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Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 78-85, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155798


Abstract Introduction: The benefit of total arterial revascularization (TAR) in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains a controversial issue. This study sought to evaluate whether there is any difference on the long-term results of TAR and non-TAR CABG patients. Methods: The Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL/CCTR), Clinical, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), and Google Scholar databases were searched for studies published by October 2020. Randomized clinical trials and observational studies with propensity score matching comparing TAR versus non-TAR CABG were included. Random-effects meta-analysis was performed. The current barriers to implementation of TAR in clinical practice and measures that can be used to optimize outcomes were reviewed. Results: Fourteen publications (from 2012 to 2020) involving a total of 22,746 patients (TAR: 8,941 patients; non-TAR: 13,805 patients) were included. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) for long-term mortality (over 10 years) was lower in the TAR group than in the non-TAR group (random effect model: HR 0.676, 95% confidence interval 0.586-0.779, P<0.001). There was evidence of low heterogeneity of treatment effect among the studies for mortality, and none of the studies had a particular impact on the summary result. The result was not influenced by age, sex, or comorbidities. We identified low risk of publication bias related to this outcome. Conclusion: This review found that TAR presents the best long-term results in patients who undergo CABG. Given that many patients are likely to benefit from TAR, its use should be encouraged.

Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Coronary Artery Bypass , Treatment Outcome , Propensity Score
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 25-31, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155792


Abstract Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of coronary collateral circulation (CCC) in patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: A total of 127 patients who had undergone CABG (2011-2013) were enrolled into this study and follow-up was obtained by phone contact. Patients were categorized into two groups according to preoperative CCC using the Rentrop method. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, heart failure (HF), and mortality rates were compared between groups. Clinical outcome was defined as combined end point including death, PCI, recurrent MI, stroke, and HF. Results: Sixty-two of 127 patients had poor CCC and 65 had good CCC. There were no differences in terms of PCI, recurrent MI, and HF between the groups. Stroke (seven of 62 [11.3%] and one of 65 [1.5%], P=0.026) and mortality (19 of 62 [30.6%] and 10 of 65 [15.4%], P=0.033) rates were significantly higher in poor CCC group than in good CCC group. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, survival time was not statistically different between the groups. Presence of poor CCC resulted in a significantly higher combined end point incidence (P=0.011). Conclusion: Stroke, mortality rates, and combined end point incidence were significantly higher in poor CCC patients than in the good CCC group.

Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Stroke/etiology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Coronary Artery Bypass , Treatment Outcome , Collateral Circulation , Coronary Circulation
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880652


OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the effect of hyperlipoproteinemia (α) on immediate expansion after coronary stent implantation guided by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS).@*METHODS@#A total of 160 patients (175 lesions) with coronary heart disease diagnosed by coronary artery angiography, who were performed percutaneous intervention guided by IVUS in the Department of Cardiology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, were enrolled retrospectively.According to the concentration of lipoproteina, the patients were divided into 2 groups: a hyperlipoproteinemia (α) group and a control group. Cardiac ejection fraction was measured with echocardiography. Logistic regression was used to analyze the influential factors for hyperlipoproteinemia (α). The target vessel was examined by IVUS to analyze the immediate expansion effect of hyperlipoproteinemia (α) after stent implantation.@*RESULTS@#The mean stent expansion index, lesion length, stent number, stent symmetry index and posterior balloon diameter were (94.73±18.9)%, (52.92±29.1) mm, (2.11±0.85), (83.62±13.07)%, and (9.46±2.00) mm in the hyperlipoproteinemia (α) group, respectively. Compared with the control group, there were significantly difference (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Hyperlipoproteinemia (α) appears to be a predictor of stent underexpansion, and the decreased creatinine clearance rate is an independent risk factor for hyperlipoproteinemia (α).

Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Humans , Lipoproteins , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stents/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1450-1456, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878191


BACKGROUND@#Drug-coated balloons (DCBs) have emerged as potential alternatives to drug-eluting stents in specific lesion subsets for de novo coronary lesions. Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a method based on the three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography and contrast flow velocity during coronary angiography (CAG), obviating the need for an invasive fractional flow reserve procedural. This study aimed to assess the serial angiographic changes of de novo lesions post-DCB therapy and further explore the cut-off values of lesion and vessel QFR, which predict vessel restenosis (diameter stenosis [DS] ≥50%) at mid-term follow-up.@*METHODS@#The data of patients who underwent DCB therapy between January 2014 and December 2019 from the multicenter hospital were retrospectively collected for QFR analysis. From their QFR performances, which were analyzed by CAG images at follow-up, we divided them into two groups: group A, showing target vessel DS ≥50%, and group B, showing target vessel DS <50%. The median follow-up time was 287 days in group A and 227 days in group B. We compared the clinical characteristics, parameters during DCB therapy, and QFR performances, which were analyzed by CAG images between the two groups, in need to explore the cut-off value of lesion/vessel QFR which can predict vessel restenosis. Student's t test was used for the comparison of normally distributed continuous data, Mann-Whitney U test for the comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for the evaluation of QFR performance which can predict vessel restenosis (DS ≥50%) at mid-term follow-up using the area under the curve (AUC).@*RESULTS@#A total of 112 patients with 112 target vessels were enrolled in this study. Group A had 41 patients, while group B had 71. Vessel QFR and lesion QFR were lower in group A than in group B post-DCB therapy, and the cut-off values of lesion QFR and vessel QFR in the ROC analysis to predict target vessel DS ≥50% post-DCB therapy were 0.905 (AUC, 0.741 [95% confidence interval, CI: 0.645, 0.837]; sensitivity, 0.817; specificity, 0.561; P < 0.001) and 0.890 (AUC, 0.796 [95% CI: 0.709, 0.882]; sensitivity, 0.746; specificity, 0.780; P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The cut-off values of lesion QFR and vessel QFR can assist in predicting the angiographic changes post-DCB therapy. When lesion/vessel QFR values are <0.905/0.890 post-DCB therapy, a higher risk of vessel restenosis is potentially predicted at follow-up.

Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Coronary Restenosis , Follow-Up Studies , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1146-1151, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878117


BACKGROUND@#Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an important risk factor in the long-term outcomes of surgical revascularization. However, few studies have focused on patients with ischemic heart failure (IHF) and DM, and the results are controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of DM on the long-term outcomes of IHF patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).@*METHODS@#In this propensity-matched study, data of IHF patients who underwent CABG in our hospital from January 2007 to December 2017 were analyzed. With a mean 73-month follow-up time, the patients were divided into two groups according to whether they had DM. The primary endpoint was all-cause death, and the secondary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, stroke, recurrent myocardial infarction, and revascularization.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality between the two groups (5.8% vs. 4.1%, P = 0.216). The incidence of main adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in the secondary endpoint was significantly higher in the DM group than that in the non-DM group (10.4% vs. 8.1%, P = 0.023).@*CONCLUSIONS@#DM can negatively affect the long-term outcomes of IHF patients undergoing CABG by significantly increasing the overall incidence of MACCE, though the long-term survival does not show a significant difference between the DM and non-DM patients.

Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Diabetes Mellitus , Heart Failure , Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Propensity Score , Treatment Outcome
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 41-46, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877143


@#Objective. The study evaluates the clinical profile of patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) under the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (Philhealth) Z Benefit Package (PZBP), as well as time intervals between PZBP screening, approval, and timing of surgery. Methods. A review of medical records was done to collect data on time intervals between the screening process and Philhealth approval in CABG patients under PZBP. The clinical profile and surgical outcomes of patients were also evaluated. Results. Sixty-three patients were included from March 2017 to December 2018. Most patients were under 61-70 years old. Hypertension was the most commonly observed comorbidity. Time intervals were analyzed including identification for surgery to eligibility screening (2–217 days, median 25 days), Philhealth approval (8–266 days, median 20 days), and surgery (9-403 days, median 33 days). Postoperative atrial fibrillation was seen in 22.58%. The most commonly observed complication prolonging hospitalization was pneumonia. Conclusion. This is the first local study which evaluated the timelines of PZBP. Results may be use as basis of follow up study in the future for identification of an acceptable timeline intervals. Several modifiable factors affecting time intervals were identified for further improvement of healthcare services. The leading cause of increase length in hospitalization were HAP and AF.

Coronary Artery Disease , Vascular Diseases , Vascular Surgical Procedures , National Health Programs
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(4): e10370, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153538


This study aimed to investigate the effect of WeChat-based education and rehabilitation program (WERP) on anxiety, depression, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), major adverse cardiac/cerebrovascular events (MACCE)-free survival, and loss to follow-up rate in unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCAD) patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). In this randomized controlled study, 140 ULMCAD patients who underwent CABG were randomly assigned to WERP group (n=70) or control care (CC) group (n=70). During the 12-month intervention period, anxiety and depression (using hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS)) and HRQoL (using 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12)) were assessed longitudinally. During the total 36-month follow-up period (12-month intervention and 24-month non-intervention periods), MACCE and loss to follow-up were recorded. During the intervention period, HADS-anxiety score at month 9 (M9) (P=0.047) and month 12 (M12) (P=0.034), anxiety rate at M12 (P=0.028), and HADS-D score at M12 (P=0.048) were all reduced in WERP group compared with CC group. As for HRQoL, SF-12 physical component summary score at M9 (P=0.020) and M12 (P=0.010) and SF-12 mental component summary score at M9 (P=0.040) and M12 (P=0.028) were all increased in WERP group compared with CC group. During the total follow-up period, WERP group displayed a trend of longer MACCE-free survival than that in CC group but without statistical significance (P=0.195). Additionally, loss to follow-up rate was attenuated in WERP group compared with CC group (P=0.033). WERP serves as an effective approach in optimizing mental health care and promoting life quality in ULMCAD patients after CABG.

Humans , Quality of Life , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Anxiety/prevention & control , Coronary Artery Bypass , Follow-Up Studies , Depression/prevention & control
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10466, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153513


Preoperative evaluation in elective surgeries has been associated with successful surgical treatment. However, there is no solid scientific evidence that screening for coronary artery disease (CAD) reduces surgical risk. The aims of this study were to describe the frequency of inappropriate investigation of obstructive CAD induced by pre-anesthetic assessment in individuals without cardiovascular symptoms (candidates for low- to intermediate-risk surgeries) and to evaluate predictors of this conduct. We performed a retrospective evaluation of medical records of anesthesiology services from patients undergoing pre-anesthesia assessment between May 2015 and May 2016, including those with functional capacity ≥4 metabolic equivalents without a diagnosis of heart disease. A total of 778 medical records (47±16 years of age, 62.6% female) were studied. A private hospital performed 50.1% of the surgeries and 60.4% were of intermediate risk. Only 2.7% (95%CI: 1.7-4.1%) were screened for CAD, and 91% of these requests were mediated by cardiology consultations performed during pre-anesthetic testing visits. Factors associated with screening for CAD were hypertension, diabetes, moderate systemic disease (ASA III), cardiac consultation, previous diagnosis of CAD, and admission to a private hospital. Independent predictors were private hospitals (OR: 3.9; 95%CI: 1.3-11.0), ASA III (OR: 5.3; 95%CI: 1.7-16.2), and hypertension (OR: 3.8; 95%CI: 1.5-9.8). The frequency of inappropriate requests for CAD screening in asymptomatic individuals without untreated systemic diseases was low in pre-anesthetic visits. Although infrequent, screening for CAD is more common in the private setting, in patients with poorer health status, and is usually prescribed during cardiology consultation.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Unnecessary Procedures , Anesthesia , Mass Screening , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Heart Diseases
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(11): e11371, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339452


Dietary factors may influence the process of atherosclerosis and coronary artery calcification (CAC). This study assessed CAC and its association with dietary intake in asymptomatic men. We evaluated 150 asymptomatic men with mean age of 58.2±5.3 years. The dietary intake was assessed by the Food Consumption Register method. CAC was measured through multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and assessed in accordance with the Agatston score. Modified Poisson regression model was used to estimate the effects of intake of different nutrients that are prevalent in moderate/severe CAC, adjusted for calorie intake and CAC risk factors by means of prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals [95%CI]. An association was found between the intake of some nutrients and moderate/severe CAC. Lower carbohydrate intake (P=0.021) and higher lipid intake (P=0.006) were associated with moderate/severe CAC. After adjustment, the nutrients associated with the prevalence of moderate/severe CAC were carbohydrates (P=0.040), lipids (P=0.005), and saturated fatty acids (SFA) (P=0.013). A 1% increase in lipids and SFA intake caused an increase of 4% [95%CI: 1-7%] and 8% [95%CI: 2-14%] in the prevalence of moderate/severe CAC, respectively. A 1% increase of carbohydrate intake led to a 2% decrease in the likelihood of moderate/severe CAC [95%CI: 1-4%]. These conclusions showed that the higher intake of total lipids and SFA was associated with higher CAC scores, whereas higher carbohydrate intake was associated with lower CAC scores in asymptomatic men.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/epidemiology , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Atherosclerosis , Vascular Calcification/epidemiology , Vascular Calcification/diagnostic imaging , Risk Factors , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Eating , Multidetector Computed Tomography
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254158


Mulher de 18 anos com histórico de síncope, angina e palpitações há um ano. Uma indicação crucial era artéria coronária direita dilatada na ecocardiografia transtorácica. Os achados da tomografia computadorizada resultaram no diagnóstico da origem anômala da artéria coronariana esquerda proveniente da síndrome da artéria pulmonar.(AU)

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Pulmonary Artery/physiopathology , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Bland White Garland Syndrome/pathology , Bland White Garland Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , X-Rays , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory/methods , Creatine Kinase/blood , Electrocardiography , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eAO5565, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154094


ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the factors associated with the high complexity of medication regimen in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a multiprofessional cardiology outpatient clinic, in the Secondary Care of the Unified Health System, where sociodemographic (age, sex, and education), clinical (number of health conditions, cardiovascular diagnoses, and comorbidities) and pharmacotherapeutic (adherence, polypharmacy, and cardiovascular polypharmacy) characteristics were collected. These were related to complexity of medication regimen, measured through the medication regimen complexity index. The classification of high complexity of medication regimen was carried out using standardization for the older adults and stratification for adult patients, as suggested in the literature. Results: The total complexity medication regimen of 148 patients had a median of 17.0 (interquartile range of 10.5). In the univariate analysis, the factors associated with high complexity were heart failure, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, five or more diseases, and non-adherence to treatment. In the final model, after logistic regression, there was a statistically significant association (p<0.05) with the variables diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and non-adherence. Conclusion: The high complexity of medication regimen in patients with coronary artery disease was associated with the presence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and reports of non-adherence to treatment.

RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar os fatores associados à complexidade alta da farmacoterapia em pacientes com doença arterial coronariana. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo transversal em um ambulatório multiprofissional de cardiologia na Atenção Secundária do Sistema Único de Saúde, de onde foram coletadas características sociodemográficas (idade, sexo e escolaridade), clínicas (número de condições de saúde, diagnósticos cardiovasculares e comorbidades) e farmacoterápicas (adesão, polifarmácia e polifarmácia cardiovascular). Essas características foram relacionadas com a complexidade da farmacoterapia, mensurada por meio do Índice de Complexidade da Farmacoterapia. A classificação em complexidade alta da farmacoterapia foi realizada empregando a normatização para idosos e a estratificação para pacientes adultos, sugeridas na literatura. Resultados: A complexidade da farmacoterapia total dos 148 pacientes apresentou mediana igual a 17,0 (amplitude interquartílica de 10,5). Na análise univariada, os fatores associados à complexidade alta foram insuficiência cardíaca, diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial, cinco ou mais doenças e não adesão. No modelo final, após regressão logística, houve associação estatisticamente significante (p<0,05) com as variáveis diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial e não adesão. Conclusão: A complexidade alta da farmacoterapia em pacientes com doença arterial coronariana foi associada à presença de diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial e relato de não adesão a medicamentos

Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/drug therapy , Polypharmacy , Medication Adherence , Comorbidity , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3464, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1341517


Objective: to assess the prevalence of pharmacological adherence in patients with coronary artery disease and to identify factors associated with adherence. Method: a crosssectional, correlational study, including 198 patients with a previous diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Pharmacological adherence was assessed by the four-item Morisky Green test, and the factors that potentially interfere with adherence were considered independent variables. The association between the variables was determined by the Cox model, with a 5% significance level. Results: 43% of the patients adhered to the treatment. Fatigue and palpitation, never having consumed alcohol and being served by medical insurance were associated with adherence. Lack of adherence was associated with considering the treatment complex, consumption of alcohol and being served by the public health care system. In the multiple analysis, the patients with fatigue and palpitations had a prevalence of adherence around three times higher and alcohol consumption was associated with a 2.88 times greater chance of non-adherence. Conclusion: more than half of the patients were classified as non-adherent. Interventions can be directed to some factors associated with lack of adherence.

Objetivo: avaliar a prevalência da adesão farmacológica de pacientes com doença arterial coronariana e identificar os fatores associados à adesão. Método: estudo transversal, correlacional, incluindo 198 pacientes com diagnóstico prévio de doença arterial coronariana. A adesão farmacológica foi avaliada pelo teste de Morisky Green de quatro itens e os fatores que potencialmente interferem na adesão foram considerados variáveis independentes. A associação entre as variáveis foi verificada pelo modelo de Cox, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: 43% dos pacientes aderiram ao tratamento. Associaram-se à adesão os sintomas de fadiga e palpitação, nunca ter ingerido bebida alcoólica e ser atendido por convênio médico. Associaram-se à falta de adesão considerar o tratamento complexo, o consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e ser atendido pelo sistema público de saúde. Na análise múltipla, os pacientes que apresentavam fadiga e palpitação tiveram prevalência de adesão em torno de três vezes maior e o consumo de álcool associou-se a uma chance 2,88 vezes maior de não adesão. Conclusão: mais da metade dos pacientes foram classificados como não aderentes. Intervenções podem ser direcionadas para alguns fatores associados à falta de adesão.

Objetivo: evaluar la prevalencia de la adhesión farmacológica de pacientes con enfermedad arterial coronaria e identificar los factores asociados a la adhesión. Método: estudio transversal, correlacional, que incluyó a 198 pacientes con diagnóstico previo de enfermedad arterial coronaria. Se evaluó la adhesión farmacológica mediante la prueba de Morisky Green de cuatro ítems y se consideró como variables independientes los factores que potencialmente interfieren en la adhesión. La asociación entre las variables se verificó con el modelo de regresión de Cox, con nivel de significancia del 5%. Resultados: el 43% de los pacientes adherían al tratamiento. Se asociaron a la adhesión los síntomas de fatiga y palpitaciones, nunca haber ingerido bebida alcohólica y recibir tratamiento de medicina prepaga. Se asoció a la falta de adhesión considerar complejo el tratamiento, consumir bebidas alcohólicas y recibir tratamiento del sistema público de salud. En el análisis múltiple, los pacientes que presentaban fatiga y palpitaciones tuvieron cerca de tres veces más prevalencia de adhesión y el consumo de alcohol se asoció a una posibilidad 2,88 veces mayor de no adhesión. Conclusión: se clasificó a más de la mitad de los pacientes como no adherentes. Es posible direccionar acciones hacia algunos factores asociados a la falta de adhesión.

Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/drug therapy , Coronary Artery Disease/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Medication Adherence
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1712-1717, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143676


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the long non-coding RNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (lncRNA MALAT1) expression and its role in cytokine production from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and non-CAD participants (NCAD). METHODS: Blood samples were taken from 15 patients with CAD and 15 NCAD individuals. The plasma was used for biochemical analyses. MALAT1 and CD36 expressions were evaluated in the isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) by real-time PCR. Furthermore, the levels of inflammatory cytokines e.g. interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, and IL-22 were measured in the supernatants of the cultured PBMCs by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The levels of MALAT1 and CD36 were not significantly different between the CAD and NCAD groups. However, a lower level of MALAT1 and CD36 was observed in PBMCs of vitamin D deficient (<15 ng/ml) CAD and NCAD participants. Furthermore, the vitamin D deficient (<15 ng/ml) group showed a significantly higher plasma level of IL-6, IL-10, and IL-22 compared to the non-deficient (≥15 ng/ml) group. In addition, significant positive correlations were found between CD36, IL-22, and fasting blood sugar (FBS) with MALAT1. CONCLUSION: Given that in vitamin D deficient individuals a decreased level of MALAT1 was associated with CD36 expression and increased IL-22 production, vitamin D supplementation may play a role in reducing MALAT1/CD36/IL-22 mediated complications such as T2DM and CAD, especially in vitamin D deficiency.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a expressão do RNA longo não codificante lncRNA MALAT1 e o seu papel na produção de citocinas a partir de células mononucleares do sangue periférico (PBMCs) em pacientes com doença arterial coronariana (DAC) e participantes sem DAC (NDAC). MÉTODOS: Amostras de sangue foram coletadas de 15 pacientes com DAC e 15 indivíduos NCAD. O plasma foi usado para análises bioquímicas. As expressões de MALAT1 e CD36 foram avaliadas nas células mononucleares do sangue periférico (PBMCs) isoladas por PCR em tempo real. Além disso, os níveis de citocinas inflamatórias, como a interleucina (IL)-6, IL-10 e IL-22 foram medidas no sobrenadante da cultura de PBMCs por citometria de fluxo. RESULTADOS: Os níveis de MALAT1 e CD36 não foram significativamente diferentes entre os grupos DAC e NDAC. No entanto, um nível inferior de MALAT1 e CD36 foi observado nas PBMCs de participantes com deficiência de vitamina D (< 15 ng/ml) tanto no grupo DAC quanto no NDAC. Além disso, o grupo com deficiência de vitamina D (< 15 ng/ml) apresentou um nível plasmático significativamente maior de IL-6, IL-10 e IL-22 em comparação com o grupo sem a deficiência (≥15 ng/ml). Além disso, foram encontradas correlações positivas significativas entre CD36, IL-22, e glicemia de jejum (GJ) e o MALAT1. CONCLUSÃO: Dado que em indivíduos com deficiência de vitamina D a diminuição do nível de MALAT1 foi associada com a expressão de CD36 e produção aumentada de IL-22, a suplementação de vitamina D pode ter um papel importante na redução de complicações mediadas por MALAT1/CD36/IL-22, tais como DMT2 e DAC, especialmente em casos de deficiência de vitamina D.

Humans , Coronary Artery Disease , RNA, Long Noncoding , Vitamin D , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Cytokines
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1707-1711, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143673


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between intraocular pressure (IOP) and premature atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (PACAD) by comparing central corneal thicknesses (CCTs) measurements. METHODS: One hundred-eighty-six subjects were enrolled in this cross-sectional study, 100 in the PACAD group and 86 in the control group. All participants underwent a physical examination and routine biochemical tests. Ophthalmological examinations, including IOP and CCTs measurements, were performed for each subject. Additionally, pulse wave velocity measurements were obtained and recorded. RESULTS: Participants with PACAD showed significantly higher IOP values than those without atherosclerosis (p = 0.001), and there was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of CCT (p = 0.343). Also, pulse wave velocity (PWV) values were statistically significantly higher in the PACAD group (p = 0.001). High IOP was not significantly associated with metabolic syndrome parameters (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A relationship was found between PACAD and IOP, but CCTs were not associated with PACAD. The IOP measurement is affected by CCT; therefore, CCT is used to correct IOP values. To our knowledge, this is the first study to report a positive relationship between PACAD and IOP based on CCTs measurements.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é investigar a associação entre a pressão intra-ocular (PIO) e a doença aterosclerótica arterial coronariana prematura (DAACP) compar ando as medidas das espessuras corneanas centrais (ECCs). MÉTODOS: Cento e oitenta e seis indivíduos foram incluídos no presente estudo transversal, 100 no grupo DAACP e 86 no grupo de controle. Todos os participantes foram submetidos a um exame físico e exames bioquímicos de rotina. Exames oftalmológicos, incluindo PIO e medições das ECCs, foram realizados em cada participante. Além disso, medições de velocidade da onda de pulso foram obtidas e registradas. RESULTADOS: Os participantes com DAACP apresentaram valores de PIO significativamente maiores do que os daqueles sem aterosclerose (p = 0,001) e não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos em relação ECC (p = 0,343). Além disso, os valores das velocidades da onda de pulso (VOP) foram estatisticamente significativamente maiores no grupo DAACP (p = 0,001). Um valor elevado de PIO não estava significativamente associado com os parâmetros de síndrome metabólica (p > 0,05). CONCLUSÃO: Encontramos uma relação entre DAACP e PIO, mas as ECCs não estavam associadas com DAACP. A medição da PIO é afetada pela ECC; portanto, a ECC é utilizada para corrigir os valores da PIO. Até onde sabemos, este é o primeiro estudo a relatar uma relação positiva entre DAACP e a PIO com base em medições da ECC.

Humans , Coronary Artery Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cornea , Pulse Wave Analysis , Intraocular Pressure
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1679-1684, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143668


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the prevalence of smoking rates and comorbidities and evaluate the relationship between them and disease severity and mortality in inpatients with COVID-19. METHODS: COVID-19 patients were divided into the following groups: clinic group, intensive care unit (ICU) group, survivors, and non-survivors. Non-COVID-19 patients were included as a control group. The groups were compared. RESULTS: There was no difference between patients with and without COVID-19 in terms of smoking, asthma, diabetes, dementia, coronary artery disease (CAD), hypertension, chronic renal failure and arrhythmia (p>0.05). Older age (Odds ratio (OR), 1.061; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.041-1.082; p< 0.0001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (OR, 2.775; 95% CI: 1.128-6.829; p=0.026) and CAD (OR, 2.696; 95% CI: 1.216-5.974; p=0.015) were significantly associated with ICU admission. Current smoking (OR, 5.101; 95% CI: 2.382-10.927; p<0.0001) and former smoking (OR, 3.789; 95% CI: 1.845-7.780; p<0.0001) were risk factors for ICU admission. Older age (OR; 1.082; 95% CI: 1.056-1.109; p<0.0001), COPD (OR, 3.213; 95% CI: 1.224-8.431; p=0.018), CAD (OR, 6.252; 95% CI: 2.171-18.004; p=0.001) and congestive heart failure (CHF) (OR, 5.917; 95% CI 1.069-32.258; p=0.042), were significantly associated with mortality. Current smoking (OR, 13.014; 95% CI: 5.058-33.480; p<0.0001) and former smoking (OR, 6.507; 95% CI 2.731-15.501; p<0.0001) were also risk factors for mortality. CONCLUSION: Smoking, older age, COPD, and CAD were risk factors for ICU admission and mortality in patients with COVID-19. CHF was not a risk factor for ICU admission; however, it was a risk factor for mortality.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: Buscamos explorar as taxas de prevalência de tabagismo e de comorbidades e avaliar a relação entre elas e a severidade e mortalidade da doença em pacientes hospitalizados com COVID-19. MÉTODOS: Pacientes com COVID-19 foram divididos nos seguintes grupos: grupo clínico, grupo da unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI), grupo de sobreviventes e não-sobreviventes. Pacientes sem COVID-19 foram incluídos em um grupo de controle. Os grupos foram comparados. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença entre os pacientes com e sem COVID-19 em termos de tabagismo, asma, diabetes, demência, doença arterial coronariana (DAC), hipertensão arterial, insuficiência renal crônica e arritmia (p>0,05). Idade mais avançada (odds ratio (OR), 1,061; 95% de intervalo de confiança (IC): 1,041-1,082; p< 0,0001), doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC) (OR, 2,775; 95% IC: 1,128-6,829; p=0,026) e DAC (OR, 2,696; 95% IC: 1,216-5,974; p=0,015) estavam significativamente associados com a admissão na UTI. O tabagismo atual (OR, 5,101; 95% IC: 2,382-10,927; p < 0,0001) e tabagismo prévio (OR, 3,789; 95% IC: 1,845-7,780; p< 0,0001) foram fatores de risco para admissão na UTI. Idade mais avançada (OR; 1,082; 95% IC: 1,056-1,109;< 0,0001), DPOC (OR, 3,213; 95% IC: 1,224-8,431; p=0,018), DAC (OR, 6,252; 95% IC: 2,171-18,004; p=0,001) e insuficiência cardíaca congestiva (ICC) (OR, 5,917; 95% IC 1,069-32,258; p=0,042) estavam significativamente associados com mortalidade. O tabagismo atual (OR, 13,014; 95% IC: 5,058-33,480; p<0,0001) e o tabagismo prévio (OR, 6,507; 95% IC 2,731-15,501; p<0,0001) também foram fatores de risco para mortalidade. CONCLUSÃO: O tabagismo, a idade avançada, DPOC e DAC foram fatores de risco para admissão na UTI e mortalidade em pacientes com COVID-19. ICC não foi um fator de risco para admissão na UTI; no entanto, foi um fator de risco para mortalidade.

Humans , Adult , Aged , Smoking/adverse effects , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Turkey/epidemiology , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , Intensive Care Units , Middle Aged
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 859-868, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1144000


Abstract Introduction: This study aimed to determine the effect of preoperative aspirin administration on early and long-term clinical outcomes in patients suffering from diabetes mellitus (DM) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: In this observational study, a total of 315 patients were included and grouped according to the time interval between their last aspirin dose and the time of surgery; patients who had been continued aspirin intake with last administered dose ≤ 24-hours before CABG (n=144) and those who had been given the last dose of aspirin between 24 to 48 hours before CABG (n=171). Results: Multivariable analysis showed that the continuation of preoperative aspirin intake ≤ 24 hours before CABG in patients with DM is associated with reduced incidence of 30-day major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE) (P=0.004) as well as reduced incidence of composite 30-day mortality/MACCE (P=0.012). During mean follow-up of 37±17.5 months, the unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) showed that aspirin ≤ 24 hours prior CABG in patients with DM significantly reduced the incidence of MACCE and composite of mortality/MACCE during follow-up (HR: 0.50; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.29-0.87; P=0.014 and HR: 0.61; 95% CI: 0.38-0.97; P=0.039, respectively). However, after propensity score (PS) matching, the PS-adjusted HR showed a non-significant trend towards the reduction of MACCE during follow-up (HR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.31-1.06; P=0.081). Conclusion: Continuation of preoperative aspirin intake ≤ 24 hours before CABG in patients with DM is associated with reduced incidence of early MACCE, but without significant influence on long-term outcomes.

Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Coronary Artery Bypass , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Propensity Score