Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 465
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 728-735, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156195

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the incidence, mechanisms, types of injury, most affected anatomical regions, and factors leading to injuries in trail bikers. Methods This was an observational, retrospective study analyzing 47 trail bikers. Data were collected through application of a referenced morbidity survey (RMS), which included information on injuries and their mechanisms. Results The lesions with the highest incidence were abrasion and bruise. The most affected anatomical regions were the shoulders and knees. The most common injury mechanism was skidding or loss of traction. Conclusion Trail bikers are exposed to risk factors and, consequently, to falls; it is important to develop more protective equipment, especially for the shoulders and knees.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar a incidência, os mecanismos, os tipos de lesão, as regiões anatômicas mais acometidas, e os fatores que podem levar a lesões nos motociclistas praticantes de trilhas. Métodos Trata-se de uma pesquisa observacional do tipo retrospectivo, na qual foi realizada análise com 47 motociclistas praticantes de trilhas. Os dados foram coletados através da aplicação de um inquérito de morbidade referida (IMR), que incluiu informações sobre lesões e seus mecanismos. Resultados Ao analisar a amostra, verificou-se que os tipos de lesões com maior incidência foram abrasão e contusão. As regiões anatômicas mais acometidas foram o ombro e o joelho, e o mecanismo de lesão mais comum foi a derrapagem ou perda da tração. Conclusão Os trilheiros estão expostos a fatores de risco e, consequentemente, às quedas, sendo importante desenvolver mais equipamentos de proteção, em especial para o ombro e para o joelho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Protective Devices , Athletic Injuries , Shoulder , Sports , Accidental Falls , Motorcycles , Off-Road Motor Vehicles , Contusions , Knee
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1288-1295, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134438

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of stretching and therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) on desmin and laminin contents of rat muscle after contusion. Male Wistar rats (n = 35, 8-9 weeks of age, 271 ± 14g body weight) were divided into five groups: Control group (CG) (n= 03); Injured group (IG) (n= 8); Injured + ultrasound group (IUSG) (n= 8); Injured+stretching group (ISG) (n= 8); Injured +ultrasound + stretching group (IUSSG) (n= 8). The application of ultrasound started 72 hours after the contusion, using the 50 % pulsed mode, 0.5 W/cm2, 5 min, once a day, for five consecutive days. Passive manual stretching was started on the tenth day after injury, with four repetitions of 30 s each and 30 s rest between repetitions, once a day, five times per week, for a total of ten applications. After 22 days, the rats were euthanazied and the gastrocnemius of both limbs removed for desmin and laminin immunohistochemistry morphometric measurement. Analysis was conducted using ANOVA one way post-hoc Tukey to parametric data and Kruskall-Wallis for non-parametric data. The IUSSG animals showed a larger area of desmin than ISG (p<0.05). It was found a decrease in laminin comparing IUSG to IG. However, laminin area was higher in ISG than all groups (p<0.05). UST isolated or in combination with stretching influenced gastrocnemius regeneration in different manners. While stretching applied isolated enhanced gastrocnemius regeneration noticed by the increase in laminin area, in combination with TUS strengthened the muscle healing rising desmin area.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los efectos del estiramiento y la ecografía en los contenidos de desmina y laminina del músculo de rata después de la lesión. Ratas Wistar macho (n = 35, 8-9 semanas de edad, 271 ± 14 g de peso corporal) se dividieron en cinco grupos: grupo de control (CG) (n = 03); Grupo lesionado (GL) (n = 8); Lesionado + grupo de ultrasonido (LGU) (n= 8); Lesionado + grupo de estiramiento (LGE) (n = 8); Lesionado + ultrasonido + grupo de estiramiento (LUGE) (n = 8). La aplicación de ultrasonido comenzó 72 horas después de la lesión, usando el modo pulsado al 50 %, 0,5W / cm2, 5 min, una vez al día, durante cinco días consecutivos. El estiramiento manual pasivo se inició el décimo día después de la lesión, con cuatro repeticiones de 30 seg cada una y 30 seg de descanso entre repeticiones, una vez al día, cinco veces por semana, para un total de diez aplicaciones. Las ratas fueron sacrificadas después de 22 días, y se extrajo el músculo gastrocnemio de ambos miembros para la medición morfométrica de desmina y laminina a través de inmunohistoquímica. El análisis se realizó utilizando ANOVA unidireccional Tukey post-hoc para datos paramétricos y Kruskall-Wallis para datos no paramétricos. Los animales LUGE mostraron un área mayor de desmina que LGE (p <0,05). Se encontró una disminución en la laminina comparando LGU con GL. Sin embargo, el área de laminina fue mayor en LGE que en todos los grupos (p <0,05). El tratamiento con ultrasonido aislado o en combinación con estiramiento influyó en la regeneración del músculo gastrocnemio de diferentes maneras. Si bien el estiramiento aplicado, en combinación con tratamiento de ultrasonido, fortaleció el área de desmina, la regeneración del músculo gastrocnemio mejoró por el aumento en el área de laminina aumentando la curación muscular.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ultrasonic Therapy/methods , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Contusions/therapy , Muscle Stretching Exercises/methods , Immunohistochemistry , Analysis of Variance , Laminin/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Muscle, Skeletal/injuries , Desmin/analysis
3.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2001, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126492

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Describe the clinical management of an atypical Le Fort I fracture case. Case presentation: A 33-year-old patient was brought to the Surgical and Maxillofacial Traumatology Service of Humberto Lucena Senatorial Emergency and Trauma Hospital in Joao Pessoa (PB), Brazil, after undergoing physical aggression. The patient was conscious and lucid. Clinical examination revealed sinking of the middle third of the face with edema and bilateral periorbital ecchymosis. Visual acuity and ocular motricity were preserved in both eyes. A cut-contusion injury on the upper lip, maxillary mobility when handled and discrete occlusal dystopia were also observed. Imaging examination identified a high bilateral Le Fort I fracture. The therapeutic approach chosen was fracture reduction and fixation with plates and screws. After a period of two months, the patient is healing well without any apparent functional or aesthetic alteration. Conclusions: Atypical Le Fort I fractures are not frequent; however, a number of etiologies besides the impact force may bring about them. Treatment should be based on the one for classical Le Fort I fractures with adjustments to the surgical access approach(AU)


RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir los manejos clínicos realizados en una víctima de fractura de Le Fort I atípica. Reporte de caso: Un hombre de 33 años fue llevado al Servicio de Traumatología Quirúrgica y Maxilofacial del Hospital de Trauma y Emergencias Senatorial Humberto Lucena - Joao Pessoa (PB), Brasil, víctima de agresión física. El paciente estaba consciente y lúcido. Clínicamente, se observó hundimiento del tercio medio de su cara con edema y equimosis periorbital bilateral. La agudeza visual y la motricidad ocular se conservaron en ambos ojos. También se observaron herida constuso-cortante en el labio superior, movilidad maxilar cuando se manipula y discreta distopia oclusal. El examen de imagen identificó una fractura bilateral alta de Le Fort I. El enfoque terapéutico elegido fue la reducción de la fractura y la fijación con placas y tornillos. Después de un período de 2 meses, el paciente está evolucionando bien sin aparentes alteraciones funcionales o estéticas. Conclusiones: las fracturas atípicas de Le Fort I no son frecuentes, sin embargo, diferentes etiologías añadidas a la fuerza de impacto pueden justificarlas. El tratamiento debe basarse en las fracturas clásicas de Le Fort I con ajustes en el abordaje de acceso quirúrgico(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Fractures, Bone/therapy , Fracture Fixation/methods , Contusions/therapy
4.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 35(2): 96-103, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020624

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El traumatismo torácico (TT) es una causa importante de morbilidad y mortalidad, presente en el 25-50% de la mortalidad por traumatismo. El TT contuso (TTC) es el tipo más frecuente de TT según las diferentes publicaciones internacionales. OBJETIVO: Nuestros objetivos son describir las características, tratamientos, morbilidad y mortalidad en pacientes hospitalizados por TTC en nuestra institución. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo transversal desde enero-1981 a diciembre-2017. Revisión de una base de datos prospectiva, protocolos quirúrgicos y fichas clínicas. Se describen y comparan las características de los TTC. Se calcularon índices de gravedad de traumatismo (IGT): Injury Severity Score (ISS), Revised Trauma Score (RTS-T), Trauma Injury Severity Score (TRISS). RESULTADOS: Total 4.163 pacientes hospitalizados por TT, 1.719 (41,3%) TTC. Hombres 1.327 (77,2%), edad promedio 46,7±18,8 años. Se consideró TT aislado 966 (56,2%), asociado a lesiones extratorácicas 753 (43,8%) y de estos 508 (29,6%) eran politraumatizados. Mecanismo: Accidente de tránsito 838 (48,7%), caída de altura 279 (16,2%). Lesiones y hallazgos torácicos: fractura costal 1.294 (75,3%), neumotórax 752 (43,1%). Tratamiento: médico 874 (50,8%), pleurotomía 704 (41%) y cirugía torácica 141 (8,2%). Período de hospitalización 9,2 ± 9,5 días. Según IGT: ISS promedio 14,1 ± 11,1, RTS-Tpromedio 11,5 ± 1,5, TRISS promedio 6,6. Morbilidad en 297 (17,3%), mortalidad en 68 (4%). DISCUSIÓN: La causa principal de los TTC fue el accidente de tránsito. La fractura costal correspondió a la lesión torácica más frecuente. La mayoría requirió solo tratamiento médico. La mortalidad fue menor a la esperada según IGT.


BACKGROUND: Thoracic trauma (TT) is a major cause of morbimortality, involved in 25-50% of trauma deaths. Internationally, blunt thoracic trauma (BTT) is the most frequent type of TT. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives are to describe the clinical characteristics, treatments, morbidity and mortality in patients hospitalized by blunt thoracic trauma (BTT) in our institution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study from january-1981 to december-2017. Prospective database review, surgical protocols and clinical files. The characteristics of the BTT are described and compared. The following trauma severity indices (TSI) were calculated: Injury Severity Score (ISS), Revised Trauma Score (RTS-T) and Trauma Injury Severity Score (TRISS). RESULTS: 4,163 patients were hospitalized because of TT, 1.719 (41.3%) of them with BTT. 1,327 (77.2%)patients were men, average age 46.7 ± 18.8 years-old. We considered isolated TT 966 (56.2%), associated with extrathoracic lesions 753 (43,8%) and 508 (29.6%)with polytraumatism. Mechanism: Traffic accident 838 (48.7%), fall down from a height 279 (16.2%). Lesions and intrathoracic findings: rib fracture 1.294 (75.3%), pneumothorax 752 (43.7%). Treatment: Medical 876 (50.8%), pleurotomy 704 (41%) and thoracic surgery 141 (8.2%). Average hospitalized period 9.2 ± 9.5 days. According to TSI: ISS average 14.1 ± 11.1, RTS-T average 11.5 ± 1.5, TRISS average 6.6. Morbidity in 297 (17.3%), mortality in 68 (4%). DISCUSSION: The TTC was mainly attributed to the traffic accident. Rib fracture was the most common chest injury. The majority of patients required only medical treatment. Mortality was lower than expected according to TSI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Thoracic Injuries/therapy , Thoracic Injuries/epidemiology , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/therapy , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/epidemiology , Thoracic Injuries/etiology , Thoracic Injuries/mortality , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/etiology , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/mortality , Accidents/statistics & numerical data , Trauma Severity Indices , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Contusions , Hospitalization
5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(3): 1143-1152, mar. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-989620

ABSTRACT

Resumo Em países desenvolvidos, a violência é a principal causa de lesões bucomaxilofaciais (LBMF). No Brasil, há poucas evidências sobre tais lesões. Objetivou-se caracterizar as LBMF resultantes de agressão física em uma capital do nordeste brasileiro e analisar diferenças entre gêneros. Foram investigados 15.847 laudos do Instituto Médico Legal de São Luís/MA, ocorridos em 2012. Coletaram-se dados socioeconômicos, demográficos e características das LBMF. Utilizaram-se os testes Qui-quadrado e Exato de Fisher para avaliar diferenças entre gêneros. Dos casos periciados, 1977 eram LBMF. Vítimas do sexo feminino, com 20-59 anos de idade, cor parda, sem companheiro e empregadas foram mais afetadas. Lesões do tipo equimose, nas regiões bucinadora e labial, decorrentes do uso de instrumentos contundentes, ocasionando debilidade funcional permanente foram mais incidentes em mulheres (P < 0,05), ao passo que fratura dental, ferida contusa e perfurocontusa, decorrentes de instrumentos cortantes e perfurocontundentes, ocasionando deformidade permanente, incapacidade ocupacional e perigo de vida, em homens (P < 0,05). Conclui-se que a incidência de LBMF decorrente de agressão física é alta em São Luís, MA, e, embora as mulheres sejam mais acometidas, as LBMF em homens são mais severas.


Abstract In developed countries, violence is the main cause of oral maxillofacial (OMF) injuries. In Brazil, there are scant records of such lesions. The scope of this study was to detail the OMF injuries resulting from physical aggression in a capital of the Brazilian northeast and analyze gender differences. The Forensic Medicine Institute of São Luís, state of Maranhão, featured 15,847 reports, which occurred in 2012, and they were investigated. Socioeconomic, demographic data and OMF characteristics were analyzed. The Chi-square and Fisher's Exact tests were applied to assess gender differences. Of the cases examined, 1977 were OMF. Female victims, aged 20-59, dark-skinned, without a partner and maids were the most affected. Ecchymosis-type lesions, in the mouth and lip regions arising from the use of blunt instruments, causing permanent functional impairment, were the most prevalent in women (P < 0.05), whereas dental fracture and contusion arising from sharp instruments causing permanent deformity, occupational disability, and threat to life were detected in men (P < 0.05). The conclusion drawn is that the incidence of OMF due to physical aggression is high in São Luís, state of Maranhão, and although women are the most affected, the OMF in men are more severe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Violence/statistics & numerical data , Aggression , Fractures, Bone/epidemiology , Maxillofacial Injuries/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Trauma Severity Indices , Sex Factors , Incidence , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Contusions/etiology , Contusions/epidemiology , Disability Evaluation , Fractures, Bone/etiology , Maxillofacial Injuries/etiology , Middle Aged
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773874

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Xiaozhong Zhitong Ointment(XZZTO) on remodeling and repair of skeletal muscle injury in rats based on the expression mechanism of microRNA.@*METHODS@#The rat gastrocnemius injury model was established by blunt contusion model. The expression of MEF2 gene and protein in gastrocnemius muscle was detected by quantitative PCR at 4, 7, 14 and 21 days after injury with XZZTO. The mechanism of the effect of XZZTO on the muscle remodeling and repair of rat gastrocnemius contusion model was discussed.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of MEF2 in the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group and model group, which further confirmed the important role of MEF2 in inducing skeletal muscle remodeling and repair process in the topical drugs. The expression of MEF2 increased at 7 days after injury and remained at a high level until 21 days after injury. Compared with the model group, the peak expression period was about 14 days, and then returned to the general state.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression level of MEF2 shows an upward trend. Even 21 days after injury, the expression of MEF2 dose not show a significant downward trend. It can be seen that XZZTO can promote the expression of MEF2. At the same time, XZZTO can regulate the regeneration and repair of skeletal muscle. Therefore, XZZTO can play a regeneration and repair role after skeletal muscle injury through gene regulation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Contusions , Gastrointestinal Tract , Gene Expression Regulation , MEF2 Transcription Factors , Genetics , Muscle, Skeletal , Ointments , Proteins , RNA, Messenger , Rats
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762795

ABSTRACT

Post-traumatic hematoma formation is a common complication of contusion. If the hematoma is large enough to aspirate or drain, it can be treated quickly and appropriately. However, if the hematoma is small or concealed by local swelling, it may be overlooked and left untreated. In most cases, a hematoma will resolve following conservative treatment; however, associated infection or muscle fibrosis can occur. Herein, we present the case of a patient with a chin deformity caused by a post-traumatic hematoma. The deformity was treated using botulinum toxin and triamcinolone acetonide injections as minimally invasive treatments. The course of treatment was good.


Subject(s)
Botulinum Toxins , Chin , Congenital Abnormalities , Contusions , Facial Asymmetry , Fibrosis , Hematoma , Humans , Triamcinolone Acetonide
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765985

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Aster glehnii (AG) and Aster yomena (AY) are medicinal plants that belong to the family Compositea and grow widely in Korea. Plants in the genus Aster have been used to treat snakebite wounds or bruises in oriental medicine. This study compared the effects of anti-oxidants and anti-adipocyte differentiation according to the species (the aerial parts of AG and AY). METHODS: AG and AY were extracted using 70% ethanol (−E) and water (−W) at room temperature. The anti-oxidant activities were measured by total phenol contents (TPC), total flavonoid contents (TFC), DPPH and ABTS+ assay. In addition, correlation analysis was performed for the anti-oxidant compounds and effect. The level of anti-adipocyte differentiation was assessed using an oil red O assay on pre-adipocytes. RESULTS: AG-W showed higher TPC (6.92 µg/mL) and AG-E presented higher TFC (8.22 µg/mL) than the other extracts. Furthermore, AG-E exhibited higher radical scavenging activity in the DPPH and ABTS+ assay (IC50: 104.88 and 30.06 µg/mL). In the cytotoxicity assay, AG and AY extracts at concentrations less than 100µg/mL were non toxic. AG-W reduced the lipid accumulation of 3T3-L1 cells significantly after differentiation (70.49%) compared to the other extracts. CONCLUSION: These results show that the water extract of AG has anti-oxidant effects and reduces the differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells. Therefore, AG has utility as a functional food material for its anti-oxidant activities and ability to prevent lipid accumulation.


Subject(s)
3T3-L1 Cells , Adipocytes , Antioxidants , Contusions , Ethanol , Functional Food , Humans , Korea , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Phenol , Plants, Medicinal , Snake Bites , Water , Wounds and Injuries
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739488

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the shoulder injuries in elite athletes during the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang. METHODS: To collect the data of all Olympic athletes who visited venue medical centers, polyclinics, and Olympic-designated hospitals for shoulder injuries during the Olympic Games (February 9 through 25, 2018), we reviewed Olympic electronic medical records and patient information obtained from Olympic medical service teams about athletes who complained of shoulder pain. RESULTS: During the Olympics, a total of 14 athletes visited clinics for shoulder-related symptoms. Five athletes were injured in games and nine were injured in training. The injury was due to overuse in four patients. Ten patients had trauma-related symptoms: one after being hit by an opponent and the other nine after a collision with the ground or an object. There were no patients who complained of symptoms related to pre-existing shoulder conditions. The most common cause of shoulder pain was snow-boarding (one big air and three slopestyle). The most common diagnosis was contusion (n = 6), followed by rotator cuff injuries (n = 3), superior labrum from anterior to posterior lesion (n = 1), sprain (n = 1), acromioclavicular-coracoclavicular injury (n = 1), dislocation (n = 1), and fracture (n = 1). CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first epidemiologic study of shoulder injury conducted during a huge sports event involving a variety of competitions for elite athletes. If the risk factors of shoulder injury can be established by continuing research in the future, it will be helpful to prevent injury and to prepare safety measures for athletes.


Subject(s)
Athletes , Contusions , Diagnosis , Joint Dislocations , Electronic Health Records , Epidemiologic Studies , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder Pain , Shoulder , Sports , Sprains and Strains
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742211

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord contusion injury is one of the most serious nervous system disorders, characterized by high morbidity and disability. To mimic spinal cord contusion in humans, various animal models of spinal contusion injury have been developed. These models have been developed in rats, mice, and monkeys. However, most of these models are developed using rats. Two types of animal models, i.e. bilateral contusion injury and unilateral contusion injury models, are developed using either a weight drop method or impactor method. In the weight drop method, a specific weight or a rod, having a specific weight and diameter, is dropped from a specific height on to the exposed spinal cord. Low intensity injury is produced by dropping a 5 g weight from a height of 8 cm, moderate injury by dropping 10 g weight from a height of 12.5–25 mm, and high intensity injury by dropping a 25 g weight from a height of 50 mm. In the impactor method, injury is produced through an impactor by delivering a specific force to the exposed spinal cord area. Mild injury is produced by delivering 100 ± 5 kdyn of force, moderate injury by delivering 200 ± 10 kdyn of force, and severe injury by delivering 300 ± 10 kdyn of force. The contusion injury produces a significant development of locomotor dysfunction, which is generally evident from the 0–14(th) day of surgery and is at its peak after the 28–56th day. The present review discusses different animal models of spinal contusion injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Weight , Cervical Vertebrae , Contusions , Female , Haplorhini , Humans , Locomotion , Methods , Mice , Models, Animal , Nervous System Diseases , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries , Spinal Cord
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741436

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging could improve diagnostic accuracy for suspected posterior ligamentous complex (PLC) disruption. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used 20 freshly harvested goat spine samples with 60 segments and intact surrounding soft tissue. The animals were aged 1–1.5 years and consisted of 8 males and 12 females, which were sexually mature but had not reached adult weights. We created a paraspinal contusion model by percutaneously injecting 10 mL saline into each side of the interspinous ligament (ISL). All segments underwent T2-weighted sagittal and coronal short inversion time inversion recovery (STIR) scans as well as coronal and sagittal 3D proton density-weighted spectrally selective inversion recovery (3D-PDW-SPIR) scans acquired at 1.5T. Following scanning, some ISLs were cut and then the segments were re-scanned using the same magnetic resonance (MR) techniques. Two radiologists independently assessed the MR images, and the reliability of ISL tear interpretation was assessed using the kappa coefficient. The chi-square test was used to compare the diagnostic accuracy of images obtained using the different MR techniques. RESULTS: The interobserver reliability for detecting ISL disruption was high for all imaging techniques (0.776–0.949). The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of the coronal 3D-PDW-SPIR technique for detecting ISL tears were 100, 96.9, and 97.9%, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of the sagittal STIR (p = 0.000), coronal STIR (p = 0.000), and sagittal 3D-PDW-SPIR (p = 0.001) techniques. CONCLUSION: Compared to other MR methods, coronal 3D-PDW-SPIR provides a more accurate diagnosis of ISL disruption. Adding coronal 3D-PDW-SPIR to a routine MR protocol may help to identify PLC disruptions in cases with nearby contusion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Contusions , Diagnosis , Female , Goats , Humans , Ligaments , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Models, Animal , Protons , Sensitivity and Specificity , Spine , Tears , Weights and Measures
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763621

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to compare the radiological and clinical outcomes of internal fixation using a Polarus humeral nail for treatment of a humeral shaft fracture according to fracture types. METHODS: From 43 patients, 13 were excluded and 30 patients were included. The 30 patients were divided into 2 groups: 15 in group I (Orthopaedic Trauma Association/Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen classification type A and B) and 15 in group II (type C). The mean age was 63.1 years (range, 20–87 years), and mean follow-up period was 2.3 years (range, 1.0–6.1 years). The causes of injuries were as follows: 12, traffic accidents; 14, simple slips; 2, simple falls; 2, contusions after lower energy trauma. Radiological and clinical evaluations were performed. RESULTS: Radiological union was confirmed by plain anteroposterior and lateral radiographs on average of 5.0 months in group I, and 8.4 months in group II, respectively. Differences between the two groups were statistically significant (p<0.01). The clinical union value was 1.6 in group I, and 2.0 months in group II, but these values did not differ significantly (p=0.441). The mean Korean shoulder scoring system scores were 89.7 and 90.6, which did not differ significantly (p=0.352). CONCLUSIONS: Intramedullary nailing using the Polarus humeral nail is considered to be a good treatment modality for all types of humeral shaft fractures. Additionally, the Polarus humeral nail can be an optimal choice for the treatment of complex type fractures such as segmental or comminuted humeral shaft fractures.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Accidents, Traffic , Classification , Contusions , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Shoulder
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758481

ABSTRACT

A closed internal degloving injury is a soft tissue injury, in which the subcutaneous tissue is ripped from the underlying fascia. In rare cases, a closed internal degloving injury can lead to hemorrhagic shock. A 79-year-old woman was brought to the emergency department following an auto-pedestrian accident, in which she was hit by a car. She was in a stupor and was hypotensive. The initial evaluation was unremarkable. During management, the patient required the transfusion of a large volume of blood, and vasoactive agent. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a large hematoma in her lower back and gluteal area and she was diagnosed with a closed internal degloving injury. Missed or delayed diagnosis of this type of injury may result in a significant increase in transfusion requirements and irreversible hemorrhagic shock.


Subject(s)
Aged , Contusions , Delayed Diagnosis , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fascia , Female , Hematoma , Humans , Shock, Hemorrhagic , Soft Tissue Injuries , Stupor , Subcutaneous Tissue
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777566

ABSTRACT

Manual examination of the peripheral blood smear (PBS) is currently performed on a fraction of samples sent for automated complete cell count. 39 children (age range 0-16.2 years) referred to a private paediatric practice during a 16-month period were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical scenarios, haematological features, laboratory-initiated PBS review, haematologist's PBS review and final diagnosis were described. Clinical indications included isolated thrombocytopenia (n = 10), unexplained bruises (n = 5), acute febrile illnesses (n = 11), anaemia (n = 8) and others (n = 5). The laboratory reviewed the PBS in 30 cases according to preset criteria and made no conclusive remarks. All slides were reviewed by a haematologist and a diagnosis was made in 27 (69%) cases, including 7 (78%) of the nine slides the laboratory did not review. The practice of laboratory-initiated PBS review requires re-evaluation. Haematologist-reviewed PBS is an important diagnostic tool for children with anaemia, bleeding disorders and acute febrile illnesses.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Anemia , Diagnosis , Child , Child, Preschool , Contusions , Diagnosis , Cytological Techniques , Methods , Female , Fever , Diagnosis , Hematology , Methods , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Medical Oncology , Methods , Pediatrics , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocytopenia , Diagnosis
15.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 180-188, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717224

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord injury is a significant cause of motor dysfunctions. There is no definite cure for it, and most of the therapeutic modalities are only symptomatic treatment. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the effectiveness of stem cell therapy in the treatment of the spinal cord injuries in animal models was studied and evaluated. A systematic search through medical databases by using appropriate keywords was conducted. The relevant reports were reviewed in order to find out cases in which inclusion and exclusion criteria had been fulfilled. Finally, 89 articles have been considered, from which 28 had sufficient data for performing statistical analyses. The findings showed a significant improvement in motor functions after cell therapy. The outcome was strongly related to the number of transplanted cells, site of injury, chronicity of the injury, type of the damage, and the induction of immune-suppression. According to our data, improvements in functional recovery after stem cell therapy in the treatment of spinal cord injury in animal models was noticeable, but its outcome is strongly related to the site of injury, number of transplanted cells, and type of transplanted cells.


Subject(s)
Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Contusions , Models, Animal , Spinal Cord Injuries , Spinal Cord , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717140

ABSTRACT

When stenting is applied to treat myocardial infarction, antiplatelet agents are administered to prevent thrombosis, which increases the risk of bleeding. Patients with myocardial infarction are also more likely to have osteoarthritis simultaneously, because both diseases occur frequently in elderly patients. Patients with osteoarthritis often use analgesics, especially nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); hence, patients with both diseases use analgesics and antiplatelet agents simultaneously. The risk of bleeding increases with the use of antiplatelet agents and this is further increased when NSAIDs are added. We would like to report a case that reflects this situation. A 60-year-old man underwent stenting after ST-elevation myocardial infarction, and was treated with aspirin and clopidogrel. This patient also received a pelubiprofen prescription from another physician to treat osteoarthritis. After the patient took pelubiprofen twice, he found a bruise on his wrist and reported it to the pharmacist. It is unlikely that this is rare in community pharmacies, so pharmacists should pay careful attention to the concomitant administration of analgesics to patients receiving antiplatelet agents and should provide appropriate education to patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Analgesics , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Aspirin , Contusions , Education , Hemorrhage , Humans , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction , Osteoarthritis , Pharmacies , Pharmacists , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Prescriptions , Stents , Thrombosis , Wrist
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717092

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary contusion complicated with endobronchial hemorrhage is potentially life-threatening, particularly in patients with tracheobronchial tree disruption and severe airway bleeding after blunt trauma, and pose a high mortality risk. In such cases, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be used as a salvage treatment modality. However, the use of ECMO for moribund trauma patients with respiratory failure may be limited for several reasons, such as intractable bleeding. In this case report, we describe a patient with severe bilateral pulmonary contusions with tracheobronchial tree disruption that was successfully treated using heparin-free venovenous ECMO.


Subject(s)
Bronchi , Contusions , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Hemorrhage , Heparin , Humans , Lung Injury , Mortality , Respiratory Insufficiency , Salvage Therapy , Trees
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716788

ABSTRACT

Patients complaining of swelling and hematoma caused by contusion of the face can be easily seen in the emergency room. Most of the treatments were conservative treatments such as ice bag application, mild compression dressing, and massage. During the follow-up, fibrosis progression due to hematoma was frequently observed in the contusion site. When hematoma or fibrosis is confirmed, hyaluronidase (H-lase) 1,500 IU and 2 mL of normal saline were mixed and subcutaneously injected in crisscross manner. To evaluate the improvement of hematoma before and after hyaluronidase injection, three plastic surgeons evaluated using the Vancouver scar scale and compared preoperative and postoperative images. Hematoma and fibrosis after facial trauma improved after hyaluronidase injection for early treatment.


Subject(s)
Bandages , Cicatrix , Contusions , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hematoma , Humans , Hyaluronic Acid , Hyaluronoglucosaminidase , Ice , Massage , Plastics , Surgeons
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762491

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although one in two firefighters in South Korea have experienced work-related injuries, there are few studies which show the overview description on work-related injuries and its analysis regarding such causes. Therefore, we aimed to show the overview of compensated work-related injuries in order to serve fundamental data for establishing prevention policies on work-related injuries for Korean firefighters. METHODS: We requested the all claimed work-related injury data of Korean firefighters from 2010 to 2015 to the Korean National Fire Agency (NFA). The data from NFA including 2457 claimed cases was analyzed and we confirmed, 2154 approved work-related injuries for the kinds of job activities, cause of accident and type of injuries. Among 2154 approved cases, we analyzed more variables for the sex, age, and job duration of 1344 compensated cases through served text file on summary of accident. RESULTS: The Government Employees Pension Service (GEPS) recognized 2154 (87.7%) approved work-related injuries among 2457 claimed cases. The incidence of work-related injuries per 1000 firefighters was 9.8 persons. By region, the incidence of work-related injuries per 1000 firefighters ranged from a maximum of 14.5 to a minimum of 4.0. The most common job activity caused the accident was fire suppression (18.0%), followed by Emergency medical services (EMS) (17.5%) and training (10.7%). The most common cause of these accident was movement imbalance (30.3%), followed by falls (18.9%) and traffic accident (13.4%). In these work-related injuries, sprains and bruises were the most common type of injury (27.2%), and the most commonly injured body site was the upper and lower back (25.3%). Data from identified 1344 firefighters showed that 1264 (94.0%) were male and 80 (6.0%) were female. Age group was the highest in the 40s with 623 cases (46.4%), and job duration was the highest with 650 cases in 5–10 years (48.4%). CONCLUSION: In this study, we could obtain the preliminary data necessary to establish preventive measures, including the cause of accident and region with high accident rates. However, the number of applications for compensated injuries was very small compared to the frequency of injuries found in previous studies. The lack of appropriate treatment suggested that many firefighter injuries can become chronic. In this study, we suggest that it is necessary to introduce an injury monitoring system and improve the accessibility of compensated injuries. TRIAL REGISTRATION: CR318031. Registered 20 June 2018.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Accidents, Occupational , Accidents, Traffic , Contusions , Emergency Medical Services , Female , Firefighters , Fires , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Male , Occupational Injuries , Pensions , Sprains and Strains
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762489

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In Korea, there were repeated radiation exposure accidents among non-destructive testing workers. Most of the cases involved local injury, such as radiation burns or hematopoietic cancer. Herein, we report a case of acute radiation syndrome caused by short periods of high exposure to ionizing radiation. CASE PRESENTATION: In January 2017, Korea Information System on Occupational Exposure (KISOE) found that a 31-year-old man who had worked in a non-destructive testing company had been overexposed to radiation. The patient complained of symptoms of anorexia, general weakness, prostration, and mild dizziness for several days. He was anemic. The venous injection areas had bruises and bleeding tendency. Blood and bone marrow testing showed pancytopenia and the patient was diagnosed with acute radiation syndrome (white blood cells: 1400/cubic mm, hemoglobin: 7.1 g/dL, platelets: 14000/cubic mm). He was immediately prohibited from working and blood transfusion was commenced. The patient’s radiation exposure dose was over 1.4 Gy (95% confidence limits: 1.1–1.6) in lymphocyte depletion kinetics. It was revealed that the patient had been performing non-destructive tests without radiation shielding when working in high places of the large pipe surface. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure prevention is clearly possible in radiation-exposed workers. Strict legal amendments to safety procedures are essential to prevent repeated radiation exposure accidents.


Subject(s)
Acute Radiation Syndrome , Adult , Anorexia , Blood Cells , Blood Transfusion , Bone Marrow , Burns , Contusions , Dizziness , Hemorrhage , Humans , Information Systems , Kinetics , Korea , Lymphocyte Depletion , Occupational Exposure , Pancytopenia , Radiation Exposure , Radiation, Ionizing
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL