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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(3): 607-613, mar. 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364344

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A ventriculografia esquerda é um método invasivo para avaliar a função sistólica do ventrículo esquerdo. Depois do advento de métodos não invasivos, o seu uso tem sido questionado por resultar em algum risco para o paciente. Objetivos Avaliar quais fatores associam-se independentemente com a decisão de realizar ventriculografia em pacientes com doença arterial coronariana. Métodos Tratou-se de um estudo analítico, retrospectivo, avaliando prontuários eletrônicos e banco de dados e comparando 21 variáveis de interesse pré-definidas entre pacientes submetidos a cineangiocoronariografia. Foi considerado significante p < 0,05. Resultados Avaliamos 600 pacientes consecutivos, e a ventriculografia esquerda foi realizada na maioria dos pacientes submetidos a uma cineangiocoronariografia (54%). Depois da análise multivariada, os pacientes com síndromes coronarianas crônicas ( odds ratio [OR] 1,72; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC 95%]: 1,20-2,46; p < 0,01) tiveram maior chance de serem submetidos ao procedimento. Os pacientes com função ventricular conhecida (OR = 0,58; IC 95%: 0,40-0,85; p < 0,01), os revascularizados (OR 0,31; IC 95% 0,14-0,69; p < 0,01), os hipertensos (OR 0,58; IC 95%: 0,36-0,94; p = 0,02) e aqueles com maiores valores de creatinina (OR 0,42; IC 95% 0,26-0,69; p < 0,01) tiveram maior chance de não realizar ventriculografia. Conclusões Nos pacientes submetidos a cineangiocoronariografia, o diagnóstico de síndrome coronariana crônica associou-se de modo independente com uma maior realização da técnica, enquanto ter a função ventricular previamente conhecida, ser hipertenso, ter sido submetido a revascularização cirúrgica prévia e ter valores de creatinina mais elevados associaram-se a uma maior chance de não realizar o método.


Abstract Background Left ventriculography is an invasive method for assessment of left ventricular systolic function. Since the advent of noninvasive methods, its use has been questioned, as it carries some risk to the patient. Objective To assess which factors are independently associated with the decision to perform ventriculography in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods Analytical, retrospective, database review study of electronic medical records comparing 21 predefined variables of interest among patients undergoing coronary angiography. P-values <0.05 were considered significant. Results We evaluated 600 consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography. Left ventriculography was performed in the majority of cases (54%). After multivariate analysis, patients with chronic coronary syndrome (OR 1.72; 95% CI: 1.20-2.46; p < 0.01) were more likely to undergo the procedure. Patients with known ventricular function (OR 0.58; 95% CI: 0.40-0.85; p < 0.01); those with a history of CABG (OR 0.31; 95% CI: 0.14-0.69; p < 0.01) or hypertension (OR 0.58; 95% CI: 0.36-0.94; p = 0.02); and those with higher creatinine levels (OR 0.42; 95% CI: 0.26-0.69; p < 0.01) had greater odds of not undergoing ventriculography. Conclusions In patients undergoing coronary angiography, a diagnosis of chronic coronary syndrome was independently associated with greater likelihood of left ventriculography, while having previously determined ventricular function, a history of hypertension or CABG, and higher creatinine levels were associated with a decreased likelihood of undergoing this procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Coronary Angiography , Heart
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1679-1684, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143668

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the prevalence of smoking rates and comorbidities and evaluate the relationship between them and disease severity and mortality in inpatients with COVID-19. METHODS: COVID-19 patients were divided into the following groups: clinic group, intensive care unit (ICU) group, survivors, and non-survivors. Non-COVID-19 patients were included as a control group. The groups were compared. RESULTS: There was no difference between patients with and without COVID-19 in terms of smoking, asthma, diabetes, dementia, coronary artery disease (CAD), hypertension, chronic renal failure and arrhythmia (p>0.05). Older age (Odds ratio (OR), 1.061; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.041-1.082; p< 0.0001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (OR, 2.775; 95% CI: 1.128-6.829; p=0.026) and CAD (OR, 2.696; 95% CI: 1.216-5.974; p=0.015) were significantly associated with ICU admission. Current smoking (OR, 5.101; 95% CI: 2.382-10.927; p<0.0001) and former smoking (OR, 3.789; 95% CI: 1.845-7.780; p<0.0001) were risk factors for ICU admission. Older age (OR; 1.082; 95% CI: 1.056-1.109; p<0.0001), COPD (OR, 3.213; 95% CI: 1.224-8.431; p=0.018), CAD (OR, 6.252; 95% CI: 2.171-18.004; p=0.001) and congestive heart failure (CHF) (OR, 5.917; 95% CI 1.069-32.258; p=0.042), were significantly associated with mortality. Current smoking (OR, 13.014; 95% CI: 5.058-33.480; p<0.0001) and former smoking (OR, 6.507; 95% CI 2.731-15.501; p<0.0001) were also risk factors for mortality. CONCLUSION: Smoking, older age, COPD, and CAD were risk factors for ICU admission and mortality in patients with COVID-19. CHF was not a risk factor for ICU admission; however, it was a risk factor for mortality.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Buscamos explorar as taxas de prevalência de tabagismo e de comorbidades e avaliar a relação entre elas e a severidade e mortalidade da doença em pacientes hospitalizados com COVID-19. MÉTODOS: Pacientes com COVID-19 foram divididos nos seguintes grupos: grupo clínico, grupo da unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI), grupo de sobreviventes e não-sobreviventes. Pacientes sem COVID-19 foram incluídos em um grupo de controle. Os grupos foram comparados. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença entre os pacientes com e sem COVID-19 em termos de tabagismo, asma, diabetes, demência, doença arterial coronariana (DAC), hipertensão arterial, insuficiência renal crônica e arritmia (p>0,05). Idade mais avançada (odds ratio (OR), 1,061; 95% de intervalo de confiança (IC): 1,041-1,082; p< 0,0001), doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC) (OR, 2,775; 95% IC: 1,128-6,829; p=0,026) e DAC (OR, 2,696; 95% IC: 1,216-5,974; p=0,015) estavam significativamente associados com a admissão na UTI. O tabagismo atual (OR, 5,101; 95% IC: 2,382-10,927; p < 0,0001) e tabagismo prévio (OR, 3,789; 95% IC: 1,845-7,780; p< 0,0001) foram fatores de risco para admissão na UTI. Idade mais avançada (OR; 1,082; 95% IC: 1,056-1,109;< 0,0001), DPOC (OR, 3,213; 95% IC: 1,224-8,431; p=0,018), DAC (OR, 6,252; 95% IC: 2,171-18,004; p=0,001) e insuficiência cardíaca congestiva (ICC) (OR, 5,917; 95% IC 1,069-32,258; p=0,042) estavam significativamente associados com mortalidade. O tabagismo atual (OR, 13,014; 95% IC: 5,058-33,480; p<0,0001) e o tabagismo prévio (OR, 6,507; 95% IC 2,731-15,501; p<0,0001) também foram fatores de risco para mortalidade. CONCLUSÃO: O tabagismo, a idade avançada, DPOC e DAC foram fatores de risco para admissão na UTI e mortalidade em pacientes com COVID-19. ICC não foi um fator de risco para admissão na UTI; no entanto, foi um fator de risco para mortalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Smoking/adverse effects , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Turkey/epidemiology , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , Intensive Care Units , Middle Aged
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(2): 268-272, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088864

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Periodontitis and coronary artery disease (CAD) share an inflammatory etiology; there is a recent concern regarding the investigation of an association between these two conditions. Current theories indicate that cytokines and proteins have an important role in this process. C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 are inflammatory derivatives produced in the presence of periodontitis and in the pathophysiology of coronary disease. The polymorphisms of CRP + 1444 C > T and IL6-174 G > C are recognized in the literature as being related to CAD. Objective: This study investigates the association between periodontitis and coronary artery disease, through the presence of PCR and IL-6 polymorphisms. Methods: We selected 80 patients who underwent diagnostic catheterization in the HU of UFSM. The presence of periodontitis was determined by the Community Periodontal Index, whereas the CAD was established by the medical report. DNA was collected from a saliva sample and the presence of polymorphism was determined by PCR and restriction enzymes. A significance level of 5% was adopted. Results: The mean age of all participants (p = 0.035, OR 2.65; 95%CI: (1.02-6.87) male gender (p = 0.012, OR 3.37; 95% CI: (1.28- (p = 0.013, OR 3.66; 95% CI: (1.27-10.5)), PCR polymorphism + 1444C > T (p = 0.001, OR 6.37; 95% CI:, (2.25-17.9)) and IL6 -174 G > C polymorphism (p = 0.025, OR 2.87, 95% CI: (1.09-7.55)) were statistically associated with the presence of CAD. Age > 60 years and presence of the PCR +1444 C > T polymorphism remained independently associated with CAD after adjustment by logistic regression. Conclusions: The presence of the PCR + 1444 C > T polymorphism in this study was independently associated with the presence of coronary artery disease.


Resumo Fundamento: A periodontite e a doença arterial coronariana (DAC) compartilham uma etiologia inflamatória. Existe preocupação na investigação de associação entre essas duas condições. Há citocinas e proteínas com papel importante neste processo, como a proteína C-reativa (PCR) e a interleucina 6 (IL-6), que são derivados inflamatórios produzidos na presença da periodontite e na fisiopatologia da DAC. Os polimorfismos da PCR+1444 C > T e da IL-6 -174 G > C são reconhecidos na literatura como relacionados à DAC. Objetivo: Este estudo objetiva comprovar a associação entre periodontite e DAC, através da presença dos polimorfismos da PCR e da IL-6. Métodos: Foram selecionados 80 pacientes que se submeteram ao cateterismo diagnóstico no Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM). A periodontite foi determinada pelo índice periodontal comunitário; a DAC, pelo laudo médico. Foi coletado o ácido desoxirribonucleico (DNA) pela saliva e estabelecido o polimorfismo pela avaliação da PCR/RFLP. Foi adotado um nível de significância estatística de 5%. Resultados: A idade mediana de todos os participantes (p = 0,035; OR 2,65; IC 95% [1,02-6,87]), gênero masculino (p = 0,012; OR 3,37; IC 95% [1,28-8,9]), periodontite (p = 0,013; OR 3,66; IC 95% [1,27-10,5]), polimorfismo da PCR +1444 C > T (p = 0,001; OR 6,37; IC 95% [2,25-17,9]) e polimorfismo da IL-6 -174G > C (p = 0,025; OR 2,87; IC 95% [1,09-7,55]) foram estatisticamente relacionados à DAC. Após ajuste com a regressão logística, mantiveram-se independentemente associadas à DAC a idade maior que 60 anos e o polimorfismo da PCR +1444 C > T. Conclusões: O polimorfismo da PCR +1444 C > T, neste estudo, esteve independentemente relacionado à DAC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Periodontitis/complications , Periodontitis/genetics , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/genetics , C-Reactive Protein/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Brazil , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Logistic Models , Sex Factors , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Interleukin-6/analysis , Alleles
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 653-658, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057501

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the predictive accuracy of SYNTAX score (SS) I and II for detecting significant carotid artery stenosis (CAS) in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Methods: The study population consisted of 416 patients. Clinical, demographic, and radiological records were retrospectively reviewed. Characteristics of patients with CAS (n=66) and patients without CAS (n=350) were compared before and after propensity score matching analysis. Results: Patients with significant CAS were older compared to those without significant CAS [(60 (53-65) vs. 63 (59-67); P=0.01]. However, atherosclerotic risk factors and SS I were similar between groups. SS II CABG and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were significantly higher in patients with CAS [37.4 (30.9-43.5) vs. 33.8 (29.9-38.9); P=0.02]. After propensity score matching analysis (66 vs. 66), age, SS II PCI and CABG were significantly higher in patients with CAS than those without CAS [37.4 (30.9-43.5) vs. 33 (29.3-36.9); P=0.03]. Age, SS II PCI and CABG were associated with CAS in logistic regression analysis [OR=1.086, 95% CI (1.032-1.143), P<0.001; OR=1.054, 95% CI (1.010-1.101), P=0.02; OR=1.078, 95% CI (1.029-1.129), P<0.01]. In ROC curve analysis, SS II PCI >33.1 had 68.2% sensitivity and 54.6% specificity [AUC=0.624, P=0.01, 95% CI (0.536-0.707)] whereas SS II CABG >26.1 had 81.8% sensitivity and 54.6% specificity [AUC=0.670, P<0.01, 95% CI (0.583-0.749)] to predict CAS. Pairwise comparison of ROC curves revealed similar statistical accuracy for prediction of CAS (z statistic: 0.683, P=0.49) Conclusion: SS II is useful to predict asymptomatic CAS in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Carotid Stenosis/diagnosis , Carotid Stenosis/etiology , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Body Mass Index , Coronary Artery Bypass , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 542-549, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042056

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of CHA2DS2-VASc score in individuals undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Methods: Records of consecutive 464 patients who underwent elective isolated CABG, between January 2015 and August 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. A major adverse cardiac event (MACE) was the primary outcome of this study. MACE in patients with low (L) (<2, n: 238) and high (H) (≤2, n: 226) CHA2DS2-VASc scores were compared. Univariate logistic regression analysis identified preditors of MACE. Results: Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and peripheral vascular disease were more frequent in the H group than in the L group. European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) I and SYNTAX I scores were similar in both groups while SYNTAX II-CABG score was significantly higher in the H group than in the L group. Postoperative myocardial infarction, need for intra-aortic balloon pump, acute renal failure, and mediastinitis were more frequent in the H group than in the L group. The H group had significantly higher in-hospital mortality and MACE rates than the L group (P<0.01). EuroSCORE I, SYNTAX II-CABG, and CHA2DS2-VASc scores were predictors for MACE. SYNTAX II-CABG > 25.1 had 68.4% sensitivity and 52.7% specificity (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.653, P=0.04, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.607-0.696) and CHA2DS2-VASc > 2 had 52.6% sensitivity and 84.1% specificity (AUC: 0.752, P<0.01, 95% CI: 0.710-0.790) to predict MACE. Pairwise comparison of receiver-operating characteristic curves revealed similar accuracy for both scoring systems. Conclusion: CHA2DS2-VASc score may predict MACE in patients undergoing isolated CABG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Risk Assessment/methods , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Heart Diseases/etiology , Prognosis , Reference Values , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/mortality , Logistic Models , Coronary Artery Bypass/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diabetes Complications , Heart Diseases/mortality , Hypertension/complications
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(2): 197-204, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019399

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Elevated plasma levels of Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] are recognized as a significant risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular disease. However, there are limited data regarding association between Lp(a) and recurrent heart failure (HF) in patients with chronic HF caused by coronary heart disease (CHD). Objective: Elevated levels of Lp(a) might have a prognostic impact on recurrent HF in patients with chronic HF caused by CHD. Methods: A total of 309 patients with chronic HF caused by CHD were consecutively enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether Lp(a) levels were above or below the median level for the entire cohort (20.6 mg/dL): the high Lp(a) group (n = 155) and the low Lp(a) group (n = 154). A 2-sided p < 0.05 was statistically considered significant. Results: During the median follow-up period of 186 days, 31 cases out of a total of 309 patients (10.03%) could not be reached during follow-up. A Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients with higher Lp(a) levels had a higher incidence of recurrent HF than those with lower Lp(a) levels (log-rank < 0.0001). A multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that Lp(a) levels were independently correlated with the incidence of recurrent HF after adjustment of potential confounders (hazard ratio: 2.720, 95 % confidence interval: 1.730-4.277, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: In Chinese patients with chronic HF caused by CHD, elevated levels of Lp(a) are independently associated with recurrent HF.


Resumo Fundamento: Níveis plasmáticos elevados de lipoproteína (a) [Lp(a)] são reconhecidos como um fator de risco significativo para doença vascular aterosclerótica. No entanto, existem dados limitados sobre a associação entre a Lp(a) e insuficiência cardíaca (IC) recorrente em pacientes com IC crônica causada por doença arterial coronariana (DAC). Objetivo: Níveis elevados de Lp(a) podem ter um impacto prognóstico na IC recorrente em pacientes com IC crônica por DAC. Métodos: Um total de 309 pacientes com IC crônica causada por DAC foram consecutivamente incluídos neste estudo. Os pacientes foram divididos em 2 grupos de acordo com os níveis de Lp(a), acima ou abaixo do nível mediano de toda a coorte (20,6 mg/dL): o grupo Lp(a) alto (n = 155) e o grupo Lp ( a) baixo (n = 154). Um p < 0,05 bicaudal foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Durante a mediana do período de seguimento de 186 dias, 31 casos de um total de 309 pacientes (10,03%) não puderam ser contatados durante o acompanhamento. A análise de Kaplan-Meier demonstrou que pacientes com níveis mais elevados de Lp(a) apresentavam maior incidência de IC recorrente do que aqueles com níveis mais baixos de Lp(a) (log-rank < 0,0001). Uma análise de regressão multivariada de Cox revelou que os níveis de Lp(a) foram independentemente correlacionados com a incidência de IC recorrente após ajuste de potenciais fatores de confusão (hazard ratio 2,720, intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,730-4,277, p < 0,0001). Conclusões: Em pacientes chineses com IC crônica causada por DAC, níveis elevados de Lp(a) estão associados de forma independente à IC recorrente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Heart Failure/blood , Lipoproteins/blood , Recurrence , Reference Values , Time Factors , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Echocardiography , Chronic Disease , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment/methods , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Heart Failure/etiology
7.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(2 (Supl)): 187-191, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009725

ABSTRACT

Times de Resposta Rápida (TRR) são equipes multidisciplinares treinadas para atender indivíduos com intercorrências agudas e graves, incluindo parada cardiorrespiratória (PCR) súbita, nas unidades de internação. O objetivo deste trabalho é discutir as particularidades do emprego de um TRR hospitalar no atendimento de PCRs extra-hospitalares, utilizando a experiência do time do Instituto Central do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (ICHC-FMUSP) para elucidação. Metodologia: Estudo retrospectivo, descritivo, utilizando o banco de dados do TRR do ICHC-FMUSP. Foram levantados todos os casos classificados como PCR súbita atendidos em ambiente extra-hospitalar, nos anos de 2014 a 2016. Dados globais de cinco pacientes que evoluíram com alta hospitalar e nível neurológico preservado foram descritos e analisados em detalhes. Resultados: Entre 11 atendimentos, oito tiveram retorno da circulação espontânea (RCE) na cena (72,2%) e três morreram no local. Dos oito pacientes admitidos com vida no Departamento de Emergência, cinco tiveram alta hospitalar após o evento (45,5%). A média de tempo de resposta foi 3 ± 1,2 minutos e o intervalo chamada-choque foi de 7,25 ± 3,2 minutos. Os ritmos de parada foram fibrilação ventricular (80%) e atividade elétrica sem pulso (20%). Dois pacientes foram diagnosticados com doença coronariana grave e quatro receberam um cardiodesfibrilador implantável (CDI) para profilaxia secundária de morte súbita. Um paciente, entre os cinco que tiveram alta, faleceu em outro serviço. Conclusão: Apesar de pouco usual, o emprego de um TRR hospitalar no atendimento de PCRs extra-hospitalares pode ser benéfico. Os desfechos favoráveis provavelmente decorreram do treinamento da equipe e da rapidez na realização do atendimento. A investigação cardiológica dos sobreviventes identificou pacientes com doenças graves, que, portanto, mais se beneficiariam da assistência de um time especializado


Introduction: Rapid Response Teams (RRT) are multidisciplinary groups trained to treat individuals with severe and acute events, including sudden cardiac arrest (CA), in in-patient units. The aim of this report is to discuss the singularities of deploying a hospital RRT for out-of-hospital CA assistance, using the experience of the team at the Instituto Central of Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo School of Medicine (ICHC-FMUSP) as illustration. Methodology: A retrospective, descriptive analysis was conducted, using the RRT database of the ICHC-FMUSP. All cases classified as sudden CA treated outside of the hospital between 2014 and 2016 were surveyed. Global data for five patients who progressed to discharge from hospital free of neuro - logical impairment were described and analyzed in detail. Results: Of the 11 cases, 8 had return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) at the scene (72.2%), and 3 died on site. Of the 8 patients admitted to the Emergency Department, 5 were discharged from the hospital after the event (45.5%). The average response time was 3±1.2minutes, and the call-to-shock time interval was 7.25±3.2minutes. The cardiac arrest rhythms were ventricular fibrillation (80%) and pulseless electrical activity (20%). Two patients were diagnosed with severe coronary disease and four received an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) for secondary prophylaxis of sudden death. One patient, of the 5 discharged, died in another unit. Conclusion: Although unusual, the use of a hospital RRT for out-of-hospital CA assistance can be beneficial. The favorable outcomes likely resulted from the team's training and the speed with which the treatment was given. Cardiovascular evaluation of the survivors identified patents with severe diseases, which would, therefore, most benefit from the care of a specialized team


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Hospital Rapid Response Team , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest/diagnosis , Heart Arrest , Ventricular Fibrillation/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Echocardiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Defibrillators, Implantable , Electrocardiography/methods , Inpatient Care Units
8.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(1): 6-13, jan.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-969855

ABSTRACT

As doenças cardiovasculares são a maior causa de morbimortalidade no mundo. A prevenção primária, por meio do diagnóstico precoce, é necessária para possibilitar o tratamento adequado e controlar a evolução da doença, reduzindo a mortalidade e os gastos em saúde pública. Correlacionar aterosclerose em artéria carótida (avaliada pelo Eco Doppler) e disfunção ventricular esquerda (avaliada pelo ecocardiograma), além de correlacionar tais achados com o risco cardiovascular dos pacientes estudados. Método: Foram analisados 286 prontuários de pacientes que realizaram os exames Eco Doppler carotídeo e ecocardiograma transtorácico. Os dados analisados foram: presença de placa aterosclerótica e grau de estenose, fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo e presença de alterações contráteis difusas ou segmentares do ventrículo esquerdo. Resultados: Dos 238 laudos de Eco Doppler carotídeo, 18 tinham estenose maior que 70% em artéria carótida e 14 destes apresentavam alteração contrátil do ventrículo esquerdo (p = 0,045). Dos pacientes que tinham risco cardiovascular muito alto, 61 apresentavam estenose em artéria carótida (p < 0,001); 51 pacientes com risco cardiovascular muito alto apresentavam alteração contrátil (p < 0,001). Dos 266 laudos de ecocardiograma, 37 registravam fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo reduzida. Desses, 25 tinham risco cardiovascular muito alto (p < 0,001). Conclusão: Houve relação positiva entre estenose de artéria carótida, redução da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo e alteração contrátil do ventrículo esquerdo (difusa ou segmentar) com risco cardiovascular muito alto. Também foi possível correlacionar a estenose carotídea com alteração contrátil, apesar deste estudo não demonstrar correlação entre estenose carotídea e redução da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo


Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Primary prevention, through early diagnosis, is necessary to enable proper treatment and control disease progression, reducing mortality and public health expenditures. Objective: Correlate carotid artery atherosclerosis (evaluated by Doppler echocardiography) and left ventricular dysfunction (evaluated by echocardiography) and to correlate the findings with the patients' cardiovascular risk. Method: A total of 286 medical records of patients who underwent carotid Doppler echocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography were analyzed. The data analyzed were: presence of atherosclerotic plaque and degree of stenosis, left ventricular ejection fraction and presence of diffuse or segmental left ventricular contractile disorders. Results: Of the 238 reports of carotid Doppler echocardiography, 18 had stenosis greater than 70% in the carotid artery and 14 of those had left ventricular contractile disorders (p = 0.045). Of the patients with very high cardiovascular risk, 61 had carotid artery stenosis (p < 0.001); 51 patients with very high cardiovascular risk had contractile disorders (p < 0.001). Of the 266 echocardiography reports, 37 had reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Of these, 25 had very high cardiovascular risk (p < 0.001). Conclusion: There was a positive relationship between carotid artery stenosis, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular (diffuse or segmental) contractile disorder with very high cardiovascular risk. It was also possible to correlate carotid stenosis with contractile disorder, although this study did not demonstrate any correlation between carotid stenosis and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Echocardiography/methods , Carotid Arteries , Carotid Artery Diseases/complications , Carotid Artery Diseases/diagnosis , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/complications , Primary Prevention/methods , Stroke Volume , Vertebral Artery , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Carotid Stenosis/complications , Carotid Stenosis/diagnosis , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Myocardial Revascularization/methods
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(8): e8309, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011605

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to detect the expression of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) and evaluate its correlation with disease risk, stenosis degree, inflammation, as well as overall survival (OS) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. A total of 230 patients who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography were consecutively recruited and assigned to CAD group (n=125) or control group (n=105) according to presence or absence of CAD. Gensini score was calculated to assess the severity of coronary artery damage. Plasma samples were collected and the expression ANRIL was detected in all participants. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and IL-17 in CAD patients were measured and OS was calculated. The relative expression of ANRIL was higher in CAD patients compared to controls (P<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic disclosed that ANRIL could distinguish CAD patients from controls with an area under the curve of 0.789 (95%CI: 0.731-0.847). Spearman's rank correlation test revealed that expression of ANRIL was positively correlated with Gensini score (P=0.001), levels of hs-CRP (P=0.001), ESR (P=0.038), TNF-α (P=0.004), and IL-6 (P<0.001), while negatively correlated with IL-10 level (P=0.008) in CAD patients. Kaplan-Meier curve revealed that high expression of ANRIL was associated with shorter OS (P=0.013). In conclusion, circulating ANRIL presented a good diagnostic value for CAD, and its high expression was associated with increased stenosis degree, raised inflammation, and poor OS in CAD patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Prognosis , Blood Sedimentation , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/genetics , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Survival Analysis , Cytokines/blood , Risk Assessment , Coronary Stenosis/complications , Inflammation/diagnosis
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(6): 784-793, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973807

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The role of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in the follow-up of asymptomatic patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not established. Objectives: To evaluate the prognostic value and clinical use of MPS in asymptomatic patients after PCI. Methods: Patients who underwent MPS consecutively between 2008 and 2012 after PCI were selected. The MPS were classified as normal and abnormal, the perfusion scores, summed stress score (SSS), and summed difference score (SDS) were calculated and converted into percentage of total perfusion defect and ischemic defect. The follow-up was undertaken through telephone interviews and consultation with the Mortality Information System. Primary endpoints were death, cardiovascular death, and nonfatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and secondary endpoint was revascularization. Logistic regression and COX method were used to identify the predictors of events, and the value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 647 patients were followed for 5.2 ± 1.6 years. 47% of MPS were normal, 30% were abnormal with ischemia, and 23% were abnormal without ischemia. There were 61 deaths, 27 being cardiovascular, 19 non-fatal AMI, and 139 revascularizations. The annual death rate was higher in those with abnormal perfusion without ischemia compared to the groups with ischemia and normal perfusion (3.3% × 2% × 1.2%, p = 0.021). The annual revascularization rate was 10.3% in the ischemia group, 3.7% in those with normal MPS, and 3% in those with abnormal MPS without ischemia. The independent predictors of mortality and revascularization were, respectively, total perfusion defect greater than 6%, and ischemic defect greater than 3%. Forty-two percent of the patients underwent MPS less than 2 years after PCI, and no significant differences were observed in relation to those who underwent it after that period. Conclusion: Although this information is not contemplated in guidelines, in this study MPS was able to predict events in asymptomatic after PCI patients, regardless of when they were performed.


Resumo Fundamentos: O papel da cintilografia de perfusão miocárdica (CPM) no seguimento de pacientes assintomáticos após intervenção coronariana percutânea (ICP) não está estabelecido. Objetivos. Avaliar o valor prognóstico e o uso clínico da CPM em pacientes assintomáticos após ICP. Métodos: Foram selecionados pacientes que realizaram CPM consecutivamente entre 2008 e 2012 após ICP. As CPM foram classificadas em normais e anormais, os escores de perfusão, escore somado do estresse (SSS) e escore somado da diferença (SDS) foram calculados e convertidos em porcentagem de defeito perfusional total e de defeito isquêmico. O seguimento foi por meio de entrevistas telefônicas e consulta ao Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade. Desfechos primários foram morte, morte cardiovascular e infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM) não fatal e desfecho secundário foi revascularização. Regressão logística e método de COX foram utilizados para identificar os preditores de eventos e o valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: 647 pacientes foram acompanhados por 5,2 ± 1,6 anos. 47% das CPM foram normais, 30% anormais com isquemia e 23% anormais sem isquemia. Ocorreram 61 mortes, 27 cardiovasculares, 19 IAM não fatais e 139 revascularizações. A taxa anual de óbitos foi superior naqueles com perfusão anormal sem isquemia comparada aos grupos com isquemia e perfusão normal (3,3% × 2% × 1,2%, p = 0,021). A taxa anual de revascularização foi 10,3% no grupo com isquemia, 3,7% naqueles com CPM normal e 3% naqueles com CPM anormal sem isquemia. Foram preditores independentes de mortalidade e revascularização, respectivamente, defeito perfusional total maior que 6% e defeito isquêmico maior que 3%. Quarenta e dois por cento dos pacientes realizaram CPM menos de 2 anos após ICP e não foram observadas diferenças relevantes em relação aos que realizaram após esse período. Conclusão: Embora esta informação não esteja contemplada em diretrizes, neste estudo a CPM foi capaz de predizer eventos em pacientes assintomáticos após ICP, independente do momento de realização.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/methods , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging , Prognosis , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/mortality , Survival Analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Age Factors , Diabetes Complications/complications , Exercise Test/methods , Hypertension/complications , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Myocardial Revascularization/statistics & numerical data
11.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(6): 2938-2944, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-977591

ABSTRACT

ASTRACT Objective: To evaluate the long-term results of an educational program compared to usual care. Method: A longitudinal study in which 56 participants from a previous study (randomized controlled clinical trial) were evaluated twelve months after the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was assessed by the Medical Outcomes Study: 36-item Short Form (SF-36), and anxiety and depression symptoms were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). A repeated measures analysis of variance was performed (significance level 0.05). Results: Participants in the educational program showed improvement of HRQoL in the Role-Emotional domain, while those in the usual care did not present changes (p=0.05). Both groups showed improvement in the Role-Physical (p = 0.001) and Bodily Pain (p=0.01) domains over time. There were no differences in the symptoms of anxiety and depression. Conclusion: One year after the PCI, there were significant differences between groups only for the Role-Emotional domain of the SF-36.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar resultados a largo plazo de un programa educativo comparado con el cuidado usual. Método: Estudio longitudinal con 56 participantes de un estudio previo (ensayo clínico controlado y aleatorizado), que fueron evaluados 12 meses después de la intervención coronaria percutánea (ICP). La calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS) fue evaluada por el Cuestionario de Salud SF-36 (36-Item Short Form) y los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión por la Escala de Ansiedad y Depresión Hospitalaria (sigla en inglés: HADS). Se realizó un análisis de varianza de medidas repetidas (nivel de significancia 0,05). Resultados: Los participantes del programa educativo presentaron mejoría de la CVRS en el dominio Rol Emocional, mientras que los participantes del cuidado usual no presentaron alteración (p=0,05). Con el tiempo, ambos grupos presentaron mejoría en los dominios Rol Físico (p=0,001) y Dolor Corporal (p=0,01). No hubo diferencias en los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión. Conclusión: Un año después de la ICP, hubo diferencias significativas entre los grupos sólo para el dominio Rol Emocional del SF-36.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar resultados em longo prazo de um programa educativo comparado com o cuidado usual. Método: Estudo longitudinal com 56 participantes de um estudo prévio (ensaio clínico controlado e aleatorizado), que foram avaliados doze meses após intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP). A qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (QVRS) foi avaliada pelo Medical Outcomes Study: 36-Item Short Form (SF-36) e os sintomas de ansiedade e depressão pela Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Foi realizada análise de variância de medidas repetidas (nível de significância 0,05). Resultados: Os participantes do programa educativo apresentaram melhora da QVRS, no domínio Aspectos Emocionais, enquanto aqueles do cuidado usual não apresentaram alteração (p=0,05). Com o tempo, ambos os grupos apresentaram melhora nos domínios Aspectos Físicos (p=0,001) e Dor (p=0,01). Não houve diferenças nos sintomas de ansiedade e depressão. Conclusão: Um ano após a ICP, houve diferenças significativas entre os grupos apenas para o domínio Aspectos Emocionais do SF-36.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Health Education/standards , Psychometrics/instrumentation , Psychometrics/methods , Psychometrics/statistics & numerical data , Quality of Life/psychology , Health Education/methods , Health Education/statistics & numerical data , Patient Education as Topic/methods , Patient Education as Topic/standards , Patient Education as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Analysis of Variance , Longitudinal Studies , Angioplasty/education , Educational Measurement/methods , Educational Status , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(5): 483-489, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977450

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Optimal surgical approach for the treatment of resectable lung cancer accompanied by coronary artery disease (CAD) remains a contentious issue. In this study, we present our cases that were operated simultaneously for concurrent lung cancer and CAD. Methods: Simultaneous off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCABG) and lung resection were performed on 10 patients in our clinic due to lung cancer accompanied by CAD. Demographic features of patients, operation data and postoperative results were evaluated retrospectively. Results: Mean patient age was 63.3 years (range 55-74). All patients were male. Six cases of squamous cell carcinoma, three of adenocarcinoma and one case of large cell carcinoma were diagnosed. Six patients had single-vessel CAD and 4 had two-vessel CAD. Three patients underwent OPCABG at first and then lung resection. The types of resections were one right pneumonectomy, three right upper lobectomies, one right lower lobectomy, three left upper lobectomies, and two left lower lobectomies. Reoperation was performed in one patient due to hemorrhage. One patient developed intraoperative contralateral tension pneumothorax. One patient died due to acute respiratory distress syndrome at the early postoperative period. Conclusion: Simultaneous surgery is a safe and reliable option in the treatment of selected patients with concurrent CAD and operable lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonectomy , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Length of Stay , Lung Neoplasms/complications
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(9): 783-786, Sept. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976863

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY The treatment of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction concomitant with the presence of multivessel disease has been studied in several recent studies with the purpose of defining the need, as well as the best moment to approach residual lesions. However, such studies included only stable patients. The best therapeutic approach to cardiogenic shock secondary to acute coronary syndrome, however, remains controversial, but there are recommendations from specialists for revascularization that include non-event related injuries. Recently published, the CULPRIT-SHOCK study showed benefit of the initial approach only of the injury blamed for the acute event, in view of the multivessel percutaneous intervention, in the context of cardiogenic shock. In this perspective, the authors discuss the work in question, regarding methodological questions, limitations and clinical applicability.


RESUMO O tratamento de pacientes com infarto do miocárdio com elevação do segmento ST concomitante à presença de doença multiarterial tem sido estudado em vários estudos recentes com o objetivo de definir a necessidade, bem como o melhor momento, de abordagem das lesões residuais. No entanto, tais estudos incluíam apenas pacientes estáveis. A melhor abordagem terapêutica do choque cardiogênico secundário à síndrome coronariana aguda, no entanto, ainda permanece controversa, havendo porém recomendação de especialistas para uma revascularização que inclua as lesões não relacionadas ao evento. Publicado recentemente, o estudo CULPRIT-SHOCK mostrou benefício da abordagem inicial apenas da lesão culpada pelo evento agudo, perante a intervenção percutânea multiarterial, no contexto do choque cardiogênico. No presente ponto de vista, os autores discutem o trabalho em questão, no que concerne a questões metodológicas, limitações e aplicabilidade clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shock, Cardiogenic/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Acute Coronary Syndrome/surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/surgery , Shock, Cardiogenic/etiology , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Treatment Outcome , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Europe , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/complications , Myocardial Revascularization/methods
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(3): 345-353, Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973748

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Prospective data on the associations of adiponectin with in-vivo measurements of degree, phenotype and vulnerability of coronary atherosclerosis are currently lacking. Objective: To investigate the association of plasma adiponectin with virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS)-derived measures of atherosclerosis and with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients with established coronary artery disease. Methods: In 2008-2011, VH-IVUS of a non-culprit non-stenotic coronary segment was performed in 581 patients undergoing coronary angiography for acute coronary syndrome (ACS, n = 318) or stable angina pectoris (SAP, n = 263) from the atherosclerosis-intravascular ultrasound (ATHEROREMO-IVUS) study. Blood was sampled prior to coronary angiography. Coronary plaque burden, tissue composition, high-risk lesions, including VH-IVUS-derived thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA), were assessed. All-cause mortality, ACS, unplanned coronary revascularization were registered during a 1-year-follow-up. All statistical tests were two-tailed and p-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: In the full cohort, adiponectin levels were not associated with plaque burden, nor with the various VH-tissue types. In SAP patients, adiponectin levels (median[IQR]: 2.9(1.9-3.9) µg/mL) were positively associated with VH-IVUS derived TCFA lesions, (OR[95%CI]: 1.78[1.06-3.00], p = 0.030), and inversely associated with lesions with minimal luminal area (MLA) ≤ 4.0 mm2 (OR[95%CI]: 0.55[0.32-0.92], p = 0.025). In ACS patients, adiponectin levels (median[IQR]: 2.9 [1.8-4.1] µg/mL)were not associated with plaque burden, nor with tissue components. Positive association of adiponectin with death was present in the full cohort (HR[95%CI]: 2.52[1.02-6.23], p = 0.045) and (borderline) in SAP patients (HR[95%CI]: 8.48[0.92-78.0], p = 0.058). In ACS patients, this association lost statistical significance after multivariable adjustment (HR[95%CI]: 1.87[0.67-5.19], p = 0.23). Conclusion: In the full cohort, adiponectin levels were associated with death but not with VH-IVUS atherosclerosis measures. In SAP patients, adiponectin levels were associated with VH-IVUS-derived TCFA lesions. Altogether, substantial role for adiponectin in plaque vulnerability remains unconfirmed.


Resumo Fundamento: Faltam dados prospectivos sobre as associações de adiponectina com medidas in-vivo de grau, fenótipo e vulnerabilidade da aterosclerose coronariana. Objetivo: Investigar a associação da adiponectina plasmática com medidas de aterosclerose derivadas de ultrassonografia virtual intravascular (VH-IVUS) e eventos cardíacos adversos importantes (major adverse cardiac events - MACE) em pacientes com doença arterial coronariana estabelecida. Métodos: Em 2008-2011, a VH-IVUS de um segmento coronariano não estenótico não culpado foi realizado em 581 pacientes submetidos à angiografia coronariana para síndrome coronariana aguda (SCA, n = 318) ou angina pectoris estável (APE, n = 263) a partir do estudo de ultrassonografia aterosclerótica-intravascular (ATHEROREMO-IVUS). Sangue foi amostrado antes da angiografia coronária. Foram avaliados a carga de placa coronária, a composição tecidual, as lesões de alto risco, incluindo fibroateroma de capa fina (FCF) derivado de VH-IVUS. Mortalidade por todas as causas, SCA, e revascularização coronária não planejada foram registradas durante um ano de acompanhamento. Todos os testes estatísticos foram bicaudais e os valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados: Na coorte completa, os níveis de adiponectina não foram associados à carga de placa, nem a vários tipos de tecido virtual histológico. Entre os pacientes com APE, os níveis de adiponectina (mediana[IIQ]: 2,9(1,9-3,9) µg/mL) foram associados positivamente às lesões FCF derivadas de VH-IVUS, (OR[IC 95%]: 1,78[1,06-3,00], p = 0,030), e inversamente associados a lesões com área luminal mínima (ALM) ≤4,0 mm2 (OR[IC 95%]: 0,55[0,32-0,92], p = 0,025). Em pacientes com SCA, os níveis de adiponectina (mediana[IIQ]: 2,9 [1,8-4,1] µg/mL) não foram associados à carga de placa nem a componentes teciduais. A associação positive de adiponectina ao óbito esteve presente na coorte completa (HR[IC 95%]: 2,52[1,02-6,23], p = 0,045) e (limítrofe) em pacientes com APE (HR[IC 95%]: 8,48[0,92-78,0], p = 0,058). Entre pacientes com SCA, essa associação perdeu significância estatística após ajuste multivariado (HR[IC 95%]: 1,87[0,67-5,19], p = 0,23). Conclusão: Na coorte completa, os níveis de adiponectina foram associados à obito, mas não a medidas de aterosclerose por VH-IVUS. Em pacientes com APE, os níveis de adiponectina foram associados a lesões FCF derivadas de VH-IVUS. Em geral, o papel da adiponectina na vulnerabilidade da placa permanece não confirmado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Adiponectin/blood , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/diagnostic imaging , Reference Values , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Coronary Angiography/methods , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/complications , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/blood
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 717-725, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954064

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: To compare the perioperative outcomes and complications of monopolar and bipolar transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Materials and Methods: A total of 90 CAD patients with newly diagnosed bladder cancer who underwent TURBT were randomized into monopolar TURBT (M-TURBT) and bipolar TURBT (B-TURBT) groups. Primary outcome was safety of the procedures including obturator jerk, bladder perforation, clot retention, febrile urinary tract infection and TUR syndrome. The secondary outcome was the efficacy of TURBT procedures, including complete tumor resection, sampling of the deep muscle tissue and sampling of the qualified tissues without any thermal damage. Results: Mean ages of the patients in M-TURBT and B-TURBT groups were 71.36±7.49 and 73.71±8.15 years, respectively (p=0.157). No significant differences were found between M-TURBT and B-TURBT groups regarding complete tumor resection (76.2% vs. 87.5%, p=0.162) and muscle tissue sampling rates (71.4% vs. 64.6%,p=0.252). Obturator jerk was detected in 16.7% of the patients in M-TURBT group and 2.1% in B-TURBT group (p=0.007). No statistically significant differences were found between the groups regarding intraoperative and postoperative complications. Conclusions: Both monopolar and bipolar systems can be used safely and effectively during TURBT procedure in CAD patients. Due to the more frequently seen obturator jerk in M-TURBT than B-TURBT, careful surgical approach is needed during M-TURBT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects , Ureteroscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Middle Aged
16.
J. bras. pneumol ; 44(4): 299-306, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975925

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the prevalence of spirometric abnormalities in patients screened for coronary artery disease (CAD) and the risk factors for lung function impairment. Methods: Patients referred for cardiac CT underwent spirometry and were subsequently divided into two groups, namely normal lung function and abnormal lung function. The prevalence of spirometric abnormalities was calculated for the following subgroups of patients: smokers, patients with metabolic syndrome, elderly patients, and patients with obstructive coronary lesions. All groups and subgroups were compared in terms of the coronary artery calcium score and the Duke CAD severity index. Results: A total of 205 patients completed the study. Of those, 147 (72%) had normal lung function and 58 (28%) had abnormal lung function. The median coronary artery calcium score was 1 for the patients with normal lung function and 36 for those with abnormal lung function (p = 0.01). The mean Duke CAD severity index was 15 for the former and 27 for the latter (p < 0.01). Being a smoker was associated with the highest OR for abnormal lung function, followed by being over 65 years of age and having obstructive coronary lesions. Conclusions: The prevalence of spirometric abnormalities appears to be high in patients undergoing cardiac CT for CAD screening. Smokers, elderly individuals, and patients with CAD are at an increased risk of lung function abnormalities and therefore should undergo spirometry. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01734629 [http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/])


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de alterações espirométricas em pacientes submetidos a investigação para detecção de doença arterial coronariana (DAC) e os fatores de risco de comprometimento da função pulmonar. Métodos: Pacientes encaminhados para TC cardíaca foram submetidos a espirometria e, em seguida, divididos em dois grupos: função pulmonar normal e função pulmonar anormal. A prevalência de alterações espirométricas foi calculada em fumantes, pacientes com síndrome metabólica, idosos e portadores de lesões coronárias obstrutivas. Os grupos e subgrupos foram comparados quanto ao escore de cálcio coronariano e ao índice de gravidade de DAC de Duke. Resultados: Completaram o estudo 205 pacientes. Destes, 147 (72%) apresentaram função pulmonar normal e 58 (28%) apresentaram função pulmonar anormal. A mediana do escore de cálcio coronariano foi 1 nos pacientes com função pulmonar normal e 36 naqueles com função pulmonar anormal (p = 0,01). A média do índice de gravidade de DAC de Duke foi = 15 nos pacientes com função pulmonar normal e 27 nos pacientes com função pulmonar anormal (p < 0,01). O tabagismo apresentou a maior OR de função pulmonar anormal, seguido de idade > 65 anos e lesões coronarianas obstrutivas. Conclusões: A prevalência de alterações espirométricas parece ser alta em pacientes submetidos a TC cardíaca para detecção de DAC. O risco de função pulmonar anormal é maior em fumantes, idosos e pacientes com DAC, os quais, portanto, devem ser submetidos a espirometria. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01734629 [http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/])


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Spirometry , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Epidemiologic Methods , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications
17.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(3): 302-311, jul.-ago. 2018. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-916547

ABSTRACT

A incidência exata de parada cardiorrespiratória (PCR) mesmo em países com registros clínicos bem estruturados ainda é desconhecida, mas as estimativas variam de 180.000 a mais de 450.000 mortes anuais. A etiologia mais comum da PCR é a doença cardiovascular isquêmica que ocasiona no desenvolvimento de arritmias letais. A sobrevivência decorrente da PCR apresenta desfechos divergentes. No cenário extra-hospitalar, os estudos relataram taxas de sobrevida de 1% a 6%. Três revisões sistemáticas de alta hospitalar sobre a PCR extra-hospitalar mostraram 5% a 10% de sobrevida entre aqueles tratados através de serviços médicos de emergência e 15% quando o distúrbio do ritmo era a fibrilação ventricular (FV). O suporte básico de vida consiste em ressuscitação cardiopulmonar (RCP) e, quando disponível, desfibrilação com desfibrilador externo automático (DEA). As chaves para a sobrevivência após a PCR são reconhecimento e tratamento precoces, especificamente, início imediato de excelente RCP e desfibrilação precoce. O presente artigo discutirá os princípios do suporte básico de vida em adultos do pré-hospitalar à sala de emergência, conforme descritos nas Diretrizes de Ressuscitação Cardiopulmonar e Atendimento Cardiovascular de Emergência do ILCOR e AHA, atualizadas em novembro de 2017


The exact incidence of cardiorespiratory arrest (CRA) even in countries with well-structured clinical records is still unknown, but estimates range from 180,000 to over 450,000 annual deaths. The most common etiology of CRA is ischemic cardiovascular disease, resulting in the development of lethal arrhythmias. Survival of CRA shows divergent outcomes. In the out-of-hospital setting, studies have reported survival rates of 1% to 6%. Three systematic reviews of hospital discharge on extra-hospital CRA showed 5% to 10% survival between those treated by emergency medical services and 15% when the rhythm disorder was ventricular fibrillation (VF). Basic life support consists of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and, when available, defibrillation with an automatic external defibrillator (AED). The keys to survival of CRA are early recognition and treatment, specifically, immediate onset of excellent CPR and early defibrillation. This article will discuss the basics of adult life support from prehospital to emergency room, as outlined in the ILCOR and AHA Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care, updated in November 2017


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Guidelines as Topic/standards , Emergency Treatment/methods , Prehospital Care/methods , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Ventricular Fibrillation/therapy , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/etiology , Electric Countershock/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Epinephrine/therapeutic use , Defibrillators, Implantable , Defibrillators , Electrodes , Heart Arrest/etiology , Amiodarone/therapeutic use
18.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 40(2): 163-168, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959223

ABSTRACT

Objective: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in patients with bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with positive coronary calcium score (CCS) in individuals with bipolar disorder type 1. Methods: Patients from the Bipolar Disorder Program at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, underwent computed tomography scanning for calcium score measurement. Clinical and sociodemographic variables were compared between patients according to their CCS status: negative (CCS = 0) or positive (CCS > 0). Poisson regression analysis was used to examine the association of CCS with number of psychiatric hospitalizations. Results: Out of 41 patients evaluated, only 10 had a positive CCS. Individuals in the CCS-positive group were older (55.2±4.2 vs. 43.1±10.0 years; p = 0.001) and had more psychiatric hospitalizations (4.7±3.0 vs. 2.6±2.5; p = 0.04) when compared with CCS- negative subjects. The number of previous psychiatric hospitalizations correlated positively with CCS (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Age and number of psychiatric hospitalizations were significantly associated with higher CCS, which might be a potential method for diagnosis and stratification of cardiovascular disease in bipolar patients. There is a need for increased awareness of risk assessment in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Bipolar Disorder/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Risk Assessment/methods , Vascular Calcification/diagnostic imaging , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Time Factors , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Poisson Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Age Factors , Vascular Calcification/complications , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(5): 420-427, May 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-950157

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: In view of the high mortality for cardiovascular diseases, it has become necessary to stratify the main risk factors and to choose the correct diagnostic modality. Studies have demonstrated that a zero calcium score (CS) is characteristic of a low risk for cardiovascular events. However, the prevalence of individuals with coronary atherosclerotic plaques and zero CS is conflicting in the specialized literature. Objective: To evaluate the frequency of patients with coronary atherosclerotic plaques, their degree of obstruction and associated factors in patients with zero CS and indication for coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). Methods: This is a cross-sectional, prospective study with 367 volunteers with zero CS at CCTA in four diagnostic imaging centers in the period from 2011 to 2016. A significance level of 5% and 95% confidence interval were adopted. Results: The frequency of atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries in 367 patients with zero CS was 9.3% (34 individuals). In this subgroup, mean age was 52 ± 10 years, 18 (52.9%) were women and 16 (47%) had significant coronary obstructions (> 50%), with involvement of two or more segments in 4 (25%) patients. The frequency of non-obese individuals (90.6% vs 73.9%, p = 0.037) and alcohol drinkers (55.9% vs 34.8%, p = 0.015) was significantly higher in patients with atherosclerotic plaques, with an odds ratio of 3.4 for each of this variable. Conclusions: The frequency of atherosclerotic plaque with zero CS was relatively high, indicating that the absence of calcification does not exclude the presence of plaques, many of which obstructive, especially in non-obese subjects and alcohol drinkers.


Resumo Fundamento: Diante da alta mortalidade por doenças cardiovasculares, faz-se necessária a estratificação dos principais fatores de riscos e escolha correta da modalidade diagnóstica. Estudos demonstraram que escore de cálcio (EC) zero caracteriza baixo risco de eventos cardiovasculares. No entanto, a frequência de portadores de placa aterosclerótica coronária com EC zero é conflitante na literatura especializada. Objetivo: Avaliar a frequência de pacientes com placa aterosclerótica coronária, seu grau de obstrução e fatores associados em pacientes com EC zero e indicação para angiotomografia computadorizada de coronárias (ATCC). Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal, prospectivo, com 367 voluntários portadores de EC zero, mediante a ATCC, no período de 2011-16, em quatro centros de diagnóstico por imagem. Foi assumido nível de significância 5% e intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: A frequência de placa aterosclerótica nas artérias coronárias dos 367 pacientes com EC zero foi de 9,3% (34 indivíduos); neste subgrupo, a média de idade foi 52 ± 10 anos, 18 (52,9%) eram mulheres e 16 (47%) exibiam obstruções coronarianas significativas (> 50%), dos quais 4 (25%) apresentaram placas em pelo menos dois segmentos. A frequência de não obesos (90,6% vs. 73,9%; p = 0,037) e de etilistas (55,9% vs. 34,8%; p = 0,015) foi significativamente maior nos portadores de placa, apresentando, cada variável, odds ratio de 3,4 para o desenvolvimento das referidas placas. Conclusões: A frequência de placa aterosclerótica com EC zero foi considerável, evidenciando, portanto, que a ausência de calcificação não exclui placa, muitas das quais obstrutivas, principalmente nos não obesos e etilistas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Calcium/analysis , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Biomarkers/analysis , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/complications , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/epidemiology , Computed Tomography Angiography
20.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(4): 225-230, Apr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888386

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We aimed to determine whether there is an association between cognition and the results of echocardiography and angiography, based on neuropsychological assessments. Methods: We assessed the cognition of 85 patients who had recently undergone coronary artery angiography. We calculated the Gensini score for the coronary artery disease index. We also performed echocardiography to find indices of cardiac functioning. Results: The lower left ventricular ejection fraction correlated with lower scores on visuospatial, executive function, processing speed/attention and verbal memory capacities (p ≤ 0.05). A higher Gensini score and left atrial size correlated with lower executive function and processing speed/attention (p ≤ 0.05). In the group of patients with an impaired cognitive state, higher Gensini scores correlated with decreased processing speed/attention (p = 0.01) and the e' index was associated with lower capacity of executive function (p = 0.05). Conclusion: Decreased processing speed/attention and executive function may correlate with cardiac dysfunction and coronary artery disease. The Color Trail Test may be considered for simple screening for cognitive problems in elderly patients with coronary artery disease or diastolic dysfunction.


RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo é encontrar associação entre cognição e resultados de exames ecocardiográficos e angiográficos, com base em avaliações neuropsicológicas. Método: Foi avaliada a cognição de 85 pacientes que foram submetidos a angiografia coronária. O escore de Gensini foi calculado para o índice de doença arterial coronariana (DAC). Foi realizado também, o exame ecocardiográfico a fim de descobrir os índices de funcionamento cardíaco. Resultados: A fração de ejeção do ventrículo inferior esquerdo está correlacionada com a baixa pontuação na capacidade visual e espacial, função executiva, velocidade de processamento/atenção e memória verbal (p ≤ 0,05). Alto escore de Gensini e tamanho do átrio esquerdo correlacionados com baixa função executiva, velocidade de processamento/atenção (p ≤ 0,05). No grupo de pacientes com estado cognitivo prejudicado, alto escore de Gensini correlacionado com diminuição da velocidade de processamento/atenção (p = 0,01) e índice e' associado a baixa capacidade da função executiva (p = 0,05). Conclusão: Diminuição da velocidade de processamento/atenção e da função executiva pode estar correlacionado a disfunção cardíaca e DAC. O Color Trail Test pode ser considerado para uma triagem simples de problemas cognitivos em pacientes idosos com DAC ou disfunção diastólica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis , Stroke Volume , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Echocardiography , Prospective Studies , Coronary Angiography , Educational Status , Executive Function , Cognitive Dysfunction/complications , Neuropsychological Tests
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