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1.
Cambios rev med ; 21(2): 878, 30 Diciembre 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415283

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La mastitis granulomatosa idiopática es una patología inflamatoria benigna de mama con clínica y hallazgos imagenológicos no específicos; usualmente confundida con cáncer de mama. El síntoma más frecuente es una masa mamaria palpable. El diagnóstico es histopatológico. OBJETIVO. Describir el perfil demográfico, presentación clínica y hallazgos radiográficos de pacientes con diagnóstico histopatológico de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo. Población de 1130 y muestra de 49 datos de historias clínicas electrónicas de pacientes con diagnóstico histológico de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática con el código CIE10 N61x Trastornos Inflamatorios de la mama, atendidas en la Unidad Técnica de Imagenología del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en la ciudad de Quito entre enero 2019 hasta diciembre 2021. El criterio de inclusión fue la confirmación histopatológica de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática. Los criterios de exclusión: antecedentes de neoplasia maligna de mama, antecedentes de HIV, patología inflamatoria sistémica como granulomatosis de Wegener, sarcoidosis, infecciones granulomatosas crónicas como tuberculosis, brucelosis, histoplasmosis, sífilis y reacciones a cuerpos extraños como material de implantes mamarios. Se analizaron datos demográficos, presentación clínica, hallazgos mamográficos, ecográficos y la categorización BIRADS. Se efectuó un análisis univarial; para las variables cualitativas se realizó frecuencias y porcentajes; para las variables cuantitativas se realizó medidas de tendencia central. La información recolectada fue analizada en el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTADOS La mediana de la edad fue 36 años. El 94,00% de pacientes tenían por lo menos un hijo; 77,50% presentaron con una masa palpable; 55,10% se acompañaron de signos inflamatorios; 16,00% asociaron fístulas y 24,40% presentaron secreción. Solo 1 caso presentó afectación bilateral. CONCLUSIÓN En este estudio, la mastitis granulomatosa idiopática afecta a mujeres en edad reproductiva sin antecedentes de malignidad quienes presentan una masa mamaria palpable que puede estar acompañada de signos inflamatorios, colecciones y fístulas. La realización de una biopsia core eco guiada, para confirmar su diagnóstico.


INTRODUCTION. Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is a benign inflammatory breast pathology with nonspecific clinical and imaging findings; usually mistaken for breast cancer. The most frequent symptom is a palpable breast mass. The diagnosis is histopathologic. OBJECTIVE. To describe the demographic profile, clinical presentation and radiographic findings of patients with histopathologic diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Observational, descriptive, retrospective study. Population of 1130 and sample of 49 data from electronic medical records of patients with histological diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis with ICD10 code N61x Inflammatory disorders of the breast, attended at the Technical Imaging Unit of the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital in the city of Quito between January 2019 and December 2021. The inclusion criterion was histopathological confirmation of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis. Exclusion criteria: history of malignant breast neoplasia, history of HIV, systemic inflammatory pathology such as Wegener's granulomatosis, sarcoidosis, chronic granulomatous infections such as tuberculosis, brucellosis, histoplasmosis, syphilis and reactions to foreign bodies such as breast implant material. Demographic data, clinical presentation, mammographic and ultrasound findings and BIRADS categorization were analyzed. Univariate analysis was performed; frequencies and percentages were used for qualitative variables; measures of central tendency were used for quantitative variables. RESULTS. The median age was 36 years. 94,00% of patients had at least one child; 77,50% presented with a palpable mass; 55,10% were accompanied by inflammatory signs; 16,00% were associated with fistulas and 24,40% presented with discharge. Only 1 case presented bilateral involvement. CONCLUSION. In this study, idiopathic granulomatous mastitis affects women of reproductive age with no history of malignancy who present with a palpable breast mass that may be accompanied by inflammatory signs, collections and fistulas. The performance of an echo-guided core biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Breast Diseases , Mammography , Ultrasonography, Mammary , Granulomatous Mastitis , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Mastitis , Pathology , Hyperprolactinemia , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Breast Implantation , Ecuador , Edema , Erythema , Image-Guided Biopsy , Fistula , Hyperemia , Nipples
2.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 412-429, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811069

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Different characteristics of airway microbiome in asthmatics may lead to differential immune responses, which in turn cause eosinophilic or neutrophilic airway inflammation. However, the relationships among these factors have yet to be fully elucidated.METHODS: Microbes in induced sputum samples were subjected to sequence analysis of 16S rRNA. Airway inflammatory phenotypes were defined as neutrophils (>60%) and eosinophils (>3%), and inflammation endotypes were defined by levels of T helper (Th) 1 (interferon-γ), Th2 (interleukin [IL]-5 and IL-13), Th-17 (IL-17), and innate Th2 (IL-25, IL-33, and thymic stromal lymphopoietin) cytokines, inflammasomes (IL-1β), epithelial activation markers (granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IL-8), and Inflammation (IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α) cytokines in sputum supernatants was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.RESULTS: The numbers of operational taxonomic units were significantly higher in the mixed (n = 21) and neutrophilic (n = 23) inflammation groups than in the paucigranulocytic inflammation group (n = 19; p < 0.05). At the species level, Granulicatella adiacens, Streptococcus parasanguinis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Veillonella rogosae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, and Neisseria perflava levels were significantly higher in the eosinophilic inflammation group (n = 20), whereas JYGU_s levels were significantly higher in the neutrophilic inflammation group compared to the other subtypes (P < 0.05). Additionally, IL-5 and IL-13 concentrations were correlated with the percentage of eosinophils (P < 0.05) and IL-13 levels were positively correlated with the read counts of Porphyromonas pasteri and V. rogosae (P < 0.05). IL-1β concentrations were correlated with the percentage of neutrophils (P < 0.05). had a tendency to be positively correlated with the read count of JYGU_s (P = 0.095), and was negatively correlated with that of S. pneumoniae (P < 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Difference of microbial patterns in airways may induce distinctive endotypes of asthma, which is responsible for the neutrophilic or eosinophilic inflammation in asthma.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophils , Haemophilus parainfluenzae , Inflammasomes , Inflammation , Interleukin-13 , Interleukin-33 , Interleukin-5 , Microbiota , Necrosis , Neisseria , Neutrophils , Phenotype , Pneumonia , Porphyromonas , Sequence Analysis , Sputum , Streptococcus , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Veillonella
3.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 212-223, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760654

ABSTRACT

Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is a common complication in obstetrics, affecting about 5% of women of childbearing age. An increase in the number of abortions results in escalation in the risk of miscarriage. Although concentrated research has identified numerous causes for RPL, about 50% of them remain unexplained. Pregnancy is a complex process, comprising fertilization, implantation, organ and tissue differentiation, and fetal growth, which is effectively controlled by a number of both maternal and fetal factors. An example is the immune response, in which T cells and natural killer cells participate, and inflammation mediated by tumor necrosis factor or colony-stimulating factor, which hinders embryo implantation. Furthermore, vitamin D affects glucose metabolism and inhibits embryonic development, whereas microRNA has a negative effect on the gene expression of embryo implantation and development. This review examines the causes of RPL from multiple perspectives, and focuses on the numerous factors that may result in RPL.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Abortion, Habitual , Abortion, Spontaneous , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Embryo Implantation , Embryonic Development , Fertilization , Fetal Development , Gene Expression , Glucose , Inflammation , Killer Cells, Natural , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Obstetrics , Proteomics , T-Lymphocytes , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Vitamin D
4.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 23-29, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760469

