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J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(4): 261-266, Oct.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528949


Objective: To examine the effectiveness of nefopam on postoperative pain control after anorectal surgeries. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of patients who underwent anorectal surgeries from January 2019 to March 2022 at two medical centers. The data were divided into nefopam and conventional groups. The primary outcome was the number of patients who requested additional opioids in the 24-h postoperative period. The secondary outcomes were numeric rating pain scores (NRPS) within a 24-h postoperative period and analgesic drugs-related side effects. Results: Eighty-seven patients in the conventional group and 60 in the nefopam group were recruited. The nefopam group reported less additional opioid consumption than the conventional group in all dimensions of analysis, including overall, adjusted to anesthetic techniques and types of surgery. However, these did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.093). Only patients in the nefopam group who underwent hemorrhoidectomy under TIVA or spinal anesthesia significantly required fewer additional opioids (P = 0.016, 60% mean difference). Similarly, the 24-h postoperative morphine consumption was lower in the nefopam group (mean difference = -3.4, 95%CI: 0.72,6.08). Furthermore, significantly lower NRPS were reported in the nefopam group during the 12-18 h postoperative period (P = 0.009). On the other hand, analgesic drugs related side effects were similar in both groups. Conclusions: The administration of nefopam after major anorectal surgery is beneficially evident in reducing postoperative opioid requirements. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Rectum/surgery , Colon/surgery , Nefopam/adverse effects , Pain, Postoperative , Retrospective Studies , Anesthesia, Rectal
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(4): 271-275, Oct.-Dec. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528943


Context: Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is one of the commonest problems requiring surgery in children. More than 95% of children present during new-born period, when they are treated with leveling colostomy and are followed with pull-through surgery a few months later, once the child has gained adequate weight to withstand a major surgery. The commonest pull through surgery done is the Duhamel retro-rectal pull-through (DRPT) repair. Settings and Design: This is a retrospective study of children who presented to one unit in our institute, a tertiary care referral hospital for children less than 12 years, with HD and underwent DRPT procedure during the period between July 2017 to June 2020. The children were evaluated after three years of follow-up for fecal incontinence and constipation. The study was conducted in children diagnosed with classical segment recto-sigmoid HD who underwent surgery. The children who were diagnosed with HD other than classical segment, who underwent primary pull through surgery and who underwent other repairs for HD were excluded from the study. Results: Thirty-two children underwent DRPT procedure during the study period. Of them, five (15.6%) children were lost on follow-up and one (3.1%) child had expired in the immediate post-operative period. Twenty-six children were included in the study. The bowel function score was calculated. The mean age of definitive surgery was 4.2 years. The follow-up period was a minimum of three years. Only two children had a "good" score of eighteen and above. Nineteen children had a "fair" score of 13-17. Five children had a "poor" score of less than thirteen, and among them, two had a "very poor" score of less than nine. The mean BFS was 13.72. Conclusions: Functional outcomes following Duhamel procedure are satisfactory, with 7.7% of children are in the fringe of requiring another surgery for constipation and pseudo-incontinence. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Treatment Outcome , Colon/surgery , Hirschsprung Disease/therapy , Quality of Life , Health Profile , Retrospective Studies , Defecation
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 697-700, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986839


Objective: To report the perioperative management and robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery results of one case with malignant tumor of anal canal combined with severe abdominal distention. Methods: A 66-year-old male suffer from adenocarcinoma of anal canal (T3N0M0) with megacolon, megabladder and scoliosis. The extreme distention of the colon and bladder result in severe abdominal distention. The left diaphragm moved up markedly and the heart was moved to the right side of the thoracic cavity. Moreover, there was also anal stenosis with incomplete intestinal obstruction. Preoperative preparation: fluid diet, intravenous nutrition and repeated enema to void feces and gas in the large intestine 1 week before operation. Foley catheter was placed three days before surgery and irrigated with saline. After relief of abdominal distention, robotic-assisted abdominoperineal resection+ subtotal colectomy+colostomy was performed. Results: Water intake within 6 hours post-operatively; ambulance on Day 1; anal passage of gas on Day 2; semi-fluid diet on Day 3; safely discharged on Day 6. Conclusion: Robotic-assisted minimally invasive surgery is safe and feasible for patients with malignant tumor of anal canal combined with severe abdominal distention after appropriate and effective preoperative preparation to relieve abdominal distention.

Male , Humans , Aged , Anal Canal/surgery , Colon/surgery , Colectomy , Anus Diseases/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Digestive System Abnormalities/surgery
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(1): 56-60, Jan.-Mar. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430690


Introduction: In current clinical practice, immediate coloanal anastomosis (ICA) remains the standard technique for restoring the gastrointestinal tract following coloproctectomy for low rectal cancer. This anastomosis still requires a temporary diverting stoma to decrease the postoperative morbidity, which remains significantly high. As an alternative, some authors have proposed a two-stage delayed coloanal anastomosis (TS-DCA). This article reports on the surgical technique of TS-DCA. Methods: The case described is of a 53-year-old woman, without any particular history, in whom colonoscopy motivated by rectal bleeding revealed an adenocarcinoma of the low rectum. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a tumor ~ 1 cm above the puborectalis muscle, graded cT3N +. The extension workup was negative. Seven weeks after chemoradiotherapy, a coloproctectomy with total mesorectal excision (TME) was performed. A TS-DCA was chosen to restore the digestive tract. Conclusion: Two-stage delayed coloanal anastomosis is a safe and effective alternative for restoring the digestive tract after proctectomy for low rectal cancer. Recent data seem to show a clear advantage of this technique in terms of morbidity. (AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Anal Canal/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Colon/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Proctectomy
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(4)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441527


Introducción: Los programas de recuperación mejorada después de cirugía constituyen un conjunto de acciones aplicadas al paciente quirúrgico en el período perioperatorio, que se enfoca en reducir el impacto de la cirugía en la respuesta metabólica y endocrina y así lograr una recuperación más temprana de mayor calidad. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados de la aplicación del protocolo de recuperación mejorada después de la cirugía en procedimientos quirúrgicos mayores electivos del colon. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo longitudinal y prospectivo con 163 pacientes con indicación de intervenciones quirúrgicas mayores electivas del colon en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico "Hermanos Ameijeiras", durante el período 2017-2020 y se les aplicó el programa ERAS implementado. Resultados: La edad media de los pacientes fue de 65,4±13,2 años con predominio del sexo femenino (57,7 por ciento). El 78,5 por ciento de los pacientes toleraban dieta blanda y expulsaban gases o heces por el recto al segundo día de la operación. La estadía posoperatoria promedio fue de 4,9 ± 3,4 días y en pacientes sin complicaciones se redujo a 4,0±1,0 días. La mortalidad reportada fue de un 3,1 por ciento (5 casos). Se complicó el 20,2 por ciento de los pacientes. El 6,7 por ciento de los pacientes requirió reingreso durante los primeros 30 días. Conclusiones: La implementación de un programa para mejorar la recuperación posoperatoria de pacientes con intervenciones electivas de colon demuestra resultados satisfactorios y mejora los resultados históricos del Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico "Hermanos Ameijeiras", en cuanto a complicaciones, estadía y mortalidad(AU)

Introduction: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs are a set of actions applied to the surgical patient in the perioperative period, focusing on reducing the impact of surgery on the metabolic and endocrine response, with the aim of achieving an earlier recovery of higher quality. Objective: To evaluate the results of the application of the enhanced recovery protocol after surgery in elective major surgical procedures of the colon. Methods: A descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study was conducted with 163 patients indicated for elective major surgery of the colon at Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico "Hermanos Ameijeiras", during the period 2017-2020, and who were applied the implemented ERAS program. Results: The mean age of the patients was 65.4 ± 13.2 years, with a predominance of the female sex (57.7 percent). 78.5 the patients tolerated a soft diet and expelled gases or faces througth the rectum at two days after the operation. The average postoperative stay was 4.9 ± 3.4 days and, in patients without complications, it was reduced to 4.0 ± 1.0 days. Reported mortality was 3.1 percent (five cases). Complications occurred in 20.2 percent of the patients. 6.7 percent of patients required readmission during the first thirty days. Conclusions: The implementation of a program for improving postoperative recovery of patients with elective interventions of the colon shows satisfactory results and improves the historical results of Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico "Hermanos Ameijeiras" in terms of complications, length of stay and mortality(AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Colon/surgery , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(4): 308-314, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430673


Background: The surgery with total mesorectal excision recommended by R. J. Heald in 1982 is the gold standard. Rectal cancer (RC) surgery has a morbidity rate ranging from 6 to 35%, and it can cause functional issues such as sexual, urinary, and bowel dysfunction in the long term. Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has been gaining ground in patients with lesions in the middle and lower rectum. The aim of the present study is to present the experience of a reference service in the treatment of RC. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study involving 53 patients diagnosed with RC between January 2017 and December 2019 with follow-up until December 2020. We examined tumor location, disease stage, digital rectal exam findings, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), therapeutic modality offered, and follow-up time. Results: A total of 32% of the patients were men and 68% were women, with a mean age of 60 years old. Location: upper rectum in 6 cases, middle rectum in 21 cases, and lower rectum in 26 cases with evolution from 9.8 to 13.5 months. The most frequent complaints were hematochezia and constipation. A total of 36 patients underwent neoadjuvant therapy: 11 complete clinical response (CCR) (30.5%), 20 (55.5%) partial clinical response (PCR), and no response in 5 patients (14%). The follow-up ranged from 12 to 48 months, with a mean of 30.5 months. A total of 25% of the patients had RC that went beyond the mesorectal fascia, and 22.64% had metastases in other parts of the body when they were diagnosed. Conclusion: Neoadjuvant radio and chemotherapy present themselves as an alternative in the treatment of rectal cancer. In 36 patients, 30.5% had a complete clinical response, 55.5% had a partial clinical response, and 14% had no response. It was worth doing the "Watch and Wait" (W&W) to sample. A definitive colostomy was avoided. However, it is necessary to expand the study to a larger follow-up and more patients. Additionally, it is necessary to implement a multicenter study. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Rectum/surgery , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Follow-Up Studies , Colon/surgery , Digital Rectal Examination , Neoplasm Staging
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 21(3): e840, sept.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408177


Introducción: En la cirugía de colon se persigue lograr una recuperación acelerada y se debate el método analgésico más ventajoso. Objetivo: Comparar la eficacia analgésica de la infusión continua peridural con bupivacaína y fentanilo frente a la analgesia parenteral en este tipo de intervención. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuasi-experimental, prospectivo y longitudinal, en 30 pacientes operados de colon entre agosto 2018 agosto 2019 en el Hospital Militar Central Dr. Carlos J. Finlay; divididos de forma no aleatoria en grupo analgesia peridural y grupo analgesia multimodal endovenosa. Resultados: La demora en despertar y extubar en el grupo peridural fue inferior (1,6-1,8 min) a los 4,9-5,0 min en el multimodal, igual ocurrió con la estadía en Unidad Cuidados Intensivos Quirúrgicos y hospitalaria aunque con discreta diferencia. El 60 por ciento de los pacientes en el grupo peridural presentaron ruidos hidroaéreos en las primeras 24 h y el 80 por ciento expulsó gases a las 48 h o antes, con marcada diferencia del multimodal. La analgesia fue buena en ambos grupos, valores de escala visual análoga inferiores en el grupo peridural, solo el 13,3 por ciento necesitó dosis rescate frente al 26,7 por ciento en el multimodal. Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron hipotensión (23,3 por ciento) y bradicardia (10 por ciento), sin diferencias entre grupos. La analgesia aceleró la recuperación en el 87,5 por ciento de los casos en el grupo peridural superior al 76 por ciento del grupo multimodal. Conclusiones: La analgesia peridural continua con bupivacaína y fentanilo es más eficaz que la analgesia multimodal endovenosa en la cirugía de colon y acelera la recuperación posoperatoria(AU)

Introduction: In colon surgery, accelerated recovery is pursued and the most advantageous analgesic method is still under debate. Objective: To compare the analgesic efficacy of continuous epidural infusion with bupivacaine and fentanyl versus parenteral analgesia in this type of operation. Methods: A quasiexperimental, prospective and longitudinal study was carried out with thirty patients who underwent colon surgery, between August 2018 and August 2019 at Dr. Carlos J. Finlay Central Military Hospital, nonrandomly divided into an epidural analgesia group and a multimodal intravenous analgesia group. Results: The awakening and extubation time in the epidural group was lower (1.6 -1.8 min) than the 4.9 to 5.0 min for the multimodal group. The same happened with intensive care unit and hospital stay, although with a discrete difference. 60 percent of the patients from the epidural group presented hydroaerial noise within the first 24 hours and 80 percent expelled gasses at 48 hours or earlier, with a marked difference in the multimodal group. Analgesia was good in both groups, with lower visual analog scale values in the peridural group; only 13.3 percent required rescue doses compared to 26.7 percent in the multimodal group. The most frequent complications were hypotension (23.3 percent ) and bradycardia (10 percent ), without differences between groups. Analgesia accelerated recovery for 87.5 percent of cases in the epidural group, compared to 76 percent in the multimodal group. Conclusions: Continuous epidural analgesia with bupivacaine and fentanyl is more effective than multimodal intravenous analgesia in colon surgery and accelerates postoperative recovery(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bupivacaine/therapeutic use , Analgesia, Epidural/methods , Fentanyl/therapeutic use , Colon/surgery , Intensive Care Units , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Critical Care
Cir. Urug ; 6(1): e402, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1384412


La diverticulosis puede presentarse en cualquier sector del tubo digestivo. La topografía de intestino delgado es infrecuente, se presenta sobre todo a nivel del yeyuno y en un 35% de los casos se asocia con diverticulosis colónica. Es más frecuente en mayores de 40 años. Los divertículos van disminuyendo de tamaño y número hacia el sector distal. Habitualmente el diagnóstico es incidental, sin embargo, pueden presentar complicaciones de las cuales se destacan por frecuencia el sangrado gastrointestinal y la diverticulitis. Se plantea que la deficiencia de fibra dietética generaría anomalías en el peristaltismo intestinal, lo que junto con fenómenos pseudo-obstructivos y alta presión intraluminal, actuaría en áreas de debilidad focal provocando la lesión. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 88 años con una oclusión de colon a la cual se le realizó una cirugía de Hartmann, en el intraoperatorio se identificó divertículos de yeyuno sin elementos complicaciones.

Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Diverticulum/diagnosis , Colon/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Jejunum , Octogenarians , Intraoperative Complications
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(3): 203-209, July-Sept. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421977


Objective: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a frequent complication following colorectal surgery. The present study investigated the risk factors for PONV after colorectal cancer surgery. Methods: A retrospective study of 204 patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer was conducted. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the clinicopathological factors associated with PONV. Results: The overall incidence of postoperative nausea (PON) and postoperative vomit (POV) was 26.5% (54/204), and 12.3% (25/204), respectively. The univariate analysis showed that female gender (p < 0.001), no current alcohol drinking habit (p = 0.003), and no stoma creation (p = 0.023) were associated with PON. Postoperative vomit was significantly correlated with female gender (p = 0.009), high body mass index (p = 0.017), and right-sided colon cancer (p = 0.001). The multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that female gender (odds ratio [OR]: 4.225; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.170-8.226; p < 0.001) was an independent risk factor for PON. A high body mass index (OR: 1.148; 95%CI: 1.018-1.295; p = 0.025), and right-sided colon cancer (OR: 3.337; 95%CI: 1.287-8.652; p = 0.013) were independent risk factors for POV. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that female gender for PON and a high body mass index and right-sided colon cancer for POV are risk factors after colorectal cancer surgery. An assessment using these factors might be helpful for predicting PONV. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Rectum/surgery , Colon/surgery , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Anesthesia/adverse effects , Medical History Taking
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(2): 133-144, jun. 2022. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1387596


