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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(10): e201901004, Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1054674

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of infliximab on the inflammation of the colonic mucosa devoid from fecal stream. Methods: Twenty-four rats were submitted to a Hartmann's procedure. They remained for 12 weeks with the fecal derivation to development of diversion colitis on excluded colorectal stump. After this period, they were divided into 3 groups: one group received intervention with saline (2.0 mL / week), other group infliximab at doses of 5 mg/kg/week and the other 10 mg/kg/week for five consecutively weeks. Concluded the intervention period, the animals were euthanized to remove colon segments with and without fecal stream. Colitis was diagnosed by histological analysis and the degree of inflammation by validated score. The neutrophilic infiltrate was evaluated by tissue expression of myeloperoxidase identified by immunohistochemical. The tissue content of myeloperoxidase was measured by computer-assisted image analysis. Results: The inflammatory score was high in colonic segments without fecal stream. The intervention with infliximab reduced the inflammatory score in excluded colonic segments. The content of myeloperoxidase was reduced in colonic segments of animals treated with infliximab mainly in high concentrations. Conclusion: Intervention with infliximab reduced the inflammation and the neutrophil infiltrate in colonic segments devoid of the fecal stream.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Gastrointestinal Agents/pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Colitis/drug therapy , Infliximab/pharmacology , Time Factors , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Gastrointestinal Transit/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Colitis/pathology , Colon/drug effects , Colon/pathology , Peroxidase/analysis , Neutrophil Infiltration/drug effects , Feces , Intestinal Mucosa/drug effects , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology
2.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(3): 223-230, June-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040328

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Colorectal cancer survival is better in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer patients than in sporadic colorectal cancer patients and even for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer with colorectal cancer is not consensual that extensive colectomy is preferable to partial colectomy. This study analyzes and compares the long-term results of these two groups of patients submitted to curative subtotal colectomy or total colectomy. Methods: Between 2002 and 2018, 68 patients with colorectal cancer without familial adenomatous polyposis were submitted to a total or subtotal colectomy in a single tertiary center. The patients were divided in two groups: hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer patients (with Amsterdam criteria) and sporadic colorectal cancer patients (the others). The presence of Amsterdam criteria for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer and germline mutation for mismatch repair genes was confirmed by clinical records. Results and survival were analyzed following surgery. Results: We obtained a sporadic colorectal cancer group with 31 patients and a hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer group with 37 patients. The two groups differ in age but not in gender, tumor stage or surgical morbidity. The overall survival and disease-free survival were good in both groups but even better for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer group with statistical significance when comparing the two groups. Conclusion: Total or subtotal colectomy for colorectal cancer provides a good survival. These surgical procedures should be considered the first option for colorectal cancer in young hereditary non polyposis colorectal cancer patients. In those cases, they provide good long-term results, avoiding the risk of metachronous colorectal cancer and the surveillance is restricted only to the remaining need for rectum.


RESUMO Introdução: A sobrevivência do cancro colorretal é melhor em pacientes com cancro colorretal hereditário não associado a polipose do que em pacientes com cancro colorretal esporádico. Mesmo em casos de cancro colorretal hereditário sem polipose, a preferência pela colectomia total em relação à parcial não é consensual na literatura. Este estudo analisa e compara os resultados a longo prazo destes dois grupos de pacientes submetidos à colectomia curativa subtotal ou total. Métodos: Entre 2002 e 2018, 68 pacientes com cancro colorretal sem polipose adenomatosa familiar foram submetidos a colectomia total ou subtotal em um único centro terciário. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: aqueles com cancro colorretal hereditário sem polipose (de acordo com os critérios de Amsterdão) e os com cancro colorretal esporádico (os demais). Os critérios de Amsterdão para cancro colorretal hereditário sem polipose e a presença de mutação germinativa para os genes de reparação de ADN foram confirmados por consulta dos registros clínicos. Os resultados e a sobrevivência foram analisados após a cirurgia. Resultados: No presente estudo, 31 pacientes foram incluídos no grupo de cancro colorretal esporádico e 37 no grupo de cancro colorretal hereditário sem polipose. Diferenças significativas foram observadas em relação à idade, mas não ao gênero, estadio do tumor ou morbilidade cirúrgica. A sobrevivência global e a sobrevivência livre de doença foram boas em ambos os grupos, mas os resultados foram ainda melhores no grupo de cancro colorretal hereditário sem polipose, com significado estatístico. Conclusão: A colectomia total ou a colectomia subtotal para o cancro colorretal proporcionam uma boa sobrevivência e devem ser consideradas a primeira opção de tratamento em pacientes jovens com cancro colorretal hereditário sem polipose. Nestes pacientes, uma cirurgia cólica mais extensa permite a obtenção de bons resultados a longo prazo; reduz o risco de cancro colorretal metácrono e restringe a vigilância endoscópica ao reto remanescente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis , Colectomy , Colon/pathology , DNA Mismatch Repair
3.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(3): 197-202, June-Sept. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040329

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background and aim: Right colon adenomas can easily missed with significant adenoma miss rate particularly when they are located behind the haustral folds and anatomical flexures. The aim of this study was to assess the significance of retroflexion technique in the right colon for improving adenoma detection rates compared with forward-view technique. Methods: A total of 200 patients scheduled for elective colonoscopy were recruited. During the standard forward-view examination, the colonoscope was withdrawn from the cecum to the hepatic flexure while under meticulous observation. Subsequently, the cecum was reintubated and the right side of the colon was assessed in the retroflexed-view to the hepatic flexure. The primary outcome of this study was comparison of the adenoma detection rates and adenoma miss rate of the retroflexed-view versus forward-view examination of the right colon. Results: Of the 200 enrolled patients, retroflexion was successful in 182 (91%). Forward-view examination of the right colon detected 88 polyps, of which 66 were adenomas yielding a polyp and adenoma detection rates of 25.5% and 19%, respectively. Additionally, retroflexion detected a further 30 polyps of which 23 were adenomas, accordingly improving the polyp and adenoma detection rates to 29.5% and 25%, respectively. Furthermore, the polyp and adenoma miss rate in the right colon was 24.1% and 25.8% respectively. Conclusion: Colonoscopy with right-sided retroflexion after forward-view examination significantly increases the detection of adenomas compared with standard forward-view examination with a high success rate and small risk of adverse events.


RESUMO Antecedentes e objetivo: Os adenomas do cólon direito podem não ser diagnosticados, apresentando uma elevada taxa de não detecção de adenoma, especialmente quando estão localizados atrás das pregas haustrais e flexões anatômicas. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar, no cólon direito, a técnica de visualização retroflexionada com a técnica de visualização frontal quanto à taxa de detecção de adenoma. Métodos: Um total de 200 pacientes agendados para colonoscopia eletiva foram recrutados para o presente estudo. Durante o exame de visualização frontal padrão, o colonoscópio foi retirado do ceco em direção à flexão hepática sob observação meticulosa. Posteriormente, o ceco foi reintubado e o lado direito do cólon foi avaliado na visualização retroflexionada em direção à flexão hepática. O objetivo primário deste estudo foi comparar a taxa de detecção de adenoma e a taxa de não detecção de adenoma do exame de visualização retroflexionada e visualização frontal do cólon direito. Resultados: Dos 200 pacientes inscritos, a retroflexão foi bem sucedida em 182 (91%). A visualização frontal do cólon direito detectou 88 pólipos, dos quais 66 eram adenomas, com uma taxa de detecção de pólipos e taxa de detecção de adenoma de 25,5% e 19%, respectivamente. Além disso, a visualização retroflexionada detectou mais 30 pólipos, dos quais 23 eram adenomas, aumentando a taxa de detecção de pólipos e adenoma para 29,5% e 25%, respectivamente. Além disso, a taxa não detecção de pólipos e a taxa de não detecção de adenoma no cólon direito foram de 24,1% e 25,8%, respectivamente. Conclusão: A colonoscopia com visualização retroflexionada direita após visualização frontal aumenta significativamente a detecção de adenomas em comparação com a visualização frontal padrão, com uma alta taxa de sucesso e baixo risco de eventos adversos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adenoma/diagnosis , Colonoscopy , Polyps , Colon/pathology , Colonic Neoplasms
4.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(1): 33-40, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-984633

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Although herbal medicinal products are being used widely throughout the World, beneficial and harmful effects have not been well documented. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of Aloe Vera (AV) on colonic anastomosis healing. Material and methods: 112 albino Wistar rats were randomly assigned into five main groups: preoperative Aloe Vera Group (P), pre- and postoperative Aloe Vera Group (PP), Control Group (C), sham Aloe Vera Group (SA) and Sham Control Group (SC). Groups P, PP, and SA received 1.6 mL/kg per day Aloe Vera by orogastric feeding catheter for 1 month prior to the experiment. Groups P, PP, and C underwent anastomosis of the distal colon, and subgroups (n = 4) of each were sacrificed on postoperative day 3, 7, 14 and 21. Anastomotic bursting pressure, perianastomotic collagen content and histopathological changes were studied. Results: The SC Group had significantly higher ABP when compared with the SA Group (p = 0.0002), although hydroxyproline content showed no difference. When ABP was compared between anastomosis groups, it was found significantly lower in Aloe Vera groups on Day 3 (P3 vs. C3, p = 0.003 and PP3 vs. C3, p = 0.007). Hydroxyproline content was significantly lower in Group PP than Group C, also on Day 3 (p = 0.05). Significant difference was not detected after Day 3 in any of the study parameters. Conclusion: Aloe Vera decreased tissue collagen content in the early postoperative period. It is advisable to call into question the concomitant usage of conventional medicine and the herbal supplements for the surgeons in their clinical practice.


RESUMO Fundamentação: Embora os medicamentos à base de plantas sejam amplamente utilizados no mundo inteiro, seus efeitos (benéficos e prejudiciais) não estão bem documentados. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos da Aloe vera (AV) na cicatrização de anastomoses colônicas. Material e métodos: 112 ratos Wistar albinos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em cinco grupos principais: AV pré-operatório (P), AV pré e pós-operatório (PP), controle (C), sham AV (SA) e sham controle (SC). Os grupos P, PP e SA receberam AV em uma dose de 1,6 mL/kg por dia por sonda de alimentação orogástrica por 1 mês antes do experimento. Os grupos P, PP e C foram submetidos a anastomose do cólon distal. Subgrupos (n = 4) de cada grupo foram sacrificados no terceiro, sétimo, 14° e 21° dias pós-operatórios. Os seguintes parâmetros foram avaliados: pressão de ruptura anastomótica (PRA), conteúdo de colágeno perianastomótico e alterações histopatológicas. Resultados: O grupo SC apresentou PRA significativamente maior quando comparado ao grupo SA (p = 0,0002), embora o conteúdo de hidroxiprolina não tenha apresentado diferença. Ao comparar a PRA entre os grupos de anastomose, ela foi significativamente menor no terceiro dia nos grupos que usaram AV (P3 vs. C3, p = 0,003 e PP3 vs. C3, p = 0,007). No terceiro dia, o teor de hidroxiprolina foi significativamente menor no grupo PP do que no grupo C (p = 0,05). Após o terceiro dia, não se observou diferença significativa em nenhum dos parâmetros do estudo. Conclusão: O uso de AV diminuiu o conteúdo de colágeno tecidual no período pós-operatório imediato. É aconselhável questionar o uso concomitante da medicina convencional e suplementos fitoterápicos na prática clínica.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Anastomosis, Surgical/rehabilitation , Aloe , Wound Healing , Rats, Wistar , Colon/pathology , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Hydroxyproline
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(4): e201900406, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1001085

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the inflammatory reaction and measure the content of mucins, in the colonic mucosa without fecal stream submit to intervention with mesalazine. Methods: Twenty-four rats were submitted to a left colostomy and a distal mucous fistula and divided into two groups according to euthanasia to be performed two or four weeks. Each group was divided into two subgroups according daily application of enemas containing saline or mesalazine at 1.0 g/kg/day. Colitis was diagnosed by histological analysis and the inflammatory reaction by validated score. Acidic mucins and neutral mucins were determined with the alcian-blue and periodic acid of Schiff techniques, respectively. Sulfomucin and sialomucin were identified by high iron diamine-alcian blue technique. The tissue contents of mucins were quantified by computer-assisted image analysis. Mann-Whitney test was used to analyze the results establishing the level of significance of 5%. Results: Enemas with mesalazine in colonic segments without fecal stream decreased the inflammation score and increased the tissue content of all subtypes of mucins. The increase of tissue content of neutral, acid and sulfomucin was related to the time of intervention. Conclusion: Mesalazine enemas reduce the inflammatory process and preserve the content of mucins in colonic mucosa devoid of fecal stream.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Colon/drug effects , Mesalamine/pharmacology , Enema/methods , Mucins/analysis , Time Factors , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Gastrointestinal Transit , Colostomy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Colitis/pathology , Colitis/prevention & control , Colon/metabolism , Colon/pathology , Oxidative Stress , Mesalamine/therapeutic use , Feces , Histocytochemistry , Intestinal Mucosa/drug effects , Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Mucins/drug effects
6.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 38(4): 309-313, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-975977

