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1.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 35(1): 24-28, mar. 2024. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551657

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el cáncer colorrectal (CCR) es la segunda causa de muerte dentro de las enfermedades neoplásicas. El pronóstico individual está signado por el estadio de la enfermedad al momento del diagnóstico y la posibilidad de realizar un tratamiento curativo. Este también depende de la estratificación post quirúrgica y de la aparición de complicaciones ulteriores. El objetivo del seguimiento es diagnosticar la recidiva en un estadio potencialmente curable y detectar otros cánceres primarios. Objetivo: realizar una valoración de la calidad de la cirugía colorrectal y el seguimiento de los pacientes operados de CCR en nuestro hospital. Diseño: estudio descriptivo, observacional, retrospectivo. Material y métodos: se analizaron todos los pacientes con CCR operados en el servicio de cirugía del Hospital de Paysandú entre enero de 2017 y diciembre de 2020. Se describen diversas variables que influyen en la calidad quirúrgica y se analizan las relacionadas al seguimiento post operatorio dividiendo a los pacientes en 3 grupos, seguimiento completo, perdidos y sin datos de seguimiento. Resultados: se incluyeron 39 pacientes, con una edad media de 68 años. El 28% se diagnosticaron en estadio IV, con porcentajes bajos en estadios tempranos. Hubo 57% de cirugías de urgencia y 43% electivas. La causa más frecuente de urgencia fue la oclusión intestinal (36,6%). La tasa de dehiscencia anastomótica fue 16,6% y la de mortalidad 15,3%. Solo el 33% de los pacientes tuvieron seguimiento completo. Conclusión: existe un déficit en la atención y el seguimiento de los pacientes operados por CCR en nuestro hospital. Se impone la creación de un equipo específico en el área de coloproctología, así como un protocolo de seguimiento unificado para mejorar estos resultados. (AU)


Introduction: colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second cause of death among neoplastic diseases. The individual prognosis is determined by the stage of the disease at the time of diagnosis and the possibility of curative treatment. This also depends on the postsurgical stratification and the appearance of subsequent complications. The goal of follow-up is to diagnose recurrence at a potentially curable stage and detect other primary cancers. Objective: to carry out an evaluation of the quality of colorectal surgery and the follow-up of patients operated on for CRC in our hospital. Design: descriptive, retrospective observational study. Material and methods: all patients with CRC operated on in the surgery service of the Paysandú Hospital between January 2017 and December 2020 were analyzed. Variables that influence surgical quality are described and those related to postoperative follow-up are analyzed by dividing patients in 3 groups, complete follow-up, lost to follow-up and without follow-up data. Results: Thirty-nine patients were included, with a mean age of 68 years. Twenty-eight percent were diagnosed in stage IV, with low percentages in early stages. There were 57% emergency procedures and 43% elective proceduress. The most common cause of emergency was intestinal obstruction (36.6%). The anastomotic dehiscence rate was 16.6% and the mortality rate was 15.3%. Only 33% of patients had complete follow-up. Conclusion: there is a deficit in the care and follow-up of patients undergoing CRC surgery in our hospital. The creation of a specific team in the area of coloproctology is required, as well as a unified monitoring protocol to improve these results. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Health Care , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Uruguay , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Follow-Up Studies
2.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 191-198, July-sept. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521143

ABSTRACT

Stomas are essential for colorectal surgery and are widely used not only for selected cases for bowel obstructions but also in rectal cancer operations to divert stool away from low rectal anastomosis. On the other hand, complications with stomas/ stomas reversal are not uncommon. In this study, we aimed at studying the frequency and the predictors of temporary stomas being permanent, and the contributing factors of surgical stoma/stoma closure related complications. In our cohort, only about 40% of the patient closed their initially planned temporary stomas. The occurrence of intestinal leak, wound sepsis, or any type of morbidity with 30 days of operation were significant predictors of permanent stomas. In addition, alarmingly although Hartmann's procedure was uncommon in our practice, only 9% of those who underwent Hartmann's have had it reversed. Moreover, the only factor that significantly increased stoma related complications was having an end colostomy. There was a tendency toward late closure of stomas with median 8.2 months, however early closure did not correlate to complications. In conclusion, further studies are needed to delineate the low rate of stoma closure. Patients who develop postoperative complications, even wound sepsis, would be at a higher risk of living with permanent stomas. Hartmann's procedures are commonly associated with stoma problems, and reluctance to reverse the stomas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectum/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Surgical Stomas/adverse effects , Health Profile , Retrospective Studies
3.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 235-242, July-sept. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521151

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The introduction of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery led to increasing twenty-four hours discharge pathways, for example in laparoscopic cholecystectomy and bariatric surgery. However, implementation in colorectal surgery still must set off. This systematic review assesses safety and feasibility of twenty-four hours discharge in colorectal surgery in terms of readmission and complications in current literature. Secondary outcome was identification of factors associated with success of twenty-four hours discharge. Methods: Pubmed and EMBASE databases were searched to identify studies investigating twenty-four hours discharge in colorectal surgery, without restriction of study type. Search strategy included keywords relating to ambulatory management and colorectal surgery. Studies were scored according to MINORS score. Results: Thirteen studies were included in this systematic review, consisting of six prospective and seven retrospective studies. Number of participants of the included prospective studies ranged from 5 to 157. Median success of discharge was 96% in the twenty-four hours discharge group. All prospective studies showed similar readmission and complication rates between twenty-four hours discharge and conventional postoperative management. Factors associated with success of twenty-four hours discharge were low ASA classification, younger age, minimally invasive approach, and relatively shorter operation time. Conclusions: Twenty-four hours discharge in colorectal surgery seems feasible and safe, based on retro- and prospective studies. Careful selection of patients and establishment of a clear and adequate protocol are key items to assure safety and feasibility. Results should be interpreted with caution, due to heterogeneity. To confirm results, an adequately powered prospective randomized study is needed. (AU)


Subject(s)
Patient Discharge , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period
4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 492-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986817

ABSTRACT

Early colorectal cancers refer to invasive cancers that have infiltrated into the submucosa without invading muscularis propria, and approximately 10% of these patients have lymph node metastases that cannot be detected by conventional imaging. According to the guidelines of Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO) Colorectal Cancer, early colorectal cancer cases with risk factors for lymph node metastasis (poor tumor differentiation, lymphovascular invasion, deep submucosal invasion and high-grade tumor budding) should receive salvage radical surgical resection; however, the specificity of this risk-stratification is inadequate, making most patients undergo unnecessary surgery. Firstly, this review focuses on the definition, oncological impact importance and controversy of the above "risk factors". Then, we introduce the progress of the risk stratification system for lymph node metastasis in early colorectal cancer, including the identification of new pathological risk factors, the construction of new risk quantitative models based on pathological risk factors, artificial intelligence and machine learning technology and the discovery of novel molecular markers associated with lymph node metastasis based on gene test or liquid biopsy. Aim to enhance clinicians' understanding of the risk assessment of lymph node metastasis in early colorectal cancer; we suggest to take the patient's personal situation, tumor location, anti-cancer intention and other factors into account to make individualized treatment strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Artificial Intelligence , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Lymph Nodes/pathology
5.
São Paulo; s.n; 2023. 70 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1510450

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O câncer colorretal (CCR) é um problema de saúde pública mundial cujo controle depende do estabelecimento de políticas públicas e programas de prevenção e rastreamento eficazes. No Brasil estudos relacionados à adesão e preferências a diferentes métodos de rastreamento são pouco conhecidos. Objetivo: Avaliar a associação de características demográficas, condição socioeconômica e variáveis clínicas na adesão para realização de testes de sangue oculto nas fezes (PSOF) dos tipos Imunoquimico Mecanizado (FIT) e Guaiaco (G-FOBT) em população de médio risco para o desenvolvimento de câncer colorretal. Método: Estudo observacional transversal, com coleta prospectiva de dados. Entre março de 2015 e abril de 2016 1.254 indivíduos assintomáticos, com idade entre 50 e 75 anos, foram consecutivamente selecionados a partir de campanhas hospitalares de rastreamento para neoplasias conduzidas pelo AC Camargo Cancer Center. Todos os participantes foram convidados ao rastreamento do CCR mediante realização dos testes (G-FOBT) e (FIT) e responderam a um questionário com características demográficas, condição socioeconômica e variáveis clínicas. Análise estatística: Para avaliar a independência entre variáveis qualitativas foi aplicado o teste de Qui-quadrado. As médias das variáveis quantitativas foram comparadas através do Teste t. Os resultados das análises univariadas foram utilizados para selecionar variáveis para os modelos de regressão logística múltipla, considerando-se valores de p≤0.20. As associações estão descritas por Odds Ratio (OR) e o intervalo de confiança adotado foi de 95% (95% CI). A significância considerada foi de 0.05. A partir dos resultados encontrados foi proposto um nomograma para a predição da probabilidade de adesão com base nas características dos indivíduos. Resultados: As taxas de adesão foram 55,6% e 48,8%, respectivamente para os testes FIT e G-FOBT (p<0.001). As médias de anos de estudos foram diferentes entre os grupos aderentes e não aderentes nos métodos FIT e G-FOBT (8.4vs 9.0; p = 0.001). Nas análises univariadas, as variáveis idade, tipo de atividade ocupacional, crença religiosa e realização prévia de PSOF influenciaram as taxas de adesão aos dois tipos de testes. Nos modelos multivariados, respectivamente para os exames FIT e G-FOBT as variáveis idade 60-75 anos (OR = 1.39; 95%IC 1.06­1.81) e (OR = 1.49; 95%IC 1.16­1.49), presença de crença religiosa (OR = 1.99; 95%IC 1.27­3.11) e (OR = 1.70; 95% IC 1.11­2.60), PSOF (OR = 2.22; 95% IC 1.61­ 3.05) e (OR = 1.26; 95% IC 1.26­2.20) e trabalho em tempo integral ou parcial (OR = 0.69; 95% IC 0.05­0.96) e (OR= 0.68; 95%IC 0.50­0.91) estiveram associadas de forma independente à adesão aos métodos de rastreamento do CCR. As variáveis, sexo, raça, estado civil, renda, presença de seguro saúde e distância da residência até o hospital não influenciaram na adesão aos exames FIT e G-FOBT. Conclusão: Maior idade, presença de crença religiosa, ausência de atividade de trabalho formal e realização prévia de PSOF estão relacionados à maior adesão aos testes (FIT) e o (G-FOBT), na população estudada.


INTRODUCTION: Colorectal surgeries are complex procedures, associated with higher rates of complications and readmissions than procedures at other surgical sites. Currently, standardized procedures aim the early recovery of patients treated for colorectal surgeries in order to reduce the length of hospital stay. The reduction in hospitalization time, however, despite being considered a positive result, may lead to a risk , since complications generally occur outside the hospital environment, making it difficult to assess and monitor these patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to develop a mobile health app , accessible on smartphones, to remotely monitor the signs and symptoms of patients in the postoperative period of colorectal surgeries, evaluating the outcomes of admission rate in the emergency department and rate of severe complications. (Clavien-Dindo 3 to 5) within a fifteen-day postoperative period. METHODS: The project was developed in two steps, the first being the structuring of the Digital Journey, with the creation of a platform with a decision algorithm for identifying symptoms and directing conducts, and the second the validation of the program in a pilot study. Patients aged between 18 and 80 years old, who were to undergo oncological colorectal surgeries, were included in the study. The study was conducted on the premises of the A.C.Camargo Cancer Center. Monitoring of patients and reporting of signs and symptoms by patients were performed via a remote monitoring platform, using a smartphone or computer. RESULTS: In the pilot study, in each of the three evaluation phases of the data obtained, the decision algorithm and the instrument for data collection were restructured, aiming to achieve greater sensitivity and specificity in the detection of complications by the platform, as well as greater patient satisfaction. The ability to detect complications increased at each analysis and adjustment phase, and after the third and final phase of adjustments, 45 (71.4%) adverse events were reported, of which 12 (19%) were symptoms classified as high grade. In this sample, the digital solution was able to identify 3 (4.8%) real complications with a sensitivity of 75%, specificity of 84%, accuracy of 83%, positive predictive value of 25% and negative predictive value of 98%. We also had, 5(7.9%) errors in filling out detected and 1(1.6%) complications not detected by the platform, due to error in filling out the daily assessment questionnaire. Our rehospitalization rate by indication of the platform, in this sample was 2 (3.2%) and admission to the emergency room, considering referral or not from the platform, was 8 (12.7%). Complete adherence to the monitoring program was 83%, with an NPS score ranging from 69 to 95, the highest score obtained in the last evaluation phase. CONCLUSION: The a mobile health app created was proved to be safe, with high adherence rates and good acceptance by patients, but it still needs to be adjusted with the intention of reducing costs of referral and admission to the emergency department.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Telemedicine , Postoperative Period , Artificial Intelligence
6.
São Paulo; s.n; 2023. 94 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1510904

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: Cirurgias colorretais são procedimentos complexos, associados a maiores taxas de complicações e readmissões que procedimentos realizados em outros sítios cirúrgicos. Atualmente, medidas padronizadas visando à recuperação precoce de pacientes submetidos a cirurgias colorretais são adotadas com o objetivo de reduzir o tempo de internação hospitalar. A redução do tempo de internação, entretanto, apesar de ser considerada um desfecho positivo, pode propiciar risco de atraso de diagnóstico e deterioração clínica já que as complicações, geralmente acontecem fora do ambiente hospitalar, dificultando a avaliação e acompanhamento destes pacientes. OBJETIVO: O objetivo do presente estudo foi desenvolver um plano de seguimento pós-alta eletrônico, acessível em smartphones, para monitorar remotamente os sinais e sintomas de pacientes em pós-operatório de cirurgias colorretais, avaliando os desfechos de taxa de admissão no setor de emergência e taxa de complicações graves (Clavien-Dindo 3 a 5), no período de quinze dias de pós-operatório. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: O projeto foi desenvolvido em duas etapas, sendo a primeira a estruturação da Jornada Digital, com a criação de plataforma com algoritmo para identificação de sintomas e direcionamento de condutas e a segunda a validação do programa em um estudo piloto. Foram incluídos no estudo pacientes a serem submetidos a cirurgias colorretais oncológicas, com idade entre 18 e 80 anos. O estudo foi conduzido nas dependências do A.C.Camargo Cancer Center. O monitoramento dos pacientes e o reporte de sinais e sintomas pelos pacientes foram realizados via plataforma de monitoramento remoto, utilizando-se de smartphone ou computador. RESULTADOS: No estudo piloto, em cada uma das três fases de avaliação dos dados obtidos, algoritmo e instrumento para coleta de dados foram reestruturados, visando atingir maior sensibilidade e especificidade na detecção de complicações pela plataforma, bem como maior satisfação dos pacientes em acompanhamento. A capacidade de detecção de complicações aumentou a cada fase de análise e ajuste, sendo que após a terceira e última fase de ajustes tivemos 45(71,4%) eventos adversos reportados, sendo que destes, 12(19%) foram sintomas classificados como graves. Nessa amostra , a solução digital foi capaz de identificar 3(4,8%) complicações reais com sensibilidade de 75%, especificidade de 84%, acurácia de 83%, valor preditivo positivo de 25% e valor preditivo negativo de 98%. Tivemos ainda , 5(7,9%) erros de preenchimentos detectados e 1(1,6%) complicações não detectadas pela plataforma, por erro de preenchimento do questionário de avaliação diária. A nossa taxa de reinternação por indicação da plataforma, nessa amostra foi de 2(3,2%) e de admissão na emergência, considerando encaminhamento ou não da plataforma foi de 8(12,7%). A adesão completa ao programa de monitoramento foi de 83%, com nota NPS variando de 69 a 95, sendo a maior nota obtida na última fase de avaliação. CONCLUSÃO: A plataforma digital criada mostrou-se segura, com altas taxas de adesão e boa aceitação pelos pacientes, mas ainda precisa ser ajustada com a intenção de reduzir custos de encaminhamento e admissão no setor de emergência.


INTRODUCTION: Colorectal surgeries are complex procedures, associated with higher rates of complications and readmissions than procedures at other surgical sites. Currently, standardized procedures aim the early recovery of patients treated for colorectal surgeries in order to reduce the length of hospital stay. The reduction in hospitalization time, however, despite being considered a positive result, may lead to a risk , since complications generally occur outside the hospital environment, making it difficult to assess and monitor these patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to develop a mobile health app , accessible on smartphones, to remotely monitor the signs and symptoms of patients in the postoperative period of colorectal surgeries, evaluating the outcomes of admission rate in the emergency department and rate of severe complications. (Clavien-Dindo 3 to 5) within a fifteen-day postoperative period. METHODS: The project was developed in two steps, the first being the structuring of the Digital Journey, with the creation of a platform with a decision algorithm for identifying symptoms and directing conducts, and the second the validation of the program in a pilot study. Patients aged between 18 and 80 years old, who were to undergo oncological colorectal surgeries, were included in the study. The study was conducted on the premises of the A.C.Camargo Cancer Center. Monitoring of patients and reporting of signs and symptoms by patients were performed via a remote monitoring platform, using a smartphone or computer. RESULTS: In the pilot study, in each of the three evaluation phases of the data obtained, the decision algorithm and the instrument for data collection were restructured, aiming to achieve greater sensitivity and specificity in the detection of complications by the platform, as well as greater patient satisfaction. The ability to detect complications increased at each analysis and adjustment phase, and after the third and final phase of adjustments, 45 (71.4%) adverse events were reported, of which 12 (19%) were symptoms classified as high grade. In this sample, the digital solution was able to identify 3 (4.8%) real complications with a sensitivity of 75%, specificity of 84%, accuracy of 83%, positive predictive value of 25% and negative predictive value of 98%. We also had, 5(7.9%) errors in filling out detected and 1(1.6%) complications not detected by the platform, due to error in filling out the daily assessment questionnaire. Our rehospitalization rate by indication of the platform, in this sample was 2 (3.2%) and admission to the emergency room, considering referral or not from the platform, was 8 (12.7%). Complete adherence to the monitoring program was 83%, with an NPS score ranging from 69 to 95, the highest score obtained in the last evaluation phase. CONCLUSION: The a mobile health app created was proved to be safe, with high adherence rates and good acceptance by patients, but it still needs to be adjusted with the intention of reducing costs of referral and admission to the emergency department


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/complications , Aftercare , Telemonitoring , Artificial Intelligence
7.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 376-383, ago. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407939

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio es comparar los resultados perioperatorios del abordaje abierto (AA) con el abordaje laparoscópico (AL) para la reconstitución de tránsito (RT), y determinar factores de riesgo asociados a morbilidad posoperatoria. Material y Métodos: Se estudiaron pacientes consecutivos sometidos a RT entre enero de 2007 y diciembre de 2016 en nuestro centro. Se excluyeron aquellos con grandes hernias incisionales que requirieran reparación abierta simultánea. Se consignaron variables demográficas y perioperatorias, y se compararon ambos grupos. Además, se realizó una regresión logística para la identificación de factores de riesgo asociados a morbilidad posoperatoria en la serie. Resultados: Se realizaron 101 RT en el período. Se excluyeron 14 casos por hernia incisional, por lo que se analizaron 87 casos (46 AA y 41 AL). Diez pacientes en el grupo AL (24,4%) requirieron conversión, principalmente por adherencias. La morbilidad total de la serie fue de 36,8%, siendo mayor en el AA (50% vs 21,9%, p = 0,007). Hubo una filtración anastomótica en cada grupo. La estadía posoperatoria fue de 5 (3-52) días para el AL y 7 (4-36) días para el AA (p < 0,001). En la regresión logística, sólo el AA fue un factor de riesgo independientemente asociado a morbilidad posoperatoria (OR 2,89, IC 95% 1,11-7,49; p = 0,029). Conclusión: El abordaje laparoscópico se asocia a menor morbilidad y estadía posoperatoria que el abordaje abierto para la reconstitución del tránsito pos-Hartmann. En nuestra serie, el abordaje abierto fue el único factor independientemente asociado a morbilidad posoperatoria.


Introduction: Hartmann's reversal (HR) is considered a technically demanding procedure and is associated with high morbidity rates. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the perioperative results of the open approach (OA) with the laparoscopic approach (LA) for HR, and to determine the risk factors associated with postoperative morbidity. Material and Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing HR between January 2007 and December 2016 at a university hospital were included. Patients with large incisional hernias that required an open approach a priori were excluded from the analysis. Demographic and perioperative variables were recorded. Analytical statistics were carried out to compare both groups, and a logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors associated with postoperative morbidity in the series. Results: A hundred and one HR were performed during the study period. Fourteen cases were excluded due to large incisional hernias, so 87 cases (46 OA and 41 LA) were analyzed. Ten patients in the LA group (24.4%) required conversion, mainly due to adhesions. The total morbidity of the series was 36.8%, being higher in the OA group (50% vs. 21.9%, p = 0.007). There was one case of anastomotic leakage in each group. The length of stay was 5 (3-52) days for LA and 7 (4-36) days for OA (p < 0.001). In the logistic regression, the OA was the only independent risk factor associated with postoperative morbidity in HR (OR 2.89, IC 95% 1.11-7.49; p = 0.029). Conclusion: A laparoscopic approach is associated with less morbidity and a shorter length of stay compared to the open approach for Hartmann's reversal. An open approach was the only factor independently associated with postoperative morbidity in our series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Laparotomy/methods , Postoperative Complications/physiopathology , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colorectal Neoplasms/mortality , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Chi-Square Distribution , Survival Analysis , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Laparotomy/adverse effects
8.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 131-139, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394418

ABSTRACT

Background: The relative rarity of synchronous para-aortic lymph node (PALN) metastasis (SPM) and metachronous PALN recurrence (MPR) in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) patients leads to a limited number of studies on patient management, and no treatment guidelines have been established to date. Objective: To assess the prognostic, predictive roles, and long-term outcomes of different management strategies for isolated MPR and SPM in CRC patients to establish the best one. Materials and Methods: We included 35 CRC patients with isolated MPR and 25 patients with isolated SPM who underwent curative R0 resection. We performed PALN dissection (PALND) in 15 cases in MPR group and in 10 cases in the SPM group; all remaining patients in both groups underwent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) without further surgical intervention. During the study period of about 5 years, we compared the patients who underwent PALND and those who underwent CRT. Results: The overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates were significantly longer in patients who underwent PALND (p = 0.049 and 0.036 respectively). (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnosis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Survival Rate , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
9.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(3): 276-282, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407922

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El cáncer colorrectal (CCR) es el segundo tipo más frecuente de cáncer en el mundo. La cirugía es la intervención terapéutica más común y se asocia con la reducción de 20-40% en la capacidad fisiológica y funcional. Un programa de prehabilitación podría mejorar la condición funcional basal de los pacientes previo a la cirugía. Objetivo: Describir los resultados funcionales de un programa de prehabilitación en personas adultas candidatos a cirugía electiva de CCR. Materiales y Método: Estudio descriptivo, longitudinal y retrospectivo. Se registraron los antecedentes sociodemográficos, clínicos y las variables funcionales como capacidad cardiorrespiratoria, fuerza de presión manual, fatiga, independencia en actividades de la vida diaria (AVDs) y equilibrio dinámico de 50 personas que ingresaron a un programa de prehabilitación entre mayo 2019 y febrero de 2020. Los datos fueron analizados con estadística descriptiva y pruebas de diferencia entre tiempo de evaluación, previo y posterior a la prehabilitación. Resultados: Posterior al programa de prehabilitación, los pacientes mejoraron la capacidad cardiorrespiratoria, fatiga, equilibrio dinámico y fuerza prensil (p 0,05; tamaño de efecto: 0,01). Conclusión: Un programa estructurado de prehabilitación para pacientes candidatos a cirugía electiva de CCR basado en ejercicios y educación, logró cambios significativos en los resultados funcionales en un período de 3 a 4 semanas previo a la cirugía.


Introduction: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most frequent type of cancer in the world. Surgery is the most common therapeutic intervention and is associated with a 20-40% reduction in physiological and functional capacity. A prehabilitation program could improve the baseline functional condition of patients prior to surgery. Aim: To describe the functional results of a prehabilitation program in adults who will undergo elective surgery CCR. Materials and Method: Descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective study. The sociodemographic, clinical and functional variables such as cardiorespiratory capacity, manual pressure force, fatigue, independence in activities of daily living and dynamic balance of 50 people who entered a pre-rehabilitation program between may 2019 and february 2020 were compiled. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and difference tests between evaluation time, before and after prehabilitation. Results: After the prehabilitation program, the patients improved cardiorespiratory capacity, fatigue, dynamic balance and grip strength (p 0.05; effect size: 0.01). Conclusión: A structured prehabilitation program for patients who are candidates for elective colorectal cancer surgery based on exercises and education, achieved significant changes in functional results in a period of 3 to 4 weeks prior to surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Preoperative Exercise , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Sample Size , Fatigue
10.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410587

ABSTRACT

Intestinal obstruction is the most frequent clinical manifestation of colon tumors, most of which are located in the descending and recto-sigmoid colon. Emergency bowel obstruction surgery is associated with high mortality and morbidity risks and the ideal approach remains controversial. Multi-stage procedures and the use of stents as bridges for surgery are promising options. A case of a 61-year-old patient with an acute obstructive abdomen secondary to colorectal neoplasm is presented, with emphasis on its diagnosis and treatmen (AU)


Obstrução intestinal é a manifestação clínica mais frequente de tumores de cólon sendo esses, em sua maioria, localizados no cólon descendente e reto-sigmoide. A cirurgia de emergência para obstrução intestinal é associada a altos riscos de mortalidade e de morbidade e a abordagem ideal permanece controversa. Procedimentos em vários estágios e o uso de stents como ponte para cirurgia são opções promissoras. É apresentado um caso de paciente de 61 anos, com abdome agudo obstrutivo secundário à neoplasia colorretal, com ênfase em seu diagnóstico e tratamento (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colectomy , Abdomen, Acute/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/therapy
11.
São Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 244-249, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366048

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic has changed the course of diseases that require emergency surgery. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on colorectal cancer disease stage. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective analysis in the city of Rize, Turkey. METHODS: This was a comparative analysis on two groups of patients with various symptoms who underwent surgical colorectal cancer treatment. Group 1 comprised patients operated between March 11, 2019, and December 31, 2019; while group 2 comprised patients at the same time of the year during the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: Groups 1 and 2 included 56 and 48 patients, respectively. The rate of presentation to the emergency service was higher in Group 2 (P < 0.02). The stage of the pathological lymph nodes and the rate of liver metastasis was higher in Group 2 (P < 0.004 and P < 0.041, respectively). The disease stage was found to be more advanced in Group 2 (P < 0.005). The rate of postoperative complications was higher in Group 2 (P < 0.014). CONCLUSION: The presentation of patients with suspicious findings to the hospital was delayed, due both to the fear of catching COVID-19 and to the pandemic precautions that were proposed and implemented by healthcare authorities worldwide. Among the patients who presented to the hospital with emergency complaints and in whom colorectal cancer was detected, their disease was at a more advanced stage and thus a higher number of emergency oncological surgical procedures were performed on those patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , COVID-19/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 500-504, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943026

ABSTRACT

In recent years, natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) has been widely used in surgery of colorectal cancer. The rapid development of NOSES is mainly attributed to its own great advantages and values, including the reduction of surgical trauma, the acceleration of postoperative recovery and the reduction of adverse psychological reactions for patients. These advantages of NOSES are also important embodiment and perfect interpretation of the organ functional protection. Organ functional preservation is a hot topic in surgery today, and it is also an inevitable requirement for minimally invasive surgery. Essentially, NOSES and organ functional preservation are proposed in the same background, and the goals are highly compatible. NOSES is an important practitioner of organ functional preservation, and organ functional preservation is also the vane of the development of the theoretical system of NOSES. These two items complement each other and together constitute the important element in the development of modern minimally invasive surgery. In order to comprehensively discuss the relationship between NOSES and organ functional protection, we elaborate the important role and value of functional protection in NOSES from five key procedures of colorectal surgery, namely surgical approach, extent of resection, lymph node dissection, digestive tract reconstruction and specimen extraction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Laparoscopy/methods , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Specimen Handling , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 219-227, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936068

ABSTRACT

Objective: To provide reference and evidence for clinical application of neoadjuvant immunotherapy in patients with colorectal cancer through multicenter large-scale analysis based on real-world data in China. Methods: This was a retrospective multicenter case series study. From January 2017 to October 2021, data of 94 patients with colorectal cancer who received neoadjuvant immunotherapy in Peking University Cancer Hospital (55 cases), Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (19 cases), Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (13 cases) and Changhai Hospital of Navy Medical University (7 cases) were retrospectively collected, including 48 males and 46 females. The median age was 58 years. Eighty-one cases were rectal cancer and 13 cases were colon cancer (2 cases of double primary colon cancer). Twelve cases were TNM staging II and 82 cases were stage III. Forty-six cases were well differentiated, 37 cases were moderately differentiated and 11 cases were poorly differentiated. Twenty-six patients (27.7%) with mismatch repair defects (dMMR) and microsatellite instability (MSI-H) were treated with immunotherapy alone, mainly programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1); sixty-eight cases (72.3%) with mismatch repair proficient (pMMR) and microsatellite stability (MSS) were treated with immune combined with neoadjuvant therapy, mainly CapeOx (capecitabine+oxaliplatin) combined with PD-1 antibody plus long- or short-course radiotherapy, or PD-1 antibody combined with cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) antibody. Analysis and evaluation of adverse events during neoadjuvant immunotherapy were performed according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Standard version 3.0; the surgical complications were evaluated according to the Clavien-Dindo grading standard; the efficacy evaluation of neoadjuvant immunotherapy included the following indicators: major pathological remission (MPR) was defined as tumor regression induced by neoadjuvant therapy in pathology residual tumor ≤10%; pathological complete response (pCR) was defined as tumor regression induced by neoadjuvant therapy without residual tumor in pathology; the tumor response rate was disease control rate (DCR), namely the proportion of complete response (CR), partial response (PR) and stable disease (SD) in the whole group; the objective response rate (ORR) was CR+PR. Results: The median cycle of neoadjuvant immunotherapy was 4 (1-10) in whole group, and the incidence of immune-related adverse reactions was 37.2% (35/94), including 35 cases (37.2%) of skin-related adverse reactions, 21 cases (22.3%) of thyroid dysfunction and 8 cases (8.5%) of immune enteritis, of which grade III or above accounted for 1.1%. The median interval between completion of neoadjuvant therapy and surgery was 30 (21-55) days. There were 81 cases of radical resection of rectal cancer, 11 cases of radical resection of colon cancer, and 2 cases of colon cancer combined with other organ resection. The primary tumor resection of all the patients reached R0. The incidence of surgical-related complications was 22.3% (21/94), mainly anastomotic leakage (4 cases), pelvic infection (4 cases), abdominal effusion (3 cases), anastomotic stenosis (3 cases ) and abdominal and pelvic hemorrhage (2 cases). Grade I-II complications developed in 13 cases (13.8%), grade III and above complications developed in 8 cases (8.5%), no grade IV or above complications were found. During a median follow-up of 32 (1-46 ) months, DCR was 98.9% (93/94), ORR was 88.3 % (83/94), pCR was 41.5% (39/94), MPR was 60.6% (57/94). The pCR rate of 26 patients with dMMR and MSI-H undergoing simple immunotherapy was 57.7% (15/26), and MPR rate was 65.4% (17/26). The pCR rate of 68 pMMR and MSS patients undergoing combined immunotherapy was 35.3%(24/68), and MPR rate was 58.8% (40/68). Conclusions: Neoadjuvant immunotherapy has favorable tumor control rate and pathological remission rate for patients with initial resectable colorectal cancer. The incidences of perioperative adverse reactions and surgical complications are acceptable.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Immunotherapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 36-39, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936043

ABSTRACT

The judgment of surgical resection margins is an important factor affecting local recurrence and distant metastasis of colorectal cancer, which is crucial to the prognosis of patients. How to select a standard and ideal surgical resection margin is a challenge for colorectal cancer surgeons. Surgical resection margins for colorectal cancer include longitudinal resection margin (LRM) and circumferential resection margin (CRM), and the distance of safe resection margins varies according to different guidelines. Surgical resection margins are mainly evaluated by preoperative imaging, operative experience, operative type, hyperspectral imaging (HPI) and fluorescence angiography (FA), and postoperative pathology. It is the constant pursuit of colorectal cancer surgeons to pay attention to the safe resection margins in colorectal cancer surgery to reduce local recurrence and distant metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Margins of Excision , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 22-29, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936041

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the wide application of immune score and liquid biopsy to guide the accurate diagnosis and precise treatment of colorectal cancer, colorectal surgery develops more rationally and scientifically. The strategy of organ function protection in colorectal surgery gradually attracts more and more attention. The continuous development of comprehensive treatments, such as targeted therapy and immunotherapy, provides more choices for colorectal cancer patients. Several significant progress in surgical strategies for benign colorectal diseases challenges the traditional concepts as well. The advances in medical science and the innovation of concepts and ideas set high new standards for the development of colorectal surgery in China. Efforts are required to improve the standardization of diagnosis and treatment of colorectal disease. There is still a long way to go to explore patient-centered new technologies, new concepts and new fields of accurate diagnosis and precise treatment in colorectal surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures
16.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 38(1): e38106, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1389673

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: el cáncer colorrectal es una patología oncológica frecuente, con una tendencia de la mortalidad en aumento en nuestro medio. Ha existido un notable avance de la cirugía laparoscópica, también aplicada a la cirugía oncológica colorrectal. Es imperioso analizar el impacto de esta técnica sobre la radicalidad oncológica y en la sobrevida. Objetivos: determinar las características clínicas de pacientes con cáncer colorrectal en la Clínica Quirúrgica A. Describir nuestra experiencia con el abordaje laparoscópico y el convencional de la cirugía oncológica colorrectal. Comprobar si se cumplen los estándares de calidad, en base a: índice de conversión, resultados a corto plazo (morbimortalidad) y calidad oncológica. Método: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, en un período de 5 años (1 de junio de 2015 al 1 de junio de 2020). Se recabaron datos de todos los pacientes operados de cáncer colorrectal de forma electiva, con criterio pretendidamente curativo. Resultados: se registraron 61 pacientes, 32 hombres (52%), con una edad promedio de 63 años. Se realizaron 32 (52%) cirugías convencionales, y 29 (48%) laparoscópicas. El índice de conversión fue de 17%. La tasa de morbilidad fue de 29,5%, siendo el índice de falla de sutura de 12,5%. La tasa de mortalidad a 30 días fue de 8%. La media de tiempo operatorio y de recuento ganglionar fue similar para ambos abordajes. Conclusiones: el abordaje laparoscópico del cáncer colorrectal es factible y seguro con buenos resultados oncológicos a mediano y largo plazo, sumado a las ventajas de la cirugía mini invasiva. Nuestros resultados son comparables con estándares de calidad a nivel internacional.


Summary: Introduction: colorectal cancer is frequent condition which evidences growing mortality rates in our country. A dramatic improvement in laparoscopic surgery is evident, and it also applies to colon cancer surgery. Analyzing the impact of this technique on oncologic radicality and survival is of the essence. Objectives: to determine the clinical characteristics of patients with colorectal cancer in the Surgical Clinic A. To describe our experience in the laparoscopic and conventional approaches to colon cancer surgery. To prove whether quality standards are observed based on: conversion rates, short term results (morbimortality) and oncologic quality. Method: descriptive, retrospective study in a five-year period (June 1, 2015 to June 1, 2020). Data was collected for all patients who underwent elective colon cancer surgery with curative purposes. Results: 61 patients were recorded, 32 (52%) of which were men, with an average age of 63 years old. Thirty-two (52%) conventional and 29 (48%) laparoscopic surgeries were performed. The conversion rate was 17%. Morbimortality was 29.5%, being the suture failure rate 12.5%. 30-day mortality rate was 8%. Average surgical time and lymph node count was similar for both approaches. Conclusions: laparoscopic approach of colorectal cancer is feasible and safe in the mid and long term, and the advantages of a minimally invasive surgery are worth considering. Our results are comparable to international quality standards.


Resumo: Introdução: o câncer colorretal é uma patologia oncológica frequente, com tendência crescente da mortalidade em nosso meio. Houve um avanço notável na cirurgia laparoscópica, também aplicada à cirurgia do câncer colorretal. É imperativo analisar o impacto dessa técnica na excisão radical do tumor e na sobrevivência dos pacientes. Objetivos: determinar as características clínicas dos pacientes com câncer colorretal na Clínica Cirúrgica A. Descrever nossa experiência com a abordagem laparoscópica e convencional da cirurgia do câncer colorretal. Verificar se os padrões de qualidade foram obedecidos considerando: taxa de conversão, resultados de curto prazo (morbimortalidade) e qualidade oncológica. Método: estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, no período 01 de junho de 2015 a 01 de junho de 2020. Foram coletados dados de todos os pacientes com câncer colorretal operados eletivamente, com os critérios presumidamente curativos. Resultados: foram registrados 61 pacientes, 32 (52%) homens, com média de idade de 63 anos. Foram realizadas 32 (52%) cirurgias convencionais e 29 (48%) laparoscópicas. A taxa de conversão foi de 17%. A morbidade foi de 29,5%, com um índice de falha de sutura de 12,5%. A mortalidade em 30 dias foi de 8%. O tempo operatório médio e a contagem de linfonodos foram semelhantes para ambas as abordagens. Conclusões: a abordagem laparoscópica do câncer colorretal é viável e segura com bons resultados oncológicos em médio e longo prazo, somados às vantagens da cirurgia minimamente invasiva. Nossos resultados são comparáveis aos padrões internacionais de qualidade.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy , Colorectal Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Hospitals, University
17.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(4): 430-437, Out.-Dec. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356440

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is the most common gastrointestinal neoplasm in the world, accounting for 15% of cancer-related deaths. This condition is related to different molecular pathways, among them the recently described serrated pathway, whose characteristic entities, serrated lesions, have undergone important changes in their names and diagnostic criteria in the past thirty years. The multiplicity of denominations and criteria over the last years may be responsible for the low interobserver concordance (IOC) described in the literature. Objectives: The present study aims to describe the evolution in classification of serrated lesions, based on the last three publications of theWorld Health Organization (WHO) and the reproducibility of these criteria by pathologists, based on the evaluation of the IOC. Methods: A search was conducted in the PubMed, ResearchGate and Portal Capes databases, with the following terms: sessile serrated lesion; serrated lesions; serrated adenoma; interobserver concordance; andreproducibility.Articlespublished since 1990were researched. Results and Discussion: The classification of serrated lesions in the past thirty years showed different denominations and diagnostic criteria. The reproducibility and IOC of these criteria in the literature, based on the kappa coefficient, varied in most studies, from very poor to moderate. Conclusions: Interobserver concordance and the reproducibility of microscopic criteria may represent a limitation for the diagnosis andappropriatemanagementof these lesions. It is necessary to investigate diagnostic tools to improve the performance of the pathologist's evaluation, for better concordance, and, consequently, adequate diagnosis and treatment. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds and Injuries/diagnosis , Intestine, Large/injuries , Polyps/classification , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Adenoma/classification
18.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 390-393, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345305

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Since 2012, a new technique for resection of large polyps has been described, the underwater endoscopic mucosal resection (UEMR). Some advantages that emerge from it is the needless of injection in submucosal layer and a greater chance of complete capture of the polyp. OBJECTIVE: There are few studies of UEMR in Brazil. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this technique in one Brazilian center. METHODS: This case series was conducted from February to December of 2020. Colorectal polyps greater than 9 mm without features of deep submucosal invasion were resected using UEMR. RESULTS: Twenty-four large polyps were resected with the UEMR approach from 24 patients. The mean size of the polys was 19 mm, ranging from 12 to 35 mm. All lesions were successful resected and 66% (16/24) were resected en bloc. In histologic analyses, most of them were adenomas (70.8%) and only one had deep submucosal invasion. There were no cases of acute complications, such perforation or acute bleeding. CONCLUSION: The UEMR is a safe and feasible procedure. With the emerging data on the procedure, it seems to be a wonderful tool in preventing colorectal cancer and its applicability and scope should be encourage to surpass reference centers.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Desde 2012, uma nova técnica para ressecção de pólipos grandes tem sido descrita, a ressecção da mucosa endoscópica sob imersão d'água (REMS). Algumas vantagens que surgem desta técnica são evitar a injeção na camada submucosa e a maior chance de captura completa do pólipo. Objetivo - Há poucos estudos com REMS no Brasil. Nosso objetivo é avaliar a segurança e a eficácia da técnica em um centro brasileiro. MÉTODOS: Esta série de casos foi conduzida de fevereiro a dezembro de 2020. Pólipos colorretais maiores que 9 mm sem sinais endoscópicos de invasão de submucosa foram ressecados utilizando RMES. RESULTADOS: Vinte e quatro pólipos foram ressecados com RMES em 24 pacientes diferentes. O tamanho médio dos pólipos era de 19 mm, variando de 12 a 35 mm. Todas as lesões foram ressecadas e 66% (16/24) foram ressecadas em monobloco. Na análise histológica, a maioria era adenoma (70.8%) e apenas uma havia invasão profunda da submucosa. CONCLUSÃO: O uso de REMS é um procedimento seguro e factível. Com o aumento de dados relativos ao procedimento, esta parece ser uma excelente ferramenta na prevenção do câncer colorretal e sua aplicabilidade deve ser encorajada para fora dos centros de referência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colonic Polyps/surgery , Colonic Polyps/pathology , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Brazil , Colonoscopy , Ambulatory Care , Intestinal Mucosa , Intestinal Mucosa/surgery
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 67(7): 1015-1020, July 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346939

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary metastasectomy for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer is essential, but high ranked evidence of survival benefit is lacking. Here, we aimed to examine the prognostic factors after pulmonary metastasectomy in patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: This is a single-center, retrospective hospital-based observational case series study. We reviewed data for 607 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who were treated and observed from 2012 to 2019. Of the 607 patients with mCRC, 87 were with solitary lung metastases. Of the 87 patients, 39 were not appropriate for metastasectomy, while 15 patients recognized as suitable candidates by the multidisciplinary thoracic tumor board rejected metastasectomy. Consequently, only 33 patients were included in the final analysis. RESULTS: Rectum was detected as the primary site in 16 (48.5%) patients. Over 80% of patients had metachronous lung metastases, with a median of 29.0 months from initial diagnosis. Video-assisted thoracic surgery with wedge resection was performed in 20 (60.6%) patients. Over 90% of patients had solitary metastasis resected, with 97% of R0 resection. Median tumor size was 23.0 mm (min: 10; max: 90). Adjuvant treatment was given to 31 (93.9%) patients, while neoadjuvant treatment was given only to 8 (25%) patients. Of the 33 patients, there were 25 (75.7%) relapses. The most frequent site of relapse was lung in 15 (45.5%) patients. Interestingly, there were only 4 (12.2%) patients who had a relapse in the liver after lung metastasectomy. We found that median disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 43.0 (13.0-73.0) and 55.0 (31.6-78.4) months, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Pulmonary metastasectomy was associated with significantly long-time survival rates in mCRC (43 months of DFS and 55 months of OS). The second relapse occurred in 25 (75.7%) patients, with isolated lung metastases in nearly half of the patients (45.5%). Therefore, lung metastases in mCRC were unique and a multidisciplinary team including a thoracic surgeon should manage these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Metastasectomy , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
20.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(3): 257-264, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346426

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The Covid-19 pandemic has had an important impact on colorectal cancer surgery, for hospital resources had to be redistributed in favour of Covid-19 patients. The aim of the present study is to analyze our results in colorectal oncologic surgery during the Covid-19 pandemic in patients with and without perioperative SARSCoV- 2 infection. Methods: In total, 32 patients (19 male and 13 female patients), with a mean age of 64 years (range: 57.2 to 69.5 years) with colorectal cancer underwent surgery under the recommendations of surgical societies included in a protocol. Data collection included clinical characteristics (gender, age, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, tumor location, preoperative staging, lymphopenia), data related to SARS-CoV-2 infection (postoperative symptoms, diagnostic tests), operative details (surgical procedure, approach, duration, stoma), pathological outcomes (tumor stage, number of lymph nodes harvested, distal and circumferential radial margins, quality of the total mesorectal excision), and surgical outcomes (morbidity, mortality, hospital stay, and the rates of reoperation and readmission). Results: A total of 3 (9.4%) patients who underwent colorectal surgery during the Covid-19 pandemic were infected by SARS-CoV-2 in the postoperative period. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was associated with Covid-19 (6.2% versus 33.3%; p=0.042), and surgical morbidity was higher among Covid-19 patients (100% versus 37.9%; p=0.039). There were not significant differences between COVID-19 patients and non-COVID-19 patients in relation to the rest of the analyzed outcomes. Conclusion: During the Covid-19 pandemic, colorectal cancer surgery should be performed according to the recommendations of surgical societies. However, Covid- 19 patients could present a higher morbidity rate. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Treatment Outcome , COVID-19
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