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Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 35(1): 6-12, mar. 2024. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551647


Introducción: la colocación de prótesis metálicas autoexpansibles (PAE) por vía endoscópica surge como opción terapéutica para la obstrucción colónica neoplásica en dos situaciones: como tratamiento paliativo y como puente a la cirugía curativa. Este procedimiento evita cirugías en dos tiempos y disminuye la probabilidad de colostomía definitiva y sus complicaciones con el consecuente deterioro de la calidad de vida. Objetivo: comunicar nuestra experiencia en la colocación de PAE para el tratamiento paliativo de la obstrucción colorrectal neoplásica. Diseño: retrospectivo, longitudinal, descriptivo y observacional. Material y métodos: se incluyeron todos los pacientes a quienes el mismo grupo de endoscopistas les colocó PAE con intención paliativa por cáncer colorrectal avanzado entre agosto de 2008 y diciembre de 2019. Fueron analizadas las variables demográficas y clínicas, el éxito técnico y clínico, las complicaciones tempranas y tardías y la supervivencia. Resultados: se colocó PAE en 54 pacientes. La media de edad fue 71 años. El 85% de las lesiones se localizó en el colon izquierdo. En el 57% de los pacientes se realizó en forma ambulatoria. El éxito técnico y clínico fue del 92 y 90%, respectivamente y la supervivencia media de 209 días. La tasa de complicaciones fue del 29,6%, incluyendo un 14,8% de obstrucción y un 5,6% de migración. La mortalidad tardía atribuible al procedimiento fue del 5,6%, ocasionada por 3 perforaciones tardías: 2 abiertas y 1 microperforación con formación de absceso localizado. Conclusiones: la colocación de PAE como tratamiento paliativo de la obstrucción neoplásica colónica es factible, eficaz y segura. Permitió el manejo ambulatorio o con internación breve y la realimentación temprana, mejorando las condiciones para afrontar un eventual tratamiento quimioterápico paliativo. Las mayoría de las complicaciones fueron tardías y resueltas endoscópicamente en forma ambulatoria. (AU)

Introduction: endoscopic placement of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) emerges as a therapeutic option for neoplastic obstruction of the colon in two situations: as palliative treatment and as a bridge to curative surgery. This procedure avoids two-stage surgeries and reduces the probability of permanent colostomy and its complications with the consequent deterioration in quality of life. Objective: to report our experience in the placement of SEMS as palliative treatment in neoplastic colorectal obstruction. Design: retrospective, longitudinal, descriptive and observational study. Methods: all patients in whom the same group of endoscopists performed SEMS placement with palliative intent for advanced colorectal cancer between August 2008 and December 2019 were analyzed. Data collected were demographic and clinical variables, technical and clinical success, early and late complications, and survival. Results: SEMS were placed in 54 patients. The average age was 71 years. Eighty-five percent were left-sided tumors. In 57% of the patients the procedure was performed on an outpatient basis. Technical and clinical success was 92 and 90%, respectively, and median survival was 209 days. The complication rate was 29.6%, including 14.8% obstruction and 5.6% migration. Late mortality attributable to the procedure was 5.6%, caused by 3 late perforations: 2 open and 1 microperforation with localized abscess formation. Conclusions: The placement of SEMS as a palliative treatment for neoplastic colonic obstruction is feasible, effective and safe. It allowed outpa-tient management or brief hospitalization and early refeeding, improving the conditions to face an eventual palliative chemotherapy treatment. Most complications were late and resolved endoscopically on an outpatient basis. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colonoscopy/methods , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Self Expandable Metallic Stents , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Palliative Care , Quality of Life , Epidemiologic Studies , Survival Analysis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Colonoscopy/adverse effects
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-12, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011312


