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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253616, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355880

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of the volatile oil of Alpinia zerumbet (VOAz) on caveolin-1 gene expression and muscular fibrosis. The rats were immobilized to induce fibrosis of the gastrocnemius muscle, and they were treated with VOAz. Collagen quality was assessed by histology and the expression of the caveolin-1 (CAV-1) gene was evaluated using qPCR. Histomorphological analysis indicated a significant reduction in the perimeter, width, and intensity of collagen in the treated groups, thus showing that the oil was effective in regulating the quality of collagen at the three concentrations. The results of expression levels suggested a decrease in the lesioned group and in two treatment groups (0.0115 µg/g and 0.009 µg/g). However, with the lowest concentration (0.0065 µg/g), no significant difference was observed, with levels similar to those found in healthy tissue. Therefore, the results showed that VOAz has the potential to be a non-invasive and low-cost alternative to aid in the treatment of muscular fibrosis.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito do óleo volátil de Alpinia zerumbet (OVAz) na expressão do gene da caveolina-1 e na fibrose muscular. Os ratos foram imobilizados para induzir a fibrose do músculo gastrocnêmio, e foram tratados com OVAz. A qualidade do colágeno foi avaliada com histologia e à expressão do gene caveolina-1 (CAV-1) foi avaliada usando qPCR. A análise histomorfológica indicou uma redução significativa no perímetro, largura e intensidade do colágeno nos grupos tratados. Os resultados dos níveis de expressão sugeriram diminuição nos grupos de lesão e em dois grupos de tratamento (0,0115 µg/g e 0,009 µg/g). No entanto, com a menor concentração (0,0065 µg/g), não foi observada diferença significativa, apresentando níveis semelhantes aos encontrados em tecido saudável. O uso do OVAz foi eficaz para reverter as alterações do colágeno causadas pela fibrose, e sua menor concentração apresentou uma possível tendência de aumento na expressão do CAV-1. Portanto, os resultados mostraram que o OVAz tem potencial para ser uma alternativa não invasiva e de baixo custo para auxiliar no tratamento da fibrose muscular.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Collagen/metabolism , Alpinia/chemistry , Caveolin 1/metabolism , Muscles/drug effects , Fibrosis , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Brazil , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Muscles/pathology
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(3): e0005, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280120

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of gabapentin in the management of neuropathic pain in patients with keratoconus, who were treated with fast (10 minutes) epi-off corneal crosslinking (CXL). Methods: This was a prospective, double-blind, randomized study. The sample comprised patients with bilateral progressive keratoconus, aged 12 years or older, who underwent a bilateral epi-off corneal CXL (fast - 10 minutes) procedure. One group was given placebo orally, and the other group received gabapentin 600 mg orally, both preoperatively. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was applied to record postoperative pain up to 48 hours after procedure. The study was conducted at the Belotto Stock Centro Oftalmológico, in the city of Joaçaba, Santa Catarina, Brazil, from June 2018 to September 2019. Results: At no point in the study significant differences were observed between groups, in terms of pain intensity measured by means of the VAS questionnaire, or of opioid use (Paco®), though opioid consumption was 21% lower in the group receiving gabapentin. Conclusion: We concluded gabapentin has no efficacy in postoperative pain control after epi-off corneal CXL (fast - 10 minutes). Although there was no statistically significant difference, the group that received gabapentin suffered less pain, resulting in lower opioid consumption. UTN number: U1111-1256-0330.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia do uso da gabapentina no manejo da dor neuropática em pacientes portadores de ceratocone submetidos ao tratamento de crosslinking corneano epi-off fast de 10 minutos. Métodos: Tratou-se de pesquisa prospectiva, duplo-cega, randomizada. A amostra foi composta de pacientes com ceratocone progressivo bilateral, a partir dos 12 anos de idade, submetidos ao procedimento de crosslinking corneano acelerado epi-off fast de 10 minutos bilateral. Um grupo recebeu placebo via oral e o outro, gabapentina 600mg, via oral, ambos no pré-operatório. A Escala Visual Analógica foi aplicada para registrar a dor pós-operatória até 48 horas após o procedimento. A pesquisa foi realizada no período de junho de 2018 a setembro de 2019 em um centro oftalmológico. Resultados: Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas significativas para ambos os grupos, tanto na intensidade da dor medida pela Escala Visual Analógica, como na redução do uso do opioide (Paco®), em qualquer horário analisado durante um período de 48 horas. No entanto, houve redução de 21% no consumo de opioides pelo grupo que fez uso da gabapentina. Conclusão: A gabapentina não demonstrou eficácia no controle da dor no pós-operatório do crosslinking corneano epi-off fast de 10 minutos. No entanto, observou-se que, mesmo não havendo diferença estatisticamente significativa, houve diminuição da dor no grupo em que foi usada a gabapentina, resultando na redução do consumo de opioides. Número UTN: U1111-1256-0330.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Cross-Linking Reagents/therapeutic use , Keratoconus/therapy , Riboflavin/therapeutic use , Ultraviolet Rays , Pain Measurement , Double-Blind Method , Administration, Oral , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Collagen/metabolism , Photosensitizing Agents/therapeutic use , Cornea/metabolism , Eye Pain/drug therapy , Gabapentin/administration & dosage , Gabapentin/therapeutic use , Analgesics/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(1): 71-80, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092653