RESUMEN Antecedentes: el uso de la proteína C reactiva (PCR) ha adquirido relevancia como identificador de complicaciones posoperatorias La morbilidad en cirugía colorrectal se estima en un 30% de los pacientes operados, lo que demanda medidas para su temprana identificación y terapéutica. Objetivo: describir las curvas de mediciones sucesivas de PCR y su relación con el desarrollo de complicaciones posoperatorias y niveles de glóbulos blancos en una serie de pacientes operados de cirugía colorrectal. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una revisión retrospectiva sobre un registro prospectivo de 2205 pacientes operados por la División de Cirugía Gastroenterológica del Hospital de Clínicas, entre enero de 2019 y julio de 2020. Se incluyeron 69 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de selección. Se consignaron datos del seguimiento clínico y dosaje de PCR, recuento de glóbulos blancos, vía de abordaje y desarrollo de complicaciones. Resultados: el promedio de edad fue de 59 años (DS 13,6; rango 33-85), 31 fueron hombres (43%). La tasa de complicaciones fue del 13,04%; más frecuente fue la fístula anastomótica (fístula, colección), seguida por complicaciones de la herida (hematoma, evisceración). Todos los pacientes mostraron un ascenso inicial del valor de PCR entre el 2° y 3er día, en relación con la lesión quirúrgica, los no complicados presentaron una cinética de descenso y los complicados. curvas de segundo ascenso o no descenso en las mediciones seriadas de PCR, y exhibían valores superiores de PCR cada día Se advirtieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los valores de proteína C reactiva al 5° día posoperatorio en el subgrupo de pacientes complicados con respecto a aquellos con un curso indolente (28 mg/dL vs. 6,1 mg/dL, p < 0,001; IC: 11,24-39,61). hubo diferencia significativa al 5o día entre complicados y no complicados, independientemente de la vía de abordaje. con un valor de corte de PCR de 10,92 mg/dL obtuvimos una sensibilidad del 87,50% y una especificidad del 100% para excluir complicaciones. Conclusiones: la medición de la proteína C reactiva de forma seriada en los posoperatorios de cirugía colorrectal mostró un correlato con la identificación temprana de las complicaciones en nuestra serie, tanto en sus valores absolutos diarios como en la cinética de su comportamiento. se formula el uso de valores de corte para el alta segura.

ABSTRACT Background: The use of C-reactive protein (CRP) has gained relevance as a marker of marker of postoperative complications. As the incidence of complications of colorectal surgery is estimated to be of 30%, measures should for their early identification and treatment. Objective: To describe the performance of consecutive CRP determinations and their relationship with the development of postoperative complications and with white blood cell count in a series of patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Materials and methods: A retrospective review was performed using a prospective registry of 2205 patients operated on at the Department of Digestive Surgery of Hospital de Clínicas, between January 2019 and July 2020. A total of 69 patients fulfilling the selection criteria were included. Clinical follow-up data, CRP levels, white blood cell count, type of approach and development of complications were recorded. Results: Mean age was 59 years (SD 13.6; range 33-85) and 31 were men (43%). The complication rate was 13.04%. Anastomotic leak (fistula, fluid collection) was the most common complication, followed by surgical site complications (hematoma, evisceration). All patients showed an initial increase in CRP values between days 2 and 3, in relation with the surgical lesion, and then decreased in those without complications. Patients with complications had second rise or lack of decrease in serial CRP measurements, and higher CRP values each day. There were statistically significant differences between the CRP levels on postoperative day 5 in the subgroup of patients with complications compared with those with an indolent course (28 mg/dL vs. 6.1 mg/dL, p < 0.001; CI: 11.24-39.61). There was a significant difference on day 5 between patients with and without complications, irrespective of the approach. With a cut-off value of CRP of 10.92 mg/dL on postoperative day 5 we obtained a sensitivity of 87.50% and specificity of 100% to rule out complications. Conclusions: Serial determination of CRP in the postoperative period after colorectal surgery was associated with early identification of complications in our series, both in daily absolute values and in the kinetics of its performance. The use of cut-off values for safe discharge is proposed.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications , Rectum/surgery , C-Reactive Protein , Colon/surgery , Pelvic Exenteration , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Colectomy/adverse effects , Colorectal Surgery , Anastomotic Leak
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(3): 240-247, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407917


Resumen Objetivo: Describir resultados de la cirugía de sustitución esofágica con tubo gástrico invertido, vía ascenso retroesternal en dos hospitales pediátricos durante el período marzo 2015 a marzo 2018. Materiales y Método: Un estudio observacional, transversal, con recolección de datos retrospectivo, donde se incluyeron todos los expedientes de pacientes que presentaban patología del esófago por causa adquirida o congénita que fueron operados de sustitución esofágica con tubo gástrico invertido en dos hospitales pediátricos durante 3 años. Resultados: Encontramos 29 niños sometidos a sustitución esofágica, de los cuales 27 cumplieron criterios de inclusión. La edad comprendida entre 2 y 17 años. El 63% corresponde al sexo femenino. La causa más frecuente de sustitución esofágica es por estenosis esofágica por ingesta caustica (92,59%). El 70% presentó algún tipo de complicación luego de la cirugía. La fístula esofagocutánea es la complicación principal con 33,33%. La permanencia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos es menor de 24 horas en un 74% de los niños. Se inicia la vía oral en casi la mitad de casos entre los 10-12 días de posquirúrgico, la estancia hospitalaria es en promedio 18,5 días. La mortalidad es 3,7%. Conclusión: La sustitución esofágica por tubo gástrico invertido vía ascenso retroesternal, es una técnica comparable en resultados a la interposición de colón. Para los autores, el estómago es un órgano ideal para realizar la reconstrucción esofágica, y sus complicaciones son manejables.

Aim: To describe the results of esophageal replacement surgery with an inverted gastric tube via retrosternal ascent in two pediatric hospitals during the period March 2015 to March 2018. Materials and Method: an observational, cross-sectional study with retrospective data collection that included all the records of patients with esophageal discontinuity due to acquired or congenital causes who underwent esophageal replacement surgery with an inverted gastric tube in two pediatric hospitals for 3 years. Results: We found 29 children undergoing esophageal replacement, of which 27 met inclusion criteria. The age between 2 to 17 years. 63% corresponds to the female sex. The most frequent cause of esophageal replacement is esophageal stricture due to caustic ingestion (92.59%). 70% presented some type of complication after surgery. The esophagocutaneous fistula is the main complication with 33.33%. The stay in the intensive care unit is less than 24 hours in 74% of children. The oral route is started in almost half of cases between 10-12 days after surgery; the hospital stay is on average 18.5 days. Mortality is 3.70%. Conclusión: The esophageal substitution by inverted gastric tube via retrosternal ascent is a technique comparable in results to the interposition of the colon. For the authors, the stomach is an ideal organ to perform esophageal reconstruction, and its complications are manageable.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Colon/surgery , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Esophagoplasty/methods , Postoperative Complications , Stomach/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Demography , Esophageal Stenosis , Esophagus/surgery
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(3): 269-275, jun. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407921


Resumen Introducción: La enfermedad diverticular (ED) es una patología prevalente. Su incidencia ha aumentado, sin embargo, no se cuenta con publicaciones nacionales al respecto. Objetivo: Realizar un análisis de los egresos hospitalarios, edad de presentación, cirugías y letalidad por ED a nivel nacional entre el año 2003 y 2013. Materiales y Método: Se diseñó un estudio en base a datos publicados por la dirección y estadística e información de salud (DEIS) de Chile, entre los años 2003 y 2013. Se calcularon tasas de egreso hospitalarios por año, tasa de ED ajustada por sexo, tasas de intervención quirúrgica y letalidad. Resultados: El total de egresos hospitalarios presentó un alza desde 2.023 hasta 4.172 casos. La tasa de egresos por ED, en el total de la población, presentó un alza de 20 a 33 pacientes por cada 100.000 habitantes. La tasa de egresos hospitalarios presentó un alza de 173 hasta 327 pacientes por cada 100.000 egresos. La edad de presentación disminuyó de 62 a 58 años promedio. En cuanto a las cirugías, disminuyeron de 25% a 17%. La letalidad, es mayor sobre los 60 años y en el subgrupo que requiere cirugía. Discusión: Los resultados concuerdan con la literatura, se presenta un alza de hospitalizaciones, menor edad, menor requerimientos quirúrgicos y mayor letalidad en grupos etarios más avanzados. Conclusión: La enfermedad diverticular es una patología en aumento, desde el punto de vista hospitalario esto se hace evidente ante el crecimiento sostenido de egresos en el período estudiado.

Introduction: Diverticular disease (DD) is a prevalent pathology with multiple clinical manifestations. Its worldwide incidence has increased, however, there are no national publications in this regard. Aim: The objective of this study is to carry out an analysis of hospital discharges, age of presentation, surgeries and fatality due to DD from national data collected between 2003 and 2013. Materials and Method: A study was designed based on data from the management website and statistics and health information (DEIS) for Chile between 2003 and 2013. Hospital discharge rates per year, DD rate adjusted for sex, rates of surgical intervention and fatality were calculated. Results: The total of hospital discharges showed an increase from 2.023 to 4.172 cases. The discharge rate for DD in the total population increased from 20 to 33 patients per 100.000 inhabitants. The hospital discharge rate increased from 173 to 327 patients per 100.000 discharges. The age of presentation decreased from an average 62 to 58 years. Regarding surgeries, they decreased from 25% to 17%. Regarding mortality, it is higher over 60 years and in the surgical versus non-surgical subgroup. Discussion: These results are consistent with the literature; there is an increase in hospitalizations, lower age, lower surgical requirements and higher mortality in more advanced age groups. Conclusión: Diverticular disease is an increasing disease in the inpatient setting over the 10-year period studied.

Humans , Middle Aged , Colon/surgery , Diverticular Diseases/physiopathology , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Mortality , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 73-80, feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388921


Resumen Objetivo: Comparar tres abordajes quirúrgicos (abierto, laparoscópico y laparoscópico convertido) para el manejo de complicaciones posoperatorias en cirugía colorrectal electiva realizadas primariamente por vía laparoscópica. Materiales y Método: Este estudio de cohorte retrospectivo incluyó pacientes reoperados después de una cirugía colorrectal laparoscópica electiva, agrupándose según la vía de abordaje de reoperación: abierta (RVA), laparoscópica (RVL) y laparoscópica convertida (RVLC). Las variables estudiadas fueron: preoperatorias (edad, sexo, puntuación ASA, IMC, comorbilidades e historia quirúrgica); operatorias (causa de reoperación, latencia para reoperación, tiempo operatorio, cirugía realizada y causa de conversión); y posoperatorias (tránsito intestinal, días de hospitalización, días de UCI, complicaciones médicas, infección del sitio quirúrgico, evisceración, transfusión y mortalidad a los 30 días). Resultados: Sin diferencias significativas para las variables preoperatorias y operatorias. En cuanto a las variables posoperatorias, el grupo de reoperaciones por vía laparoscópica, tuvo menos días de hospitalización (p = 0,012), menos días de UCI (p = 0,001) y un tránsito intestinal más rápido para reaparición de gases, heces y retorno a dieta sólida (p = 0,008, p = 0,029, p = 0,030, respectivamente). No hubo diferencias significativas en la infección del sitio quirúrgico, la evisceración, las complicaciones médicas, la transfusión y la mortalidad. Discusión y Conclusión: Este estudio reveló una mejor evolución clínica posoperatoria en el grupo de reoperación laparoscópica, con menor estancia hospitalaria y en UCI, y reducción del íleo posoperatorio, sin aumento de la morbimortalidad. Por lo tanto, la reoperación laparoscópica en cirugía colorrectal podría ser el abordaje más adecuado en pacientes debidamente seleccionados.

Aim: To compare three approaches (laparoscopic, open, and conversion of laparoscopic approach) for the management of intra-abdominal surgical complications after elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Materials and Method: This was a retrospective cohort study including patients who required reoperation due to an intra-abdominal surgical complication after initial elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Patients were grouped according to the reoperation approach-laparoscopic reoperation, laparoscopic reoperation that required conversion to open surgery, and open reoperation. Pre-operative variables (age, gender, ASA score, BMI, comorbidities, and surgical history), operative variables (cause of reoperation, latency for reoperation, operative time, surgery performed, and cause of conversion), and post-operative variables (intestinal transit, hospital days, ICU days, medical complications, surgical site infection, evisceration, transfusion and 30-day mortality), were compared between groups. Results: There were no significant differences between groups among the pre-operative and operative variables. In terms of post-operative variables, the laparoscopic reoperation group, had fewer hospital days (p = 0.012), fewer ICU days (p = 0.001), and faster intestinal transit regarding gas, stool and return to solid diet (p = 0.008, p = 0.029 and p = 0.030, respectively). However, there were no significant differences in surgical site infection, evisceration, medical complications, transfusion, and mortality. Discussion and Conclusión: This study revealed better post-operative clinical course in the laparoscopic reoperation group, with shorter hospital and ICU stay, and reduced postoperative ileus, without increased morbidity or mortality. Laparoscopic reoperation for complications after elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery may therefore be the preferred approach.

Humans , Colon/surgery , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Colonic Diseases/surgery , Intraoperative Complications , Demography , Cohort Studies , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/methods
Rev. venez. cir ; 75(1): 35-40, ene. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1391610


La preparación intestinal se ha utilizado en cirugía de colon y recto por una variedad de razones, se cree que un colon limpio facilita la manipulación del intestino, permite el paso y disparo de engrapadoras quirúrgicas y permite la colonoscopia intraoperatoria, si es necesario. Sin embargo, el aspecto más estudiado y debatido de la preparación intestinal es su papel en la reducción de la morbilidad quirúrgica, es decir, las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico (ISQ). La cirugía de colon y recto tiene una de las tasas más altas de ISQ reportadas para todos los tipos de cirugía electiva, con revisiones recientes que muestran tasas que varían del 5,4% al 23,2%, con una media ponderada del 11,4%. (1). La preparación mecánica del intestino (PMI) se usó como un medio para disminuir la concentración bacteriana intraluminal con la esperanza de reducir las tasas de infección. Eventualmente, se agregaron antibióticos no absorbibles a las preparaciones intestinales para reducir aún más el contenido bacteriano intestinal(AU)

Bowel preparation has been used in colon and rectal surgery for a variety of reasons. A clean colon is thought to facilitate bowel manipulation, enable passage and firing of surgical staplers, and allow for intraoperative colonoscopy, if needed. The most studied and debated aspect of bowel preparation, however, is its role in reducing surgical morbidity, namely surgical site infections(SSIs). Colon and rectal surgery has among the highest rates of SSIs reported for all types of elective surgery, with recent reviews demonstrating rates varying from 5.4% to 23.2%, with a weighted mean of 11.4%(AU)

Rectum/surgery , Colonoscopy , Colon/surgery , Surgical Wound Infection , Antisepsis , Morbidity , Colitis, Ischemic
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(4): 451-454, Out.-Dec. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356438


The evaluation of preventivemeasures and risk factors for anastomotic leakage has been a constant concern among colorectal surgeons. In this context, the description of a new way to perform a colorectal, coloanal or ileoanal anastomosis, known as transanal transection and single-stapled (TTSS) anastomosis, deserves an appreciation of its qualities, and a discussion about its properties and technical details. In the present paper, the authors review themost recent efforts aiming to reduce anastomotic dehiscence, and describe the TTSS technique in a patient submitted to laparoscopic total proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for familial adenomatous polyposis. Surgical perception raises important advantages such as distal rectal transection under visualization, elimination of double-stapling lines (with cost-effectiveness and potential protection against suture dehiscence), elimination of dog ears, and the opportunity to be accomplished via a transanal approach after open, laparoscopic, or robotic colorectal resections. Future studies to confirm these supposed advantages are needed. (AU)

Humans , Anal Canal/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Surgical Stapling , Rectum/surgery , Colon/surgery
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 42-46, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286973


Abstract Introduction Colorectal cancer is the second most common type of cancer and the third leading cause ofmortality due to cancers. Anastomosis leak after proctectomy is a dangerous complication that must be managed carefully. The aim of the present study was to assess the procedure of resection and pull-through of the new rectum after anastomosis leak in patients after proctectomy. Methods and Materials This was a cross-sectional study. Patients who visited the Firoozgar Hospital between 2015 and 2018 for rectal cancer surgery and had anastomosis leak entered the study. All patients underwent resection of the residue of rectum and pull-through of colon. Results In the present study, out of the 110 cases who underwent proctectomy, 12 patients with postoperative anastomosis leak were reported. Five (41.7%) were male and 7 (58.3%) were female. Themean age of the patients was 41.5 ± 4.3 years (33-51). Resection of the new rectum and pull-through anastomosis were performed for these 12 patients. No major intraoperative complication occurred. Postoperative course was uneventful in all patients. Discussion Resection of residue of rectum and pull-through in patients with anastomosis leak can be done after rectal cancer surgery. This method is superior to abdominopelvic resection in many aspects, especially regarding accessibility to the new rectum by rectal exam or endosonography to assess recurrence or a relative continence after closure of ostomy.

Resumo Introdução O câncer colorretal é o segundo tipo de câncer mais comum, e a terceira principal causa de mortalidade por câncer. O vazamento da anastomose após a proctectomia é uma complicação perigosa, que deve ser tratada com cuidado. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o procedimento de ressecção e abaixamento do novo reto após vazamento de anastomose em pacientes submetidos à proctectomia. Métodos e Materiais Este foi um estudo transversal que incluiu pacientes que compareceram ao Firoozgar Hospital entre 2015 e 2018 submetidos a cirurgia de câncer retal e com vazamento de anastomose. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a ressecção do resíduo do reto e abaixamento do cólon. Resultados No presente estudo, dos 110 casos submetidos a proctectomia, 12 pacientes tiveram vazamento de anastomose pós-operatório: 5 (41,7%) do sexo masculino e 7 (58,3%) do sexo feminino. A idade média dos pacientes foi de 41,5 ± 4,3 anos (gama: 33 a 51 anos). A ressecção do reto novo e a anastomose por abaixamento foram realizadas nesses 12 pacientes. Nenhuma complicação intraoperatória mais grave ocorreu. No pós-operatório, não houve intercorrências em nenhum dos pacientes. Discussão A ressecção de resíduo retal e o abaixamento em pacientes com vazamento de anastomose pode ser feita após cirurgia de câncer retal. Este método é superior à ressecção abdominopélvica em muitos aspectos, especialmente quanto à acessibilidade ao novo reto por exame retal ou endossonografia para avaliar a recorrência ou uma continência relativa após o fechamento da ostomia.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Rectum/surgery , Treatment Failure , Colon/surgery , Proctectomy/adverse effects , Rectal Neoplasms/complications , Anastomosis, Surgical , Cross-Sectional Studies
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 544-549, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942921


Anastomotic leak is one of the most severe complications following right hemicolectomy but rarely happens, which should be diagnosed based on clinical manifestations, laboratory and radiographic examinations. Influencing factors of anastomotic leak after right hemicolectomy include bowel preparation, emergency surgery, anastomotic procedure (side-to-side anastomosis vs. end-to-side anastomosis, instrument anastomosis vs. manual technigue and intracorporeal vs. extracorporeal anastomosis), surgical resection range and patient's characteristics. The occurrence of anastomotic leak might be avoided by standardized operations and indocyanine green fluorescence imaging. Active treatment is recommended once anastomotic leak is diagnosed. Most patients can be cured by non-surgical treatments such as adequate drainage and anti-infection therapy. When severe sepsis happens or non-surgical treatment fails, surgical treatment should be carried out in time.

