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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e242840, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553448

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the influence of notebook computers screens and undergraduate level of dental students in the radiographic detection of carious lesions. Methods: Bitewing digital radiographs were presented to 3rd and 5th year dental students in three different notebooks computers: Notebook 1 with anti-glare screen (1366×768 pixels), Notebook 2 without anti-glare screen (1366×768 pixels), and Notebook 3 with anti-glare screen (1920×1080 pixels). A reference standard based on a consensus analysis was set by three senior professors of Oral Radiology and Cariology. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy values were measured and submitted to two-way ANOVA at a significance level of 5%. Results: Notebook 2 provided significantly lower sensitivity values (Mean 56.5% ± 2.94) than notebook 3 (71.1% ± 2.82) (p = 0.002). We found no statistically significant differences between the two undergraduate years (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The anti-glare screen of notebook computers screens can influence the radiographic detection of carious lesions, but the undergraduate level of dental students does not influence this diagnostic task


Subject(s)
Students, Dental , Computers , Diagnostic Imaging , Radiography, Dental, Digital , Dental Caries
2.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 44: e257594, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1558739

ABSTRACT

Addictive behaviors related to Internet are becoming more common and this tool has been essential once it enables home office, entertainment, homeschooling, and easy access to information. Despite the easiness brought by technology, the exaggerated use has affected users in different ways, including in the development of psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to assess internet addiction, depression, anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), attention, impulsivity, and stress in 48 adolescents (26 young women and 22 young men), aged from 15 to 18 years, with a mean age of 16.74 (0.61), mostly students of public schools, during COVID-19, to investigate correlations between these variables according to sex and sociodemographic aspects. To assess the factors, the Internet Addiction Test (IAT); the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham Rating Scale (SNAP-IV) Questionnaire ; the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress scale for brazilian adolescents (EDAE-A); the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11); and a sociodemographic questionnaire were applied. The data collection was performed in schools located in southern Brazil. The results indicated that 12 out of 48 adolescents were considered addicted to the Internet. Moreover, Internet addiction was a predictor of depression in regression analysis (p<0.001). In addition, participants classified as more addicted to the Internet scored lower averages in general attention (p<0.035) and higher averages in behavioral symptoms of inattention and ADHD (p<0.050), stress (p<0.003), anxiety (p<0.016), and depression (p<0.015), with effect sizes ranging from moderate to high. Therefore, the intense internet use by adolescents might cause psychological consequences such as depression in adolescents. Family support and professional intervention might help in the reduction of symptoms and consequences of internet addiction as well as in its prevention.(AU)


A dependência de internet é cada vez mais comum, pois essa ferramenta tem se tornado imprescindível, uma vez que possibilita home office, entretenimento, educação domiciliar e fácil acesso às informações. No entanto, o uso exagerado da tecnologia afeta os usuários de diversas formas, inclusive no desenvolvimento de transtornos psiquiátricos. Este estudo visou avaliar a dependência de internet, depressão, ansiedade, hiperatividade, atenção, impulsividade e estresse em 48 adolescentes (26 meninas e 22 meninos) de 15 a 18 anos, com idade média de 16,74 (0,61), estudantes de escolas públicas do Sul do Brasil durante a covid-19, para investigar correlações entre as variáveis anteriores de acordo com gênero e aspectos sociodemográficos. Para avaliar, aplicou-se o Internet Addiction Test (IAT), um teste de atenção, escala SNAP IV, escala de depressão, ansiedade e estresse para adolescentes (EDAE-A), escala de impulsividade de Barratt e um questionário sociodemográfico. Os resultados indicaram que 12 adolescentes foram considerados viciados em internet, e que a dependência desta foi preditora da depressão na análise de regressão (p < 0,001). Ainda, os participantes classificados como adictos tiveram médias mais baixas em atenção geral (p < 0,035) e mais altas em sintomas comportamentais de desatenção e hiperatividade (p < 0,050), estresse (p < 0,003), ansiedade (p < 0,016) e depressão (p < 0,015), com efeitos que variaram de moderado a alto. Portanto, o uso intenso da internet por adolescentes pode ter consequências psicológicas, como a depressão. Bom apoio familiar e intervenção profissional podem ajudar na redução dos sintomas e consequências, bem como na prevenção da dependência.(AU)


La adicción a Internet es cada vez más habitual, puesto que esta herramienta es esencial para el trabajo remoto, el entretenimiento, la educación domiciliar y el fácil acceso a la información. Sin embargo, su uso exagerado afecta a la vida de las personas de diferentes maneras, incluso en el desarrollo de trastornos psiquiátricos. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la adicción a Internet, depresión, ansiedad, hiperactividad, atención, impulsividad y estrés en 48 adolescentes (26 muchachas y 22 muchachos), de entre 15 y 18 años, con una edad promedio de 16,74 (0,61), en su mayoría estudiantes de escuelas públicas del Sur de Brasil, durante la pandemia de la COVID-19, para investigar las correlaciones entre las variables mencionadas según género y aspectos sociodemográficos. Para evaluar los factores, se aplicaron el Test de Adicción a Internet (TAI), un test de atención, la escala SNAP IV, la Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés para adolescentes (EDAE-A), la escala de impulsividad de Barratt y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Los resultados indicaron que 12 adolescentes fueron considerados adictos a Internet, además, la adicción a Internet fue un predictor de la depresión en el análisis de regresión (p<0,001). Igualmente, los participantes clasificados como más adictos a Internet tuvieron promedios más bajos en atención general (p<0,035), y más altos en síntomas conductuales de falta de atención e hiperactividad (p<0,050), estrés (p<0,003), ansiedad (p<0,016) y depresión (p<0,015), con efectos que varían de moderado a alto. Por lo tanto, el uso intenso podría producir consecuencias psicológicas como la depresión en los adolescentes. Tener un buen apoyo familiar e intervención profesional puede ayudar a reducir los síntomas y las consecuencias de la adicción a Internet, así como prevenirla.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adolescent , Internet Addiction Disorder , Technology Addiction , Mental Disorders , Perception , Personality Development , Psychological Phenomena , Psychological Tests , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Psychomotor Performance , Psychopathology , Psychotherapy , Rejection, Psychology , Self Concept , Sleep Wake Disorders , Social Adjustment , Social Alienation , Social Environment , Social Isolation , Social Sciences , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Stress, Psychological , Task Performance and Analysis , Therapeutics , Time , Work Simplification , Physicians' Offices , Bipolar Disorder , Boredom , Computer Communication Networks , Shyness , Activities of Daily Living , Computers , Exercise , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Comorbidity , Cerebral Cortex , Child Advocacy , Child Welfare , Mental Health , Public Health , Reproducibility of Results , Adolescent Behavior , Behavior, Addictive , Time Management , Cognition , Communications Media , Consumer Behavior , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Neurocognitive Disorders , Wit and Humor , Counseling , Education, Distance , Affect , Culture , Adolescent Health , Depressive Disorder , Displacement, Psychological , Economics , Emotions , Equipment and Supplies , Disease Prevention , Exercise Test , Cerebrum , Family Conflict , Fear , Sedentary Behavior , Executive Function , Pandemics , Cognitive Dysfunction , Social Media , Financing, Personal , Mindfulness , Social Skills , Smartphone , Patient Health Questionnaire , Procrastination , Neuroticism , Academic Performance , Academic Success , Virtual Reality , Cyberbullying , Online Social Networking , Screen Time , Frustration , Data Analysis , Internet-Based Intervention , Psychological Distress , Social Comparison , Social Interaction , COVID-19 , Sluggish Cognitive Tempo , Exergaming , Social Deprivation , Sociodemographic Factors , Compulsive Sexual Behavior Disorder , Oppositional Defiant Disorder , Amygdala , Hostility , House Calls , Ergonomics , Impulsive Behavior , Interpersonal Relations , Introversion, Psychological , Anger , Learning , Limbic System , Loneliness , Mental Processes , Motivation , Motor Activity , Movement , Neurology
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1134-1138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007456

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of acupuncture, Chinese medication and combination of acupuncture and medication in the treatment of dry eye complicated with computer vision syndrome (CVS).@*METHODS@#A total of 152 patients with dry eye complicated with CVS were randomly divided into an acupuncture-medication group (38 cases, 1 case was removed), an acupuncture group (38 cases, 1 case dropped off), a Chinese medication group (38 cases, 1 case was removed), and a western medication group (38 cases, 1 case dropped off). In the western medication group, sodium hyaluronate eye drop combined with esculin and digitalis glycosides eye drop were used. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied at bilateral Taiyang (EX-HN 5), Cuanzhu (BL 2), Fengchi (GB 20), Qimen (LR 14) , and Hegu (LI 4) etc., once a day. In the Chinese medication group, Yiqi Congming decoction formula ganule was given orally, one dose a day. In the acupuncture-medication group, acupuncture combined with Yiqi Congming decoction formula granule were used. All groups were treated for 14 d. The non-invasive first tear film break-up time (NIBUT f), non-invasive average tear film break-up time (NIBUT av), tear meniscus height (TMH), ocular surface disease index (OSDI) score, and CVS symptom score were compared between the patients of each group before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the NIBUT f, NIBUT av, and TMH were increased compared with those before treatment in the patients of the 4 groups (P<0.01); the NIBUT f and NIBUT av in the acupuncture-medication group and the acupuncture group were higher than those in the Chinese medication group and the western medication group (P<0.05), and the TMH in the acupuncture-medication group and the Chinese medication group were higher than those in the acupuncture group and the western medication group (P<0.05). After treatment, the OSDI scores, the various scores and total scores of CVS (except for head symptom score in the western medication group) were decreased compared with those before treatment in the patients of the 4 groups (P<0.01). The OSDI score, total score, eye symptom score, and body symptom score of CVS in the acupuncture-medication group were lower than those in the acupuncture group, the Chinese medication group, and the western medication group (P<0.01, P<0.05), the head symptom score of the acupuncture-medication group was lower than that in the western medication group (P<0.05), and the CVS physical symptom scores and mental cognitive symptom scores of the acupuncture-medication group and the acupuncture group were lower than those in the Chinese medication group and the western medication group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture has advantages in improving NIBUT f, NIBUT av, and CVS physical symptoms and cognitive symptoms, and the Chinese medication has advantage in improving TMH. The combination of acupuncture and Chinese medication has better effects compared with monotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Acupuncture Therapy , Computers , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Points , Ophthalmic Solutions
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 54-60, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971303

ABSTRACT

In this study, a surface electromyography (sEMG) and blood oxygen signal real-time monitoring system is designed to explore the changes of physiological signals during muscle fatigue, so as to detect muscle fatigue. The analysis method of sEMG and the principle of blood oxygen detection are respectively introduced, and the system scheme is expounded. The hardware part of the system takes STM32 as the core. Conditioning module composition; blood oxygen signal acquisition is based on near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), specifically including light source, light source driving, photoelectric conversion, signal conditioning and other modules. The system software part is based on the real-time uC/OS-III software system. The characteristic parameters of sEMG were extracted by isometric contraction local muscle fatigue experiment; the relative changes of oxyhemoglobin (HbO2) and deoxyhemoglobin (Hb) were calculated in the forearm blocking experiment, thereby verifying that the system collects two signals effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Muscle, Skeletal , Oxygen , Electromyography , Muscle Fatigue/physiology , Computers
5.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1214-1219, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009047

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and early effectiveness of computer-simulated osteotomy based on the health-side combined with guide plate technique in the treatment of cubitus varus deformity in adolescents.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 23 patients with cubitus varus deformity who met the selection criteria between June 2019 and February 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 17 males and 6 females, ranging in age from 4 to 16 years with an average of 8.5 years. The time from injury to operation was 1-4 years. The angle of distal humerus rotation was defined by humeral head posterior inclination angle using low radiation dose CT to scan the patient's upper extremity data at one time, and the preoperative rotation of the distal humerus on the affected side was (33.82±4.39)°. The CT plain scan data were imported into 9yuan3D digital orthopaedic system (V3.34 software) to reconstruct three-dimensional images of both upper extremities. The simulated operation was performed with the healthy upper extremity as the reference, the best osteotomy scheme was planned, overlapped and compared, and the osteotomy guide plate was prepared. The patients were followed up regularly after operation, and the formation of callus in the osteotomy area was observed by X-ray examination. Before and after operation, the carrying angle of both upper extremities (the angle of cubitus valgus was positive, and the angle of cubitus varus was negative) and anteversion angle were measured on X-ray and CT images. At the same time, the flexion and extension range of motion of elbow joint and the external rotation range of motion of upper extremity were measured, and Mayo score was used to evaluate the function of elbow joint.@*RESULTS@#The operation time ranged from 34 to 46 minutes, with an average of 39 minutes. All patients were followed up 5-26 months, with a mean of 14.9 months. All the incisions healed by first intention after the operation; 2 patients had nail path irritation symptoms after Kirschner wire fixation, which improved after dressing change; no complication such as breakage and loosening of internal fixators occurred after regular X-ray review. Continuous callus formed at the osteotomy end at 4 weeks after operation, and the osteotomy end healed at 8-12 weeks after operation. At last follow-up, the carrying angle, anteversion angle, external rotation range of motion, and extension and flexion range of motion of the elbow joint of the affected side significantly improved when compared with preoperative ones ( P<0.05). Except for the extension range of motion of the healthy elbow joint ( P<0.05), there was no significant difference in other indicators between the two sides ( P>0.05). At last follow-up, the Mayo elbow score was 85-100, with an average of 99.3; 22 cases were excellent, 1 case was good, and the excellent and good rate was 100%.@*CONCLUSION@#Computer-simulated osteotomy based on health-side combined with guide plate technique for treating cubitus varus deformity in adolescents can achieve precise osteotomy, which has the advantages of short operation time and easy operation, and the short-term effectiveness is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Child, Preschool , Child , Elbow , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Joint Deformities, Acquired/surgery , Elbow Joint/surgery , Limb Deformities, Congenital , Osteotomy/methods , Humeral Head , Range of Motion, Articular , Computers , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 370-376, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982248

ABSTRACT

The proton treatment control system is the supporting software of the proton therapy device, which specifically coordinates and controls the status and work of each subsystem. In this study, the software architecture and hardware implementation of the proton treatment control system was developed and built a foundation for the overall debugging. Using C# programming language and WPF programming techniques, TCP network communication protocol specified by the proton treatment technical document and MVVM pattern in Windows system, the logic design and implementation of each level were studied. Meanwhile, the communication interface between the subsystems under TCP communication protocol was agreed. The logic design and research of the setup field and treatment field were carried out. And the User Interface was designed and developed using the above technology. The program realizes the communication and interaction between the proton treatment control system and each subsystem, so as to control and monitor the whole treatment process. The proton treatment control system provides a software basis for the remote overall debugging and on-line monitor and control of proton treatment device.


Subject(s)
Protons , User-Computer Interface , Software , Computers , Logic
7.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-5, 01/jan./2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370898

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The use of computers, tablets, and cell phones with the Internet by people with quadriplegia from spinal cord injuries is much lower when compared to the general population. The quality of life of these people can be substantially improved through access to these technologies, which would allow a quadriplegic to take advantage of the rapid evolution of information and communication. Many of these individuals have the function of preserved neck and mouth muscles, and it is possible to manipulate intraoral devices as an adaptation tool. Case Report: We report an intraoral device installation in a patient with quadriplegia, a victim of a firearm accident, who had a great desire to reuse the tablet for internet access. A device made of acrylic resin, similar to a myorelaxant plate, was designed to allow the use of a computer that was comfortable and at the same time, the patient could talk and not harm the dental structures. The person responsible agreed to participate in the research and signed the consent form. In addition, the work was submitted to an ethics committee. Considerations: The ideal intra-oral device for patient rehabilitation should be inexpensive, easy to adapt and promote muscle relaxation besides allowing the patient to expand their abilities and digitally increase their autonomy for society.


Introdução: O uso de computadores, tablets e celulares com internet por pessoas com tetraplegia por lesão medular é muito menor quando comparado à população geral. A qualidade de vida dessas pessoas pode ser, substancialmente, melhorada por meio do acesso a essas tecnologias, o que permitiria aos tetraplégicos aproveitar a rápida evolução da informação e da comunicação. Muitos desses indivíduos têm a função de músculos cervicais e bucais preservados, sendo possível a manipulação de dispositivos intraorais como ferramenta de adaptação. Relato de Caso: Relatamos a instalação de um dispositivo intraoral em um paciente com tetraplegia, vítima de acidente com arma de fogo, que tinha grande desejo de reutilizar o tablet para acesso à internet. Um dispositivo feito de resina acrílica, semelhante a uma placa miorrelaxante, foi projetado para permitir o uso de um computador que fosse confortável e, ao mesmo tempo, o paciente pudesse falar e não prejudicar as estruturas dentárias. O responsável concordou em participar da pesquisa e assinou o termo de consentimento. Além disso, o trabalho foi submetido a um comitê de ética. Considerações: O dispositivo intraoral ideal para a reabilitação do paciente deve ser barato, de fácil adaptação e promover o relaxamento muscular, além de permitir que o paciente amplie suas habilidades e aumente sua autonomia pessoal, digitalmente para a sociedade.


Subject(s)
Digital Inclusion , Social Inclusion , Quadriplegia , Computers , Disabled Persons , Communication , Adaptation to Disasters , Personal Autonomy
8.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 486-501, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399134

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os trabalhadores que exercem actividades de escritórios usando computadores como principal instrumento, estão sujeitos ao desenvolvimento de distúrbios músculo- esqueléticos devido a posição sentada adotada prolongadas horas nesses ambientes. Objectivo: Avaliar os fatores de riscos ergonómicos e a prevalência de distúrbios músculo esqueléticos em trabalhadores dos escritórios da empresa de segurança G4S Secure Solutions Moçambique. Métodos: Participaram do estudo 58 indivíduos de ambos os sexos, com idade compreendidas entre 20 e 55 anos. Foi usado uma ficha para o registo das conformidades ergonómicas dos materiais dos escritórios bem como avaliar a postura do trabalhador por meio de observação, posteriormente estimadas as probabilidades de ocorrência e a severidade dos riscos. Os dados relativos a ocorrência dos DME foi obtida com recurso ao questionário Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. Resultados: Os principais riscos ergonómicos observados foram o posicionamento material informático em relação ao trabalhador, a postura destes durante o trabalho e por fim o estado do mobiliário. E os relacionados com ajustamento do monitor e a postura da cabeça e pescoço foram os que tiveram maior índice de severidade. A maioria relatou ter sentido desconforto músculo-esquelético em pelo menos uma região do corpo, tendo grande parte se queixado das regiões cervical, lombar, punhos/mão e região torácica. Conclusões: Com base nos resultados da presente pesquisa pode se afirmar que nos escritórios da empresa estudada existem riscos ergonómicos a ter em conta, principalmente os relacionados com a organização de material do trabalho e a postura dos trabalhadores sendo evidente pela elevada prevalência de distúrbios músculo-esquelético.


Introduction: Workers who perform office activities using computers as their main instrument are exposed to the development of musculoskeletal disorders due to the sitting position adopted for prolonged hours in these environments. Objective: To assess ergonomic risk factors and the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in office workers of the security company G4S Secure Solutions Mozambique. Methods: 58 individuals of both sexes participated in the study, aged between 20 and 55 years. A form was used to record the ergonomic compliance of office materials as well as to evaluate the posture of the worker through observation, later estimating the probabilities of occurrence and the severity of the risks. Data on the occurrence of MSDs was obtained using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. Results: The main ergonomic risks observed were the positioning of the computer material in relation to the worker, their posture during work and, finally, the condition of the furniture. And those related to monitor adjustment and head and neck posture were the ones with the highest severity index. Most reported having felt musculoskeletal discomfort in at least one region of the body, with most complaining of cervical, lumbar, wrists/hand and thoracic regions. Conclusions: Based on the results of the present research, it can be stated that in the offices of the studied company there are ergonomic risks to be taken into account, mainly those related to the organization of work material and the posture of the workers, which is evident due to the high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders.


Introducción: Los trabajadores que realizan actividades de oficina utilizando ordenadores como herramienta principal, están sujetos al desarrollo de trastornos musculoesqueléticos debido a la posición sentada adoptada durante horas prolongadas en estos entornos. Objetivo: Evaluar los factores de riesgo ergonómico y la prevalencia de los trastornos musculoesqueléticos en los trabajadores de oficina de la empresa de seguridad G4S Secure Solutions Mozambique. Métodos: 58 individuos de ambos sexos, con edades comprendidas entre los 20 y los 55 años, participaron en el estudio. Se utilizó un formulario para registrar las conformidades ergonómicas de los materiales de oficina, así como para evaluar la postura del trabajador a través de la observación, posteriormente se estimó la probabilidad de ocurrencia y la severidad de los riesgos. Los datos relativos a la aparición de EMD se obtuvieron mediante el Cuestionario Musculoesquelético Nórdico. Resultados: Los principales riesgos ergonómicos observados fueron la colocación del material informático en relación con el trabajador, su postura durante el trabajo y, por último, el estado del mobiliario. Y los relacionados con el ajuste del monitor y la postura de la cabeza y el cuello fueron los que presentaron el mayor índice de gravedad. La mayoría declaró haber sentido molestias musculoesqueléticas en al menos una región del cuerpo, y la mayoría se quejaba de las regiones cervical, lumbar, muñeca/mano y torácica. Conclusiones: En base a los resultados de esta investigación se puede afirmar que en las oficinas de la empresa estudiada existen riesgos ergonómicos a tener en cuenta, especialmente los relacionados con la organización del material de trabajo y la postura de los trabajadores quedando patente por la alta prevalencia de trastornos musculoesqueléticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Posture , Cumulative Trauma Disorders , Risk Factors , Ergonomics , Computers , Prevalence , Sitting Position
9.
Curationis ; 45(1): 1-8, 2022. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1400487

ABSTRACT

Background: The increasing use of technology in nursing practice requires nursing students to be competent in nursing informatics with an attitude of acceptance of technology in the healthcare environment. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to determine final year nursing students' perceptions and skills in nursing informatics and their attitudes towards computerisation in nursing practice. Method: The study population were 198 final year nursing students from a selected university in the Western Cape, South Africa. All-inclusive sampling was used. A descriptive survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire which included two validated scales, namely the validated Nursing Informatics Competency Assessment Tool (NICAT) and the Nurses' Attitudes towards Computerisation scale. Means and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of the ratings of the perceived relevance of nursing informatics skills in nursing practice, perceived levels of competence in nursing informatics skills and attitudes towards computers were calculated. Results: A total of 91 undergraduate respondents completed the survey. Computer literacy skills were rated overall as most relevant (4.23, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 4.06­4.40) and the skills perceived most competent (4.16, 95% CI: 3.81­4.22). The respondents had an overall positive score for attitudes towards computerisation in healthcare (67.34, s.d. = 10.40, 95% CI: 65.18­69.51). Conclusion: The study concluded that computer literacy skills, informatics literacy skills and information management skills were relevant to nursing practice, despite varying levels of competence in these skills among nurses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Nursing , Technology , Computers , Clinical Competence , Delivery of Health Care , Nursing Informatics
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 164-167, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928880

ABSTRACT

Aiming at the current situation of performance testing of hemodialysis extracorporeal circulation tubing, which has slow efficiency, inaccurate measurement, and inconvenient testing, a portable detection system for testing the performance of hemodialysis extracorporeal circulation tubing is designed. The system mainly includes a hardware system and a software system. The hardware system uses STM32F407 single-chip microcomputer as the core to design the driving control of the roller pump; the software system uses the C++ real-time operating system, and the flow detection data is transmitted to the upper computer through RS485 communication and displayed. Experimental showed that the system detects the accuracy and the stability of the flow rate. It has the characteristics of stability and high precision. The relative error of the experimental measurement is within the range of ±10%. The weight of the whole machine is 2 kg, which improves the efficiency by 50% compared with the traditional detection method.


Subject(s)
Computers , Equipment Design , Extracorporeal Circulation , Microcomputers , Renal Dialysis , Software
11.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 596-611, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939628

ABSTRACT

Speech expression is an important high-level cognitive behavior of human beings. The realization of this behavior is closely related to human brain activity. Both true speech expression and speech imagination can activate part of the same brain area. Therefore, speech imagery becomes a new paradigm of brain-computer interaction. Brain-computer interface (BCI) based on speech imagery has the advantages of spontaneous generation, no training, and friendliness to subjects, so it has attracted the attention of many scholars. However, this interactive technology is not mature in the design of experimental paradigms and the choice of imagination materials, and there are many issues that need to be discussed urgently. Therefore, in response to these problems, this article first expounds the neural mechanism of speech imagery. Then, by reviewing the previous BCI research of speech imagery, the mainstream methods and core technologies of experimental paradigm, imagination materials, data processing and so on are systematically analyzed. Finally, the key problems and main challenges that restrict the development of this type of BCI are discussed. And the future development and application perspective of the speech imaginary BCI system are prospected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain , Computers , Imagery, Psychotherapy , Speech , Technology
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 323-328, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928316

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term clinical effect of the computer virtual technique combined with pelvic reduction frame in the treatment of complex pelvic fractures.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with Tile C pelvic fractures treated by percutaneous minimally invasive pelvic reduction frame from April 2018 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 21 males and 9 females, aged from 19 to 57 (39.40±9.85) years old. The patient's pelvic CT DICOM data were imported into Mimics software to reconstruct the virtual fracture model. Virtual reduction and nail placement were carried out on the fracture model, and then simulated fluoroscopy was carried out to record the ideal fluoroscopy orientation and angle to guide the correct fluoroscopy during operation. The operation time, fluoroscopy times and intraoperative blood loss were recorded. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated by Matta image score standard, and the postoperative function was evaluated by Majeed function score standard.@*RESULTS@#All 30 patients achieved closed reduction and percutaneous screw fixation. According to Matta score, the excellent and good rate of fracture reduction was 93.3%(28/30). A total of 67 channel screws were inserted, and the excellent and good rate was 98.5%(66/67). The operation time was (173.54±79.31) min, fluoroscopy time was (90.81±41.11) times, intraoperative blood loss was (81.21±43.97) ml. All incisions healed at one stage without broken nails or re-displacement of fractures. All patients were followed up for 12 months. At the final follow-up, Majeed function score was 73 to 94(85.66±5.33) scores.@*CONCLUSION@#Computer virtual technology combined with pelvic reduction frame could rapidly, accurately and safely reduce and fix unstable pelvic fractures. Computer virtualization could help surgeons to recognition and understanding pelvic fractures, pelvic reduction frame could improve the surgeon's ability to manage complex and unstable pelvic injuries.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical , Computers , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Pelvic Bones/injuries , Retrospective Studies
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 43-48, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928264

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of computer navigation gap balance technology on the recovery of lower limb function after total knee arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 106 patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) who underwent total knee arthroplasty from July 2018 to June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. They were divided into measurement osteotomy group and space balance group according to different osteotomy techniques during total knee arthroplasty. There were 61 cases in osteotomy group, 24 males and 37 females;The age ranged from 45 to 77(63.35±4.26) years;According to K-L classification, 41 cases were grade Ⅲ and 20 cases were grade Ⅳ. intraoperative measurement osteotomy was performed. There were 45 cases in the gap balance group, 17 males and 28 females;Age 45 to 78(64.03±4.31) years;According to K-L classification, 29 cases were classified as grade Ⅲ and 16 cases as grade Ⅳ. computer navigation gap balance technology was implemented. The amount of intraoperative bleeding, operation time, incision length, hospital stay and postoperative complications were compared between two groups. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by Knee Society score(KSS) before operation and 12 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#Total of 106 patients were followed up for 12 to 18(20.38±3.25) months. There were significant differences in intraoperative bleeding and operation time between two groups(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in incision length and hospital stay between the two groups(P>0.05). At 12 months after operation, the total score of KSS in the gap balance group (173.59±14.50) was better than that in the osteotomy group (164.95±12.10)(P<0.05). There were no serious complications of poor prosthesis loosening between two groups during follow-up, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of other complications between two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The application of computer navigation gap balance technology in total knee arthroplasty is conducive to the recovery of lower limb function in patients with OA, and there are no serious adverse complications and high safety.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Computers , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis , Lower Extremity , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Technology , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 678-690, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927736

ABSTRACT

The computer information technology that has penetrated into every aspect of our lives, can not only assist the screening of drugs, but also simulate the effect of drugs. At present, computer-aided technologies have been used to screen aptamers, which play an important role in improving the screening efficiency and screening high affinity binding aptamers. This review summarized the screening methods of aptamers through computer-aided sequence evaluation, structural analysis and molecular docking.


Subject(s)
Aptamers, Nucleotide , Computers , Molecular Docking Simulation , SELEX Aptamer Technique/methods
15.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 44-51, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935828

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess and compare the accuracies and operating time of endodontic microsurgery performed by operators with different levels of experience in endodontics using computer-guided techniques including dynamic and static navigations in a surgical simulation model. Methods: Six pairs of three dimensional (3D)-printed models of upper and lower jaws were set up on dental manikins. A total of 120 teeth (10 teeth each jaw) were included in the models. Microsurgeries of osteotomy and root-resection were performed on the models by two operators with different experience, namely novices and experts, under of free hand (FH)(n=20), dynamic navigation (DN)(n=20), and static navigation (SN)(n=20) conditions, respectively. The duration of each operation was recorded. Cone-beam CT was taken for 3D-printed models before and after the operation. The path of preoperative surgery planning was simulated. The linear deviations at the entry and the end point and the angular deviation of the access path between the simulated and the actual operation were compared by the software. Results: Significant difference of the entry deviation was observed between the novices and the experts in the FH group [(1.44±0.49) and (1.02±0.58) mm] (q=4.67, P=0.020). There were no significant differences between the novices and the experts in the end point and angular deviations (P>0.05). For the novices, the entry deviations in both DN and SN groups [(0.76±0.32) and (0.66±0.20) mm] were significantly lower than those in FH group (q=7.58, P<0.001; q=8.66, P<0.001). The angular deviations in the abovementioned two groups (5.0°±3.5°, 3.9°±2.1°) were significantly lower than that in FH group (10.9°±6.1°) (q=7.38, P<0.001; q=8.70, P<0.001). For the experts, significant differences were found only in the angular deviations among DN, SN and FH groups (3.6°±1.9°, 3.2°±1.7° and 8.2°±3.9°) (q=5.74, P=0.001; q=6.29, P<0.001). The operation durations were significantly shortened for both the novices [(4.80±2.15), (1.09±0.48) min] (q=14.60, P<0.001; q=20.10, P<0.001) and the experts [(3.40±1.96),(1.02±0.34) min] (q=5.86, P<0.001; q=9.37, P<0.001) by using DN and SN techniques. Regarding the differences between tooth types, in FH group, the operating time on the anterior teeth was significantly shorter than that on the posterior teeth (q=8.14, P<0.001; q=5.20, P=0.007), while in DN and SN groups, there were no significant differences in the operating time between two tooth types (P>0.05). No significant differences were discovered in the accuracies on the anterior and posterior teeth among three techniques or between two kinds of operators (P>0.05). Conclusions: Dynamic and static navigation techniques could assist the clinicians, especially the novices, to improve the accuracies and shorten the operating time of osteotomy and root resection microsurgeries.


Subject(s)
Computers , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontics , Microsurgery , Surgery, Computer-Assisted
16.
Vive (El Alto) ; 5(14): 573-583, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410359

ABSTRACT

La emergencia sanitaria por COVID-19 forzó la virtualización de las actividades que se realizaban de manera presencial (estudios, trabajo y socialización) para cumplir con las disposiciones de aislamiento social obligatorio y evitar que las tasas de contagio se incrementen. Por ello, fue necesario que las personas se conecten constantemente a los dispositivos digitales. En ese sentido, el objetivo de la presente investigación fue analizar los niveles de síndrome visual informático en los estudiantes de una universidad pública peruana durante la emergencia sanitaria por COVID-19. El enfoque fue cuantitativo, el diseño no experimental y el tipo descriptivo transversal. La muestra estuvo conformada por 145 estudiantes de la carrera profesional de Enfermería a quienes se les aplicó el Cuestionario de Síndrome Informático (SVI-Q), instrumento con adecuados niveles de confiabilidad y validez basada en el contenido. De acuerdo a los resultados, el nivel de síndrome visual informático del 43,4% de los estudiantes era moderado, del 33,8% era bajo, mientras que del 22,8% era alto. Los principales síntomas que presentaron fueron el ardor o quemazón de los ojos, el lagrimeo y el enrojecimiento ocular. Del mismo modo, se estableció que algunas variables sociodemográficas y ergonómicas como el sexo, el tiempo de exposición a los dispositivos y el uso de estrategias preventivas se asociaban de manera significativa con el síndrome visual informático. Finalmente, se concluyó que los estudiantes se caracterizaban por presentar niveles moderados del síndrome visual informático, por lo que era necesario la aplicación de estrategias preventivas para reducir su prevalencia.


The COVID-19 health emergency forced the virtualization of face-to-face activities (studies, work and socializing) to comply with mandatory social isolation provisions and prevent contagion rates from increasing. Therefore, it was necessary for people to be constantly connected to digital devices. In this sense, the objective of the present research was to analyze the levels of computer visual syndrome in students of a Peruvian public university during the COVID-19 health emergency. The approach was quantitative, the design was non-experimental and the type was cross-sectional descriptive. The sample consisted of 145 nursing students who were administered the Computer Visual Syndrome Questionnaire (SVI-Q), an instrument with adequate levels of reliability and content-based validity. According to the results, the level of computer visual syndrome of 43.4% of the students was moderate, 33.8% was low, while 22.8% was high. The main symptoms they presented were burning or stinging of the eyes, tearing and ocular redness. Similarly, it was established that some sociodemographic and ergonomic variables such as sex, time of exposure to the devices and the use of preventive strategies were significantly associated with computer visual syndrome. Finally, it was concluded that students were characterized by presenting moderate levels of computer visual syndrome, so that the implementation of preventive strategies was necessary to reduce its prevalence.


A emergência sanitária COVID-19 forçou a virtualização das atividades presenciais (estudos, trabalho e socialização) para cumprir as disposições obrigatórias de isolamento social e evitar que as taxas de infecção aumentassem. Portanto, era necessário que as pessoas estivessem constantemente conectadas aos dispositivos digitais. Neste sentido, o objetivo da presente pesquisa foi analisar os níveis de síndrome visual do computador em estudantes de uma universidade pública peruana durante a emergência sanitária da COVID-19. A abordagem era quantitativa, o projeto era não-experimental e descritivo, de corte transversal. A amostra consistiu de 145 estudantes de enfermagem que receberam o Questionário de Síndrome Visual Computadorizada (SVI-Q), um instrumento com níveis adequados de confiabilidade e validade baseada no conteúdo. De acordo com os resultados, o nível de síndrome visual do computador de 43,4% dos estudantes era moderado, 33,8% era baixo, enquanto 22,8% era alto. Os principais sintomas eram ardor ou picada nos olhos, lacrimejamento e vermelhidão nos olhos. Da mesma forma, foi estabelecido que algumas variáveis sócio-demográficas e ergonômicas, como sexo, tempo de exposição aos dispositivos e o uso de estratégias preventivas foram significativamente associados à síndrome visual do computador. Finalmente, concluiu-se que os estudantes se caracterizavam por níveis moderados de síndrome visual do computador e que eram necessárias estratégias preventivas para reduzir sua prevalência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vision Disorders , Students, Nursing , Computers , Nursing
17.
Rev. crim ; 64(3): 95-116, 2022. mapas, ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417091

ABSTRACT

Este documento está centrado en determinar qué variables afectan los incentivos que tienen los delincuentes al cometer sus ciberdelitos, e identificar si la legislación actual está diseñada teniendo en cuenta la tipificación de las conductas y las herramientas de los entes encargados de capturar los criminales. Se busca entender los principales factores que incentivan la ciberdelincuencia en el país, teniendo en cuenta el contexto de la ciberdelincuencia para el 2019 en Colombia, y con ello, el comportamiento de los delincuentes informáticos en la prepandemia. Con la Ley 1273 de 2019, encargada de tipificar los delitos informáticos en Colombia, se revisarán los datos reportados de delitos informáticos y se compararán con los casos e indicadores de delitos de hurto calificado, con el fin de determinar la relación de estos dos delitos, que son relevantes para las entidades y han sido interiorizados por las entidades policivas en su estudio y lucha anticriminal desde hace mucho tiempo. Una vez definida teóricamente la eficiencia de las entidades apoderadas en la lucha contra los delitos informáticos, se propone una función de beneficios económicos de la ciberdelincuencia adaptada para el caso colombiano, determinando las variables que mejor explican esta función. Al final de este ejercicio académico, mediante un análisis de sensibilidad, se señala qué aspectos de política pública se deben considerar como prioritarios, teniendo en cuenta los incentivos económicos para los ciberdelincuentes y la efectividad de la Ley 1273 de 2009.


This paper is focused on determining which variables affect the incentives that criminals have when committing cybercrime, and identify whether the current legislation is designed taking into account the criminalization of behaviors and the tools of the entities in charge of catching criminals. It seeks to understand the main factors that encourage cybercrime in the country, taking into account the context of cybercrime for 2019 in Colombia, and with it, the behavior of cybercriminals in the pre-pandemic. With Law 1273 of 2019, in charge of criminalizing computer crimes in Colombia, the reported data of computer crimes will be reviewed and compared with the cases and indicators of qualified theft crimes, in order to determine the relationship of these two crimes, which are relevant for the entities and have been internalized by the police entities in their study and anti-crime fight for a long time. Once the efficiency of the entities empowered in the fight against cybercrime has been theoretically defined, a function of economic benefits of cybercrime adapted to the Colombian case is proposed, determining the variables that best explain this function. At the end of this academic exercise, through a sensitivity analysis, it is pointed out which aspects of public policy should be considered as a priority, taking into account the economic incentives for cybercriminals and the effectiveness of Law 1273 of 2009.


Este documento está focado em determinar quais variáveis afetam os incentivos que os criminosos têm quando cometem crimes cibernéticos, e identificar se a legislação atual é elaborada levando em conta a classificação dos comportamentos e as ferramentas das entidades encarregadas de capturar os criminosos. Ela procura compreender os principais fatores que incentivam o cibercrime no país, levando em conta o contexto do cibercrime para 2019 na Colômbia, e com ele, o comportamento dos cibercriminosos na pré-pandemia. Com a Lei 1273 de 2019, encarregada de criminalizar os crimes cibernéticos na Colômbia, os dados comunicados de crimes cibernéticos serão revistos e comparados com os casos e indicadores de crimes de roubo, a fim de determinar a relação entre esses dois crimes, que são relevantes para as entidades e foram internalizados por entidades policiais em seu estudo e combate aos crimes por um longo tempo. Uma vez definida teoricamente a eficiência das entidades habilitadas na luta contra o crime cibernético, propõe-se uma função dos benefícios econômicos do crime cibernético adaptada ao caso colombiano, determinando as variáveis que melhor explicam esta função. Ao final deste exercício acadêmico, por meio de uma análise de sensibilidade, indica-se quais aspectos das políticas públicas devem ser considerados prioritários, levando em conta os incentivos econômicos para os cibercriminosos e a eficácia da Lei 1273 de 2009.


Subject(s)
Humans , Legislation , Computers , Police , Colombia , Crime
18.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0007, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360922

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar sintomas astenópicos e fatores sociodemográficos, hábitos comportamentais e clínicos nos docentes universitários durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal que avaliou a ocorrência de astenopia em 104 docentes. Questionários de sintomatologia visual validados foram adaptados para a coleta de dados. Houve comparação dos docentes quanto à ocorrência ou não de sintomas astenópicos, bem como foi aplicada regressão logística binária, para aferir a associação com variáveis independentes (p<0,05). Resultados: Houve maior aparecimento de sintomas astenópicos durante o período pandêmico, em que o tempo de exposição a telas parece ter sido o fator mais determinante. Além disso, os indivíduos com tempo de tela superior a 5 horas diárias, que faziam uso de telas para o lazer e usavam colírio/lubrificantes apresentaram significativamente maior chance de estar no grupo com sintomas astenópicos. Conclusão: Foi identificada associação significativa entre a ocorrência de sintomas astenópicos e o uso de telas durante o período pandêmico, principalmente nos grupos com maior duração do tempo de tela. O estudo chama atenção para a saúde ocular de docentes universitários em ensino remoto, além de suscitar novos estudos para investigação desse quadro em distintos ambientes escolares.


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess asthenopic symptoms and sociodemographic factors, behavioral and clinical aspects in college lecturers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study evaluating asthenopia in 104 lecturers. Some validated visual symptom questionnaires were adapted for data collection. Lecturers were compared regarding the occurrence or not of asthenopic symptoms, and binary logistic regression was applied to measure the association with independent variables (p<0.05). Results: Asthenopic symptoms occurred more often during the pandemic, when exposure to screens was a determinant factor. The individuals with screen time longer than five hours a day, who used screens for leisure, and who used eye drops/lubricants were significantly more likely to be in the group with asthenopic symptoms. Conclusion: A significant association was identified in occurrence of asthenopic symptoms and screen use during the pandemic period, especially in groups with longer screen time. The study draws attention to the eye health of college lecturers in distance learning, and the need for further research on this situation in different school environments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Asthenopia/epidemiology , Education, Distance/methods , Faculty , Universities , Computers , Xerophthalmia/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Internet , Diplopia/epidemiology , Eye Manifestations , Pandemics , Occupational Stress , COVID-19
19.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 35: 10, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1387027

ABSTRACT

The transition from on-paper to on-screen reading seems to make it necessary to raise some considerations, as a greater attentional efort has been claimed for print texts than digital ones. Not surprisingly, most university students prefer this digital medium. This research aims to examine reading times by contextualizing this phenomenon into two processes: namely, word recognition and reading comprehension task on paper and on screen. Thus, two diferent tasks­counterbalanced into digital and print mediums­were carried out per each participant with a preference for a digital medium: a reading comprehension task (RCT) and a lexical decision task (LDT) after reading a specifc story. Participants were slower reading print texts and no statistically signifcant diferences were found in RCT accuracy. This result suggests that the task required more cognitive resources under the print medium for those with a worse comprehension performance in reading, and a more conservative pattern in digital RCT for those with a better performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Printing/statistics & numerical data , Reading , Computers/statistics & numerical data , Internet/statistics & numerical data , Comprehension , Students , Time Factors
20.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0054, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387978

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose Evaluate blue-violet light filter and additional power of +0.40 D in the near zone ophthalmic lenses, on convergence, accommodative functions, and symptoms of digital asthenopia (DA). Methods Randomized study in cross-over design conducted on 49 volunteers (age, 29 ± 5.5 years; male: female, 18:31). Each subject wore test (+0.40 D in the near zone) and control lenses (regular single vision) for 4 weeks in randomized order. Both lenses had a selective blue-violet light filter. A baseline measurement was taken with the subjects' current updated glasses. Accommodation amplitude (AA) and near point of convergence (NPC) were measured binocularly with the RAF ruler. DA was evaluated by a questionnaire. Results No significant difference (p=.52) was found for AA comparing baseline (11.50±1.88 D), test (11.61± 1.62 D), and control SV lenses (11.88±1.50 D). No significant difference was found for NPC (p=.94), between baseline (6.50 ± 2.89cm), test (6.71± 3.49) and control SV lenses (6.82± 3.50 cm). No significant difference was found comparing test and control SV lenses in symptoms of DA (p=0.20). Conclusions The +0.40 D lenses have no negative impact on convergence or loss of accommodation power. The +0.40 D and control SV lenses had a similar impact on attenuating symptoms of DA.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar os efeitos do uso de lentes oftálmicas com filtro seletivo de luz azul-violeta, sem e com poder adicional de + 0,4D na zona de perto nas funções de acomodação e convergência e para sintomas de astenopia digital (AD). Métodos Ensaio clínico controlado, randomizado e mascarado, com 49 voluntários (idade, 29 ± 5,5 anos; masculino: feminino, 18: 31). Cada participante usou lentes de teste (+0,40 D na zona de perto) e controle (visão simples), por 4 semanas de forma randomizada. Ambas as lentes tinham filtro seletivo de luz azul-violeta. A medição inicial (baseline) foi feita com os óculos atualizados de cada participante. A amplitude de acomodação (AA) e o ponto de convergência próximo (PPC) foram medidos binocularmente com a régua RAF. A AD foi avaliada por um questionário. Resultados Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante (p=0,52) para as medidas de AA comparando as lentes baseline (11,50±1,88 D), teste (11,61±1,62 D) e controle VS (11,88±1,50 D). Nenhuma diferença significativa foi encontrada para a medida do PPC (p=0,94), entre as lentes baseline (6,50 ± 2,89cm), teste (6,71±3,49) e controle VS (6,82±3,50 cm). Nenhuma diferença significativa foi encontrada comparando lentes teste de VS e controle nos sintomas de AD (p=0,20). Conclusões As lentes com +0,40 D não têm impacto negativo na convergência ou na perda de acomodação. As lentes +0,40 D e controle VS, tiveram impacto semelhante na redução dos sintomas de AD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Lighting/adverse effects , Computers , Asthenopia/prevention & control , Eyeglasses , Filtration/instrumentation , Light/adverse effects , User-Computer Interface , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Dry Eye Syndromes/prevention & control , Random Allocation , Asthenopia/etiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Computers, Handheld , Smartphone , Accommodation, Ocular/physiology
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