ABSTRACT

Resumo Atualmente a membra amniótica (MA) tem obtido importância devido à comprovada capacidade de reduzir inflamação, auxiliar a cicatrização e epitelização, possuindo propriedades antimicrobianas e antivirais, além de baixa imunogenicidade. As indicações de seu uso na oftalmologia têm aumentado muito nas duas últimas décadas. Objetivo: Descrever a estrutura básica e as propriedades biológicas da MA em relação aos componentes da sua matriz extracelular e fatores de crescimento, as consequências de diferentes técnicas empregadas na sua preservação e esterilização, métodos para remoção do epitélio e a comparação dos custos dos diferentes meios de conservação atualmente empregados. Métodos: Pesquisa nas bases de dados do Portal da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), Pubmed, Cochrane, Scielo e Lilacs com as palavras-chave: membrana amniótica, transplante, reconstrução da córnea, doenças da conjuntiva. Resultados: A literatura é vasta na descrição dos efeitos de diversos agentes e técnicas na preparação da MA, dentre elas sua preservação, esterilização e desepitelização. A membrana desnuda tem sido a escolha para a reconstrução da superfície ocular, pois facilita a cicatrização. Em relação aos agentes conservantes, o glicerol é o meio mais utilizado mundialmente pelo baixo custo e facilidade de manuseio. Conclusão: A comparação das diversas técnicas nos guia na elaboração de protocolos de preparo da MA para uso oftalmológico. A membrana desnuda facilita a cicatrização em relação a com células epiteliais. O glicerol é o meio de conservação mais utilizado pelo baixo custo e facilidade de manuseio.


Abstract Currently, the amniotic membrane (AM) has obtained importance due to its ability to reduce inflammation, helping in the healing and epithelialization processes, having antimicrobial and antiviral properties and low immunogenicity. Its indications in ophthalmology have increased considerably in the past two decades. Objective: To describe the basic structure and biological properties of the AM, the components of the extracellular matrix and growth factors, the consequences of different techniques used in its preservation, and sterilization methods for the epithelium removal. To compare the costs of the different preservation solutions currently employed. Study design: literature review. Methods: Research in BVS databases, PubMed, Cochrane, Scielo and Lilacs with keywords: amniotic membrane transplantation, corneal reconstruction, conjunctival diseases. Results: The literature is vast in describing the effects of different agents and techniques used in the preparation of MA, including its preservation, sterilization and desepithelization. The naked membrane is the choice to reconstruct the ocular surface, as it facilitates the healing course. Regarding the preservatives, glycerol is the most used worldwide due its low cost and easy handling. Conclusion: Comparing different techniques guides us in developing a MA preparation protocol for ophthalmic use. The naked membrane facilitates the healing process compared with the presence of epithelial cells. The glycerol is the most used preservation method because of its low cost and easy handling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Preservation/methods , Conjunctival Diseases/surgery , Corneal Diseases/surgery , Tissue and Organ Harvesting/methods , Eye Diseases/surgery , Amnion/transplantation , Tissue Banks/standards , Tissue Donors/supply & distribution , Wound Healing , Biological Dressings/standards , Biological Products/standards , Tissue and Organ Procurement/standards , Cryopreservation/methods , Sterilization/methods , Collagen/metabolism , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Amnion/cytology , Amnion/microbiology , Amnion/ultrastructure
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e9144, Jan. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055480

ABSTRACT

Wound scarring remains a major challenge for plastic surgeons. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β plays a key role in the process of scar formation. Previous studies have demonstrated that truncated TGF-β type II receptor (t-TGF-βRII) is unable to continue signal transduction but is still capable of binding to TGF-β, thereby blocking the TGF-β signaling pathway. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a multifunctional growth factor that promotes tissue regeneration and wound healing. Theoretically, the combination of HGF and t-TGF-βRII would be expected to exert a synergistic effect on promoting wound healing and reducing collagen formation. In the present study, lentivirus-mediated transfection of the two genes (t-TGF-βRII/HGF) into fibroblasts in vitro and in a rat model in vivo was used. The results demonstrated that the expression of t-TGF-βRII and HGF in NIH-3T3 cells was successfully induced. The expression of both molecules significantly reduced collagen I and III expression, and also inhibited fibroblast proliferation. Furthermore, histological examination and scar quantification revealed less scarring in the experimental wound in a rat model. Moreover, on macroscopic inspection, the experimental wound exhibited less visible scarring compared with the control. Therefore, the present study demonstrated that the combination gene therapy of t-TGF-βRII and HGF promoted wound healing, with less scarring and more epithelial tissue formation, not only by suppressing the overgrowth of collagen due to its antifibrotic effect, but also by promoting tissue regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Rats , Transfection , Collagen/metabolism , Cicatrix/metabolism , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta2/metabolism , Cicatrix/pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Models, Animal , Cell Proliferation
5.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(5): 287-292, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042384

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar os resultados clínicos do Crosslinking Transepitelial (CXL) analisando sua eficácia em pacientes portadores de ceratocone progressivo. Métodos: Estudo transversal retrospectivo com 49 olhos e 37 pacientes com idades entre 10 e 50 anos, submetidos à técnica de CXL em 2017 no Instituto Panamericano da Visão, em Goiânia, Goiás, Brasil. Foi utilizado o sistema KXL Avedro programado no modo pulsado com intervalo (1/1 segundo), usando 45 mW/cm² com 7,2 J e solução de riboflavina a 0,25% da Avedro com córneas irradiadas por 8 minutos. Foram coletados os dados: sexo, idade, acuidade visual sem correção (AVSC), acuidade visual com correção (AVCC), astigmatismo, paquimetria no ponto mais fino e astigmatismo ceratométrico no pré-operatório e pós-operatório com 1, 6 e 12 meses. Foram utilizados os testes Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Qui-quadrado de Pearson, Friedman, Dunnett à posteriori e a correlação de Spearman. Resultados: Vinte e três pacientes (62,2%) eram do sexo feminino e 14 (37,8%) do sexo masculino. A média de idade foi de 27,89 (±10,89) anos. A AVSC e AVCC melhoraram significativamente no pré-operatório em relação a 1 mês (p=0,01) e (p<0,001), 6 meses (p<0,001 ambas) e 12 meses (p<0.001 ambas). O astigmatismo reduziu significativamente no pré-operatório em relação a 6 meses (p=0,02) e 12 meses (p=0,02). A paquimetria no ponto mais fino manteve-se constante no período (p=0,95). A diferença entre k2 e k1 (astigmatismo ceratométrico) mostrou redução significativa no pré-operatório em relação a 1 mês (p=0,01). Conclusão: A técnica de CXL foi segura e eficaz no tratamento e estagnação da doença em pacientes com ceratocone progressivo.