Background and Objective@#Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Likewise in the Philippines, the prevalence of CRC has shown to be increasing. Colonoscopy, a screening procedure for CRC, has parameters to gauge quality of detection. One of which is the Adenoma Detection Rate (ADR). Higher ADR has been linked to improved cancer detection. This study aimed to determine the ADR and Polyp Detection Rate (PDR) among Gastroenterology practitioners in a tertiary government university hospital in the Philippines, estimate ADR from PDR, and identify factors associated with ADR.@*Methods@#An analytical, cross-sectional study among patients who underwent colonoscopy for the years 2021 and the first half of 2022 at the Central Endoscopy Unit (CENDU) of the Philippine General Hospital. Demographic data of fellows and consultants were collected through an online form, while those from patients were obtained from electronic records. Colonoscopy details and histopathology results were accessed through the hospital’s Open Medical Record System (MRS). ADR, PDR, and estimated ADR were computed using established formulas. To evaluate the strength of the relationship between the estimated and actual ADR, Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used. Chi-square analysis, Mann-Whitney U test, and Kruskal-Wallis H test were performed to identify the factors that might influence the ADR. A cut-off of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*Results@#The total computed ADR of consultants and fellows combined is 22%. The difference between the ADRs of Gastroenterology consultants and Fellows-in-Training is statistically significant at 31.6% and 18.7%, respectively (p= 0.017). The total Polyp Detection Rate is 57.6% while the weighted group average Adenoma to Polyp Detection Rate Quotient (APDRQ) is 0.4085 or 40.85%. The estimated ADR has a moderate degree of correlation with the actual ADR when an outlier was excluded (r=0.521 (95% CI, 0.072-0.795, p=0.0266). Significant factors related to ADR include endoscopists’ years of practice (p=0.020), number of colonoscopies done (p=0.031), and patient tobacco use (p=0.014).@*Conclusion@#The overall ADR among consultants and fellows is at par with the standard guidelines. A moderate degree of correlation exists between actual and estimated ADR when an outlier is excluded; however, more studies are needed to determine the APDRQ in the wider local setting. Longer years in practice, total number of colonoscopies performed, and patient tobacco use are associated with increased ADR.

Adenoma , Colonic Polyps , Colorectal Neoplasms , Colonoscopy
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(6): 751-757, Nov.Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520380


Abstract Background: Our objective was to compare the safety and efficacy of Target-Controlled Infusion (TCI) versus intermittent bolus of propofol for colonoscopy sedation. Methods: We conducted a randomized (1:1), single-blind, parallel-group superiority trial with fifty ASA I or II patients, both sexes, aged 18 to 65 years, Body Mass Index ≤ 30, undergoing colonoscopy, allocated to receive propofol by TCI (effect-site, 2 μg.mL-1 plus 0.5 μg.mL-1 until unconsciousness and as necessary for agitation) or intermittent bolus (1 plus 0.5 every 5 minutes or as above). The primary safety outcome was the need for airway maneuvers and the primary efficacy outcome was the need for interventions to adjust the level of sedation. Secondary outcomes included incidence of agitation, propofol dose, and time to recovery. Results: The median (IQR) number of airway maneuvers and interventions needed to adjust sedation was 0 (0-0) vs. 0 (0-0) (p = 0.239) and 1 (0-1) vs. 3 (1-4) (p < 0.001) in the TCI and control groups, respectively. Agitation was more common in the intermittent bolus group - 2 (0-2) vs. 1 (0-1), p < 0.001. The mean ± SD time to recovery was 4.9 ± 1.4 minutes in the TCI group vs. 2.3 ± 1.6 minutes in the control group (p < 0.001). The total propofol dose was higher in the TCI group (234 ± 46 μ vs. 195 ± 44 μ (p = 0.040)). Conclusions: During colonoscopy, TCI is as safe as intermittent bolus of propofol while reducing the incidence of agitation and the need for dose adjustments. However, intermittent bolus administration was associated with lower total propofol dose and earlier recovery.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Propofol , Unconsciousness , Single-Blind Method , Colonoscopy , Anesthetics, Intravenous , Hypnotics and Sedatives
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(4): 251-255, Oct.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528936


Introduction: Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery (TEM) is a minimally invasive method for management of different proctologic conditions. Despite widespread use of this method, it is not used widely in Iran. This report is about to describe the application of TEM in managing different proctologic conditions in a tertiary colorectal referral center in Iran regarding methods and complications. Methods: All of the patients' documents such as procedure, method, early postop complications and further operations were actively reviewed and the data were entered in to the database. Results: Since 2012 till the end of 2020 chart review was done and 150 cases of TEM operation were found. The most frequent procedure that was done was resection procedure. Using different energy devices during surgery or suturing versus not suturing the defect were not associated with complication. There was a case of in hospital mortality and one case delayed perianal fistula following TEM. Measurement of lesion distance from anal verge was not significantly different using TEM or colonoscopy. Villous adenomas detected in colonoscopy were mostly associated with malignancy. In evaluated resected lesions most of cases had free base and distance from anal verge or using different energy devices were not associated with obtaining free base. Conclusion: TEM is a safe minimal invasive procedure with acceptable complications that could be helped in managing different proctologic conditions and the results of reviewing our patients revealed the same results that is reported from other colorectal centers. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Postoperative Complications , Colonoscopy
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(4): 310-315, Oct.-Dec. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528948


Serrated polyposis syndrome is considered the most prevalent colonic polyposis syndrome in the world. Its importance has been increasingly discussed due to the significant increase in the risk of developing colorectal cancer in its affected individuals, similarly to other well-known polyposis syndromes, such as familial adenomatous polyposis. Serrated lesions of the colon play a major role in this syndrome represented by hyperplastic polyps, serrated sessile lesions and traditional serrated adenomas. Among these lesions, the sessile serrated lesion stands out, considered the main precursor lesion of the serrated pathway of colon carcinogenesis. Diagnosis of serrated polyposis syndrome is given through colonoscopy examination. Diagnostic criteria are: 1) 5 or more serrated lesions proximal to the rectum, all >4mm in size, with at least two >9mm in size; or 2) 20 serrated lesions of any size located anywhere in the large intestine, with >4 lesions proximal to the rectum. The ideal treatment is removal of all relevant serrated lesions by colonoscopy. In case of failure of endoscopic therapy, surgery is indicated. This manuscript is based on two case reports and a literature review and aims to broaden the discussion about the subject. (AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Colonic Polyps/diagnosis , Colonic Polyps/therapy , Colonic Polyps/epidemiology , Colonoscopy
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(2): 75-81, Apr.-June 2023. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514427


Introduction: Anal examination and videoanoscopy (VA) are rarely performed during colonoscopies. In recent years, there has been a considerable increase in lesions of sexually transmitted anal and rectal infections, but these conditions are not noticed or reported during routine colonoscopy. Objective: To raise awareness regarding the fortuitous findings of lesions and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in colonoscopy exams and to demonstrate that anal examination and VA provide important information and should be routinely performed. Methods: We conducted a descriptive retrospective study in 16,132 patients screened by colonoscopy and VA between 2006 and 2018. Among numerous other findings, the presence of anal condylomata and sexually transmitted retitis or perianal dermatitis was observed. The rates of each finding were calculated, and the patients were subdivided by sex and into age groups by blocks of ten years. Results: Among the 16,132 colonoscopies performed, 26 cases of condyloma (0.16%) and 50 cases of proctitis or perianal dermatitis suspicious for STI (0.33%) were found. Conclusion: Performing anal examination and VA systematically in all routine colonoscopies enabled the identification of numerous anal conditions, including several fortuitous cases of STIs. The study proposes that anal examination and VA should be performed in all routine colonoscopies and, in suspected cases, complementary tests for STIs. (AU)

Anal Canal/injuries , Anus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colonoscopy , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Carcinoma in Situ/diagnosis , Papillomavirus Infections/therapy , Dermatitis, Contact/diagnosis
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(2): 152-158, Apr.-June 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514438


The gold-standard procedure for anal canal examination is anoscopy. Nonetheless, patients are referred for a colonoscopy for many reasons, and a routine exam might provide an opportunity to diagnose anal pathologies, such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures, anal polyps, condylomas, and anal squamous cell carcinoma. It is important to know the main features of these conditions and relevant information to report in order to help guide patient treatment and follow-up.

Humans , Male , Female , Anal Canal/pathology , Anus Diseases/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Condylomata Acuminata , Colonoscopy , Polyps , Fissure in Ano/diagnosis , Hemorrhoids/diagnosis
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(3): e-174215, jul-set. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1512849


Carta às editoras com considerações referentes à importância do estadiamento no câncer colorretal para pacientes e profissionais de saúde sobre o artigo "Perfil Clínico-epidemiológico do Câncer Colorretal na Região Oeste do Paraná, Brasil, 2016-2018", publicado na Revista Brasileira de Cancerologia 2023; 69 (1): e-174215.

Colorectal Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Epidemiology , Colonoscopy
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 159-166, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970030


