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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e45752, jan.-dez. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1117683

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: estimar a prevalência do uso do preservativo e os fatores associados em trabalhadores da construção civil. Método: estudo transversal, analítico, com 370 trabalhadores da grande João Pessoa, Paraíba. Considerou como variável de desfecho o uso do preservativo na última relação sexual. Utilizou-se questionário estruturado. Análise de regressão logística bivariada e múltipla foi utilizada para identificar associação entre as variáveis sociodemográficas e o uso do preservativo. Resultados: a maioria dos participantes é do sexo masculino, adultos jovens, casados e com baixa escolaridade. A prevalência estimada de uso do preservativo foi de 23,5% (IC 95%: 19,2% - 27,8%). Indivíduos com menos de 39 anos possuem 1,82 vezes mais chances de usar o preservativo e ser casado diminui (RC=0,26) as chances de uso. Conclusão: há baixa prevalência de uso do preservativo em trabalhadores da construção civil. A prevenção combinada é uma alternativa para controle das infecções transmissíveis, sendo o preservativo o principal coadjuvante.


Objective: to estimate the prevalence of condom use and the associated factors in construction workers. Method: in this crosssectional, analytical study with 370 workers from greater João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil, the outcome variable was condom use at last sexual intercourse. A structured questionnaire was used. Bivariate and multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify associations between sociodemographic variables and condom use. Results: most participants were young, male adults, married and with little education. Estimated prevalence of condom use was 23.5% (95% CI; 19.2% - 27.8%). Individuals under 39 years old were found to be 1.82 times more likely to use condoms than individuals aged 40 years or older (OR = 1.82; 95% CI), while being married reduced the likelihood (OR = 0.26). Conclusion: prevalence of condom use is low among construction workers. Combined prevention is one option for controlling communicable diseases, with condoms as the main support.


Objetivo: estimar la prevalencia del uso de condón y los factores asociados en trabajadores de la construcción. Método: en este estudio transversal y analítico con 370 trabajadores del área metropolitana de João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil, la variable de resultado fue el uso de condón en la última relación sexual. Se utilizó un cuestionario estructurado y análisis de regresión logística bivariada y múltiple para identificar asociaciones entre las variables sociodemográficas y el uso del condón. Resultados: la mayoría de los participantes fueron jóvenes, varones adultos, casados y con poca educación. La prevalencia estimada del uso de condones fue del 23,5% (IC del 95%; 19,2% - 27,8%). Se encontró que las personas menores de 39 años tenían 1,82 veces más probabilidades de usar condones que las personas de 40 años o más (OR = 1,82; IC del 95%), mientras que estar casado redujo la probabilidad (OR = 0,26). Conclusión: la prevalencia del uso de condones es baja entre los trabajadores de la construcción. La prevención combinada es una opción para controlar las enfermedades transmisibles, con el condón como principal apoyo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Sexual Behavior/statistics & numerical data , Occupational Health , Condoms/statistics & numerical data , Unsafe Sex/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Construction Industry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disease Prevention , Correlation of Data , Occupational Health Nursing
3.
Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander, Salud ; 51(4): 329-332, oct.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1092263

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: There is a higher occurrence of injuries on the first working days of the week, and between 13:00 and 17:00 hours. An association between some special dates and changes in the occurrence of deaths or diseases have been described in different countries and regions. Our hypothesis was that completing contractual obligations with a company may become triggers that increase the occurrence of occupational injuries. Methods: Injury records were analyzed and consolidated monthly payroll reports (from January 2012 to September 2013) for personnel operations who worked in companies that were involved in a megaproject to build a road in Colombia. This analysis reports a possible association between dates of financially important contractual milestones and a higher occurrence of occupational injuries. One-tailed binomial tests were used to compare the occurrence of injuries one and two months before and one month after four deadlines, corresponding to 14, 3, 1 and 1% of the overall budget, respectively. Results: The highest occurrence of injuries was observed during the month before the deadline corresponding to 14% of the budget (p=0.07). Discussion: Contractual milestones could act as distal determinant whereas human errors are proximal determinants of injuries.


Resumen Introducción: Hay una mayor incidencia de lesiones en los primeros días hábiles de la semana, y entre las 13:00 y las 17:00 horas. Se ha descrito una asociación entre algunas fechas especiales y cambios en la ocurrencia de muertes o enfermedades en diferentes países y regiones. Nuestra hipótesis fue que el cumplimiento de las obligaciones contractuales de una empresa puede convertirse en un desencadenante que aumenta la ocurrencia de lesiones laborales. Métodos: Nosotros analizamos los registros de lesiones e informes de nómina mensuales consolidados (de enero de 2012 a septiembre de 2013) para el personal que trabajaba en empresas que participaron en un megaproyecto para construir una carretera en Colombia. Este análisis informa una posible asociación entre las fechas de hitos contractuales financieramente importantes y una mayor ocurrencia de lesiones laborales. Pruebas binomiales de una cola se usaron para comparar la ocurrencia de lesiones uno y dos meses antes vs un mes después de cuatro fechas límite, correspondientes al 14, 3, 1 y 1% del presupuesto general, respectivamente. Resultados: La mayor incidencia de lesiones se observó durante el mes anterior a la fecha límite correspondiente al 14% del presupuesto (p=0,07). Discusión: Los hitos contractuales podrían actuar como determinantes distales, mientras que los errores humanos son determinantes proximales de las lesiones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Health , Safety , Time , Wounds and Injuries , Construction Industry
4.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(3): 780-784, abr.-maio 2019.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-987575

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study's purpose has been to assess the nurses' role regarding both the risks and vulnerabilities faced by civil construction workers. Methods: It is a literature systematic review, which was carried out over the years of 2014 and 2015 and based on the analysis of scientific articles contained in online databases. The selection of articles was performed through the following keywords: civil construction, work accident, and occupational health nurse. There were used 15 articles that addressed the occupational risks of civil construction. Results: It is the nurse's role to act towards preventive actions capable of minimizing the occupational hazards that construction workers are constantly exposed. Conclusion: The nursing professional must provide nursing care capable of promoting the health of workers, as well as, reducing the rates of work accidents in the civil construction field


Objetivo: Objetivou-se analisar o papel do enfermeiro acerca dos riscos e vulnerabilidades dos trabalhadores da construção civil. Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura, realizada durante os anos de 2014 e 2015 a partir da análise de artigos científicos contidos em bases de dados on-line. A seleção dos artigos foi realizada através das seguintes palavras-chave: construção civil, acidente de trabalho, enfermeiro do trabalho. Foram utilizados 15 artigos que tratavam sobre os riscos ocupacionais da construção civil. Resultados: É papel do enfermeiro atuar no desenvolvimento de ações preventivas capazes de minimizarem os riscos ocupacionais que os trabalhadores da construção civil estão expostos. Conclusão: É premente que o enfermeiro desenvolva uma assistência de enfermagem capaz de promover a saúde dos trabalhadores e reduzir os índices de acidentes de trabalho da construção civil


Objetivo: El objetivo era analizar el papel de las enfermeras sobre los riesgos y vulnerabilidades de los trabajadores de la construcción. Métodos: Revisión bibliográfica sistemática, llevada a cabo durante los años 2014 y 2015 en base al análisis de artículos científicos contenidos en las bases de datos en línea. La selección de artículos se ha realizado mediante las siguientes palabras clave: construcción, accidentes industriales, enfermera ocupacional. Utilizaron 15 artículos que tratan sobre los riesgos laborales de la construcción. Resultados: Es el papel de las enfermeras trabajan en el desarrollo de acciones preventivas que pueden minimizar los riesgos laborales que los trabajadores de la construcción están expuestos. Conclusión: Es urgente que las enfermeras desarrollan una atención de enfermería que promueve la salud de los trabajadores y reducir las tasas de accidentes de trabajo de construcción


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Occupational Risks , Construction Industry , Occupational Health Nursing , Occupational Health , Occupational Health Services
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(2): 147-156, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1001140

ABSTRACT

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Occupational dermatoses are common, especially contact dermatitis. Epidemiological studies on these dermatoses are scarce in Brazil and they are necessary as part of the public policy to protect workers' health. OBJECTIVES: To identify sociodemographic and clinical profile of patients with occupational contact dermatitis seen between 2000 and 2014 at an occupational dermatology service. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional and retrospective study, based on information obtained from the service's database. RESULTS: Of 560 patients with conclusive patch test, 289 (46.9%) presented occupational dermatoses and 213 occupational contact dermatitis with predominance of the allergic type in relation to the irritative type (149:64 respectively). The odds of occupational dermatoses were higher among men and lower among patients aged 50 years or older and with higher level of education. Regarding the possibility of presenting occupational allergic contact dermatitis, only the gender variable was statistically significant. The professions most seen were cleaners, construction workers, painters, mechanics/metallurgists and cooks. The commonest allergens were nickel sulfate, potassium dichromate, cobalt chloride, carba-mix and formaldehyde. STUDY LIMITATIONS: The main limitations of this study are the fact that it was carried out in a tertiary service of occupational dermatoses and the lack of access to some allergens outside the patch test baseline series. CONCLUSIONS: It was possible to identify the sociodemographic and clinical profile of patients with suspected occupational contact dermatitis seen at the Service, beyond the professional groups and allergens related to a high risk of occupational contact dermatitis in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Occupational Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/epidemiology , Dermatitis, Occupational/epidemiology , Potassium Dichromate/adverse effects , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Patch Tests/statistics & numerical data , Caustics/adverse effects , Construction Industry , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Age Factors , Dermatitis, Irritant/etiology , Dermatitis, Irritant/epidemiology , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Dermatitis, Occupational/etiology , Educational Status , Hand Dermatoses/chemically induced , Hand Dermatoses/epidemiology , Irritants/adverse effects , Nickel/adverse effects
6.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-762569

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the construction industry, maintaining health and safety of workers often challenging. Among the workers at construction sites, painters are at particular risk of respiratory diseases and neurotoxicity. However, in Korea there is weak enforcement of workers' health and safety practices in the construction industry in Korea. Poisonings frequently occur at (semi)closed construction sites. In this study, we report a case of acute organic solvent poisoning during construction site painting. CASE PRESENTATION: A 71-year-old man was found unconscious at a construction site and immediately transferred to the emergency room. The consciousness level was 'stupor state' and the body temperature was hypothermic, at 32 degrees (Celsius). There were no acute brain or cardiac lesions that would have accounted for the faintness. In addition, blood and urine tests did not indicate a cause of loss of consciousness. He had been painting epoxy to waterproof the basement floor before fainting. According to exposure simulation, the patient was overexposed to various organic solvents, such as approximately 316–624 ppm toluene during the work before fainting. Considering the ventilation status of the workplace and the status of no protection, it is considered that exposure through the respiratory tract was considerable. CONCLUSIONS: The patient in this case lost consciousness during the epoxy coating in a semi-enclosed space. It can be judged as a result of acute poisoning caused by organic solvent exposure and considered to be highly related to work environment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Body Temperature , Brain , Consciousness , Construction Industry , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Korea , Occupational Diseases , Paint , Paintings , Poisoning , Respiratory System , Solvents , Syncope , Toluene , Unconsciousness , Ventilation
7.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(2): e00130816, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-952377

ABSTRACT

A construção de grandes obras pressupõe o funcionamento de um sistema de atividade (SA) complexo em forma de rede. As anomalias como acidentes, atrasos, retrabalho etc., podem ser explicadas pela existência de contradições que surgem historicamente neste sistema. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a história da construção de um aeroporto para entender quais são, e como surgiram, as contradições atuais e anomalias desse SA. Para isso, foi realizado estudo de caso, combinando a Análise Coletiva do Trabalho, entrevistas, observações e análise de documentos que embasaram as sessões do Laboratório de Mudanças, nas quais elaborou-se, de modo participativo, uma linha do tempo sobre os principais eventos ocorridos na obra. Com base na linha do tempo, foi realizada uma análise histórica do SA do aeroporto, evidenciando os eventos históricos críticos e as contradições que explicavam as anomalias que aconteceram na obra. A análise mostrou que o aeroporto foi planejado para ser construído em um tempo determinado politicamente, insuficiente e incompatível com a sua complexidade. A escolha da modalidade de contrato, que definiu a junta construtiva como a responsável por todas as fases da obra, foi outro evento histórico crítico porque permitiu iniciar a obra sem um projeto executivo definitivo. Além disso, havia diferentes culturas de empresas trabalhando juntas pela primeira vez em um contexto de trabalho com pressão temporal e terceirização de atividades sem a coordenação necessária. Identificar essas contradições e suas origens históricas mostrou-se essencial na compreensão da situação atual e na busca da prevenção de situações semelhantes no futuro.


La construcción de grandes obras presupone el funcionamiento de un sistema de actividad complejo en forma de red. Las anomalías como accidentes, atrasos, trabajos repetidos etc. se pueden explicar por la existencia de contradicciones que surgen históricamente en este sistema. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la historia de la construcción de un aeropuerto para entender cuáles son, y cómo surgieron, las contradicciones actuales y anomalías en este sistema de actividad. Para tal efecto, se realizó un estudio de caso, combinando el Análisis Colectivo de Trabajo, entrevistas, observaciones y análisis de documentos en las que se basaron las sesiones del Laboratorio de Cambios, con las que se elaboró, de manera participativa, una línea del tiempo sobre los principales hitos ocurridos en la obra. Basándose en la línea del tiempo, se realizó un análisis histórico del sistema de actividad del aeropuerto, evidenciando los hitos históricos críticos y las contradicciones que explicaban las anomalías que se produjeron en la obra. El análisis expuso que el aeropuerto se planeó para que fuera construido en un tiempo determinado políticamente, insuficiente e incompatible con su complejidad. La elección de la modalidad de contrato, que fue definido por la junta constructiva como el responsable de todas las fases de la obra, fue otro hito histórico crítico, porque permitió iniciar la obra sin un proyecto ejecutivo definitivo. Además, existían diferentes culturas de empresa trabajando juntas por primera vez en un contexto de trabajo con presión temporal y tercerización de actividades sin la coordinación necesaria. Identificar estas contradicciones y sus orígenes históricos fue esencial para la comprensión de la situación actual y la búsqueda de mecanismos de prevención de situaciones semejantes en el futuro.


Large construction projects involve the functioning of a complex activity system (AS) in network format. Anomalies such as accidents, delays, reworks, etc., can be explained by contradictions that emerge historically in the system. The aim of this study was to analyze the history of an airport construction project to understand the current contradictions and anomalies in the AS and how they emerged. A case study was conducted for this purpose, combining Collective Work Analysis, interviews, observations, and analysis of documents that provided the basis for sessions in the Change Laboratory, where a participant timeline was elaborated with the principal events during the construction project. Based on the timeline, a historical analysis of the airport's AS revealed critical historical events and contradictions that explained the anomalies that occurred during the project. The analysis showed that the airport had been planned for construction with politically determined deadlines that were insufficient and inconsistent with the project's complexity. The choice of the contract modality, which assigned responsibility to a joint venture for all of the project's phases, was another critical historical event, because it allowed launching the construction before a definitive executive project had been drafted. There were also different cultures in companies working together for the first time in the context of a project with time pressures and outsourcing of activities without the necessary coordination. Identifying these contradictions and their historical origins proved essential for understanding the current situation and efforts to prevent similar situations in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Accidents, Occupational/prevention & control , Construction Industry , Facility Design and Construction , Airports , Brazil , Anthropology, Cultural
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-739033

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to understand the present status of the work performance of the construction industry health managers and the developmental direction for the construction industry health management. METHODS: The subjects of this study were 149 health managers working in the construction industry. Data of a total of 130 participants were analyzed by excluding the missing data among field workers. The contents of the survey were the characteristics of the workplace, the difficulties and requirements of health management, and the level of job performance. RESULTS: The factors affecting measuring work environment task were age, number of workers, number of safety managers, and lack of support from the headquarters. The factors affecting managing work environment and physicochemical harmful factors were age, type of contract and conflicting business opinions. The factors affecting implementing health examination were age, type of contract, and number of safety managers. The factors affecting healthcare were age, type of contract, number of safety manager, presence of healthcare room, and conflicting business opinions. CONCLUSION: It is necessary to provide practical guidance and practical resources, and education for strengthening capacity. The support for business owners and managers support is needed.


Subject(s)
Commerce , Construction Industry , Delivery of Health Care , Education , Health Personnel , Humans , Work Performance
9.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-713297

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Since the Republic of Korea became a labor-force-importing country, the number of foreign workers has increased gradually, especially in the construction industry. The main objective of this study was to examine the differences in safety perception between domestic and foreign workers at Korean construction sites. METHODS: A total of 891 Korean and foreign workers were surveyed: 140 foreign and 751 Korean workers. The general characteristics and 25 factors influencing safety perception were considered in the questionnaire. Regression and correlation analyses were conducted to examine the variables of workers' safety perception. RESULTS: Differences of nationality (F = 7.379, p < 0.001) and workplace accidents were statistically significant for both domestic (F = 1.503, p < 0.05) and foreign workers (F = 7.868, p < 0.05). In contrast, age, education, and Korean language level were significant variables only for foreign workers. Correlation coefficients of 0.428** for Korean and 0.148 for foreign workers between two items e namely, "management's commitment to safety" and "blaming staff when they make mistakes" e support the conclusion that foreign workers do not trust management's commitment to safety, while Korean workers have confidence in these commitments. CONCLUSION: Foreign workers' level of safety perception should rise to the same level as Korean workers, especially in terms of obeying safety rules, safety education performance, and safety beliefs. Therefore, an improvement plan for the Korean construction industry is suggested in order to have a better safety level at construction sites with foreign workers.


Subject(s)
Construction Industry , Education , Ethnic Groups , Humans , Republic of Korea
10.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-777654

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Study of antioxidant vitamin consumption behavior, especially in high-risk groups with high exposure to toxic metals to reduce metal toxicity, is emphasized. This study aims to examine the structural relationships between knowledge, protection motivation theory constructs, and vitamin E and C consumption behavior among cement factory workers.@*METHODS@#Protection motivation theory and food frequency questionnaires were completed by 420 factory workers. Data were subjected to structural equation modeling to examine associations between knowledge, protection motivation theory constructs, and vitamin E and C consumption behavior. Efficacy of current recommended models was also explored.@*RESULTS@#Structural equation modeling showed high explained variance within the constructs of protection motivation theory for vitamin E and C consumption behavior and intention (56-76%). The overall fit of the structural models was acceptable for both vitamin E and C behavior. Knowledge, self-efficacy, response efficacy, and perceived vulnerability predicted intention, which in turn predicted vitamin consumption behavior. Significant relationships between knowledge and self-efficacy, response efficacy, perceived vulnerability, and perceived severity were also found, while self-efficacy and response efficacy showed significant relationships with vitamin E and C consumption behavior.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Considering that response efficacy, self-efficacy, and intention showed as strong predictors of vitamin E and C consumption behavior, specific attention should be paid to coping appraisals and intention when designing intervention plans. Additionally, establishing the predicting role of knowledge for protection motivation theory constructs and protective behaviors should be integrated into intervention programs.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ascorbic Acid , Construction Industry , Eating , Health Behavior , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Intention , Male , Motivation , Self Efficacy , Vitamin E
11.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 184-191, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-714879

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Due to an increasing number of workers aged 50 years and above, the number of those employed is also on the rise, and those workers aged 50 and over has exceeded 50% of the total fatal occupational injuries. Therefore, it is necessary to implement the selection and concentration by identifying the characteristics of high-risk groups necessary for an effective prevention against and reduction of fatal occupational injuries. METHODS: This study analyzed the characteristics of high-risk groups and the occupational injury fatality rate per 10,000 workers among the workers aged 50 and over through a multi-dimensional analysis by sex, employment status of workers, industry and occupation by targeting 4,079 persons who died in fatal occupational injuries from January 2007 to December 12. RESULTS: The share of the workers aged 50 years and above is increasing every year in the total fatal occupational injuries occurrence, and the high-risk groups include 'male workers' by sex, ‘daily workers’ by worker’s status, ‘craft and related-trades workers’ by occupation, and ‘mining’ by industry. CONCLUSION: The most frequent causal objects of fatal occupational injuries of the workers aged 50 years and above are found out to be ‘installment and dismantlement of temporary equipment and material on work platforms including scaffold’ in the construction industry and ‘mobile crane, conveyor belt and fork lifts’ in the manufacturing industry.


Subject(s)
Construction Industry , Employment , Humans , Occupational Injuries , Occupations
12.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 17(1): 46-64, jan.-abr. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-915595

ABSTRACT

Este artigo teve como objetivo explorar características de validade do Inventário do Significado do Trabalho (IST), bem como explorar a relação dos tipos de significados e as variáveis sócio-ocupacionais. Para tanto, aplicamos o IST a 402 trabalhadores do setor de edificações em duas capitais do Nordeste brasileiro. Analisamos as respostas dos participantes com a técnica Smallest Space Analisys (SSA). Obtivemos cinco tipos de atributos valorativos e sete de atributos descritivos do trabalho, que se revelaram associados à idade, ao tempo de trabalho em edificações e ao tempo de trabalho no emprego atual. (AU)


This article aims to explore characteristics of validity to the Work Meaning Inventory (WMI), and to investigate the relationship of the types of meanings and socio-occupational variables. We applied the WMI to 402 workers in the building sector in two capitals for Brazilian Northeast. We used Smallest Space Analysis (SSA) to analyze the participants' answers. We found five types of values attributes and seven types of descriptive attributes of the work, which proved to be associated to the age, the working time in construction and the employment time in current job. (AU)


Este artículo tiene como objetivo explorar las características de validez Inventario del Significado del Trabajo (IST) y explorar la relación de los tipos de significados y las variables socio-ocupacionales. Por lo tanto, se aplica el IST de sector de la construcción 402 trabajadores en dos capitales del Nordeste brasileño. Analizamos las tareas pendientes con la técnica más pequeño espacio Análisis (SSA). Se obtuvieron cinco tipos de atributo-tos apreciados y siete atributos descriptivos de la obra, que resultó estar asociada con la edad, el tiempo de trabajo en los edificios y el tiempo en la corriente empleo y el trabajo. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Construction Industry , Employment , Work , Buildings
13.
Mundo saúde (Impr.) ; 41(2): [154-162], abr. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-972999

ABSTRACT

A fim de estimar a gravidade da doença cardiovascular, foram criados os chamados escores de riscos para a análisee identificação dos fatores de riscos sendo aprimorados consideravelmente por estudos a cada ano. As doençascardiovasculares são as doenças com maior causa de mortalidade e incapacidade no Brasil. O estudo de Framingham(1948) até hoje responde pela maioria dos marcadores de risco para o desenvolvimento das cardiopatias, sendo o escoreescolhido para esta pesquisa. A saúde do trabalhador é um marco na conquista dos operários brasileiros e a construçãocivil é responsável por uma parte relativamente grande de empregos das camadas com menor poder aquisitivo, exercendoatividades pesadas que demandem maior gasto energético e com, teoricamente, maiores marcadores para os riscos dedesenvolver doenças cardiovasculares, além de que os estudos com esta classe trabalhadora são raros. Considerandoos fatos relatados, esta pesquisa teve como objetivo identificar os fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento das doençasarteriais coronarianas nos trabalhadores da construção civil, na cidade de Manaus - Amazonas/Brasil. Conhecer operfil epidemiológico da classe e contribuir de forma positiva para a prevenção das mesmas. O estudo foi realizadono mês de janeiro do ano de 2016 durante cinco dias divididos entre o canteiro de obras e o setor administrativo daempresa participante totalizando 50 trabalhadores. A maioria do sexo masculino e classificados segundo o escoreutilizado em baixo risco, contudo os escores de risco não apresentam uma precisão satisfatória na predição de eventoscardiovasculares, podendo evoluir para o aparecimento da doença em alguns anos


In In order to estimate the severity of cardiovascular disease, so-called risk scores for the analysis and identification ofrisk factors have been created and improved considerably by studies each year. Cardiovascular diseases are the maincause of mortality and disability in Brazil. The Framingham study (1948) to date is responsible for most of the risk markersfor the development of heart diseases, and their score was chosen for this research. Workers’ health is a milestone inthe conquest of Brazilian workers, and civil construction is responsible for a relatively large portion of the jobs of thelower purchasing power sectors, carrying out heavy activities that demand greater energy expenditure and, theoretically,higher risk markers of developing cardiovascular diseases, and studies with this working class are rare. Consideringthe facts reported, this research aimed to identify the risk factors for the development of coronary artery diseases inconstruction workers, in the city of Manaus - Amazonas / Brazil, in order to know the epidemiological profile of the classand to contribute positively to the prevention of the same. The study was carried out in January of the year 2016 overfive days, the participants were divided between the construction site and the administrative sector of the participatingcompany, totaling 50 workers. A majority were males and were classified according to the low risk score, but the riskscores were not satisfactory in the prediction of cardiovascular events, and may evolve to the onset of the disease insome years


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases , Risk Factors , Occupational Groups , Construction Industry , Heart Diseases , Atherosclerosis
14.
Fractal rev. psicol ; 29(1): 9-16, jan.-abr. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-840624

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este trabalho propõe-se discutir o potencial da Economia Solidária para o campo da saúde do trabalhador. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa que teve como objetivo analisar as vivências de prazer e sofrimento no trabalho de operários da construção civil inseridos em um empreendimento de Economia Solidária. Foram utilizados como procedimentos e técnicas de pesquisa a observação, questionário e grupo focal. A análise das informações foi embasada na perspectiva teórica da Psicodinâmica do Trabalho. Os resultados apontam para a prevalência de vivências de prazer no contexto trabalho estudado, relacionadas à presença dos princípios da Economia Solidária e do cooperativismo. Contudo, emergem também vivências de sofrimento, especialmente relacionadas aos riscos do trabalho e aos danos físicos ocasionados por esse. Assim, antigos problemas do setor da construção civil se reproduzem nesse contexto, como a presença de acidentes de trabalho, recusa no uso de EPIs e estratégias defensivas para negar os riscos.(AU)


Abstract This study proposes to discuss the potential of the Solidarity Economy to the occupational health field. This is a qualitative research that aimed to analyze the experiences of pleasure and pain at work of construction workers inserted in a venture of Solidarity Economy. Observation, questionnaire and focus group were used as research techniques and procedures. The analysis of information was based on the theoretical perspective of Work Psychodynamic. The results point to the prevalence of experiences of pleasure in the studied work context, related to the presence of the principles of solidarity economy and cooperativism. However, distress experiences also emerge, especially related to the risks of the job and the physical damage caused by that. Thus old problems of the construction industry are reproduced in this context, as the presence of accidents at work, refusals to wear the PPE (personal protective equipment) and defensive strategies to negate the risks.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Construction Industry , Occupational Health , Work
15.
São Paulo; s.n; 2017. 106 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-875077

ABSTRACT

sta dissertação focou na análise do sistema de gerenciamento de transporte e destinação dos RCC gerados na cidade de São Paulo e na elaboração de uma descrição funcional para um programa tutorial futuro que possibilite a aproximação dos usuários geradores de RCC às soluções mais adequadas de coleta, transporte e destinação fornecidas pelo município. Para tanto, foram coletados dados das empresas de transporte e receptoras de RCC e foi feito o mapeamento destas na região metropolitana de São Paulo. Foram analisadas as informações disponibilizadas pelo poder público quanto ao seu acesso e à participação dos usuários no processo, assim como o papel do Estado, não só como agente fiscalizador, mas também como motivador e educador. A infraestrutura do sistema de transporte e destinação dos RCC foi avaliada e o fluxograma do processo foi montado, considerando essa análise e a sequência de fluxos. O fluxo delineado demonstra vários caminhos em consequência das quantidades geradas de RCC e das suas classes, que determinam os tipos de transporte e os locais de destinação. Quanto às informações disponibilizadas pela prefeitura, as mesmas não são adequadas, pois seu acesso não está claro nos sites oficiais e faltam elementos que facilitem a compreensão dos usuários geradores para a integração efetiva no processo


This dissertation has focused on the analysis of the management system of transport and destination of RCCs generated in the city of São Paulo and on the elaboration of a functional description for a future tutorial program that will allow an approximation of the RCC generating users to more adequate solutions for collection, transport and destination offered by the municipality. For this purpose, data were collected from the RCC transport and receiver companies and a mapping of the metropolitan region of São Paulo was made. The information provided by the public authority was analyzed as to its access and the participation of users in the process, as well as the role of the State both as a fiscal agent and as a motivator and educator. The infrastructure of RCC transport and destination system was evaluated and the flowchart of the process was created considering this analysis and the sequence of flows. The outlined flow demonstrates several paths as a result of the quantities of RCC generated and of their classes, which determines the types of transport and the locations of destination. The information made available by the town hall is not adequate though, because its access is not clear on the official sites and the elements that facilitate the understanding of the generating users for an effective integration in the process are missing


Subject(s)
Construction Industry , Infrastructure , Municipal Management , Solid Waste Collection , Solid Waste Transport , Waste Management , City Planning , Environment Design , Environmental Management , Workflow
16.
São Paulo; s.n; 2017. 131 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-875738

ABSTRACT

A presença de contaminação por substâncias perigosas no solo e na água subterrânea acarreta inúmeros problemas, tais como: risco à saúde humana e aos ecossistemas; comprometimento da água para abastecimento público; e redução do valor econômico e da função social do terreno. Embora as tecnologias de remediação sejam aplicadas para resolver problemas ambientais e de saúde pública, estas também podem gerar externalidades ambientais negativas como consumo de energia e recursos naturais; desequilíbrio do ciclo da água; erosão do solo; e emissão de gases de efeito estufa. Tendo em vista a recente ocorrência com áreas contaminadas na Universidade de São Paulo (USP) o presente trabalho visou elaborar um plano de gestão sustentável para uma dessas áreas localizada no campus USP da Capital, contribuindo com o Programa de Políticas Ambientais, sob coordenação da Superintendência de Gestão Ambiental da USP. A metodologia de pesquisa foi baseada em revisão bibliográfica sobre remediação sustentável e construção sustentável e em a análise qualitativa das ações, práticas e lições aprendidas de casos bem sucedidos de gestão das áreas contaminadas com elementos sustentáveis como subsídio para elaboração do plano. A partir da caracterização de quatro áreas contaminadas existentes no campus USP da Capital, foi selecionada a área da USP Leste para estudo de caso para promover o uso de práticas sustentáveis em campus universitário, de tal forma que proteja a saúde humana e minimize os impactos ambientais adversos. Com o intuito de buscar melhorias à gestão do campus, por meio da inserção da sustentabilidade na gestão da contaminação da USP Leste, a elaboração do plano de gestão sustentável considerou as especificidades locais nas práticas sustentáveis a serem implementadas, conforme as necessidades e diretrizes da USP. As soluções propostas incluíram a combinação do planejamento das fases de investigação e remediação com o design da construção de edifícios, que possam trazer benefícios ambientais, econômicos e sociais a todas as partes interessadas, tais como redução de custos a longo prazo relacionados à redução do consumo de energia e eletricidade pela implantação de sistemas de energia renováveis para fornecimento de energia elétrica ao sistemas de ventilação de metano


The presence of contamination by hazardous substances in soil and groundwater causes numerous problems, such as risk to human health and ecosystems; water impairment as drinking water; and reduced economic value and social function of the land. Although remediation technologies solve environmental and public health issues, they can also generate negative environmental externalities such as energy and natural resources consumption; imbalance of water cycle; soil erosion; and greenhouse gas emissions. Due to recent occurrence with contaminated areas at the University of São Paulo (USP) the present work aims to develop a sustainable management plan for one of these areas located on the USP Capital campus, contributing to Program of Environmental Policies, coordinated by the Superintendence of Environmental Management of USP. The research methodology was based on literature review about sustainable remediation and construction; and qualitative analysis of actions, practices and lessons learned applied on successful case studies of contaminated sites management with sustainable elements as subsidy for elaboration of the plan. Based upon a characterization of four contaminated areas located on USP Capital campus, the site of USP Leste was selected as case study in order to promote the use of sustainable practices on campus, through an approach that protects human health and minimizes adverse environmental impacts. In order to seek improvements to the campus management by sustainability integration in contamination management of USP Leste, the elaboration of sustainable management plan considered local specificities on sustainable practices to be implemented, according to the needs and guidelines of USP. The proposed solutions included the planning of investigation and remediation stages with the construction design of buildings that can bring environmental, economic and social benefits to all stakeholders, such as long-term cost savings related to the reduction of energy consumption and electricity by the implementation of renewable energy systems to supply electricity to methane ventilation systems


Subject(s)
Bioremediation (Environmental Health) , Environmental Management , Environmental Pollution , Environmental Restoration and Remediation/methods , Universities , Buildings , Conservation of Natural Resources , Construction Industry
17.
Monrovia; Ministry of Health - Republic of Liberia; 2017. 69 p., tab. p.
Monography in English | AIM (Africa) | ID: afr-200469
18.
Estud. psicol. (Natal) ; 21(4): 424-434, out.-dez. 2016. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-840552

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo trata das inter-relações entre representações e prática na ação eficaz, por meio da análise das atividades de pedreiros. Duas posições antagônicas têm dominado o debate, polarizado entre a predominância das representações ou dos aspectos situacionais e corporais na ação competente. Para o cognitivismo, as representações determinam a ação eficaz, já para a ação situada, as habilidades incorporadas e as interações locais explicam a eficácia da ação. Apresentamos uma alternativa que situa a inteligência humana no âmbito da prática, sua dimensão representacional aparecendo como cognição na ação, através de um estudo empírico realizado com dois trabalhadores da construção civil resolvendo problemas no canteiro de obras. A metodologia do Curso da Ação mostra-se adequada a este propósito pois permite analisar a atividade sem cair no cognitivismo. Os resultados confirmam a pertinência de deslocar a inteligência prática para o âmbito da própria prática, confirmando assim o paradigma da ação situada.


Abstract This article deals with the interrelations between representations and practice in effective action, through the analysis of masons activities. Two opposite positions have dominated the debate polarized between the representations predominance and situational and physical aspects in the competent action. For cognitivism, representations determine the effective action but for the already located action, the incorporated skills and local interactions explain the action effectiveness. We present an alternative that places human intelligence within the practice, its representational dimension emerging as cognition in the action, through an empirical study of two construction workers solving problems at the construction site. The Course of Action methodology proves to be suitable for this purpose because it allows to analyze the activity without tending into cognitivism. The results confirm the relevance of carrying practical intelligence to the level of the practice itself, thus confirming the paradigm of situated action.


Resumen Este artículo trata sobre las inter-relaciones entre representaciones y la práctica en acción eficaz, por medio del análisis de las actividades de albañiles. Dos posiciones antagónicas han estado dominando el debate, polarizado entre la predominancia de las representaciones o de los aspectos situacionales y corporales en la acción competente. Para el cognitivismo, las representaciones determinan la acción eficaz, ya para la acción situada, las habilidades incorporadas y las interacciones locales explican la eficacia de la acción. Presentamos una alternativa que sitúa la inteligencia humana en el ámbito de la práctica, su dimensión representacional apareciendo como cognición en la acción, a través de un estudio empírico realizado con dos trabajadores de la construcción civil resolviendo problemas en el sítio de construcción. La metodología del Curso de la Acción se muestra adecuada a este propósito pues permite analizar la acción sin caer en el cognitivismo. Los resultados confirman la pertinencia de dislocar la inteligencia práctica para el ámbito de la propia práctica, confirmando así el paradigma de la acción situada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Professional Competence , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Construction Industry , Brazil , Professional Training
19.
Braspen J ; 31(4): 283-287, out.-dez. 2016.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-847228

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A construção civil é uma importante atividade produtiva no cenário econômico brasileiro. Portanto, produzir conhecimento a respeito da saúde dos trabalhadores desse ramo torna-se prioritário, principalmente considerando-se a escassez e a fragilidade das informações a respeito do processo saúde-doença-cuidado desses trabalhadores frente à necessidade de se planejar e implementar ações direcionadas à sua saúde e, nos dias atuais, particularmente sobre o seu estado nutricional. Objetivos: Avaliar o estado nutricional e o risco cardiovascular de trabalhadores da construção civil - subsetor de edificações, na cidade de João Pessoa, PB. Método: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, realizado com trabalhadores da construção civil, de 20 a 59 anos de idade e do sexo masculino. As variáveis incluídas foram peso, altura, circunferência da cintura e índice de massa corporal. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos ao cálculo de porcentagem simples para quantificação e elaboração de gráficos. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 107 trabalhadores, com idade média de 39 anos, dos quais 72% estavam com sobrepeso ou algum grau de obesidade. Em relação à avaliação da medida da circunferência da cintura, observou-se que 43% apresentaram risco elevado ou muito elevado para doenças cardiovasculares. Conclusões: Os dados evidenciam risco para saúde dos operários e demandam a realização de estudos sobre as condições de trabalho, entendidas estas como ambientais, sociais e econômicas, as quais podem exercer forte influência no processo saúde-doença dos trabalhadores da construção civil.(AU)


Introduction: The construction industry is an important productive activity in the Brazilian economic scenario. Therefore, to produce knowledge about occupational health of workers of this sector becomes a priority, particularly considering the scarcity and fragility of information about the health-disease-care faced by these workers and the need to plan and implement targeted actions to their health and particularly on their nutritional status. Objectives: To evaluate the nutritional status and cardiovascular risk of construction workers - subsector of buildings in the city of João Pessoa, PB. Methods: This is a descriptive study with construction workers, 20-59 years old and male. The variables included were weight, height, waist circumference and body mass index. The data were submitted to simple percentage calculation for quantification and preparation of graphs. Results: The study included 107 participants with an average age of 39 years, of which 72% were overweight or some degree of obesity. Regarding the assessment of the measurement of waist circumference, it was observed that 43% had high or very high risk for cardiovascular disease. Conclusions: The data show risk to the health of workers and demand studies on working conditions, considered as environmental, social and economic, which may exert a strong influence in the health-disease construction workers.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Nutrition Assessment , Construction Industry , Occupational Health , Body Mass Index , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Waist Circumference
20.
Rev. salud bosque ; 6(1): 7-22, 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-790922

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar los posibles factores de riesgo del individuo y ocupacionales asociados a la presencia de efectos irritantes en piel y mucosas de trabajadores expuestos a asfalto en una empresa de infraestructura vial en el 2012. Mate- riales y métodos: se realizó un estudio de prevalencia analítica mediante la aplicación de cuestionarios de síntomas respiratorios, dermatológicos, autoreporte de síntomas oculares y realización de un examen médico de participación voluntaria a trabajadores expuestos que elaboran y aplican asfalto. Se utilizó la regresión logística en el análisis estadís- tico. Resultados: de 24 trabajadores dedicados a la elaboración de asfalto, 22 (95,8%) presentaron diferentes síntomas irritantes, cinco (20,8%) efectos irritantes de la piel, 12 (50,0%) signos de irritación ocular y 9 (37,5%) efectos en las vías respiratorias bajas. De 111 trabajadores que aplican asfalto, 108 (97,3%) presentaron diferentes síntomas irritantes, 61 (55,0%) efectos irritantes de la piel, 93 (83,8%) presentaron signos oculares, 20 (18,0%) efectos en las vías respiratorias bajas. La antigüedad en el oficio de 5 a 10 años se asoció con la presencia de síntomas oculares, OR=15,9 (IC 95% 1,63-154,53) y con síntomas de irritación en piel (OR= 4,1 (IC 95% 1,45-11,96). La antigüedad en el oficio mayor a 10 años en los trabajadores que elaboran el asfalto y la jornada laboral mayor a 10 horas en trabajadores que aplican el asfalto se asoció a efectos respiratorios (OR=15,0 (IC 95% 1,03-218,3), OR= 15,7 (2,05-120,67 respectivamente) Conclusión: los efectos en salud se presentaron en los trabajadores clasificados en niveles de exposición Alto o Muy Alto y en aquellos con tiempo en el oficio mayor a cinco años, lo que sugiere una probable relación...


Objective: to identify potential risk factors and occupa- tional individual associated with the presence of irritating effects on skin and mucous membranes of workers exposed to asphalt in road infrastructure company in 2012. Materials and Methods: a study of analytical prevalence is performed by applying questionnaires respi- ratory and dermatological symptoms, ocular symptoms by self-reported and undergo a medical examination. With voluntary participation of workers exposed to road infrastructure company. Results: 24 workers dedicated to the production of asphalt, 22 (95.8%) presented diffe- rent irritative symptoms, five (20.8%) with skin irritating effects, 12 (50.0%) with signs of irritation ocular and 9 (37.5%) with effects on the lower respiratory tract. 111 workers applying asphalt, 108 (97.3%) had different irri- tative symptoms, 61 (55.0%) with skin irritating effects, 93 (83.8%) had ocular signs, 20 (18,0 %) with effects on the lower respiratory tract. Relationship between senio- rity in the task from 5 to 10 years with the presence of ocular symptoms was found, OR = 15.9 (95% CI 1.63 to 154.53), and presence of symptoms of skin irritation (OR = 4.1 (95% CI 1.45 to 11.96). A seniority in task upper to 10 years in the workers elaborating the asphalt and a workday upper to 10 hours in workers applying asphalt was associated with respiratory effects ((OR = 15.0 (95% CI 1 03-218.3), (OR = 15.7 (2.05 to 120.67) respectively). Conclusion: health effects occurred in workers classi- fied in high or very high exposure levels and those with time on the job more than 5 years, which may indicate a probable occupational relationship between these symp- toms and exposure levels. Specific measures to reduce exposure and improve medical surveillance, as well as assessment of concentrations of exposures to asphalt fumes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Coal Tar , Construction Industry , Irritants , Occupational Health , Risk Factors
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