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2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 400-408, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364332

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Foi demonstrado que as subunidades de interleucina-35 (IL-35) estão fortemente expressas nas placas ateroscleróticas em humanos. Assim, considera-se que elas têm um papel na aterosclerose. Objetivos Neste estudo, os níveis de IL-35 foram comparados com o grupo controle em pacientes com doença arterial coronariana (DAC) estável, e a associação entre os níveis de IL-35 e o tipo, gravidade e extensão da lesão foram investigadas com o escore Gensini (GS) e o escore Syntax (SS) no grupo de pacientes Métodos Sessenta pacientes (18 mulheres e 42 homens) com DAC, diagnosticados por meio da angiografia coronária, que apresentaram dor no peito típica e teste de esforço não invasivo positivo, e 46 pacientes (18 mulheres e 28 homens) com luminograma normal, foram incluídos no estudo. Tanto o GS quanto o SS foram calculados para o grupo de pacientes, e esses valores foram comparados com os níveis de IL-35. Variáveis com distribuição não normal foram avaliadas com o teste U de Mann-Whitney, enquanto os parâmetros com distribuição normal foram analisados com o teste t de Student. A diferença entre as variáveis categóricas foi avaliada pelo teste de qui-quadrado ou de Fisher. Os valores de p<0,05 foram considerados como estatisticamente sinificativos. Resultados Não foram observadas diferenças significativas entre pacientes e o grupo controle em termos de características demográficas e achados laboratoriais. Em comparação ao grupo controle, os níveis de IL-35 no grupo com DAC foram consideravalmente menores (36,9±63,9 ng/ml vs. 33,2±13,2 ng/ml, p<0,008). Embora não tenha sido estatisticamente significativo, os níveis de IL-35 foram maiores em pacientes com SS mais baixo do que nos com SS mais alto (33,2±13,7 vs. 31,8±8,9, p=0,51). Os valores de IL-35 em pacientes com GS alto foram significativamente mais baixos do que em pacientes com GS baixo (35±17,4 vs. 30,7±8,6, p=0,043). Conclusão Demonstrou-se que os níveis de IL-35 podem ser um novo biomarcador para a DAC estável, e que a IL-35 está associada à extensão da DAC.


Abstract Background It has been shown that interleukin-35 (IL-35) subunits are strongly expressed in atherosclerotic plaques in humans. Therefore, it is considered to play a role in atherosclerosis. Objectives In this study, IL-35 levels were compared with the control group in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD), and the association between IL-35 levels and the lesion type, lesion severity and extension was investigated with the Gensini score (GS) and the Syntax score (SS) in the patient group. Methods Sixty patients (18 female and 42 male) with CAD diagnosed by coronary angiography, who presented with typical chest pain and positive noninvasive cardiac stress test, and 46 patients (18 female and 28 male) with normal coronary lumenogram, were included in this study. Gensini and Syntax scores were calculated in the patient group, and these values were compared with IL-35 levels. Non-normally distributed variables were analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test, whereas normally distributed parameters were assessed by Student's t-test. The difference between categorical variables were evaluated by the Chi-square or Fisher test. P-values<0.05 were considered as statistically significant. Results No significant differences were observed between patients and the control group in terms of demographic characteristics and laboratory findings. Compared to the control group, IL-35 levels of the CAD group were considerably lower (36.9±63.9 ng/ml vs. 33.2±13.2 ng/ml, p<0.008). Although not statistically significant, IL-35 levels were higher in patients with low SS than among those with high SS (33.2±13.7 vs. 31.8±8.9, p=0.51). The IL-35 values of the patients with high GS were significantly lower than in patients with low GS (35±17.4 vs. 30.7±8.6, p=0.043). Conclusion It has been shown that IL-35 levels can be a new biomarker for stable CAD, and IL-35 is associated with the extension of CAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Interleukins/blood , Atherosclerosis/diagnosis , Severity of Illness Index , Biomarkers , Coronary Angiography
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10466, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153513

ABSTRACT

Preoperative evaluation in elective surgeries has been associated with successful surgical treatment. However, there is no solid scientific evidence that screening for coronary artery disease (CAD) reduces surgical risk. The aims of this study were to describe the frequency of inappropriate investigation of obstructive CAD induced by pre-anesthetic assessment in individuals without cardiovascular symptoms (candidates for low- to intermediate-risk surgeries) and to evaluate predictors of this conduct. We performed a retrospective evaluation of medical records of anesthesiology services from patients undergoing pre-anesthesia assessment between May 2015 and May 2016, including those with functional capacity ≥4 metabolic equivalents without a diagnosis of heart disease. A total of 778 medical records (47±16 years of age, 62.6% female) were studied. A private hospital performed 50.1% of the surgeries and 60.4% were of intermediate risk. Only 2.7% (95%CI: 1.7-4.1%) were screened for CAD, and 91% of these requests were mediated by cardiology consultations performed during pre-anesthetic testing visits. Factors associated with screening for CAD were hypertension, diabetes, moderate systemic disease (ASA III), cardiac consultation, previous diagnosis of CAD, and admission to a private hospital. Independent predictors were private hospitals (OR: 3.9; 95%CI: 1.3-11.0), ASA III (OR: 5.3; 95%CI: 1.7-16.2), and hypertension (OR: 3.8; 95%CI: 1.5-9.8). The frequency of inappropriate requests for CAD screening in asymptomatic individuals without untreated systemic diseases was low in pre-anesthetic visits. Although infrequent, screening for CAD is more common in the private setting, in patients with poorer health status, and is usually prescribed during cardiology consultation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Unnecessary Procedures , Anesthesia , Mass Screening , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Heart Diseases
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(1): 71-76, July 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011235

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is an abnormal connection that links a coronary artery to a cardiac chamber or another major blood vessel. Several studies have shown the association between mean platelet volume (MPV) and cardiovascular diseases. In the literature, there is no previous study about the association between hematologic parameters and congenital CAF. For this reason, we aimed to investigate the association of MPV with CAF. Methods: 70 patients with normal coronary arteries and 50 with coronary artery fistulas were included. Routine blood and biochemical parameters were measured before the arteriography. Differences between groups for continuous variables were analyzed with t- test or Mann-Whitney test. P values < 0.05 were considered significant. Regression analysis was used to find independent predictors of CAF. Results: Baseline patient demographics, including age and clinical risk factors, were similar between the groups. Compared to the control group, median (IQR) High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) levels were significantly higher (p=0.04) and MPV levels were significantly lower in the CAF group (8.84 ± 1.71fL vs. 10.43 ± 1.34, p < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, only MPV was a significant predictor of CAF (p < 0.001, 95% CI for OR: 0.438 (0.306-0.629). A negative correlation was found between MPV and fistulae in Pearson's correlation test (r: -0.454, p < 0.001). An MPV level of < 9,6 fL showed sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 80%, 68%, 71% and 78% respectively (AUC = 0.766, 95% CI, 0.678-0.854) for the prediction of CAF. Conclusion: The present study suggests that MPV may decrease in patients with CAF.


Resumo Fundamento: A fístula da artéria coronária (FAC) é uma conexão anormal que liga a artéria coronária a uma câmara cardíaca ou outro importante vaso sanguíneo. Vários estudos mostraram a associação entre o volume plaquetário médio (VPM) e as doenças cardiovasculares. Na literatura, não há estudo prévio sobre a associação entre os parâmetros hematológicos e a FAC congênita. Por essa razão, nosso objetivo foi investigar a relação do VPM com a FAC. Métodos: Foram incluídos 70 pacientes com artérias coronárias normais e 50 com fístulas de artérias coronárias. Os parâmetros sanguíneos e bioquímicos de rotina foram medidos antes da arteriografia. As diferenças entre os grupos para as variáveis contínuas foram analisadas com o teste t ou teste de Mann-Whitney. Valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados significativos. A análise de regressão foi utilizada para encontrar preditores independentes de FAC. Resultados: Os dados demográficos basais dos pacientes, incluindo idade e fatores de risco clínicos, foram semelhantes entre os grupos. Comparados à mediana do grupo controle (IIQ), os níveis de HDL-colesterol foram significativamente mais altos (p = 0,04) e os níveis de VPM foram significativamente mais baixos no grupo FAC (8,84 ± 1,71fL vs. 10,43 ± 1,34, p < 0,001). Na análise multivariada, apenas o VPM foi um preditor significativo de FAC (p<0,001, IC 95% para OR: 0,438 (0,306-0,629)). Foi encontrada uma correlação negativa entre o VPM e fístulas no teste de correlação de Pearson (r: -0,454, p < 0,001). Um nível de VPM < 9,6 fL apresentou sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo e valor preditivo negativo de 80%, 68%, 71% e 78%, respectivamente (AUC = 0,766, IC 95%, 0,678-0,854) para a previsão de FAC. Conclusão: O presente estudo sugere que o VPM pode diminuir no paciente com FAC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Coronary Vessel Anomalies/blood , Mean Platelet Volume , Fistula/blood , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Coronary Vessel Anomalies/diagnosis , Fistula/diagnosis
7.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(3 Supl): 302-305, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023113

ABSTRACT

A isquemia miocárdica induzida por esforço em níveis significativos interferiria no aumento no volume sistólico e levaria à deflexão da curva do PuO2. A alteração da resposta curvilínea do PuO2, que resulta em achatamento da curva, demonstraria redução do volume sistólico e/ou falha para aumentar a extração de oxigênio. Em revisão não sistemática da literatura, encontramos poucos relatos sobre a deflexão da curva do PuO2 secundária à isquemia induzida por esforço, totalizando apenas nove estudos em 22 anos, que abrangeram 339 pacientes. A sensibilidade e a especificidade do TE foi de, respectivamente, 46% e 66%; a sensibilidade e a especificidade do TCP atingiram, respectivamente, 51% e 60%, considerando-se a deflexão do PuO2. Quando a deflexão do PuO2 foi associada à relação entre VO2/work rate slope, a sensibilidade e a especificidade atingiram 87% e 74%, respectivamente. No subgrupo com isquemia extensa, o pico do PuO2 foi reduzido em comparação com o subgrupo com isquemia discreta (12,8 ± 3,8 vs. 16,4 ± 4,6 ­ p < 0,05), demonstrando que a deflexão da curva de PuO2 pode estar presente nos casos de isquemia miocárdica extensa. Houve elevação do PuO2 de 11,76 para 13,27 ml/batimento e do slope de PuO2 de 7,05 para 9,25 depois de angioplastia coronariana. Há indícios de que a utilização do teste cardiopulmonar no diagnóstico da doença coronariana pode ser útil, rastreando os casos de maior gravidade


Exercise-induced myocardial ischemia, at significant levels, may interfere in the increase of systolic volume and cause deflection of the PuO2 curve. A change of the curvilinear response of PuO2, which results in a flattening of the curve, demonstrates a reduction of the systolic volume and/or failure to increase the extraction of oxygen. In a non-systematic literature review, we found few publications about the deflection of the PuO2 curve, secondary to exercise-induced ischemia, totaling only nine studies over 22 years, and including 339 patients. The sensitivity and the specificity of the ET were 46% and 66%, respectively; the sensitivity and the sensibility of the CPT reached 51% and 60%, respectively, considering the deflection of PuO2. When the deflection of PuO2 was associated with the relationship between VO2/work rate slope, the sensibility and specificity reached 87% and 74%, respectively. In the subgroup with extensive ischemia, peak PuO2 was reduced as compared to the subgroup with mild ischemia (12.8±3.8 vs. 16.4±4.6 - p < 0.05), showing that there may be a flattening of the curve in cases with extensive myocardial ischemia. There was an increase in PuO2 from 11.76 to 13.27 ml/beat and of the slope of PuO2 from 7.05 to 9.25 following coronary angioplasty. There are indications that the use of cardiopulmonary testing may be useful in the diagnosis of coronary heart disease, detecting more serious cases


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oxygen Consumption , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Exercise Test/methods , Prognosis , Stroke Volume , Echocardiography/methods , Exercise , Sensitivity and Specificity , Myocardial Ischemia , Heart Rate
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(6): 715-719, Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011222

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Platelets are important in the initiation of thrombosis, and their morphological and functional changes are closely related with the occurrence and development of coronary artery thrombosis. Platelet parameters might be valuable in distinguishing between acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stable coronary artery disease (SCAD). Objective: This study was designed to detect and compare changes in platelet parameters, such as mean platelet volume (MPV) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) and to investigate their roles in these diseases. Methods: Specimen collection: Between January 2011 and December 2013, 2 mL of elbow vein blood was drawn from each of 31 patients primarily diagnosed with AMI, 34 SCAD patients and 50 healthy subjects; and placed in EDTA-K2 anticoagulant tubes. Platelet count (PLT), MPV, plateletcrit (PCT), platelet distribution width (PDW), white blood cell (WBC) and neutrophil (NEU) counts were determined using an STKS automated hematology analyzer (Beckman Courter). Results: Compared with the control group, MPV levels were significantly higher in the AMI and SCAD groups (p < 0.05), while PLT was significantly lower (p < 0.05). Conclusion: These results suggest that MPV and other related parameters have a certain value in the diagnosis of SCAD and AMI.


Resumo Fundamento: As plaquetas são importantes no início da trombose e suas alterações morfológicas e funcionais estão intimamente relacionadas com a ocorrência e o desenvolvimento de trombose da artéria coronária. Os parâmetros plaquetários podem ser valiosos na distinção entre infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM) e doença arterial coronariana estável (DACE). Objetivo: O objetivo desse estudo foi detectar e comparar alterações nos parâmetros plaquetários, como o volume plaquetário médio (VPM) em pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM) e doença arterial coronariana estável (DACE) e investigar seu papel nessas doenças. Métodos: Coleta de amostras: Entre janeiro de 2011 e dezembro de 2013, foram retirados 2 mL de sangue da veia do antebraço de cada um dos 31 pacientes diagnosticados principalmente com IAM, 34 pacientes com DACE e 50 indivíduos saudáveis; e colocado em tubos com anticoagulante EDTA-K2. As contagens de plaquetas (PQT), VPM, massa total de plaquetas (MTP), Amplitude de Distribuição de Plaquetas (PDW, do inglês platelet distribution width), contagem de glóbulos brancos (WBC, do inglês white blood cells) e neutrófilos (NEU) foram determinadas utilizando-se um analisador de hematologia automatizado STKS (Beckman Courter). Resultados: Comparado com o grupo controle, os níveis de VPM foram significativamente maiores nos grupos IAM e DACE (p < 0,05), enquanto os níveis de PQT foram significativamente menores (p < 0,05). Conclusão: Esses resultados sugerem que o VPM e outros parâmetros associados têm um certo valor no diagnóstico de DACE e IAM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Platelet Count/methods , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Mean Platelet Volume/methods , Myocardial Infarction/blood , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(2): 110-117, Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041039

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of lncRNA H19 for coronary artery disease (CAD) and to explore its possible mechanisms. Methods: A total of 30 CAD patients and 30 healthy individuals, as well as patients with different cardiovascular diseases, were included in this study. Blood was drawn from each participant to prepare serum samples, and the expression of lncRNA H19 was detected using qRT-PCR. The ROC curve analysis was used to analyze the diagnostic value of H19 for CAD. The effects of patients' basic information and lifestyle on H19 expression were analyzed. The plasma level of TGF-β1 was measured by ELISA. The H19 overexpression in the human primary coronary artery endothelial cell (HCAEC) line was constructed, and the effects of H19 overexpression on the TGF-β1 expression were analyzed using Western blot. The results of H19 expression were specifically upregulated in patients with CAD but not in healthy individuals and patients with other types of cardiovascular diseases. The ROC curve analysis showed that the H19 expression level could be used to predict CAD accurately. Gender, age, and patients' lifestyle had no significant effects on H19 expression, but H19 expression was higher in patients with a longer course of disease in comparison with the controls. H19 expression was positively correlated with the serum level of TGF-β1, and H19 overexpression significantly increased TGF-β1 protein level in HCAEC. Conclusion: H19 overexpression participates in the pathogenesis of CAD by increasing the expression level of TGF-β1, and H19 expression level may serve as a diagnostic marker for CAD.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Nosso estudo teve como objetivo investigar o valor diagnóstico do lncRNA H19 para doença arterial coronariana (DAC) e explorar os possíveis mecanismos. Métodos Um total de 30 pacientes com DAC e 30 pessoas saudáveis, bem como pacientes com diferentes doenças cardiovasculares foram incluídos neste estudo. O sangue foi extraído de cada participante para preparar amostras de soro e a expressão de lncRNA H19 foi detectada por qRT-PCR. A análise da curva ROC foi utilizada para analisar o valor diagnóstico de H19 para DAC. Efeitos da informação básica dos pacientes e estilo de vida na expressão de H19 foram analisados. O nível plasmático de TGF-β1 foi medido por ELISA. A linha de células endoteliais da artéria coronária primária (HCAEC) humana de sobre-expressão de H19 foi construída e os efeitos da sobre-expressão de H19 na expressão de TGF-β1 foram analisados por Western blot. Resultados A expressão de H19 foi especificamente regulada positivamente em pacientes com DAC, mas não em pessoas saudáveis e em pacientes com outros tipos de doenças cardiovasculares. A análise da curva ROC mostrou que o nível de expressão de H19 pode ser usado para prever com precisão a DAC. Sexo, idade e estilo de vida dos pacientes não têm efeitos significativos sobre a expressão de H19, mas a expressão de H19 foi maior em pacientes com curso mais longo da doença em comparação com os controles. A expressão de H19 correlacionou-se positivamente com o nível sérico de TGF-β1 e a superexpressão de H19 aumentou significativamente o nível de proteína de TGF-β1 em HCAEC. Conclusão A superexpressão de H19 participa da patogênese da DAC aumentando o nível de expressão de TGF-β1 e o nível de expressão de H19 pode servir como marcador diagnóstico de DAC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/blood , RNA, Long Noncoding/blood , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Up-Regulation , ROC Curve , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Middle Aged
12.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(1): 6-13, jan.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-969855

ABSTRACT

As doenças cardiovasculares são a maior causa de morbimortalidade no mundo. A prevenção primária, por meio do diagnóstico precoce, é necessária para possibilitar o tratamento adequado e controlar a evolução da doença, reduzindo a mortalidade e os gastos em saúde pública. Correlacionar aterosclerose em artéria carótida (avaliada pelo Eco Doppler) e disfunção ventricular esquerda (avaliada pelo ecocardiograma), além de correlacionar tais achados com o risco cardiovascular dos pacientes estudados. Método: Foram analisados 286 prontuários de pacientes que realizaram os exames Eco Doppler carotídeo e ecocardiograma transtorácico. Os dados analisados foram: presença de placa aterosclerótica e grau de estenose, fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo e presença de alterações contráteis difusas ou segmentares do ventrículo esquerdo. Resultados: Dos 238 laudos de Eco Doppler carotídeo, 18 tinham estenose maior que 70% em artéria carótida e 14 destes apresentavam alteração contrátil do ventrículo esquerdo (p = 0,045). Dos pacientes que tinham risco cardiovascular muito alto, 61 apresentavam estenose em artéria carótida (p < 0,001); 51 pacientes com risco cardiovascular muito alto apresentavam alteração contrátil (p < 0,001). Dos 266 laudos de ecocardiograma, 37 registravam fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo reduzida. Desses, 25 tinham risco cardiovascular muito alto (p < 0,001). Conclusão: Houve relação positiva entre estenose de artéria carótida, redução da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo e alteração contrátil do ventrículo esquerdo (difusa ou segmentar) com risco cardiovascular muito alto. Também foi possível correlacionar a estenose carotídea com alteração contrátil, apesar deste estudo não demonstrar correlação entre estenose carotídea e redução da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo


Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Primary prevention, through early diagnosis, is necessary to enable proper treatment and control disease progression, reducing mortality and public health expenditures. Objective: Correlate carotid artery atherosclerosis (evaluated by Doppler echocardiography) and left ventricular dysfunction (evaluated by echocardiography) and to correlate the findings with the patients' cardiovascular risk. Method: A total of 286 medical records of patients who underwent carotid Doppler echocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography were analyzed. The data analyzed were: presence of atherosclerotic plaque and degree of stenosis, left ventricular ejection fraction and presence of diffuse or segmental left ventricular contractile disorders. Results: Of the 238 reports of carotid Doppler echocardiography, 18 had stenosis greater than 70% in the carotid artery and 14 of those had left ventricular contractile disorders (p = 0.045). Of the patients with very high cardiovascular risk, 61 had carotid artery stenosis (p < 0.001); 51 patients with very high cardiovascular risk had contractile disorders (p < 0.001). Of the 266 echocardiography reports, 37 had reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Of these, 25 had very high cardiovascular risk (p < 0.001). Conclusion: There was a positive relationship between carotid artery stenosis, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular (diffuse or segmental) contractile disorder with very high cardiovascular risk. It was also possible to correlate carotid stenosis with contractile disorder, although this study did not demonstrate any correlation between carotid stenosis and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Echocardiography/methods , Carotid Arteries , Carotid Artery Diseases/complications , Carotid Artery Diseases/diagnosis , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/complications , Primary Prevention/methods , Stroke Volume , Vertebral Artery , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Carotid Stenosis/complications , Carotid Stenosis/diagnosis , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Myocardial Revascularization/methods
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(8): e8309, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011605

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to detect the expression of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) and evaluate its correlation with disease risk, stenosis degree, inflammation, as well as overall survival (OS) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. A total of 230 patients who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography were consecutively recruited and assigned to CAD group (n=125) or control group (n=105) according to presence or absence of CAD. Gensini score was calculated to assess the severity of coronary artery damage. Plasma samples were collected and the expression ANRIL was detected in all participants. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and IL-17 in CAD patients were measured and OS was calculated. The relative expression of ANRIL was higher in CAD patients compared to controls (P<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic disclosed that ANRIL could distinguish CAD patients from controls with an area under the curve of 0.789 (95%CI: 0.731-0.847). Spearman's rank correlation test revealed that expression of ANRIL was positively correlated with Gensini score (P=0.001), levels of hs-CRP (P=0.001), ESR (P=0.038), TNF-α (P=0.004), and IL-6 (P<0.001), while negatively correlated with IL-10 level (P=0.008) in CAD patients. Kaplan-Meier curve revealed that high expression of ANRIL was associated with shorter OS (P=0.013). In conclusion, circulating ANRIL presented a good diagnostic value for CAD, and its high expression was associated with increased stenosis degree, raised inflammation, and poor OS in CAD patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Prognosis , Blood Sedimentation , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/genetics , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Survival Analysis , Cytokines/blood , Risk Assessment , Coronary Stenosis/complications , Inflammation/diagnosis
15.
J. bras. pneumol ; 44(4): 299-306, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975925

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the prevalence of spirometric abnormalities in patients screened for coronary artery disease (CAD) and the risk factors for lung function impairment. Methods: Patients referred for cardiac CT underwent spirometry and were subsequently divided into two groups, namely normal lung function and abnormal lung function. The prevalence of spirometric abnormalities was calculated for the following subgroups of patients: smokers, patients with metabolic syndrome, elderly patients, and patients with obstructive coronary lesions. All groups and subgroups were compared in terms of the coronary artery calcium score and the Duke CAD severity index. Results: A total of 205 patients completed the study. Of those, 147 (72%) had normal lung function and 58 (28%) had abnormal lung function. The median coronary artery calcium score was 1 for the patients with normal lung function and 36 for those with abnormal lung function (p = 0.01). The mean Duke CAD severity index was 15 for the former and 27 for the latter (p < 0.01). Being a smoker was associated with the highest OR for abnormal lung function, followed by being over 65 years of age and having obstructive coronary lesions. Conclusions: The prevalence of spirometric abnormalities appears to be high in patients undergoing cardiac CT for CAD screening. Smokers, elderly individuals, and patients with CAD are at an increased risk of lung function abnormalities and therefore should undergo spirometry. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01734629 [http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/])


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de alterações espirométricas em pacientes submetidos a investigação para detecção de doença arterial coronariana (DAC) e os fatores de risco de comprometimento da função pulmonar. Métodos: Pacientes encaminhados para TC cardíaca foram submetidos a espirometria e, em seguida, divididos em dois grupos: função pulmonar normal e função pulmonar anormal. A prevalência de alterações espirométricas foi calculada em fumantes, pacientes com síndrome metabólica, idosos e portadores de lesões coronárias obstrutivas. Os grupos e subgrupos foram comparados quanto ao escore de cálcio coronariano e ao índice de gravidade de DAC de Duke. Resultados: Completaram o estudo 205 pacientes. Destes, 147 (72%) apresentaram função pulmonar normal e 58 (28%) apresentaram função pulmonar anormal. A mediana do escore de cálcio coronariano foi 1 nos pacientes com função pulmonar normal e 36 naqueles com função pulmonar anormal (p = 0,01). A média do índice de gravidade de DAC de Duke foi = 15 nos pacientes com função pulmonar normal e 27 nos pacientes com função pulmonar anormal (p < 0,01). O tabagismo apresentou a maior OR de função pulmonar anormal, seguido de idade > 65 anos e lesões coronarianas obstrutivas. Conclusões: A prevalência de alterações espirométricas parece ser alta em pacientes submetidos a TC cardíaca para detecção de DAC. O risco de função pulmonar anormal é maior em fumantes, idosos e pacientes com DAC, os quais, portanto, devem ser submetidos a espirometria. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01734629 [http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/])


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Spirometry , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Epidemiologic Methods , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications
17.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 88(2): 124-128, abr.-jun. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055003

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fragmentation of QRS complex (QRSf) is an easily evaluable, non-invasive electrocardiographic parameter that represents depolarisation anomalies and has been associated with several adverse outcomes, such as sudden death, fibrosis, arrhythmic burden, and a worse prognosis in different conditions, including coronary artery disease (CAD). The case is presented of a 69-year old male referred due to symptoms of chronic stable angina. His electrocardiogram showed sinus rhythm, absence of Q waves, but the presence of QRSf in the inferior leads and V4-V6. A Tc-99 myocardial perfusion SPECT scan revealed a fixed perfusion defect in the inferolateral region, corresponding to the finding of QRSf. QRSf is an easily valuable electrocardiographic marker with relative sensitivity, but poor specificity. Its routine clinical application could contribute to an increase in the suspicion of coronary artery disease. Conclusion: The presence of fragmented QRS represents distortion of signal conduction and depolarisation, which is related to myocardial scar or myocardial fibrosis. © 2016 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).


Resumen La fragmentación del QRS (fQRS) es un parámetro electrocardiográfico fácilmente evaluable que representa anomalías de despolarización y que se ha asociado a varios resultados adversos como muerte súbita, fibrosis, carga arrítmica y peor pronóstico en diferentes afecciones, incluyendo la enfermedad arterial coronaria (EAC). Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 69 años referido para estudio por síntomas compatibles con angina de esfuerzo. El electrocardiograma mostró ritmo sinusal, sin ondas Q, pero con fQRS en la cara inferior y en V4-V6. Un SPECT cardiaco con Tecnecio-99 demostró fijo inferior e inferolateral, correspondiente al territorio electrocardiográfico de fQRS. La fQRS es un marcador electrocardiográfico fácilmente valorable, relativamente sensible, aunque poco específico, el cual puede contribuir en la práctica clínica a aumentar la probabilidad de sospecha de una enfermedad arterial coronaria. © 2016 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. Este es un artículo Open Access bajo la licencia CC BY-NC-ND (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Electrocardiography , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 16(1): 52-58, 20180000. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-884997

ABSTRACT

A doença arterial coronariana é a principal causa de morte no Brasil e no mundo. É um grande desafio para o clínico o acompanhamento destes pacientes, pois são casos cada vez mais prevalentes, complexos, normalmente associados a comorbidades, com maior acometimento nos indivíduos idosos e taxas de insucesso terapêutico elevadas. Apresentamos uma revisão narrativa da literatura atual sobre fisiopatologia, sintomatologia, diagnóstico, tratamentos possíveis e prognóstico, tanto na forma aguda como crônica desta enfermidade.(AU)


The coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in Brazil and worldwide. It is a great challenge for the clinician to follow these patients, because they are increasingly more prevalent, complex, usually associated with comorbidities, with a greater involvement in elderly individuals, and with high therapeutic failure rates. We present a narrative review of the current literature on pathophysiology, symptomatology, diagnosis, possible treatments, and prognosis in both the acute and chronic forms of this disease.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/physiopathology , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Prognosis
19.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(2): f:133-l:142, mar.-abr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-881967

ABSTRACT

Background: Cardiogenic Acute Pulmonary Edema (APE) is considered one of the main medical emergencies, and it is the extreme manifestation of acute heart failure. The main etiology of heart failure is ischemic heart disease. To date, the definition of ischemic etiology in acute pulmonary edema was based on criteria such as: clinical history of ischemic heart disease, noninvasive examinations and, in other patients, coronary angiography. Classified as such, ischemic heart disease has been shown to be its main etiology. The high prevalence between these two diseases was evaluated, but not by the exclusive angiographic criterion, the gold standard of this pathology and the reason of this study. Objective: To evaluate the predictors of obstructive coronary artery disease in patients with acute pulmonary edema of unclear origin. Method: Patients admitted to a cardiovascular disease referral emergency unit were recruited to undergo coronary angiography if the acute pulmonary edema etiology was not adequately elucidated. Obstructive coronary disease was considered if at least one epicardial vessel had 70% of occlusion. Results: Obstructive coronary disease was classified by coronary angiography in 149 consecutively evaluated patients, and coronary artery obstruction was the outcome variable of the predictor model. Among the variables related to coronary disease, the predictor variables were the history of coronary artery disease (p < 0.001) and myocardium segmental deficit at the echocardiogram (p < 0.02). Conclusion: The antecedent of coronary disease and the myocardium segmental deficit at the echocardiogram were able to discriminate patients with acute pulmonary edema associated with obstructive coronary disease. Troponin values classified by two cardiologists as secondary to an acute non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, and chest pain preceding the clinical picture were not able to discriminate patients with or without coronary obstruction and thus, the diagnosis of obstructive coronary disease should not be pursued based on the troponin value and/or chest pain preceding the clinical picture


Fundamento: O Edema Agudo de Pulmão cardiogênico é considerado uma das maiores emergências médicas, é a manifestação extrema da insuficiência cardíaca aguda. A principal etiologia da insuficiência cardíaca é a cardiopatia isquêmica. Até o momento, a definição da etiologia isquêmica no edema agudo de pulmão foi baseada em critérios como: história clínica de doença cardíaca isquêmica, exames não invasivos e, em outros pacientes, na cinecoronariografia. Desta forma classificada, a doença isquêmica do coração demonstrou ser sua principal etiologia. A alta prevalência entre estas duas doenças foi avaliada, mas não pelo critério angiográfico exclusivo, o padrão-ouro desta patologia, a razão deste estudo. Objetivo: Avaliar os preditores da doença arterial coronária obstrutiva nos portadores de Edema Agudo de Pulmão de origem claramente não definida. Método: Pacientes admitidos em um pronto-socorro de referência no tratamento das doenças cardiovasculares foram recrutados a realizar a coronariografia se a etiologia do edema agudo de pulmão não era devidamente esclarecida. A doença coronária obstrutiva foi considerada se ao menos um vaso epicádico tivesse oclusão = 70%. Resultados: A doença coronária obstrutiva foi classificada pela cinecoronariografia em 149 pacientes consecutivamente avaliados, a obstrução da artéria coronária foi a variável desfecho do modelo preditor. Dentre as variáveis relacionadas a doença coronária, as variáveis preditoras foram a história de doença da artéria coronária (p < 0,001) e o déficit segmentar do miocárdio ao ecocardiograma (p < 0,02). Conclusão: O antecedente de doença coronariana e o déficit segmentar do miocárdio ao ecocardiograma foram capazes de discriminar pacientes com edema agudo de pulmão associado a doença coronária obstrutiva. Valores da troponina classificados por dois cardiologistas como secundário a um infarto agudo do miocárdio sem elevação do segmento ST a e a dor torácica antecedendo o quadro não foram capazes de discriminar doentes com ou sem obstrução coronária, logo, o diagnóstico de doença coronária obstrutiva não deve ser perseguido baseado no valor da troponina e ou dor torácica antecedendo o quadro


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Coronary Artery Disease/etiology , Predictive Value of Tests , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/etiology , Pulmonary Edema , Chest Pain , Diabetes Mellitus , Echocardiography/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Heart Failure , Hypertension , Myocardial Ischemia/etiology , Observational Study , Statistical Analysis , Stroke , Troponin
20.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(1): f:33-l:46, jan.-mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-883684

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A alta prevalência de DAC, bem como seu impacto sobre as despesas de saúde e as várias opções de tratamento para reduzir a morbidade e mortalidade relacionados a DAC, vem desenvolver uma ferramenta de diagnóstico precisa e com resultados importantes no departamento de emergência. Objetivo: Fornecer visão geral com meta-análise para compilar evidência a partir de múltiplas revisões sistemáticas (RS) sobre o valor diagnóstico e prognóstico da angiotomografia computadorizada de artérias coronárias (ATCC) na avaliação da dor torácica aguda no setor de emergência (SE). Métodos: Incluímos RS de estudos primários avaliando o valor diagnóstico e prognóstico da ATCC ≥ 64 canais no SE. Os estudos foram conduzidos em pacientes de risco baixo e intermediário para doença arterial coronariana (DAC). Realizou-se avaliação qualitativa usando PRISMA, e aquelas que pontuaram ≥ 80% foram aprovadas. Dois autores extraíram dados independentemente usando um formulário padrão. Os testes de correlação de Spearman, do qui-quadrado, Q de Cochran ou a estatística I 2 de Higgins e Thompson foram usados, assim como o pacote estatístico "mada" (R Core Team, 2015) para meta-análise. Adotou-se o nível de significância de 95%. Resultados: Quatro RS foram elegíveis para inclusão neste estudo, resultando em 13 artigos após aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, sendo apenas 10 usados para a meta-análise, num total de 4831 pacientes (idade média, 54 ± 6 anos; 51% homens), dos quais 46% tinham hipertensão, 32% dislipidemia, 13% diabetes e 26% história familiar de DAC prematura. Na meta-análise, 9 estudos definiram ATCC positiva na presença de lesões luminais ≥ 50%, enquanto 1 estudo definiu ATCC positiva na presença de lesões luminais ≥ 70%. A sensibilidade variou de 77% a 98%, e a especificidade, de 73% a 100%. A análise univariada mostrou homogeneidade do odds ratio diagnóstico (DOR) [Q = 8,5 (df = 9), p = 0,48 and I 2 = 0%]. A estimativa sumária da DOR para ATCC nas análises primárias foi de 4,33 (IC95%: 3,47 ­ 5,18). A área sob a curva foi 0,982 (IC95%: 0,967 ­ 0,999). Houve 29 (0.6%) infartos, 92 (1,9%) revascularizações, 312 (6,4%) angiografias coronarianas invasivas e nenhuma morte. Síndrome coronariana aguda foi diagnosticada em 7,3% dos 1655 pacientes incluídos na meta-análise. Conclusões: O uso de ATCC como ferramenta para estratificação de pacientes de risco cardiovascular baixo e intermediário, que procuraram o SE com dor torácica, tem alta acurácia e segurança, reduz a permanência no hospital e provavelmente os custos, produzindo diagnóstico precoce e uma tomada de decisão mais efetiva


Background: The high prevalence of CAD, as well as your impact on health expenditure and the various treatment options to reduce morbidity and mortality related to CAD, comes to develop a diagnostic tool precis and with important findings in the Emergency Department. Objetive: To conduct an overview with meta-analysis to compile evidence from multiple systematic reviews (SR) on the diagnostic and prognostic value of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) to assess acute chest pain in the emergency department (ED). Methods: We included SR of primary studies that evaluated the diagnostic and prognostic value of CCTA ≥ 64 channels in the ED. The studies were conducted in patients at low and intermediate risk for coronary artery disease (CAD). Quality assessment was performed using PRISMA and approved reviews that scored ≥ 80%. Two authors independently extracted data using a standardized form. Spearman correlation test, Chi-square test, Cochran's Q test or Higgins and Thompson statistical I 2 were used. For meta-analysis, "mada" package statistical software R Core Team, 2015, was used. The significance level adopted was 95%. Results: Four reviews were eligible for inclusion in this overview, resulting in 13 articles after applying the exclusion criteria, and only 10 of these were used for meta-analysis, adding up to a total of 4831 patients (mean age, 54 ± 6 years; 51% male), of whom 46% were hypertensive, 32% had dyslipidemia, 13% had diabetes and 26% had a family history of premature CAD. In the meta-analysis, 9 studies defined CCTA positive in the presence of luminal lesions ≥ 50%, while 1 study defined it as luminal lesions ≥ 70%. Sensitivity ranged from 77% to 98%, and specificity, from 73% to 100%. The univariate analysis showed homogeneity of diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) [Q = 8.5 (df = 9), p = 0.48 and I 2 = 0%]. The pooled mean DOR for CCTA in primary analyses was 4.33 (95% CI: 3.47 - 5.18). The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.982 (95% CI: 0.967 - 0.999). There was no death, 29 (0.6%) infarcts, 92 (1.9%) revascularizations and 312 (6.4%) invasive coronary angiographies. The diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome occurred in 7.3% of the 1655 patients included in the meta-analysis. Conclusions: The use of CCTA as a tool for stratification of patients at low or intermediate cardiovascular risk, who are in the ED with chest pain, has high accuracy, safety, reduces length of hospital stay and probably the costs, producing an early diagnosis and more effective decision making


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Emergency Medicine , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Confidence Intervals , Diagnosis , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Prognosis , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Statistical Analysis
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