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1.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18893, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364414

ABSTRACT

Abstract On the increasing prevalence of using mAbs (monoclonal antibodies) in cancer therapy and the severe risk of hyperglycemia, we aimed to analyze the main clinical ADRs of mAbs, with a focus on adverse hyperglycemic events associated with currently clinically used mAbs. mAbs as well as target information were selected from Martinadale book and published articles. Drug approving information was collected from each government website, and ADR statistic data were collected from VigibaseR, comparing with Adverse Event Reporting System of US FDA. Top 10 mAbs were classified within listing in total ADR records, ADRs per year, hyperglycemic ADR records. Vigibase data were updated onto 15 Feb 2019. 20 mAbs were analyzed with 263217 ADR reports, wherein 16751 records on Metabolism and nutrition disorders and 1444 records on Glucose metabolism disorders. The geographic, age, gender distributions and annual ADR report numbers were listed respectively. Of the top 10, Rituximab, Bevacizumab and Nivolumab were on the top 3 in total ADR record and hyperglycemic record. Top 3 record results were similar in Vigibase and FDA database. It is of increasing importance for clinicians to be aware of early detection, patient management, or drug selection strategies when using mAbs, particularly within the high glycemic risk-reported mAbs, to improve the efficacy and tolerability of mAbs regiment and optimize patient outcomes.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose/analysis , Glucose Metabolism Disorders/pathology , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Research Report , Rituximab , Glucose/adverse effects , Hyperglycemia , Antibodies, Monoclonal/classification , Patients/statistics & numerical data , Computer Communication Networks/instrumentation , Efficacy/statistics & numerical data , Health Strategies , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Neoplasms
2.
Univ. salud ; 23(3): 189-197, sep.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341765

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Cada vez se masifican las tecnologías electrónicas de pantalla entre la población infantil, práctica que ha llevado a un estilo de vida sedentario incrementa los riesgos para la salud de los individuos. Objetivo: Asociar la actividad física y el uso de pantallas, con el índice de masa corporal (IMC) y el género en escolares urbanos de la ciudad de Popayán entre 10 a 12 años. Materiales y métodos: Muestreo aleatorio simple, 440 escolares en edades entre los 10 y 12 años (220 niños/220 niñas). Se realizó la encuesta Physical activity Questionnaire for Older Children-PAQ-C. Estudio prospectivo transversal comparativo, de análisis univariado y bivariado. Resultados: Existe la asociación entre niveles de actividad física moderados y las horas de uso de pantallas (X2=598,6; p=0,00); así como también entre el nivel de actividad física y el sexo de los escolares (X2=13,551; p=0,004). Conclusiones: Los niveles de actividad física y el uso de pantallas demuestran que los escolares que usan con mayor frecuencia la televisión, el computador y los videojuegos, despliegan la actividad física en niveles de moderada a baja.


Abstract Introduction: Use of electronic screen technologies are increasingly widespread among children and their frequent use has led to a sedentary lifestyle that increases health risks in this population. Objective: To study the association of physical activity and the use of electronic screen devices with the body mass index (BMI) and gender in urban schoolchildren aged between 10 to 12 years from the city of Popayán (Cauca, Colombia). Materials and methods: A comparative prospective cross-sectional study, with univariate and bivariate analyses, was carried out using a simple random sampling of 440 students between the ages of 10 and 12 years (220 boys/220 girls). The Physical activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C) was applied. Results: There is an association between moderate levels of physical activity and hours spent in front of electronic screen devices (X2=598.6; p=0.00). Likewise, an association between the level of physical activity and gender of schoolchildren was found (X2=13.551; p=0.004). Conclusions: Children who frequently use television, computers, and/or video games show low to moderate levels of physical activity.


Subject(s)
Computer Communication Networks , Educational Status , Exercise , Child , Sedentary Behavior , Gender Identity
3.
San Salvador; MINSAL; oct. 12, 2021. 21 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1353174

ABSTRACT

En este documento se establecen los procedimientos y requisitos para la emisión de dictamen técnico para el manejo y almacenamientos de sustancias químicas peligrosas, por primera vez, trámites subsecuentes y trámite en línea con formatos electrónicos, a través de la página web del MINSAL. De igual forma se da a conocer el listado de sustancias químicas que requerirán de dicho dictamen; así como los modelos de solicitud para el trámite


This document establishes the procedures and requirements for the issuance of technical opinion for the handling and storage of dangerous chemical substances, for the first time, subsequent procedures and online procedures with electronic formats, through the MINSAL website. Similarly, the list of chemical substances that will require said opinion; as well as the models request for processing


Subject(s)
Hazardous Substances , Records , Chemical Compounds , Methods , Computer Communication Networks
4.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 13(1): e397, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251737

ABSTRACT

La Escuela Nacional de Salud Pública ha contribuido de forma sustancial a la formación de los recursos humanos en las áreas académicas y profesionales del sistema de salud cubano, a través del desarrollo de un amplio programa de formación académica de posgrado y de superación profesional; esta última caracterizada por el desarrollo de cursos, entrenamientos, diplomados, talleres, conferencias y otras formas que generan en la institución gran número de actividades de superación. Este cúmulo de actividades presenta insuficiencias en su gestión y están desprovistas de tecnologías informáticas, que brindarían mejoras en su desempeño. Por tales motivos se realizó una investigación de desarrollo tecnológico con el objetivo de diseñar un sistema web para la gestión de actividades de superación profesional en la Escuela Nacional de Salud Pública en el año 2019. Se empleó la metodología de desarrollo de software AUP-UCI, el entorno de trabajo Vue.js escrito en lenguaje de programación JavaScript, se utilizó MongoDB como gestor de base de datos, y la herramienta Case Visual Paradigm de Lenguaje Unificado de Modelado. Se implementaron algunas funcionalidades del sistema, que se encuentra listo para fase de despliegue. El sistema satisface las necesidades de información para el proceso de superación profesional en la institución, favorece la toma de decisiones de los directivos, docentes, y usuarios vinculados en el proceso, además muestra gran factibilidad su aplicación y extensión a otras instituciones de posgrado de la educación superior de salud y otros sectores(AU)


The National School of Public Health has contributed substantially to the training of human resources in the academic and professional areas of the Cuban health system, due to the development of an extensive program of academic postgraduate training and professional upgrading. The latter is characterized by the expansion of courses, trainings, diplomas, workshops, conferences and others, generating numerous professional development activities in the institution, all of them with insufficiencies in their management and devoid of computer technologies to provide improvements in their performance. For these reasons, a technological development research was carried out in 2019 with the aim of designing a web system for the management of professional development activities at the National School of Public Health. The AUP-UCI software development methodology was used, the Vue.js working environment written in JavaScript programming language and MongoDB as the database manager, and the Case Visual Paradigm tool of Unified Modeling Language. Some functionalities of the system were implemented, which are ready for the deployment phase. The proposed system satisfies the information needs for the improvement of professional upgrading in the institution, favors decision-making by managers, professors, and users linked to the process, shows great feasibility of its application and extension to other postgraduate educational institutions in health and other sectors(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Computer Communication Networks , Health Postgraduate Programs , Information Technology Management
5.
Edumecentro ; 13(2): 211-228, abr.-jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286250

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones optimizan el manejo de la información y el desarrollo de la comunicación; permiten actuar sobre ellas y generar mayores y nuevos conocimientos e inteligencia. Objetivo: indagar acerca del uso de las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones en el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje, desde las páginas de la revista EDUMECENTRO. Métodos: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica para desarrollar un análisis sobre el contenido de las bibliografías; se consideraron artículos originales y de revisión publicados entre 2013 y 2019 en español. La búsqueda fue realizada en las páginas de EDUMECENTRO, utilizando las bases de datos SciELO y Gogle Académico, entre marzo y abril de 2019. Se seleccionaron los fragmentos que permitieron el cumplimiento del objetivo y los juicios críticos. Fueron revisados en total 50 artículos de los que se seleccionaron 20 para conformar el texto final. Desarrollo: los autores consultados coinciden en la importancia del uso de las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones para la docencia en las ciencias médicas y como herramientas para conformar medios de enseñanza aprendizaje. Se enfatiza en las aulas virtuales como modalidad de la educación a distancia y la aparición de diversos gestores de contenido y redes sociales que permiten socializar los conocimientos científico-médicos. Conclusiones: las páginas de EDUMECENTRO contienen suficientes estudios para incursionar en el cambiante mundo de las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones, por lo que se impone continuar investigando en este mundo de la información y el conocimiento.


ABSTRACT Introduction: information and communication technologies optimize the handling of information and the development of communication; they allow acting on them and generating more and new knowledge and intelligence. Objective: to inquire about the use of information and communication technologies in the teaching-learning process, from the pages of the EDUMECENTRO magazine. Methods: a bibliographic review was carried out to develop an analysis on the content of the bibliographies; Original and review articles published between 2013 and 2019 in Spanish were considered. The search was carried out on the EDUMECENTRO pages, using the SciELO and Google scholar databases, from March to April 2019, selecting the fragments that allowed the fulfillment of the objective and critical judgments. A total of 50 articles were reviewed, out of them 20 were selected to make up the final text. Development: the consulted authors agree on the importance of the use of information and communication technologies for teaching in medical sciences and as tools to shape teaching-learning aids. It is emphasized in virtual classrooms as a modality of distance learning and the appearance of various content managers and social networks that allow scientific-medical knowledge to be socialized. Conclusions: EDUMECENTRO pages contain enough studies to enter the changing world of information and communication technologies, so it is an imperative to continue researching in this world of information and knowledge.


Subject(s)
Students, Medical , Computer Communication Networks , Medical Informatics Applications , Information Technologies and Communication Projects
6.
Edumecentro ; 13(2): 6-18, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286238

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: el trabajo independiente se fortalece con el uso de medios de enseñanza, entre ellos, los mapas mentales. Objetivo: confeccionar mapas mentales sobre las configuraciones externa e interna del tronco encefálico para contribuir a la dirección del trabajo independiente desde la disciplina Morfofisiología, utilizando la tecnología móvil. Métodos: se realizó una investigación de desarrollo tecnológico en la Facultad de Estomatología de la Universidad Médica de Pinar del Río, durante el curso 2019-2020. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos: análisis-síntesis y abstracción-concreción; y empíricos: cuestionario y análisis documental para la fundamentación y recogida de información. Los mapas mentales fueron diseñados utilizando la aplicación para Android, Mindomo versión 3.0.15. Resultados: se confeccionaron los mapas mentales que permitieron representar gráficamente los contenidos relacionados con la configuración externa e interna del tronco encefálico, constituido por modelos tridimensionales y apoyados en la tecnología móvil. Conclusiones: fueron valorados por criterio de especialistas quienes consideraron como adecuadas su pertinencia, la factibilidad de aplicación del producto, y su utilidad para perfeccionar el trabajo independiente en la disciplina Morfofisiología.


ABSTRACT Background: independent work is strengthened with the use of teaching aids, including mind maps. Objective: to make mental maps on the external and internal configurations of the brain stem to contribute to the direction of independent work from the Morphology-physiology discipline, using mobile technology. Methods: a technological development investigation was carried out at Pinar del Río Faculty of Dentistry of the Medical University, during the 2019-2020 academic year. Theoretical methods were used: analysis-synthesis and abstraction-concretion; and empirical ones: questionnaire and documentary analysis for the foundation and collection of information. The mind maps were designed using the Mindomo version 3.0.15 application for Android. Results: mental maps were made that allowed to graphically represent the contents related to the external and internal configuration of the brainstem, made up of three-dimensional models and supported by mobile technology. Conclusions: their relevance, the feasibility of applying the product, and its usefulness to improve independent work in the Morphology-physiology discipline were evaluated by the criteria of specialists who considered them adequate.


Subject(s)
Students, Medical , Computer Communication Networks , Medical Informatics Applications , Brain Stem
7.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(spe2): 70-72, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280082

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Sports dance can not only improve the quality of students, but also affect the healthy psychology of college students. The influence of sports dance on the mental health of college students based on the wireless network mode is investigated and analyzed. The influence of sports dance on students' mental health quality was studied by comparing before and after the experiment. First, based on the characteristics of the wireless network mode, the MQVA algorithm based on the wireless network mode is proposed. Finally, students of two classes are taken as research subjects, and the related indexes of their psychological quality are measured by the algorithm. The survey results show that the overall level of mental health of the subjects is significantly higher than that of ordinary college students and ordinary people. Sports dance has a positive effect on the mental health of college students.


RESUMO A dança esportiva pode não só melhorar a qualidade dos alunos, mas também afetar a psicologia saudável de estudantes universitários. A influência da dança esportiva na saúde mental dos estudantes universitários com base no modo de rede sem fio foi investigada e analisada. A influência da dança esportiva na qualidade da saúde mental dos alunos foi estudada através da comparação entre o antes e o depois do experimento. Em primeiro lugar, com base nas características do modo de rede sem fio, propõe-se o algoritmo MQVA baseado no modo de rede sem fio. Finalmente, alunos provenientes de duas turmas são tomados como objeto de pesquisa, e os índices relacionados de sua qualidade psicológica são medidos pelo algoritmo. Os resultados da pesquisa mostram que o nível global de saúde mental dos participantes da pesquisa é significativamente maior do que o dos outros estudantes universitários e pessoas comuns. A dança esportiva tem um efeito positivo na saúde mental dos estudantes universitários.


RESUMEN La danza deportiva puede no sólo mejorar la calidad de los alumnos, sino también afectar la psicología saludable de estudiantes universitarios. La influencia de la danza deportiva en la salud mental de los estudiantes universitarios con base en el modo de red inalámbrica fue investigada y analizada. La influencia de la danza deportiva en la calidad de la salud mental de los alumnos fue estudiada por medio de la comparación entre el antes y el después del experimento. En primer lugar, considerando las características del modo de red inalámbrica, se propone el algoritmo MQVA basado en el modo de red inalámbrica. Finalmente, alumnos provenientes de dos grupos son tomados como objeto de pesquisa, y los índices relacionados de su calidad psicológica son medidos por el algoritmo. Los resultados de la investigación muestran que el nivel global de salud mental de los participantes de la investigación es significativamente mayor que el de los otros estudiantes universitarios y personas comunes. La danza deportiva tiene un efecto positivo en la salud mental de los estudiantes universitarios.


Subject(s)
Sports/psychology , Students/psychology , Computer Communication Networks , Mental Health , Dancing/psychology , Wireless Technology , Universities
9.
Edumecentro ; 13(1): 167-183, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149239

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: la percepción de usuarios sobre los productos y servicios informáticos utilizados es un criterio útil para su perfeccionamiento. Objetivo: analizar la percepción de los profesores sobre un taller metodológico virtual para mejorar la gestión docente, como innovación educativa diseñada utilizando la plataforma Moodle. Métodos: se realizó una investigación descriptiva, con enfoque mixto, basada en un estudio de campo en el departamento de Ciencias Básicas Biomédicas de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas "Salvador Allende", durante el período abril-junio de 2020. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos: análisis-síntesis y enfoque sistémico; empíricos: técnica de lo positivo, negativo e interesante (PNI) y cuestionario; y matemáticos estadísticos para el procesamiento de los datos. Resultados: la técnica del PNI destacó como positivo el tema tratado; negativo, la lenta velocidad de interacción; e interesante, la capacitación durante el aislamiento social por la COVID-19; mientras el cuestionario, conformado por 9 ítems, evidenció una percepción integral satisfactoria sobre el taller realizado. Conclusiones: el análisis determinó que la aplicación de la innovación fue percibida por los profesores como una experiencia satisfactoria en su formación, y reveló la necesidad de mejorar la orientación de las actividades, a partir del conocimiento de sus participantes sobre las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones.


ABSTRACT Background: the perception of users about computing products and services used is a useful criterion for their improvement. Objective: to analyze the teachers' perception of a virtual methodological workshop to improve teaching management, as an educational innovation designed using the Moodle platform. Methods: a descriptive research was carried out, with a mixed approach, based on a field study in the Department of Basic Biomedical Sciences of "Salvador Allende" Faculty of Medical Sciences, from April to June 2020. Theoretical methods were used: analysis-synthesis and systemic approach; empirical ones: PNI technique and questionnaire; and statistical mathematics for data processing. Results: the PNI technique highlighted the topic as positive; negative, the slow speed of interaction; and interestingly, the training during social isolation by COVID-19; while the questionnaire, made up of 9 items, showed a satisfactory comprehensive perception of the workshop carried out. Conclusions: the analysis determined that the application of the innovation was perceived by the teachers as a satisfactory experience in their training, and revealed the need to improve the orientation of the activities, based on the knowledge of its participants about information and communication technologies.


Subject(s)
Computer Communication Networks , Education, Distance , Education, Graduate , Education, Medical , Information Technologies and Communication Projects
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888625

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, the massive medical data have already influenced the information construction in medical institutes, so it is not enough to solely rely on traditional local storage system to solve the problems like the read/write speed, visualization, and economy brought about by the massive data. Furthermore, various medical cloud services have been developed at home and abroad that patients' medical data can be shared through all medical institutes on the cloud, which makes a higher demand on the transmission speed of the medical data. This article analyzes from multiple aspects like high availability and costs by performing a medical image transmission speed test on the three mainstream storage technologies to provide an optional storage system for future medical image big data in the access process. The experimental result shows that it can be found that in the process of accessing medical image big data, the access speed and performance of object storage system is better than those of the existing local storage systems. However, with comprehensive consideration, it is recommended that the distributed file storage system like HDFS be the first choice for the storage system of the medical images.


Subject(s)
Cloud Computing , Computer Communication Networks , Humans , Information Storage and Retrieval , Technology
11.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 11: e55, 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1281151

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever o processo de criação e desenvolvimento de um website focado em orientações de aleitamento materno. Método: estudo envolvendo a construção de um produto do Mestrado Profissional de Enfermagem, com finalidade de comunicação em saúde. Para a elaboração do site foi utilizado o método Definition, Architecture, Design and Implementation. Resultados: construi-se um website com conteúdos sobre aleitamento materno, com linguagem simples, inclusiva e de fácil entendimento. A utilização de figuras e vídeos permitiu um design atrativo e uma organização intuitiva. Conclusão: o produto foi elaborado e embasado a partir das melhores evidências científicas, de forma sitematizada e organizado de maneira lógica, a fim de promover uma navegação fácil e didática.


Objective: to describe the process to create and develop a website focused on breastfeeding guidelines. Method: a study involving the creation of a product of the Professional Master's Degree in Nursing, focused on communication in health. The Definition, Architecture, Design and Implementation method was used to create the website. Results: a website was created with content on breastfeeding, using simple, inclusive and easy-to-understand language. The use of figures and videos allowed for an appealing design and an intuitive organization. Conclusion: the product was elaborated and based on the best scientific evidence, in a systematized and logical manner, in order to promote easy and didactic navigation.


Objetivo: describir el proceso para crear y desarrollar un sitio web enfocado en pautas de lactancia materna. Método: estudio que implicó la creación de un producto de la Maestría Profesional de Enfermería, con el propósito de facilitar la comunicación en materia de salud. Para elaborar el sitio web se empleó el método Definition, Architecture, Design and Implementation. Resultados: se creó un sitio web con diversos contenidos sobre lactancia materna, con idioma sencillo, inclusivo y fácil de entender. El uso de figuras y videos permitió lograr un diseño atractivo y una organización intuitiva. Conclusión: el producto se elaboró sobre la base de las mejores evidencias científicas disponibles, en forma sistematizada y con organización lógica, a fin de promover una navegación sencilla y didáctica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Computer Communication Networks , Breast Feeding , Information Technology , Health Promotion
12.
Repert. med. cir ; 30(suplemento): 41-45, 2021. ilus., tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361393

ABSTRACT

Introducción: desde la identificación de los primeros casos de enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) originada por el síndrome respiratorio agudo severo coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) en diciembre 2019, la pandemia resultante ha dado lugar a más de 130 millones de casos confirmados y más de 2,8 millones de muertes en todo el mundo a 6 de abril 2021. Objetivo: mostrar si hay alguna correlación de los contagios por COVID-19 y la vacunación contra el SARS-COV-2, entre el 17 de febrero al 17 de mayo de 2021. Metodología: la información se obtuvo de la página web del Ministerio de Salud y Protección Social, de los informes diarios de contagio y vacunación contra el COVID-19 entre el periodo comprendido entre el periodo mencionado. Resultados: el p-valor de las pruebas para las variables contagio y vacunación para COVID-19 es 0,000, menor de α =0.01, de esta manera se acepta Ha, es decir la prueba de correlación de Pearson nos indica que existe relación entre el número de contagios por COVID-19 y la vacunación contra el SARS-COV-2 en Colombia. Conclusión: a partir de la vacunación contra COVID-19 a mediados de febrero de 2021 en Colombia, no se ha evidenciado un registro de la disminución del número de contagios por COVID-19. Este estudio aporta los primeros datos del país sobre el impacto de la vacuna contra el SARS-COV-2 en la población.


Introduction: since the first cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were identified in December 2019, the resulting pandemic has account for more than 130 million confirmed cases and more than 2.8 million deaths worldwide, as of April 6 2021. Objective: to show if there is a correlation between COVID-19 infections and SARS-COV-2 vaccination from February 17 to May 17 2021. Methodology: the information was obtained from the Ministry of Health and Social Protection website, based on COVID 19 infection and SARS-COV-2 vaccination daily reports for said period. Results: the p-value for the tests for COVID-19 infection and vaccination variables is 0.000, which is less than α =0.01, thus, the hypothesis (Ha) is accepted, which means that the Pearson correlation test indicates that there is a relationship between the number of COVID-19 infections and vaccination against SARS-COV-2 in Colombia. Conclusion: since vaccination against COVID-19 was started in mid-February 2021 in Colombia, there has been no evidence of a decrease in the number of COVID-19 infections. This study provides the first data in the country on how the SARS-COV-2 vaccine impacts the population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Computer Communication Networks , Case Reports , COVID-19 Vaccines
13.
Repert. med. cir ; 30(suplemento): 46-50, 2021. tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361394

ABSTRACT

Introducción: desde el brote inicial en Wuhan, China a finales de 2019, el SARS-CoV-2 se ha convertido en una pandemia mundial con más de 138 millones de infecciones y más de 3 millones de muertes, lo que repercute gravemente en la salud mental y la economía global. Objetivo: mostrar si hay alguna correlación de la tasa de letalidad por COVID-19 y la vacunación contra el SARS-COV-2 entre el periodo comprendido entre 17 de febrero a 4 de junio de 2021. Metodología: el trabajo de investigación se desarrolló mediante un tipo experimental, la información se obtuvo de la página web del Ministerio de Salud y Protección Social, de los informes diarios de fallecidos y vacunación contra el COVID-19 entre el periodo comprendido entre 17 de febrero a 4 de junio 2021. Resultados: el p-valor de las pruebas, para las variables tasa de letalidad y vacunación para COVID-19 es de 0,001, es menor a α =0.01, de esta manera se acepta Ha, es decir la prueba de correlación de Pearson nos indica que existe relación entre el número de la tasa de letalidad por COVID-19 y la vacunación contra el SARS-COV-2 en Colombia. Conclusión: se considera de vital importancia establecer la ampliación de la cobertura a un 100% para los grupos de riesgo, la inclusión de estos nuevos grupos objetivos en conjunto con la ampliación de la cobertura de vacunación, lo cual hace necesaria la adquisición de nuevas dosis adicionales para combatir el SARS-COV-2 en Colombia.


Introduction: since the initial outbreak in Wuhan, China in late 2019, SARS-CoV-2 has become a global pandemic accounting for over 138 million deaths, severely impacting mental health and global economy. Objective: to show if there is any correlation between the COVID-19 death rate and SARS-COV-2 vaccination in the February 17 to June 4 2021 period. Methodology: an experimental research design was used. Data was obtained from the Ministry of Health and Social Protection website, including the deaths and COVID-19 vaccination daily report between February 17 and June 4 2021. Results: the p-value obtained in the tests for COVID-19 death rate and vaccination against SARS-COV-2 variables is 0.001, which is less than α =0.01, therefore, the hypothesis (Ha) is accepted, which means the Pearson correlation test indicates there is a relation between COVID-19 death rate and SARS-COV-2 vaccination in Colombia. Conclusion: we consider it essential to achieve 100% coverage of the at-risk groups. The inclusion of this new target groups together with the expansion of vaccination coverage, makes it necessary to acquire new additional doses to combat SARS-COV-2 in Colombia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vaccines , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Organization and Administration , Computer Communication Networks , Pandemics
14.
Repert. med. cir ; 30(suplemento): 51-55, 2021. tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361395

ABSTRACT

ntroducción: la rápida propagación del síndrome respiratorio agudo severo coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) en todo el mundo y la enfermedad originada por el coronavirus 19 (COVID-19), ha provocado una pandemia mundial con demoledoras consecuencias sociales y económicas. Objetivo: mostrar si hay alguna correlación de los fallecidos por COVID-19 y la vacunación contra el SARS-COV-2 en el periodo comprendido entre el 17 de febrero al 27 de mayo de 2021. Metodología: el trabajo de investigación se desarrolló mediante un tipo experimental, la información se obtuvo de la página web del Ministerio de Salud y Protección Social de los informes diarios de fallecidos y vacunación contra el COVID-19, en el periodo mencionado. Resultados: el p-valor de las pruebas para las variables contagio y vacunación para COVID-19 es de 0,000 siendo menor de α =0.01, de esta manera se acepta Ha, es decir la prueba de correlación de Pearson nos indica que existe relación entre el número de fallecidos por COVID-19 y la vacunación contra el SARS-COV-2 en Colombia. Conclusión: a partir de la vacunación de la vacuna contra COVID-19 a mediados de febrero de 2021 en Colombia, no se ha evidenciado un registro de la disminución del número de fallecidos por COVID-19. Si bien se observó un aumento en el total de vacunados de febrero a mayo 2021, no hubo reducción de los casos de fallecidos en el mismo lapso. Ante los aspectos descritos, es posible plantear que la vacunación en Colombia en 2021 aún no ha llegado a ser una medida del todo efectiva.


Introduction: the rapid spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) worldwide and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has caused a global pandemic with devastating social and economic consequences. Objective: to show if there is a correlation between COVID-19 related deaths and vaccination against SARS-COV-2 in the period from February 17 to May 27 2021. Methodology: an experimental research design was used. Data was obtained from the Ministry of Health and Social Protection website, based on the COVID-19 related deaths and vaccination daily reports, for said period. Results: the p-value obtained in the tests for COVID-19 infection and vaccination against SARS-COV-2 variables is 0.000, which is less than α =0.01, thus, the hypothesis (Ha) is accepted, which means the Pearson correlation test indicates there is a relation between COVID-19 death rate and SARS-COV-2 vaccination in Colombia. Conclusion: since vaccination against COVID-19 begun in mid-February 2021 in Colombia, no decrease in the number of deaths due to COVID-19 has been evidenced. Although there has been an increase in the number of vaccinated persons from February to May 2021, there was no decrease in the death rate in the same period. Considering the above, we can suggest that vaccination in 2021 in Colombia has not yet become a fully effective measure


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vaccination , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Computer Communication Networks , Case Reports , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
15.
Repert. med. cir ; 30(suplemento): 89-92, 2021. ilus.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361572

ABSTRACT

Introducción: : la afección por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) es una enfermedad respiratoria aguda infecciosa derivada por un nuevo coronavirus. La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) fue informada de casos de neumonía de etiología microbiana irreconocible asociados con la ciudad de Wuhan, provincia de Hubei, China, el 31 de diciembre 2019. Objetivo: analizar las tendencias de los casos de contagio, recuperados y fallecidos por COVID-19 en Colombia en el período comprendido entre el 6 de marzo 2020 al 18 de julio 2021, a esta fecha se cumplen 500 días del reporte del primer caso de contagio en el país. Metodología: el trabajo de investigación se desarrolló mediante un tipo experimental, la información se obtuvo de la página web del Instituto Nacional de Salud. Resultados: se estableció que el 26 de junio 2021 (día 478) se presentó el mayor pico de contagio con 33.594 el 6 de julio 2021 (día 488) se ubicó el pico mayor de personas recuperadas en 37.904 y el 21 de junio 2021 (día 473) se apreció el mayor pico de fallecimientos con 754. Conclusión: es primordial investigar el dinamismo de posibles brotes infecciosos del COVID-19 en nuestro país, ya que esta enfermedad recientemente surgida ha tenido un crecimiento exponencial muy contagioso. Es así como en Colombia la curva de casos nuevos diarios ha contribuido para explicar la curva epidemiológica del país.


Introduction: coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by a novel coronavirus. Cases of unknown microbial etiology were reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) originating from the city of Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, on December 31 2019. Objective: to analyze the trend of COVID-19 infection, recoveries and deaths in Colombia in the period between March 6 2020 and July 18 2021, which corresponds to 500 days after the first positive case was registered in the country. Methodology: an experimental research design was used. Data was obtained from the National Institute of Health website. Results: it was established that the highest peak of infection occurred on June 26 2021 (day 478) with 33.594 infections, the highest peak of recovered people was reported on July 6 2021 (day 488) with 37.904 recoveries, and the highest number of deaths was registered on June 21 2021 (day 473) with 754 deaths. Conclusion: it is essential to understand potential COVID­19 outbreak dynamics in our country, since the newly emerged disease has shown high contagiousness and exponential growth. Thus, the daily new cases curve in Colombia has contributed to explain the epidemiologic curve of the country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Computer Communication Networks , Mortality , Pandemics
16.
Repert. med. cir ; 30(suplemento): 118-122, 2021. ilus.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361622

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en diciembre 2019 se registró el primer caso de la nueva neumonía por coronavirus en Wuhan, China. El 12 de enero 2020 la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) la designó "Coronavirus Disease 2019", COVID-19, que aumentó por el orbe hasta generar una pandemia global y se declaró emergencia internacional de salud pública. Objetivo: mostrar la incidencia acumulada contra SARS-COV-2 en los departamentos de Colombia con fecha de corte el 6 de agosto 2021. Metodología: estudio transversal que tuvo como fuente de información la página web del coronavirus del Ministerio de Salud y Protección Social. Resultados: se estableció que al 6 de agosto 2021 los departamentos de Colombia con mayor incidencia acumulada en porcentaje por SARS-COV-2 fueron: Bogotá (18,2), Atlántico (11), Antioquia (10,6), San Andrés y Providencia (10,5) y Quindío (9,8). Las de menor tasa en porcentajes son: Vichada (2,5), Chocó (2,9), Cauca (3,5), Vaupés (3,7) y Guajira (4,2). Conclusión: Se debe continuar realizando el monitoreo de la enfermedad a través de las pruebas PCR y antígeno para realizar un análisis de la curva epidemiológica en Colombia. El plan de vacunación ha avanzado en forma notable. El autor recomienda realizar otro análisis de la incidencia a nivel nacional después de que se alcance la inmunidad de rebaño en el país.


Introduction: the first case of novel coronavirus pneumonia was notified in Wuhan, China on December 2019. The World Health Organization (WHO) named it "Coronavirus Disease 2019", COVID-19, on January 2020. It rapidly spread across the globe generating a pandemic declared a public health emergency of international concern. Objective: to show SARS-COV-2 cumulative incidence (CI) in the departments of Colombia as of August 6 2021. Methodology: cross-sectional study based on data released in the Ministry of Health and Social Protection coronavirus webpage. Results: as of August 6 2021, the departments of Colombia showing the highest SARS-COV-2 cumulative incidence were: Bogotá (18.2%), Atlántico (11%), Antioquia (10.6%), San Andrés and Providencia (10.5%) and Quindío (9.8%). Those with the lowest CI are: Vichada (2.5%), Choco (2.9%), Cauca (3.5%), Vaupés (3.7%) and Guajira (4.2%). Conclusion: monitoring the disease through PCR and antigen testing must be continued to enable an analysis of the epidemiological curve for Colombia. The vaccination plan has advanced notably. The author recommends conducting a new national-level incidence analysis after herd immunity is reached in the country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vaccination , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Computer Communication Networks , Incidence , Immunity
17.
Repert. med. cir ; 30(suplemento): 127-131, 2021. ilus.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361730

ABSTRACT

Introducción: e están invirtiendo miles de millones de dólares en la investigación de la patogénesis, el tratamiento y la prevención del COVID-19. Para la prevención, se han desarrollado al menos 90 vacunas con la esperanza de proporcionar inmunidad. Objetivo: exponer el avance de los esquemas completos aplicados contra SARS-COV-2 por grupo de edad en las entidades territoriales de Colombia, en el periodo comprendido entre el 17 de febrero al 21 de agosto 2021. Metodología: estudio de tipo transversal analítico diseñado de manera específica para recoger información sobre vacunas administradas en Colombia por grupo de edad; como fuente de información se tomó el plan nacional de vacunación contra el COVID-19 de la página web del Ministerio de Salud y Protección Social. Resultados: se concluyó que el mayor número de esquemas completos por grupo de edad fueron: 50 a 59 años (2'089.980), 60 a 69 años (1'937.880), y 40 a 49 años (1'480.711). El menor número de esquemas completos por grupo de edad fueron:12 a 19 años (55.113), 20 a 29 años (476.866) y 30 a 39 años (624.909). Conclusión: en la actualidad la vacunación es la maniobra más importante para poner fin a la pandemia. Sin embargo, el arribo de múltiples variantes del SARS-COV-2 con susceptibilidad reducida a la inmunidad inducida por la vacuna y la enfermedad amenaza el progreso.


Introduction: thousands of dollars are being invested for research on COVID 19 pathogenesis, treatment and prevention. To prevent COVID 19, at least 90 vaccines have been developed with the hope for providing immunity. Objective: to describe the progression of SARS-COV-2 full vaccination by age group by territorial entity in Colombia, in the period between February 17 and August 21 2021. Methodology: an analytical cross-sectional study specifically designed to gather information on vaccines administered in Colombia by age group; using the information released in the Ministry of Health and Social Protection webpage based on the COVID 19 national vaccination plan. Results: the highest full vaccination by age group was found in people in the 50 to 59 years (2'089.980), 60 to 69 years (1'937.880), and 40 to 49 years (1'480.711) age groups. The lowest number of completed vaccination protocols by age group was found in the:12 to 19 years (55.113), 20 to 29 years (476.866) and 30 to 39 years (624.909) age groups. Conclusion: currently vaccination is the most important intervention to bring the pandemic to an end. However, the emergence of multiple SARS-COV-2 variants with reduced susceptibility to vaccine-induced immunity makes the disease to remain a threat to progress.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vaccines , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Computer Communication Networks , Pandemics , Age Groups
18.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 42(spe): e20200281, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1280420

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Describe the development of a learning object focused on scientific evidence about COVID-19. Method Experience report on the production of a learning object based on the DADI web sites methodology, aimed at adults and children, built by nurses and academics from a Brazilian Federal University in 2020. Data collection in databases and reference organizations. Monitored performance through Google Analytics. Results Website created, "COVID-19 Evidence for All", with intuitive design and didactic language aimed at three audiences: health professionals, adult population, and children. In the first month after implementation, the website was accessed by 3,313 users, proving to be an efficient strategy for disseminating knowledge. Conclusion The development of the website involved professors, academics and master's students in the production of educational material aimed at prevention, promotion and maintenance of health. The resource allows quick consultation of the best scientific evidence available to date.


RESUMEN Objetivo Describe el desarrollo de un objeto de aprendizaje centrado en la evidencia científica sobre COVID-19. Método Informe de experiencia sobre la producción de un objeto de aprendizaje basado en la metodología de los sitios web DADI, dirigido a adultos y niños, construido por enfermeras y académicos de una Universidad Federal de Brasil, en 2020. Recopilación de datos en bases de datos y organizaciones de referencia. Rendimiento supervisado a través de Google Analytics. Resultados Sitio web creado, "Evidencia COVID-19 para todos", con diseño intuitivo y lenguaje didáctico dirigido a tres audiencias: profesionales de la salud, población adulta y niños. En el primer mes después de la implementación, el sitio fue accedido por 3.313 usuarios, demostrando ser una estrategia eficiente para diseminar conocimiento. Conclusión El desarrollo del sitio involucró a profesores, académicos y estudiantes de maestría en enfermería en la preparación de material educativo dirigido a la prevención, promoción y mantenimiento de la salud. El recurso permite una consulta rápida a las mejores recomendaciones científicas.


RESUMO Objetivo Descrever o desenvolvimento de um objeto de aprendizagem focado em evidências científicas sobre COVID-19. Método Relato de experiência sobre produção de um objeto de aprendizagem fundamentado na metodologia web sites DADI, direcionado ao público adulto e infantil, construído por enfermeiras e acadêmicos de uma Universidade Federal brasileira, em 2020. Coleta de dados em bases de dados e organizações de referências. Monitorado desempenho através do Google Analytics. Resultados Elaborado site "COVID-19 evidências para todos", com design intuitivo e linguagem didática direcionado a três públicos: profissionais de saúde, população adulta e crianças. No primeiro mês após implementação, o site foi acessado por 3.313 usuários, mostrando ser uma estratégia eficiente para disseminação de conhecimento. Conclusão O desenvolvimento do site envolveu docentes, acadêmicos e mestrandos de Enfermagem na confecção de material educativo direcionado à prevenção, promoção e manutenção da saúde. O recurso permite consulta rápida às melhores evidências científicas disponíveis até o momento.


Subject(s)
Computer Communication Networks , Knowledge , COVID-19/prevention & control , Learning , Universities , Health Education , Health Strategies , Evidence-Based Practice/education , Pandemics
19.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 26: e2360, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350148

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo O aparelho de amplificação sonora individual propicia benefícios para indivíduos com deficiência auditiva. No entanto, ainda são observados baixos níveis de adesão ao tratamento, devido às dificuldades no processo de adaptação. Neste sentido, destaca-se o uso de sites ou aplicativos com os objetivos de auxiliar no processo de orientação aos usuários e de avaliar a satisfação de usuários de aparelho de amplificação sonora individual, após a utilização de um site responsivo desenvolvido para auxiliar no processo de adaptação. Métodos Estudo quantitativo analítico experimental, ensaio clínico não randomizado, com 20 participantes, divididos em dois grupos. O grupo estudo fez uso do site responsivo como ferramenta de auxílio na adaptação, além de receber as orientações em seu formato tradicional. O grupo controle foi orientado somente pelo formato tradicional já existente no serviço. Após um mês, os participantes responderam a um questionário de avaliação de satisfação e também foi realizada a análise da ferramenta datalogging. Resultados O site responsivo contou com orientações sobre manutenção e dicas de uso do aparelho de amplificação sonora individual, permitindo fácil acesso às principais orientações ao usuário inexperiente. A análise dos dados demonstrou respostas mais positivas ao questionário pelo grupo estudo, bem como maior tempo de uso diário dos aparelhos de amplificação sonora individuais. Conclusão o grupo que utilizou o site responsivo como ferramenta complementar ao processo de adaptação do aparelho de amplificação sonora individual mostrou, a partir da avaliação da satisfação e dos dados da ferramenta datalogging, maior satisfação e maior tempo de uso diário do aparelho.


ABSTRACT Purpose The hearing aid provides benefits for individuals with hearing impairment. However, low levels of treatment adherence are still observed due to difficulties in the adaptation process. In this sense, the use of websites or applications stands out in order to assist in the process of orienting users. To evaluate the satisfaction of users of hearing aids after using a responsive website designed to assist in the adaptation process. Methods Quantitative analytical experimental study non-randomized clinical trial whit 20 participants, divided into two groups. The study group made use of the responsive website as an aid tool in adapting, in addition to also receiving the guidelines in their traditional format. The control group was guided only with the traditional format already existing in the service. After one month, the participants answered a satisfaction assessment questionnaire, as well as an analysis of the datalogging. Results The responsive website had guidance on maintenance and tips on using the individual hearing aid, allowing easy access to the main guidelines for inexperienced users. The analysis of the data showed more positive responses to the questionnaire by the study group, as well as a longer time of daily use of hearing aids. Conclusion The group that used the responsive website as a complementary tool to the adaptation process of the hearing aid showed, from the assessment of satisfaction and data from the datalogging tool, greater satisfaction and a longer time of daily use of the hearing aid.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Satisfaction , Mobile Applications , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss/rehabilitation , Computer Communication Networks , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 26: e2419, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249002

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo elaborar um website de cunho educacional sobre fissura labiopalatina para profissionais e estudantes da área da saúde. Métodos trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, exploratório, estruturado a partir da proposta de design instrucional, composta por quatro fases: análise e planejamento (busca nas bases científicas), modelagem (estruturação com o conteúdo, ilustrações e questionário), avaliação (por especialistas que atuam na área) e implementação (disponibilização do website). Resultados na fase de análise e planejamento foram encontrados 408 artigos para estruturar os tópicos do website. Na modelagem, o conteúdo foi dividido em 7 seções, criadas 16 imagens estáticas e um questionário avaliativo. Na fase de avaliação, participaram 10 fonoaudiólogas especialistas que sugeriram a manutenção de 7 seções no website. Todas as avaliações com sugestões de modificações que tiveram índice de concordância abaixo de 90% foram atendidas, tanto no conteúdo, como no questionário. Após, o website foi reformulado, assim como o questionário, para futura avaliação dos usuários. O website está disponibilizado em www.fissuralabiopalatina.unb.br. Conclusão por meio da sistemática do design instrucional, o website sobre fissuras labiopalatina foi constituído para a orientação de estudantes, profissionais da área da saúde e população em geral.


ABSTRACT Purpose to create an educational website about cleft lip and palate for healthcare professionals and students. Methods a qualitative and exploratory study structured from a design proposal consisting of the following four phases: analysis and planning (review of scientific data), modeling (structuring with content and illustrations), evaluation (by experts working in the area) and final implementation (website availability). Results in the analysis and planning phase, 408 articles were used to structure the website's topics. In the modeling phase, the content was divided into 7 sections, 16 static images and an evaluative questionnaire were created. In the evaluation phase 10 specialized speech-language pathologists participated and suggested maintaining 7 sections on the website. All evaluations with suggestions for modifications that had an agreement index below 90% were met, both in content and in the questionnaire. Afterward, the website and questionnaire were updated for future user evaluation. The website is available at www.fissuralabiopalatina.unb.br. Conclusion we concluded that through systematic instructional design the website about cleft lip and palate was created for the orientating students, healthcare professionals and the public alike.


Subject(s)
Computer Communication Networks , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Education, Distance , Health Education , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences
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