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus pneumoniae causes many people to suffer from pneumonia, septicemia, and other diseases worldwide. To identify the difference in susceptibility of and treatment efficacy against S. pneumoniae in three ICR mouse stocks (Korl: ICR, A:ICR, and B:ICR) with different origins, mice were infected with 2 × 106, 2×107, and 2×108 CFU of S. pneumoniae D39 intratracheally. The survival of mice was observed until three weeks after the infection. The three stocks of mice showed no significant survival rate difference at 2 × 106 and 2 × 107 CFU. However, the lung and spleen weight in the A:ICR stock was significantly different from that in the other two stocks, whereas the liver weight in B:ICR stock was significantly lower than that in the other two stocks. Interestingly, no significant CFU difference in the organs was observed between the ICR stocks. The level of interferon gamma inducible protein 10 in Korl:ICR was significantly lower than that in the other two stocks. The level of granulocyte colony stimulating factor in B:ICR was significantly lower than in the other two stocks. However, tumor-necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 levels showed no significant difference between the ICR stocks. In the vancomycin efficacy test after the S. pneumoniae infection, both the single-dose and double-dose vancomycin-treated groups showed a significantly better survival rate than the control group. There was no significant survival difference between the three stocks. These data showed that Korl:ICR, A:ICR, and B:ICR have no susceptibility difference to the S. pneumoniae D39 serotype 2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Granulocytes , Interferons , Interleukin-6 , Liver , Lung , Mice, Inbred ICR , Pneumonia , Sepsis , Serogroup , Spleen , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Streptococcus , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome , Vancomycin , Virulence
5.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 673-677, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762387

ABSTRACT

Cutaneous lesions of leukemia cutis (LC) by chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL) have been merely reported due to the rare occurrences of CNL. Furthermore cutaneous lesions in relation to clinical severity have been far less studied. A 70-year-old man presented with multiple violaceous papules and excoriations on both lower extremities. The diagnosis was LC based on histologic and laboratory evaluation and the origin was elaborated as CNL with the confirmation of colony stimulating factor 3 receptor (CSF3R) mutation. Interestingly, the patient presented clinical severity in a parallel manner to the hematologic abnormality. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no reported case of CSF3R confirmed LC in CNL featuring explicit skin eruption in relation to laboratory findings.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Diagnosis , Leukemia , Leukemia, Neutrophilic, Chronic , Lower Extremity , Skin
6.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(5): 41-46, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975013

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The search for more aesthetic and comfortable orthodontic devices has led to an increase in the use of clear aligners. Objective: To increase knowledge on biological mechanisms of orthodontic tooth movement using Invisalign aligners. Methods: This study included 11 patients with a mean age of 23.6 ± 4.8 years. Cases planning included alignment and leveling of lower incisors using Invisalign aligners. Gingival crevicular fluid samples were collected from the lower incisors on the day of delivery of aligner number 1 (T0) and after 1 (T24h), 7 (T7d), and 21 (T21d) days. During the observation period of the study, the patients used only the aligner number 1. Levels of nine cytokines were quantified using Luminex's multi-analysis technology. Non-parametric tests were used for comparisons between cytokine expression levels over time. Results: Cytokine expression levels remained constant after 21 days of orthodontic activation, except those of MIP-1β, which presented a statistical difference between T24h and T21d with a decrease in the concentration levels. IL-8, GM-CSF, IL-1β, MIP-1β, and TNF-α showed the highest concentrations over time. Conclusions: The different behavior in the levels of the investigated cytokines indicates a role of these biomarkers in the tissue remodeling induced by Invisalign.


