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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354779

ABSTRACT

Aim: To describe cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) features in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), in terms of degenerative changes, condylar excursions and positioning as well as their possible correlations with signs and symptoms. Methods: Clinical records of patients diagnosed with TMD who were seen between January 2018 and December 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. These patients were divided into the following groups based on the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD): arthralgia, myalgia, and arthralgia and myalgia groups. The CBCT examination findings of the patients were evaluated in relation to degenerative changes, estimates of condylar excursion, and condylar positioning. The likelihood ratio test was used to verify the possible differences among the three groups, whereas the chi-square test was used to verify the possible differences among the signs and symptoms for the tomographic findings (p ≤ 0.050). Results: In this study, 65 patients with TMD were included. These patients were predominantly female (84.6%) with a mean age of 40.6 years. Tomographic findings of flattening, hyperexcursion and posterior condylar positioning were frequent. A significant correlation was noted between osteophyte and lateral capsule pain (p = 0.027), erosion and posterior capsule pain (p = 0.026), and flattening, pseudocysts (p < 0.050) and condylar excursion (p < 0.001) with mouth opening. Conclusion: Few correlations were noted between degenerative changes and signs of joint pain as well as degenerative changes and condylar hypoexcursion with mouth opening. These correlations were likely associated with division by diagnosis, whereas condylar positioning did not correlate with signs and symptoms


Subject(s)
Signs and Symptoms , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandibular Condyle
2.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 12-19, ene.-feb. 2022. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361307

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente estudio fue medir la curvatura vestíbulo-lingual de los conductos de las raíces mesiales de primeros molares inferiores en personas adultas del estado de Chihuahua, por medio de la técnica de tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT, por sus siglas en inglés) y usando el software de análisis 3D EndoTM (Dentsply/Sirona USA). Se llevó a cabo la medición por dos observadoras, empleando dos métodos diferentes, Schneider y 3D EndoTM (Dentsply/Sirona USA). Los resultados obtenidos tuvieron valores mayores a los 100 grados con la técnica 3D EndoTM y a los 20 grados con la técnica de Schneider. No se detectó una diferencia estadística significativa al comparar los diferentes conductos entre sí (AU)


The objective of the present study was to measure the vestibule-lingual curvature of the ducts of the mesial roots of lower first molars, of adults from the state of Chihuahua. Using the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) technique and using the 3D analysis software EndoTM (Dentsply/Sirona USA). The measurement was carried out by two observers using two different methods, Schneider and 3D EndoTM (Dentsply/Sirona USA). The results obtained had values greater than 100 degrees with the 3D EndoTM technique and at 20 degrees with the Schneider technique. No statistically significant difference was detected when comparing the different ducts with each other (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar , Software , Statistical Analysis , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Mexico
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363729

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of root fusion and the incidence of C-shaped canals in maxillary first molar (MFM) and maxillary second molar (MSM) teeth using cone-beam computed tomography. Material and Methods: In this study, a total of 1233 MFMs and 1406 MSMs from 802 patients were analyzed. First, the number of fused rooted teeth and the type of root fusion were determined. Subsequently, incidence and number of C-shaped canals were ascertained according to the type of fusion, location, position, and level of canal merging in teeth with fused roots. Six types were established according to the C-shape configurations observed. Presence of root fusion and the C-shaped canal according to gender, age, and tooth position were evaluated by chi-square test. Values with p< 0.05 were considered significant in statistical tests. Results: The incidence of fusion in the MFM and MSM teeth was 6.16% and 22.40%, respectively. Only three MFMs (0.24%) and 3.77% of the MSMs had C-shaped canals. While the incidence of fusion was higher in women (p< 0.05), the C shaped morphology was not affected by sex (p> 0.05). Individuals over the age of 50 years had a lower incidence of C-shaped canals (p< 0.05). Conclusion: C-shaped canal morphology was more commonly associated with complex types of root fusion involving three roots; 16.83% of MSMs with fused roots had C-shaped canals (AU).


Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de fusão radicular e a incidência de canais em C nos dentes do primeiro molar superior (MFM) e do segundo molar superior (MSM) por meio da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico. Material e Métodos: Neste estudo, um total de 1233 MFMs e 1406 MSMs de 802 pacientes foram analisados. Primeiro, o número de dentes com raízes fundidas e o tipo de fusão radicular foram determinados. Posteriormente, a incidência e o número de canais em forma de C foram verificados de acordo com o tipo de fusão, localização, posição e nível de fusão do canal nos dentes com raízes fundidas. Seis tipos foram estabelecidos de acordo com as configurações em forma de C observadas. A presença de fusão radicular e do canal em C de acordo com sexo, idade e posição dentária foram avaliadas pelo teste do qui-quadrado. Valores com p <0,05 foram considerados significativos nos testes estatísticos. Resultados: A incidência de fusão nos dentes MFM e MSM foi de 6,16% e 22,40%, respectivamente. Apenas três MFMs (0,24%) e 3,77% dos MSMs tinham canais em forma de C. Enquanto a incidência de fusão foi maior em mulheres (p <0,05), a morfologia em forma de C não foi afetada pelo sexo (p> 0,05). Indivíduos com mais de 50 anos apresentaram menor incidência de canais em C (p <0,05). Conclusão: a morfologia do canal em forma de C foi mais comumente associada a tipos complexos de fusão radicular envolvendo três raízes; 16,83% dos HSH com raízes fundidas tinham canais em forma de C (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Root , Dental Pulp Cavity , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar
4.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(230): 17-20, dic. 2021. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358178

ABSTRACT

Luego de una extracción dental ocurren inevitablemente procesos de reabsorción y remodelación ósea, donde la dimensión y morfología de la cresta alveolar se ve modificada, representando un problema para la rehabilitación de la zona. Estudios clínicos han documentado un promedio de 4,0 a 4,5 mm de reabsorción ósea horizontal luego de una exodoncia, como así también cambios dimensionales significativos en los alrededores del hueso alveolar. El propósito fue evaluar y comparar clínica y tomográficamente los procesos de reparación y conservación del reborde alveolar post-extracción de paredes intactas, con y sin la utilización de esponjas de colágeno intraalveolar como relleno y placa termoformada como barrera física, durante el proceso de cicatrización. Se seleccionaron pacientes con indicación de exodoncia de elementos dentarios normalmente implantados y clínicamente aceptables, aplicando los criterios de exclusión, se realiza toma de impresión del terreno para la confección de una placa de protección rígida 0,8 termoformada para ser colocada posterior a la extracción durante la masticación por un período de 30 días. Se indica tomografía cone-beam post operatoria inmediata y a los tres meses para analizar, medir y comparar alto y ancho de crestas alveolares residuales. En la evaluación clínica y tomográfica de los casos estudiados, el grupo control donde se usó únicamente placa de protección alveolar arrojó mejores resultados que el grupo donde se colocaron esponja de colágeno en el interior del alvéolo. Palabras clave: Regeneración ósea, esponja de colágeno, cicatrización ósea, alvéolo postextracción, placa de protección alveolar (AU)


After a tooth extraction, bone resorption and remodeling processes inevitably occurs, where size and morphology of the alveolar crest is modified, representing a problem for the rehabilitation of the area. Clinical studies have documented an average of 4.0 to 4.5 mm of horizontal bone resorption after an extraction, us well us substantial dimensional changes around the alveolar bone. The purpose was to evaluate and compare clinical and tomographically both repair and preservation of post extraction alveolar ridge of intact walls processes, with and without the use of intraalveolar collagen sponges as filler and a thermoformed protective plaque, us physica? barrier, during healing process. Patients with normally implanted and clinically acceptable tooth with extraction indication were selected, applying the exclusion criteria, impression of the field is taken to build a 0.8 rigid thermoformed protective plaque in order to be placed after extraction and used during chewing for a period of 30 days. Immediate and three months post-operative cone beam tomography are indicated to analyze, measure and compare height and width of residual alveolar crests. In the clinical and tomographic evaluation of the cases treated, control group where only alveolar protective plaque was used, showed better results than the group with intraalveolar collagen sponge (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bone Regeneration , Alveolar Bone Loss , Collagen , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Tooth Extraction , Wound Healing , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Statistical Analysis , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211236, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253730

ABSTRACT

Aim: Dental imaging has been widely used for diagnosis in dentistry. However, dental X-ray may induce cytotoxicity leading to apoptosis in oral mucosa cells. The present study aimed to observe the maturation pattern of buccal and gingival cells after exposure to X-ray radiation from analog/digital panoramic scanning and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: The research samples were 40 subjects who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The subjects were divided into the exposed (patients who received analog/digital panoramic radiography or CBCT) and controlled (patients who had no radiography examinations) groups, with 10 subjects in each group. Exfoliative cytology smears were obtained from buccal mucosa and gingiva before exposure (or on day 0 for the control group) and 10 days later. The cells were stained with the Papanicolaou method. Then, the superficial, intermediate, and parabasal cells were counted in each glass slide. Results: No significant differences (p > 0.05) were observed among all cell types between day 0 and 10 in the control group. Meanwhile, after exposure to three kinds of radiography examinations, the frequency of intermediate cells in buccal mucosa and gingiva increased (p < 0.05), but that of superficial cells decreased (p < 0.05) significantly. No significant difference was found in the parabasal cells (p > 0.05). The frequency differences between intermediate and superficial cells showed no significant difference between the buccal mucosa and gingiva. Conclusion: Analog/digital panoramic radiography and CBCT exposure can induce cytotoxicity by altering the maturation pattern of buccal mucosa cells and gingiva, so it is strongly recommended to only perform these procedures if necessary and avoid repeated exposure to the same patient


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiography, Panoramic , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Papanicolaou Test , Gingiva , Mouth Mucosa
6.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(3): 1-9, sept. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292570

ABSTRACT

Ossifying Fibroma is a gingival mass in which calcified foci are found. It is a nodular lesion that involves the inserted and interdental gum. There is a predilection for the female sex and for the anterior region of the maxilla. This work aims to report the surgical management of a Ossifying Fibroma in the maxilla and the immediate reconstructive with autogenous graft. Female patient, in the third decade of life, presenting Ossifying Fibroma in the region between maxillary incisors and premolars. She was treated surgically by means of marginal resection of the lesion under general anesthesia and immediate reconstruction with autologous iliac crest graft. Followed up for 12 months with no signs of recurrence.


El Fibroma osificante es una masa gingival en la que se encuentran focos calcificados. Es una lesión nodular que involucra la encía adherida e interdentaria. Hay una predilección por el sexo femenino y por la región anterior del maxilar. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo informar sobre el manejo quirúrgico de un fibroma osificante periférico en el maxilar y su reconstrucción inmediata con injerto autógeno. Paciente de sexo femenino, en la tercera década de vida, presenta un Fibroma osificante en la región entre incisivos maxilares y premolares. Fue tratada quirúrgicamente por medio de una resección marginal de la lesión bajo anestesia general y reconstrucción inmediata con injerto de cresta ilíaca autóloga. Seguimiento durante 12 meses sin signos de recurrencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Cementoma/surgery , Radiography, Panoramic , Cementoma/diagnostic imaging , Bone Transplantation/methods , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
7.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(2): e061, abr.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254600

ABSTRACT

El diente invaginado (DI) es una alteración en el desarrollo del órgano dentario, el cual se produce a consecuencia de una invaginación del epitelio interno del órgano del esmalte, también conocido con otros nombres, entre ellos dens in dent. Tiene una serie de características clínicas, histológicas e imagenológicas debidamente descritas a través de la literatura. Su variante más extrema presenta una configuración muy compleja y, debido a la magnitud de la invaginación que presenta, se le denomina también odontoma dilatado, término que para algunos profesionales genera confusión.Este término ha sido mencionado como sinónimo tanto de DI como, en algún momento, de una nueva variante de odontomas, si bien existe una diferencia entre ambos tipos: uno es una anomalía del desarrollo y el otro, un crecimiento de aspecto hamartomatoso. Sin embargo, la literatura sigue utilizando ambos términos para definir al DI, por lo que es importante conocer el origen y tener claro que la controversia está basada en referencias históricas y de costumbre. (AU)


The invaginate tooth (IT) is an alteration in the development of the dental organ, which occurs as a consequence of invagination of the internal epithelium of the enamel organ. IT is also known as "dens in dente", among other denominations, and presents a series of clinical, histological and imaging characteristics. The most extreme variant of IT has a very complex configuration, and the magnitude of the intussusception has led to it also being called dilated odontoma, being a term that generates confusion in some professionals.While the term odontoma has been reported as a synonym for both IT as well as a new variant of odontomas, there is a difference betweene the two types: one is a developmental anomaly and the other is a growth with a hamartomatous appearance. However, the literature continues to use both terms to define IT, and thus, it is important to know the origin and be aware that the controversy is based on historical and customary references. (AU)


Subject(s)
Odontoma , Dens in Dente , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Intussusception
8.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(2): e063, abr.-jun. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254602

ABSTRACT

Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD), also known as Marie-Sainton syndrome, is a rare disorder of autosomal dominant type that presents specific characteristics at the skeletal and dental level. The diagnosis of CCD is based on clinical and radiographic findings. Panoramic, cephalometric and anterior poster radiographs have been used for its diagnosis in dentistry. However, these radiological techniques have limitations, and advances in technology with new imaging studies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound have emerged, contributing to the diagnosis of CCD. Therefore, the aim of this review was to identify and describe current imaging studies that contribute to both the diagnosis and adequate and efficient treatment planning of CCD, and describe the clinical and radiographic characteristics of patients with this syndrome. (AU)


La displasia cleidocraneal (DCC), también conocida como síndrome de Marie-Sainton, es un trastorno poco común de tipo autosómico dominante, que presenta características específicas a nivel esquelético y dental. El diagnóstico de DCC se basa en hallazgos clínicos y radiográficos. Las radiografías panorámicas, cefalométricas y posteroanteriores se han utilizado para su diagnóstico en el área de la odontología, pero con los avances de la tecnología y debido a las limitaciones de estas técnicas radiológicas han surgido nuevos estudios de imagen como la resonancia magnética (RM) y la ecografía, que contribuyen al diagnóstico de DCC. Por lo tanto, el propósito de esta revisión fue identificar y describir los estudios de imagen actuales que aportan tanto al diagnóstico como a la planificación del tratamiento adecuado y eficiente de la DCC, y permiten describir las características clínicas y radiográficas de los pacientes con este síndrome. (AU)


Subject(s)
Radiography, Panoramic , Cleidocranial Dysplasia , Cleidocranial Dysplasia/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
9.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(1): 62-67, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367867

ABSTRACT

It is necessary to use criteria based on the scientific literature, in order to obtain correct indications for cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Therefore, the objective of this work is to analyze, through a bibilographic review, the applications of CBCT in oral surgery, mainly addressing surgery for included / impacted teeth. A bibliographic survey was performed in the PubMed database, selecting the keywords impacted teeth AND preoperative planning AND cone beam computed tomography. Twelve studies related to the topic were analyzed, some related to the use of CBCT and conventional radiographs in surgeries of included teeth, seeking to evaluate the influence of CBCT on the diagnosis and planning of cases and on the incidence of postoperative complications such as sensorineural disorders. It has been observed that CBCT is a good indication for surgery of included / impacted teeth when one wants to obtain a precise location of the dental element within the bone structure and its relationship with the adjacent structures, resulting in a better diagnosis and planning of cases, bringing more security and predictability during procedures... (AU)


É necessária a utilização de critérios baseados na literatura científica, para se obter indicações corretas da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC). Sendo assim, o objetivo deste trabalho é analisar, por meio de revisão bibilográfica, as aplicações da TCFC em cirurgia oral, abordando principalmente a cirurgia de dentes inclusos/impactados. Realizou-se um levantamento bibliográfico no banco de dados PubMed, selecionado os descritores impacted teeth AND preoperative planning AND cone beam computed tomography. Foram analisados 9 estudos relacionados ao tema, alguns relacionaram o uso da TCFC e de radiografias convencionais nas cirurgias de dentes inclusos buscando avaliar a influência da TCFC no diagnóstico e planejamento dos casos e na incidência de complicações pós operatórias como distúrbios neurossensoriais. Foi observado que a TCFC é uma boa indicação na cirurgia de dentes inclusos/impactados quando se quer obter uma localização precisa do elemento dental dentro da estrutura óssea e sua relação com as estruturas adjacentes, resultando em um melhor diagnóstico e planejamento dos casos, trazendo mais segurança e previsibilidade durante os procedimentos... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Impacted , Tooth, Unerupted , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
10.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 6(1): 26-33, abr. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354405

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to compare through cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) the morphology of the cervical vertebrae atlas (C1) and axis (C2) in mouth breathers (MB) and nose breathers (NB), correlating them with the head and neck postures of the two groups. Materials and Methods: CBCT images of 36 subjects aged 11 to 22 years were evaluated using the InVivo Dental 5.1 (Anatomage, San Jose, California) software. The following measurements were used to assess C1 and C2 morphology: posterior height, anterior height, length, and volume. The craniocervical angle (NSL/OPT) was used to evaluate head posture concerning the neck. Results: The posterior height, length, and volume of C1 and C2 were lower in the MB group, but only the posterior size was significantly shorter than the NB group (C1, p=0.01 / C2, =0.05). Mouth breathers also showed a considerably higher craniocervical angle (p=0.04). Spearman test showed a significant positive correlation between C1 and C2 length and craniocervical angle (C1, =0.629, p=0.005 / C2, =0.665, p=0.003). Conclusion: The mouth breathers showed an increased craniocervical angle and decreased posterior height of the C1 vertebra concerning nasal breathers. The hyperextension of the head present is positively correlated with the length of the vertebra.


Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar por meio da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) a morfologia do atlas das vértebras cervicais (C1) e do eixo (C2) em respiradores orais (MB) e nasais (RN), correlacionando-os com a cabeça e posturas do pescoço dos dois grupos. Materiais e Métodos: Imagens de CBCT de 36 indivíduos com idades entre 11 e 22 anos foram avaliadas usando o software InVivo Dental 5.1 (Anatomage, San Jose, Califórnia). As seguintes medidas foram usadas para avaliar a morfologia de C1 e C2: altura posterior, altura anterior, comprimento e volume. O ângulo craniocervical (NSL/OPT) foi utilizado para avaliar a postura da cabeça em relação ao pescoço. Resultados: A altura posterior, comprimento e volume de C1 e C2 foram menores no grupo MB, mas apenas o tamanho posterior foi significativamente menor que o grupo RN (C1, p=0,01 / C2, =0,05). Os respiradores orais também apresentaram um ângulo craniocervical consideravelmente maior (p=0,04). O teste de Spearman mostrou correlação positiva significativa entre comprimento de C1 e C2 e ângulo craniocervical (C1, =0,629, p=0,005 / C2, =0,665, p=0,003). Conclusão: Os respiradores orais apresentaram aumento do ângulo craniocervical e diminuição da altura posterior da vértebra C1 em relação aos respiradores nasais. A hiperextensão da cabeça presente está positivamente correlacionada com o comprimento da vértebra.


Subject(s)
Dentistry , Cervical Atlas , Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mouth Breathing
11.
Dent. press endod ; 11(1): 54-62, Jan-Apr2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348190

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O presente estudo avaliou a influência de materiais obturadores endodônticos na produção de artefato de imagens de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC), por meio da análise de densidade de imagem em incisivos centrais e dentes pré-molares unirradiculares. Métodos: Os dentes foram submetidos a instrumentação endodôntica e divididos em cinco grupos: um grupo controle (sem preenchimento endodôntico) e quatro grupos teste, cada um preenchido por um material obturador endodôntico diferente (PulpCanal Sealer, AHPlus, Sealer26 e BCSealer). Após a aquisição da TCFC, as imagens foram avaliadas para determinar variações de tons de cinza nos três terços da raiz (análise objetiva). A segunda análise (subjetiva) comparou o grupo controle com dois dos grupos teste, em um processo randomizado. Resultados: Na análise objetiva, o Sealer26 e o BCSealer mostraram diferença estatística para valores mínimos, em comparação com outros materiais obturadores endodônticos, para dentes anteriores e posteriores. Para valores máximos, apenas o grupo controle diferiu estatisticamente dos grupos teste. Ao comparar os valores dos pré-molares e dos incisivos centrais em tons cinza pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis, foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significativa para os valores mínimos. Na análise subjetiva, para dentes anteriores e posteriores, o PulpCanal Sealer foi o material mais frequentemente apontado pelos observadores como aquele que produziu mais interferência de artefato. Conclusões: Os materiais obturadores endodônticos nos dentes posteriores apresentaram comportamento semelhante; somente o PulpCanal Sealer no terço apical apresentou diferenças estatísticas em relação aos demais grupos. Para os dentes anteriores, o BCSealer apresentou valores mínimos maiores em relação aos outros materiais obturadores endodônticos, o que poderia representar maior interferência do artefato (AU).


Objective: This study evaluated the influence of canal obturation materials in the production of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images artifact, by means of image density analysis and comparison between four materials in central incisors and monoradicular premolar teeth. Materials and Methods: The teeth were submitted to endodontic instrumentation and divided into 5 groups: one control group (no endodontic filling) and four test groups each one filled by a different endodontic sealer (PulpCanal Sealer, AHPlus, Sealer26 and BCSealer). After CBCT scanning, the images were assessed to determine grayscale variations in three root thirds (objective analysis). The second (subjective) analysis compared the control group with two of the test groups in a randomized process. Results: In the objective analysis, Sealer26 and BCSealer showed statistical difference for minimum values, in comparison with another sealers, for both anterior and posterior teeth. For maximum values, only control group differed statistically from test groups. When comparing premolars and central incisors grayscale values by ANOVA analysis, a statistically significant difference was found mainly for minimum values. At the subjective analysis, for both anterior and posterior teeth, PulpCanal Sealer was the filling most frequently appointed by the observers as the one that produced more artifact interference. Conclusion: Endodontic fillings at posterior teeth performed similar behavior. Only PulpCanal Sealer on apical third presented higher maximum values in relation to others groups, which could represent more white brands. For anterior teeth, BC Sealer performed higher minimum values in relation to other endodontic fillings, which could represent more dark bands (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation , In Vitro Techniques , Materials , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Artifacts , Endodontics
12.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(1): e49, ene.-mar. 2021.
Article in English | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254401

ABSTRACT

Sinus pathologies of odontogenic origin (SPO) are common in the clinical consultation; however, the dentist has some complications to detect them because their discovery is usually incidental and through imaging studies that, in most cases, are of low quality. The objective of this review is to describe the pertinent imaging resources that allow the detection of the most frequent SPO and, at the same time, carry out an updated review of the scientific literature in order to recognize the imaging of both the maxillary sinus and the dental organs. The scientific literature focused on this topic, published between 2014 and 2020, was consulted. The review showed two important results: the first is that Cone Beam Tomography (CBCT) represents the imaging modality with the best performance for the detection of SPO by what can be considered the gold standard for this purpose. The second is that the most frequent SPO is sinus mucositis, which is related to odontogenic conditions such as periapical lesions and periodontal affectations. Although Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) is the most appropriate tool to detect SPO compared to images obtained by 2D devices, there are also other alternatives such as magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography, which seem to have a promising future. (AU)


Las patologías sinusales de origen odontogénico (PSO) son frecuentes en la consulta clínica; sin embargo, el odontólogo tiene algunas complicaciones para detectarlos porque su descubrimiento suele ser incidental y mediante estudios de imagen que, en la mayoría de los casos, son de baja calidad. El objetivo de esta revisión es describir los recursos de imagen pertinentes que permitan la detección de las PSO más frecuentes y, al mismo tiempo, realizar una revisión actualizada de la literatura científica con el fin de reconocer la imagenologia tanto del seno maxilar como de los órganos dentales. Se consultó la literatura científica centrada en este tema, publicada entre 2014 y 2020. La revisión arrojó dos resultados importantes: el primero es que la tomografía de haz cónico (TCHC) representa la modalidad de imagen con mejor desempeño para la detección de PSO, por lo que se puede considerar el estándar de oro para este propósito. La segunda es que la PSO más frecuente es la mucositis sinusal, que se relaciona con afecciones odontogénicas como lesiones periapicales y afectaciones periodontales. Si bien la TCHC es la herramienta más adecuada para detectar la SPO en comparación con las imágenes obtenidas con dispositivos 2D, también existen otras alternativas como la resonancia magnética y la ecografía, que parecen tener un futuro prometedor. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Maxillary Sinusitis/pathology , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
13.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(1): e046, ene.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254252

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión actualizada de la literatura sobre la importancia del uso de la tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (TCHC) en el reconocimiento de la trayectoria y las variantes del canal mandibular (VCM), ya que esta permite obtener imágenes de alta calidad, con una exactitud de 94%, aproximadamente, mientras que la radiografía intraoral periapical (RIP) tiene un 53% y la radiografía extraoral panorámica (REP) presenta un 17% de exactitud. Las incidencias de las variantes del canal mandibular en estudios realizados utilizando TCHC fueron entre un 1,3% y un 69%. Estas pueden diferir entre los pacientes de diferentes orígenes étnicos y, a su vez, dentro de la misma población étnica; además, hay grandes diferencias en los tipos y configuraciones de las VCM dentro de cada grupo étnico. Estudios realizados han demostrado histológicamente el contenido de las VCM; la presencia de haces de nervios y arterias de diferentes calibres sugieren también que los pacientes presentan síntomas clínicos solamente si el paquete neurovascular alcanza cierto tamaño y número de fascículos. En este estudio se describieron las diferentes clasificaciones realizadas y actualizadas con TCHC. (AU)


The objective of this study was to provide an updated review of the literature on the importance of the use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the recognition of the trajectory and variants of the mandibular canal (MCV ).CBCT allows obtaining high quality images and visualization with an accuracy of approximately 94%, compared to 53% with periapical intraoral radiography (RIP) and 17% with panoramic extraoral radiography (REP), making CBCT an important diagnostic tool.The incidences of MCV in CBCT studies were between 1.3% and 69%, with differences between patients of different ethnic origins and within the same ethnic population, and in the types and configurations of MCV within each ethnic group. The studies available in the literature provide a histological description of the content of MCV. The presence of nerve and artery bundles of different calibers suggests that patients present clinical symptoms only if the neurovascular bundle reaches a certain size and number of fascicles. This review provides a description of the different classifications available and updated with CBCT. (AU)


Subject(s)
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandible
14.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(1): e045, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254251

ABSTRACT

Los sistemas de conductos radiculares presentan una variada conformación morfológica para cada grupo de piezas dentarias. Diversos autores han presentado en diferentes clasificaciones su conformación anatómica y sus variantes. Tenemos los conductos principales, colaterales, laterales, secundario, accesorio, interconducto, recurrente, delta apical y cavo interradicular. La radiología actual aún no permite la visualización de todas estas estructuras; sin embargo, el uso adecuado de las técnicas imagenológicas, junto con el empleo de nuevos equipos 3D por ajustes de parámetros de adquisición con adecuados software y algoritmos, permite una precisión mayor en las imágenes lo que favorece la observación de finos detalles útiles para el diagnóstico y abordaje de los tratamientos endodónticos. El objetivo de este artículo es realizar una revisión de la literatura para identificar nuevos conceptos y herramientas imagenológicas útiles para obtener mejores diagnósticos. (AU)


Root canal systems present a varied morphological conformation for each group of teeth. Several authors have described the anatomical conformation and its variants in different classifications, including the main, collateral, lateral, secondary, accessory, interduct, recurrent, apical delta and interradicular cavus canals. Currently, radiology still does not allow visualization of all these structures. However, proper use of imaging techniques together with the use of new 3D equipment for adjustments of acquisition parameters with adequate software and algorithms allows greater image precision, facilitating diagnosis and the planning of the most adequate approach for endodontic treatments. The objective of this article was to conduct a review of the literature to identify new concepts and useful imaging tools for better diagnoses. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiology , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Endodontics , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
15.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(1): e050, ene.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254402

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to update the concepts of the diagnosis of idiopathic osteosclerosis (IO) of the jaws by digital panoramic radiographs and cone beam tomography and describe the impact of this disease on oral and general health. Methods: A search of the main databases of dental medical research was carried out using the search terms "osteosclerosis, panoramic radiography, cone beam computed tomography, jaws". Articles without language restriction until September 30, 2020 were identified. The prevalence and clinical and radiographic characteristics of IO of the jaws were examined in 2D and 3D imaging studies, as well as the interaction during treatments in the various dental specialties. Results: We analyzed the current situation regarding the diagnosis of IO, with an update of the diagnostic criteria used to accurately identify IO in the latest generation imaging studies, as well determine its possible interactions in oral an general health. Conclusions: It is important to have a clear differential diagnosis of IO and be able to distinguish different radiopacities in the maxilla. Accurate reporting and monitoring of the morphometric characteristics are necessary taking into account the impact the presence of IO of the jaws has on future dental treatments. (AU)


Objetivo: El propósito de esta investigación fue actualizar las consideraciones para el diagnóstico de la osteoesclerosis idiopática en radiografías panorámicas digitales y tomografías de haz cónico, a fin de determinar sus implicancias en la salud oral y general. Métodos: Se realizó las pesquisas en las principales bases de datos de investigación médica estomatológica, utilizando las palabras "osteoesclerosis", "radiografía panorámica", "tomografía computarizada de haz cónico" y "mandíbula". Se identificaron artículos sin restricción de idioma, desde las primeras publicaciones hasta el 30 de septiembre del 2020. Se examinaron la prevalencia, las características clínicas y radiográficas en estudios imagenológicos de dos y tres dimensiones, así como su interacción durante los tratamientos realizados en las diversas especialidades estomatológicas. Resultados: La información obtenida nos permitió analizar la situación actual con respecto al diagnóstico de la OI y actualizar los criterios diagnósticos para una identificación certera de la OI en los estudios imagenológicos de última generación, así como sus posibles interacciones en la salud oral y general. Conclusiones: Es importante tener un criterio diagnóstico diferencial claro al distinguir las diferentes radiopacidades como la OI, que se pueden presentar en los maxilares, mediante un registro preciso de sus características morfométricas y seguimiento en el tiempo, teniendo en cuenta su existencia y sus implicancias en los tratamientos dentales a futuro. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteosclerosis , Radiography, Panoramic , Diagnosis, Differential , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandible
16.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-8, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178415

ABSTRACT

The filling material should be restricted to the root canal, and not extend to the periradicular tissues. Overextension occurs when there is an overflow of gutta-percha and sealer, whereas overfilling refers to the overflow only of sealer beyond the apical foramen. Both may cause several negative clinical consequences. Nevertheless, an accurate diagnosis of where they occurred cannot always be performed by conventional radiographic examination, because of the two-dimensional aspect of the image. This paper describes a clinical case of labiomandibular paraesthesia after overfilling into the mandibular canal (MC), as diagnosed by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), later used to perform the treatment planning. A 34-year-old Caucasian female patient sought a private dental clinic complaining of pain in the right mandibular posterior region. After taking the anamnesis and performing clinical and radiographic exams, the patient was diagnosed with pulp necrosis in the second right mandibular molar, and underwent root canal treatment. The final radiography showed overextension or overfilling, probably into the MC. About 2 hours after the procedure, the patient reported paraesthesia of her lower right lip and chin. A CBCT confirmed a small overfilling into the MC. For this reason, vitamin B12 was prescribed as the first treatment option. After 7 days, the patient reported a significant decrease in paraesthesia, and was completely normal after 15 days. This case report shows that CBCT is an effective radiographic diagnostic tool that can be used as an alternative in clinical cases of labiomandibular paraesthesia caused by overextension or overfilling (AU)


O material obturador deve preencher todo o canal sem extravasar para os tecidos perirradiculares. O extravasamento de guta-percha e cimento além do forame apical, denomina-se sobrextensão, enquanto o termo sobreobturação refere-se ao extravasamento de cimento endodôntico. Ambos podem causar consequências clínicas negativas, porém um preciso diagnóstico nem sempre é logrado somente a partir do exame radiográfico convencional em razão de sua natureza bidimensional. O presente relato descreve um caso clínico de parestesia de lábio inferior e mento após o extravasamento de cimento obturador para o canal mandibular (CM), diagnosticado por meio da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC), também utilizada para o planejamento do tratamento. Paciente do gênero feminino, 34 anos, leucoderma, procurou atendimento odontológico particular queixando-se de dor odontogênica na região posterior direita da mandíbula. Finalizados a anamnese e o exame clínico-radiográfico, diagnosticou-se a necrose pulpar do segundo molar inferior direito, ulteriormente submetido ao tratamento endodôntico. A radiografia final evidenciou provável extravasamento de material obturador para o interior do CM. Aproximadamente 2 horas após, a paciente relatou parestesia no lábio inferior direito e no queixo, e a TCFC confirmou a presença de pequena quantidade de cimento obturador no CM. Por conseguinte, a prescrição de vitamina B12 foi o tratamento de escolha. Decorridos 7 dias, a paciente referiu significativa diminuição da parestesia e após 15 dias os padrões de normalidade estavam completamente restabelecidos. O presente relato de caso demonstra que a TCFC é uma ferramenta de diagnóstico potencialmente empregada em casos de parestesia labiomandibular causada por sobrextensão ou sobreobturação (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Paresthesia , Endodontics , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
17.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-12, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178269

ABSTRACT

Objetive: This study aimed to compare the anatomical characteristics of the mandible in patients with skeletal class I, II and class III disorders using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Material and Methods: CBCT scans of patients between 17 to 40 years taken with NewTom 3G CBCT system with 12-inch field of view (FOV) were selected from the archive. Lateral cephalograms were obtained from CBCT scans of patients, and type of skeletal malocclusion was determined (Class I, II or III). All CBCT scans were evaluated in the sagittal, coronal and axial planes using the N.N.T viewer software. Results: The ramus height and distance from the mandibular foramen to the sigmoid notch in class II patients were significantly different from those in skeletal class I (P < 0.005). Distance from the mandibular canal to the anterior border of ramus in class III individuals was significantly different from that in skeletal class I individuals (P < .005). Conclusion: Length of the body of mandible in skeletal class I was significantly different from that in skeletal class II and III patients. Also, ramus height in skeletal class I was significantly different from that in skeletal class II patients. CBCT had high efficacy for accurate identification of anatomical landmarks. (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar as características anatômicas da mandíbula em pacientes com desordem esquelética Classe I, II e III usando imagens de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC). Material e Métodos: Foram selecionadas de arquivo, imagens de TCFC (Sistema NewTon 3G) com FOV (campo de visão) 12 polegadas e incluindo pacientes entre 17 a 40 anos. Cefalometrias laterais foram obtidas a partir das imagens de TCFC e o tipo de maloclusão esquelética foi determinada (Classe I, II ou III). Todas as imagens de TCFC foram avaliadas nos planos sagital, coronal e axial usando o software de visualização N.N.T. Resultados: A altura do ramo e distância do forame mandibular para a incisura da mandíbula em pacientes Classe II foi significativamente diferente daqueles Classe I esquelética (p< 0.005). A distância do canal mandibular até a borda anterior do ramo em indivíduos Classe III foi significativamente diferente daqueles indivíduos Classe I esquelética (p<0.005). Conclusão: O comprimento do corpo da mandíbula na Classe I esquelética foi diferente significativamente daqueles pacientes em Classe II e III esquelética. Além disso, a altura do ramo na Classe I esquelética foi significativamente diferente daqueles pacientes Classe II esquelética. A TCFC apresentou alta eficácia para a identificação precisa de marcos anatômicos. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Prognathism , Retrognathia , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Anatomy , Mandible
18.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346684

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Use cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images to evaluate the dentin thickness of the pulp chamber floor in primary molars. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study, conducted with CBCT images of teeth of children. Primary molars with preserved pulp chamber floor were included. The dentin thickness of the pulp chamber floor in the primary molars was measured linearly in CBCT cross-sections. Data were descriptively analyzed and the Mann-Whitney test was applied (p<0.05). Results: 27 CBCT exams and 123 primary molars of children aged 4 to 13 years were analyzed; the majority was female (52.0%). In maxillary molars, the median dentin thickness was 1.50 (0.6-2.2) mm in the first and 1.65 (0.6-2.3) mm in the second (p=0.049) molars. In mandibular molars, the median was 1.20 (0.3-1.7) mm in the first and 1.60 (1.0-2.2) mm in the second (p<0.001) molars. Children aged 4 to 8 years showed less dentin thickness (p<0.001). Conclusion: The median dentin thickness of the pulp chamber floor in primary molars was 1.50 mm, ranging from 0.3 to 2.3 mm. Less dentin thickness was associated with younger children, teeth in the mandibular arch, and first molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Colonography, Computed Tomographic/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentin , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/instrumentation , Molar/anatomy & histology , Brazil/epidemiology , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Caries/prevention & control
19.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(83): 13-20, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342365

ABSTRACT

La microcirugía endodóntica (MCE) es una alternativa al tratamiento no quirúrgico de la periodontitis apical persistente. Por su evolución junto a los avances tecnológicos, la incorporación de la tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT), la tecnología de impresión tridimensional (3D) y las guías quirúrgicas diseñadas con software asistido por computadora, han permitido implementar la planificación digital llevada a cabo en el acto quirúrgico. El objetivo de este informe es describir un caso clínico de MCE guiada, con un protocolo de diseño digital y el uso de una guía quirúrgica impresa en resina biocompatible, diseñada con precisión de acuerdo con las mediciones de CBCT preoperatorias. Se diseñó un kit de trefinas con "sleeves" (Neokings) para realizar la osteotomía y resección de los últimos 3 mm apicales direccionados por la guía quirúrgica. La tabla cortical intacta se recuperó y se utilizó como injerto junto con plasma rico en fibrina. La guía de cirugía apical permite al profesional lograr ubicar con precisión los tejidos objetivos de la cirugía y acortar el tiempo del procedimiento. Un control CBCT inmediato mostró la planificación exacta en 3D del sitio quirúrgico (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Apicoectomy/methods , Periapical Periodontitis , Microsurgery , Osteotomy , Patient Care Planning , Argentina , Plasma , Schools, Dental , Clinical Protocols , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Printing, Three-Dimensional
20.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(83): 49-56, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343547

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar distancia cortical/piso de seno maxilar y ápices de primeros premolares superiores, su asociación con sexo y grupo etario. Se midieron 100 premolares superiores, registrándose la distancia ápices/cortical piso del seno, frecuencia de intrusión apical en seno, relación con sexo y grupo etario. Se utilizó prueba de rangos con signos Wilcoxon y prueba Shapiro-Wilk, con modificaciones. Se estimaró método de Wilson. Se utilizó prueba Chi-cuadrado. Se encontró diferencia significativa (Wilcoxon: p<0,05) en distancia máxima a cortical y no la hubo en distancias mínimas a cortical (Wilcoxon: p=0,41). Hubo distribución heterogénea según clasificación de Kwak (Chi-cuadrado=203,8; gl=4; p<0,05): tipo I más representado (77% IC95; 68% a 84%), tipo V menos frecuente (4%; IC95: 2% a 10%). Hubo asociación signficativa entre tipología y sexo (Chi-cuadrado012,48; gl=4; p<0,05). Ambos sexos tipo I más representado, mujeres tipo II menos representado (3%). Se encontró asociación significativa entre tipología y grupo etario (Chi-cuadrado=42,47; gl=20; p<0,05): todos los grupos, tipo I más representado (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Bicuspid , Tooth Apex , Maxillary Sinus , Argentina , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Age and Sex Distribution , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
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