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1.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(4): 355-360, Out.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356433

ABSTRACT

Background: Fistula in ano is a very common perianal condition seen in outpatient departments. Fistulotomy and fistulectomy are two conventional options of surgery. The present study is designed to observe wound healing time and mean postoperative pain score in the comparison of outcome of the fistulectomy to fistulotomy with marsupialization. Methods: This prospective randomized trial was conducted in the surgical department of the Civil Hospital Karachi for a period of 12 months, in which 60 patients with low anal fistula were divided into 2 groups. Thirty patients in group A were treated with fistulectomy, and 30 in group B were treated with fistulotomy with marsupialization. The postoperative pain severity was assessed after 24 hrs through a visual analogue scale and on weekly and fortnightly follow-ups for 6 weeks. Wound healing was assessed by clinical examination on weekly and fortnightly follow-ups for 6 weeks to estimate the mean healing time. Results: The mean pain score was significantly lower in group B in comparison to group A (3.6±1.99 versus 2.40±1.52; p=0.01). The mean wound healing time was shorter in group B in comparison to group A (4.23±0.77 versus 5.80±0.41 weeks; p=0.0005). Conclusion: Fistulotomy with marsupialization is a simple, easy, and more effective method than fistulectomy for the treatment of simple perianal fistula. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Rectal Fistula/therapy
2.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 117-123, June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286990

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The reestablishment of continuity after Hartmann operation is considered a major surgical procedure with high morbidity and mortality. The optimal interval time between the Hartman procedure and reversal is controversial. Our study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of laparoscopic Hartmann reversal and to determine the optimal timing of operation. Methods All patients who underwent laparoscopic Hartmann reversal from 2008 to 2019 (11 years) at the University Medical Center (UMC) in Ho Chi Minh City were recruited and divided into 2 groups according to the interval time (≤ 4 or > 4 months). The short-term operative outcomes of these groups were compared. Results There were 66 patients who underwent laparoscopic Hartmann reversal (mean age: 63.2 years old); ~ 77% of them had colorectal cancer, and 17% had complicated diverticular disease. Themortality rate, anastomotic leakage rate, and overall complication rate were 0%, 1.5%, and 13.2%, respectively. Early operation was performed in 36 patients, and late reversal in 28 patients. There was no difference in mortality, anastomotic leakage, operative complications, and hospital stay between the two groups. Conclusion Laparoscopic Hartmann reversal was effective with acceptable morbidity and mortality at the UMC. There was no observed impact of the interval time between the Hartmann procedure and laparoscopic Hartmann reversal on the short-term operative outcomes.


Resumo Introdução O reestabelecimento da continuidade após a cirurgia de Hartmann é considerado um procedimento cirúrgico de grande porte com altas morbidade e mortalidade. O tempo ideal de intervalo entre a cirurgia de Hartmann e a reversão é controverso. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a eficácia da reversão da cirurgia de Hartmann e determinar o momento ideal para a cirurgia. Métodos Todos os pacientes submetidos à reversão laparoscópica da cirurgia de Hartmann entre 2008 e 2019 (11 anos) no Centro Médico Universitário (UMC, na sigla em inglês) na cidade de Ho Chi Minh foram recrutados e divididos em 2 grupos de acordo como tempo de intervalo (≤ 4 or > 4 meses). Os resultados pós-operatórios de curto prazo destes grupos foram comparados. Resultados Um total de 66 pacientes foram submetidos à reversão laparoscópica da cirurgia de Hartmann (mediana de idade: 63.2 anos); ~ 77 deles tinha câncer colorretal, e 17% tinham doença diverticular complicada. As taxas de mortalidade, de vazamento, e de complicações em geral foram de 0%, 1,5%, e 13,2%, respectivamente. Cirurgia precoce foi realizada em 36 pacientes, e reversão tardia foi realizada em 28 pacientes. Não houve diferença em mortalidade, vazamento anastomótico, complicações operatórias e duração da internação entre os dois grupos. Conclusão A reversão laparoscópica da cirurgia de Hartmann foi eficaz, com morbidade e mortalidade aceitáveis no UMC. Não foi observado qualquer impacto no tempo de intervalo entre a cirurgia de Hartmann e a reversão laparoscópica nos resultados pós-operatórios de curto prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Laparoscopy , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation , Treatment Outcome
3.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 198-205, June 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286989

ABSTRACT

Abstract Rectal cancer is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The most effective and curative treatment is surgery, and the standard procedure is total mesorectal excision, initially performed by open surgery and posteriorly by minimally invasive techniques. Robotic surgery is an emerging technology that is expected to overcome the limitations of the laparoscopic approach. It has several advantages, including a stable camera platform with high definition three-dimensional image, flexible instrumentswith seven degrees of freedom, a third arm for fixed retraction, fine motion scaling, excellent dexterity, ambidextrous capability, elimination of physiological tremors and better ergonomics, that facilitate a steady and precise tissue dissection. The main technical disadvantages are the loss of tactile sensation and tensile feedback and the complex installation process. The aim of the present study is to review the importance and benefits of robotic surgery in rectal cancer, particularly in comparison with the laparoscopic approach. Intraoperative estimated blood loss, short and long-term outcomes as well as pathological outcomes were similar between robotic and laparoscopic surgery. The operative time is usually longer in robotic surgery and the high costs are still itsmajor drawback. Robotic surgery for rectal cancer demonstrated lower conversion rate to open surgery and benefits in urinary and sexual functions and has been established as a safe and feasible technique.


Resumo O cancro do reto é uma importante causa de morbidade e mortalidade em todo o mundo. O único tratamento curativo e mais eficaz é a cirurgia, sendo que o procedimento padrão é a excisão total do mesoreto, inicialmente realizada por cirurgia aberta e mais tarde por técnicas minimamente invasivas. A cirurgia robótica é uma tecnologia emergente que pretende ultrapassar as limitações da laparoscopia. As vantagens incluem plataforma de câmera estável, imagem tridimensional com alta definição, instrumentos flexíveis com sete graus de liberdade, terceiro braço para retração fixa, movimentos finos, excelente destreza, ambidestria, eliminação do tremor fisiológico e maior conforto ergonômico, que facilitam uma disseção firme e precisa dos tecidos. As principais desvantagens técnicas são a perda da sensação táctil e feedback tensional e o complexo processo de instalação. O objetivo deste estudo é fazer uma revisão bibliográfica da importância e dos benefícios da cirurgia robótica no cancro do reto, particularmente em comparação coma cirurgia laparoscópica. A perda estimada de sangue intraoperatória, os outcomes a curto e longo-prazo e os outcomes patológicos foram equivalentes entre a cirurgia robótica e laparoscópica. O tempo operatório é geralmente mais longo na cirurgia robótica e os elevados custos são a sua principal desvantagem. A cirurgia robótica no cancro do reto demonstrou menor taxa de conversão para cirurgia aberta e benefícios nas funções urinária e sexual e está estabelecida como uma técnica segura e viável.


