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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 25-31, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155792

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of coronary collateral circulation (CCC) in patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: A total of 127 patients who had undergone CABG (2011-2013) were enrolled into this study and follow-up was obtained by phone contact. Patients were categorized into two groups according to preoperative CCC using the Rentrop method. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, heart failure (HF), and mortality rates were compared between groups. Clinical outcome was defined as combined end point including death, PCI, recurrent MI, stroke, and HF. Results: Sixty-two of 127 patients had poor CCC and 65 had good CCC. There were no differences in terms of PCI, recurrent MI, and HF between the groups. Stroke (seven of 62 [11.3%] and one of 65 [1.5%], P=0.026) and mortality (19 of 62 [30.6%] and 10 of 65 [15.4%], P=0.033) rates were significantly higher in poor CCC group than in good CCC group. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, survival time was not statistically different between the groups. Presence of poor CCC resulted in a significantly higher combined end point incidence (P=0.011). Conclusion: Stroke, mortality rates, and combined end point incidence were significantly higher in poor CCC patients than in the good CCC group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Stroke/etiology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Coronary Artery Bypass , Treatment Outcome , Collateral Circulation , Coronary Circulation
2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 445-451, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137300

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate surgical management and results of patients with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (PA/VSD/MAPCAs). Methods: We reviewed a consecutive series of patients with PA/VSD/MAPCAs between January 2012 and October 2018. Study patients were separated into Group A, efficient MAPCAs; Group B, hypoplastic MAPCAs; Group C, severe hypoplastic MAPCAs at all divisions; and Group D, distal stenosis at most MAPCAs divisions. Results: Thirty-six patients were included in the study. Median age at operation time was 5.5 months (2-110 months), median weight was 8 kg (2.5-21 kg), and median number of MAPCAs was three (1-6). In Group A, 14 patients underwent single-stage total correction (TC); in Group B, 18 patients underwent unifocalization and central shunting; and in Group C, four patients had aortopulmonary window creation and collateral ligation. No patient was placed in Group D. Seventy percent of patients (n=25) had the TC operation. Early mortality was not seen in Group A, but the other two groups had a 13.6% mortality rate. At the follow-up, three patients had reintervention, two had new conduit replacement, and one had right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction. Conclusion: Evaluating patients with PA/VSD/MAPCAs in detail and subdividing them is quite useful in determining the appropriate surgical approach. With this strategy, TC can be achieved in most patients. Single-stage TC is better than other surgical methods due to its lower mortality and reintervention rates. Care should be taken in terms of early postoperative intensive care complications and reintervention indications during follow-ups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Pulmonary Atresia/surgery , Heart Septal Defects/surgery , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Collateral Circulation
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 160-165, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136172

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Coronary collateral development (CCD) predicts the severity of coronary heart disease. Hemogram parameters, such as mean platelet volume (MPV), eosinophil, red cell distribution width, and platelet distribution width (PDW), are supposed novel inflammatory markers. We aimed to compare hemogram parameter values in patients presenting with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with adequate or inadequate CCD. METHODS A total of 177 patients with NSTEMI undergoing coronary arteriography were enrolled and divided into two groups based on the development of CCD: one group with adequate CCD (n=88) and the other with impaired CCD (n=89). RESULTS Baseline demographics and clinical risk factors were similar between the groups. Hemogram parameters were not significantly different between the two groups. However, compared to the inadequate CCD group, the median PDW was significantly higher in the adequate CCD group, 17.6 (1.4) vs. 17.8 (1.6) p=0.004. In a multivariate analysis, PDW (p=0.001, 95% CI for OR: 0.489(0,319-0,750) was found to be significantly different in the adequate CCD group compared to the inadequate CCD group. Pearson's correlation analysis revealed that PDW was significantly correlated with the Rentrop score (r=0.26, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS We suggest that since PDW is an index that is inexpensive and easy to assess, it could serve as a marker of CCD in patients with NSTEMI.


RESUMO OBJETIVO O desenvolvimento colateral coronariano (CCD) prediz a gravidade da doença coronariana. Parâmetros de hemograma como volume plaquetário médio (VPM), eosinófilo, largura de distribuição de glóbulos vermelhos e largura de distribuição de plaquetas (PDW) são supostos novos marcadores inflamatórios. Nosso objetivo foi comparar os valores do parâmetro hemograma em pacientes com infarto do miocárdio sem supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAMSSST) com DCC adequado ou inadequado. MÉTODOS Um total de 177 pacientes com NSTEMI submetidos à arteriografia coronariana foram incluídos e divididos, com base no desenvolvimento de CCD, em dois grupos: grupo com CCD adequado (n = 88) e grupo com CCD alterado (n = 89). RESULTADOS Os dados demográficos e os fatores de risco clínicos basais foram semelhantes entre os grupos. Os parâmetros do hemograma não foram significativamente diferentes entre os dois grupos. Mas, em comparação com a mediana inadequada do grupo CCD, o PDW foi significativamente maior em CCD adequado de 17,6 (1,4) vs. 17,8 (1,6) p = 0,004. Na análise multivariada, PDW (p = 0,001, IC 95% para OR: 0,489 (0,319-0,750) foi significativamente diferente no grupo CCD adequado em comparação com o grupo CCD inadequado. A análise de correlação de Pearson revelou que PDW foi significativamente correlacionado com escore de aluguel (r = 0,26, p <0,001). CONCLUSÃO Sugerimos que, uma vez que a PDW é um índice barato e de fácil avaliação, pode servir como um marcador de DCC em pacientes com IAMSSST.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Collateral Circulation/physiology , Coronary Circulation/physiology , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction/blood , Reference Values , Blood Cell Count , Blood Platelets , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Coronary Angiography , Statistics, Nonparametric , Mean Platelet Volume , Middle Aged
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773557

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and collateral circulation in patients with acute cerebral infarction (AIS) after thrombolytic therapy.@*METHODS@#This retrospective, observational cohort study was conducted among 65 patients with AIS receiving thrombolytic therapy, who were divided according to findings by computed tomographic angiography (CTA) into good collateral circulation (group A, = 34) and poor collateral circulation (group B, = 31). Serum samples were collected from all the patients and the levels of TLR4 were measured with ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The patients in group A had significantly better outcomes than those in group B. The NIHSS scores at 24 h and 30 days after thrombolytic therapy, mRS scores at 90 days and serum TLR4 levels were significantly lower in group A than in group B ( < 0.05); the percentages of patients with symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage were comparable between the two groups. The serum levels of TLR4 were negatively correlated with the rMLC score ( < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that a high level of TLR4 was associated with a poor collateral circulation after thrombolysis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Good collateral circulation can increase the benefit of intravenous thrombolysis in patients with ACI, and the level of TLR4 is a predictive factor for the compensation of collateral circulation following ACI.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Infarction , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Cohort Studies , Collateral Circulation , Fibrinolytic Agents , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Stroke , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Thrombolytic Therapy , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Metabolism , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate the value of the myocardial extracellular volume fraction (ECV) in predicting myocardial functional outcome after revascularization of coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with CTO underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) before and 6 months after revascularization. Three baseline markers of functional outcome were evaluated in the dysfunctional segments assigned to the CTO vessels: ECV, transmural extent of infarction (TEI), and unenhanced rim thickness (RIM). At the global level, the ECV values of the whole myocardium with and without a hyperenhanced region (global and remote ECV) were respectively measured. RESULTS: In per-segment analysis, ECV was superior to TEI and RIM in predicting functional recovery (area under receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC]: 0.86 vs. 0.75 and 0.73, all p values < 0.010), and it emerged as the only independent predictor of regional functional outcome (odds ratio [OR] = 0.83, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.77–0.89; p < 0.001) independent of collateral circulation. In per-patient analysis, global baseline ECV was indicative of ejection fraction (EF) at the follow-up examination (β = −0.61, p < 0.001) and changes in EF (β = −0.57, p = 0.001) in multivariate regression analysis. A patient with global baseline ECV less than 30.0% (AUC, 0.93; sensitivity 94%, specificity 80%) was more likely to demonstrate significant EF improvement (OR: 0.38; 95% CI: 0.17–0.85; p = 0.019). CONCLUSION: Extracellular volume fraction obtained by CMR may provide incremental value for the prediction of functional recovery both at the segmental and global levels in CTO patients, and may facilitate the identification of patients who can benefit from revascularization.


Subject(s)
Collateral Circulation , Coronary Vessels , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infarction , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardial Ischemia , Myocardium , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion, collateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) flow has a protective role against ischemia. However, some of these patients may experience initial major neurological deficits and major worsening on following days. Thus, we investigated the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment (EVT) for ICA occlusion with collateral MCA flow by comparing clinical outcomes of medical treatment versus EVT. METHODS: The inclusion criteria were as follows : 1) acute ischemic stroke with ICA occlusion and presence of collateral MCA flow on transfemoral cerebral angiography (TFCA) and 2) hospital arrival within 12 hours from symptom onset. The treatment strategy was made by the attending physician based on the patient’s clinical status and results of TFCA. RESULTS: Eighty-one patients were included (30 medical treatment, 51 EVT). The EVT group revealed a high incidence of intracranial ICA occlusion, longer ipsilesional MCA contrast filling time, and a similar rate of favorable clinical outcome despite a higher mean baseline the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. By binary logistic regression analysis, intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator and EVT were independent predictors of favorable clinical outcome. In subgroup analysis based on stroke etiology, the non-atherosclerotic group showed a higher baseline NIHSS score, higher incidence of EVT, and a higher rate of distal embolization during EVT in comparison with the atherosclerotic group. CONCLUSION: In patients with ICA occlusion and collateral MCA flow, decisions regarding treatment strategy based on TFCA can help achieve favorable clinical outcomes. EVT strategy with respect to etiology of ICA occlusion might help achieve better angiographic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Carotid Artery, Internal , Cerebral Angiography , Collateral Circulation , Humans , Incidence , Ischemia , Logistic Models , Middle Cerebral Artery , Stroke , Thrombectomy , Tissue Plasminogen Activator
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766873

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We report a case of acute visual loss with ophthalmoplegia after prone position spinal surgery who had blood supply dependence on collateral circulation due to occlusion of the Internal carotid artery. CASE SUMMARY: A 74-year-old man was referred to the department of ophthalmology for acute visual loss and ophthalmoplegia after lumbar spine surgery performed in prone position. On the initial visit, his right visual acuity was 0.8 and the left visual acuity was negative light perception. Intraocular pressure was normal. There was a relative afferent pupillary defect and ophthalmoplegia of all directions in the left eye. Because of the ptosis of the upper eyelid in the left eye, it was impossible to tune the eye voluntarily. The cherry red spot and pale retina were observed on the fundus examination. On brain magnetic resonance imaging angiography, we found complete obstruction of the left internal carotid artery. He had intravenous injection of 1 g methylprednisolone for 3 days, and discharged with per oral medicine. After 1 month of treatment, the ophthalmoplegia was slightly improved, but visual acuity was not recovered. CONCLUSIONS: In this case, unlike previous reports, acute visual loss and ophthalmoplegia occurred after spinal surgery the patient who had collateral circulation for ocular blood supply because of complete obstruction of the left internal carotid artery. This report highlights the importance of being aware of the anatomical variant in possible complications of external ocular compression after non-ocular surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Angiography , Brain , Carotid Artery, Internal , Collateral Circulation , Eyelids , Humans , Injections, Intravenous , Intraocular Pressure , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methylprednisolone , Ophthalmology , Ophthalmoplegia , Oral Medicine , Prone Position , Pupil Disorders , Retina , Retinal Artery Occlusion , Spine , Visual Acuity
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788762

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion, collateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) flow has a protective role against ischemia. However, some of these patients may experience initial major neurological deficits and major worsening on following days. Thus, we investigated the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment (EVT) for ICA occlusion with collateral MCA flow by comparing clinical outcomes of medical treatment versus EVT.METHODS: The inclusion criteria were as follows : 1) acute ischemic stroke with ICA occlusion and presence of collateral MCA flow on transfemoral cerebral angiography (TFCA) and 2) hospital arrival within 12 hours from symptom onset. The treatment strategy was made by the attending physician based on the patient’s clinical status and results of TFCA.RESULTS: Eighty-one patients were included (30 medical treatment, 51 EVT). The EVT group revealed a high incidence of intracranial ICA occlusion, longer ipsilesional MCA contrast filling time, and a similar rate of favorable clinical outcome despite a higher mean baseline the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. By binary logistic regression analysis, intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator and EVT were independent predictors of favorable clinical outcome. In subgroup analysis based on stroke etiology, the non-atherosclerotic group showed a higher baseline NIHSS score, higher incidence of EVT, and a higher rate of distal embolization during EVT in comparison with the atherosclerotic group.CONCLUSION: In patients with ICA occlusion and collateral MCA flow, decisions regarding treatment strategy based on TFCA can help achieve favorable clinical outcomes. EVT strategy with respect to etiology of ICA occlusion might help achieve better angiographic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Carotid Artery, Internal , Cerebral Angiography , Collateral Circulation , Humans , Incidence , Ischemia , Logistic Models , Middle Cerebral Artery , Stroke , Thrombectomy , Tissue Plasminogen Activator
9.
Journal of Stroke ; : 362-372, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717269

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Collateral status is an important factor determining outcome in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Hence, different collateral scoring systems have been introduced. We applied different scoring systems on single- and multi-phase computed tomography (CT) angiography (spCTA and mpCTA) and compared them to CT perfusion (CTP) parameters to identify the best method for collateral evaluation in patients with AIS. METHODS: A total of 102 patients with AIS due to large vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation who underwent multimodal CT imaging and who were treated endovascularly were included. Collateral status was assessed on spCTA and mpCTA using four different scoring systems and compared to CTP parameters. Logistic regression was performed for predicting favorable outcome. RESULTS: All collateral scores correlated well with each other and with CTP parameters. Comparison of collateral scores stratified by extent of perfusion deficit showed relevant differences between groups (P < 0.01 for each). An spCTA collateral score discriminated best between favorable and unfavorable outcome as determined using the modified Rankin Scale 3 months after stroke. CONCLUSIONS: Collateral status evaluated on spCTA may suffice for outcome prediction and decision making in AIS patients, potentially obviating further imaging modalities like mpCTA or CTP.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Collateral Circulation , Cytidine Triphosphate , Decision Making , Humans , Logistic Models , Methods , Perfusion , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
10.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 39: e20170257, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-960827

ABSTRACT

Abstract OBJECTIVE Randomized clinical trial protocol to evaluate the incidence of radial artery occlusion with two different arterial compression devices after transradial procedures. METHODS Barbeau's test will be performed in adults scheduled to undergo transradial interventional procedures. Those with A, B, or C plethysmographic patterns will be selected. At the end of the procedure, patients will be randomly assigned (1:1) to receive patent haemostasis with TR Band™ device or conventional haemostasis with an elastic adhesive bandage. The primary outcome is the incidence of radial artery occlusion. Secondary outcomes are Barbeau's test curve change, additional time to achieve haemostasis, incidence of bleeding at the puncture site, pain severity, development of arteriovenous fistula, radial pseudo aneurysm, any access-site complication requiring vascular surgery intervention and costs between the two devices. DISCUSSION The results of this trial should provide valuable additional information on the best approach for haemostasis after transradial percutaneous cardiovascular interventions.


Resumen OBJETIVO Protocolo de ensayo clínico randomizado para evaluar la incidencia de oclusión de la arteria radial con dos dispositivos de compresión arterial después de pasar por procedimientos transradiales. MÉTODO Se realizará el test de Barbeau en adultos que están esperando una intervención transradial. Se seleccionarán aquellos con padrones pletismográficos A, B o C. Al final del procedimiento, se dividirán a los pacientes de forma aleatoria (1:1) para recibir la hemostasia patente con dispositivo TR Band™ o hemostasia convencional con vendaje elástico adhesivo. El resultado primario es la incidencia de oclusión de la arteria radial. Los resultados secundarios son la alteración de la curva del test de Barbeau, tiempo adicional para alcanzar la hemostasia, incidencia de sangrado en el local de la punción, intensidad del dolor, desarrollo de una fístula arteriovenosa, pseudoaneurisma, cualquier complicación en el lugar de acceso que necesite intervención quirúrgica vascular y costos entre ambos dispositivos. DISCUSIÓN Los resultados de este estudio deben proporcionar informaciones adicionales valiosas sobre un mejor enfoque para la hemostasia luego de intervenciones cardiovasculares percutáneas transradiales.


Resumo OBJETIVO Protocolo de ensaio clínico randomizado para avaliar a incidência de oclusão da artéria radial com dois dispositivos diferentes de compressão arterial após procedimentos transradiais. MÉTODOS O teste de Barbeau será realizado em adultos que serão submetidos a procedimentos de intervenção transradial previamente agendados. Aqueles com padrões pletismográficos A, B ou C serão selecionados. No final do procedimento, os pacientes serão distribuídos aleatoriamente (1:1) para receber hemostasia patente com dispositivo TR Band™ ou hemostasia convencional com bandagem elástica adesiva. O desfecho primário é a incidência da oclusão da artéria radial. Os desfechos secundários são alteração da curva do teste de Barbeau, tempo adicional para atingir a hemostasia, incidência de sangramento no local da punção, intensidade da dor, desenvolvimento de fístula arteriovenosa, pseudoaneurisma, qualquer complicação no local de acesso que necessite intervenção cirúrgica vascular e custos entre os dois dispositivos. DISCUSSÃO: Os resultados deste estudo devem fornecer informações adicionais valiosas sobre a melhor abordagem para a hemostasia após intervenções cardiovasculares percutâneas transradiais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Catheterization/adverse effects , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/adverse effects , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/methods , Hemostatic Techniques/instrumentation , Compression Bandages , Hemorrhage/therapy , Brazil , Oximetry , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Punctures , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/ethics , Clinical Protocols , Radial Artery/injuries , Collateral Circulation , Patient Selection , Hand/blood supply , Hemorrhage/etiology
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(12): 1049-1054, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896328

ABSTRACT

Summary Objective: To explore the correlation between growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) -3148C/G polymorphism and the formation of collateral circulation in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in Han population of Taiyuan area. Method: The present study included 92 STEMI patients and 56 normal controls based on coronary angiography; STEMI group was divided into collateral group and non-collateral group according to Rentrop's grading method. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing methods were used to detect and analyze the GDF-15 -3148C/G polymorphism in all participants. Results: There was significant difference in GDF-15 -3148C/G CC and GC distribution between STEMI group and control group (p=0.009); the allele frequencies between these two groups were also significant different (p=0.016); and the risk genotype for STEMI was CC with increased OR=2.660. For STEMI group, GDF-15 -3148C/G CC and GC distribution was also significantly different between patients with and without collateral (p=0.048), and CC genotype significantly promote the formation of collateral circulation. However, there were no significant differences in allele frequencies between these two subgroups of STEMI. Conclusion: There was correlation between GDF-15-3148C/G polymorphism and the formation of collateral circulation in patients with acute STEMI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic , Collateral Circulation/physiology , Growth Differentiation Factor 15/genetics , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Coronary Angiography , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Middle Aged
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(2): 149-153, Feb. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838698

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: According to common belief, most myocardial infarctions (MIs) are due to the rupture of nonsevere, vulnerable plaques with < 70% obstruction. Data from recent trials challenge this belief, suggesting that the risk of coronary occlusion is, in fact, much higher after severe stenosis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not acute ST-elevation MIs result from high-grade stenoses by evaluating the presence of coronary collateral circulation (CCC). Methods: We retrospectively included 207 consecutive patients who had undergone primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute ST-elevation MI. Collateral blood flow distal to the culprit lesion was assessed by two investigators using the Rentrop scoring system. Results: Out of the 207 patients included in the study, 153 (73.9%) had coronary collateral vessels (Rentrop 1-3). The Rentrop scores were 0, 1, 2, and 3 in 54 (26.1%), 50 (24.2%), 51 (24.6%), and 52 (25.1%) patients, respectively. Triglycerides, mean platelet volume (MPV), white cell (WBC) count, and neutrophil count were significantly lower in the group with good collateral vessels (p = 0.013, p = 0.002, p = 0.003, and p = 0.021, respectively). Conclusion: More than 70% of the patients with acute MI had CCC with Rentrop scores of 1-3 during primary coronary angiography. This shows that most cases of acute MI in our study originated from underlying high-grade stenoses, challenging the common believe. Higher serum triglycerides levels, greater MPV, and increased WBC and neutrophil counts were independently associated with impaired development of collateral vessels.


Resumo Fundamento: Há uma crença geral de que a maioria dos infartos agudos do miocárdio (IAM) ocorrem devido à ruptura de placas vulneráveis, não graves, com obstrução < 70%. Dados de ensaios recentes desafiam esta crença, sugerindo que o risco de oclusão coronariana é, na realidade, muito maior após estenose grave. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar se a presença ou não de IAM com supradesnível do segmento ST resulta de estenoses de alto grau através da avaliação da presença de circulação colateral coronariana (CCC). Métodos: Nós incluímos retrospectivamente 207 pacientes consecutivos submetidos à intervenção coronariana percutânea primária devido à ocorrência de IAM com supradesnível do segmento ST. O fluxo sanguíneo colateral distal à lesão culpada foi avaliado por dois investigadores com utilização do sistema de escores de Rentrop. Resultados: Dos 207 pacientes incluídos no estudo, 153 (73,9%) apresentavam vasos coronarianos colaterais (Rentrop 1-3). Os escores Rentrop foram de 0, 1, 2 e 3 em 54 (26,1%), 50 (24,2%), 51 (24,6%) e 52 (25,1%) pacientes, respectivamente. Triglicérides, volume plaquetário médio (VPM), contagem de células brancas (CCB) e contagem de neutrófilos estiveram significativamente mais baixos no grupo com bons vasos colaterais (p = 0,013, p = 0,002, p = 0,003 e p = 0,021, respectivamente). Conclusão: Mais de 70% dos pacientes com IAM apresentaram CCC com escores de Rentrop de 1-3 durante angiografia coronariana primária. Isto demonstra que a maioria dos casos de IAM em nosso estudo originou a partir de estenoses subjacentes de alto grau, contrariamente à sabedoria comum. Níveis séricos mais elevados de triglicérides, maior VPM e elevação na CCB e na contagem de neutrófilos estiveram independentemente associados com comprometimento no desenvolvimento de vasos colaterais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Collateral Circulation/physiology , Coronary Circulation/physiology , Coronary Stenosis/complications , Coronary Stenosis/physiopathology , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/etiology , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-633766

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The coronary collateral circulation (CCC) is an alternative source of blood supply in coronary artery disease (CAD). The prognostic value of the presence of CCC at the time of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is undefined with regards to hard outcomes, particularly reduction in mortality. The study's aim is to determine if the presence of CCC demonstrated by coronary angiography during an ACS is associated with a reduction in mortality.  METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of studies using MEDLINE, EMBASE, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases in all languages and examined reference lists of studies. The inclusion criteria were 1) observational; 2) population included adults >19 years old with an acute coronary syndrome; 3) reported data on mortality in association with the presence or absence of CCC on angiography; and 4) should have controlled for confounders by using logistic regression analysis. Study quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale for observational studies. The outcome of interest was reduction in all-cause mortality, assessed using Mantel-Haenzel analysis of random effects to compute for risk ratios. RESULTS: Pooled analysis from 11 identified trials with 8,370 subjects showed that among patients with ACS who underwent coronary angiography, the presence of CCC showed a trend towards benefit in terms of mortality, but was not statistically different from those without CCC [RR 0.65, (95% CI 0.38 to 1.12), p CONCLUSION: The presence of CCC during ACS showed a trend towards mortality reduction. Further, among patients treated with PCI, those with CCC had an incrementally significant reduction in mortality compared to those without CCC.


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Disease , Collateral Circulation , Coronary Angiography , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Prognosis , Coronary Circulation , Qualitative Research , Cardiovascular System
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(8): e5979, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888982

ABSTRACT

As a mechanism compensating for obstructive coronary artery disease, coronary collateral circulation (CCC) has attracted cardiologists for a long time to explore its potential impact. In the present study, Chinese patients suffering from ≥95% coronary stenosis, as diagnosed by angiography, have been investigated for the correlation between CCC and lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels. A cohort of 654 patients was divided into four categories according to Rentrop grades 0, 1, 2, and 3. Lp(a) levels were divided into model 1, discretized with critical values of 33 and 66%, and model 2, discretized with a cutoff value of 30.0 mg/dL. Furthermore, we evaluated the correlation between CCC and serum Lp(a) levels. The four groups had significantly different Lp(a) levels (25.80±24.72, 18.99±17.83, 15.39±15.80, and 8.40±7.75 mg/dL; P<0.001). In model 1, concerning R0, the risk in the third Lp (a) tertile (OR=3.34, 95%CI=2.32-4.83) was greater than that in the first tertile. In model 2, concerning R0, the risk in Lp(a) >30.0 group (OR=6.77, 95%CI=4.44-10.4) was greater than that of Lp(a) <30.0 mg/dL. The worst condition of CCC can be predicted independently by Lp(a) levels. In addition to clinical usage, Lp(a) levels can also be utilized as biological markers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Collateral Circulation/physiology , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Circulation/physiology , Coronary Occlusion/blood , Lipoprotein(a)/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Cohort Studies , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Coronary Occlusion/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Occlusion/physiopathology , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-119364

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Measuring the extent of the collateral blood vessels using computed tomography (CT) angiography source images may promote tissue survival and functional gain in acute ischemic stroke patients who are candidates for endovascular recanalization treatment. METHODS: Of 5,558 acute stroke patients registered in a prospective clinical stroke registry, 104 met the selection criteria of endovascular recanalization treatment for internal cerebral artery or middle cerebral artery main-stem (M1) occlusions and presented for treatment ≤4 hours after the event. Using CT angiography source images, two independent and blinded reviewers measured the extent of collateral circulations at four regions, with good interrater reliability. The functional recovery at 3 months after stroke was used as an outcome variable. RESULTS: Cases with a sufficient collateral circulation at the Sylvian fissure showed significantly increased likelihood of having a modified Rankin Scale score of ≤2 at 3 months after stroke (adjusted odds ratio=3.03, 95% confidence interval=1.19–7.73, p=0.02), but the association became nonsignificant after adding the infarct volume to the model (p=0.65). The association between leptomeningeal convexity collaterals and functional recovery was no longer significant after adjusting for the infarct volume (p=0.28). The natural indirect effect of infarct volume on functional recovery was significant for both the Sylvian fissure (p=0.03) and leptomeningeal convexity (p=0.02) collaterals. CONCLUSIONS: The extent of collateral circulation at the Sylvian fissure was significantly associated with functional recovery, which may be mediated via the volume of the final infarction.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Blood Vessels , Cerebral Arteries , Collateral Circulation , Humans , Infarction , Middle Cerebral Artery , Mortality , Patient Selection , Prospective Studies , Stroke , Tissue Survival
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169847

ABSTRACT

Coronary arterial involvement in Takayasu arteritis (TA) is not uncommon. Herein, we describe a case of TA with celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery occlusion combined with coronary artery disease. Bilateral huge internal thoracic arteries (ITAs) and the inferior mesenteric artery provided the major visceral collateral circulation. After percutaneous intervention to the right coronary artery, off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting for the left coronary territory was done using a right ITA graft and its large side branch because of its relatively minor contribution to the visceral collateral circulation.


Subject(s)
Collateral Circulation , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Mammary Arteries , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Takayasu Arteritis , Transplants
18.
Journal of Stroke ; : 88-96, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121539

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Perfusion-diffusion mismatch has been evaluated to determine whether the presence of a target mismatch helps to identify patients who respond favorably to recanalization therapies. We compared the impact on infarct growth of collateral status and the presence of a penumbra, using magnetic resonance perfusion (MRP) techniques. METHODS: Consecutive patients who were candidates for recanalization therapy and underwent serial diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and MRP were enrolled. A collateral flow map derived from MRP source data was generated by automatic post-processing. The impact of a target mismatch (Tmax>6 s/apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) volume≥1.8, ADC volume10 s for ADC volume<100 mL) on infarct growth was compared with MR-based collateral grading on day 7 DWI, using multivariate linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Among 73 patients, 55 (75%) showed a target mismatch, whereas collaterals were poor in 14 (19.2%), intermediate in 36 (49.3%), and good in 23 (31.5%) patients. After adjusting for initial severity of stroke, early recanalization (P<0.001) and the MR-based collateral grading (P=0.001), but not the presence of a target mismatch, were independently associated with infarct growth. Even in patients with a target mismatch and successful recanalization, the degree of infarct growth depended on the collateral status. Perfusion status at later Tmax time points (beyond the arterial phase) was more closely correlated with collateral status. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with good collaterals show a favorable outcome in terms of infarct growth, regardless of the presence of a target mismatch pattern. The presence of slow blood filling predicts collateral status and infarct growth.


Subject(s)
Collateral Circulation , Diffusion , Humans , Linear Models , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Perfusion , Stroke
19.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(8): 662-670, Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792511

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Collateral circulation is a physiologic pathway that protects the brain against ischemic injury and can potentially bypass the effect of a blocked artery, thereby influencing ischemic lesion size and growth. Several recent stroke trials have provided information about the role of collaterals in stroke pathophysiology, and collateral perfusion has been recognized to influence arterial recanalization, reperfusion, hemorrhagic transformation, and neurological outcomes after stroke. Our current aim is to summarize the anatomy and physiology of the collateral circulation and to present and discuss a comprehensible review of the related knowledge, particularly the effects of collateral circulation on the time course of ischemic injury and stroke severity, as well as imaging findings and therapeutic implications.


RESUMO A circulação colateral é um circuito fisiológico de proteção contra alterações isquêmicas que, potencialmente, evita os efeitos de uma oclusão arterial e com isso pode influenciar nas dimensões e no crescimento de uma lesão isquêmica. Vários estudos recentes forneceram informações a respeito do papel das colaterais na fisiopatologia do acidente vascular encefálico isquêmico e demonstraram a capacidade da circulação colateral de influenciar as taxas de reperfusão, recanalização, transformação hemorrágica e com isso desfecho clínico dos pacientes. O objetivo desta revisão é sintetizar a anatomia e a fisiologia da circulação colateral encefálica, apresentando e discutindo, o que se conhece atualmente acerca do seu efeito na cronologia e gravidade da lesão isquêmica, além dos achados de imagens e implicações terapêuticas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Ischemia/physiopathology , Cerebrovascular Circulation/physiology , Collateral Circulation/physiology , Stroke/physiopathology , Blood Flow Velocity , Cerebral Angiography , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Stroke/diagnostic imaging
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