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the clinical results of Transepithelial Crosslinking (CXL) by analyzing its efficacy in patients with progressive keratoconus. Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study with 49 eyes and 37 patients aged 10 to 50 years submitted to the CXL technique in 2017 at the Instituto Panamericano da Visão, in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. The Avedro KXL system was programmed in pulsed mode with interval (1/1 second), using 45 mW/cm² with 7.2 J and 0.25% riboflavin solution of Avedro with irradiated corneas for 8 minutes. Data were collected: sex, age, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), astigmatism, pachymetry at the thinnest point and keratometric astigmatism in the preoperative and postoperative periods at 1, 6 and 12 months. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Pearson's Chi-square, Friedman, Dunnett, and the Spearman correlation were used. Results: Twenty-three patients (62.2%) were female and 14 (37.8%) male. The mean age was 27.89 ± 10.89 years. The UDVA and CDVA significantly improved in the preoperative period in relation to 1 month (p = 0.01) and (p <0.001), 6 months (p <0.001 both) and 12 months (p <0.001 both). Astigmatism significantly reduced preoperatively in relation to 6 months (p = 0.02) and 12 months (p = 0.02). The pachymetry at the thinnest point remained constant in the period (p = 0.95). The difference between k2 and k1 (keratometric astigmatism) showed a significant reduction in the preoperative period in relation to 1 month (p = 0.01). Conclusion: The CXL technique was safe and effective in the treatment and stagnation of the disease in patients with progressive keratoconus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Photochemotherapy/methods , Photosensitizing Agents/therapeutic use , Cross-Linking Reagents/therapeutic use , Keratoconus/drug therapy , Riboflavin/therapeutic use , Ultraviolet Rays , Visual Acuity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Collagen/metabolism , Treatment Outcome , Disease Progression , Epithelium, Corneal , Corneal Topography
6.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(2): 103-106, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989399

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To report our initial experience in the treatment of Acanthamoeba keratitis with accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking. Methods: Retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with Acanthamoeba keratitis with progressive corneal melting who were treated with accelerated collagen cross-linking. Results: A total of 6 eyes (5 patients) were reviewed. All the patients received adjuvant therapy with moxifloxacin and chlorhexidine. In 4 cases, the ulcer healed with a mean interval to epithelialization of 108.8 days (range 59-217). In 2 eyes, there was a persistent neurotrophic ulcer. The melting was not progressive in any case, nor did any eye required emergency penetrating keratoplasy. Conclusion: This study suggests a beneficial effect of accelerated collagen cross-linking in cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis with corneal melting. Thus, collagen cross-linking may be considered as adjuvant treatment for Acanthamoeba keratitis.


RESUMO Objetivo: Relatar nossa experiência inicial no tra tamento da ceratite por Acanthamoeba com reticulação acelerada de colágeno corneano. Métodos: Revisão retrospectiva de prontuários de pacientes diagnosticados com ceratite por Acanthamoeba, com deformação progressiva da córnea, tratados com reticulação acelerada de colágeno. Resultados: Seis olhos (5 pacientes) foram incluídos. Todos os pacientes receberam terapia adjuvante com moxifloxacina e clorexidina. Em 4 casos, a úlcera cicatrizou com uma média de epitelização de 108,8 dias (amplitude de 59-217 dias). Em dois pacientes, a úlcera apresentou um comportamento neurotrófico. A deformação não foi progressiva em nenhum dos pacientes e nenhum dos olhos exigiu ceratoplastia penetrante de emergência. Conclusão: Este estudo sugeriu um efeito benéfico da reticulação acelerada de colágeno em casos de ceratite por Acanthamoeba infecciosa com deformação corneal. A reticulação de colágeno parece ser uma alternativa coadjuvante possível para casos de ceratite por Acanthamoeba.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Riboflavin/therapeutic use , Ultraviolet Therapy/methods , Acanthamoeba Keratitis/therapy , Collagen/metabolism , Photosensitizing Agents/therapeutic use , Cross-Linking Reagents/therapeutic use , Acanthamoeba Keratitis/metabolism , Corneal Ulcer/metabolism , Corneal Ulcer/therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Collagen/drug effects , Collagen/radiation effects , Cornea/drug effects , Cornea/radiation effects , Cornea/metabolism
7.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(6): e20192322, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057185