BACKGROUND@#Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is effective in reducing CRC incidence and mortality. The aim of this study was to retrospectively determine and compare the detection rate of adenomas, advanced adenomas (AAs) and CRCs, and the number needed to screen (NNS) of individuals in an average-risk Chinese population of different ages and genders.@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective study performed at the Institute of Health Management, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital. Colonoscopy results were analyzed for 53,152 individuals finally enrolled from January 2013 to December 2019. The detection rate of adenomas, AAs, or CRCs was computed and the characteristics between men and women were compared using chi-squared test.@*RESULTS@#The average age was 48.8 years (standard deviation [SD], 8.5 years) for men and 50.0 years (SD, 9.0 years) for women, and the gender rate was 66.27% (35,226) vs . 33.73% (17,926). The detection rates of adenomas, AAs, serrated adenomas, and CRCs were 14.58% (7750), 3.09% (1641), 1.23% (653), and 0.59% (313), respectively. Men were statistically significantly associated with higher detection rates than women in adenomas (17.20% [6058/35,226], 95% confidence interval [CI] 16.74-17.53% vs . 9.44% [1692/17,926], 95% CI 8.94-9.79%, P  < 0.001), AAs (3.72% [1309], 95% CI 3.47-3.87% vs . 1.85% [332], 95% CI 1.61-2.00%, P  < 0.001), and serrated adenomas (1.56% [548], 95% CI 1.43-1.69% vs . 0.59% [105], 95% CI 0.47-0.70%, P  < 0.001). The detection rate of AAs in individuals aged 45 to 49 years was 3.17% (270/8510, 95% CI 2.80-3.55%) in men and 1.69% (69/4091, 95% CI 1.12-1.86%) in women, and their NNS was 31.55 (95% CI 28.17-35.71) in men and 67.11 (95% CI 53.76-89.29) in women. The NNS for AAs in men aged 45 to 49 years was close to that in women aged 65 to 69 years (29.07 [95% CI 21.05-46.73]).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The detection rates of adenomas, AAs, and serrated adenomas are high in the asymptomatic population undergoing a physical examination and are associated with gender and age. Our findings will provide important references for effective population-based CRC screening strategies in the future.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Early Detection of Cancer , Colonoscopy/methods , Adenoma/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(1): 113143, jan.-mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1451886


Introdução: O câncer colorretal é a neoplasia mais frequente do trato gastrointestinal, sendo a segunda principal causa de morte por câncer no mundo. Objetivo: Traçar um perfil clínico-epidemiológico do câncer colorretal na Região Oeste do Paraná (Brasil), entre 2016 e 2018. Método: Estudo observacional analítico do tipo transversal, construído a partir da análise de resultados de exames anatomopatológicos, realizados entre 2016 a 2018. Realizaram-se análises por estatística descritiva, teste de associação qui-quadrado e U de Mann-Whitney. Adotou-se nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: A análise de 509 laudos positivos para câncer colorretal permitiu identificar o predomínio de pacientes do sexo masculino e a idade média de diagnóstico de 62 anos. A malignidade mostrou-se mais incidente na faixa etária de 61 a 70 anos (29,9%), e considerável número de casos ocorreu em pacientes abaixo de 50 anos (19,6%). Houve predomínio em cólon esquerdo e do tipo histológico adenocarcinoma infiltrativo moderadamente diferenciado. Verificou-se associação entre topografia da doença e sexo, com maior predominância do sexo feminino para tumores do cólon direito e do sexo masculino para tumores do cólon esquerdo (p=0,0081). Conclusão: A partir deste estudo, delineia-se um perfil clínico-epidemiológico do câncer colorretal na Região Oeste do Paraná, com maior incidência da doença em homens, sexagenários, além de predomínio de tumores em cólon esquerdo e do tipo adenocarcinoma infiltrativo moderadamente diferenciado. Tais achados são relevantes considerando a possibilidade de aplicação assertiva de protocolos internacionais de rastreio do câncer nessa população

Introduction: The colorectal cancer is the most frequent neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract and the second cause of cancer related death. Objective: To design a clinical and epidemiological profile of the colorectal cancer at the Western Region of the Paraná State from 2016 to 2018. Method: Analytical cross-sectional observational study based on the evaluation of the results of anatomopathological exams, between 2016 and 2018, at a regional specialized center. Analyses were performed using descriptive statistics, chi-square test for association and Mann-Whitney U test. A significance level of 5% was adopted. Results: The analysis of 509 positive anatomopathological reports of colorectal cancer allowed to identify the predominance of male patients and mean age at diagnosis of 62 years. The malignancy was more incident in patients between 61 and 70 years of age (29.9%). A considerable number of cases was found in patients younger than 50 years (19.6%). The disease was predominant at the left colon, of the type moderately differentiated infiltrating adenocarcinoma according to the histological classification. Association between the tumor topography and sex was found, with predominance of females for the right colon and males for the left colon (p=0.0081). Conclusion: This study designed the colorectal cancer clinical and epidemiological profile at Paraná's Western Region. The disease affects more males, older than 60 years of age, mostly with moderately differentiated infiltrative adenocarcinoma at the left colon. These findings are relevant considering the possibility of applying international cancer screening protocols in this population.

Introducción: El cáncer colorrectal es la neoplasia más frecuente del tracto gastrointestinal y la segunda causa de muerte por cáncer a nivel mundial. Objetivo: Trazar un perfil clínico-epidemiológico del cáncer colorrectal en el Oeste de Paraná (Brasil), entre 2016 y 2018. Método: Estudio observacional analítico transversal realizado con los análisis de resultados de exámenes anatomopatológicos entre 2016 a 2018. Se realizaron análisis mediante estadísticas descriptivas, prueba de asociación chi-cuadrado y U de MannWhitney. Se adoptó nivel de significación del 5%. Resultados: Entre los 509 informes positivos para cáncer colorrectal, el 52,8% de los pacientes eran del sexo masculino y tenían promedio de edad de diagnóstico de 62 años. El cáncer fue más frecuente en el grupo de 61 a 70 años (29,9%) y un número significativo de casos se presentó en pacientes menores de 50 años (19,6%). Predominó la enfermedad de colon izquierdo y del tipo histológico de adenocarcinoma infiltrante moderadamente diferenciado. Fue encontrado asociación entre la topografía y el sexo, con mayor predominio del sexo femenino para los tumores de colon derecho y del sexo masculino para los tumores de colon izquierdo (p=0,0081). Conclusión: Se elabora un perfil clínico-epidemiológico del cáncer colorrectal en la región Oeste de Paraná, con mayor incidencia en el sexo masculino, edad de 60 años, predominio de tumores en el colon izquierdo y del tipo adenocarcinoma infiltrante moderadamente diferenciado. Estos puntos son relevantes considerando la posibilidad de aplicación asertiva de protocolos internacionales de rastreo del cáncer en esta población.

Humans , Male , Female , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Adenocarcinoma , Colonoscopy
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 973-979, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008155


Juvenile polyps(JP),also known as retention polyps,are the most common type of colorectal polyps and the main cause of lower gastrointestinal bleeding in children,with rare incidence in adults.In recent years,with the development and application of electronic colonoscopy,the detection rate of colorectal JP has gradually increased.It is generally accepted that JP is a benign hamartomatous lesion of the intestine,while it can cause complications such as massive hemorrhage of the lower digestive tract,anemia,intussusception,and intestinal obstruction.Moreover,there are reports about the canceration of JP.Therefore,it is necessary to improve the understanding and achieve early diagnosis and treatment of this disease.This article reviews the research progress in the epidemiological characteristics,pathogenesis,clinical manifestations,diagnosis and treatment methods,and canceration risk of JP.

Child , Adult , Humans , Colonoscopy/adverse effects , Rectal Neoplasms , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 324-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986855


OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of propofol used for painless gastroscopy and colonoscopy on psychomotility recovery.@*METHODS@#One hundred adult patients undergoing painless gastroscopy and colonoscopy were recruited, aged 18-72 years, with American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status Ⅰ-Ⅱ. According to age, the patients were divided into youth group (20-39 years old, 27 cases), middle age group (40-54 years old, 37 cases), and elder group (55-64 years old, 36 cases). Propofol was continuously infused according to the patients' condition to mantain the bispectal index (BIS) score 55-64. All the patients received psychomotility assesment 30 min before the operations when the discharge criteria were met including number cancellation test, number connection test and board test. The heart rate, blood pressure, saturation of pulse oximetry, electrocardiograph and BIS were monitored during the operation. The operating time, recovery time, total volume of propofol and discharge time were recorded. If the results obtained were inferior to those before operation, a third assessment was taken 30 minutes later until the results recovered or being superior to the baseline levels.@*RESULTS@#All the patients completed the first and second assessments, and 25 patients had taken the third assessment. There was no statistically significant difference in the results of psychomotility assessment when the patients met the discharge standard. Furthermore, the results were analyzed by grouping with age, and there was no statistical difference in the test results of the youth and middle age groups compared with the preoperative group, among which, the efficiency of the number cancellation test was significantly better than that before operation in the youth group (P < 0.05). However, in the elderly patients the number cancellation efficiency, number connection test and board test were significantly inferior to that before operation (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the accuracy of number cancellation compared with that before operation. The patients who needed the third test in the elder group were significantly more than in the other groups (P < 0.05). Compared with the preoperative results, there was no statistical difference in the test results of those who completed the third test.@*CONCLUSION@#The psychomotility function of the patients who underwent painless gastroscopy and colonoscopy was recovered when they met discharge criteria. The elderly patients had a prolonged recovery period.

Adult , Aged , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Humans , Young Adult , Propofol , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Gastroscopy/methods , Conscious Sedation/methods , Colonoscopy/methods
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 372-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986800


Objective: To explore the utility of stool-based DNA test of methylated SDC2 (mSDC2) for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in residents of Shipai Town, Dongguan City. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Using a cluster sampling method, residents of 18 villages in Shipai Town, Dongguan City were screened for CRC from May 2021 to February 2022. In this study, mSDC2 testing was employed as a preliminary screening method. Colonoscopy examination was recommended for individuals identified as high-risk based on the positive mSDC2 tests. The final screening results, including the rate of positive mSDC2 tests, the rate of colonoscopy compliance, the rate of lesions detection, and the cost-effectiveness of screening, were analyzed to explore the benefits of this screening strategy. Results: A total of 10 708 residents were enrolled and completed mSDC2 testing, giving a participation rate of 54.99% (10 708/19 474) and a pass rate of 97.87% (10 708/10 941). These individuals included 4 713 men (44.01%) and 5 995 women (55.99%) with a mean age of (54.52±9.64) years. The participants were allocated to four age groups (40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and 70-74 years), comprising 35.21%(3770/10 708), 36.25% (3882/10 708), 18.84% (2017/10 708), and 9.70% (1039/10 708) of all participants, respectively. mSDC2 testing was positive in 821/10 708 (7.67%) participants, 521 of whom underwent colonoscopy, resulting in a compliance rate of 63.46% (521/821). After eliminating of 8 individuals without pathology results, data from 513 individuals were finally analyzed. Colonoscopy detection rate differed significantly between age groups (χ2=23.155, P<0.001),ranging from a low of 60.74% in the 40-49 year age group to a high of 86.11% in the 70-74 year age group. Colonoscopies resulted in the diagnosis of 25 (4.87%) CRCs, 192 (37.43%) advanced adenomas, 67 (13.06%) early adenomas, 15 (2.92%) serrated polyps, and 86 (16.76%) non- adenomatous polyps. The 25 CRCs were Stage 0 in 14 (56.0%) individuals, stage I in 4 (16.0%), and Stage II in 7(28.0%). Thus, 18 of the detected CRCs were at an early stage. The early detection rate of CRCs and advanced adenomas was 96.77% (210/217). The rate of mSDC2 testing for all intestinal lesions was 75.05% (385/513). In particular, the financial benefit of this screening was 32.64 million yuan, and the benefit-cost ratio was 6.0. Conclusion: Screening for CRCs using stool-based mSDC2 testing combined with colonoscopy has a high lesion detection rate and a high cost-effectiveness ratio. This is a CRC screening strategy that deserves to be promoted in China.

Male , Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colonoscopy/methods , Mass Screening/methods , Adenoma/diagnosis , DNA , Syndecan-2/genetics
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 606-613, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985917


Objective: To explore the mechanism of intestinal tissue damage induced by macrophages activated by WNT2B high-expressed fibroblasts. Methods: This study involved biological information analysis, pathological tissue research and cell experimental research. The biological information of the colon tissue from the children with inflammatory bowel disease in previous study was analyzed again with single-cell sequencing. The pathological tissues were collected by colonoscopy from 10 children with Crohn's disease treated in the Department of Gastroenterology of Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from July 2022 to September 2022. According to the findings of colonoscopy, tissues with obvious inflammation or ulceration were classified as the inflammatory group, while tissues with slight inflammation and no ulceration were classified as the non-inflammatory group. HE staining was performed to observe the pathological changes of the colon tissues. Macrophage infiltration and CXCL12 expression were detected by immunofluorescence. In terms of cell experiments, fibroblasts transfected with WNT2B plasmid or empty plasmid were co-cultured with salinomycin treated or non-treated macrophages, respectively; the expression of proteins through Wnt classical pathway were detected by western blotting. Macrophages treated with SKL2001 were used as the experimental group, and those with phosphate buffer as the control group. The expression and secretion of CXCL12 in macrophages were detected by quantitative Real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). T-test or rank sum test were used for the comparison between groups. Results: Single-cell sequencing analysis suggested that macrophages were the main cells in inflammatory bowel disease colon tissue, and there was interaction between WNT2B high-expressed fibroblasts and macrophages. HE staining of the 10 patients ((9.3±3.8) years old, 7 males and 3 females) showed that the pathological score of colon tissue in the inflammatory group was higher than that in the non-inflammatory group (4 (3, 4) vs. 2 (1, 2) points, Z=3.05, P=0.002). Tissue immunofluorescence indicated that the number of infiltrating macrophages in the inflammatory group was significantly higher than that in the non-inflammatory group under high power field of view (72.8±10.4 vs.8.4±3.5, t=25.10, P<0.001), as well as the number of cells expressing CXCL12 (14.0±3.5 vs. 4.7±1.9, t=14.68, P<0.001). In cell experiments, western blotting suggested an elevated level of glycogen synthase kinase-3β phosphorylation in macrophages co-cultured with fibroblast transfected with WNT2B plasmid, and salinmycin could reverse this change. Real-time PCR suggested that the transcription level of CXCL12 in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group (6.42±0.04 vs. 1.00±0.03, t=183.00, P<0.001), as well as the expression and secretion of CXCL12 by ELISA ((465±34) vs. (77±9) ng/L, t=13.21, P=0.006). Conclusion: WNT2B high-expressed fibroblasts can secrete WNT2B protein and activate the Wnt classical signaling pathway thus enhancing the expression and secretion of CXCL12 in macrophages, inducing the development of intestinal inflammation of Crohn's disease.

