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1.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 63-69, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286971

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Type-I collagen (Col-I) is one of the main macromolecules of the extracellular matrix, and it is involved in the desmoplastic stromal reaction, an indicator of worse prognosis in cases of colorectal cancer (CRC). The purpose of the present study was to investigate Col-I expression in cases of CRC and adenoma and to correlate with the clinical data and the data regarding the lifestyle of the patients. Methods A retrospective study including 22 patients with adenoma and 15 with CRC treated at a coloproctology service. The clinical and lifestyle data were obtained through medical records, and Col-I expression was investigated by immunohistochemistry. Results Women represented most cases of adenoma (63.64%), whereas CRC was found mainly in men (73.33%) (p=0.0448). Immunoexpression of Col-I showed a basement membrane thickening in areas of lining of epithelium and around the glands in both lesions. The cases of CRC had a quite evident fibrosis process in the stroma. The quantitative analysis demonstrated a higher protein expression in CRCs compared to adenomas (p=0.0109), as well as in female patients (p=0.0214), patients aged ≥ 50 years (p=0.0400), and in those with a positive family history of colorectal disease (p=0.0292). These results suggested a remodeling of the microenvironment of the Worked developed at the Department of Morphology, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, ES, Brazil. Conclusion The immunohistochemical analysis encourages the performance of more comprehensive studies to ascertain if our results could be a tool for the diagnosis and monitoring of the patients.


Resumo Objetivo O colágeno tipo I (Col-I) é uma das principais macromoléculas da matriz extracelular, e está envolvido na reação desmoplástica estromal, um indicador de pior prognóstico em casos de câncer colorretal (CCR). O objetivo foi investigar a expressão do Col-I emcasos de CCR e adenoma, e correlacioná-la comdados clínicos e de estilo de vida dos pacientes. Metodologia Foi realizado umestudoretrospectivo com22pacientes comadenoma e 15 comCCR tratadosemumserviço de coloproctologia.Os dados dos pacientes foramobtidos dos prontuários médicos, e a expressão do Col-I foi investigada por imunohistoquímica. Resultados As mulheres representaram a maioria dos casos de adenomas (63,64%), enquanto o CCR (73,33%) (p=0,0448) foi mais comum entre os homens. A imunoexpressão de Col-I mostrou espessamento da membrana basal em áreas de revestimento do epitélio e em volta de glândulas em ambas as lesões. O CCR apresentou fibrose no estroma. As análises quantitativas demonstraram maior expressão proteica no CCR (p=0,0109), assim como em mulheres (p=0,0214), pacientes com idade ≥ 50 anos (p=0,0400), e em pacientes com histórico positivo de doença colorretal na família (p=0,0292). Estes resultados sugerem a remodelação do microambiente tumoral na carcinogênese do CCR. As correlações clínico-patológicas positivas mostram uma ligação plausível entre o perfil do paciente e os achados imunohistoquímcos, o que indica uma possível forma de estratificação dos pacientes. Conclusão As análises imunohistoquímicas estimulam a execução de estudos mais abrangentes para confirmar se nossos resultados poderão ser uma ferramenta para o diagnóstico e o monitoramento dos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colorectal Neoplasms/metabolism , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Collagen Type I/genetics , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment/immunology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation between the genotypes and metabolic markers and microstructure of bones in children with Gitelman syndrome (GS).@*METHODS@#For 15 children with GS and 10 healthy individuals, baseline data and bone metabolic markers including parathyroid hormone, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen, beta isomer of the C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen and 25-hydroxyvitamin D, high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography indicators (volumetric bone mineral density, bone microstructure indicators) were collected. Genetic testing was carried out to determine their genotypes.@*RESULTS@#The volumetric bone mineral density, bone geometry and bone microstructure parameters of the GS group were better than those of the healthy controls (P<0.05). Variants of the SLC12A3 gene were identified in 9 of the 15 patients but none of the 10 healthy controls.@*CONCLUSION@#The phenotype of GS children is influenced by the interaction of genetic variants, though the phenotype associated with high frequency mutations showed no specificity. There is also a correlation between their genotype and the bone microstructure.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Bone and Bones , Child , Collagen Type I/genetics , Genotype , Gitelman Syndrome , Humans , Osteocalcin/genetics , Peptide Fragments , Solute Carrier Family 12, Member 3
3.
Clinics ; 75: e1769, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142762