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar os efeitos da arginina na cicatrização da parede abdominal de ratos Wistar. Métodos: vinte ratos Wistar foram submetidos à laparotomia e separados em dois grupos (arginina e controle), que receberam tratamento diário por via intraperitoneal com arginina (300mg/kg/dia) e solução tampão fosfato em dose equivalente ao peso, respectivamente, durante cinco dias. No sétimo dia pós-operatório, coletaram-se amostras de sangue e da cicatriz da parede abdominal de ambos os grupos. Avaliaram-se o nível sérico de nitratos e nitritos, a evolução cicatricial pelas dosagens de hidroxiprolina tecidual, formação de tecido de granulação, determinação da porcentagem de colágeno maduro e imaturo, densidade de miofibroblastos e angiogênese. Empregaram-se os testes de ANOVA e t de Student com p=0,05 para as comparações entre os grupos. Resultados: não ocorreram diferenças significantes entre os grupos estudados para dosagens de nitratos e nitritos (p=0,9903), hidroxiprolina tecidual (p=0,1315) e densidade de miofibroblastos (p=0,0511). O grupo arginina apresentou maior densidade microvascular (p=0,0008), maior porcentagem de colágeno tipo I (p=0,0064) e melhora na formação do tecido de granulação, com melhores índices de proliferação angiofibroblástica (p=0,0007) e re-epitelização das bordas (p=0,0074). Conclusão: na avaliação cicatricial da parede abdominal de ratos Wistar sob tratamento com arginina, não houve alteração do nível sérico de nitratos e nitritos, da deposição de colágeno total e da densidade de miofibroblastos. Verificaram-se aumento da maturação de colágeno do tipo I, da densidade microvascular e melhora na formação do tecido de granulação cicatricial pelas melhores re-epitelização de bordas e proliferação angiofibroblástica.


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the effects of arginine on abdominal wall healing in rats. Methods: we submitted 20 Wistar rats to laparotomy and divided them into two groups, arginine and control, which then received, respectively, daily intraperitoneal treatment with arginine (300mg/kg/day) and weight-equivalent phosphate buffered solution, during five days. On the seventh postoperative day, we collected blood and scar wall samples from both groups. We evaluated serum nitrate and nitrite levels, wound evolution by tissue hydroxyproline dosages, granulation tissue formation, percentage of mature and immature collagen, myofibroblast density and angiogenesis. We used the ANOVA and the Student's t tests with p=0.05 for comparisons between groups. Results: there were no significant differences between the groups studied for nitrate and nitrite (p=0.9903), tissue hydroxyproline (p=0.1315) and myofibroblast density (p=0.0511). The arginine group presented higher microvascular density (p=0.0008), higher percentage of type I collagen (p=0.0064) and improved granulation tissue formation, with better angiofibroblastic proliferation rates (p=0.0007) and wound edge reepithelization (p=0.0074). Conclusion: in the abdominal wall healing evaluation of Wistar rats under arginine treatment, there was no change in serum nitrate and nitrite levels, total collagen deposition and myofibroblast density. There was an increase in type I collagen maturation, microvascular density and improvement in scar granulation tissue formation by better edge reepithelization and angiofibroblastic proliferation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Arginine/pharmacology , Wound Healing/drug effects , Collagen/drug effects , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Collagen/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Myofibroblasts/drug effects , Abdominal Injuries/drug therapy
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(5): 404-409, Nov. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887965

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Hyperlipidemia, which is characterized by an elevation of lipids in the bloodstream, is a major risk factor for cardiac disease. Objectives: The present study investigated the role of fibrosis in the progression of hyperlipidemia in the mice heart, and whether mast cell activation was associated with the fibrosis process. Methods: Hyperlipidemia was produced in C57BL / 6 mice by feeding them on a high-fat diet for 8 weeks.To assess tissue fibrosis, picrosirius red staining was performed. Hematoxylin & eosin (H&E) staining was performed to identify the histopathological changes in the hearts. Immunohistochemistry was also accomplished to determine the localization of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). Western blotting was performed to analyze the expression of chymase, tryptase, TGF-β, α-SMA and activity of Wnt/β-catenin pathway. At the end, serum total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) levels were measured. All the values were expressed as means ± SD, the statistical significance level adopted was 5%. Results: Hyperlipidemia mice showed significantly increased collagen deposition in the hearts compared with normal mice. In addition, H&E staining showed significant cellular degeneration. Cardiac muscle was arranged in disorder with fracture in mice of the model group. Immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis revealed that expression levels of tryptase, chymase, β-catenin, TGF-β and α-SMA were significantly increased in the hyperlipidemia mice compared with the control group. Conclusions: The results indicated that mast cell activation might induce cardiac fibrosis by tryptase and chymase in hyperlipidemia, which had a close relationship with the increased activity of TGF-β/Wnt/β-catenin pathway.


Resumo Fundamentos: A hiperlipidemia, que se caracteriza por uma elevação dos lipídeos na corrente sanguínea, é um importante fator de risco para a doença cardíaca. Objetivos: O presente estudo investigou o papel da fibrose na progressão da hiperlipidemia no coração do rato e se a ativação dos mastócitos estava associada ao processo de fibrose. Método: A hiperlipidemia foi produzida em ratos C57BL/6 alimentando-os com uma dieta rica em gordura durante 8 semanas. Para avaliar a fibrose tecidual, foi realizada coloração vermelha picro-Sirius. A coloração com hematoxilina e eosina (H & E) foi feita para identificar as alterações histopatológicas nos corações. A imuno-histoquímica também foi levada a cabo para determinar a localização do fator de crescimento transformante (TGF) -β e α-actina do músculo liso (α-SMA). O Western Blot foi realizado para analisar as expressões de quimase, triptase, TGF-β, α-SMA e a atividade da via Wnt / β-catenina. Finalmente, se mediram os níveis séricos de colesterol total (TC) e triglicerídeos (TG). Todos os valores foram expressos como média ± DP, o nível de significância estatística adotado foi de 5%. Resultados: Os ratos hiperlipidêmicos mostraram aumento significativo da deposição de colágeno nos corações em comparação com ratos normais. Além disso, a coloração de H & E mostrou degeneração celular significativa. O músculo cardíaco estava em desordem com ruptura de fibras em ratos do grupo modelo. A análise imuno-histoquímica e o Western Blot revelaram que os níveis de expressão de triptase, quimase, β-catenina, TGF-β e α-SMA estavam significativamente aumentados nos ratos hiperlipidêmicos em comparação com o grupo controle. Conclusões: Os resultados indicaram que a ativação de mastócitos pode induzir fibrose cardíaca por triptase e quimase em hiperlipidemia, a qual teve uma relação estreita com a atividade aumentada da via TGF-β / Wnt / β-catenina.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Collagen/metabolism , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Hyperlipidemias/pathology , Mast Cells/metabolism , Myocardium/pathology , Fibrosis , Immunohistochemistry , Blotting, Western , Disease Models, Animal , Hyperlipidemias/etiology , Hyperlipidemias/metabolism , Mast Cells/chemistry , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Myocardium/metabolism
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(4): 746-752, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892861

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose The polypropylene mesh (PPM) is used in many surgical interventions because of its good incorporation and accessibility. However, potential mesh-related complications are common. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) improves the healing of wounds and is inexpensive. Thus, the purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of the PRP-gel coating of a PPM on inflammation, production of collagen, and smooth muscle in the rabbit vagina. Materials and Methods The intervention consisted of a 1.5cm incision and divulsion of the vaginal mucosa for the implantation of a PRP-coated PPM. The PRP-coated mesh was implanted in 15 rabbits, and in the second group, the same implant was used without the PRP coating. In the sham group, the intervention consisted of the incision, divulsion, and suture. The rabbits were euthanized at 7, 30 and 90 days, and full-thickness sagittal sections of the posterior vaginal wall and rectum were scored. The inflammatory infiltrate was evaluated using hematoxylin and eosin staining. The Sirius Red stain was used to examine deposition of collagen I and III, and Masson's trichrome staining was used to visualize the smooth muscle. Results The group with PRP-coated meshes had a lower inflammatory infiltrate count at 30 days. Deposition of collagen III increased with the use of PRP-coating at 90 days. Conclusions The area of inflammatory infiltrate was significantly increased in the group without the PRP-coated mesh at 30 days but not in the group with the PRP-coated mesh, indicating a less intense inflammatory response. In addition, a significant increase in collagen III occurred at 90 days.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Polypropylenes , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Vagina/surgery , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Postoperative Complications , Rabbits , Vagina/pathology , Wound Healing , Collagen/metabolism
10.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(1): 13-24, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839339

ABSTRACT

Abstract Specific proteases capable of degrading native triple helical or denatured collagen have been required for many years and have a large spectrum of applications. There are few complete reports that fully uncover production, characterization and purification of fungi collagenases. In this review, authors searched through four scientific on line data bases using the following keywords (collagenolytic OR collagenase) AND (fungi OR fungus OR fungal) AND (production OR synthesis OR synthesize) AND (characterization). Scientific criteria were adopted in this review to classify found articles by score (from 0 to 10). After exclusion criteria, 21 articles were selected. None obtained the maximum of 10 points defined by the methodology, which indicates a deficiency in studies dealing simultaneously with production, characterization and purification of collagenase by fungi. Among microorganisms studied the non-pathogenic fungi Penicillium aurantiogriseum and Rhizoctonia solani stood out in volumetric and specific collagenase activity. The only article found that made sequencing of a true collagenase showed 100% homology with several metalloproteinases fungi. A clear gap in literature about collagenase production by fungi was verified, which prevents further development in the area and increases the need for further studies, particularly full characterization of fungal collagenases with high specificity to collagen.


Subject(s)
Collagen/metabolism , Collagenases/metabolism , Fungi/metabolism , Substrate Specificity , Collagen/chemistry , Collagenases/isolation & purification , Collagenases/biosynthesis , Collagenases/chemistry , Culture Media , Enzyme Activation , Proteolysis , Fungi/classification
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(7): e5692, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951697

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is the most common outcome of chronic liver diseases, and its progression to cirrhosis can only be effectively treated with liver transplantation. The amniotic membrane (AM) has been studied as an alternative therapy for fibrosis diseases mainly for its favorable properties, including anti-inflammatory, anti-scaring and immunomodulatory properties. It was recently demonstrated that the AM reduces the progression of biliary fibrosis to its advanced stage, cirrhosis, when applied on the liver for 6 weeks after fibrosis induction. Here, we investigated the effects of AM on rat fibrotic liver, during a prolonged period of time. Fibrosis was induced by bile duct ligation (BDL), and at the same time, a fragment of AM was applied around the liver. After 1, 3, 6, and 9 weeks, the degree of fibrosis was assessed by qualitative Knodell scoring, and by quantitative image analysis to quantify the area of collagen deposition in hepatic tissue. While fibrosis progressed rapidly in untreated BDL animals, leading to cirrhosis within 6 weeks, AM-treated livers showed confined fibrosis at the periportal area with few and thin fibrotic septa, but without cirrhosis. In addition, collagen deposition was reduced to about 36 and 55% of levels observed in BDL at 6 and 9 weeks after BDL, respectively, which shows that the longer the period of AM application, the lower the collagen deposition. These results suggested that AM applied as a patch onto the liver surface for longer periods attenuated the severity of biliary fibrosis and protected against liver degeneration caused by excessive collagen deposition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Rats , Amnion/transplantation , Liver Cirrhosis/prevention & control , Time Factors , Collagen/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Ligation
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(5): 589-594, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827757

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: The morphological similarities between fibrous papules of the face and multiple sporadic oral fibromas were mentioned long ago and a relationship between them has been reported in the literature. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the participation of mast cells, elastin and collagen in a series of oral fibromas and fibrous papules of the face in order to better understand the possible role of these factors in fibrosis and the formation of these lesions. Methods: Thirty cases of oral fibroma involving the buccal mucosa and 30 cases of fibrous papules of the face were selected. Tissue samples were submitted to picrosirius red staining and immunohistochemistry using anti-elastin and anti-tryptase antibodies. Results: The percentage of tryptase-positive mast cells and expression of elastin were higher in cases of fibrous papules of the face (p < 0.05). In contrast, a higher intensity of collagen deposition was observed in oral fibromas. The results showed mast cell accumulation and higher elastin synthesis in fibrous papules of the face, and mast cell accumulation with higher collagen fiber synthesis in oral fibromas. Conclusion: These findings support the hypothesis that mast cells influence the development and growth of these lesions through different mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Fibroma/pathology , Fibrosis/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Collagen/metabolism , Elastin/metabolism , Tryptases/metabolism , Facial Dermatoses/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Fibroma/metabolism , Mast Cells/metabolism , Mouth Mucosa/metabolism
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(5): 614-620, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827766

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Regeneration and tissue repair processes consist of a sequence of molecular and cellular events which occur after the onset of a tissue lesion in order to restore the damaged tissue. The exsudative, proliferative, and extracellular matrix remodeling phases are sequential events that occur through the integration of dynamic processes involving soluble mediators, blood cells, and parenchymal cells. Exsudative phenomena that take place after injury contribute to the development of tissue edema. The proliferative stage seeks to reduce the area of tissue injury by contracting myofibroblasts and fibroplasia. At this stage, angiogenesis and reepithelialization processes can still be observed. Endothelial cells are able to differentiate into mesenchymal components, and this difference appears to be finely orchestrated by a set of signaling proteins that have been studied in the literature. This pathway is known as Hedgehog. The purpose of this review is to describe the various cellular and molecular aspects involved in the skin healing process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wound Healing/physiology , Collagen/metabolism , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Hedgehog Proteins/physiology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Re-Epithelialization/physiology
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(3): 585-593, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785738

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives To describe acute and sub acute aspects of histological and immunohistochemical response to PP implant in a rat subcutaneous model based on objective methods. Materials and Methods Thirty rats had a PP mesh subcutaneously implanted and the same dissection on the other side of abdomen but without mesh (sham). The animals were euthanized after 4 and 30 days. Six slides were prepared using the tissue removed: one stained with hematoxylin-eosin (inflammation assessment); one unstained (birefringence evaluation) and four slides for immunohistochemical processing: IL-1 and TNF-α (pro-inflammatory cytokines), MMP-2 (collagen metabolism) and CD-31 (angiogenesis). The area of inflammation, the birefringence index, the area of immunoreactivity and the number of vessels were objectively measured. Results A larger area of inflammatory reaction was observed in PP compared to sham on the 4th and on the 30th day (p=0.0002). After 4 days, PP presented higher TNF (p=0.0001) immunoreactivity than sham and no differences were observed in MMP-2 (p=0.06) and IL-1 (p=0.08). After 30 days, a reduction of IL-1 (p=0.010) and TNF (p=0.016) for PP and of IL-1 (p=0.010) for sham were observed. Moreover, area of MMP-2 immunoreactivity decreased over time for PP group (p=0.018). Birefringence index and vessel counting showed no differences between PP and sham (p=0.27 and p=0.58, respectively). Conclusions The implantation of monofilament and macroporous polypropylene in the subcutaneous of rats resulted in increased inflammatory activity and higher TNF production in the early post implant phase. After 30 days, PP has similar cytokines immunoreactivity, vessel density and extracellular matrix organization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Foreign-Body Reaction/etiology , Foreign-Body Reaction/chemically induced , Foreign-Body Reaction/pathology , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors , Biocompatible Materials/adverse effects , Birefringence , Materials Testing , Immunohistochemistry , Cellulitis/etiology , Cellulitis/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Collagen/analysis , Collagen/metabolism , Interleukin-1/analysis , Interleukin-1/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/analysis , Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism
15.
Rev. bras. queimaduras ; 15(2): 116-121, abr-jun.2016.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-915066

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Queimaduras são feridas traumáticas causadas por agentes térmicos, químicos, elétricos ou radioativos. Há na literatura diversos estudos que discorrem sobre técnicas que amenizem as sequelas deixadas pelas queimaduras. Dentro dos tratamentos disponíveis, o microagulhamento tem se apresentado como estratégia de importantes resultados. O princípio do microagulhamento é proporcionar um estímulo na produção de colágeno, melhorar a qualidade da cicatriz e construção do tecido cicatricial ao nível da pele normal, preservando a epiderme e modulando os níveis de fatores de crescimento de transformação ß1 e 2, que são considerados pró-inflamatórios, e aumentando os níveis de TGFß 3, reorganizando as fibras colágenas e normalizando o aspecto do tecido, sugerindo uma melhora em cicatrizes fibróticas. Objetivo: Identificar, na literatura, a ação do microagulhamento no tratamento de cicatrizes de pacientes que sofreram queimaduras. Método: O método adotado para a pesquisa foi a revisão do tipo descritiva, com estratégia de busca elaborada, utilizando artigos indexados nas bases de dados LILACS, SciELO, PubMed e Medline no período de 2008 a 2016. Resultados: Foram encontrados sete estudos, sendo selecionados quatro que preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Dentre os selecionados, dois são estudos de caso, uma revisão bibliográfica sobre a técnica, porém não relacionada especificamente a cicatrizes por queimaduras, e um ensaio clínico randomizado. Conclusão: O microagulhamento se mostra como um promissor tratamento nas cicatrizes de queimadura, promovendo melhora do aspecto estético. Ainda há carência de estudos sobre a temática, especialmente os ensaios clínicos randomizados. Recomenda-se que mais estudos nesse padrão sejam realizados.


Introduction: Burns are traumatic wounds caused by thermal, chemical, electrical or radioactive agents. In the literature there are several studies that discuss techniques that mitigate the consequences left by the burns. Among the treatments available, the microneedling has emerged as important strategy results. The principle of microneedling is to provide a stimulation of collagen production, improving scar quality and construction of scar tissue at the level of the normal skin, preserving the epidermis modulating levels ß1 and 2, transforming growth factors that are considered pro-inflammatory, and increasing levels of TGFß 3 reorganizing collagen fibers, and normalizing the appearance of tissue, suggesting an improvement in fibrotic scars. Objective: To identify, in the literature, the action of microneedling in treating scars of patients who suffered burns. Method: The method adopted for the research was a review of descriptive, with elaborate search strategy using articles indexed in the databases LILACS, SciELO, PubMed and Medline from 2008 to 2016. Results: Seven studies were found, and selected four that met the inclusion criteria. Among the selected, two are case studies, a literature review on the technical but not specifically related to scarring from burns and a randomized clinical trial. Conclusion: Microneedling shown as a promising treatment in burn scars, promoting improved aesthetic appearance. There is still a lack of studies on the subject especially randomized clinical trials, so it is recommended that further studies in this standard are met.


Introducción: Las quemaduras son heridas traumáticas causadas por agentes térmicos, químicos, eléctricos o radioactivos. En la literatura varios estudios que tratan sobre las técnicas que mitiguen las consecuencias dejadas por las quemaduras. Entre los tratamientos disponibles, las microagujas han presentado una estrategia con resultados importantes. El principio de microagujas es proporcionar una estimulación de la producción de colágeno, mejorando la calidad de la cicatriz y la construcción de tejido de la cicatriz en el nivel de la piel normal, preservando la epidermis modulación de los niveles ß1e2 factores de crecimiento transformante que se consideran pro-inflamatoria, y aumentar niveles de TGF 3 reorganización de las fibras de colágeno normalizar la apariencia de tejido que sugiere una mejora de cicatrices fibróticas. Objetivo: Identificar, en la literatura, la acción de microagujas en el tratamiento de cicatrices de pacientes que sufrieron quemaduras. Método: El método adoptado para la investigación fue una revisión descriptiva, con estrategia de búsqueda elaborada, utilizando artículos indexados en las bases de datos LILACS, SciELO, PubMed y Medline desde 2008 hasta 2016. Resultados: Fueron encontrados siete artículos, entre los cuales se seleccionaron cuatro que cumplían los criterios de inclusión. Entre los seleccionados, dos son estudios de casos, una revisión de la literatura en la técnica, pero no específicamente relacionadas con la cicatrización de quemaduras y un ensayo clínico aleatorizado. Conclusión: Microagujas se muestra como un tratamiento prometedor en las cicatrices de quemaduras, promoviendo una mejor apariencia estética. Todavía hay una falta de estudios sobre el tema ensayos clínicos aleatorizados sobre todo, se recomienda que se cumplan otros estudios en esta norma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wound Healing , Burns/therapy , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Collagen/metabolism , Cicatrix/therapy
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(5): 314-319, May 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-783800

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE : To evaluate the effects of platelet rich plasma (PRP) on the healing of fascia wherein peritonitis has been created. METHODS: Twenty eight Wistar Albino rats were divided into four groups. Only a primary fascial repair following laparotomy was performed on Group 1, a primary fascial repair performed and PRP treatment applied following laparotomy on Group 2, and a fecal peritonitis created following laparotomy and a primary fascial repair carried out on Group 3. A fecal peritonitis was created following laparotomy and primary fascial repair and PRP treatment on the fascia was carried out on Group 4. RESULTS: TNF-α was found to be significantly lower in the control group (Group 1). It was detected at the highest level in the group in which fecal peritonitis was created and PRP applied (Group 4). TGF-β was determined as being significantly higher only in Group 4. Histopathologically, the differences between the groups in terms of cell infiltration and collagen deposition were not found to be significant. CONCLUSION: When platelet rich plasma was given histologically and biochemicaly as wound healing parameters cellular infiltration, collagen accumulation, and tissue hydroxyiproline levels were not increased but neovascularization, fibroblast activation and TNF Alfa levels were increased and PRP accelerated wound healing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Peritonitis/complications , Wound Healing , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Fascia/physiology , Peritonitis/metabolism , Serine Endopeptidases/metabolism , Random Allocation , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , Collagen/drug effects , Collagen/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Gelatinases/metabolism , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Models, Animal , Fascia/blood supply , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Hydroxyproline/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(5): 294-299, May 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-783797

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To compare fibroplasia and the resistance of the abdominal wall when polypropylene meshes and polypropylene/poliglecaprone are used. METHODS: Seventy-seven male Wistar rats were divided into three groups: Control Group (for resistance); Group E (polypropylene mesh); and Group U (polypropylene/poliglecaprone mesh). The animals in Groups E and U had a standard muscular and aponeurotic defect, with integral peritoneum, and correction with the mesh. Measurements were taken 4, 7, 14, 28 and 56 days after surgery. The resistance, and collagen density were studied. RESULTS: Resistance on the 56th day was similar in both meshes. The gain in resistance described an ascending curve for the polypropylene mesh and was irregular in the case of the polypropylene/poliglecaprone. Fibroplasia showed a gain in type I and type III collagen in both groups (p<0.001). Collagen III stabilized in the 14th day and collagen I continued to ascend. CONCLUSIONS: The gain in resistance of the polypropylene mesh is regular and ascending, whereas the polypropylene/poliglecaprone is not regular. The final resistance of both meshes is similar; the collagen density increases over time, and show the same inflammatory potential.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Polyesters/therapeutic use , Polypropylenes/therapeutic use , Collagen/metabolism , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Dioxanes/therapeutic use , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Postoperative Period , Tensile Strength/physiology , Materials Testing/instrumentation , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Collagen Type III/metabolism , Incisional Hernia/physiopathology , Incisional Hernia/metabolism
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 106(1): 62-69, Jan. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-771051

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cardiac remodeling is defined as a group of molecular, cellular and interstitial changes that manifest clinically as changes in size, mass, geometry and function of the heart after injury. The process results in poor prognosis because of its association with ventricular dysfunction and malignant arrhythmias. Here, we discuss the concepts and clinical implications of cardiac remodeling, and the pathophysiological role of different factors, including cell death, energy metabolism, oxidative stress, inflammation, collagen, contractile proteins, calcium transport, geometry and neurohormonal activation. Finally, the article describes the pharmacological treatment of cardiac remodeling, which can be divided into three different stages of strategies: consolidated, promising and potential strategies.


Resumo A remodelação cardíaca é definida como um conjunto de mudanças moleculares, celulares e intersticiais cardíacas, que se manifestam clinicamente por alterações no tamanho, massa, geometria e função do coração, em resposta à determinada agressão. Esse processo resulta em mal prognóstico, pois está associado com a progressão da disfunção ventricular e arritmias malignas. Nessa revisão, são discutidos os conceitos e as implicações clínicas da remodelação, além do papel fisiopatológico de diferentes fatores, incluindo morte celular, metabolismo energético, estresse oxidativo, inflamação, colágeno, proteínas contráteis, transporte de cálcio, geometria e ativação neurohormonal. Finalmente, o artigo apresenta o tratamento farmacológico, que pode ser dividido em três estágios: estratégias consolidadas, promissoras e potenciais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ventricular Dysfunction/drug therapy , Ventricular Dysfunction/physiopathology , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/drug therapy , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/metabolism , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Calcium/metabolism , Collagen/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Oxidative Stress , Ventricular Dysfunction/metabolism
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220498

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Asthma is characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, inflammation, and remodeling. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors have been reported to regulate inflammatory responses in many cells. In this study, we examined the effects of intranasal rosiglitazone on airway remodeling in a chronic asthma model. METHODS: We developed a mouse model of airway remodeling, including smooth muscle thickening, in which ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mice were repeatedly exposed to intranasal OVA administration twice per week for 3 months. Mice were treated intranasally with rosiglitazone with or without an antagonist during OVA challenge. We determined airway inflammation and the degree of airway remodeling by smooth muscle actin area and collagen deposition. RESULTS: Mice chronically exposed to OVA developed sustained eosinophilic airway inflammation, compared with control mice. Additionally, the mice developed features of airway remodeling, including thickening of the peribronchial smooth muscle layer. Administration of rosiglitazone intranasally inhibited the eosinophilic inflammation significantly, and, importantly, airway smooth muscle remodeling in mice chronically exposed to OVA. Expression of Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4 and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-kappaB) was increased in the OVA group and decreased in the rosiglitazone group. Co-treatment with GW9660 (a rosiglitazone antagonist) and rosiglitazone increased the expression of TLR-4 and NF-kappaB. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that intranasal administration of rosiglitazone can prevent not only air way inf lammation but also air way remodeling associated with chronic allergen challenge. This beneficial effect is mediated by inhibition of TLR-4 and NF-kappaB pathways.


Subject(s)
Actins/metabolism , Administration, Inhalation , Airway Remodeling/drug effects , Animals , Anti-Asthmatic Agents/administration & dosage , Asthma/chemically induced , Chronic Disease , Collagen/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Lung/drug effects , Mice, Inbred BALB C , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Ovalbumin , PPAR gamma/agonists , Pneumonia/chemically induced , Pulmonary Eosinophilia/chemically induced , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Thiazolidinediones/administration & dosage , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1282-1285, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-79762

ABSTRACT

To determine whether platelet-rich fibrin lysate (PRF-L) could restore the function of chronically ultraviolet-A (UVA)-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs), we isolated and sub-cultured HDFs from six different human foreskins. HDFs were divided into two groups: those that received chronic UVA irradiation (total dosages of 10 J cm-2) and those that were not irradiated. We compared the proliferation rates, collagen deposition, and migration rates between the groups and between chronically UVA-irradiated HDFs in control and PRF-L-treated media. Our experiment showed that chronic UVA irradiation significantly decreased (p<0.05) the proliferation rates, migration rates, and collagen deposition of HDFs, compared to controls. Compared to control media, chronically UVA-irradiated HDFs in 50% PRF-L had significantly increased proliferation rates, migration rates, and collagen deposition (p<0.05), and the migration rates and collagen deposition of chronically UVA-irradiated HDFs in 50% PRF-L were equal to those of normal fibroblasts. Based on this experiment, we concluded that PRF-L is a good candidate material for treating UVA-induced photoaging of skin, although the best method for its clinical application remains to be determined.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets/cytology , Cell Movement/radiation effects , Cell Proliferation/radiation effects , Cells, Cultured , Collagen/metabolism , Fibrin/metabolism , Fibroblasts/cytology , Humans , Skin/cytology , Time Factors , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects
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