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1.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 298-302, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981267

ABSTRACT

In real-time ultrasound,molecular targeted contrast agent is introduced into the blood circulation through peripheral intravenous injection to enhance the imaging signal of target lesions after binding to the corresponding intravascular receptors,which can realize early diagnosis,staging of diseases,assessment of treatment response,and targeted treatment.In addition,molecular targeted ultrasound contrast agents provide a platform for the delivery of drugs and genes via microbubbles,and nanoscale contrast agents can be infiltrated through vascular endothelium into the interstitial space of the lesion for imaging or treatment.The available studies of molecular targeted ultrasound contrast agents mainly focus on the preclinical trials.Some clinical trials have been conducted in humans and preliminarily confirm the safety and feasibility of targeted ultrasound contrast agents.The molecular targeted ultrasound contrast agents enjoy a broad prospect in clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media/chemistry , Molecular Targeted Therapy , Ultrasonography/methods , Diagnostic Imaging
2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 224-229, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44155

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) with sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS) liquid sclerotherapy of gastric varices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between February 2012 and August 2014, STS liquid sclerotherapy was performed in 17 consecutive patients (male:female = 8:9; mean age 58.6 years, range 44-86 years) with gastric varices. Retrograde venography was performed after occlusion of the gastrorenal shunt using a balloon catheter and embolization of collateral draining veins using coils or gelfoam pledgets, to evaluate the anatomy of the gastric varices. We prepared 2% liquid STS by mixing 3% STS and contrast media in a ratio of 2:1. A 2% STS solution was injected into the gastric varices until minimal filling of the afferent portal vein branch was observed (mean 19.9 mL, range 6-33 mL). Patients were followed up using computed tomography (CT) or endoscopy. RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in 16 of 17 patients (94.1%). The procedure failed in one patient because the shunt could not be occluded due to the large diameter of gastrorenal shunt. Complete obliteration of gastric varices was observed in 15 of 16 patients (93.8%) with follow-up CT or endoscopy. There was no rebleeding after the procedure. There was no procedure-related mortality. CONCLUSION: BRTO using STS liquid can be a safe and useful treatment option in patients with gastric varices.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Balloon Occlusion , Contrast Media/chemistry , Demography , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Portal Vein/diagnostic imaging , Sclerotherapy , Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate/chemistry , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 281-288, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44147

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the diagnostic performances of F-18 sodium fluoride positron emission tomography/computed tomography (bone PET/CT) and bone scintigraphy (BS) for the detection of thyroid cancer bone metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 6 thyroid cancer patients (age = 44.7 ± 9.8 years, M:F = 1:5, papillary:follicular = 2:4) with suspected bone metastatic lesions in the whole body iodine scintigraphy or BS, who subsequently underwent bone PET/CT. Pathologic diagnosis was conducted for 4 lesions of 4 patients. RESULTS: Of the 17 suspected bone lesions, 10 were metastatic and 7 benign. Compared to BS, bone PET/CT exhibited superior sensitivity (10/10 = 100% vs. 2/10 = 20%, p = 0.008), and accuracy (14/17 = 82.4% vs. 7/17 = 41.2%, p 0.05). CONCLUSION: Bone PET/CT may be more sensitive and accurate than BS for the detection of thyroid cancer bone metastasis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Bone and Bones/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media/chemistry , Fluorine Radioisotopes/chemistry , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Sodium Fluoride/chemistry , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Whole Body Imaging
4.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 95-103, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64637

ABSTRACT

The role of imaging is crucial for the surveillance, diagnosis, staging and treatment monitoring of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Over the past few years, considerable technical advances were made in imaging of HCCs. New imaging technology, however, has introduced new challenges in our clinical practice. In this article, the current status of clinical imaging techniques for HCC is addressed. The diagnostic performance of imaging techniques in the context of recent clinical guidelines is also presented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Contrast Media/chemistry , Ferric Compounds/chemistry , Iron/chemistry , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meglumine/analogs & derivatives , Organometallic Compounds/chemistry , Oxides/chemistry , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 158-164, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128616

