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1.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816606

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii infection is a significant health problem worldwide due to increased drug resistance. The limited antimicrobial alternatives for the treatment of severe infections by multidrug-resistant A. baumannii (MDRAB) make the search for other therapeutic options more urgent. Linalool, the major oil compound in Coriandrum sativum, was recently found to have high antibacterial activity against A. baumannii. The purpose of this study was to investigate the synergistic effect of linalool and colistin combinations against MDRAB and extensively drug-resistant A. baumannii (XDRAB).METHODS: A total of 51 strains of A. baumannii clinical isolates, consisting of 10 MDRAB and 41 XDRAB were tested. We determined the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of linalool for the test strains using the broth microdilution method and searched for interactions using the time-kill assay.RESULTS: The time-kill assay showed that the linalool and colistin combination displayed a high rate of synergy (92.1%) (by synergy criteria 2), low rate of indifference (7.8%), and a high rate of bactericidal activity (74.5%) in the 51 clinical isolates of A. baumannii. The synergy rates for the linalool and colistin combination against MDRAB and XDRAB were 96% and 92.1%, respectively. No antagonism was observed for the linalool and colistin combination.CONCLUSION: The combination of linalool and colistin showed a high synergy rate, which may be beneficial for controlling MDRAB infections. Therefore, this combination is a good candidate for in vivo studies to assess its efficacy in the treatment of MDRAB infections.


Subject(s)
Acinetobacter baumannii , Acinetobacter , Colistin , Coriandrum , Drug Resistance , Methods , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
2.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 39(1): 71-77, jan.-mar. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-846715

ABSTRACT

The biocidal agrochemicals commonly used in agriculture can remain in the soil, affecting the environmental conditions and causing serious risks to health. Knowing that soil microorganisms, especially those from the rhizosphere, can degrade environmental xenobiotics, it was evaluated the potential of bacteria isolated from Coriandrum sativum L. rhizosphere to biodegrade carbendazim (MBC), a fungicide extensively used by agriculturists from rural farming communities in Manaus, Amazonas. Cultures carried out in medium containing carbendazim as a sole carbon source enabled the isolation of 80 bacteria, in the established conditions. Assays to determine degradation potential allowed the selection of the two elite isolates identified as Stenotrophomonas sp. and Ochrobactrum sp. Quantitative assays with each strain individually or in consortium, were carried out using minimal salt medium added with carbendazim (250 µg mL-1) and incubated at 30°C, under agitation (125 rpm) for 21 days. Samples used in the biodegradation test were HPLC analyzed for final fungicide quantitation. The Stenotrophomonas sp. strain was more efficient (68.9%) to degrade carbendazim and showed no toxicity in tests with Artemia salina.


Agrotóxicos são comumente utilizados na produção agrícola, podendo persistir no solo, afetar a qualidade do ambiente e causar sérios riscos à saúde. Sabendo-se que micro-organismos do solo, principalmente aqueles da rizosfera, podem degradar produtos xenobióticos avaliou-se o potencial de bactérias isoladas da rizosfera de Coriandrum sativum L. em degradar carbendazim, um fungicida usado extensivamente em comunidades de agricultores rurais em Manaus, Amazonas. Procedimentos de cultivo em meio, contendo carbendazim como única fonte de carbono, mostraram que 80 bactérias cresceram nas condições estabelecidas. Ensaios de eficiência de degradação permitiram a seleção dos dois melhores isolados que foram identificados como Stenotrophomonas sp. e Ochrobactrum sp. Os ensaios quantitativos, com cada cepa individualmente e com as duas em consórcio, foram conduzidos em meio mínimo contendo sais, acrescido de carbendazim (250 µg mL-1) e incubados a 30°C, 125 rpm, por 21 dias. A quantificação final do fungicida nas amostras do ensaio de biodegradação foi realizada em HPLC. A linhagem Stenotrophomonas sp. apresentou maior eficiência, degradando 68,9% do total de carbendazim e não apresentou toxicidade nos testes realizados com Artemia salina.


Subject(s)
Amazonian Ecosystem , Coriandrum , Pesticides , Soil
3.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 15(6): 398-406, nov. 2016. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-907555

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the morphological alterations and time-kill of the essential oil of the leaves of C. sativum L. on strains of C. albicans. The essential oil was submitted to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis. The predominant component identified was linalool (39.78 percent). Minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal fungicidal concentration of the essential oil were respectively 512 and 1024 ug.mL-1 for 90 percent of the strains tested. In the time-kill curves, the essential oil showed a concentration-dependent fungicidal effect. In the micromorphology assay it caused a significant reduction in pseudohyphae, an important pathogenic factor of C. albicans.


El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las alteraciones morfológicas y de letalidad del aceite esencial de las hojas de C. sativum L. en cepas de C. albicans. El aceite esencial se presentó a gas análisis de espectrometría de cromatografía-masa. El componente predominante identificado fue linalol (39,78 por ciento). Concentración inhibitoria mínima y concentración mínima fungicida del aceite esencial fueron, respectivamente, 512 y 1.024 ìg.mL-1 para 90 por ciento de las cepas probadas. En las curvas el tiempo-matar, el aceite esencial mostró un efecto fungicida dependiente de la concentración. En el ensayo de micromorfología causó una reducción significativa en pseudohifas, un importante factor patógeno de C. albicans.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Candida albicans , Coriandrum/chemistry , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Apiaceae/chemistry , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Monoterpenes , Time Factors
4.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 32(5): 1269-1276, sept./oct 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-965700

ABSTRACT

This work evaluated the behavior of coriander half-sib progenies (Coriandrum sativum L.) regarding their agronomic traits. The study was developed in a greenhouse in the Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, PE, Brazil. The experiment was designed as augmented block design with 26 coriander genotypes, of which 24 were coriander half-sib treatments, and two control treatments, 'Verdão' and 'Tabocas'. These progenies were selected from four cycles of phenotypic recurrent selection from the 'Verdão' population, which were selected for later bolting. Plant height and canopy diameter were evaluated in the field, and shoot fresh mass. There were significant differences between the treatment means for all variables analyzed. Regarding analysis of variance and SNK test, there is available variability to select half-sib progenies. Genotypes C4-014, C4-015, C4-016, and C4-018 had promising productivity compared to the commercial control varieties. The broad-sense heritability values were 77.3, 81.5 and 95.8% for canopy diameter, shoot fresh mass, and plant height, respectively. This result showed that the majority of phenotypic variance is genetic. Therefore, these genotypes may be used in coriander breeding programs of recurrent selection to obtain cultivars adapted to tropical conditions.


Esse trabalho objetivou avaliar o comportamento de progênies de meios-irmãos de coentro (Coriandrum sativum L.) para caracteres agronômicos. O experimento foi conduzido na Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, sendo utilizado delineamento em blocos aumentados com 26 genótipos de coentro sendo avaliados 24 tratamentos regulares, representados pelas progênies de meios-irmãos de coentro e dois tratamentos comuns, 'Verdão' e 'Tabocas'. Essas progênies foram provenientes de 4 ciclos de seleção recorrente fenotípica, a partir da população Verdão, sendo selecionados para pendoamento tardio. Foram avaliados em campo os caracteres, altura da planta e diâmetro da copa e em virtude da colheita, a massa fresca da parte aérea. Houve diferença significativa entre as médias dos tratamentos para todas as variáveis analisadas. Segundo análise de variância e teste de media, há variabilidade passível de seleção nas progênies de meios-irmãos. Os genótipos C4-014, C4-015, C4-016 e C4-018 mostraram-se promissores quanto aos caracteres avaliados, quando comparados com as testemunhas comerciais. Os valores da herdabilidade no sentido amplo foram: 77,3, 815 e 95,8%, para diâmetro da copa, massa fresca da parte aérea e altura da planta, respectivamente. Revelando que a maior parte da variância fenotípica se deve a variância genética. Portanto esses genótipos podem ser utilizados em programas de melhoramento de seleção recorrente para obtenção de cultivares de coentro adaptados a condição tropical.


Subject(s)
Coriandrum , Plant Breeding , Genotype
5.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 17(3): 462-467, Jul-Sep/2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-752544

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O uso de esterco bovino é de suma importância para os agricultores familiares que produzem coentro na região de Mossoró-RN, pois esse insumo é amplamente disponível e utilizado pelos agricultores. Objetivando-se avaliar o Rendimento do coentro fertilizado com esterco bovino em diferentes doses e tempos de incorporação ao solo foi conduzido um experimento no período de setembro a novembro de 2011, na Fazenda Experimental Rafael Fernandes, da Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido - UFERSA, Brasil. Os tratamentos consistiram da combinação de quatro doses de esterco bovino incorporadas ao solo: 15,0; 30,0; 45,0 e 60,0 t ha-1 em base seca, com quatro tempos de incorporação: 28; 49; 64 e 80 dias antes da semeadura do coentro - DAS, mais um tratamento controle (ausência de adubação). O delineamento experimental utilizado foi em blocos completos casualizados com os tratamentos arranjados em esquema fatorial 4 x 4 + 1 com 3 repetições. A cultivar de coentro utilizado foi a Verdão e as variáveis determinadas foram altura e número de hastes por planta e rendimento de coentro. O coentro respondeu à aplicação de esterco bovino, produzindo rendimentos máximos de 6453 e 6349 kg ha-1 de massa verde, com a dose de 60 t ha-1 e aos quarenta e seis dias de incorporação antes da semeadura, respectivamente.


ABSTRACT The use of manure is very important to family farmers who produce coriander in the region of Mossoró-RN, because this input is widely available and used by farmers. Aiming to evaluate the yield of the coriander fertilized with manure at different doses and incorporation times in the soil, a trial was conducted from September to November 2011, at the Experimental Farm Rafael Fernandes in the Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido (UFERSA), Mossoró-RN, Brazil. The treatments consisted on the combination of four levels of manure incorporated into the soil: 15.0; 30.0; 45.0 and 60.0 t ha-1 at dry basis, with four incorporation times: 28; 49; 64 and 80 days before the coriander"s sowing - DAS, plus a control treatment (without fertilization). The experimental design was a randomized complete block with treatments arranged in a 4 x 4 + 1, with three replications. The coriander planted was the "Verdão" and the specific variables were height and number of stalks per plant and yield of the coriander. The coriander responded to the application of the manure, producing maximum yields of 6453 and 6349 kg ha-1 of fresh mass, with the dose of 60 t ha-1 and at forty-six days of incorporation before the sowing, respectively.


Subject(s)
Coriandrum/growth & development , Manure/analysis , Soil/classification , Vegetables/classification
6.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2015 May; 53(5): 292-296
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-158454

ABSTRACT

The effect of ethanolic extract of Coriandrum sativum L. seeds (100, 200 mg/kg) was studied on tacrine induced orofacial dyskinesia. Tacrine (2.5 mg/kg, i.p.) treated animals were observed for vacuous chewing movements (VCM), tongue protrusions (TP) and orofacial bursts (OB) for 1 h followed by observations for locomotor changes and cognitive dysfunction. Sub-chronic administration of Coriandrum sativum L. seed extract (E-CS) (100, 200 mg/kg, p.o., for 15 days significantly (P <0.05) decreased the tacrine induced VCM, TP and OB; and also significantly (P <0.05), increased locomotion and cognition compared to the tacrine treated group. Biochemical analysis revealed that tacrine administration significantly (P <0.05) decreased the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GSH) levels and also significantly (P <0.05) increased lipid peroxidation (LPO) as an index of oxidative stress, whereas sub-chronic administration of E-CS significantly (P <0.05) improved the antioxidant enzyme (i.e. SOD, CAT, and GSH) levels and also significantly (P <0.05) decreased lipid peroxidation (LPO). The results have demonstrated the protective role of ethanolic extract of Coriandrum sativum. L against tacrine induced orofacial dyskinesia.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease/chemically induced , Animals , Armin , Cognition Disorders/chemically induced , Coriandrum/therapeutic use , Ethanol/chemistry , Hypokinesia/chemically induced , Male , Movement Disorders/chemically induced , Oxidative Stress , Parkinson Disease/chemically induced , Plant Extracts , Phytotherapy/methods , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Tacrine/adverse effects
7.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 22(4): 463-469, Oct-Dec/2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-698011

ABSTRACT

Phytotherapy can be an alternative for the control of gastrointestinal parasites of small ruminants. This study evaluated the efficacy of Alpinia zerumbet, Coriandrum sativum, Tagetes minuta and Lantana camara essential oils by two in vitro assays on Haemonchus contortus, an egg hatch test (EHT) and larval development test (LDT). No effect was observed for L. camara in the EHT. A. zerumbet, C. sativum and T. minuta essential oils exhibited a dose-dependent effect in the EHT, inhibiting 81.2, 99 and 98.1% of H. contortus larvae hatching, respectively, at a concentration of 2.5 mg mL-1. The effective concentration to inhibit 50% (EC50) of egg hatching was 0.94, 0.63 and 0.53 mg mL-1 for A. zerumbet, C. sativum and T. minuta essential oils, respectively. In LDT, L. camara, A. zerumbet, C. sativum and T. minuta at concentration of 10 mg mL-1 inhibited 54.9, 94.2, 97.8 and 99.5% of H. contortus larval development, presenting EC50 values of 6.32, 3.88, 2.89 and 1.67 mg mL-1, respectively. Based on the promising results presented in this in vitro model, it may be possible use of these essential oils to control gastrointestinal nematodes. However, their anthelmintic activity should be confirmed in vivo.


Fitoterapia pode ser uma alternativa para o controle de parasitas gastrintestinais de pequenos ruminantes. Este estudo avaliou a eficácia dos óleos essenciais de Alpinia zerumbet, Coriandrum sativum, Tagetes minuta e Lantana camara sobre Haemonchus contortus através de dois testes in vitro, teste de eclosão dos ovos (TEO) e teste de desenvolvimento larval (TDL). Nenhum efeito foi observado para L. camara no TEO. Os óleos essenciais de A. zerumbet, C. sativum e T. minuta exibiram um efeito dose dependente no TEO inibindo a eclosão das larvas de H. contortus em 81,2, 99 e 98,1%, respectivamente, na concentração de 2,5 mg mL-1. A concentração efetiva para inibir 50% (CE50) da eclosão dos ovos foi de 0,94, 0,63 e 0,53 mg mL-1 para os óleos essenciais de A. zerumbet, C. sativum e T. minuta, respectivamente. No TDL, 10 mg mL-1 de L. camara, A. zerumbet, C. sativum e T. minuta inibiram em 54,9, 94,2, 97,8 e 99,5% do desenvolvimento larvar, apresentando valores de CE50 de 6,32, 3,88, 2,89 e 1,67 mg mL-1, respectivamente. Com base nos resultados promissores apresentados neste modelo in vitro, pode ser possível a utilização destes óleos essenciais para controlar os nematoides gastrintestinais. No entanto, a sua atividade anti-helmíntica deve ser confirmada in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Alpinia , Coriandrum , Haemonchus/drug effects , Lantana , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Tagetes , In Vitro Techniques , Larva/drug effects , Ovum/drug effects
8.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 21(3): 185-191, July-Sept. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-653702

ABSTRACT

The increased incidence of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Brazil is due to a lack of effective disease control measures. In addition to that, no effective treatment exists for canine VL in response to synthetic drugs. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the essential oils of Coriandrum sativum and Lippia sidoides, and oleoresin from Copaifera reticulata, on Leishmania chagasi promastigotes and amastigotes. We also examined the toxicity of these treatments on the murine monocyte cell line RAW 264.7. To determine the IC50 a MTT test (3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) was performed on promastigotes, and an in situ ELISA assay was conducted on amastigotes. Here, we demonstrate that oleoresin from C. reticulata was effective against both promastigotes (IC50 of 7.88 µg.mL-1) and amastigotes (IC50 of 0.52 µg.mL-1), and neither of the two treatments differed significantly (p > 0.05) from pentamidine (IC50 of 2.149 µg.mL-1) and amphotericin B (IC50 of 9.754 µg.mL-1). Of the three plant oils tested, only oleoresin showed no toxicity toward monocyte, with 78.45% viability after treatment. Inhibition of promastigote and amastigote growth and the lack of cytotoxicity by C. reticulata demonstrate that oleoresin may be a viable option for analyzing the in vivo therapeutic effects of leishmanicidal plants.


O aumento na incidência da Leishmaníase Visceral (LV) no Brasil deve-se à ineficácia das medidas de controle da doença. Além disso, não há tratamento efetivo para LV canina com drogas sintéticas. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito dos óleos essenciais de Coriandrum sativum e de Lippia sidoides e do óleo-resina de Copaiferareticulata sobre promastigotas e amastigotas de Leishmania chagasi e analisar o grau de toxicidade sobre células monocíticas murinas RAW 264.7. Para determinar a CI50 sobre promastigotas foi usado teste MTT (brometo de 3-[4,5-dimetil-tiazol-2-il]-2,5-difeniltetrazólio) e sobre amastigotas foi realizado imunoensaio in situ pela técnica de ELISA. Os resultados obtidos comprovaram que o óleo-resina de C. reticulata foi o mais eficaz contra as formas promastigotas (CI50 de 7,88 µg.mL-1) e amastigotas (CI50 de 0,52 µg.mL-1) e em nenhum dos dois testes diferiu do controle pentamidina que obteve CI50 de 2,149 µg.mL-1, no teste sobre promastigotas, e anfotericina B que obteve CI50 de 9,754 µg.mL-1, nos testes com amastigotas (p > 0.05). Quanto à citotoxicidade apenas o óleo-resina não apresentou toxicidade com 78,45% de monócitos viáveis. Os resultados obtidos sobre promastigotas e amastigotas e a ausência de citotoxicidade do óleo-resina de C. reticulata evidenciam que este óleo-resina pode ser viável para a análise de seus efeitos terapêuticos em testes in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Coriandrum , Fabaceae , Lippia , Leishmania/drug effects , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Monocytes/parasitology
9.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 28(4): 589-597, july/aug. 2012. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-913067

ABSTRACT

O crescimento das plantas e a qualidade do produto final estão diretamente relacionados à solução nutritiva. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o desempenho do coentro e da salsa, sob concentrações de solução nutritiva e posições das plantas nos canais de cultivo, em sistema de cultivo hidropônico NFT. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado, em esquema de parcelas subdivididas, sendo dispostas nas parcelas as concentrações da solução nutritiva (50; 75; 100 e 125%) e nas subparcelas as posições das plantas nos perfis hidropônicos (Inicial, Intermediária e Final), totalizando 12 tratamentos e três repetições. Plantas de salsa crespa e coentro apresentaram melhores rendimentos (produção de massa fresca, número de folhas e altura) sob cultivo com 100% da concentração da solução utilizada. Em análise, as posições inicial e intermediária dos perfis hidropônicos refletiram maiores rendimentos nas duas espécies estudadas. Em ambas culturas, o aumento da concentração para 125% é mais prejudicial ao desenvolvimento que a redução para 75%.


Plant growth and final fruit quality, in hydroponics, are directly related to the nutrient solution. This study evaluated the performance of cilantro and parsley, under different nutrient solution concentrations and plant position in the growth profiles, in NFT hydroponics growth system. The experimental design was completely randomized, in split plots, with plots in the nutrient solution concentration (50, 75, 100 or 125%) and the sub plots the plant position in the hydroponics profiles (Initial, Intermediate or Final), in a total of 12treatments and three repetitions. Curly parsley and cilantro presented best yields (production of fresh matter, number of leaves and height) under growth in 100% concentration of the utilized solution. The analysis showed that the initial and intermediate positions in the hydroponics profiles resulted in greater yield for both species studied. Increasing nutrient concentration to 125%, for both cultures, was more harmful for plant development than reducing it to 75%.


Subject(s)
Hydroponics , Coriandrum , Petroselinum
10.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-138774

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Coriandrum sativum (CS), has been widely used in traditional systems of medicine for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. However, the mechanism of action for its antiarthritic effects is not clearly known. Therefore, the present study was carried out to evaluate the antiarthritic activity of CS in rats in two experimental models. Methods: The antiarthritic activity of CS seed hydroalcoholic extract (CSHE) was evaluated in adult Wistar rats by using two experimental models, viz. formaldehyde and Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) induced arthritis. The expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (predominantly contributed by macrophages) was also evaluated. TNF-α level was estimated in serum by ELISA method. TNF-R1, IL-1 β and IL-6 expression in the synovium was analysed by immunohistochemistry. Results: CSHE produced a dose dependent inhibition of joint swelling as compared to control animals in both, formaldehyde and CFA induced arthritis. Although there was a dose dependent increase in serum TNF-α levels in the CSHE treated groups as compared to control, the synovial expression of macrophage derived pro-inflammatory cytokines/cytokine receptor was found to be lower in the CSHE treated groups as compared to control. Interpretation & conclusions: Our results demonstrate that the antiarthritic activity of CSHE may be attributed to the modulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the synovium. In further studies CSHE could be explored to be developed as a disease modifying agent in the treatment of RA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/chemically induced , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Coriandrum/adverse effects , Coriandrum , Disease Models, Animal , Formaldehyde/administration & dosage , Freund's Adjuvant/administration & dosage , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Synovial Membrane/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood
11.
Journal of Drug Research of Egypt. 2012; 33 (1): 63-69
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-170417

ABSTRACT

This work has been carried out in order to investigate the possible ameliorative effect of Coriander in arsenic - induced toxicity in albino rats. 2,3 Dimercaptosuccinic acid [DMSA] was used as chelating agent. To achieve this purpose, 60 adult albino rats were used and randomly divided into equal 5 groups [12 rats each]. Group 1 served as negative control, group 2 received daily 100 ppm of sodium arsenite in drinking water, group 3 rats received daily oral dose of sod. arsenite and Coriander seeds extract [CSE] [1 g/kg body weight]., group 4 rats received sod. arsenite and oral dose of DMSA [0.05 g/ kg b.w] for 5 days lasted. Group 5 rats received sod. arsenite, Coriander seeds extract [CSE] and DMSA for 5 days lasted. The experiment lasted for 8 weeks and blood samples were withdrawn 4 and 8 weeks after induction of toxicity and different treatments. The antioxidant potential was carried out using the methanolic extract of Coriander seeds. Reducing power assay and Diphenyl picrylhydrazyl [DPPH] radical scavenging assay methods proved the antioxidant potency of CSE. In-vivo studies using the different biochemical techniques and antioxidant parameters proved that sodium arsenite caused a significant increase in all parameters concerned the liver toxicity while treatment of CSE or DMSA caused an ameliorative effect on this toxicity. Induction of hepatotoxicity by arsenite together with CSE and DMSA proved the synergistic effects of these chelating agents on arsenite toxicity


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , Oxidative Stress , Cytotoxins , Protective Agents , Rats , Coriandrum/chemistry , Seeds/chemistry , Coriandrum/adverse effects , Liver , Succimer , Treatment Outcome
12.
Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2012; 11 (Supp. 8): 1-11
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-132467

ABSTRACT

High prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its complications and increasing use of complementary therapies, especially herbal therapies, and the need of developing countries to use their indigenous medical methods, motivated us to introduce some plants used in Iranian traditional medicine for the treatment of this disease. The topic of "ziabetes" [the synonym of diabetes] in some of Iranian traditional medical texts were studied and herbal therapies of this disease were collected. Some edible plant compounds introduced and scientific names of plants in these compounds were identified. Pubmed and Scopus databases were searched for studies regarding hypoglycemic effects of these medicinal herbs on animal or human subjects. Many medicinal herbs and; minerals in single or compound form have been used in Iranian traditional medicine. Plants such as Punica granatum, Rosa damascene, Plantago psyllium, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Coriandrum sativum, Portulaca oleracea and Rumex patientia are the most popular ones. Recent studies on animal or human subjects have shown the hypoglycemic effects of some of these plants. Reassessment of the effects of some antidiabetic plants used in Iranian traditional medicine, proved their efficacy mainly in animals. However, we need more clinical trials to prove safety and; efficacy of these herbs and compounds


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Medicine, Traditional , Complementary Therapies , Phytotherapy , Plants, Medicinal , Rumex , 37052 , Rosa , Psyllium , Glycyrrhiza , Coriandrum , Portulaca
13.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 14(spe): 143-148, 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-648538

ABSTRACT

O coentro é a hortaliça mais utilizada como condimento na região de Mossoró-RN. Um experimento foi conduzido na Fazenda Experimental Rafael Fernandes da Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido - UFERSA, no período de maio a junho de 2010, com o objetivo de avaliar o rendimento de coentro sob diferentes quantidades da planta trepadeira jitirana, incorporada ao solo como adubo verde. O delineamento experimental usado foi o de blocos completos casualizados com sete tratamentos e três repetições. Os tratamentos consistiram da incorporação de sete quantidades de jitirana (3,0; 6,0; 9,0; 12,0; 15,0; 18,0 e 21,0 t ha-1 de matéria seca de jitirana). A cultivar de coentro plantado foi a Verdão. As características avaliadas foram: altura e número de hastes por planta, rendimento e massa seca da parte aérea. O melhor desempenho agronômico do coentro foi observado na quantidade de 21,0 t ha-1 de jitirana. Para cada tonelada de jitirana incorporada ao solo observa-se um rendimento de coentro de 395 kg ha-1.


The ciliandro is the vegetable more used as seasoning in the area at Mossoró-RN. An experiment was conducted at the Experimental Farm Rafael Fernandes of the Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido - UFERSA in the period from may to june 2010, with the objective of evaluating the coriander yield in under different amounts of plant clambering scarlet starglory, incorporated into the soil. The experimental design was randomized complete blocks with eight treatments and three replicates. The treatments were combinations of eight amounts of scarlet starglory (3.0; 6.0; 9.0; 12.0; 15.0; 18.0 and 21.0 t ha-1 dry matter). The coriander cultivar planted was Verdão. The characteristics evaluated in the coriander were: plant height and number of stalks per plant, yield and dry matter mass of shoots. The best agroconomic performance lettuce was observed in the amount of 21,0 t ha-1 scarlet starglory. For each fresh or dry scarlet starglory ton incorporated into the soil, it was observed a mean yield of coriander mass of 395 kg ha-1.


Subject(s)
Coriandrum/growth & development , Manure/analysis , Convolvulaceae/adverse effects , Efficiency/classification , Organic Agriculture/organization & administration , Plant Breeding/methods
14.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 14(spe): 192-196, 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-648547

ABSTRACT

O coentro (Coriandrum sativum L.) é uma hortaliça amplamente consumida no Brasil como condimento. É muito importante, especialmente para a horticultura do Norte e Nordeste do Brasil. É provável que, em relação ao valor de mercado, seja a segunda hortaliça folhosa em importância para o Brasil, com grande volume de importação e produção nacional de sementes. Problemas relacionados ao baixo vigor das sementes e ao estabelecimento da cultura são uma constante nesta espécie. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo verificar a influência do sistema de produção orgânico e convencional sobre o potencial fisiológico das sementes de coentro. Foram avaliados lotes de sementes de coentro, cultivar Verdão, provenientes de sistemas de cultivo convencional e orgânico. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado com seis tratamentos e quatro repetições de cinqüenta sementes. Foram avaliados o grau de umidade, porcentagem de emergência, primeira contagem do teste de emergência, peso de mil sementes, índice de velocidade de emergência de plântulas e teste de condutividade. As avaliações realizadas mostraram que os sistemas de cultivo de modo geral não diferem entre si quanto ao potencial fisiológico das sementes.


The coriander (Coriandum sativum L.) is an herb widely consumed in Brazil as a condiment. It is very important, particularly for horticulture in North and Northeast of Brazil. IT is likely that, in terms of market value, it is the second herb hardwood dusts in importance for Brazil, losing only to the lettuce and the high volume of imports and domestic production of seed. Problems related to the low seed vigor and the establishment of culture are a constant in this species. In the present work lots of coriander seeds, the cv. Verdão, from systems of conventional and organic were evaluated, having as objective is to verify the influence of the physiological potential of the seeds on the initial development of plants grown under organic system. They were evaluated degree of humidity, percentage of emergency, first count of the test of emergency, weight of 1,000 seeds, index of emergency speed of seedlings and conductivity test. The experimental design was a completely randomized design with four replicates of 50 seeds. The assessments carried out showed that the cultivation systems in general does not differ as to the physiological potential of the seeds.


Subject(s)
Coriandrum/growth & development , Agricultural Cultivation , Organic Agriculture , Seeds/growth & development
15.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 10(2): 127-135, mar. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-686991

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the effect of dietary supplementation with Coriandrum sativum L. seed aqueous extract (CS) to a high fat diet (HFD), for induced insulin resistance (IR) C57BL/6J mice. Changes in body weight, food intake, feed efficiency ratio, fasting blood glucose (FBG), plasma insulin, fasting insulin resistance index (FIRI), plasma and hepatic triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and, plasma free fatty acid (FFA) levels were evaluated in control and treated groups. Also, the diameter, surface area and number of adipocytes and, intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) and intraperitoneal insulin response test (IPRTT) were performed. CS supplementation (1 percent and 3 percent w/w) to HFD fed mice (for 12 weeks) significantly prevented HFD induced increment in body weight gain, food intake, feed efficiency, FBG, plasma insulin, FIRI, plasma and hepatic TG and TC and, plasma FFA, adipocyte diameter and surface area along with decrement in adipocyte number. Also, improved responses were recorded in the IPGTT and IPRTT in CS supplemented HFD fed mice. These set of changes were comparable to the rosiglitazone (0.05 percent) supplemented HFD fed mice. Our findings suggest that CS improves insulin sensitivity primarily by mitigating plasma and tissue lipids and, adipocyte hypertrophy.


En este estudio se investigó el efecto de un extracto acuoso de semillas de Coriandrum sativum L. (CS), adicionado a una dieta con alto contenido graso en ratones C57BL/6J, con resistencia a la insulina inducida. Los cambios en el aumento de peso corporal, consumo de alimento, eficiencia alimenticia, glicemia, insulina plasmática, índice de resistencia a la insulina, triglicéridos hepáticos y plasmáticos, colesterol total y concentración plasmática de ácidos grasos libres, fueron evaluados en grupos control y tratados. Adicionalmente se controló, el diámetro, superficie y número de adipocitos, prueba de tolerancia a la glucosa intraperitoneal y la prueba de respuesta de la insulina por vía intraperitoneal. La adición de CS (1 por ciento y 3 por ciento w / w) a la dieta con alto contenido graso a ratones (12 semanas) previno de manera significativa el incremento de peso, la ingesta de alimentos, la eficiencia alimenticia, FBG, la insulina plasmática, FIRI, los triglicéridos hepáticos y plasmáticos, el colesterol total, ácidos grasos libres plasmáticos, el diámetro de los adipocitos y la superficie junto con el decremento en el número de los adipocitos. Además, mejoras de la respuesta se registraron en el IPGTT y IPRTT. Este conjunto de cambios fue comparable al obtenido con rosiglitazona (0,05 por ciento), adicionada a la dieta con alto contenido graso. Estos hallazgos sugieren que el CS mejora la sensibilidad a la insulina principalmente por la mitigación de los lípidos del plasma, del tejido y la hipertrofia del adipocito.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Coriandrum/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Dietary Fats/pharmacology , Adiposity , Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/analysis , Adipocytes , Body Weight , Cholesterol/analysis , Diet, High-Fat , Glucose Tolerance Test , Insulin Resistance , Seeds/chemistry , Triglycerides/analysis
16.
New Egyptian Journal of Medicine [The]. 2011; 44 (6): 531-541
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-166189

ABSTRACT

Ethanolic extract as well as essential oils of parsley [Petroselinum crispum], Coriander [Coriander sativum] and dill [Anethum graveolens L.] were subjected for biological evaluation. Thus, these extracts and vegetables oils were evaluated for their inhibitory effects against different types of microorganisms using the agar diffusion technique. The ethanolic extracts as well as the essential oils were tested against two Gram-positive bacterial strains [Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus], two Gram-negative bacterial strains [Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli], one yeast strain [Candida albicans] and three fungal strains [Aspergillus fumigatus, Penicillium italicum and Syncephalastrum racemosum]. Furthermore, the previous extracts and essential oils were evaluated for their antioxidant activity using 1, 1-diphenyl- 2-picrylhydrazyl [DPPH] scavenging techaque


Subject(s)
Phytotherapy/statistics & numerical data , Antioxidants , Anti-Infective Agents , Oils, Volatile , Petroselinum/adverse effects , Coriandrum/adverse effects
17.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 13(spe): 518-522, 2011. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-618324

ABSTRACT

A qualidade das sementes esta relacionada de forma direta ao seu potencial fisiológico, representado pela germinação e/ou vigor, expressando sua capacidade de originar plântulas normais. O objetivo do estudo foi a análise dos efeitos da temperatura e do tempo de exposição ao teste de envelhecimento acelerado sobre os parâmetros: germinação, germinação na primeira contagem, emergência, Índice de velocidade de emergência, comprimento de parte aérea e massa seca. O ensaio foi conduzido no delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com quatro repetições. As sementes foram submetidas à dois métodos de envelhecimento acelerado: o tradicional com água destilada e outro com solução saturada de 40 g NaCl 100 mL-1 de água, em duas temperaturas (38 ºC e 41 ºC) e em três períodos de exposição (48, 72 e 96 horas). Melhor se pode verificar o potencial fisiológico das sementes de coentro, quando submetido às condições estressantes: na temperatura de 41 °C com o período de exposição de 96 h (Teste envelhecimento acelerado tradicional) e na temperatura de 41 ºC com período de exposição de 48 h (com solução saturada). Os testes de germinação e primeira contagem evidenciaram diferenças na qualidade fisiológica inicial das sementes em função dos tratamentos aplicados.


The quality quality of the seeds this related of direct form to it physiologic potential, acted by the germination and/or energy, expressing it capacity to originate normal plantules. The objective of the study was the analysis of the effects of the temperature and of the time of exhibition to the test of accelerated aging on the parameters: germination, germination in the first counting, emergency, Index of emergency speed, length of aerial part and mass dries. The rehearsal was driven in the delineamento entirely casualizado, with four repetitions. The seeds were submitted to two methods of accelerated aging: the traditional with distilled water and other with saturated solution of 40 g NaCl 100 mL-1 of water, in two temperatures (38 ºC and 41 ºC) and in three exhibition periods (48, 72 and 96 hours). Better the physiologic potential of the cilantro seeds can be verified, when submitted to the stressful conditions: in the temperature of 41 °C with the period of exhibition of 96 h (it Tests traditional aging) and in the temperature of 41 °C with period of exhibition of 48 h (with saturated solution). The germination tests and first counting evidenced differences in the quality physiologic initial of the seeds in function of the applied treatments.


Subject(s)
Coriandrum/classification , Seeds/metabolism , Germination , Seeds/growth & development
18.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 13(spe): 591-597, 2011. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-618337

ABSTRACT

No presente trabalho, objetivou-se avaliar a época de colheita e a qualidade fisiológica de sementes de coentro produzidas no Norte de Minas Gerais. A primeira época de colheita das sementes foi realizada aos 15 dias após o florescimento pleno, quando aproximadamente 50 por cento das plantas apresentavam flores. As demais colheitas foram realizadas de 7 em 7 dias, até as sementes atingirem 14,0 por cento de umidade, fato que ocorreu na 6ª colheita. Imediatamente após cada colheita, as sementes foram avaliadas quanto ao teor de água, à germinação e ao vigor (testes de primeira contagem, emergência de plântulas e índice de velocidade de emergência). A maturidade fisiológica das sementes de coentro, cultivar Verdão, ocorre entre 42 a 44 dias após o florescimento, quando as sementes apresentam umidade em torno de 28,0 por cento, podendo a colheita ser realizada até 50 dias após o florescimento, quando as sementes apresentavam 14,0 por cento de umidade.


The present study aimed to evaluate the harvest season and physiological quality of coriander seeds produced in the North of Minas Gerais. The first season of harvest of the seeds was performed 15 days after full bloom, when approximately 50 percent of plants had flowers. The other crops were carried out 7 in 7 days, until the seeds reach 14,0 percent moisture, a fact that occurred in the 6th harvest. Immediately after each harvest, the seeds were evaluated for water content, germination and vigor tests (first count, seedling emergence and emergence speed index). The physiological maturity of coriander seeds, cultivate Verdão, occurs between 42 to 44 days after flowering, when the seeds had humidity around 28,0 percent at physiological maturity, the harvest may be held until 50 days after flowering, when seeds had 14,0 percent humidity.


Subject(s)
Agricultural Cultivation , Seeds/growth & development , Coriandrum/anatomy & histology , Plant Physiological Phenomena
19.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 13(1): 17-23, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-582757

ABSTRACT

Coriandrum sativum L. (Umbelliferae), conhecido popularmente por coentro, é uma planta doméstica cultivada nas diversas partes do mundo, inclusive no Brasil. As folhas e frutos do coentro são utilizados como condimento em culinária e na medicina popular como analgésica, antirreumática, carminativa e colagoga. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do tratamento com o óleo essencial (OEC) e o extrato hidroalcóolico (EHC) do coentro em modelos experimentais de inflamação em roedores. A atividade antiinflamatória do coentro foi avaliada por meio dos testes de pleurisia em ratos e formação do edema de orelha em camundongos. A pleurisia foi induzida pela carragenina em animais tratados ou não com EHC. O edema de orelha induzido pela aplicação tópica de óleo de cróton e a atividade da mieloperoxidase foi avaliada em camundongos tratados ou não com OEC ou EHC. No teste da pleurisia o tratamento com EHC promoveu significativa diminuição no edema pleural, mas não sobre a migração leucocitária. Além disso, diferentemente ao observado com o tratamento com OEC, o uso tópico de EHC diminui significativamente o edema de orelha e a migração celular induzidos pela aplicação do óleo de cróton. Os dados indicam que EHC apresenta atividade antiinflamatória quando administrado pelas via oral e tópica, enquanto que OEC não apresenta atividade antiinflamatória tópica.


Commonly known as coriander, Coriandrum sativum L. (Umbelliferae) is a home plant grown in several parts of the world, including Brazil. Its leaves and fruits have been used as condiment in cooking and in folk medicine as analgesic, antirheumatic, carminative and cholagogue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of essential oil (EO) and hydroalcoholic extract (HE) from coriander on experimental inflammation models in rodents. Coriander anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated by pleurisy tests in rats and ear edema formation in mice. Pleurisy was induced by carrageenan in HE-treated or non-treated animals. The ear edema was induced by topical application of croton oil and the myeloperoxidase activity was evaluated in EO-treated and HE-treated or non-treated mice. In the pleurisy test, HE treatment significantly decreased pleural edema but not the leukocyte migration. Furthermore, differently from EO, the topical use of HE significantly decreased ear edema and cell migration induced by croton oil application. The results indicate that HE had anti-inflammatory activity when orally and topically administered, whereas EO did not present topical anti-inflammatory activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Young Adult , Mice , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Coriandrum , Analysis of Variance , Ear , Edema , Inflammation , Plants, Medicinal , Pleurisy/prevention & control
20.
Egyptian Journal of Nutrition. 2010; 25 (1): 29-50
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-128832

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease is the most important adult health problem in the world. Epidemiological studies and laboratory experiments have shown that fruit and vegetable consumption has protective effects against cardiovascular disease. So that, the aim of this study is to investigate, the hypocholesterolaemic effects of Dill [Anethum graveolens L.] and Coriander [Coriandrum sativum L.] in two levels 5 and 10% for 6 weeks in hypercholesterolemic rats and their effects on liver and kidney functions. Thirty six rats were divided into six groups, [each of 6 rats] as follow, first group [control negative] fed on basal diet only, second group [control positive] fed on hypercholesterolemic diet [basal diet, 1% cholesterol, 0.25% bile salt and 15% beef tallow], third groups fed on hypercholesterolemic diet supplemented with 5% coriander, fourth groups fed on hypercholesterolemic diet supplemented with 10% coriander, fifth group fed on hypercholesterolemic diet supplemented with 5% dill, and the sixth group fed on hypercholesterolemic diet supplemented with 10% dill. At the end of the experimental period [6 weeks] blood was collected then lipid profile and liver and kidney functions were determined in the serum. The results indicated that, consumption of dill or coriander with 5% or 10% significantly [P<0.05] decreased the mean value of serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-C and VLDL-C and significantly increased serum HDL-C as compared to control positive group. Also both dill and coriander significantly [P<0.05] improved liver and kidney functions. It was observed that no significant differences between the two tested levels and also between dill or coriander, It is concluded that dill and coriander have a significant lipid lowering effects and are promising hypocholesterolemic agents. Further scientific efforts are certainly required to establish the exact mechanism of action using the purified active components of them


Subject(s)
Male , Coriandrum/chemistry , Hypercholesterolemia/therapy , Liver Function Tests , Rats , Treatment Outcome
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