Subject(s)
Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy
4.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 163-167, June 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286988

ABSTRACT

Background: Transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) is a surgical technique used for the excision of rectal neoplasia that gained popularity during the last decade. Due to the technical difficulty (non-articulated instruments, reduced workspace) and the long learning curve associated with this technique, the use of robotic platforms to improve resection results has been suggested and reported, at the same time that the learning curve decreases and the procedure is facilitated. Materials and Methods: From March 2017 to December 2019, all patients with rectal lesions eligible for TAMIS were offered the possibility to receive a robotic TAMIS (RTAMIS). We used a transanal GelPoint Path (Applied Medical Inc., Santa Margarita, CA, USA) in the anal canal to be able to do the Da Vinci Si (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) robotic platform docking, which we used to perform the excision of the rectal lesion as well as the resection site defect. Results: Five patients between 34 and 79 years of age underwent R-TAMIS. The mean distance to the anal verge was 8.8 cm. There were no conversions. The mean surgery time was 85 minutes, and the mean docking time was 6.6minutes. Conclusions: Robotic TAMIS is a feasible alternative to TAMIS, with a faster learning curve for experienced surgeons in transanal surgery and better ergonomics. Further studies are needed to assess the cost-benefit relationship. (AU)


Introdução: A cirurgia transanal minimamente invasiva (TAMIS, na sigla em inglês) é uma técnica que se tornou popular na última década para a excisão local de neoplasias no reto. Devido à dificuldade técnica (instrumentos não articulados, espaço de trabalho reduzido) e à longa curva de aprendizado representada por essa técnica, o uso de plataformas robóticas para melhorar os resultados da ressecção tem sido sugerido e relatado, aomesmo tempo emque a curva de aprendizado diminui e o procedimento é facilitado. Materiais e Métodos: De março de 2017 a dezembro de 2019, foi oferecida aos pacientes comlesões retais candidatos aoTAMIS a possibilidade de ressecção transanal robótica (R-TAMIS). Foi utilizada uma porta de acesso transanal GelPoint Path (Applied Medical Inc. Santa Margarita, CA, EUA), que foi introduzida no canal anal para posteriormente criar pneumoperitônio e realizar o acoplamento do sistema robótico Da Vinci Si (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA, EUA) para realizar a ressecção e o fechamento do defeito por robótica. Resultados: Cinco pacientes entre 79 e 34 anos foram submetidos à R-TAMIS. A distânciamédia àmargemanal foi de 8,8 cm. Não houve conversões. O tempo cirúrgico médio foi de 85 minutos, e o tempo médio de acoplamento foi de 6,6 minutos. Conclusões: A R-TAMIS é uma alternativa à TAMIS convencional, com menor curva de aprendizado para cirurgiões experientes em cirurgia transanalminimamente invasiva e melhor ergonomia para ressecção e fechamento. Outros estudos são necessários para avaliar a relação custo-benefício. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy
5.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(4): 394-397, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143176

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The implantation cyst occurs from the imprisonment and subsequent proliferation of the colonic mucosa below the submucosa during mechanical stapling. The understanding and definition of the evaluation protocol of these lesions is important, since they can generate the need for a new complex surgical procedure and cause anxiety in patients and surgeons. This case reports the occurrence of a subepithelial lesion in follow-up imaging of a patient who underwent videolaparoscopic rectosigmoidectomy for adenocarcinoma of the proximal rectum, submitted to an endoscopic attempt to drain/detangle the lesion and subsequent histopathological analysis showing colic mucosa without changes. In line with Katsumata,it is suggested to asymptomatic patients without alteration of the CEA or suspicious imaging signs a follow up with periodic imaging methods. For symptomatic patients with normal CEA, or whose lesions are growing at follow-up exams, it is suggested to continue with the investigation, with biopsy and/or effluent sample for histopathological study in addition to an attempt at symptomatic resolution. Finally, in the presence of an alteration in CEA, despite symptoms, it is suggested that the lesion be managed as a suspected local tumor recurrence.


RESUMO O cisto de implantação ocorre a partir do aprisionamento e subsequente proliferação da mucosa colônica abaixo da submucosa durante o grampeamento mecânico. A compreensão e definição do protocolo de avaliação dessas lesões é importante, pois podem gerar a necessidade de um novo procedimento cirúrgico complexo e causar ansiedade em pacientes e cirurgiões. Este caso relata a ocorrência de uma lesão sub-epitelial na imagem de seguimento de um paciente submetido à retossigmoidectomia por via videolaparoscópica devido a adenocarcinoma do reto proximal, submetido a uma tentativa endoscópica de drenar/remover a lesão e subsequente análise histopatológica mostrando a mucosa cólica sem alterações. De acordo com Katsumata, sugere-se que pacientes assintomáticos sem alteração do CEA ou sinais de imagem suspeitos tenham um seguimento com métodos de imagem periódicos. Para pacientes sintomáticos com CEA normal, ou cujas lesões mostrem crescimento nos exames de seguimento, sugere-se continuar a investigação, com biópsia e / ou amostra de efluente para estudo histopatológico, além de uma tentativa de resolução sintomática. Finalmente, na presença de uma alteração no CEA, apesar dos sintomas, sugere-se que a lesão seja tratada como uma suspeita de recorrência local do tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Endoscopy/methods
6.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(3): 97-103, sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128567

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La sigmoidectomía por diverticulitis perforada es una cirugía de urgencia comúnmente realizada por cirujanos generales. Está descripta la correlación positiva entre el volumen del cirujano y los mejores resultados postoperatorios. Sin embargo, existe escasa evidencia de la influencia de la especialización en cirugía colorrectal sobre los resultados de la sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis perforada. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la especialización en cirugía colorrectal en los resultados postoperatorios de la sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis Hinchey III. Diseño: Estudio retrospectivo sobre una base de datos cargada de forma prospectiva. Material y métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes sometidos a sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis perforada Hinchey III. La muestra fue dividida en dos grupos: pacientes operados por un cirujano colorrectal (CC) y aquellos operados por un cirujano general (CG). Las variables demográficas, operatorias y postoperatorias fueron comparadas entre los grupos. El objetivo primario fue determinar si existían diferencias en la proporción de anastomosis primaria, morbilidad y mortalidad a 30 días entre los grupos. Resultados: Se incluyeron 101 pacientes en el análisis; 58 operados por CC y 43 por CG. Los pacientes operados por CC presentaron una mayor proporción de anastomosis primaria (CC: 98,3% vs. CG: 67,4%, p<0,001). Los CG realizaron más estomas (CC: 13,8% vs. CG: 46,5%, p<0,001), presentaron un mayor índice de conversión (CC: 20,6% vs. CG: 39,5%, p=0,03) y una mayor estadía hospitalaria (CC: 6,2 vs. CG: 10,8 días, p<0,001). La morbilidad global (CC: 34,4% vs. CG: 46,5%, p=0.22), dehiscencia anastomótica (CC: 3,5% vs. CG: 6,8%, p=0.48) y la mortalidad (CC: 1,7% vs. CG: 9,3 %, p=0,08) fueron similares entre ambos grupos. Conclusión: La sigmoidectomía laparoscópica de urgencia realizada por CG presenta similar morbilidad y mortalidad postoperatoria que la realizada por CC. Sin embargo, la participación del especialista se asoció a una mayor frecuencia de anastomosis primarias, menos estomas y una estadía hospitalaria más corta.


Background: Sigmoid resection for perforated diverticulitis is one of the most common emergency surgeries and often performed by general surgeons. Relationship between high-volume surgeons and improved postoperative outcomes is well established. However, the influence of colorectal specialization on outcomes after emergency laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for perforated diverticulitis is not well described. Aim: Evaluate the impact of colorectal surgery training on the outcomes after emergency laparoscopic sigmoid resection for Hinchey III diverticulitis. Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected database.Method: Patients undergoing emergent laparoscopic sigmoid resection for perforated (Hinchey III) diverticulitis were identified and stratified by involvement of colorectal or general surgeon. This study was conducted from 2000 to 2018 at a teaching hospital. Primary outcome measures were primary anastomosis, postoperative morbidity and mortality.Results: A total of 101 patients were identified; 58 by colorectal and 43 by general surgeons. Patients in the colorectal surgeon group had higher rates of primary anastomosis (CS: 98, 2% vs. GS: 67, 4%, p<0.001). General surgeons performed more ostomies (CS: 13, 8% vs. GS: 46, 5%, p<0.001), had a higher conversion rate (CS: 20, 6% vs. GS: 39, 5%, p=0.03) and longer mean length of hospital stay (CS: 6, 2 vs. GS: 10, 8 days, p<0.001). Overall morbidity (CS: 34, 4% vs. GS: 46, 5%, p=0.22), anastomotic leak rate (CC: 3,5% vs. CG: 6,8%, p=0.48) and mortality (CS: 1, 7% vs. GS: 9,3 %, p=0.08) were similar between groups. Conclusion: Emergency laparoscopic sigmoid resection by general surgeons wasn ́t associated with higher rates of postoperative morbidity, anastomotic leakage or mortality. However, patients operated by colorectal surgeons had higher rates of primary anastomosis, lower rates of ostomy, conversion and shorter length of hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Laparoscopy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Diverticulitis, Colonic/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Peritonitis/surgery , Peritonitis/complications , Postoperative Complications , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Preoperative Care , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods
7.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(2): 63-69, jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117012

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La introducción del sistema Da Vinci, ha revolucionado el campo de la cirugía mínima invasiva en el cual el cirujano tiene control de la cámara 3D y los instrumentos son de gran destreza y confort ergonómico, acortando la curva de aprendizaje quirúrgica. Objetivo: Describir nuestra experiencia inicial de cirugía robótica colorectal en un hospital de comunidad cerrada de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Materiales y Método: Estudio retrospectivo descriptivo sobre una base prospectiva de cirugías colorectales robóticas realizadas por el mismo equipo quirúrgico desde mayo de 2016 a abril de 2019. Resultados: Se operaron 41 pacientes. Trece de ellos fueron colectomías derechas, 17 colectomías izquierdas y 11 cirugías de recto. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio fue de 170 minutos (90-330), la estadía hospitalaria de 4 días (3-30), la tasa de conversión de 7,31% (3/41 pacientes) y la tasa de dehiscencia anastomótica del 9,75% (4/41 pacientes). Morbilidad global del 19.5% (8/41 pacientes). Conclusión: Hemos repasado los resultados iniciales de nuestra experiencia en cirugía robótica colorectal en un número reducido de casos, pero suficiente para evaluar la seguridad y reproducibilidad del método al comienzo de una curva de aprendizaje.


Introduction: The introduction of the Da Vinci System, has revolved the field of invasive minimal surgery in which the surgeon has control of the 3d camera and the instruments are of great strength and ergonomic comfort by cutting the surgical learning curve. Objective: Of this preliminary presentation is to describe our initial experience of colorectal robotic surgery in a closed community hospital of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. Materials and Method: Retrospective descriptive study on a prospective basis of robotic colorectal surgeries performed by the same surgical team from May 2016 to April 2019.Results: 41 patients were operated. 13 of them were right colectomies, 17 left colectomies and 11 rectum surgeries. The average surgical time was 170 minutes (90-330), the average hospital stay of 4 days (3-30), the conversion rate of 7.31% (3/41 patients) and the anastomotic dehiscence rate of 9 , 75% (4/41 patients). Overall morbidity of 19.5% (8/41 patients).Conclusion: We have reviewed the initial results of our experience in colorectal robotic surgery in a reduced number of cases but sufficient to evaluate the security and reproducibility of the methodic learning of a learning curve.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Colectomy/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Proctectomy/methods , Hospitals, Community
8.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 48-58, feb. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092890

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción Los protocolo ERAS recomiendan la detección y optimización de la anemia preoperatoria. Objetivo Evaluar si la implantación de un protocolo de corrección de anemia preoperatoria en cirugía colorrectal electiva con un protocolo ERAS (grupo ERAS) reduce las transfusiones con respecto a un grupo de pacientes operado de la misma patología previo a su implantación (grupo preERAS). Objetivos secundarios Valorar estancia hospitalaria, complicaciones y reingresos a los 30 días tras el alta. Materiales y Método Comparamos los primeros 121 pacientes consecutivos que participaron en un protocolo ERAS con un protocolo corrección de anemia preoperatoria con los 135 previos a su implantación. Se consideraron resultados significativos p < 0,05. Resultados Se redujo el número de pacientes transfundidos en el grupo ERAS (31 (22,96%) vs 15 (12,4%), p = 0,028) y el número total de concentrados de hematíes transfundidos (3 ± 1,57 vs 1,8 ± 0,56, p < 0,001) con la aplicación del protocolo. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los pacientes que recibieron hierro oral, pero sí en los que recibieron hierro intravenoso (3 vs 31, p < 0,001). Se redujo la estancia hospitalaria (11 ± 3,8 vs 9,8 ± 3,7, p = 0,018), sin aumentar la tasa de complicaciones ni los reingresos a los 30 días. Conclusión La aplicación de un protocolo de optimización de anemia preoperatoria en pacientes sometidos a cirugía colorrectal electiva siguiendo las guías ERAS redujo el número total de pacientes transfundidos, el número de concentrados de hematíes trasfundidos y la estancia hospitalaria.


Introduction An enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol, recommends detection and optimization in treatment of preoperative anemia. Aim Evaluate if introducing a preoperative anemia correcting protocol in elective colorectal surgery, by means of an ERAS protocol (ERAS Group), reduces the need for transfusions with regards to a group of patients undergoing surgery for the same pathology before the protocol´s implementation (ERAS Group). Secondary objectives Evaluate length of stay, complications and readmission rates 30 days post discharge. Materials and Method We compared the first 121 consecutive patients who participated in an ERAS protocol with a preoperative correcting anemia protocol, with the previous 135 patients operated on before the protocol was introduced. A value of p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results The number of patients who needed a transfusion was reduced in the ERAS group (31 (22.96%) vs 15 (12.4%), p = 0.028) as was the total number of red blood cells transfused (3 ± 1.57 vs 1.8 ± 0.56, p < 0.001) with the use of the protocol. No statistical differences were noted in the patients who received oral iron although there was in those who received intravenous iron. (3 vs 31, p < 0.001). Overall length of stay was reduced (11 ± 3.8 vs 9.8 ± 3.7, p = 0.018), but no increase in complications or readmission rates at 30 days. Conclusions The implementation of an optimization in the treatment of preoperative anemia protocol in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery following the ERAS guidelines, reduced the total number of patients who needed transfusions, the total concentrate of red blood cells transfused, and the length of stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Anemia/prevention & control , Elective Surgical Procedures/methods , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Perioperative Period , Anemia/complications
12.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(4): 293-298, ago. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058275

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Se presenta nuestra experiencia en cirugía ambulatoria en patología proctológica. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: La serie corresponde al análisis de 1.399 pacientes tratados entre agosto de 2003 y diciembre de 2017 en forma prospectiva, RESULTADOS: Fueron intervenidos por fístula anorrectal (20%), enfermedad hemorroidaria (19%), enfermedad pilonidal sacro coccígea (EPSC) (15%), fisura anal (13%), biopsia rectal quirúrgica o resección local endoanal (12%), condilomas (10%) y otras (10%). La morbilidad inmediata es de un caso, por un hematoma luego de una cirugía por EPSC que requirió hemostasia y cierre primario. La tasa de hospitalización inmediata fue de 0,3% y corresponde a 5 casos de retención aguda de orina. La hospitalización tardía fue de un 1,6% y corresponde a 22 pacientes, hospitalizados por sangrado tardío (9), dolor intratable (9) y fiebre (4). Todos fueron tratados en forma conservadora con resolución entre los 2 y 5 días. No se registra morbilidad mayor en esta serie. CONCLUSIONES: La cirugía ambulatoria en patología proctológica es factible y segura.


INTRODUCTION: We present our prospective experience in ambulatory anorectal surgery between August 2003 and December 2017. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The series corresponds to the analysis of 1399 patients treated between August 2003 and December 2017 prospectively. RESULTS: The etiology of the surgerys were anal fistula (20%), hemorrhoidal disease (19%), sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease (15%), anal fissure (13%), rectal surgical biopsy or local resection (12%), condylomata (10%) and others (10%). The immediate morbidity was seen one case, a hematoma after an EPSC surgery that required hemostasis and primary closure. The immediate hospitalization rate was 0.3% and corresponds to 5 cases of acute urinary retention. The late hospitalization was 1.6% and corresponds to 22 patients, due to late bleeding (9), severe pain (9) and fever (4). All were treated conservatively with resolution between 2 and 5 days. No major morbidity is recorded in this series. CONCLUSION: We concluded that outpatient surgery in proctologic pathology is feasible and safe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Rectal Diseases/surgery , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/methods , Anus Diseases/surgery , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Colorectal Surgery/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization
13.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(1): 27-32, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984638

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Routine adoption of laparoscopy in clinical practice and Medical Residency has not been widely evaluated in Brazil so far. Aim: To take an overview on the adoption and limitations concerning the use of laparoscopic techniques among Brazilian colorectal surgeons. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to 1870 SBCP filiated members, containing personal and professional data such as sex, age, length and local of practice, SBCP filliation, number of procedures, treatment of cancer and laparoscopy limitations. Results: 418 members (22.4%) sent their response (80% men and 20% women). 110 members (26.3%) affirmed they don't perform any laparoscopic procedure, while 308 (73.7%) have already adopted laparoscopy as a routine. An average number of 7.6 laparoscopic colorectal procedures were declared to be performed per month (1 to 40 procedures). Laparoscopic adoption rates were favourably influenced by young age members (46% vs. 28%) and affiliation to University hospitals (p = 0.01). Conversely, surgeons from private clinic showed a greater tendency of no adoption. Among the 308 responders, 106 (34.4%) have already surpassed more than 100 laparoscopic cases, and 167 (54.2%) reported an experience of more than 50 operated patients. The group of surgeons not using minimally invasive techniques incriminated lack of training (73.6%) and laparoscopic instruments availability (27.3%) as the main reasons for no adoption. Conclusions: Adoption rate of laparoscopic techniques to treat colorectal diseases is still low (at least 17%). Future efforts should focus on providing supervised training, proctorship during the initial experience and help instrumental acquisition in centers willing to change their routine and perspectives.


RESUMO Durante as últimas décadas, a incorporação de técnicas minimamente invasivas no tratamento de doenças colorretais testemunhou um progresso lento e firme, principalmente após o reconhecimento da segurança oncológica e melhor evolução. A adoção rotineira na prática clínica e na Residência Médica no Brasil ainda não amplamente avaliada até agora. Objetivos: O presente estudo visou avaliar a adoção e as limitações relativas ao uso de técnicas laparoscópicas entre cirurgiões colorretais brasileiros. Métodos: um questionário foi enviado a 1870 membros filiados à Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia (SBCP) em 2006. As questões foram enviadas por email, incluindo dados pessoais (sexo, idade) e profissionais (tempo e local de prática, filiação à SBCP, número mensal de procedimentos laparoscópicos, tratamento de câncer e limitações para realizar laparoscopia na rotina. Resultados: Entre os 1870 membros, 418 (22.4%) mandaram sua resposta, com uma maior participaçãoo de homens (80%) em comparação às mulheres (20%). A idade média foi de 43 (28-80) anos. A distribuição entre membros titulares e não titulares foi semelhantes (48% vs. 52%). As atividades profissionais foram desenvolvidas em clínica privada (84%), hospitais privados (73%), hospitais públicos (50%) e hospitais universitários (53%). Entre os que responderam (418), 110 (26.3%) não realizavam procedimentos laparoscópicos, enquanto 308 (73.7%) já haviam adotado o acesso laparoscópico rotineiramente na prática clínica. Um número médio de 7.6 procedimentos colorretais laparoscópicos são realizados por mês (1-40). Cerca de 13% dos cirurgiões iniciaram sua experiência laparoscópica diretamente com procedimentos colorretais, enquanto a maioria (87%) começaram por outros procedimentos no trato digestivo. A adoção da laparoscopia foi positivamente influenciada pela idade jovem dos membros (46% vs. 28%) e pela filiação a hospitais universitários (p = 0,01). Inversamente, cirurgiões trabalhando na prática privada demonstraram uma menor tendência em adotar o método. A maioria dos cirurgiões (93%) que adoraram a laparoscopia afirmou incluir pacientes com câncer colorretal em suas indicações operatórias. Entre os que responderam 106 (34,4%) já realizaram mais de 100 procedimentos laparoscópicos, e 167 (54,2%) reportaram experiência maior que 50 casos. Dentre aqueles que não adotaram técnicas minimamente invasivas, a falta de treinamento (73,6%) ou a indisponibilidade de instrumental laparoscópico (27,3%) foram incriminadas como os principais fatores limitantes. Conclusões: o índice de adoção de técnicas laparoscópicas no tratamento de doenças intestinais ainda é baixo (pelo menos 17%) entre cirurgiões colorretais brasileiros. Esforços futuros de nossa Sociedade Médica devem focar na provisão de treinamento supervisionado, na criação de oportunidades para preceptoria durante a experiência inicial e na obtenção de instrumental em centros que queiram mudar sua rotina e perspectivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Laparoscopy , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Rectum/surgery , Colonic Diseases/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(4): e1477, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054599

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Perioperative care multimodal protocol significantly improve outcome in surgery. Aim: To investigate risk factors to various endpoints in patients submitted to elective colorectal operations under the ACERTO protocol. Methods: Cohort study analyzing through a logistic regression model able to assess independent risk factors for morbidity and mortality, patients submitted to elective open colon and/or rectum resection and primary anastomosis who were either exposed or non-exposed to demographic, clinical, and ACERTO interventions. Results: Two hundred thirty four patients were analyzed and submitted to 156 (66.7%) rectal and 78 (33.3%) colonic procedures. The length of hospital postoperative stay (LOS) ≥ 7 days was related to rectal surgery and high NNIS risk index; preoperative fasting ≤4 h (OR=0.250; CI95=0.114-0.551) and intravenous volume of crystalloid infused > 30ml/kg/day (OR=0.290; CI95=0.119-0.706). The risk of postoperative site infection (SSI) was approximately four times greater in malnourished; eight in rectal surgery and four in high NNIS index. The duration of preoperative fasting ≤4 h was a protective factor by reducing by 81.3% the risk of surgical site infection (SSI). An increased risk for anastomotic fistula was found in malnutrition, rectal surgery and high NNIS index. Conversely, preoperative fasting ≤4 h (OR=0.11; CI95=0.05-0.25; p<0.0001) decreased the risk of fistula. Factors associated with pneumonia-atelectasis were cancer and rectal surgery, while preoperative fasting ≤ 4 h (OR=0.10; CI95=0.04-0.24; p<0.0001) and intravenous crystalloid ≤ 30 ml/kg/day (OR=0.36; CI95=0.13-0.97, p=0.044) shown to decrease the risk. Mortality was lower with preoperative fasting ≤4 h and intravenous crystalloids infused ≤30 ml/kg/day. Conclusion: This study allows to conclude that rectal procedures, high NNIS index, preoperative fasting higher than 4 h and intravenous fluids greater than 30 ml/kg/day during the first 48 h after surgery are independent risk factors for: 1) prolonged LOS; 2) surgical site infection and anastomotic fistula associated with malnutrition; 3) postoperative pneumonia-atelectasis; and 4) postoperative mortality.


RESUMO Racional: Protocolos multimodais de cuidados perioperatórios melhoram significativamente resultados na cirurgia. Objetivo: Investigar fatores de risco para vários desfechos clínicos em pacientes submetidos às operações colorretais eletivas com o emprego do protocolo ACERTO. Métodos: Coorte analisando indivíduos expostos ou não expostos às variáveis de risco demográficas, clínicas e intervenções ACERTO, através de um modelo de regressão logística, determinando fatores independentes de risco para morbidade e mortalidade. Resultados: Duzentos e trinta e quatro pacientes foram submetidos a 156 (66,7%) operações retais e 78 (33,3%) colônicas. Mantiveram relação com tempo de internação ≥7 dias operação retal e escore NNIS alto; jejum pré-operatório > 4h e volume de cristalóides >30 ml/kg/dia. O risco de infecção de sítio cirúrgico foi aproximadamente quatro vezes maior em desnutridos; oito em operações retais; e quatro com NNIS alto. Tempo de jejum pré-operatório ≤4 h reduziu em 81,3% o risco de infecção de sitio cirúrgico. Risco aumentado para fístula ocorreu em desnutridos, operação retal e escore NNIS elevado. Tempo de jejum pré-operatório ≤4 h constituiu fator de proteção para ocorrência de fístulas. Os fatores associados à pneumonia/atelectasia foram câncer e operação retal, enquanto que tempo de jejum pré-operatório ≤4 h e volume de cristalóides intravenoso ≤30 ml/kg/dia foram fatores de proteção. Mortalidade foi menor com jejum ≤4 h e fluidos endovenosos ≤30 ml/kg/dia. Conclusão: Este estudo permite concluir que operações retais, presença de fator de risco NNIS, tempo de jejum pré-operatório superior a 4 h e fluidoterapia com cristaloides endovenosos superior a 30 ml/kg/dia nas primeiras 48 h de pós-operatório constituem-se em fatores de risco independentes e aplicáveis para: 1) tempo de internação pós-operatória prolongada; 2) para infecção do sítio cirúrgico e fístula anastomótica associadas à desnutrição; 3) para pneumonia/atelectasia no pós-operatório; e 4) para mortalidade pós-operatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Perioperative Care/methods , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Length of Stay
15.
Rev. argent. cir ; 110(4): 195-201, dic. 2018. map, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985189

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La cirugía laparoscópica colorrectal continúa en camino de convertirse en el abordaje de elección para el tratamiento de la patología colorrectal benigna y maligna. Sin embargo, su aplicabilidad aún es baja y está mayormente limitada a grandes centros urbanos. Objetivo: analizar la factibilidad de un programa de cirugía laparoscópica colorrectal en un centro de comunidad rural. Como objetivo secundario, comparar los resultados con la cirugía abierta convencional Material y métodos: se analizó una base de datos prospectiva de todos los pacientes operados de forma electiva y consecutiva entre junio de 2012 y diciembre de 2016. Se empleó un criterio de alta estandarizado. Los pacientes fueron divididos en dos grupos según la cirugía fuese laparoscópica (grupo A) o convencional (grupo B). El análisis de variables se realizó con los métodos de Chi cuadrado y T-test según corresponda. Resultados: se realizaron 129 resecciones colorrectales con una proporción de varones del 60% y una mediana de edad de 64 años. El 83% pertenecía a comunidades vecinas. Hubo un 35% de pacientes ASA I, 56% ASA II y 9% ASA III. La distancia promedio del lugar de residencia fue 75 km con una superficie de distribución de 24 000 km2. La mediana de internación fue de 4 días. La aplicabilidad de la laparoscopia fue del 74% con una tasa de conversión del 6%. Ambos grupos fueron similares en términos de sexo, IMC, diagnóstico, ASA, proporción de ASA III-IV, antecedentes clínicos y quirúrgicos, así como también distancia de su lugar de residencia. El grupo A presentó una media de edad menor que el grupo B (61 años vs. 69 años; p < 0,01). No se observaron diferencias en términos de tipo de cirugía y tiempo operatorio. La morbilidad posoperatoria fue 18% y la tasa de readmisión fue del 4%, sin diferencias entre grupos. Conclusiones: la cirugía laparoscópica colorrectal puede ser realizada en un centro rural con bajo índice de readmisión y complicaciones y resultados comparables a los de la cirugía abierta convencional.


Of benign tumors and colorectal cancer. However, its use is low and limited to large urban centers. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the feasibility of a laparoscopic colorectal surgery program in a rural community center. The secondary outcome was to compare these results with those of conventional open surgery. Material and methods: We analyzed a prospective data base of all the patients undergoing scheduled and consecutive surgery between June 2012 and December 2016. A standardized discharge criterion was used. The patients were divided into two groups: laparoscopic surgery (group A) and conventional surgery (group B). The variables were analyzed with the chi-square test or Student's t test, as applicable. Results: A total of 129 colorectal resections were performed; median age was 64 years, 60% were men and 83% belonged to neighbor communities. The ASA physical status classification system was grade 1 in 35% of the patients, grade 2 in 56% and grade 3 in 9%. The average distance between patients' place of residence was of 75 km comprising an area of 24,000 km2. Patients were hospitalized for a median of 4 days. The applicability of laparoscopy was 74% with a conversion rate of 6%. There were no significant differences in sex, BMI, diagnosis, ASA grade, proportion of ASA grade 3-4 patients, clinical history, previous surgeries and distance from the place of residency. Compared to group B, patients in group A were younger (61.6 years vs. 69 years; p < 0.01). There were no differences in terms of type of surgery and surgery duration. Postoperative morbidity was 18% and the readmission rate was 4%, with no differences between the groups. Conclusions: Laparoscopic colorectal surgery can be performed in a rural center with low readmission rate and complications; these results are similar to those of conventional open surgery.


Subject(s)
Laparoscopy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Rural Population , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Colectomy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/statistics & numerical data
17.
Prensa méd. argent ; 104(2): 73-78, 20180000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370661

ABSTRACT

Introduccion: La cirugía robótica colorectal se llevó a cabo por primera vez en el Hospital Clínic de Barcelona en Enero de 2016. El objetivo de este estudio es presentar nuestra experiencia inicial en cirugía robótica de pacientes afectos de patología colorectal. Metodos: Esta es una revisión retrospectiva de los datos recogidos de forma prospectiva de los pacientes intervenidos de patología colorectal mediante cirugía robótica entre Enero y Diciembre 2016. Se obtuvieron para análisis las características de los pacientes y los datos tanto peri como postoperatorios. Resultados: Un total de 40 pacientes con una edad media de 69.3 años (42- 93) y un índice de masa corporal medio de 26.8 kg/m2 (15-37) fueron intervenidos mediante cirugía robótica de su patología colorectal. La indicación quirúrgica fue por patología maligna en el 90 % de los casos y patología benigna en el 10 %. La intervención más frecuente fue la sigmoidectomía (57.5 %), seguida de la hemicolectomía derecha (20 %), la resección anterior baja (12.5 %), la hemicolectomía izquierda (7.5 %) y la resección segmentaria de ángulo esplénico (2.5 %). El tiempo operatorio medio fue de 159.9 min (90-260). El número medio de ganglios resecados fue 18.1 (5-42). La estancia mediana fue de 4.6 días (2-13). No hubo ningún caso de conversión a cirugía abierta, únicamente hubo un caso convertido a cirugía laparoscópica (2.5 %) y el índice de fallos de sutura fue de 2.6%. Conclusiones: Aunque se trata de nuestra experiencia inicial, podemos considerar que la cirugía robótica es una técnica factible y segura en pacientes afectos de patología colorectal


ntroduction Robotic colorectal surgery was first performed at our institution in January 2016. The objective of this study is to present our initial experience with robotic colorectal surgery. Methods: This is a retrospective review of the prospectively collected data of all patients who underwent robotic colorectal surgery from January 2016 to December 2016. Baseline, perioperative, and postoperative data were obtained for analysis. Results: A total of 40 patients with a mean age of 69.3 years (42-93) and a body mass index of 26.8 kg/m2 (15-37) underwent robotic colorectal surgery between January and December 2016. The indication for surgery was malignancy in 90% and benign diseases in 10% of the patients. The most common operation was sigmoidectomy (57.5%) followed by right colectomy (20%), low anterior resection (12.5%), left colectomy (7.5%) and splenic flexure segmentary resection (2.5%). The mean operative time was 159.9 (90-260) minutes. The median number of lymph nodes harvested was 18.1 (5-42). The median duration of hospital stay was 4.6 days (2- 13). Conversion to laparoscopic surgery occurred in one case (2.5%) and anastomotic leakage rate was 2.6% Conclusions: Despite being our initial experience, we can consider robotic surgery as a safe and feasible technique for patients with colorectal diseases


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Rectum/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Colectomy/methods , Colon/pathology , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Perioperative Medicine
18.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 17(1): 1-14, ene.-abr. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-991012

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hipotermia es una complicación que se produce con frecuencia en el posoperatorio de la cirugía laparoscópica. Múltiples factores potencian la disminución de la temperatura corporal por efecto directo del gas. Objetivo: Determinar las variaciones de la temperatura corporal en la intervención colorrectal laparoscópica y su influencia en la hipotermia intraoperatoria. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal y prospectivo en pacientes con anestesia general para procedimiento laparoscópico colorrectal electivo con el propósito de identificar la incidencia y variaciones de la temperatura corporal. El estudio se realizó en el hospital Hermanos Ameijeiras entre enero de 2014 y enero de 2017. Resultados: De los 88 pacientes, 78,4 por ciento tenían entre 51 y 60 años. El sexo masculino, los pacientes con sobrepeso y la clasificación ASA II presentaron mayor frecuencia. La temperatura basal media fue de 36,4 oC. Luego de 30 min disminuyó a 35,5 oC, a la hora 35,4 oC, a 90 min 35,1 oC y al finalizar 34,9 oC. Del total, presentaron hipotermia intraoperatoria no intencionada 78,4 por ciento. En ninguno se constató hipotermia severa. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio fue de 183,1 min. Se verificaron 49 complicaciones asociadas a hipotermia. Conclusiones: Se identificaron las variaciones de la temperatura corporal en la intervención colorrectal laparoscópica y la tendencia de generar hipotermia durante el procedimiento quirúrgico(AU)


Introduction: Hypothermia is a complication that frequently occurs in the postoperative period of laparoscopic surgery. Multiple factors boost the decrease in body temperature due to the direct effect of gas. Objective: To determine the variations in body temperature in laparoscopic colorectal surgery and its influence on intraoperative hypothermia. Methods: A descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study was carried out with patients, using general anesthesia for elective laparoscopic colorectal procedures and with the purpose of identifying the incidence and variations of body temperature. The study was carried out at the Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital, between January 2014 and January 2017. Results: Among the 88 patients, 78.4 percent were at ages 51-60 years. Male sex, overweight patients and ASA-II classification were more frequent. The average basal temperature was 36.4ºC. After 30 min, it decreased to 35.5ºC; after one hour, to 35.4 ºC; after 90 min, 35.1ºC; and at the end, to 34.9 ºC. From the total, 78.4 percent presented unintentional intraoperative hypothermia. None of them had severe hypothermia. The average surgical time was 183.1 min. There were 49 complications associated with hypothermia. Conclusions: Variations in body temperature were identified in the laparoscopic colorectal intervention, as well as the tendency to generate hypothermia during the surgical procedure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Hypothermia/complications , Body Temperature Regulation/physiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
19.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 38(1): 50-55, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894023

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Minimally invasive approach has become the preferential option for the treatment of surgical diseases of the Gastrointestinal Tract, due to its numerous advantages. However, in the Colorectal Surgery field, the acceptance of videolaparoscopy was slower. For example, an American study showed that the percentage of laparoscopic cholecystectomy increased from 2.5% in 1988 to 73.7% in 1992, the rate of laparoscopic sigmoidectomy increased from 4.3% in 2000 to only 7.6% in 2004. Objecties: Our goal was to compare several variables between patients submitted to colorectal resections performed through open surgery or videolaparoscopy. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study performed in a Teaching Private Hospital of the City of Curitiba, Brazil, with the revision of 395 medical charts of patients subjected to colorectal resections from January 2011 through June 2016. Results: 349 patients were included in the study. 243 (69.6%) were subjected to laparoscopic colon resection (LCR) and 106 (30.4%) to open colon resection (OCR). Mean age was 62.2 years for patients undergoing LCR and 68.8 year for OCR (p = 0.0082). Among emergency procedures, 92.5% consisted of OCR and 7.5% were LCRs. Surgery duration was similar in both types of access (196 min in OCR versus 195 min in LCR; p = 0.9864). Diet introduction was earlier in laparoscopic surgery and anastomotic fistula rate was similar in both groups (OCR 7.5% and LCR 6.58%; p = 0.7438). Hospital stay was shorter in patients undergoing laparoscopic resections (7.53 ± 7.3 days) than in the ones undergoing open surgery (17.2 ± 19.3) (p < 0.001). In the OCR group, 70 patients needed ICU admission (66%), and stayed a mean of 12.3 days under intensive care. In the LCR group, however, only 30 needed ICU (12.3%), and the ones who needed it stayed a mean of 5.6 days (p < 0.001). Conclusions Videolaparoscopic approach is a safe and effective option in the treatment of colorectal diseases. Surgery duration and anastomotic fistula rates are similar to the open resections. Hospital stay and ICU stay durations, however, were shorter in patients submitted to laparoscopic colectomies.


RESUMO Introdução: Abordagens minimamente invasivas passaram a ser a opção preferencial para tratamento de doenças cirúrgicas do trato gastrointestinal, graças às suas numerosas vantagens. Contudo, no campo da cirurgia colorretal, a aceitação da videolaparoscopia foi mais lenta. Exemplificando, um estudo norte-americano demonstrou que o percentual de colecistectomias laparoscópicas aumentou de 2,5% em 1988 para 73,7% em 1992, enquanto que o percentual de sigmoidectomias laparoscópicas aumentou de 4,3% em 2000 para somente 7,6% em 2004. Objetivos: Nosso objetivo foi comparar diversas variáveis entre pacientes submetidos a ressecções colorretais realizadas por cirurgia a céu aberto, ou por videolaparoscopia. Métodos: Este é um estudo observacional retrospectivo realizado em um Hospital-Escola privado em Curitiba, Brasil, com revisão de 395 prontuários clínicos de pacientes submetidos a ressecções colorretais de janeiro de 2011 até junho de 2016. Resultados: 349 pacientes foram incluídos no estudo. 243 (69,6%) foram submetidos à ressecção laparoscópica de cólon por laparoscopia (RLC) e 106 (30,4%) foram tratados com ressecção de cólon a céu aberto (RCCA). A média de idade foi de 62,2 anos para os pacientes tratados com RLC e de 68,8 anos para RCCA (p = 0,0082). Entre os procedimentos de emergência, 92,5% dos pacientes foram tratados com RCCA e 7,5% com RLC. A duração da cirurgia foi similar para os dois tipos de acesso (196 min para RCCA versus 195 min para RLC; p = 0,9864). A introdução da alimentação ocorreu mais cedo nos pacientes tratados com a cirurgia laparoscópica, e o percentual de fístulas anastomóticas foi similar para os dois grupos (RCCA 7,5% e RLC 6,58%; p = 0,7438). A permanência no hospital foi mais curta para os pacientes tratados por ressecção laparoscópica (7,53 ± 7,3 dias) versus pacientes tratados com cirurgia a céu aberto (17,2 ± 19,3 dias) (p< 0,001). No grupo RCCA, 70 pacientes precisaram ser internados na UTI (66%), com permanência média de 12,3 dias em terapia intensiva. Mas no grupo RLC, apenas 30 pacientes necessitaram de internação na UTI (12,3%), e sua permanência em terapia intensiva foi de, em média, 5,6 dias (p < 0,001). Conclusões: A abordagem videolaparoscópica é opção segura e efetiva no tratamento de doenças colorretais. A duração da cirurgia e os percentuais de confecção de fístula anastomótica são similares ao observado nas ressecções a céu aberto. No entanto, a permanência no hospital e o tempo de permanência na UTI foram mais curtos para os pacientes tratados com colectomia laparoscópica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colectomy/statistics & numerical data , Colorectal Surgery/methods , General Surgery , Laparoscopy
20.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 16(3): 1-15, set.-dic. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-960315

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la implementación de un protocolo de recuperación posoperatoria precoz, garantiza menor morbilidad, estancia posoperatoria corta y satisfacción de los pacientes. Objetivos: evaluar la utilidad de la analgesia epidural dentro de un protocolo de recuperación precoz en cirugía colorrectal laparoscópica. Método: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo prospectivo y longitudinal con el objetivo de evaluar la utilidad de la analgesia epidural dentro de un protocolo de recuperación precoz en cirugía colorrectal laparoscópica en pacientes intervenidos en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras en el período de mayo 2014-diciembre 2016. La muestra quedó conformada por 97 pacientes intervenidos de cirugía colorrectal laparoscópica con estado físico II-III según la ASA, de cualquier género, programados para cirugía electiva colorrectal laparoscópica incluidos en el protocolo. Resultados: La media de la edad fue de 70 años y predominó el sexo masculino. La analgesia obtenida fue eficaz, se logró ausencia de dolor tanto en reposo como en movimiento en todos los momentos de medición en más del 50 por ciento de los pacientes y cuando apareció el dolor este fue considerado leve. Los requerimientos de analgesia de rescate fueron de 24,7 por ciento. Las complicaciones fueron escasas. Los temblores y la hipotensión aparecieron en 11,3 y 9,3 por ciento, respectivamente. La estadía fue menor de tres días en más de la mitad de los pacientes. Conclusiones: la implementación de un protocolo de recuperación posoperatoria precoz incrementa la eficacia y la eficiencia en la atención perioperatoria(AU)


Introduction: The implementation of an early postoperative recovery protocol guarantees lower morbidity, short postoperative stay, and patient satisfaction. Objectives: To evaluate the usefulness of epidural analgesia within an early recovery protocol in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Method: A prospective and longitudinal descriptive and observational study was carried out with the objective of evaluating the usefulness of epidural analgesia within an early recovery protocol in laparoscopic colorectal surgery in patients operated at Hermanos Ameijeiras Surgical-Clinical Hospital in the period from May 2014 to December 2016. The sample consisted of 97 patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal surgery with physical status II-III according to the ASA, of any gender, scheduled for elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery included in the protocol. Results: The average age was 70 years and the male sex predominated. The analgesia obtained was effective, absence of pain was achieved both at rest and in movement at all measurement times in more than 50 percent of patients and, when pain appeared, it was considered mild. The requirements for rescue analgesia were 24.7 percent. The complications were minimal. Tremors and hypotension appeared in 11.3 percent and 9.3 percent of cases, respectively. Hospital stay was less than three days in more than half of the patients. Conclusions: The implementation of an early postoperative recovery protocol increases the effectiveness and efficiency in perioperative care(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Analgesia, Epidural/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Colorectal Surgery/rehabilitation , Postoperative Care/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Study , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use
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