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The predictive role of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) before performing transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) has not been determined. We assessed the possible predictive factors of CEUS for the response to TACE. METHODS: Seventeen patients with 18 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) underwent TACE. All of the tumors were studied with CEUS before TACE using a second-generation ultrasound contrast agent (SonoVue(R), Bracco, Milan, Italy). The tumor response to TACE was classified with a score between 1 and 4 according to the remaining enhancing-tumor percentage based on modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (mRECIST): 1, enhancing tumor or =75%). A score of 1 was defined as a "good response" to TACE. The predictive factors for the response to TACE were evaluated during CEUS based on the maximum tumor diameter, initial arterial enhancing time, arterial enhancing duration, intensity of arterial enhancement, presence of a hypoenhanced pattern, and the feeding artery to the tumor. RESULTS: The median tumor size was 3.1 cm. The distribution of tumor response scores after TACE in all tumors was as follows: 1, n=11; 2, n=4; 3, n=2; and 4, n=1. Fifteen tumors showed feeding arteries. The presence of a feeding artery and the tumor size (< or =5 cm) were the predictive factors for a good response (P=0.043 and P=0.047, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of a feeding artery and a tumor size of less than 5 cm were the predictive factors for a good response of HCC to TACE on CEUS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Contrast Media/chemistry , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Microspheres , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
6.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 165-174, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128615

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The therapeutic effect of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is usually assessed using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). However, dense lipiodol depositions can mask the enhancement of viable HCC tissue in MDCT. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) could be effective in detecting small areas of viability and patency in vessels. We investigated whether arterial enhancement in CEUS after treatment with TACE can be used to detect HCC viability earlier than when using MDCT. METHODS: Twelve patients received CEUS, MDCT, and gadoxetic-acid-enhanced dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at baseline and 4 and 12 weeks after TACE. The definition of viable HCC was defined as MRI positivity after 4 or 12 weeks. RESULTS: Eight of the 12 patients showed MRI positivity at 4 or 12 weeks. All patients with positive CEUS findings at 4 weeks (n=8) showed MRI positivity and residual viable HCC at 4 or 12 weeks. Five of the eight patients with positive CEUS findings at 4 weeks had negative results on the 4-week MDCT scan. Four (50%) of these eight patients did not have MRI positivity at 4 weeks and were ultimately confirmed as having residual HCC tissue at the 12-week MRI. Kappa statistics revealed near-perfect agreement between CEUS and MRI (kappa=1.00) and substantial agreement between MDCT and MRI (kappa=0.67). CONCLUSIONS: In the assessment of the response to TACE, CEUS at 4 weeks showed excellent results for detecting residual viable HCC, which suggests that CEUS can be used as an early additive diagnosis tool when deciding early additional treatment with TACE.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Contrast Media/chemistry , Gadolinium DTPA/chemistry , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pilot Projects , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
7.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1207-1215, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-102547

ABSTRACT

Gadoxetate disodium is a widely used magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent for liver MR imaging, and it provides both dynamic and hepatobiliary phase images. However, acquiring optimal arterial phase images at liver MR using gadoxetate disodium is more challenging than using conventional extracellular MR contrast agent because of the small volume administered, the gadolinium content of the agent, and the common occurrence of transient severe motion. In this article, we identify the challenges in obtaining high-quality arterial-phase images of gadoxetate disodium-enhanced liver MR imaging and present strategies for optimizing arterial-phase imaging based on the thorough review of recent research in this field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Arteries/anatomy & histology , Contrast Media/chemistry , Gadolinium DTPA/chemistry , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 21(6): 533-539, Nov-Dec/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-697806

ABSTRACT

Objective: To verify the influence of radiopaque fillers on an epoxy resin-based sealer. Material and Methods: Experimental sealers were formulated by adding 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, 100% and 120% of calcium tungstate, ytterbium trifluoride or barium sulphate by weight to an epoxy-resin-base. Setting time, flow, film thickness, radiopacity, sorption, solubility, pH and push-out bond strength were evaluated. Results: The setting time ranged from 373 to 612.66 min, the flow varied from 13.81±0.49 to 22.49±0.37 mm, and the film thickness ranged from 16.67±5.77 to 33.33±11.54 µm. The lowest pH was 5.47±0.53, and the highest was 6.99±0.03. Radiopacity varied from 0.38±0.04 to 2.57±0.21 mmAl and increased with the amount of filler. Calcium tungstate sealers had a higher sorption and solubility than other sealers. There was no significant difference in the push-out bond strength among the fillers at the 120% concentration. CONCLUSION: The inorganic fillers evaluated and their concentrations affect the physicochemical properties of an epoxy resin-based root canal sealer. .


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding/methods , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Barium Sulfate/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Contrast Media/chemistry , Materials Testing , Particle Size , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Solubility , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surface Properties , Tungsten Compounds/chemistry , Ytterbium/chemistry
9.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 360-366, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34831

ABSTRACT

Hepatocyte specific contrast agents including gadoxetic acid and gadobenate dimeglumine are very useful to diagnose various benign and malignant focal hepatic lesions and even helpful to estimate hepatic functional reservoir. The far delayed phase image referred to as the hepatobiliary phase makes the sensitivity of detection for malignant focal hepatic lesions increased, but specificity of malignant diseases, including hepatocellular carcinoma, metastasis and cholangiocarcinoma, characterization remained to be undetermined.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Cholangiocarcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media/chemistry , Hemangioma/diagnostic imaging , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meglumine/analogs & derivatives , Organometallic Compounds/chemistry
10.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 1-16, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88112

ABSTRACT

The application of ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) is considered essential when evaluating focal liver lesions (FLLs) using ultrasonography (US). Microbubble UCAs are easy to use and robust; their use poses no risk of nephrotoxicity and requires no ionizing radiation. The unique features of contrast enhanced US (CEUS) are not only noninvasiveness but also real-time assessing of liver perfusion throughout the vascular phases. The later feature has led to dramatic improvement in the diagnostic accuracy of US for detection and characterization of FLLs as well as the guidance to therapeutic procedures and evaluation of response to treatment. This article describes the current consensus and guidelines for the use of UCAs for the FLLs that are commonly encountered in US. After a brief description of the bases of different CEUS techniques, contrast-enhancement patterns of different types of benign and malignant FLLs and other clinical applications are described and discussed on the basis of our experience and the literature data.


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media/chemistry , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Phospholipids/chemistry , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Sulfur Hexafluoride/chemistry , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 32(2): 182-188, abr.-jun. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-656826

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Contrast media can cause acute renal failure by direct toxic effects on the tubular cells and kidney ischemia. Diabetics and hospitalized patients have a greater risk of developing contrast-induced nephropathy than the general population. Objective. The cost effectiveness of iso and low-osmolality contrast media was assessed in high risk outpatients. Materials and methods. The analysis was based on a systematic literature review comparing the nephrotoxic effects of iso- to low-osmolality contrast media. Only direct costs were considered; these were obtained from the official tariff manual. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios, efficiency curves and acceptability curves were calculated. Univariate sensitivity analyses were performed for costs and effects, as well as probabilistic analyses. Zero and 3% discounts were applied to results. The cost-effectiveness threshold was equal to the per capita GDP per life-year gained. Results. Alternatives with Iopamidol and Iodixanol are preferable to the others, because both reduce risk of contrast-induced nephropathy and are less costly. The incremental cost-effectiveness of the Iodixanol alternative compared to the Iopamidol alternative is US$ 14,660 per additional life year gained; this is more than twice the threshold. Conclusion. The low-osmolality contrast medium, Iopamidol, appears to be cost-effective when compared with Iohexol or other low-osmolality contrast media (Iopromide, Iobitridol, Iomeprol, Iopentol and Ioxilan) in contrast-induced nephropathy, high-risk outpatients. The choice of the iso-osmolality contrast medium, Iodixanol, depends on its cost per vial and on the willingness to pay.


Introducción. Los medios de contraste pueden provocar falla renal aguda por toxicidad directa sobre las células tubulares e isquemia medular renal. Los pacientes diabéticos y los hospitalizados presentan mayor riesgo de desarrollar nefropatía inducida por medios de contraste que la población general. Objetivo. Establecer el costo-efectividad de los medios de contraste isosmolales e hiposmolales en pacientes con alto riesgo. Materiales and métodos. El análisis se basó en una revisión sistemática de la literatura científica, comparando los efectos nefrotóxicos de los medios isosmolales e hipoosmolales. Se consideraron sólo los costos directos, obtenidos del manual tarifario. Se calcularon las tasas del incremento del costo-efectividad, las curvas de eficiencia y de aceptabilidad. Se hicieron análisis univariados de sensibilidad para costos y efectos, así como probabilísticos. Se aplicaron tasas de descuento de 0 y 3 % a los resultados. Se usó como umbral de costo-efectividad por año de vida ganado, el producto interno bruto per cápita. Resultados. Las alternativas con Iopamidol y Iodixanol dominan a las demás porque reducen el riesgo de nefropatía inducida por contraste a un menor costo. La razón del incremento del costo-efectividad del iodixanol comparado con el iopamidol es de US$ 14.660 por año de vida ganado que más que duplica el umbral. Conclusión. El medio de baja osmolalidad, iopamidol, parece ser costo-efectivo comparado con iohexol u otros medios hiposmolares (iopromide, iobitridol, iomeprol, iopentol y ioxilan), en pacientes con alto riesgo de nefropatía inducida por contraste. La elección del medio hiposmolar, depende de la disponibilidad a pagar o del costo por ampolleta.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Contrast Media/economics , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Acute Kidney Injury/prevention & control , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Colombia/epidemiology , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Contrast Media/chemistry , Decision Trees , Drug Costs/statistics & numerical data , Health Expenditures , Hospitalization/economics , Insurance, Health, Reimbursement/economics , Iohexol/adverse effects , Iohexol/analogs & derivatives , Iohexol/chemistry , Iohexol/economics , Iopamidol/adverse effects , Iopamidol/chemistry , Iopamidol/economics , Length of Stay/economics , National Health Programs/economics , Osmolar Concentration , Outpatients , Risk , Renal Dialysis/economics , Renal Dialysis , Triiodobenzoic Acids/adverse effects , Triiodobenzoic Acids/chemistry , Triiodobenzoic Acids/economics
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 825-833, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93571

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to validate diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) before and after superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) injection for assessment of hepatic metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-six hepatic metastases (size range, 0.3-4.7 cm; mean, 1.5 cm) verified pathologically or by follow-up imaging studies in 22 consecutive patients (17 men and 5 women; 44-83 years; mean age, 60 years) during a 13-month period were enrolled. Hepatic MRI, including DWI (b-factors=50, 400, 800 s/mm2) with breath-holding technique of single-shot spin-echo echo-planar imaging (TR/TE=1000/69 ms, average=2) before and after SPIO administration, were retrospectively reviewed by two independent radiologists with a 5-point scale confidence score for each hepatic lesion on pre-contrast DWI (pre-DWI), SPIO-enhanced DWI (SPIO-DWI), and SPIO-enhanced T2*-weighted imaging (SPIO-T2*wI). RESULTS: For all lesions, SPIO-T2*wI showed significantly higher confidence score in the diagnosis of hepatic metastases than pre-contrast or SPIO-DWI regardless of the size of b-factors (p0.05). Pre-DWI using b-factor=50 sec/mm2 was also comparable with SPIO-T2*wI by observer 1 (p=0.060). CONCLUSION: Pre-DWI has a limited value for the assessment of hepatic metastases, however, the repetition of DWI after SPIO injection using small b-factors could complement SPIO-T2*wI, especially for subcentimeter lesions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Contrast Media/chemistry , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Ferric Compounds/chemistry , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnosis
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 19(3): 228-232, May-June 2011. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-588127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the radiopacity of Portland and MTA-based cements using the Digora TM digital radiographic system. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The performed tests followed specification number 57 from the American National Standard Institute/American Dental Association (2000) for endodontic sealing materials. The materials were placed in 5 acrylic plates, especially designed for this experiment, along with a graduated aluminum stepwedge varying from 1 to 10 mm in thickness. The set was radiographed at a 30 cm focus-object distance and with 0.2 s exposure time. After the radiographs were taken, the optical laser readings of radiographs were performed by Digora TM system. Five radiographic density readings were performed for each studied material and for each step of the aluminum scale. RESULTS: White ProRoot MTA (155.99±8.04), gray ProRoot MTA (155.96±16.30) and MTA BIO (143.13±16.94) presented higher radiopacity values (p<0.05), while white non-structural Portland (119.76±22.34), gray Portland (109.71±4.90) and white structural Portland (99.59±12.88) presented lower radiopacity values (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that MTA-based cements were the only materials presenting radiopacity within the ANSI/ADA specifications.


Subject(s)
Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Contrast Media/chemistry , Dental Cements/chemistry , Oxides/chemistry , Radiography, Dental, Digital , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Drug Combinations , Densitometry/methods , Materials Testing
15.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 714-721, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal iodine concentration of contrast media for kidney multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) by comparing the degree of renal parenchymal enhancement and the severity of the renal streak artifact with contrast media of different iodine concentrations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 16-row MDCT was performed in 15 sedated rabbits by injection of 2 mL contrast media/kg body weight at a rate of 0.3 mL/sec. Monomeric nonionic contrast media of 250, 300, and 370 mg iodine/mL were injected at 1-week intervals. Mean attenuation values were measured in each renal structure with attenuation differences among the structures. The artifact was evaluated by CT window width/level and three grading methods. The values were compared with iodine concentrations. RESULTS: The 370 mg iodine/mL concentration showed significantly higher cortical enhancement than 250 mg iodine/mL in all phases (p < 0.05). There was however no significant difference in the degree of enhancement between the 300 mg iodine/mL and 370 mg iodine/mL concentrations in all phases. There is a significant difference in attenuation for the cortex-outer medulla between 250 mg iodine/mL and 300 mg iodine/mL (p < 0.05). The artifact was more severe with a medium of 370 mg iodine/mL than with 250 mg iodine/mL by all grading methods (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The 300 mg iodine/mL is considered to be the most appropriate iodine concentration in an aspect of the enhancement and artifact on a kidney MDCT scan.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Aortography , Artifacts , Contrast Media/chemistry , Iodine/analysis , Iopamidol/chemistry , Kidney/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Cortex/diagnostic imaging , Multidetector Computed Tomography
16.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 551-560, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173906

ABSTRACT

The authors investigated objective response rate to high dose methotrexate (HDMTX)-based combination chemotherapy in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), and sought to identify factors that influence response to HDMTX-based combination therapy. Prospective observational analysis was performed on 52 PCNSL patients. All patients received HDMTX (3.5 g/m2) and vincristine (1.4 mg/m2/day) for one day during weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9, and procarbazine (100 mg/m2/day) for one week during weeks 1, 5, and 9. Forty-one patients (78.8%) achieved complete or partial remission. Higher objective response rates were observed for patients with: 1) age < 60 yr; 2) Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance score of < 2; 3) low risk status as defined by the International Extranodal Lymphoma Study Group; 4) p53 positivity; 5) XBP-1 negativity; 6) MUM-1 negativity; and 7) homogenous gadolinium enhancement in MR images. Multivariate analysis showed that ECOG performance score of < 2, low risk, negativity for XBP-1, homogenous gadolinium enhancement by MRI, and response to chemotherapy were associated with longer overall survival. In particular, it is interesting to note that patients with a PCNSL that is homogenously enhanced by gadolinium have a higher objective response rate, and a longer progression-free survival and overall survival.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Age Factors , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/drug therapy , Contrast Media/chemistry , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Administration Schedule , Follow-Up Studies , Gadolinium/chemistry , Interferon Regulatory Factors/metabolism , Lymphoma/drug therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methotrexate/administration & dosage , Odds Ratio , Procarbazine/administration & dosage , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Severity of Illness Index , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism , Vincristine/administration & dosage
17.
Bauru; s.n; 2010. 207 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-578023

ABSTRACT

Objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar algumas propriedades físicas, químicas, comportamento biológico em tecido subcutâneo de ratos e caracterísitcas superficiais do cimento Portland (CP) associado a diferentes radiopacificadores (óxido de bismuto (OB), tungstato de cálcio (TC) e óxido de zircônio (OZ). As propriedades físicas analisadas foram radiopacidade, tempo de presa, solubilidade e características superficiais, enquanto que às químicas foram pH e liberação de ions cálcio, e a biocompatibilidade foi analisada in vivo em tecido subcutâneo de rato. A metodologia para a realização das propriedades físicas, foram as recomendadas pela ISO 6876/2001 e n.57 ADA/2000, com pequena modificação para o tempo de presa que além da agulha com peso de l00g foi utilizado também agulha com peso de 453,6 para determinação do tempo de presa final conforme norma da ASTM. As características superficiais foram realizadas em microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Para o pH e liberação de íons cálcio, os materiais foram acondicionados em dente de acrílico com cavidades retrógradas e imersos em 15 mL de água MilliQ. Nos períodos de 3, 24, 72 e 168 horas os dentes eram trocados de frasco e mensurou-se seu pH por meio de pHmetro e cálcio com uso de espectrofotômetro de absorção atômica da água que o material estava imerso. Para a biocompatibilidade os materiais foram colocados em tubos de polietileno e implantados no dorso de 15 ratos, que foram mortos após 7, 15 e 30 dias da implantação. Os dados foram comparados estatisitcamente pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis e Miller ou ANOVA e tukey, dependendo da normalidade ou não dos dados, sendo empregado nível de significância foi de 5%. Os resultados mostraram diferença significante (P<0,05) para o tempo de presa inicial entre todos os materiais, enquanto que no tempo de presa final só não ocorreu diferença (P>0,05) entre o óxido de bismuto e tungstato de cálcio...


The aims of this study were to evaluate some physicochemical properties, subcutaneous tissue response and scanning electron microscope surface characteristics related to Portland cementassociated with the following radiopacifiersagents: bismuth oxide (BO), calcium tungstate (CT) and zirconium oxide (ZO). The physical properties evaluated were: radiopacity, setting time, solubility and scanning electron microscope study of the cements surface. The chemical properties evaluated were: pH and calcium íon release. The biocompatibility test was performed in subcutaneous tissue of rats. For the study of the physical properties, the methodologies ISO 6876/2001 e n.57 ADA/2000SO with slight variations for the setting time test were used. For the setting time test the 100g needle was used. Determination of the final setting time was performed also using the 453,6g needle according to the ASTM criteria. The surface characteristics were studied using scanning electron microscopy. For the pH and calcium ion release tests, the samples were inserted into root-end cavities prepared in acrylic teeth. Immediately, after being filled, all specimens were immersed in 15 mL of Milli-Q water. Evaluations were performed at periods of 3 hours, 24 hours, 72 hours, and 168 hours for assessment of the pH and calcium ion release. After each measurement, the specimens were moved to new tubes containing fresh MiIIi-Q water. The measurements were carried out using a pH meter. The calcium ions release was measured using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer equipped with a calcium-specific hollow cathode lamp. To evaluate the biocompatibility polyethylene tubes were filled with the samples and implanted into the subcutaneous tissue of 15 rats. The biological response was evaluated at 7, 15 and 30 days. The data was statistically compared using the kruskal-wlilis and Miller test or by using the ANOVA-Tukey test, according to the presence or absence of normal distribution...


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Dental Cements/chemistry , Contrast Media/chemistry , Subcutaneous Tissue , Analysis of Variance , Bismuth/chemistry , Tungsten Compounds/chemistry , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Materials Testing , Chemical Phenomena , Solubility , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Zirconium/chemistry
18.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 449-456, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65183

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To visualize tumor angiogenesis using the MRI contrast agent, Gd-DTPA-anti-VEGF receptor 2 antibody conjugate, with a 4.7-Tesla MRI instrument in a mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed a tumor angiogenesis-targeting T1 contrast agent that was prepared by the bioconjugation of gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) and an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) antibody. The specific binding of the agent complex to cells that express VEGFR2 was examined in cultured murine endothelial cells (MS-1 cells) with a 4.7-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging scanner. Angiogenesis-specific T1 enhancement was imaged with the Gd-DTPA-anti-VEGFR2 antibody conjugate using a CT-26 adenocarcinoma tumor model in eight mice. As a control, the use of the Gd-DTPA-anti-rat immunoglobulin G (Gd-DTPA-anti-rat IgG) was imaged with a tumor model in eight mice. Statistical significance was assessed using the Mann-Whitney test. Tumor tissue was examined by immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: The Gd-DTPA-anti-VEGFR2 antibody conjugate showed predominant binding to cultured endothelial cells that expressed a high level of VEGFR2. Signal enhancement was approximately three-fold for in vivo T1-weighted MR imaging with the use of the Gd-DTPA-anti-VEGFR2 antibody conjugate as compared with the Gd-DTPA-rat IgG in the mouse tumor model (p < 0.05). VEGFR2 expression in CT-26 tumor vessels was demonstrated using immunohistochemical staining. CONCLUSION: MR imaging using the Gd-DTPA-anti-VEGFR2 antibody conjugate as a contrast agent is useful in visualizing noninvasively tumor angiogenesis in a murine tumor model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Rats , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Colonic Neoplasms/pathology , Contrast Media/chemistry , Gadolinium DTPA/chemistry , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Mice, Nude , Neovascularization, Pathologic/diagnosis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/antagonists & inhibitors
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 16(6): 376-379, Nov.-Dec. 2008. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-499884

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiopacity of 5 root-end filling materials (white MTA-Angelus, grey MTA-Angelus, IRM, Super EBA and Sealer 26). Five specimens (10 mm diameter X 1 mm thickness) were made from each material and radiographed next to an aluminum stepwedge varying in thickness from 2 to 16 mm. Radiographs were digitized and the radiopacity of the materials was compared to that of the aluminum stepwedge using VIXWIN 2000 software in millimeters of aluminum (mm Al). Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test at 5% significance level. Radiopacity values varied from 3 mm Al to 5.9 mm Al. Sealer 26 and IRM presented the highest radiopacity values (p<0.05), while white/grey MTA and Super EBA presented the lowest radiopacity values (p<0.05). The tested root-end filling materials presented different radiopacities, white/grey MTA and Super EBA being the least radiopaque materials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media/chemistry , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum/chemistry , Bismuth/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Drug Combinations , Densitometry/instrumentation , Densitometry/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Materials Testing , Methylmethacrylates/chemistry , Oxides/chemistry , Retrograde Obturation , Silicates/chemistry , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/chemistry
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 44(4): 297-303, out.-dez. 2007. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-476182

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Usually the suitable consistence identified and indicated as safe by videofluoroscopic method has been empirically obtained by association of barium sulfate solution with meals. However, it has been evidenced to be very difficult to reproduce this consistence in nutritional rehabilitation therapy from subjective information. AIM: To build two reproductive similar crescent viscosities series of solutions, with and without barium sulfate, to be used, the first, as radiological contrasted mean and the second, as base to reproduce the defined safer consistence, in the oral diet rehabilitation of dysphagic patients. METHODS: Two viscosity solutions series were obtained from starch and distilled water with and without 100 percent barium sulfate solution. The viscosity levels were defined step by step with digital viscosimeter (Brookfield, model LVTD-II) and with infrared thermometer Icel TD - 960. The fluids viscosity was register in centipoises, with their inferior and superior values followed by complimentary information about spindle kind, rotation speed and temperature. RESULTS: The two series of solutions, with and without barium sulfate, could be defined as aqueous (>1-143,5 cP), fine liquid (428 - 551 cP), thick liquid (4.284 -7.346,5 cP)), pasty (7.346,4 - 13.035 cP), pasty thick (19.260 - 34.320 cP) and creamy (163.500 - 255.300 cP). CONCLUSION: The study could offer reproductive formulas, with and without contrast mean, to be follow for obtaining the desirable viscosity to be used, each of them, in radiological evaluation and in nutritional diet minimizing the gaps fails between evaluation and therapy.


RACIONAL: Com freqüência, a consistência identificada e indicada pelo exame videofluoroscópico como segura, para uso nos pacientes disfágicos, tem sido empiricamente produzida pela mistura de alimentos com a solução de sulfato de bário. É expressiva a dificuldade observada quando se busca reproduzir esta consistência, subjetivamente indicada, para usá-la na terapia de reabilitação. OBJETIVO: Construir duas series de soluções, com valores reprodutíveis de viscosidade, uma com e outra sem a adição de sulfato de bário, a serem utilizadas a primeira, como meio de contraste radiológico, e a segunda, como base para reprodução da consistência definida como segura na reabilitação do paciente disfágico. MÉTODOS: As duas séries com viscosidades padrão foram buscadas com uso de amido, água destilada e solução de sulfato de bário a 100 por cento. Os níveis de viscosidade foram definidos passo à passo com o uso de um viscosímetro digital (Brookfield, model LVTD-II) e um termômetro de infravermelho Icel TD-960. As viscosidades foram registradas em centipoise (cP) e os limites superior e inferior de cada nível foi complementado pela informação do tipo e velocidade do "spindle" necessário e da temperatura da solução. RESULTADOS: As duas series de soluções, com e sem sulfato de bário, puderam ser definidas como aquosa (>1-143,5 cP), líquido fino (428-551 cp), liquido espesso (4.284-7.346,5 cp), pastosa (7.346,4-13.035 cP), pastosa espessa (19.260-34.320 cP) e cremosa (163.500-255.300 cP). CONCLUSÕES: Podem-se oferecer fórmulas com viscosidades reprodutíveis, com e sem adição de meio de contraste, a serem utilizadas, cada uma delas, na avaliação radiológica e na terapia nutricional, minimizando as falhas de reprodução entre a avaliação e a terapia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Beverages , Barium Sulfate , Contrast Media , Deglutition Disorders , Fluoroscopy/methods , Barium Sulfate/administration & dosage , Barium Sulfate/chemistry , Contrast Media/administration & dosage , Contrast Media/chemistry , Deglutition Disorders/rehabilitation , Reference Values , Video Recording , Viscosity
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