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Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 196-201, Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365355


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: COVID-19 outbreak has become widespread globally and caused a new global chaos. This outbreak that completely affected the lifestyle of individuals resulted in periods of isolation. Here, we evaluated the effects of lifestyle changes with isolation on constipation. METHODS: A survey on constipation was performed during the 12-week isolation period starting in March 2020 in Turkey. Data of 390 individuals who participated in the survey through the social media and who were actively employed prior to isolation were analyzed. Rome IV criteria were used to evaluate constipation. RESULTS: Among the participants in the study, 253 (64.9%) were women with the mean age of 39.5±9.5 years. A statistically significant association was found between the decreased water consumption during the isolation period and constipation after the isolation (p=0.020; p<0.05). A significant association was found between the changes in physical activity and constipation after the isolation (p=0.013; p<0.05). New development of constipation during the isolation or declaration of increased constipation was found to be statistically associated with post-isolation constipation according to Rome criteria (p=0.000; p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The data of this present study demonstrated that isolation period was effective on the newly developed constipation. Decreased physical activity and water consumption are also effective on constipation.

Humans , Female , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Exercise , Constipation/etiology , Constipation/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Middle Aged
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 302-307, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345301


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the constipation or obstructed defecation symptoms identified by using imaging, as dynamic three-dimensional ultrasound and correlate vaginal delivery, parity, and age. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of pelvic floor dysfunctions in female patients with obstructed defection symptoms and to determine whether specific pelvic floor dysfunctions identified by dynamic three-dimensional ultrasonography (echodefecography) are correlated with vaginal delivery, parity, and age. The secondary goal is to report the prevalence of coexisting pelvic floor dysfunctions. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study including patients with obstructed defecation symptoms underwent echodefecographyto evaluate pelvic floor dysfunctions in the posterior compartment and correlate with vaginal delivery, parity, and age. RESULTS: Of 889 female: 552 (62%) had had vaginal delivery and 337 (38%) were nulliparous. The prevalence of dysfunctions identified by echodefecography (rectocele, intussusception, enterocele/sigmoidocele, and dyssynergia) was similar between the two groups and was not associated with number of deliveriesor age. However, the prevalence of sphincter defects showed higher rates in women with vaginal delivery and increased with the parity. Up to 33% of patients had coexisting dysfunctions. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of dysfunctions such as rectocele, intussusception, dyssynergia, and enterocele/sigmoidocele assessed by echodefecography in patients with obstructed defecation symptoms are found similar regardless of vaginal delivery, number of deliveries or stratified-age. In vaginal delivery, number of deliveries does impact on detection of sphincter defects and liability to fecal incontinence.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: Poucos estudos investigaram pacientes portadoras de defecação obstruída identificados por exames de imagens, como ultrassonografia tridimensional dinâmica, correlacionando parto vaginal, paridade e idade. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de disfunções do assoalho pélvico em pacientes do sexo feminino com sintomas de defecação obstruída e determinar se disfunções específicas do assoalho pélvico identificadas por ultrassonografia tridimensional dinâmica (ecodefecografia) estão correlacionadas com parto vaginal, paridade e idade. O objetivo secundário é relatar a prevalência de disfunções do assoalho pélvico coexistentes. MÉTODOS: Este é um estudo de coorte retrospectivo incluindo pacientes com sintomas de obstrução da defecação submetidas à ecodefecografia para avaliar disfunções do assoalho pélvico no compartimento posterior e correlacionar com parto vaginal, paridade e idade. RESULTADOS: De 889 mulheres: 552 (62%) tiveram parto vaginal e 337 (38%) eram nulíparas. A prevalência de disfunções identificadas pela ecodefecografia (retocele, intussuscepção, enterocele/sigmoidocele e dissinergia) foi semelhante entre os dois grupos e não foi associada ao número de partos ou à idade. No entanto, a prevalência de defeitos esfincterianos apresentou taxas mais elevadas em mulheres com parto vaginal e aumentou com a paridade. Até 33% dos pacientes apresentavam disfunções coexistentes. CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência de disfunções como retocele, intussuscepção, dissinergia e enterocele/sigmoidocele avaliada pela ecodefecografia em pacientes com sintomas de defecação obstruída são semelhantes independentemente do parto normal, número de partos ou idade estratificada. No parto vaginal, o número de partos tem impacto na detecção de defeitos esfincterianos e na possibilidade de incontinência fecal.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pelvic Floor/diagnostic imaging , Defecation , Parity , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Constipation , Constipation/etiology , Constipation/epidemiology , Delivery, Obstetric
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(2): 197-203, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287031


Abstract Objective: Irritable bowel syndrome is a frequent functional gastrointestinal disorder. The aims of this study were to investigate its epidemiology, focusing on the role of intestinal mucosal integrity and to evaluate the impact on the quality of life. Methods: A community-based survey applying a comparative cross sectional approach was conducted in six high schools in Palembang. Subjects were recruited using multistage random sampling divided in two groups. Rome III criteria were used to establish a diagnosis of IBS in combination with a questionnaire to determine risk factors. Determination of fecal alpha-1-antitrypsin and calprotectin levels was performed to determine impaired intestinal mucosal integrity. A questionnaire was used to evaluate how quality of life was affected by irritable bowel syndrome. Results: The survey was performed in 454 14−18 years old adolescents, of whom 30.2% fulfilled the Rome III criteria for IBS, with the following subtypes: 36.5% diarrhea, 18.9% constipation, 21.9% mixed, and 22.6% unclassified. Major risk factors were female gender, bullying, age 14-16 years, history of constipation and diarrhea, eating nuts, and drinking coffee, tea, and soft drinks. There was a significant association with intestinal inflammation (p = 0.013). A significantly impaired quality of life was found (p = 0.001). Conclusions: The prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome in adolescents was high, with bullying, female gender, age 14-16 years, constipation and diarrhea, and dietary consumption of soft drinks, coffee, and tea as risk factors. A significant association with intestinal inflammation was found.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Constipation/etiology , Constipation/epidemiology , Diarrhea/etiology , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Indonesia/epidemiology
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 96(6): 686-692, Set.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143196


Abstract Objective: To systematically revise the literature in search of data about the prevalence of constipation in patients with cystic fibrosis according to the publications in this field, which partly refer to guidelines defined in 2010 by the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. Sources: Systematic review selecting articles based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, including Cystic Fibrosis patients of all ages. Sources of information were selected to identify the articles without period limitation: CADTH - Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health, CINAHL Complete, Clinical Trials US NIH, Cochrane Library, Embase, MEDLINE via Ovid, Scopus, Web Of Science, PubMed, SciELO, MEDLINE and LILACS , Health Systems Evidence, PDQ Evidence, CRD Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health, INAHTA - International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment, and PEDro. Findings: The prevalence of constipation was reported in eight observational studies. Only two studies assessed the frequency of constipation as a primary objective; in the others, constipation was quoted along with the prevalence of the spectrum of gastrointestinal manifestations. Altogether, the publications included 2,018 patients, the reported prevalence varied from 10% to 57%. Only two of the six articles published after 2010 followed the definition recommended by the European Society. Conclusions: Constipation is a frequent but still insufficiently assessed complaint of Cystic Fibrosis patients. The use of diverse diagnostic criteria restricts comparison and epidemiological conclusions, future studies should compulsorily apply the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition definition.

Resumo Objetivo Revisar sistematicamente a literatura em busca de dados sobre a prevalência de constipação em pacientes com fibrose cística (FC), de acordo com as publicações nesse campo, que se referem parcialmente às diretrizes definidas pela European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN, 2010). Fontes de dados Revisão sistemática, selecionaram-se artigos com base no Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), incluindo todos os pacientes com FC de todas as faixas etárias. As fontes de informação foram selecionadas para identificar os artigos sem limitação de período para a pesquisa: CADTH (Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health), CINAHL Complete, Clinical Trials US NIH, Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline via Ovid, Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, SciELO, Medline e Lilacs por meio da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), Health Systems Evidence, PDQ Evidence, CRD (Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health), INAHTA (International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment) e PEDRO. Achados A prevalência de constipação em pacientes com FC foi relatada em oito estudos observacionais. Apenas dois estudos avaliaram a frequência de constipação como objetivo primário; nos outros, a constipação foi citada juntamente com a prevalência do espectro de manifestações gastrointestinais. No total, as publicações incluíram 2.018 pacientes e a prevalência relatada variou amplamente, de 10 a 57%. Apenas dois dos seis artigos publicados após 2010 seguiram a definição recomendada pela ESPGHAN. Conclusões A constipação é uma queixa frequente, mas ainda insuficientemente avaliada, dos pacientes com FC. O uso de diversos critérios diagnósticos restringe as comparações e declarações epidemiológicas, de modo que futuros estudos deveriam aplicar a definição ESPGHAN de maneira compulsória.

Humans , Child , Constipation/etiology , Constipation/epidemiology , Cystic Fibrosis/complications , Cystic Fibrosis/epidemiology , Canada , Nutritional Status , Prevalence , Observational Studies as Topic
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(3): 273-277, July-Sept. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134992


Abstract Introduction: Defecation disorders, whether anal incontinence or chronic intestinal constipation, are frequent pelvic floor alterations in the general population and are more common in those with risk factors,i.e., in the elderly, women with an obstetric background, and those with comorbidities, history of pelvic radiotherapy, diabetics, the bedridden, or those with history of orifice surgery, among others. Objective: To analyze the incidence of defecation disorders in geriatric patients treated at the Medical Specialties Outpatient Service (MSOS) of Hospital Santa Marcelina. Methods: Prospective, randomized study that interviewed the same patients in two moments: 1) subjective anamnesis through spontaneous history and 2) objective anamnesis with specific questionnaires to assess anal incontinence and chronic constipation. Results: Between March 2016 and June 2017, 149 patients were analyzed, of whom 114 (76.5%) were female, with a similar mean age between genders; 51.67% had symptoms of anal incontinence and/or chronic constipation. Only 35.5% of patients with complaints of fecal leakage or flatus spontaneously reported them, while 87.1% of constipated patients did so. In the present study, no significant correlation was observed between the mode of delivery (p = 0.106), pregnancy (p = 0.099), and the number of deliveries (p = 0.126) with anal incontinence. In turn, there was no higher incidence of chronic intestinal constipation in females (p = 0.099) and most patients with this complaint had Bristol type 1 or 2 stools. Conclusion: The incidence of defecation disorders in the geriatric population is high and, most notably, anal incontinence is not spontaneously reported by most patients.

Resumo Introdução: Os distúrbios da evacuação, seja a incontinência anal ou a constipação intestinal crônica, representam alterações do assoalho pélvico bastante frequente na população em geral e mais comumente naqueles com fatores de risco, ou seja, em idosos, mulheres com passado obstétrico, comorbidades, antecedente de radioterapia pélvica, diabéticos, acamados, história de cirurgias orificiais, dentre outros. Objetivo: Analisar a incidência de distúrbios defecatórios em pacientes geriátricos atendidos no Ambulatório de Especialidades Médicas (AME) do Hospital Santa Marcelina. Metodologia: Estudo prospectivo e aleatório com a entrevista do mesmo paciente em dois momentos: 1) Anamnese subjetiva através da história espontânea e 2) Anamnese objetiva com questionários específicos para avaliação de incontinência anal e constipação intestinal crônica. Resultados: Foram analisados 149 pacientes entre Março de 2016 e Junho de 2017, sendo 114 (76,5%) do sexo feminino com média de idade semelhante entre os sexos; 51,67% apresentavam sintomas de incontinência anal e/ou constipação intestinal crônica. Apenas 35,5% dos pacientes com queixas de escape de fezes ou flatos relataram de forma espontânea e 87,1% dos pacientes constipados o fizeram. No presente estudo não se verificou correlação significativa entre via de parto p = 0,106, gestação p = 0,099 e número de partos p = 0,126 com incontinência anal. Por outro lado, não se verificou maior incidência de constipação intestinal crônica no sexo feminino p = 0,099 e a maioria dos pacientes com essa queixa apresentavam fezes ressecadas tipo Bristol 1 ou 2. Conclusão: Incidência de distúrbios da defecação na população geriátrica é elevada e, notadamente a IA não é referida de forma espontânea pela maioria dos pacientes.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Constipation/epidemiology , Defecation , Fecal Incontinence/epidemiology , Pelvic Floor
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 96(4): 472-478, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135043


Abstract Objective: To estimate the prevalence and presentation of bladder, bowel, and combined bladder and bowel symptoms experienced by children with osteogenesis imperfecta and to describe the socio-demographic and clinical profile of these children. Method: A descriptive study was conducted with a convenience sample of parent-child pairs of toilet-trained children aged from 3 to 18 years. Pairs were interviewed using three tools: (1) Socio-Demographic and Clinical Questionnaire; (2) Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System; (3) Rome III Criteria along with the Bristol Stool Scale. Data were stratified by socio-demographic and clinical variables and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: Thirty-one parent-child pairs participated in the study; 38.7% (n = 12) children reported bowel symptoms, 19.4% (n = 6) reported a combination of bladder issues (such as holding maneuvers and urgency) and bowel symptoms (such as hard or painful bowel movements and large diameter stools). There were no reports of isolated bladder issues. Among the child participants, 16 (51.7%) identified as female and 20 (64.5%) were 5-14 years old. The most prevalent type of osteogenesis imperfecta was type III (n = 12; 38.7%) and eight (25.8%) children reported using a wheelchair. Conclusion: This is the first study to examine the prevalence and presentation of bladder, bowel, and combined bladder and bowel symptoms in children with osteogenesis imperfecta, offering a preliminary socio-demographic and clinical profile of these children. This research is an important step toward effective screening, detection, and access to care and treatment, especially for clinicians working with this group of very fragile patients.

Resumo Objetivo: Estimar a prevalência e a apresentação de sintomas urinários, intestinais e urinários e intestinais combinados sofridos por crianças com osteogênese imperfeita e descrever o perfil sociodemográfico e clínico dessas crianças. Método: Foi realizado um estudo descritivo com uma amostra de conveniência de pares de pais-filhos de crianças treinadas para usar o banheiro com idades entre três e 18 anos. Os pares foram entrevistados utilizando três instrumentos: 1) o Questionário Sociodemográfico e Clínico; 2) o questionário Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System; 3) os Critérios de Roma III juntamente com a Escala de Bristol para Consistência de Fezes. Os dados foram estratificados por variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas e analisados com estatísticas descritivas. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 31 pares de pais-filhos, 38,7% (n = 12) crianças relataram sintomas intestinais, 19,4% (n = 6) relataram uma combinação de problemas urinários (como segurar e urgência miccional) e sintomas intestinais (como fezes duras ou evacuações dolorosas e fezes de grande dimensão). Não houve relatos de problemas urinários isolados. Entre as crianças, 16 (51,7%) eram meninas e 20 (64,5%) tinham entre 5 e 14 anos. O tipo mais prevalente de osteogênese imperfeita foi o III (n = 12; 38,7%) e 8 (25,8%) crianças relataram usar cadeira de rodas. Conclusão: Este é o primeiro estudo a examinar a prevalência e a apresentação de sintomas urinários, intestinais e urinários e intestinais combinados em crianças com osteogênese imperfeita e que mostra um perfil sociodemográfico e clínico preliminar dessas crianças. Nossa pesquisa é um passo importante com relação ao efetivo rastreamento, detecção e acesso ao cuidado e tratamento, principalmente para os profissionais de saúde que trabalham com esse grupo de pacientes tão frágeis.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Osteogenesis Imperfecta/complications , Osteogenesis Imperfecta/diagnosis , Osteogenesis Imperfecta/epidemiology , Urinary Bladder , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Constipation/etiology , Constipation/epidemiology
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(2): 188-192, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131656


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Intestinal constipation is characterized by problems related to evacuation, and presents high prevalence in the female gender. This condition has demonstrated negative effects on the development of daily activities, causing damage to the physical and emotional well-being of individuals who are diagnosed with it. Studies that investigate what health impairments intestinal constipation can cause are scarce in the literature. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to verify the prevalence and factors associated with intestinal constipation in premenopausal women living in Northeastern Brazil. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study. This was carried out in the northeast of Brazil. Participated 195 women, adult and middle age. Social conditions, habits and lifestyle, clinical aspects and obstetric history were investigated. Constipation was diagnosed using the Rome III Criteria. Multivariate analysis was conducted using Poisson Regression with robust variance to analyze the relationship between intestinal constipation and independent variables. A statistical significance level of P<0.05 was considered. RESULTS: Most of the women were between 25 and 39 years old (49.2%) and had an income of up to one minimum wage (79.5%). The intestinal constipation prevalence was 35.4%. In the final multivariate regression model, hemorrhoid clinical aspects (P=0.01), pain (P=0.001) and a burning sensation (P=0.01) on bowel movement, and sexual dysfunction (P=0.03) remained associated with constipation. CONCLUSION: The present study found a significant prevalence of constipation among premenopausal women and clinical factors such as hemorrhoids, pain and a burning sensation, and sexual dysfunction were associated with intestinal constipation.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: A constipação intestinal é caracterizada por problemas relacionados à evacuação, e apresenta alta prevalência no gênero feminino. Essa condição tem demonstrado efeitos negativos no desenvolvimento das atividades diárias, causando prejuízos no bem-estar físico e emocional dos indivíduos que são diagnosticados com ela. Estudos que investiguem quais prejuízos à saúde a constipação intestinal pode ocasionar são escassos na literatura. OBJETIVO: Este estudo teve como objetivo verificar a prevalência e os fatores associados à constipação intestinal em mulheres na pré-menopausa residentes no nordeste do Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado no Nordeste do Brasil. Participaram 195 mulheres adultas e de meia idade. Condições sociais, hábitos e estilo de vida, aspectos clínicos e história obstétrica foram investigados. A constipação foi diagnosticada através dos Critérios de Roma III. A análise multivariada foi conduzida através da Regressão de Poisson com variância robusta, para analisar a relação entre constipação intestinal e variáveis independentes. Considerou-se o nível de significância estatística de P≤0,05. RESULTADOS: A maioria das mulheres estava na faixa etária de 25 a 39 anos (49,2%) e possuía renda de até um salário mínimo (79,5%). A prevalência da constipação intestinal foi de 35,4%. No modelo final da regressão multivariada, os aspectos clínicos hemorroidas (P<0,01), dor (P<0,001) e ardor (P<0,01) ao evacuar e disfunção sexual (P<0,03) permaneceram associados à constipação. CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo encontrou uma prevalência significativa de constipação entre mulheres na pré-menopausa e fatores clínicos como hemorroidas, dor e ardor na evacuação, e disfunção sexual se associaram a constipação intestinal.

Humans , Female , Adult , Postmenopause , Constipation/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Defecation , Middle Aged
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(5): 425-432, oct. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058296


Resumen Introducción: Los reportes extranjeros dan cuenta de la presencia de esta patología en cifras que varían entre 10 y 70%, con sólo un reporte nacional centrado en ancianos institucionalizados. Existen diferentes formas de evaluar la presencia de constipación; en nuestra experiencia utilizamos los nuevos criterios de ROMA IV que define como constipación funcional cuando se cumplen dos o más criterios. Objetivos: Determinar la prevalencia y el perfil epidemiológico de pacientes adultos sanos con constipación. Material y Método: Estudio de corte transversal realizado entre enero y marzo de 2018. Se incluyen mayores de 18 años que acceden a completar la encuesta. Se excluye aquellas personas con antecedentes quirúrgicos o mórbidos gastrointestinales. Se realiza encuesta aplicando los criterios de ROMA IV considerando aspectos demográficos. Se utiliza estadística descriptiva. Resultados: De 1.500 encuestas realizadas se seleccionan 1.223. Un 68,4% cumplían con dos o más criterios de constipación funcional, con diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el grupo de sexo femenino y en pacientes de mayor edad. El análisis específico de cada criterio de ROMA IV muestra que los síntomas más frecuentes fueron deposiciones duras, esfuerzo defecatorio excesivo y sensación de evacuación incompleta. Hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en mujeres en los ítems: menor frecuencia, deposiciones duras y esfuerzo defecatorio mientras que la mayor edad se asocia a evacuación incompleta. Las maniobras digitales fueron poco frecuentes. Conclusiones: La constipación es frecuente en la población adulta sana afectando, principalmente, a mujeres de mayor edad. Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron deposiciones duras, esfuerzo defecatorio y sensación de evacuación incompleta.

Introduction: The prevalence of this condition has been reported in foreign studies in around 10-70%, with only one national report focused in the institutionalized elderly. There are different diagnostic approaches to determine the presence of functional constipation, in our experience, we use the ROME IV diagnostic criteria, which requires the presence of two or more criteria for confirmation. Aim: To determine the prevalence and epidemiologic profile of healthy adults with constipation disorder. Materials and Method: Transversal cohort study between January-March 2018. Inclusion criteria are 18 years and above. We exclude patients with gastrointestinal medical or surgical comorbidities. Data are collected from a face-to-face survey based on the ROME IV criteria, considering demographic features. Descriptive statistics are used to analyze the results. Results: From a total of 1,500 questionnaire surveys, 1,223 are selected. Two or more criteria for functional constipation were present in 68.4%, with significant statistical differences in the female and elderly population. When analyzing each criterion separately, hard stools, straining and sensation of incomplete evacuation were the most common responses. In women, less frequency, hard stools and straining items showed significant statistical differences, whereas sensation of incomplete evacuation was the highlight in the elderly. Manual maneuvers to facilitate defecation was the less selected item. Conclusions: Functional constipation is a frequent condition seen in healthy adults. Older female population are particularly prone to it. Hard stools, straining, and incomplete evacuation sensation were the most common symptoms.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Constipation/complications , Constipation/epidemiology , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(supl.1): 35-40, Nov. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973902


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: An association between urinary disorders and functional constipation has been registered in children and adults, with functional constipation being a common complaint in individuals with overactive bladder. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of functional constipation, overactive bladder and its dry/wet subtypes in women and to determine which bowel symptoms predict overactive bladder. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of women randomly approached in public spaces. Exclusion criteria: neurological/anatomical abnormalities of the bowel or urinary tract. Constipation was defined as ≥2 positive symptoms of those listed in the Rome criteria. Urinary abnormalities (frequent urination, urgency, incontinence, nocturia) were defined by a score ≥2 in the respective item of the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Overactive Bladder. Dry overactive bladder was defined as urgency without incontinence, while wet overactive bladder included incontinence. RESULTS: A total of 516 women with a mean age of 35.8±6 years were interviewed. Rates of functional constipation, overactive bladder, dry overactive bladder and wet overactive bladder were 34.1%, 15.3%, 8.9% and 6.4%, respectively. Functional constipation was associated with overactive bladder and dry overactive bladder, with functional constipation predicting dry overactive bladder (OR=2.47). Quality of life was poorer in constipated women compared to non-constipated and even worse in constipated women with wet overactive bladder (median 22.5; 95%CI: 17.25-35.25). Manual maneuvers were significantly associated with both overactive bladder subtypes. Independent predictive factors for overactive bladder were manual maneuvers (OR=2.21) and <3 defecations/week (OR=2.18), with the latter being the only predictive factor for dry overactive bladder (OR=3.0). CONCLUSION: Functional constipation is associated with overactive bladder and its dry subtype, particularly in the younger population. In addition, this association is responsible for lower quality of life scores, especially when urinary incontinence is present. The presence of manual maneuvers and less than three defecations per week should direct us to look for overactive bladder.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: A associação entre distúrbios urinários e constipação funcional vem sendo observada em crianças e adultos, sendo a constipação funcional uma queixa comum em indivíduos com bexiga hiperativa. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de constipação funcional, bexiga hiperativa e seus subtipos seco/úmido em mulheres e determinar quais os sintomas intestinais estão mais associados e são preditores de bexiga hiperativa. MÉTODOS: Estudo de corte transversal com mulheres abordadas aleatoriamente em locais públicos. Os critérios de exclusão foram: anormalidades neurológicas/anatômicas do intestino ou do trato urinário documentadas. A constipação foi definida como ≥2 sintomas positivos daqueles listados nos critérios de Roma. Alterações urinárias (frequência urinária aumentada, urgência, incontinência e noctúria) foram definidas por um escore ≥2 no respectivos itens do Questionário Internacional de Consulta sobre Incontinência - Bexiga Hiperativa. Foi denominada de bexiga hiperativa seca a presença de sintomas de urgência sem incontinência urinária e bexiga hiperativa úmida quando a urgência estava associada a incontinência urinária. RESULTADOS: Foram entrevistadas 516 mulheres com idade média de 35,8±6 anos. As taxas de constipação funcional, bexiga hiperativa, bexiga hiperativa seca e bexiga hiperativa úmida na amostra estudada foram de 34,1%, 15,3%, 8,9% e 6,4%, respectivamente. Foi observada associação entre constipação funcional e bexiga hiperativa / bexiga hiperativa seca, sendo a constipação funcional fator preditor para esse subtipo de bexiga hiperativa (OR=2,47). O escore de qualidade de vida foi pior nas mulheres com constipação funcional em comparação com as não constipadas e ainda pior nas mulheres com constipação funcional associada a bexiga hiperativa úmida (mediana 22,5; IC 95%: 17,25-35,25). A presença de manobras manuais estava significativamente associada aos dois subtipos de bexiga hiperativa. Os fatores preditivos independentes para bexiga hiperativa foram manobras manuais (OR=2,21) e <3 defecações/semana (OR=2,18), sendo este último o único fator preditivo para bexiga hiperativa seca (OR=3,0). CONCLUSÃO: Em mulheres, a constipação funcional está associada a bexiga hiperativa e seu subtipo seco, particularmente na população mais jovem. Além disso, essa associação é responsável por piores escores de qualidade de vida, principalmente quando a incontinência urinária está presente. A presença de manobras manuais e menos de três defecações por semana em mulheres devem nos direcionar a procurar por bexiga hiperativa.

Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Constipation/epidemiology , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Constipation/complications , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/etiology , Middle Aged
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 38(2): 117-123, Apr.-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954584


ABSTRACT Introduction: Functional disorders of the digestive system are often related to various forms of abuse and the integral approach of the problem requires a multidisciplinary network. The objectives of this research were: to evaluate the prevalence of domestic violence in adults with functional constipation and to identify the services and standards available to care for the victims. Methodology: The study was developed in two complementary parts. Part I: A cross-sectional study, which evaluated the prevalence of domestic violence in patients attended in the coloproctology outpatient clinic of the Hospital Materno-infantil Presidente Vargas, from September to December 2016. Part II: A narrative review, with bibliographical and documentary research that sought to identify the services and norms available in Brazil to assist victims of domestic violence. Results: 146 women were evaluated, 42 of whom had FC and, of these, 26 had a history of domestic violence (p = 0.007), with an Odds Ratio of 2.71 (CI95% O: 1.29-5.67). A network of services has been identified to assist victims of violence, the Network of Attention to Violence, formed by the health services, social assistance, public security, justice, human rights, and organized civil society. However, a standard system for the operation of this network has not been identified. Conclusion: The prevalence of domestic violence in women with functional constipation is high and a careful investigation of this possible interrelationship in clinical practice is suggested. Besides that, it is necessary to promote an integration of the Network of Attention to Violence, in order to offer integral care to the victims and a best utilization of the resources.

RESUMO Introdução: Os distúrbios funcionais do aparelho digestivo são frequentemente relacionados a diversas formas de abuso e a abordagem integral do problema requer uma rede multidisciplinar de cuidados. Os objetivos deste estudo foram: avaliar a prevalência de violência doméstica em adultos portadores de constipação intestinal funcional e identificar os serviços e normas disponíveis para atender as vítimas. Metodologia: O estudo foi desenvolvido em duas partes complementares. Parte I: estudo transversal, que avaliou a prevalência de violência doméstica em pacientes atendidos no ambulatório de coloproctologia do Hospital Materno-infantil Presidente Vargas, de setembro a dezembro de 2016. Parte II: revisão narrativa, com pesquisa bibliográfica e documental, que buscou identificar os serviços e normas disponíveis para atender vítimas de violência doméstica no Brasil. Resultados: Foram avaliadas 146 mulheres, sendo 42 portadoras de CIF e, destas, 26 tinham histórico de violência doméstica (p = 0,007), com Odds Ratio de 2,71 (IC95% OR: 1,29-5,67). Foi identificada uma rede de serviços para atender vítimas de violência, a Rede de Atenção à Violência, formada pelos serviços de saúde, assistência social, segurança pública, justiça, direitos humanos e sociedade civil organizada. Porém, não foi identificada uma norma sistematizada de funcionamento dessa rede. Conclusão: A prevalência de violência doméstica em mulheres portadoras de constipação intestinal funcional é elevada e sugere-se a investigação cuidadosa dessa possível inter-relação na prática clínica. Além disso, é necessário promover a integração da Rede de Atenção à Violência, a fim de oferecer um atendimento integral às vítimas e melhor utilização dos recursos.

Humans , Female , Domestic Violence , Constipation/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Constipation/pathology , Digestive System Diseases , Delivery of Health Care
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 36(3): 153-156, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796282


Abstract Introduction Chronic constipation is the most common digestive complaint at the doctor's office, with high prevalence in the population. However, many patients - and even those physicians not so familiar with pelvic floor disorders-define and consider constipation based on intestinal functionality and stool consistency. But symptoms of incomplete defecation, digital maneuvers, abdominal discomfort, and straining should not be overlooked. Objectives To investigate the correlation between constipation referred and documented through objective criteria in patients admitted on a daytime-nursing ward basis at the Hospital Santa Marcelina, São Paulo. Methodology This is a prospective study of a random sample of patients admitted on a daytime-ward hospitalization basis at Santa Marcelina Hospital to perform minor surgical procedures not related to functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract in the period from September 2014 to June 2015; the only exclusion criterion was "not agreed to participate in the interview conducted by students of medicine at Santa Marcelina Medical School". Results 102 patients were randomly analyzed in the period considered (51% female) with a mean overall age of 48.6 (19-82) years. Constipation has been reported spontaneously by 17.6% of participants and denied by 82.4%. With the implementation of the Cleveland Clinic's criteria for the diagnosis of constipation, the compliance with the referred symptomatology was 88.9%; the same value was found with the use of the Rome III criteria (Kappa = 0.665). In addition, a higher incidence of constipation was observed in female patients (p = 0.002). Conclusion A higher incidence of constipation was observed in female participants, with no statistical difference with respect to age. Furthermore, a substantial agreement was found between constipation referred and constipation documented through objective criteria.

Resumo Introdução A constipação intestinal crônica representa a queixa digestiva mais comum no consultório com elevada prevalência na população. No entanto, frequentemente, os pacientes e mesmo os médicos, não tão afeitos com os distúrbios do assoalho pélvico, definem e consideram constipação baseados na funcionalidade intestinal e consistência das fezes. Entretanto, os sintomas de defecação incompleta, manobras digitais, desconforto abdominal e esforço evacuatório não devem ser negligenciados. Objetivos Verificar a correlação entre constipação intestinal referida e constatada através de critérios objetivos em pacientes internados em regime de enfermaria dia no Hospital Santa Marcelina, São Paulo. Metodologia Estudo prospectivo de amostra aleatória de pacientes internados em enfermaria dia do Hospital Santa Marcelina para realização de cirurgias de pequeno porte e não relacionadas a distúrbios funcionais de trato gastrintestinal no período entre setembro de 2014 e junho de 2015, cujo único critério de exclusão foi o não consentimento em participar da entrevista realizada pelos alunos do curso de medicina da Faculdade Santa Marcelina. Resultados Foram analisados de forma aleatória 102 pacientes no período sendo 51% do sexo feminino e média de idade global de 48,6 anos (19-82 anos). A constipação foi referida de forma espontânea em 17,6% e negada em 82,4%. Ao se utilizar o critério da Cleveland Clinic para constatar constipação houve uma concordância com o sintoma referido fora de 88,9%, com mesmo valor ao se utilizar os critérios de Roma III (Kappa = 0,665). Além disso, verificou-se maior incidência de constipação intestinal nos pacientes do sexo feminino (p = 0,002). Conclusão Verificou-se maior incidência de constipação no sexo feminino sem diferença estatística baseado na idade. Além disso, constatou-se concordância substancial entre a constipação referida e a documentada através de critérios objetivos.

Humans , Male , Female , Constipation/epidemiology , Defecation , Prevalence , Constipation/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Diseases
Braspen J ; 31(3): 245-251, jul.-set. 2016.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-831489


Introdução: Com o crescimento da população idosa, aumenta-se a procura por Instituições de Longa Permanência para Idosos (ILPIs). O envelhecimento é um processo inevitável, acompanhado por alterações fisiológicas, como a perda do tônus do trato gastrointestinal, levando à constipação intestinal. A constipação intestinal é uma condição frequente, sendo a queixa digestiva mais comum na população idosa e pode ser decorrente da baixa ingestão de fibras, líquidos, uso de medicamentos, cirurgias prévias e sedentarismo. Objetivo: Analisar a prevalência de constipação intestinal, oferta de fibras alimentares e ingestão hídrica em idosos de uma ILPI da cidade de Sete Lagoas, MG. Método: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, realizado com 62 idosos residentes em uma ILPI em Sete Lagoas. Todos os participantes responderam um questionário para avaliação do estilo de vida, condições clínicas, sociodemográficas e do Índice de Roma III. Resultados: Dentre os idosos, 36 (58%) eram do sexo feminino. A constipação foi presente em 22 (35,5%) idosos, com maior predominância entre as mulheres (83,4%). Os sintomas mais relatados foram sensação de evacuação incompleta e sensação de obstrução ou bloqueio anorretal. A ingestão hídrica foi inferior ao recomendado. A ingestão de fibras pelas mulheres estava adequada, mas entre os homens foi abaixo do recomendado. Conclusões: Os dados sugerem elevada preva- lência de constipação entre idosos institucionalizados, especialmente entre mulheres, e baixa ingestão hídrica, sugerindo a necessidade de mais estudos com esse público e desenvolvimento de um instrumento para melhor acompanhamento dos idosos institucionalizados visando à maior qualidade de vida e saúde.(AU)

Introduction: With the growth of the elderly population, the demand for Homes For The Aged (HFTA) grows too. Aging is an inevitable process, accompanied by physiological changes such as loss of the tone of the gastrointestinal tract, causing constipation. This is a frequent condition, and is one of the most common digestive problems that elderly people have. This condition occurs due to the low ingestion of fibers, liquids, the use of drugs, previous surgeries and sedentary life. Objective: To analyze the prevalence of intestinal constipation, the supply of fibers and water intake by elderly people in a HFTA in the city of Sete Lagoas, MG. Methods: Transversal study, done with 62 elderly living in the HFTA in Sete Lagoas. All of the participants answered a questionnaire for a life style evaluation, clinical and sociodemographic conditions and the level of Roma III. Results: Among the elderly, 36 (58%) were women. Constipation was present in 22 (35.5%) of the elderly, predominantly in the women (83.4%). The most common symptoms were sensation of incomplete evacuation and sensation of anorectal obstruction or blockage. The ingestion of water was lower than recommended. The ingestion of fibers by women was adequate, but among men was lower than recommended. Conclusions: The data shows an elevated prevalence of constipation between institutionalized elderly, especially the women and low ingestion of water, suggesting the need for more studies with this population and the development of an instrument to improve to accompany the institutionalized elderly aiming at higher life quality and health.(AU)

Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dietary Fiber , Constipation/epidemiology , Homes for the Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Life Style , Nursing Homes
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 87(2): 96-101, abr. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-783490


INTRODUCCIÓN A pesar del avance en el tratamiento del cáncer en pediatría, en Chile el 15% de niños fallece por progresión de la enfermedad, siendo el dolor el síntoma más importante en esta etapa. Las pautas de la OMS demuestran que los opiáceos son fundamentales para controlar el dolor, sin embargo aún existe resistencia a su utilización. OBJETIVO Describir la experiencia en el uso de opiáceos para el manejo del dolor en pacientes pediátricos con cáncer avanzado en cuidados paliativos (CP). PACIENTES Y MÉTODO Estudio retrospectivo de datos registrados en fichas clínicas de pacientes oncológicos ingresados en el Programa de CP, Hospital de Niños Dr. Roberto del Río entre los años 2002 y 2013. Se analizaron datos demográficos, diagnóstico oncológico, intensidad del dolor al ingreso y egreso según escalas validadas. Se registró el uso de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos, opiáceos débiles, opiáceos fuertes, fármacos coadyuvantes, efectos secundarios por uso de morfina y necesidad de sedación paliativa. RESULTADOS Se analizaron 99 fichas médicas, 64,6% de hombres, mediana de 8 años, distribución similar en grupos de enfermedades oncológicas. Al ingreso un 43,4% manifestó de dolor intenso a severo y al egreso solo 4 pacientes, pero con EVA máxima de 7 solo en un caso. De 66 pacientes que utilizaron opiáceos fuertes el 89% requirió menos de 0,5 mg/kg/h de morfina. El estreñimiento fue el efecto secundario más frecuente. Un 77% recibió algún fármaco coadyuvante para el manejo del dolor: 40 utilizaron corticoides, 11 benzodiacepinas y en 25 casos combinación de estos fármacos, incluyendo el uso de gabapentina en 7 casos. CONCLUSIONES Dos tercios de los pacientes requirieron opiáceos fuertes, logrando un adecuado control del dolor, sin observar complicaciones severas. El uso de opiáceos en este grupo de pacientes, siguiendo un protocolo, es efectivo y seguro.

INTRODUCTION Despite advances in the treatment of cancer in paediatric patients, 15% of children die from the illness progression in Chile, and pain is the most significant symptom in advanced stages. Although the World Health Organization guidelines demonstrate that opioids are fundamental in pain management, there is still resistance to their use. The main objective of this article was to describe the experience in the use of opioids for pain management in paediatric patients with advanced cancer in palliative care (PC). PATIENTS AND METHOD Retrospective study of patients admitted into the PC Program at the Hospital Roberto del Río between 2002 and 2013. Analysis was carried out on demographic data; oncological diagnosis; pain intensity on admission and discharge, according to validated scales; use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; weak opioids; strong opioids; adjuvants drugs; the presence of secondary effects resulting from the use of morphine, and the need for palliative sedation. RESULTS Of the 99 medical records analysed, the median age was 8 years, 64.6% were male, and there was a similar distribution in three oncological diagnosis groups. Upon admission, 43.4% presented intense to severe pain, and upon discharge there were four patients, but with a maximum VAS score of 7 in only one case. Of the 66 patients taking strong opioids, 89% required less than 0.5 mg/kg/hr. Constipation was the most frequently observed secondary effect. CONCLUSIONS Two thirds of the patients studied required strong opioids, with which adequate pain management was achieved, with no serious complications observed. The use of opioids in this group of patients, following a protocol, is considered effective and safe.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pain/drug therapy , Palliative Care/methods , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/pathology , Pain/etiology , Pain Measurement , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Constipation/chemically induced , Constipation/epidemiology , Analgesics, Opioid/adverse effects , Morphine/adverse effects , Morphine/therapeutic use
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 35(3): 351-366, 2016. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-832961


Introdução: a constipação intestinal (CI) é um sintoma prevalente, caracterizado pela dificuldade de evacuação associada à dor, sensação de evacuação incompleta e fezes endurecidas. Os critérios de Roma III constituem meio acurado de realizar o diagnóstico clínico de CI. Objetivos: Avaliar a prevalência da CI e fatores associados em estudantes de cursos da área de saúde. Metodologia: estudo observacional e transversal com amostragem por estratificação, envolvendo 434 universitários dos cursos de saúde de uma universidade pública. A coleta de dados foi realizada através de questionários com questões sociodemográficas, fatores de risco, Escala de Fezes de Bristol, Escore de Agachan e Critérios de Roma III para constipação intestinal. Resultados: a amostra apresentou média de idade de 21,9 anos (±3,9), 64,3% do sexo feminino. A prevalência de CI pelos critérios de Roma III foi de 14,5%, 92,6% deles de intensidade leve, e mais prevalente no curso de Farmácia (20,4%) e menos nos cursos de Nutrição (10,4%) e Educação Física (9,3%). CI foi autorreferida por 16,6% dos estudantes. A concordância entre diagnóstico de CI segundo Roma III e CI autorreferida foi de 30%. CI teve associação estatisticamente significativa com sexo feminino (p=0,026), ingesta hídrica insuficiente (p=0,004), e inibição do reflexo evacuatório (p=0,0 01). Conclusão: a prevalência de CI segundo critérios de Roma III foi de 14,5%, sendo menor nos cursos de Educação Física e Nutrição. Verificou-se que os alunos constipados foram mais propensos a comportamentos pouco saudáveis e, portanto, a promoção de estilos de vida saudáveis poderia reduzir a constipação entre estes estudantes.

Introduction: constipation is a prevalent symptom, which is characterized by difficulty to evacuate associated with pain, feeling of incomplete evacuation and to hardness of faeces. Rome III criteria are used as an accurate mean to stablish the clinical diagnose of constipation. Objectives: this study aims to evaluate the prevalence of constipation and associated factors in healthcare students from a public university. Methodology: it is an observational and transversal study, with a stratified sampling, involving 434 students from a public university. Data was collected through questionnaires which included sociodemographic information, risk factors, Bristol Faeces Scale, Agachan Score e Rome III Criteria for Constipation. Results: the sample evidenced an age average of 21,9 years (±3,9), 64,3% from the female sex. A prevalence of constipation according to Rome III criteria was of 14,5%, 92,6% of whom had a low intensity disease. It was more prevalent through pharmacy students (20.4%) and less prevalent among nutrition (10,4%) and physical education (9,3%) students. Constipation was self-reported by 16,6% from the students. The concordance between constipation confirmed by Rome III criteria and self-reported was of 30%. Constipation had a statistically significant association with female sex (p=0,026), insufficient water ingestion (p=0,004), and inhibition of defecation reflex (p=0,001). Conclusion: constipation prevalence according to Rome III criteria was of 14,5% and less prevalent among physical education and nutrition students. It was verified that constipated students had unhealthy behaviours more likely than the others and therefore, promoting healthy lifestyles could reduce constipation between those students.

Humans , Male , Female , Students, Health Occupations/statistics & numerical data , Constipation/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Risk Factors , Public Sector , Life Style
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 86(4): 299-304, ago. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-764088


La constipación infantil es un problema frecuente en la consulta pediátrica y constituye aproximadamente un 25% de la consulta al gastroenterólogo infantil. Se describe una prevalencia media de 8,9% en población pediátrica, pero esta es variable, ya que está influenciada por los distintos hábitos dietéticos y definiciones usadas en las poblaciones estudiadas. Un 90-95% de los casos son de causa funcional, y en ellos las medidas terapéuticas más importantes son la educación del niño y sus padres, la formación de un hábito defecatorio, una dieta rica en fibra y el uso de medicamentos en tratamientos de desimpactación y mantenimiento. Por último, es importante explicar a los padres que el tratamiento habitualmente es prolongado, ya que son frecuentes las recaídas. Se describe además que un 25% de los niños afectados continuarán con síntomas hasta la adultez.

Infant constipation is a common problem in pediatric practice and it constitutes approximately 25% of children's gastroenterologist consultations. An average prevalence of 8.9% in the pediatric population is described, but it varies as it is influenced by different dietary habits and definitions used in the studied populations. 90 to 95% of the cases have a functional cause, where the most important therapeutic measures are: Education to children and their parents, forming a stool pattern, a diet rich in fiber and the use of drugs for disimpaction treatment and maintenance. Finally, it is important to explain to parents that the treatment is usually long, due to frequent relapses. It is described that 25% of affected children will continue with symptoms into adulthood.

Humans , Infant , Child , Dietary Fiber , Constipation/therapy , Feeding Behavior , Recurrence , Patient Education as Topic , Chronic Disease , Constipation/epidemiology
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 49(3): 440-449, Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-749036


OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of self-reported constipation and associated factors in the general population of a Brazilian city. METHOD Secondary analysis of an epidemiological study, population-based, cross-sectional study, about bowel habits of Brazilian population. A total of 2,162 individuals were interviewed using two instruments: sociodemographic data and the adapted and validated Brazilian version of the "Bowel Function in the Community" tool. RESULTS There was a prevalence of 25.2% for the self-reported constipation, 37.2% among women and 10.2% among men. Stroke and old age were associated with constipation in the three statistical models used. CONCLUSION The prevalence found showed to be similar to the findings in the literature, although some associated factors obtained here have never been investigated. .

OBJETIVO Estimar la prevalencia de estreñimiento autorreferido y los factores asociados en la población general de una ciudad brasileña. MÉTODO Análisis secundario de un estudio epidemiológico, de base poblacional y transversal, acerca del hábito intestinal en la población brasileña. Fueron entrevistados 2.162 individuos utilizándose dos instrumentos: datos sociodemográficos y hábito intestinal en la población. RESULTADOS Se logró prevalencia del 25,2% para el estreñimiento autorreferido, siendo el 37,2% para mujeres y el 10,2% entre los hombres. Accidente Vascular Encefálico y edad avanzada presentaron asociación con constipación en los tres modelos estadísticos utilizados. CONCLUSIÓN La prevalencia encontrada se mostró similar a los hallazgos de la literatura internacional, aunque algunos factores asociados aquí obtenidos nunca se hayan investigado. .

OBJETIVO Estimar a prevalência de constipação intestinal autorreferida e os fatores associados na população geral de uma cidade brasileira. MÉTODO Análise secundária de um estudo epidemiológico, de base populacional e transversal, sobre o hábito intestinal na população brasileira. Foram entrevistados 2.162 indivíduos utilizando-se dois instrumentos: dados sociodemográficos e hábito intestinal na população. RESULTADOS Obteve-se prevalência de 25,2% para a constipação autorreferida, sendo 37,2% para mulheres e 10,2% entre homens. Acidente Vascular Encefálico e idade avançada apresentaram associação com constipação nos três modelos estatísticos utilizados. CONCLUSÃO A prevalência encontrada mostrou-se similar aos achados na literatura internacional, embora alguns fatores associados aqui obtidos nunca tenham sido investigados. .

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Constipation/epidemiology , Self Report , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34115


OBJECTIVE: Although nerve-sparing radical surgery (NSRS) is an emerging technique for reducing surgery-related dysfunctions, its efficacy is controversial in patients with cervical cancer. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to compare clinical outcomes, and urinary, anorectal, and sexual dysfunctions between conventional radical surgery (CRS) and NSRS. METHODS: After searching PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, two randomized controlled trials, seven prospective and eleven retrospective cohort studies were included with 2,253 patients from January 2000 to February 2014. We performed crude analyses and then conducted subgroup analyses according to study design, quality of study, surgical approach, radicality, and adjustment for potential confounding factors. RESULTS: Crude analyses showed decreases in blood loss, hospital stay, frequency of intraoperative complications, length of the resected vagina, duration of postoperative catheterization (DPC), urinary frequency, and abnormal sensation in NSRS, whereas there were no significant differences in other clinical parameters and dysfunctions between CRS and NSRS. In subgroup analyses, operative time was longer (standardized difference in means, 0.948; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.642 to 1.253), while intraoperative complications were less common (odds ratio, 0.147; 95% CI, 0.035 to 0.621) in NSRS. Furthermore, subgroup analyses showed that DPC was shorter, urinary incontinence or frequency, and constipation were less frequent in NSRS without adverse effects on survival and sexual functions. CONCLUSION: NSRS may not affect prognosis and sexual dysfunctions in patients with cervical cancer, whereas it may decrease intraoperative complications, and urinary and anorectal dysfunctions despite long operative time and short length of the resected vagina when compared with CRS.

Constipation/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Organ Sparing Treatments/adverse effects , Pelvis/innervation , Rectum/innervation , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/epidemiology , Urinary Bladder/innervation , Urinary Retention/epidemiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Uterus/innervation , Vagina/innervation
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 34(4): 254-259, Oct-Dec/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732576


The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal constipation and its association with sociodemographic and health-related factors in 605 adult women of metropolitan Florianópolis/SC who underwent screening tests for cervical cancer. This is a cross-sectional study in which intestinal constipation was evaluated by Rome III criteria. We used Poisson regression considering p < 0.05. Results: The prevalence of intestinal constipation according to Rome III was 25.1%. Approximately 80% of women with constipation reported that the problem caused medium/high interference in their lives. In univariate analysis, constipation was associated with: income per capita lower than 1 minimum wage, a poor health state, body dissatisfaction, physical activity during personal commuting and self-report of hemorrhoids. In multivariate analysis and following a hierarchical model, the association persisted only for self-report of hemorrhoids (PR = 4.45, CI = 3.49-5.68). Coping strategies for intestinal constipation in the health care of women are suggested. (AU)

O objetivo foi verificar a prevalência de constipação e sua associação com fatores sociode-mográficos e relacionados à saúde em 605 mulheres adultas da grande Florianópolis/SC que realizaram exames de rastreamento de câncer de colo uterino. Este é um estudo transversal em que a constipação foi avaliada por meio dos critérios Roma III. Utilizou-se regressão de Poisson para p < 0,05. Resultados: a prevalência de constipação segundo Roma III foi 25,1%. Aproximadamente 80% das mulheres com constipação referiram que a mesma tinha média/grande interferência em suas vidas. Na análise univariada, estiveram associados à constipação: renda per capita menor que 1 salário mínimo, estado de saúde ruim, insatisfacäo com o corpo, realizar atividade física no deslocamento pessoal e auto-relato de hemorroídas. Na análise multivariada e seguindo o modelo hierárquico, somente a associação com o auto-relato de hemorroidas foi preservada (RP = 4,45; IC = 3,49-5,68). Sugerem-se estratégias de enfrentamento da constipação no âmbito de atenção a saúde da mulher. (AU)

Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Constipation/epidemiology , Early Detection of Cancer , Health Profile , Body Image , Exercise
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 18(2): 113-119, maio-ago. 2014.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-761370


A incidência da constipação intestinal está frequentemente associada à dieta inadequada e sedentarismo. Acomete indivíduos em qualquer momento da vida. O objetivo deste presente trabalho foi relacionar os medicamentos fitoterápicos atualmente utilizados no tratamento da constipação crônica, apresentando seus mecanismos de ação e seus efeitos adversos. A metodologia empregada baseou-se na pesquisa em base de dados como Scielo, Science Direct, Medline. Os laxantes utilizados clinicamente estão divididos farmacologicamente em 5 tipos, no entanto somente em 2 dessas classes se encontram representantes fitoterápicos: laxativos expansores do bolo fecal e laxativos irritantes ou estimulantes. A utilização de laxantes é produzir evacuações de boa aparência e bem hidratadas, reduzindo os sintomas da constipação crônica.

The incidence of constipation is frequently associated with an inadequate diet and a sedentary lifestyle. It affects individuals at any time of life. The objective of this study was to relate herbal medicines currently used to treat chronic constipation, presenting its action mechanisms and adverse effects. The methodology used was based on research in databases such as Scielo, Science Direct and Medline. The laxative clinically used are pharmacologically divided into five groups; however, only in two of these groups there are herbal medicine representatives: laxatives that expand the stool and irritant or stimulant laxatives. Laxatives are used to produce good and well-hydrated bowel movements, reducing the symptoms of chronic constipation.

Constipation/epidemiology , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Plants, Medicinal
Rev. eletrônica enferm ; 15(4): 948-955, out.-dez. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-717980


O presente estudo teve como objetivo identificar a prevalência de constipação intestinal em idosos residentes na zona rural e verificar seus fatores associados. Inquérito domiciliar com 850 idosos da zona rural de Uberaba, MG. Utilizou-se instrumento estruturado; a ingestão alimentar foi obtida pelo questionário adaptado de frequência de consumo alimentar e a constipação intestinal foi auto-referida. Realizou-se análise descritiva, teste qui-quadrado e regressão logística múltipla (p<0,05). A prevalência de constipação intestinal foi de 13,2%. Os fatores associados à constipação intestinal foram: sexo feminino (p<0,001), ter 80 anos ou mais (p=0,035), morar acompanhado (p=0,004), não ter renda (p=0,033), consumo inadequado de frutas (p=0,005) e de legumes e verduras (p=0,002). Considera-se que a educação nutricional centrada no cliente pode contribuir para remover os fatores associados ao desfecho.

The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of intestinal constipation in the rural area elderly and verify the factors associated. This is a home survey performed with 850 elderly residents of the rural area of Uberaba, Minas Gerais state. A structured instrument was used; information regarding their eating habits was obtained using an adapted questionnaire for food consumption frequency, and intestinal constipation was self-reported. Descriptive analysis, chi-square test and multiple logistic regression (p<0.05) were performed. The prevalence of intestinal constipation was 13.2%. The factors associated with intestinal constipation were: female gender (p<0.001), 80 years of age or older (p=0.035), living with another person (p=0.004), having no income (p=0.033), inadequate consumption of fruits (p=0.005) and vegetable (p=0.002). It is considered that client-centered nutritional education can help remove the factors associated with the outcome.

El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar la prevalencia de constipación intestinal en ancianos residentes en zona rural y verificar los factores asociados. Averiguación domiciliaria con 850 ancianos de la zona rural de Uberaba-MG. Se utilizó instrumento estructurado; la ingestión alimentaria fue obtenida mediante el cuestionario adaptado de frecuencia de consumo alimentario, y la constipación intestinal fue autorreferida. Se realizó análisis descriptivo, test de Chi-cuadrado y regresión logística múltiple (p<0,05). La prevalencia de constipación intestinal fue de 13,2%. Los factores asociados a la constipación intestinal fueron: sexo femenino (p<0,001), tener 80 o más años (p=0,035), no tener ingresos (p=0,033), consumo inadecuado de frutas (p=0,005) y de legumbres y verduras (p=0,002). Se considera que la educación nutricional enfocada en el paciente puede ayudar a modificar los factores asociados al desenlace.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Constipation/epidemiology , Gastrointestinal Motility , Geriatric Nursing , Health of the Elderly , Rural Population