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J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(4): 430-437, Out.-Dec. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356440


Abstract: Introduction Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is the most common gastrointestinal neoplasm in the world, accounting for 15% of cancer-related deaths. This condition is related to different molecular pathways, among them the recently described serrated pathway, whose characteristic entities, serrated lesions, have undergone important changes in their names and diagnostic criteria in the past thirty years. The multiplicity of denominations and criteria over the last years may be responsible for the low interobserver concordance (IOC) described in the literature. Objectives: The present study aims to describe the evolution in classification of serrated lesions, based on the last three publications of theWorld Health Organization (WHO) and the reproducibility of these criteria by pathologists, based on the evaluation of the IOC. Methods: A search was conducted in the PubMed, ResearchGate and Portal Capes databases, with the following terms: sessile serrated lesion; serrated lesions; serrated adenoma; interobserver concordance; andreproducibility.Articlespublished since 1990were researched. Results and Discussion: The classification of serrated lesions in the past thirty years showed different denominations and diagnostic criteria. The reproducibility and IOC of these criteria in the literature, based on the kappa coefficient, varied in most studies, from very poor to moderate. Conclusions: Interobserver concordance and the reproducibility of microscopic criteria may represent a limitation for the diagnosis andappropriatemanagementof these lesions. It is necessary to investigate diagnostic tools to improve the performance of the pathologist's evaluation, for better concordance, and, consequently, adequate diagnosis and treatment. (AU)

Humans , Wounds and Injuries/diagnosis , Intestine, Large/injuries , Polyps/classification , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Adenoma/classification
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 390-393, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345305


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Since 2012, a new technique for resection of large polyps has been described, the underwater endoscopic mucosal resection (UEMR). Some advantages that emerge from it is the needless of injection in submucosal layer and a greater chance of complete capture of the polyp. OBJECTIVE: There are few studies of UEMR in Brazil. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this technique in one Brazilian center. METHODS: This case series was conducted from February to December of 2020. Colorectal polyps greater than 9 mm without features of deep submucosal invasion were resected using UEMR. RESULTS: Twenty-four large polyps were resected with the UEMR approach from 24 patients. The mean size of the polys was 19 mm, ranging from 12 to 35 mm. All lesions were successful resected and 66% (16/24) were resected en bloc. In histologic analyses, most of them were adenomas (70.8%) and only one had deep submucosal invasion. There were no cases of acute complications, such perforation or acute bleeding. CONCLUSION: The UEMR is a safe and feasible procedure. With the emerging data on the procedure, it seems to be a wonderful tool in preventing colorectal cancer and its applicability and scope should be encourage to surpass reference centers.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: Desde 2012, uma nova técnica para ressecção de pólipos grandes tem sido descrita, a ressecção da mucosa endoscópica sob imersão d'água (REMS). Algumas vantagens que surgem desta técnica são evitar a injeção na camada submucosa e a maior chance de captura completa do pólipo. Objetivo - Há poucos estudos com REMS no Brasil. Nosso objetivo é avaliar a segurança e a eficácia da técnica em um centro brasileiro. MÉTODOS: Esta série de casos foi conduzida de fevereiro a dezembro de 2020. Pólipos colorretais maiores que 9 mm sem sinais endoscópicos de invasão de submucosa foram ressecados utilizando RMES. RESULTADOS: Vinte e quatro pólipos foram ressecados com RMES em 24 pacientes diferentes. O tamanho médio dos pólipos era de 19 mm, variando de 12 a 35 mm. Todas as lesões foram ressecadas e 66% (16/24) foram ressecadas em monobloco. Na análise histológica, a maioria era adenoma (70.8%) e apenas uma havia invasão profunda da submucosa. CONCLUSÃO: O uso de REMS é um procedimento seguro e factível. Com o aumento de dados relativos ao procedimento, esta parece ser uma excelente ferramenta na prevenção do câncer colorretal e sua aplicabilidade deve ser encorajada para fora dos centros de referência.

Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colonic Polyps/surgery , Colonic Polyps/pathology , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Brazil , Colonoscopy , Ambulatory Care , Intestinal Mucosa , Intestinal Mucosa/surgery
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(3): 257-264, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346426


Introduction: The Covid-19 pandemic has had an important impact on colorectal cancer surgery, for hospital resources had to be redistributed in favour of Covid-19 patients. The aim of the present study is to analyze our results in colorectal oncologic surgery during the Covid-19 pandemic in patients with and without perioperative SARSCoV- 2 infection. Methods: In total, 32 patients (19 male and 13 female patients), with a mean age of 64 years (range: 57.2 to 69.5 years) with colorectal cancer underwent surgery under the recommendations of surgical societies included in a protocol. Data collection included clinical characteristics (gender, age, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, tumor location, preoperative staging, lymphopenia), data related to SARS-CoV-2 infection (postoperative symptoms, diagnostic tests), operative details (surgical procedure, approach, duration, stoma), pathological outcomes (tumor stage, number of lymph nodes harvested, distal and circumferential radial margins, quality of the total mesorectal excision), and surgical outcomes (morbidity, mortality, hospital stay, and the rates of reoperation and readmission). Results: A total of 3 (9.4%) patients who underwent colorectal surgery during the Covid-19 pandemic were infected by SARS-CoV-2 in the postoperative period. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was associated with Covid-19 (6.2% versus 33.3%; p=0.042), and surgical morbidity was higher among Covid-19 patients (100% versus 37.9%; p=0.039). There were not significant differences between COVID-19 patients and non-COVID-19 patients in relation to the rest of the analyzed outcomes. Conclusion: During the Covid-19 pandemic, colorectal cancer surgery should be performed according to the recommendations of surgical societies. However, Covid- 19 patients could present a higher morbidity rate. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Treatment Outcome , COVID-19
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879531