Child , Male , Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Crohn Disease , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Colon , Inflammation , Colonoscopy , Glycoproteins , Wnt Proteins
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(1): 1-6, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430692


Context: Postoperative, critically ill, and elderly patients often have fecal loading or impaction. In a few such patients, disimpaction of fecalomas and colon cleansing are difficult. Bowel obstruction, megacolon, lower gastrointestinal bleeding, and gut perforation are complications that may ensue. Oral laxatives or enemas may only be partially effective. Surgical intervention may be needed for salvage or to treat complications. Series and Design: Fourteen hospitalized cases with defecation disorder due to fecal loading of the colon were enrolled for retrospective analysis. Colonoscopic instillation of mannitol and/or lactulose was undertaken as an intervention when the use of oral laxatives was either ineffective or unfeasible, and enema had yielded poor results. Results: Ten patients had satisfactory outcomes for fecal clearance, whereas four patients with poor or incomplete responses underwent repeat interventions or surgery. No significant complications were encountered due to this therapy. Conclusion: Colonoscopic instillation of mannitol or lactulose in fecal-loaded critically ill patients results in a safe and satisfactory fecal clearance. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colonoscopy , Constipation/therapy , Laxatives , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Constipation/diagnostic imaging , Lactulose/therapeutic use , Mannitol/therapeutic use
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(1): 188-194, 20221230. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417765


Introducción. El apéndice cecal invertido, inversión apendicular o intususcepción apendicular, corresponde a una condición anatómica descrita en 1859. La primera operación de invaginación apendicular se realizó en 1890, y desde entonces se han descrito diferentes técnicas quirúrgicas y endoscópicas para el tratamiento de esta alteración. Casos clínicos. Se presentandos casos de pacientes a quienes se les indicó colonoscopia como parte de estudio de dolor abdominal y diarrea y se identificó una intususcepción apendicular completa y apendicitis y una inversión del muñón apendicular. Resultados. Mediante la colonoscopia se hizo el diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda en una de las pacientes, quien presentaba inversión apendicular completa tipo 5, que fue tratada con manejo farmacológico y seguimiento clínico. En la otra paciente hubo un hallazgo incidental de inversión del muñón apendicular tipo 3. Conclusiones. Durante la realización de estudios colonoscópicos, se debe tener en cuenta el diagnóstico de intususcepción apendicular o apéndice invertido, para evitar intervenciones erróneas, como polipectomías, que generen riesgo potencial en los pacientes.

Introduction. Inverted cecal appendix, appendicular inversion or appendicular intussusception, corresponds to an anatomical condition described in 1859. The first appendicular invagination operation was performed in 1890, and since then different surgical and endoscopic techniques have been described for its treatment. Clinical cases. We present two patients who underwent colonoscopy as part of the study of abdominal pain and diarrhea and in whom were identified a complete appendicular intussusception and appendicitis, and an inversion of the appendicular stump. Results. Through colonoscopy, the diagnosis of acute appendicitis was made in one of the patients, who presented type 5 complete appendicular inversion, which was treated with pharmacological management and clinical follow-up. In the other patient, the incidental finding of inversion of the appendicular stump type 3 was made. Conclusions. During colonoscopy, the diagnosis of appendicular intussusception or inverted appendix must be taken into account to avoid erroneous interventions such as polypectomies that generate potential risk in patients.

Humans , Appendectomy , Appendix , Appendicitis , Polyps , Colonoscopy , Intussusception
Cambios rev med ; 21(2): 886, 30 Diciembre 2022. tabs, grafs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416079


INTRODUCCIÓN. El cáncer de colon es una neoplasia del tubo digestivo considerada una de las más frecuentes en ambos sexos y que predomina en adultos mayores. OBJETIVO. Describir las características clínicas y epidemiológicas de los pacientes con cáncer de colon. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo. Población de 1 601 y muestra de 210 datos de Historias Clínicas Electrónicas de pacientes diagnosticados con cáncer de colon, atendidos por la Unidad de Oncología del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín de la ciudad de Quito en el periodo enero de 2016 a diciembre de 2019. Criterios de inclusión: diagnóstico confirmado de Cáncer de Colon, edad igual o mayor a 18 años, y disponer de todos los datos clínicos requeridos en el estudio. Se utilizó el método de muestreo probabilístico con lo que se estimó una proporción para el estudio con un intervalo de confianza del 95%, un margen de error del 5% y una frecuencia esperada del 3%, de donde se obtuvo una muestra ajustada al 10% de pérdidas. El procesamiento de datos se realizó en los programas Microsoft Excel versión 16 y el Statistical Package for Social Sciences versión 24. RESULTADOS. La mayor presentación fue en adultos mayores de 50 años, con una relación 1:1 en cuanto a sexo, y en la procedencia, se ubicó mayoritariamente en la población de la región Sierra; las personas con una actividad económica de tipo profesional fueron las más afectadas; en lo que se refiere a los antecedentes se encontró mayor relación en los personales y dentro de estos los pólipos; no hubo relación con los antecedentes quirúrgicos ni familiares. El síntoma de debut más prevalente fue el dolor abdominal; la mayoría fueron sometidos a colonoscopia; predominó la lateralidad derecha y el tipo histológico principalmente identificado fue el adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSIÓN. No se observó relación estadísticamente significante entre estadíos, evolución y tratamientos instaurados, lo que pudo estar influenciado por el muestreo al azar; y que el 53,30% de los pacientes aún se encuentra en controles.

INTRODUCTION. Colon cancer is a neoplasm of the digestive tract considered one of the most frequent in both sexes and predominantly in older adults. OBJECTIVE. To describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients with colon cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Observational, descriptive, retrospective study. Population of 1 601 and sample of 210 data from Electronic Medical Records of patients diagnosed with colon cancer, attended by the Oncology Unit of the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín of the city of Quito in the period January 2016 to December 2019. Inclusion criteria: confirmed diagnosis of Colon Cancer, age equal to or older than 18 years, and having all the clinical data required in the study. The probability sampling method was used with which a proportion was estimated for the study with a confidence interval of 95%, a margin of error of 5% and an expected frequency of 3%, from which a 10% loss adjusted sample was obtained. Data processing was performed in Microsoft Excel version 16 and Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 24. The greatest presentation was in adults over 50 years of age, with a 1:1 ratio in terms of sex, and in terms of origin, it was mainly located in the population of the Sierra region; people with a professional economic activity were the most affected; in terms of history, a greater relationship was found in personal history and within these, polyps; there was no relationship with surgical or family history. The most prevalent debut symptom was abdominal pain; the majority underwent colonoscopy; right laterality predominated and the histological type mainly identified was adestatistically significant relationship was observed between stages, evolution and treatment, which could be influenced by random sampling; and that 53,30% of the patients are still in controls.

Humans , Male , Female , Sigmoid Neoplasms , Colonic Polyps , Colon , Colonic Diseases , Colonic Neoplasms , Adenomatous Polyposis Coli , Cholecystectomy , Adenocarcinoma , Abdominal Pain , Colonoscopy , Colectomy , Ecuador , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Intestinal Neoplasms , Medical Oncology
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(4): 296-301, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430670


Objective: To develop a low-cost simulator model and a colonoscope with materials that are easily accessible to offer training on colonoscopy skills during undergraduate studies. Since this is the procedure of choice for colorectal cancer screening, the general practitioner must be able to recognize its main indications, preparation, and complications. Methods: Using materials such as a mannequin, a vehicle inspection camera, a conduit, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe, acrylic, wood, and red paint, we built a simulator and a 150-cm long and 20-to-25-mm thick colonoscope. The colonoscope's handle and handhold were made of acrylic, the colonoscope's mobile end was made with articulated PVC rings, and the up and down movements were performed according to the traction of the steel cables. The camera attached to its distal end enables connection to a smartphone to view the image. In the simulator, the conduit was inserted into the mannequin to simulate the curvatures of the colon. Red spray paint was used to simulate the staining of the colonic mucosa in the inner region of the mannequin and the adventitial layer in the outer region. Results: We were able to build a simulator and a colonoscope with a total amount of R $ 182.82 (roughly US$ 36.50). Both were tested and proved to be useful in the acquisition of psychomotor and cognitive skills in colonoscopy. Conclusion The simulator and colonoscope developed by us are cost-effective, useful in the acquisition of psychomotor and cognitive skills in colonoscopy, and can facilitate the structuring of a training program for undergraduate students. (AU)

Colonoscopy/education , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Simulation Training , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Low Cost Technology