Humans , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/surgery , Colectomy , Colon/surgery , Indocyanine Green
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 372-376, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942897


Straight coloanal anastomosis (SCA), colonic J-pouch anastomosis (CJP), transverse coloplasty pouch anastomosis (TCP), and side-to-end anastomosis (SEA) are the most commonly used procedures of bowel reconstructions in the low anterior resections (LAR) of rectal cancer. Different bowel reconstruction procedures greatly affect postoperative bowel function, urinary function and sexual function. SCA is the most traditional procedure. CJP has been studied extensively and well-developed reconstruction method; however, recent studies have shown that CJP has the highest morbidity of complications, so the clinical application of CJP is limited. SEA is not inferior to CJP and SCA in the short-term and long-term defecation function, urination function, and sexual function, with reliable operational safety, so it is expected to become an alternative to SCA and CJP. The research on TCP is lacking, but there are some related clinical trials currently underway, and the results are worth expecting. The improvement and innovation of bowel reconstructions provide a bright prospect for better functional prognosis in patients with rectal cancer.

Humans , Anal Canal , Anastomosis, Surgical , Colon/surgery , Colonic Pouches , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Proctectomy , Proctocolectomy, Restorative , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Acta cir. bras ; 36(4): e360401, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248545


ABSTRACT Purpose Quantify the tissue content of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and collagen in colic mucosa with and without intestinal transit after infliximab administration in rats subjected to Hartmann's surgery. Methods Twenty-two rats underwent colon diversion by Hartmann's surgery. Animals were maintained with intestinal bypass for 12 weeks to induce development of diversion colitis (DC). Afterwards, animals were divided into three groups: first group received subcutaneous application of saline solution (SS) 0.9%, while the remaining two groups received infliximab subcutaneously at doses of 5 or 10 mg·kg-1·week-1 for five consecutive weeks. After the intervention, animals were sacrificed, removing the segments with and without intestinal transit. Diversion colitis was diagnosed by histological study, and its intensity was determined by a validated inflammatory scale. Tissue expression of MMP-9 was assessed byimmunohistochemistry, while total collagen was assessed by histochemistry. Tissue content of both was measuredby computerized morphometry. Results Colon segments without intestinal transit had a higher degree of inflammation, which improved in animals treated with infliximab. Collagen content was always lower in those without intestinal transit. There was an increase in the collagen content in the colon without transit in animals treated with infliximab, primarily at a dose of 10 mg·kg-1·week-1. There was an increase in the content of MMP-9 in the colon without fecal transit, and a reduction was observed in animals treated with infliximab, regardless of the dose used. Conclusions Application of infliximab reduces inflammation, increases the total collagen content and decreases the content of MMP-9 in the colon without intestinal transit.

Animals , Rats , Colon/surgery , Intestinal Mucosa , Collagen , Rats, Wistar , Metalloproteases , Infliximab
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 508-516, dic. 2020. graf, il, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288163


RESUMEN Antecedentes: la fístula anastomótica (FA) es una de las complicaciones más severas de la cirugía colo rrectal. Su desarrollo obedece a múltiples factores dependientes del paciente y la técnica operatoria; entre estos últimos podemos mencionar la vascularización de los cabos como uno de los principales. La angiografía fluorescente (AF) permite la evaluación de ese factor en tiempo real durante la cirugía. Objetivo: describir la experiencia en el uso de la AF durante la cirugía colorrectal en un Hospital Uni versitario de la ciudad de Buenos Aires, registrar el cambio de conducta quirúrgica inducido por el uso de la AF y la incidencia de FA. Material y métodos: entre enero de 2016 y junio de 2018 se incluyeron 37 pacientes sometidos a resecciones colónicas programadas y con evaluación de la perfusión con AF. Resultados: la AF pudo realizarse en todos los pacientes con un tiempo operatorio extra de 3 a 9 mi nutos, registrando un cambio de conducta en 4 (10,81%) pacientes. Se registraron 2 (5,41%) fístulas anastomóticas. Conclusiones: la AF con verde de indocianina durante la cirugía colorrectal fue factible, sumó mínima complejidad y tiempo a la operación tradicional, y permitió cambiar la conducta en la sección intestinal en el 11% de los casos, con baja tasa de fístulas anastomóticas.

ABSTRACT Background: Anastomotic leak (AL) is one of the most feared complication of colorectal surgery. Its development is dependent of patient and surgery factors. Of these, bowel perfusion is one of the most important. Fluorescent angiography (FA) allows the identification in real time of the bowel perfusion. Objective: to describe the experience in the use of FA during colorectal surgery in a University Hospital setting in Buenos Aires, to register the change in surgical plan according to the FA findings and record the incidence of AL. Material y methods: Between January 2016 and June 2018, 37 patients with scheduled colorectal resections and FA bowel perfusion assessment were included. Results: Perfusion assessment with FA was possible in all cases with an extra operative time of 3 to 9 minutes, a change in surgical plan was registered in 4 cases (10.81%) and 2 AL were recorded (5.41%). Conclusions: FA during colorectal surgery is feasible, with minimum extra operative time and results in a change in surgical plan in 11% of the cases, and low rate of anastomotic fistula.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Fluorescein Angiography , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colon/surgery , Colectomy , Colorectal Surgery , Anastomotic Leak