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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 173-184, feb. 2024.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528836

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Calcium-activated chloride channel regulator 1 (CLCA1) is associated with cancer progression. The expression and immunologic function of CLCA1 in stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) remain unclear. In this investigation, the expression of CLCA1 in STAD tissues and its involvement in the progression and immune response of STAD were examined using databases such as cBioPortal, TISIDB, and UALCAN. In order to validate the expression level of CLCA1 protein in gastric adenocarcinoma, thirty clinical tissue specimens were gathered for immunohistochemical staining. The findings indicated a downregulation of CLCA1 in STAD patients, which was correlated with race, age, cancer grade, Helicobacter pylori infection, and molecular subtype. Through the examination of survival analysis, it was identified that diminished levels of CLCA1 within gastric cancer cases were linked to decreased periods of post-progression survival (PPS), overall survival (OS), and first progression (FP) (P<0.05). The CLCA1 mutation rate was lower in STAD, but the survival rate was higher in the variant group. The correlation between the expression level of CLCA1 and the levels of immune infiltrating cells in STAD, as well as the immune activating molecules, immunosuppressive molecules, MHC molecules, chemokines, and their receptor molecules, was observed. Gene enrichment analysis revealed that CLCA1 may be involved in STAD progression through systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), proteasome, cell cycle, pancreatic secretion, and PPAR signaling pathways. In summary, CLCA1 is anticipated to function as a prognostic marker for patients with STAD and is linked to the immunization of STAD.


El regulador 1 del canal de cloruro activado por calcio (CLCA1) está asociado con la progresión del cáncer. La expresión y la función inmunológica de CLCA1 en el adenocarcinoma de estómago (STAD) aún no están claras. En esta investigación, se examinó la expresión de CLCA1 en tejidos STAD y su participación en la progresión y respuesta inmune de STAD utilizando bases de datos como cBioPortal, TISIDB y UALCAN. Para validar el nivel de expresión de la proteína CLCA1 en el adenocarcinoma gástrico, se recolectaron treinta muestras de tejido clínico para tinción inmunohistoquímica. Los hallazgos indicaron una regulación negativa de CLCA1 en pacientes con STAD, que se correlacionó con la raza, la edad, el grado del cáncer, la infección por Helicobacter pylori y el subtipo molecular. Mediante el examen del análisis de supervivencia, se identificó que los niveles reducidos de CLCA1 en los casos de cáncer gástrico estaban relacionados con períodos reducidos de supervivencia posterior a la progresión (PPS), supervivencia general (OS) y primera progresión (FP) (P <0,05). La tasa de mutación CLCA1 fue menor en STAD, pero la tasa de supervivencia fue mayor en el grupo variante. Se observó la correlación entre el nivel de expresión de CLCA1 y los niveles de células inmunes infiltrantes en STAD, así como las moléculas activadoras inmunes, moléculas inmunosupresoras, moléculas MHC, quimiocinas y sus moléculas receptoras. El análisis de enriquecimiento genético reveló que CLCA1 puede estar involucrado en la progresión de STAD a través del lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES), el proteasoma, el ciclo celular, la secreción pancreática y las vías de señalización de PPAR. En resumen, se prevé que CLCA1 funcione como un marcador de pronóstico para pacientes con STAD y está vinculado a la inmunización de STAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Chloride Channels/metabolism , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/immunology , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/immunology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Survival Analysis , Chloride Channels/genetics , Chloride Channels/immunology , Computational Biology , Mutation
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1789-1801, dic. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528808

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: We investigated the expression and clinical significance of miR-15b-5p in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) through bioinformatics analysis and experimental verification. The differentially expressed miRNAs were screened in the GEO database. Venn diagram showed that there were 5 up-regulated miRNAs (has-miR-210, has-miR-142-3p, has-miR-142-5p, has-miR-15b-5p, and has-miR-193a-3p) and only 1 down-regulated miRNA (has-miR-532-3p) that were commonly expressed between GSE189331 and GSE16441 datasets. This was further confirmed in TCGA. Further analysis showed that the has-miR-193a-3p, has-miR-142-3p, has- miR-142-5p, and has-miR-15b-5p were closely related to tumor invasion, distant metastasis and survival probability. The expression of miR-15b-5p in ccRCC tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent normal kidney tissues (P0.05). Following inhibition of miR-15b-5p expression, RCC cells had attenuated proliferation, increased apoptosis, and attenuated migration and invasion. has-miR-15b-5p-WEE1, has-miR-15b-5p-EIF4E, has-miR-15b-5p-PPP2R1B may be three potential regulatory pathways in ccRCC. miR-15b-5p is highly expressed in cancer tissues of ccRCC patients. It may promote proliferation, inhibit apoptosis and enhance cell migration and invasion of RCC cells. The has-miR-15b-5p-WEE1, has-miR-15b-5p-EIF4E, and has-miR-15b-5p-PPP2R1B may be three potential regulatory pathways in ccRCC.


Investigamos la expresión y la importancia clínica de miR-15b-5p en el carcinoma de células renales (CCR) de células claras mediante análisis bioinformático y verificación experimental. Los miARN expresados diferencialmente se examinaron en la base de datos GEO. El diagrama de Venn mostró que había 5 miARN regulados positivamente (has-miR-210, has-miR-142-3p, has-miR-142-5p, has-miR-15b-5p y has-miR-193a-3p). ) y solo 1 miARN regulado negativamente (has-miR-532-3p) que se expresaron comúnmente entre los conjuntos de datos GSE189331 y GSE16441. Esto fue confirmado aún más en TCGA. Un análisis más detallado mostró que has-miR-193a-3p, has-miR-142-3p, has- miR-142-5p y has-miR-15b-5p estaban estrechamente relacionados con la invasión tumoral, la metástasis a distancia y la probabilidad de supervivencia. La expresión de miR-15b-5p en tejidos ccRCC fue significativamente mayor que la de los tejidos renales normales adyacentes (P 0,05). Tras la inhibición de la expresión de miR-15b-5p, las células RCC tuvieron una proliferación atenuada, un aumento de la apoptosis y una migración e invasión atenuadas. has-miR-15b-5p-WEE1, has- miR-15b-5p-EIF4E, has-miR-15b-5p-PPP2R1B pueden ser tres posibles vías reguladoras en ccRCC. miR-15b-5p se expresa altamente en tejidos cancerosos de pacientes con ccRCC. Puede promover la proliferación, inhibir la apoptosis y mejorar la migración celular y la invasión de células RCC. has-miR-15b-5p-WEE1, has- miR-15b-5p-EIF4E y has-miR-15b-5p-PPP2R1B pueden ser tres posibles vías reguladoras en ccRCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , MicroRNAs , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Survival Analysis , Cell Movement , Computational Biology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1764-1774, dic. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528797

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) is a prevalent disease worldwide, known for its high mortality and morbidity rates. Despite this, the extent of investigation concerning the correlation between COAD's CLCA1 expression and immune cell infiltration remains insufficient. This study seeks to examine the expression and prognosis of CLCA1 in COAD, along with its relationship to the tumor immune microenvironment. These findings will offer valuable insights for clinical practitioners and contribute to the existing knowledge in the field. In order to evaluate the prognostic significance of CLCA1 in individuals diagnosed with colorectal cancers, we conducted a comprehensive analysis using univariate and multivariate Cox regression models along with receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis. This study was performed on the patient data of COAD obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Nomograms were developed to anticipate CLCA1 prognostic influence. Furthermore, the CLCA1 association with tumor immune infiltration, immune checkpoints, immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) response, interaction network, and functional analysis of CLCA1-related genes was analyzed. We found that Colon adenocarcinoma tissues significantly had decreased CLCA1 expression compared to healthy tissues. Furthermore, the study revealed that the group with high expression of CLCA1 demonstrated a significantly higher overall survival rate (OS) as compared to the group with low expression. Multivariate and Univariate Cox regression analysis revealed the potential of CLCA1 as a standalone risk factor for COAD. These results were confirmed using nomograms and ROC curves. In addition, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis and functional gene enrichment showed that CLCA1 may be associated with functional activities such as pancreatic secretion, estrogen signaling and cAMP signaling, as well as with specific immune cell infiltration. Therefor, as a new independent predictor and potential biomarker of COAD, CLCA1 plays a crucial role in the advancement of colon cancer.


El adenocarcinoma de colon (COAD) es una enfermedad prevalente a nivel mundial, conocida por sus altas tasas de mortalidad y morbilidad. Sin embargo, el alcance de la investigación sobre la correlación entre la expresión de CLCA1 de COAD y la infiltración de células inmunes sigue siendo insuficiente. Este estudio busca examinar la expresión y el pronóstico de CLCA1 en COAD, junto con su relación con el microambiente inmunológico del tumor. Estos hallazgos ofrecerán conocimientos valiosos para los profesionales clínicos y contribuirán al conocimiento existente en el campo. Para evaluar la importancia de pronóstico de CLCA1 en personas diagnosticadas con cáncer colorrectal, realizamos un análisis exhaustivo utilizando modelos de regresión de Cox univariados y multivariados junto con un análisis de la curva característica operativa del receptor (ROC). Este estudio se realizó con los datos de pacientes de COAD obtenidos de la base de datos The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Se desarrollaron nomogramas para anticipar la influencia pronóstica de CLCA1. Además, se analizó la asociación de CLCA1 con la infiltración inmunitaria tumoral, los puntos de control inmunitarios, la respuesta de bloqueo de los puntos de control inmunitarios (ICB), la red de interacción y el análisis funcional de genes relacionados con CLCA1. Descubrimos que los tejidos de adenocarcinoma de colon tenían una expresión significativamente menor de CLCA1 en comparación con los tejidos sanos. Además, el estudio reveló que el grupo con alta expresión de CLCA1 demostró una tasa de supervivencia general (SG) significativamente mayor en comparación con el grupo con baja expresión. El análisis de regresión de Cox multivariado y univariado reveló el potencial de CLCA1 como factor de riesgo independiente de COAD. Estos resultados se confirmaron mediante nomogramas y curvas ROC. Además, el análisis de la red de interacción proteína- proteína (PPI) y el enriquecimiento de genes funcionales mostraron que CLCA1 puede estar asociado con actividades funcionales como la secreción pancreática, la señalización de estrógenos y la señalización de AMPc, así como con la infiltración de células inmunes específicas. Por lo tanto, como nuevo predictor independiente y biomarcador potencial de COAD, CLCA1 desempeña un papel crucial en el avance del cáncer de colon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Adenocarcinoma/immunology , Colonic Neoplasms/immunology , Chloride Channels/immunology , Prognosis , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Survival Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Regression Analysis , Colonic Neoplasms/metabolism , Chloride Channels/metabolism , Computational Biology
4.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023227, 14 fev. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518568

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most diagnosed neoplasia and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths. A substantial number of patients exhibit an advanced GC stage once diagnosed. Therefore, the search for biomarkers contributes to the improvement and development of therapies. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify potential GC biomarkers making use of in silico tools. METHODS: Gastric tissue microarray data available in Gene Expression Omnibus and The Cancer Genome Atlas Program was extracted. We applied statistical tests in the search for differentially expressed genes between tumoral and non-tumoral adjacent tissue samples. The selected genes were submitted to an in-house tool for analyses of functional enrichment, survival rate, histological and molecular classifications, and clinical follow-up data. A decision tree analysis was performed to evaluate the predictive power of the potential biomarkers. RESULTS: In total, 39 differentially expressed genes were found, mostly involved in extracellular structure organization, extracellular matrix organization, and angiogenesis. The genes SLC7A8, LY6E, and SIDT2 showed potential as diagnostic biomarkers considering the differential expression results coupled with the high predictive power of the decision tree models. Moreover, GC samples showed lower SLC7A8 and SIDT2 expression, whereas LY6E was higher. SIDT2 demonstrated a potential prognostic role for the diffuse type of GC, given the higher patient survival rate for lower gene expression. CONCLUSION: Our study outlines novel biomarkers for GC that may have a key role in tumor progression. Nevertheless, complementary in vitro analyses are still needed to further support their potential.


Subject(s)
Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Computational Biology , Prognosis , Computer Simulation , Gene Expression , Tissue Array Analysis
5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 8-16, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971489

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of the potential functional microRNA (miRNA)-mRNA regulatory network with recurrence of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) and its biological significance.@*METHODS@#This study was performed based on the data of 354 patients with HGSOC from the Cancer Genome Atlas database. In these patients, HGSOC was divided into different subtypes based on the pathways identified by GO analysis, and the correlations of the subtypes with HGSOC recurrence and differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs were assessed. Two relapse-related datasets were identified using the Gene Set Enrichment (GSE) database, from which the differentially expressed miRNAs were identified by intersection with the TCGA data. The target genes of these miRNAs were predicted using miRWalk 2.0 database, and these common differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs were used to construct the key miRNA-mRNA network associated with HGSOC recurrence. The expression of miR-506-3p and SNAI2 in two ovarian cancer cell lines was detected using RT-qPCR and Western blotting, and their targeted binding was verified using a double luciferase assay. The effect of miR-506-3p expression modulation on ovarian cancer cell migration was detected using scratch assay and Transwell assay.@*RESULTS@#We screened 303 GO terms of HGSOC-related pathways and identified two HGSOC subtypes (C1 and C2). The subtype C1 was associated with a significantly higher recurrence rate than C2. The differentially expressed genes between C1 and C2 subtypes were mainly enriched in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Five miRNAs were identified as potential regulators of EMT, and a total of 41 target genes were found to be involved in the differential expressions of EMT pathway between C1 and C2 subtypes. The key miRNA-mRNA network associated with HGSOC recurrence was constructed based on these 5 miRNAs and 41 mRNAs. MiR-506-3p was confirmed to bind to SNAI2, and up-regulation of miR-506-3p significantly inhibited SNAI2 expression and reduced migration and invasion of SKOV3 and CAOV3 cells (P < 0.05), while miR-506-3p knockdown produced the opposite effects (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-506-3p and SNAI2 are the key molecules associated with HGSOC recurrence. MiR-506-3p may affect EMT of ovarian cancer cells by regulating cell migration and invasion via SNAI2, and its expression level has predictive value for HGSOC recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Computational Biology
6.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 43-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970709

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize and analyse of literature on the susceptibility genes of noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) , and the key genes were screened and obtained by bioinformatics method, so as to provide reference for the prevention research of NIHL. Methods: In September 2021, Based on CNKI, NCBI Pubmed database and Web of Science database, this paper conducted bibliometric analysis and bioinformatics analysis on the genetic literature related to the susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss from 1999 to 2020. Endnote X9 software and the WPS office software were used for bibliometric analysis, and online software STRING and Cytoscape software were used for bioinformatics analysis. Results: A total of 131 literatures were included in the study, involving 40 genes in total. Bibliometric analysis shows that 131 papers which included 36 Chinese articles and 95 English articles were published in 63 biomedical journals; the highest number of published articles was 19 in 2020. Bioinformatics analysis suggests that GAPDH、SOD2、SOD1、CAT、CASP3、IL6 and other genes play a key role in the interaction network. The involved pathways mainly include MAP2K and MAPK activations, PTEN regulation, P53-depardent G1 DNA damage response, signaoling by BRAF and RAF fusions and soon. Conclusion: The study of noise induced hearing loss involves multi gene biological information, and bioinformatics analysis is helpful to predict the occurrence and development of noise induced hearing loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/epidemiology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Computational Biology , Bibliometrics , Noise, Occupational
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 797-810, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970550

ABSTRACT

This study used bioinformatics analysis to screen out key genes involved in the transformation of idiopathic membranous nephropathy to end-stage renal disease and to predict targeted Chinese herbs and medicines and active ingredients with preventive and curative effects. The GSE108113 microarray of idiopathic membranous nephropathy and GSE37171 microarray of were downloaded from the comprehensive gene expression database, and 8 homozygous differentially expressed genes for the transformation of idiopathic membranous nephropathy into end-stage renal disease of were screened out by R software. GraphPad Prism was used to verify the expression of homozygous differentially expressed genes in GSE115857 microarray of idiopathic membranous nephropathy and GSE66494 microarray of chronic kidney disease, and 7 key genes(FOS, OGT, CLK1, TIA1, TTC14, CHORDC1, and ANKRD36B) were finally obtained. The Gene Ontology(GO) analysis was performed. There were 209 functions of encoded proteins, mainly involved in regulation of RNA splicing, cytoplasmic stress granule, poly(A) binding, etc. Thirteen traditional Chinese medicines with the effect of preventing the transformation of idiopathic membranous nephropathy to end-stage renal disease were screened out from Coremine Medical database, including Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Lycopi Herba, and Gardeniae Fructus, which were included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition). The active ingredient quercetin mined from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) had ability to dock with the key gene FOS-encoded protein molecule, which provided targets and research ideas for the development of new traditional Chinese medicines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Glomerulonephritis, Membranous , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Computational Biology
8.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 80-87, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970451

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the preliminary application of single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) in the renal arterial lesions in Takayasu arteritis (TA) patients. Methods This study included 2 TA patients with renal artery stenosis treated by bypass surgery in the Department of Vascular Surgery,Beijing Hospital.The obtained 2 renal artery samples were digested with two different protocols (GEXSCOPE kit and self-made digestion liquid) before scRNA-seq and bioinformatics analysis. Results A total of 2920 cells were obtained for further analysis.After unbiased cluster analysis,2 endothelial cell subsets,2 smooth muscle cell subsets,1 fibroblast subset,2 mononuclear macrophage subsets,1 T cell subset,and 1 undefined cell subset were identified.Among them,the two subsets of smooth muscle cells were contractile and secretory,respectively.The results of scRNA-seq indicated that enzymatic hydrolysis with GEXSCOPE kit produced a large number of endothelial cells (57.46%) and a small number of immune cells (13.21%).However,immune cells (34.64%) were dominant in the cells obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis with self-made digestive liquid. Conclusion scRNA-seq can be employed to explore the cellular heterogeneity of diseased vessels in TA patients.Different enzymatic digestion protocols may impact the proportion of different cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Takayasu Arteritis , Endothelial Cells , Transcriptome , Computational Biology , Fibroblasts
9.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 16-21, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970440

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role and mechanism of circ_0092315 in the proliferation and invasion of papillary thyroid carcinoma cells. Methods The expression of circ_0092315 in papillary thyroid carcinoma cells was examined by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR.The proliferation and invasion of TPC-1 cells was assessed by CCK-8 and Transwell assays.The protein level of high mobility group A2 (HMGA2) was determined by Western blotting.The regulatory relationship of circ_0092315,microRNA-1256 (miR-1256),and HMGA2 was explored by bioinformatics tools,dual-luciferase reporter assay,real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR,and Western blotting. ++++Results circ_0092315 was overexpressed in papillary thyroid carcinoma cells (all P<0.001).circ_0092315 promoted the proliferation and invasion of TPC-1 cells (all P<0.001).The transfection of si-circ_0092315 up-regulated the expression of miR-1256 (P<0.001),and miR-1256 inhibitor up-regulated the protein level of HMGA2 (P<0.001). ++++Conclusion circ_0092315 is overexpressed in TPC-1 cells and it promotes the proliferation and invasion of TPC-1 cells by regulating the miR-1256/HMGA2 axis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/genetics , Computational Biology , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Proliferation , MicroRNAs/genetics
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1179-1193, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987035

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of stress-inducible phosphoprotein 1 (STIP1) expression level with prognosis of different cancers and its potential role in immunotherapy.@*METHODS@#TCGA, TARGET and GTEx databases were used for bioinformatic analysis of STIP1 expression level and its prognostic value in different cancers. We also detected STIP1 expression immunohistochemically in 10 pairs of colorectal cancer and adjacent tissues. We further analyzed the correlation of STIP1 expression level with tumor mutational burden, microsatellite instability, immune cell infiltration, immune regulators and outcomes of different cancers. STIP1- related proteins were identified using protein- protein interaction (PPI) network analysis, and functional enrichment analysis was performed to analyze the regulatory pathways involving STIP1.@*RESULTS@#Bioinformatics analysis showed that STIP1 was highly expressed in most tumors compared with the normal tissues (P < 0.05), which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry of the 10 pairs of colorectal cancer tissues. STIP1 expression level was correlated with clinical stages of multiple cancers (P < 0.05), and in some cancer types, an upregulated STIP1 expression was correlated with a poor prognosis of the patients in terms of overall survival, disease-specific survival, disease-free survival and progression-free survival (P < 0.05). STIP1 expression was significantly correlated with tumor mutational burden, microsatellite instability, immune cell infiltration and immunomodulatory factors in most tumors (P < 0.05). PPI network analysis indicated that STIP1-related proteins included HSPA4, HSPA8, and HSP90AA1. KEGG enrichment analysis suggested that the high expression of STIP1 in liver cancer was related mainly with valerate metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, and butyrate metabolism pathways; HALLMARK enrichment analysis suggested high STIP1 expression in liver cancer was involved in bile acid and fatty acid metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#STIP1 is up-regulated in multiple cancer types and its expression level is correlated with clinical tumor stage, tumor mutational burden, microsatellite instability, immune cell infiltration and immunomodulatory factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microsatellite Instability , Liver Neoplasms , Immunotherapy , Prognosis , Computational Biology , Heat-Shock Proteins , Colorectal Neoplasms
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1040-1046, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985506

ABSTRACT

Objective: Using bioinformatics methods to analyze the core pathogenic genes and related pathways in elderly osteoporosis. Methods: From November 2020 and August 2021, eight elderly osteoporosis patients who received treatment and five healthy participants who underwent physical examinations in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital were selected as subjects. The expression level of RNA in the peripheral blood of eight elderly osteoporosis patients and five healthy participants was collected for high-throughput transcriptome sequencing and analysis. The gene ontology (GO) analysis Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis was performed for the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using the STRING website and Cytoscape software, and the most significant modules and hub genes were screened out. Results: Among the eight elderly osteoporosis patients, there were seven females and one male, with an average age of 72.4 years (SD=4.2). Among the five healthy participants, there were four females and one male, with an average age of 68.2 years (SD=5.7). A total of 1 635 DEGs (847 up-regulated and 788 down-regulated) were identified. GO analysis revealed that the molecular functions of DEGs were mainly enriched in structural constituents of the ribosome, protein dimerization activity, and cellular components were mainly enriched in the nucleosome, DNA packaging complex, cytosolic part, protein-DNA complex and the cytosolic ribosome. KEGG pathway analysis showed that DEGs were mainly enriched in systemic lupus erythematosus and ribosome. Gene UBA52, UBB, RPS27A, RPS15, RPS12, RPL13A, RPL23A, RPL10A, RPS25 and RPS6 were selected and seven of them could encode ribosome proteins. Conclusion: The pathogenesis of elderly osteoporosis may be associated with ribosome-related genes and pathways.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Aged , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Transcriptome , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics , Computational Biology/methods , Osteoporosis/genetics
12.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 281-300, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982368

ABSTRACT

Non-exosomal non-coding RNAs (non-exo-ncRNAs) and exosomal ncRNAs (exo-ncRNAs) have been associated with the pathological development of myocardial infarction (MI). Accordingly, this analytical review provides an overview of current MI studies on the role of plasma non-exo/exo-ncRNAs. We summarize the features and crucial roles of ncRNAs and reveal their novel biological correlations via bioinformatics analysis. The following contributions are made: (1) we comprehensively describe the expression profile, competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network, and "pre-necrotic" biomarkers of non-exo/exo-ncRNAs for MI; (2) functional enrichment analysis indicates that the target genes of ncRNAs are enriched in the regulation of apoptotic signaling pathway and cellular response to chemical stress, etc.; (3) we propose an updated and comprehensive view on the mechanisms, pathophysiology, and biomarker roles of non-exo/exo-ncRNAs in MI, thereby providing a theoretical basis for the clinical management of MI.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Untranslated/genetics , RNA , Myocardial Infarction/genetics , Biomarkers , Computational Biology , MicroRNAs/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 494-500, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981891

ABSTRACT

Objectives To develop a multi-stage and multi-epitope vaccine, which consists of epitopes from the early secretory and latency-associated antigens of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Methods The B-cell, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) and helper T-lymphocyte (HTL) epitopes of 12 proteins were predicted using an immunoinformatics. The epitopes with antigenicity, without cytotoxicity and sensitization, were further screened to construct the multi-epitope vaccine. Furthermore, the proposed vaccine underwent physicochemical properties analysis and secondary structure prediction as well as 3D structure modeling, refinement and validation. Then the refined model was docked with TLR4. Finally, an immune simulation of the vaccine was carried out. Results The proposed vaccine, which consists of 12 B-cell, 11 CTL and 12 HTL epitopes, had a flexible and stable globular conformation as well as a thermostable and hydrophilic structure. A stable interaction of the vaccine with TLR4 was confirmed by molecular docking. The efficiency of the candidate vaccine to trigger effective cellular and humoral immune responses was assessed by immune simulation. Conclusion A multi-stage multi-epitope MTB vaccine construction strategy based on immunoinformatics is proposed, which is expected to prevent both active and latent MTB infection.


Subject(s)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis/metabolism , Molecular Docking Simulation , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte/chemistry , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte/chemistry , Vaccines, Subunit/chemistry , Computational Biology/methods
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 851-855, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981835

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report on a rare case of Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) manifesting as oculomotor nerve palsy and explore its genetic basis.@*METHODS@#A patient with NF2 who had presented at Beijing Ditan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University on July 10, 2021 was selected as the study subject. Cranial and spinal cord magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was carried out on the patient and his parents. Peripheral blood samples were collected and subjected to whole exome sequencing. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#MRI revealed bilateral vestibular Schwannomas, bilateral cavernous sinus meningiomas, popliteal neurogenic tumors, and multiple subcutaneous nodules in the patient. DNA sequencing revealed that he has harbored a de novo nonsense variant of the NF2 gene, namely c.757A>T, which has replaced a codon (AAG) encoding lysine (K) at position 253 with a stop codon (TAG). This has resulted in removal of the Merlin protein encoded by the NF2 gene from position 253 onwards. The variant was not found in public databases. Bioinformatic analysis suggested that the corresponding amino acid is highly conserved. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the variant was rated as pathogenic (PVS1+PS2+PM2_Supporting+PP3+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous nonsense variant c.757A>T (p.K253*) of the NF2 gene probably underlay the disease in this patient with an early onset, atypical but severe phenotype.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Neurofibromatosis 2/genetics , Genes, Neurofibromatosis 2 , Oculomotor Nerve Diseases/genetics , Computational Biology , Genomics , Mutation
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 847-850, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981834

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical feature and genetic etiology of a patient with normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (nIHH) due to variant of CHD7 gene.@*METHODS@#A patient who had presented at Anhui Provincial Children's Hospital in October 2022 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the patient was collected. The patient and his parents were subjected to trio-whole exome sequencing. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#The patient had featured delayed development of secondary sexual characteristics but normal olfactory function. Genetic testing revealed that he has harbored a c.3052C>T (p.Pro1018Ser) missense variant of the CHD7 gene, for which both of his parents were of the wild type. The variant has not been recorded in the PubMed and HGMD databases. Analysis of amino acid sequences suggested that the variant site is highly conserved, and the variant may affect the stability of protein structure. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the c.3032C>T variant was classified as a likely pathogenic (PS2+PM2_Supporting+PP2+PP3+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The delayed development of secondary sexual characteristics of the patient may be attributed to the c.3052C>T (p.Pro1018Ser) variant of the CHD7 gene. Above finding has expanded the variation spectrum of the CHD7 gene.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Amino Acid Sequence , Computational Biology , DNA Helicases/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Genetic Testing , Genomics , Hypogonadism/genetics , Mutation
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 706-710, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981812

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical feature and genetic etiology of a patient with Craniofacial nasal syndrome (CNFS).@*METHODS@#A patient with CNFS who had presented at the Guiyang Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital on November 13, 2021 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the patient were collected. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from the patient and her parents and subjected to trio-whole exome sequencing (trio-WES). Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#The patient, a 15-year-old female, had predominantly featured forehead bulging, hypertelorism, wide nasal dorsum and bifid nasal tip. Genetic testing revealed that she has harbored a heterozygous missense c.473T>C (p.M158T) variant of the EFNB1 gene, which was detected in either of her parents. By bioinformatic analysis, the variant has not been recorded in the HGMD and ClinVar databases, and no population frequency was recorded in the 1000 Genomes, ExAC, gnomAD and Shenzhou Genome Data Cloud databases. As predicted by the REVEL online software, the variant can confer deleterious effects on the gene or its product. Analysis using UGENE software showed the corresponding amino acid to be highly conserved among various species. Analysis with AlphaFold2 software suggested that the variant may affect the 3D structure and function of the Ephrin-B1 protein. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) standards and guidelines and recommendation of Clinical Genome Resource (ClinGen), the variant was rated as pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#Combining the patient's clinical features and genetic finding, the diagnosis of CNFS was confirmed. The heterozygous c.473T>C (p.M158T) missense variant of the EFNB1 gene probably underlay the disease in this patient. Above finding has provided a basis for the genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for her family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Ephrin-B1/genetics , China , Computational Biology , Family , Mutation
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 701-705, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981811

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic basis of a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in conjunct with congenital heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A child who was hospitalized at the Third People's Hospital of Chengdu on April 13, 2021 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the child were collected. Peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents were collected and subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES). A GTX genetic analysis system was used to analyze the WES data and screen candidate variants for ASD. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatics analysis. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) was carried out to compare the expression of mRNA of the NSD1 gene between this child and 3 healthy controls and 5 other children with ASD.@*RESULTS@#The patient, an 8-year-old male, has manifested with ASD, mental retardation and CHD. WES analysis revealed that he has harbored a heterozygous c.3385+2T>C variant in the NSD1 gene, which may affect the function of its protein product. Sanger sequencing showed that neither of his parent has carried the same variant. By bioinformatic analysis, the variant has not been recorded in the ESP, 1000 Genomes and ExAC databases. Analysis with Mutation Taster online software indicated it to be disease causing. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the variant was predicted to be pathogenic. By qPCR analysis, the expression level of mRNA of the NSD1 gene in this child and 5 other children with ASD was significantly lower than that of the healthy controls (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.3385+2T>C variant of the NSD1 gene can significantly reduce its expression, which may predispose to ASD. Above finding has enriched the mutational spectrum the NSD1 gene.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Humans , Autism Spectrum Disorder/genetics , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Computational Biology , Genomics , Mutation , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase/genetics
18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 691-695, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981809

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with congenital heart disease (CHD) and global developmental delay (GDD).@*METHODS@#A child who was hospitalized at the Department of Cardiac Surgery of Fujian Children's Hospital on April 27, 2022 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the child was collected. Umbilical cord blood sample of the child and peripheral blood samples of his parents were collected and subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES). Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#The child, a 3-year-and-3-month-old boy, had manifested cardiac abnormalities and developmental delay. WES revealed that he had harbored a nonsense variant of c.457C>T (p.Arg153*) in the NONO gene. Sanger sequencing showed that neither of his parents has carried the same variant. The variant has been recorded by the OMIM, ClinVar and HGMD databases, but not in the normal population databases of 1000 Genomes, dbSNP and gnomAD. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), it was rated as a pathogenic variant.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.457C>T (p.Arg153*) variant of the NONO gene probably underlay the CHD and GDD in this child. Above finding has expanded the phenotypic spectrum of the NONO gene and provided a reference for the clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling for this family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Computational Biology , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetic Counseling , Genomics , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Mutation , Parents , RNA-Binding Proteins , Developmental Disabilities/genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 668-673, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981805

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic etiology of three children with Menkes disease.@*METHODS@#Three children who had presented at the Children's Medical Center, the Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical University from January 2020 to July 2022 were selected as the study subjects. Clinical data of the children were reviewed. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the children, their parents and sister of child 1. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing, copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq), and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Child 1 was a 1-year-and-4-month male, and children 2 and 3 were monozygotic twin males aged 1-year-and-10-month. The clinical manifestations of the three children have included developmental delay and seizures. WES showed that child 1 has harbored a c.3294+1G>A variant of the ATP7A gene. Sanger sequencing confirmed that his parents and sister did not carry the same variant, suggesting that it was de novo. Children 2 and 3 had carried a c.77266650_77267178del copy number variation. CNV-seq results showed that their mother has carried the same variant. By searching the HGMD, OMIM and ClinVar databases, the c.3294+1G>A was known to be pathogenic. No carrier frequency has been recorded in the 1000 Genomes, ESP, ExAC and gnomAD databases. Based on the Standards and Guidelines for the Interpretation of Sequence Variants: A Joint Consensus Recommendation of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the ATP7A gene c.3294+1G>A variant was predicted to be pathogenic. The c.77266650_77267178del variant has involved exons 8 to 9 of the ATP7A gene. ClinGen online system score for it was 1.8, which was also considered to be pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.3294+1G>A and c.77266650_ 77267178del variants of the ATP7A gene probably underlay the Menkes disease in the three children. Above finding has enriched the mutational spectrum of Menkes disease and provided a basis for clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Computational Biology , Copper-Transporting ATPases/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Exons , Menkes Kinky Hair Syndrome/genetics , Mutation , Peptide Fragments , Seizures
20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 552-557, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981787

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical phenotype and genetic basis of a child with epilepsy and global developmental delay.@*METHODS@#A child with epilepsy and global developmental delay who had visited West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University on April 1, 2021 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the child were reviewed. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out for the child, and candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis. A literature review was also carried out by searching databases such as Wanfang data knowledge service platform, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, PubMed, ClinVar and Embase to summarize the clinical phenotypes and genotypes of the affected children.@*RESULTS@#The child was a 2-year-and-2-month-old male with epilepsy, global developmental delay and macrocephaly. Results of WES showed that the child has harbored a c.1427T>C variant of the PAK1 gene. Sanger sequencing confirmed that neither of his parents has carried the same variant. Only one similar case had been recorded by the dbSNP, OMIM, HGMD, and ClinVar databases. No frequency for this variant among Asian population was available in the ExAC, 1000 Genomes, and gnomAD databases. Prediction with IFT, PolyPhen-2, LRT, Mutation Taster, and FATHMM online software suggested that this variant is deleterious to the function of encoded protein. Based on the Standards and Guidelines for the Interpretation of Sequence Variants: A Joint Consensus Recommendation of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the PAK1 gene c.1427T>C variant was determined to be likely pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The PAK1 gene c.1427T>C variant probably underlay the epilepsy and global developmental delay in this child, which has provided a reference for the clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling in children with similar disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , China , Computational Biology , Consensus , Epilepsy/genetics , Genotype , Mutation , p21-Activated Kinases/genetics
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