RESUMO Introdução: a busca por dispositivos ortodônticos mais estéticos e confortáveis gerou um aumento no uso de alinhadores transparentes. Objetivo: ampliar o conhecimento sobre os mecanismos biológicos associados ao movimento dentário ortodôntico promovido por alinhadores Invisalign®. Métodos: a amostra foi constituída por 11 pacientes, com idade média de 23,6 ± 4,8 anos. O planejamento dos casos incluiu alinhamento e nivelamento de incisivos inferiores usando os alinhadores. O fluido gengival crevicular foi coletado na superfície vestibular de incisivos inferiores no dia da entrega do alinhador número 1 (T0) e após 1 (T24h), 7 (T7d) e 21 (T21d) dias. Durante o período de observação do estudo, os pacientes utilizaram apenas o alinhador número 1. Os níveis de nove citocinas foram quantificados por meio do sistema Luminex de multianálise. Testes não paramétricos foram realizados para comparações entre os níveis de expressão de citocinas ao longo do tempo. Resultados: a concentração das citocinas manteve-se constante após 21 dias de ativação ortodôntica, exceto a MIP-1β, que apresentou uma redução estatisticamente significativa entre os tempos T24h e T21d. As IL-8, GM-CSF, IL-1β, MIP-1β e TNF-α apresentaram as maiores concentrações ao longo do tempo. Conclusão: a constância na expressão dos níveis das citocinas parece estar compatível com o estímulo mecânico induzido por alinhadores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Tooth Movement Techniques , Cytokines/analysis , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Cytokines/metabolism , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/analysis , Interleukin-8/analysis , Colony-Stimulating Factors/analysis , Interleukin-7/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Chemokine CCL2/analysis , Interleukin-17/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Chemokine CCL4/analysis , Incisor
7.
Blood Research ; : 105-109, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714935

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: High-dose melphalan (HDMEL) represents the standard conditioning regimen before autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) in multiple myeloma (MM), but recent updates have suggested combination of melphalan with bulsulfan (BUMEL) is also associated with favorable outcomes. We performed the current study to address the lack of comparative studies between the two conditioning regimens in Asian populations. METHODS: Using the Korean National Health Insurance and Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service databases, 1,304 patients newly diagnosed with MM undergoing ASCT between January 2010 and December 2014 were identified. Patients were divided according to conditioning regimen (HDMEL vs. BUMEL), and after case matching, 428 patients undergoing HDMEL conditioning were compared to 107 patients undergoing BUMEL conditioning with respect to clinical course and treatment outcomes. RESULTS: The 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 52.5% for the HDMEL conditioning group versus 70.3% for the BUMEL conditioning group (P=0.043). The 3-year overall survival (OS) was 82.0% versus 83.5% (P=0.525), respectively. Although not statistically significant, BUMEL conditioning was associated with more platelet transfusion, while HDMEL was associated with more granulocyte colony stimulating factor support. In multivariate analysis, BUMEL conditioning was not inferior to HDMEL conditioning in regard to both PFS and OS. CONCLUSION: Our study confirmed that BUMEL is an effective and well-tolerated alternative to HDMEL conditioning, with better PFS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , Busulfan , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Disease-Free Survival , Granulocytes , Insurance, Health , Melphalan , Multiple Myeloma , Multivariate Analysis , National Health Programs , Platelet Transfusion , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells
8.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 206-210, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51167

ABSTRACT

Although neutrophilia can manifest from various causes, it is important to be able to distinguish chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL) from neutrophilic leukemoid reactions (NLR). In this paper, we describe four cases of leukocytosis with neutrophilia, including one case of CNL with a T618I mutation in colony stimulating factor 3 receptor (CSF3R) and three cases of NLR associated with malignancy or sepsis, which were initially suspected as CNL. Of the three NLR cases, one was associated with ovarian cancer, one with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance and one with multiple myeloma with sepsis. This study demonstrated that confirming the clonality of myeloid cells with CSF3R T618I could contribute to making an accurate differential diagnosis between CNL and NLR in patients with solid cancers or plasma cell neoplasms caused by paraneoplastic syndromes and/or infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Diagnosis, Differential , Leukemia, Neutrophilic, Chronic , Leukemoid Reaction , Leukocytosis , Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance , Multiple Myeloma , Myeloid Cells , Neoplasms, Plasma Cell , Neutrophils , Ovarian Neoplasms , Paraneoplastic Syndromes , Sepsis
9.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 103-107, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289898

