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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 324-329, 20220316. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362983

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En el espacio retrorrectal o presacro pueden desarrollarse lesiones tumorales, tanto benignas como malignas. La mayoría de los pacientes son asintomáticos y, cuando presentan síntomas, éstos son inespecíficos. Entre los tumores retrorrectales se destaca el grupo de origen neurogénico, donde el Schwannoma es el más frecuente.Caso clínico. Mujer de 32 años, con tumor retrorrectal, que producía una sintomatología escasa e imprecisa, diagnosticado durante una intervención quirúrgica por mioma uterino, que finalmenteresultó ser un Schawnnoma. Conclusión. La tomografía computarizada y la resonancia magnética son importantes para el diagnóstico y para establecer el nivel de la lesión en relación con el sacro. La piedra angular del tratamiento es la resección quirúrgica. El abordaje puede ser anterior (abdominal), posterior (perineal, transsacro o parasacrococígeo) o combinado, de acuerdo con su localización al nivel S4


Introduction. Both benign and malignant tumors can develop in the retrorectal or presacral space. Most patients are asymptomatic and, when they do present symptoms, they are nonspecific. Among retrorectal tumors, the group of neurogenic origin stand out, where Schwannoma is the most frequent one. Clinical case. A 32-year-old woman with a retrorectal tumor, which present with imprecise symptoms, diagnosed during a surgical procedure due to a uterine myoma, which finally turned out to be a Schawnnoma. Conclusion. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are important for diagnosis and for establishing the level of the lesion in relation to the sacrum. The cornerstone of treatment is surgical resection. The approach can be anterior (abdominal), posterior (perineal, transsacral or parasacrococcygeal), or combined, according to its location at the S4 level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Surgery , Neurilemmoma , Rectal Neoplasms , Sacrum , Neoplasms
2.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(4): 425-429, Out.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356441

ABSTRACT

Introduction: A therapeutic plan is elaborated based on the health needs of each user, allowing a multidisciplinary team to assess diagnoses, treatment options, bonds, and optimal hospitalization time. Objectives: To identify risk management tools already used and implemented in a reference teaching hospital in the city of São Paulo and to analyze their application and risk factors in medium and large colorectal surgery. Method: Observational, longitudinal, and prospective study, with 30 patients with colorectal disease hospitalized in the surgical ward of the coloproctology service and in need of surgical treatment. In the first group, the protocol was applied with the knowledge of the researcher only, and, in the second group, with the knowledge of both the researcher and the attending physicians. Results: Sixty percent of the patients were female with a mean age of 60.93 years and body mass index (BMI) of 26.07 Kg/m2. After surgery, patients in the first group who did not receive venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in the first 24 hours had an increased risk of having the event compared with those who returned to prophylaxis (p<0.005), thus suggesting this prophylaxis was a protective factor against thromboembolic event (p=0.006). This group also had a higher risk of hypoglycemia when no strict control was performed (p=0.041). Conclusion: The compliance to hospital protocols with applicationmonitoring, notedly in teaching places with annual admission of resident physicians, is a fundamental part of the adequate care of the patient combined with the implementation of therapeutic plans. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patient Care Planning , Colorectal Surgery , Perioperative Care/statistics & numerical data
3.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(4): 375-382, Out.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356443

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The literature converges regarding the use of C-reactive protein (CRP) tests between postoperative days (PODs) 3 and 5 of elective procedures. In this period, they have great sensitivity and negative predictive value (NPV) for severe and anastomotic complications about two days before the first clinical sign. The few studies on colorectal urgency suggest that, despite the different initial values according to the surgical indication, following POD 3, the level of CRP is similar to that of elective procedures. However, given the heterogeneity of the studies, there is no consensus on the cutoff values for this use. Objective: To validate the use and propose a PO CRP cut-off value in urgent colorectal procedures as an exclusion criterion for complications of anastomosis or the abdominal cavity. Method: Retrospective analysis of the medical records of 308 patients who underwent urgent colorectal surgical procedures between January 2017 and December 2019. The following data were considered: age, gender, surgical indication, type of procedure performed, complications, CRP levels preoperatively and from POD 1 to 4, and the severity of the complications. We compared the CRP levels and the percentage variations between the preoperative period and PODs 1 to 4 as markers of severe complications using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: The levels of CRP on POD4, and their percentage drops between PODs 2 to 4 and PODs 3 to 4, were better to predict severe complications. A cutoff of 7.45mg/dL on POD 4 had 91.7% of sensitivity and NPV. A 50% drop between PODs 3 and 4 had 100% of sensitivity and NPV. Conclusion: Determining the level of CRP is useful to exclude severe complications, and it could be a criterion for hospital discharge in POD 4 of emergency colorectal surgery. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , C-Reactive Protein , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Emergencies , Anal Canal/surgery , Rectum/surgery
4.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(4): 355-360, Out.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356433

ABSTRACT

Background: Fistula in ano is a very common perianal condition seen in outpatient departments. Fistulotomy and fistulectomy are two conventional options of surgery. The present study is designed to observe wound healing time and mean postoperative pain score in the comparison of outcome of the fistulectomy to fistulotomy with marsupialization. Methods: This prospective randomized trial was conducted in the surgical department of the Civil Hospital Karachi for a period of 12 months, in which 60 patients with low anal fistula were divided into 2 groups. Thirty patients in group A were treated with fistulectomy, and 30 in group B were treated with fistulotomy with marsupialization. The postoperative pain severity was assessed after 24 hrs through a visual analogue scale and on weekly and fortnightly follow-ups for 6 weeks. Wound healing was assessed by clinical examination on weekly and fortnightly follow-ups for 6 weeks to estimate the mean healing time. Results: The mean pain score was significantly lower in group B in comparison to group A (3.6±1.99 versus 2.40±1.52; p=0.01). The mean wound healing time was shorter in group B in comparison to group A (4.23±0.77 versus 5.80±0.41 weeks; p=0.0005). Conclusion: Fistulotomy with marsupialization is a simple, easy, and more effective method than fistulectomy for the treatment of simple perianal fistula. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Rectal Fistula/therapy
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 637-646, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291218

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El pilar fundamental del tratamiento del cáncer colorrectal es la cirugía, situación que expone a los pacientes a la posible presentación de complicaciones, morbimortalidad, pobre calidad de vida, recurrencia tumoral o la muerte. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar las variables clínicas y quirúrgicas que inciden en el riesgo de la aparición de complicaciones en los pacientes con cáncer colorrectal llevados a cirugía electiva entre los años 2016 y 2019. Métodos. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal y retrospectivo. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 18 años con cáncer colorrectal sometidos a cirugía electiva. Se realizó un análisis multivariado para determinar los factores que se relacionan con las complicaciones postquirúrgicas. Resultados. Se incluyeron 298 pacientes, 68 % mayores de 60 años, 52,3 % mujeres, 74,2 % presentaban comorbilidades y 48,3 % fueron diagnosticados en estadio III. El 48,3 % presentó complicaciones postoperatorias. De ellos, el 68,1 % no tenía tamización nutricional y el 61,8 % no tenía preparación del colon; un 55 % fueron cirugías del recto, 69,1 % de las cirugías fueron por vía laparoscópica y 71,8 % presentaron sangrado inferior a 500 ml. La mayoría de las complicaciones fueron clasificadas como Clavien-Dindo I-III. Discusión. Las características de los pacientes fueron similares a los presentados en otros estudios, aunque hubo mayor incidencia de íleo postoperatorio. El análisis multivariado mostró una mayor probabilidad de presentar una complicación en pacientes con diabetes mellitus, hipertensión arterial, falta de tamización nutricional o preparación de colon, cirugía de recto y el sangrado mayor a 500 ml


Introduction. The fundamental pillar of colorectal cancer treatment is surgery, a situation that exposes patients to the possible presentation of complications, morbidity and mortality, poor quality of life, tumor recurrence or death. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical and surgical variables that affect the risk of the appearance of complications in colorectal cancer patients taken to elective surgery between 2016 and 2019.Methods. Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study. Patients over the age of 18 with colorectal cancer undergoing elective surgery were included. A multivariate analysis was performed to determine the factors related to postsurgical complications. Results. We included 298 patients, 68% over 60 years of age, 52.3% women, 74.2% had comorbidities and 48.3% were diagnosed in stage III. 48.3% presented postoperative complications; of these, 68.1% had no nutritional screening, and 61.8% had no colon preparation; 55% were rectal cancer surgeries, 69.1% underwent laparoscopic surgeries, and 71.8% had bleeding less than 500 ml. Most complications were classified as Clavien Dindo I-III. Discussion. The characteristic of the patients was similar to those presented in other studies, even though we had more incidence of postoperative ileus. The multivariate analysis showed a higher probability of complications in patients with: diabetes, hypertension, lack of nutritional screening, bleeding over 500cc, lack of colon mechanical preparation and rectal cancer surgery.Patient characteristics were similar to those presented in other studies, although there was a higher incidence of postoperative ileus. The multivariate analysis showed a greater probability of presenting a complication in patients with diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, lack of nutritional screening, colon preparation, rectal cancer surgery, and bleeding greater than 500 ml


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Colorectal Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Laparoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
7.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 117-123, June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286990

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The reestablishment of continuity after Hartmann operation is considered a major surgical procedure with high morbidity and mortality. The optimal interval time between the Hartman procedure and reversal is controversial. Our study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of laparoscopic Hartmann reversal and to determine the optimal timing of operation. Methods All patients who underwent laparoscopic Hartmann reversal from 2008 to 2019 (11 years) at the University Medical Center (UMC) in Ho Chi Minh City were recruited and divided into 2 groups according to the interval time (≤ 4 or > 4 months). The short-term operative outcomes of these groups were compared. Results There were 66 patients who underwent laparoscopic Hartmann reversal (mean age: 63.2 years old); ~ 77% of them had colorectal cancer, and 17% had complicated diverticular disease. Themortality rate, anastomotic leakage rate, and overall complication rate were 0%, 1.5%, and 13.2%, respectively. Early operation was performed in 36 patients, and late reversal in 28 patients. There was no difference in mortality, anastomotic leakage, operative complications, and hospital stay between the two groups. Conclusion Laparoscopic Hartmann reversal was effective with acceptable morbidity and mortality at the UMC. There was no observed impact of the interval time between the Hartmann procedure and laparoscopic Hartmann reversal on the short-term operative outcomes.


Resumo Introdução O reestabelecimento da continuidade após a cirurgia de Hartmann é considerado um procedimento cirúrgico de grande porte com altas morbidade e mortalidade. O tempo ideal de intervalo entre a cirurgia de Hartmann e a reversão é controverso. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a eficácia da reversão da cirurgia de Hartmann e determinar o momento ideal para a cirurgia. Métodos Todos os pacientes submetidos à reversão laparoscópica da cirurgia de Hartmann entre 2008 e 2019 (11 anos) no Centro Médico Universitário (UMC, na sigla em inglês) na cidade de Ho Chi Minh foram recrutados e divididos em 2 grupos de acordo como tempo de intervalo (≤ 4 or > 4 meses). Os resultados pós-operatórios de curto prazo destes grupos foram comparados. Resultados Um total de 66 pacientes foram submetidos à reversão laparoscópica da cirurgia de Hartmann (mediana de idade: 63.2 anos); ~ 77 deles tinha câncer colorretal, e 17% tinham doença diverticular complicada. As taxas de mortalidade, de vazamento, e de complicações em geral foram de 0%, 1,5%, e 13,2%, respectivamente. Cirurgia precoce foi realizada em 36 pacientes, e reversão tardia foi realizada em 28 pacientes. Não houve diferença em mortalidade, vazamento anastomótico, complicações operatórias e duração da internação entre os dois grupos. Conclusão A reversão laparoscópica da cirurgia de Hartmann foi eficaz, com morbidade e mortalidade aceitáveis no UMC. Não foi observado qualquer impacto no tempo de intervalo entre a cirurgia de Hartmann e a reversão laparoscópica nos resultados pós-operatórios de curto prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Laparoscopy , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation , Treatment Outcome
8.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 163-167, June 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286988

ABSTRACT

Background: Transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) is a surgical technique used for the excision of rectal neoplasia that gained popularity during the last decade. Due to the technical difficulty (non-articulated instruments, reduced workspace) and the long learning curve associated with this technique, the use of robotic platforms to improve resection results has been suggested and reported, at the same time that the learning curve decreases and the procedure is facilitated. Materials and Methods: From March 2017 to December 2019, all patients with rectal lesions eligible for TAMIS were offered the possibility to receive a robotic TAMIS (RTAMIS). We used a transanal GelPoint Path (Applied Medical Inc., Santa Margarita, CA, USA) in the anal canal to be able to do the Da Vinci Si (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) robotic platform docking, which we used to perform the excision of the rectal lesion as well as the resection site defect. Results: Five patients between 34 and 79 years of age underwent R-TAMIS. The mean distance to the anal verge was 8.8 cm. There were no conversions. The mean surgery time was 85 minutes, and the mean docking time was 6.6minutes. Conclusions: Robotic TAMIS is a feasible alternative to TAMIS, with a faster learning curve for experienced surgeons in transanal surgery and better ergonomics. Further studies are needed to assess the cost-benefit relationship. (AU)


Introdução: A cirurgia transanal minimamente invasiva (TAMIS, na sigla em inglês) é uma técnica que se tornou popular na última década para a excisão local de neoplasias no reto. Devido à dificuldade técnica (instrumentos não articulados, espaço de trabalho reduzido) e à longa curva de aprendizado representada por essa técnica, o uso de plataformas robóticas para melhorar os resultados da ressecção tem sido sugerido e relatado, aomesmo tempo emque a curva de aprendizado diminui e o procedimento é facilitado. Materiais e Métodos: De março de 2017 a dezembro de 2019, foi oferecida aos pacientes comlesões retais candidatos aoTAMIS a possibilidade de ressecção transanal robótica (R-TAMIS). Foi utilizada uma porta de acesso transanal GelPoint Path (Applied Medical Inc. Santa Margarita, CA, EUA), que foi introduzida no canal anal para posteriormente criar pneumoperitônio e realizar o acoplamento do sistema robótico Da Vinci Si (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA, EUA) para realizar a ressecção e o fechamento do defeito por robótica. Resultados: Cinco pacientes entre 79 e 34 anos foram submetidos à R-TAMIS. A distânciamédia àmargemanal foi de 8,8 cm. Não houve conversões. O tempo cirúrgico médio foi de 85 minutos, e o tempo médio de acoplamento foi de 6,6 minutos. Conclusões: A R-TAMIS é uma alternativa à TAMIS convencional, com menor curva de aprendizado para cirurgiões experientes em cirurgia transanalminimamente invasiva e melhor ergonomia para ressecção e fechamento. Outros estudos são necessários para avaliar a relação custo-benefício. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy
9.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 111-116, June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286982

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the world health scenario, causing numerous problems related to the overload of services. In this scenario, the approach to oncological diseases becomes a challenge, considering the risk of progression of cancer disease and death due to delay in diagnosis and treatment. Faced with this exceptional situation, coloproctology services have been forced to change their routine to adapt to the new reality, considering risks and benefits in the conduct of these patients. Thus, the experience of the coloproctology service at the Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo, state of São Paulo, Brazil, during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic is described, evaluating the possibility of maintaining elective oncological surgeries through selection by directed anamnesis. Method: Retrospective cohort study with prospective collection comparing colorectal surgery for cancer before and during the pandemic from December 2019 to July 2020. Results: In total, 81 patients were included. During the pandemic, 41 patients were operated on with 2 perioperative contaminations by COVID-19. Both length of stay and complications were not different between groups. Conclusion: Since there was no increase in COVID-19 morbidity and mortality in elective oncology surgeries with patients screened for guided anamnesis, it is worth considering this method for maintaining surgical procedures even in the event of apandemic. (AU)


A pandemia do COVID-19 modificou o cenário mundial da saúde, ocasionando inúmeros problemas relacionados à sobrecarga dos serviços. Neste contexto, a abordagem das doenças oncológicas se tornou um desafio, tendo em vista que o atraso no diagnóstico e no tratamento oncológico resulta emmaior risco de progressão de doença e óbito. Frente a esta situação excepcional, os serviços de coloproctologia foram obrigados a mudar a rotina, considerando riscos e benefícios na condução dos pacientes. Assim, descreve-se a experiência do serviço de coloproctologia da Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil, durante o início da pandemia de COVID-19, avaliando a possibilidade de manutenção das cirurgias eletivas oncológicas através da seleção por anamnese dirigida. Método: Coorte retrospectiva com coleta prospectiva comparando cirurgias colorretais oncológicas realizadas de dezembro de 2019 a julho de 20202, comparando casos operados antes e durante a pandemia. Resultados: No total, 81 pacientes foram incluídos. Durante a pandemia, 41 pacientes foram operados, com duas contaminações perioperatórias por COVID-19. Nem o tempo de internação nem as complicações foram diferentes entre os grupos. Conclusão: Uma vez que não houve aumento da morbimortalidade por COVID-19 nas cirurgias oncológicas eletivas com pacientes triados por anamnese dirigida, vale considerar este método para a manutenção dos procedimentos cirúrgicos mesmo em vigência da pandemia. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Elective Surgical Procedures , Colorectal Surgery , COVID-19/physiopathology , Postoperative Complications
10.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 198-205, June 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286989

ABSTRACT

Abstract Rectal cancer is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The most effective and curative treatment is surgery, and the standard procedure is total mesorectal excision, initially performed by open surgery and posteriorly by minimally invasive techniques. Robotic surgery is an emerging technology that is expected to overcome the limitations of the laparoscopic approach. It has several advantages, including a stable camera platform with high definition three-dimensional image, flexible instrumentswith seven degrees of freedom, a third arm for fixed retraction, fine motion scaling, excellent dexterity, ambidextrous capability, elimination of physiological tremors and better ergonomics, that facilitate a steady and precise tissue dissection. The main technical disadvantages are the loss of tactile sensation and tensile feedback and the complex installation process. The aim of the present study is to review the importance and benefits of robotic surgery in rectal cancer, particularly in comparison with the laparoscopic approach. Intraoperative estimated blood loss, short and long-term outcomes as well as pathological outcomes were similar between robotic and laparoscopic surgery. The operative time is usually longer in robotic surgery and the high costs are still itsmajor drawback. Robotic surgery for rectal cancer demonstrated lower conversion rate to open surgery and benefits in urinary and sexual functions and has been established as a safe and feasible technique.


Resumo O cancro do reto é uma importante causa de morbidade e mortalidade em todo o mundo. O único tratamento curativo e mais eficaz é a cirurgia, sendo que o procedimento padrão é a excisão total do mesoreto, inicialmente realizada por cirurgia aberta e mais tarde por técnicas minimamente invasivas. A cirurgia robótica é uma tecnologia emergente que pretende ultrapassar as limitações da laparoscopia. As vantagens incluem plataforma de câmera estável, imagem tridimensional com alta definição, instrumentos flexíveis com sete graus de liberdade, terceiro braço para retração fixa, movimentos finos, excelente destreza, ambidestria, eliminação do tremor fisiológico e maior conforto ergonômico, que facilitam uma disseção firme e precisa dos tecidos. As principais desvantagens técnicas são a perda da sensação táctil e feedback tensional e o complexo processo de instalação. O objetivo deste estudo é fazer uma revisão bibliográfica da importância e dos benefícios da cirurgia robótica no cancro do reto, particularmente em comparação coma cirurgia laparoscópica. A perda estimada de sangue intraoperatória, os outcomes a curto e longo-prazo e os outcomes patológicos foram equivalentes entre a cirurgia robótica e laparoscópica. O tempo operatório é geralmente mais longo na cirurgia robótica e os elevados custos são a sua principal desvantagem. A cirurgia robótica no cancro do reto demonstrou menor taxa de conversão para cirurgia aberta e benefícios nas funções urinária e sexual e está estabelecida como uma técnica segura e viável.


Subject(s)
Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy
11.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(1): e400, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149797

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Multimodal enhanced recovery programs are a new paradigm in perioperative care. Objective To evaluate the certainty of evidence pertaining to the effectiveness and safety of the multimodal perioperative care program in elective colorectal surgery. Data source: A search was conducted in the Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases, up until February 2020. Eligibility criteria Systematic reviews that take into account the perioperative multimodal program in patients with an indication for colorectal surgery were included. The primary outcomes were morbidity and postoperative deaths. The secondary outcome was hospital length of stay. Study quality and synthesis method The reviews were evaluated with AMSTAR-2 and the certainty of the evidence with the GRADE methodology. The findings are presented with measures of frequency, risk estimators, or differences. Results Six systematic reviews of clinical trials with medium and high quality in AMSTAR-2 were included. Morbidity was reduced between 16 and 48%. Studies are inconclusive regarding postoperative mortality. Hospital length of stay was reduced by an average of 2.5 days (p <0.05). The certainty of the body of evidence is very low. Limitations The effect of the program, depending on the combination of elements, is not clear. Conclusions and implications Despite the proven evidence that the program is effective in reducing global postoperative morbidity and hospital stay, the body of evidence is of very low quality. Consequently, results may change with new evidence and further research is required.


Resumen Introducción Los programas multimodales de cuidado perioperatorio son nuevos paradigmas de atención en salud, particularmente en el paciente quirúrgico. Objetivo Evaluar la certeza en la evidencia de la efectividad y seguridad del programa multimodal perioperatorio en cirugía colorrectal electiva. Fuente de datos Se consultaron las bases de datos Medline, EMBASE y Cochrane hasta febrero de 2020. Criterios de elegibilidad Se incluyeron revisiones sistemáticas que consideraron como intervención el programa multimodal perioperatorio en pacientes con indicación de cirugía colorrectal. Los desenlaces primarios fueron morbilidad y mortalidad postoperatoria. El desenlace secundario fue estancia hospitalaria. Evaluación de los estudios y método de síntesis La calidad de las revisiones fue evaluada con AMSTAR-2 y la certeza de la evidencia con la metodología GRADE. Los hallazgos se presentan con medidas de frecuencia, estimadores de riesgo o diferencias. Resultados Se incluyeron seis revisiones sistemáticas de ensayos clínicos de media y alta calidad en AMSTAR-2. La morbilidad se redujo entre el 16 y el 48 %. Para la mortalidad postoperatoria no se reportan diferencias a favor del programa. La estancia hospitalaria se redujo en promedio 2,5 días (p < 0,05). La certeza del cuerpo de la evidencia es muy baja. Limitaciones El efecto del programa en función de combinación de elementos no es claro. Conclusiones e implicaciones A pesar de que la evidencia sugiere que el programa es efectivo en la reducción de morbilidad postoperatoria global y estancia hospitalaria, el cuerpo de la evidencia es de muy baja calidad, por lo que los resultados podrían cambiar con nueva evidencia. Se requieren nuevas investigaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Surgery , Perioperative Care , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Treatment Outcome , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery
12.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE002105, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1349820

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Identificar os cuidados de Enfermagem associados ao programa Enhanced Recovery After Surgery® na área da cirurgia colorretal. Métodos Realizou-se uma Scoping Review de publicações no período entre 2009 e 2019, segundo as recomendações do Joanna Briggs Institute, com base na questão de pesquisa: "Quais os cuidados de Enfermagem à pessoa submetida a cirurgia colorretal, no âmbito do programa Enhanced Recovery After Surgery®?". A pesquisa realizou-se entre 02/12/2019 a 12/12/2019 através da pesquisa boolena nas bases de dados eletrónicas CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE Complete, Nursing & Allied Health Collection: Comprehensive, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Methodology Register, Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts, MedicLatina e no repositório b-ON, com os descritores MeSH "nursing", "colorectal" e a palavra-chave "enhanced". Resultados Foram selecionados 13 artigos que evidenciam uma adaptação e uma complementaridade nos cuidados de Enfermagem assegurados pelo Enfermeiro coordenador do programa e Enfermeiro Estomaterapeuta. No pré-operatório destaca-se como intervenção o ensino e otimização da pessoa, no intra-operatório, uma abordagem minimamente invasiva com gestão multimodal da dor e no período pós-operatório, um retorno precoce da alimentação, reabilitação e acompanhamento telefônico aquando a alta. Conclusão Os Enfermeiros desempenham um papel crucial na adoção e sustentação das práticas clínicas sugeridas pelo programa verificando um impacto positivo na experiência cirúrgica dos pacientes de colorretal.


Resumen Objetivo Identificar los cuidados de enfermería relacionados con el programa Enhanced Recovery After Surgery® en el área de la cirugía colorrectal. Métodos Se realizó una Scoping Review de publicaciones del período entre 2009 y 2019, de acuerdo con las recomendaciones del Joanna Briggs Institute, con base en la pregunta de investigación: "¿Cuáles son los cuidados de enfermería para personas sometidas a una cirugía colorrectal, en el contexto del programa Enhanced Recovery After Surgery®?". La investigación se llevó a cabo del 02/12/2019 al 12/12/2019 mediante una búsqueda booleana en las bases de datos electrónicas CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE Complete, Nursing & Allied Health Collection: Comprehensive, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Methodology Register, Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts, MedicLatina y en el repositorio b-ON, con los descriptores MeSH "nursing", "colorectal" y la palabra clave "enhanced". Resultados Se seleccionaron 13 artículos que evidencian una adaptación y una complementariedad en los cuidados de enfermería garantizados por el enfermero coordinador del programa y el enfermero estomaterapeuta. En el preoperatorio se destaca como intervención la enseñanza y optimización de la persona, en el intraoperatorio, un enfoque mínimamente invasivo con gestión multimodal del dolor, y en el período posoperatorio, un retorno precoz de la alimentación, rehabilitación y seguimiento telefónico después del alta. Conclusión Los enfermeros desempeñan un papel crucial para adoptar y sustentar las prácticas clínicas sugeridas por el programa, lo que confirma un impacto positivo en la experiencia quirúrgica de los pacientes de cirugía colorrectal.


Abstract Objective To identify the nursing care associated with the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery® program in the field of colorectal surgery. Methods According to the recommendations of the Joanna Briggs Institute, a Scoping Review of publications from 2009 to 2019 was carried out based on the research question: "What is the nursing care for patients undergoing colorectal surgery in the scope of the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery® program?". The research took place between 12/02/2019 and 12/12/2019 through the boolean research in the following electronic databases: CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE Complete, Nursing & Allied Health Collection: Comprehensive, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Methodology Register, Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts, MedicLatina, and in the b-ON repository with the MeSH descriptors "nursing", "colorectal" and the key-word "enhanced". Results We selected 13 articles that showed adaptation and complementarity with the nursing care ensured by the nurse coordinator of the program and stomatherapist nursing. In the preoperative period, instruction and person optimization stand out as an intervention, in the intraoperative period, a minimally invasive approach with multimodal pain management, and in the postoperative, a precocious return to feeding, rehabilitation, and telephone follow-up at the time of the hospital discharge. Conclusion The nurses perform a crucial role to the adoption and support of the suggested clinical practices of the program verifying a positive impact in patients submitted to colorectal surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Perioperative Nursing , Colorectal Surgery/rehabilitation , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Nursing Care
13.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202644, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155365

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to establish the epidemiological profile of ostomized patients treated at the Health Care Service for Ostomy Patients in Juiz de Fora and region (SASPO/JF) and to quantify the pathologies that led to the stoma as well as the ostomy-related complications. Method: a retrospective study was carried out with the analysis of 496 medical records of patients registered at HCSOP/JF over 30 years and who remained in at the service in June 2018. The following variables were considered: age, sex, pathology that led to the stoma, type, time, location and complications of stomas. Results: 53.43% were male patients and 46.57% female. The average age was 56.24 years among men and 58.40 years among women. Eight patients had two types of ostomies simultaneously and a total of 504 ostomies were as follows: 340 colostomies (67.46%), 117 ileostomies (23.21%) and 47 urostomies (9.33%). Additionally, 47.65% of the colostomies and 76.92% of the ileostomies were temporary, while all urostomies were permanent. In 70.24% of cases, the reason for making the stoma was malignancy. There were 277 stomas with one or more complications (54.96%). Conclusions: most of the ostomized patients were over 50 years old and the main diagnosis that led to the stoma was malignancy. Ileostomies had a higher percentage of complications than colostomies and urostomies and, for all types of stomas, the most frequent complication was dermatitis.


RESUMO Objetivo: elaborar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes estomizados atendidos no Serviço de Atenção à Saúde da Pessoa Ostomizada de Juiz de Fora e região (SASPO/JF) e quantificar tanto as patologias que levaram à confecção, quanto as complicações presentes nas estomias. Método: realizado estudo retrospectivo com análise de 496 prontuários de pacientes cadastrados no SASPO/JF ao longo de 30 anos e que permaneciam em atendimento no serviço em junho de 2018. Foram consideradas as seguintes variáveis: idade, sexo, patologia que levou à confecção do estoma, tipo, caráter temporal, localização e complicações das estomias. Resultados: 53,43% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino e 46,57% do sexo feminino. A média de idade entre os homens foi de 56,24 anos e entre as mulheres foi de 58,40 anos. Oito pacientes apresentaram dois tipos de estomias simultaneamente e o total de 504 estomias foi distribuído da seguinte forma: 340 colostomias (67,46%), 117 ileostomias (23,21%) e 47 urostomias (9,33%). Além disso, 47,65% das colostomias e 76,92% das ileostomias foram temporárias, enquanto todas as urostomias foram permanentes. Em 70,24% dos casos, o motivo para confecção do estoma foi a neoplasia maligna. Foram encontrados 277 estomas com uma ou mais complicações (54,96%). Conclusão: as estomias predominaram em pacientes com mais de 50 anos e o principal diagnóstico que levou à confecção dos estomas foi a neoplasia maligna. As ileostomias apresentaram maior percentual de complicações do que as colostomias e urostomias e, para todos os tipos de estomas, a complicação mais frequente foi a dermatite.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Ostomy/methods , Ostomy/statistics & numerical data , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Delivery of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Colostomy/methods , Colostomy/statistics & numerical data , Ileostomy/methods , Ileostomy/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Colorectal Surgery , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20213007, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340674

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: laparoscopy surgery has many proven clinical advantages over conventional surgery and more recently, robotic surgery has been the emerging platform in the minimally invasive era. In the colorectal field, although overcoming limitations of standard laparoscopy, robotic surgery still faces challenging situations even by the most experienced colorectal surgeons. This study reports essentials technical aspects and comparison between Da Vincis Si and Xi platforms aiming to master and maximize efficiency whenever performing robotic colorectal surgery. Methods: this study overviews the most structured concepts and practical applications in robotic colorectal surgery in both Si and Xi Da Vinci platforms. Possible pitfalls are emphasized and step-wise approach is described from port placement and docking process to surgical technique. We also present data collected from a prospectively maintained database. Results: our early experience includes forty-four patients following a standardized total robotic left-colon and rectal resection. Guided information and practical applications for a safe and efficient robotic colorectal surgery are described. We also present illustrations and describe technical aspects of a standardized procedure. Conclusion: performing robotic colorectal surgery is feasible and safe in experienced surgeons hands. Although the Da Vinci Xi platform demonstrates greater versatility in a more user-friendly design with technological advances, the correct mastery of technology by the surgical team is an essential condition for its fully robotic execution in a single docking approach.


RESUMO Introdução: a cirurgia laparoscópica demonstrou vantagens sobre a cirurgia convencional e, mais recentemente, a cirurgia robótica tem sido a plataforma emergente na era cirúrgica minimamente invasiva. Na prática colorretal, embora supere as limitações da laparoscopia, a cirurgia robótica ainda enfrenta situações desafiadoras, mesmo diante de cirurgiões colorretais experientes. Este estudo relata aspectos técnicos essenciais e comparação entre as plataformas Si e Xi Da Vinci com o objetivo de auxiliar e maximizar a eficiência na realização de cirurgia robótica colorretal regrada. Métodos: este estudo apresenta uma visão geral dos conceitos essenciais e aplicações práticas em cirurgia robótica colorretal nas plataformas Da Vinci Si e Xi. As potenciais dificuldades são enfatizadas e uma abordagem em etapas é descrita desde a colocação dos portais e seu processo de docking até a técnica cirúrgica. Também apresentamos brevemente dados coletados de um banco de dados mantido de forma prospectiva. Resultados: nossa experiência inicial inclui quarenta e quatro pacientes submetidos à cirurgia totalmente robótica padronizada na ressecção colônica e retal. Informações e aplicações práticas para uma cirurgia robótica colorretal segura e eficiente são descritas. Também são apresentadas ilustrações e dados breves da experiência. Conclusão: a cirurgia robótica colorretal é viável e segura nas mãos de cirurgiões experientes, no entanto ainda enfrenta desafios. Apesar da plataforma Da Vinci Xi demonstrar maior versatilidade em um design mais amigável com avanços tecnológicos, o correto domínio da tecnologia pela equipe cirúrgica é condição essencial para sua execução totalmente robótica em etapa única.


Subject(s)
Humans , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Laparoscopy , Colorectal Surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Proctectomy
15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281097

ABSTRACT

Una Fístula Anal es la comunicación anormal entre el conducto anorrectal y la piel. El objetivo central en el tratamiento de la fístula anal es eliminar la fístula y los síntomas, prevenir la recurrencia y preservar la función del esfínter anal. El único tratamiento curativo para las fístulas anales criptogénicas es la cirugía. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo con componentes analíticos, de corte transversal, con un muestreo no probabilístico de casos consecutivos en pacientes operados de fístulas anales por el Servicio de Coloproctología en la II Cátedra de Clínica Quirúrgica del Hospital de Clínicas San Lorenzo (2008-2019). De un total de 112 pacientes, no existió relación estadísticamente significativa entre el grado de obesidad, las comorbilidades, los distintos síntomas, la complejidad de la fístula ni la región comprometida y la recidiva postquirúrgica. La técnica quirúrgica más empleada fue la fistulotomía en el 75,9% de los casos. Las recidivas se vieron en 6.25% de los pacientes. En nuestra serie el riesgo de obtener una recidiva era 16 veces mayor en las fístulas complejas con relación a las simples (RR = 15,9 para p=0,001) y existió una relación estadísticamente significativa entre el tipo de cirugía realizada y el porcentaje de recidiva post quirúrgica. Las fístulas anales son una entidad nosológica de relevancia, que crea molestias hasta problemas en el desenvolvimiento tanto laboral como social por lo cual debe ser motivo de estudio exhaustivo en nuestro hospital como lo es en el mundo.


An Anal Fistula is an abnormal communication between the anorectal duct and the skin. The central goal of its treating is to eliminate the fistula and symptoms, prevent recurrence, and preserve anal sphincter function. The only curative treatment for cryptogenic anal fistulas is surgery. An observational, descriptive study was carried out with analytical components, cross-sectional, with a non-probabilistic sampling of consecutive cases in patients operated on for anal fistulas by the Coloproctology Service in the II Surgery Department of Clinica´s Hospital of San Lorenzo (2008- 2019). Out of a total of 112 patients, there was no statistically significant relationship between the degree of obesity, comorbidities, different symptoms, the complexity of the fistula or the anal region involved, and the postoperative recurrence. The most used surgical technique was fistulotomy in 75.9% of the cases. Recurrences were seen in 6.25% of the patients. In our series, the risk of obtaining a recurrence was 16 times greater in complex fistulas than in simple ones (RR = 15.9 for p = 0.001) and there was a statistically significant relationship between the type of surgery performed and the percentage of postoperative recurrence. Anal fistulas are a relevant nosological entity, which creates discomfort in both work and social development, which is why it should be the subject of exhaustive study in our hospital as it is in the world.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Surgery , Obesity , Anal Canal , Rectal Fistula , Fistula
16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1593, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345004

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The use of a successful Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) in colorectal surgery favored its application in other organs, and hepatic resections were not excluded from this tendency. Some authors suggest that the laparoscopic approach is a central element to obtain better results. Aim: To compare the laparoscopic vs. open hepatic resections within an ERAS to evaluate if there are any differences between them. Methods: In a descriptive study 80 hepatic resections that were divided into two groups, regarding to whether they were submitted to laparoscopy or open surgery. Demographic data, those referring to the hepatectomy and the ERAS was analyzed. Results: Forty-seven resections were carried out in open surgery and the rest laparoscopically; in the first group there was only one conversion to open surgery. Of the total, 17 resections were major hepatectomies and in 18 simultaneous resections. There were no differences between procedures regarding hospital stay and number of complications. There was a greater adherence to the ERAS (p=0.046) and a faster ambulation (p=0.001) in the open surgery. Conclusion: The procedure, whether open or laparoscopically done in hepatic resections, does not seem to show differences in an ERAS evaluation.


RESUMO Racional: O uso do protocolo Recuperação Otimizada Após Cirurgia (ERAS/ACERTO) com sucesso na cirurgia colorretal favoreceu a aplicação dele em outros órgãos; as ressecções hepáticas não foram excluídas dessa tendência. Alguns autores sugerem que a abordagem laparoscópica é elemento central para a obtenção de melhores resultados. Objetivo: Comparar as ressecções hepáticas laparoscópicas e abertas dentro de um ACERTO para avaliar se existem diferenças entre as duas técnicas. Métodos: Estudo descritivo comparando 80 ressecções hepáticas divididas em dois grupos, as realizadas por laparoscopia e aquelas por laparotomia. Foram analisados dados demográficos, referentes à hepatectomia e ao ACERTO. Resultados: Foram realizadas 47 ressecções por laparotomia e o restante por laparoscopia; houve apenas uma conversão para laparotomia no grupo da laparoscopia. Do total, 17 ressecções foram hepatectomias maiores e em 18 ressecções simultâneas. Não houve diferenças entre os procedimentos quanto ao tempo de internação e número de complicações. Houve maior adesão ao ACERTO (p=0,046) e deambulação mais rápida (p=0,001) na operação aberta. Conclusão: O procedimento, seja laparotômico ou laparoscópico nas ressecções hepáticas, não parece mostrar diferenças em uma avaliação ERAS/ACERTO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy , Colorectal Surgery , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome , Hepatectomy , Length of Stay
17.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020224, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142411

ABSTRACT

Retroperitoneal liposarcomas are rare tumors arising from the soft tissue of the retroperitoneum and are of mesenchymal cell origin. They can reach a large size prior to causing symptoms and generally have a poor prognosis. We present the case of a 93-year-old lady presenting with a large retroperitoneal liposarcoma at the site of a previous colonic anastomosis for the adenocarcinoma treatment. It caused minimal symptoms initially, but surgical resection was undertaken when the tumor was found to be growing significantly in size. However, due to the tumor's location and its invasion into surrounding structures, the resection was not feasible and subsequently abandoned. A retroperitoneal liposarcoma arising from the site of a previous colonic resection has not been previously described. A review of the diagnosis and current management of these lesions is also given.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/pathology , Colonic Neoplasms , Liposarcoma/pathology , Colorectal Surgery
18.
Clinics ; 76: e2507, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Since the outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), all health services worldwide underwent profound changes, leading to the suspension of many elective surgeries. This study aimed to evaluate the safety of elective colorectal surgery during the pandemic. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional, single-center study. Patients who underwent elective colorectal surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic between March 10 and September 9, 2020, were included. Patient data on sex, age, diagnosis, types of procedures, hospital stay, mortality, and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) preoperative screening tests were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 103 colorectal surgical procedures were planned, and 99 were performed. Four surgeries were postponed due to positive preoperative screening for SARS-CoV-2. Surgical procedures were performed for colorectal cancer (n=90) and inflammatory bowel disease (n=9). Laparoscopy was the approach of choice for 43 patients (43.4%), 53 (53.5%) procedures were open, and 3 (3%) procedures were robotic. Five patients developed COVID-19 in the postoperative period, and three of them died in the intensive care unit (n=3/5, 60% mortality). Two other patients died due to surgical complications unrelated to COVID-19 (n=2/94, 2.1% mortality) (p<0.01). Hospital stay was longer in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection than in those without (38.4 versushttps://doi.org/10.3 days, respectively, p<0.01). Of the 99 patients who received surgical care during the pandemic, 94 were safely discharged (95%). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that elective colorectal surgical procedures may be safely performed during the pandemic; however, preoperative testing should be performed to reduce in-hospital infection rates, since the mortality rate due to SARS-CoV-2 in this setting is particularly high.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Colorectal Surgery , Coronavirus Infections , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Elective Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
19.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020236, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153178

ABSTRACT

Bowel obstructions can have a variety of causes, including impacted feces, adhesions, volvulus, non-internal hernias, and in rare cases internal hernias. We report a 63-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department with severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and obstructive symptoms that had started 12 hours earlier. A computed tomographic scan of the abdomen and pelvis showed a right internal hernia with a cecal bascule traversing through the foramen of Winslow, concerning for a closed-loop obstruction. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy with cecal bascule reduction and cecopexy. Given the increased mortality risk if undiagnosed, it is important to remain aware of internal hernias. Patient outcomes are markedly improved with early diagnosis and surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Hernia/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Cecal Diseases , Colorectal Surgery , Early Diagnosis , Laparotomy
20.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(4): 326-333, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143179

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare proctological diseases in HIV-positive and -negative patients. Method: Prospective study conducted in the proctology outpatient clinic at Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas from 2013 through 2019. All of them underwent anamnesis and proctological examination and were divided into two groups (HIV+ and HIV−). The groups were then compared with regard to age, sex, diagnosis, and whether or not there was any indication for surgery. Results: 485 HIV + patients (41.9%) (Group I) and 672 HIV− (58.1%) (Group II). The mean age in Group I was 42.8 years, and 404 (83.3%) of the patients were males. In Group II, the mean age was 48.3 years, and 396 (59%) patients were females. In comparing the groups, a statistically significant difference was found regarding sex, age, and diagnosis. The incidence of hemorrhoid and anal skin tags was higher in group II and that of condyloma acuminata was higher in in Group I (p < 0.001). In Group I, condyloma acuminata was more prevalent, but in those with CD4 levels above 500 cells/mm3, the diagnoses were more similar to those in the population without HIV. Conclusions: Proctological diseases were found to be similar but have different incidences. The incidences of diseases in HIV− and + patients tend to approach each other as CD4 level increases.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar as doenças proctológicas nos pacientes HIV positivos e negativos. Método: Estudo prospectivo realizado no ambulatório de proctologia do Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas de 2013 a 2019. Todos foram submetidos a anamnese e exame proctológico, e divididos em dois grupos (HIV+ e HIV−) sendo comparados em relação a idade, sexo, diagnóstico e se havia ou não indicação cirúrgica. Resultados: 485 pacientes HIV+ (41.9%) (Grupo I) e 672 HIV negativos (58.1%) (Grupo II). A média de idade do Grupo I foi 42.8 anos sendo 404 (83.3%) do masculino. No grupo II, a média de idade foi de 48.3 anos, sendo 396 (59%) do sexo feminino. Comparando os grupos, houve diferença estatisticamente significante em relação ao sexo, idade e diagnóstico. Houve maior incidência de hemorróida e plicoma no Grupo II e condilomas acuminados no Grupo I (p < 0.001). No Grupo I, o condiloma acuminado foi mais prevalente, porém naqueles com CD4 acima de 500 células/mm3, os diagnósticos se aproximaram da população sem HIV. Conclusão: As doenças proctológicas foram semelhantes, com incidências diferentes. A incidências das doenças de pacientes HIV− e + tendem a se aproximar na medida que o nível do CD4 aumenta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colorectal Surgery/statistics & numerical data , HIV Infections/complications , HIV
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