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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1392-1397, oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134454

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Severe muscle injuries are common in accidents and have a delayed recovery of muscle integrity. In these cases, muscle suture surgery is the standard treatment. However, Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP), has been widely used in orthopedic injuries due to its growth factors. Thus, the objective of the study will be to analyze the association of suture and PRP techniques in the collagen and tenacity of the injured muscle. Were used seventy rats, divided into five groups: control (C), injury control (CI), injury and suture (IS), injury and PRP (IP), injury, suture, and PRP (ISP). Were sectioned approximately 50 % of the width and 100 % of the thickness of the gastrocnemius muscle. The homologous PRP was applied 24h after the injury. On the 7th day after the injury, the animals were euthanized and their muscles subjected to mechanical testing to measure tenacity or collagen analysis to calculate the ratio between type I and III collagen. The results show a significant decrease (p <0.05) in the values of the relationship between collagens in all injured groups (CI, IS, IP, ISP) compared to group C. In injured groups, the tenacity was significantly (p <0.05) reduced compared to the control group, with no observed difference between treatments and injured groups. The amount of collagen in the injured area has increased, but it did not affect the tenacity of the muscles, which was reduced.


RESUMEN: Las lesiones musculares graves son comunes durante los accidentes y la integridad del músculo está sujeta a una larga recuperación. En esos casos la cirugía, para la sutura del músculo, es el tratamiento común, no obstante el plasma rico en plaquetas (PRP) ha sido utilizado recientemente en lesiones ortopédicas, debido a sus factores del crecimiento. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar la asociación de las técnicas de sutura y PRP en la histología y tenacidad de músculo lesionado. Fueron utilizadas 70 ratas distribuidas en cinco grupos: control (C), control lesión (CL), lesión y sutura (LS), lesión y PRP (LPRP), lesión, sutura y PRP (LSPRP). Aproximadamente en la lesión, el 50 % de la longitud y el 100 % del espesor del músculo gastrocnemio fueron seccionados. El PRP homólogo fue aplicado 24 horas después de la lesión. En el 7º día después de la lesión los animales fueron eutanasiados y las muestras fueran sometidas al ensayo mecánico para la medición de la tenacidad y análisis del colágeno, para realizar el cálculo de la relación entre los colágenos I y III. Los resultados demostraron una reducción significativa (p<0,05) en los valores de la relación entre los colágenos en todos los grupos lesionados en relación al grupo C. La tenacidad fue (p<0,05) reducida significativamente en los grupos lesionados en relación al grupo control, sin diferencia entre los tratados. En la lesión muscular hubo disminución de los valores de colágeno, aunque en los tratamientos se observó elevación de la cantidad de colágeno en la área lesionada, esta no tuvo efecto en la tenacidad de los músculos que fue disminuida en la lesión.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Collagen/analysis , Muscle, Skeletal/injuries , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Muscular Diseases/therapy , Sutures , Rats, Wistar , Soft Tissue Injuries/therapy , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis
2.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(3): e202000303, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130621

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the in vivo response of photobiomodulation therapy associated with norbixin-based poly(hydroxybutyrate) membrane (PHB) in tenotomized calcaneal tendon. Methods: Thirty rats were randomly allocated to six groups (n=5 each): LED groups (L1, L2 and L3) and membrane + LED groups (ML1, ML2 and ML3). The right calcaneal tendons of all animals were sectioned transversely and were irradiated with LED daily, one hour after surgery every 24 hours, until the day of euthanasia. At the end of the experiments the tendons were removed for histological analysis. Results: The histological analysis showed a significant reduction in inflammatory cells in the ML1, ML2 and ML3 groups (p=0.0056, p=0.0018 and p<0.0001, respectively) compared to those in the LED group. There was greater proliferation of fibroblasts in the ML1 (p<0.0001) and L3 (p<0.0001) groups. A higher concentration of type I collagen was also observed in the ML1 group (p=0.0043) replacing type III collagen. Conclusion: Photobiomodulation in association with norbixin-based PHB membrane led to control of the inflammatory process. However, it did not favor fibroblast proliferation and did not optimize type I collagen formation in the expected stage of the repair process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Achilles Tendon/radiation effects , Carotenoids/pharmacology , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Tendinopathy/radiotherapy , Tenotomy/methods , Hydroxybutyrates/pharmacology , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Achilles Tendon/drug effects , Wound Healing/drug effects , Wound Healing/radiation effects , Random Allocation , Collagen/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/drug effects , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type III/drug effects , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Fibroblasts/chemistry , Prohibitins
3.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901101, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054681

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To determine the efficacy of norbixin-based poly(hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) membranes for Achilles tendon repair. Methods: Thirty rats were submitted to total tenotomy surgery of the right Achilles tendon and divided into two groups (control and membrane; n = 15 each), which were further subdivided into three subgroups (days 7, 14, and 21; n = 5 each). Samples were analyzed histologically. Results: Histological analysis showed a significant reduction in inflammatory infiltrates on days 7, 14 (p < 0.0001 for both), and 21 (p = 0.0004) in the membrane group compared to that in the control group. There was also a significant decrease in the number of fibroblasts in the control group on days 7, 14 (p < 0.0001), and 21 (p = 0.0032). Further, an increase in type I collagen deposition was observed in the membrane group compared to that in the control group on days 7 (p = 0.0133) and 14 (p = 0.0107). Conclusion: Treatment with norbixin-based PHB membranes reduces the inflammatory response, increases fibroblast proliferation, and improves collagen production in the tendon repair region, especially between days 7 and 14.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Polyesters/pharmacology , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Achilles Tendon/drug effects , Carotenoids/pharmacology , Tenotomy/methods , Hydroxybutyrates/pharmacology , Reference Values , Regeneration/drug effects , Achilles Tendon/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/drug effects , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type III/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(11): 1000-1015, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973480

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects and mechanisms of andiroba-based emulsion (ABE) topical treatment on full-thickness cutaneous wounds in rats. Methods: The wounds were harvested on days 3, 7, 15, and 20 post-surgery. Wound contraction rate, quantitative immunohistochemistry [macrophages, myofibroblasts, capillaries, collagens (col) I and III, transforming growth factor β3β (TGFβ3)], and tensile strength were assessed. Results: Treated wounds were smaller, contracted earlier and had increased angiogenesis, fewer CD68+ and M2 macrophages on days 7 and 15, but higher on day 20. Myofibroblasts appeared on days 3 to 7 in untreated wounds and on days 7 to 15 in treated wounds. TGFβ3 levels were higher in the treated wounds, less dense collagen fibers, lower col I/III ratios and a higher tensile strength. Conclusion: These results demonstrate the important anti-inflammatory role of treatment and the associated modulation of macrophages, myofibroblasts, and TGFβ3 levels. Collagen fibers in the treated wounds were more organized and less dense, similar to unwounded skin, which likely contributed to the higher tensile strength.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Skin/drug effects , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Meliaceae/chemistry , Transforming Growth Factor beta3/drug effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Skin/pathology , Administration, Cutaneous , Immunohistochemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Emulsions , Extracellular Matrix/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta3/analysis , Myofibroblasts/drug effects
5.
Clinics ; 73: e319, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952786

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Interest in elucidating the etiology of hernias has encouraged countless studies of musculoaponeurotic structures in individuals with and without hernias. Studies of hernia patients have firmly demonstrated a correlation between hernias and collagen alterations in their fascia. Diastasis recti is an increased width of the abdominal midline that is exclusively composed of interlacing aponeurotic expansions of the anterolateral abdominal muscles. The condition is common among women undergoing abdominoplasty, and many factors, not only mechanical, play a role. The goal of this study is to evaluate and compare collagen type I and III levels in the midline fascia of women with and without diastasis recti to report their possible influence on this condition. METHODS: This is a case-control study nested within a surgical cohort of 18 women with diastasis recti and 18 women without the condition (cases and controls, respectively). Fascia from the midline of the abdominal wall was collected and analyzed through immunohistochemistry using polyclonal antibodies to collagen type I and III. RESULTS: Both type I and type III collagen were less abundant in women with diastasis recti than in those without the condition, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Low collagen type I and type III levels in the midline of the abdominal wall may play a key role in the development of diastasis recti.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Prune Belly Syndrome/metabolism , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Prune Belly Syndrome/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Lipectomy , Case-Control Studies
6.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 31(4): e1398, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973364

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Chronic kidney disease affects more than 500 million people worldwide. In this context, the uremic toxins present are related to worsening in tissue healing. Aim: Evaluate on healing of colonic anastomosis in uremic rats, serum and anatomopathological indicators, which may be related to the change tissue repair process. Methods: Twenty Wistar rats, were randomly separated into two groups. In the sham group they were submitted to 5/6 nephrectomy simulation in left kidney, simulation right nephrectomy, median laparotomy, colotomy and colorraphy. In the uremia group, they were submitted to 5/6 nephrectomy of the left kidney, total nephrectomy of the right kidney and median laparotomy, colotomy and colorraphy. Were collected for serum urea, creatinine and CRP dosages and the colonic segments were studied for evaluation of granulation tissue, collagen maturation, microvascular and myofibroblasts density, and cell viability. Through histochemical processing, microvascular density was evaluated by anti-CD34 monoclonal antibody marking, cell viability by cell proliferation nuclear antigen screening and myofibroblasts density with monoclonal anti-α-actin antibody. Computerized histometry was used for evaluations of collagens type I and III by the coloration of picrosirius. Results: The group submitted to nephrectomy 5/6, compared to the sham group, show urea increase (p<0.0000) and higher C reactive protein (p=0.0142). Decrease of granulation tissue formation (border reepithelialization p=0,0196, angiofibroblast proliferation p=0.0379), mean collagen I (p=0,0009) and collagen III (p=0,016), microvascular density (p=0,0074), cell proliferation nuclear antigen (p<0,0000) and myofibroblasts (p<0,0001). Conclusion: The uremia induced by nephrectomy 5/6 model establishes negative impact in the colonic wound healing.


RESUMO Racional: A doença renal crônica atinge mais de 500 milhões de pessoas em todo o mundo. Neste contexto, as toxinas urêmicas estão relacionadas ao comprometimento da cicatrização tecidual. Objetivo: Avaliar, na cicatrização de anastomoses colônicas de ratos urêmicos indicadores séricos e anatomopatológicos que possam estar relacionados com alteração do processo de reparação tissular. Métodos: Utilizaram-se 20 ratos Wistar divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos. No grupo simulação eles foram submetidos à simulação da nefrectomia 5/6 do rim esquerdo, simulação de nefrectomia total do rim direito, laparotomia mediana, colotomia e colorrafia. No grupo uremia, eles foram submetidos à nefrectomia 5/6 do rim esquerdo, nefrectomia total do rim direito, laparotomia mediana, colotomia e colorrafia. Coletaram-se amostras de sangue para dosagens séricas da ureia, creatinina e proteína C reativa, e do cólon para processamentos histológicos e histoquímicos na avaliação do tecido de granulação, maturação de colágeno, densidade microvascular e de miofibroblastos, viabilidade celular cicatricial. Empregou-se a histometria computadorizada para as avaliações de colágenos tipos I e III, densidade microvascular pela marcação com anticorpo monoclonal anti-CD34, viabilidade celular pela pesquisa do antígeno nuclear de proliferação celular e a densidade de miofibroblastos com anticorpo monoclonal anti-α-actina. Resultados: O grupo submetido à nefrectomia 5/6, em comparação ao grupo simulação, demonstraram aumentos da ureia sérica (p<0,0000) e proteína C reativa (p=0,0142), redução da formação de tecido de granulação (reepitelização de bordas p=0,0196, proliferação angiofibroblástica p=0,0379), porcentagens de colágeno I (p=0,0009) e colágeno III (p=0,016), densidade microvascular (p=0,0074) e miofibroblastos (p<0,0001) e antígeno nuclear de proliferação celular (p<0,0000). Conclusão: A uremia induzida pelo modelo de nefrectomia 5/6 determina impacto negativo no processo de cicatrização colônico.


Subject(s)
Animals , Uremia/physiopathology , Wound Healing/physiology , Colon/surgery , Surgical Wound/physiopathology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Anastomosis, Surgical , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type III/metabolism , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Myofibroblasts/physiology , Granulation Tissue/physiopathology , Nephrectomy
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(6): 1398-1406, nov.-dez. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-909825

ABSTRACT

A endometrose é uma alteração degenerativa das glândulas uterinas e do estroma circundante, caracterizada pelo arranjo periglandular de miofibroblastos e pela deposição de matriz extracelular (ECM). O presente trabalho objetivou avaliar a expressão de colágenos tipos I, III e IV e α-actina de músculo liso (α-SMA) nas endometroses equinas, procurando esclarecer a participação dos miofibroblastos na progressão desses processos. Foram utilizadas 24 biópsias uterinas com diagnóstico de endometrose, recebidas pelo Serviço de Patologia Veterinária e de Reprodução Animal da FMVZ, Unesp, Botucatu, SP. Cortes histológicos foram submetidos às técnicas histoquímicas de tricrômico de Masson, picrosirius red sob luz polarizada e ácido periódico de Schiff (PAS) e imuno-histoquímicas para os três tipos de colágeno citados e α-SMA. Ainda, traçou-se um paralelo entre a técnica de picrosirius red e a imunomarcação dos colágenos tipos I e III. A análise histológica revelou que as fibras de colágeno denso correspondem ao colágeno tipo I, predominantes nas endometroses inativa e inativa destrutiva. As fibras de colágeno frouxo correspondem ao colágeno tipo III, predominantes nas endometroses ativas e ativas destrutivas. Nesses mesmos processos, a membrana basal revelou espessamento, aparentemente não relacionado ao colágeno tipo IV, e uma maior imunomarcação de miofibroblastos periglandulares em relação às endometroses inativa e inativa destrutiva. Dessa forma, nota-se que os miofibroblastos estão relacionados ao aumento na deposição de colágeno tipo III nos ninhos fibróticos ativos.(AU)


Endometriosis is a degenerative change of the uterine glands and surrounding stroma, characterized by periglandular arrangement of myofibroblasts and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of collagen type I, III and IV and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in equine endometriosis, and investigate the role of myofibroblasts in the progression of these processes. A parallel was made with histochemical techniques of Masson's trichrome, Picrosirius Red under polarized light and Periodic Acid-Schiff (PAS). Twenty four uterine biopsies received by the Veterinary Pathology Service and Animal Reproduction of FMVZ, UNESP, Botucatu, SP, were diagnosed with endometriosis. Histological analysis revealed that the orange dense collagen fibers correspond to type I collagen, being prevalent in inactive and inactive destructive endometriosis. The green loose collagen fibers correspond to type III collagen, and are predominant in active and active destructive endometriosis. In the same processes, a greater amount of periglandular myofibroblasts were observed in comparison to inactive and inactive destructive endometriosis. The presence of these cells in active processes are strongly related to an increased deposition of collagen type III in fibrotic nests. Regarding the basement membrane, the active destructive and active endometriosis shows thickening, apparently not related to an increase in expression of type IV collagen. The active destructive and inactive destructive endometriosis exhibited disruption areas in type IV collagen fibers. Thus, it is noted that the myofibroblasts are related to increased deposition of type III collagen in active fibrotic nests.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Actins/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type IV/analysis , Collagen Type I/analysis , Endometriosis/physiopathology , Horses , Myofibroblasts , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(12): 774-782, Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837658

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To assess the capsules formed by silicone implants coated with polyurethane foam and with a textured surface. METHODS: Sixty-four Wistar albinus rats were divided into two groups of 32 each using polyurethane foam and textured surface. The capsules around the implants were analyzed for 30, 50, 70 and 90 days. Were analyzed the following parameters: foreign body reaction, granulation tissue, presence of myofibroblasts, neoangiogenesis, presence of synovial metaplasia, capsular thickness, total area and collagen percentage of type I and III, in capsules formed around silicone implants in both groups. RESULTS: The foreign body reaction was only present in the four polyurethane subgroups. The formation of granulation tissue and the presence of myofibroblasts were higher in the four polyurethane subgroups. Regarding to neoangiogenesis and synovial metaplasia, there was no statistical difference between the groups. Polyurethane group presented (all subgroups) a greater capsule thickness, a smaller total area and collagen percentage of type I and a higher percentage area of type III, with statistical difference. CONCLUSION: The use of polyurethane-coated implants should be stimulated by the long-term results in a more stable capsule and a lower incidence of capsular contracture, despite developing a more intense and delayed inflammatory reaction in relation to implants with textured surface.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Polyurethanes/administration & dosage , Foreign-Body Reaction/pathology , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Silicone Gels/administration & dosage , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Implant Capsular Contracture/pathology , Surface Properties , Rats, Wistar , Breast Implantation/methods , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(4): 329-338, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-787565

ABSTRACT

A saúde renal tem ao longo dos últimos anos chamado atenção dos médicos veterinários, pois o comprometimento deste órgão na insuficiência renal crônica se apresenta como a maior causa de morbidade e mortalidade em felinos. O presente estudo propõe a caracterização biométrica dos rins de gatos, Felis catus, sob os aspectos macroscópicos (comprimento, altura, largura, peso e volume), mesoscópico (altura do córtex e da medula, e a sua inter-relação) e microscópica (volume glomerular), a fim de se estabelecer possíveis diferenças decorrentes de idade, sexo e simetria bilateral. Foram utilizados, rins de 30 animais da espécie Felis catus (gato deméstico), sendo 15 machos e 15 fêmeas com idade variando entre 3 meses a 15 anos, divididos em três grupos: grupo 1 (3-9 meses), grupo 2 (3-5 anos) e grupo 3 (acima de 10 anos)...


Renal health has over the last few years called attention of veterinarians, because the chronic failure of the kidneyu is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in cats. This paper proposes biometric characterization of the kidneys from cats, Felis catus, on the macroscopic aspects (length, height, width, weight and volume), mesoscopic (height of the cortex and medulla, and their inter-relationship) and microscopic (glomerular volume) in order to establish possible differences arising from age, gender and bilateral symmetry. It where used 30 kidneys of animals from specie Felis catus (cat), 15 males and 15 females with ages between 3 months to 15 years, divided into three groups: group 1 (3-9 months), group 2 (3 - 5 years) and group 3 (above 10 years)...


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Kidney Glomerulus/anatomy & histology , Body Weights and Measures/veterinary , Kidney/anatomy & histology , Biometric Identification , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Histological Techniques/veterinary
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(2): e4118, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-766982

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of intermittent passive manual stretching on various proteins involved in force transmission in skeletal muscle. Female Wistar weanling rats were randomly assigned to 5 groups: 2 control groups containing 21- and 30-day-old rats that received neither immobilization nor stretching, and 3 test groups that received 1) passive stretching over 3 days, 2) immobilization for 7 days and then passive stretching over 3 days, or 3) immobilization for 7 days. Maximal plantar flexion in the right hind limb was imposed, and the stretching protocol of 10 repetitions of 30 s stretches was applied. The soleus muscles were harvested and processed for HE and picrosirius staining; immunohistochemical analysis of collagen types I, III, IV, desmin, and vimentin; and immunofluorescence labeling of dystrophin and CD68. The numbers of desmin- and vimentin-positive cells were significantly decreased compared with those in the control following immobilization, regardless of whether stretching was applied (P<0.05). In addition, the semi-quantitative analysis showed that collagen type I was increased and type IV was decreased in the immobilized animals, regardless of whether the stretching protocol was applied. In conclusion, the largest changes in response to stretching were observed in muscles that had been previously immobilized, and the stretching protocol applied here did not mitigate the immobilization-induced muscle changes. Muscle disuse adversely affected several proteins involved in the transmission of forces between the intracellular and extracellular compartments. Thus, the 3-day rehabilitation period tested here did not provide sufficient time for the muscles to recover from the disuse maladaptations in animals undergoing postnatal development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Immobilization/physiology , Muscle Stretching Exercises , Muscle Fibers, Skeletal/metabolism , Muscle Proteins/metabolism , Muscle Strength/physiology , Antigens, CD/analysis , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic/analysis , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type III/metabolism , Collagen Type IV/analysis , Collagen Type IV/metabolism , Desmin/analysis , Desmin/metabolism , Dystrophin/analysis , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Inclusion Bodies/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors , Vimentin/analysis , Vimentin/metabolism
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(1): 24-33, 01/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-735711

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of propranolol on capsular architecture around silicone implants by measuring the inflammation, capsular thickness, and collagen fiber density, using a guinea pig experimental model. METHODS: Thirty six adult male guinea pigs randomly divided into two groups (n=18) were used. Each one received a silicone implant with textured-surface. The capsular tissue around implants from untreated or treated animals with the beta-adrenoceptor antagonist propranolol (10 mg/kg, dissolved in daily water) were analyzed for inflammation by histological scoring, capsular thickness by computerized histometry, and collagen fibers type I and Type III density by picrosirius polarization at different time points (7, 14 or 21 days after silicone implantation). RESULTS: Propranolol treatment reduced inflammation and impaired capsular thickness and delayed collagen maturation around the textured implant. CONCLUSION: Propranolol reduces the risk of developing capsular contracture around silicone implants with textured surface. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Humans , Male , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/pharmacology , Implant Capsular Contracture/prevention & control , Propranolol/pharmacology , Silicone Gels/adverse effects , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/drug effects , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type III/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Implant Capsular Contracture/pathology , Implants, Experimental/adverse effects , Propranolol/therapeutic use , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 102(2): 157-164, 03/2014. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-704602

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: A obesidade é um fator de risco para muitas complicações médicas; a pesquisa médica demonstrou que as alterações hemodinâmicas, morfológicas e funcionais estão correlacionadas com a duração e gravidade da obesidade. OBJETIVO: O presente estudo determinou a influência do tempo de exposição à obesidade induzida por dieta com alto teor de gordura no colágenos tipo I e III miocárdico. MÉTODOS: Ratos machos com trinta dias de idade, da raça Wistar, foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: um grupo de controle (C) alimentado com ração padrão e um grupo de ratos obesos (Ob) alternadamente alimentados com uma de quatro dietas palatáveis ricas em gordura. Cada dieta foi mudada diariamente, e os ratos foram mantidos em suas respectivas dietas por 15 (C15 e Ob15) e 30 (C30 e Ob30) semanas consecutivas. A obesidade foi determinada pelo índice de adiposidade. RESULTADOS: O grupo Ob15 foi similar ao grupo C15 em relação à expressão de colágeno miocárdico tipo I; contudo, a expressão no grupo Ob30 foi menor do que no grupo C30. O tempo de exposição à obesidade foi associado com uma redução de colágeno do tipo I no grupo Ob30, quando comparado com o Ob15. A obesidade não afetou a expressão do colágeno tipo III. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo mostrou que o tempo de exposição à obesidade por 30 semanas induzida por uma dieta rica em gordura insaturada causou uma redução na expressão do colágeno miocárdico tipo I em ratos obesos. No entanto, nenhum efeito foi observado em relação à expressão do colágeno miocárdico tipo III .


BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for many medical complications; medical research has shown that hemodynamic, morphological and functional abnormalities are correlated with the duration and severity of obesity. OBJECTIVE: Present study determined the influence of term of exposure to high-fat diet-induced obesity on myocardial collagen type I and III. METHODS: Thirty-day-old male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into two groups: a control (C) group fed a standard rat chow and an obese (Ob) group alternately fed one of four palatable high-fat diets. Each diet was changed daily, and the rats were maintained on their respective diets for 15 (C15 and Ob15) and 30 (C30 and Ob30) consecutive weeks. Obesity was determined by adiposity index. RESULTS: The Ob15 group was similar to the C15 group regarding the expression of myocardial collagen type I; however, expression in the Ob30 group was less than C30 group. The time of exposure to obesity was associated with a reduction in collagen type I in Ob30 when compared with Ob15. Obesity did not affect collagen type III expression. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the time of exposure to obesity for 30 weeks induced by unsaturated high-fat diet caused a reduction in myocardial collagen type I expression in the obese rats. However, no effect was seen on myocardial collagen type III expression. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Diet, High-Fat , Myocardium/metabolism , Obesity/metabolism , Adiposity , Blood Pressure , Blotting, Western , Body Weight , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
13.
Clinics ; 68(10): 1344-1349, out. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-689977

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: After acute myocardial infarction, during the cardiac repair phase, periostin is released into the infarct and activates signaling pathways that are essential for the reparative process. However, the role of periostin in chronic cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction remains to be elucidated. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between tissue periostin and cardiac variables in the chronic cardiac remodeling induced by myocardial infarction. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were assigned to 2 groups: a simulated surgery group (SHAM; n = 8) and a myocardial infarction group (myocardial infarction; n = 13). After 3 months, morphological, functional and biochemical analyses were performed. The data are expressed as means±SD or medians (including the lower and upper quartiles). RESULTS: Myocardial infarctions induced increased left ventricular diastolic and systolic areas associated with a decreased fractional area change and a posterior wall shortening velocity. With regard to the extracellular matrix variables, the myocardial infarction group presented with higher values of periostin and types I and III collagen and higher interstitial collagen volume fractions and myocardial hydroxyproline concentrations. In addition, periostin was positively correlated with type III collagen levels (r = 0.673, p = 0.029) and diastolic (r = 0.678, p = 0.036) and systolic (r = 0.795, p = 0.006) left ventricular areas. Considering the relationship between periostin and the cardiac function variables, periostin was inversely correlated with both the fractional area change (r = -0.783, p = 0.008) and the posterior wall shortening velocity (r = -0.767, p = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: Periostin might be a modulator of deleterious cardiac remodeling in the chronic phase after myocardial infarction in rats. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology , Blotting, Western , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Diastole/physiology , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Myocardial Infarction , Rats, Wistar , Systole/physiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 27(10): 736-740, Oct. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-650565

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Evaluate the influence of aging on the quality of the skin of white women, analyzing the dermal collagen. METHODS: Pre-auricular flaps were collected for histological and morphometric analysis of 218 white women who underwent spontaneous facial aesthetic plastic surgery. Picrosirius ultrared stain was used for analysis and quantification of collagen in five age groups (<40 years, 40 to 49 years, 50 to 59 years, 60 to 69 years and 70 to 79 years) . RESULTS: Histological analysis showed changes suggestive of skin aging (fragmentation and disorganization of collagen fibers), especially in patients over 60 years. There were no significant changes in the relationship of age with the thickness of the dermis and epidermis, but there was with the percentage of the collagen I, III and total (p<0.001), which decreased with increasing aging. CONCLUSION: There is reduction in collagen with increasing age, and an increase in its degradation, leading to fragmentation of the fibers.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar a influência do envelhecimento na qualidade da pele de mulheres brancas analisando o colágeno dérmico. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se análise histológica e morfométrica de 218 retalhos pré-auriculares de mulheres brancas que se submeteram espontaneamente à cirurgia estética facial. Foi usada a coloração de Picrosirius Ultrared para analisar e quantificar os colágenos I, III e total em cinco grupos etários (<40 anos, 40 a 49 anos, 50 a 59 anos, 60 a 69 anos e 70 a 79 anos). RESULTADOS: A análise histológica mostrou alterações sugestivas de envelhecimento cutâneo (fragmentação e desorganização das fibras de colágeno), especialmente em pacientes acima de 60 anos. Não houve diferenças significantes entre a idade e a espessura da derme e da epiderme, mas houve diferenças significantes entre as percentagens de colágeno I, III e total (p<0,001) com o aumento da idade. CONCLUSÃO: Existe redução do colágeno com o aumento da idade e um aumento na sua degradação, levando à fragmentação das fibras.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aging/physiology , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , White People , Quality of Life , Skin Aging/physiology , Skin/anatomy & histology , Age Factors , Analysis of Variance , Aging/ethnology , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Collagen Type III/metabolism , Skin Aging/ethnology , Skin/chemistry
15.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 72(3): 216-220, jun. 2012. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-657505

ABSTRACT

Studies on the collagen system of the human myocardium are still limited compared to those on small laboratory animals. The aim of this work was to observe the collagen tissue of the myocardium of the human heart as a function of age. The types of collagen, as well as the density of collagen tissue and the diameter of collagen fibrils, were examined. Fragments of the left ventricular wall from 15 hearts, 5 from children, 5 from young adults, and 5 from elderly individuals, were analyzed by using the Picrosirius-polarization method and by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results showed the presence of collagen type III and collagen type I, both in the endomysium and perimysium of the 3 groups studied. Measurements of collagen content in myocardial tissue displayed that both endomysial and perimysial collagen increase in number and thickness in the adult and elderly. These histochemical results coincided with the observations obtained with the electron microscope in showing an increase in the number of collagen fibrils with a large diameter in the adult and elderly hearts. The present results on cardiac collagen may be important for assessing the pathogenesis of several cardiopathies in the hearts of children, young adults, and the elderly.


Los estudios sobre el colágeno del miocardio humano son aún escasos en comparación con los hechos en pequeños animales de laboratorio. El objetivo de este trabajo fue cuantificar el tejido colágeno del miocardio del corazón humano en función de la edad. Se estudiaron los tipos de colágeno, su densidad y el diámetro de las fibrillas de colágeno. Para esto se utilizaron fragmentos de la pared del ventrículo izquierdo de 15 corazones, cinco de niños, cinco de adultos jóvenes y 5 de personas de edad avanzada. Las muestras se analizaron mediante el método de Picrosirius-polarización y por microscopía electrónica de transmisión (MET). Los resultados mostraron la presencia de colágeno tipo III y de tipo I, tanto en el endomisio como en el perimisio de los tres grupos estudiados. Además, aumenta el colágeno tanto en el endomisio como en el perimísio, así como su número y grosor a medida que aumenta la edad. Los resultados histoquímicos coincidieron con las observaciones obtenidas con el microscopio electrónico, en las que se observa un aumento en el número de fibrillas de colágeno de gran diámetro en los corazones de los adultos y los ancianos. Estos resultados podrían ser importantes para la evaluación de la patogénesis de varias cardiopatías en los corazones de niños, jóvenes y ancianos.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Heart Ventricles/chemistry , Myocardium/chemistry , Age Factors , Analysis of Variance , Azo Compounds/analysis
16.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 6(1): 59-64, Apr. 2012. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-639734

ABSTRACT

El estroma juega un rol importante en los procesos tumorales de invasión y metástasis. Las fibras de colágeno tipo I son el principal componente estructural del estroma en distintos tumores. Sin embargo, hay muy pocos estudios en los tumores de glándulas salivales. Basándonos en estos antecedentes el objetivo de la presente comunicación fue estudiar las características del colágeno con Picrosirius red/polarización en tumores benignos y malignos de glándulas salivales para evaluar su posible rol en los mecanismos de progresión tumoral. Cortes histológicos de adenoma pleomórfico, carcinoma adenoide quístico y carcinoma epitelial mioepitelial se colorearon con H/E y Picrosirius red y se examinaron con microscopio de polarización. La birrefringencia del colágeno con Picrosirius/polarización resultó diferente en el estroma de los tumores malignos (carcinoma adenoide quístico y carcinoma epitelial mioepitelial), con predominio de colágeno I, en comparación con el tumor benigno (adenoma pleomórfico), con predominio de colágeno III. El diferente perfil de coloración en las fibras colágenas producidas en el estroma de los tumores analizados podría relacionarse con diferentes mecanismos de expansión tumoral, los que fueron poco estudiados en los tumores de glándulas salivales. Más estudios son necesarios para obtener resultados más concluyentes que contribuyan al diagnóstico, pronóstico y tratamiento.


The stroma plays an important rol in tumoral invasion and metastasis. Type I collagen is the main structural component of the stroma in several tumors. However, there are few studies on salivary gland tumors. Based on this background the objective of the present communication was to study collagen characteristics with picrosirius red/polarization on malignant and benign tumors of salivary glands to evaluate its posible rol in the tumoral progression mechanism. Histological sections of pleomorphic adenoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma and epithelial/myoepithelial carcinoma were stained with H/E and picrosirius red and were studied with polarization microscope. Collagen birefringence with Picrosirius/polarization was different in the malignant tumor stroma (adenoid cystic carcinoma and epithelialmyoepithelial carcinoma), with predominance of type I collagen, compared with a benign tumor (pleomorphic adenoma), with predominance of type III collagen. The different staining profile in collagen fibers produced in the benign and malignant stroma tumors analized could be related with different tumoral expansion mechanism, which were scarce studied on the salivary glands tumors. More studies are needed to obtain more conclusive results to contribute to diagnosis, prognosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Azo Compounds/metabolism , Microscopy, Polarization/methods , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/ultrastructure , Birefringence , Carcinoma/ultrastructure , Coloring Agents/metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/ultrastructure
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 29(2): 501-508, June 2011. ilus, mapas, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-597482

ABSTRACT

Thioacetamide (TAA) can induce various types of cirrhosis in the rat, including bridging fibrosis, biliary fibrosis, perisinusoidal/pericellular fibrosis and centrilobular fibrosis, in which different populations of hepatic myofibroblasts (MFs) are involved. The hepatic MFs can be classified into 3 groups: (a) portal/septal MFs; (b) activated hepatic stellate cell myofibroblasts (HSC/MFs); and (c) interface myofibroblasts (IF/MFs). The present study was carried out to examine the morphology and localization of hepatic MFs in relation to the distribution of type I and III collagen in rat cirrhotic livers. Immunohistochemistry to a-smooth muscle actin was employed to demonstrate the morphology and localization of the subpopulations of hepatic MFs. The distribution of type I and III collagen was investigated by using specific antibodies. Portal and septal MFs were windmill in shape and localized around tributaries of the portal and hepatic veins where type I and III collagen was accumulated. HSC/MFs with arachnoid in shape were localized in the spaces of Disse and spaces between neighboring hepatocytes where type I collagen was formed. IF/MFs showed arachnoid shapes and distributed along the margin of fibrous septa where type I collagen was condensed. MFs with polygonal shapes were also found around the wall of hepatic sinusoids, margin of fibrous septa and around the portal tract. They were probably transitional cells to the mature MFs. Our data suggest that each subpopulation of hepatic MFs shows characteristic morphology and localization, which correlates with localization of type I and/or type III collagen.


La tioacetamida (TAA) puede provocar diversos tipos de cirrosis hepática en la rata, incluyendo fibrosis en puente, fibrosis biliar, fibrosis perisinusoidal/pericelular y fibrosis centrolobulillar, en los que diferentes poblaciones de miofibroblastos hepáticos (MFs) están involucrados. Los MFs hepáticos se pueden clasificar en tres grupos: (a) MFs portal/ septal; (b) células estrelladas hepática activada miofibroblásticas (HSC/MFs), y (c) miofibroblastos de interface (IF/MFs). El presente estudio se realizó para examinar la morfología y localización de los MFs hepáticos en relación con la distribución de colágeno Tipos I y III en el hígado de ratas cirróticas. Se utilizó inmunohistoquímica de a-actina de músculo liso para demostrar la morfología y localización de las subpoblaciones de MFs hepática. La distribución de colágenos Tipos I y III se investigó utilizando anticuerpos específicos. FMs portales y septales mostraron forma de molino de viento y se localizaron cerca de afluentes de las venas porta y hepática donde los colágenos Tipos I y III se acumularon. HSC/MFs con forma aracnoide se localizaron en los espacios de Disse y los espacios entre hepatocitos vecinos, donde se formó el colágeno Tipo I. IF/MFs mostraron formas aracnoides y se distribuyeron a lo largo del margen de los septos fibrosos donde se condensó el colágeno Tipo I . MFs con formas poligonales también fueron encontrados alrededor de la pared de los sinusoides hepáticos, en el margen de los septos fibrosos y en todo el tracto portal. Probablemente fueron células de transición a los MFs maduros. Nuestros datos sugieren que cada subpoblación de MFs hepáticos muestra una morfología y localización característica, que se correlaciona con la localización de colágenos Tipo I y o III.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Thioacetamide/toxicity , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Myofibroblasts , Liver Cirrhosis/chemically induced , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Microscopy
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 26(supl.2): 3-7, 2011. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-602636

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess the collagen content and types in the rectus abdominis muscle of cadavers of different ages. METHODS: Forty fresh adult male cadavers, at room temperature, were obtained from the Institute of Legal Medicine of Franca and dissected within 24 hours of death. The cadavers were divided into two groups: Group A (n=20), 18 to 30 years of age, and Group B (n=20), 31 to 60 years of age. Bilateral incisions were made in the middle portion of anterior rectus sheath 3 cm superiorly and 2 cm inferiorly to the umbilicus and four fragments of the rectus abdominis muscle were dissected. The samples were fixed in 10 percent buffered formalin and sent for immunohistochemical analysis to determine collagen content and types. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical results revealed higher amounts of type I and type III collagen in Group A. However, no difference in the amount of type IV collagen was found between the groups. CONCLUSION: The amount of type I and type III collagen was higher in group A.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o colágeno no músculo reto do abdome em cadáveres de diferentes faixas etárias. MÉTODOS: Foram dissecados 40 cadáveres adultos masculinos, não fixados, com tempo de óbito de até 24 horas, em temperatura ambiente, provenientes do Instituto Médico-Legal de Franca (SP - Brasil). Os cadáveres foram distribuídos em dois grupos: GRUPO A (n=20) - 18 a 30 anos e GRUPO B (n=20) -31 a 60 anos. Realizou-se incisão na porção mediana da lâmina anterior da bainha do músculo reto a 3 cm superiormente e 2 cm inferiormente ao umbigo em ambos os lados, sendo retirados quatro fragmentos de músculo reto do abdome. Esse material foi conservado em formalina tamponado a 10 por cento e enviado para imuno-histoquímica para determinação do tipo de colágeno. RESULTADOS: Na Imunihistoquímica os colágenos I e III foram estatisticamente maiores no grupo A, porém não houve diferença entre os grupos em relação ao colágeno IV. CONCLUSÃO: A quantidade de colágeno tipo I e III foi maior no grupo A.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type IV/analysis , Rectus Abdominis/chemistry , Age Factors , Cadaver , Immunohistochemistry , Rectus Abdominis/pathology
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 24(6): 476-483, Nov.-Dec. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-533210

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare polyester with absorbable layer prosthesis with collagen-elastin/polypropylene prosthesis in the repair of abdominal wall defects. METHODS: The 16 studied rabbits were divided in groups A and B (euthanized on the 30th and 60th days, after the implant of the mesh). The animals underwent laparotomy and received a 2cm wall "defect" on each side of the Alba linea. The repair was made with the suture of a polyester mesh with absorbable film on the left side of the Alba Linea and with collagen-elastin/polypropylene mesh on the right side. Adherences were classified according to Nair Score and microscopic evaluation observing types I and III collagen formation and other immunohistochemical analyses. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in adhesion formation. The collagen type I showed higher deposition in polyester with absorbable layer. In group B, the difference between the meshes was significant, with higher collagen III deposition in polyester with absorbable layer (60º P.O.). About the metalloproteinases, the presence of MMP -1 and MMP-8 were about the same; the expression of MMP-13 increased near to the 60th day. CONCLUSIONS: There is no significant difference between the two meshes in adhesion formation and immunohystochemical evaluation. The polyester mesh resorbable film presented a higher deposition of collagen.


OBJETIVO: Comparar a tela poliéster com lâmina absorvível e a confeccionada pela aposição da tela de colágeno-elastina/polipropileno no reparo de lesões da parede abdominal. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 16 coelhos, divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos e submetidos a eutanásia no 30º e no 60º dia P.O. Os animais foram submetidos à laparotomia e confecção de dois defeitos triangulares de 2 cm, de espessura total, na parede abdominal ventral. A correção foi realizada através de fixação, na metade esquerda da linha alba, da tela de poliéster com lâmina absorvível e na direita, tela composta por colágeno-elastina/polipropileno. As aderências foram classificadas conforme o escore de Nair e a avaliação microscópica incluiu avaliação do colágeno (tipos I e III) e imunoistoquímica. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença quanto à formação de aderências. O colágeno tipo I apresentou maior concentração com a tela Poliéster com lâmina absorvível. No grupo B foi encontrada diferença significativa entre as telas, com aumento do colágeno tipo III com a tela Poliéster com lâmina absorvível (60º P.O.). A avaliação das metaloproteinases MMP-1 e MMP-8 não apresentaram diferença significativa; a MMP-13 apresentou aumento significativo na imunoexpressão no 60º P.O. CONCLUSÕES: Não há diferença significativa entre as telas quanto às aderências e avaliação imunoistoquímica. A tela de poliéster com lâmina absorvível apresenta maior formação de colágeno.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rabbits , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Collagen , Elastin , Polyesters , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Wound Healing/physiology , Absorbable Implants , Analysis of Variance , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen/analysis , Materials Testing , Models, Animal , /analysis , Polypropylenes , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surgical Mesh/classification , Tissue Adhesions/pathology
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 24(1): 19-25, Jan.-Feb. 2009. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-503100

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study assessed the collagen deposition and correlated it with local inflammatory responses to evaluate the length of time required for fibroplasia when polypropylene meshes are used to repair incisional abdominal wall hernias in rats. METHODS: Thirty-six male Wistar rats underwent longitudinal resection of a peritoneal and musculoaponeurotic tissue segment (3x2 cm) of the abdominal wall followed by defect reconstruction with polypropylene mesh bridging over aponeurosis. The animals were divided into 6 groups according to the time points for the analysis of fibroplasia: 1, 2, 3, 7, 21 and 30 days post-implantation. Animals were sacrificed at each time point, and the site where the polypropylene mesh was implanted was evaluated histologically to assess inflammatory response and percentage of collagen using computer-assisted videomorphometry. RESULTS: Total collagen was found at the mesh site on the 3rd day post-implantation, and increased progressively on all subsequent days up to the 21st day, when it reached its highest percentage (p<0.001). Type III collagen increased progressively from the 3rd to the 21st days, when it reached its highest percentage (p<0.001); on the 30th day, it decreased significantly (p>0.001). Type I collagen was first found between the 7th and 21st days; it reached its highest percentage on the 21st day and then remained stable until the 30th day. The type I to type III collagen ratio increased significantly and progressively up to the 30th day (p<0.001). Neutrophils were found at the mesh site from the 1st to the 21st day post-implantation. Macrophages, giant cells and lymphocytes were seen on the 2nd day. Thirty days after mesh implantation, neutrophils disappeared, but the percentages of macrophages, giant cells and lymphocytes remained stable (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that total collagen was first seen on the 3rd day post-implantation, with a higher percentage of type I collagen...


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o tempo de fibroplasia em tela de polipropileno na correção de hérnias incisionais da parede abdominal, em ratos, através da quantidade de colágeno, correlacionando-o com a resposta inflamatória local. MÉTODOS: Trinta e seis ratos machos da linhagem Wistar foram submetidos à ressecção longitudinal de um segmento músculo-aponeurótico e peritoneal (3x2 cm) da parede abdominal, seguida por reforço com tela de polipropileno, em forma de ponte sobre a aponeurose. Os animais foram distribuídos em seis grupos, de acordo com o tempo de fibroplasia a ser estudado (1, 2, 3, 7, 21 e 30 dias de pós-operatório). Após os prazos estabelecidos para estudo da fibroplasia, os animais foram submetidos à eutanásia, e a área de fixação da tela de polipropileno foi avaliada histologicamente quanto à reação inflamatória e à percentagem de colágeno pela técnica videomorfométrica assistida por computador. RESULTADOS: Houve aparecimento de colágeno total junto à tela no 3º dia pós-implante, com aumento progressivo na sua proporção em todos os dias subseqüentes até o 21º dia, quando atingiu sua proporção máxima (p<0,001). A partir do dia 3, o colágeno III sofreu um aumento progressivo até o dia 21, quando atingiu sua proporção máxima (p<0,001), e no 30º dia apresentou uma redução significativa (p<0,001). O colágeno tipo I surgiu entre o 7º e o 21º dia, apresentou sua máxima proporção no 21º dia e manteve-se inalterado até o final do período de observação. A relação colágeno tipo I/tipo III aumentou progressivamente e inverteu-se no 30º dia de observação (p<0,001). Os neutrófilos foram identificados no 1º dia pós-implante, mantendo-se junto à tela até o 21º dia. Os macrófagos, gigantócitos e linfócitos foram identificados no 2º dia. Trinta dias após a implantação da tela, desapareceram os neutrófilos e mantiveram-se estáveis as proporções de macrófagos, gigantócitos e linfócitos (p<0,001). CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados do presente estudo evidenciaram...


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Collagen/analysis , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Polypropylenes , Surgical Mesh , Wound Healing/physiology , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Implants, Experimental , Inflammation/pathology , Materials Testing , Neutrophils/chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology , Time Factors
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