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect and precautions of setting up a genetic clinic for hereditary colorectal cancers.@*METHODS@#To collect the information of the patients who received genetic screening and genetic counseling at our hospital from January 2016 to June 2018, and analyze the role of family history collection and follow-up management.@*RESULTS@#The detection rate of family history of tumors has increased by 13.6%. Follow up management was carried out in 156 families with hereditary colorectal cancer confirmed by detection of germline mutations. Five cases of early colorectal cancers and 12 cases of adenomatous polyps were detected and treated.@*CONCLUSION@#To set up genetic clinic is helpful to standardize the management of high-risk population, and attention should be paid to the role of family history collection and follow-up management.

Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Genetic Counseling , Genetic Testing/standards , Germ-Line Mutation , Humans , Risk Factors
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921073


INTRODUCTION@#Surgical resection of the primary and metastatic tumour is increasingly recommended in suitable patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). While the role of metastasectomy is well studied and established in colorectal liver metastasis, evidence remains limited in pulmonary metastases. This systematic review was conducted to examine the current evidence on the role of lung metastasectomy (LUM) in CRC.@*METHODS@#Three databases were systematically searched, to identify studies that compared survival outcomes of LUM, and factors that affected decision for LUM.@*RESULTS@#From a total of 5,477 records, 6 studies were eventually identified. Two papers reported findings from one randomised controlled trial and 4 were retrospective reviews. There was no clear survival benefit in patients who underwent LUM compared to those who did not. When compared against patients who underwent liver metastasectomy, there was also no clear survival benefit. Patients who underwent LUM were also more likely to have a single pulmonary tumour, and metachronous disease.@*CONCLUSION@#The evidence suggests a role for LUM, but is limited by inherent selection bias in retrospective reviews, and the single randomised clinical trial performed was not completed. More prospective studies are required to understand the true effect of LUM on outcomes in metastatic CRC.

Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Metastasectomy , Pneumonectomy , Prognosis , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880390


Robotic minimally invasive surgery is an important trend in the modern surgical techniques. The publish of Chinese Expert Consensus on Robotic Surgery for Colorectal Cancer (2015 Edition) has played an important role in the standardization, promotion and application of robotic colorectal cancer surgery. With the concept update and technological progress, robotic colorectal cancer surgery has been further developed. Based on this, on the basis of 2015 expert consensus, the Chinese Expert Consensus on Robotic Surgery for Colorectal Cancer (2020 Edition) is revised and published to supplement, update and improve the theoretical and technical system, so as to better guide clinical practice.

China , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Consensus , Humans , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/standards , Robotic Surgical Procedures/standards
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202644, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155365


ABSTRACT Objective: to establish the epidemiological profile of ostomized patients treated at the Health Care Service for Ostomy Patients in Juiz de Fora and region (SASPO/JF) and to quantify the pathologies that led to the stoma as well as the ostomy-related complications. Method: a retrospective study was carried out with the analysis of 496 medical records of patients registered at HCSOP/JF over 30 years and who remained in at the service in June 2018. The following variables were considered: age, sex, pathology that led to the stoma, type, time, location and complications of stomas. Results: 53.43% were male patients and 46.57% female. The average age was 56.24 years among men and 58.40 years among women. Eight patients had two types of ostomies simultaneously and a total of 504 ostomies were as follows: 340 colostomies (67.46%), 117 ileostomies (23.21%) and 47 urostomies (9.33%). Additionally, 47.65% of the colostomies and 76.92% of the ileostomies were temporary, while all urostomies were permanent. In 70.24% of cases, the reason for making the stoma was malignancy. There were 277 stomas with one or more complications (54.96%). Conclusions: most of the ostomized patients were over 50 years old and the main diagnosis that led to the stoma was malignancy. Ileostomies had a higher percentage of complications than colostomies and urostomies and, for all types of stomas, the most frequent complication was dermatitis.

RESUMO Objetivo: elaborar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes estomizados atendidos no Serviço de Atenção à Saúde da Pessoa Ostomizada de Juiz de Fora e região (SASPO/JF) e quantificar tanto as patologias que levaram à confecção, quanto as complicações presentes nas estomias. Método: realizado estudo retrospectivo com análise de 496 prontuários de pacientes cadastrados no SASPO/JF ao longo de 30 anos e que permaneciam em atendimento no serviço em junho de 2018. Foram consideradas as seguintes variáveis: idade, sexo, patologia que levou à confecção do estoma, tipo, caráter temporal, localização e complicações das estomias. Resultados: 53,43% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino e 46,57% do sexo feminino. A média de idade entre os homens foi de 56,24 anos e entre as mulheres foi de 58,40 anos. Oito pacientes apresentaram dois tipos de estomias simultaneamente e o total de 504 estomias foi distribuído da seguinte forma: 340 colostomias (67,46%), 117 ileostomias (23,21%) e 47 urostomias (9,33%). Além disso, 47,65% das colostomias e 76,92% das ileostomias foram temporárias, enquanto todas as urostomias foram permanentes. Em 70,24% dos casos, o motivo para confecção do estoma foi a neoplasia maligna. Foram encontrados 277 estomas com uma ou mais complicações (54,96%). Conclusão: as estomias predominaram em pacientes com mais de 50 anos e o principal diagnóstico que levou à confecção dos estomas foi a neoplasia maligna. As ileostomias apresentaram maior percentual de complicações do que as colostomias e urostomias e, para todos os tipos de estomas, a complicação mais frequente foi a dermatite.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Ostomy/methods , Ostomy/statistics & numerical data , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Delivery of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Colostomy/methods , Colostomy/statistics & numerical data , Ileostomy/methods , Ileostomy/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Colorectal Surgery , Middle Aged
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(1): e1578, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284902


