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2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922070

ABSTRACT

Based on the principle of magnetic anastomosis technique, the design of magnetic anastomosis system for endoscopic tissue clamping is proposed. The system includes a semi-ring magnet, a special structure transparent cap and a detachable push rod. With the help of the existing digestive endoscopy and endoscopic tissue gripper, the endoscopic close clamping and anastomosis of the bleeding or perforated tissue can be completed. After the anastomosis, the magnet falls off and is discharged through the digestive tract. Animal experiments showed that the system was easy to use, the fistula was clamped firmly, the magnet was discharged for 7~21 days, and there was no magnet retention and digestive tract obstruction. Further safety verification, optimization of endoscopic operation, the system can be used in clinical trial.


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical , Animals , Constriction , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Magnetics , Magnets
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879856

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of delayed cord clamping (DCC) versus umbilical cord milking (UCM) on cerebral blood flow in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#This was a single-center, prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. A total of 46 preterm infants, with a gestational age of 30-33@*RESULTS@#A total of 21 preterm infants in the DCC group and 23 in the UCM group were included in the statistical analysis. There was no significant difference in PSV, EDV, and RI between the two groups at all time points after birth (@*CONCLUSIONS@#DCC and UCM have a similar effect on cerebral hemodynamics in preterm infants with a gestational age of 30-33


Subject(s)
Constriction , Hemodynamics , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Prospective Studies , Umbilical Cord
4.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(4): 208-213, dez. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1146780

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar e sintetizar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre o clampeamento do cordão umbilical, e seus resultados evidenciados pela prática. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura sistematizada em seis etapas, utilizando as bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE e IBECS e descritores próprios. O período selecionado foi de 2012 a 2018. Resultados: Foram identificados 119 estudos, com uma amostra final composta por 10 estudos selecionados para atender o objetivo proposto. Os estudos apontaram benefícios em relação ao clampeamento tardio do cordão umbilical quando comparado ao clampeamento imediato, tanto em curto prazo, quanto a logo prazo. Conclusão: O clampeamento tardio do cordão umbilical é uma intenção segura de baixo custo e eficaz, e que deve ser incentivada e apoiada no cenário do nascimento. (AU)


Objective: To identify and synthesize the evidence available in literature on umbilical cord clamping, and its results evidenced by practice. Method: Integrative review systematized of literature by six steps using the databases LILACS, MEDLINE e IBECS and own descriptors. Results: Found 119 studs, with a final sample consisting of 10 studies selected to meet the propsed objective. Studies have shown benefits over delayed cord clamping compared to immediate cord clamping. Conclusion: Delayed cord clamping it´s a feature effective and cost effective and should be encouraged and supported. (AU)


Objetivo: identificar y sintetizar la evidencia disponible en la literatura sobre el pinzamiento del cordón umbilical, y sus resultados evidenciados por la práctica. Metodo: Revisión integral sistematizada de la literatura, em seis passos, utilizando las bases de datos LILACS, MEDLINE e IBECS y sus descriptores. Resultados: Se encontraram 119 estudios, con uma muestra final que consta 10 estudios seleccionados para cumplir el objetivo propuesto. Los estudios han demostrado beneficios sobre el pinzamiento tardío del cordón umbilical en comparación con el pinzamiento inmediato. Conclusión: El pinzamento tardio del cordón umbilical es uma intención segura, económica y efectiva que debe fomentarse y apoyarse em el parto. (AU)


Subject(s)
Constriction , Umbilical Cord , Parturition
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828900

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of different materials for partial sciatic nerve ligation on glial cell activation in the spinal cord in a rat model of chronic constriction injury (CCI).@*METHODS@#SD rats were randomly divided into the sham group (=15), silk suture CCI group (=15) and chromic catgut CCI group (=14). The mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) of the rats were detected at 3, 7, 11 and 15 days after the operation. The changes in the sciatic nerve, the activation of spinal cord glial cells and the expression of inflammatory factors were observed using Western blotting and RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#At 3 to 15 days after the surgery, MWT and TWL of the rats were significantly lower in silk suture group and chromic catgut group than in the control group ( < 0.05), and was significantly lower in chromic catgut group than in the silk suture group ( < 0.05) at 3 days after the surgery. The results of sciatic nerve myelin staining showed that the sciatic nerve was damaged and demyelinated in both the ligation groups. The expressions of CD11b, GFAP, IL-1β and TNF-α in the two ligation groups were similar and all significantly higher than those in the control group ( < 0.05). IL-6 mRNA level was significantly higher in chromic catgut group than in the silk suture group ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CCI models established by partial sciatic nerve ligation with silk suture and chromic catgut all show glial activation, and the inflammatory response is stronger in chromic catgut group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Constriction , Neuroglia , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sciatic Nerve , Spinal Cord
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(5): e9255, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098115

ABSTRACT

The neurochemical mechanisms underlying neuropathic pain (NP) are related to peripheral and central sensitization caused by the release of inflammatory mediators in the peripheral damaged tissue and ectopic discharges from the injured nerve, leading to a hyperexcitable state of spinal dorsal horn neurons. The aim of this work was to clarify the role played by cyclooxygenase (COX) in the lesioned peripheral nerve in the development and maintenance of NP by evaluating at which moment the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin, a non-selective COX inhibitor, attenuated mechanical allodynia after placing one loose ligature around the nervus ischiadicus, an adaptation of Bennett and Xie's model in rodents. NP was induced in male Wistar rats by subjecting them to chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the nervus ischiadicus, placing one loose ligature around the peripheral nerve, and a sham surgery (without CCI) was used as control. Indomethacin (2 mg/kg) or vehicle was intraperitoneally and acutely administered in each group of rats and at different time windows (1, 2, 4, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days) after the CCI or sham surgical procedures, followed by von Frey's test for 30 min. The data showed that indomethacin decreased the mechanical allodynia threshold of rats on the first, second, and fourth days after CCI (P<0.05). These findings suggested that inflammatory mechanisms are involved in the induction of NP and that COX-1 and COX-2 are involved in the induction but not in the maintenance of NP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Sciatic Nerve/injuries , Pain Measurement , Indomethacin/administration & dosage , Neuralgia/drug therapy , Rats, Wistar , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Pain Threshold , Constriction , Disease Models, Animal , Neuralgia/etiology
8.
Biol. Res ; 53: 36, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131882

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To investigate the thalamic neurotransmitters and functional connections in the development of chronic constriction injury (CCI)-induced neuropathic pain. METHODS: The paw withdrawal threshold was measured by mechanical stimulation the right hind paw with the von frey hair in the rats of CCI-induced neuropathic pain. The N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and Glutamate (Glu) in thalamus were detected by magnetic resonance spectrum (MRS) process. The thalamic functional connectivity with other brain regions was scanned by functional magnetic resonance image (fMRI). RESULTS: The paw withdrawal threshold of the ipsilateral side showed a noticeable decline during the pathological process. Increased concentrations of Glu and decreased levels of NAA in the thalamus were significantly correlated with mechanical allodynia in the neuropathic pain states. The thalamic regional homogeneity (ReHo) decreased during the process of neuropathic pain. The functional connectivity among the thalamus with the insula and somatosensory cortex were significantly increased at different time points (7, 14, 21 days) after CCI surgery. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that dynamic changes in thalamic NAA and Glu levels contribute to the thalamic functional connection hyper-excitation during CCI-induced neuropathic pain. Enhanced thalamus-insula functional connection might have a significant effect on the occurrence of neuropathic pain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Thalamus/metabolism , Wounds and Injuries/physiopathology , Neurotransmitter Agents/metabolism , Neuralgia , Thalamus/physiopathology , Aspartic Acid/analogs & derivatives , Aspartic Acid/metabolism , Glutamic Acid/metabolism , Constriction , Hyperalgesia
9.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(4): e1555, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152633

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Laparoscopic liver resection is performed worldwide. Hemorrhage is a major complication and bleeding control during hepatotomy is an important concern. Pringle maneuver remains the standard inflow occlusion technique. Aim: Describe an extracorporeal, efficient, fast, cheap and reproducible way to execute the Pringle maneuver in laparoscopic surgery, using a chest tube. Methods: From January 2014 to March 2020, our team performed 398 hepatectomies, 63 by laparoscopy. We systematically encircle the hepatoduodenal ligament and prepare a tourniquet to perform Pringle maneuver. In laparoscopy, we use a 24 Fr chest tube, which is inserted in the abdominal cavity through a small incision. We thread the cotton tape through the tube, pulling it out through the external end, outside the abdomen. To perform the tourniquet, we just need to push the tube as we hold the tape, clamping both with one forceps. Results: The 24 Fr chest tube is firm and works perfectly to occlude blood inflow as the cotton band is tightened. It has an internal diameter of 5,5 mm, sufficient for a laparoscopic grasper pass through it to catch the cotton band, and an external diameter of 8 mm, which allows to be inserted in the abdomen through a tiny incision. The cost of this tube and the cotton band is less than US$ 1. No complications related to the method were identified in our patients. Conclusions: The extracorporeal Pringle maneuver presented here is a safe, cheap and reproducible method, that can be used for bleeding control in laparoscopic liver surgery.


RESUMO Racional: Ressecções hepáticas laparoscópicas são realizadas em todo mundo. A hemorragia é complicação grave e o controle do sangramento durante a hepatotomia é preocupação importante. A manobra de Pringle continua sendo a técnica padrão de oclusão do influxo sanguíneo. Objetivo: Descrever uma maneira eficiente, rápida, barata e reproduzível de executar a manobra de Pringle extracorpórea, em operação laparoscópica, utilizando um dreno de tórax. Métodos: De janeiro/2014 a março/2020, realizamos 398 hepatectomias, 63 por laparoscopia. Nós sistematicamente laçamos o ligamento hepatoduodenal e preparamos um torniquete para a manobra de Pringle. Na laparoscopia, usamos um dreno de tórax 24 Fr, inserido na cavidade abdominal através de uma pequena incisão. Passamos a fita de algodão através do tubo, puxando-a pela extremidade externa, fora do abdome. Para apertar o torniquete, basta pressionar o tubo enquanto seguramos a fita, prendendo ambos com uma pinça. Resultados: O dreno de tórax 24 Fr é firme e funciona perfeitamente para ocluir influxo de sangue, à medida que apertamos o torniquete. Tem diâmetro interno de 5,5 mm, suficiente para passar uma pinça laparoscópica e puxar a fita de algodão, e um diâmetro externo de 8 mm, permitindo a inserção no abdome através de uma pequena incisão. O custo do tubo e fita é inferior a US$ 1, valor insignificante. Não foram identificadas complicações relacionadas ao método em nossos pacientes. Conclusões: A manobra extracorpórea de Pringle apresentada aqui é método seguro, barato e reproduzível, que pode ser utilizado para o controle do sangramento em hepatectomias laparoscópicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Abdominal Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Constriction
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(4): 754-762, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019881

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose This study aimed to study morphological and renal structural changes in relation to different ischemic times and types of renal vascular pedicle clamping. Methods Sixteen pigs were divided into two groups (n = 8): Group AV - unilateral clamping of the renal artery and vein and Group A - unilateral clamping of the renal artery only, both with the contralateral kidney used as control. Serial biopsies were performed at 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, and 90 minutes after clamping. Results there is a correlation between the occurrence of renal damage as a function of time (p <0.001), with a higher frequency of Group A lesions for cellular alterations (vascular congestion and edema, interstitial inflammatory infiltrate, interstitial hemorrhage and cell degeneration), with the exception of in the formation of pigmented cylinders that were evidenced only in the AV Group. Conclusion the number of lesions derived from ischemia is associated with the duration of the insult, there is a significant difference between the types of clamping, and the AV Group presented a lower frequency of injuries than Group A. The safety time found for Group A was 10 minutes and for Group AV 20 minutes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Renal Artery/pathology , Renal Veins/pathology , Ischemia/pathology , Kidney/blood supply , Kidney/pathology , Nephrectomy/methods , Reference Values , Swine , Time Factors , Biopsy , Reproducibility of Results , Constriction
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(5): e201900501, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010875

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To analyze the effects of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) in the expression of apoptosis-related genes in rat small intestine subjected to ischemia and reperfusion. Methods: Thirty anesthetized rats underwent laparotomy and were drive into five groups: control (CG); ischemia (IG); ischemia and reperfusion (IRG); IPC and ischemia (IG+IPC); IPC and ischemia and reperfusion (I/RG+IPC). Intestinal ischemia was performed by clamping the superior mesenteric artery for 60 minutes, whereas reperfusion lasted for 120 minutes. IPC was carried out by one cycle of 5 minutes of ischemia followed by 10 minutes of reperfusion prior to the prolonged 60-minutes-ischemia and 120-minutes-reperfusion. Thereafter, the rats were euthanized and samples of small intestine were processed for histology and gene expression. Results: Histology of myenteric plexus showed a higher presence of neurons presenting pyknotic nuclei and condensed chromatin in the IG and IRG. IG+IPC and I/RG+IPC groups exhibited neurons with preserved volume and nuclei, along with significant up-regulation of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl2l1 and down-regulation of pro-apoptotic genes. Moreover, Bax/Bcl2 ratio was lower in the groups subjected to IPC, indicating a protective effect of IPC against apoptosis. Conclusion: Ischemic preconditioning protect rat small intestine against ischemia/reperfusion injury, reducing morphologic lesions and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Apoptosis/genetics , Ischemic Preconditioning/methods , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/analysis , Jejunum/blood supply , Jejunum/pathology , Reference Values , Random Allocation , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Constriction , Endothelial Cells/pathology , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mesenteric Ischemia/genetics , Mesenteric Ischemia/pathology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate and compare the changes in the pharyngeal airway (PA), maxillary sinus volume, and skeletal parameters after rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and alternate rapid maxillary expansion and constriction (Alt-RAMEC) followed by facemask (FM) therapy. METHODS: The records of 40 patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion due to maxillary retrognathism were collected, and the patients were assigned into two groups. The first group comprised 8 male and 12 female patients (mean age, 10.0 ± 1.1 years) treated using RME/FM for an average of 10 months. The second group comprised 10 male and 10 female patients (mean age, 9.64 ± 1.3 years) treated using Alt-RAMEC/FM for an average of 12 months. Cone-beam computed tomography images acquired before (T0) and after treatment (T1) were evaluated. RESULTS: Regarding the skeletal effects, significant differences between the groups were the increase in ANS-HRP (perpendicular distance of ANS to the horizontal reference plane, 0.99 mm, p <0.05) in the Alt-RAMEC/FM group and the decrease in PP-SN (palatal plane to Sella-Nasion plane, 0.93°, p < 0.05) in the RME/FM group. Maxillary sinus volumes increased significantly in both the groups, and the increase was statistically significantly higher in the Alt-RAMEC/FM group. Although no significant intergroup differences were observed in PA volumes, both lower (1,011.19 mm3) and total (1,601.21 mm3), PA volume increased significantly in the Alt-RAMEC/FM group. CONCLUSIONS: The different expansion devices and protocols used with FM therapy do not seem to affect the forward movement of the maxilla and PA volumes. In contrast, the increase in maxillary sinus volume was greater in the Alt-RAMEC/FM protocol.


Subject(s)
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Constriction , Female , Humans , Male , Malocclusion , Maxilla , Maxillary Sinus , Palatal Expansion Technique , Retrognathia , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719291

ABSTRACT

In this report, we describe a case involving a 34-year-old woman who showed good treatment outcomes with long-term stability after multidisciplinary treatment for unilateral cleft lip and palate (CLP), maxillary hypoplasia, severe maxillary arch constriction, severe occlusal collapse, and gingival recession. A comprehensive treatment approach was developed with maximum consideration of strong scar constriction and gingival recession; it included minimum maxillary arch expansion, maxillary advancement by distraction osteogenesis using an internal distraction device, and mandibular setback using sagittal split ramus osteotomy. Her post-treatment records demonstrated a balanced facial profile and occlusion with improved facial symmetry. The patient's profile was dramatically improved, with reduced upper lip retrusion and lower lip protrusion as a result of the maxillary advancement and mandibular setback, respectively. Although gingival recession showed a slight increase, tooth mobility was within the normal physiological range. No tooth hyperesthesia was observed after treatment. There was negligible osseous relapse, and the occlusion remained stable after 5 years of post-treatment retention. Our findings suggest that such multidisciplinary approaches for the treatment of CLP with gingival recession and occlusal collapse help in improving occlusion and facial esthetics without the need for prostheses such as dental implants or bridges; in addition, the results show long-term post-treatment stability.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cicatrix , Cleft Lip , Constriction , Dental Implants , Esthetics , Female , Gingival Recession , Humans , Hyperesthesia , Lip , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Osteotomy, Sagittal Split Ramus , Palatal Expansion Technique , Palate , Prostheses and Implants , Recurrence , Tooth , Tooth Mobility
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766836

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the changes in anterior chamber depth (ACD) and refractive error after combined phacovitrectomy with posterior capsulotomy using a vitrectomy probe. METHODS: In 20 eyes of 20 patients who underwent combined phacovitrectomy with posterior capsulotomy using a vitrectomy probe, the ACD was measured with Scheimpflug imaging (Pentacam®, OCULUS Optikgeräte GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany) preoperatively and postoperatively. We compared the preoperative desired refraction and postoperative refraction using an autokeratorefractometor. RESULTS: The preoperative ACD was 2.58 ± 0.248 mm; the ACD significantly increased in 1 month postoperatively to 3.65 ± 0.475 mm (p < 0.001), and it was maintained as 3.70 ± 0.452 mm (p = 0.213) at 3 months postoperatively. The preoperative target spherical equivalent was −0.60 ± 0.809 diopters (D). Myopic shifting was noticed at 1 month postoperatively as −1.45 ± 1.252 D, and it changed between 1 month and 3 months postoperatively (−1.48 ± 1.235 D at 3 months postoperatively was not statistically significant). There was no increased intraocular pressure or intraocular lens-related complication. CONCLUSIONS: Phacovitrectomy with posterior capsulotomy using a vitrectomy probe might be a useful way to stabilize the axial position of an intraocular lens without constriction of the capsular bag. However, using this procedure, the surgeon must consider the possibility of myopic shifting in the postoperative refractive error.


Subject(s)
Anterior Chamber , Constriction , Humans , Intraocular Pressure , Lenses, Intraocular , Posterior Capsulotomy , Refractive Errors , Vitrectomy
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766768

ABSTRACT

In brain death state, bilateral pupil light reflexes are disappeared, and pupils are fixed with dilated. However, spontaneous movements such as ocular microtremor or bilateral cyclical constriction-dilatation of pupils have been rarely reported in brain death patients. We present a brain death patient whose right pupil displayed spontaneously repetitive constriction and dilatation regardless of external stimuli such as light and pain. Early recognition of this phenomenon may prohibit the delay in the diagnosis of brain death and organ transplantation.


Subject(s)
Brain Death , Brain , Coma , Constriction , Diagnosis , Dilatation , Humans , Organ Transplantation , Pupil , Reflex , Transplants
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763021

ABSTRACT

There is accumulating evidence that microRNAs are emerging as pivotal regulators in the development and progression of neuropathic pain. MicroRNA-15a/16 (miR-15a/16) have been reported to play an important role in various diseases and inflammation response processes. However, whether miR-15a/16 participates in the regulation of neuroinflammation and neuropathic pain development remains unknown. In this study, we established a mouse model of neuropathic pain by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerves. Our results showed that both miR-15a and miR-16 expression was significantly upregulated in the spinal cord of CCI rats. Downregulation of the expression of miR-15a and miR-16 by intrathecal injection of a specific inhibitor significantly attenuated the mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia of CCI rats. Furthermore, inhibition of miR-15a and miR-16 downregulated the expression of interleukin-1β and tumor-necrosis factor-α in the spinal cord of CCI rats. Bioinformatic analysis predicted that G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2), an important regulator in neuropathic pain and inflammation, was a potential target gene of miR-15a and miR-16. Inhibition of miR-15a and miR-16 markedly increased the expression of GRK2 while downregulating the activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and NF-κB in CCI rats. Notably, the silencing of GRK2 significantly reversed the inhibitory effects of miR-15a/16 inhibition in neuropathic pain. In conclusion, our results suggest that inhibition of miR-15a/16 expression alleviates neuropathic pain development by targeting GRK2. These findings provide novel insights into the molecular pathogenesis of neuropathic pain and suggest potential therapeutic targets for preventing neuropathic pain development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Computational Biology , Constriction , Down-Regulation , Hyperalgesia , Inflammation , Injections, Spinal , Mice , MicroRNAs , Neuralgia , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Phosphotransferases , Protein Kinases , Rats , Sciatic Nerve , Spinal Cord , Up-Regulation
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762814

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the safety of one-per-mil tumescent injections into viable skin flaps that had survived an ischemic insult, in order to assess the potential suitability of one-per-mil tumescent injections in future secondary reconstructive procedures such as flap revision and refinements after replantation. METHODS: Forty groin flaps harvested from 20 healthy Wistar rats weighing 220 to 270 g were subjected to acute ischemia by clamping the pedicle for 15 minutes. All flaps showing total survival on the 7th postoperative day were randomly divided into group A (one-per-mil tumescent infiltration; n=14), group B (normal saline infiltration; n=13), and group C (control, with no infiltration; n=13) before being re-elevated. Transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcPO₂) was measured before and after infiltration, and changes in TcPO₂ were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance, the paired t-test, and the independent t-test. The viability of flaps was also assessed using the Analyzing Digital Images software at 7 days after the second elevation. RESULTS: Thirty-nine flaps survived to the final assessment, with the sole exception of a flap from group A that did not survive the first elevation. TcPO₂ readings showed significant decreases (P<0.05) following both one-per-mil tumescent (99.9±5.7 mmHg vs. 37.2±6.3 mmHg) and normal saline (103±8.5 mmHg vs. 48.7±5.9 mmHg) infiltration. Moreover, all groin flaps survived with no signs of tissue necrosis. CONCLUSIONS: One-per-mil tumescent infiltration into groin flap tissue that had survived ischemia did not result in tissue necrosis, although the flaps experienced a significant decrease of cutaneous oxygenation.


Subject(s)
Constriction , Epinephrine , Groin , Hand Injuries , Ischemia , Necrosis , Oxygen , Rats, Wistar , Reading , Reperfusion Injury , Replantation , Skin , Vasoconstriction
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762688

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Colon perfusion status is one of the most important factors for the determination of postoperative anastomotic complications. Colonic hypoperfusion can be induced by inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) ligation in some patients. This study aimed to evaluate atherosclerotic risk assessment and vascular parameters of CT angiography as predictors of colonic hypoperfusion. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at a tertiary referral hospital and included 46 rectosigmoid colon cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic anterior resection between August 2013 to July 2014. Atherosclerotic risk scores were assessed using the Framingham cardiovascular risk score system. The IMA length, branching pattern, atherosclerotic calcification, and intermesenteric artery and mesenteric vascular diameters were evaluated using CT angiography. Mesenteric marginal artery pressures were measured before and after IMA clamping. The mean arterial pressure (MAP) index was calculated by dividing the mesenteric marginal MAP into the systemic MAP to determine the mesenteric hypoperfusion status after IMA clamping. A critically low MAP index was defined as <0.4. RESULTS: Critically low MAP index (<0.4) was observed in 6 cases (13.0%) after IMA clamping. Atherosclerotic calcification of the IMA and superior mesenteric artery occurred in 11 (23.9%) and 5 patients (10.9%), respectively. Low MAP index was associated with high atherosclerotic risk score and short IMA length, rather than atherosclerotic calcification and other vascular parameters of the major mesenteric arteries. Multivariate analysis indicated that high atherosclerotic risk and short IMA length were independent predictors of critically low MAP index. CONCLUSION: Atherosclerotic risk assessment and IMA length were useful predictors of the mesenteric hypoperfusion status following IMA ligation during laparoscopic rectosigmoid colon surgery.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Arterial Pressure , Arteries , Atherosclerosis , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Constriction , Humans , Ligation , Mesenteric Arteries , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Multivariate Analysis , Perfusion , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Tertiary Care Centers
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762019

ABSTRACT

Supra-celiac aortic cross clamping is often utilized during aortic reconstruction for aneurysmal/occlusive disease involving the pararenal aorta. However, this may be accompanied a myriad of complications related to hemodynamic disturbances, cardiopulmonary compromise and hepatic ischemia. Supra-mesenteric aortic cross clamping may be an excellent option in selected patients with suitable anatomy to minimize or avoid these complications. Herein, the merits of and technical tips for supra-mesenteric aortic cross clamping are discussed.


Subject(s)
Aorta , Celiac Artery , Constriction , Hemodynamics , Humans , Ischemia , Mesenteric Artery, Superior
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