 2020;23(1):51-61. doi:10.29375/01237047.3638


Subject(s)
Education, Nursing , Social Values , Teaching , Cognition , Ethics , Teacher Training
11.
Rev. Hosp. Niños B.Aires ; 62(277): 76-79, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1100687

ABSTRACT

Los jóvenes con hipertensión arterial pueden manifestar efectos adversos en órganos blanco como el corazón y la vasculatura, incluyendo hipertrofia ventricular izquierda, aumento de la rigidez arterial y aumento del grosor de la carótida. También existe evidencia reciente de efectos adversos debido a hipertensión en el cerebro, hallazgo con implicancias significativas del impacto de la hipertensión arterial primaria en la cognición, tanto durante la infancia como a lo largo de la vida. En los últimos 15 años, estudios de bases de datos y estudios uni y multicéntricos han evidenciado que la presión arterial elevada en niños y adolescentes se asocia con un menor rendimiento en las pruebas neurocognitivas durante la juventud. Se presenta un resumen de la literatura sobre el efecto de la hipertensión arterial en la neurocognición en niños y jóvenes, así como también se analizan posibles mecanismos. El hallazgo de un rendimiento más bajo en las pruebas neurocognitivas en jóvenes hipertensos sugiere que el tratamiento de la hipertensión arterial en la adolescencia podría representar una oportunidad para mejorar el deterioro posterior y, por lo tanto, mejorar la salud cognitiva futura


Youth with hypertension can manifest adverse target-organ effects on the heart and vasculature, including left ventricular hypertrophy, increased arterial stiffness, and increased carotid thickness. There is emerging evidence for hypertensive adverse effects on the brain as well, findings with significant implications for the impact of primary hypertension on cognition both during childhood and later in life. Over the past 15 years, database, single-center, and multicenter studies have provided evidence that elevated BP in children and adolescents is associated with lower performance on neurocognitive testing during youth itself. In this review, we summarize the literature on the effect of hypertension on neurocognition in youth as well as review possible mechanisms of altered cognition. The finding of lower neurocognitive test performance in hypertensive youth suggests that treatment of hypertension from adolescence may represent an opportunity to ameliorate subsequent cognitive decline and thereby improve downstream cognitive health


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Cognition , Arterial Pressure , Pediatrics
12.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785553

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate factors affecting the return home one year after a stroke. The subjects of this study consisted of patients who participated in a large-scale multi-objective cohort study of initial stage stroke patients who were admitted to 9 representative hospitals in Korea. We analyzed the distribution of the subjects who had experienced stroke a year earlier by distinguishing the group who returned home and the other group that was hospitalized in rehabilitation hospitals. Based on this distribution, we evaluated the demographic, environmental, clinical, and psychological factors that can affect the return home. Overall, there were 464 subjects in the ‘Return home’ group and 99 subjects in the ‘Rehabilitation hospitalization’ group. job status, inconvenient housing structures, residential types, diagnosis, Functional Ambulation Categories, modified Rankin Scale, Korea-Modified Barthel Index, Function Independence Measure, Fugl-Meyer Assessment, Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination, Korean version of Frenchay Aphasia Screening Test, Psychosocial Well-being Index-Short Form, Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form, EuroQol-five Dimensional showed a significant difference between the 2 groups one year after the stroke. The factors affecting the return home one year after a stroke include functional status, activities of daily living, cognition, depression, stress, quality of life, job status. It is expected that factors affecting the rehabilitation of patients with stroke can be considered as basic data for establishing rehabilitation goals and treatment plans.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Aphasia , Cognition , Cohort Studies , Depression , Diagnosis , Housing , Humans , Korea , Mass Screening , Patient Discharge , Psychology , Quality of Life , Rehabilitation , Stroke , Walking
13.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785550

ABSTRACT

This study investigated how physical and cognitive function and psychological factors affected the health-related quality of life (HRQoL, hereafter HQ) of stroke patients in South Korea. The study enrolled 32 right-handed subjects with chronic cerebral infarction with disability and preserved cognitive function (Mini-Mental State Examination ≥ 20). Physical disability was assessed using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) and Korean modified Barthel Index (KMBI). Quality of life was measured using the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Abbreviated form (WHOQOL-BREF, hereafter WB) and the 36-Item Short-form Health Survey (SF-36) in face-to-face interviews. Psychological distress was investigated using the Beck Depression Inventory Scale-II. The associations of each domain of WB and SF-36 were investigated using Pearson correlation analyses. Physical disability was negatively correlated with HQ in the SF-36. The physical function and bodily pain scales of the SF-36 were negatively correlated with physical disability. The general health domain of the SF-36 was negatively correlated with psychological scores. Emotional status was associated with physical health, social relationships, and general health in HQ. In summary, the severity of physical disability was associated with the patient's general and physical health and body pain. These findings suggest the importance of psychological, cognitive, and physiological interventions for improving the quality of life of patients after cerebral infarction.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction , Cognition , Depression , Health Surveys , Humans , Korea , Psychology , Quality of Life , Stroke , Weights and Measures , World Health Organization
14.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 22(2): 218-240, July-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1019283

ABSTRACT

Abstract Greater social engagement is commonly associated with more efficient cognitive processing, as it improves cognitive reserve. The aim of this research is to assess the relationship between social engagement (in the dimensions of social contact, support and conflict) and certain cognitive skills (cognitive flexibility, planning, verbal fluency, processing speed, and verbal comprehension) in young college students. This cross-sectional rank correlation study was carried out in a sample of 49 college students. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient showed relationship between: social contact and verbal fluency (r = -.299, p = .037); social support and planning (r = .368, p = .009); and social conflict and processing speed (r = .306, p = .032). The results outline a measurable relationship between social engagement and certain cognitive skills, even when said results are not entirely conclusive. Thus, the need for more detailed studies on these processes becomes clear.


Resumo A literatura científica indica que um maior compromisso social está relacionado com um pensamento cognitivo mais eficiente, devido ao fato de que tal compromisso aumenta a reserva cognitiva. Levando isso em consideração, o objetivo da presente pesquisa foi identificar a relação existente entre o compromisso social (em suas dimensões de contato, apoio e conflito social) e alguns processos cognitivos (como flexibilidade mental, planejamento, fluidez verbal, velocidade de processamento e compreensão verbal) em jovens universitários. Para tanto, realizou-se um estudo correlacional com um desenho transversal em uma amostra de 49 estudantes. A análise de correlação de Spearman revelou correlações entre contato social e fluidez verbal (r = -.299, p = .037), apoio social e planejamento (r = .368, p = .009) e conflito social e velocidade de processamento (r = .306, p = .032). Esses resultados constituem uma associação entre o compromisso social e algumas funções cognitivas. Apesar dos resultados não serem completamente conclusivos, fica clara a necessidade de um estudo mais detalhado desses processos.


Resumen La literatura científica indica que un mayor compromiso social se relaciona con un procesamiento cognitivo más eficiente, debido a que dicho compromiso incrementa la reserva cognitiva. Teniendo esto en cuenta, el objetivo de la presente investigación fue identificar la relación existente entre el compromiso social (en sus dimensiones de contacto, apoyo y conflicto social) y algunos procesos cognitivos (como flexibilidad mental, planeación, fluidez verbal, velocidad de procesamiento y comprensión verbal) en jóvenes universitarios. Para esto, se realizó un estudio correlacional con un diseño transversal en una muestra de 49 estudiantes. El análisis de correlación de Spearman reveló correlaciones entre contacto social y fluidez verbal (r = -.299, p = .037), apoyo social y planeación (r = .368, p = .009), y conflicto social y velocidad de procesamiento (r = .306, p = .032). Estos resultados perfilan una asociación entre el compromiso social y algunas funciones cognitivas. A pesar de que los resultados no son del todo concluyentes, queda claro que se necesita de un estudio más detallado de estos procesos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Psychology, Social , Cognition , Interpersonal Relations
15.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 22(2): 251-266, July-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1019284

ABSTRACT

Abstract The analyzes carried out by Michel Foucault in the mid-1970s show the emergence of a disciplinary power in the West and the figure of the "mentally weak" in the educational field. This panorama drives the appearance of various theoretical elaborations and intervention modalities called by the author "psi function", which in the case of childhood reaches a remarkable productivity in France at the beginning of the 20th century. This article takes up these issues in order to investigate, in the case of Chile, the deployment of the psychological knowledge and practices that deal with those children who, for various reasons, fail to adapt to the rules imposed by the school system. A historiographic method was used, through the work of archiving and using primary sources with a complement of secondary sources. Among the findings, the crucial contributions of Wilhelm Mann, a German pedagogue and a pioneer figure of psychology in Chile regarding abnormal childhood at the beginning of the 20th century are analyzed. Based on this, a part of his production is explored and analyzed to illuminate the way in which Mann introduces himself into European institutional debates and models and begins to think about an intervention modality on children at the local level.


Resumo As análises realizadas por Michel Foucault até meados da década de 1970 tratam do surgimento de um poder disciplinar no ocidente e da figura do "débil mental" no contexto educativo. Esse panorama impulsiona a aparição de diversas elaborações teóricas e modalidades de intervenção denominadas pelo autor como "função psi", que, no caso da infância, alcança uma notável produtividade na França do início do século XX. O presente artigo retoma essas questões com o objetivo de indagar, no caso do Chile, o desdobramento desses saberes e práticas psicológicas que se ocupam daquelas crianças que, por diferentes motivos, não conseguem se adaptar às normas impostas pelo dispositivo escolar. Utilizou-se um método de tipo historiográfico, por meio do trabalho de arquivo e uso de fontes primárias com um complemento de fontes secundárias. Entre as descobertas, analisam-se as colaborações cruciais de Wilhelm Mann, pedagogo alemão e figura pioneira da psicologia no Chile, com respeito à infância anormal no início do século XX. Com isso, uma parte de sua produção é explorada e analisada para iluminar o modo em que Mann se introduz nos debates e nos modelos institucionais europeus e começa a pensar em uma modalidade de intervenção sobre a infância em um contexto local.


Resumen Los análisis realizados por Michel Foucault hacia mediados de la década de 1970 dan cuenta del surgimiento de un poder disciplinario en occidente y de la figura del "débil mental" en el ámbito educativo. Este panorama impulsa la aparición de diversas elaboraciones teóricas y modalidades de intervención denominadas por el autor como "función psi", que en el caso de la infancia alcanza una notable productividad en la Francia de comienzos del siglo XX. El presente artículo retoma estas cuestiones con el fin de indagar, en el caso de Chile, el despliegue de esos saberes y prácticas psicológicas que se ocupan de aquellos niños que, por motivos diversos, no logran adaptarse a las normas que impone el dispositivo escolar. Se utilizó un método de tipo historiográfico, mediante el trabajo de archivo y uso de fuentes primarias con un complemento de fuentes secundarias. Entre los hallazgos, se analizan los cruciales aportes de Wilhelm Mann, pedagogo alemán y figura pionera de la psicología en Chile, respecto de la infancia anormal a comienzos del siglo XX. Con esto, se explora y analiza una parte de su producción para iluminar el modo en que Mann se introduce en los debates y los modelos institucionales europeos y comienza a pensar una modalidad de intervención sobre la infancia a nivel local.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Psychology, Experimental , Teaching , Child Behavior Disorders , Cognition
16.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(6): 151-155, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1054917

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Cognitive impairment and frailty are important problems affecting the elderly population. Frail elderly present worse overall cognitive performance. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate general and domain-specific cognitive performance among non-frail, pre-frail, and frail elderly persons. Methods This is a cross-sectional study in which 267 elderly persons living in São Carlos, SP were divided into three groups according to the frailty criteria defined by Fried et al. Cognitive performance was evaluated with a battery of cognitive tests covering domains such as memory, attention, language, and executive functioning. A multinomial logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, gender, and education was performed to evaluate the association between performance in cognitive domains and levels of frailty. Results Frailty was significantly associated with lower scores on the global cognitive test (RRR = 0.86; IC 95% 0.78-0.96; p < 0.01), word list memory (RRR = 0.92; IC 95% 0.86-0.99; p = 0.02), and figure list recognition (RRR = 0.78; IC 95% 0.62-0.99; p = 0.04). Pre-frailty was associated with lower scores on the word list memory (RRR = 0.92; IC 95% 0.86-1.00; p = 0.04) and naming test (RRR = 0.82; IC 95% 0.69-0.99; p = 0.03). Discussion Frailty syndrome can influence general cognition and specific domains such as memory and language. Prospective studies will be fundamental to evaluate the causal relation between frailty and cognition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Cognitive Dysfunction/epidemiology , Frailty/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Frail Elderly , Cognition , Self Report , Cognitive Dysfunction/complications , Frailty/complications , Neuropsychological Tests
17.
Estud. psicol. (Natal) ; 24(4): 349-358, Out.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1098247

ABSTRACT

The role of the syllable in written word recognition is an open question in psycholinguistic studies about reading. We analyzed the effects of a syllabic highlight technique on the reading performance of students in the 2nd degree of elementary school. Seventy-two children (mean age of 7,7 years) performed a collective test to identify their reading level (TCLPP). Afterwards, they were distributed in two equivalent groups and individually submitted to an oral words and pseudowords reading test (LPI), written with and without the technique, according to a crossover design. Syllabic highlight technique had significant positive effects on reading performance, particularly for less skilled readers. The repetition of the task enhanced the effectiveness of the technique. The results support the hypothesis that the syllable is an important linguistic unit in word recognition in Brazilian Portuguese. The syllabic highlight can be an effective strategy to construction of material for teaching and remediation of reading difficulties.


O papel da sílaba na leitura de palavras é uma questão em aberto na literatura. Analisamos os efeitos de uma técnica de destaque silábico, sobre o desempenho em leitura de alunos do 2º ano do Ensino Fundamental. Setenta e duas crianças (média de 7,7 anos) realizaram um teste coletivo para identificação do nível de leitura (TCLPP). Após, foram distribuídas em dois grupos equivalentes e submetidas a um teste de leitura de palavras e pseudopalavras (LPI), com e sem uso da técnica, conforme delineamento crossover. A técnica silábica teve efeitos positivos significativos sobre o desempenho em leitura, particularmente para os leitores menos hábeis. A repetição da tarefa potencializou a eficácia da técnica. Os resultados suportam a hipótese de que a sílaba é uma unidade linguística importante no reconhecimento de palavras no português brasileiro. O destaque silábico pode ser uma estratégia eficaz na elaboração de material para o ensino e remediação das dificuldades de leitura.


El papel de la sílaba en la lectura es una cuestión abierta en la literatura. Analizamos los efectos de una técnica de destaque silábico, sobre el desempeño en lectura de 72 alumnos del 2º año de la Enseñanza Fundamental (media de 7,7 años). Estos realizaron una prueba colectiva para identificar su nivel de lectura (TCLPP). Después, fueron distribuidos en dos grupos equivalentes y sometidos a una prova de lectura de palabras y pseudo-palabras (LPI), con y sin uso de la técnica, conforme delineamiento crossover. La técnica silábica tuvo efectos positivos significativos, particularmente para los lectores menos hábiles. La repetición de la tarea potenció su eficacia. Los resultados apoyan la hipótesis de que la sílaba es una importante unidad lingüística en el reconocimiento de las palabras en portugués de Brasil. El destaque silábico puede ser una estrategia eficaz en la elaboración de material para la enseñanza y remediación de las dificultades de lectura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Reading , Students/psychology , Child , Cognition , Education, Primary and Secondary , Learning , Brazil
18.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 13(4): 436-443, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1055998

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is genetic and progressive, caused by large bi-allelic deletions in the SMN1 gene, or the association of a large deletion and a null variant. Objective: To evaluate the evidence about cognitive outcomes in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Methods: Searches on the PUBMED/Medline, Web of Knowledge and Scielo databases retrieved 26 studies (1989 to 2019, descriptors "spinal muscular atrophy" and "cognition"). Nine studies were selected according to the eligibility criteria: (1) cognition tested in individuals with SMA; (2) written in English or Spanish. The Risk of Bias in Non-Randomized Studies of Interventions was used to describe design, bias, participants, evaluation protocol and main findings. This study was registered on the International prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO). Results: Three studies described normal cognition. In another three studies, cognitive outcomes were above average. Cognitive impairment was found in three studies. Poor cognitive performance was more frequently reported in studies that were recent, included children with SMA type I and that employed visual/auditory attention and executive function tests. Protocols and cognitive domains varied, precluding metanalysis. Conclusion: The severity of motor impairment may be related to cognitive outcomes: studies that included a higher number/percentage of children with SMA type I found cognitive impairment. The establishment of gold-standard protocols is necessary. Further studies should compare the cognitive outcomes of subjects with SMA types I to IV.


RESUMO A atrofia muscular espinhal (SMA) é genética e progressiva, causada por grandes deleções bi-alélicas no gene SMN1, ou pela associação de uma grande deleção e uma variante nula. Objetivo: Avaliar as evidências sobre o desempenho cognitivo na atrofia muscular espinhal (AME). Métodos: Pesquisas nas bases de dados PUBMED/ Medline, Web of Knowledge e Scielo localizaram 26 estudos (1989 a 2019, descritores "atrofia muscular espinhal" e "cognição"). Nove estudos foram selecionados de acordo com os critérios de elegibilidade: (1) testaram a cognição em pessoas com AME; (2) escritos em inglês/espanhol. A avaliação do risco de viés em estudos com intervenções não-randomizadas foi utilizada para descrever o desenho experimental, viés, amostra, protocolo de avaliação e principais achados. Este estudo foi aprovado no Registro Internacional Prospectivo de Revisões Sistemáticas (PROSPERO). Resultados: Em três estudos, foi registrado que a cognição estava preservada. Em três estudos, o desempenho cognitivo estava acima da média. O comprometimento cognitivo foi encontrado em três estudos. Desempenho cognitivo pobre foi mais frequentemente relatado em estudos recentes, estudos que incluíram crianças com AME tipo I e estudos que incluíram atenção visual/auditiva e testes de função executiva. Protocolos e domínios cognitivos variaram muito, portanto não foi possível a realização de metanálise. Conclusão: A gravidade do comprometimento motor pode estar relacionada ao desempenho cognitivo: estudos que incluíram maior número/porcentagem de crianças com AME tipo I encontraram alterações no desempenho cognitivo. O estabelecimento de protocolos padrão-ouro é necessário. Novos estudos devem comparar o desempenho cognitivo de pessoas com AME tipos I a IV, ou seja, com diferenças no prognóstico e no desempenho motor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Muscular Atrophy, Spinal , Child , Cognition , Systematic Review
19.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 13(4): 386-393, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1055999

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Functional capacity (FC) is a mediator between neuropsychological functions and real-world functioning, but there is a lack of evidence of its correlation in community-dwelling older adults. Objective: The study aim was to determine the FC level of community-dwelling older adults using the UCSD Performance-based Skills Assessment (UPSA) and to evaluate correlation with cognitive screening tests. Methods: Senior center participants were selected according to inclusion criteria: Portuguese fluency, age ≥60 years and self-reported independent living. The subject exclusion criteria were: dementia or other DSM-5 diagnoses, suicidal ideation or intent, non-completion of assessment battery, enrollment in another psychosocial intervention or pharmacotherapy study. FC level was determined by the UPSA, brief UPSA (UPSA-B) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living scale (IADL's). The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Memory of Figure Test (MFT), Verbal Fluency Test (VFT) and Clock Drawing Test (CDT) were used for cognitive assessment. A total of 35 subjects that had a mean age of 72 years, were predominantly females(88.6%) and had mean education level of 11.25 years were evaluated. Results: Mean UPSA and UPSA-B scores were 78.5 and 70, respectively. A statistically significant correlation was observed between the UPSA and IADL, MMSE and VFT. Conclusion: The UPSA serves as a screening assessment of FC in community-dwelling older adults, showing a positive correlation with cognitive screening tests.


RESUMO Capacidade Funcional (CF) é um mediador entre as funções neuropsicológica e a funcionalidade no mundo real, mas existe uma falta de evidências da sua correlação em idosos vivendo em comunidade. Objetivo: O objetivo foi determinar a CF de idosos da comunidade utilizando o UCSD Performance-based Skills Assessment (UPSA) e avaliar sua correlação com testes de rastreio cognitivo. Métodos: Participantes de casas de convivência foram selecionados conforme critérios de inclusão: fluência no Português; 60 ou mais anos; auto relato de independência. Critérios de exclusão foram: demência ou outro diagnóstico do DSM-5; ideação suicida ou tentativa, não adesão a ao estudo; envolvimento em estudo farmacológicos ou intervenção psicoterápica. A CF foi determinado pelo UPSA, UPSA abreviado (UPSA-B) e escala Instrumental de Atividade de Vida Diária (AIVD). O Mini-Exame do Estado Mental (MEEM), Teste de Memória de Figuras (TMF), Teste de Fluência Verbal (TFV) e Teste do Desenho do Relógio (TDR) foram utilizados no rastreio cognitivo. Um total de 35 sujeitos com idade média de 72 anos, predominantemente do sexo feminino (88,6%) e escolaridade média de 11,25 anos foram avaliados. Resultados: A pontuação média do UPSA e UPSA-B foram 78,5 e 70, respectivamente. Uma correlação foi observada entre o UPSA e AIVD, MEEM e TFV. Conclusão: O UPSA é um teste de rastreamento da CF de idosos da comunidade apresentando correlação positiva com testes de rastreio cognitivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Cognition , Dementia
20.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 13(4): 403-409, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1056008

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Gait disorders may be associated with cognitive impairment, and slow speed predicts cognitive impairment and dementia. Objective: To investigate the relationships between cognitive function and gait performance in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) who attended a hospital neurorehabilitation program. Methods: Descriptive and inferential statistics (Pearson's correlation) were used for data analysis. The cognitive functions were evaluated through Digit Span, Mental Control, Trail Making Test, Phonemic Verbal Fluency Task, and Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination III. The motor function was assessed through 10-meter walk test, Mini BESTest and Timed Up and Go Test. Results: A total of 65 patients were included in this study. Of these, 66.15% were males, mean age was 61.14 (8.39) years, mean educational was 12 (8) years, disease progression time was 5.45 (4.37) years. 64.61% were in stages I and II of the Hoehn and Yahr stage. The correlation analyses showed that balance skills are significantly correlated with the ability to switch attention between two tasks and visuospatial function. The function mobility showed a significant correlation with cognitive tests. Conclusion: Data suggest the importance of the aspects of switch attention and mental flexibility in gait, evidencing the greater difficulty for double tasks.


RESUMO Alterações na marcha podem estar associadas ao comprometimento cognitivo, e a velocidade lenta prediz comprometimento cognitivo e demência. Objetivo: Investigar as relações entre a capacidade cognitiva e o desempenho da marcha em pacientes com doença de Parkinson (DP) que participaram de um programa de neurorreabilitação hospitalar. Métodos: A estatística descritiva e inferencial (correlação de Pearson) foi utilizada para análise dos dados. As funções cognitivas foram avaliadas por meio do Teste de Extensão de Dígitos, Controle Mental, Teste de Trilha, Tarefa de Fluência Verbal Fonêmica, Exame Cognitivo de Addenbrooke III. A função motora foi avaliada através do teste de caminhada de 10 metros, Mini BESTest e Timed Up and Go Test. Resultados: Um total de 65 pacientes foi incluído neste estudo. Destes, 66,15% eram do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 61,14 (8,39) anos, com escolaridade média de 12 (8) anos, tempo de evolução da doença de 5,45 (4,37) anos. 64,61% estavam nos estágios I e II do estágio Hoehn e Yahr. As análises de correlação mostraram que as habilidades de equilíbrio estão significativamente correlacionadas com a capacidade de alternar a atenção entre duas tarefas e a função visuoespacial. A função mobilidade apresentou correlação significativa com os testes cognitivos. Conclusão: Os dados sugerem a importância dos aspectos de troca de atenção e flexibilidade mental na marcha, evidenciando a maior dificuldade para tarefas duplas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease , Therapeutics , Cognition , Parameters
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