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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922536

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Functional constipation (FC) is one of the most prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorders. Dissatisfaction with medications prescribed to treat FC may lead patients to seek alternative treatments. Numerous systematic reviews (SRs) examining the use of acupuncture to treat FC have reported inconsistent results, and the quality of these studies has not been fully evaluated.@*OBJECTIVE@#In this overview, we evaluated and summarized clinical evidence on the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for treating FC and evaluated the quality and bias of the SRs we reviewed.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#The search strategy was structured by medical subject headings and search terms such as "acupuncture therapy" and "functional constipation." Electronic searches were conducted in eight databases from their inception to September 2020.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#SRs that investigated the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for managing FC were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two authors independently extracted information and appraised the methodology, reporting accuracy, quality of evidence, and risk of bias using the following critical appraisal tools: (1) A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2); (2) Risk of Bias in Systematic Reviews (ROBIS); (3) Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses for Acupuncture (PRISMA-A); and (4) the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE). A κ index was used to score the level of agreement between the 2 reviewers.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen SRs that examined the clinical utility of acupuncture for treating FC were identified. Using the AMSTAR 2 tool, we rated 92.3% (12/13) of the SRs as "critically low" confidence and one study as "low" confidence. Using the ROBIS criteria, 38.5% (5/13) of the SRs were considered to have "low risk" of bias. Based on PRISMA-A, 76.9% (10/13) of the SRs had over 70% compliance with reporting standards. The inter-rater agreement was good for AMSTAR 2, ROBIS, and PRISMA-A. Using the GRADE tool, we classified 22.5% (9/40) of the measured outcomes as "moderate" quality, 57.5% (23/40) as "low" quality, and 20.0% (8/40) as "very low" quality. The inter-rater agreement was moderate when using GRADE. Descriptive analyses indicated that acupuncture was more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving weekly complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs) and for raising the Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSFS) score. Acupuncture appeared to be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving weekly spontaneous bowel movements, the total effective rate, and the Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life score. Although ten SRs mentioned the occurrence of adverse events, serious adverse events were not associated with acupuncture treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture may be more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving CSBMs and BSFS scores and may be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving bowel movement frequency, as well as quality of life. Limitations to current studies and inconsistent evidence suggest a need for more rigorous and methodologically sound SRs to draw definitive conclusions.@*SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO CRD42020189173.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Constipation/therapy , Humans , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): S39-S47, feb. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147361

ABSTRACT

El estreñimiento funcional es un motivo de consulta frecuente en pediatría, con una prevalencia del 3 %. El Grupo de Trabajo de Constipación del Comité de Gastroenterología de la Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría se reunió con el objetivo de actualizar el diagnóstico y tratamiento de la constipación funcional en pediatría.Se realizó una búsqueda de literatura para evaluar la calidad de la evidencia. Ante un paciente constipado, es fundamental una historia y examen clínico completos. Los Criterios de Roma IV establecen pautas que, habitualmente, permiten diagnosticar la constipación funcional y evitar estudios innecesarios. La realización de estudios diagnósticos solo se pondrá en consideración ante la presencia de respuesta refractaria al tratamiento médico o en los casos de signos de alarma (banderas rojas). El primer paso del tratamiento es la desimpactación (por vía oral o enemas), seguida del tratamiento dietético, de hábitos y laxantes (es de primera elección el polietilenglicol).


Functional constipation is a common disease and one of the most frequent reasons of visit in pediatric clinics with a 3 % of prevalence. The Constipation Working Group of the Gastroenterology Committee of the Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría met with the objective of updating the diagnosis and treatment of functional constipation in pediatrics.A literature search was performed to assess the quality of the evidence. In a constipated patient, a complete history and clinical examination is essential. The Rome IV Criteria establish guidelines that usually allow us to diagnose functional constipation, avoiding unnecessary studies. The performance of diagnostic studies will only be considered in the absence of response to medical treatment or in cases of alarm signs (red flags). The first step of treatment is disimpaction (orally or enemas), followed by dietary treatment, habits and laxatives, with polyethylene glycol being the first choice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Constipation/diagnosis , Laxatives/therapeutic use , Constipation/drug therapy , Constipation/therapy , Fecal Incontinence
3.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 389-394, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138729

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: En pacientes constipados crónicos por obstrucción de salida, la contracción paradojal del puborrectal (CPP) o "anismo" es frecuente. El tratamiento con Biofeedback y rehabilitación pelviperineal presenta resultados exitosos entre el 40-90%. Objetivo: Evaluar el resultado del tratamiento con Biofeedback y rehabilitación pelviperineal en pacientes con CPP a corto plazo. Materiales y Método: Serie de casos. Datos obtenidos prospectivamente de la Unidad de Piso Pelviano. Se incluyó pacientes entre 2008 y 2015 que cumplían criterios de constipación crónica secundaria a CPP, confirmado por manometría anorrectal y/o defeco-resonancia. Se analizaron datos demográficos, frecuencia de evacuaciones, uso de laxantes, enemas, pujo, Score de Altomare y Score de constipación de Wexner pre y post-tratamiento. Resultados: 43 pacientes, de los cuales 39 son mujeres. Edad media de 40 años (rango: 14-84). Duración de síntomas fue ≥ 5 años en el 72,5%. Mediana de sesiones de Biofeedback de 8 (6-10). El 62,8% presenta ≤ 2 evacuaciones semanales y disminuye a un 29,3% post-tratamiento (p < 0,001). El 76,2% requiere laxantes orales y el 42,9% enemas, disminuyendo a 35,1% (p < 0,001) y 5,4% (p < 0,001) respectivamente post-tratamiento. Sensación de evacuación incompleta/fragmentada en todos los intentos mejoró de 67,4% a 14,6% (p < 0,001) y el pujo excesivo en más de la mitad de intentos mejoró de 76,1% a 10,8% (p < 0,001). Score de Wexner para constipación y Altomare mejoró de 18 a 7 (p < 0,001) y de 16 a 5 (p < 0,001) respectivamente. Conclusión: El biofeedback y la rehabilitación pelviperineal son efectivas en el tratamiento de la CPP.


Introduction: In patients with chronic constipation by obstructive defecation syndrome Paradoxical Puborectalis Contraction or "anismus" is important. Successful results for Biofeedback treatment and Pelviperineal Rehabilitation it described between 40-90%. Aim: To evaluate the outcome of biofeedback and pelviperineal rehabilitation in patients with CPP in the short-term. Materials and Method: Case series. Data was obtained from the prospective database of Pelvic Floor Unit of Universidad Católica de Chile. Patients with anismus were included between 2008 and 2015. Diagnostic criteria were chronic constipation patients by anismus with anorectal manometry and/or defecoresonancy that confirms this disorder and discards other causes of obstruted defecation síndrome. Demographic variables, frequency of bowel movements, use of laxatives, enemas, pushing, Altomare Score and Wexner constipation Score were analyzed pre and post-treatment. Results: Series of 43 patients, 39 of whom where women. Median age: 40 years (range: 14-84). Duration of symptoms ≥ 5 years in 72.5%. Median of Biofeedback sessions: 8 (range 6-10). Pre-treatment, 62.8% had ≤ 2 evacuations weekly and 29.3% post-treatment (p < 0.001). Oral laxatives were required in 76.2% and 42.9% enemas, decreasing to 35.1% (p < 0.001) and 5.4% (p < 0.001) post-treatment respectively. Feeling of incomplete/evacuation fragmented all the time improved from 67.4% to 14.6% (p < 0.001) and excessive pushing in more than half of time improved from 76.1% to 10.8% (p < 0.001). Wexner Score for and Altomare Score improved from 18 to 7 (p < 0.001) and 16 to 5 (p < 0.001) respectively. Conclusion: Adult with chronic constipation by anismus can be treated effectively with Biofeedback and Pelviperineal Rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biofeedback, Psychology/methods , Constipation/therapy , Defecation , Prospective Studies , Pelvic Floor/physiopathology , Constipation/physiopathology
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(3): 306-310, July-Sept. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131679

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Evacuation disorders are prevalent in the adult population, and a significant portion of cases may originate from pelvic floor muscle dysfunctions. Anorectal manometry (ARM) is an important diagnostic tool and can guide conservative treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of pelvic dysfunction in patients with evacuation disorders through clinical and manometric findings and to evaluate, using the same findings, whether there are published protocols that could be guided by anorectal manometry. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospective database of 278 anorectal manometries performed for the investigation of evacuation disorders in patients seen at the anorectal physiology outpatient clinic of Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto between January 2015 to June 2019 was conducted. The following parameters were calculated: resting pressure (RP), squeeze pressure (SP), high-pressure zone (HPZ), rectal sensitivity (RS) and rectal capacity (RC). The pressure measurements and manometric plots were reviewed to determine the diagnosis and to propose potential pelvic physical therapy procedures. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Fisher's exact test were used to compare the continuous variables and to evaluate the equality of variances between groups of patients with fecal incontinence (FI) and chronic constipation (CC). Results with a significance level lower than 0.05 (P-value <0.05) were considered statistically significant. Statistical analysis was performed using IBM® SPSS® Statistics version 20. RESULTS: The mean age of the sample was 45±22 years, with a predominance of females (64.4%) and economically inactive (72.7%) patients. The indications for exam performance were FI (65.8%) and CC (34.2%). Patients with FI had lower RP (41.9 mmHg x 67.6 mmHg; P<0.001), SP (85.4 mmHg x 116.0 mmHg; P<0.001), HPZ (1.49 cm x 2.42 cm; P<0.001), RS (57.9 mL x 71.5 mL; P=0.044) and RC (146.2 mL x 195.5 mL; P<0.001) compared to those of patients with CC. For patients with FI, the main diagnosis was the absence of a functional anal canal (49.7%). For patients with CC, the main diagnosis was outflow tract obstruction (54.7%). For patients with FI, the main protocol involved a combination of anorectal biofeedback (aBF) with tibial nerve stimulation (TNS) (57.9%). For patients with CC, the most indicated protocol was aBF combined with TNS and rectal balloon training (RBT) (54.7%). CONCLUSION: There was a high prevalence of pelvic floor changes in patients with evacuation disorders. There was a high potential for performing pelvic floor physical therapy based on the clinical and manometric findings.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Os distúrbios evacuatórios são prevalentes na população adulta e uma parcela significativa dos casos pode ter origem a partir de disfunções da musculatura do assoalho pélvico. A manometria anorretal (MAR) é importante ferramenta diagnóstica e pode guiar o tratamento conservador. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de disfunção pélvica em pacientes com distúrbios de evacuação por meio de achados clínicos e manométricos e avaliar, usando os mesmos achados, se existem protocolos publicados que possam ser guiados pela MAR. MÉTODOS: Conduziu-se uma análise retrospectiva de um banco de dados prospectivo de 278 manometrias anorretais realizadas para investigação de distúrbios evacuatórios em pacientes do ambulatório de fisiologia anorretal do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, de janeiro de 2015 a junho de 2019. Os seguintes parâmetros foram calculados: pressão de repouso (RP), pressão de contração voluntária (PVC), canal anal funcional (CAF), sensibilidade retal (SR) e capacidade retal (CR). As medidas pressóricas e os gráficos manométricos foram revisados para elaboração do diagnóstico e para a proposição dos potenciais procedimentos de fisioterapia pélvica. Para comparação das variáveis contínuas e avaliação da igualdade entre variâncias, utilizou-se a análise de variância (ANOVA) e o teste exato de Fisher, entre os grupos de pacientes com incontinência fecal (IF) e constipação crônica (CC). Resultados com nível de significância menor que 0,05 (P-valor <0,05) foram considerados estatisticamente relevantes. Para análise estatística utilizou-se o programa IBM® SPSS® Statistics, versão 20. RESULTADOS: A idade média dos pacientes foi de 45±22 anos de idade, com predomínio do sexo feminino (64,4%) e economicamente inativo (72,7%). As indicações para a realização do exame foram IF (65,8%) e CC (34,2%). Pacientes com IF apresentaram menores valores de PR (41,9 mmHg x 67,6 mmHg; P<0,001), PCV (85,4 mmHg x 116,0 mmHg; P<0,001) CAF (1,49 cm x 2,42 cm; P<0,001), SR (57,9 mL x 71,5 mL; P=0,044) e CR (146,2 mL x 195,5 mL; P<0,001), quando comparados aos pacientes com CC. Nos pacientes com IF, o principal diagnóstico foi de ausência de canal anal funcional (49,7%). Em pacientes com CI, o principal diagnóstico foi de obstrução da via de saída (54,7%). Para pacientes com IF, o principal protocolo foi a associação do biofeedback anorretal (BFa) com estimulação do nervo tibial (ENT) (57,9%). Já nos pacientes com CC, o protocolo mais indicado foi o de BFa associado à ENT e treinamento com balão retal (54,7%). CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se elevada prevalência de alterações no assoalho pélvico de pacientes com distúrbios evacuatórios. Verificou-se elevado potencial para realização de fisioterapia do assoalho pélvico com base nos achados clínicos e manométricos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Fecal Incontinence/therapy , Anal Canal , Rectum , Retrospective Studies , Physical Therapy Modalities , Constipation/therapy , Manometry , Middle Aged
5.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 24-30, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098062

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Aging is a complex process marked by alterations on gut functioning and physiology, accompanied by an increase on the inflammatory status, leading to a scenario called "inflammaging". OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a synbiotic substance on systemic inflammation, gut functioning of community-dwelling elders. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis from a randomized clinical trial, lasting 24 weeks, including 49 elders, distributed into two groups: SYN (n=25), which received a synbiotic substance (Frutooligossacaride 6g, Lactobacillus paracasei LPC-31 109 to 108 UFC, Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 109 to 108 UFC, Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM 109 to 108 UFC e Bifidobacterium lactis HN019 109 to 108 UFC), or PLA (n=24), receiving placebo. The evaluations consisted of serum IL-10 e TNF-α (after overnight fasting), evaluation of chronic constipation (by Rome III Criteria) and faeces types (by Bristol Stool Form Scale). Data were compared before and after the supplementation time, and between groups. RESULTS: No significant differences were found between baseline and final values of serum inflammatory markers. Some subtle beneficial changes were observed in SYN, concerning both gut functioning and faeces types. CONCLUSION: From our data, synbiotic supplementation showed a subtle benefit in gut functioning in apparently healthy community-dwelling elders. Our findings can suggest that the benefits in healthy individuals were less expressive than the ones presented in studies with individuals previously diagnosed as dysbiosis. Future studies, comparing elders with and without gut dysbiosis can confirm our findings.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O envelhecimento é um processo complexo marcado por alterações no funcionamento e fisiologia intestinais, acompanhado de alterações no estado inflamatório, o que leva ao quadro denominado inflammaging. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos de uma substância simbiótica sobre o funcionamento intestinal e a inflamação sistêmica de idosos inseridos na comunidade. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de uma análise secundária de um estudo clínico randomizado, com 24 meses de duração, que incluiu 49 idosos, distribuídos em dois grupos: SIM (n=25), que receberam uma substância simbiótica (Frutooligossacaride 6g, Lactobacillus paracasei LPC-31 109 to 108 UFC, Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 109 to 108 UFC, Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM 109 to 108 UFC e Bifidobacterium lactis HN019 109 to 108 UFC), ou PLA (n=24), que receberam placebo. As avaliações foram realizadas antes e após o período de suplementação, e incluíram: concentrações de IL-10 e TNF-α no soro (após uma noite de jejum); investigação de constipação crônica (pelo Critério de Roma III) e dos tipos de fezes (pela Escala de Bristol). Os dados foram comparados entre antes e após a suplementação, e entre os grupos. RESULTADOS: Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre valores iniciais e finais nos marcadores de inflamação; alguns benefícios sutis foram observados no grupo SIM, no funcionamento intestinal e nos tipos de fezes. CONCLUSÃO: A suplementação com simbióticos mostrou um benefício sutil nessa população. Nossos resultados apontam que idosos aparentemente saudáveis não se beneficiam tanto da suplementação de simbióticos quanto pessoas previamente identificadas com disbiose. Estudos futuros, comparando idosos com e sem disbiose poderão confirmar esses achados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Constipation/therapy , Probiotics/administration & dosage , Synbiotics/administration & dosage , Inflammation/therapy , Double-Blind Method , Chronic Disease , Independent Living
6.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 38: e2018123, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057201

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To perform a systematic review of literature data on gut microbiota and the efficacy of probiotics for the treatment of constipation in children and adolescents. Data source: The research was performed in the PubMed, the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and the Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS) databases in English, Portuguese and Spanish. All original articles that mentioned the evaluation of the gut microbiota or the use of probiotics in children with constipation in their title and abstract were selected. Data synthesis: 559 articles were found, 47 of which were selected for reading. From these, 12 articles were included; they studied children and adolescents divided into two categories: a gut microbiota evaluation (n=4) and an evaluation of the use of probiotics in constipation therapy (n=8). The four papers that analyzed fecal microbiota used different laboratory methodologies. No typical pattern of gut microbiota was found. Regarding treatment, eight clinical trials with heterogeneous methodologies were found. Fifteen strains of probiotics were evaluated and only one was analyzed in more than one article. Irregular beneficial effects of probiotics have been demonstrated in some manifestations of constipation (bowel frequency or consistency of stool or abdominal pain or pain during a bowel movement or flatulence). In one clinical trial, a complete control of constipation without the use of laxatives was obtained. Conclusions: There is no specific pattern of fecal microbiota abnormalities in constipation. Despite the probiotics' positive effects on certain characteristics of the intestinal habitat, there is still no evidence to recommend it in the treatment of constipation in pediatrics.


RESUMO Objetivo: Realizar revisão sistemática dos dados da literatura sobre a microbiota intestinal e a eficácia dos probióticos para o tratamento da constipação intestinal em crianças e adolescentes. Fonte de dados: Foi realizada busca nas bases de dados PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) e Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), em inglês, português e espanhol. Foram selecionados, pelo título e pelo resumo, todos os artigos originais que avaliaram a microbiota intestinal ou o emprego de probióticos em crianças com constipação intestinal. Síntese dos dados: Foram encontrados 559 artigos, dos quais 47 foram selecionados para leitura. Destes, foram incluídos 12 artigos que estudaram crianças e adolescentes distribuídos em duas categorias: avaliação da microbiota intestinal (n=4) e avaliação do emprego dos probióticos na terapêutica da constipação intestinal (n=8). Os quatro artigos que analisaram a microbiota fecal utilizaram metodologias laboratoriais diferentes. Não foi observado um padrão típico de microbiota intestinal. Quanto ao tratamento, foram encontrados oito ensaios clínicos com metodologias heterogêneas. Foram avaliadas 15 cepas de probióticos e apenas uma foi avaliada em mais de um artigo. Foram evidenciados efeitos benéficos não uniformes dos probióticos em algumas manifestações da constipação intestinal (frequência evacuatória, consistência das fezes, dor abdominal, dor ao evacuar ou flatulência). Em apenas um ensaio clínico foi obtido completo controle da constipação intestinal sem o emprego concomitante de laxantes. Conclusões: Não existe um padrão específico de anormalidades da microbiota fecal na constipação intestinal. Apesar dos efeitos positivos dos probióticos em determinadas características do hábito intestinal, ainda não existem evidências que permitam sua recomendação no tratamento da constipação intestinal em pediatria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Constipation/therapy , Probiotics/adverse effects , Dietary Supplements/adverse effects , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/drug effects , Abdominal Pain/chemically induced , Abdominal Pain/epidemiology , Clinical Trials as Topic , Constipation/microbiology , Probiotics/administration & dosage , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Feces/microbiology , Flatulence/chemically induced , Flatulence/epidemiology
7.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(6): 628-641, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056653

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify and describe the protocols and clinical outcomes of urotherapy interventions in children and adolescents with bladder bowel dysfunction. Method: Systematic review carried out in June 2018 on Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL),Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Cochrane Library, and PsycInfo databases. Clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies carried out in the last ten years in children and/or adolescents with bladder and bowel symptoms and application of at least one component of urotherapy were included. Results: Thirteen clinical trials and one quasi-experimental study were included, with moderate methodological quality. The heterogeneity of the samples and of the methodological design of the articles prevented the performance of a meta-analysis. The descriptive analysis through simple percentages showed symptom reduction and improvement of uroflowmetry parameters. The identified urotherapy components were: educational guidance, water intake, caffeine reduction, adequate voiding position, pelvic floor training, programmed urination, and constipation control/management. Conclusion: This review indicates positive results in terms of symptom reduction and uroflowmetry parameter improvement with standard urotherapy as the first line of treatment for children and adolescents with bladder bowel dysfunction. It is recommended that future studies bring contributions regarding the frequency, number, and time of urotherapy consultations.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar e descrever os protocolos e desfechos clínicos das intervenções de uroterapia em crianças e adolescentes com disfunção vesical e intestinal. Método: Revisão sistemática realizada em junho de 2018 nas bases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Cochrane Library e PsycInfo. Foram incluídos ensaios clínicos e estudos quase-experimentais dos últimos 10 anos, em crianças e/ou adolescentes com sintoma urinário e intestinal e aplicação de no mínimo um componente de uroterapia. Resultados: 13 ensaios clínicos e 1 estudo quase-experimental foram incluídos, sendo a qualidade metodológica moderada. A heterogeneidade da amostra e de delineamento metodológico dos artigos impediu a realização de meta-análise. A análise descritiva por meio de percentual simples demonstrou redução dos sintomas e melhora dos parâmetros de urofluxometria. Os componentes de uroterapia identificados foram: orientação educacional, ingestão hídrica, redução de cafeína, posicionamento adequado para eliminação, treinamento do assoalho pélvico, micção programada e controle/manejo da constipação. Conclusão: Esta revisão sinaliza resultados positivos em termos de redução de sintomas e melhora nos parâmetros de urofluxometria com aplicação de uroterapia padrão como primeira linha de tratamento nos casos de crianças e adolescentes com disfunção vesical e intestinal. Recomenda-se que estudos futuros tragam contribuições no que tange a frequência, número e tempo para as consultas de uroterapia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Urination Disorders/therapy , Urinary Bladder Diseases/therapy , Gastrointestinal Diseases/therapy , Constipation/therapy , Encopresis/therapy
9.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 93(4): 320-327, July-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894043

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To study the evidence on the role of water and fluid intake in the prevention and treatment of functional intestinal constipation in children and adolescents. Source of data: A search was carried out in the Medline database (between 1966 and 2016) for all published articles containing the following words: constipation, water, and fluids, published in Portuguese, English, and Spanish. All original articles that assessed children and adolescents were selected by title and abstract. The references of these articles were also evaluated. Synthesis of data: A total of 1040 articles were retrieved. Of these, 24 were selected for reading. The study included 11 articles that assessed children and adolescents. The articles were divided into two categories, those that evaluated water and fluid intake as a risk factor for intestinal constipation and those that evaluated their role in the treatment of intestinal constipation. Five articles were included in the first category. The criteria for assessing fluid intake and bowel rhythm were different in each study. Three studies demonstrated an association between low fluid intake and intestinal constipation. Regarding treatment, five articles with heterogeneous methodologies were found. None of them clearly identified the favorable role of fluid intake in the treatment of intestinal constipation. Conclusion: There are few articles on the association between fluid intake and intestinal constipation. Epidemiological evidence indicates an association between lower fluid intake and intestinal constipation. Further clinical trials and epidemiological studies that consider the international recommendations for fluid intake by children and adolescents are required.


Resumo Objetivo: Estudar as evidências sobre o papel do consumo de água e líquidos na prevenção e no tratamento da constipação intestinal funcional em crianças e adolescentes. Fontes de dados: Foram pesquisados na base de dados do Medline (entre 1966 e 2016) todos os artigos publicados com as seguintes palavras: constipação, água e líquidos, nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol. Foram selecionados, pelo título e resumo, todos os artigos originais com crianças e adolescentes. As referências desses artigos também foram avaliadas. Síntese de dados: Foram encontrados 1.040 artigos. Desses, 24 foram selecionados para leitura. Foram incluídos 11 artigos que estudaram crianças e adolescentes. Os artigos foram distribuídos em duas categorias, os que avaliaram o consumo de água e líquidos como fator de risco para constipação intestinal e os que avaliaram o seu papel na terapêutica da constipação intestinal. Cinco artigos se enquadraram na primeira categoria. Os critérios para avaliar consumo de líquidos e ritmo intestinal foram diferentes em cada estudo. Três estudos demonstraram relação entre baixo consumo de líquidos e constipação intestinal. Quanto ao tratamento, foram encontrados cinco artigos com metodologias heterogêneas. Em nenhum deles foi possível identificar com clareza o papel favorável do consumo de líquidos no tratamento da constipação intestinal. Conclusão: Existem poucos artigos sobre a relação entre consumo de líquidos e constipação intestinal. Evidências epidemiológicas indicam associação entre menor consumo de líquidos com constipação intestinal. São necessários outros ensaios clínicos e estudos epidemiológicos que levem em consideração as recomendações internacionais para consumo de líquidos por crianças e adolescentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Beverages , Water/administration & dosage , Constipation/therapy , Drinking , Fluid Therapy , Risk Factors , Constipation/prevention & control
10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(3): 197-200, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888204

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Celiac disease is a glutten induced enteropathy. Some authors recommended screening celiac in children with constipation. There are studies to evaluate celiac disease in children with constipation. But most of them included children regardless to treatment failure. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate frequency of elevated anti TTG in children with constipation after failure to improve during 6 week of appropriate treatment of constipation. METHODS In this cross sectional study, 550 children with prolonged constipation were included. Place of study was Pediatric Gastroenterology clinic of Abuzar children's hospital. Prolonged constipation was defined as a constipation which failed to resolved after 6 weeks of appropriate treatment. Constipation was defined according to ROME III criteria. After parental agreement, 5 mL of blood was obtained. Serum anti TTG level was measure using ELISA method by Orientec kit. Anti TTG>10 was considered positive if IgA was normal. SPSS version 16.0 (Chicago, IL, USA) was used for data analysis. Chi square, t-test, and Mann Whitney test used for data analysis. RESULTS In this study 550 children (m=277, f=273) were included. Mean age of the cases was 6.8±2.9 year. Anti TTG antibody level was 5.8±2.8 unit/mL. Of these case, 42 (7.6%) had positive anti-TTG antibody. Celiac disease was confirmed in 40 cases after histopathology examination. CONCLUSION Anti-TTG was positive in 7.6% children with chronic constipation who failed to respond after 6 week of treatment. Another multicenter study with longer follow up period is recommended.


RESUMO CONTEXTO A doença celíaca é uma enteropatia glúten-induzida. Alguns autores recomendam a triagem de doença celíaca em crianças com constipação. Há estudos para avaliar a doença celíaca em crianças com constipação, mas a maioria inclue crianças independentemente do insucesso do tratamento. OBJETIVO O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a frequência de anti-TTG elevado em crianças com constipação após 6 semanas de tratamento adequado e sem sucesso. MÉTODOS Através de cruzamento seccional, 550 crianças com constipação prolongada foram incluídas. O local de estudo foi o ambulatório de Gastroenterologia Pediátrica do Hospital Infantil de Abuzar. Constipação prolongada foi definida como uma constipação, cuja resolução falhou após 6 semanas de tratamento adequado. Constipação foi definida de acordo com critérios de Roma III. Após o consentimento informado dos pais, obteve-se 5 mL de sangue. O nível de anti TTG no soro foi medido usando-se o método ELISA pelo Orientec kit. O anti-TTG >10 foi considerado positivo se IgA estivesse normal. Os dados foram analisados através de testes do Chi-quadrado, t-teste e teste de Mann Whitney utilizando-se o SPSS versão 16.0 (Chicago, IL, EUA). RESULTADOS Um total de 550 crianças (m=277, f=273) foi incluído neste estudo. A média de idade dos pacientes foi 6,8±2,9 anos. O nível de anticorpo anti-TTG foi de 5,8±2,8 unidades/mL. Do total, 42 (7,6%) indivíduos tinham anticorpos anti-TTG positivo. A doença celíaca foi confirmada em 40 casos após exame de histopatologia. CONCLUSÃO O Anti-TTG foi positivo em 7,6% crianças com constipação crônica que não conseguiram responder após 6 semanas de tratamento. Outro estudo multicêntrico, com acompanhamento mais longo período é recomendado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Autoantibodies/blood , Celiac Disease/diagnosis , Transglutaminases/blood , Constipation/diagnosis , GTP-Binding Proteins/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Celiac Disease/complications , Transglutaminases/immunology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Treatment Failure , Constipation/etiology , Constipation/therapy , GTP-Binding Proteins/immunology
11.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(3): 206-210, July-Sept. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888195

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Constipation is a chronic problem in many patients all over the world. OBJECTIVE - To evaluate the effect of consumption of a probiotic fermented milk beverage containing Bifidobacterium animalis on the symptoms of constipation. METHODS - This randomized, double-blind controlled trial included 49 female patients aged 20 to 50 years and diagnosed with constipation according to the ROME III criteria (Diagnostic Criteria for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders) and the Bristol Stool Form Scale. The patients were randomized into two groups: the intervention group received the probiotic fermented milk beverage and the control group received non-probiotic milk. Participants were instructed to ingest 150 mL of the beverages during 60 days. At the end of this period, patients were assessed again by the ROME III criteria and Bristol scale. The Wilcoxon test was used to evaluate pre and post-intervention results of the ROME III criteria and Bristol scale. The statistical significance level was considered as 5% ( P ≤0.05). RESULTS - The intervention group showed improvement in the following criteria: straining during a bowel movement ( P <0.001), feeling of incomplete evacuation ( P <0.001) and difficulty in passing stool ( P <0.014), in addition to Bristol scale results ( P <0.001). In the control group, improvements were observed in the following criteria: straining during a bowel movement ( P <0.001), feeling of incomplete evacuation ( P <0.001) and difficulty in passing stool ( P <0.025), in addition to Bristol scale results ( P <0.001). No statistically significant post-intervention differences were observed between the two groups for the Rome III criteria and Bristol scale. CONCLUSION - The results show that the consumption of milk resulted in the improvement of constipation symptoms, regardless of the probiotic culture.


RESUMO CONTEXTO - Constipação é um sintoma crônico que acomete grande parte da população mundial. OBJETIVO - Avaliar o efeito do consumo de bebida láctea com cultura probiótica ( Bifidobacterium animalis ) nos sintomas de constipação intestinal. MÉTODOS - Ensaio clínico randomizado, duplo cego e controlado. A amostra foi de 49 pacientes, do gênero feminino, com idade entre 20 a 50 anos e com diagnóstico de constipação intestinal conforme os critérios de ROMA III ( Diagnostic Criteria for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders ) e escala de Bristol. As pacientes foram divididas em dois grupos através de randomização, o grupo intervenção recebeu bebida láctea com cultura probiótica e o grupo controle recebeu bebida láctea. Estas foram orientadas a consumir 150 mL diariamente durante 60 dias. Ao final deste período, aplicaram-se novamente os critérios de ROMA III e escala de Bristol. Para avaliação dos critérios de ROMA III e escala de Bristol pré e pós-intervenção, o teste de Wilcoxon foi aplicado. O nível de significância estatística considerado foi de 5% ( P ≤0,05). RESULTADOS - No grupo intervenção houve melhora nos seguintes critérios: esforço para evacuar ( P <0,001), sensação de evacuação incompleta ( P <0,001) e dificuldade na passagem das fezes ( P =0,014), além da escala de Bristol ( P =<0,001). No grupo controle houve melhora nos seguintes critérios: esforço para evacuar ( P <0,001), sensação de evacuação incompleta ( P <0,001) e dificuldade na passagem das fezes ( P =0,025), além da escala de Bristol ( P =<0,001). Verificou-se que os critérios de Roma III e escala de Bristol não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos pós-intervenção. CONCLUSÃO - Concluiu-se que o consumo de bebida láctea auxiliou na melhora dos sintomas de constipação intestinal, independentemente da cultura probiótica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Constipation/therapy , Probiotics/administration & dosage , Cultured Milk Products/microbiology , Bifidobacterium animalis , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 56(2): 33-45, abr.-jun. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-900975

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las afecciones del suelo pélvico tienen alta prevalencia y su estudio debe ser realizado con enfoque transversal para proveer al paciente el tratamiento adecuado. Objetivo: describir las características clínicas de enfermedades del compartimento posterior con diagnóstico basado en enfoque transversal. Método: estudio descriptivo, transversal en pacientes atendidos en la consulta de Coloproctología en el Hospital Universitario Comandante Manuel Fajardo, desde septiembre 2013 hasta mayo 2015. El universo estuvo constituido por 67 pacientes. Fueron calculadas frecuencias y porcentajes para las variables cualitativas e intervalos de edad, y estadísticos descriptivos de la edad. Resultados: la mayoría de los pacientes fueron ≤ 45 años, con predominio de la tercera edad (43,3 por ciento). Las mujeres constituyeron la mayoría del grupo (80,6 por ciento). Los antecedentes de riesgo más frecuentes fueron los relacionados con la historia obstétrica, fundamentalmente la multiparidad (83,3 por ciento). La forma de presentación más frecuente fue la incontinencia anal. Predominó la afectación exclusiva del compartimento posterior (59,7 por ciento). La afectación bicompartimental predominante fue la anterior y posterior, determinada en su mayoría por incompetencia dual (única afección en 17,9 por ciento). No se detectó afectación tricompartimental. Conclusiones: las afecciones del compartimento posterior se asociaron en alta proporción a enfermedades de otros compartimentos del suelo pélvico, lo que ratifica la importancia del enfoque transversal(AU)


Introduction: pelvic floor illnesses have high prevalence and their study must be conducted with a cross-sectional approach to provide the patient with adequate treatment. Objectives: to describe the clinical characteristics of the posterior compartment illnesses by using cross-sectional approach-based diagnoses in patients seen at the coloproctology service of Manuel Fajardo university hospital from September 2013 to May 2015. Method: descriptive and cross-sectional study. The universe of study was 67 patients. Frequencies and percentages for qualitative variables and age intervals as well as summary statistics for age were all calculated. Results: many patients were 45 years and over, being the older age predominant (43.3 percent). Women were the majority in the group (80.6 percent). The most frequent risk antecedents were those related to obstetric history, mainly multiparity (83.3 percent). The most common form of presentation was anal incontinence. Single affection of the posterior compartment (59.7 percent) prevailed. The predominant bi-compartmental affection was the anterior and posterior one, mainly determined by dual incontinence (single affection in 17.9 percent of cases). Tricompartmental affection was not detected. Conclusions: the posterior compartment affections were greatly associated to diseases in other pelvic floor compartments, which supports the importance of using the cross-sectional approach(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Constipation/therapy , Drug Therapy/methods , Pelvic Floor Disorders/diagnosis , Pelvic Floor/injuries , Urinary Incontinence/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive
13.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 88(3): 383-387, jun. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899991

ABSTRACT

Los enemas fosfatados son utilizados frecuentemente en el tratamiento de la constipación. Errores en la posología pueden producir complicaciones graves. Objetivo: Reportar un caso de toxicidad grave por enema fosfatado en un pre escolar sin factores de riesgo. Caso clínico: Paciente de 2 años con constipación funcional, evaluada en servicio de urgencia por dolor abdominal a quién se le diagnosticó un fecaloma impactado. Recibió 2 dosis de enema de fosfato, “medio frasco” de Fleet® adulto (Synthon, Chile) por vez, sin resolución de su fecaloma, decidiéndose hospitalización para proctoclisis. Posterior al ingreso presentó un cuadro clínico de tetania. Ingresó a la Unidad de Paciente Crítico donde se confirmó una hiperfosfemia e hipocalcemia secundaria. Se realizó corrección electrolítica progresiva, retiro de enema fosfatado residual del recto e hiperhidratación forzando diuresis. La tetania cedió 2 horas después del ingreso sin otras complicaciones. Se realizó proctoclisis y fue dada de alta a los 3 días. Conclusión: Los enemas fosfatados pueden presentar complicaciones graves en niños sin factores de riesgo. Errores en la posología son la causa más frecuente de toxicidad en este grupo, pero esta puede estar favorecida también por una administración y eliminación inadecuadas. Pediatras y personal de salud que atiende a niños deben conocer factores de riesgo, signos y síntomas de intoxicación por enemas fosfatados.


Phosphate enemas are frequently used in the treatment of constipation. Errors in dosage and administration can lead to severe complications. Objective: To report a case of severe toxicity of phosphate enemas in a child with no risk factors. Case: 2 years old female, with functional constipation, was brought to emergency department because abdominal pain. She was diagnosed with fecal impaction and received half a bottle of Fleet Adult® (Laboratorio Synthon, Chile) two times, with no clinical resolution, deciding to start proctoclisis in pediatric ward. Soon after admission, she presented painful tetany, but alert and oriented. Patient was transferred to PICU where severe hyperphosphatemia and secondary hypocalcemia were confirmed. Her treatment included electrolyte correction; removal of residual phosphate enema and hyperhydration. Tetany resolved over 2 hours after admission and no other complications. Proctoclisis was performed and patient was discharged three days after admission with pharmacological management of constipation. Conclusion: Phosphate enemas may cause serious complications in children with no risk factors. Errors in dosage, administration and removal of the enema are causes of toxicity in this group. Pediatricians and health personnel must be aware of risks and signs of toxicity of phosphate enema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Phosphates/adverse effects , Tetany/chemically induced , Constipation/therapy , Enema/adverse effects , Hyperphosphatemia/chemically induced , Phosphates/therapeutic use , Tetany/diagnosis , Hyperphosphatemia/diagnosis
14.
Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2017; 16 (64): 160-169
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-189625

ABSTRACT

Background: Senna leaf belongs to stimulant laxatives. The laxative effect of this medicinal plant is because of sennosides, aloe-emodin and dynatron which they all belongs to among anthraquinone derivatives family and uses to treat constipation, discharge of the intestine before surgery or abdomen surgeries and tests


Objective: In this study, different methods of extracting from the Senna plant was compared and the extraction of the active ingredient, sennoside B, was optimized by using the response level statistical method


Methods: For the extraction of Senna extract, various extraction methods, including maceration, dynamic maceration [stirrer], ultrasound assisted extraction, microwave assisted extraction and soxhlet extraction using ethanol 96° and 60° as solvent in different times. Regarding to the meanweights of the extracts and active substance sennoside B, The best method was selected. In the next phase, the amount of active substance of sennoside B was optimized using the statistical method of response surface


Results: Considering the mean weights of the extract and amount of sennoside B, dynamic maceration [stirrer] method is the most suitable method to obtain senna extract in the industrial and medicinal extraction.The results of the optimization of the best extraction method [maceration] showed that when influential variables temperature, time, the ratio of substance to solvent and filter mesh were 84°C, 119.7 minutes, 0.04 and 29.7 microns, respectively, the maximum amount of the active substance [3.009%] has been reached


Conclusion: Finally, it can be concluded that active maceration extraction method [stirrer] is suggested as one of the best method to obtain senna extract in industry and the output efficiency of the active substance of sennoside B is affected by introduced optimized conditions mentioned


Subject(s)
Senna Plant , Laxatives , Constipation/therapy , Plants, Medicinal , Plant Extracts , Phytotherapy
15.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 41: e19, 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-961683

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Buscar evidências na literatura sobre a relação entre violência doméstica e constipação intestinal. Metodologia Foi realizada uma revisão integrativa, baseada no método preconizado em seis etapas e construída conforme a metodologia PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses). Foram examinados artigos publicados entre 2005 e 2015 que relacionassem violência doméstica e constipação intestinal. As buscas ocorreram em setembro e outubro de 2015 nas bases de dados PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus e Web of Science. A seleção compreendeu três etapas: busca, pré-seleção e inclusão de artigos. Resultados Dos 177 artigos inicialmente identificados, foram selecionados 11. Dos 11 selecionados, sete eram quantitativos, três eram qualitativos e um era misto. Quatro enfocaram crianças e adolescentes, dois investigaram o conhecimento médico sobre a relação entre violência doméstica e constipação intestinal, um revisou distúrbios digestivos em idosos, um avaliou os resultados do biofeedback em constipados com e sem histórico de violência, um avaliou disfunção evacuatória e relacionou o resultado de defecografias com histórico de violência doméstica e dois estudos eram relatos de especialistas. Três estudos apresentaram nível de evidência 1B e grau de recomendação A. Todos os estudos detectaram relação entre violência doméstica e constipação intestinal. Conclusão Os resultados desta revisão indicam que existe correlação entre violência doméstica e constipação intestinal. É recomendável a investigação dessa relação nas práticas em saúde.


ABSTRACT Objective To search the literature for evidence of a relationship between domestic violence and constipation. Methods An integrative review was conducted using the six-step approach and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). We examined articles published between 2005 and 2015 investigating the correlation between domestic violence and constipation. The search was performed in September and October of 2015 in PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science. The selection of articles was performed in three stages: search, pre-selection, and inclusion. Results Of 177 articles identified, 11 were included in the review. Of these 11 articles, seven were quantitative, three were qualitative, and one was mixed. Four articles focused on children and adolescents, two investigated medical knowledge regarding the relationship between domestic violence and constipation, one reviewed digestive disorders in the elderly, one evaluated the results of biofeedback for the treatment of constipated individuals with or without a history of violence, and one evaluated evacuatory disorders and correlated the result of defecography with history of domestic violence. Finally, two studies were specialist reports. Level of evidence was 1B and recommendation grade A in three studies. All studies detected a relationship between domestic violence and intestinal constipation. Conclusion The results of the present review support a correlation between domestic violence and intestinal constipation. The investigation of this relationship is recommended in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Domestic Violence , Constipation/therapy , Physical Abuse/psychology
16.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 34(4): 425-431, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-830738

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the pediatrician's knowledge regarding the diagnostic and therapeutic approach of childhood functional constipation. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed with the application of a self-administered questionnaire concerning a hypothetical clinical case of childhood functional constipation with fecal incontinence to physicians (n=297) randomly interviewed at the 36th Brazilian Congress of Pediatrics in 2013. Results: The majority of the participants were females, the mean age was 44.1 years, the mean time of professional practice was 18.8 years; 56.9% were Board Certified by the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics. Additional tests were ordered by 40.4%; including abdominal radiography (19.5%), barium enema (10.4%), laboratory tests (9.8%), abdominal ultrasound (6.7%), colonoscopy (2.4%), manometry and rectal biopsy (both 1.7%). The most common interventions included lactulose (26.6%), mineral oil (17.5%), polyethylene glycol (14.5%), fiber supplement (9.1%) and milk of magnesia (5.4%). Nutritional guidance (84.8%), fecal disimpaction (17.2%) and toilet training (19.5%) were also indicated. Conclusions: Our results show that pediatricians do not adhere to current recommendations for the management of childhood functional constipation, as unnecessary tests were ordered and the first-line treatment was not prescribed.


Resumo Objetivo: Identificar o conhecimento do pediatra quanto ao manejo diagnóstico e terapêutico da criança com constipação intestinal funcional. Métodos: Estudo transversal descritivo com amostra constituída de médicos (n=297) entrevistados no 36º Congresso Brasileiro de Pediatria de 2013. Foi usado um questionário autoadministrado referente a um caso clínico hipotético de constipação intestinal. Resultados: Foi observada maior proporção de pediatras do sexo feminino, média de 44,1 anos, tempo de formação médio de 18,8 anos, 56,9% portadores de título de especialista pela Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria. Exames complementares foram solicitados por 40,4%, a radiografia abdominal foi o mais requisitado (19,5%), seguido por enema opaco (10,4%), exames laboratoriais (9,8%), ultrassonografia de abdome (6,7%), colonoscopia (2,4%), manometria e biópsia (ambas 1,7%). Para o manejo foi sugerida a prescrição de lactulose (26,6%), óleo mineral (17,5%), polietilenoglicol (14,5%), suplemento de fibras (9,1%) e leite de magnésia (5,4%). Orientação alimentar (84,8%), desimpactação fecal (17,2%) e treinamento de toalete (19,5%) também foram indicadas. Conclusões: Evidencia-se uma discordância entre o manejo sugerido pelos pediatras e a conduta preconizada pela literatura disponível atualmente, uma vez que foram solicitados exames complementares desnecessários e não foi recomendada a orientação terapêutica considerada de primeira linha.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Aged , Pediatrics , Clinical Competence , Constipation/diagnosis , Constipation/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Self Report , Middle Aged
17.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 92(3,supl.1): 46-56, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787519

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the development and prevalence of gastrointestinal signs and symptoms associated with the development of the digestive tract, and to assess the measures aimed to reduce their negative impacts. Source of data: Considering the scope and comprehensiveness of the subject, a systematic review of the literature was not carried out. The Medline database was used to identify references that would allow the analysis of the study topics. Synthesis of results: Infants frequently show several gastrointestinal signs and symptoms. These clinical manifestations can be part of gastrointestinal functional disorders such as infantile colic, infant regurgitation, and functional constipation. Allergy to cow's milk protein and gastroesophageal reflux disease are also causes of these clinical manifestations and represent an important and difficult differential diagnosis. The diseases that course with gastrointestinal signs and symptoms can have an impact on family dynamics and maternal emotional status, and may be associated with future problems in the child's life. Comprehensive pediatric care is essential for diagnosis and treatment. Maternal breastfeeding should always be maintained. Some special formulas can contribute to the control of clinical manifestations depending on the established diagnosis. Conclusion: During the normal development of the digestive tract, several gastrointestinal signs and symptoms may occur, usually resulting from functional gastrointestinal disorders, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and allergy to cow's milk protein. Breastfeeding should always be maintained.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar o desenvolvimento e a prevalência de sinais e sintomas gastrintestinais associados com o desenvolvimento do tubo digestivo e as medidas que visam a diminuir suas repercussões negativas. Fontes dos dados: Considerando a abrangência e amplitude do tema, não foi feita revisão sistemática da literatura. Usou-se a base de dados do Medline para a identificação de referências bibliográficas que permitissem contemplar os temas de estudo. Síntese dos resultados: O lactente apresenta com elevada frequência sinais e sintomas gastrintestinais. Essas manifestações clínicas podem fazer parte de distúrbios funcionais gastrintestinais, como cólica, regurgitação e constipação intestinal funcional. A alergia à proteína do leite de vaca e a doença do refluxo gastroesofágico também são causas dessas manifestações clínicas e representam um importante e difícil diagnóstico diferencial. As doenças que cursam com sintomas e sinais gastrintestinais podem ter consequências na dinâmica familiar e no estado emocional das mães. Podem se associar com problemas na vida futura da criança. A atenção pediátrica completa é fundamental para o diagnóstico e o tratamento. O aleitamento natural deve sempre ser mantido. Algumas fórmulas especiais podem contribuir para o controle das manifestações clínicas na dependência do diagnóstico estabelecido. Conclusão: Durante o desenvolvimento normal do tubo digestivo podem ocorrer sinais e sintomas gastrintestinais em geral decorrentes dos distúrbios gastrintestinais funcionais, da doença do refluxo gastroesofágico e da alergia à proteína do leite de vaca. Aleitamento natural deve sempre ser mantido.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Gastrointestinal Tract/growth & development , Gastrointestinal Tract/physiopathology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/physiopathology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/therapy , Milk Hypersensitivity/complications , Age Factors , Constipation/etiology , Constipation/physiopathology , Constipation/therapy , Crying/physiology , Diarrhea/etiology , Diarrhea/physiopathology , Diarrhea/therapy , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/physiology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/etiology
18.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 30(supl.1): 57-66, oct.-dic. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIGG | ID: lil-776332

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: diseñar una guía de práctica clínica para orientar el diagnóstico, y establecer la clasificación y el tratamiento farmacológico y no farmacológico en los pacientes adultos con estreñimiento crónico funcional en Colombia. Materiales y métodos: el grupo desarrollador de la presente guía estuvo conformado por un equipo multidisciplinario con apoyo de la Asociación Colombiana de Gastroenterología, el Grupo Cochrane ITS y el Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Se desarrollaron preguntas clínicas relevantes y se realizó la búsqueda de guías nacionales e internacionales en bases de datos especializadas. Las guías existentes fueron evaluadas en términos de calidad y aplicabilidad; ninguna de ellas cumplió criterios de adaptación, por lo que se decidió desarrollar una guía de novo. El Grupo Cochrane realizó la búsqueda sistemática de la literatura. Las tablas de evidencia y recomendaciones fueron realizadas usando la metodología GRADE. Resultados: se desarrolló una guía de práctica clínica basada en la evidencia para el diagnóstico, clasificación y tratamiento farmacológico y no farmacológico de los pacientes con estreñimiento crónico funcional en Colombia. Conclusiones: se establecieron los criterios clínicos y signos de alarma, las pruebas diagnósticas y los esquemas terapéuticos que se recomiendan en la atención de los pacientes con estreñimiento crónico funcional en Colombia.


Objective: Design a clinical practice guideline to orient the diagnosis and establishing the classification and pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment in adult patients with chronic functional constipation in Colombia. Materials and Methods: This guide was developed by a multidisciplinary team with the support of the Colombian Association of Gastroenterology, Cochrane STI Group and Clinical Research Institute of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Relevant clinical questions were developed and the search for national and international guidelines in databases was performed. Existing guidelines were evaluated for quality and applicability. None of the guidelines met the criteria for adaptation, so the group decided to develop a de novo guideline. Systematic literature searches were conducted by the Cochrane Group. The tables of evidence and recommendations were made based on the GRADE methodology. Results: A clinical practice based on evidence was developed for the diagnosis, classification and pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of patients with chronic functional constipation in Colombia. Conclusions: The clinical criteria and warning signs, diagnostic tests and therapeutic regimens that are recommended in the care of patients with chronic functional constipation were established in Colombia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Constipation/diagnosis , Constipation/therapy , Chronic Disease
19.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 86(4): 299-304, ago. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-764088

ABSTRACT

La constipación infantil es un problema frecuente en la consulta pediátrica y constituye aproximadamente un 25% de la consulta al gastroenterólogo infantil. Se describe una prevalencia media de 8,9% en población pediátrica, pero esta es variable, ya que está influenciada por los distintos hábitos dietéticos y definiciones usadas en las poblaciones estudiadas. Un 90-95% de los casos son de causa funcional, y en ellos las medidas terapéuticas más importantes son la educación del niño y sus padres, la formación de un hábito defecatorio, una dieta rica en fibra y el uso de medicamentos en tratamientos de desimpactación y mantenimiento. Por último, es importante explicar a los padres que el tratamiento habitualmente es prolongado, ya que son frecuentes las recaídas. Se describe además que un 25% de los niños afectados continuarán con síntomas hasta la adultez.


Infant constipation is a common problem in pediatric practice and it constitutes approximately 25% of children's gastroenterologist consultations. An average prevalence of 8.9% in the pediatric population is described, but it varies as it is influenced by different dietary habits and definitions used in the studied populations. 90 to 95% of the cases have a functional cause, where the most important therapeutic measures are: Education to children and their parents, forming a stool pattern, a diet rich in fiber and the use of drugs for disimpaction treatment and maintenance. Finally, it is important to explain to parents that the treatment is usually long, due to frequent relapses. It is described that 25% of affected children will continue with symptoms into adulthood.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child , Dietary Fiber , Constipation/therapy , Feeding Behavior , Recurrence , Patient Education as Topic , Chronic Disease , Constipation/epidemiology
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 50(3): 196-201, July-Sept/2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-687248

ABSTRACT

Context Constipation is a very common symptom in the general population. One way of non-pharmacological treatment of constipation is through the addition of probiotics to food. Obectives The aim of this study was to evaluate de effect of the consumption of a fresh cheese, enriched with Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 on the symptoms of constipated women. Methods A randomized controlled trial, carried out in the Basic Health Units of Guaporé's City – RS/Brazil, between january and may 2012, with 30 constipated women. The patients were randomized into two groups whom received, for 30 days, 30 g of fresh cheese enriched with Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 (n = 15) or regular fresh cheese (n = 15). Constipation symptoms were evaluated according to ROMA III Consensus, before and after the nutritional intervention. Also, data of clinical and anthropometric characteristics of the individuals were collected. Accepted level of significance 5% (P≤0,05). Results The medium age of the studied population was 37,5±14,4 years in the intervention group and 40,8±12,8 years in the control group. After 30 days we observed that the ingestion of fresh cheese enriched with Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 promoted benefic effects on the symptoms of strength to evacuate. Conclusion The consumption of 30g/day of a fresh cheese enriched with Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 has beneficial effects on constipation symptoms. .


Contexto A constipação intestinal é um sintoma bastante comum na população em geral. Uma das formas de tratamento não farmacológico da constipação é através da adição de probióticos aos alimentos. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do consumo de um queijo minas frescal, acrescido de Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 sobre os sintomas de mulheres constipadas. Métodos Trata-se de um ensaio clínico randomizado e controlado, desenvolvido nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde da cidade de Guaporé- RS/Brasil, durante o período de janeiro a maio de 2012, envolvendo 30 mulheres constipadas, randomizadas em dois grupos que receberam, por 30 dias, 30 g de queijo minas frescal acrescido de Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 (n = 15) ou queijo minas frescal, sem adição de probióticos (n = 15). Foram avaliados os sintomas de constipação de acordo com o Consenso de ROMA III antes e após a intervenção nutricional, além de características clínicas e antropométricas dos indivíduos. Resultados As mulheres tinham idade média de 37,5±14,4 anos no grupo intervenção e 40,8±12,8 anos no grupo controle. Após 30 dias, observou-se que a ingestão do queijo minas frescal acrescido de Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 promoveu efeitos benéficos nos sintomas de força ou esforço ao evacuar. Conclusão Este estudo sugere que a ingestão de 30 g de queijo minas frescal acrescido de Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 melhora os sintomas de constipação. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bifidobacterium , Cheese/microbiology , Constipation/therapy , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Case-Control Studies , Treatment Outcome
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