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1.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 151(1): 32-41, feb. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515419

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes of Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (OPCAB) as an alternative to the traditional Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) technique with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are not well defined. AIM: To compare 10-year survival of isolated OPCAB versus CABG with CPB. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of information obtained from databases, clinical records and surgical protocols of patients treated with isolated CABG between January 2006 and November 2008 at a Regional Hospital. Of 658 isolated CABG, 192 (29.2%) were OPCAB and 466 (79.9%) CPB. Propensity Score Matching (PSM) was performed to compare both groups. After PSM, two groups of 192 cases were obtained. Mortality data was obtained from the Chilean public identification service. Ten-year survival was calculated and compared with Kaplan-Meier and log-rank methods. RESULTS: Follow-up data was obtained in all cases. No statistically significant differences were found when comparing 10-year survival between OPCAB versus CPB (78.6% and 80.2% respectively, p 0.720). There was also no statistical difference in cardiovascular death free survival (90.1% with CPB versus 89.1% OPCAB, p 0.737). Survival was comparable when analyzing subgroups with diabetes mellitus, left ventricular dysfunction or chronic kidney disease, among others. CONCLUSIONS: In our series, OPBAB has a comparable 10-year survival with CABG with CPB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump/adverse effects , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/adverse effects , Survival Analysis , Chile/epidemiology , Coronary Artery Bypass , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Propensity Score
2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 658-661, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the application experience and clinical effect of radial artery in total arterial coronary revascularization (TAR) in elderly patients.@*METHODS@#Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients who underwent TAR at the University of Hong Kong Shenzhen Hospital from July 1, 2020 to May 30, 2022. Patients were divided into ≥ 65-year-old group and < 65-year-old group according to age. The radial artery blood flow, diameter, intimal integrity and Allen test were evaluated by ultrasound before operation. The distal ends of radial artery were collected for pathological examination during operation. Coronary artery CT angiography (CTA) was examined postoperatively and follow up. The safety and reliability of ultrasonic assessment of radial artery and application of radial artery in elderly patients with TAR were summarized and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 101 patients received TAR, including 35 cases aged ≥ 65 years old, 66 cases aged < 65 years old; 78 cases used bilateral radial arteries, and 23 cases used unilateral radial arteries. 4 cases of bilateral internal mammary arteries. All the proximal ends of the radial artery were anastomosed to the proximal end of the ascending aorta, 34 cases were performed of "Y" grafts, and 4 cases were sequential anastomoses. There was no in-hospital death and perioperative cardiovascular events. Perioperative cerebral infarction occurred in 3 patients. 1 patients was reoperated for bleeding. Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) assistance was used in 21 patients. Poor wound healing occurred in 2 cases and healed well after debridement. Follow-up of 2 to 20 months after discharge showed no internal mammary artery occlusion and 4 radial artery occlusions; no major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) occurred, and the survival rate was 100%. There was no significant difference in the above perioperative complications and follow-up endpoints between the two age groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#By adjusting the order of bypass anastomosis and optimizing the preoperative evaluation method, radial artery combined with internal mammary artery can obtain better outcome early in TAR, and can be safely and reliably applied to elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Radial Artery/transplantation , Coronary Vessels , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Retrospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 384-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984664

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of the proportion of hibernating myocardium (HM) in total perfusion defect (TPD) on reverse left ventricle remodeling (RR) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) by 99mTc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) combined with 18F-flurodeoxyglucose (FDG) gated myocardial imaging positron emission computed tomography (PET). Methods: Inpatients diagnosed with HFrEF at the Cardiac Surgery Center, Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2016 to January 2022 were prospectively recruited. MPI combined with 18F-FDG gated PET was performed before surgery for viability assessment and the patients received follow-up MPI and 18F-FDG gated PET at different stages (3-12 months) after surgery. Δ indicated changes (post-pre). Left ventricular end-systolic volume (ESV) reduced at least 10% was defined as RR, patients were divided into reverse remodeling (RR+) group and the non-reverse group (RR-). Binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of RR. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated to assess the cut-off value for predicting RR. Additionally, we retrospectively enrolled inpatients with HFrEF at the Cardiac Surgery Center, Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2021 to January 2022 as the validation group, who underwent MPI and 18F-FDG gated PET before surgery. Echocardiography was performed before CABG and after CABG (3-12 months). In the validation group, the reliability of obtaining the cut-off value for the ROC curve was verified. Results: A total of 28 patients with HFrEF (26 males; age (56.9±8.7) years) were included in the prospective cohort. HM/TPD was significantly higher in the RR+ group than in the RR- group ((51.8%±17.9%) vs. (35.7%±13.9%), P=0.016). Binary logistic regression analysis revealed that HM/TPD was an independent predictor of RR (Odds ratio=1.073, 95% Confidence interval: 1.005-1.145, P=0.035). ROC curve analysis revealed that HM/TPD=38.3% yielded the highest sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy (all 75%) for predicting RR and the AUC was 0.786 (P=0.011). Meanwhile, a total of 100 patients with HFrEF (90 males; age (59.7±9.6) years) were included in the validation group. In the validation group, HM/TPD=38.3% predicted RR in HFrEF patients after CABG with the highest sensitivity, specificity and accuracy (82%, 60% and 73% respectively). Compared with the HFrEF patients in the HM/TPD<38.3% group (n=36), RR and cardiac function improved more significantly in the HM/TPD≥38.3% group (n=64) (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Preoperative HM/TPD ratio is an independent factor for predicting RR in patients with HFrEF after CABG, and HM/TPD≥38.3% can accurately predict RR and the improvement of cardiac function after CABG.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Stroke Volume , Heart Failure , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Retrospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Prospective Studies , Coronary Artery Bypass , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon , Perfusion , Myocardium
4.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(5): 548-555, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520357

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Endotracheal intubation (ETI), which is the gold standard in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), may cause myocardial ischaemia by disturbing the balance between haemodynamic changes and oxygen supply and consumption of the myocardium as a result of sympathetic stimulation. In this study, we aimed to compare two different videolaryngoscopes (C-MAC and Airtraq) in the hemodynamic response to ETI. Methods: Fifty ASA II-III CABG surgery patients were randomly assigned to C-MAC or Airtraq. The hemodynamic data included arterial blood pressure [systolic (SAP), diastolic (DAP) and mean (MAP)] and heart rate (HR) and were recorded at six different points in time: before laryngoscopy-T1, during laryngoscopy-T2, immediately after intubation-T3, and 3 (T4), 5 (T5) and 10 (T6) minutes after intubation. Intraoperative complications were recorded. Patients were questioned about postoperative complications 2 and 24hours following extubation. Results: The hemodynamic response to ETI was significantly greater with C-MAC. The increase in HR started with the laryngoscopy procedure, whereas increases in SAP, DAP, and MAP started immediately after ETI (p = 0.024; p = 0.012; p = 0.030; p = 0.009, respectively). In group analyses, T1-T2, T2-T3 and T1-T3 comparisons did not show any significant differences in HR with Airtraq. However, with C-MAC, HR after intubation increased significantly compared to the pre-laryngoscopy values (T1-T3) (p = 0.004). The duration of laryngoscopy was significantly reduced with C-MAC (p < 0.001), but the duration of intubation and total intubation were similar (p = 0.36; p = 0.79). Conclusions: Compared to C-MAC, the hemodynamic response to ETI was less with Airtraq. Thus, Airtraq may be preferred in CABG patients for ETI.


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Bypass , Intubation, Intratracheal
5.
Rev. med. Chile ; 150(9): 1162-1170, sept. 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431895

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the treatment of choice for a broad spectrum of patients with coronary disease. Aim: To describe global survival and factors associated with lower long-term survival in patients operated with isolated CABG. Material and Methods: Analysis of a cohort of patients who underwent CABG between January 2006 and December 2008 at a public hospital. The database and operation records of 1.003 cardiac surgeries were reviewed. Of these, an isolated CABG was performed in 658 patients aged 62 ± 9 years including 516 male (78%). Survival data were obtained from the Chilean Civil Registry Office and a complete ten-year follow up was accomplished. Survival was analyzed with Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank test and Cox regression. Results: Operative mortality occurred in 13 patients (2%). Survival at 1, 3, 5 and 10 years was 97, 94, 91 and 76%, respectively. One, 3, 5 and 10-year free of cardiovascular death survival was 98, 97, 95 y 89%, respectively. Factors associated with long-term survival were chronic kidney disease in hemodialysis (Hazard ratio (HR) 7.9; 95% confidence intervals (CI) 4.6-13.6), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR 2.3; 95% CI 1.4-3.7), chronic arterial occlusive disease (HR 2.2; 95% CI 1.4-3.4) and diabetes mellitus (HR 1.9; 95% CI 1.4-2.6). According to EuroSCORE, 10-year survival was 86, 75 and 62% (p < 0.01) in low, medium and high-risk patients, respectively. Conclusions: These patients had a 10-year survival comparable to large international series. Groups associated with lower 10-year survival were identified.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Coronary Artery Bypass , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
6.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(1): 183-200, 01/03/2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1371183

ABSTRACT

Objective. This study aimed to compare home visits and telephone follow-up effectiveness on patients' self-efficacy undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery -CABG- and caregivers' burden. Methods. In this randomized clinical trial, 114 patients undergoing CABG were assigned to the three groups of home visits, telephone follow-up, and control based on the stratified block randomization. The self-management program of the home visit group included four face-to-face 60-minute training sessions once a week, and for the telephone follow-up group, four 30-minute telephone counseling sessions twice each week for a month. The control group received routine care. Data were collected using the cardiac rehabilitation self-efficacy questionnaire and the caregiver burden scale before and after the intervention. Results. Before the study, there were no statistically significant differences between the three groups in terms of the means of self-efficacy and caregiver burden scores. However, there was a statistically significant difference between the home visit and control groups (p<0.001) and between the telephone follow-up and control groups (p<0.001) after the intervention, with increased self-efficacy and reduced caregiver burden reported. In contrast, there was no significant difference between the home visit and telephone follow-up groups regarding self-efficacy and caregiver burden scores. Conclusion. Both methods of self-management education have similar effectiveness in increasing self-efficacy and reducing the caregiver burden after discharge for patients who have undergone CABG.


Objetivo. Comparar la eficacia de las visitas domiciliarias y del seguimiento telefónico sobre la autoeficacia de los pacientes sometidos a cirugía de derivación arterial coronaria con injerto (CABG en inglés) y la carga de sus cuidadores. Métodos. En este ensayo clínico aleatorio, 114 pacientes sometidos a CABG se asignaron a uno de los tres grupos de investigación: visitas domiciliarias, seguimiento telefónico y control sobre la base de la aleatorización en bloque estratificada. El programa de educación en autoeficacia en el grupo de visitas domiciliarias incluía cuatro sesiones presenciales de formación de 60 minutos una vez a la semana, y para el grupo de seguimiento telefónico, cuatro sesiones de asesoramiento telefónico de 30 minutos dos veces por semana por un mes. El grupo de control recibió atención rutinaria. Los datos se recogieron mediante el cuestionario de autoeficacia de la rehabilitación cardíaca y la escala de carga del cuidador antes y después de la intervención. Resultados. Antes del estudio, no hubo diferencias entre los tres grupos en cuanto a las medias de las puntuaciones de las escalas de autoeficacia y carga del cuidador. Sin embargo, se encontró una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los grupos de visitas domiciliarias y de control (p<0.001) y entre los grupos de seguimiento telefónico y de control (p<0.001) después de la intervención, con un aumento de la autoeficacia y una reducción de la carga del cuidador. Es de anotar que no hubo diferencias significativas entre los grupos de visita domiciliaria y de seguimiento telefónico en cuanto a las puntuaciones de autoeficacia y de carga del cuidador. Conclusión. Ambos métodos de educación en este estudio tuvieron una efectividad similar en el aumento de la autoeficacia y la reducción de la carga de los cuidadores tras el alta de los pacientes sometidos a CABG.


Objetivo. Comparar a eficácia das visitas domiciliares e do seguimento telefónico sobre a autoeficácia dos pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de derivação arterial coronária com enxerto (CABG em inglês) e a carga dos seus cuidadores. Métodos. Neste ensaio clínico aleatório, 114 pacientes submetidos a CABG foram designados a um dos três grupos de investigação: visitas domiciliares, seguimento telefónico e controle sobre a base aleatorizada em blocos estratificada. O programa de educação em autoeficácia no grupo de visitas domiciliares incluía quatro sessões de formação presenciais de 60 minutos uma vez por semana, e para o grupo de seguimento telefónico, quatro sessões de assessoramento telefónico de 30 minutos duas vezes por semana durante um mês. O grupo de controle recebeu atenção rotineira. Os dados se recolheram mediante o questionário de autoeficácia da reabilitação cardíaca e a escala de carga do cuidador antes e depois da intervenção. Resultados. Antes do estudo, não houve diferenças entre os três grupos enquanto às médias das pontuações das escalas de autoeficácia e carga do cuidador. Porém, se encontrou uma diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos de visitas domiciliares e de controle (p<0.001) e entre os grupos de seguimento telefónico e de controle (p<0.001) depois da intervenção, com um aumento da autoeficácia e uma redução da carga do cuidador. É importante anotar que não houve diferenças significativas entre os grupos de visita domiciliar e de seguimento telefónico enquanto às pontuações de autoeficácia e de carga do cuidador. Conclusão. Ambos os métodos de educação neste estudo tiveram uma efetividade similar no aumento da autoeficácia e a redução da carga dos cuidadores após a alta dos pacientes submetidos a CABG.


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Bypass , Caregivers , Self Efficacy , Telenursing , Self-Management , House Calls
7.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(2): 261-265, feb. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389634

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerosis is the main cause of late saphenous vein graft (SVG) failure. Intracoronary images using optical coherence tomography (OCT) in addition to angiography allow a detailed analysis of the lesion beyond the degree of stenosis. We report a 67 years old diabetic male who underwent coronary surgery in 2009, consulting for an acute coronary syndrome. Angiography showed two different lesions on one aortocoronary venous grafts. OCT demonstrates atherosclerosis in different stages identifying the culprit lesion. Stent placement were successfully carried out.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Atherosclerosis , Saphenous Vein/pathology , Saphenous Vein/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Coronary Angiography/methods
8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 443-447, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association between postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and the occurrence of postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of 550 patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery in our hospital from September, 2018 to May, 2021, and after screening against the exclusion criteria, 363 patients were selected for further analysis. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the correlation of age and early postoperative CRP level with the occurrence of postoperative atrial fibrillation, and Chi-square test was used to explore the correlation of gender, disease type, and comorbidity with postoperative atrial fibrillation followed by multivariate analysis of the data using a binary logistic regression model.@*RESULTS@#The 363 patients enrolled in this study included 247 with valvular disease, 42 with aortic dissection, 37 with coronary heart disease, and 37 with congenital heart disease, with a median postoperative CRP level of 88.65 mg/L and a median age of 57 years (range 5-77 years). Postoperative atrial fibrillation occurred in 101 (27.82%) of the patients, who were subsequently divided into atrial fibrillation group and sinus group. Univariate and multivariate correlation analyses showed that early postoperative elevation of CRP level was an important factor contributing to the occurrence of postoperative atrial fibrillation.@*CONCLUSION@#Early postoperative elevation of CRP level is associated with the occurrence of atrial fibrillation following cardiopulmonary bypass surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/adverse effects , Coronary Artery Bypass , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 466-470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935171

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety between indobufen and aspirin in the prevention of restenosis of bridge vessels at 1 year after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Methods: This study was a prospective cohort study. We selected 152 patients who received coronary artery bypass grafting in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from December 2016 to December 2018. Patients were divided into the indobufen group and the aspirin group. Patients in the aspirin group were treated with aspirin and clopidogrel, and patients in the indobufen group were treated with indobufen and clopidogrel. During the 1-year follow-up, the rate of restenosis of saphenous vein bridge and internal mammary artery bridge, the rate of adverse cardiac events and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. The levels of fibrinogen (FIB), D-dimer (D-D), thrombomodulin (TM) and thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) were compared before and after antiplatelet therapy. Results: There were 76 cases in the indobufen group, including 57 males (75.0%), aged (60.3±6.6) years. There were 76 cases in the aspirin group, including 62 males (81.6%), aged (59.7±7.2) years. Baseline data were comparable between the two groups (P>0.05). During the follow-up, 3 cases were lost to follow up. Follow-up was completed in 74 patients in the indobufen group and 75 in the aspirin group. A total of 268 bridging vessels were grafted in the indobufen group and 272 in the aspirin group. One year after surgery, the patency rates of great saphenous vein bridge and internal mammary artery bridge were 94.5% (189/200) and 97.1% (66/68) in the indobuphen group, and 91.3% (189/207) and 96.9% (63/65) in the aspirin group, respectively. There was no significant difference in patency rate of great saphenous vein bridge and internal mammary artery bridge between the two groups (χ²=0.282, 0.345, P>0.05). The total incidence of adverse cardiac events was 5.4% (4/74) in the indobufen group and 6.7% (5/75) in the aspirin group (χ²=0.126, P>0.05). The overall incidence of gastrointestinal adverse reactions was significantly lower in the indobufen group than in the aspirin group (4.1% (3/74) vs. 13.3% (10/75), χ²=4.547, P<0.05). The levels of FIB, D-D, TM and TAFI in the two groups were lower than those before surgery (P<0.05), and there was no statistical significance between the two groups at baseline and post-operation (P>0.05). Conclusion: The efficacy of indobufen combined with clopidogrel in the prevention of 1-year restenosis after coronary artery bypass graft is similar to that of aspirin combined with clopidogrel, but the incidence of adverse reactions is lower, and the safety is higher in patients treated with indobufen combined with clopidogrel compared to aspirin combined with clopidogrel strategy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Clopidogrel/therapeutic use , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Drug Therapy, Combination , Isoindoles , Phenylbutyrates , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 340-348, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970693

ABSTRACT

Complex coronary heart disease (CHD) has become a hot spot in medicine due to its complex coronary anatomy, variable clinical factors, difficult hemodynamic reconstruction, and limited effect of conservative drug treatment. Identifying complex CHD and selecting optimal treatment methods have become more scientific as revascularization technology has improved, and coronary risk stratification scores have been introduced. SYNTAX and its derivative scores are decision-making tools that quantitatively describe the characteristics of coronary lesions in patients based on their complexity and severity. The SYNTAX and its derivative scores could assist clinicians in rationalizing the selection of hemodynamic reconstruction treatment strategies, and have demon-strated outstanding value in evaluating the prognosis of patients with complex CHD undergoing revascularization treatment. The authors in this article summary the practical application of SYNTAX and its derivative scores in complex CHD in order to deepen the understanding of the relationship between the choice of different revascularization strategies and SYNTAX and its derived scores in complex CHD and provide a further reference for clinical treatment of complex CHD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Bypass , Prognosis , Risk Factors , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Coronary Angiography , Treatment Outcome
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(6): 769-779, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351662

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In this study, patients before and after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and control subjects were evaluated for erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase enzyme activities, in addition to glutathione, malondialdehyde, serum total sialic acid, lipid-bound sialic acid, total antioxidant status, trace elements and mineral levels. The correlation of these variables with coronary artery disease (CAD) was also assessed. Methods: A total of 30 CAD patients and 30 control subjects were included in the study. CAD patients were divided into three groups: before surgery (BS), first day after surgery (1st day AS) and seventh day after surgery (7th day AS). Results: Malondialdehyde (MDA) and total sialic acid (TSA) levels were significantly higher in CAD (BS) than in the control group (P<0.05, P<0.05). In addition, GSH and TAS levels were significantly lower in the 1st day AS group than in the control group (P<0.001, P<0.01). Moreover, Co, Cu, Mg, Se, V and Zn levels were significantly lower in CAD (BS) group than in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.05, P<0.001). Conclusions: It was concluded that the levels of LDL-C, total cholesterol, triglycerides and CRP significantly associated with parameters, as well as Cu, Ca and SOD activity, should be measured together to monitor CAD. It is also considered that measuring TSA and MDA might be an appropriate choice for biomarkers of CAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Superoxide Dismutase , Trace Elements , Coronary Artery Bypass , Oxidative Stress , N-Acetylneuraminic Acid , Malondialdehyde , Antioxidants
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(6): 802-806, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351670

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: We aimed to investigate whether vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS) is a predictor for early postoperative morbidity and mortality. Methods: This study was planned as a prospective cohort study, between Nov 20 2018 and May 15 2019, including a total of 290 patients aged 20 years or older who underwent elective on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Patients' demographic data, aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass times, European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) score, cardiac ejection fraction (EF), VIS, intubation duration, and intensive care unit length of stay were recorded. Postoperative mortality and morbidity were recorded. Hourly doses of inotropes for VIS were recorded for each patient, and VIS was calculated. Results: Among the cases, 222 (77%) were male and 68 (23%) were female. The mean age of our patients was 62.5 years (37-86). Combined morbidity and mortality rates of our patients were 23.8%. An optimal cutoff point for VIS of 5.5 could predict combined morbidity and mortality with 90% sensitivity and 88% specificity. Low EF, prolonged operation time, high EuroSCORE, and high VIS are independent factors in the early postoperative period for the development of combined morbidity and mortality in patients who underwent elective CABG. Conclusion: VIS is the most critical and EuroSCORE is the second most important scoring systems. They independently predict combined morbidity and mortality in undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Morbidity , Treatment Outcome , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(6): 825-828, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351674

ABSTRACT

Abstract Woven coronary disease is a rare pathology with unknown etiology. Although initially considered benign, recent publications report myocardial ischemia caused by the affected vessel. Since most patients are asymptomatic, long-term follow-up to understand its behavior is mandatory. We report a multivessel woven disease case with documented ischemia that was submitted to coronary artery bypass grafting and remained asymptomatic for two years of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Bypass , Treatment Outcome
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(5): 670-676, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351645

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the anatomical deformations of the major vascular structures in the retrosternal area caused by adhesions following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: This single-center, retrospective study included a total of 40 patients with a previous CABG who were admitted to our emergency unit for any reason and underwent a contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography (patient group) and 40 patients without previous cardiac surgery (control group) between January 2018 and November 2019. The retrosternal area was compared between the groups using the statistical shape analysis method. The distance between the sternum and the ascending aorta and pulmonary artery was measured and anatomical deformations of the retrosternal area were examined. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the anatomical structures of the retrosternal area between the patient and control groups (P<0.001). The distance from the midsternal line to the highest point of the pulmonary artery was statistically significantly shorter in the patient group, compared to the control group (P=0.013). The distance from the sternum to the ascending aorta was also shorter in the patient group, although it did not reach statistical significance (P>0.05). Conclusions: Our study results showed narrowing of the retrosternal area following CABG and a shorter distance from the sternum to the pulmonary artery than the ascending aorta. Based on these findings, surgeons should be cautious about possible injuries in patients requiring cardiac surgery with repeated median sternotomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Sternotomy/adverse effects , Reoperation , Sternum/surgery , Sternum/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(5): 629-638, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351655

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: This study aims to evaluate late postoperative neurophysiological outcomes in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: Forty-five male patients with stable coronary artery disease aged 45-69 years underwent extended neuropsychological assessment using the software Status PF and electroencephalographical examination 3-5 days before CABG and 5-7 years after CABG. Postoperative decline in cognitive functions was determined by a 20% decrease in the cognitive indicator compared to that at baseline on 20% of the tests included in the Status PF battery. Statistical analysis was performed using the software STATISTICA 10.0. Multiple regression was used to identify demographic, clinical, and electroencephalographical variables associated with adverse cognitive outcomes. Results: Cognitive decline was observed in 54% of the patients in the long-term postoperative period. Five to seven years after CABG, all patients have shown an increase in the theta rhythm power compared to the preoperative values, which is most pronounced in the frontal and temporal areas of the right hemisphere (P=0.04), along with a decrease in the alpha rhythm in the posterior areas of the cortex (P=0.005). Multiple regression has reported that the main predictors of cognitive impairment are slower mean alpha frequency, decreased theta-2 rhythm with eyes closed in the right temporal area, and increased theta-2 rhythm with eyes open in the left temporal area (F(5.39)=8.81; P<0.00007; adjusted R-squared=0.57). Conclusion: Our findings indicate that 54% of the patients suffer from postoperative cognitive decline associated with increased theta and decreased alpha rhythms 5-7 years after CABG.


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Cognition Disorders/etiology , Cognitive Dysfunction , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Coronary Artery Bypass , Neuropsychological Tests
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(5): 677-684, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351657

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The growth Stimulation expressed gene 2 (ST2) (or interleukin 1 receptor-like 1, also known as IL1RL1) is considered a biomarker of poor prognosis in cardiovascular diseases. The aims of this study are to investigate ST2 in the pericardial fluid (PF) of coronary artery disease patients and to contribute to the understanding of the pathophysiology of coronary artery disease. Methods: 40 patients (blood plasma and PF) who underwent coronary artery bypass surgery and 40 controls (blood plasma only) were included in this study. Soluble ST2 (sST2) level was determined by enzyme-linked ımmunosorbent assay method in plasma and PF, and sST2 gene expression was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR) method. Results: The sST2 level was found to be 44.89 ng/ml and 390.357 ng/ml in the control and patient groups' plasma, and 223.992 ng/ml in the PF of the patient group. An increase in sST2 level was detected in the patient group compared to the control group (P<0.001). The sST2 expression in plasma was higher in the patient group than in the control group. Additionally, sST2 was more expressed in the plasma of the patient group than PF (P<0.001). Conclusion: The fact that sST2 was detected for the first time in a high level in PF showed that this biomarker was closely related with the heart and strengthened its potential to be used as a biomarker. Therefore, sST2 can contribute to the understanding of the pathophysiology of coronary artery disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease , Pericardial Fluid , Prognosis , Biomarkers , Coronary Artery Bypass
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1322-1327, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351465

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: After cardiac surgery, acute kidney injury is observed at a rate of 5-30%, and the second most common cause of acute kidney injury in intensive care units is cardiac surgery. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of del Nido cardioplegia solution use on postoperative acute kidney injury development in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting operation with cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent an elective coronary artery bypass grafting operation with cardiopulmonary bypass in our clinic between March 15, 2019, and March 15, 2020, were included in the study retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups as those who received del Nido cardioplegia solution (Group 1) and blood cardioplegia (Group 2), and factors affecting the development of renal failure were examined. RESULTS: A total of 350 consecutive patients were included in the study. There were 156 patients in the del Nido cardioplegia group and 194 patients in the blood cardioplegia group. Among the patient group, 74 (21.1%) patients developed acute kidney injury. The total acute kidney injury development rate was significantly higher in Group 2 (p=0.018). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, advanced age (OR 1.128; 95%CI 1.044-1.217; p=0.042), increased blood product use (OR 1.318; 95%CI 1.154-1.998; p=0.019), preoperative creatinine elevation (OR 2.434; 95%CI 1.655-4.639; p=0.005), and increased cardioplegia volume (OR 1.254; 95%CI 1.109-2.980; p=0.009) were independent predictors of acute kidney injury. CONCLUSION: With this study, we showed that the use of del Nido cardioplegia solution can reduce the incidence of acute kidney injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardioplegic Solutions/adverse effects , Heart Arrest, Induced/adverse effects , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Kidney
19.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 149(8): 1182-1188, ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389582

ABSTRACT

Recent randomized controlled trials confirmed the beneficial outcomes with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with severe three-vessel coronary artery and left main disease. An increased long-term survival after CABG is associated with a reduction in spontaneous myocardial infarction and repeat revascularization rates. While PCI treats only flow-limiting lesions, CABG treats the whole coronary artery, preventing events in the future. Due to different clinical and anatomic factors affecting the outcomes, the heart team should formulate treatment assignment recommendations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Coronary Artery Bypass , Treatment Outcome
20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1093-1101, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346985

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a well-established treatment modality for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD). Syntax II Score has been established as novel scoring system with better prediction of postprocedural outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of SYNTAX II Score for predicting late saphenous vein graft (SVG) failure in patients undergoing isolated CABG. METHODS: The records of 1,875 consecutive patients who underwent isolated CABG with at least one SVG were investigated. Those who underwent coronary angiography and SVGs angiography at least 1 year after the CABG were included. Patients were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of SVG failure. For each group, predictors of late SVG failure and subsequent clinical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: According to this study, the presence of hypertension, higher rates of repeat revascularization, and higher SYNTAX II Scores were found to be independent predictors of late SVG failure. In addition, the prognostic value of SYNTAX II Score was found to be significantly higher than anatomical SYNTAX Score in terms of predicting late SVG failure and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event. CONCLUSIONS: There was a strong association between SYNTAX II Score and late SVG failure in patients undergoing isolated CABG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Saphenous Vein/surgery , Saphenous Vein/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Vascular Patency , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Coronary Angiography
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