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1.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287481

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the antibacterial, mechanical, physical properties and water sorption of flowable dental composites containing 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones. Material and Methods: 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones was synthesized and the antibacterial activity of flowable dental composites containing 0-5 wt% 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones and also of their mechanical and physical properties on flowable dental composites were investigated. Flexural strength was measured by a three-point bending test. Compressive strength (CS), Water sorption (WS) and depth of cure (DOC) were investigated. The data were analyzed by One-way ANOVA test. The level of significance was determined as p<0.01. Results: The direct contact test demonstrates that by increasing the 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones content, the bacterial growth is significantly diminished (p<0.001). The average flexural strength results show that with increasing 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones until 3% in the composite, no significant difference was observed in flexural strength (p>0.001) and the mean of compressive strength results show no significant difference between 0-4% groups (p>0.001). The mean of water sorption and depth of cure results shows no significant difference between groups (p>0.001). Conclusion: Incorporation of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones into flowable resin composites in 3% wt can reduce the activity of Streptococcus mutans.


Subject(s)
Streptococcus mutans/immunology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Composite Resins , Compressive Strength , Anti-Bacterial Agents/immunology , Analysis of Variance , Sorption Detoxification , Physical and Chemical Properties , Flexural Strength , Iran
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1597-1605, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134485

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Lumbar disc herniation is considered to be the main pathological factor for the common clinical disease of low back pain. Biomechanical factor is an important cause of lumbar disc herniation, so it is urgent to analyze the stress/strain behavior of intervertebral disc under different loading condition. Slow repetitive loading is considered to be an important factor of spine and disc injuries, and the effect of fatigue load on internal displacement in the intervertebral disc was investigated by applying the optimized digital image correlation technique in this study. The first finding was that fatigue load had a significant effect on the displacement distribution in the intervertebral disc under compression. Superficial AF exhibited the largest axial displacements before fatigue load, while it exhibited the smallest axial displacements after fatigue load. Inner AF exhibited slightly smaller radial displacements than outer AF before fatigue load, while it exhibited significantly greater radial displacements than outer AF displacements after fatigue load. The second finding was that fatigue load had a certain effect on the internal displacement distribution in the flexed intervertebral disc under compression. Middle AF exhibited the smallest axial displacements before fatigue load, while deep AF exhibited the smallest axial displacements after fatigue load. The radial displacement distribution did not change before and after fatigue load, as the radial displacement in outer AF was the smallest, while the radial displacement in inner AF was the largest. The third finding was that with the increase in fatigue time and amplitude, the Young's modulus of the intervertebral disc increased significantly. This study can provide the basis for clinical intervertebral disc disease prevention and treatment? and is important for mechanical function evaluation of artificial intervertebral disc as well.


RESUMEN: La hernia de disco lumbar se considera el principal factor patológico para la enfermedad clínica común del dolor lumbar. El factor biomecánico es una causa importante de hernia de disco lumbar, por lo que es urgente analizar el comportamiento de esfuerzo / tensión del disco intervertebral bajo diferentes condiciones de carga. La carga repetitiva lenta se considera un factor importante de lesiones de columna y disco, y en este estudio el efecto de la carga de fatiga sobre el desplazamiento interno en el disco intervertebral se investigó mediante la aplicación de la técnica de correlación de imagen digital optimizada. El primer hallazgo fue que la carga de fatiga tuvo un efecto significativo en la distribución del desplazamiento en el disco intervertebral bajo compresión. El AF superficial exhibió los desplazamientos axiales más grandes antes de la carga de fatiga, mientras que exhibió los desplazamientos axiales más pequeños después de la carga de fatiga. El AF interno exhibió desplazamientos radiales ligeramente más pequeños que el AF externo antes de la carga de fatiga, mientras que exhibió desplazamientos radiales significativamente mayores que los desplazamientos AF externos después de la carga de fatiga. El segundo hallazgo fue que la carga de fatiga tenía un cierto efecto sobre la distribución del desplazamiento interno en el disco intervertebral flexionado bajo compresión. El AF medio exhibió los desplazamientos axiales más pequeños antes de la carga de fatiga, mientras que el AF profundo exhibió los desplazamientos axiales más pequeños después de la carga de fatiga. La distribución del desplazamiento radial no cambió antes ni después de la carga de fatiga, ya que el desplazamiento radial en la FA externa fue el más pequeño, mientras que el desplazamiento radial en la FA interna fue el más grande. El tercer hallazgo fue que con el aumento del tiempo de fatiga y la amplitud, el módulo de Young del disco intervertebral aumentó significativamente. Este estudio puede proporcionar la base para la prevención y el tratamiento clínico de la enfermedad del disco intervertebral, y también es importante para la evaluación de la función mecánica del disco intervertebral artificial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/etiology , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/pathology , Biomechanical Phenomena , Compressive Strength , Fatigue , Flexural Strength , Intervertebral Disc/pathology , Lumbar Vertebrae/pathology , Lumbosacral Region
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 445-452, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132320

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the effect of different commercial liquid phases (Ketac, Riva, and Fuji IX) and the use of spherical pre-reacted glass (SPG) fillers on cement maturation, fluoride release, compressive (CS) and biaxial flexural strength (BFS) of experimental glass ionomer cements (GICs). The experimental GICs (Ketac_M, Riva_M, FujiIX_M) were prepared by mixing SPG fillers with commercial liquid phases using the powder to liquid mass ratio of 2.5:1. FTIR-ATR was used to assess the maturation of GICs. Diffusion coefficient of fluoride (DF) and cumulative fluoride release (CF) in deionized water was determined using the fluoride ion specific electrode (n=3). CS and BFS at 24 h were also tested (n=6). Commercial GICs were used as comparisons. Riva and Riva_M exhibited rapid polyacrylate salt formation. The highest DF and CF were observed with Riva_M (1.65x10-9 cm2/s) and Riva (77 ppm) respectively. Using SPG fillers enhanced DF of GICs on average from ~2.5x10-9 cm2/s to ~3.0x10-9 cm2/s but reduced CF of the materials on average from ~51 ppm to ~42 ppm. The CS and BFS of Ketac_M (144 and 22 MPa) and Fuji IX_M (123 and 30 MPa) were comparable to commercial materials. Using SPG with Riva significantly reduced CS and BFS from 123 MPa to 55 MPa and 42 MPa to 28 MPa respectively. The use of SPG fillers enhanced DF but reduced CF of GICs. Using SPG with Ketac or Fuji IX liquids provided comparable strength to the commercial materials.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes fases líquidas comerciais (Ketac, Riva e Fuji IX) e o uso de partículas esféricas de vidro pré-reagido (SPG) na maturação do cimento, liberação de flúor, força de compressão (CS) e resistência biaxial à flexão (BFS) de cimentos de ionômero de vidro (GICs) experimentais. Os GICs experimentais (Ketac_M, Riva_M, FujiIX_M) foram preparados pela mistura de partículas SPG com fases líquidas comerciais usando a proporção de pó para massa líquida de 2,5: 1. O FTIR-ATR foi usado para avaliar a maturação dos GICs. O coeficiente de difusão do flúor (DF) e a liberação cumulativa de flúor (CF) em água deionizada foram determinados usando o eletrodo específico do íon fluoreto (n = 3). CS e BFS em 24 h também foram testados (n = 6). GICs comerciais foram usados como comparações. Riva e Riva_M exibiram rápida formação de sal de poliacrilato. Os maiores DF e CF foram observados com Riva_M (1,65x10-9 cm2/s) e Riva (77 ppm), respectivamente. O uso de partículas SPG melhorou o DF de GICs em média de ~ 2,5x10-9 cm2/s a ~ 3,0x10-9 cm2/s, mas reduziu o CF dos materiais em média de ~ 51 ppm a ~ 42 ppm. O CS e BFS de Ketac_M (144 e 22 MPa) e Fuji IX_M (123 e 30 MPa) foram comparáveis aos materiais comerciais. Usar SPG com Riva reduziu significativamente CS e BFS de 123 MPa para 55 MPa e 42 MPa para 28 MPa, respectivamente. O uso de SPG partículas melhorou o DF, mas reduziu o CF dos GICs. O uso de partículas SPG com líquidos Ketac ou Fuji IX proporcionou resistência comparável aos materiais comerciais.


Subject(s)
Dental Cements , Glass Ionomer Cements , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Compressive Strength
4.
Afr. j. disabil. (Online) ; 9: 1-9, 2020. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1256856

ABSTRACT

Background: Plaster of Paris (POP) is being used in different ways in the field of medicine, dentistry and rehabilitation. One of its uses is in the manufacture of models of body segments in prosthetics and orthotics. It is used as a one-off procedure in which the used material is dismantled and discarded. The disposal of discarded materials does not allow easy decomposition which then pollutes the environment. It is not known whether this material could be reused if recycled. Objectives: The main objective of the study was to recycle POP models and determine its reuse in producing models with identical qualities, and thus reduce environmental pollution. Method: The procedure adopted was to break discarded models into small pieces, remove impurities and dirt; then the sample models were milled, washed, dried and pulverised. The POP models were heated to evaporate crystalline water in order to determine for how many times it could be recycled while retaining the desired strength, setting time and working characteristics. Results: The recycled POP reached higher setting temperatures and was stronger in terms of compressive strain and strength than the virgin POP. The highest temperature recorded for recycled POP was 40°C, which was higher than that for virgin powder (32.5°C). Testing compressive strength of all cylinders in all groups showed that the average compressive strength of the recycled powder mixed with water in a ratio of 1:1 was 2407 KN/m² and the ratio of 2:3 resulted in a compressive strength of 1028 KN/m², whereas the average compressive strength of virgin POP powder mixed with water in a ratio of 1:1 was 1807 KN/m² and the ratio of 2:3 resulted in a compressive strength of 798 KN/m². There were no differences in working properties between the recycled POP and the virgin POP. Conclusion: It was therefore concluded that under controlled conditions, such as grinding size, heating temperature, time and avoidance of contamination, used POP could be continuously recycled, resulting in stronger and workable casts


Subject(s)
Agnosia , Calcium Sulfate , Compressive Strength , Recycling
5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190544, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101250

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the influence of three levels of dental structure loss on stress distribution and bite load in root canal-treated young molar teeth that were filled with bulk-fill resin composite, using finite element analysis (FEA) to predict clinical failure. Methodology Three first mandibular molars with extensive caries lesions were selected in teenager patients. The habitual occlusion bite force was measured using gnathodynamometer before and after endodontic/restoration procedures. The recorded bite forces were used as input for patient-specific FEA models, generated from cone-beam computed tomographic (CT) scans of the teeth before and after treatment. Loads were simulated using the contact loading of the antagonist molars selected based on the CT scans and clinical evaluation. Pre and post treatment bite forces (N) in the 3 patients were 30.1/136.6, 34.3/133.4, and 47.9/124.1. Results Bite force increased 260% (from 36.7±11.6 to 131.9±17.8 N) after endodontic and direct restoration. Before endodontic intervention, the stress concentration was located in coronal tooth structure; after rehabilitation, the stresses were located in root dentin, regardless of the level of tooth structure loss. The bite force used on molar teeth after pulp removal during endodontic treatment resulted in high stress concentrations in weakened tooth areas and at the furcation. Conclusion Extensive caries negatively affected the bite force. After pulp removal and endodontic treatment, stress and strain concentrations were higher in the weakened dental structure. Root canal treatment associated with direct resin composite restorative procedure could restore the stress-strain conditions in permanent young molar teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Bite Force , Composite Resins/chemistry , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Molar , Reference Values , Tensile Strength , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Tooth, Nonvital/diagnostic imaging , Compressive Strength , Finite Element Analysis , Dental Stress Analysis , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Elastic Modulus , Patient-Specific Modeling
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e053, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132666

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective was to evaluate the compressive strength (CS), diametral tensile strength (DTS), flexural strength (FS), and Knoop microhardness (KH) of different conventional restorative glass-ionomer cements (GICs) and to correlate these mechanical properties (MP) with the stabilization time (ST) of their chemical bonds. Eighteen GICs were tested: Bioglass [B], Chemfil Rock [CR], Equia Forte [EF], Gold Label 2 [GL2], Gold Label 9 [GL9], Glass Ionomer Cement II [GI], Ionglass [IG], Ion Z[ IZ], Ionomaster [IM], Ionofil Plus [IP], Ionostar Plus [IS], Ketac Molar Easymix [KM], Magic Glass [MG], Maxxion R [Ma], Riva Self Cure [R], Vidrion R [V], Vitro Fil [VF] and Vitro Molar [VM]. The mechanical strength tests were performed in a universal testing machine. KH readings were done with a diamond indenter. STs were examined by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Data were analyzed with ANOVA and Tukey test (p<0.05). The Spearman rank test was used to evaluate the dependence between the MPs and ST results. The highest MP values were EF, GL2, GL9, GI and KM and the lowest for MG, MA, B, VF and IM. The longest ST was for GL2 and the shortest was for B. ST correlated positively with MP. GICs with longer chemical bonds ST are generally stronger and the ST value obtained from FTIR was useful in predicting the strength of GICs tested.


Subject(s)
Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Reference Values , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Compressive Strength , Flexural Strength , Hardness Tests
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750288

ABSTRACT

The pH of the oral cavity can dynamically change due to diverse foods and beverages served. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate flexural and compressive properties of composite resins after immersion in solutions of different pHs. Four composite resins were cured and immersed in test solutions of different pHs (3, 7.1, and 9) for 2 weeks. Flexural and compressive properties (strength and modulus) were evaluated using universal test machine. After immersion, initial flexural and compressive strength significantly changed to 1.5–30.0% and 0.3–19.6%, respectively; flexural and compressive modulus significantly changed to 4.4–29.0% and 3.5–21.5%, respectively. However, the values obtained from solutions of different pHs were not significantly and consistently different to each other.


Subject(s)
Beverages , Composite Resins , Compressive Strength , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Immersion , Mouth
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180188, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-984574

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sources of calcium and phosphate have been added to dental restorative materials to improve their anticaries effect. Objective This study evaluated the effect of adding calcium glycerophosphate (CaGP) to resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) on the physico-mechanical properties, ion release, and enamel demineralization. Material and Methods: Specimens were fabricated for each experimental group: RMGIC without CaGP (Control), RMGIC with 1, 3 and 9% CaGP. To determine the release of fluoride (F), calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P), six specimens were immersed in demineralization and remineralization solutions for 15 days. In another experimental trial, the following physico-mechanical properties were evaluated at time intervals of 1 and 7 days after fabrication: compressive strength (n=12), diametral tensile strength (n=12), surface hardness of material (n=6) and the degree of conversion of monomers (n=8). To study enamel demineralization, specimens (n=12) were attached to enamel blocks and submitted to pH-cycling. Subsequently, surface and cross-sectional hardness and the concentration of F, Ca and P in enamel were determined. Results The addition of CaGP to RMGIC led to higher mean release of F, Ca and P when compared with control (p<0.001). Mechanical properties were within the range of those of the ionomer cements after addition of 1% and 3% CaGP. The degree of conversion did not differ between groups at the 1st and the 7th day (p>0.439). The addition of 3% and 9% CaGP reduced mineral loss and increased F, Ca and P in the enamel when compared with control (p<0.05). Conclusion The addition of 3% CaGP in RMGIC increased the release of F, P and Ca, reduced enamel demineralization, and maintained the physico-mechanical properties within the parameters for this material.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Glycerophosphates/chemistry , Phosphates/analysis , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Photomicrography , Calcium/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Compressive Strength , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Fluorides/analysis , Hardness Tests
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e2018357, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-984572

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To perform a systematic review of test methodologies on conventional restorative glass-ionomer cement (GIC) materials for mechanical and optical properties to compare the results between different GICs. Material and Methods Screening of titles and abstracts, data extraction, and quality assessments of full-texts were conducted in search for in vitro studies on conventional GICs that follow the relevant specifications of ISO standards regarding the following mechanical and optical properties: compressive strength, flexural strength, color, opacity and radiopacity. Sources The Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS), Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry (BBO) databases from Latin-American and Caribbean System on Health Sciences Information (BIREME) and PubMed/Medline (US National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health) databases were searched regardless of language. Altogether, 1146 in vitro studies were selected. Two reviewers independently selected and assessed the articles according to pre-established inclusion/exclusion criteria. Among all the properties investigated, only one study was classified as being of fair quality that tested compressive strength and was included. It was observed that many authors had not strictly followed ISO recommendations and that, for some properties (diametral tensile strength and microhardness), there are no guidelines provided. Conclusions It was not possible to compare the results for the mechanical and optical properties of conventional restorative GICs due to the lack of standardization of studies.


Subject(s)
Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Materials Testing , Color , Compressive Strength , Flexural Strength , Glass Ionomer Cements/standards
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180247, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-975879

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to investigate the effects of dodecacalcium hepta-aluminate (C12A7) content on some physicochemical properties and cytocompatibility of tricalcium silicate (C3S) cement using human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). Material and Methods High purity C3S cement was manufactured by a solid phase method. C12A7 was mixed with the cement in proportions of 0, 5, 8, and 10 wt% (C12A7-0, −5, −8, and −10, respectively). Physicochemical properties including initial setting time, compressive strength, and alkalinity were evaluated. Cytocompatibility was assessed with cell viability tests and cell number counts. Statistical analysis was performed by using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's test (p<0.05). Results The initial setting time of C3S-based cement was shorter in the presence of C12A7 (p<0.05). After 1 day, C12A7-5 showed significantly higher compressive strength than the other groups (p<0.05). After 7 days, the compressive strength of C12A7-5 was similar to that of C12A7-0, whereas other groups showed strength lower than C12A7-0. The pH values of all tested groups showed no significant differences after 1 day (p>0.05). The C12A7-5 group showed similar cell viability to the C12A7-0 group (p>0.05), while the other experimental groups showed lower values compared to C12A7-0 group (p<0.05). The number of cells grown on the C12A7-5 specimen was higher than that on C12A7-8 and −10 (p<0.05). Conclusions The addition of C12A7 to C3S cement at a proportion of 5% resulted in rapid initial setting time and higher compressive strength with no adverse effects on cytocompatibility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/cytology , Particle Size , Reference Values , Time Factors , X-Ray Diffraction , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Compressive Strength , Dental Cements/pharmacology , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180111, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-975872

ABSTRACT

Abstract Several anti-proteolytic dentin therapies are being exhaustively studied in an attempt to reduce dentin bond degradation and improve clinical performance and longevity of adhesive restorations. Objectives This study assessed the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on long-term bond strength when incorporated into adhesives. Material and Methods Adhesive systems were formulated with EGCG concentrations of 0 wt%: (no EGCG; control); 0.5 wt% EGCG; 1.0 wt% EGCG, and 1.5 wt% EGCG. Flexural strength (FS), modulus of elasticity (ME), modulus of resilience (MR), compressive strength (CS), degree of conversion (DC), polymerization shrinkage (PS), percentage of water sorption (%WS), percentage of water solubility (%WL) and cytotoxicity properties were tested. Dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS) was evaluated after 24 h and again after 6 months of water storage. The adhesive interface was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results No significant differences were found among the groups in terms of FS, ME, MR, CS and PS. EGCG-doped adhesives increased the DC relative to the control group. EGCG concentrations of 1.0 wt% and 0.5 wt% decreased the WS of adhesives. WL decreased in all cases in which EGCG was added to adhesives, regardless of the concentration. EGCG concentrations of 1.0 wt% and 0.5 wt% reduced cytotoxicity. EGCG concentrations of 1.0 wt% and 0.5 wt% preserved µTBS after 6 months of storage, while 1.5 wt% EGCG significantly decreased µTBS. SEM: the integrity of the hybrid layer was maintained in the 0.5 wt% and 1.0 wt% EGCG groups. Conclusion EGCG concentrations of 1.0 wt% and 0.5 wt% showed better biological and mechanical performance, preserved bond strength and adhesive interface, and reduced cytotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catechin/analogs & derivatives , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Methacrylates/chemistry , Reference Values , Solubility , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Camphor/analogs & derivatives , Camphor/chemistry , Water/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Catechin/toxicity , Catechin/chemistry , Cell Line , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dentin-Bonding Agents/toxicity , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/toxicity , Compressive Strength , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/chemistry , Elastic Modulus , Polymerization , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Flexural Strength , Methacrylates/toxicity
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761909

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) printed bone tissue engineering scaffolds have been widely used in research and clinical applications. β-TCP is a biomaterial commonly used in bone tissue engineering to treat bone defects, and its multifunctionality can be achieved by co-doping different metal ions. Magnesium doping in biomaterials has been shown to alter physicochemical properties of cells and enhance osteogenesis. METHODS: A series of Mg-doped TCP scaffolds were manufactured by using cryogenic 3D printing technology and sintering. The characteristics of the porous scaffolds, such as microstructure, chemical composition, mechanical properties, apparent porosity, etc., were examined. To further study the role of magnesium ions in simultaneously inducing osteogenesis and angiogenesis, human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) and human umblical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured in scaffold extracts to investigate cell proliferation, viability, and expression of osteogenic and angiogenic genes. RESULTS: The results showed that Mg-doped TCP scaffolds have the advantages of precise design, interconnected porous structure, and similar compressive strength to natural cancellous bone. hBMSCs and HUVECs exhibit high proliferation rate, cell morphology and viability in a certain amount of Mg²⁺. In addition, this concentration of magnesium can also increase the expression levels of osteogenic and angiogenic biomarkers. CONCLUSION: A certain concentration of magnesium ions plays an important role in new bone regeneration and reconstruction. It can be used as a simple and effective method to enhance the osteogenesis and angiogenesis of bioceramic scaffolds, and support the development of biomaterials and bone tissue engineering scaffolds.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Biomarkers , Bone and Bones , Bone Marrow , Bone Regeneration , Cell Proliferation , Compressive Strength , Endothelial Cells , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Ions , Magnesium , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Methods , Osteogenesis , Porosity , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Veins
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(5): 452-458, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974181

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated physicochemical properties, cytotoxicity and bioactivity of MTA Angelus (MTA), calcium silicate-based cement (CSC) and CSC with 30% Ytterbium oxide (CSC/Yb2O3). Setting time was evaluated using Gilmore needles. Compressive strength was evaluated in a mechanical machine. Radiopacity was evaluated using radiographs of materials and an aluminum scale. Solubility was evaluated after immersion in water. Cell viability was evaluated by means of MTT assay and neutral red staining, and the mineralization activity by using alkaline phosphatase activity and Alizarin Red staining. The data were submitted to ANOVA, Tukey and Bonferroni tests (5% significance). The bioactive potential was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. The materials presented similar setting time. MTA showed the lowest compressive strength. MTA and CSC/Yb2O3 presented similar radiopacity. CSC/Yb2O3 showed low solubility. Saos-2 cell viability tests showed no cytotoxic effect, except to 1:1 dilution in NR assay which had lower cell viability when compared to the control. ALP at 1 and 7 days was similar to the control. MTA and CSC had greater ALP activity at 3 days when compared to control. All the materials present higher mineralized nodules when compared with the control. SEM analysis showed structures suggesting the presence of calcium phosphate on the surface of materials demonstrating bioactivity. Ytterbium oxide proved to be a properly radiopacifying agent for calcium silicate-based cement since it did not affected the physicochemical and biological properties besides preserving the bioactive potential of this material.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou as propriedades físico-químicas, citotoxicidade e bioatividade do MTA Angelus (MTA), cimento à base de silicato de cálcio (CSC) e CSC com 30% de óxido de itérbio (CSC/Yb2O3). O tempo de presa foi avaliado usando agulhas Gilmore. A resistência à compressão foi avaliada em uma máquina mecânica. A radiopacidade foi avaliada utilizando radiografias dos materiais e uma escala de alumínio. A solubilidade foi avaliada após imersão em água. A viabilidade celular foi avaliada por meio do ensaio MTT e coloração de vermelho neutro (NR), e a atividade de mineralização por meio da atividade da fosfatase alcalina e a coloração com Vermelho de Alizarina. Os dados foram submetidos aos testes ANOVA, Tukey e Bonferroni (5% de significância). O potencial bioativo foi avaliado por microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Os materiais apresentaram tempo de presa semelhante. O MTA mostrou menor resistência à compressão. MTA e CSC/Yb2O3 apresentaram radiopacidade semelhante. CSC/Yb2O3 apresentou menores valores de solubilidade. A viabilidade celular realizada pelos ensaios de MTT e NR não revelaram efeitos ctotóxicos em todas as diluições, exceto na diluição 1:1 no NR, o qual mostrou baixa viabilidade celular (p<0.05) em todos materiais testados quando comparado ao controle. A atividade de ALP em 1 e 7 dias foi similar ao controle (p>0.05). MTA e CSC tiveram significante aumento na atividade de ALP aos 3 dias quando comarados ao controle (p>0.05). Todos os materiais apresentaram grande produção de nódulos mineralizados quando comparados ao controle (P<0.05). A análise da SEM mostrou estruturas que sugerem a presença de depósitos de fosfato de cálcio na superfície dos materiais demonstrando bioatividade. O Yb2O3 mostrou ser um agente radiopacificador adequado em cimentos à base de silicato de cálcio uma vez que não afetou as propriedades físico-químicas e biológicas e ainda preservou o potencial bioativo desse material.


Subject(s)
Oxides/chemistry , Ytterbium/chemistry , Bismuth/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Dental Cements/chemistry , Solubility , Staining and Labeling , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cell Survival , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Compressive Strength , Chemical Phenomena
14.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 47(4): 217-222, jul.-ago. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-961526

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A fratura da agulha na anestesia odontológica é rara, mas sua ocorrência tem sérias complicações e deve ser evitada. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a deformação de agulhas dentárias após a aplicação de forças de compressão. Material e método: Agulhas das marcas Dencojet e Septoject XL nos calibres 27G e 30G (quatro grupos) foram dobradas em dois sentidos opostos em máquina de ensaio mecânico DL200 - EMIC, com base na ISO 7885:2010. A resistência à compressão das agulhas foi medida em cada dobra. Ao final, foi realizada inspeção visual em uma lupa EK3ST em aumento de 40×, para análise da integridade das agulhas. Resultado: As agulhas de calibre 30G não apresentaram diferenças significativas entre elas. As agulhas de maior calibre (27G) apresentaram diferenças no primeiro (p = 0,0001) e no segundo dobramento (p = 0,0016). As agulhas Septoject XL 27G demonstraram ser muito menos flexíveis, fornecendo valores mais altos de resistência à dobra. No grupo Septoject XL 30G, 70% das agulhas fraturaram próximo ao canhão. Todas as amostras do grupo Septoject XL 27G apresentaram fraturas após a segunda dobra. Conclusão: Todas as agulhas gengivais testadas apresentaram comportamento aceitável, mesmo quando submetidas a situações críticas. As agulhas Dencojet 27G demonstraram ser mais flexíveis quando dobradas. Todas as agulhas Septoject XL 27G fraturaram após a segunda dobra. Não é aconselhável dobrar as agulhas dentárias.


Introduction: Needle fracture in dental anesthesia is rare, but its occurrence has serious complications and should be avoided. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the deformation of dental needles after the application of compression forces. Material and method: Needles of the Dencojet and Septoject XL brands in the 27G and 30G gauges (4 groups) were folded in two opposite directions in a mechanical test machine DL200 - EMIC, based on ISO 7885: 2010. The compressive strength of the needles was measured at each fold. At the end, visual inspection was performed on an EK3ST magnifying glass in a magnification of 40× for analysis of needle integrity. Result: 30G needles did not present significant differences between them. The largest gauges (27G) presented differences in the first (p = 0.0001) and in the second folding (p = 0.0016). Septoject XL 27G needles have been shown to be much less flexible, providing higher values ​​of resistance to folding. Seventh percent of the Septoject XL 30G group fractured near the cannon. All samples from the Septoject XL 27G group showed fractures after the second fold. Conclusion: All the gingival needles tested presented acceptable behavior, even when submitted to critical situations. Dencojet 27G needles have been shown to be more flexible when folded. All Septoject XL 27G needles fractured after the second fold. It is not advisable to bend the dental needles.


Subject(s)
Compressive Strength , Foreign Bodies , Anesthesia, Dental
15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-900312

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Objetivo: Comparar la resistencia compresiva de dientes premolares uniradiculares, tratados endodónticamente restaurados mediante la técnica de monobloque y complementación. Materiales y métodos: Se seleccionaron 45 premolares inferiores unirradiculares, los cuales fueron distribuidos aleatoriamente en 3 grupos, según el diseño reconstructivo: monobloque y complementación; el tercer grupo restaurado bajo la técnica de núcleo colado fue utilizado como grupo control. Para determinar diferencias en la resistencia a la fractura, se realizó un análisis de Varianza (ANOVA a una Vía) y test post hoc de Bonferroni. Resultados: El promedio de la resistencia fue mayor en el grupo dientes rehabilitados con la técnica convencional, seguido de la técnica de monobloque, y en tercer lugar encontramos la técnica de complementación con el valor más bajo. Sin embargo, las técnicas de monobloque y complementación presentan resistencias similares. Conclusiones: La resistencia a la fractura de dientes restaurados con pernos colados es mayor a la de los restaurados con pernos prefabricados fibras de vidrio con técnicas de complementación y monobloque. Sin embargo, producen mayor cantidad de fallas no reparables o de mal pronóstico que los dientes restaurados con pernos prefabricados de fibras de vidrio por su módulo elástico.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To compare the compressive strength of single-rooted premolar teeth, treated endodontically and restored using the monoblock technique and complementation. Materials and methods: 45 single-rooted inferior premolars were selected, which were randomly distributed in 3 groups, 2 according to the reconstructive design: monoblock and complementation; the third group, restored under the cast core technique, was used as a control group. To determine differences in fracture resistance, we performed an analysis of Variance (One-way ANOVA) and post hoc Bonferroni test Results: The mean resistance was higher in the group rehabilitated with the conventional technique, followed by the monoblock technique, and thirdly the technique of complementation with the lowest value. However, the monoblock and complementation techniques exhibited similar strengths. Conclusions: Restored teeth with cast posts have a greater resistance to fracture than restorations with prefabricated posts, glass fibers with complementation and monoblock techniques. However, they produce more non-repairable or poor prognostic failures than restored teeth with prefabricated glass fiber posts for their elastic modulus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontics , Bicuspid , Compressive Strength , Methods , Epidemiology, Experimental
16.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3892, 15/01/2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-966730

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the effect of temperature over the physical properties of commonly used luting cements. Material and Methods: The two set of cylindrical shaped cement samples measuring 12mm X 6mm and 4mm X 8mm were fabricated from non-eugenol zinc oxide, glass ionomer, zinc phosphate, Zinc polycarboxylate, resin cements. These two sets of samples were utilized to test compressive and diametral tensile strength respectively. Forty cement samples from each mold were fabricated and distributed between 14, 22, 37 and 550C (N=10). The samples were tested under universal testing machine, and data subsequently analyzed using One-way ANOVA and Tukey multiple comparison's statistical methods at p > 0.05. Results: The higher temperature resulted in noticeable reduction in the compressive strength of non-eugenol -zinc oxide, Zinc-phosphate, Zinc poly carboxylate cements. The highest compressive strength was recorded for non-eugenol zinc oxide (8.08 Mpa) at 370C, Zinc phosphate (91.01Mpa) at 140C, and for zinc polycarboxylate (83.06 Mpa) at 370C. The comparative values for respective cements at 550C were 6.40Mpa, 59.80Mpa, and 52.88 Mpa. The higher temperature had insignificant effect on the compressive strength of glass ionomer cement, while composite resin cement indicated minor deterioration. Conclusion: The relative mouth temperature influences the physical properties of the luting cements.


Subject(s)
Temperature , Tensile Strength , Zinc Oxide , Compressive Strength , Physical Properties , Dental Cements , Shear Strength , Arabia , In Vitro Techniques , Epidemiology, Experimental , Analysis of Variance
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20160662, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893738

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The main goal of this study was to compare the polymerization degree of bulk-fill giomer resin cured with three different light-curing units (LCUs): a polywave third-generation (Valo); a monowave (DemiUltra: DU); and a second-generation LED (Optima 10: Opt) LCUs by using structural and mechanical properties. Material and methods: Giomer samples of 2 and 4 mm cured with three LCUs were employed in vitro analysis. The degree of curing (DC%) was determined with Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Microstructural features were observed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Flexural strength (FS), compression strength (CS), elastic modulus and fracturing strain were determined for mechanical properties. Surface microhardness (SMH) values were also measured. Oneway ANOVA, two-way analysis of variance and Tukey multiple comparison tests were used for statistically analyzing the FS and SMH. Results: DC% values were 58.2, 47.6, and 39.7 for the 2 mm samples cured with DU, Opt., and Valo LCUs, respectively. DC% values of the 4 mm samples were 50.4, 44.6, and 38.2 for DU, Opt, and Valo, respectively. SMH values were Valo, Opt<DU at top of the samples; Valo<DU, Opt at 2 mm, and DU, Valo<Opt at 4 mm depth. Giomer samples cured with Opt and DU exhibited higher FS values than Valo. CS values were similar but compressive modulus and fracturing strain (%) varied depending on the curing protocol. Conclusions: Based on the results, it can be concluded that curing device and protocol strongly affect crosslinking reactions and thus DC%, SMH, compressive modulus and strain at break values. Consequently, it can be deduced that curing protocol is possibly the most important parameter for microstructure formation of highly-filled composite restoratives because it may bring some structural defects and physical frailties on restorations due to lower degree of polymerization.


Subject(s)
Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/radiation effects , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Composite Resins/radiation effects , Composite Resins/chemistry , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Polymerization/radiation effects , Reference Values , Surface Properties/radiation effects , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Statistics, Nonparametric , Compressive Strength , Elastic Modulus , Hardness Tests
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759657

ABSTRACT

Flowable resins can be used as a base material during the restoration of deep tooth cavity. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the mechanical properties of the layered specimens which have flowable resin as a base material. For the study, two composite resins and five flowable resins were chosen for the overlying and base materials, respectively. Flexural and compressive properties of each bulk and ten layered specimens were measured. Layered specimens showed high flexural strength (FS) and flexural modulus (FM) if bulk state FS and FM of the base flowable resin are high. However, compressive strength (CS) was not that case. CS of the layered specimen was not high (251.4~295.3 MPa) whether CS of the bulk state is high or not (259.8~439.8 MPa). FM showed high linear correlation with CM. After all mechanical properties of the layered specimens were not consistently influenced by the mechanical properties of the base flowable resins regardless of the overlying composite resins.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Compressive Strength , Tooth
19.
Journal of Bone Metabolism ; : 123-132, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714773

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of osteoporotic fracture despite relatively preserved bone mineral density (BMD). Although this paradox might be attributed to the influence of insulin resistance (IR) on bone structure and material properties, the association of IR with femur bone geometry and strength indices remains unclear. METHODS: Using data from the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Etiology Research Center cohort study, we conducted a cross-sectional analysis among nondiabetic postmenopausal women. IR was estimated using the homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR). Compartment-specific volumetric BMD (vBMD) and bone volume of proximal femur were measured using quantitative computed tomography. The compressive strength index (CSI), section modulus (Z), and buckling ratio of the femoral neck were calculated as bone strength indices. RESULTS: Among 1,008 subjects (mean age, 57.3 years; body mass index [BMI], 23.6 kg/m²), BMI, waist circumference, and vBMD of the femoral neck and total hip increased in a linear trend from the lowest ( < 1.37) to highest (≥2.27) HOMA-IR quartile (P < 0.05 for all). The HOMA-IR showed an independent negative association with total bone volume (standardized β=−0.12), cortical volume (β=−0.05), CSI (β=−0.013), and Z (β=−0.017; P < 0.05 for all) of the femoral neck after adjustment for age, weight, height, physical activity, and vitamin D and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels. However, the association between HOMA-IR and vBMD was attenuated in the adjusted model (femoral neck, β=0.94; P=0.548). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated HOMA-IR was associated with lower cortical bone volume and bone strength indices in nondiabetic postmenopausal women, independent of age and body size.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Body Size , Bone Density , C-Reactive Protein , Cohort Studies , Compressive Strength , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Female , Femur Neck , Femur , Hip , Homeostasis , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Insulin , Metabolic Diseases , Motor Activity , Neck , Osteoporosis , Osteoporotic Fractures , Postmenopause , Vitamin D , Waist Circumference
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713810

ABSTRACT

A rapid freezing/lyophilizing/reinforcing process is suggested to fabricate reinforced keratin/hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffold with improved mechanical property and biocompatibility for tissue engineering. The keratin, extracted from human hair, and HA mixture were rapidly frozen with liquid nitrogen and then lyophilized to prepare keratin/HA laminar scaffold. The scaffold was then immersed in PBS for reinforcement treatment, and followed by a second lyophilization to prepare the reinforced keratin/HA scaffold. The morphology, mechanical, chemical, crystal and thermal property of the keratin/HA scaffold were investigated by SEM, FTIR, XRD, DSC, respectively. The results showed that the keratin/HA scaffold had a high porosity of 76.17 ± 3%. The maximum compressive strength and compressive modulus of the reinforced scaffold is 0.778 and 3.3 MPa respectively. Subcutaneous implantation studies in mice showed that in vivo the scaffold was biocompatible since the foreign body reaction seen around the implanted scaffold samples was moderate and became minimal upon increasing implantation time. These results demonstrate that the keratin/HA reinforced scaffold prepared here is promising for biomedical utilization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Compressive Strength , Durapatite , Foreign-Body Reaction , Freeze Drying , Hair , Humans , Mice , Nitrogen , Porosity , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Tissue Engineering
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