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of three sessions of a passive stretching exercise protocol on the muscles of elderly female rats. METHODS: The effects of the stretching exercises on the soleus muscle were analyzed using immunohistochemistry [tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP), the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and the gene expression levels using real-time PCR of the transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1), collagen type 1 (COL1), and collagen type 3 (COL3)]. Fifteen 26-month-old female Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups, namely, Stretching (SG, n=8) and Control (CG, n=7). The passive mechanical stretching protocol consisted of a set of 4 1-minute repetitions, with 30 seconds between each repetition (total treatment of 4 minutes), three times a week for 1 week. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical analysis revealed an increase of 71.4% in the TNF-α (p=0.04) gene expression levels for the SG and a 58% decrease in the TGF-β1 gene expression levels (p=0.005) in the SG compared to that in the CG. No significant differences were observed between the groups for the immunostaining of TIMP-1 or the gene expression levels of COL1 and COL3. CONCLUSION: Three sessions of static stretching reduced the gene expression level of TGF-β1, which, owing to its anti-fibrotic role, might contribute to the remodeling of the intramuscular connective tissue of the aging muscle. In addition, immunostaining revealed that TNF-α levels increased in the aging muscle tissue in response to stretching, indicating its effect on stimulating extracellular matrix degradation. These outcomes have important clinical implications in reinforcing the use of stretching exercises in the elderly, considering that the aging muscle presents an infiltration of connective tissue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Aged , Rats , Muscle Stretching Exercises , Rats, Wistar , Muscle, Skeletal , Collagen Type I/genetics , Collagen Type III/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e014, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089383

ABSTRACT

Abstract Although dental implants and bone regenerative procedures are important approaches for the reestablishment of esthetics and function in young patients with a history of generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP), no predictable outcomes have been reported, and the host osteo-immunoinflammatory response may play a relevant role in this context. In view of the lack of molecular investigations into the bone tissue condition of young patients with periodontitis, the aim of this study was to evaluate the gene expression of bone-related factors in this population. Bone biopsies were obtained from the posterior mandible in 16 individuals previously diagnosed with GAP and on periodontal support therapy and from 17 periodontally healthy (PH) patients. The gene expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, receptor activator of the NF-κB ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), osteocalcin (OC), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and type I collagen (COL-I), important biomarkers of bone turnover, was evaluated by qRT-PCR. Lower TGF-β and OPG mRNA levels were observed in GAP patients compared to PH individuals (p ≤ 0.05). There were no between-group differences in levels of TNF-α, BSP, RANKL, OC, or COL-I mRNA (p>0.05). In young adults, a history of periodontal disease can negatively modulate the gene expression of important bone-related factors in alveolar bone tissue. These molecular outcomes may contribute to the future development of therapeutic approaches to benefit bone healing in young patients with history of periodontitis via modulation of osteo-immuno-inflammatory biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Aggressive Periodontitis/genetics , Gene Expression , Aggressive Periodontitis/metabolism , Reference Values , Biomarkers , Osteocalcin/analysis , Osteocalcin/genetics , Single-Blind Method , Cross-Sectional Studies , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Statistics, Nonparametric , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/genetics , RANK Ligand/analysis , RANK Ligand/genetics , Osteoprotegerin/analysis , Osteoprotegerin/genetics , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/analysis , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/genetics , Alveolar Process/chemistry , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(5): 407-411, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019435

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the expression profiles of the transcription factor specificity protein 1 and collagen I in primary pterygial and normal conjunctival tissues, and to explore the role of specificity protein 1 and collagen I in pterygial development. Methods: The pterygial tissues of 20 patients who underwent resection of primary pterygial tissue in our hospital from June 2016 to December 2017 and the conjunctival tissues of 10 patients with enucleation due to trauma were collected. Reverse transcription quantitative-po lymerase chain reaction and western blot analyses were used to detect the relative expression levels of specificity protein 1 and type I collagen at the mRNA and protein levels. Results: The content of specificity protein 1 and collagen I mRNA and protein was significantly greater in primary pterygial tissue than it was in conjunctival tissue (p<0.05). There was a positive correlation between the mRNA and protein levels of specificity protein 1 and collagen I in primary pterygial tissues (protein: r=1, p<0.05; mRNA: r=1, p<0.05). Conclusion: Specificity protein 1 and collagen I are expressed in normal conjunctival and pterygial tissues, but expression is significantly greater in the latter. Specificity protein 1 and collagen I may be involved in the regulation of the development of primary pterygium.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar os perfis de expressão do fator de transcrição da proteína de especificidade 1 e do colágeno I em tecidos pterigiais primários e conjuntivais normais, e explorar o papel da proteína de especificidade 1 e colágeno I no desenvolvimento pterigial. Métodos: Foram coletados os tecidos pterigiais de 20 pacientes submetidos à ressecção de tecido de pterígio primário em nosso hospital no período de junho de 2016 a dezembro de 2017 e os tecidos conjuntivais de 10 pacientes com enucleação por trauma. A reação em cadeia da polimerase quantitativa de transcriptase reversa e a análise de Western blot foram utilizadas para detectar os níveis de expressão relativa da proteína de especificidade 1 e colágeno tipo I nos níveis de mRNA e proteína. Resultados: O conteúdo de especificidade da proteína 1 e do mRNA e proteína do colágeno I foi significativamente maior no tecido de pterígio primário do que no tecido conjuntival (p<0,05). Houve correlação positiva entre os níveis de mRNAs e proteína de especificidade 1 e colágeno I nos tecidos primários do pterígio (proteínas: r=1, p<0,05; mRNA: r=1, p<0,05). Conclusão: A proteína de especificidade 1 e do colágeno I é expressa nos tecidos conjuntivais e pterigiais normais, mas a expressão é significativamente maior no segundo. A especificidade da proteína 1 e do colágeno I pode ser envolvida na regulação do desenvolvimento do pterígio primário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pterygium/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Conjunctiva/abnormalities , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Pterygium/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Conjunctiva/metabolism , Collagen Type I/genetics
6.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(1): 31-36, Jan. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003515

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the rs42524 polymorphism of the procollagen type I alpha (α) 2 (COL1A2) gene as a factor related to the development of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in Brazilian women. Methods The present study involved 112 women with POP stages III and IV (case group) and 180 women with POP stages zero and I (control group). Other clinical data were obtained by interviewing the patients about their medical history, and blood was also collected from the volunteers for the extraction of genomic DNA. The promoter region of the COL1A2 gene containing the rs42524 polymorphism was amplified, and the discrimination between the G and C variants was performed by digestion of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products with the MspA1I enzyme followed by agarose gel electrophoresis analysis. Results A total of 292 women were analyzed. In the case group, 71 had the G/G genotype, 33 had the G/C genotype, and 7 had the C/C genotype. In turn, the ratio in the control group was 117 G/G, 51 G/C, and 11 C/C. There were no significant differences between the groups. Conclusion Our data did not show an association between the COL1A2 polymorphism and the occurrence of POP.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o polimorfismo rs42524 do gene pró-colágeno tipo I alfa (α) 2 (COL1A2) como fator relacionado ao desenvolvimento de prolapso de órgãos pélvicos (POP) em mulheres brasileiras. Métodos O estudo envolveu 112 mulheres com POP nos estádios III e IV (grupo caso) e 180 mulheres com POP nos estádios zero e I (grupo controle). Outros dados clínicos foramobtidos pormeio de entrevistas comas pacientes sobre seu históricomédico, e o sangue das voluntárias também foi coletado para extração de DNA genômico. A região promotora do gene COL1A2 contendo o polimorfismo rs42524 foi amplificada, e a discriminação entre as variantes G e C foi realizada por digestão dos produtos de reação em cadeia da polimerase (RCP) com a enzima MspA1I, seguida de análise por eletroforese em gel de agarose. Resultados Foram analisadas 292 mulheres. No grupo caso, 71 tinham o genótipo G/G, 33 tinham o genótipo G/C, e 7 tinham o genótipo C/C. Por sua vez, a relação no grupo controle foi de 117 G/G, 51 G/C e 11 C/C. Não houve diferenças significativas entre os grupos. Conclusão Nossos dados não mostraram associação do polimorfismo do gene COL1A2 com a ocorrência de POP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Collagen Type I/genetics , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/genetics , Brazil , Cohort Studies , Middle Aged
7.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 83(1): 86-92, feb. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899975

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El síndrome de Osteogénesis Imperfecta (OI) tipo II está dentro del grupo de trastornos del tejido conectivo de origen genético-hereditario que se caracteriza por fragilidad ósea, fracturas múltiples, huesos largos anchos y acortados, además de una pobre mineralización ósea. Su frecuencia de aparición se calcula en aproximadamente 1: 55.000 nacidos vivos y es el resultado de mutaciones de dos genes que codifican las cadenas de colágeno tipo 1. El riesgo de recurrencia es alrededor de 6 % pero si ambos padres fueran heterocigotos, aumentaría a 10-25 %. También se han reportado casos esporádicos por mutación de novo. El diagnóstico se suele realizar por los hallazgos ecográficos en el segundo trimestre o en ecografías previas si los hallazgos son muy evidentes. Las pruebas invasivas son útiles sobretodo en casos de antecedentes familiares con formas leves de OI. En nuestro caso, encontramos durante la ecografía de las 20 semanas una notable hipomineralización de la calota fetal sospechada por hiporrefringencia de la misma, acortamiento de extremidades superiores e inferiores con múltiples fracturas óseas, arcos costales cortos, arqueados y una desproporción toraco-abdominal. En los casos en donde se prosigue con el embarazo más de 60% de los recién nacidos mueren el primer día de vida, el resto lo hace durante el primer mes y la sobrevivencia más allá de un año es rara. La principal causa de muerte postnatal suele ser por falla respiratoria.


SUMMARY Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) type II is within the group of connective tissue disorders hereditary genetic-origin characterized by bone fragility, multiple fractures, broad long bones and shortened, and a poor bone mineralization. Their frequency is estimated at approximately 1: 55,000 live births, and is the result of mutations of genes which encoding chains of type 1 collagen. The risk of recurrence is around 6% but if both parents were heterozygous, increase to 10-25%. There has also been reported sporadic cases with de novo mutation. The diagnosis is usually made by ultrasound findings in second trimester or previously if the findings are very obvious. Invasive tests are useful especially in cases of family history with mild forms of OI. In our case, we found during ultrasound 20 weeks a remarkable hypomineralization of fetal calvarial, shortening of upper and lower extremities with multiple bone fractures and short costal arches, arched and thoracoabdominal disproportion. In cases where continued pregnancy more than 60% of newborns die during the first day of life, 80% die in the first month and survival beyond one year is rare. Death can occur prenatally or postnatamente from respiratory failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Osteogenesis Imperfecta/genetics , Osteogenesis Imperfecta/diagnostic imaging , Collagen Type I/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Bone and Bones/abnormalities
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(3): 307-316, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888646

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the influence of a three-dimensional cell culture model and bioactive glass (BG) particles on the expression of osteoblastic phenotypes in rat calvaria osteogenic cells culture. Cells were seeded on two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) collagen with BG particles for up to 14 days. Cell viability and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was performed. Cell morphology and immunolabeling of noncollagenous bone matrix proteins were assessed by epifluorescence and confocal microscopy. The expressions of osteogenic markers were analyzed using RT-PCR. Mineralized bone-like nodule formation was visualized by microscopy and calcium content was assessed quantitatively by alizarin red assay. Experimental cultures produced a growing cell viability rate up to 14 days. Although ALP activity at 7 days was higher on BG cultures, cells on 3D and 3D+BG had an activity decrease of ALP at 14 days. Three-dimensional conditions favored the immunolabeling for OPN and BSP and the expression of ALP and COL I mRNAs. BG particles influenced positively the OC and OPN mRNAs expression and calcified nodule formation in vitro. The results indicated that the 3D cultures and BG particles contribute to the expression of osteoblastic phenotype and to differentiated and mineralized matrix formation.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a influência do modelo de cultura celular tridimensional e das partículas de vidro bioativo (BG) sobre a expressão fenotípica de culturas de células osteogênicas da calvária de ratos. As células foram mantidas em culturas sobre superfícies colágenas bi-dimensionais (2D) e em géis de colágeno tridimensional (3D) com e sem partículas de BG até 14 dias. Foram avaliadas: viabilidade celular, atividade de fosfatase alcalina (ALP), morfologia celular e imunomarcação de proteínas da matriz não-colágena do osso através de epifluorescência e microscopia confocal. As expressões de marcadores osteogênicos foram analisadas utilizando RT-PCR. A formação de nódulos mineralizados foi visualizada através de microscopia e o conteúdo de cálcio foi avaliado quantitativamente pelo Alizarina Red. As culturas experimentais produziram uma taxa crescente de viabilidade até 14 dias. Embora a atividade ALP em 7 dias tenha sido maior em culturas com BG, as células em 3D e 3D+BG apresentaram uma diminuição da atividade ALP aos 14 dias. As condições tridimensionais favoreceram a imunomarcação para OPN e BSP e a expressão de mRNAs para ALP e COL I. As partículas de BG influenciaram positivamente a expressão do mRNAs para OPN e OC e a formação de nódulos calcificados in vitro. Os resultados indicaram que as culturas em 3D e partículas BG contribuíram para a expressão do fenótipo osteoblástico e para a diferenciação e formação de matriz mineralizada.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biocompatible Materials , Glass , Osteoblasts/cytology , Osteogenesis , Skull/cytology , Alkaline Phosphatase/genetics , Alkaline Phosphatase/metabolism , Biomarkers/metabolism , Calcium/metabolism , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Survival , Collagen Type I/genetics , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Gene Expression Profiling , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/metabolism , Microscopy, Confocal , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Osteoblasts/enzymology , Osteoblasts/metabolism , Osteopontin/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Skull/enzymology , Skull/metabolism , Tissue Scaffolds
9.
Biol. Res ; 50: 22, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950873

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic scarring (HS) is a severe disease, and results from unusual wound healing. Col1A1 could promote the hypertrophic scar formation, and the expression of Col1A1 in HS tissue was markedly higher than that in the normal. In present study, we aimed to identify miRNAs as post-transcriptional regulators of Col1A1 in HS. METHODS: MicroRNA-98 was selected as the key miRNA comprised in HS. The mRNA levels of miR-98 in HS tissues and the matched normal skin tissues were determined by qRT-PCR. MTT and flow cytometry were used to determine the influence of miR-98 on cell proliferation and apoptosis of HSFBs, respectively. Col1A1 was found to be the target gene of miR-98 using luciferase reporter assay. Luciferase assay was performed to determine the relative luciferase activity in mimic NC, miR-98 mimic, inhibitor NC and miR-98 inhibitor with Col1A13'-UTR wt or Col1A13'-UTR mt reporter plasmids. The protein expression of Col1A1 in HSFBs after transfection with mimic NC, miR-98 mimic, inhibitor NC and miR-98 inhibitor were determined by western blotting. RESULTS: The mRNA level of miR-98 in HS tissues was much lower than that in the control. Transfection of HSFBs with a miR-98 mimic reduced the cell viability of HSFBs and increased the apoptosis portion of HSFBs, while inhibition of miR-98 increased cell viability and decreased apoptosis portion of HSFBs. miR-98 inhibitor increased the relative luciferase activity significantly when cotransfected with the Col1A1-UTR reporter plasmid, while the mutant reporter plasmid abolished the miR-98 inhibitor-mediated increase in luciferase activity. Western blotting revealed that overex-pression of miR-98 decreased the expression of Col1A1. CONCLUSIONS: Overexpression of miR-98 repressed the proliferation of HSFBs by targeting Col1A1.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional/genetics , Apoptosis/genetics , Collagen Type I/metabolism , MicroRNAs/genetics , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Down-Regulation , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/genetics , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/metabolism , Collagen Type I/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Cell Proliferation
10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 277-286, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174623

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the molecular responses of various genes and proteins related to disc degeneration upon treatment with cytokines that affect disc-cell proliferation and phenotype in living human intervertebral discs (IVDs). Responsiveness to these cytokines according to the degree of disc degeneration was also evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The disc specimens were classified into two groups: group 1 (6 patients) showed mild degeneration of IVDs and group 2 (6 patients) exhibited severe degeneration of IVDs. Gene expression was analyzed after treatment with four cytokines: recombinant human bone morphogenic protein (rhBMP-2), transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Molecular responses were assessed after exposure of cells from the IVD specimens to these cytokines via real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: mRNA gene expression was significantly greater for aggrecan, type I collagen, type II collagen, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and Sox9 in group 1 than mRNA gene expression in group 2, when the samples were not treated with cytokines. Analysis of mRNA levels for these molecules after morphogen treatment revealed significant increases in both groups, which were much higher in group 1 than in group 2. The average number of IVD cells that were immunofluorescence stained positive for alkaline phosphatase increased after treatment with rhBMP-2 and TGF-beta in group 1. CONCLUSION: The biologic responsiveness to treatment of rhBMP-2, TGF-beta, TNF-alpha, and IL-1beta in the degenerative living human IVD can be different according to the degree of degeneration of the IVD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aggrecans/genetics , Alkaline Phosphatase/genetics , Biological Products/pharmacology , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/pharmacology , Collagen Type I/genetics , Collagen Type II/genetics , Cytokines/pharmacology , Female , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Humans , Interleukin-1/pharmacology , Intervertebral Disc/drug effects , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Osteocalcin/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology , SOX9 Transcription Factor/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta/pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 760-771, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77288

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study is intended to investigate the effects of plants or plant-derived antioxidants on prevention of osteoporosis through the maintenance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) at a favorable level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, a novel antioxidant, namely 3,4,5-Trihydroxy-N-[4-(5-hydroxy-6-methoxy-pyrimidin-4-ylsulfamoyl)-phenyl]-benzamide (ZXHA-TC) was synthesized from gallic acid and sulfadimoxine. Its effect on osteoblast metabolism was investigated via the detection of cell proliferation, cell viability, production of ROS, and expression of osteogenic-specific genes including runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), bone sialoprotein (BSP), osteocalcin (OCN), alpha-1 type I collagen (COL1A1), and osteogenic-related proteins after treatment for 2, 4, and 6 days respectively. RESULTS: The results showed that ZXHA-TC has a stimulating effect on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of primary osteoblasts by promoting cell proliferation, cell viability, and the expression of genes BSP and OCN. Productions of bone matrix and mineralization were also increased by ZXHA-TC treatment as a result of up-regulation of COL1A1 and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) at the early stage and down-regulation of both genes subsequently. A range of 6.25x10(-3) microg/mL to 6.25x10(-1) microg/mL is the recommended dose for ZXHA-TC, within which 6.25x10(-2) microg/mL showed the best performance. CONCLUSION: This study may hold promise for the development of a novel agent for the treatment of osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase/metabolism , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/pharmacology , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Collagen Type I/genetics , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit , Down-Regulation , Gallic Acid , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Osteocalcin/metabolism , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Osteoporosis/prevention & control , Reactive Oxygen Species , Up-Regulation
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 440-446, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141631

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) carries a translocation resulting in the collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1)-platelet-derived growth factor beta (PDGFB) fusion gene, which is responsible for PDGFB activation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinicopathological, genetic, and therapeutic features of DFSP in Korean patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinicopathological features of 37 patients with DFSP were reviewed. Multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out in 16 patients using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues and specific primers for COL1A1 and PDGFB. RESULTS: The mean age of 37 patients was 37.4 years old. The most common tumor location was the trunk. All patients were treated primarily with surgery: 34 (91.7%) cases with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) and 3 (8.3%) cases with wide local excision. The median follow-up time was 33.7 months. Two patients, one in each treatment group, demonstrated local recurrence during the follow-up period. The COL1A1-PDGFB fusion gene was expressed in 14 (87.5%) cases, demonstrated by reverse transcriptase PCR analysis. No association was found among the different COL1A1-PDGFB fusion transcripts, the various histological subtypes and clinical features. CONCLUSION: Our results support the effectiveness of MMS in treating DFSP. The COL1A1-PDGFB fusion transcript was observed in 87.5% of patients. Therefore, COL1A1-PDGFB is a useful and accurate tool in diagnosing DFSP in Koreans.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Collagen Type I/genetics , DNA Primers , Dermatofibrosarcoma/ethnology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mohs Surgery , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis/genetics , Republic of Korea , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Skin Neoplasms/ethnology , Treatment Outcome
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 440-446, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141630

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) carries a translocation resulting in the collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1)-platelet-derived growth factor beta (PDGFB) fusion gene, which is responsible for PDGFB activation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinicopathological, genetic, and therapeutic features of DFSP in Korean patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinicopathological features of 37 patients with DFSP were reviewed. Multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out in 16 patients using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues and specific primers for COL1A1 and PDGFB. RESULTS: The mean age of 37 patients was 37.4 years old. The most common tumor location was the trunk. All patients were treated primarily with surgery: 34 (91.7%) cases with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) and 3 (8.3%) cases with wide local excision. The median follow-up time was 33.7 months. Two patients, one in each treatment group, demonstrated local recurrence during the follow-up period. The COL1A1-PDGFB fusion gene was expressed in 14 (87.5%) cases, demonstrated by reverse transcriptase PCR analysis. No association was found among the different COL1A1-PDGFB fusion transcripts, the various histological subtypes and clinical features. CONCLUSION: Our results support the effectiveness of MMS in treating DFSP. The COL1A1-PDGFB fusion transcript was observed in 87.5% of patients. Therefore, COL1A1-PDGFB is a useful and accurate tool in diagnosing DFSP in Koreans.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Collagen Type I/genetics , DNA Primers , Dermatofibrosarcoma/ethnology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mohs Surgery , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis/genetics , Republic of Korea , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Skin Neoplasms/ethnology , Treatment Outcome
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(8): 637-645, 08/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-716279

ABSTRACT

Tissue engineering encapsulated cells such as chondrocytes in the carrier matrix have been widely used to repair cartilage defects. However, chondrocyte phenotype is easily lost when chondrocytes are expanded in vitro by a process defined as “dedifferentiation”. To ensure successful therapy, an effective pro-chondrogenic agent is necessary to overcome the obstacle of limited cell numbers in the restoration process, and dedifferentiation is a prerequisite. Gallic acid (GA) has been used in the treatment of arthritis, but its biocompatibility is inferior to that of other compounds. In this study, we modified GA by incorporating sulfamonomethoxine sodium and synthesized a sulfonamido-based gallate, JJYMD-C, and evaluated its effect on chondrocyte metabolism. Our results showed that JJYMD-C could effectively increase the levels of the collagen II, Sox9, and aggrecan genes, promote chondrocyte growth, and enhance secretion and synthesis of cartilage extracellular matrix. On the other hand, expression of the collagen I gene was effectively down-regulated, demonstrating inhibition of chondrocyte dedifferentiation by JJYMD-C. Hypertrophy, as a characteristic of chondrocyte ossification, was undetectable in the JJYMD-C groups. We used JJYMD-C at doses of 0.125, 0.25, and 0.5 µg/mL, and the strongest response was observed with 0.25 µg/mL. This study provides a basis for further studies on a novel agent in the treatment of articular cartilage defects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Benzamides/chemical synthesis , Cell Dedifferentiation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Chondrocytes/drug effects , Phenotype , Pyrimidines/chemical synthesis , Aggrecans/genetics , Aggrecans/metabolism , Anti-Infective Agents/chemistry , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Benzamides/pharmacology , Cell Survival , Cell Dedifferentiation/immunology , Chondrocytes/cytology , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Chondrogenesis/drug effects , Collagen Type I/genetics , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Collagen Type II/genetics , Collagen Type II/metabolism , Glycosaminoglycans/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Laser Scanning Cytometry , Primary Cell Culture , Pyrimidines/pharmacology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , SOX9 Transcription Factor/genetics , SOX9 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Tissue Engineering
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17804

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by hepatocyte injury and inflammatory cell infiltration, which has been linked to peripheral insulin resistance and increased levels of triglycerides in the liver. The purposes of this study were to establish a mouse model of NASH by feeding mice a 60% high-fat diet (HFD) and to demonstrate the anti-fibrotic effects of oleuropein, which has been shown to have anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, in this HFD-induced mouse model of NASH. C57BL/6 mice were divided into three groups: a regular diet group (Chow), a HFD group and an oleuropein-supplemented HFD group (OSD), which was fed a 0.05% OSD for 6 months. The effects of oleuropein in this model were evaluated using biochemical, histological and molecular markers. The expression levels of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA)and collagen type I in the HFD and OSD groups were evaluated using real-time PCR and western blotting. The body weight, biochemical marker levels, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease activity score, homeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and leptin levels observed in the HFD group at 9 and 12 months were higher than those observed in the Chow group. The HOMA-IR and leptin levels in the OSD group were decreased compared with the HFD group. In addition, alpha-SMA and collagen type I expression were decreased by oleuropein treatment. We established a NASH model induced by HFD and demonstrated that this model exhibits the histopathological features of NASH progressing to fibrosis. Our results suggest that oleuropein may be pharmacologically useful in preventing the progression of steatohepatitis and fibrosis and may be a promising agent for the treatment of NASH in humans.


Subject(s)
Actins/genetics , Animals , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Collagen Type I/genetics , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Fatty Liver/drug therapy , Fibrosis/etiology , Iridoids/therapeutic use , Leptin/genetics , Liver/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86242

ABSTRACT

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) comprises a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by bone fragility, frequent fractures, and low bone mass. Dominantly inherited COL1A1 or COL1A2 mutations appear to be causative in the majority of OI types, but rare recessively inherited genes have also been reported. Recently, SERPINF1 has been reported as another causative gene in OI type VI. To date, only eight SERPINF1 mutations have been reported and all are homozygous. Our patient showed no abnormalities at birth, frequent fractures, osteopenia, and poor response on pamidronate therapy. At the time of her most recent evaluation, she was 8 yr old, and could not walk independently due to frequent lower-extremity fractures, resulting in severe deformity. No clinical signs were seen of hearing impairment, blue sclera, or dentinogenesis imperfecta. In this study, we describe the clinical and radiological findings of one Korean patient with novel compound heterozygous mutations (c.77dupC and c.421dupC) of SERPINF1.


Subject(s)
Bone Density/genetics , Child , Collagen Type I/genetics , Eye Proteins/genetics , Female , Fractures, Bone/genetics , Humans , Nerve Growth Factors/genetics , Osteogenesis Imperfecta/diagnosis , Serpins/genetics
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 38(3): 341-355, May-June 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-643033

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate if the expression of metalloproteinase, collagen I and III are related to Gleason score, preoperative PSA and pathological stage in prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study group included radical prostatectomy specimens of 33 patients with prostatic adenocarcinoma who underwent surgery from 2001 to 2009. Patients were divided into 3 groups: Gleason score=6 (13 patients), Gleason score=7 (10 patients), Gleason score>8 (10 patients). The control group included prostates of patients submitted to cystoprostatectomy and benign prostatic tissues adjacent to the cancer area. Specific areas of tissues were selected under microscope and further processed for collagen I and III analysis by real time PCR. In addition, 10 deparaffined sections of each group were used to evaluate collagen I, III and metalloproteinase immune expression. The results were correlated with Gleason score, preoperative PSA and pathological stage. RESULTS: We found significant difference in both collagen I and III gene expression between benign and tumoral areas in the prostate samples from Gleason score=6 (collagen I=0.4±0.2 vs 5±2.4, p<0.05; collagen III=0.2±0.06 vs 0.7±0.1, p<0.05) and Gleason score>8 (collagen I=8±3.4 vs 1.4±0.8, p<0.07; collagen III=1.8±0.5 vs 0.6±0.1, p<0.05). There was no correlation of collagen expression with Gleason score, preoperative PSA or pathological stage. There was a positive correlation between metalloproteinase expression and Gleason score (r²=0.47). CONCLUSIONS: The positive correlation between metalloproteinase expression and Gleason score suggests that metalloproteinase could be a promising factor to improve Gleason score evaluation. Its expression and regulation do not seem to be related with collagen degradation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Collagen Type III/metabolism , Metalloproteases/metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms/metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Analysis of Variance , Collagen Type I/genetics , Collagen Type III/genetics , Gene Expression , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Metalloproteases/genetics , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Staging , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prostate-Specific Antigen/metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , Time Factors
18.
Clinics ; 67(2): 135-143, 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-614637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Human diploid fibroblasts undergo a limited number of cellular divisions in culture and progressively reach a state of irreversible growth arrest, a process termed cellular aging. The beneficial effects of vitamin E in aging have been established, but studies to determine the mechanisms of these effects are ongoing. This study determined the molecular mechanism of γ-tocotrienol, a vitamin E homolog, in the prevention of cellular aging in human diploid fibroblasts using the expression of senescence-associated genes. METHODS: Primary cultures of young, pre-senescent, and senescent fibroblast cells were incubated with γ-tocotrienol for 24 h. The expression levels of ELN, COL1A1, MMP1, CCND1, RB1, and IL6 genes were determined using the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Cell cycle profiles were determined using a FACSCalibur Flow Cytometer. RESULTS: The cell cycle was arrested in the G0/G1 phase, and the percentage of cells in S phase decreased with senescence. CCND1, RB1, MMP1, and IL6 were upregulated in senescent fibroblasts. A similar upregulation was not observed in young cells. Incubation with γ-tocotrienol decreased CCND1 and RB1 expression in senescent fibroblasts, decreased cell populations in the G0/G1 phase and increased cell populations in the G2/M phase. γ-Tocotrienol treatment also upregulated ELN and COL1A1 and downregulated MMP1 and IL6 expression in young and senescent fibroblasts. CONCLUSION: γ-Tocotrienol prevented cellular aging in human diploid fibroblasts, which was indicated by the modulation of the cell cycle profile and senescence-associated gene expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Cellular Senescence/drug effects , Cell Cycle/drug effects , Chromans/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Vitamin E/analogs & derivatives , beta-Galactosidase/analysis , Analysis of Variance , Biomarkers/analysis , Cells, Cultured , Cellular Senescence/genetics , Cell Cycle/genetics , Collagen Type I/genetics , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Cyclin D1/genetics , Cyclin D1/metabolism , Diploidy , Fibroblasts/cytology , Fibroblasts/metabolism , /genetics , /metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Retinoblastoma Protein/genetics , Retinoblastoma Protein/metabolism , Up-Regulation/drug effects , Vitamin E/pharmacology , beta-Galactosidase/metabolism
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211933

ABSTRACT

It has been proposed that the pro-inflammatory catalytic activity of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays a key role in the aging process. However, it remains unclear whether the COX-2 activity is a causal factor for aging and whether COX-2 inhibitors could prevent aging. We here examined the effect of COX-2 inhibitors on aging in the intrinsic skin aging model of hairless mice. We observed that among two selective COX-2 inhibitors and one non-selective COX inhibitor studied, only NS-398 inhibited skin aging, while celecoxib and aspirin accelerated skin aging. In addition, NS-398 reduced the expression of p53 and p16, whereas celecoxib and aspirin enhanced their expression. We also found that the aging-modulating effect of the inhibitors is closely associated with the expression of type I procollagen and caveolin-1. These results suggest that pro-inflammatory catalytic activity of COX-2 is not a causal factor for aging at least in skin and that COX-2 inhibitors might modulate skin aging by regulating the expression of type I procollagen and caveolin-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aspirin/administration & dosage , Catalysis , Caveolin 1/genetics , Collagen Type I/genetics , Cyclooxygenase 2/metabolism , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Gene Expression Regulation , Mice , Nitrobenzenes/administration & dosage , Pyrazoles/administration & dosage , Skin Aging/drug effects , Sulfonamides/administration & dosage , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98917

ABSTRACT

Larger animal models, such as porcine, have been validated as appropriate models of the human disc with respect to biomechanics and biochemistry. They are advantageous for research as the models are relatively straightforward to prepare and easily obtainable for research to perform surgical techniques. The intention of this study was to quantitatively analyze gene expression for collagen and proteoglycan components of the extracellular matrix and for collagenase (MMP-1) in porcine discs of varying ages (Newborn; 2-3weeks, Mature; 6-9 month, Older; 2-3 years). In this study, we observed that the cell number and GAG (glycosaminoglycan) formation dramatically decreased with aging. Also, gene expression in the annulus fibrosus (AF) and nucleus pulposus (NP) cells changed with aging. The level of MMP-1 mRNA increased with age and both type I, II collagens decreased with age. The level of aggrecan mRNA was highest in the mature group and decreased significantly with aging. In the mature group, MMP-1 expression was minimal compared to the newborn group. In AF cells, type II collagen was expressed at a high level in the mature group with a higher level of aggrecan, when aged NP showed a decrease in type II collagen. The model of IVD degeneration in the porcine disc shows many changes in gene expression with age that have been previously documented for human and may serve as a model for studying changes in IVD metabolism with age. We concluded that the porcine model is excellent to test hypotheses related to disc degeneration while permitting time-course study in biologically active systems.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Aggrecans/genetics , Aging/genetics , Animals , Animals, Newborn , Collagen Type I/genetics , Collagen Type II/genetics , Glycosaminoglycans/genetics , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/genetics , Models, Animal , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Spinal Cord/metabolism , Swine
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