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1.
San Salvador; MINSAL; jul.28,2020. 11 p. ilus, graf, mapas, tab.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BISSAL | ID: biblio-1104375

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 29/2020. Situation epidemiológica de dengue. Situation epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS) Situation regional de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Fiebre tifoidea


Summary of notification events until SE 29/2020. Dengue epidemiological situation. Epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia. World situation of the 2019-nCov (WHO) Regional situation of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Sentinel surveillance of respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Acute diarrheal disease. Typhoid fever


Subject(s)
Periodicals as Topic , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases
2.
San Salvador; El Salvador. Ministerio de Salud; jul.22,2020. 23 p. ilus, graf, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BISSAL | ID: biblio-1103959

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE28/2020.Situacion epidemiológica de dengue, zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda y Neumonías. Situación mundial 2019-nCov OMS. Situación regional de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de virus respiratorios y rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda y Fiebre tifoidea


Summary of notification events until SE28 / 2020. Epidemiological situation of dengue, zika and chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection and Pneumonia. World situation 2019-nCov WHO. Regional situation of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Sentinel surveillance of respiratory viruses and rotaviruses. Acute diarrheal disease and Typhoid fever


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Health Surveillance System
3.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20200700. 20 p. tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIPECS | ID: biblio-1102563

ABSTRACT

El documento contiene los lineamientos de prevención, reducción y contención de infecciones respiratorias y COVID-19 en los ámbitos geográficos identificados con presencia de PIA y PICI, con un enfoque intercultural y de derechos humanos.


Subject(s)
Preventive Medicine , Communicable Diseases , Coronavirus Infections , Indigenous Peoples
4.
San Salvador; El Salvador. Ministerio de Salud; jun.25, 2020. 26 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BISSAL | ID: biblio-1102890

ABSTRACT

El Ministerio de Salud, a través del Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS) tiene dentro de sus funciones específicas gestionar, diseñar e implementar las políticas, leyes e instrumentos técnicos para el funcionamiento del Laboratorio Nacional de Salud Pública y los laboratorios clínicos a nivel nacional, debe normalizar la calidad de los resultados de las muestras que se analicen en los laboratorios. En el contenido de estos lineamientos se hace énfasis en los aspectos técnicos de los que depende la calidad de la muestra antes de su análisis, entre los que se mencionan: tipo y cantidad necesaria de muestra, recolección, condiciones de conservación, requisitos para el procesamiento de la muestra, así como también los requisitos técnicos de bioseguridad que deben aplicarse en todo el proceso


The Ministry of Health, through the National Institute of Health (INS) has within its specific functions to manage, design and implement the policies, laws and technical instruments for the operation of the National Laboratory of Public Health and clinical laboratories at the national level, it must normalize the quality of the results of the samples that are analyzed in the laboratories. In the content of these guidelines emphasis is made on the technical aspects on which the quality of the sample depends before its analysis, among which are mentioned: type and quantity of the sample required, collection, conservation conditions, requirements for processing of the sample, as well as the technical biosecurity requirements that must be applied throughout the process


Subject(s)
Health Systems , Communicable Diseases , Coronavirus Infections
5.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(1): 2-3, jun. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1102346

ABSTRACT

Nas últimas décadas acompanhamos o aparecimento de novos e importantes problemas de saúde, oriundos das mudanças socioeconômicas, tecnológicas, ambientais e demográficas, que causaram alterações no perfil das populações. Nesse contexto, enquanto a transição demográfica nos impõe a necessidade de estruturar o sistema de saúde para o enfrentamento das doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, inerentes ao processo de envelhecimento, o contexto epidemiológico faz com que doenças transmissíveis persistam entre as dez principais causas de morte no mundo. (AU)


In the last decades, we have followed the emergence of new and important health problems, arising from socioeconomic, technological, environmental and demographic changes, which have caused changes in the profile of populations. In this context, while the demographic transition imposes on us the need to structure the health system to face chronic non-communicable diseases, inherent to the aging process, the epidemiological context causes communicable diseases to persist among the top ten causes of death in the world. (AU)


En las últimas décadas, hemos seguido la aparición de nuevos e importantes problemas de salud, derivados de cambios socioeconómicos, tecnológicos, ambientales y demográficos, que han causado cambios en el perfil de las poblaciones. En este contexto, mientras la transición demográfica nos impone la necesidad de estructurar el sistema de salud para enfrentar enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, inherentes al proceso de envejecimiento, el contexto epidemiológico hace que las enfermedades transmisibles persistan entre las diez principales causas de muerte en el mundo. (AU)


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Health Systems , Communicable Diseases , Nursing
6.
Lima; Perú.Ministerio de Salud; 20200500. 48 p. ilus, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIPECS | ID: biblio-1096467

ABSTRACT

El documento contiene las medidas de bioseguridad para disminuir el riesgo de infección durante la atención estomatológica en los establecimientos de salud a nivel nacional.


Subject(s)
Patient Care Management , Communicable Diseases , Dental Care , Coronavirus Infections , Health Facilities
7.
J. nurs. health ; 10(4): 20104008, abr.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1097484

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: contextualizar o sistema de saúde da Turquia e o enfrentamento à pandemia ocasionada pelo novo Coronavírus. Método: trata-se de um estudo teórico, exploratório baseado na leitura, análise e interpretação de textos científicos, leis e informações de sites oficiais do governo turco sobre o novo Coronavírus. Resultados: o governo turco sempre informou sobre a importância do isolamento social. Entretanto, uma parte da população não atendeu aos apelos feitos, por isso foram aprovadas leis visando restringir à circulação das pessoas. No momento, o aumento no número de casos e óbitos vem mantendo uma média e as restrições estão sendo reduzidas. Conclusões: testes rápidos são feitos em todos os suspeitos de contágio e o tratamento é gratuito nas instituições públicas, que estão bem equipadas. A população em geral e os profissionais de saúde precisam receber maior apoio por parte do governo.(AU)


Objective: to contextualize Turkey's health system and coping with new Coronavirus disease pandemic. Method: theoretical, exploratory study based on reading, analyzing and interpreting scientific texts, laws and information from official websites of the Turkish government about the new Coronavirus Results: the Turkish government has always informed the population about the importance of social isolation. However, part of the population did not fallow the recommendations, so laws were passed to restrict the people's circulation. At the moment the increase in the number of cases and deaths has been maintaining an average and the restrictions are being reduced. Conclusions: rapid tests are carried out on all suspected contagions and treatment is free in public institutions, which are well-equipped. The general population and healthcare workers need to get more support from the government.(AU)


Objetivo: contextualizar el sistema de salud de Turquía y el afrontamiento de la enfermedad pandémica debido al nuevo Coronavirus. Método: estudio teórico exploratorio basado en la lectura, análisis e interpretación de textos científicos, leyes e información de sitios web oficiales del gobierno turco sobre el nuevo Coronavirus. Resultados: el gobierno turco siempre ha informado a la población sobre la importancia del aislamiento social. Sin embargo, una parte de la población no siguió las recomendaciones, por lo que se aprobaron leyes para restringir la circulación de las personas. Por el momento el aumento en el número de casos y muertes se ha mantenido en promedio y las restricciones están reduciendo. Conclusiones: se realizan pruebas rápidas en todos los contagios sospechosos y el tratamiento es gratuito en las instituciones públicas, que están bien equipadas. La población general y los personales de salud necesitan obtener más apoyo del gobierno.(AU)


Subject(s)
Turkey , Public Health , Communicable Diseases , Coronavirus Infections , Epidemics
8.
Lima; Perú. El Peruano; 20200400. 4 p.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIPECS | ID: biblio-1087776

ABSTRACT

El documento contiene las normas reglamentarias para asegurar la continuidad de las acciones en la prevención, control, diagnóstico y tratamiento del Coronavirus en el ámbito del Sector Salud. (D.S. N° 012-2020-SA del 01-04-20 según Fe de Erratas, antes D.S. N. 013-2020-SA).


Subject(s)
Communicable Diseases , Coronavirus , Enacted Statutes
9.
Lima; Perú. Instituto Nacional de Salud; 20200400. 10 p.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIPECS | ID: biblio-1099880

ABSTRACT

El documento contiene los procedimientos para la revisión ética de Ensayos Clínicos de la Enfermedad COVID-19


Subject(s)
Communicable Diseases , Coronavirus Infections , Clinical Trial Protocol , Persons
10.
J. nurs. health ; 10(4): 20104006, abr.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1095922

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: refletir sobre o aumento da violência e da discriminação deferidas aos profissionais de saúde em razão da pandemia do novo coronavírus. Método: reflexão teórica baseada na leitura, análise e interpretação de reportagens, artigos científicos e relatórios sobre violência e discriminação aos profissionais que atuam no combate ao novo coronavírus. Resultados: por ser uma doença nova, ainda existem muitas incertezas a seu respeito, o que pode levar ao surgimento de violência e preconceito aos profissionais de saúde. Foi justamente o que aconteceu, quando a população erroneamente começou a ver o profissional de saúde como um disseminador de doenças. Organizações internacionais pedem que governantes de todo mundo tomem providências, procurando proteger as equipes de saúde de se tornarem vítimas de violência e discriminação. Conclusões: administradores hospitalares e governantes precisam criar medidas, visando impedir que essas agressões e discriminações ocorram.(AU)


Objective: to reflect about the increase in violence and discrimination against healthcare workers due to the new coronavirus pandemic. Method: theoretical reflection based on reading, analyzing and interpreting news, scientific articles and reports on violence and discrimination to healthcare workers who combat the novel coronavirus. Results: as it is a new disease, there are still many uncertainties around it which can lead to violence and prejudice. That's exactly what happened when the population mistakenly began to see the healthcare worker as a spreader of diseases. International organizations call on governments around the world to take action to protect health teams that have become victims of violence and discrimination. Conclusions: hospital administrators and governments need to create measures to stop these aggressions and discrimination.(AU)


Objetivo: reflexionar sobre el aumento de la violencia y la discriminación contra los personales de salud debido a la pandemia de nuevo coronavirus. Método: reflexión teórica basada en la lectura, análisis e interpretación de noticias, artículos científicos e informes sobre violencia y discriminación a profesionales que trabajan para combatir el nuevo coronavirus. Resultados: como se trata de una enfermedad nueva, todavía hay muchas incertidumbres al respecto, lo que puede conducir a la aparición de violencia y prejuicios. Esto es exactamente lo que sucedió cuando la población comenzó a ver por error al personal de salud como un difusor de enfermedades. Las organizaciones internacionales hacen un llamado a los gobiernos de todo el mundo para que tomen medidas para proteger a los equipos de salud de violencia y discriminación. Conclusiones: los administradores de hospitales y los gobernantes deben crear medidas para evitar estas agresiones y discriminaciones.(AU)


Subject(s)
Violence , Communicable Diseases , Health Personnel , Coronavirus , Pandemics
11.
Brasilia; s.n; 16 abr. , 2020. 17 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), ColecionaSUS, PIE | ID: biblio-1095205

ABSTRACT

Autores descrevem evidências do efeito benéfico da coadministração de hidroxicloroquina com azitromicina no tratamento de COVID-19 e sua potencial eficácia na redução precoce da contagiosidade. Trata-se de uma coorte com 80 pacientes infectados (sintomas moderados), internados e tratados com hidroxicloroquina (200 mg 3x/dia ­ total de 600 mg ­ durante 10 dias) + azitromicina (500 mg no 1º dia, seguido de 250 mg/dia por mais 4 dias). Um total de 80 pacientes recebeu tratamento diariamente durante dez dias. Os três desfechos principais do estudo foram: evolução clínica, contagiosidade (avaliada por PCR e cultura) e tempo de permanência na Unidade de Doenças Infecciosas (UDI). Resultados: Evolução clínica: A maioria (65/80, 81,3%) dos pacientes apresentou resultado favorável e recebeu alta. Apenas 15% necessitaram de oxigenoterapia durante a permanência na UDI. Um paciente de 86 anos morreu e outro de 74 anos se encontrava em terapia intensiva no momento da redação do artigo. Contagiosidade: Observou-se uma queda rápida da carga viral nasofaríngea, com 83% de negativos no 7º dia e 93% no 8º dia. As culturas de vírus das amostras respiratórias dos pacientes foram negativas em 97,5% dos pacientes no 5º dia. Tempo de permanência na UDI: dos 65 pacientes que receberam alta da UDI, o tempo médio de permanência foi de cinco dias.1


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Communicable Diseases/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Azithromycin/administration & dosage , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Hydroxychloroquine/administration & dosage , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Disease Progression , Therapies, Investigational/instrumentation
12.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20200100. 14 p.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIPECS | ID: biblio-1050131

ABSTRACT

El protocolo contiene definiciones de casos sospechosos, manejo de pacientes con sospecha de infección por Coronavirus, tratamiento específicos anti-Novel CoV e investigación clínica y las consideraciones especiales para pacientes embarazadas.


Subject(s)
Clinical Protocols , Communicable Diseases , Coronavirus
13.
São Paulo; SES/SP; 2020. 13 p. tab.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), SES-SP, SESSP-CTDPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1049840
14.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-816636

ABSTRACT

Coccidiosis-causing Eimeria species are transmitted in poultry via the oral-fecal route and can lead to hemorrhagic diarrhea and mortality. This results in enormous economic losses in the poultry industry. Furthermore, its resistance to some currently used antibiotics is increasing. This has prompted the development of new alternative drug therapies that address the issue of chemical-free meat production. Effective management of infectious diseases in veterinary practice includes the induction of protective and adaptive immunity by treatment with an alternative agent. In this study, we evaluated the anticoccidial effects of dietary supplementation of Chosun University (CS) 32 compounds (0.1% and 1.0%) against Eimeria tenella, which was isolated and purified from the supernatant of culture broth of Bacillus strain (KCTC18250P), as well as its effect on the growth rate and feed efficiency in chickens. Overall, we observed a decrease in lesion scores and oocyte output in CS 32 compounds-treated chickens. We concluded that 0.1% CS 32 compounds displayed anticoccidial effects against E. tenella infection.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bacillus , Chickens , Communicable Diseases , Diarrhea , Dietary Supplements , Drug Therapy , Eimeria tenella , Eimeria , Meat Products , Mortality , Oocytes , Poultry
15.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): 1-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785464

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the Emergency Department (ED), diagnosis and management of anaphylaxis are challenging with at least 50% of anaphylaxis episodes misdiagnosed when the diagnostic criteria of current guidelines are not used.OBJECTIVE: Objective of our study was to assess anaphylaxis diagnosis and management in patients presenting to the ED.METHODS: Retrospective chart review conducted on patients presenting to The Medical City Hospital ED, the Philippines from 2013–2015 was done. Cases were identified based on International Statistical Classification of Diseases, 10th revision coding for either anaphylaxis or other allergic related diagnosis. Cases fitting the definition of anaphylaxis as identified by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease and the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network (NIAID/FAAN) were included. Data collected included demographics, signs and symptoms, triggers and management.RESULTS: A total of 105 cases were evaluated. Incidence of anaphylaxis for the 3-year study period was 0.03%. Of the 105 cases, 35 (33%) were diagnosed as “urticaria” or “hypersensitivity reaction” despite fulfilling the NIAID/FAAN anaphylaxis criteria. There was a significant difference in epinephrine administration between those given the diagnosis of anaphylaxis versus misdiagnosed cases (61 [87%] vs. 12 [34%], χ² = 30.77, p < 0.01); and a significant difference in time interval from arrival at the ED to epinephrine administration, with those diagnosed as anaphylaxis (48%) receiving epinephrine within 10 minutes, versus ≥ 60 minutes for most of the misdiagnosed group (χ² = 52.97, p < 0.01).CONCLUSION: Despite current guidelines, anaphylaxis is still misdiagnosed in the ED. Having an ED diagnosis of anaphylaxis significantly increases the likelihood of epinephrine administration, and at a shorter time interval.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Classification , Clinical Coding , Communicable Diseases , Demography , Diagnosis , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Epinephrine , Food Hypersensitivity , Hospitals, Urban , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Incidence , Philippines , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers
19.
Rev. Hosp. Niños B.Aires ; 62(276): 15-21, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099901

ABSTRACT

La migración de las poblaciones, a través de las diferentes etapas de la historia y su incursión en diversos ecosistemas del planeta, ha permitido irremediablemente una interacción dinámica con animales, plantas, insectos y con el mundo microbiológico. En esta trayectoria algunos microorganismos establecieron relaciones simbióticas con los seres humanos mediante la negociación de compromisos celulares y moleculares, eventualmente esculpiendo al genoma humano. Sin embargo, en muchas otras instancias, ciertos microorganismos han actuado como agentes de selección natural, ocasionando enfermedad y muerte. De esta forma, el establecimiento de las sociedades actuales se debe en gran medida al impacto que las enfermedades infecciosas tuvieron en la conformación de las poblaciones a través de los milenios. Las epidemias ocasionadas por esas enfermedades han influenciado aspectos políticos, económicos y sociales al menos por cuatro transiciones epidemiológicas: el Neolítico con la aparición de los primeros asentamientos humanos, la Edad Media -particularmente con el impacto de la plaga bubónica en Europa y Asia-, la época de exploración y colonialismo europeo y la actual era de globalización. La historia de la humanidad estaría inexorablemente ligada a la coexistencia con los agentes infecciosos


Throughout the history of mankind, population migration has played an important role in determining a dynamic interplay of humans with other animals, plants, insects, and microbial agents in different ecological niches. In this journey, some microbes have negotiated symbiotic relationships with humans by achieving molecular and cellular compromises, ultimately sculpting the human genome. In other cases, many microbial agents have acted as pathogens and therefore becoming forces of natural selection throughout different human societies by leading to morbidity, dysfunction, or death. In this manner, the establishment of modern societies is in many ways the result of the burden of disease associated with infectious pathogens throughout millennia. Throughout the history of mankind, epidemics of infectious diseases have influenced political, economic and social aspects of human societies at least through the occurrence of four epidemiologic transitions: a) the Neolithic period with the establishment of the first human villages with enough population density enabling the spread of infectious agents; b) the middle-ages with the spread of bubonic plague causing important demographic changes; c) the worldwide exploration of European with colonization in new territories; and d) the current era of globalization. In summary, there is an inextricable link between humanity's journey and microorganisms resulting in either beneficial or antagonistic interactions


Subject(s)
Humans , Communicable Diseases , Epidemics , History , History of Medicine
20.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-820819

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the characteristics of Streptococcus mutans in the national culture collection from Korea. Twenty-nine (dental plaque, n=27; endodontic infections, n=1; blood, n=1) isolates were included in this study.METHODS: Antimicrobial susceptibilities were tested using the disk diffusion test. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST), serotyping, and collagen-binding genes were used for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing. A collagen-binding (to assess the adhesion properties) assay was performed. S. mutans demonstrated high susceptibility to antimicrobial agents. Differences in collagen-binding abilities of the cnm-positive and -negative groups were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test (P<0.05).RESULTS: MLST analyses revealed 25 sequence types (STs), 17 of which (ST213-ST229) contained new alleles. The strains were classified into four serotypes with the c type encompassing 79.3% of all strains, while the e, f, and k types representing 6.9% each. Analysis of the cnm and cbm genes, which encode the two surface adhesin components of S. mutans, revealed three cnm-positive strains, each displaying greater adhesion ability than those of the cnm-negative strains.CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the presence of a wide variety of S. mutans genotypes in Korea. These findings may provide useful information regarding the pathogenesis of infectious diseases, such as dental caries.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Anti-Infective Agents , Bacteremia , Communicable Diseases , Dental Caries , Diffusion , Genotype , Inflammation , Korea , Molecular Epidemiology , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Serogroup , Serotyping , Streptococcus mutans , Streptococcus
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