ABSTRACT Background: About 50% of the patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma will present with liver metastasis and 20% are synchronic. Liver resection is associated with improvement in survival in comparison to chemotherapy alone. Aim: To analyze the overall survival in patients submitted to liver resection of colorectal cancer metastasis and prognostic factors related to the primary and secondary tumors. Methods: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database regarding demographic, primary tumor and liver metastasis characteristics. Results: There were 84 liver resections due to colorectal cancer metastasis in the period. The 5-year disease-free and overall survivals were 27.5% and 48.8% respectively. The statistically significant factors for survival were tumor grade (p=0.050), lymphovascular invasion (p=0.021), synchronous metastasis (p=0.020), as well as number (p=0.004), bilobar distribution (p=0.019) and diameter of the liver metastasis over 50 mm (p=0.027). Remained as independent negative predictive factors: lymphovascular invasion (HR=2.7; CI 95% 1.106-6.768; p=0.029), synchronous metastasis (HR=2.8; CI 95% 1.069-7.365; p=0.036) and four or more liver metastasis (HR=1.7; CI 95% 1.046-2.967; p=0.033). Conclusion: The resection of liver metastasis of colorectal adenocarcinoma leads to good survival rates. Lymphovascular invasion was the single prognostic factor related to the primary tumor. Synchronous disease and four or more metastasis were the most significant factors related to the secondary tumor.

RESUMO Racional: Cerca de metade dos pacientes com adenocarcinoma colorretal apresentará metástases hepáticas. Apesar da superioridade do tratamento cirúrgico, os pacientes com elas compõem um grupo muito heterogêneo. Objetivo: Descrever o impacto de fatores relacionados ao tumor primário e ao secundário na sobrevida após ressecção de metástases hepáticas colorretais. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva de base de dados mantida prospectivamente de pacientes operados. Resultados: Foram realizadas 84 hepatectomias para ressecção de metástases hepáticas de adenocarcinoma colorretal em 73 pacientes no período. A sobrevida global e livre de doença em cinco anos foram de 48,8 e 27,5%, respectivamente. Os principais preditores de sobrevida foram grau de diferenciação (p=0,050) e invasão angiolinfática (p=0,021) do tumor primário, metástases sincrônicas (p=0,020), número (p=0,004), distribuição bilobar (p=0,019) e diâmetro máximo maior que 50 mm (p=0,027) dos nódulos hepáticos. Foram significativos a presença de invasão angiolinfática (HR=2,7; IC 95% 1,106-6,768; p=0,029), metástases sincrônicas (HR=2,8; IC 95% 1,069-7,365; p=0,036) e número de nódulos hepáticos igual ou superior a quatro (HR=1,7; IC 95% 1,046-2,967; p=0,033). Conclusão: A ressecção de metástases hepáticas de adenocarcinoma colorretal proporciona melhora da sobrevida e os principais fatores prognósticos foram a invasão angiolinfática no tumor primário, metástases sincrônicas e quatro ou mais nódulos hepáticos.

Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Hepatectomy
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(4): e1625, 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360011


RESUMO - RACIONAL: O câncer colorretal é a terceira neoplasia mais frequente e metade dos pacientes desenvolvem metástase hepática. O melhor fator prognóstico na metástase hepática de câncer colorretal (MHCCR) é a possibilidade de ressecção com margens livres, porém a maioria permanece irressecável. O racional em realizar transplante hepático (TH) em pacientes portadores de MHCCR está na ampliação do número de pacientes ressecáveis através de uma hepatectomia total. OBJETIVO: Apresentar protocolo brasileiro para realização de transplante hepático em pacientes com MHCCR irressecável. MÉTODO: O protocolo foi realizado por duas instituições com grande volume de ressecções e transplantes hepáticos no Brasil, baseado no trabalho realizado pela Universidade de Oslo. A elaboração foi dividida em 4 etapas. RESULTADO: É apresentada proposta de protocolo para esta doença a ser validada na aplicação clínica. CONCLUSÃO: Foi possível elaborar protocolo de transplante hepático para MHCCR irressecável a fim de uniformizar o tratamento e melhor avaliar os resultados cirúrgicos.

ABSTRACT - BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common neoplasm, and half of the patients with CRC develop liver metastasis. The best prognostic factor for colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) is the possibility of performing a resection with free margins; however, most of them remain unresectable. The justification for performing liver transplantation (LT) in patients with CRLM regards an increase in the number of resectable patients by performing total hepatectomy. AIM: The aim of this study was to provide a Brazilian protocol for LT in patients with unresectable CRLM. METHOD: The protocol was carried out by two Brazilian institutions, which perform a large volume of resections and LTs, based on the study carried out at the University of Oslo. The elaboration of the protocol was conducted in four stages. RESULT: A protocol proposal for this disease is presented, which needs to be validated for clinical use. CONCLUSION: The development of an LT protocol for unresectable CRLM aims to standardize the treatment and to enable a better evaluation of surgical results.

Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Transplantation , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Brazil , Hepatectomy
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 508-516, dic. 2020. graf, il, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288163


RESUMEN Antecedentes: la fístula anastomótica (FA) es una de las complicaciones más severas de la cirugía colo rrectal. Su desarrollo obedece a múltiples factores dependientes del paciente y la técnica operatoria; entre estos últimos podemos mencionar la vascularización de los cabos como uno de los principales. La angiografía fluorescente (AF) permite la evaluación de ese factor en tiempo real durante la cirugía. Objetivo: describir la experiencia en el uso de la AF durante la cirugía colorrectal en un Hospital Uni versitario de la ciudad de Buenos Aires, registrar el cambio de conducta quirúrgica inducido por el uso de la AF y la incidencia de FA. Material y métodos: entre enero de 2016 y junio de 2018 se incluyeron 37 pacientes sometidos a resecciones colónicas programadas y con evaluación de la perfusión con AF. Resultados: la AF pudo realizarse en todos los pacientes con un tiempo operatorio extra de 3 a 9 mi nutos, registrando un cambio de conducta en 4 (10,81%) pacientes. Se registraron 2 (5,41%) fístulas anastomóticas. Conclusiones: la AF con verde de indocianina durante la cirugía colorrectal fue factible, sumó mínima complejidad y tiempo a la operación tradicional, y permitió cambiar la conducta en la sección intestinal en el 11% de los casos, con baja tasa de fístulas anastomóticas.

ABSTRACT Background: Anastomotic leak (AL) is one of the most feared complication of colorectal surgery. Its development is dependent of patient and surgery factors. Of these, bowel perfusion is one of the most important. Fluorescent angiography (FA) allows the identification in real time of the bowel perfusion. Objective: to describe the experience in the use of FA during colorectal surgery in a University Hospital setting in Buenos Aires, to register the change in surgical plan according to the FA findings and record the incidence of AL. Material y methods: Between January 2016 and June 2018, 37 patients with scheduled colorectal resections and FA bowel perfusion assessment were included. Results: Perfusion assessment with FA was possible in all cases with an extra operative time of 3 to 9 minutes, a change in surgical plan was registered in 4 cases (10.81%) and 2 AL were recorded (5.41%). Conclusions: FA during colorectal surgery is feasible, with minimum extra operative time and results in a change in surgical plan in 11% of the cases, and low rate of anastomotic fistula.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Fluorescein Angiography , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colon/surgery , Colectomy , Colorectal Surgery , Anastomotic Leak
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(4): 390-393, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143181


ABSTRACT Pelvic exenteration has showed to be beneficial therapeutically and palliatively in locally advanced colorectal cancer. Reconstruction of urinary transit posterior to a cystectomy has always been challenging with many associated complications. We present a 58-year-old male with locally advanced rectal cancer in which a pelvic exenteration and a double-barreled wet colostomy (DBWC) was created for urinary reconstitution. We present the surgical technique of DBWC. DBWC is a good alternative to other urinary reconstructions because fecal and urinary derivation occurs in only one stoma, the stoma output is easier to manage, and fewer complications are seen compared to other urinary reconstructions. Long-term surveillance is mandatory in patients with a DBWC because there is an increased risk of neoplasm in the reservoir.

RESUMO A exenteração pélvica mostrou-se benéfica, tanto terapêutica quanto paliativamente, em casos de câncer colorretal localmente avançado. A reconstrução do trânsito urinário após uma cistectomia sempre foi desafiadora, com muitas complicações associadas. Os autores apresentam o caso de um homem de 58 anos de idade com câncer retal localmente avançado, submetido a uma exenteração pélvica e uma colostomia úmida em dupla-boca (CUDB) para reconstituição urinária. Os autores apresentam a técnica cirúrgica da CUDB, uma boa alternativa para outras reconstruções urinárias, já que a derivação fecal e urinária ocorre em apenas um estoma, a saída do estoma é mais fácil de gerenciar e o método apresenta menos complicações em comparação com outras reconstruções urinárias. A vigilância a longo prazo é obrigatória em pacientes com CUDB, pois há um risco aumentado de neoplasia no reservatório.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pelvic Exenteration/statistics & numerical data , Colostomy/statistics & numerical data , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery
Säo Paulo med. j ; 138(5): 407-413, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1139720


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: During a surgical procedure, patients are often subjected to fasting for times that are more prolonged than the ideal, which may lead to complications. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the duration of perioperative fasting and its association with postoperative complications, length of hospital stay (LOS) and mortality among gastric and colorectal cancer patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cohort study developed in a surgical oncology hospital in the city of Natal (Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil). METHODS: Patients aged over 18 years were included. The Clavien-Dindo surgical complication scale was used to evaluate occurrences of postoperative complications. LOS was defined as the number of days for which patients stayed in the hospital after surgery, or until the day of death. RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients participated (59.8 ± 11.8 years; 54.5% females; 70.1% with bowel tumor). The incidences of postoperative complications and death were 59.7% and 3.9%, respectively. The duration of perioperative fasting was 59.0 ± 21.4 hours, and it was higher among non-survivors and among patients with prolonged hospital stay (≥ 6 days). For each one-hour increase in the durations of perioperative and postoperative fasting, the odds of prolonged hospitalization increased by 12% (odds ratio, OR = 1.12; 95% confidence interval, CI 1.04-1.20) and 5% (OR = 1.05; 95% CI 1.02-1.08), respectively. CONCLUSION: Prolonged perioperative fasting, especially in the postoperative period, was observed in a sample of patients with gastric and colorectal cancer, and this was an independent predictor of LOS.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/mortality , Fasting/adverse effects , Perioperative Period , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Brazil/epidemiology , Cohort Studies
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 455-459, oct. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138738


Resumen Introducción: El tratamiento estándar para los pacientes con colitis ulcerosa y displasia o adenocarcinoma de colon ha sido la proctocolectomía total, lo que conlleva una morbilidad y una reducción en la calidad de vida significativa. Materiales y Método: Se hace un análisis retrospectivo de 5 pacientes con colitis ulcerosa a los que se realiza una resección segmentaria por displasia o adenocarcinoma. Resultados: La mediana de edad al diagnóstico de colitis ulcerosa y de la neoplasia fue de 56 y 62 años respectivamente. El tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad fue de 1 a 13 años. La mediana de seguimiento postoperatorio fue de 57 meses apareciendo en uno de los pacientes un nuevo foco de displasia. Conclusiones: En determinados pacientes seleccionados, las resecciones segmentarias podrían ser una opción segura si tienen buen control de la enfermedad, escasa actividad inflamatoria, pocos años de evolución y que puedan realizar un adecuado seguimiento posterior.

Introduction: The historical management for patients with ulcerative colitis and displasia or adenocarcinoma associated was to perform a total proctocolectomy, what cause important morbidity and affect patient's quality of life. Materials and Method: A retrospective review about 5 patients with a segmental colectomy due to dysplasia or adenocarcinoma is done. Results: The median age at diagnosis of ulcerative colitis and cancer was 56 and 62 years respectively. Disease time evolution was between 1 and 13 years. The patients were followed up for a median of 57 months. During the follow-up evaluation, 1 patient was found to have dysplasia. Conclusion: Segmental colectomy could be a safe option in clinically stable patients, few years of diagnosis and with and a suitable follow up.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colitis, Ulcerative/surgery , Proctocolectomy, Restorative/methods , Retrospective Studies
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(2): 63-69, jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117012


Introducción: La introducción del sistema Da Vinci, ha revolucionado el campo de la cirugía mínima invasiva en el cual el cirujano tiene control de la cámara 3D y los instrumentos son de gran destreza y confort ergonómico, acortando la curva de aprendizaje quirúrgica. Objetivo: Describir nuestra experiencia inicial de cirugía robótica colorectal en un hospital de comunidad cerrada de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Materiales y Método: Estudio retrospectivo descriptivo sobre una base prospectiva de cirugías colorectales robóticas realizadas por el mismo equipo quirúrgico desde mayo de 2016 a abril de 2019. Resultados: Se operaron 41 pacientes. Trece de ellos fueron colectomías derechas, 17 colectomías izquierdas y 11 cirugías de recto. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio fue de 170 minutos (90-330), la estadía hospitalaria de 4 días (3-30), la tasa de conversión de 7,31% (3/41 pacientes) y la tasa de dehiscencia anastomótica del 9,75% (4/41 pacientes). Morbilidad global del 19.5% (8/41 pacientes). Conclusión: Hemos repasado los resultados iniciales de nuestra experiencia en cirugía robótica colorectal en un número reducido de casos, pero suficiente para evaluar la seguridad y reproducibilidad del método al comienzo de una curva de aprendizaje.

Introduction: The introduction of the Da Vinci System, has revolved the field of invasive minimal surgery in which the surgeon has control of the 3d camera and the instruments are of great strength and ergonomic comfort by cutting the surgical learning curve. Objective: Of this preliminary presentation is to describe our initial experience of colorectal robotic surgery in a closed community hospital of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. Materials and Method: Retrospective descriptive study on a prospective basis of robotic colorectal surgeries performed by the same surgical team from May 2016 to April 2019.Results: 41 patients were operated. 13 of them were right colectomies, 17 left colectomies and 11 rectum surgeries. The average surgical time was 170 minutes (90-330), the average hospital stay of 4 days (3-30), the conversion rate of 7.31% (3/41 patients) and the anastomotic dehiscence rate of 9 , 75% (4/41 patients). Overall morbidity of 19.5% (8/41 patients).Conclusion: We have reviewed the initial results of our experience in colorectal robotic surgery in a reduced number of cases but sufficient to evaluate the security and reproducibility of the methodic learning of a learning curve.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Colectomy/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Proctectomy/methods , Hospitals, Community
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 30-35, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092887


Resumen Introducción Los Programas de Recuperación Mejorada (PRM) en cirugía colorrectal disminuyen las complicaciones y acortan la estadía hospitalaria. La implementación de un PRM representa un desafío en nuestro sistema de salud público, dado la alta demanda y recursos limitados. Objetivo Evaluar el efecto en la estadía hospitalaria (EH) posterior a la implementación de un PRM en cirugía colorrectal electiva en un hospital público. Materiales y Método Estudio retrospectivo, que incluyó pacientes entre 15 y 85 años operados electivamente de resecciones colorrectales en un hospital público entre 1 de enero de 2015 y 31 de diciembre de 2016. Se compararon dos grupos: 1) total de pacientes operados electivamente 1 año posterior a la implementación del PRM (post-PRM) y 2) total de pacientes operados electivamente un año previo a la implementación de PRM (pre-PRM), en términos de EH, reingresos, complicaciones y mortalidad a 30 días. Se realizó análisis de tiempo a evento para comparar la EH entre ambos grupos. Resultados Un total de 144 pacientes fueron incluidos: 92 en el grupo post-PRM y 52 en el grupo pre-PRM. No hubo diferencias clínicas entre ambos grupos. La mediana de EH en el grupo post-PRM fue 2 días menor que en el grupo control (5 vs 7 días, test de log-rank, p = 0,03). No hubo diferencia en complicaciones, reingresos ni mortalidad. Conclusión La implementación de un PRM en cirugía colorrectal electiva en un hospital público se asocia a una disminución de la EH sin aumento de morbimortalidad.

Background Enhanced Recovery Programs (ERP) in colorectal surgery has proved to decrease complications and shorten hospital stay. The implementation of an ERP could be a difficult task in a high-demanding public health system with limited resources. Aim Evaluate the effect on length of stay (LOS) after the implantation of an ERP for colorectal surgery in a resource-limited public hospital. Materials and Method This retrospective study included patients aged 15-85 years who underwent elective colorectal surgery at a resource-limited public hospital in Chile between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2016. We compared two groups: (1) total number of patients operated electively after 1-year of ERP implementation (post-ERP group) and (2) total number of patients electively operated 1-year previous ERP (pre-ERP group) in terms of LOS, readmissions, complications, and 30-day mortality. A time to event analysis was performed to evaluate differences in LOS. Results A total of 144 patients were included in this study: 92 in the post-ERP group and 52 in the pre-ERP group. There were no clinical differences between groups. The median LOS in the post-ERP group was 2 days lower than that in the control group (5 vs 7 days, log-rank test p = 0.03). There were no differences in complications, readmissions, and 30-day mortality. Conclusions The implementation of an ERP for colorectal surgery in a resource-limited hospital was associated with decreased LOS without increasing morbidity.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Program Evaluation , Colonoscopy/rehabilitation , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colonoscopy/methods , Perioperative Care/methods , Recovery of Function
Clin. biomed. res ; 40(1): 27-32, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116850


Introdução: O fechamento de estomas, embora rotineiramente performado, ainda não pode ser considerado um procedimento simples. Nós reportamos, desta forma, a morbidade, mortalidade e fatores de riscos associados a este procedimento em um período de dez anos. Métodos: Revisão retrospectiva de 252 prontuários (149 homens; 103 mulheres), com uma média de 56 anos de idade (18 a 89 anos), que foram submetidos a fechamento de estomas, com análise de complicações clínicas e cirúrgicas, características relacionadas ao estoma, entre outros. Admissão em UTI, complicações precoces (até 30 dias) (classificação de Clavien-Dindo), e tardias, além de óbito, foram analisados. Os testes T de Student, ANOVA, Qui-Quadrado de Pearson, exato de Fischer e de Mann-Whitney foram utilizados para análise paramétrica e não-paramétrica. Resultados: Tumores colorretais (64%) e diverticulite (10%) foram as principais causas para a confecção do estoma. 112 (44,4%) dos pacientes tiveram pelo menos uma complicação cirúrgica. As complicações precoces foram infecção de ferida operatória (13%), fistula e deiscência anastomótica/intestinal (9%), abscessos de cavidade ou parede abdominais (8,3%); tardiamente houveram 36 casos de hérnia incisional (14,2%) e uma estenose intestinal (0,3%). Comorbidades levaram a 10% maior probabilidade de ter uma ou mais complicações cirúrgicas, e todas as cinco mortes ocorreram nestes pacientes (2%). Estomas de intestino grosso, maior tempo operatório e admissão em UTI estiveram significamente relacionados a aumento da morbidade. Conclusão: Pacientes com comorbidades e estomas de intestino grosso tiveram mais risco de complicações. Cuidados pré e perioperatórios, e melhor seleção de pacientes são importantes na redução da morbimortalidade.(AU)

Introduction: Although routinely performed, stoma closure cannot as yet be considered a simple procedure. We report here the morbidity, mortality and risk factors associated with this procedure over a 10-year period. Methods: The medical records of 252 patients (149 men; 103 women), with a mean age of 56 years (18 to 89 years), who underwent stoma closure were retrospectively reviewed for postoperative clinical and surgical complications, stoma-related features, among others. ICU admission, early surgical complications (within 30 days) according to the Clavien-Dindo classification, late surgical complications, and death were analyzed. Student's t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and MannWhitney U test were used for parametric and nonparametric data. Results: Colorectal tumors (64%) and diverticulitis (10%) were the main reasons for stoma surgery. Overall, 112 (44.4%) patients had at least one surgical complication. Early complications included surgical wound infection (13%), fistula and anastomotic/ intestinal dehiscence (9%), and abdominal wall or intra-abdominal abscesses (8.3%). Late complications included 36 (14.2%) cases of incisional hernia and one case (0.3%) of stricture. Patients with comorbidities were 10% more likely to have one or more surgical complications, and all 5 deaths occurred in these patients (2%). Large-bowel ostomies, longer operative time and ICU admission were significantly related to increased morbidity. Conclusion: Patients with an increased number of comorbidities and large-bowel ostomies are at higher risk for complications. Pre- and perioperative care and accurate patient selection are important to reduce morbidity and mortality.(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Stomas/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Time Factors , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Diverticulitis/surgery , Hypertension/epidemiology
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202406, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136595


ABSTRACT Objective : to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with colorectal cancer under the age of 50 treated at a public hospital in Brasilia over 5 years. Methods: we conducted a longitudinal, retrospective study, with 184 patients undergoing surgical procedures at the Asa Norte Regional Hospital (HRAN), including those who underwent only biopsy, between January 2013 and January 2018. We divided the patients into two groups: under the age of 50 (n=39) and age equal to or greater than 50 years (n=145). We compared the groups as to age, sex, symptoms, time between symptom onset and diagnosis, family and personal history, tumor location, histopathological characteristics, applied surgical management, staging and mortality. Results: the group of patients under the age of 50 had more individuals with stage III and IV (p=0.041), more frequent poorly differentiated tumors (10.25% versus 3.52%; p=0.153), and higher incidences of compromised surgical margins (p=0.368), angiolymphatic (p=0.07) and perineural (p=0.007) invasion, which denotes more advanced disease in this group of patients. Conclusions: the study showed the low effectiveness of population screening methods for colorectal cancer currently used in this population, given the high incidence of the disease and late diagnosis in both groups.

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o perfil clínico de pacientes portadores de câncer colorretal com idade inferior a 50 anos atendidos em um hospital público de Brasília ao longo de 5 anos. Métodos: estudo longitudinal e retrospectivo. Foram incluídos 184 pacientes submetidos a procedimento cirúrgico no Hospital Regional da Asa Norte (HRAN), incluindo aqueles que realizaram apenas biópsia, entre janeiro de 2013 e janeiro de 2018. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: com idade inferior a 50 anos (n=39) e idade igual ou superior a 50 anos (n=145). Os grupos foram comparados em relação às seguintes variáveis: idade, gênero, sintomatologia, tempo entre início dos sintomas e diagnóstico, antecedentes familiares e pessoais, localização do tumor, características anatomopatológicas, conduta cirúrgica estabelecida, estadiamento e mortalidade. Resultados: no grupo dos pacientes com idade inferior a 50 anos houve maior concentração de indivíduos com estadiamento III e IV (p=0,041), foi mais frequente a presença de tumores pouco diferenciados (10,25% contra 3,52%; p=0,153), foram descritas maiores incidências de margens cirúrgicas comprometidas (p=0,368), invasão angiolinfática (p=0,07) e perineural (p=0,007), o que denota doença mais avançada nesse grupo de pacientes. Conclusões: o estudo evidenciou a baixa efetividade dos métodos de rastreamento populacional para câncer colorretal atualmente empregados nesta população, visto a elevada incidência da doença e ao diagnóstico tardio em ambos os grupos.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Carcinoma/pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Longitudinal Studies , Age Factors , Colon/pathology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
Clinics ; 75: e2046, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133364


The use of colorectal self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) as bridge therapy for malignant colorectal obstruction was first reported more than 20 years ago. However, its use remains controversial. Objective: In this study, we aimed to compare the long-term survival of patients with potentially resectable malignant colorectal obstruction who had undergone colorectal SEMS placement and emergency surgery. Methods: This study was a retrospective analyses. Patients who received treatment between 2009 and 2017 were included. According to the eligibility criteria, 21 patients were included in the SEMS group and 67 patients were included in the surgical group.. Results: The majority of the patients in the SEMS group were female (57.1%), whereas the majority of those in the surgical group were male (53.7%). The median follow-up time was 60 months for both groups with the same interquartile range of 60 months. There was no difference in the overall survival rate (log rank p=0.873) and disease-free survival rate (log rank p=0.2821) in the five-year analysis. There was no difference in local recurrence rates (38.1% vs. 22.4%, p=0.14) or distant recurrence rates (33.3% vs. 50.7%, p=0.16) in the SEMS and the surgical groups. Technical and clinical success rates of endoscopic stenting were 95.3% and 85.7%, respectively. There were no immediate adverse events (AEs). Severe AEs included perforation (14.3%), silent perforation (4.7%), reobstruction (14.3%), and bleeding (14.3%). Mild AEs included pain (42.8%), tenesmus (9.5%), and incontinence (4.76%). The limitations of this study was retrospective and was conducted at a single center. Conclusions: No differences in disease-free and overall survival rates were observed in the five-year analysis of patients with resectable colorectal cancer who had undergone SEMS placement or colostomy for the treatment of malignant colorectal obstruction. Patients in the SEMS group had a higher rate of primary anastomosis and a lower rate of temporary colostomy than did those in the surgery group.

Humans , Male , Female , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Colostomy , Stents , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(4): 303-308, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056645


Abstract Background: Surveillance colonoscopy 1 year after resection of colorectal cancer is recommended by all major societies, including National Comprehensive Cancer Network and United States Multi Society Task Force. Study objectives: Our study assesses adherence to post colorectal cancer resection surveillance colonoscopy guidelines at a large tertiary care center and aims to identify reasons for non-adherence. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted for patients who underwent curative resection for colorectal cancer between January 2016 and June 2017. Adherence to surveillance colonoscopy for non-obstructed or partially obstructed colon and rectal cancers was defined as performance of colonoscopy 11-14 months and 11-15 months after surgery, respectively. Results: A total of 80 patients were identified. Mean age was 66 ± 13 years and 58% (n = 46) were males. 60% (n = 48) had colon cancer and 40% (n = 32) had rectal cancer. 69% (n = 24) of patients with colon cancer and 42% (n = 8) of patients with rectal cancer adhered to surveillance colonoscopy guidelines and the mean time to colonoscopy was 315 ± 44 days and 369 ± 103 days, respectively. The most commonly identified reasons for non-adherence to surveillance colonoscopy included metastases (10.9%) and patients' refusal to undergo surveillance (6.5%). Conclusion: Overall, post colorectal cancer resection to follow up surveillance is inadequate. There is a need to identify barriers to surveillance post colorectal cancer resection and address them.

Resumo Introdução: A colonoscopia de rastreamento um ano após a ressecção do câncer colorretal é recomendada por todas as principais sociedades, incluindo a National Comprehensive Cancer Network e a Multi Society Task Force dos Estados Unidos. Objetivos do estudo: Avaliar a adesão às diretrizes de colonoscopia de rastreamento após ressecção de câncer colorretal em um grande centro de atendimento terciário e identificar razões para a não adesão. Métodos: Um estudo retrospectivo foi realizado em pacientes submetidos a ressecção curativa de câncer colorretal entre janeiro de 2016 a junho de 2017. Adesão à colonoscopia de rastreamento em cânceres de cólon e reto não obstruídos ou parcialmente obstruídos foi definida como a realização do procedimento entre 11 a 14 meses e 11 a 15 meses após a cirurgia, respectivamente. Resultados: Um total de 80 pacientes foram identificados. A média de idade foi de 66 ± 13 anos; 58% (n = 46) eram do sexo masculino, 60% (n = 48) tinham câncer de cólon e 40% (n = 32) tinham câncer de reto. Aderência às diretrizes de colonoscopia de rastreamento foi observada em 69% (n = 24) dos pacientes com câncer de cólon e 42% (n = 8) dos pacientes com câncer retal; o tempo médio até a realização da colonoscopia foi de 315 ± 44 dias e 369 ± 103 dias, respectivamente. Os motivos mais frequentemente identificados para a não adesão à colonoscopia de rastreamento incluíram metástases (10,9%) e recusa dos pacientes (6,5%). Conclusão: De forma geral, o rastreamento após a resecção de câncer colorretal é inadequado. É necessário identificar barreiras ao rastreamento após a ressecção do câncer colorretal e abordá-las.

Humans , Male , Female , Colorectal Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colonoscopy , Tertiary Care Centers , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Tertiary Healthcare , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Proctectomy
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(4): 357-364, Oct.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056648


Abstract Introduction: Malignant colonic occlusion is traditionally considered a surgical emergency. With the development of endoscopic techniques, metallic stents have emerged to ensure the colonic patency in nonsurgical candidates and, more recently, as a temporary measure until elective resection surgery is possible. Materials and methods: The research was conducted in PubMed and collected a total of 46 articles, including cross-references. Results: Ideally, intestinal occlusion should be resolved through tumor's primary resection with direct anastomosis. To avoid dehiscence of the anastomosis, tumor's resection may be performed with Hartmann's procedure. Metal stents are an alternative to emergency surgery and show excellent results in reliving colonic obstruction. However, they may have serious complications related to colonic perforation, migration and tumor dissemination. Discussion and conclusion: Observational studies and clinical trials show discrepant results. Metal stents are increasingly accepted in palliative care but are not yet recommended as a bridge to curative surgery. Treatment should be individualized, according to surgical risk and the probability of endoscopic complications.

Resumo Introdução: A oclusão intestinal aguda maligna é tradicionalmente considerada uma emergência cirúrgica. Com o desenvolvimento das técnicas endoscópicas surgiram os stents metálicos que asseguram a patência do cólon em doentes não candidatos a cirurgia e, mais recentemente, como uma medida temporária até ser possível realizar uma cirurgia de resseção eletiva. Materiais e métodos: A pesquisa decorreu na PubMed e reuniu um total de 46 artigos, incluindo referências cruzadas. Resultados: Idealmente, a oclusão intestinal deve ser abordada através da resseção primária do tumor com anastomose primária. Para evitar a deiscência da anastomose, a resseção tumoral pode ser realizada recorrendo à cirurgia Hartmann ou a um estoma derivativo sem resseção tumoral. Os stents metálicos são uma alternativa à cirurgia de emergência com resultados excelentes na resolução da obstrução cólica. Contudo, poderão levar a complicações como a perfuração cólica, a migração e a disseminação tumoral. Discussão e conclusão: Os estudos observacionais e ensaios clínicos mostram resultados discrepantes. O uso dos stents metálicos é cada vez mais aceite como tratamento paliativo, mas ainda não são inequivocamente recomendados como ponte para uma cirurgia curativa. O tratamento deve ser individualizado de acordo com o risco cirúrgico e a probabilidade de complicações endoscópicas.

Stents , Prosthesis Implantation , Intestinal Obstruction , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery