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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936158


OBJECTIVE@#To assess three-dimensional (3D) changes of circummaxillary sutures following maxillary protraction with alternate rapid palatal expansions and constrictions (RPE/C) facemask protocol in maxillary retrusive children, and to investigate the relationship between the changes of circum-maxillary sutures and zygomaticomaxillary suture (ZMS) maturation, and to explore the factors of maxilla forward movement with RPE/C and facemask.@*METHODS@#In the study (clinical trial registration No: ChiCTR2000034909), 36 maxillary retrusive patients were recruited and block randomized to either the rapid palatal expansion (RPE) group or the RPE/C group. Patients aged 7 to 13 years, Class Ⅲ malocclusion, anterior crossbite, ANB less than 0°, Wits appraisal less than -2 mm, and A-Np less than 0 mm were included in the study. The RPE group received rapid palatal expansion, whereas the RPE/C group received alternate rapid palatal expansions and constrictions, and both with facemask protraction. Head orientations of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images were implemented by Dolphin 11.7. 3D measurements of circummaxillary sutures on CBCT images were evaluated using Mimics 10.01 before (T0) and after treatment (T1). The changes were analyzed with independent t test, two-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation and regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#Two subjects in the RPE/C group were lost to follow-up. A total of 34 patients reached the completion criteria and were analyzed. Compared with the RPE group, sagittal changes of circummaxillary sutures were significantly increased in the RPE/C group with 1.21 mm advancement of zygomaticotemporal suture, 2.20 mm of ZMS, 1.43 mm of zygoma-ticofrontal suture (P < 0.05, respectively). Except for the zygomaticotemporal suture, the rest forward sagittal changes of other circummaxillary sutures showed no major difference in terms of the ZMS maturation. The Spearman's correlation in RPE/C indicated a strong positive correlation of sagittal changes between ZMS and point A (P < 0.01) with a regression analysis R2=42.5%.@*CONCLUSION@#RPE/C might be more effective on the treatment of maxillary retrusive children. As one of the major mechanical loading sutures during orthopedic therapy, ZMS showed a strong positive correlation with point A on sagittal changes.

Humans , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Constriction , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Palatal Expansion Technique , Sutures
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928634


OBJECTIVES@#To study the influence of umbilical cord milking versus delayed cord clamping on the early prognosis of preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, Weipu Database, and SinoMed were searched for randomized controlled trials on umbilical cord milking versus delayed cord clamping in preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks published up to November 2021. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, two researchers independently performed literature screening, quality evaluation, and data extraction. Review Manger 5.4 was used for Meta analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11 articles were included in the analysis, with 1 621 preterm infants in total, among whom there were 809 infants in the umbilical cord milking group and 812 in the delayed cord clamping group. The Meta analysis showed that compared with delayed cord clamping, umbilical cord milking increased the mean blood pressure after birth (weighted mean difference=3.61, 95%CI: 0.73-6.50, P=0.01), but it also increased the incidence rate of severe intraventricular hemorrhage (RR=1.83, 95%CI: 1.08-3.09, P=0.02). There were no significant differences between the two groups in hemoglobin, hematocrit, blood transfusion rate, proportion of infants undergoing phototherapy, bilirubin peak, and incidence rates of complications such as periventricular leukomalacia and necrotizing enterocolitis (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with delayed cord clamping, umbilical cord milking may increase the risk of severe intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks; however, more high-quality large-sample randomized controlled trials are needed for further confirmation.

Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Constriction , Gestational Age , Infant, Premature , Prognosis , Umbilical Cord/physiology , Umbilical Cord Clamping
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20210040, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279382


Resumo Contexto Estudos demonstraram, por análise histológica e Dopplerfluxométrica, a interferência da isquemia renal unilateral, realizada em algumas cirurgias, sobre o rim contralateral, identificando o fenômeno de kidney-kidney crosstalk. Objetivos Identificar o efeito da isquemia de duas estratégias de oclusão da vasculatura renal esquerda sobre o rim contralateral através do volume de células renais positivas para Caspase 3. Métodos Suínos foram divididos em 2 grupos: A (n = 8), artéria renal esquerda clampeada, e AV (n = 8), artéria e veia renais esquerdas clampeadas. Foi realizado o estudo imuno-histoquímico (anti-Caspase 3), com o material de biópsias coletadas do rim isquêmico e contralateral em 0, 30, 60 e 90 minutos de isquemia, e análise morfométrica, sendo que a média representou o volume de área de Caspase 3 positiva (%). Resultados A análise morfométrica do rim contralateral nos tempos 30, 60 e 90 minutos de isquemia mostrou que a média da área marcada por Caspase 3 foi estatisticamente superior à média do rim isquêmico nos dois grupos: artéria renal clampeada (A) e artéria e veia renais clampeadas (AV). Comparando o rim isquêmico e contralateral nos dois tipos de clampeamento, não houve diferença estatisticamente significante da área marcada por Caspase 3. Conclusões No modelo experimental de isquemia renal unilateral, o rim não isquêmico apresentou dano celular, demonstrado pela expressão da Caspase 3 de forma aguda em decorrência da isquemia contralateral. O tipo de clampeamento do hilo não parece ter influência sobre o volume de área marcada por Caspase 3.

Abstract Background Studies have demonstrated with histological analysis and Doppler flow measurement analysis that unilateral renal ischemia, which is performed in some surgeries, interfered with the contralateral kidney, identifying the phenomenon of kidney-kidney crosstalk. Objectives To identify the effects on the ischemic and contralateral kidney of renal ischemia induced by two types of clamping technique by analyzing the volume of kidney cells positive for Caspase 3. Methods Sixteen pigs were divided into 2 groups, as follows: A (n = 8) - clamping of left renal artery only and AV (n = 8) - clamping of left renal artery and vein. Immunohistochemical analyses (anti Caspase 3) were conducted with biopsy specimens collected from the ischemic and contralateral kidney at 0, 30, 60, and 90 minutes of ischemia and morphometric analysis was performed, taking the mean to represent the volume of the Caspase 3 positive area (%). Results Morphometric analysis of specimens collected at 30, 60, and 90 minutes of ischemia showed that the mean area marked for Caspase 3 was statistically larger in the contralateral kidney than the ischemic kidney in both groups: clamped renal artery (A) and clamped renal artery and vein (AV). Comparing the ischemic and contralateral kidney, there was no statistically significant difference in the area marked for Caspase 3 between the two types of clamping. Conclusions In the experimental model of unilateral renal ischemia, the non-ischemic kidney exhibited cell damage, demonstrated by Caspase 3 expression. The type of hilum clamping does not appear to influence the area marked for Caspase 3.

Animals , Renal Circulation , Ischemia , Swine , Intervention Studies , Apoptosis , Constriction , Caspase 3
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879856


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of delayed cord clamping (DCC) versus umbilical cord milking (UCM) on cerebral blood flow in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#This was a single-center, prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. A total of 46 preterm infants, with a gestational age of 30-33@*RESULTS@#A total of 21 preterm infants in the DCC group and 23 in the UCM group were included in the statistical analysis. There was no significant difference in PSV, EDV, and RI between the two groups at all time points after birth (@*CONCLUSIONS@#DCC and UCM have a similar effect on cerebral hemodynamics in preterm infants with a gestational age of 30-33

Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Constriction , Hemodynamics , Infant, Premature , Prospective Studies , Umbilical Cord
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922070


Based on the principle of magnetic anastomosis technique, the design of magnetic anastomosis system for endoscopic tissue clamping is proposed. The system includes a semi-ring magnet, a special structure transparent cap and a detachable push rod. With the help of the existing digestive endoscopy and endoscopic tissue gripper, the endoscopic close clamping and anastomosis of the bleeding or perforated tissue can be completed. After the anastomosis, the magnet falls off and is discharged through the digestive tract. Animal experiments showed that the system was easy to use, the fistula was clamped firmly, the magnet was discharged for 7~21 days, and there was no magnet retention and digestive tract obstruction. Further safety verification, optimization of endoscopic operation, the system can be used in clinical trial.

Animals , Anastomosis, Surgical , Constriction , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Magnetics , Magnets
Biol. Res ; 53: 36, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131882


BACKGROUND: To investigate the thalamic neurotransmitters and functional connections in the development of chronic constriction injury (CCI)-induced neuropathic pain. METHODS: The paw withdrawal threshold was measured by mechanical stimulation the right hind paw with the von frey hair in the rats of CCI-induced neuropathic pain. The N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and Glutamate (Glu) in thalamus were detected by magnetic resonance spectrum (MRS) process. The thalamic functional connectivity with other brain regions was scanned by functional magnetic resonance image (fMRI). RESULTS: The paw withdrawal threshold of the ipsilateral side showed a noticeable decline during the pathological process. Increased concentrations of Glu and decreased levels of NAA in the thalamus were significantly correlated with mechanical allodynia in the neuropathic pain states. The thalamic regional homogeneity (ReHo) decreased during the process of neuropathic pain. The functional connectivity among the thalamus with the insula and somatosensory cortex were significantly increased at different time points (7, 14, 21 days) after CCI surgery. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that dynamic changes in thalamic NAA and Glu levels contribute to the thalamic functional connection hyper-excitation during CCI-induced neuropathic pain. Enhanced thalamus-insula functional connection might have a significant effect on the occurrence of neuropathic pain.

Animals , Rats , Thalamus/metabolism , Wounds and Injuries/physiopathology , Neurotransmitter Agents/metabolism , Neuralgia , Thalamus/physiopathology , Aspartic Acid/analogs & derivatives , Aspartic Acid/metabolism , Glutamic Acid/metabolism , Constriction , Hyperalgesia
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(4): e1555, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152633


ABSTRACT Background: Laparoscopic liver resection is performed worldwide. Hemorrhage is a major complication and bleeding control during hepatotomy is an important concern. Pringle maneuver remains the standard inflow occlusion technique. Aim: Describe an extracorporeal, efficient, fast, cheap and reproducible way to execute the Pringle maneuver in laparoscopic surgery, using a chest tube. Methods: From January 2014 to March 2020, our team performed 398 hepatectomies, 63 by laparoscopy. We systematically encircle the hepatoduodenal ligament and prepare a tourniquet to perform Pringle maneuver. In laparoscopy, we use a 24 Fr chest tube, which is inserted in the abdominal cavity through a small incision. We thread the cotton tape through the tube, pulling it out through the external end, outside the abdomen. To perform the tourniquet, we just need to push the tube as we hold the tape, clamping both with one forceps. Results: The 24 Fr chest tube is firm and works perfectly to occlude blood inflow as the cotton band is tightened. It has an internal diameter of 5,5 mm, sufficient for a laparoscopic grasper pass through it to catch the cotton band, and an external diameter of 8 mm, which allows to be inserted in the abdomen through a tiny incision. The cost of this tube and the cotton band is less than US$ 1. No complications related to the method were identified in our patients. Conclusions: The extracorporeal Pringle maneuver presented here is a safe, cheap and reproducible method, that can be used for bleeding control in laparoscopic liver surgery.

RESUMO Racional: Ressecções hepáticas laparoscópicas são realizadas em todo mundo. A hemorragia é complicação grave e o controle do sangramento durante a hepatotomia é preocupação importante. A manobra de Pringle continua sendo a técnica padrão de oclusão do influxo sanguíneo. Objetivo: Descrever uma maneira eficiente, rápida, barata e reproduzível de executar a manobra de Pringle extracorpórea, em operação laparoscópica, utilizando um dreno de tórax. Métodos: De janeiro/2014 a março/2020, realizamos 398 hepatectomias, 63 por laparoscopia. Nós sistematicamente laçamos o ligamento hepatoduodenal e preparamos um torniquete para a manobra de Pringle. Na laparoscopia, usamos um dreno de tórax 24 Fr, inserido na cavidade abdominal através de uma pequena incisão. Passamos a fita de algodão através do tubo, puxando-a pela extremidade externa, fora do abdome. Para apertar o torniquete, basta pressionar o tubo enquanto seguramos a fita, prendendo ambos com uma pinça. Resultados: O dreno de tórax 24 Fr é firme e funciona perfeitamente para ocluir influxo de sangue, à medida que apertamos o torniquete. Tem diâmetro interno de 5,5 mm, suficiente para passar uma pinça laparoscópica e puxar a fita de algodão, e um diâmetro externo de 8 mm, permitindo a inserção no abdome através de uma pequena incisão. O custo do tubo e fita é inferior a US$ 1, valor insignificante. Não foram identificadas complicações relacionadas ao método em nossos pacientes. Conclusões: A manobra extracorpórea de Pringle apresentada aqui é método seguro, barato e reproduzível, que pode ser utilizado para o controle do sangramento em hepatectomias laparoscópicas.

Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Abdominal Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Constriction
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(5): e9255, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098115


The neurochemical mechanisms underlying neuropathic pain (NP) are related to peripheral and central sensitization caused by the release of inflammatory mediators in the peripheral damaged tissue and ectopic discharges from the injured nerve, leading to a hyperexcitable state of spinal dorsal horn neurons. The aim of this work was to clarify the role played by cyclooxygenase (COX) in the lesioned peripheral nerve in the development and maintenance of NP by evaluating at which moment the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin, a non-selective COX inhibitor, attenuated mechanical allodynia after placing one loose ligature around the nervus ischiadicus, an adaptation of Bennett and Xie's model in rodents. NP was induced in male Wistar rats by subjecting them to chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the nervus ischiadicus, placing one loose ligature around the peripheral nerve, and a sham surgery (without CCI) was used as control. Indomethacin (2 mg/kg) or vehicle was intraperitoneally and acutely administered in each group of rats and at different time windows (1, 2, 4, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days) after the CCI or sham surgical procedures, followed by von Frey's test for 30 min. The data showed that indomethacin decreased the mechanical allodynia threshold of rats on the first, second, and fourth days after CCI (P<0.05). These findings suggested that inflammatory mechanisms are involved in the induction of NP and that COX-1 and COX-2 are involved in the induction but not in the maintenance of NP.

Animals , Male , Rats , Sciatic Nerve/injuries , Pain Measurement , Indomethacin/administration & dosage , Neuralgia/drug therapy , Rats, Wistar , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Pain Threshold , Constriction , Disease Models, Animal , Neuralgia/etiology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828900


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of different materials for partial sciatic nerve ligation on glial cell activation in the spinal cord in a rat model of chronic constriction injury (CCI).@*METHODS@#SD rats were randomly divided into the sham group (=15), silk suture CCI group (=15) and chromic catgut CCI group (=14). The mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) of the rats were detected at 3, 7, 11 and 15 days after the operation. The changes in the sciatic nerve, the activation of spinal cord glial cells and the expression of inflammatory factors were observed using Western blotting and RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#At 3 to 15 days after the surgery, MWT and TWL of the rats were significantly lower in silk suture group and chromic catgut group than in the control group ( < 0.05), and was significantly lower in chromic catgut group than in the silk suture group ( < 0.05) at 3 days after the surgery. The results of sciatic nerve myelin staining showed that the sciatic nerve was damaged and demyelinated in both the ligation groups. The expressions of CD11b, GFAP, IL-1β and TNF-α in the two ligation groups were similar and all significantly higher than those in the control group ( < 0.05). IL-6 mRNA level was significantly higher in chromic catgut group than in the silk suture group ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CCI models established by partial sciatic nerve ligation with silk suture and chromic catgut all show glial activation, and the inflammatory response is stronger in chromic catgut group.

Animals , Rats , Constriction , Neuroglia , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sciatic Nerve , Spinal Cord
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(4): 208-213, dez. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1146780


Objetivo: identificar e sintetizar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre o clampeamento do cordão umbilical, e seus resultados evidenciados pela prática. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura sistematizada em seis etapas, utilizando as bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE e IBECS e descritores próprios. O período selecionado foi de 2012 a 2018. Resultados: Foram identificados 119 estudos, com uma amostra final composta por 10 estudos selecionados para atender o objetivo proposto. Os estudos apontaram benefícios em relação ao clampeamento tardio do cordão umbilical quando comparado ao clampeamento imediato, tanto em curto prazo, quanto a logo prazo. Conclusão: O clampeamento tardio do cordão umbilical é uma intenção segura de baixo custo e eficaz, e que deve ser incentivada e apoiada no cenário do nascimento. (AU)

Objective: To identify and synthesize the evidence available in literature on umbilical cord clamping, and its results evidenced by practice. Method: Integrative review systematized of literature by six steps using the databases LILACS, MEDLINE e IBECS and own descriptors. Results: Found 119 studs, with a final sample consisting of 10 studies selected to meet the propsed objective. Studies have shown benefits over delayed cord clamping compared to immediate cord clamping. Conclusion: Delayed cord clamping it´s a feature effective and cost effective and should be encouraged and supported. (AU)

Objetivo: identificar y sintetizar la evidencia disponible en la literatura sobre el pinzamiento del cordón umbilical, y sus resultados evidenciados por la práctica. Metodo: Revisión integral sistematizada de la literatura, em seis passos, utilizando las bases de datos LILACS, MEDLINE e IBECS y sus descriptores. Resultados: Se encontraram 119 estudios, con uma muestra final que consta 10 estudios seleccionados para cumplir el objetivo propuesto. Los estudios han demostrado beneficios sobre el pinzamiento tardío del cordón umbilical en comparación con el pinzamiento inmediato. Conclusión: El pinzamento tardio del cordón umbilical es uma intención segura, económica y efectiva que debe fomentarse y apoyarse em el parto. (AU)

Constriction , Umbilical Cord , Parturition
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(4): 754-762, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019881


ABSTRACT Purpose This study aimed to study morphological and renal structural changes in relation to different ischemic times and types of renal vascular pedicle clamping. Methods Sixteen pigs were divided into two groups (n = 8): Group AV - unilateral clamping of the renal artery and vein and Group A - unilateral clamping of the renal artery only, both with the contralateral kidney used as control. Serial biopsies were performed at 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, and 90 minutes after clamping. Results there is a correlation between the occurrence of renal damage as a function of time (p <0.001), with a higher frequency of Group A lesions for cellular alterations (vascular congestion and edema, interstitial inflammatory infiltrate, interstitial hemorrhage and cell degeneration), with the exception of in the formation of pigmented cylinders that were evidenced only in the AV Group. Conclusion the number of lesions derived from ischemia is associated with the duration of the insult, there is a significant difference between the types of clamping, and the AV Group presented a lower frequency of injuries than Group A. The safety time found for Group A was 10 minutes and for Group AV 20 minutes.

Animals , Female , Renal Artery/pathology , Renal Veins/pathology , Ischemia/pathology , Kidney/blood supply , Kidney/pathology , Nephrectomy/methods , Reference Values , Swine , Time Factors , Biopsy , Reproducibility of Results , Constriction
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 23(1): e20180147, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-975239


Abstract Objective: To identify clinical and laboratory variables associated with mortality outcome in the post-operative pediatric cardiac surgery. Method: Descriptive, retrospective study carried out in three reference centers in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, from the collection in 120 medical reports of children with Congenital Heart Disease undergoing surgery. Data were analyzed by using central tendency measures and association tests between variables and mortality. p < 0.05 was considered. Results: We observed the mortality outcome in 10 (7.2%) of the children after analyzing all medical records. The dialysis and extracorporeal circulation times, aortic and surgical clamping variables were associated with mortality outcome (p < 0.05). Conclusion and Implications for practice: The identification of these variables is a major factor for the control of the main post-operative complications, allowing the recognition of subtle clinical alterations requiring attention and immediate intervention with consequent reduction of mortality.

Resumen Objetivo: Identificar las variables clínicas y de laboratorio asociadas con lo desfecho mortalidad en el post-operatório de cirugía cardíaca pediátrica. Método: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, realizado en tres centros de referencia del estado de Rio de Janeiro a partir de la recolección de datos en 120 prontuarios de niños portadores de cardiopatía congénita, sometidos a cirugía. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando medidas de tendencia central y pruebas de asociación entre variables y mortalidad. Se consideró p < 0,05. Resultados: Lo desfecho mortalidad fue observada en 10 (7,2%) niños, del total de prontuarios analizados. Las variables diálisis y los tiempos de circulación extracorpórea, engrape aórtico y quirúrgico, presentaron asociación con lo desfecho mortalidad (p < 0,05). Conclusión e Implicaciones para la práctica: La identificación de esas variables configura factor preponderante para el control de las principales complicaciones derivadas del post-operatorio, posibilitando el reconocimiento de alteraciones clínicas sutiles exigiendo atención e intervención inmediata con consecuente reducción de la mortalidad.

Resumo Objetivo: Identificar as variáveis clínicas e laboratoriais associadas ao desfecho mortalidade no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca pediátrica. Método: Estudo descritivo, retrospectivo realizado em três centros de referência no estado do Rio de Janeiro a partir da coleta em 120 prontuários de crianças portadoras de cardiopatia congênita, submetidos a cirurgia. Os dados foram analisados utilizando-se medidas de tendência central e testes de associação entre as variáveis e mortalidade. Considerou-se p < 0,05. Resultados: Do total de prontuários analisados, o desfecho mortalidade foi observado em 10 (7,2%) das crianças. As variáveis diálise e os tempos de circulação extracorpórea, clampeamento aórtico e cirúrgico apresentaram associação com a mortalidade (p < 0,05). Conclusão e Implicações para a prática: A identificação dessas variáveis configura fator preponderante para o controle das principais complicações decorrentes do pós-operatório, possibilitando o reconhecimento de alterações clínicas sutis exigindo atenção e intervenção imediata com consequente redução da mortalidade.

Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/mortality , Postoperative Period , Health Profile , Biomarkers , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Constriction , Child Mortality , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719292


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate and compare the changes in the pharyngeal airway (PA), maxillary sinus volume, and skeletal parameters after rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and alternate rapid maxillary expansion and constriction (Alt-RAMEC) followed by facemask (FM) therapy. METHODS: The records of 40 patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion due to maxillary retrognathism were collected, and the patients were assigned into two groups. The first group comprised 8 male and 12 female patients (mean age, 10.0 ± 1.1 years) treated using RME/FM for an average of 10 months. The second group comprised 10 male and 10 female patients (mean age, 9.64 ± 1.3 years) treated using Alt-RAMEC/FM for an average of 12 months. Cone-beam computed tomography images acquired before (T0) and after treatment (T1) were evaluated. RESULTS: Regarding the skeletal effects, significant differences between the groups were the increase in ANS-HRP (perpendicular distance of ANS to the horizontal reference plane, 0.99 mm, p <0.05) in the Alt-RAMEC/FM group and the decrease in PP-SN (palatal plane to Sella-Nasion plane, 0.93°, p < 0.05) in the RME/FM group. Maxillary sinus volumes increased significantly in both the groups, and the increase was statistically significantly higher in the Alt-RAMEC/FM group. Although no significant intergroup differences were observed in PA volumes, both lower (1,011.19 mm3) and total (1,601.21 mm3), PA volume increased significantly in the Alt-RAMEC/FM group. CONCLUSIONS: The different expansion devices and protocols used with FM therapy do not seem to affect the forward movement of the maxilla and PA volumes. In contrast, the increase in maxillary sinus volume was greater in the Alt-RAMEC/FM protocol.

Female , Humans , Male , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Constriction , Malocclusion , Maxilla , Maxillary Sinus , Palatal Expansion Technique , Retrognathia , Retrospective Studies
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719291


In this report, we describe a case involving a 34-year-old woman who showed good treatment outcomes with long-term stability after multidisciplinary treatment for unilateral cleft lip and palate (CLP), maxillary hypoplasia, severe maxillary arch constriction, severe occlusal collapse, and gingival recession. A comprehensive treatment approach was developed with maximum consideration of strong scar constriction and gingival recession; it included minimum maxillary arch expansion, maxillary advancement by distraction osteogenesis using an internal distraction device, and mandibular setback using sagittal split ramus osteotomy. Her post-treatment records demonstrated a balanced facial profile and occlusion with improved facial symmetry. The patient's profile was dramatically improved, with reduced upper lip retrusion and lower lip protrusion as a result of the maxillary advancement and mandibular setback, respectively. Although gingival recession showed a slight increase, tooth mobility was within the normal physiological range. No tooth hyperesthesia was observed after treatment. There was negligible osseous relapse, and the occlusion remained stable after 5 years of post-treatment retention. Our findings suggest that such multidisciplinary approaches for the treatment of CLP with gingival recession and occlusal collapse help in improving occlusion and facial esthetics without the need for prostheses such as dental implants or bridges; in addition, the results show long-term post-treatment stability.

Adult , Female , Humans , Cicatrix , Cleft Lip , Constriction , Dental Implants , Esthetics , Gingival Recession , Hyperesthesia , Lip , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Osteotomy, Sagittal Split Ramus , Palatal Expansion Technique , Palate , Prostheses and Implants , Recurrence , Tooth , Tooth Mobility
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776524


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of ginsenoside-Rg on mechanical allodynia, heat hyperalgeia, depressive state of rats with chronic sciatic nerve constriction injury.@*METHODS@#Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: blank control group (Normal, normal + saline),sham operation group (Sham, sham operation + saline),chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve group (CCI, CCI + saline),ginsenoside-Rg low dose group (CCI + Rg 5 mg/kg), and ginsenoside-Rg high dose group (CCI + Rg 10 mg/kg).After the CCI model was established,drug were injected into the abdominal cavity through the syringe once a day,for 14 consecutive days.The mechanical shrinkage foot reflex threshold (MWT) and thermal withdrawal latency(TWL) were determined at 1 d before the operation and at 1,3,5,7,10 and 14 d after the operation.Light-dark transition test, forced swimming test were determined at 1 d before the operation and at 14 d after the operation.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham group, the MWL and TWL of the CCI rats were decreased significantly (P<0.01), time in the light compartment and number of transition were decreased (P<0.01), the immobility time in FST was also prolonged significantly (P<0.01). At 14 days after CCI operation, the MWL and TWL of the ginsenoside-Rg groups were increased significantly (P<0.01), time in the light compartment and number of transition were also shortened significantly (P<0.01), the immobility time in FST was also shortened significantly (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Intraperitoneal injection of ginsenoside-Rg can inhibit the mechanical and thermal pain sensitivity of CCI rats,and can relieve depressive state.

Animals , Rats , Constriction , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Hot Temperature , Hyperalgesia , Drug Therapy , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sciatic Nerve , Wounds and Injuries
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 516-528, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763776


We have previously demonstrated that the neurosteroid dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) induces functional potentiation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors via increases in phosphorylation of NMDA receptor GluN1 subunit (pGluN1). However, the modulatory mechanisms responsible for the expression of the DHEA-synthesizing enzyme, cytochrome P450c17 following peripheral nerve injury have yet to be examined. Here we determined whether oxidative stress induced by the spinal activation of nitric oxide synthase type II (NOS-II) modulates the expression of P450c17 and whether this process contributes to the development of neuropathic pain in rats. Chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve induced a significant increase in the expression of NOS-II in microglial cells and NO levels in the lumbar spinal cord dorsal horn at postoperative day 5. Intrathecal administration of the NOS-II inhibitor, L-NIL during the induction phase of neuropathic pain (postoperative days 0~5) significantly reduced the CCI-induced development of mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia. Sciatic nerve injury increased the expression of PKC- and PKA-dependent pGluN1 as well as the mRNA and protein levels of P450c17 in the spinal cord at postoperative day 5, and these increases were suppressed by repeated administration of L-NIL. Co-administration of DHEAS together with L-NIL restored the development of neuropathic pain and pGluN1 that were originally inhibited by L-NIL administration alone. Collectively these results provide strong support for the hypothesis that activation of NOS-II increases the mRNA and protein levels of P450c17 in the spinal cord, ultimately leading to the development of central sensitization and neuropathic pain induced by peripheral nerve injury.

Animals , Rats , Central Nervous System Sensitization , Constriction , Cytochromes , Dehydroepiandrosterone , Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate , Hyperalgesia , N-Methylaspartate , Neuralgia , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Nitric Oxide , Oxidative Stress , Peripheral Nerve Injuries , Phosphorylation , RNA, Messenger , Rodentia , Sciatic Nerve , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn