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Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225454, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366512


Aim: Evaluating the resin-dentin bond strength of Class II conventional and bulk-fill composite restorations, using different cavity sizes before and after aging. Methods: Seventy-five human molars were distributed into groups according to the buccolingual width of the cavities, conservative (n=25) and extended (n=50). They were divided according to the restorative material: conventional (Z100/control group) or bulk-fill resin composites (Filtek Bulk Fill/FBF; Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill/TNCBF; Filtek Bulk Fill Flow/FBFF; Surefill SDR flow/SDR). The restored teeth were sectioned on sticks (n=50 per restorative materials + width cavities group), half were stored in Water/Ethanol 75% for 30 days and the other half were submitted to the immediate microtensile bond strength (µTBS) test. Data were analyzed applying the Three-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Bonferroni test, test t, and Weibull analyses (p<0.05). Results: SDR and FBF presented lower µTBSvalues for extended preparation when compared to the conservative preparation, before aging. After aging, only for the FBFF, a decrease in the µTBSvalues was observed. Comparing the µTBSvalues, before and after aging, the SDR demonstrated lower µTBSvalues after aging when the conservative cavity was used. A decrease in the µTBSvalues was observed for the Z100, the FBF and, the FBFF, after aging, when the extended cavity was used. Conclusion: The effect of cavity preparation and aging on the resin-dentin of Class II is material dependent. Most of the bulk-fill resin composites evaluated presented a similar performance to the conventional resin composites for all the conditions of this study

Humans , Tensile Strength , Aging , Composite Resins/analysis , Dental Cavity Preparation
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(1)abr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386582


Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of preheating three bulk-fill and one conventional composite resin on the Vickers microhardness and depth of cure of these composites. In this study, three bulk-fill composites- SDR Plus (SDR), Estelite BULK FILL Flow (EST), Admira® Fusion x-tra (AFX), and one conventional composite resin G-ænial POSTERIOR (GP) were used as the control group. The samples were obtained at room temperature (24°C) and at 55°C in T2 mode after being placed in a heating device for 10 minutes. The samples were divided into eight groups (n=10) according to the type of material and heating process that was utilized (preheated and nonheated). All samples were tested with a Vickers microhardness (VHN) tester on the bottom and top surfaces. The first measurements were obtained at baseline; the second set of measurements was performed after the samples were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours. The depth of cure was calculated using a bottom/top hardness ratio of measurements. Statistical analysis was performed utilizing the SPSS V23 and Shapiro-Wilk tests. Lastly, the Duncan test was used for multiple comparisons (p<0.05). While the VHN increased after the preheating procedure in bulk-fill composites, it decreased in GP. There was no difference between the baseline and the 24-hour VHN values in SDR and GP. After 24 hours, while the VHN of EST increased, the VHN of AFX decreased. There was no difference between the hardness ratios of the AFX and EST samples (p<0.001) and hardness ratios were greater than GP and SDR. When comparing the baseline and the 24- hour values, the VHN depended on the type of materials. Sufficient curing depth was obtained in all groups with a thickness of 2mm.

Resumen El objetivo fue investigar el efecto del precalentamiento de tres resinas Bulk-fill, una resina compuesta convencional sobre la microdureza Vickers y la profundidad de curado de estas resinas. Se utilizaron tres composites Bulk-Fill-SDR Plus (SDR), Estelite BULK FILL Flow (EST), Admira® Fusion x-tra (AFX), y una resina compuesta convencional G-ænial POSTERIOR (GP) como grupo de control. Las muestras se obtuvieron a temperatura ambiente (24°C) y a 55°C en modo T2 después de haber sido colocadas en un dispositivo de calentamiento durante 10 minutos. Se dividieron en ocho grupos (n=10) según el tipo de material y el proceso de calentamiento que se utilizó (precalentado y no calentado). Se probaron con un medidor de microdureza Vickers (VHN) en las superficies inferior y superior. Las primeras mediciones se obtuvieron en la línea de base; la segunda se realizó después de que las muestras se almacenaran en agua destilada a 37°C durante 24 horas. La profundidad de curado se calculó utilizando una relación de dureza inferior/ superior de las mediciones. El análisis estadístico se realizó utilizando el SPSS V23 y las pruebas de Shapiro-Wilk. Por último, se utilizó la prueba de Duncan para las comparaciones múltiples (p<0,05). VHN aumentó tras el procedimiento de precalentamiento en las resina Bulk-Fill, disminuyó en los GP. No hubo diferencias entre los valores de VHN de referencia y de 24 horas en SDR y GP. Después de 24 horas, mientras que el VHN de EST aumentó, el VHN de AFX disminuyó. No hubo diferencias entre los ratios de dureza de las muestras de AFX y EST (p<0,001) y los ratios de dureza fueron mayores que los de GP y SDR. Al comparar los valores de referencia y los de 24 horas, el VHN dependió del tipo de materiales. Se obtuvo una profundidad de curado suficiente en todos los grupos con un grosor de 2mm.

Composite Resins/analysis , Heaters
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(1)abr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386581


Abstract The objective of this in vitro study is to examine the effect of antioxidants on the bonding strength of composite resin to bleached enamel. One hundred twenty non decay teeth were used in this study. Specimens were cut from the enamel cement junction. Then the specimens were randomly assigned into two groups-office bleaching and home bleaching. Bleaching antioxidants were applied to the first 12 subgroups. The specimens in the remaining 12 groups were kept in artificial saliva for 14 days and antioxidants were applied. Composite resin restoration was applied to all specimens. A cutting device was employed to obtain six specimens (0.9mm) from each tooth, and the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) test was performed. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, the paired t-test, and Duncan's post hoc test (p=0.05). In office bleaching specimens, immediate antioxidant application increased the μTBS values (p0.05). Mean μTBS values in the groups to which antioxidants were applied two weeks after home bleaching were higher than those in the groups in which antioxidants were applied immediately. The use of antioxidants after bleaching may increase the MTBS value. The clinician should take this into account especially in immediate restoration applications after bleaching.

Resumen El objetivo de este estudio in vitro fue examinar el efecto de los antioxidantes sobre la resistência adhesiva de la resina compuesta al esmalte blanqueado. En este estudio se utilizaron ciento veinte dientes sin caries. Se cortaron especímenes a nivel de la unión esmalte-cemento. A continuación, los especímenes se asignaron aleatoriamente a dos grupos: blanqueamiento en el consultorio y blanqueamiento en casa. Se aplicaron antioxidantes de blanqueamiento a los primeros 12 subgrupos. Los especímenes de los 12 grupos restantes se mantuvieron en saliva artificial durante 14 días y se aplicaron antioxidantes. Se aplicó una resina compuesta a todos los especímenes empleando un dispositivo de corte para obtener seis especímenes (0,9mm) de cada diente, y se realizó la prueba de resistencia a la adhesión por microtensión (μTBS). Los datos se analizaron mediante un ANOVA de una vía, la prueba t pareada y la prueba post hoc de Duncan (p=0,05). En las muestras de blanqueamiento de oficina, la aplicación inmediata de antioxidantes aumentó los valores de μTBS (p0,05). Los valores medios de μTBS en los grupos a los que se aplicaron antioxidantes dos semanas después del blanqueo en casa fueron mayores que los de los grupos en los que se aplicaron antioxidantes inmediatamente. El uso de antioxidantes después del blanqueamiento puede aumentar el valor de μTBS. El clínico debe tenerlo en cuenta, especialmente en las aplicaciones de restauración inmediatas tras el blanqueamiento.

Tooth Bleaching , Composite Resins/analysis , Antioxidants
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e57616, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366131


This study evaluated the effect of contamination of composite resins (CRs) handled by undergraduate students during restorative procedures, varying the time (baseline, 30 days and 60 days) and experimental condition (before and after handling, contamination with saliva [positive control] and photoactivation). Eight CR tubes were randomly distributed at the dental clinic and the samples were organized into four groups: CR fragments collected before (GB) and after (GA) the restorative procedure; CR fragments contaminated with saliva (GS) and photoactivated (GP) both collected after the procedure. These 4 groups were evaluated in 3 different times: baseline (after sealing), 30 days and 60 days of use of the CR. Samples that had positive turbidity in Brain HeartInfusion (BHI) broth were sown in BHI and Sabouraud Dextrose (SB) agars for subsequent counting of Colony Forming Units (CFU mL-1). The results showed that the handling was responsible for increasing contamination (p < 0.05) at the baseline (GB [n = 0] and GA [n = 3]), as well as after 30 (GB [n = 1] and GA [n = 6]) and 60 (GB [n = 1] and GA [n = 5]) days of use. Photoactivation was responsible for the reduction for microorganisms in T0 and T60. Additionally, the time use and conservation did not influencethe contamination of CRs. Handling was responsible for the increase of contamination of CR, the photoactivation seems to reduce the number of viable microorganisms and the time of use seems not to potentiate the effect of tube contamination.

Pollution Indicators , Composite Resins/analysis , Good Manipulation Practices , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/instrumentation , Students, Dental , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Environmental Restoration and Remediation , Food Preservatives/analysis , Microbiology/instrumentation
Rev. ABENO ; 21(1): 1065, dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1371228


O sucesso clínico de materiais resinosos é dependente de uma adequada polimerização. Diversos materiais fotoativados são utilizados frequentemente nas clínicas-escola de Odontologia. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar o nível de conhecimento dos acadêmicos do 10º período de Odontologia do Centro Universitário Maurício de Nassau, Recife/PE,sobre fotopolimerização, por meio de questionário. Os dados foram tabulados e analisados por meio de estatísticas descritivas, teste Qui-quadrado de Pearson e teste Exato de Fischer, com nível de significância de 5% (p<0,05). Os resultados demonstram que 83,8%dos estudantesnão possuem fotopolimerizador, 72,9% não conhecem a potência do aparelho, 56,2% não sabem qual é a potência mínima ideal e apenas 8,5% sabem o nome do aparelho aferidor da irradiância / potência. Além disso, 48,5% não sabem o comprimento de onda ideal para fotoativação de resina composta e 69,2% desconhecemo tipo de aparelho que utilizam (monowaveou poliwave).Em relação ao tempo de fotopolimerização, 60,8% afirmaram utilizar20 segundos em resinas compostas convencionais e 38,5% utilizam por40 segundos em resinas compostas Bulk-fill. Embora 84,6% afirmem usar aparelhos fotopolimerizadores frequentemente, apenas 26,9% sabem a distância ideal da ponteira à restauração. Além disso, 51,5% relataram que fazem a limpeza e desinfecção com álcool 70GL e 45,4% usam barreira plástica. Nesse contexto, pode-se concluir que o nível do conhecimento dos acadêmicos em relação à fotopolimerização foi insatisfatório, exigindo uma abordagem e avaliaçãomais efetivaspara que os discentes tenham consciência da importância clínica deste procedimento e suas consequências (AU).

The clinical success of resin materials depends on adequate curing. Several light cured materials are frequently used in dental school clinics. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of students from the 10th period of Dentistry at Maurício de Nassau University Center, Recife/PE, about light curing, using a questionnaire. Data were tabulated and analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson chi-square test and Fisher exact test, at a significance level of 5% (p<0.05). The results show that 83.8% of studentsdo not have a light curing unit, 72.9% do not know the device power, 56.2% do not know the ideal minimum power and only 8.5% know the name of the device that measures the irradiance/power. Also, 48.5% do not know the ideal wavelength for light curing of composite resin and 69.2% do not know the type of device they use (monowave or polywave). Regarding the light curing time, 60.8% stated they used 20 seconds in conventional composite resins and 38.5% used 40 seconds in bulk-fill composite resins. Although 84.6% stated that they use light curing units frequently, only 26.9% know the ideal distance from the tip to the restoration. Additionally, 51.5% reported performing cleaning and disinfection with 70GL alcohol and 45.4% use a plastic barrier. In this context, it can be concluded that the knowledge of students regarding light curing was unsatisfactory, requiring a more effective approach and evaluation so that the students may be aware of the clinical importance of this procedure and its consequences (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Students, Dental , Composite Resins/analysis , Education, Dental , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Polymerization , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Data Interpretation, Statistical
Rev. ABENO ; 21(1): 1018, dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1371271


O objetivo desse estudofoi verificar a contaminação microbiológica deresinas compostas utilizadas em uma clínica-escola de Odontologia. Trata-se de uma pesquisa experimental/laboratorial, na qual foramcoletadas amostras de 10 bisnagas de resina composta, sendo uma delas o controle negativo. Porções de resina composta contidas no interior das bisnagas foram coletadas e mergulhadas em tubos de ensaio contendo caldo nutriente eposterior semeadura em placas e coloraçãopara caracterizar as colônias e observar bactérias e fungos. Todas as amostras apresentaram contaminação, inclusive o tubo contendo meio de cultura utilizado como controle de manuseio do experimento. Essas contaminações podem ter relação com as falhas dos meios de biossegurança empregados na clínica-escola e com os métodos de transporte e armazenamento das bisnagas de resina composta. Portanto, existe a necessidade de conscientização dos estudantese docentespara a adoção de medidas de biossegurança específicas para o manuseio das resinas compostas (AU).

The aim of this study was to verify the microbiological contamination in composite resins used at one Dental school clinic. This is an experimental/laboratory study, in which samples of 10 tubes of composite resin were collected, one of which was the negative control. Portions of composite resin inside the tubes were collected and dipped in test tubes containing nutrient broth for subsequent seeding on to plates and staining for the characterization of bacterial and fungal colonies. All samples revealed contamination, including the tube containing culture medium used as control for handling the experiment. These contaminations may be related to failures in biosafety measures employed in theDental school clinic and to the transport and storage methods for the tubes of composite resin. Therefore, it is necessary to raise awareness among students and teachers to adopt specific biosafety measures for the handling of composite resins (AU).

Composite Resins/analysis , Containment of Biohazards , Dental Clinics/standards , Dental Materials , Students, Dental , Environmental Exposure
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(3)dic. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386561


ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the fracture strength of different composite resins and the quantity of voids in conventional posterior composite, high- flow flowable composite, bulk-fill flowable composite, and fiber-reinforced composite. Forty-four caries-free, freshly extracted mandibular premolars were used for this study. Teeth were prepared for cavity and root canal treatment. Subsequently, root canal treatment was applied to the teeth and cavities in order to prepare them for restorations. The specimens were then divided into four groups: group-1: Estelite Posterior; group-2: Estelite Flow Quick High Flow; group-3: Estelite Bulk-fill Flow; group-4: everX Posterior. One specimen from each experimental group was examined using micro-CT to perform measurement of voids. The fracture strength values of high-flow flowable, bulk-fill flowable, fiber-reinforced, and conventional micro- hybrid composites were found to be similar (p=0.497). EverX Posterior showed the highest fracture strength values (841.1±149.4 N), followed by Estelite Bulk-fill Flow (822.8±170.8 N). Volume of voids (%) obtained from Micro-CT analysis revealed that restorations with high-flow liner or bulk-fill flowable exhibited more voids. The fiber-reinforced composite showed the lowest percentage volume of incorporating voids and the highest fracture strength results.

RESUMEN: El objetivo del estudio fue investigar la resistencia a la fractura de diferentes resinas compuestas y la cantidad de burbujas en resinas posteriores convencionales, resinas fluidas de alto flujo, resinas fluidas tipo bulk-fill y resinas reforzados con fibras. Cuarenta y cuatro premolares mandibulares libres de caries, recién extraídos, fueron usados para este estudio. Los dientes se prepararon para el tratamiento de conductos radiculares y las cavidades para prepararlos para las restauraciones. Los especímenes se dividieron en cuatro grupos: Grupo-1: Estelite Posterior; Grupo-2: Estelite Flow Quick High Flow; Grupo-3: Estelite Bulk-fill Flow; Grupo-4: everX Posterior. Un espécimen de cada grupo experimental fue examinado usando micro-CT para realizar la medición de las burbujas. Los valores de resistencia a la fractura de los compuestos de alto flujo, flujo de relleno, reforzados con fibra y microhíbridos convencionales fueron similares (p=0,497). EverX Posterior mostró los valores más altos de resistencia a la fractura (841,1±149,4 N), seguido de Estelite Bulk-fill Flow (822,8±170,8 N). El volumen de las burbujas (%) obtenido del análisis de Micro-TC reveló que las restauraciones con revestimiento de alto flujo o con flujo de relleno a granel presentaban más huecos. El compuesto reforzado con fibra mostró el menor porcentaje de volumen de incorporación de vacíos y los resultados más altos de resistencia a la fractura.

Composite Resins/analysis , Flexural Strength
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(2)ago. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386542


ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare the shear bond strength of three high-viscosity bulk-fill composite resins applied as single layers of 4mm thickness and of one microhybrid composite resin applied incrementally with a thickness of 2mm on dentin surfaces prepared with different surface preparation methods. Materials and Methods: A total of 132 caries-free human molars whose dentines had been exposed were used. Three groups, each containing 44 teeth, were formed. The acid group was etched with 32% phosphoric acid; laser group was etched with Er, Cr; YSGG laser and the control group was prepared with silicon carbid paper. Following the application of bonding agent, composite resin materials were applied on teeth using teflon moulds of 4x4mm. The samples were then subjected to shear bond strength tests. Two-way variance analysis and Tukey HSD multiple comparison test were applied on collected data. Results: There was a significant difference between surface treatment methods used regarding shear bond strength (P0.05). Conclusions: Laser etching of the dentin tissues is not as effective as acid etching. Bulk-fill composites had similar effects compared with conventional composite resins with regard to bonding strength. More in vitro studies supported with clinical data are required to investigate the performance of bulk-fill composites and laser.

RESUMEN: Propósito: El objetivo de este estudio es comparar la resistencia adhesiva al cizallamiento de tres resinas compuestas de relleno de alta viscosidad aplicadas como capas individuales de 4 mm de espesor y de una resina compuesta microhíbrida aplicada de forma incremental con un espesor de 2mm en superficies de dentina preparadas con diferentes métodos de preparación de la superficie. Materiales y métodos: Se utilizaron un total de 132 molares humanos sin caries cuyas dentinas habían sido expuestas. Se formaron tres grupos, cada uno con 44 dientes. El grupo ácido se grabó con ácido fosfórico al 32%; el grupo láser se grabó con Er, Cr; el láser YSGG y el grupo de control se preparó con papel de carburo de silicio. Después de la aplicación del agente adhesivo, se aplicaron materiales de resina compuesta en los dientes utilizando moldes de teflón de 4x4mm. A continuación, las muestras se sometieron a pruebas de resistencia adhesiva al cizallamiento. Se aplicó el análisis de varianza bidireccional y la prueba de comparación múltiple Tukey HSD a los datos recogidos. Resultados: Hubo una diferencia significativa entre los métodos de tratamiento de superficie utilizados en cuanto a la resistencia adhesiva al cizallamiento (P0,05). Conclusiones: El grabado láser de los tejidos de la dentina no es tan eficaz como el grabado al ácido. Las resinas de relleno bulk-fill tuvieron efectos similares en comparación con las resinas compuestas convencionales en lo que respecta a la rsistencia adhesiva. Se necesitan más estudios in vitro apoyados con datos clínicos para investigar el rendimiento de los composites de relleno y el láser.

Composite Resins/analysis , Dental Cements , Turkey
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(2)ago. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386541


ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of the superficial application of two different modeling resins on the surface microhardness and discoloration of composite resins. Material and Methods: The present study used two different composites and modeling resins. The composites were placed in plastic molds. Subsequently, the modeling resins were applied on the surface of the two composite groups. The microhardness and color pertaining to all the groups were evaluated. The current study used the One-Way ANOVA and Kruskal Wallis tests, in order to perform the statistical evaluation (p<0.05). Results: The present study compared the microhardness pertaining to the groups and the highest microhardness values were observed in the Estelite Asteria group (none), whereas the lowest values were observed in the GC Essentia group (Ultradent). Moreover, the current study evaluated the color stability and the greatest discoloration was observed in the control group of the GC Essentia group, whereas the least discoloration was observed in the Estelite Asteria group that included the samples prepared using Ultradent Wetting Resin. Conclusions: The results of the present study demonstrated that the use of modeling resins, which facilitate the placement of composite resins, reduced the microhardness and discoloration of composite resins. The aforementioned effect can be attributed to the variations in the structure of the filling. However, further studies are warranted to support and verify the results of the current study.

RESUMEN: Objetivo: El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar y comparar los efectos de la aplicación superficial de dos resinas humectantes sobre la microdureza superficial y la decoloración de las resinas compuestas. Material y métodos: El presente estudio utilizó dos resinas humectantes y resinas de modelado diferentes. Las resinas compuestas se colocaron en moldes de plástico. Posteriormente, se aplicaron las resinas humectantes sobre la superficie de los dos grupos. Se evaluó la microdureza y el color de todos los grupos. El presente estudio utilizó las pruebas One-Way ANOVA y Kruskal Wallis, para realizar la evaluación estadística (p<0.05). Resultados: Los valores más altos de microdureza se observaron en el grupo Estelite Asteria, mientras que los menores valores se observaron en el grupo GC Essentia (Ultradent). La mayor decoloración se observó en el grupo control o el grupo GC Essentia, mientras que la menor decoloración se observó en el grupo Estelite Asteria con Ultradent Wetting Resin. Conclusiones: Los resultados del presente estudio demostraron que el uso de resinas humectantes, que facilitan la colocación de resinas compuestas, redujo la microdureza y decoloración de las resinas compuestas. El efecto mencionado anteriormente se puede atribuir a las variaciones en la estructura del relleno. Sin embargo, se necesitan más estudios para respaldar y verificar los resultados del presente estudio.

Composite Resins/analysis , Hardness , Hardness Tests , Tooth Discoloration , Turkey
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(2)ago. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386537


ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the discoloration of a dual-cure bulk-fill (DCBF) and light-cure bulk-fill (LCBF) composites relative to conventional composites (CC) after water and coffee immersion. Methods: One- hundred disc-shaped specimens (8mm in diameter × 4mm thickness) were prepared using five commercially available composites (n=10); two LCBF (XB-X-trafil Voco, FB-FiltekTM Bulk Fill), one DCBF (FU-Fill-upTM Coltene), and two CC (CE-Clearfil Majesty ES2, EQ-Estelite ΣQuick). Initial and final color readouts were measured with a spectrophotometer (Easyshade,Vita) according to the CIELAB color system. Statistical analyses were performed using 2-way ANOVA with Bonferroni adjustment to evaluate ΔE, ΔL, Δa, and Δb parameters (pFB≥XB>EQ≥CE in water immersion groups and XB>FB>EQ≥FU≥CE in coffee immersion groups. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, DCBF composite is more susceptible to intrinsic discoloration compared to LCBF and CC. However, DCBF exhibited lower extrinsic discoloration than LCBF and comparable with CC after coffee immersion. Depending on their chemical and structural compositions, composites will exhibit color change, which compromises the esthetic performance of composite restorations.

RESUMEN: Propósito: El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar la decoloración de resinas bulk de curado dual (DCBF) y bulk activadas por fotopolimerización (LCBF) en relación con las resinas convencionales (CC) después de la inmersión en agua y café. Métodos: Se prepararon cien muestras en forma de disco (8mm de diámetro × 4mm de espesor) utilizando cinco resinas compuestas disponibles comercialmente (n=10); dos LCBF (XB-X-trafil Voco, FB-FiltekTM Bulk Fill), un DCBF (FU-Fill-upTM Coltene) y dos CC (CE-Clearfil Majesty ES2, EQ-Estelite ΣQuick). Las lecturas de color inicial y final se midieron con un espectrofotómetro (Easyshade, Vita) de acuerdo con el sistema de color CIELAB. Los análisis estadísticos se realizaron utilizando ANOVA de 2 vías con ajuste de Bonferroni para evaluar los parámetros ΔE, ΔL, Δa y Δb (pFB≥XB>EQ≥CE en los grupos de inmersión en agua y XB>FB>EQ≥FU≥CE en los grupos de inmersión en café. Conclusión: Dentro de las limitaciones de este estudio, la resina DCBF es más susceptible a la decoloración intrínseca en comparación con LCBF y CC. Sin embargo, DCBF mostró una decoloración extrínseca más baja que LCBF y comparable con CC después de la inmersión en café. Dependiendo de sus composiciones químicas y estructurales, los composites mostrarán cambios de color, lo que compromete el desempeño estético de las restauraciones de resinas con el tiempo.

Tooth Discoloration , Composite Resins/analysis
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(1)abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386513


Resumen: El uso de resinas compuestas Bulk-Fill para la restauración de dientes posteriores ha sido masificada en los últimos años en las diferentes disciplinas clínicas de la Odontología. Esto puede deberse principalmente a la simplicidad en la técnica de aplicación de este material ya que requiere de su inserción dentro de la preparación cavitaria en espesores de resina compuesta de hasta 4-5mm, lográndose una reducción considerable de tiempo de trabajo clínico. Ante la existencia de diferentes viscosidades de este tipo de resinas compuestas, ciertas dificultades han sido identificadas ante la selección de cada material Bulk-Fill en relación a las posibles combinaciones que se pueden realizar entre las diferentes marcas disponibles en el mercado, inclusive cuando se usan junto con resinas compuestas convencionales. El objetivo del siguiente reporte de caso, es mostrar dos posibilidades clínicas paso a paso utilizando inicialmente resinas Bulk-Fill compactable en un solo incremento para un segundo molar superior, y luego, a través de la combinación de resinas compuestas Bulk-Fill del tipo fluidas, junto a resinas compuestas Bulk-Fill compactables y resinas compuestas convencionales de estratificación para esmaltes de alto índice de refracción para un primer molar superior.

Abstract: The use of Bulk-Fill composite resins to perform posterior restorations has been massified in recent years in the different clinical disciplines of Dentistry. This may be due mainly to the simplicity in the application technique of this material as it requires its insertion into the cavity preparation in 4-5mm of composite resin thickness, achieving a considerable reduction of clinical working time. Given the existence of different viscosities of this type of composite resins, certain difficulties have been identified before the selection of each Bulk-Fill material related to the possible combinations that can be made between the different brands available in the market, even when they are used with conventional composite resins. The purpose of the following case report, is to present two step-by-step clinical possibilities using initially, compactable Bulk-Fill composite resin in a single increment for the restoration of a second upper molar, and later, through the combination of Bulk-Fill flowable composite resin together with compactable Bulk-Fill composite resin and a high- refractive-index enamel-like conventional composite resin, for a first upper molar.

Humans , Female , Adult , Composite Resins/analysis , Denture Repair
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-7, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1120471


Objetivo: Avaliar a alteração da rugosidade superficial de uma resina composta nanoparticulada (Filtek Z350 XT ® ) após o uso de produtos clareadores de autoaplicação contento baixa concentração de peróxido de hidrogênio. Métodos: Para isto, foram confeccionados 30 corpos de prova deste material, divididos aleatoriamente em 3 grupos com 10 amostras cada, da seguinte forma: G1 (grupo controle) no qual as amostras não foram submetidas à ação de nenhum produto clareador; G2, realização de procedimento clareador com peróxido de hidrogênio a 10% (Crest 3D White Professional Effects Whitestrips ® ) em 2 aplicações de 30 minutos, por 10 dias consecutivos; e G3, tratamento com peróxido de hidrogênio a 7,7% (pincel Pretty Smile ® ) com o mesmo número de aplicações, tempo e dias do G2. Após este período cada corpo de prova foi analisado no rugosímetro Surftest SJ-301, para determinar a sua rugosidade superficial média. Estes dados foram então submetidos à análise estatística por meio da análise de variância (ANOVA) e teste de Tukey, nível de significância de 5% para comparações múltiplas. Resultados: Ao final do experimento, houve diferenças estatísticas significantes entre o grupo controle (G1) e os demais grupos (G2 e G3), com p < 0,05. Porém, quando analisados apenas os grupos submetidos ao clareamento com o peróxido de hidrogênio em diferentes concentrações (G2 e G3), não foi encontrada diferença significativa (p > 0,05). Conclusão: Após 10 dias, os produtos clareadores testados determinaram aumento significativo nos valores de rugosidade superficial média da resina composta nanoparticulada.

Aim: Tod evaluate the change in surface roughness of a nanoparticulate composite resin (Filtek Z350 XT ® ) after using over-the-counter bleaching products, containing a low concentration of hydrogen peroxide. Methods: For this, 30 specimens of this material were made, randomly divided into 3 groups with 10 samples each, as follows: G1 (control group) in which the samples were not subjected to the action of any bleaching product; G2, performing a bleaching procedure with 10% hydrogen peroxide (Crest 3D White Professional Effects Whitestrips ® ), in 2 applications of 30 minutes, for 10 consecutive days; and G3, treatment with 7.7% hydrogen peroxide (Pretty Smile ® ), with the same number of applications, time, and days as G2. After this period, each specimen was analyzed, using the Surftest SJ-301, to determine its average surface roughness. These data were then subjected to statistical analysis through analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's Test, with a significance level of 5% for multiple comparisons. Results: Statistically significant differences were found between the control group (G1) and the other groups (G2 and G3), with p < 0.05. However, when analyzing only the groups submitted to bleaching agents with hydrogen peroxide in different concentrations (G2 and G3), no significant difference was found (p > 0.05). Conclusions: After 10 days, the bleaching products tested in this study determined a significant increase in the average surface roughness values of the nanoparticulate composite resin.

Tooth Bleaching , Composite Resins/analysis , Bleaching Agents , Tooth Bleaching Agents/therapeutic use , Hydrogen Peroxide/therapeutic use , Resins, Synthetic , In Vitro Techniques , Dental Materials
Odovtos (En línea) ; 21(2): 45-52, May.-Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091480


ABSTRACT Fissure sealants are applied to teeth to prevent caries development. The presence of the fissure sealant creates a protective barrier, which prevents plaque accumulation to the pits and fissure. They have a significant role in preventing pit and fissure caries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the time-dependent fluoride ion release of giomer- and resin-based fissure sealants. Fissure sealants were divided into 4 groups: BeautiSealant (Shofu, Japan), Clinpro Sealant (3M ESPE, USA), Helioseal F (Ivoclar Vivadent, Liechtenstein), Fissurit F (Voco, Germany). Disk shaped samples were prepared for each sealant material tested, and they were transferred into polyethylene vials containing 5 ml of deionized water. Fluoride ion diffusion was determined on days 1,2,3,7,14,21, and 28 (n=7). The fluoride concentration in these samples was analyzed using a pre-calibrated spectrophotometer in parts per million (ppm). These experiments were performed in triplicates at room temperature. ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test were used for statistical analysis. BeautiSealant was released the highest amount of fluoride on day 1 (5.33 ppm), followed by a sudden decrease on the day 2 (2.17ppm). The burst effect was observed only in this group. Clinpro Sealant, Fissurit F and HelioSeal F groups presented fluoride release of 2.69, 2.94 and 2.91 ppm on the first day, respectively, without a significant difference (p>0.05). After the first week, a constant fluoride release level has been reached. The fluoride release for the three resin-based fissure sealants was slightly lower than that for the giomer-based. After the first week, materials exhibited no significant difference and reached a plateau. The usage of a high and prolonged fluoride-releasing fissure sealant material should be considered by clinicians, particularly in patients with caries risk.

RESUMEN Los sellantes de fosas y fisuras se utilizan con el objetivo de prevenir el desarrollo de caries. La presencia del sellante crea una barrera protectora, que evita la acumulación de placa en las fosas y fisuras. Tienen un papel importante en la prevención de la caries. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la liberación de iones fluoruro de los sellantes de fosas y fisuras a base de Ionómeros y resinas. Los sellantes de fosas y fisuras se dividieron en 4 grupos: BeautiSealant (Shofu, Japón), Clinpro Sealant (3M ESPE, EE. UU.), Helioseal F (Ivoclar Vivadent, Liechtenstein), Fissurit F (Voco, Alemania). Se prepararon muestras en forma de disco para cada material, y se transfirieron a viales de polietileno que contenían 5 ml de agua desionizada. La difusión de iones fluoruro se determinó en los días 1,2,3,7,14,21 y 28 (n=7). La concentración de fluoruro en estas muestras se analizó utilizando un espectrofotómetro precalibrado en partes por millón (ppm). Estos experimentos se realizaron por triplicado a temperatura ambiente. ANOVA y la prueba de HSD de Tukey se utilizaron para el análisis estadístico. BeautiSealant liberó la mayor cantidad de fluoruro en el día 1 (5.33 ppm), seguido por una disminución repentina en el día 2 (2.17ppm). Los grupos Clinpro Sealant, Fissurit F y HelioSeal F presentaron una liberación de fluoruro de 2.69, 2.94 y 2.91 ppm el primer día, respectivamente, sin una diferencia significativa (p> 0.05). Posterior a la primera semana, fue alcanzado un nivel constante de liberación de fluoruro. La liberación de flúor para los tres sellantes de fosas y fisuras a base de resina fue ligeramente inferior a la de los Ionómeros. Después de la primera semana, los materiales no mostraron diferencias significativas. Los odontólogos deben considerar el uso de un material sellante de fosas y fisuras que promueva la liberación de flúor a lo largo del tiempo, especialmente en pacientes con riesgo de caries.

Composite Resins/analysis , Dental Caries , Dental Materials/therapeutic use , Fluorine/therapeutic use
Odontol. vital ; (30): 59-64, ene.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1091414


Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar la estabilidad de color de tres resinas compuestas tipo flow, mediante un colorímetro digital tras contacto durante 30 días con bebidas gaseosas. Materiales y métodos: 21 discos de 8 mm de diámetro y 2 mm de espesor fueron construidos con resina flowAlpha, Brilliant, Wave y Opallis, la evaluación de color se realizó mediante colorímetro digital y el peso con balanza de precisión, posterior al contacto en agua destilada durante 24 horas. Los discos fueron subdivididos en cuatro subgrupos (n=7) y sumergidos por 30 días en 10 ml de Coca-Cola, Fanta o saliva artificial, tras lo cual una nueva evaluación de color y peso fue ejecutada. Los datos analizados mediante las pruebas estadísticas Kruskal Wallis, Wilcoxon, Anova y Tukey. Resultados: La resina AlphaFlow presentó mayor resistencia a la variación del color después de 30 días al contacto con las bebidas gaseosas evaluadas, la Coca-Cola desencadenó mayor modificación de color en los dos materiales, sin diferencia significativa entre peso inicial y el final entre los materiales. Conclusiones: La resina ALPHA FLOW presentó mayor estabilidad al cambio de color, Coca-Cola fue la bebida gaseosa con mayor influencia en el cambio de color; sin modificación en cuanto al peso.

Abstract Objective: Evaluatethe color stability of three flow composite resins, by a digital colorimeter after contactfor 30 days with softdrinks. Materials and methods: 21 discs of 8 mm diameter and 2 mm thickNess were constructed with flowAlpha, Brilliant, Wave and Opallis resin, the color evaluation was performed by digital colorimeter and theweight with precision balance, after contact in distilled waterfor 24 hours. The discs were subdivided into four subgroups (n = 7) and submerged for 30 days in 10 ml of Coca-Cola, Fantaor artificial saliva, aftera new evaluation of color and weight was performed. The data was analyzed by the Kruskal Wallis, Wilcoxon, Anova and Tukey statistical tests. Results: Alpha Flow resin showed greater resistanceto color variation after 30 days in contact with the gaseous beverages evaluated, Coca-Cola showed greater color modification in materials, without significant difference between initial weight and the final weight between the materials. Conclusions: Alpha Flow resin showed greater stability to the color change, Coca-Cola was the gaseous drink with greater influence in the color change; No changes in weight.

Tooth Discoloration , Carbonated Beverages/adverse effects , Composite Resins/analysis , Coloring Agents
Acta amaz ; 49(1): 75-80, jan. - mar. 2019. graf, ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1119231


Wood-cement composite (WCC) is a potential construction material for tropical regions, due to its physico-mechanical properties and resistance to decay and fungi attack. However it is important to test alternative production methods and wood materials that are easier and cheaper than those traditionally used, in order to create a higher demand for this product. The aim of this work was to evaluate the use of wood from four Amazonian species (Eschweilera coriaceae, Swartzia recurva, Manilkara amazonica and Pouteria guianensis) in the production of wood-cement composites through a vibro-dynamic compression process, an alternative method to the use of a hydraulic press. The inhibition degree caused by the wood to the cement cure, measured by the factor CA, indicated that all species were compatible with Portland cement (CP II-Z). WCC with densities higher than 1,100 kg m-3 (produced with E. coriaceae and S. recurva particles) showed compressive strength values higher than 10 MPa, which fulfills the minimum requirement for lightweitgh reinforced concrete blocks for structural use. (AU)

Compósito madeira-cimento é um potencial material de construção para regiões tropicais, devido a suas propriedades físico-mecânicas e resistência ao ataque de fungos e podridão. Contudo, é importante testar métodos alternativos de produção e madeiras que sejam mais simples e baratos do que os tradicionalmente usados, para que se alcance uma maior demanda para esse produto. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o uso de madeira de quatro espécies amazônicas (Eschweilera coriaceae, Swartzia recurva, Manilkara amazonica e Pouteria guianensis) na produção de compósitos de madeira-cimento (WCC) pelo processo de compactação vibro-dinâmica, um método alternativo que dispensa o uso de prensas hidráulicas. O grau de inibição à pega do cimento causado pela presença da madeira foi medido pelo fator CA e indicou que todas as quatro espécies foram compatíveis com o cimento Portland (CP II-Z). Compósitos com massa específica superior a 1.100 kg m-3 (produzidas com partículas de E. coriaceae e S. recurva) apresentaram valores de compressão axial acima de 10 MPa, requisito mínimo para classificar como blocos de concreto reforçados leves de uso estrutural.(AU)

Solid Waste Compaction , Composite Resins/analysis , Amazonian Ecosystem , Lecythidaceae/chemistry , Manilkara/chemistry , Fabaceae/chemistry
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e008, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989480


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of conversion (DC) and the thermal stability of bulk-fill and conventional composite resins. Eleven composite resin samples were prepared to evaluate the DC, Vickers microhardness (VMH), mass and residue/particle loss, glass transition temperature (Tg), enthalpy, and linear coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) using infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), microdurometer analyses, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and dilatometry (DIL). The data were subjected to statistical analysis, with a significance level of 95%. DC and VMH were not influenced by the polymerized side of the sample, and statistical differences were recorded only among the materials. Decomposition temperature, melting, and mass and residue loss were dependent on the material and on the evaluation condition (polymerized and non-polymerized). Tg values were similar between the composites, without statistically significant difference, and CTE ranged from 10.5 to 37.1 (10-6/°C), with no statistical difference between the materials. There was a moderate negative correlation between CTE and the % of load particles, by weight. Most resins had a DC above that which is reported in the literature. TGA, Tg, and CTE analyses showed the thermal behavior of the evaluated composites, providing data for future research, assisting with the choice of material for direct or semidirect restorations, and helping choose the appropriate temperature for increasing the DC of such materials.

Surface Properties , Materials Testing/methods , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Materials/chemistry , Spectrophotometry, Infrared , Temperature , Composite Resins/analysis , Dental Materials/analysis , Hardness
West Indian med. j ; 67(1): 60-68, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045809


ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the mechanical properties of various mass fractions of Nylon 6 (N6), polymethyl-metacrylate (PMMA) and polyvinylidene-difluoride (PVDF) nanofibres reinforced bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate (Bis-GMA) and tri-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) based dental composite resins and to evaluate the penetration characteristics of the nanofibres into the resin. Methods: Nylon 6, PMMA and PVDF nanofibres were produced using the electrospinning method. The morphologies of the fabricated nanofibres were evaluated with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The nanofibres were placed into the resin matrix at different mass fractions (3%, 5% and 7%). The three-point bending test was applied to nanofibre-reinforced dental composite resins and neat resin specimens. The flexural strength (Fs), flexural modulus (EY) and work of fracture (WOF) of the groups were found. The analysis of variance was used for the statistical analysis of the acquired data. Tukey 's multiple test was performed to compare the Fs, EY and WOF means. Fractured surfaces of the samples were observed by SEM, and fracture morphologies were evaluated. Results: Polymethyl-metacrylate nanofibres dissolved in the matrix, and a polymer alloy took place in the matrix. Fibre pull-out and fibre bridging mechanisms were observed by SEM images of the N6 and PVDF nanofibre-reinforced dental composites. The produced nanofibres enhanced the mechanical properties of the dental composite resins. Conclusion: Fibre pull-out and fibre bridging mechanisms on the fractured surfaces of samples may play a key role in the reinforcement of dental composite resins. However, polymer alloy of PMMA nanofibres increased the mechanical properties of the resin matrix.

RESUMEN Objetivo: Investigar las propiedades mecánicas de resinas compuestas dentales basadas en bisfenol A-diglicidildimetacrilato (Bis-GMA) y dimetacrilato trietilen-glicol (TEGDMA) reforzadas con nanofibras de fracciones de masa de Nylon 6 (N6), polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA) y fluoruro de polivinilideno (PVDF), y evaluar las características de la penetración de las nanofibras en la resina. Métodos: Se produjeron nanofibras de Nylon 6, PMMA y PVDF utilizando el método de electrohilado (electrospinning). Las morfologías de las nanofibras fabricadas fueron evaluadas con un microscopio electrónico de barrido (MEB). Las nanofibras fueron introducidas en la matriz de resina en diferentes fracciones de masa (3%, 5% y 7%). La prueba de flexión de tres puntos fue aplicada a las resinas compuestas dentales reforzadas por nanofibras y a las muestras de resina pura. La resistencia a la flexión (Rf), el módulo de flexión (EY) y el trabajo de fractura (WOF) de los grupos fueron halladas. El análisis de varianza se usó para el análisis estadístico de los datos adquiridos. Se realizó la prueba de comparaciones múltiples de Tukey con el propósito de comparar las medidas de Rf, EY y WOF. Las superficies fracturadas de las muestras fueron observadas mediante un MEB, y se evaluaron las morfologías de fractura. Resultados: Las nanofibras de polimetilmetacrilato se disolvieron en la matriz, y tuvo lugar una aleación de polímeros en la matriz. Los mecanismos de desprendimiento de fibras y puenteo de fibras fueron observados mediante imágenes de MEB de los compuestos dentales reforzados con nanofibras de N6 y PVDF. Las nanofibras producidas realzaron las propiedades mecánicas de las resinas compuestas dentales. Conclusión: Los mecanismos de desprendimiento de fibras y puenteo de fibras en las superficies fracturadas de las muestras pueden desempeñar un papel clave en el reforzamiento de las resinas de los compuestos dentales. Sin embargo, la aleación polimérica de las nanofibras de PMMA aumentó las propiedades mecánicas de la matriz de resina.

Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate , Composite Resins/analysis , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Nanofibers/analysis , Fluorides , Mechanical Tests , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 4114, 15/01/2018. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-966862


Objective: To determine the frequency of sensitivity after treatment in composite resin restorations Class II of premolars in Iranian patients. Material and Methods: In this descriptive-cross-sectional study, questionnaires were used which included questions about the extent of post-operative sensitivity in posterior composite resin restorations among 178 patients referred to the restoration section. After restoration of the teeth, the patients were called to record sensitivity after the treatment. Post-operative sensitivity was measured 24 h and 1 month with cold stimulation using Visual Analog Scale (VAS) method. The data were analyzed with the SPSS software, through descriptive statistical methods (frequency and percentage, mean, standard deviation). Group comparisons were evaluated using Mann-Whitney U test and p-value <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: The mean frequency of sensitivity in terms of gender was 0.75 and 0.76 in males and females, respectively. The mean frequency of sensitivity in terms of type of jaw was 0.59 and 1.1, in the upper and lower jaw, respectively. It was also observed that the frequency of sensitivity is higher in adolescent age group, in comparison with other age groups. No significant association between gender as well as type of jaw and post-operative sensitivity frequency was observed (p>0.05). However, age group has a statistically significant association with the frequency of post-operative sensitivity (p<0.05). Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between extent of sensitivity after treatment in composite resin restorations Class II and the age group of patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Bicuspid , Composite Resins/analysis , Dentin Sensitivity/diagnosis , Iran , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric
Rev. Assoc. Paul. Cir. Dent ; 70(3): 250-254, jul.-set. 2016. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-797078


Novas tecnologias aliadas a novos materiais vêm de encontro à filosofia de facilitar a clínica diária, diminuindo o número de passos, consequentemente diminuindo a chance de erro se utilizando menos tempo clínico para obter bons resultados. Paciente do gênero masculino,38 anos, apresentava uma restauração classe II OD deficiente no elemento 36. Foi realizado oexame clínico, radiográfico e seleção de cor. Sobre isolamento absoluto, a restauração antiga e a lesão de cárie foram removidas. Para a realização da nova restauração foi utilizado um sistema de matriz seccional e uma resina composta de baixa tensão de contração de polimerização e baixa viscosidade com a técnica bulk-fill, seguida por uma resina convencional como é preconizado.Pode-se observar que a técnica bulk-fill é bastante simples quando comparada à técnica incremental tradicional e aliada ao uso do sistema de matrizes seccionais otimizam ainda mais o dia-a-dia na clínica.

New technologies associated with new materials have been introduced to facilitate the dailyclinical procedures, reducing the number of steps, thus reducing the chance of mistakes andchair time for clinical procedures. Male patient, 38 years old, had a deficient OD class II restorationin the lower left first molar. Clinical examination, x-ray and color selection were performed.Using rubber dam isolation, the old restoration and caries were removed. For the new restorationa sectional matrix system and a low-stress flowable bulk-fill composite were used, followedby a conventional nanohybrid composite as recommended. It can be seen that the bulk-fill techniqueis quite simple compared to the traditional incremental technique and combined withthe system of sectional matrix system further optimize the restorative procedures.

Humans , Male , Dentistry, Operative/instrumentation , Dentistry, Operative/methods , Dentistry, Operative , Composite Resins/analysis , Composite Resins , Composite Resins/adverse effects
Rev. Assoc. Paul. Cir. Dent ; 70(3): 317-322, jul.-set. 2016. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-797090


Com a evolução dos materiais restauradores adesivos diretos e das técnicas restauradoras minimamente invasivas, é possível realizar o fechamento de diastemas inter incisivos superiores de maneira efetiva e estética em uma única sessão. O presente trabalho consiste em um relato de caso clínico que aborda o clareamento dental e o fechamento de diastema entre os dentes 11 e 21 de um paciente jovem. Previamente ao procedimento restaurador foi realizado clareamento de consultório em todos os dentes com peróxido de hidrogênio 35%. Então, o planejamento restaurador foi auxiliado por modelos de estudo associado ao enceramento diagnóstico.A técnica restauradora de eleição foi a resina composta direta com o auxílio de uma matriz/guia de silicona para a confecção das faces palatinas das restaurações. Após o acabamento e polimento, obteve-se a reanatomização dos incisivos centrais com a eliminação do diastema. O tratamento realizado baseado no clareamento dental seguido por restaurações diretas de resina composta foi eficaz na solução estética do sorriso, atingindo a expectativa do paciente e dentro dos princípios de máxima preservação dos tecidos dentais.

After the evolution of restorative adhesive materials and minimal invasive restorations, it ispossible to close a maxilar interincisal diastema in an effective and aesthetical way, performingit in only one session. This clinical case report approaches a teeth bleaching and diastema closurewith composites between teeth 11 and 21, of a young male patient. The elective restorative technique was direct composite restoration with a silicon putty matrix to make the shape of thelingual surfaces of the restorations. Before the restoration procedure, it was performed “in office”bleaching technique, in addition to the case planning with the assistance of a wax-up. The tooth whitening therapy followed by direct composite restorations was effective, contributing to clinical success, esthetic and patient´s satisfaction.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Tooth Bleaching , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Tooth Bleaching/standards , Tooth Bleaching , Tooth Bleaching/trends , Tooth Bleaching , Diastema/prevention & control , Composite Resins/analysis , Composite Resins/adverse effects , Composite Resins/standards