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Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 56: e18092, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142491


We synthesized a series of compounds bearing pharmacologically important 1,3,4-oxadiazole and piperidine moieties. Spectral data analysis by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, IR and EI-MS was used to elucidate the structures of the synthesized molecules. Docking studies explained the different types of interaction of the compounds with amino acids, while bovine serum albumin (BSA) binding interactions showed their pharmacological effectiveness. Antibacterial screening of these compounds demonstrated moderate to strong activity against Salmonella typhi and Bacillus subtilis but only weak to moderate activity against the other three bacterial strains tested. Seven compounds were the most active members as acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors. All the compounds presented displayed strong inhibitory activity against urease. Compounds 7l, 7m, 7n, 7o, 7p, 7r, 7u, 7v, 7x and 7v were highly active, with respective IC50 values of 2.14±0.003, 0.63±0.001, 2.17±0.006, 1.13±0.003, 1.21±0.005, 6.28±0.003, 2.39±0.005, 2.15±0.002, 2.26±0.003 and 2.14±0.002 µM, compared to thiourea, used as the reference standard (IC50 = 21.25±0.15 µM). These new urease inhibitors could replace existing drugs after their evaluation in comprehensive in vivo studies.

Computer Simulation/classification , Salmonella typhi/classification , Sulfonamides/adverse effects , Thiourea , Bacillus subtilis/classification , Urease , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Cholinesterase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Data Analysis , Amino Acids/antagonists & inhibitors
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2019. 98 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048832


Hidroclorothiazida (HTZ) e valsartana (VAL) são fármacos pouco solúveis em meio aquoso e pertencem às classes IV e II do Sistema de Classificação Biofarmacêutica (SCB), respectivamente. O objetivo deste trabalho foi desenvolver um método para avaliar o perfil de dissolução de formas farmacêuticas sólidas de dose fixa combinada contendo HTZ (12,5 mg) e VAL (160 mg) usando ferramentas in silico para avaliar os perfis de dissolução de produtos comercializados no Brasil e Peru. O presente trabalho foi dividido em 4 capítulos. No Capítulo I, foi determinada a solubilidade da HTZ e VAL pelo método shake-flask e potenciométrico, no qual foi possível demonstrar que existe correlação entre ambos os métodos e que HTZ e VAL são solúveis em tampão fosfato pH 6,8. No Capítulo II, um método cromatográfico em HPLC foi desenvolvido com base em Quality by Design (QbD), com auxílio do software Fusion®, no qual foi estabelecido uma zona de confiança dos parâmetros, que garantiu a robustez do método. O Capítulo III descreve o desenvolvimento de um método de dissolução utilizando ferramenta in silico (DDDplus®) na qual foi definido um delineamento experimental do tipo fatorial completo 33 usando como fatores a formulação, utilização de âncora e velocidade de agitação. Para os ensaios de dissolução in vitro, foi proposto um outro delineamento fatorial 3(3-1) com o intuito de obter as constantes de calibração das simulações in silico. Através de uma análise estatística das eficiências de dissolução obtidas nas simulações, foram avaliados os efeitos e as interações entre os fatores. Assim, as condições finais do método de dissolução estabelecidas foram: 900 mL de tampão fosfato pH 6,8 como meio de dissolução, 75 rpm de velocidade de agitação, e utilização de âncora para evitar a flutuação das formulações. O método desenvolvido foi empregado, no contexto do Capítulo IV, para avaliar o perfil de dissolução dos produtos contendo HTZ e VAL comercializados no Brasil e no Peru. Por análise multivariada, a eficiência de dissolução (ED), tempo médio de dissolução (MDT) e as porcentagens de dissolução de 5 até 60 minutos foram utilizadas para agrupar as formulações em grupos distintos. Embora os perfis de dissolução mostrem similaridade entre todas as formulações avaliadas, o produto referência se destacou por apresentar uma maior ED comparado com as outras formulações, devido à maior liberação nos primeiros 5 minutos de ensaio. Concluiu-se que o método proposto, além de garantir a liberação total de HTZ e VAL a partir das formulações, possui adequado poder discriminativo

Hydrochlorothiazide (HTZ) and valsartan (VAL) are poorly soluble drugs in aqueous medium and belong to classes IV and II of the Biopharmaceutical Classification System (BCS), respectively. The objective of this study was to develop a dissolution method to evaluate the dissolution profile of solid pharmaceutical forms of combined dose containing HTZ (12.5 mg) and VAL (160 mg) using in silico tools to evaluate the dissolution profiles of products sold in Brazil and Peru. The present study was divided into four chapters. In Chapter I, the HTZ and VAL solubility were determined by the shake-flask and potentiometric methods, in which it was possible to demonstrate that there is a correlation between both methods and that HTZ and VAL are soluble in pH 6.8 phosphate buffer. In Chapter II, a chromatographic method in HPLC was developed based on Quality by Design (QbD), using the Fusion® software, in which a zone of confidence of the parameters was established, which ensured the robustness of the method. Chapter III presents the development of a dissolution method using in silico (DDDplusTM) as a tool, in which an experimental design of the complete factorial type 33 was defined using as factors: the formulation, use of sinker and agitation speed. For in vitro dissolution assays, another factor design 3(3-1) was proposed to obtain the calibration constants of the in silico simulations. Through a statistical analysis of the dissolution efficiencies obtained in the simulations, the effects and interactions between the factors were evaluated. Thus, the final conditions of the dissolution method established were: 900 mL of pH 6.8 phosphate buffer as a dissolution medium, 75 rpm of stirring speed, and use of sinker to avoid the fluctuation of the formulations. The method developed was used, in the context of Chapter IV, to evaluate the dissolution profile of HTZ and VAL products marketed in Brazil and Peru. By multivariate analysis, the dissolution efficiency (ED), mean dissolution time (MDT) and the dissolution percentages from 5 to 60 minutes were used to group the formulations in different groups. Although the dissolution profiles show a similarity between all the evaluated formulations, the reference product stood out for presenting a higher ED compared to the other formulations, due to the higher release in the first 5 minutes of the test. It was concluded that the proposed method, besides guaranteeing the total release of HTZ and VAL from the formulations, has adequate discriminatory capacity

Peru , In Vitro Techniques/instrumentation , Brazil , Dissolution/analysis , Valsartan/pharmacokinetics , Hydrochlorothiazide/pharmacokinetics , Solubility/drug effects , Computer Simulation/classification
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 53(2): e16087, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839493


ABSTRACT The discovery of arteannuin (qinghaosu) in the 20th Century was a major advance for medicine. Besides functioning as a malaria therapy, arteannuin is a pharmacological agent in a range of other diseases, but its mechanism of action remains obscure. In this study, the reverse docking server PharmMapper was used to identify potential targets of arteannuin. The results were checked using the chemical-protein interactome servers DRAR-CPI and DDI-CPI, and verified by AutoDock Vina. The results showed that neprilysin (also known as CD10), a common acute lymphoblastic leukaemia antigen, was the top disease-related target of arteannuin. The chemical-protein interactome and docking results agreed with those of PharmMapper, further implicating neprilysin as a potential target. Although experimental verification is required, this study provides guidance for future pharmacological investigations into novel clinical applications for arteannuin.

Computer Simulation/classification , Neprilysin/pharmacology , Artemisinins/analysis , Drug Repositioning/statistics & numerical data