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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): e29-e33, feb 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353754

ABSTRACT

La purpurina es un pigmento en polvo de cobre, que se utiliza con frecuencia en actividades artesanales y manualidades escolares. La ingestión o inhalación de esta sustancia provoca un cuadro de intoxicación por cobre potencialmente fatal en niños. Se describe el caso de un niño de 15 meses con intoxicación por cobre, que se presenta con dificultad respiratoria aguda, alteración del sensorio y anemia hemolítica. El inicio temprano del tratamiento mediante broncoscopia y lavado bronquial con posterior intubación endotraqueal y ventilación mecánica, lograron la remisión completa del cuadro respiratorio sin secuelas. Ante una ingestión y/o inhalación de purpurina, debe indicarse de inmediato la broncoscopia con lavado bronquial, aún en ausencia de síntomas respiratorios.


Glitter is a powdered copper pigment frequently used in craft and decorative activities especially in schools and kindergartens.Ingestion or inhalation of this substance can cause acute, potentially fatal copper poisoning in children. We describe a case of a 15-month-old child with copper poisoning, presenting with acute respiratory distress, neurological impairment, and hemolytic anemia. Early onset of treatment by bronchoscopy and bronchial lavage with subsequent endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation, achieved complete remission of the respiratory symptoms without sequelae. In presence of glitter ingestion or inhalation, bronchoscopy with bronchial lavage should be indicated early even in the absence of respiratory symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Poisoning , Powders , Respiration, Artificial , Bronchoscopy , Copper , Eating
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(5): 1225-1236, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345275

ABSTRACT

As an essential trace element for animals, copper significantly contributes to the growth and health of animals. Compared to inorganic trace elements, organic trace elements are better supplements; notably, they are acquired through microbial transformation. Therefore, we screened for copper-enriched microorganisms from high copper content soil to obtain organic copper. Sodium diethyldithio carbamate trihydrate was applied as a chromogenic agent for determining micro amounts of intracellular copper through spectrophotometry. In total, 50 fungi were isolated after the successful application of the screening platform for copper-rich microbes. Following morphological and molecular biology analyses, the N-2 strain, identified as Aspergillus niger sp. demonstrated showed better copper enrichment potential than others. Notably, the strain tolerance to copper was nearly thrice that of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, up to 1600mg/L. The content of the organic bound copper was 22.84mg Cu/g dry cell. Using the Central Composite Design (CCD) response surface method, we optimized the fermentation condition (inoculation amount, 13%; temperature, 28(C; pH, 5.0). Compared to the original strain results under the single factor fermentation condition, we reported an increase by 24.18% under the optimized conditions. Collectively, these findings provide a reference for uncovering new and low-cost organic copper additives.(AU)


Como elemento traço essencial para os animais, o cobre contribui significativamente para o crescimento e saúde dos animais. Comparado aos oligoelementos inorgânicos, os oligoelementos orgânicos são melhores suplementos; notavelmente, eles são adquiridos através de transformação microbiana. Portanto, nós selecionamos microorganismos enriquecidos com cobre de solos com alto teor de cobre para obter cobre orgânico. O carbamato de sódio diethyldithio trihidratado foi aplicado como agente cromogênico para a determinação de micro quantidades de cobre intracelular através da espectrofotometria. No total, 50 fungos foram isolados após a aplicação bem sucedida da plataforma de triagem para micróbios ricos em cobre. Após análises morfológicas e de biologia molecular, a cepa N-2, identificada como Aspergillus niger sp. demonstrou um melhor potencial de enriquecimento de cobre do que outras. Notavelmente, a tolerância da estirpe ao cobre foi quase três vezes maior que a da Saccharomyces cerevisiae, até 1600mg/L. O conteúdo de cobre ligado orgânico era de 22,84mg Cu/g de célula seca. Usando o método de superfície de resposta Central Composite Design (CCD), nós otimizamos a condição de fermentação (quantidade de inoculação, 13%; temperatura, 28C; pH, 5,0). Em comparação com os resultados da deformação original sob a condição de fermentação de fator único, relatamos um aumento de 24,18% sob as condições otimizadas. Coletivamente, estas descobertas fornecem uma referência para descobrir novos aditivos de cobre orgânico de baixo custo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Soil Analysis , Copper , Food Additives , Aspergillus , Soil Microbiology , Soil Treatment , Sus scrofa
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 955-965, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285270

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the reasons of quality deviation of a concentrate from a predefined standard. Five treatments were established: T1 - Control, standard concentrate formulation (SCF); T2 - PXMore5, SCF with more 5% vitamin-mineral premix (VMP); T3 - PXLess5, SCF with less 5% VMP. All three treatments used a 400kg batches in an INTECNIAL mixer; T4 - FeedMixer, SCF using a 4,000kg batch in an IMOTO mixer; T5 - PremixMixer, SCF using a 1,200kg batch in an MUYANG mixer. For each treatment, bags of 20 kg were stored in three storage places for four months. Water activity of concentrate was affected by temperature and air relative humidity in different storage places. Regarding the kind of mixer, the greatest variation in concentration of crude protein, mineral residue, copper, zinc, and selenium was observed in the PremixMixer. Adjustments are imperative in the handling and use procedures of this kind of mixer to meet the quality requirements required in the concentrate production. Analyzing the effect of the mineral-vitamin premix level, no difference could be defined with the evaluated parameters.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as razões do desvio de qualidade de um concentrado de um padrão predefinido. Foram estabelecidos cinco tratamentos: T1 - controle, concentrado com formulação padrão (CFP); T2 - PXMais5, CFP com 5% a mais de vitaminas e minerais da pré-mistura (PVM); T3 - PXMenos5, CFP com 5% a menos de PVM. Todos esses três tratamentos utilizaram lotes de 400kg em um misturador INTECNIAL; T4 - FeedMixer, CFP usando um lote de 4.000kg em um misturador IMOTO; T5 - PremixMixer, CFP usando um lote de 1.200kg em um misturador MUYANG. Para cada tratamento, sacos de 20kg foram armazenados em três ambientes distintos por quatro meses. A atividade de água do concentrado foi afetada pela temperatura e umidade relativa do ar em diferentes locais de armazenamento. Em relação ao tipo de misturador, a maior variação na concentração de proteína bruta, resíduo mineral, cobre, zinco e selênio foi devido ao PremixMixer. Ajustes são imperativos nos procedimentos de manuseio e uso desse tipo de misturador para atender aos requisitos de qualidade exigidos na produção de concentrado. Ao se analisar o efeito do nível da pré-mistura de vitaminas e minerais, nenhuma diferença pôde ser definida com os parâmetros avaliados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine , Nutrients/administration & dosage , Animal Feed/analysis , Selenium , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine , Vitamins , Zinc , Copper
4.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 51-57, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251521

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la enfermedad de Wilson es una enfermedad heterogénea causada por mutaciones en el gen ATP7B. La presentación clínica es variable, en fenotipos hepáticos y neuropsiquiátricos. El objetivo de este estudio es describir una cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes. Materiales y métodos: estudio retrospectivo descriptivo de pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe desde enero de 2004 a septiembre de 2017. Resultados: se reportaron 27 pacientes, 17 hombres y 10 mujeres. El tiempo de seguimiento medio fue de 2,18 años, el 40% presentó síntomas neurológicos; el 29%, psiquiátricos; y el 85%, alteración hepática. En el laboratorio, el 85% presentó ceruloplasmina baja; 55%, cobre urinario alto; en casos con biopsia hepática, 7 tenían depósito de cobre en coloraciones especiales. En neuroimágenes, el 84% presentó hallazgos sugestivos de enfermedad de Wilson y en 3 casos se documentó una mutación genética patogénica. Durante el seguimiento, el 51% mejoró clínica o bioquímicamente, el 11% se mantuvo estable y el 18% se deterioró. El 88% de los casos sobrevivió al final del seguimiento. Conclusiones: este estudio es la cohorte retrospectiva más grande de Colombia. Los resultados son base para nuevos estudios poblacionales buscando de manera activa la enfermedad para documentarla en su fase preclínica y, de este modo, impactar en el pronóstico.


Abstract Introduction: Wilson's disease is a heterogeneous disorder caused by mutations in the ATP7B gene. Its clinical presentation is variable in hepatic and neuropsychiatric phenotypes. The aim of this study is to describe a retrospective cohort of patients. Materials and methods: A descriptive retrospective study was carried out in patients treated at the Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe from January 2004 to September 2017. Results: 27 patients were reported, 17 men and 10 women. The mean follow-up time was 2.18 years. 40% of the patients had neurological symptoms, 29% psychiatric symptoms, and 85% hepatic impairment. Lab tests showed that 85% had low ceruloplasmin and 55% had increased urinary copper. In cases that underwent liver biopsy, 7 had special copper colorations. Neuroimaging revealed that 84% had findings suggestive of Wilson's disease and a pathogenic genetic mutation was documented in 3 cases. During follow-up, 51% improved clinically or biochemically, 11% remained stable, and 18% deteriorated. 88% of cases survived at the end of follow-up. Conclusions: This study is the largest retrospective cohort carried out in Colombia. The results are the basis for new population-based studies actively seeking this disease to describe its preclinical development and thus impact prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Copper , Hepatolenticular Degeneration , Signs and Symptoms , Disease , Retrospective Studies , Genetics , Liver
5.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e181084, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350225

ABSTRACT

Some antioxidant compounds have a pro-oxidant effect in the presence of transition metal ions, due to the reduction of Mn+ to M(n-1)+ with simultaneous formation of free radicals, which then promote DNA damage. In the present study, we evaluated the pUC19 DNA damage in a solution containing Cu(II) and ascorbic acid (AA) or S(IV) saturated with air by agarose gel electrophoresis. Our results showed that this damage decreases if AA and S(IV) are simultaneously added. This study also illustrates the importance of Cu(II) in this process, as no DNA damage was observed when AA or S(IV) were present in the absence of this metallic ion. Our data showed that DNA preservation depends on the concentration of AA and S(IV) and occurs when the [S(IV)]:[AA] ratio ranges from 1:1 to 20:1. Absorbance measurements and thermodynamic data show that no reaction occurs between AA and S(IV) when this mixture (pH 5.5) is added to pUC-19 DNA. The presence of dissolved oxygen may be the cause of AA consumption in the mixture of these two antioxidants, which subsequently decreases DNA damage.


Subject(s)
Ascorbic Acid/adverse effects , Sulfites , DNA Damage , Copper/pharmacology , Ions/adverse effects , Antioxidants/adverse effects , Measurements, Methods and Theories , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel/instrumentation , Free Radicals/pharmacology , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
6.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e212020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249707

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: After debonding, white spot may appear on the area below the bracket, which is the early clinical sign of carious lesion. There is increased caries risk underneath and adjacent to orthodontic bands and brackets, which call for maximum use of caries preventive procedures using various fluoride application methods. Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate alterations in the mechanical properties (modulus of elasticity and yield strength) in loading and unloading phases for different orthodontic archwires (nickel-titanium [NiTi] and copper-nickel-titanium [CuNiTi]) when exposed routinely to fluoride prophylactic agents for a predetermined period of time. Methods: Preformed rectangular NiTi and CuNiTi wires were immersed in fluoride solution and artificial saliva (control) for 90 minutes at 37ºC. After immersion, specimens were tested using a 3-point bend test on a universal testing machine. Results: There is a significant reduction in the unloading yield strength when the NiTi and CuNiTi wires were exposed to APF gel. Conclusion: The result suggests that use of topical fluoride agents affect the mechanical properties of the wires, leading to increase in treatment duration. Fluoride prophylactic agents must be used with caution in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. Injudicious use of these agents may cause corrosive effects on the orthodontic wire surfaces, with alteration in their mechanical properties.


RESUMO Introdução: Após a remoção dos braquetes, manchas brancas podem aparecer na área embaixo deles, as quais são o sinal clínico inicial da lesão cariosa. Existe um maior risco de cáries embaixo e ao redor das bandas e braquetes ortodônticos, o que exige a máxima utilização de procedimentos preventivos de cárie, usando diferentes métodos com aplicação de flúor. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar alterações nas propriedades mecânicas (módulo de elasticidade e resistência ao escoamento), nas fases de carregamento e descarregamento de diferentes fios ortodônticos (níquel-titânio [NiTi] e níquel-titânio com adição de cobre [CuNiTi]), quando expostos rotineiramente a agentes profiláticos fluoretados, utilizados durante um período de tempo predeterminado. Métodos: Os fios pré-contornados retangulares de NiTi e CuNiTi foram imersos em solução fluoretada e saliva artificial (controle) durante 90 minutos a 37°C. Após a imersão, as amostras foram testadas utilizando-se um teste de flexão em três pontos, em uma máquina universal de testes. Resultados: Houve uma redução significativa na resistência ao escoamento na fase de descarregamento quando os fios de NiTi e CuNiTi foram expostos ao gel fluoretado. Conclusão: O resultado sugere que o uso tópico de agentes fluoretados afeta as propriedades mecânicas dos fios, levando a um aumento na duração do tratamento. Os agentes profiláticos fluoretados devem ser utilizados com cautela em pacientes submetidos a tratamento ortodôntico. O uso indiscriminado desses agentes pode causar efeitos corrosivos na superfície dos fios ortodônticos e consequente alteração das suas propriedades mecânicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontic Wires , Copper , Dental Alloys , Fluorides , Nickel , Surface Properties , Titanium , Materials Testing , Nickel/adverse effects
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879874

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of serum levels of trace elements with core symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#From September 2018 to September 2019, an investigation was performed for 1 020 children with ASD and 1 038 healthy children matched for age and sex in the outpatient service of grade A tertiary hospitals and special education institutions in 13 cities of China. Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) were used to assess the core symptoms of the children with ASD. The inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to measure serum levels of trace elements magnesium, iron, copper, and zinc.@*RESULTS@#The children with ASD had significantly lower serum levels of magnesium, copper, and zinc than the healthy children (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The serum levels of magnesium and zinc may be associated with core symptoms in children with ASD, which requires further studies. The nutritional status of trace elements should be monitored for children with ASD in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Child , China , Copper/analysis , Humans , Trace Elements/analysis , Zinc
8.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 46(4): e2224, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156630

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La deficiencia de cinc se considera un problema de salud global. Existe escasa información sobre el estado nutricional del cinc en mujeres cubanas en edad reproductiva. Objetivo: Identificar deficiencia de cinc y cobre sérico en mujeres en edad reproductiva, según factores relacionados, como la anemia, inflamación, exceso de peso y adiposidad abdominal. Métodos: Se estudiaron 104 mujeres de 18 a 40 años de edad, de La Habana, aparentemente sanas. Se realizó un estudio transversal descriptivo. Se realizó la determinación de cinc, cobre, hemoglobina, ferritina, proteína C reactiva, alfa 1 glicoproteína, peso, talla y circunferencia mínima de la cintura, se calculó el índice de masa corporal. Se utilizaron puntos de corte internacionales para la evaluación. Resultados: La prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro, estimada por ferritina sérica, cinc y cobre sérico fueron 66,3 por ciento (67/102), 36,2 por ciento (34/94) y 19,1 por ciento (18/94), respectivamente. De las mujeres 23,5 por ciento (24/102) tenían anemia e inflamación 8,8 por ciento (9/102) y 13 por ciento (13/102) estimada por CRP y AGP. Predominaron mujeres con exceso de peso 52,9 por ciento (54/102) y adiposidad abdominal 61,8 por ciento (60/97). Conclusiones: El riesgo de deficiencia de cinc en la muestra es elevado, la prevalencia del Zn sérico disminuido supera el 20 por ciento. No existe criterio para evaluar el riesgo de deficiencia de cobre como problema de salud pública. Las deficiencias de cinc y cobre no parecen estar asociadas a la anemia, la inflamación y el estado nutricional general. Se requiere realizar pesquisas adicionales para identificar la magnitud de las deficiencias de cinc y cobre y sus posibles causas(AU)


Introduction: Zinc deficiency is considered a global health problem. There is scarce information on zinc's nutritional state in Cuban childbearing-aged women. Objective: Identify zinc and serum copper deficiency in childbearing-aged women, based on related factors, such as anemia, inflammation, excess weight and abdominal adiposity. Methods: 104 seemingly healthy women from Havana, aged 18 to 40 were studied. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted. The determination of zinc, copper, hemoglobin, ferritin, C-reactive protein, alpha 1 glycoprotein, weight, size and minimum waist circumference was made, and the body mass index was calculated. International breakpoints were used for evaluation. Results: The prevalence of iron deficiency, estimated by serum ferritin, zinc and serum copper was 66.3 percent (67/101), 36.2 percent (34/94) and 19.1 percent (18/94), respectively. Of women, 23.5 percent (24/102) had anemia, and 8.8 percent had inflammation (9/102) and 13 percent (13/100) estimated by CRP and AGP. Women with overweight 52.9 percent (54/102) and abdominal adiposity 61.8% (60/97) predominated. Conclusions: The risk of zinc deficiency in the sample is high, the prevalence of decreased serum Zn exceeds 20 percent. There is no criterion for assessing the risk of copper deficiency as a public health problem. Zinc and copper deficiencies do not appear to be associated with anemia, inflammation and overall nutritional status. Additional tests are required to identify the magnitude of zinc and copper deficiencies and their possible causes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Women , Copper , Reproductive Health/standards , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cuba , Zinc Deficiency
9.
Femina ; 48(9): 574-576, 20200930.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122590

ABSTRACT

Os dispositivos intrauterinos (DIUs) são os métodos contraceptivos reversíveis de longa duração mais utilizados no mundo, apresentando altas taxas de eficácia e segurança. Na presença de gestação, o DIU pode ser retirado com uma leve tração dos fios, quando visíveis. Na impossibilidade de visualização dos fios, há a opção de retirada por histeroscopia, que tem se mostrado segura e eficaz para a retirada de DIU retido na cavidade. Foram pesquisados os termos: "intrauterine device", "pregnancy" e "hysteroscopy". Dos 378 artigos encontrados, foram selecionados 18 artigos que cumpriam os objetivos desta revisão. A presença de DIU durante a gestação se mostra um fator de risco independente para desfechos desfavoráveis como abortamento, corioamnionite, parto prematuro e maior taxa de admissão em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. A histeroscopia ambulatorial se mostra uma alternativa segura e eficaz na retirada do DIU no primeiro trimestre.(AU)


Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are the most widely used reversible contraceptive methods in the world, with high rates of efficacy and safety. In the presence of pregnancy, the IUD can be removed by gently traction of the threads, when visible. If the wires cannot be visualized, we have the option of hysteroscopy removal, which has been shown to be safe and effective for the removal of an IUD retained in the cavity. The terms "intrauterine device", "pregnancy" and "hysteroscopy" were searched. Of the 378 articles found, 18 articles were selected that met the objectives of this review. The presence of IUDs during pregnancy is an independent risk factor for unfavorable outcomes such as abortion, chorioamnionitis, premature birth and a higher rate of admission to a neonatal intensive care unit. Ambulatory hysteroscopy is a safe and effective alternative for IUD removal in the first trimester.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Hysteroscopy , Intrauterine Devices , Intrauterine Devices, Copper , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Risk Factors , Databases, Bibliographic , Copper/therapeutic use , Contraceptive Effectiveness
10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(3): 249-253, July-Sept. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131676

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Copper deficiency has been linked to alterations in lipid metabolism and hepatic steatosis. Oxidative stress plays a role in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). One of the enzymes that neutralize oxidative stress is Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase, which depends on the availability of adequate amounts of copper. OBJECTIVE: Correlate the levels of ceruloplasmin and of non-ceruloplasmin-bound copper (NCBC) with clinical, biochemical and histological parameters of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients. METHODS: Data from 95 consecutively admitted NAFLD patients who underwent liver biopsy composed the groups based on ceruloplasmin levels lower than 25 mg/dL and on negative NCBC. The risk factors for NAFLD in each group were compared. RESULTS: Body mass index was lower in patients with ceruloplasmin <25 mg/dL (29.1±3.47 vs 32.8±6.24 kg/m2; P=0.005) as were the levels of LDL, HDL and total cholesterol, when compared with their counterparts with ceruloplasmin >25 mg/dL (101±38 vs 116±35 mg/dL, P=0.05; 43±9 vs 51±16 mg/dL, P=0.01; 174±43 vs 197±39 mg/dL, P=0.01, respectively). Mean serum ferritin levels were higher in the ceruloplasmin <25 mg/dL group (343±327 vs 197±190 ng/mL; P=0.02). Otherwise, patients with negative NCBC had higher HOMA-IR (8.2±14.7 vs 4.6±3.7; P=0.03). Age, gender, hypertension and diabetes showed no statistical difference. CONCLUSION: Patients with NAFLD had different clinical and biochemical markers according to the levels of NCBC and ceruloplasmin.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A deficiência de cobre tem sido relacionada a alterações no metabolismo lipídico e esteatose hepática. O estresse oxidativo desempenha um papel fundamental na fisiopatologia da doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica. Uma das enzimas que neutralizam o estresse oxidativo é a Cobre/Zinco superoxido dismutase, que depende da disponibilidade de quantidades adequadas de cobre. OBJETIVO: Correlacionar os níveis de ceruloplasmina e de cobre não ligado à ceruloplasmina (NCBC) com parâmetros clínicos, bioquímicos e histológicos de pacientes com doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA). MÉTODOS: Dados de 95 pacientes com DHGNA internados consecutivamente e submetidos à biópsia hepática compuseram os grupos com base em níveis de ceruloplasmina inferiores a 25 mg/dL e em NCBC negativo. Os fatores de risco para DHGNA em cada grupo foram comparados. RESULTADOS: O índice de massa corporal foi menor nos pacientes com ceruloplasmina <25 mg/dL (29,1±3,47 vs 32,8±6,24 kg/m2; P=0,005), assim como os níveis de LDL, HDL e colesterol total, quando comparados aos seus pares com ceruloplasmina >25 mg/dL (101±38 vs 116±35 mg/dL, P=0,05; 43±9 vs 51±16 mg/dL, P=0,01; 174±43 vs 197±39 mg/dL, P=0,01, respectivamente). Os níveis médios de ferritina sérica foram maiores no grupo ceruloplasmina <25 mg/dL (343±327 vs 197±190 mg/mL; P=0,02). Os pacientes com NCBC negativo apresentaram maior HOMA-IR (8,2±14,7 vs 4,6±3,7; P=0,03). Idade, sexo, hipertensão e diabetes não mostraram diferença estatística. CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes com DHGNA apresentaram diferentes marcadores clínicos e bioquímicos de acordo com os níveis de NCBC e ceruloplasmina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Phenotype , Ceruloplasmin/analysis , Ceruloplasmin/metabolism , Body Mass Index , Copper
11.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(9): 651-661, Sept. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1143423

ABSTRACT

Copper is an essential micromineral in animal feed; however, when consumed in excess, it can cause liver necrosis, hemolytic crisis, hemoglobinuric nephrosis and death in cattle. Although uncommon in this species, copper poisoning occurs as a result of exacerbated supplementation, deficiency of antagonist microminerals, or previous liver lesions. An outbreak of chronic copper poisoning is reported in semi-confined cattle after supplementation with 50 mg/Kg of dry matter copper. The cattle showed clinical signs characterized by anorexia, motor incoordination, loss of balance, jaundice, brownish or black urine, diarrhea and death, or were found dead, 10 to 302 days after consumption. Of the 35 cattle that died, 20 underwent necropsy, whose frequent findings were jaundice, enlarged liver with evident lobular pattern, black kidneys, and urinary bladder with brownish to blackish content. Microscopically, the liver showed vacuolar degeneration and/or zonal hepatocellular centrilobular or paracentral coagulative necrosis, in addition to cholestasis, mild periacinal fibrosis, apoptotic bodies, and mild to moderate mononuclear inflammation. Degeneration and necrosis of the tubular epithelium and intratubular hemoglobin cylinders were observed in the kidneys. Copper levels in the liver and kidneys ranged from 5,901.24 to 28,373.14 µmol/kg and from 303.72 to 14,021 µmol/kg, respectively. In conclusion, copper poisoning due to excessive nutritional supplementation is an important cause of jaundice, hemoglobinuria, and death in semi-confined cattle.(AU)


Cobre é um micromineral essencial, que quando em excesso induz necrose hepática, crise hemolítica, nefrose hemoglobínurica e morte em bovinos. As intoxicações, apesar de incomuns nessa espécie, ocorrem devido a suplementação exacerbada de cobre, pela deficiência de microminerais antagonistas ou secundária a lesão hepática prévia. Relata-se um surto de intoxicação crônica por cobre em bovinos semiconfinados após suplementação com 50mg/kg de cobre em matéria seca. Os bovinos manifestaram sinais clínicos caracterizados por anorexia, incoordenação motora, perda de equilíbrio, icterícia, urina acastanhada ou negra, diarreia e morte ou foram encontrados mortos, após 10 a 302 dias do início de consumo. De 35 bovinos que morreram 20 foram submetidos à necropsia sendo achada frequente icterícia, fígado aumentado e com padrão lobular evidente, rins pretos e bexiga urinária repleta de conteúdo acastanhado a enegrecida. Microscopicamente, no fígado havia degeneração vacuolar e ou necrose coagulativa hepatocelular zonal, centrolobular ou paracentral, além de degeneração vacuolar com corpúsculos de Councilman, colestase, fibrose periascinar leve, e inflamação de discreta a moderada. Nos rins havia degeneração e necrose do epitélio tubular assim como cilindros de hemoglobina intratubulares. Os níveis de cobre no fígado e rim foram de 5.901,24 a 28.373,14µmol/kg e 303,72 a 14.021µmol/kg respectivamente. A suplementação nutricional excessiva com cobre pode causar doença hemolítica com icterícia, hemoglobinúria e morte de bovinos mantidos em sistema de semiconfinamento.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cattle Diseases/etiology , Copper/poisoning , Heavy Metal Poisoning/pathology , Heavy Metal Poisoning/veterinary , Heavy Metal Poisoning/epidemiology , Pasture
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1145-1153, July-Aug. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131471

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo avaliou o perfil mineral de Cálcio (Ca), Cobre (Cu) e Zinco (Zn) no estojo córneo pré e pós-desmame e sua associação com pigmentação, gênero e idade de potros da raça Crioula criados em pastagens nativas no Rio Grande do Sul. Foram coletadas amostras do casco de potros da raça Crioula 41 dias pré e 28 dias pós-desmame. Os teores de Ca, Cu e Zn variaram no casco fetal (571,0±39,4; 14,5±7,6 e 130,0±30,5mg/kg, respectivamente; P<0,05) e no definitivo (653,0±169,2; 33,8±11,5 e 69,3±36,8mg/kg, respectivamente; P<0,05), no pré (620,0±184; 17,2±21,2 e 103,0±75,5mg/kg, respectivamente; P<0,05) e no pós-desmame (517,5±181; 0 e 79,0±41,7mg/kg, respectivamente; P<0,05). Houve associação positiva (P<0,05) com a faixa etária no pré-desmame para Ca (r=0,5) e Cu (r=0,57), e negativa para Zn (r=-0,69; P<0,05). No pós-desmame, houve associação positiva (P<0,05) para Ca (r=0,36) e Zn (r=0,64) e negativa para Cu (r=-0,39; P<0,05). Tanto a pigmentação quanto o gênero não afetaram o perfil mineral. Conclui-se que há diferenças nas concentrações de Ca, Cu e Zn na epiderme do casco de potros da raça Crioula no pré e pós-desmame, independentemente da pigmentação e do gênero, onde as concentrações de Ca e Cu aumentam com a idade, enquanto as de Zn diminuem.(AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the mineral profile of Ca, Cu and Zn in the hoof horny capsule at pre and post-weaning and its association with pigmentation, gender and age range of Crioulo foals raised in native pastures in RS. Samples were collected from the epidermis of the Crioulo foal's hoof at two times, 41 pre and 28 post-weaning. The contents of Ca, Cu, Zn Varied in the fetal hoof ( 571.0±139.4, 14.5±7.6 and 130.0±30.5mg/kg, respectively, P<0.05) and definitive (653.0±169.2, 33.8±11.5 and 69.3±36.8mg/kg, respectively, P<0.05), in the pre (620.0±184, 17.2±21.2 and103.0±75.5mg/kg, respectively, P<0.05) and post-weaning (517.5±181, 0.1 and 79.0±41.7mg/kg, respectively, P<0.05).There was a positive association (P<0.05) with a preweaning age for Ca (r=0.5) and Cu (r=0.57) and negative for Zn (r=-0.69, P<0.05). In the post weaning there was a positive association (P<0.05) for Ca (r=0.36) and Zn (r=0.64) and negative for Cu (r=-0.39; P<0.05). Neither pigmentation nor gender affected the mineral profile. It is concluded that there are differences in Ca, Cu, Zn concentrations in the epidermis of foals of the crioulo breed at the pre and post weaning, regardless of pigmentation and sex, where Ca and Cu concentrations increase with age, while Zn concentrations decrease.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Skin Pigmentation/physiology , Hoof and Claw/cytology , Horses/growth & development , Minerals , Zinc , Calcium , Copper , Keratins
13.
Brasília; s.n; 29 jul. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117728

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 16 artigos e 3 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Midazolam/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Influenza Vaccines/therapeutic use , Propofol/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Fentanyl/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Enoxaparin/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Copper/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Resveratrol/therapeutic use , Interferon alpha-2/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Ketamine/therapeutic use
14.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 20-26, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787278

ABSTRACT

We examined the effect of fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant, on neuronal viability in mouse cortical near-pure neuronal cultures. Addition of fluoxetine to the media for 24 hours induced neuronal death in a concentration-dependent manner. To delineate the mechanisms of fluoxetine-induced neuronal death, we investigated the effects of trolox, cycloheximide (CHX), BDNF, z-VAD-FMK, and various metal-chelators on fluoxetine-induced neuronal death. Neuronal death was assessed by MTT assay. The addition of 20 µM fluoxetine to the media for 24 hours induced 60–70% neuronal death, which was associated with the hallmarks of apoptosis, chromatin condensation and DNA laddering. Fluoxetine-induced death was significantly attenuated by CHX, BDNF, or z-VAD-FMK. Treatment with antioxidants, trolox and ascorbate, also markedly attenuated fluoxetine-induced death. Interestingly, some divalent cation chelators (EGTA, Ca-EDTA, and Zn-EDTA) also markedly attenuated the neurotoxicity. Fluoxetine-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was measured using the fluorescent dye 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescin diacetate. Trolox and bathocuproine disulfonic acid (BCPS), a cell membrane impermeable copper ion chelator, markedly attenuated the ROS production and neuronal death. However, deferoxamine, an iron chelator, did not affect ROS generation or neurotoxicity. We examined the changes in intracellular copper concentration using a copper-selective fluorescent dye, Phen Green FL, which is quenched by free copper ions. Fluoxetine quenched the fluorescence in neuronal cells, and the quenching effect of fluoxetine was reversed by co-treatment with BCPS, however, not by deferoxamine. These findings demonstrate that fluoxetine could induce apoptotic and oxidative neuronal death associated with an influx of copper ions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants , Apoptosis , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Cell Death , Cell Membrane , Chelating Agents , Chromatin , Copper , Cycloheximide , Deferoxamine , DNA , Fluorescence , Fluoxetine , Ions , Iron , Mice , Neurons , Reactive Oxygen Species , Serotonin
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828396

ABSTRACT

Forsythiae Fructus is divided into Qingqiao and Laoqiao due to different harvesting periods. So far, the accumulation of heavy metals in the two types of Forsythiae Fructus has not been reported. In this study, the residual levels of copper(Cu), lead(Pb), chromium(Cr), arsenic(As), cadmium(Cd) and mercury(Hg) in 29 batches of Laoqiao and 60 batches of Qingqiao were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS). The samples were collected from Shanxi, Shaanxi, Henan, and Hebei Provinces. In addition, the diversity and correlation of harmful elements in Qingqiao and Laoqiao were analyzed by multivariate statistical method. Furthermore, principal component analysis(PCA) was used to analyze the harmful elements concentrations of Qingqiao and Laoqiao. The results showed that there was a significant difference on the residual levels of heavy metals and harmful elements between Qingqiao and Laoqiao. Among them, the content of Pb in Laoqiao is significantly higher than that in Qingqiao(P<0.01), while the content of Cu is significantly lower than that in Qingqiao. However, the difference in harmful elements among different producing areas of Forsythiae Fructus is not significant. PCA analysis showed that Qingqiao and Laoqiao were successfully grouped into two categories. This study suggests significant difference in the residual levels of heavy metals and harmful elements between Qingqiao and Laoqiao. Besides, Forsythiae Fructus has a certain enrichment of Pb in the fruit ripening stage(Laoqiao). This study provides a reference for the quality classification and safety of Forsythiae Fructus.


Subject(s)
Arsenic , Copper , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metals, Heavy
16.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(12): 961-969, Dec. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1056924

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to describe for the first time the clinical-epidemiological, laboratory and pathological aspects of different forms of enzootic ataxia in goats and lambs in the state of Bahia, as well as to propose an emergency oral treatment with copper sulfate in an individualized way for neonates. Three outbreaks of enzootic ataxia were studied. The history, clinical signs and epidemiological data were obtained from the owners and checked during the visits. The first outbreak (FO) occurred in 2013 in a property located in the municipality of Itaberaba and affected a herd composed of 90 goats and 130 sheep. The second outbreak (SO) occurred in 2014 in the municipality of Santa Luz and affected a herd of 90 goats and 110 sheep. The third outbreak (TO) occurred in 2018, in a property located in the same municipality of the SO, being the herd constituted by 80 sheep. Samples of blood were collected from all goats and sheep treated for serum copper dosage. Nine animals (five goats and four sheep) that presented a more severe clinical picture and unfavorable prognosis were necropsied for diagnostic confirmation. During the necropsy of the FO, SO and TO animals, liver samples were collected for copper dosage as well as fragments of several organs for histopathology. At the site where the SO occurred, samples of soil and the main forages where the animals were kept were collected to determine copper, iron, molybdenum, sulfur and zinc contents. The clinical and histopathological findings in the three outbreaks studied were characteristic of enzootic ataxia. In the outbreaks studied, the frequency of enzootic ataxia was higher in goats (52) than in lambs (39). In the goats the mean values of serum copper (0.05mg/kg) and hepatic (2.48mg/kg) of the FO and SO were well below their respective reference values, 12 times lower than serum levels and eight times lower in relation to liver contents. On the other hand, TO sheep presented mean values of serum copper (0.015mg/kg) reduced by 40 times. The levels of iron and sulfur were high in the fodder of the property where the SO occurred, already in the soil, iron levels were high and copper levels were reduced. The treatment tested in neonates and lambs with two doses of copper sulphate solution orally at a dose of 20mg/kg for sheep and 35mg/kg for goats during the first and second week of life was effective in prevention of enzootic ataxia in neonates and can be used for emergency control of the disease. The occurrence of enzootic ataxia (congenital and late form) in goats and sheep was first reported in Bahia. It is also worth noting that this disease caused by copper deficiency has caused great damage to the breeders of small ruminants, mainly due to the high mortality of the animals affected.(AU)


Objetivou-se com esse estudo descrever pela primeira vez os aspectos clínico-epidemiológicos, laboratoriais e patológicos de diferentes formas de ataxia enzoótica em cabritos e borregos no estado da Bahia, bem como propor um tratamento oral emergencial com sulfato de cobre de forma individualizada para neonatos. Foram estudados três surtos de ataxia enzoótica. O histórico, sinais clínicos e dados epidemiológicos foram obtidos com os proprietários e verificados durantes as visitas técnicas. O primeiro surto (PS) ocorreu em 2013 em uma propriedade localizada no município de Itaberaba e acometeu um rebanho composto por 90 caprinos e 130 ovinos. O segundo surto (SS) aconteceu em 2014 no município de Santa Luz e afetou um rebanho formado por 90 caprinos e 110 ovinos. O terceiro surto (TS) ocorreu 2018, em uma propriedade localizada no mesmo município do SS, sendo o rebanho constituído por 80 ovinos. Amostras de sangue foram colhidas de todos os caprinos e ovinos atendidos, para dosagem de cobre sérico. Nove animais (cinco caprinos e quatro ovinos) que apresentavam quadro clínico mais grave e prognóstico desfavorável foram necropsiados para confirmação diagnóstica. Durante a necropsia dos animais do PS, SS e TS amostras de fígado foram coletadas para dosagem de cobre, bem como amostras de diversos órgãos para exame histopatológico. Na propriedade onde ocorreu o SS, foram coletadas amostras de solo e das principais forragens onde os animais eram mantidos, a fim de se determinar os teores de cobre, ferro, molibdênio, enxofre e zinco. Os achados clínicos e histopatológicos verificados nos três surtos estudados foram característicos de ataxia enzoótica. Nos surtos estudados, a frequência da ataxia enzoótica foi maior em cabritos (52) do que em cordeiros (39). Nos caprinos os valores médios de cobre sérico (0,05mg/kg) e hepático (2,48mg/kg) do PS e SS encontravam-se muito abaixo dos respectivos valores de referência, sendo 12 vezes menor em relação aos níveis séricos e oito vezes menor em relação aos teores hepáticos. Já os ovinos do TS apresentavam valores médios de cobre sérico (0,015mg/kg) reduzidos cerca de 40 vezes. Os teores de ferro e enxofre encontravam-se elevados nas forragens da propriedade onde ocorreu o SS, já no solo, os níveis de ferro apresentavam-se elevados e os de cobre reduzidos. O tratamento testado nos cabritos e borregos neonatos, com duas administrações individualizadas com solução de sulfato de cobre, por via oral, na dose de 20mg/kg para ovinos e 35mg/kg para caprinos, na primeira e segunda semana de vida, foi eficaz na prevenção da ataxia enzoótica nos neonatos e pode ser utilizado para controle emergencial da doença. Comprovou-se pela primeira vez na Bahia a ocorrência da ataxia enzoótica (forma congênita e tardia) em caprinos e ovinos. Ressalta-se ainda que, esta doença causada por deficiência de cobre, tem cursado com grandes prejuízos aos criadores de pequenos ruminantes, sobretudo, devido à alta mortalidade dos animais acometidos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Ruminants , Sheep , Swayback/diagnosis , Swayback/therapy , Swayback/epidemiology , Copper/deficiency
17.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(5): 511-517, oct. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042690

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La leche humana materna tiene una composición única para proporcionar a los recién nacidos todos los nutrientes esenciales como proteínas, grasas, hidratos de carbono, minerales, vitaminas y otras substancias fisiológicamente activas, con el fin de suplir en cantidad y calidad las necesidades calóricas y nutricionales del lactante. El objetivo fue establecer las concentraciones totales de cobre y zinc en la leche materna en sus distintas etapas: calostro, de transición y madura, determinadas espectrométricamente y la influencia del estado nutricional de madres lactantes; estudio descriptivo transversal en madres entre 18 y 35 años, sanas y no fumadoras; los resultados evidencian una disminución en las concentraciones de cobre y zinc a medida que la lactancia va evolucionando, además, el promedio de índice de masa corporal de las madres en período de lactancia reflejaron sobrepeso. Concluimos que el contenido calórico de los oligoelementos de la leche materna es esencial para el crecimiento de los niños por los beneficios nutricionales e inmunológicos que proporciona, por lo que es importante que la madre se encuentre en un estado nutricional adecuado que permita suministrar los requerimientos adecuados al niño para su crecimiento y desarrollo.


ABSTRACT Human milk has a unique composition and provides newborns with all essential nutrients such as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins and other physiologically active substances, in order to supply in quantity and quality the caloric and nutritional needs of the infant. The objective of this study was to establish the total concentration of copper and zinc in breast milk in its different stages: colostrum, transitional and mature milk, determined spectrometrically and the influence of the nutritional status of nursing mothers. We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study in healthy non-smoking mothers between 18 and 35 years of age. Lower concentrations of copper and zinc as lactation progressed were observed. The average of body mass index of nursing mothers reflected overweight. We concludes that the caloric content of the trace elements of breast milk is essential for the growth of children because of the nutritional and immunological benefits that it provides, so it is important that the mother has an adequate nutritional state that allows to supply the adequate requirements for the child to grow and develop.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Zinc/analysis , Nutritional Status , Copper/analysis , Milk, Human/chemistry , Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 23(2): 107-112, maio-ago. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-996708

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho teve como objetivo quantificar os metais Cobre e Chumbo presentes na água e no sedimento do lago Aratimbó, localizado na cidade de Umuarama-PR e analisar os indicadores abióticos de temperatura e pH da água. As coletas foram feitas em triplicatas, em três pontos distintos, em dois diferentes dias, sendo o primeiro em tempo seco, anterior a chuva e outro logo após a primeira chuva. As amostras tiveram sua temperatura e pH verificado in loco e a determinação dos metais ocorreu por meio de Espectrofotometria de Absorção Atômica por chama. Os resultados de pH obtiveram valores satisfatórios em todos os pontos. Em relação à concentração de metais, na água, houve maior concentração de chumbo antes da chuva e uma concentração abaixo do limite apenas para o cobre no ponto 1. No sedimento, a concentração de ambos metais foi maior antes da chuva, exceto no ponto três, onde a concentração foi maior após a chuva. É possível que os maiores valores de concentração para os metais tenham sido superiores no período de seca em virtude do volume aumentado de água após a chuva, com maior diluição. Assim, podendo atribuir a contaminação às atividades antropogênicas, uma vez que o lago se localiza em região urbana central.


The purpose of this paper was to quantify the copper and lead present in the water and sediments of the Aratimbó lake, located in the city of Umuarama, in the state of Paraná, and to analyze the abiotic indicators of temperature and pH of the water. The samples were taken in triplicate at three different points, on two different days - the first during dry weather, before the rain, and the other after the first rain. The temperature and pH of the samples were verified in locu and the metals were determined through Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry by flame. The pH results obtained satisfactory values ​​at all points. Regarding the concentration of metals in the water, a higher concentration of lead was observed before the rain and a concentration below the limit was observed only for copper in point 1. In the sediment, the concentration of both metals was higher before the rain, except in point three, where the concentration was also higher after the rain. It is possible that the highest concentration values ​​for the metals were higher in the dry period due to the increased volume of water after rainfall, with higher dilution of the metals, as well as the attribution of contamination to the anthropogenic activities, since the lake is located in a central urban region.


Subject(s)
Water Pollution/analysis , Copper/toxicity , Lead/toxicity , Rain , Temperature , Sediments/analysis , Rivers , Metals/toxicity
19.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 51(1): 56-65, mar. 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003281

ABSTRACT

Thermoacidophiles can exist in a state of dormancy both in moderate temperatures and even in cold conditions in heap leaching. Sulphide mineral ores such as chalcopyrite produce sulfuric acid when exposed to the air and water. The produced sulfuric acid leads to the decrease of pH and exothermic reactions in heap leaching causing the temperature to increase up to 55 °C and the activation of thermoacidophilic microorganisms. The aim of the present study was to isolate indigenous extreme thermoacidophilic microorganisms at ambient temperature from Sarcheshmeh Copper Complex, to adapt them to the high pulp density of a chalcopyrite concentrate, and to determine their efficiency in chalcopyrite bioleaching in order to recover copper. In this study samples were collected at ambient temperature from Sarcheshmeh Copper Complex in Iran. Mixed samples were inoculated into the culture medium for enrichment of the microorganisms. Pure cultures from these enrichments were obtained by subculture of liquid culture to solid media. Morphological observation was performed under the scanning electron microscope. Isolates were adapted to 30% (w/v) pulp density. For the bioleaching test, the experiments were designed with DX7 software. Bioleaching experiments were carried out in Erlenmeyer flasks and a stirred tank reactor. The highest copper recovery in Erlenmeyer flasks was 39.46% with pulp 15%, inoculums 20%, size particle 90 pm and 160 rpm. The lowest recovery was 3.81% with pulp 20%, inoculums 20%, size particle 40 pm and 140 rpm after 28 days. In the reactor, copper recovery was 32.38%. Bioleaching residues were analyzed by the X-ray diffraction (XRD) method. The results showed no jarosite (KFe3(SO4)2(OH)6) had formed in the bioleaching experiments. It seems that the antagonistic reactions among various species and a great number of planktonic cells in Erlenmeyer flasks and the stirred tank reactor are the reasons for the low recovery of copper in our study.


Los microorganismos termoacidófilos pueden estar en estado latente tanto a temperatura moderada como baja, en lixiviación en pilas. Los minerales sulfurosos, como la calcopirita, producen ácido sulfúrico cuando se exponen al aire y al agua. El ácido sulfúrico producido conduce a la disminución del pH y a reacciones exotérmicas durante la lixiviación en pilas, lo que hace que la temperatura aumente hasta 55 °C y se activen los microorganismos termoacidófilos. El objetivo del presente estudio fue aislar del complejo de cobre Sarchesh-meh (Irán) microorganismos termoacidófilos extremos que proliferan a temperatura ambiente e investigar su adaptación a la alta densidad de pulpa del concentrado de calcopirita, así como su eficiencia para biolixiviarese mineral, con el objeto de recuperar el cobre. Se recogieron muestras a temperatura ambiente del citado complejo, y luego muestras mixtas se inocularon en un medio de cultivo de enriquecimiento. A partir de estos enriquecimientos, mediante el subcultivo del cultivo líquido a medio sólido, se obtuvieron cultivos puros. La observación morfológica se realizó bajo microscopio electrónico de barrido. Los aislados estaban adaptados al 30% p/v de densidad de pulpa. Para la prueba de biolixiviación, los experimentos fueron diseñados con el software DX7. Los experimentos de biolixiviación se llevaron a cabo en Erlenmeyers y en un reactor tanque con agitación. La mayor recuperación de cobre en los Erlenmeyers fue del 39,46% y se obtuvo con la pulpa al 15%, un inóculo del 20%, un tamaño de partícula de 90 µm y una agitación de 160 rpm. La menor recuperación fue del 3,81% y se obtuvo con la pulpa al 20%, un inóculo del 20%, un tamaño de partícula de 40 µm y una agitación de 140 rpm, después 28 días. En el reactor, la recuperación del cobre fue del 32,38%. El análisis de difracción de rayos X (XRD) no mostró que se formara jarosita (KFe3-#91;SO4-#93;2-#91;OH-#93;6) en los experimentos de biolixiviación. Dicha técnica sirve para determinar la estructura cristalina de una sustancia desconocida. Al parecer, las reacciones antagónicas entre las diversas especies y el mayor número de células planctónicas en los Erlenmeyers y en el reactor fueron las causas de la baja recuperación de cobre observada en este estudio.


Subject(s)
Percolation/analysis , Chemical Reactions/analysis , Copper/economics , Causality , Adaptation , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
20.
The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine ; 76(7): 4622-4627, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1272783

ABSTRACT

Background: Neuropilins are transmembrane glycoproteins that act as receptors for vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF) and are involved in the process of tumor angiogenesis. Ceruloplasmin is a member of the multi copper oxidase family. It has antioxidant properties that play a central role in protection of the body against advanced oxidation protein products.Objective: This study was aimed to assess the expression of Neuropilin-1(NRP-1) on blasts of B-lineage precursor lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) to be used in the diagnostic panel of this disease. We also aimed to assess the alteration of the levels of ceruloplasmin oxidase and copper as a compensatory mechanism to minimize the effects of reactive oxygen species resulting from leukemias.Subjects and Methods: This study was conducted on 40 children with newly diagnosed B-lineage precursor lymphoblastic leukemia. 40 age-matched controls were enrolled to serve as control. The expression of NRP-1 on peripheral blood samples was evaluated by flow cytometry as the proportion of positive cells expressing the marker. Ceruloplasmin oxidase and copper levels were assessed by immunoturbidimetric assay.Results: There was highly significant increase in the proportion of positivity of NRP -1 in patients compared with control group (P<0.001) Ceruloplasmin oxidase and copper levels were also higher in patients compared with control group (P<0.001).Conclusions: It could be concluded that NRP-1 is a valuable marker for diagnosis of B-lineage ALL. There is an increase in the levels of ceruloplasmin oxidase and copper which at the time of diagnosis of B-ALL


Subject(s)
Ceruloplasmin , Copper , Leukemia, Lymphoid , Precursor Cells, B-Lymphoid
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