ABSTRACT

Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) plays a major role in the proliferation, differentiation, and activation of neutrophil cell line hematopoietic cells. G-CSF exert the function depending on its binding to colony-stimulating factor 3 receptor (CSF3R), a homo-dimer receptor located on the surface of effector cells. Some recent studies have demonstrated that CSF3R mutations play a significant role in many diseases. Some of the hematopoietic diseases, especially myeloid malignancies (e.g. chronic neutrophilic leukemia) are related to the presence of various CSF3R mutations, which leads to abnormal G-CSF signal pathways. Also, the downstream kinases can be the treatment targets for these diseases. This review summarizes CSF3R mutations, mechanisms of mutations, and their contributions to the myeloid malignancies, with an attempt to further reveal the pathogenesis of myeloid malignancies, inform the diagnosis and clinical treatment of the myeloid malignancies, and provide clues for the research and development of new molecular target drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Hematologic Neoplasms , Mutation , Myeloid Cells , Receptors, Colony-Stimulating Factor , Signal Transduction
10.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e227-2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-137226

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to determine the optimal culturing media for human CD14+ monocytes and to evaluate whether these cells are capable of differentiating into vascular endothelial cells. Human monocytes isolated from peripheral blood were cultured for 1, 3, 7, 10 or 14 days in different media containing either 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), 10% autologous donor serum (Auto), 10% FBS with interleukin-3 and macrophage colony stimulating factor (FBS-WF) or 10% Auto and the same growth factors (AU-WF). The cells were differentiated using endothelial cell conditioning medium (EC). Viability was measured using the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay, and the cells were characterized by histology, immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis. Monocytes treated with Auto, FBS-WF or AU-WF medium generated a significant higher yield of vital cells after 7 days in culture compared with FBS-only medium (mean difference (MD)=0.318, P=0.01; MD=1.83, P=0.04; or MD=0.271, P=0.01 and MD=0.318, P=0.102). All tested media led to the differentiation of monocytes into macrophages, identified by CD68, especially in the FBS-WF medium (MD=+18.3% P=0.04). Differentiation into ECs caused a significant decrease in cell viability in all media. Endothelial cell markers, including CD31, CD144, VEGF, VEGF-R2 and CD34, could not be detected. Autologous serum significantly increases the yield of monocyte-derived cells with a higher effectiveness than commonly used FBS-only serum. There is no further benefit in culturing monocytes longer than 7 days. The cultivation of monocytes in the tested media leads preferentially to differentiation into macrophages. Differentiation into endothelial cells did not take place.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blotting, Western , Cell Survival , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Endothelial Cells , Immunohistochemistry , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Interleukin-3 , Macrophages , Monocytes , Tissue Donors , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
11.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e227-2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-137223

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to determine the optimal culturing media for human CD14+ monocytes and to evaluate whether these cells are capable of differentiating into vascular endothelial cells. Human monocytes isolated from peripheral blood were cultured for 1, 3, 7, 10 or 14 days in different media containing either 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), 10% autologous donor serum (Auto), 10% FBS with interleukin-3 and macrophage colony stimulating factor (FBS-WF) or 10% Auto and the same growth factors (AU-WF). The cells were differentiated using endothelial cell conditioning medium (EC). Viability was measured using the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay, and the cells were characterized by histology, immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis. Monocytes treated with Auto, FBS-WF or AU-WF medium generated a significant higher yield of vital cells after 7 days in culture compared with FBS-only medium (mean difference (MD)=0.318, P=0.01; MD=1.83, P=0.04; or MD=0.271, P=0.01 and MD=0.318, P=0.102). All tested media led to the differentiation of monocytes into macrophages, identified by CD68, especially in the FBS-WF medium (MD=+18.3% P=0.04). Differentiation into ECs caused a significant decrease in cell viability in all media. Endothelial cell markers, including CD31, CD144, VEGF, VEGF-R2 and CD34, could not be detected. Autologous serum significantly increases the yield of monocyte-derived cells with a higher effectiveness than commonly used FBS-only serum. There is no further benefit in culturing monocytes longer than 7 days. The cultivation of monocytes in the tested media leads preferentially to differentiation into macrophages. Differentiation into endothelial cells did not take place.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blotting, Western , Cell Survival , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Endothelial Cells , Immunohistochemistry , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Interleukin-3 , Macrophages , Monocytes , Tissue Donors , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
12.
Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science ; : 76-80, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202422

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Methimazole is an anti-thyroid drug that can cause life-threatening neutropenia in rare situations. The aim of this case report is to describe a set of oral complications associated with methimazole-induced neutropenia and the healing of the gingiva after proper treatment. METHODS: A 31-year-old female patient hospitalized for systemic symptoms of sore throat and fever and showing extensive gingival necrosis with pain was referred to the Department of Periodontics from the Department of Endocrinology. Methimazole-induced neutropenia was diagnosed based on blood test results and her medical history. Methimazole was discontinued and a range of treatments was administered, including the injection of granulocyte colony stimulating factor. RESULTS: After systemic treatment, the gingiva began to heal as the neutrophil count increased. Approximately one year later, the gingiva had returned to a normal appearance. Twenty-one months after treatment, sequestra of the alveolar bone that had broken through the gingiva were removed. Periodic supportive periodontal treatment has been continued uneventfully. CONCLUSIONS: The oral manifestations of gingival necrosis and ulcerations, in combination with systemic symptoms such as fever and sore throat, are the critical signs presented in the early stages of drug-induced neutropenia. Therefore, dentists need to be aware of these oral complications in order to make an accurate diagnosis and to ensure that prompt medical intervention is provided.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Dentists , Diagnosis , Endocrinology , Fever , Follow-Up Studies , Gingiva , Granulocytes , Hematologic Tests , Hyperthyroidism , Methimazole , Necrosis , Neutropenia , Neutrophils , Oral Manifestations , Periodontics , Pharyngitis , Ulcer
13.
Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology ; : 50-54, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-94918

ABSTRACT

Podostroma cornu-damae is a rare species of fungus belonging to the Hyocreaceae family. Its fruit body is highly toxic, as it contains trichothecene mycotoxins. The morphology is similar to that of immature Ganoderma lucidum, making identification difficult for non-experts. We experienced such a case of a 56- year-old male who picked and consumed podostroma cornu-damae, and consumed. Later that day, he developed digestive system symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. He presented to the emergency room (ER), there were no abnormal physical findings, symptoms improved after gastric lavage, and the patient voluntarily discharged himself on the same day. The following day, as the symptoms gradually deteriorated, he was admitted via the ER. He was presented with severe pancytopenia, alopecia, desquamation of skin, and acute renal failure. He recovered without any complications after conservative care, antibiotics therapy, and granulocyte colony stimulating factor administration. The most commonly reported complications of podostroma cornu-damae intoxication were reported pancytopenia, infection, disseminated intravascular coagulation, acute renal failure, etc. since Prevention is especially important because its toxicity can be lethal and there is no particular treatment to date, prevention is especially important. Promotion and education for the public are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Abdominal Pain , Acute Kidney Injury , Agaricales , Alopecia , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Digestive System , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Education , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fruit , Fungi , Gastric Lavage , Granulocytes , Mycotoxins , Nausea , Pancytopenia , Reishi , Skin , Vomiting
14.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 146-154, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29884

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The utilization of the stem cells is widely used in the last few years in different fields of medicine, either by external transplantation or endogenous mobilization, most of these studies still experimental on animals; few were tried on human as in the spinal cord injury or myocardial infarction. As regard its use in the inner ear, stem cell transplantation was examined in many previous studies, while the mobilization idea is a new method to be experimented in inner ear hair cell regeneration. The present work assessed the possibility of mobilizing endogenous bone marrow derived stem cells (SCs) in rats using granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) to induce regeneration and repair to experimentally damaged inner ear hair cells by Amikacin injection. METHODS: The study included thirty adult Sprague Dawley male rats. Experimental induction of inner ear damage was done by repeated intratympanic injection of amikacin sulfate. Mobilization of bone marrow SCs was provoked by subcutaneous injection of GCSF. Cochlear integrity, induction of hearing loss and functional recovery of sensory hearing loss were assessed using Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emission (DPOAEs). The morphological alteration and recovery of the organ of Corti was assessed histologically using the light and scanning electron microscopes. RESULTS: After six month duration, there was improvement in 50% of the sensorineural DPOAE results. Functional recovery coincided with the repair of structural components of organ of Corti. CONCLUSIONS: SCs mobilization by G-CSF is a promising alternative method for replacement therapy in sensorineural hearing loss.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Amikacin , Bone Marrow , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Ear, Inner , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Granulocytes , Hair , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Injections, Subcutaneous , Myocardial Infarction , Organ of Corti , Regeneration , Spinal Cord Injuries , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells
15.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 209-218, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29878

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Use of pluripotent stem cells is an ideal solution for liver insufficiencies. This work aims is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of autologous stem cells transplantation (SCT) in Egyptian patients of liver cirrhosis on top of hepatitis C virus (HCV). SUBJECTS AND RESULTS: 20 patients with HCV induced liver cirrhosis were divided into 2 groups. Group I: included 10 patients with liver cirrhosis Child score > or =9, for whom autologous stem cell transplantation was done using granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) for stem cells mobilization. Separation and collection of the peripheral blood stem cells was done by leukapheresis. G-CSF mobilized peripheral blood mononuclear cells (G-CSF PB-MNCs) were counted by flow cytometry. Stem cell injection into the hepatic artery was done. Group II: included 10 patients with HCV induced liver cirrhosis as a control group. Follow up and comparison between both groups were done over a follow up period of 6 months. The procedure was well tolerated. Mobilization was successful and the total number of G-CSF PB-MNCs in the harvests ranged from 25x106 to 191x106. There was improvement in the quality of life, serum albumin, total bilirubin, liver enzymes and the Child-Pugh score of group I over the first two-three months after the procedure. CONCLUSION: SCT in HCV induced liver cirrhosis is a safe procedure. It can improve the quality of life and hepatic functions transiently with no effect on the life expectancy or the fate of the liver cirrhosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Bilirubin , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Flow Cytometry , Follow-Up Studies , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Granulocytes , Hepacivirus , Hepatic Artery , Hepatitis C , Hepatitis , Leukapheresis , Life Expectancy , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver , Pluripotent Stem Cells , Quality of Life , Serum Albumin , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells , Transplantation
16.
Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; : 207-211, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33302

ABSTRACT

Colchicine poisoning is rare but can cause potentially life-threatening toxic complications such as hypovolemic shock, cardiovascular collapse and multiple organ failure. In this case report, we describe a case of a 20-year-old female who presented to the emergency department after suicidal ingestion of a toxic dose of colchicine. She developed thrombocytopenia, neutropenia and acute respiratory distress syndrome that required blood transfusion and administration of granulocyte colony stimulating factor for the prevention of infectious complications. With regard to the clinical manifestations of colchicine toxicity, we discussed suggested mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Blood Transfusion , Colchicine , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Eating , Emergency Service, Hospital , Granulocytes , Multiple Organ Failure , Neutropenia , Poisoning , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Shock , Thrombocytopenia
17.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 94-100, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106148

ABSTRACT

We report four cases of Ganoderma lucidum-induced aplastic anemia involving members of the same family. A 33-year-old man and three family members were admitted to the hospital due to fever and pancytopenia. The illness arose after ingesting herbal wine containing G. lucidum 2 weeks earlier. A bone-marrow biopsy showed hypocellularity in three of the four family members (the exception was the one who died). They were treated with supportive management, including transfusions, granulocyte colony stimulating factor, and empirical antibiotics for neutropenic fever. The pancytopenia improved 4-5 weeks after the symptoms first appeared.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Anemia, Aplastic , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Biopsy , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Fever , Ganoderma , Granulocytes , Pancytopenia , Plants, Medicinal , Reishi , Wine
18.
Keimyung Medical Journal ; : 176-182, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-12455

ABSTRACT

Agranulocytosis is a rare but the most serious life-threatening complication of antithyroid drug therapy. Most cases of agranulocytosis occur within the first 3 months of antithyroid drug therapy, but some cases happen several years after starting treatment. However, there is a paucity of data on the delayed onset of agranulocytosis. We report a case of methimazole-induced agranulocytosis with suppurative pharyngotonsillitis occurring during the long-term treatment. A 48-year-old woman with Graves' disease visited our hospital with sore throat and high fever (39.2degrees C). She had continuously been treated with methimazole for the preceding 7 years-15 to 40 mg daily from Jul 2007 until Apr 2014 and 50 mg daily from May 2014 until September 2014. A month ago, the dose of methimazole had been reduced to 10 mg daily due to transient neutropenia. Her initial blood tests showed an absolute neutrophil count of 40/microL. Moreover, physical examination showed right neck enlargement. We stopped methimazole, and she was empirically treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics and granulocyte colony stimulating factor. Neck CT scan detected enlarged right tonsils and lymph node. Cervical lymph node biopsy only showed acute and chronic inflammation. About 3 weeks after she recovered, 10 mCi of radioiodine ablation therapy was performed. This case suggests that the sign of agranulocytosis should be carefully monitored in patients with Graves' disease, throughout the course of treatment with methimazole, even under the long-term therapy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Agranulocytosis , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Biopsy , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Drug Therapy , Fever , Granulocytes , Graves Disease , Hematologic Tests , Inflammation , Lymph Nodes , Methimazole , Neck , Neutropenia , Neutrophils , Palatine Tonsil , Pharyngitis , Physical Examination , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; : 207-211, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770878

ABSTRACT

Colchicine poisoning is rare but can cause potentially life-threatening toxic complications such as hypovolemic shock, cardiovascular collapse and multiple organ failure. In this case report, we describe a case of a 20-year-old female who presented to the emergency department after suicidal ingestion of a toxic dose of colchicine. She developed thrombocytopenia, neutropenia and acute respiratory distress syndrome that required blood transfusion and administration of granulocyte colony stimulating factor for the prevention of infectious complications. With regard to the clinical manifestations of colchicine toxicity, we discussed suggested mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Blood Transfusion , Colchicine , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Eating , Emergency Service, Hospital , Granulocytes , Multiple Organ Failure , Neutropenia , Poisoning , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Shock , Thrombocytopenia
20.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 603-609, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651245

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Glucocorticoids are a potent anti-inflammatory agent. The au-thors conducted this study to investigate the effect of Omnaris(R) on suppression of inflammation induction and mucin gene expression in nasal polyp epithelial cells. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Primary nasal polyp epithelial cells were stimulated by 5 ug/mL of streptococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). To determine the effects of Omnaris(R), cells were pretreated with 200, 100, 10, 1 ng/mL of Omnaris(R). The anti-inflammatory effect of epithelial cells were confirmed by measuring interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and mucin gene expressions were determined by real time PCR for MUC4, MUC5AC, MUC5B, MUC8. RESULTS: SEB and LPS enhanced the production of IL-6, IL-8, and GM-CSF from nasal polyp epithelial cells. The increased cytokine levels were significantly suppressed by Omnaris(R) at 100 and 10 ng/mL. The expressions of MUC4, MUC5AC, MUC5B, MUC8 mRNA, and MUC4 mRNA were increased by SEB and LPS, respectively. The increased expression of these mucin genes were significantly suppressed by 100, 10, and 1 ng/mL of Omnaris(R). CONCLUSION: Omnaris(R) significantly suppressed the production of chemical mediators and mucin gene expression, which indicated that Omnaris(R) is effective in improving and treating inflammatory diseases in the nasal cavity.


Subject(s)
Colony-Stimulating Factors , Enterotoxins , Epithelial Cells , Gene Expression , Glucocorticoids , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Inflammation , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Interleukins , Mucins , Nasal Cavity , Nasal Polyps , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger
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