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J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(4): 451-454, Out.-Dec. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356438


The evaluation of preventivemeasures and risk factors for anastomotic leakage has been a constant concern among colorectal surgeons. In this context, the description of a new way to perform a colorectal, coloanal or ileoanal anastomosis, known as transanal transection and single-stapled (TTSS) anastomosis, deserves an appreciation of its qualities, and a discussion about its properties and technical details. In the present paper, the authors review themost recent efforts aiming to reduce anastomotic dehiscence, and describe the TTSS technique in a patient submitted to laparoscopic total proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for familial adenomatous polyposis. Surgical perception raises important advantages such as distal rectal transection under visualization, elimination of double-stapling lines (with cost-effectiveness and potential protection against suture dehiscence), elimination of dog ears, and the opportunity to be accomplished via a transanal approach after open, laparoscopic, or robotic colorectal resections. Future studies to confirm these supposed advantages are needed. (AU)

Humans , Anal Canal/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Surgical Stapling , Rectum/surgery , Colon/surgery
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 42-46, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286973


Abstract Introduction Colorectal cancer is the second most common type of cancer and the third leading cause ofmortality due to cancers. Anastomosis leak after proctectomy is a dangerous complication that must be managed carefully. The aim of the present study was to assess the procedure of resection and pull-through of the new rectum after anastomosis leak in patients after proctectomy. Methods and Materials This was a cross-sectional study. Patients who visited the Firoozgar Hospital between 2015 and 2018 for rectal cancer surgery and had anastomosis leak entered the study. All patients underwent resection of the residue of rectum and pull-through of colon. Results In the present study, out of the 110 cases who underwent proctectomy, 12 patients with postoperative anastomosis leak were reported. Five (41.7%) were male and 7 (58.3%) were female. Themean age of the patients was 41.5 ± 4.3 years (33-51). Resection of the new rectum and pull-through anastomosis were performed for these 12 patients. No major intraoperative complication occurred. Postoperative course was uneventful in all patients. Discussion Resection of residue of rectum and pull-through in patients with anastomosis leak can be done after rectal cancer surgery. This method is superior to abdominopelvic resection in many aspects, especially regarding accessibility to the new rectum by rectal exam or endosonography to assess recurrence or a relative continence after closure of ostomy.

Resumo Introdução O câncer colorretal é o segundo tipo de câncer mais comum, e a terceira principal causa de mortalidade por câncer. O vazamento da anastomose após a proctectomia é uma complicação perigosa, que deve ser tratada com cuidado. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o procedimento de ressecção e abaixamento do novo reto após vazamento de anastomose em pacientes submetidos à proctectomia. Métodos e Materiais Este foi um estudo transversal que incluiu pacientes que compareceram ao Firoozgar Hospital entre 2015 e 2018 submetidos a cirurgia de câncer retal e com vazamento de anastomose. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a ressecção do resíduo do reto e abaixamento do cólon. Resultados No presente estudo, dos 110 casos submetidos a proctectomia, 12 pacientes tiveram vazamento de anastomose pós-operatório: 5 (41,7%) do sexo masculino e 7 (58,3%) do sexo feminino. A idade média dos pacientes foi de 41,5 ± 4,3 anos (gama: 33 a 51 anos). A ressecção do reto novo e a anastomose por abaixamento foram realizadas nesses 12 pacientes. Nenhuma complicação intraoperatória mais grave ocorreu. No pós-operatório, não houve intercorrências em nenhum dos pacientes. Discussão A ressecção de resíduo retal e o abaixamento em pacientes com vazamento de anastomose pode ser feita após cirurgia de câncer retal. Este método é superior à ressecção abdominopélvica em muitos aspectos, especialmente quanto à acessibilidade ao novo reto por exame retal ou endossonografia para avaliar a recorrência ou uma continência relativa após o fechamento da ostomia.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Rectum/surgery , Treatment Failure , Colon/surgery , Proctectomy/adverse effects , Rectal Neoplasms/complications , Anastomosis, Surgical , Cross-Sectional Studies
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 508-516, dic. 2020. graf, il, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288163


RESUMEN Antecedentes: la fístula anastomótica (FA) es una de las complicaciones más severas de la cirugía colo rrectal. Su desarrollo obedece a múltiples factores dependientes del paciente y la técnica operatoria; entre estos últimos podemos mencionar la vascularización de los cabos como uno de los principales. La angiografía fluorescente (AF) permite la evaluación de ese factor en tiempo real durante la cirugía. Objetivo: describir la experiencia en el uso de la AF durante la cirugía colorrectal en un Hospital Uni versitario de la ciudad de Buenos Aires, registrar el cambio de conducta quirúrgica inducido por el uso de la AF y la incidencia de FA. Material y métodos: entre enero de 2016 y junio de 2018 se incluyeron 37 pacientes sometidos a resecciones colónicas programadas y con evaluación de la perfusión con AF. Resultados: la AF pudo realizarse en todos los pacientes con un tiempo operatorio extra de 3 a 9 mi nutos, registrando un cambio de conducta en 4 (10,81%) pacientes. Se registraron 2 (5,41%) fístulas anastomóticas. Conclusiones: la AF con verde de indocianina durante la cirugía colorrectal fue factible, sumó mínima complejidad y tiempo a la operación tradicional, y permitió cambiar la conducta en la sección intestinal en el 11% de los casos, con baja tasa de fístulas anastomóticas.

ABSTRACT Background: Anastomotic leak (AL) is one of the most feared complication of colorectal surgery. Its development is dependent of patient and surgery factors. Of these, bowel perfusion is one of the most important. Fluorescent angiography (FA) allows the identification in real time of the bowel perfusion. Objective: to describe the experience in the use of FA during colorectal surgery in a University Hospital setting in Buenos Aires, to register the change in surgical plan according to the FA findings and record the incidence of AL. Material y methods: Between January 2016 and June 2018, 37 patients with scheduled colorectal resections and FA bowel perfusion assessment were included. Results: Perfusion assessment with FA was possible in all cases with an extra operative time of 3 to 9 minutes, a change in surgical plan was registered in 4 cases (10.81%) and 2 AL were recorded (5.41%). Conclusions: FA during colorectal surgery is feasible, with minimum extra operative time and results in a change in surgical plan in 11% of the cases, and low rate of anastomotic fistula.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Fluorescein Angiography , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colon/surgery , Colectomy , Colorectal Surgery , Anastomotic Leak
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(3): 237-242, July-Sept. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134985


Abstract Introduction: Minimally invasive colectomy has been performed for some years for many patients worldwide without much complications compared to the open approach. In this study we explained our experience regarding a modification in laparoscopic total colectomy and removing the specimen with Natural Orifice Specimen Extraction (NOSE) through rectum using a plastic cover for the first time. Methods and material: This was an experimental study on a new technique of total colectomy with a small modification. Total colectomy was performed based on 7 port laparoscopic approach. Rectum was sparred. Colon was then taken out through the anal canal using a plastic cover. Results: Thirteen patients underwent laparoscopic total colectomy by removal of the specimen through rectum. Mean age of patients was 42.23 ± 8.15 years. Mean duration of operation was 130 ± 32.4 min. All patients had an uneventful postoperative hospitalization. Discussion: Laparoscopic total colectomy has been proven to have superior benefits than the open approach. In NOSE technique, colon is removed from the anal canal without any complication or consuming much time. This technique might have less pain and removes the complications associated with an incision on the skin to remove the specimen. Also, due to low price of a usual plastic cover, it can be used instead of other techniques to remove the specimen through the rectum.

Resumo Introdução: A colectomia minimamente invasiva vem sendo realizada há alguns anos em muitos pacientes no mundo inteiro, apresentando menos intercorrências do que a abordagem aberta. Neste estudo, os autores relatam sua experiência com uma modificação da colectomia total laparoscópica e extração de espécime em orifício natural (NOSE) pelo reto, usando uma cobertura plástica pela primeira vez. Métodos e materiais: Este foi um estudo experimental sobre uma nova técnica de colectomia total com uma pequena modificação. A colectomia total foi realizada com base na abordagem laparoscópica de sete portas. O reto foi poupado. O cólon foi então retirado pelo canal anal usando uma cobertura plástica. Resultados: Treze pacientes foram submetidos a colectomia total laparoscópica por remoção do espécime pelo reto. A idade média dos pacientes foi de 42,23 ± 8,15 anos. A duração média da operação foi de 130 ± 32,4 minutos. Para todos os pacientes, a internação pós-operatória transcorreu sem intercorrências. Discussão: Foi comprovado que a colectomia total laparoscópica apresenta benefícios superiores à abordagem aberta. Na técnica NOSE, o cólon é removido mais rapidamente do canal anal, sem nenhuma intercorrência. Essa técnica pode causar menos dor e remove as complicações associadas a uma incisão na pele para remover o espécime. Além disso, devido ao baixo preço de uma cobertura plástica comum, ela pode ser usada no lugar de outras técnicas para remover o espécime pelo reto.

Humans , Male , Female , Laparoscopy/methods , Colectomy/methods , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery , Colon/surgery , Colorectal Surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(3): 110-110, sept. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128578


Introducción: La enfermedad diverticular de colon es una patología de alta prevalencia en nuestro medio. Su presentación inicial como fístulas no complicadas no es frecuente sin antecedentes de episodios de diverticulitis previa. Objetivos: Presentar detalles técnicos de la cirugía de resección y tratamiento laparoscópico de una fistula colovesical de origen diverticular. Materiales y métodos: Se presenta el caso de un paciente varón de 63 años con dolor en hipogastrio sin alteraciones evacuatorias ni cirugías previas. Sin antecedentes de diverticulitis. Se realizó ecografía abdominal y tomografía computada donde se constata aire en vejiga. El urocultivo es positivo para escherichia coli y el colon por enema detecta pequeño trayecto fistuloso entre colon sigmoides y vejiga. Se decide resección laparoscópica. Resultados: Se realizó una colectomía sigmoidea laparoscópica con identificación de trayecto fistuloso a la vejiga que se aisló y seccionó entre clips de polímero. Se completó con anastomosis primara colorrectal y sondaje vesical prolongado que se retiró a los 15 días. Los parámetros postoperatorios fueron favorables con egreso a las 72 hs. Conclusión: La fístula colovesical es una complicación de la enfermedad diverticular de colon aunque es rara su debut como forma de presentación sin episodios de diverticulitis previa. Se destaca su identificación como trayecto único y no hemos encontrado mención al respecto en la bibliografía. Su resolución de ligadura entre clips es una opción terapéutica efectiva y rápida para su resolución definitiva. El abordaje laparoscópico electivo es de elección y su tratamiento mediante el procedimiento propuesto resultó efectivo y seguro.

Background: Diverticular disease is a high prevalent colonic pathology. Initial presentation as complicated disease includes fistulas, perforation and bleeding. Objetive: To present technical surgical aspects of surgical treatment of laporoscopic resection of colovesical fistula after diverticular disease. Methods: A 63 years old patient presented with low abdominal pain and no transit symptoms. There was no previous surgery and diverticulitis episode. Abdominal ultrasound and CT scan showed air in the bladder. Urine culture was positive to Escherichia coli. Colonic barium x-rays showed a colovesical fistula. Laparoscopic resection was decided as treatment of choice. Results: Laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy, aisolation of fistula tract and posterior clips ligation and section. Primary mecanic anastomosis and 15 days vesical catheter completed the treatment. Postoperative evolution was satisfactory. Conclusions: Colovesical fistula is a frequent complication of complicated diverticular disease, however its debut without previous episodes is rare. The colonic fistula presented as unique tract is unfrequent. Resolution by polimer clips and section associated with colonic resection by laparoscopic is a good option to avoid bladder sutures. This procedure resulted safe and effective.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Urinary Bladder Fistula/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Colon/surgery , Diverticulitis, Colonic/surgery , Diverticulitis, Colonic/complications
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(1): e845, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126406


RESUMEN Las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico constituyen un problema de calidad de los cuidados a la salud, las cuales son potencialmente prevenibles mediante la aplicación de guías de prevención basadas en evidencias. Se pretendedescribir la evolución histórica de las prácticas de uso profiláctico de antibióticos en cirugía de colon desde el siglo pasado. Se analizó literatura publicada en las últimas cinco décadas en MEDLINE, Infomed y otras fuentes secundarias. Se destaca la evolución del uso combinado de antimicrobianos (aminoglucósidos, penicilina, cefalosporinas y nitroimidazoles) asociados a la preparación enérgica del colon en la década de los 70 del pasado siglo. Numerosos antimicrobianos y prácticas han sido ensayados para demostrar que el uso de antibióticos para el control de las bacterias aerobias y anaerobias, administrados por vía oral e intravenosa, logra la prevención de hasta el 75 por ciento de las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico en cirugía de colon. Las evidencias científicas orientan hacia la necesidad del uso de profilaxis antibióticos orales más intravenosas asociados a la preparación mecánica del colon(AU)

ABSTRACT Surgical site infections are a concern with respect to quality of health care. Surgical site infections are potentially preventable through the application of evidence-based prevention guidelines. The aim is to describe the historical evolution of practicing prophylactic use of antibiotics in colon surgery since the last century. We analyzed the literature published in the last five decades in MEDLINE, Infomed and other secondary sources. The evolution is highlighted of the combined use of antimicrobials (aminoglycosides, penicillin, cephalosporins, and nitroimidazoles) associated with the vigorous preparation of the colon in the 1970s of the last century. Numerous antimicrobials and practices have been tested to demonstrate that the use of antibiotics to control aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, administered orally and intravenously, achieves the prevention of up to 75 percent of surgical site infections in colon surgery. Scientific evidence points to the need for the use of more intravenous oral antibiotic prophylaxis associated with mechanical preparation of the colon(AU)

Humans , Quality of Health Care/trends , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Colon/surgery , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Review Literature as Topic
Clinics ; 75: e1847, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133435


OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to compare the hydrogen potential (pH) and residual gastric volume (RGV) of patients undergoing colonoscopy after 3 and 6 hours of colon preparation with mannitol. METHODS: We described a prospective randomized trial with a 50:50 allocation rate of two distinct times of colonoscopy after colon preparation with 10% mannitol. We included outpatients aged over 18 years, with no history of gastric surgeries and an American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)-rated anesthetic risk below III. Colonoscopy was performed after upper digestive endoscopy at two different times: 3 versus 6-hour after mannitol ingestion. During upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, we measured RGV and evaluated pH with a digital pH meter. Clinical 71123317.9.3001.0065 RESULTS: We randomized a total of 100 participants to the 3 and 6-hour groups, with the patients in the 6-hour group being younger and presenting a higher body mass index (BMI). The intervention did not result in any statistically significant differences between the two groups, neither for the RGV (p=0.98) or the pH (p=0.732). However, the subgroup of patients with diabetes mellitus showed statistically significant higher RGV values in the 3-hour group. CONCLUSION There was no difference between RGV and pH values at 3 versus 6-hour after bowel preparation with mannitol, except for RGV in diabetic patients at 3 hours. As prolonged fasting protocols may result in adverse events such as dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, we can infer that colonic preparation with mannitol in shorter fasting periods, such as 3 hours, can be adopted safely and routinely.

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Colonoscopy , Mannitol/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Colon/surgery , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(2): 136-144, abr. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058246


INTRODUCCIÓN: La dehiscencia anastomótica (DA) es una complicación severa en cirugía colorrectal con una incidencia que oscila entre 2 y 19%. La literatura internacional muestra numerosos estudios sobre la identificación de factores de riesgo (FR), mientras que en la nacional existen solo dos series que analizan esta complicación. OBJETIVO: Realizar una caracterización descriptiva de resultados institucionales y establecer la tasa de DA, sus factores de riesgo asociados y la mortalidad. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Serie de casos no concurrente, cuya muestra son pacientes consecutivos intervenidos de patología colorrectal con anastomosis primaria con o sin ostoma derivativo entre los años 2004 y 2016. Se realiza modelo de regresión logística univariable y multivariable. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron 748 pacientes, 50,5% mujeres, media de edad fue 56,2. Las indicaciones quirúrgicas más frecuentes fueron cáncer colorrectal en 381 (50,9%) pacientes y enfermedad diverticular en 163 (21,8%). La DA fue de 5,6% (42/748) y la mortalidad fue de 2% (15/748), siendo de 1% para los electivos (7/681). En el análisis univariado encontramos que los FR que tuvieron significancia estadística fueron la albúmina (p < 0,001), altura anastomosis (p < 0,001), transfusión (p < 0,001), localización (colon derecho > izquierdo) (p = 0,011), mientras que en el análisis multivariado fueron la albúmina (p = 0,002) con un OR 3,64 (IC 95% 1,58-8,35) y transfusión (p = 0,015) con un OR 7,15 (IC 95% 1,46-34,91). CONCLUSIÓN: Nuestra serie es la más grande reportada en Chile, con resultados similares a estudios internacionales y nacionales. Establecemos que la hipoalbuminemia y la presencia de transfusiones intraoperatorias se asocian a alta tasa de DA.

INTRODUCTION: Anastomotic leakage (AL) is a severe complication in colorectal surgery, its incidence ranges from 2 to 19%. In international literature, we found numerous studies on the identification of risk factors (RF), while in the national there are only two series that analyze this complication. AIM: Perform a descriptive characterization of institutional results and establish the AL rate, its associated risk factors and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Non-concurrent series of cases, whose sample is consecutive patients operated for colorectal pathology with primary anastomosis with or without a derivative ostoma between 2004 and 2016. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression model was performed. RESULTS: There were 748 patients, 50.5% women, mean age was 56.2. The most frequent surgical indications were colorectal cancer in 381 (50.9%) patients and diverticular disease in 163 (21.8%). The AL was 5.6% (42/748) and the mortality was 2% (15/748), being 1% for the electives (7/681). In the univariate analysis, we found that the RF that had statistical significance were albumin (p < 0.001), anastomosis height (p < 0.001), transfusion (p < 0.001), location (right colon > left) (p = 0.011), while that in the multivariate analysis were albumin (p = 0.002) with an OR 3.64 (IC 95% 1.58-8.35) and transfusion (p = 0.015) with an OR 7.15 (IC 95% 1.46-34.91). CONLUSION: Our series is the largest reported in Chile, with similar results to international and national studies. We establish that hypoalbuminemia and the presence of intraoperative transfusions are associated with a high rate of AL.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/diagnosis , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Rectum/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/surgery , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/mortality , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Colon/surgery
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1417, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973379


ABSTRACT Background : Short bowel syndrome is a harmful condition that needs experimental research. Aim: To assess the impact of the ileocecal valve removal in a model of short bowel syndrome, in order to investigate the evolution of the colon under this circumstance. Method: Fifteen Wistar rats were equitable divided into: Control (Sham), Group I (70% enterectomy preserving ileocecal valve) and Group II (70% enterectomy excluding ileocecal valve). After enterectomy was performed jejunoileal or jejunocecal anastomosis and sacrificed the animals on 30th postoperative day for histomorphometric study of the colon. During this period, was observed the clinical evolution of the animals weekly including body weight measurement. Results: Group I and II presented progressive loss of weight. In Group I was observed diarrhea, perineal hyperemia and purple color of the colon during autopsy. Histomorphometry assay showed hypertrophy and hyperplasia of colon mucosa in Group I. In Group II the colon wall was thicker due to hypertrophy and muscular hyperplasia, and in mucosa vascular proliferation and inflammatory infiltrate were intense. Conclusion : This short bowel syndrome model is relevant and achieve 100% of survival. Animal's weight loss was not altered by the presence or exclusion of the ileocecal valve. Animals with 70% of small bowel removal and presence of the ileocecal valve attained a better clinical evolution and histological colon adaptation than those without ileocecal valve.

RESUMO Racional: Síndrome do intestino curto é condição clínica crítica e que precisa de pesquisa experimental. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da remoção da válvula ileocecal em um modelo de síndrome do intestino curto para investigar o comportamento do cólon nesta circunstância. Método: Quinze ratos Wistar foram divididos em três grupos de cinco: Controle (Sham), grupo I (enterectomia de 70% com preservação da válvula ileocecal), e grupo II (70% enterectomia de 70% excluindo a válvula ileocecal). Após a enterectomia foi restabelecido o trânsito com anastomose jejunoileal no grupo I e jejunocecal no grupo II. Os animais foram sacrificados no 30º dia do pós-operatório para histomorfometria do cólon. Durante este período, observou-se a evolução clínica semanal, incluindo a medição do peso corporal. Resultados: Grupos I e II apresentaram perda progressiva de peso. No grupo I houve diarreia, períneo hiperemiado e cor violácea do cólon durante a autópsia. A histomorfometria mostrou hipertrofia e hiperplasia da mucosa do cólon no grupo I. No grupo II a parede do cólon estava mais espessa devido à hipertrofia e hiperplasia das camadas muscular e mucosa onde a proliferação vascular e infiltração inflamatória foi intensa. Conclusão: Este modelo é factível e atingiu 100% de sobrevida. A perda de peso não foi alterada pela presença ou exclusão da válvula ileocecal. Animais com remoção de 70% do intestino delgado e presença da válvula ileocecal apresentaram melhor evolução clínica e adaptação histológica do cólon que os sem válvula ileocecal.

Animals , Male , Short Bowel Syndrome/surgery , Disease Models, Animal , Ileocecal Valve/surgery , Intestine, Small/surgery , Short Bowel Syndrome/pathology , Time Factors , Biopsy , Body Weight , Jejunoileal Bypass/methods , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Colon/surgery , Colon/pathology , Ileocecal Valve/pathology , Intestinal Mucosa/surgery , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Intestine, Small/pathology
Acta cir. bras ; 33(10): 914-923, Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973467


Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the most frequent surgical techniques of high-risk colorectal anastomoses in rats. Methods: Wistar rats were enrolled in three different models comprising inflammatory (TNBS enema), vascular (portal vein occlusion) or obstructive (a non-ischemic constricting ring) mechanisms associated with colonic anastomosis that had accomplished after these former lesions. Histological analyses (Hematoxylin and eosin and Picrosirius red) were performed. Results: All anastomoses techniques were associated with risk factors and had complications, mainly anastomotic leakage. In Study 1, the use of a pharmacological agent, trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) mimicked an inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn's disease with 50% of anastomosis leakage, the higher percentage among all models tested. In Study 2, after portal ischemia followed by reperfusion it was observed a dense neutrophil infiltrate in the midst of necrotic tissue and fibrin at the anastomotic site and 5 days after the anastomosis, no collagen was produced. In Study 3, 5 days after the mechanical obstruction some denuded areas of epithelium with marked oedema of mucosa and submucosa were seen, at the anastomotic site and anastomosis group showed some reduction of collagen density when compared with Control/Sham group. Conclusion: All the experimental surgical techniques tested in rats were associated with high-risk colorectal anastomoses and were useful to study colonic anastomotic healing and intestinal leakage.

Animals , Rats , Rectum/surgery , Colon/surgery , Anastomotic Leak/pathology , Anastomotic Leak/diagnostic imaging , Wound Healing , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(3): 252-257, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973890


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The post-operative complications rate is greater in patients with Crohn's disease than in other abdominal surgeries due to other benign conditions. Prevention and management of such complications are important factors in the care of these patients. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this research are to analyze the rate of postoperative complications and the major risk factors in patients with Crohn's disease. METHODS: A descriptive and retrospective study based on analysis of medical records of patients with Crohn's disease undergoing ileal and/or colonic resection, which analyzed the main surgical complications and their major risk factors. RESULTS: Forty-four surgical procedures and thirty-seven patients were analyzed. Most were female (56.7%). Postoperative complications were observed in 18 (40.9%) surgeries. The disease duration (P=0.04), the penetrating behavior (P=0.013), the time between diagnosis and the first surgery (P=0.04), malnutrition with low body mass index (BMI), duration of surgery (P=0.016), and the size of the removed specimen (P=0.014) were associated with higher rates of complications. The use of drugs blocking tumor necrosis factor up to eight weeks before surgery was not significantly associated with higher complications rates or increased need for reoperation. CONCLUSION: The complication rate observed in this study is similar to published data. The duration of the disease, the penetrating behavior, the size of the removed specimen, the duration of the surgery, and BMI are important risk factors for perioperative complications in Crohn's disease.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: O índice de complicações pós-operatórias é maior em pacientes com doença de Crohn do que em outras cirurgias abdominais decorrentes de outras afecções benignas. A prevenção e o manejo de tais complicações constituem importante fator no tratamento desses pacientes. OBJETIVO: Os objetivos deste trabalho são analisar a taxa de complicações pós-operatórias e os principais fatores de risco em pacientes portadores de doença de Crohn. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo e retrospectivo, baseado na análise dos prontuários dos pacientes com doença de Crohn submetidos a ressecções ileais e/ou colônicas, analisando as principais complicações cirúrgicas e os principais fatores de risco relacionados as mesmas. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 44 procedimentos cirúrgicos em 37 pacientes. A maioria dos pacientes era do sexo feminino (56,7%). Complicações pós-operatórias foram observadas em 18 (40,9%) cirurgias. A duração da doença (P=0,04), o comportamento penetrante (P=0,013), o tempo entre o diagnóstico e a primeira cirurgia (P=0,04), a desnutrição com baixo índice de massa corpórea (IMC), o tempo de duração da cirurgia (P=0,016), e o tamanho do espécime retirado (P=0,014) estiveram associados a maiores taxas de complicações. O uso de fármacos bloqueadores do fator de necrose tumoral até oito semanas antes da cirurgia não foi significativamente associado a maiores taxas de complicações ou a maior necessidade de reoperação. CONCLUSÃO: A taxa de complicações observadas neste trabalho é semelhante aos dados da literatura. A duração da doença, o comportamento penetrante, o tamanho do espécime retirado, o tempo de duração da cirurgia e o IMC são importantes fatores de risco para complicações peri-operatórias em doença de Crohn.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Crohn Disease/surgery , Risk Assessment/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Reference Values , Brazil/epidemiology , Crohn Disease/complications , Body Mass Index , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Colon/surgery , Statistics, Nonparametric , Operative Time , Ileum/surgery
Acta cir. bras ; 33(7): 565-576, July 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949365


Abstract Purpose: To investigate the possible effects of argan oil on the healing of colorectal anastomoses. Methods: I n Group 1 (sham), laparotomy was performed and the colon was mobilized. In the control (Group 2) and argan oil (Group 3) groups, colonic resection and anastomosis were applied. To the control and sham groups, 2 mL of 0.9% NaCl was administred rectally, and in the argan oil group, 2 mL/day argan oil was applied rectally for 7 days. Results: The mean bursting pressures of the argan oil and sham groups were significantly higher than the values in the control group. A significant difference was determined between the tissue hydroxyproline and prolidase levels of control group and other groups. Histopathologically, argan oil showed significant beneficial effects on colonic wound healing. In the argan oil and sham groups, the tissue malondialdehyde and fluorescent oxidation product levels were found to be lower and total sulfhydryl levels were higher than the control group. Conclusions: The rectally administered argan oil was observed to have significantly ameliorated wound healing parameters and exerted a significant antioxidant effect. This is the first study in the literature about the beneficial effects of argan oil on colorectal anastomoses.

Animals , Female , Rectum/surgery , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Oils/therapeutic use , Colon/surgery , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Oxidoreductases/analysis , Rectum/pathology , Spectrophotometry , Anastomosis, Surgical , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Collagen/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Colon/pathology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Dipeptidases/analysis , Surgical Wound/pathology , Surgical Wound/drug therapy , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis
Acta cir. bras ; 33(4): 333-340, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886278


Abstract Purpose: To compare platelet rich plasma (PRP) and fibrin glue about the effect of anastomotic healing. Methods: Thirty six Wistar-Albino male rats diveded into 3 groups according to control(Group1), PRP (Group 2) and fibrin glue(Tisseel VH) (Group 3). The colon was transected with scissor and subsequently an end to end anastomosis was performed using continuous one layer 6/0 vicryl sutures. Postoperative 7th day effect of anastomotic healing measuring with tissue hydroxyproline(TH) level and anastomotic bursting pressure(ABP); moreover comparison of cytokine (IL-6 and IL-10) and procalcitonin levels on 1st,3rd and 7th days. Results: There was no statistically significant difference of the ABP and hydroxyproline levels between PRP and fibrin glue on the 7th day. There was no statistically significant difference between levels of proinflammatory cytokine (IL-6) (P=0.41), anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) (P=0.35), and procalcitonin levels (P=0.63) on 1, 3 and 7 days. Conclusion: Fibrin glue and platelet rich plasma are shown to be effective in healing intestinal anastomoses without superior to each other.

Animals , Male , Wound Healing/drug effects , Hemostatics/pharmacology , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/pharmacology , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Time Factors , Calcitonin/analysis , Anastomosis, Surgical , Reproducibility of Results , Cytokines/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Colon/surgery , Colon/pathology , Hydroxyproline/analysis
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(4): e1398, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973364


ABSTRACT Background: Chronic kidney disease affects more than 500 million people worldwide. In this context, the uremic toxins present are related to worsening in tissue healing. Aim: Evaluate on healing of colonic anastomosis in uremic rats, serum and anatomopathological indicators, which may be related to the change tissue repair process. Methods: Twenty Wistar rats, were randomly separated into two groups. In the sham group they were submitted to 5/6 nephrectomy simulation in left kidney, simulation right nephrectomy, median laparotomy, colotomy and colorraphy. In the uremia group, they were submitted to 5/6 nephrectomy of the left kidney, total nephrectomy of the right kidney and median laparotomy, colotomy and colorraphy. Were collected for serum urea, creatinine and CRP dosages and the colonic segments were studied for evaluation of granulation tissue, collagen maturation, microvascular and myofibroblasts density, and cell viability. Through histochemical processing, microvascular density was evaluated by anti-CD34 monoclonal antibody marking, cell viability by cell proliferation nuclear antigen screening and myofibroblasts density with monoclonal anti-α-actin antibody. Computerized histometry was used for evaluations of collagens type I and III by the coloration of picrosirius. Results: The group submitted to nephrectomy 5/6, compared to the sham group, show urea increase (p<0.0000) and higher C reactive protein (p=0.0142). Decrease of granulation tissue formation (border reepithelialization p=0,0196, angiofibroblast proliferation p=0.0379), mean collagen I (p=0,0009) and collagen III (p=0,016), microvascular density (p=0,0074), cell proliferation nuclear antigen (p<0,0000) and myofibroblasts (p<0,0001). Conclusion: The uremia induced by nephrectomy 5/6 model establishes negative impact in the colonic wound healing.

RESUMO Racional: A doença renal crônica atinge mais de 500 milhões de pessoas em todo o mundo. Neste contexto, as toxinas urêmicas estão relacionadas ao comprometimento da cicatrização tecidual. Objetivo: Avaliar, na cicatrização de anastomoses colônicas de ratos urêmicos indicadores séricos e anatomopatológicos que possam estar relacionados com alteração do processo de reparação tissular. Métodos: Utilizaram-se 20 ratos Wistar divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos. No grupo simulação eles foram submetidos à simulação da nefrectomia 5/6 do rim esquerdo, simulação de nefrectomia total do rim direito, laparotomia mediana, colotomia e colorrafia. No grupo uremia, eles foram submetidos à nefrectomia 5/6 do rim esquerdo, nefrectomia total do rim direito, laparotomia mediana, colotomia e colorrafia. Coletaram-se amostras de sangue para dosagens séricas da ureia, creatinina e proteína C reativa, e do cólon para processamentos histológicos e histoquímicos na avaliação do tecido de granulação, maturação de colágeno, densidade microvascular e de miofibroblastos, viabilidade celular cicatricial. Empregou-se a histometria computadorizada para as avaliações de colágenos tipos I e III, densidade microvascular pela marcação com anticorpo monoclonal anti-CD34, viabilidade celular pela pesquisa do antígeno nuclear de proliferação celular e a densidade de miofibroblastos com anticorpo monoclonal anti-α-actina. Resultados: O grupo submetido à nefrectomia 5/6, em comparação ao grupo simulação, demonstraram aumentos da ureia sérica (p<0,0000) e proteína C reativa (p=0,0142), redução da formação de tecido de granulação (reepitelização de bordas p=0,0196, proliferação angiofibroblástica p=0,0379), porcentagens de colágeno I (p=0,0009) e colágeno III (p=0,016), densidade microvascular (p=0,0074) e miofibroblastos (p<0,0001) e antígeno nuclear de proliferação celular (p<0,0000). Conclusão: A uremia induzida pelo modelo de nefrectomia 5/6 determina impacto negativo no processo de cicatrização colônico.

Animals , Uremia/physiopathology , Wound Healing/physiology , Colon/surgery , Surgical Wound/physiopathology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Anastomosis, Surgical , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type III/metabolism , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Myofibroblasts/physiology , Granulation Tissue/physiopathology , Nephrectomy
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(2): e1381, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949234


ABSTRACT Background : Complete esophago-gastric necrosis after caustic ingestion is a challenging surgical scenario for reconstruction of the upper digestive transit. Aim : To present a surgical technique for reconstruction of the upper digestive tract after total esophagectomy and gastrectomy due to esophageal and gastric necrosis Method: The transit was re-established by means of a pharyngo-ileo-colic interposition with microsurgical arterial and venous anastomosis for augmentation of blood supply. Colo-duodeno-anastomosis and ileo-transverse colic anastomosis were performed for complete digestive transit reconstruction. Result: This procedure was applied in a case of 41 years male attempted suicide by ingesting alkali caustic liquid (concentrated sodium hydroxide). Total necrosis of the esophagus and stomach occurred, which required initially total esophago-gastrectomy, closure at the level of the crico-pharyngeal sphincter and jejunostomy for enteral feeding with a highly deteriorated quality of life . The procedure was performed later and there were no major early and late postoperative complications and normal nutritional conditions were re-stablished. Conclusion: The procedure is feasible and must be managed by multidisciplinary team in order to re-establish a normal quality of life.

RESUMO Racional: A necrose esofagogástrica completa após ingestão cáustica é um cenário cirúrgico desafiador para a reconstrução do trânsito digestivo alto. Objetivo: Apresentar uma técnica cirúrgica para reconstrução do trato digestivo superior após esofagectomia total e gastrectomia por necrose esofágica e gástrica. Método: O trânsito foi restabelecido por interposição faringo-íleo-cólica com anastomose arterial e venosa microcirúrgica com aumento do suprimento sanguíneo. Adicionalmente, anastomose colo-duodeno-anastomótica e íleo-transversa foram realizadas para reconstrução completa do trânsito digestivo. Resultado: Este procedimento foi aplicado em um homem de 41 anos com tentativa de suicídio pela ingestão de líquido cáustico alcalino (hidróxido de sódio concentrado). Ocorreu necrose total do esôfago e do estômago, o que exigiu inicialmente esofagogastrectomia total, fechamento ao nível do esfíncter cricofaríngeo e jejunostomia para alimentação enteral produzindo qualidade de vida altamente deteriorada. O procedimento foi realizado mais tardiamente e não houve maiores complicações pós-operatórias precoces e tardias e condições nutricionais normais foram restabelecidas. Conclusão: O procedimento é viável e deve ser manejado por equipe multidisciplinar a fim de restabelecer a qualidade de vida normal.

Humans , Male , Adult , Burns, Chemical/surgery , Caustics/toxicity , Esophagectomy , Colon/surgery , Esophagus/surgery , Esophagus/injuries , Pharynx/surgery , Stomach/surgery , Stomach/blood supply , Stomach/injuries , Stomach/pathology , Suicide, Attempted , Burns, Chemical/etiology , Anastomosis, Surgical , Esophagus/blood supply , Esophagus/pathology , Microvessels , Gastrectomy , Ileum/surgery , Necrosis
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(5): 432-438, 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978010


Introducción: La hemicolectomía derecha con anastomosis ileocólica es una cirugía frecuentemente realizada para la que existen muchas formas de realizarla. Objetivo: Evaluar cuál es la mejor anastomosis ilecólica en términos de morbimortalidad y realizar una evaluación comparativa de la evolución clínica posoperatoria según el tipo de configuración anastomótica. Pacientes y Método: Estudio observacional analítico, con criterios de inclusión y exclusión definidos. Las variables a estudiar las dividimos en dos grupos, las relacionadas a la técnica quirúrgica y su configuración anastomótica, y las variables relacionadas con resultados de la intervención quirúrgica, creando una tabla de contingencia en que se cruzan los datos. Análisis de datos con STATA 13.0. Resultados: 216 pacientes con anastomosis ileocólica, destacando significancia estadística al cruzar: A) reoperación y tipo de sutura (p = 0,044), con un OR 3,4 (IC 95% 0,94-18,6), siendo de mayor riesgo la mecánica; B) mortalidad y urgencia (p = 0,001) con un OR 7,76 (IC 95% 1,56-49,29), siendo de mayor riesgo la cirugía de urgencia. Las anastomosis isoperistálticas possen eliminación de gases (p < 0,001), tránsito intestinal (p = 0,009) e ingesta de sólidos (p = 0,005) más precoz. Hay expulsión de gases antes en el abordaje laparoscópico, sutura manual, configuración término lateral e isoperistáltica de la anastomosis y cirugía electiva. Conclusión: Existe gran variabilidad de técnicas para realizar la anastomosis ileocólica. La anastomosis manual muestra menor probabilidad de necesitar una reintervención quirúrgica, la cirugía electiva tiene menor mortalidad que la realizada de urgencia. Sugerimos realizarla vía laparoscópica, con sutura manual, término lateral, isoperistáltica y de forma electiva, por tener una recuperación más corta.

Introduction: Right hemicolectomy with ileocolic anastomosis is a frequent surgery with many ways to perform it. Objective: To evaluate which is the best ileocolic anastomosis in terms of morbidity and mortality and to make a comparative evaluation of the postoperative clinical evolution according to the type of anastomosis. Patients and Method: Analytical observational study, with defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The variables to be studied are divided into two groups, those related to the surgical technique and its anastomotic configuration, and the variables related to the results of the surgical intervention, creating a contingency table that crosses the data. Data analysis with STATA 13.0. Results: 216 patients with ileocolic anastomosis, highlighting statistical significance when crossing: A) reoperation and type of suture (p = 0.044), with UN or 3.4 (95% CI 0.94 to 18.6), being of greater risk the mechanics; B) mortality and urgency (p = 0.001) with an OR 7.76 (95% CI 1.56-49.29), with emergency surgery being of greater risk. Isoperistaltic anastomosis with gas elimination (p < 0.001), intestinal transit (p = 0.009) and solid intake (p = 0.005) earlier. There is earlier expulsion of gases in the laparoscopic approach, manual suture, end-to-side and isoperistaltic of the anastomosis and elective surgery. Conclusion: There is great variability of techniques to perform the ileocolic anastomosis. Manual anastomosis is less likely to require surgical reoperation, elective surgery has a lower mortality than that of emergency surgery. We suggest performing it laparoscopically, with manual suture, lateral term, isoperistaltic and electively, for having a shorter recovery.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/mortality , Colectomy/methods , Colectomy/mortality , Reoperation , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Colectomy/adverse effects , Colon/surgery , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Anastomotic Leak/epidemiology , Ileum/surgery
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(5): 439-444, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978011


Introducción: La filtración anastomótica (FA) en cirugía colorrectal aumenta la morbimortalidad. La identificación de factores de riesgo y la creación de un modelo predictivo ayudaría en la decisión de crear un ostoma desfuncionalizante, hecho que, actualmente, recae en el criterio del cirujano. Dekker creó el Colon Leakage Score (CLS) estableciendo criterios objetivos. Objetivo: Establecer el CLS en pacientes intervenidos por cáncer de colon izquierdo y recto en Clínica INDISA, estableciendo valores de corte locales, su sensibilidad y especificidad. Pacientes y Método: Corresponde a un estudio de pruebas diagnósticas, cuya intervención es la aplicación del CLS comparándolo con la presencia de filtración anastomótica (gold standard), definida por criterios clínicos y radiológicos. Se utilizó análisis de curvas ROC, índice de Youden y regresión logística. Resultados: De 180 pacientes, hubo FA en 12 (6,6%). La media de CLS en quienes hubo FA fue de 11,5 y en quienes no hubo FA de 6,9 (p = 0,0001). El área bajo la curva para predicción de FA con el CLS fue de 0,829 (IC 95% 0,69-0,96), con un valor de corte de 11, sensibilidad de 67% y especificidad de 89%. En el análisis de regresión logística, el OR para la predicción de FA utilizando el CLS fue de 1,48 (IC 95% 1,22-1,79 p < 0,001). Conclusión: El CLS es una herramienta que permite predecir el riesgo de FA en pacientes intervenidos por cáncer de colon izquierdo y recto. Ante un valor mayor o igual a 11 se debería crear un ostoma protector, generando un cambio en la práctica clínica.

Introduction: Anastomotic filtration increases morbidity and mortality in colorrectal surgery. Identification of risk factors and creation of a predictive model would help the decision of creating a defunctionalizing ostoma, that currently is taken by the surgeon. Dekker created de Colon Leakege Score (CLS) with objective criteria. Objective: Establish CLS in patients that underwent left colon and rectum surgery with cancer diagnosis in Clinica INDISA, define the local cutting value, it's specificity and sensibility. Patients and Methods: Corresponds to a diagnostic test's study, that intervention is CLS application, comparing with the presence of anastomotic filtration (gold standard), defined by clinical and radiologic criteria. For the analysis, ROC curves, Youden's index and logistic regression. Results: From 180 patients, anastomotic filtration was present in 12 (6.6%). Average CLS score in patients with anastomotic filtration was 11.5 and in those without anastomotic filtration was 6.9 (p = 0.0001). Area under the curve for anastomotic filtration prediction using CLS was 0.829 (CI 95% 0.69-0.96) with a cutting value of 11, 67% of sensibility and 89% of specificity. Logistic regression analysis, OR for anastomotic filtration prediction using CLS was 1.48 (CI 95% 1.22-1.79 p < 0.001). Conclusion: CLS is a tool that permits predicting anastomotic filtration risk in patients that underwent left colon and rectum surgery. With a CLS value equal or more than 11, we should create a protective ostoma, generating a clinical practice local change.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Risk Assessment/methods , Anastomotic Leak/diagnosis , Prognosis , Rectum/surgery , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Colon/surgery , Anastomotic Leak/etiology
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 30(4): 231-234, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-885744


ABSTRACT Background : The restoration of intestinal continuity is an elective procedure that is not free of complications; on the contrary, many studies have proven a high level of morbidity and mortality. It is multifactorial, and has factors inherent to the patients and to the surgical technique. Aim : To identify epidemiological features of patients that underwent ostomy closure analyzing the information about the surgical procedure and its arising complications. Method : It was realized a retrospective analysis of medical records of patients who underwent ostomy closure over a period of seven years (2009-2015). Results : A total of 39 patients were included, 53.8% male and 46.2% female, with mean age of 52.4 years. Hartmann´s procedure and ileostomy were the mainly reasons for restoration of intestinal continuity, representing together 87%. Termino-terminal anastomosis was performed in 71.8% of cases, by using mainly the manual technique. 25.6% developed complications, highlighting anastomotic leakage; there were three deaths (7.6%). The surgical time, the necessity of ICU and blood transfusion significantly related to post-operative complications. Conclusion : It was found that the majority of the patients were male, with an average age of 52 years. It was observed that the surgical time, the necessity of blood transfusion and ICU were factors significantly associated with complications.

RESUMO Racional: A reconstrução de trânsito intestinal é procedimento realizado eletivamente que não é isento de complicações, pelo contrário, muitos estudos evidenciam alto grau de morbimortalidade, dependendo de fatores inerentes ao paciente, bem como da própria técnica operatória. Objetivo: Identificar as características epidemiológicas dos pacientes submetidos à reconstrução intestinal, além de analisar as informações a respeito do procedimento cirúrgico e as complicações decorrentes. Método: Foi realizado análise retrospectiva dos prontuários dos pacientes submetidos à reconstrução intestinal no período de sete anos (2009-2015). Resultado: Foram incluídos 39 pacientes, sendo 53,8% homens e 46,2% mulheres, com idade média de 52 anos. As operações tipo Hartmann e ileostomia foram os motivos para a reconstrução do trânsito intestinal, representando juntas 87% dos pacientes. A anastomose terminoterminal foi realizada em 71,8% dos casos, utilizando principalmente a técnica manual. 25,6% dos pacientes apresentaram complicações, destacando-se a fístula de anastomose. Três (7,6%) morreram. O tempo operatório, necessidade de UTI e transfusão sanguínea apresentaram significância estatística com as complicações pós-operatórias. Conclusão: Verificou-se que a maioria foi de homens, com média de idade de 52 anos. Entre as variáveis estudadas, observou-se que a duração da operação, a necessidade de transfusão sanguínea e de UTI foram fatores complicadores com significância estatística.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Colostomy/methods , Colon/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors