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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238727, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1413363

ABSTRACT

Aim: The present in vitro study aimed to evaluate the bond strength of a bulk fill composite on dentin surfaces prepared with the Er: YAG laser. Methods: Twenty-four permanent third molars were selected and divided into 2 groups: CP - Conventional preparation with high-speed handpiece (control) and LA (laser) - Preparation with Er: YAG laser. The occlusal surface was removed to expose coronal dentin, which was subsequently prepared with a high-speed handpiece or Er: YAG laser (350mJ, 4Hz, 1.5 ml/min water flow). Both groups were restored with Filtek One Bulk Fill (3M ESPE) composite resin. After 24 hours, the samples were evaluated for microtensile bond strength (µTBS), fracture pattern, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results: The data obtained in the µTBS test were submitted to t-test (α=0.05). The results showed no difference in µTBS when the different types of cavity preparation were compared (ρ=0.091). Fracture patterns revealed the prevalence of cohesive fracture in composite resin in CP (83.3%) and adhesive fracture in LA (92.1%). In the SEM analysis, the LA group demonstrated the presence of gaps between the composite resin and the irradiated dentin surface. The hybrid layer exhibited more regularity with the presence of longer and uniform resin tags in the CP group. Conclusion: The type of cavity preparation did not influence the values of bulk fill composite resin µTBS to dentin. Fracture patterns and scanning electron microscopy analyses suggested less interference at the adhesive interface in preparations performed using CP


Subject(s)
Adhesiveness , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Lasers, Solid-State
2.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(3)dic. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1406149

ABSTRACT

Abstract To evaluate stress distribution when applying vertical and tangential forces to 1mm thick occlusal veneers with different finish lines preparations, using the finite element method. One extracted third molar was prepared for occlusal veneers, firstly without any bevel. It was scanned in order to design two groups of lithium disilicate (G1A, G2A) and composite resin (G1B, G2B) occlusal veneers. Then, the third molar preparation was modified, beveling the finish line and it was subsequently scanned again to design the occlusal veneer groups with bevel (LD: G3A, G4A and CR: G3B, G4B). The four groups were subjected to different forces (400 N vertical and 900 N tangential). At 400 N, the non-beveled veneers showed slightly higher Von Mises stress values (G1A: 783 MPa and G1B 736.5 MPa) than the beveled veneers (G3A: 685.7 MPa and G3B: 675.8 MPa). However, when 900 N tangential forces were applied, the beveled occlusal veneers showed higher Von Mises stress values (G4A: 4297 MPa and G4B: 4133 MPa) than the non-beveled occlusal veneers (G2A: 2581.1 MPa and G2B: 3519.1 MPa). Furthermore, it was observed that the tissue under the occlusal veneers with bevel showed higher Von Mises stress values than the models without any bevel. Beveled and non-beveled occlusal veneers of lithium disilicate and composite resin presented similar stress distribution values when vertical forces of 400 N were applied; whereas with tangential forces of 900 N applied near to the finish line, the beveled groups presented notably higher stress values than the non-beveled groups. However, both finish line preparations presented adequate values for possible clinical performance.


Resumen Evaluar la distribución de estrés al aplicar fuerzas verticales y tangenciales en carillas oclusales de 1mm de espesor con diferentes líneas de terminación marginal por el método de elementos finitos. Se preparó un tercer molar extraído para carilla oclusal, primero sin bisel. Se escaneó para diseñar dos grupos de carillas oclusales de disilicato de litio (G1A, G2A) y resina compuesta (G1B, G2B). Después, esta preparación molar fue modificada, biselando la línea de terminación y escaneándola nuevamente para diseñar los grupos de carillas oclusales con bisel (DL: G3A, G4A and RC: G3B, G4B). Los 4 grupos fueron sometidos a fuerzas diferentes (400 N vertical y 900 N tangencial). Con 400 N, las carillas sin bisel presentaron ligera mayor tensión de Von Mises (G1A: 783 MPa y G1B 736.5 MPa) que las carillas con bisel (G3A: 685.7 MPa y G3B: 675.8 MPa). De distinta forma, al aplicar fuerzas tangenciales de 900 N, las carillas oclusales con bisel presentaron mayor tensión de Von Mises (G4A: 4297 MPa y G4B: 4133 MPa) que las carillas oclusales sin bisel (G2A: 2581.1 MPa y G2B: 3519.1 MPa). Además, se observó que los tejidos subyacentes a las carillas oclusales con bisel, presentaron mayor tensión de Von Mises, frente a los modelos sin bisel. Las carillas oclusales con y sin bisel de disilicato de litio y resina compuesta presentaron una distribución de estrés similar con fuerzas verticales de 400 N, por otro lado, con fuerzas tangenciales de 900 N, los grupos con bisel presentaron notablemente mayor tensión que los grupos sin bisel. Sin embargo, ambos diseños de terminación marginal presentaron valores adecuados para un posible desempeño clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bite Force , Composite Resins , Dental Veneers
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e224265, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354719

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study assessed the color and translucency stability of a polymer infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) and compared it with a resin composite (RC) and a feldspathic ceramic (FEL). Methods: Disc-shaped samples of a PICN (Vita Enamic), a feldspathic ceramic (Vitablocks Mark II), and a resin composite (Brava block) were prepared from CAD/CAM blocks. PICN and RC surfaces were finished with a sequence of polishing discs and diamond paste. FEL samples received a glaze layer. The samples were subjected to 30-min immersions in red wine twice a day for 30 days. CIEL*a*b* coordinates were assessed with a spectrophotometer at baseline and after 15 and 30 days of immersion. Color alteration (ΔE00) and translucency parameter (TP00) were calculated with CIEDE2000. Average roughness was measured before the staining procedures. Color difference and translucency data were analyzed with repeated-measures ANOVA and Tukey's tests. Roughness was analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: Roughness was similar among the experimental groups. All materials had their color alteration significantly increased from 15 to 30 days of staining. PICN reached an intermediate ΔE00 between FEL and RC at 15 days. PICN revealed a color alteration as high as the composite after 30 days. No statistical difference was observed regarding translucency. Conclusion: PICN was not as color stable as the feldspathic ceramic at the end of the study. Its color alteration was comparable to the resin composite when exposed to red wine. However, the translucency of the tested materials was stable throughout the 30-day staining


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Color , Composite Resins
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225042, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354728

ABSTRACT

Aim: Although bulk fill composites have been widely used as restorative material, there is no consensus regarding the best clinical protocol in terms of composite technique and adhesive system. Therefore, this clinical trial evaluated the clinical performance of bulk fill composites for class I restorations under different protocols. Methods: A randomized clinical trial including 155 class I restorations was conducted using different adhesive systems: conventional technique (phosphoric acid + conventional three-step adhesive system) (Group 1, 2 and 3); or self-etching adhesive system (Groups 4, 5 and 6). Control groups 1 and 4 were restored with conventional composite; groups 2 and 5 with low viscosity bulk fill and conventional composite as occlusal coverage; groups 3 and 6 with high viscosity bulk fill. The FDI criteria was used for clinical evaluation at baseline and after 6 months. Results: All groups showed good clinical performance. At baseline, the adhesive system did not affect postoperative hypersensitivity. After 6 months, group 5 showed a significant reduction in color and translucency; group 6 a reduction in terms of anatomical form and for postoperative sensitivity and an improvement in patient satisfaction (p<0.05). Considering the same restorative technique, the use of the self-etching adhesive system showed a significant decrease in color and translucency (p<0.05). Conclusion: All groups showed favorable clinical performance, and promising results were found for the conventional adhesive system and high viscosity bulk fill protocol


Subject(s)
Phosphoric Acids , Adhesives , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Esthetics, Dental , Clinical Studies as Topic
5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225991, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354992

ABSTRACT

Aim: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was carried out to evaluate the performance of resin composite restorations placed by undergraduate dental students with 1 to 15 years of placement based on dental records. Methods: Four calibrated operators evaluated 498 restorations (anterior and posterior) of 120 patients according to Ryge's validated criteria (USPHS). Results: The criteria that showed the smallest changes between the types of failures were color matching, marginal discoloration and surface texture. Regarding the longevity, the surface texture showed an increase in the frequency of failures from the second time interval (3.1 to 6 years). Higher prevalence of failure was found in class II and III restorations, with secondary caries being the main reason. No significant differences were found for anatomic form, marginal adaptation, and color matching. Class V restorations showed a higher fracture rate with total displacement of the restoration, with no increase in the frequency of fracture over time. Conclusion: High rate of restoration failure was observed, possibly due to the lack of experience and skills of the students. This outcome highlight the need for continuous revision and improvements of teaching practice regarding the development of clinical competences and skills by dental students


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Restoration, Permanent
6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226262, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354997

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the impact of a dual-cured adhesive system on the in situ degree of conversion (DC), bond strength (BS) and failure mode (FM) of adhesive interfaces in dentin cavities restored with a bulk-fill resin composite. Methods: 4-mm-deep dentin cavities with a 3.1 C-factor were created in 68 bovine incisors (n = 17 per group). The lightcured (Scotchbond™ Universal) or the dual-cured (Adper™ Scotchbond™ Multi-purpose Plus) adhesive system was applied to the cavities, which were then restored with a bulkfill resin composite (Filtek™ Bulk Fill). In situ DC analysis was performed by means of micro Raman spectroscopy at the top and bottom interfaces. Push-out BS was measured in a universal testing machine after 24-h or 6-month water storage. FM was determined with a stereomicroscope. Data of in situ DC and BS were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test (p<0.05), while the FM was analyzed descriptively. Results: The groups that received the dual-cured adhesive system showed statistically higher in situ DC and BS than those that received the light-cured adhesive system. Cohesive failure mode was the most frequent in all conditions. Conclusion: In situ DC and BS were influenced by the curing strategies of the adhesive systems with better performance of the dual-cured material


Subject(s)
Aging , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Composite Resins , Physical Phenomena , Polymerization
7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225454, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366512

ABSTRACT

Aim: Evaluating the resin-dentin bond strength of Class II conventional and bulk-fill composite restorations, using different cavity sizes before and after aging. Methods: Seventy-five human molars were distributed into groups according to the buccolingual width of the cavities, conservative (n=25) and extended (n=50). They were divided according to the restorative material: conventional (Z100/control group) or bulk-fill resin composites (Filtek Bulk Fill/FBF; Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill/TNCBF; Filtek Bulk Fill Flow/FBFF; Surefill SDR flow/SDR). The restored teeth were sectioned on sticks (n=50 per restorative materials + width cavities group), half were stored in Water/Ethanol 75% for 30 days and the other half were submitted to the immediate microtensile bond strength (µTBS) test. Data were analyzed applying the Three-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Bonferroni test, test t, and Weibull analyses (p<0.05). Results: SDR and FBF presented lower µTBSvalues for extended preparation when compared to the conservative preparation, before aging. After aging, only for the FBFF, a decrease in the µTBSvalues was observed. Comparing the µTBSvalues, before and after aging, the SDR demonstrated lower µTBSvalues after aging when the conservative cavity was used. A decrease in the µTBSvalues was observed for the Z100, the FBF and, the FBFF, after aging, when the extended cavity was used. Conclusion: The effect of cavity preparation and aging on the resin-dentin of Class II is material dependent. Most of the bulk-fill resin composites evaluated presented a similar performance to the conventional resin composites for all the conditions of this study


Subject(s)
Humans , Tensile Strength , Aging , Composite Resins/analysis , Dental Cavity Preparation
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225334, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1384158

ABSTRACT

Aim This study aimed to analyze the influence of finishing and polishing (F/P) protocols on resin surface through roughness (Ra) values and laser scan microscopy observations. Methods Forty-eight (n=48) resin specimens were sorted into four groups (n=12), according to the type of resin used: Filtek Z250 (Z250), Filtek Z350 (Z350), Filtek One Bulk Fill (BF), Filtek P60 (P60). The specimens were sorted into six groups according to the type of F/P system used (n=2/group): Control group, Diamond bur (KG Sorensen), Soflex Pop-On Discs (3M ESPE), Soflex Spiral (3M ESPE), Dura Gloss (American Burs), and Praxis (TDV). Results The highest roughness values (Ra) were attributed to BF group for all F/P systems, except for the Soft-Lex PopOn discs. The Soft-Lex PopOn, Spiral, and Praxis discs presented a better performance for the surface treatment of the tested composite resins. Regardless of the restorative material, the use of diamond bur or single-step abrasive rubber (Dura Gloss) were associated with the highest Ra values. Conclusion The effect of F/P systems on Ra is material-dependent and instrument or system-dependent.


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Confocal , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Dental Polishing
9.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 7(1): 76-81, Jan-Apr 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1382199

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe a clinical case that called for an anatomical post to be made to support and retain an indirect restoration in the anterior tooth. Case report: A 72-year-old female patient came to the office complaining that the crown of tooth 22 had come loose. A clinical and radiographic examination of element 22 was performed, and showed a very broad root canal, total displacement of the cast metal crown-core set, and satisfactory endodontic treatment. The restorative planning for this patient included the making of an anatomical post from Exacto # 2 fiberglass post (Angelus, Brazil), and refilling it with Bulk One composite resin (3M, USA), using self-adhesive resin cement U200 (3M, USA). The reconstruction of the coronary portion of the post was also performed with the same composite resin (Bulk One 3M, USA). The preparation for full crown and temporary restoration was performed in the same session, using self-curing acrylic resin. The all-ceramic crown was molded and cemented in subsequent sessions. Conclusion: The use of anatomical posts with composite resin represents a technically viable alternative for rehabilitating endodontically treated teeth with wide root canals, in cases where conventional prefabricated fiber posts cannot be adapted easily. The advantages that stand out are that these posts can be applied easily, at low cost, and in a single session.


Objetivo: Descrever um caso clínico de confecção do pino anatômico para suporte e retenção de restauração indireta em dente anterior. Relato do Caso: Paciente feminina, 72 anos, compareceu ao consultório queixando-se que a coroa do dente 22 havia "soltado". Realizou-se exame clínico e radiográfico do elemento 22, que apresentou conduto radicular bastante amplo, deslocamento total do conjunto núcleo/coroa e tratamento endodôntico satisfatório. O planejamento restaurador para essa paciente incluiu a confecção de pino anatômico, com pino de fibra de vidro Exato #2(Angelus, Brasil) reembasado com resina composta Bulk One (3M, EUA), utilizando o cimento resinoso autoadesivo U200 (3M, EUA). Foi realizada a reconstrução da porção coronária do pino também com resina composta do tipo Bulk. Realizou-se, na mesma sessão de atendimento, o preparo para coroa total e restauração provisória utilizando dente de estoque e resinaacrílica autopolimerizável. Em sessões seguintes foi realizada a moldagem e cimentação da coroa total em cerâmica pura. Conclusão: A utilização de pinos anatômicos com resina composta representa uma alternativa tecnicamente viável, de fácil aplicabilidade, com baixo custo e em única sessão, para reabilitação de dentes tratados endodonticamente com conduto radicular onde os pinos em fibra pré-fabricados convencionais não apresentam boa adaptação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Post and Core Technique , Dental Pins , Dental Restoration, Permanent/instrumentation , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Glass
10.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(2)ago. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386603

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this in vitro study is to investigate the effects of acidic beverages on the discoloration of bulk-fill composites with different viscosities. 144 disc-shaped specimens (8mm diameter × 2mm thick) were prepared from four different composite resins including a nanohybrid (Filtek Ultimate), two packable bulk- fill (Filtek Bulk Fill, Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill), and a flowable bulk-fill composite (Tetric N Flow Bulk Fill). The specimens of each group were divided into 3 subgroups and submerged in distilled water, orange juice and coke (n=12). Color difference (ΔE) were measured using CIELab color space and a compact spectrophotometer (VITA Easyshade) at baseline and after 30 days of immersion. Data were analyzed using two- way ANOVA and Tukeys HSD post-hoc tests (P2.7) was observed for all bulk-fill composites tested. It can be speculated that orange juice has a more negative effect on the color stability compared to coke. Additionally, flowable bulk-fill composite was more prone to discoloration than condensable bulk-fill composites.


Resumen El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar los efectos de las bebidas ácidas en la decoloración de resinas compuestas tipo Bulk con diferentes viscosidades. Se prepararon 144 muestras en forma de disco (8mm de diámetro x 2mm de grosor) a partir de cuatro resinas compuestas diferentes que incluyen un nanohíbrido (Filtek Ultimate), dos de pasta condensables tipo Bulk (Filtek Bulk Fill, Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill) y una fluida (Tetric N Flow Bulk Fill). Las muestras de cada grupo se dividieron en 3 subgrupos y se sumergieron en agua destilada, jugo de naranja y Coca-Cola (n=12). La diferencia de color (ΔE) se midió utilizando el CIELab y un espectrofotómetro compacto (VITA Easyshade) al inicio y después de 30 días de inmersión. Los datos se analizaron mediante ANOVA bidireccional y pruebas post-hoc HSD de Tukey (P2,7) para todos los materiales resinosos. Se puede especular que el jugo de naranja tiene un efecto más negativo sobre la estabilidad del color en comparación con la Coca-Cola. Además, la resina fluida fue más propensa a la decoloración que las resinas condensables.


Subject(s)
Tooth Discoloration , Composite Resins , Food Coloring Agents
11.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 35-42, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362023

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As cerâmicas odontológicas são amplamente utilizadas na Odontologia, desfrutando de grande popularidade devido a sua capacidade de mimetizar as características ópticas do esmalte e da dentina. O constante desenvolvimento de pesquisas tem desencadeado o lançamento de novos sistemas cerâmicos com propriedades aprimoradas e melhores resultados clínicos em longo prazo. Objetivo: O relato de caso aqui apresentado descreve uma reabilitação da zona estética do sorriso com laminados cerâmicos por meio de uma abordagem minimamente invasiva. Relato de caso: Paciente do gênero feminino, compareceu à clínica odontológica relatando insatisfação com a aparência do seu sorriso. Durante avaliação foram observadas, na região anterossuperior, restaurações extensas em resina composta deficientes nos incisivos, com proporção, volume, forma e texturização insatisfatórias, que em conjunto comprometia a zona estética do sorriso. Diante disso, após fotografias extra e intraorais, o tratamento proposto foi a reabilitação com laminados cerâmicos nas unidades 1.2 ao 2.2. Assim, foi realizado o enceramento e o mock-up, os quais serviram de orientação para os preparos dentários, a seguir, foram moldados e as restaurações confeccionadas no sistema IPS e.max. Após prova de cor e adaptação, os preparos e a superfície interna dos laminados cerâmicos foram tratados e cimentados com cimento resino fotopolimerizável. Conclusão: Instituindo uma abordagem conservadora, o plano de tratamento realizado através da reabilitação com laminados cerâmicos nas unidades dentárias anterossuperiores, permitiu o restabelecimento da função e estética, com reprodução das características dos dentes naturais e promoção do equilíbrio, da jovialidade e da harmonia no sorriso(AU)


Introduction: Dental ceramics are widely used in dentistry, enjoying great popularity due to the ability to mimic both enamel and dentin optical characteristics. The constant research development has triggered the launch of new ceramic systems with improved properties and better long-term clinical results. Objective: The case report presented here describes the zone rehabilitation of the aesthetic smile with ceramic laminates through a minimally invasive approach. Case report: Female patient, attended the dental clinic reporting dissatisfaction with the appearance of her smile. During the evaluation, extensive restorations in composite resin were observed in the incisors in the anterosuperior region, with unsatisfactory proportion, amount, shape and texturing, which together compromised the aesthetic zone of the smile. Faced with this, after extra and intraoral photographs, the proposed treatment was the restoration with the ceramic laminates in units 1.2 to 2.2. Thus, waxing and mock-up were performed, which served as guidance for the dental preparations, then they were molded and restorations fabricated in the IPS e.max system. After shade and adaptation proof, the preparations and the inner ceramic laminates surface were treated and cemented with light-cured resin cement. Conclusion: Adopting a conservative approach, the treatment plan carried out through restoration with ceramic laminates on the upper anterior teeth allowed the recovering function and aesthetics, reproducing characteristics of natural teeth and promoting balance, joviality and harmony in the smile(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ceramics , Dental Veneers , Esthetics, Dental , Smiling , Composite Resins , Incisor
12.
São Paulo; s.n; 20220720. 98 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1379709

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o desempenho de quatro resinas bulk fill (Filtek Bulk Fill (FBF), Opus Bulk Fill (OBF), Sonicfill (SF) e Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill (TNBF)) e uma resina convencional (Charisma Diamond (CD)) quanto às seguintes propriedades: resistência à flexão (RF), módulo de elasticidade (ME) e dureza Knoop (KHN) em função da profundidade e após a realização de um envelhecimento acelerado. Corpos de prova em formato de barra foram confeccionados simultaneamente em diferentes profundidades (1, 2, 3, 4 e 5 mm) para realização dos testes de resistência à flexão (n=10), módulo de elasticidade (n=10) e dureza Knoop (n=3). Os testes foram realizados em dois momentos, previamente e após a realização de um envelhecimento acelerado, que consistiu na realização de uma termociclagem com banhos alternados em água a 5 e 55ºC, com 1 min de imersão em cada, por 2000 ciclos. Os resultados para o teste de RF e ME mostraram que os valores para estas duas propriedades diminuíram em função da profundidade e após a realização da termociclagem para todas as resinas estudadas. Apenas a resina TNBF não apresentou diferença estatística para valores de ME após o envelhecimento acelerado. Quanto à dureza, os valores também diminuíram em função da profundidade, porém aumentaram após a realização do envelhecimento acelerado. Apenas a resina SF não apresentou diferença estatística entre os valores de dureza antes e após o envelhecimento. A resina convencional CD após a ciclagem térmica foi a única que apresentou relação base/topo (2 mm) acima de 80%. Nenhuma das resinas do tipo bulk fill apresentou uma relação base/topo acima de 80% para a dureza quando avaliadas na espessura máxima recomendada. Com base nos resultados obtidos, pode-se afirmar que, quando fotoativadas na espessura máxima recomendada, apenas a resina convencional CD apresentou resultados condizentes com a homogeneidade esperada em todas as condições deste estudo. Entretanto, para as resinas do tipo bulk fill, pode-se observar que as propriedades estudadas, de modo geral, sofreram uma diminuição significativa em função da profundidade. Para o envelhecimento, a dureza, diferentemente dos outros parâmetros, mostrou uma tendência de aumento.


Subject(s)
Aging , Composite Resins , Elastic Modulus , Hardness
13.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(1)abr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386582

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of preheating three bulk-fill and one conventional composite resin on the Vickers microhardness and depth of cure of these composites. In this study, three bulk-fill composites- SDR Plus (SDR), Estelite BULK FILL Flow (EST), Admira® Fusion x-tra (AFX), and one conventional composite resin G-ænial POSTERIOR (GP) were used as the control group. The samples were obtained at room temperature (24°C) and at 55°C in T2 mode after being placed in a heating device for 10 minutes. The samples were divided into eight groups (n=10) according to the type of material and heating process that was utilized (preheated and nonheated). All samples were tested with a Vickers microhardness (VHN) tester on the bottom and top surfaces. The first measurements were obtained at baseline; the second set of measurements was performed after the samples were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours. The depth of cure was calculated using a bottom/top hardness ratio of measurements. Statistical analysis was performed utilizing the SPSS V23 and Shapiro-Wilk tests. Lastly, the Duncan test was used for multiple comparisons (p<0.05). While the VHN increased after the preheating procedure in bulk-fill composites, it decreased in GP. There was no difference between the baseline and the 24-hour VHN values in SDR and GP. After 24 hours, while the VHN of EST increased, the VHN of AFX decreased. There was no difference between the hardness ratios of the AFX and EST samples (p<0.001) and hardness ratios were greater than GP and SDR. When comparing the baseline and the 24- hour values, the VHN depended on the type of materials. Sufficient curing depth was obtained in all groups with a thickness of 2mm.


Resumen El objetivo fue investigar el efecto del precalentamiento de tres resinas Bulk-fill, una resina compuesta convencional sobre la microdureza Vickers y la profundidad de curado de estas resinas. Se utilizaron tres composites Bulk-Fill-SDR Plus (SDR), Estelite BULK FILL Flow (EST), Admira® Fusion x-tra (AFX), y una resina compuesta convencional G-ænial POSTERIOR (GP) como grupo de control. Las muestras se obtuvieron a temperatura ambiente (24°C) y a 55°C en modo T2 después de haber sido colocadas en un dispositivo de calentamiento durante 10 minutos. Se dividieron en ocho grupos (n=10) según el tipo de material y el proceso de calentamiento que se utilizó (precalentado y no calentado). Se probaron con un medidor de microdureza Vickers (VHN) en las superficies inferior y superior. Las primeras mediciones se obtuvieron en la línea de base; la segunda se realizó después de que las muestras se almacenaran en agua destilada a 37°C durante 24 horas. La profundidad de curado se calculó utilizando una relación de dureza inferior/ superior de las mediciones. El análisis estadístico se realizó utilizando el SPSS V23 y las pruebas de Shapiro-Wilk. Por último, se utilizó la prueba de Duncan para las comparaciones múltiples (p<0,05). VHN aumentó tras el procedimiento de precalentamiento en las resina Bulk-Fill, disminuyó en los GP. No hubo diferencias entre los valores de VHN de referencia y de 24 horas en SDR y GP. Después de 24 horas, mientras que el VHN de EST aumentó, el VHN de AFX disminuyó. No hubo diferencias entre los ratios de dureza de las muestras de AFX y EST (p<0,001) y los ratios de dureza fueron mayores que los de GP y SDR. Al comparar los valores de referencia y los de 24 horas, el VHN dependió del tipo de materiales. Se obtuvo una profundidad de curado suficiente en todos los grupos con un grosor de 2mm.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins/analysis , Heaters
14.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(1)abr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386581

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this in vitro study is to examine the effect of antioxidants on the bonding strength of composite resin to bleached enamel. One hundred twenty non decay teeth were used in this study. Specimens were cut from the enamel cement junction. Then the specimens were randomly assigned into two groups-office bleaching and home bleaching. Bleaching antioxidants were applied to the first 12 subgroups. The specimens in the remaining 12 groups were kept in artificial saliva for 14 days and antioxidants were applied. Composite resin restoration was applied to all specimens. A cutting device was employed to obtain six specimens (0.9mm) from each tooth, and the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) test was performed. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, the paired t-test, and Duncan's post hoc test (p=0.05). In office bleaching specimens, immediate antioxidant application increased the μTBS values (p0.05). Mean μTBS values in the groups to which antioxidants were applied two weeks after home bleaching were higher than those in the groups in which antioxidants were applied immediately. The use of antioxidants after bleaching may increase the MTBS value. The clinician should take this into account especially in immediate restoration applications after bleaching.


Resumen El objetivo de este estudio in vitro fue examinar el efecto de los antioxidantes sobre la resistência adhesiva de la resina compuesta al esmalte blanqueado. En este estudio se utilizaron ciento veinte dientes sin caries. Se cortaron especímenes a nivel de la unión esmalte-cemento. A continuación, los especímenes se asignaron aleatoriamente a dos grupos: blanqueamiento en el consultorio y blanqueamiento en casa. Se aplicaron antioxidantes de blanqueamiento a los primeros 12 subgrupos. Los especímenes de los 12 grupos restantes se mantuvieron en saliva artificial durante 14 días y se aplicaron antioxidantes. Se aplicó una resina compuesta a todos los especímenes empleando un dispositivo de corte para obtener seis especímenes (0,9mm) de cada diente, y se realizó la prueba de resistencia a la adhesión por microtensión (μTBS). Los datos se analizaron mediante un ANOVA de una vía, la prueba t pareada y la prueba post hoc de Duncan (p=0,05). En las muestras de blanqueamiento de oficina, la aplicación inmediata de antioxidantes aumentó los valores de μTBS (p0,05). Los valores medios de μTBS en los grupos a los que se aplicaron antioxidantes dos semanas después del blanqueo en casa fueron mayores que los de los grupos en los que se aplicaron antioxidantes inmediatamente. El uso de antioxidantes después del blanqueamiento puede aumentar el valor de μTBS. El clínico debe tenerlo en cuenta, especialmente en las aplicaciones de restauración inmediatas tras el blanqueamiento.


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching , Composite Resins/analysis , Antioxidants
15.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(1): 45-50, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361713

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste relato de caso foi descrever em detalhes a técnica de transfixação de pino de fibra de vidro no sentido horizontal e restauração de resina composta em um dente molar tratado endodonticamete. Paciente, sexo feminino, 51 anos de idade, buscou o Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha (FSG ­ Caxias do Sul ­ Rio Grande do Sul) com a necessidade de realizar tratamento endodôntico do elemento molar número 26. Após a avaliação inicial, foi realizada a endodontia. O elemento havia pouca sustentação das paredes vestibular e palatina, então foi proposto a colocação de pino intrarradicular seguido de coroa, entretanto, por questões financeiras a paciente não aceitou. Logo, foi proposto a técnica de transfixação horizontal de pino de fibra de vidro associado a uma restauração de resina composta de forma direta. O procedimento foi realizado em sessão única e foi utilizado um pino de fibra de vidro número 1 disposto transversalmente entre as paredes mesiopalatina e distovestibular. A restauração foi realizada com resina composta Filtek Z350, devolvendo estética e função ao elemento dentário. Pode-se concluir que a técnica de transfixação horizontal de pino de fibra de vidro associado à resina composta é uma alternativa restauradora que possibilita maior resistência aos dentes tratados endodonticamente, apresenta resultados funcionais e estéticos satisfatórios, além de possibilitar uma maior sobrevida aos mesmos(AU)


The purpose of this case report was to describe in detail the technique of horizontal transfixion of a fiberglass post into an endodontically treated tooth. Female patient, 51 years old, sought the University Center of Serra Gaúcha (FSG - Caxias do Sul ­ Rio Grande do Sul) with the need to perform the endodontic treatment of molar element number 26. After the initial evaluation, endodontics was performed. The element had little support for the buccal and palatal walls, so an intraradicular postplacement followed by a crown was proposed, for financial reasons the patient did not accept it. Therefore, the technique of horizontal transfixion of a fiberglass pin was proposed, associated with a restoration of direct composite resin. The procedure was performed in a single session and a number 1 fiberglass post was fixed crosswise between the mesiopalatal and distobuccal walls. The restoration was carried out with composite resin Filtek Z350, restoring aesthetics and function. It can be concluded that the horizontal transfixion of a fiberglass post associated with composite resin technique is a restorative alternative that allows greater resistance to endodontically treated teeth, provides satisfactory esthetics and better survival rates(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Composite Resins , Tooth, Nonvital , Dental Pins , Molar , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Flexural Strength
16.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e57616, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366131

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the effect of contamination of composite resins (CRs) handled by undergraduate students during restorative procedures, varying the time (baseline, 30 days and 60 days) and experimental condition (before and after handling, contamination with saliva [positive control] and photoactivation). Eight CR tubes were randomly distributed at the dental clinic and the samples were organized into four groups: CR fragments collected before (GB) and after (GA) the restorative procedure; CR fragments contaminated with saliva (GS) and photoactivated (GP) both collected after the procedure. These 4 groups were evaluated in 3 different times: baseline (after sealing), 30 days and 60 days of use of the CR. Samples that had positive turbidity in Brain HeartInfusion (BHI) broth were sown in BHI and Sabouraud Dextrose (SB) agars for subsequent counting of Colony Forming Units (CFU mL-1). The results showed that the handling was responsible for increasing contamination (p < 0.05) at the baseline (GB [n = 0] and GA [n = 3]), as well as after 30 (GB [n = 1] and GA [n = 6]) and 60 (GB [n = 1] and GA [n = 5]) days of use. Photoactivation was responsible for the reduction for microorganisms in T0 and T60. Additionally, the time use and conservation did not influencethe contamination of CRs. Handling was responsible for the increase of contamination of CR, the photoactivation seems to reduce the number of viable microorganisms and the time of use seems not to potentiate the effect of tube contamination.


Subject(s)
Pollution Indicators , Composite Resins/analysis , Good Manipulation Practices , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/instrumentation , Students, Dental , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Environmental Restoration and Remediation , Food Preservatives/analysis , Microbiology/instrumentation
17.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-8, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354734

ABSTRACT

Objective: The present study compared the effect of whitening mouthrinses (WM) on the color change of stained resin composites (RC). Material and Methods: Cylindrical specimens (6mm-diameter and 1mm-thickness) were prepared with the following RC (n=60/group): Filtek Z350XT (Z350- methacrylate-based), Admira Fusion (AD- ormocer-based), TPH3 (TPH- methacrylate-based), and Beautifil II (BII- giomer/methacrylate-based). The initial color was assessed with reflectance spectrophotometer using CIE L*a*b* system. The specimens were immersed in staining broth during 14 days, submitted to color evaluation (ΔE1) and randomly allocated in 4 subgroups (n=15), according to WM adopted: Listerine Whitening (LW-2% hydrogen peroxide), Plax Whitening (PW-1.5% hydrogen peroxide), Bromelain/papain (BP-experimental solution), and Deionized water (DW-negative control). The whitening cycle consisted of RC immersion in WM for 1 min and in artificial saliva for 30 min, simulating 12 weeks, and final color assessment was performed (ΔE2). Color change data were analysed by ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α=5%). Results: After staining, TPH showed the lowest ΔE1 values and Z350 showed the highest color change (p=0.001). The whitening effect promoted by LW was significantly higher than color alteration obtained with PW (ΔE2), and BII showed the highest color change values (ΔE2) after whitening cycle. Conclusion: LW exhibited the greatest whitening potential on stained RC, mainly with the Giomer (Beautifill II) and the Ormocer-based (Admira Fusion) materials. Bromelain/papain solution showed no whitening effect on stained RC. (AU)


Objetivo: O presente estudo comparou o efeito de enxaguatórios clareadores (EC) na alteração de cor de resinas compostas (RC) previamente manchadas. Material e Métodos: Espécimes cilíndricos (6mm de diâmetro e 1mm de espessura) foram preparados com as seguintes RC (n=60/grupo): Filtek Z350XT (Z350- metacrilato), Admira Fusion (AD- ormocer), TPH3 (TPH- metacrilato), e Beautifil II (BII- giomer/metacrilato). A cor inicial foi mensurada com espectrofotômetro de reflectância utilizando o sistema CIE L*a*b*. Os espécimes foram imersos em um caldo de manchamento durante 14 dias, submetidos a avaliação de cor (ΔE1) e alocados aleatoriamente em 4 subgrupos (n=15), de acordo com EC adotado: Listerine Whitening (LW-peróxido de hidrogênio a 2%), Plax Whitening (PW- peróxido de hidrogênio a 1,5%), Bromelina/papaína (BP-solução experimental), e Água deionizada (AD- controle negativo). O ciclo clareador consistiu na imersão da RC no EC por 1 min e na saliva artificial por 30 min, simulando 12 semanas, e a cor final foi mensurada (ΔE2). Os dados de alteração de cor foram analisados pelos testes ANOVA e Tukey (α=5%). Resultados: Após o manchamento, TPH apresentou o menor valor de ΔE1 e Z350 apresentou a maior alteração de cor (p=0,001). O efeito clareador promovido pelo LW foi significativamente maior que o obtido com o PW (ΔE2) e BII teve a maior alteração de cor (ΔE2) após o ciclo clareador. Conclusão: LW exibiu maior potencial clareador nas RC manchadas. BII apresentou maior alteração de cor em resposta à ação clareadora de ambos enxaguatórios à base de peróxido de hidrogênio testados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Tooth Bleaching Agents , Organically Modified Ceramics , Hydrogen Peroxide
18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368562

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the effect of the restorative technique, material's opacity and the selected light sources on the curing potential (CP) in deep cavities. Material and Methods: The radiant exitance (mW/cm2) of two light curing units (Bluephase G2 and Radii-Cal) was determined at 0 and 8 mm distance from a power meter sensor (Ophir). Two bulk-fill composites of regular consistency (Opus, FGM; and Filtek One, 3M) and a conventional one (Sirius-Z, DFL) were considered and the level of their opacity were determined by a sphere-based spectrophotometer (SP60, X-Rite). The degree of C=C conversion (DC) was determined by spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR) at 0.05 and 8 mm depths and the CP considered the ratio between them. The "incremental technique" considered 4 increments of 2mm thickness each, whereas the "bulk-fill technique considered 2 increments of 4mm-thickness. Data were submitted to analysis of variance and Tukey's test (95%). Pearson's correlation tests were performed to calculate the possible relation between curing potential and materials' opacity. Results: With the incremental technique it was possible to achieve high CP regardless of the light source. The CP of bulk-fill composites was dependent on the light source, whereas Radii-Cal compromised the DC at 8 mm for both materials. The correlation between opacity and CP was dependent on the light source (r = 0.891707246 for Radii-Cal; r = 0.515703768 for Bluephase G2). Conclusion: The bulk-fill technique was dependent on the light source while the incremental was not. The influence of materials' opacity was dependent on the light curing unit.(AU)


Objetivo: Determinar o efeito da técnica restauradora, a opacidade do material e as fontes de luz selecionadas sobre o potencial de cura (PC) em cavidades profundas. Materiais e métodos: A saída radiante (mW/cm2) de duas unidades de cura por luz (Bluephase G2 e Radii-Cal) foi determinada a 0 e 8 mm de distância de um sensor de potência (Ophir). Dois compósistos bulkfill de consistência regular (Opus, FGM; e Filtek One, 3M) e um convencional (Sirius-Z, DFL) foram considerados e o nível de sua opacidade foi determinado por um espectrofotômetro (SP60, X-Rite). O grau de conversão C=C (DC) foi determinado por espectroscopia (FTIR-ATR) a 0,05 e 8 mm de profundidade e o PC considerou a relação entre eles. A técnica incremental considerou 4 incrementos de 2 mm de espessura cada, enquanto que a técnica bulkfill considerou 2 incrementos de 4 mm de espessura. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey (95%). Os testes de correlação de Pearson foram realizados para calcular a possível relação entre o potencial de cura e a opacidade dos materiais. Resultados: Com a técnica incremental foi possível obter um PC elevado, independentemente da fonte de luz. O PC de compósitos bulkfill foi dependente da fonte de luz, enquanto que Radii-Cal comprometeu o DC em 8 mm para ambos os materiais. A correlação entre opacidade e PC foi dependente da fonte de luz (r = 0,891707246 para Radii-Cal; r = 0,515703768 para Bluephase G2). Conclusão: O potencial de polimerização para a técnica bulkfill foi dependente da fonte de luz, enquanto para a técnica incremental não. A influência da opacidade dos materiais sobre a capacidade de polimerização foi dependente da unidade de fotoativação. (AU)


Subject(s)
Spectrophotometers , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization
19.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-13, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1400962

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este ensaio clínico randomizado, duplo-cego e boca dividida avaliou o desempenho clínico de um novo compósito termoviscoso com pré-aquecimento (PHT) em comparação com uma resina composta sem aquecimento (NHT) em restaurações de lesões cervicais não cariosas (LCNCs) durante um período de 6 meses. Material e Métodos: 120 restaurações foram realizadas em LCNCs com dois materiais restauradores (n = 60). Após a profilaxia, os dentes foram isolados com isolamento de fio retrator/rolos de algodão e um adesivo universal foi aplicado na estratégia de condicionamento seletivo do esmalte. Para o grupo PHT o aquecimento foi realizado a 68°C usando um aquecidor de bancada por 3 min. Por outro lado, para o grupo NHT, nenhum aquecimento foi aplicado. Ambos os materiais restauradores foram colocados no dispensador de cápsulas e inseridos nas LCNCs. Após 6 meses, o desempenho clínico das restaurações foi avaliado de acordo com os critérios FDI. A análise estatística foi realizada com teste Qui-quadrado para todos parâmetros da FDI (α = 0,05). Resultados: Apenas três restaurações no grupo NHT foram perdidas/fraturadas após seis meses de acompanhamento. As taxas de retenção (intervalo confiança 95%) por seis meses foram de 97,5% (88,6% - 99,0%) para o grupo NHT e 100% (93,9% - 100%) para o grupo PHT (p > 0,05). Vinte e duas restaurações (8 para NHT e 14 para PHT) apresentaram pequenos defeitos de adaptação marginal aos seis meses de acompanhamento (p > 0,05). Vinte e seis restaurações apresentaram alguma retenção de biofilme aos seis meses de acompanhamento (11 para NHT e 15 para PHT; p > 0,05). Em relação a todos os outros parâmetros de FDI avaliados, todas as restaurações foram consideradas clinicamente aceitáveis. Conclusão: O desempenho clínico do novo compósito termoviscoso de pré-aquecimento mostrou-se promissor após 6 meses de avaliação clínica quando aplicado em LCNCs.(AU)


Objective: This double-blind, split-mouth randomized clinical trial evaluate the clinical performance of a new preheating (PHT) thermoviscous composite compared to a non-heating (NHT) composite resin in restorations of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) over a period of 6-month. Material and Methods: 120 restorations were performed on NCCLs with two restorative materials (n = 60). After prophylaxis, the teeth were isolated with retraction cord isolation/cotton rolls and one universal adhesive was applied in the selective enamel etching strategy. For the PHT group heating was carried out at 68°C using a heater bench for 3 min. On the other side, for the NHT group, no heating was applied. Both restorative materials were placed in the caps dispenser and inserted in the NCCLs. The restorations were evaluated after 6-month of clinical performance according to the FDI criteria. Statistical analysis was performed with Chi-square test for all FDI parameters (α = 0.05). Results: Three restorations only in the NHT group were lost/fractured after six months follow-up. The retention rates (confidential interval 95%) for six months were 97.5% (88.6% - 99.0%) for the NHT group and 100% (93.9% - 100%) for the PHT group (p > 0.05). Twenty-two restorations (8 for NHT and 14 for PHT) presented small marginal adaptation defects at the six-months follow-up (p > 0.05). Twenty-six restorations were found to have biofilm retention in the six-month recall (11 for NHT and 15 for PHT; p > 0.05). Regarding all others FDI parameters evaluated, all restorations were considered clinically acceptable. Conclusion: The clinical performance of the new preheating thermoviscous was found to be promise after 6-month of clinical evaluation when applied in NCCLs (AU)


Subject(s)
Temperature , Viscosity , Clinical Trial , Composite Resins
20.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 160 p. tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1401290

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do ensaio clínico foi avaliar o desempenho clínico de 2 materiais bioativos (Cention N e EQUIA Forte) em comparação a resina composta. O estudo in vitro teve como objetivo avaliar o desenvolvimento de lesões de cárie induzida por desafio cariogênico bacteriano na margem de restaurações em esmalte e dentina com Cention N com e sem adesivo, EQUIA Forte e resina composta. A revisão sistemática teve como objetivo responder a seguinte pergunta: A avaliação clínica de restaurações em dentes permanentes com materiais bioativos evidencia maior sucesso do que restaurações com materiais não bioativos? Para o estudo clínico foram selecionados 120 participantes aleatoriamente divididos em 3 grupos (n=40), TC: Tetric N-Ceram, EF: EQUIA Forte, CN: Cention N. O preenchimento das cavidades foi realizado seguindo as indicações do fabricante. Foi utilizado o dispositivo de fluorescência DIAGNOdentTM Pen para avaliação da recorrência de cárie. No estudo in vitro foram confeccionados 100 espécimes a partir de dentes bovinos. Foram divididos em 5 grupos (n=20) metade em esmalte e metade em dentina: Cention N sem adesivo (CN), Cention N com adesivo (CA), EQUIA Forte (EF); Tetric N-Ceram (TC); e sem restauração (SR). Foram submetidos a envelhecimento térmico; leitura de microdureza Knoop (KHN) inicial, esterilizados e expostos a um desafio cariogênico com Streptococcus mutans por 28 dias. Lesões de cárie artificial foi quantificado por meio de KHN superficial e de subsuperfície, e análise com microscopia de luz polarizada. Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA 1 fator e teste Tukey no esmalte e teste de Kruskal-Wallis na dentina. Em esmalte os grupos EF, CN, CA apresentaram menor porcentagem de perda da microdureza (%PMS) 57,85%, 63,88% e 66,65% respectivamente. Na dentina, EF, CN e CA apresentaram menores valores de %PMD sendo 31,7%, 34,1% e 40,8% respectivamente. Os valores mais altos de %PMS foram registrados para os grupos TC e SR tanto na dentina como no esmalte. Na revisão sistemática, com base na pergunta de pesquisa e estratégia PICO: P- Dentes permanentes, I- Restaurações (classe I, classe II, classe III, classe V) com materiais bioativos, C- Restauração com materiais não bioativos, O- Retenção; foi traçada a estratégia de busca. Após a obtenção dos estudos eles foram analisados por dois revisores independentes. No total foram 27 ensaios clínicos randomizados, com acompanhamento mínimo de 2 anos, foram os qualificados para realizar a revisão e meta-análise em rede. Os resultados de meta-análise em rede mostraram que em cavidades classe III cimento de ionômero de vidro modificado (CIV modificado), foi significativamente mais propenso a falhas do que a resina composta (RC), em restaurações classe I e II, o compômero foi significativamente mais propenso a falhas do que a RC e em restaurações classe V o cimento de ionômero convencional (CIV convencional) foi significativamente mais propenso a falhas do que o CIV modificado. No estudo in vitro foi evidente o maior potencial de inibição da desmineralização dos materiais bioativos. Na revisão sistemática ficou evidente que a maioria de materiais bioativos apresentam um bom comportamento, em relação as taxas de retenção e desempenho clínico. (AU)


The objective of the clinical trial was to evaluate the clinical performance of 2 bioactive materials (Cention N and EQUIA Forte) compared to composite resin. The in vitro study aimed to evaluate the development of caries lesions induced by bacterial cariogenic challenge at the margin of enamel and dentin restorations with Cention N with and without adhesive, EQUIA Forte and composite resin. The systematic review aimed to answer the following question: Does the clinical evaluation of restorations in permanent teeth with bioactive materials show greater success than restorations with nonbioactive materials? For the clinical study, 120 participants were randomly selected and divided into 3 groups (n=40), TC: Tetric N-Ceram, EF: EQUIA Forte, CN: Cention N. The filling of the cavities was performed following the manufacturer's instructions. The DIAGNOdentTM Pen fluorescence device was used to assess caries recurrence. In the in vitro study, 100 specimens were made from bovine teeth. They were divided into 5 groups (n=20) half in enamel and half in dentin: Cention N without adhesive (CN), Cention N with adhesive (CA), EQUIA Forte (EF); Tetric N-Ceram (TC); and without restoration (SR). They were subjected to thermal aging; initial Knoop microhardness (KHN) reading, sterilized and exposed to a cariogenic challenge with Streptococcus mutans for 28 days. Artificial caries lesions were quantified using surface and subsurface KHN and analysis with polarized light microscopy. Data were submitted to 1-way ANOVA and Tukey test on enamel and Kruskal-Wallis test on dentin. In enamel, groups EF, CN, CA had the lowest percentage of microhardness loss (%PMS) 57.85%, 63.88% and 66.65% respectively. In dentin, EF, CN and CA presented lower %PMD values, being 31.7%, 34.1% and 40.8% respectively. The highest %PMS values were recorded for the TC and SR groups in both dentin and enamel. In the systematic review, based on the research question and PICO strategy: P- Permanent teeth, I- Restorations (class I, class II, class III, class V) with bioactive materials, C- Restoration with non-bioactive materials, O- Retention; the search strategy was designed. After obtaining the studies, they were analyzed by two independent reviewers. In total, 27 randomized clinical trials, with a minimum followup of 2 years, were qualified to perform the review and network meta-analysis. The results of network meta-analysis showed that in class III cavities modified glass ionomer cement (modified GIC) was significantly more prone to failure than composite resin (RC), in class I and II restorations, the compomer was significantly more prone to failure than RC and in class V restorations the conventional ionomer cement (conventional GIC) was significantly more prone to failure than the modified GIC. In the in vitro study, the greatest potential for inhibiting the demineralization of bioactive materials was evident. In the systematic review it was evident that most bioactive materials have a good behavior in relation to retention rates and clinical performance (AU).


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Analysis of Variance , Composite Resins , Dental Caries , Dental Enamel , Glass Ionomer Cements , In Vitro Techniques
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