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Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213641, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254539


Aim: To review the current literature regarding the bond strength of self-adhesive flowable resin composites (SAFRCs) to tooth structure, comparing the outcomes with conventional flowable resin composites (CFRCs). Methods: PubMed/Medline, EbscoHost and Scopus databases were screened (last update on November 2020) using related Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and free terms. We included in vitro studies published in English language comparing the bond strength of SAFRCs and CFRCs to enamel and/or dentin from primary and/or permanent teeth. Results: In total, 23 articles were included. Unlike CFRCs, SAFRCs such as Vertise® Flow and Fusio™ Liquid Dentin exhibited statistically lower bond strength to enamel and dentin from permanent teeth. There were limited studies comparing the enamel bond strength of CFRCs and SAFRCs (prior phosphoric acid etching and/or adhesive system use). Also, we found few studies that evaluated the bonding effectiveness of Constic® and other SAFRCs to primary teeth. Conclusions: Current SAFRCs showed low bond strength to permanent teeth, which impedes to recommend them as a reliable alternative to CFRCs. The bonding performance of Constic® on both hard dental tissues should be evaluated on future studies. Also, more evidence assessing the bond strength of SAFRCs to primary teeth and etched enamel is needed

Dental Bonding , Composite Resins , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219022, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254545


Minimally invasive dentistry is based on conservative techniques for the treatment of initial caries lesions, the so-called white spot lesions. One of the conservative maneuvers includes the use of enamel resin infiltrant: a low viscosity material that penetrates the enamel pores to stop lesion progression. Aim: Therefore, this case report aimed to describe the clinical case of a 28-year-old female patient under routine consultation, in which a radiographic examination showed the presence of two incipient caries lesions in the left upper premolars. Methods: The application of a resin infiltrating agent (Icon®, DMG ­ Hamburg, Germany) was chosen as treatment to stop caries lesions progression. Conclusion: The use of this conservative technique can be considered a promising approach for the prevention of dental tissue wear, and the resin infiltrant is considered an effective material

Humans , Female , Composite Resins , Dental Caries , Conservative Treatment
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e212755, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254632


Aim: To investigate restorative decisions made by dentists and to examine what demographic characteristics are associated with the decisions for managing approximal and occlusal lesions. Methods: A questionnaire was randomly sent to 900 Palestinian dentists. It noted the demographic details of the dentists and the years of experience. The questionnaire evaluated the respondents for their treatment decisions regarding approximal and occlusal carious lesions. The data was analyzed using the IBM SPSS statistics for windows. The associations between gender and years of experience of the respondents and their restorative decisions were assessed. Results: The response rate was 58.2%. For occlusal carious lesions, 93.9% of the respondents would postpone operative treatment until the lesion was in dentine (grade 3 to 5). For approximal lesions, intervention was deemed appropriate by 92.6% of the respondents when there was radiographic evidence of a carious lesion reaching the DEJ or deeper. Around 53% preferred to prepare approximal lesions according to the traditional principles of cavity preparation. For both approximal and occlusal lesions, the participants opted for resin composites. Statistically, there was a significant association between the restorative decisions with the years since graduation and gender. Conclusion: The study showed variations between the treatment decisions of Palestinian dentists. The subjects chose conservative treatment plans but still adhered to traditional learned practices especially when cavity preparation for approximal lesions was concerned. The years since graduation and gender played a significant role in the choice of treatment opted for. Resin composites seemed to be a popular choice for treatment

Humans , Male , Female , Population Characteristics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Composite Resins , Practice Patterns, Dentists' , Dental Caries , Dental Cavity Preparation
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213981, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254747


Aim: To compare the microleakage of Cention N, a subgroup of composite resins with a resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI) and a composite resin. Methods: Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal and lingual surfaces of 46 extracted human molars. The teeth were randomly assigned to four groups. Group A: Tetric N-Bond etch-and-rinse adhesive and Tetric N-Ceram nanohybrid composite resin, group B: Cention N without adhesive, group C: Cention N with adhesive, and group D: Fuji II LC RMGI. The teeth were thermocycled between 5°-55°C (×10,000). The teeth were coated with two layers of nail vanish except for 1 mm around the restoration margins, and immersed in 2% methylene blue (37°C, 24 h) before buccolingual sectioning to evaluate dye penetration under a stereomicroscope (×20). The data were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests (α=0.05). Results: Type of material and restoration margin had significant effects on the microleakage (p<0.05). Dentin margins showed a higher leakage score in all groups. Cention N and RMGI groups showed significant differences at the enamel margin (p=0.025, p=0.011), and for the latter group the scores were higher. No significant difference was found at the dentin margins between the materials except between Cention N with adhesive and RMGI (p=0.031). Conclusion: Microleakage was evident in all three restorative materials. Cention N groups showed similar microleakage scores to the composite resin and displayed lower microleakage scores compared with RMGI

Composite Resins , Dental Leakage , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar, Third
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219320, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253013


Aim: This study analyzed the effect of whitening mouth rinses on water sorption (WS), solubility (SL), color change, and surface roughness of a nanofilled composite. Whitening perceptibility and acceptability (WID) were also studied. Methods: Forty specimens of Filtek Z350XT, shade EA2 were produced and randomly distributed (n=8) to AS ­ artificial saliva (control); LWE ­ Listerine Whitening Extreme; CLW ­ Colgate Luminous White; LCM ­ Listerine Cool Mint; and CP ­ Colgate Plax. They were immersed in the mouth rinses 2x/day, for one minute, during 28 days. The color was assessed using an Easyshade spectrophotometer (CIE-L*a*b* system). Surface roughness (Ra-µm) was measured with three parallel measures, using an RP-200 roughness meter. The WS and SL (µg/mm-3) were analyzed based on the ISO 4049 recommendations. The data were analyzed using one- and two-way ANOVA/Tukey tests (α=0.05). Results: Surface roughness significantly increased after immersion in AS and LCM, with no significant differences between the groups either before or after immersion. The ΔE* was not significantly different between the groups. All substances produced a ΔWID higher than the 50%:50% perceptibility and acceptability thresholds. The WS and SL were not significantly affected by the mouth rinses. Conclusion: Whitening mouth rinses did not affect WS, SL, surface roughness, and color stability of a nanofilled composite, regardless of the presence of ethanol in the composition

Color , Composite Resins , Nonprescription Drugs , Tooth Bleaching Agents , Mouthwashes
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 106-115, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345518


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2% chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) between an adhesive system and under 3 dentin conditions. For that, this study evaluated the adhesive interface at initial, after 6 months and 1 year of storage. Forty-eight human third molars were prepared and randomly divided into 3 groups, according to dentin substrates: sound dentin (Sd), caries-infected dentin (Ci) and caries-affected dentin (Ca). The groups were subdivided into two according to the dentin pre-treatment: application of 2% CHX or without pre-treatment (control). The dentin surfaces were etched with 35% phosphoric acid gel and bonded with Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) adhesive system according to manufacturer's instructions. Subsequently, the specimens were stored in deionized water at 37°C for 24h, 6 months and 1 year. Two additional teeth were used to analyze the bonding interfaces by SEM. Data was submitted to three-way ANOVA in a split plot design and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The results showed that Ci decreased µTBS values when compared to Ca and Sd, regardless storages time or treatment. Stored samples for 6 months and 1 year decreased the µTBS for the control group, but no difference was found between storages time for the CHX group. As a conclusion, the 2% CHX application after etching showed improved dentin bond strength in the storage time, regardless of the substrates evaluated.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do digluconato de clorexidina 2% (CHX) na resistência de união à microtração (µTBS) entre um sistema adesivo e sob 3 condições de dentina. Para tanto, este estudo avaliou a interface adesiva no início, após 6 meses e 1 ano de armazenamento. Quarenta e oito terceiros molares humanos foram preparados e divididos aleatoriamente em 3 grupos, de acordo com os substratos dentinários: dentina hígida (Dh), dentina infectada por cárie (Di) e dentina afetada por cárie (Da). Os grupos foram subdivididos em dois de acordo com o pré-tratamento: aplicação de CHX 2% ou sem pré-tratamento (controle). As superfícies da dentina foram condicionadas com gel de ácido fosfórico a 35%, em seguida, utilizou-se o sistema adesivo Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) de acordo com as instruções do fabricante. Posteriormente, os corpos-de-prova foram armazenados em água deionizada a 37°C por 24h, 6 meses e 1 ano. Dois dentes adicionais foram usados ​​para analisar as interfaces de união no MEV. Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA três fatores em esquema de parcela subdividida e ao teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Os resultados mostram que a Di diminuiu os valores de µTBS quando comparado as Da e Dh, independente do tempo de armazenamento ou tratamento. Amostras armazenadas por 6 meses e 1 ano diminuíram a µTBS para o grupo de controle, mas nenhuma diferença foi encontrada entre o tempo de armazenamento para o grupo CHX. A aplicação de CHX 2% após o condicionamento apresentou melhora na resistência de união à dentina no tempo de armazenamento, independente dos substratos avaliados.

Humans , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dentin
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 96-105, July-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345515


Abstract This study evaluated the effect of post-cure heat treatment (PCHT) on the Knoop microhardness (KHN), degree of conversion (DC), color changes, and contrast ratio (CR) of four resin composites (RCs): Z100 (3M ESPE), Z350 XT (3M ESPE), Estelite Omega (Tokuyama) and Empress Direct (Ivoclar Vivadent). Specimens (12 × 1 mm) were prepared for each material (n = 10 / group). After curing, samples were subjected to PCHT for 10 min at 100°C or 170°C. Control group was maintained at room temperature (24°C) for the same time. The DC was analyzed by FT-NIR immediately and 24 h after the PCHT (n = 3 / group). KHN was analyzed 24 h after PCHT (n = 10 / group). According to CIEDE2000 (∆E00), color measurements were obtained immediately after curing, five minutes after PCHT, and after seven days of storage in water, coffee, and red wine. Data were analyzed by One and Two-Way ANOVA (p < 0.05). Z100, Z350, and Estelite Omega showed increases in KHN with increased temperature (p < 0.05). PCHT at 100°C and 170°C led to a higher DC of all RCs (p < 0.05). Initially, the PCHT lead to increased ∆E00 values (p < 0.05), which was decreased after immersion in coffee and wine (p < 0.05). Considering the effect of PCHT and staining solutions, lower color changes were observed in the thermally treated specimens (p < 0.05). Taken collectively, the results suggest the PCHT as an economical and practical alternative to enhance direct RC's properties in direct-indirect and indirect restorations.

Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito do tratamento térmico pós-cura (PCHT) na microdureza Knoop (KHN), grau de conversão (DC), mudanças de cor e razão de contraste (CR) de quatro compósitos resinosos (RCs): Z100 (3M ESPE ), Z350 XT (3M ESPE), Estelite Omega (Tokuyama) e Empress Direct (Ivoclar Vivadent). Corpos de prova (12 × 1 mm) foram preparadas para cada material (n = 10 / grupo). Após a cura, as amostras foram submetidas ao PCHT por 10 min a 100 ou 170° C. O grupo controle foi mantido à temperatura ambiente (24° C) pelo mesmo tempo. O DC foi analisada por FT-NIR imediatamente e 24 h após a PCHT (n = 3 / grupo). KHN foi analisado 24 h após PCHT (n = 10 / grupo). De acordo com o CIEDE2000 (∆E00), as medidas de cor foram obtidas imediatamente após a cura, cinco minutos após a PCHT e após sete dias de armazenamento em água, café e vinho tinto. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA de um e dois fatores (P < 0,05). Z100, Z350 XT e Estelite Omega mostraram aumentos no KHN com o aumento da temperatura (P < 0,05). PCHT a 100 ° C e 170 ° C levou a uma maior DC de todos os RCs (P < 0,05). Inicialmente, o PCHT levou ao aumento dos valores de ∆E00 (P < 0,05), que diminuiu após a imersão em café e vinho (P < 0,05). Considerando o efeito de PCHT e soluções de coloração, menores mudanças de cor foram observadas nas amostras tratadas termicamente (P < 0,05). Os resultados sugerem o PCHT como uma alternativa econômica e prática para aumentar as propriedades diretas de compósitos resinosos em restaurações diretas-indiretas e indiretas.

Composite Resins , Hot Temperature , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Coffee
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3278, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289400


Introducción: En la atención odontológica a niños es crucial seleccionar materiales restaurativos con buen rendimiento clínico y corto tiempo de aplicación, especialmente en pacientes con capacidad de atención limitada. Las resinas compuestas, con el mejoramiento de sus propiedades físicas y mecánicas, constituyen hoy uno de los materiales de mayor elección por el odontopediatra. Las resinas de relleno masivo son una alternativa atractiva para las restauraciones en el sector posterior. Objetivo: Comparar el grado de microfiltración marginal de resinas de relleno masivo y nanohíbrida en molares deciduos. Métodos: Estudio experimental, in vitro, en cuarenta molares deciduos; exodonciados por motivos terapéuticos, divididos en dos grupos. Grupo I: resina nanohíbrida con técnica incremental (Tetric® N Ceram - Ivoclar Vivadent) y Grupo II: resina de relleno masivo con técnica monoincremental (Tetric® N Ceram bulk fill - Ivoclar Vivadent). Se realizó un proceso de termociclado manual de 500 ciclos, entre 5 ºC ± 2 ºC y 55 ºC ± 2 ºC. Las muestras fueron sumergidas en azul de metileno al 0,5 por ciento durante 24 horas a 37 ºC. Se analizaron con el microscopio estereoscópico de luz a 40X. Resultados: Todas las muestras presentaron microfiltración. Con el uso de resina nanohíbrida, el 25 presentó microfiltración leve; el 30 por ciento, moderada; y el 45 por ciento, severa. En el grupo de la resina de relleno masivo, el 30 por ciento presentó microfiltración leve; el 35 por ciento, moderada; y el 35 por ciento, severa. No se encontró diferencia significativa entre ambos grupos (p = 0,55). Conclusiones: Ambas resinas, de relleno masivo y nanohíbrida, presentaron similar microfiltración marginal in vitro, en molares deciduos; por lo que la técnica de relleno masivo, por su fácil y rápida aplicación en un solo tiempo, es una buena alternativa en la rehabilitación dental odontopediátrica(AU)

Introduction: In children's dental care it is crucial to select restorative materials of proven clinical quality and a short application period, particularly with patients of limited attention capacity. Due to their improved physical and mechanical properties, composite resins are currently one of the materials of choice for children's dental care. Bulk fill resins are an attractive alternative for posterior restorations. Objective: Compare the degree of marginal microleakage of bulk fill and nanohybrid resins in deciduous teeth. Methods: An experimental in vitro study was conducted of 40 deciduous teeth extracted for therapeutic reasons, which were divided into two groups. Group I: nanohybrid resin by incremental technique (Tetric® N Ceram - Ivoclar Vivadent) and Group II: bulk fill resin by monoincremental technique (Tetric® N Ceram bulk fill - Ivoclar Vivadent). A manual 500-cycle thermocycling procedure was performed at 5ºC ± 2ºC to 55ºC ± 2ºC. The samples were soaked in 0.5 percent methylene blue at 37ºC for 24 hours and analyzed under a light stereo microscope at 40X. Results: Microleakage was present in all the samples. In the nanohybrid resin group, microleakage was mild in 25 percent, moderate in 30 percent and severe in 45 percent. In the bulk fill resin group, microleakage was mild in 30 percent, moderate in 35 percent and severe in 35 percent. No significant difference was found between the groups (p = 0.55). Conclusions: Both resins, bulk fill and nanohybrid, presented similar in vitro marginal microleakage in deciduous molars. The bulk fill technique is therefore a good alternative for children's dental rehabilitation, due to its easy and fast application in a single session(AU)

Humans , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Dental Care/methods , Composite Resins/administration & dosage , Dental Materials/adverse effects
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 92-104, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345500


Abstract This in vitro study evaluated the effect of the beam homogeneity of a multiple-peak light-curing unit on the surface microhardness and the effect of toothbrushing wear on the microhardness, surface roughness, roughness profile, volume loss, and gloss retention of incremental and bulk-fill resin-based composites (RBCs). A LED light-curing unit (VALO) with four LEDs at the tip end (405, 445, 465A, and 465B nm emission peak) was used according to each manufacturer-recommended time to obtain disks (n=10) of six RBCs: Estelite Sigma Quick, Charisma Classic, Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, Filtek Z250, Filtek Supreme Ultra, and Filtek Bulk Fill. Microhardness values were obtained according to each LED positioning of the light-curing unit on the top surface of the RBCs and were analyzed before and after toothbrushing regarding microhardness, surface roughness, roughness profile, volume loss, and gloss retention. Microhardness was considered homogeneous on the top surface regardless of the type of RBC or wavelength tested (p>0.05). Overall, toothbrushing did not reduce the microhardness of the RBCs but influenced the gloss values for most RBCs (p<0.001). Charisma Classic presented the greatest surface roughness and roughness profile after toothbrushing (p<0.05). Volume loss did not differ among RBCs (p>0.05). In conclusion, different wavelengths of the LED did not affect the top surface microhardness, regardless of the RBCs tested; and bulk-fill composites presented similar surface changes (microhardness, surface roughness, roughness profile, volume loss, and gloss retention) when compared to conventional composites after toothbrushing.

Resumo Este estudo in vitro avaliou a homogeneidade do feixe de um fotopolimerizador de múltiplos picos na microdureza superficial e o efeito da escovação na microdureza, rugosidade superficial, perfil de rugosidade, perda de volume e retenção do brilho de compósitos a base de resina (RBCs) incrementais ou bulk-fill. Um fotopolimerizador LED (VALO) com quatro LEDs na ponteira (405, 445, 465A e 465B nm de pico de emissão) foi usado de acordo com o tempo recomendado por cada fabricante para obtenção de discos (n=10) de seis RBCs: Estelite Sigma Quick, Charisma Classic, Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, Filtek Z250, Filtek Supreme Ultra e Filtek Bulk Fill. Os valores de microdureza foram obtidos seguindo o posicionamento de cada LED na superfície superior das amostras e foram analisados antes e após a escovação quanto a microdureza, rugosidade superficial, perfil de rugosidade, perda de volume e retenção do brilho. A microdureza foi considerada homogênea no topo da superfície, independentemente do tipo de RBCs ou comprimento de onda testados (p>0.05). No geral, a escovação não reduziu a microdureza das RBCs, mas influenciou o brilho para a maioria das RBCs (p<0.001). Charisma Classic apresentou os maiores valores de rugosidade superficial e perfil de rugosidade após a escovação (p<0.05). A perda de volume não diferiu entre as RBCs (p>0.05). Em conclusão, os diferentes comprimentos de onda do LED não alteraram a microdureza do topo da superfície, independentemente das RBCs testadas; e as resinas bulk-fill apresentaram alterações superficiais similares (microdureza, rugosidade superficial, perfil de rugosidade, perda de volume e manutenção do brilho) quando comparadas às resinas convencionais após a escovação.

Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Polymerization
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 47-60, maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282724


Introdução:As atuaisresinas Bulk-Fill apresentamcomovantagens e propriedades: menor tempo clínico, baixa contração de polimerização, maior translucidez, entre outros. Objetivo:Avaliar a topografia superficial de restaurações com diferentes tipos de resina composta antes e após submetê-las a diferentes sistemas de acabamento e polimento. Metodologia:Confecção de100 corpos de prova, sendo 50 de cada composto resinoso, apresentando cinco grupos (n=10) sorteados de forma aleatória, de acordo com o sistema de acabamento e polimento empregado. Foram utilizadas as resinas Filtek Z350 XT e a Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill e os sistemas de acabamento e polimento: Discos de Lixa Sof-Lex Pop On Kit;Discos Diamantado Espiral Sof-Lex; Ponta Enhance e Broca Carbide Multilaminada nº 0283F, que foram comparados com superfície deixada pela Tira de Poliester (Controle Negativo). Após 7 dias de armazenamento em água destilada, os corpos de provaforam submetidos aoMicroscópio Eletrônico de Varredura.Resultados:Os corpos de provada resina Bulk Fill tiveram como melhor resultado o sistema de acabamento e polimentocom broca carbidee resultado não satisfatório com discodiamantado espiral Sof-lex, enquanto a ponta Enhance e lixa Sof-lex Pop Ontiveram resultados semelhantes. Os corpos de prova da resina Filtek Z350 XT tiveram melhor aspecto visual de lisura no grupo controle negativoe pior resultado no grupo com disco diamantado espiral Sof-lex. Conclusões:Dessa forma, o sistema que apresentou melhor resultado foi a broca Carbidena resina Bulk Fill, enquanto a Filtek Z350 XT apresentou-se melhor no grupo controle. Porém, ainda são necessáriosestudos para se chegar em um protocolo de acabamento e polimento mais eficiente (AU).

Introduction:The current Bulk-Fill resins have the following advantages and properties: less clinical time, low polymerization shrinkage, greater translucency, among others.Objective:Toevaluate the topography of restorations with different types of composite resin before and after submitting them to different finishing and polishing systems.Methodology:Manufacture of 100 specimens, 50 of each resin compound, presenting five groups (n = 10) drawn at random, according to the finishing and polishing system employed. Filtek Z350 XT resins and Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill andfinishing and polishing systems were used: Sof-Lex Pop On Kit Sanding Discs; Diamond Spiral Sof-Lex Discs; Tip Enhance and Multilaminated Carbide Drill nº 0283F, which were compared with the surface left by the Polyester Strip (Negative Control). After 7 days of storage in distilled water, the specimens were submitted to a Scanning Electron Microscope.Results:The Bulk Fill resin specimens had the best result of the finishing and polishing system with carbide drill and unsatisfactory result with Sof-lex spiral diamond disc, while the Enhance tip and Sof-lex Pop On sandpaper had similar results. The Filtek Z350 XT resin specimens had a better visual aspect of smoothness in the negative control group and a worse result in the group with Sof-lex spiral diamond wheel.Conclusions:Thus, the system that showed the best result was the Carbide drill in Bulk Fill resin, while Filtek Z350 XT was better in the control group. However, studies are still needed to arrive at a more efficient finishing and polishing protocol (AU).

Introducción:Las actuales resinas Bulk-Fill tienen las siguientes ventajas y propiedades: menor tiempo clínico, baja contracción de polimerización, mayor translucidez, entre otras.Objetivo: Evaluar la topografía de restauraciones con diferentes tipos de resina compuesta antes y después de someterlas a diferentes sistemas de acabado y pulido.Metodología: Fabricación de 100 probetas, 50 de cada resina compuesta, presentando cinco grupos (n = 10) extraídos al azar, según el sistema de acabado y pulido empleado. Se utilizaron resinas Filtek Z350 XT y Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill y sistemas de acabado y pulido: Discos de lijado Sof-Lex Pop On Kit; Discos Sof-Lex en espiral de diamante; Broca Realce de Punta y Carburo Multilaminado nº 0283F, que fueron comparadas con la superficie dejada por la Tira de Poliéster (Control Negativo). Después de 7 días de almacenamiento en agua destilada, lasmuestras se sometieron a un Las muestras de resina Bulk Fill tuvieron el mejor resultado del sistema de acabado y pulido con broca de carburo y un resultado insatisfactorio con el disco de diamante en espiral Sof-lex, mientras que la punta Enhance y el papel de lija Sof-lex Pop On tuvieron resultados similares. Las muestras de resina Filtek Z350 XT tuvieron un mejor aspecto visual de suavidad en el grupo de control negativo y un peor resultado en el grupo con disco de diamante en espiral Sof-lex.Conclusiones: Así, el sistema que mejor resultado mostró fue la broca Carbide en resina Bulk Fill, mientras que Filtek Z350 XT fue mejor en el grupo control. Sin embargo, aún se necesitan estudios para llegar a un protocolo de acabado y pulido más eficiente (AU).

Surface Properties , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Composite Resins , Dental Polishing/instrumentation , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Brazil , Protocols , Polymerization
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(229): 9-17, abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253242


La aparición de aparatología preadjustada ha colaborado en la efectividad de los tratamientos de ortodoncia, pero para que la expresión de esta aparatología se logre, es necesario una correcta colocación de los brackets y la permanencia de estos en boca durante todo el tratamiento. La precisión en la colocación mejora con la técnica de cementado indirecta, ya que permite el acceso a las zonas posteriores, a lugares donde se ve disminuida la visión y además disminuye la condensación de aliento y contaminación salival. Si bien esta técnica requiere tiempo extra de laboratorio, es más rápida en la etapa clínica (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Silicone Elastomers , Cementation/methods , Orthodontic Brackets , Phosphoric Acids/chemistry , Research Design , Schools, Dental , Acid Etching, Dental/instrumentation , Efficacy , Dental Impression Technique , Dental Bonding/instrumentation , Composite Resins , Dental Models
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(1): e828, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289451


Introducción: La reparación de restauraciones de amalgama, los materiales, las caras de los dientes de preferencia para realizarlas y su controversia con la contraparte de realizar reemplazos, es algo que amerita atención por los investigadores para lograr definiciones y protocolos precisos. Objetivo: Sistematizar sobre las recomendaciones de la literatura con respecto a la reparación de restauraciones de amalgama. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión cualitativa. Se plantearon criterios de inclusión y exclusión para la selección de los artículos. La búsqueda se realizó en Scopus y Pubmed. De las investigaciones resultantes de la búsqueda fueron decantados los artículos que no coincidían con el problema de investigación en cuestión, luego los que no cumplían los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Se realizó una evaluación de la calidad y validez de los artículos seleccionados para ser incluidos en esta investigación y, finalmente, se le dio lectura a los textos completos y resúmenes para extraer los datos necesarios para completar la base de datos de la investigación. Quedaron un total de 27 artículos que fueron tamizados en una base de datos Excel, la que luego se exportó al software SPSS para su procesamiento estadístico. Resultados: El 44,4 por ciento y 55,6 por ciento de los artículos recomiendan reparar las restauraciones con amalgama y resina compuesta, respectivamente. Casi la mitad de los artículos (48,1 por ciento) no precisaron una cara del diente susceptible o no para realizar reparaciones. El 44,4 por ciento concluyen con que es un tratamiento recomendable. Conclusiones: Es recomendable realizar reparaciones de restauraciones de amalgama con amalgama dental y con resina compuesta. No está claramente definido cuál cara del diente es susceptible o no a recibir reparaciones y es un tratamiento que puede formar parte del arsenal terapéutico de los odontólogos(AU)

Introduction: The repair of amalgam restorations, the materials used, the tooth sides preferred to perform them, and the controversy with the replacement option, are all topics deserving the attention of researchers with a view to achieving accurate definitions and protocols. Objective: Systematize the recommendations available in the literature about the repair of amalgam restorations. Methods: A qualitative review was carried out. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were established for the selection of papers. The search was conducted in Scopus and Pubmed. Papers not related to the research problem at hand were the first to be discarded. Then those not meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria. An evaluation was performed of the quality and validity of the remaining papers, and finally their full texts and abstracts were read to retrieve the data required to complete the database of the study. The 27 papers thus obtained were sifted in an Excel database, which was then exported to the SPSS software for statistical processing. Results: 44.4 percent and 55.6 percent of the papers recommend to repair restorations with amalgam and composite resin, respectively. Almost half (48.1 percent) do not state any preference for a specific tooth side to perform the repair. 44.4 percent recommend the treatment. Conclusions: It is advisable to perform repairs of amalgam restorations with dental amalgam and with composite resin. It is not clearly defined which tooth side is preferred to undergo the repair. This treatment may be part of the therapeutic arsenal of dentists(AU)

Humans , Corrective Maintenance , Composite Resins , Quality Management , Dental Amalgam , Dentists
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 78-84, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180726


Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the exposure reciprocity law of a multi-wave light-emitting diode (LED) on the light transmittance (LT), depth of cure (DOC) and degree of conversion in-depth (DC) of a bulk fill composite. A bulk fill composite (EvoCeram® bulk fill, Ivoclar Vivadent) was photoactivated using the multi-wave LED (VALO™ Cordless, Ultradent). The LED was previously characterized using a spectrophotometer to standardize the time of exposure when using the Standard or Xtra-Power modes with the same radiant exposure of 20J/cm2. LT was evaluated through samples of the bulk fill composite every millimeter till 4 mm in-depth. DOC was evaluated according to the ISO 4049. DC of the central longitudinal cross-section from each sample of the DOC test was mapped using FT-NIR microscopy. Data were statistically analyzed according to the experimental design (α=0.05; ß=0.2). The radiant exposure in the violet wavelength range for Standard and Xtra-Power was 4.5 and 5.0 J/cm2, respectively; for the blue wavelength range the radiant exposure for Standard and Xtra-Power was 15.5 and 15.0 J/cm2, respectively. There was no statistical difference in the DOC using Standard or Xtra-Power light-curing modes, but the DOC was lower than the claimed by the manufacturer (4 mm). The DC was not significantly affected by the light-curing mode up to 4 mm in depth (p>0.05). According to exposure reciprocity law, the reduction in exposure time using the same radiant exposure did not affect the depth of cure of the bulk fill composite.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da lei de reciprocidade de um diodo emissor de luz (LED) multi-wave na transmitância de luz (LT), profundidade de cura (DOC) e grau de conversão em profundidade (DC) de um compósito bulk fill. Material e Métodos: Um compósito bulk fill (EvoCeram®, Ivoclar Vivadent) foi fotoativado utilizando um LED multi-wave (VALO ™ Cordless, Ultradent). O LED foi previamente caracterizado usando um espectrofotômetro para padronizar o tempo de exposição utilizando os modos Standard ou Xtra-Power com a mesma dose de energia de 20 J/cm 2. A LT foi avaliada através de amostras do compósito bulk fill a cada milímetro até 4 mm de profundidade. O DOC foi avaliado de acordo com a ISO 4049. O DC foi realizado em forma de mapeamento da seção transversal longitudinal central de cada amostra do teste de DOC utilizando microscopia FT-NIR. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente de acordo com o delineamento experimental (α=0,05; ß=0,2). A exposição radiante na faixa de comprimento de onda violeta para os modos Standard e Xtra-Power foi de 4,5 e 5,0 J/cm2, respectivamente; e para a faixa de comprimento de onda azul, a exposição radiante para os modos Standard e Xtra-Power foi de 15,5 e 15,0 J/cm2, respectivamente. Não houve diferença estatística no DOC utilizando os modos de fotopolimerização Standard ou Xtra-Power, mas o DOC foi menor do que o reivindicado pelo fabricante (4 mm). O DC não foi afetado significativamente pelo modo de fotopolimerização até 4 mm de profundidade (p>0,05). De acordo com a lei de reciprocidade da exposição, a redução no tempo de exposição utilizando a mesma exposição radiante não afetou a profundidade de cura do compósito bulk fill.

Composite Resins , Curing Lights, Dental , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Color , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Polymerization , Hardness
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 85-90, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180721


Abstract This study evaluated the chemical composition and microhardness of human enamel treated with an Enamel Matrix Derivative (EMD) solution, and the bond strength between composite resin and this enamel. Thirty human enamel samples were randomly divided into three groups: Untouched Enamel (UE), Demineralized Enamel (DE) and Demineralized Enamel Treated with EMD (ET). DE and ET groups were subjected to acid challenge and ET treated with EMD (EMD was directly applied over conditioned enamel and left for 15 min). Samples from each group (n=4) had chemical composition assessed through to attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR). Knoop microhardness of enamel samples from each group (n=10) was measured. For the microshear bond strength, the samples were etched for 30 s, and the adhesive was applied and cured for 10 s. Two matrixes were placed on the samples, filled with Filtek Z350 XT composite and cured for 20 s, each. The matrix was removed, and the microshear bond strength of each group (n=10) was tested. Data were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis test (for microhardness), to analysis of variance and to Tukey's test (for microshear bond strength); (α=0.05). FTIR results have shown phosphate (hydroxyapatite indicator) in 900-1200 cm-1 bands in the UE and ET groups, which were different from the DE group. Microhardness and microshear analyses recorded higher statistical values for the UE and ET groups than for DE. EMD application to demineralized enamel seems to have remineralized the enamel; thus, the microhardness and bond strength was similar between UE and ET groups.

Resumo Este estudo avaliou a composição química e microdureza do esmalte humano tratado com solução de Derivados da Matriz do Esmalte (EMD) e a resistência de união entre compósito e este esmalte. Trinta amostras de esmalte humano foram aleatoriamente divididas em três grupos: Esmalte Intocado (UE), Esmalte Desmineralizado (DE) e Esmalte Desmineralizado Tratado com EMD (ET). Os grupos DE e ET foram submetidos a desafio ácido e ET tratado com EMD (O EMD foi aplicado diretamente sobre esmalte condicionado e deixado por 15 minutos). Amostras de cada grupo (n = 4) tiveram composição química avaliada através de espectroscopia no infravermelho por transformada de Fourier com reflectância total atenuada (FTIR-ATR). A microdureza Knoop das amostras de esmalte de cada grupo (n=10) foi mensurada. Para a resistência ao microcisalhamento, as amostras foram condicionadas por 30 s, o adesivo aplicado e foto-ativado por 10 s. Duas matrizes plásticas (1 mm de comprimento) foram posicionadas sobre as amostras, preenchidas com compósito Filtek Z350 XT e foto-atiavadas por 20 s cada. As matrizes foram removidas e a resistência ao microcisalhamento de cada grupo (n=10) foi testada. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste de Kruskal-Wallis (para análise da microdureza), à análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey (para análise da resistência ao microcisalhamento); (α=0.05). Os resultados do FT-IR mostraram fosfato (indicador de hidroxiapatita) na banda entre 900-1200 cm-1 nos grupos UE e ET, diferentemente do grupo DE. Análises de microdureza e microcisalhamento demonstraram resultados estatisticamente superiores para os grupos UE e ET quando comparados ao DE. A aplicação de EMD ao esmalte desmineralizado parece ter remineralizado o esmalte; assim, a microdureza e a resistência de união foram semelhantes entre os grupos UE e ET.

Humans , Dental Bonding , Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dental Enamel , Shear Strength , Hardness
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 91-97, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180719


Abstract This study investigated the effects of oxygen inhibition and finishing/polishing procedures on the composite resin properties. One bulk-fill and two conventional composite resins (nanoparticle and microhybrid) were evaluated. Specimens were prepared using 4 surface treatments: control, no treatment; Gly, oxygen inhibition with glycerin; FP, finishing and polishing; Gly + FP, glycerin followed by finishing and polishing. The degree of conversion (DC) was measured using Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) immediately and after 15 days (n=5). Color stability (ΔEab, and ΔE00) and opacity were evaluated using a spectrophotometer after 15 days of immersion in coffee, using the CIELAB system (n=5). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α=0.05) and opacity by two-way repeated-measures ANOVA. Glycerin usage increased significantly the DC however had no influence on the ΔEab, ΔE00 and, opacity values. Finishing and polishing reduced ΔEab and ΔE00 values, regardless of composite resins. Microhybrid showed higher opacity, followed by the nanoparticle and bulk fill, regardless of surface treatment. Post-polymerization polishing procedures resulted in lower conversion than using an oxygen inhibitor agent (Gly condition), but similar staining caused by coffee.

Resumo Este estudo investigou os efeitos da inibição de oxigênio e dos procedimentos de acabamento/polimento nas propriedades das resinas compostas. Foram avaliadas uma resina composta bulk fill e duas resinas convencionais (nanoparticulada e microhíbrida). Os espécimes foram confeccionados, variando o tratamento de superfície: controle, sem tratamento; glicerina (inibidor de oxigênio); acabamento e polimento; glicerina + acabamento e polimento. O grau de conversão (GC) foi medido pela Espectroscopia de Infravermelho Transformada de Fourier (FTIR) imediatamente e após 15 dias da confecção dos espécimes (n=5). Os índices de alteração de cor ΔEab, ΔE00 e opacidade foram avaliados por meio de espectrofotômetro, após 15 dias de imersão no café, utilizando o sistema CIELAB (n=5). Os dados da alteração da cor foram analisados pelos testes ANOVA de dois fatores e Tukey (α=0,05) e a opacidade por ANOVA de medidas repetidas. O uso de glicerina aumentou significativamente o GC, no entanto, não teve influência sobre os valores ΔEab e ΔE00. O acabamento e o polimento reduziram os valores de ΔEab e ΔE00, independentemente da resina composta. A resina microhíbrida apresentou maior opacidade, seguida pela nanoparticula e bulk-fill, independentemente do tratamento de superfície. O acabamento e polimento resultou em menor grau de conversão das resinas compostas se comparado ao uso de um agente inibidor de oxigênio (glicerina), porém apresenta resultados similares para a pigmentação pelo café.

Oxygen , Composite Resins , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Color , Dental Materials , Dental Polishing
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(1): 235-244, jan. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284540


Introdução:As manchas dentárias, dentre elas a hipoplasia do esmalte,corresponde a um dos motivos que fazem com que os pacientes busquem alterações no seu sorriso.O tratamento proposto deve ser sempre o mais conservador possível e buscar devolver a autoestima do paciente. Objetivo:Este trabalho objetivou apresentarum relato de caso clínico de paciente do sexo feminino, 26 anos, insatisfeita com a estética do seu sorriso por apresentar dentes escurecidos e hipoplasia de esmalte na face vestibular, em incisivo superior.Descrição do caso:Ao exame clínico foi observado escurecimento fisiológico e hipoplasia de esmalte no incisivo lateral superior esquerdo (22).O plano de tratamento proposto foi clareamento dental pela técnica associada (técnica de consultório + técnica caseira), remoção da mancha hipoplásica de formaminimamente invasiva e restauração em resina composta direta. Conclusões:Através de um correto diagnóstico, associado a uma técnica e seleção de material adequado, foi possível conseguir excelência estética com preservação de estrutura dentária sadia (AU).

Introduction:Dental stains, including enamel hypoplasia, correspond to one of the reasons that make patients seek changes in their smile. The proposed treatment should always be as conservative as possible and seek to restore the patient's self-esteem.Objective:This study aimedto present a clinical case report of a 26-year-old female patient, dissatisfied with the aesthetics of her smile as she had darkened teeth and enamel hypoplasia on the vestibular face, in anupper incisor. Case description:On clinical examination, physiological darkening and enamel hypoplasia were observedon the left upper lateral incisor (22). The proposed treatment plan was dental bleaching using the associated technique (In-office bleaching+ at-home bleaching), removal of the hypoplastic stain in a minimally invasive manner and restoration in direct composite resin.Conclusions:Through a correct diagnosis, associated with a technique and selection of suitable material, waspossible to achieve aesthetic excellence with preservation of healthy dental structure (AU).

ntroducción: Las manchas dentales, incluida la hipoplasia del esmalte, corresponden a una de lasrazones que hacenquelos pacientes busquencambios em susonrisa. El tratamiento propuestosiempredebe ser lo másconservador posible y tratar de restablecerla autoestima del paciente.Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo presentarun informe de caso clínico de una paciente de 26 años de edad, insatisfechacon la estética de susonrisa, ya que habíaoscurecidolosdientes y la hipoplasia del esmalte en lasuperficie vestibular, en el incisivo superior.Descripcióndel caso: Enelexamen clínico, se observó oscurecimiento fisiológico e hipoplasia del esmalte en el incisivo lateral superior izquierdo (22). El plan de tratamiento propuestofueel blanqueamiento dental utilizando la técnica asociada (técnica de consultorio + técnica casera), eliminación de la mancha hipoplásica de maneramínimamente invasiva y restauraciónen resina compuestadirecta. Conclusiones: A través de un diagnóstico correcto, asociado con una técnica y selección de material adecuado, fueposible lograr laexcelencia estética conlapreservación de una estructura dental sana (AU).

Humans , Female , Adult , Tooth Bleaching , Composite Resins , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia , Conservative Treatment , Brazil , Photography, Dental/instrumentation , Incisor
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4, suppl 1): 1-12, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352586


Objective: To evaluate the influence of background, substrates and thickness on the color and light behaviour of two ZLS glass ceramics. Material and Methods: Standardized disc-shape specimens (12 x 1.2 mm), color A1 HT, of Celtra Duo and Vita Suprinity (n=30), were tested over a white/black background, and divided in five groups (n=6) to be tested over five substrates (polished gold alloy, white zirconia and composite, dentine and enamel A1 colour). The L*, C*, h*, a*, b* and Δ E values, were recorded in two thicknesses (1.2 and 2.4 mm). Translucency parameter (TP), contrast ratio (CR) and opalescence parameter (OP) were calculated. Data was analysed with non­parametric tests: Mann Whitney between ceramic materials for thickness, Wilcoxon for thicknesses in substrates and ceramic material and Kruskal­Wallis with Bonferroni corrections tests (p<0,01) for substrates. Results: For 2.4 mm, the Δ E values were always higher independently of ceramic material or substrates. Vita Suprinity registered lower values than Celtra Duo. Zirconia substrate registered the lower values. For 1.2 mm, dentine registered the lower values. Gold alloy and composite substrates registered the lower Δ E values for 1.2 mm Celtra Duo and 2.4 mm Vita Suprinity specimens. CT and OP higher values and TP lower values were registered for 2.4 mm Vita Suprinity. It was impossible to calculate for Celtra Duo specimens. Conclusions: Background, substrate and thickness had significant influence in light behaviour and final color of ZLS glass ceramics. Substrates Gold alloy and dentine exhibited clinical acceptable Δ E values for 1.2 mm Celtra Duo specimens. (AU)

Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do fundo, do substrato e da espessura no comportamento da luz e na cor de duas cerâmicas ZLS. Material e métodos: Discos de cerâmica (12 x 1.2 mm) de cor A1 HT, de Celtra Duo e Suprinity (n=30), foram testados sobre fundo branco/preto e cinco substratos (liga Ag-Au-Pt polida; zircónia branca; compósito, dentina e esmalte de cor A1). Os valores L*, C*, h*, a*, b* e Δ E foram registados em duas espessuras (1.2 mm e 2.4 mm). O parâmetro de translucidez (TP), o parâmetro de opalescência (OP) e o índice de contraste (CR) foram determinados. Foram realizados testes não paramétricos: Mann Whitney entre cerâmicas por espessura, Wilcoxon entre categoria de espessura por substrato e cerâmica; Kruskal­Wallis com correção de Bonferroni para substratos (p <0,01). Resultados: Para 2,4 mm, o Δ E foi sempre superior independentemente do material ou substrato. Os valores de Suprinity foram inferiores aos de Celtra Duo. O substrato zirconia obteve o Δ E mais baixo. Para 1,2 mm, a dentina obteve o Δ E mais baixo. A liga dourada e o compósito obtiveram Δ E mais baixo para Celtra Duo 1,2 mm e Suprinity 2,4 mm. Para Suprinity, CT e OP foram maiores para 2,4 mm e menores para TP. Não foi possível calcular para Celtra Duo. Conclusão: O fundo, substrato e espessura tiveram influência significativa no comportamento da luz e cor das restaurações de cerâmica ZLS. Apenas os substratos metal e dentina apresentaram valores clinicamente aceitáveis, para Celtra Duo na espessura de 1.2 mm.(AU)

Color , Composite Resins , Dental Enamel , Dental Materials , Dentin
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-7, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1293047


Objective: This study aimed to assess the fracture resistance of primary molars restored with endocrowns compared to prefabricated zirconia crowns. Material and Methods: Twelve sound, defect-free primary second molars were selected and divided into two groups: group I included 6 molars restored with zirconia crowns, while group II included 6 teeth restored with endocrowns. For both groups access cavity was prepared for the teeth to open pulp chamber. Fracture resistance of both groups was tested using a universal testing machine. Results: Zirconia crown showed statistically significantly higher mean fracture resistance than Endocrown (P-value = 0.001, Effect size = 2.72). Conclusion: Pulpotomized primary molars restored with Zirconia crowns showed significantly higher mean fracture resistance compared to primary molars restored with endocrowns, meanwhile both restorations have shown higher mean fracture resistance than the maximum biting force in children. (AU)

Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a resistência à fratura de molares decíduos restaurados com endocrowns em comparação com coroas de zircônia pré-fabricadas. Material e Métodos: Doze segundos molares decíduos hígidos e livres de defeitos foram selecionados e divididos em dois grupos: o grupo l incluiu 6 molares restaurados com coroas de zircônia, enquanto o grupo ll incluiu 6 dentes restaurados com edocrowns. Para ambos os grupos, foi preparada uma cavidade de acesso à câmara pulpar. A resistência à fratura de ambos os grupos foi testada em uma máquina de ensaio universal. Resultados: A coroa de zircônia apresentou resistência média à fratura estatisticamente significativa maior do que endocrown (p=0,001, Tamanho do efeito = 2,72). Conclusão: Molares decíduos pulpotomizados restaurados com coroas de zircônia apresentam resistência média à fratura significativamente maior em comparação aos molares decíduos restaurados com endocrowns, entretanto, ambas as restaurações mostraram maior média à fratura do que a força máxima de mordida em crianças (AU)

Composite Resins , Crowns , Flexural Strength
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 21-26, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290951


El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una alternativa de tratamiento rehabilitador para pacientes jóvenes con gran pérdida de estructura dental vinculada a lesiones de origen no bacteriano. Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente de 36 años de edad, con reflujo gastroesofágico crónico bajo tratamiento médico, que concurrió a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Adultos de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (FOUBA), en busca de un cambio estético en su sonrisa y relatando sensibilidad al calor, al frío y dolor al masticar. No manifestó sintomatología dolorosa a nivel muscular ni articular. En función de sus posibilidades económicas y de la etiología erosiva de las lesiones existentes en sus piezas dentarias, se llevó a cabo una rehabilitación oral adhesiva con resinas compuestas utilizando la sistematización de atención que sugiere la Cátedra. Las resinas compuestas actuales, en combinación con las técnicas y procedimientos desarrollados en este artículo han demostrado un adecuado comportamiento al ser utilizadas como restauraciones definitivas en pacientes que necesitan rehabilitación oral total debido a la gran pérdida de estructura dental por erosión ácida (AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Erosion/therapy , Dental Bonding , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Mouth Rehabilitation
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-9, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1145441


Objective: Unlike traditional composite resins, bulk-fill composite resins could be polymerized as thicker layers. This study aims to contribute to the field by investigating the cytotoxic effects of various bulk-fill composite resins on L929 mouse fibroblast cells in vitro. Material and Methods: In our study, six bulk fill and one conventional composite resin were used. Composite resin samples (8×4 mm) were prepared in a sterile cabinet by using a glass mod and polymerizing with a led light device (DTE LUX E, Germany). Composite samples (n:3) of which surface area was calculated according to ISO 10993-12: 2012 standards (3 cm2/ml), were kept in media for 24 h and 72 h in 37 oC incubator, their extracts were filtered in 1:1 and 1:2 proportion and were added on L929 mouse fibroblast cells. Cell viability was examined by the MTT assay and cell death by the LDH test. Cell viability results were evaluated using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test (p<0.05). Results: When the 1:1 extracts from 4 mm thick bulk-fill composite samples were applied on L929 mouse fibroblast cells, cell viability rates showed significant differences compared to the control group at the end of 24 h and 72 h (except for Estelite Bulk Fill Flow). Although the extracts of the tested composite samples at 1:1 and 1:2 ratio at the end of 72 hours caused a decrease in L929 mouse fibroblast cell viability, the cell viability rate of only PRG-containing bulk fill composite and conventional composite remained below the cell viability ratio (70%) specified in ISO standards. Bulk fill composites did not produce toxic effects (except Beautifil Bulk Restorative) according to the LDH test. Conclusions: Despite decreasing in general the cell viability, bulk-fill composite resins used in 4 mm thick layers provided cell viability rates over the acceptability level, except PRG-containing bulk fill composite (Beautifil Bulk Restorative), which was cytotoxic to L929 mouse fibroblasts. (AU)

Objetivo: Ao contrário das resinas compostas tradicionais, as resinas compostas bulk-fill podem ser polimerizadas como camadas mais espessas. Este estudo visa investigar in vitro os efeitos citotóxicos de várias resinas compostas bulk-fill em células de fibroblastos de camundongo L929.Material e Métodos: Em nosso estudo, seis resinas tipo bulk fill e uma resina composta convencional foram usadas. Amostras de resina composta (8 × 4 mm) foram preparadas em gabinete estéril usando um molde de vidro e polimerizado com um dispositivo de luz LED (DTE LUX E, Alemanha). Amostras compostas (n=3) cuja área de superfície foi calculada de acordo com os padrões ISO 10993-12:2012 (3cm2/ml), foram mantidas em meio e incubadas por 24 h e 72 h a 37 ºC, seus extratos foram filtrados na Proporção de 1:1 e 1:2 e foram acondicionados em cultura de células de fibroblastos de camundongo L929. A viabilidade celular foi examinada pelo ensaio MTT e a morte celular pelo teste LDH. Os resultados de viabilidade celular foram avaliados usando o teste de análise de variância (ANOVA) um fator (p <0,05). Resultados: Quando os extratos foram plaqueados na proporção 1:1 de amostras de compósito bulk-fill de 4 mm de espessura com as células de fibroblastos de camundongo L929, as taxas de viabilidade celular mostraram diferenças significativas em comparação com o grupo controle no final de 24 h e 72 h (exceto para Estelite Bulk Fluxo de enchimento). Embora os extratos das amostras compostas testadas na proporção de 1:1 e 1:2 ao final de 72 horas tenham causado uma diminuição na viabilidade das células de fibroblastos de camundongo L929, a taxa de viabilidade celular apenas do compósito de preenchimento total contendo PRG e o compósito convencional permaneceram abaixo a taxa de viabilidade celular (70%) especificada nas normas ISO. Os compósitos de preenchimento a granel não produziram efeitos tóxicos (exceto Beautifil Bulk Restorative) de acordo com o teste de LDH. Conclusão: Apesar de diminuir em geral a viabilidade celular, as resinas compostas bulk-fill usadas em camadas de 4 mm de espessura forneceram taxas de viabilidade celular acima do nível aceitável, exceto o compósito bulk fill contendo PRG (Beautifil Bulk Restorative), que foi citotóxico para fibroblastos de camundongos L929 (AU)

Animals , Mice , Composite Resins , Toxicity , Fibroblasts