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory condition of the colon with an unknown etiology. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of Cupressus sempervirens extract on the healing of acetic acid-induced ulcerative colitis in rat. Fifty-five male rats divided into five equal treatment groups were used for this study and received the following treatments: Group 1, 250 mg/kg asacol; Group 2, 1 ml gel base (carboxymethyl cellulose); Group 3, 0.5% gel form of C. sempervirens extract; Group 4, 1% gel form of C. sempervirens extract, and; Group 5, considered as negative control and received 1 ml of normal saline. Body weight changes, histopathological and antioxidant changes in the colon tissue were evaluated. Significant weight gain was observed in rats that received 1% gel extract of C. sempervirens. Significant superoxide dismutase activity was also detected in 0.5 and 1% gel extract groups compared to C. sempervirens extract, Asacol and in 1% gel extract groups compared to the gel base group. Furthermore, both gel extract groups had significant lower total antioxidant capacity compared to Asacol group. Several histopathological lesions including inflammation, ulceration, crypt disarray, and goblet cell depletion were detected in the different groups, however, the mean rank of pathological changes showed no significant difference among the five groups. In summary, our results showed that hydroalcoholic extracts of C. sempervirens leaves produces healing effects in acetic acid induced ulcerative colitis.


RESUMO A colite ulcerativa é uma doença inflamatória crônica do cólon com uma etiologia desconhecida. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos terapêuticos do extrato de Cupressus sempervirens na cicatrização de colite ulcerativa induzida por ácido acético em ratos. Cinquenta e cinco ratos machos divididos em cinco grupos de tratamento iguais foram utilizados para este estudo e receberam os seguintes tratamentos: Grupo 1: 250 mg/kg de asacol; Grupo 2: 1 mL de gel base (carboximetilcelulose); Grupo 3: extrato de C. sempervirens a 0,5% em gel; Grupo 4: extrato de C. sempervirens a 1% em gel e; Grupo 5: considerado controle negativo que recebeu 1 mL de solução salina normal. Alterações no peso corporal, alterações histopatológicas e antioxidantes no tecido do cólon foram avaliadas. Ganho de peso significativo foi observado em ratos que receberam extrato em gel de C. sempervirens a 1%. Atividade significativa de superóxido dismutase também foi detectada em grupos de extrato em gel de 0,5 e 1% em comparação com o extrato de C. sempervirens, Asacol e em grupos de extrato em gel a 1% em comparação com o grupo base de gel. Além disso, ambos os grupos de extrato em gel apresentaram capacidade antioxidante total significativamente menor em comparação ao grupo Asacol. Várias lesões histopatológicas, incluindo inflamação, ulceração, desarranjo da cripta e depleção de células caliciformes foram detectadas nos diferentes grupos; no entanto, a classificação média de alterações patológicas não apresentou diferença significativa entre os cinco grupos. Em resumo, nossos resultados mostraram que extratos hidroalcoólicos de folhas de C. sempervirens produzem efeitos cicatrizantes em colite ulcerativa induzida por ácido acético.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Colitis, Ulcerative , Cupressus australis/therapeutic use , Colon/pathology , Antioxidants , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Extracts
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(7): 565-576, July 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-949365

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the possible effects of argan oil on the healing of colorectal anastomoses. Methods: I n Group 1 (sham), laparotomy was performed and the colon was mobilized. In the control (Group 2) and argan oil (Group 3) groups, colonic resection and anastomosis were applied. To the control and sham groups, 2 mL of 0.9% NaCl was administred rectally, and in the argan oil group, 2 mL/day argan oil was applied rectally for 7 days. Results: The mean bursting pressures of the argan oil and sham groups were significantly higher than the values in the control group. A significant difference was determined between the tissue hydroxyproline and prolidase levels of control group and other groups. Histopathologically, argan oil showed significant beneficial effects on colonic wound healing. In the argan oil and sham groups, the tissue malondialdehyde and fluorescent oxidation product levels were found to be lower and total sulfhydryl levels were higher than the control group. Conclusions: The rectally administered argan oil was observed to have significantly ameliorated wound healing parameters and exerted a significant antioxidant effect. This is the first study in the literature about the beneficial effects of argan oil on colorectal anastomoses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rectum/surgery , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Oils/therapeutic use , Colon/surgery , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Oxidoreductases/analysis , Rectum/pathology , Spectrophotometry , Anastomosis, Surgical , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Collagen/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Colon/pathology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Dipeptidases/analysis , Surgical Wound/pathology , Surgical Wound/drug therapy , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(4): 333-340, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-886278

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To compare platelet rich plasma (PRP) and fibrin glue about the effect of anastomotic healing. Methods: Thirty six Wistar-Albino male rats diveded into 3 groups according to control(Group1), PRP (Group 2) and fibrin glue(Tisseel VH) (Group 3). The colon was transected with scissor and subsequently an end to end anastomosis was performed using continuous one layer 6/0 vicryl sutures. Postoperative 7th day effect of anastomotic healing measuring with tissue hydroxyproline(TH) level and anastomotic bursting pressure(ABP); moreover comparison of cytokine (IL-6 and IL-10) and procalcitonin levels on 1st,3rd and 7th days. Results: There was no statistically significant difference of the ABP and hydroxyproline levels between PRP and fibrin glue on the 7th day. There was no statistically significant difference between levels of proinflammatory cytokine (IL-6) (P=0.41), anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) (P=0.35), and procalcitonin levels (P=0.63) on 1, 3 and 7 days. Conclusion: Fibrin glue and platelet rich plasma are shown to be effective in healing intestinal anastomoses without superior to each other.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Wound Healing/drug effects , Hemostatics/pharmacology , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/pharmacology , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Time Factors , Calcitonin/analysis , Anastomosis, Surgical , Reproducibility of Results , Cytokines/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Colon/surgery , Colon/pathology , Hydroxyproline/analysis
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(6): 440-448, June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-886209

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate if fluorescein fluorescent test can predict dehiscence in a model of ischemic colonic anastomosis in rats. Methods: This experimental controlled trial randomly assigned 55 rats to four groups. Anastomoses were performed in non-ischemic colon segments (control group) and in ischemic colon segments measuring 1, 2 or 3 cm long (groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively). Fluorescein was injected and the tissues were examined under ultraviolet light. Seven days later, a second-look surgery was performed to check for the presence or absence of anastomosis dehiscence. Results: Twenty-four rats presented anastomotic dehiscence during the second-look surgery. Reticular and nonfluorescent patterns were significantly associated with the occurrence of anastomotic dehiscence. Fluorescein fluorescence had a sensitivity of 95.8%, specificity of 89.2%, positive predictive value of 88.4%, negative predictive value of 96.2%, and accuracy of 92.3% to predict anastomotic dehiscence. Conclusion: Fluorescein fluorescent test can accurately predict leak in a model of ischemic colonic anastomosis in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/diagnosis , Anastomosis, Surgical , Colon/surgery , Fluorescein , Fluorescent Dyes , Ischemia/surgery , Wound Healing , Colon/blood supply , Colon/pathology
10.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(4): 319-324, Apr. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-837703

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To describe a new model of actinic enteritis that does not use radiotherapy machines. Methods: Sixteen Wistar rats were divided into four groups, consisting of four animals each: control (group A), two weeks after irradiation (group B), five weeks after irradiation (group C) and eight weeks after irradiation (group D). Animals were given a 10Gy radiation from a Cobalt-60 natural source in a nuclear technology research center. Protections of the surrounding tissues were obtained through the usage of plumb devices with a hole in the center, which served as a collimator. We obtained irradiated and non-irradiated colons from each animal. Results: In group B we found an important inflammatory response in the irradiated colon, which appeared in a reduced way in group C and was minimal in group D, in which we found a relevant collagen submucosal deposition/fibrosis. In all groups, the non-irradiated colon had a lower pathological damage in comparison with the irradiated colon. Conclusion: We thus described an efficient and feasible technique for obtaining an animal model of actinic enteritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/pathology , Cobalt Radioisotopes , Colon/radiation effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Rats, Wistar , Colon/pathology , Disease Models, Animal
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(3): 182-193, Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-837695

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To measure the tissue sulfomucin and sialomucin content of the colon mucosa without fecal flow, subjected to intervention with curcumin, and the influence of the concentration used and the intervention time. Methods: Thirty-six rats were subjected to proximal right colostomy and distal mucous fistula. They were divided into two groups according to whether sacrifice was performed two or four weeks after the intervention. Each group was divided into three subgroups according to the enema applied daily: saline alone; curcumin at 50 mg/kg/day or curcumin at 200 mg/kg/day. Acid mucins were diagnosed using the Alcian blue technique. The mucin content was quantified by means of computer-assisted image analysis. The significance level of 5% was used throughout (p < 0.05). Results: There were dose-related increases in the quantities of sulfomucins in the animals subjected to interventions with curcumin, both after two weeks (p < 0.00001) and after four weeks (p < 0.00001). There were increases in sialomucin quantity that were concentration-related (p < 0.00001) and time-related (p < 0.00001). Conclusion: Curcumin enemas increase the quantity of acid mucins in the intestinal flow in the excluded colon, with dose and time dependency.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Colon/drug effects , Colon/chemistry , Intestinal Mucosa/drug effects , Intestinal Mucosa/chemistry , Mucins/analysis , Reference Values , Time Factors , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Plant Oils/administration & dosage , Gastrointestinal Transit/drug effects , Colostomy , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Colitis/pathology , Colitis/drug therapy , Colon/pathology , Curcuma , Enema/methods , Sialomucins/drug effects , Feces , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Mucins/drug effects
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(1): 65-73, Jan. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-837665

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the inflammatory intensity and measure the tissue content of the proteins claudin-3 and occludin in the colonic mucosa without fecal stream submit to intervention with curcumin. Methods: Thirty-six rats were submitted to a proximal colostomy and a distal mucous fistula and divided into two groups according to sacrifice to be performed two or four weeks. Each group was divided into three subgroups according daily application of enemas containing saline, curcumin at 50 mg/kg/day or 200 mg/kg/day. Colitis was diagnosed by histological analysis. Claudin-3 and occludin were determined by immunohistochemistry. The tissue content of claudin-3 and occludin were quantified by computer-assisted image analysis. Mann-Whitney, Student t and ANOVA tests were used to analyze the results establishing the level of significance of 5% for both (p<0.05). Results: Curcumin at both concentrations reduces the inflammation and preserves the tissue content of the proteins claudin-3 and occludin, which was related to the concentration used and to the time of the intervention. Conclusion: The application of enemas with curcumin reduces inflammation and preserves the tissue content of the proteins claudin-3 and occludin in the colonic mucosa devoid from the fecal stream.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Colon/chemistry , Curcuma/chemistry , Enema/methods , Occludin/analysis , Claudin-3/analysis , Intestinal Mucosa/chemistry , Immunohistochemistry , Colostomy , Rats, Wistar , Colon/drug effects , Colon/pathology , Feces , Intestinal Mucosa/drug effects , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology
13.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 43(3): 178-184, May.-June 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-792809

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to compare endoscopic and histopathologic features of superficial, elevated lesions with one or more centimeters in diameter, diagnosed by videocolonoscopy on the distal and proximal colon, and subjected to mucosal resection. Methods: we conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional, observational study involving 8,075 videocolonoscopies. From this total, we evaluated 166 mucosectomies in 145 patients with superficial, elevated lesions with a diameter equal to or greater than 1cm. Results: the lesion prevalence was lower in G1 than in G2 (34.9% vs. 65%). The mean age, gender distribution and size (1.9cm in G1 versus 2.0cm in G2, p=0.921) were similar. There was no difference of mucosal surfaces in relation to the location (p=0.575). Considering Intraepithelial neoplasias, both the low grade, high grade (including carcinomas) and hyperplasic ones showedd no difference (p=0.527), nor did the neoplastic lesions when divided into serrated and non-serrated (p=0.124). Excluding 13 hyperplastic lesions and two carcinomas, 124 (82.1%) were non-serrated and 27 (17.9%), serrated. Conclusion: were found no significant differences between endoscopic and histopathological aspects of superficial, elevated lesions of 1cm or more in diameter in distal colon compared with the proximal, when resected by mucosectomy. Although not significant, there was a tendency of association between the location of the lesion and the presence of serrated features.


RESUMO Objetivo: comparar aspectos endoscópicos e histopatológicos de lesões superficialmente elevadas, com um ou mais centímetros de diâmetro, diagnosticadas por videocolonoscopias e ressecadas por mucosectomias do cólon distal com as do cólon proximal. Métodos: estudo foi retrospectivo, transversal, observacional, envolvendo 8075 videocolonoscopias. Avaliou-se 166 mucosectomias em 145 pacientes com lesões superficialmente elevadas com diâmetro igual ou maior do que 1cm. Resultados: a prevalência de lesões foi menor no G1 do que no G2 (34,9% x 65%). A média de idade, a distribuição por sexo e o tamanho (1,9cm no G1 e 2cm no G2, p=0,921) foram semelhantes. Não houve diferenças das superfícies em relação à localização (p=0,575). Considerando neoplasia intraepitelial de baixo grau, neoplasia intraepitelial de alto grau (incluindo carcinomas) e hiperplásicas, não houve diferença (p=0,527), assim como quando foram divididas as lesões neoplásicas em serrilhadas e não serrilhadas (p=0,124). Excluindo-se 13 lesões hiperplásicas e duas com carcinomas, 124 (82,1%) foram não serrilhadas e 27 (17,9%) serrilhadas. Conclusão: não foram observadas diferenças significativas entre os aspectos endoscópicos e os histopatológicos das lesões superficialmente elevadas, com 1cm ou mais de diâmetro, ressecadas por mucosectomia do cólon distal em relação ao proximal. Embora não significante, há tendência à associação entre a localização da lesão e a presença de características serrilhadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colonoscopy , Colon/pathology , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(4): 256-263, Apr. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-781329

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of medical ozone treatment on the experimental acute distal colitis in rats. METHODS: Eighteen rats were randomly distributed into three equal groups; control, acute distal colitis (ADC) without and with medical ozone treatment. Rats in the control group were taken saline. ADC was performed by rectal way with 4% acetic acid in groups 2 and 3, and the group 3 was treated with medical ozone for three weeks both rectally and intraperitoneally. At the twenty second day the distal colons samples were obtained for malondialdehyde and myeloperoxidase, blood samples were obtained to measure the levels of TNF-α and IL-1β levels. Histolopatological examination was evaluated with Ki-67, IL-1β and VEGF immunostaining densities. RESULTS: There was significant increase in tissue MDA, MPO activity, TNF-α and IL-1β after ozone administration. There was also a significant difference at immunostaining densities of histopathological examination. CONCLUSIONS: Medical ozone treatment ameliorated the experimental acute distal colitis induced by acetic acid in rats. Its possible effect is by means of decreasing inflammation, edema, and affecting the proliferation and the vascularization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Oxidants, Photochemical/therapeutic use , Ozone/therapeutic use , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Colitis, Ulcerative/pathology , Random Allocation , Acute Disease , Reproducibility of Results , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Colon/pathology , Peroxidase/analysis , Acetic Acid , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Malondialdehyde/analysis
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(2): 111-118, Feb. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-775561

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of medical ozone theraphy on the colon anastomosis of peritonitis model in rats. METHODS: Eighteen rats were randomly assigned into three equal groups; control, cecal punctuation and colon anastomosis and ozone theraphy. Sepsis was performed with a cecal punctuation in groups 2 and 3. The medical ozone theraphy was administered intraperitonealy for three weeks in group 3 while the other rats received saline injection. At the twenty second day serum were obtained for TNF-α and IL-1β, the colonic burst pressures were measured and colonic tissue samples were obtained for MDA and MPO levels. Histolopatological examination was evaluated with H&E stain, and Ki-67, IL-1β and the VEGF immunostaining densities were also compared. RESULTS: Intraperitoneal ozone administration reversed TNF-α, IL-1β, MDA and MPO levels and the colonic burst pressures. There was also a significant difference at immunostaining densities of histopathological examination. CONCLUSION: Medical ozone therapy may contribute to tissue healing by affecting the proliferation and the vascularization thus has benefits on colonic anastomosis at peritonitis in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Ozone/pharmacology , Peritonitis/chemically induced , Wound Healing/drug effects , Colon/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Random Allocation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Colon/pathology , Peroxidase/analysis , Peroxidase/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , Malondialdehyde/analysis
16.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-222274

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of reduced abdominal compression in prone position on ascending colonic movement during supine-to-prone positional change during CT colonography (CTC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen consecutive patients who had undergone prone CTC scanning with cushion blocks placed under the chest and hip/thigh to reduce abdominal compression and had confirmed sessile polyps > or = 6 mm in the well-distended, straight, mid-ascending colon, were included. Radial location along the ascending colonic luminal circumference (degrees) was measured for 24 polyps and 54 colonic teniae on supine and prone CTC images. The supine-to-prone change ranging between -180degrees and +180degrees (- and + for internal and external colonic rotations, respectively), was determined. In addition, possible causes of any ascending colonic rotations were explored. RESULTS: Abdominal compression during prone CTC scanning completely disappeared with the use of cushion blocks in 17 of 18 patients. However, some degrees of ascending colonic rotation were still observed, with the radial location changes of -22degrees to 61degrees (median, 13.9degrees) for the polyps and similar degrees for teniae. Fifty-four percent and 56% of polyps and teniae, respectively, showed changes > 10degrees. The radial location change of the polyps was significantly associated with the degree of anterior shift of the small bowel and mesentery (r = 0.722, p < 0.001) and the degree of posterior displacement of the ascending colon (r = 0.566, p = 0.004) during supine-to-prone positional change. CONCLUSION: Ascending colonic rotation upon supine-to-prone positional change during CTC, mostly in the form of external rotation, is not eliminated by removing abdominal compression in prone position.


Subject(s)
Aged , Colon/pathology , Colonic Polyps/diagnostic imaging , Colonography, Computed Tomographic/methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Movement , Prone Position/physiology , Retrospective Studies , Rotation
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(9): 624-631, Sep. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-761497

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACTPURPOSE:To assess whether deoxycholic acid (DOC) and lithocholic acid (LCA) administered in a period of six months in a concentration of 0.25% may have a carcinogenic role in mice colon.METHODS:The study used C57BL6 female mice divided into four groups. The control group received a balanced diet and the others received diets supplemented with 0.25% DOC, 0.25% LCA and 0.125% DOC+0.125% LCA, respectively. After euthanasia, the lesions found in the resected gastrointestinal tracts were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and examined microscopically.RESULTS:No gastrointestinal tract changes were observed in the control group, while hyperplastic Peyer's patches in the small intestine, flat adenomas with mild dysplasia and chronic colitis at the level of the colon were found in all three test groups. The colonic lesions prevailed in the proximal colon. The highest number of flat adenoma lesions (8), hyperplasia of Peyer's patches (25) and chronic colitis (2) were found in mice fed with diet and LCA.CONCLUSION: Precancerous or cancerous pathological lesions could not be identified. Instead, adenomatous colonic injuries occurred in a shorter period of time (six months), compared to the reported data.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Bile Acids and Salts/toxicity , Carcinogens/toxicity , Cholagogues and Choleretics/toxicity , Colon/drug effects , Deoxycholic Acid/toxicity , Lithocholic Acid/toxicity , Adenoma/chemically induced , Carcinogenicity Tests , Colitis/chemically induced , Colon/pathology , Colonic Neoplasms/chemically induced , Disease Models, Animal , Feces/chemistry , Peyer's Patches/drug effects , Time Factors
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(5): 328-338, 05/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-747029

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To measure the content of acidic mucin, sialomucin, and sulfomucins in the colonic mucosa without fecal stream submit to intervention with sucralfate (SCF). METHODS: Thirty-six rats were submitted to a right colostomy and a distal mucous fistula and divided into two groups according to sacrifice to be performed two or four weeks. Each group was divided into three subgroups according daily application of enemas containing saline, SCF at 1.0 g/kg/day or 2.0 g/kg/day. Colitis was diagnosed by histological analysis. Acid mucins were determined with the Alcian-Blue and sulfomucin and sialomucin by high iron diamine-alcian blue (HID-AB) techniques. The mucins were quantified by computer-assisted image analysis. Mann-Whitney and ANOVA tests were used to analyze the results establishing the level of significance of 5% for both (p<0.05). RESULTS: SCF enemas decreased the inflammation score and was related to the concentration used and time of the intervention. SCF at both concentrations increased the content of acid mucin, which was related to the concentration used and to the improvement in the inflammatory score. There was an increase in the content of sulfomucins and sialomucins in SCF groups. SCF increased sulfomucins from 2 weeks of intervention, which was not related to the dose or time of application. The increase in sialomucin content was related to the time and dose used in the intervention. CONCLUSION: Sucralfate increased the content of acidic mucins, primarily at the expense of sialomucin, which was affected by the dose and time of intervention. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Colitis/drug therapy , Colon/chemistry , Intestinal Mucosa/chemistry , Mucins/analysis , Sialomucins/analysis , Sucralfate/administration & dosage , Colostomy , Colitis/pathology , Colon/drug effects , Colon/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Enema/methods , Feces , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Intestinal Mucosa/drug effects , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-195649

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative colitis is an idiopathic chronic inflammatory bowel disease and its incidence in Korea has rapidly increased over the past two decades. Since ulcerative colitis is associated with increased risk for colorectal cancer, annual or biannual colonoscopy with four quadrant random biopsies at every 10 cm segments has been recommended for surveillance of colitic cancer in patients with long standing left-sided or extensive colitis. Recent epidemiologic data and meta-analysis suggest that the increment of colorectal cancer risk in ulcerative colitis was not larger than that of previous studies. Moreover, in addition to the extent and duration of colitis, other risk factors such as family history of colorectal cancer, primary sclerosing cholangitis, stricture, pseudopolyps, and histologic severity of inflammation have been recognized. As a result, updated guidelines provide surveillance strategies adjusted to the individual patient's risk for colitic cancer. Regarding surveillance method, target biopsy under panchromoendoscopy is preferentially recommended rather than random biopsy.


Subject(s)
Cholangitis, Sclerosing/complications , Colitis, Ulcerative/complications , Colon/pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/complications , Polyps , Risk Factors
20.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-195644

ABSTRACT

Lower gastrointestinal complications often develop in end stage renal disease patients, and among the more problematic is recurrent colon ulcer. The exact pathogenesis of this condition is not known and there were no specific therapeutic modalities concerning this type of disease entity. We report, with a literature review, a case of recurrent colon ulcer with intermittent hematochezia in an end stage renal disease patient on long term hemodialysis that improved after conversion to peritoneal dialysis.


Subject(s)
Aspirin/therapeutic use , Colon/pathology , Colonic Diseases/complications , Colonoscopy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Peritoneal Dialysis , Recurrence , Ticlopidine/therapeutic use , Ulcer/complications
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