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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878336


Objective@#Evidence is lacking regarding the combined effects of smoking and obesity on mortality from coronary heart disease in male veterans. This study aimed to explore the combined effect of smoking and obesity on coronary heart disease mortality in male veterans in China.@*Methods@#A cohort of 1,268 male veterans from 22 veteran centers in Xi'an (Shaanxi Province, China) were followed up once every 2 years from February 1, 1987 to October 30, 2016. The endpoint was death from any cause. The hazard ratio ( @*Results@#The total follow-up was 24394.21 person-years; each subject was followed up for a mean duration of 19.24 years. By the end of the study, of the 1,268 veterans, 889 had died, 363 were alive, and 16 were lost to follow-up. Cox regression analysis results revealed that current smoking ( @*Conclusion@#Our results suggest that obese veterans who smoke might be an important target population for coronary heart disease mortality control.

Aged , China/epidemiology , Coronary Disease/mortality , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors , Smoking , Veterans/statistics & numerical data
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(6): 3048-3053, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-977605


ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluate the impact of anxiety and depression on morbidity and mortality of patients with acute coronary syndrome. Method: Retrospective cohort study, with follow-up of two years, conducted with 94 patients. The morbidity and mortality (readmission, myocardial revascularization, and death) was evaluated immediately after discharge and after one and two years. Anxiety and depression were evaluated by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and by Beck's Depression Inventory. The Kaplan-Meier estimator and the Logrank test were used. The significance level adopted was 0.05. Results: We observed that 76.6% of the patients did not present symptoms of depression or had mild signs, while 78.8% had low to moderate anxiety. The symptoms of depression and anxiety were not related to morbidity (need for MR p=0.098 and 0.56, respectively; readmission p=0.962 and 0.369, respectively) and mortality (p=0.434 and 0.077, respectively). Conclusion: No relationship was found between levels of anxiety and depression with the morbidity and mortality of patients.

RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la ansiedad y de la depresión en la morbimortalidad de pacientes con síndrome coronaria aguda. Método: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, con seguimiento de dos años, ha sido realizado con 94 pacientes. La morbimortalidad (la readmisión, la revascularización del miocardio y del óbito) ha sido evaluada inmediatamente después del alta hospitalaria y después de uno y dos años. La ansiedad y la depresión han sido evaluadas por el Inventario de Ansiedad Trazo y por el Inventario de Depresión de Beck. Se ha utilizado de los gráficos de Kaplan-Meier y de la prueba Logrank. El nivel de significancia que ha sido adoptado ha sido de 0,05. Resultados: Se ha observado que el 76,6% de los pacientes no presentaban síntomas de depresión o presentaban señales leves y el 78,8% tenían ansiedad de baja a moderada. Los síntomas de depresión y de ansiedad no se han relacionado a la morbilidad (necesidad de RM p=0,098 y 0,56, respectivamente; readmisión p=0,962 y 0,369, respectivamente) y a la mortandad (p=0,434 y 0,077, respectivamente). Conclusión: No hubo relación entre niveles de ansiedad y depresión con la morbimortalidad de los pacientes.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da ansiedade e depressão na morbimortalidade de pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda. Método: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo, com seguimento de dois anos, realizado com 94 pacientes. A morbimortalidade (readmissão, revascularização do miocárdio e óbito) foi avaliada imediatamente após a alta hospitalar e depois de um e dois anos. A ansiedade e a depressão foram avaliadas pelo Inventário de Ansiedade Traço e pelo Inventário de Depressão de Beck. Utilizou-se dos gráficos de Kaplan-Meier e do teste Logrank. O nível de significância adotado foi de 0,05. Resultados: Observou-se que 76,6% dos pacientes não apresentavam sintomas de depressão ou apresentavam sinais leves e 78,8% tinham ansiedade baixa a moderada. Os sintomas de depressão e ansiedade não se relacionaram à morbidade (necessidade de RM p=0,098 e 0,56, respectivamente; readmissão p=0,962 e 0,369, respectivamente) e à mortalidade (p=0,434 e 0,077, respectivamente). Conclusão: Não houve relação entre níveis de ansiedade e depressão com a morbimortalidade dos pacientes.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Anxiety/complications , Morbidity , Coronary Disease/psychology , Depression/complications , Anxiety/psychology , Retrospective Studies , Coronary Disease/complications , Coronary Disease/mortality , Depression/psychology , Middle Aged
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(2): 71-76, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843479


Abstract Objective: To report the early results of the BYPASS project - the Brazilian registrY of adult Patient undergoing cArdiovaScular Surgery - a national, observational, prospective, and longitudinal follow-up registry, aiming to chart a profile of patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery in Brazil, assessing the data harvested from the initial 1,722 patients. Methods: Data collection involved institutions throughout the whole country, comprising 17 centers in 4 regions: Southeast (8), Northeast (5), South (3), and Center-West (1). The study population consists of patients over 18 years of age, and the types of operations recorded were: coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), mitral valve, aortic valve (either conventional or transcatheter), surgical correction of atrial fibrillation, cardiac transplantation, mechanical circulatory support and congenital heart diseases in adults. Results: 83.1% of patients came from the public health system (SUS), 9.6% from the supplemental (private insurance) healthcare systems; and 7.3% from private (out-of -pocket) clinic. Male patients comprised 66%, 30% were diabetics, 46% had dyslipidemia, 28% previously sustained a myocardial infarction, and 9.4% underwent prior cardiovascular surgery. Patients underwent coronary artery bypass surgery were 54.1% and 31.5% to valve surgery, either isolated or combined. The overall postoperative mortality up to the 7th postoperative day was 4%; for CABG was 2.6%, and for valve operations, 4.4%. Conclusion: This first report outlines the consecution of the Brazilian surgical cardiac database, intended to serve primarily as a tool for providing information for clinical improvement and patient safety and constitute a basis for production of research protocols.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Registries/statistics & numerical data , Multicenter Studies as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Databases, Factual/statistics & numerical data , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/mortality , Brazil/epidemiology , Coronary Artery Bypass/mortality , Coronary Artery Bypass/statistics & numerical data , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Coronary Disease/surgery , Coronary Disease/mortality , Heart Valves/surgery
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 36(3): 91-98, sept. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146773


La muerte súbita de un atleta o deportista siempre es un hecho trágico de gran exposición mediática, que genera gran impacto social. Afortunadamente es un hecho extremadamente raro que tiene una incidencia entre 1:80 000 y 1:200 000 atletas/año. Sus causas son distintas de acuerdo con la edad del atleta o deportista. En aquellos menores de 35 años predominan las miocardiopatías y las anomalías congénitas de las arterias coronarias; en los mayores de 35 años, la principal causa es la enfermedad coronaria aterosclerótica adquirida. Es común para ambos grupos la muerte súbita arrítmica con corazón estructuralmente normal. La tarea del equipo de salud que asiste a esta población reside en conocer y detectar las potenciales causas para restringir la participación en el deporte de los atletas en riesgo (prevención primaria). Pero también debemos estar preparados para asistir las muertes súbitas de los atletas en el campo de juego con programas de asistencia para emergencias cardiovasculares que incluyan desfibriladores externos automáticos (prevención secundaria). (AU)

The sudden death of an athlete is always a tragic event that leads to a great media exposure that generates great social impact. Fortunately, it is an extremely rare event with an incidence of 1: 80,000 to 1: 200,000 athletes per year. The causes vary according to the age of the athlete. In those < 35 years old, predominantly cardiomyopathies, and congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries. Whereas in the > 35 years, the main cause is generally acquired atherosclerotic coronary disease. In both groups, it is common to experience arrhythmic sudden death despite having a structurally normal heart. It is the task of the health teams that treat this population to know and detect potential causes to restrict participation in sport for the athletes at risk (primary prevention). But we must also be prepared to attend sudden deaths of athletes in the field with assistance programs for cardiovascular emergencies including automated external defibrillators (secondary prevention). (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/etiology , Athletes/statistics & numerical data , Primary Prevention , Sports/statistics & numerical data , Exercise/physiology , Sex Factors , Age Factors , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control , Coronary Disease/mortality , Coronary Vessel Anomalies/mortality , Emergency Medical System , Defibrillators , Ethnic Health , Secondary Prevention , Cardiomyopathies/mortality
Rev. mex. enferm. cardiol ; 23(3): 103-109, sep-dic. 2015.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1035506


Antecedentes: las enfermedades cardiovasculares constituyen la primera causa de morbimortalidad a nivel mundial y nacional; sobresale la enfermedad coronaria. Esto ha contribuido para que el tratamiento quirúrgico de revascularización miocárdica sea considerado como un procedimiento de rutina. Éste es uno de los avances más importantes de la medicina durante el siglo XX. En Bogotá, los registros estadísticos muestran que más del 50% del total de cirugías cardiovasculares corresponde a ella. Objetivo: realizar la caracterización de pacientes que se encuentran en posoperatorio temprano de revascularización miocárdica, quienes presentan cambios fisiológicos en su esfera biológica, secundarios al procedimiento, a nivel neurológico, cardiovascular, respiratorio, gastrointestinal, de eliminación y de la piel. Metodología: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, de seguimiento prospectivo. Se observaron y revisaron las historias clínicas de 151 pacientes en posoperatorio de 48 a 96 horas. La revisión de la historia clínica se realizó por el investigador. Se consignó la información en una hoja de registro de información y se procesó mediante métodos de análisis exploratorio multidimensional: análisis factorial de correspondencias múltiples combinado con el Método Cluster de Clasificación. Resultados: estuvieron relacionados con clases de pacientes de acuerdo con los eventos clínicos presentes en cada uno de los sistemas estudiados donde se evidencia que presentan alteración de los sistemas neurológico, cardiovascular, respiratorio y de la piel. Conclusión: la caracterización de los pacientes en posoperatorio de una revascularización miocárdica permite que el cuidado de enfermería sea enfocado hacia la solución de problemas de los sistemas antes mencionados.

Background: cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality at global and national level; stands out coronary disease. This has contributed to make the surgical treatment of coronary artery bypass grafting being considered a routine procedure. This is one of the most important advances in medicine during the twentieth century. In Bogota, statistical records show that more than 50% of all cardiovascular surgeries corresponds to it. Objective: to characterize patients who are in early postoperative myocardial revascularization, who present physiological changes secondary to procedure, in the biological area at neurological, cardiovascular, respiratory, and gastrointestinal level, elimination system and skin. Methodology: a descriptive study was performed and followed prospectively. The medical records of 151 patients in postoperative 48 to 96 hours were seen and reviewed. The review of the medical history was performed by the researcher. The information was collected on a recording sheet and then recorded and processed by methods of multidimensional exploratory analysis: Multiple correspondence analysis combined with Cluster Classification Method. Results: they were related to the kind of patient according to clinical events present in each of the studied systems where there is evidence of alteration of the neurological, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, and skin. Conclusion: the characterization of patients in postoperative of myocardial revascularization allows nursing care to be focused on solving problems of the aforementioned systems.

Humans , Myocardial Revascularization/education , Myocardial Revascularization/adverse effects , Myocardial Revascularization/nursing , Myocardial Revascularization/statistics & numerical data , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Myocardial Revascularization/mortality , Myocardial Revascularization/rehabilitation , Coronary Disease/surgery , Coronary Disease/complications , Coronary Disease/nursing , Coronary Disease/epidemiology , Coronary Disease/etiology , Coronary Disease/physiopathology , Coronary Disease/history , Coronary Disease/mortality , Coronary Disease/pathology , Coronary Disease/rehabilitation
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(2): 265-267, Mar-Apr/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741067


A sixty-one year old white female was referred to the Dermatology Department to treat an ingrown nail in the inner corner of the left hallux. Examination of the entire nail unit showed the presence of xanthonychia in the outer corner besides thickening and increase in the transverse curvature of the nail plate. Dermoscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance of the free edge of the nail plate detected characteristic signs of onychomatricoma, a diagnosis that was later confirmed by anatomopathological exam.

Humans , Anticholesteremic Agents/therapeutic use , Cholesterol Ester Transfer Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors , Fibric Acids/therapeutic use , Lipoproteins, HDL/blood , Niacin/therapeutic use , Coronary Disease/blood , Coronary Disease/mortality , Coronary Disease/prevention & control , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Myocardial Infarction/blood , Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Myocardial Infarction/prevention & control , Oxazolidinones/therapeutic use , Quinolines/therapeutic use , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Stroke/blood , Stroke/mortality , Stroke/prevention & control , Sulfhydryl Compounds/therapeutic use
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 48(1): 69-76, jan-feb/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-742973


INTRODUCTION: The objective was to identify space and space-time risk clusters for the occurrence of deaths in a priority city for the control of tuberculosis (TB) in the Brazilian Northeast. METHODS: Ecological research was undertaken in the City of São Luis/Maranhão. Cases were considered that resulted in deaths in the population living in the urban region of the city with pulmonary TB as the basic cause, between 2008 and 2012. To detect space and space-time clusters of deaths due to pulmonary TB in the census sectors, the spatial analysis scan technique was used. RESULTS: In total, 221 deaths by TB occurred, 193 of which were due to pulmonary TB. Approximately 95% of the cases (n=183) were geocoded. Two significant spatial clusters were identified, the first of which showed a mortality rate of 5.8 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants per year and a high relative risk of 3.87. The second spatial cluster showed a mortality rate of 0.4 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants per year and a low relative risk of 0.10. A significant cluster was observed in the space-time analysis between 11/01/2008 and 04/30/2011, with a mortality rate of 8.10 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants per year and a high relative risk (3.0). CONCLUSIONS: The knowledge of priority sites for the occurrence of deaths can support public management to reduce inequities in the access to health services and permit an optimization of the resources and teams in the control of pulmonary TB, providing support for specific strategies focused on the most vulnerable populations. .

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Depression/mortality , Heart Rate , Chi-Square Distribution , Coronary Disease/mortality , Coronary Disease/physiopathology , Coronary Disease/psychology , Depression/physiopathology , Heart Rate/physiology , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Risk Factors
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(1): 1-8, Jan-Mar/2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-710090


Introdução: O modelo mais utilizado para predição de mortalidade em cirurgia cardíaca foi recentemente remodelado, mas dúvidas referentes à sua metodologia e desenvolvimento têm sido relatadas. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o desempenho do EuroSCORE II na predição de mortalidade em pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de coronária e/ou valva na instituição. Métodos: Mil pacientes, operados consecutivamente de coronária e/ou valva, entre outubro de 2008 e julho de 2009, foram analisados. O desfecho de interesse foi mortalidade intra-hospitalar. A calibração foi realizada pela correlação entre mortalidade esperada e observada por meio do teste de Hosmer Lemeshow. A discriminação foi calculada pela área abaixo da curva ROC. O desempenho do EuroSCORE II foi comparado com os modelos EuroSCORE e InsCor (modelo local). Resultados: Na calibração, o teste de Hosmer Lemeshow foi inadequado para o EuroSCORE II (P=0,0003) e bom para os modelos EuroSCORE (P=0,593) e InsCor (P=0,184). No entanto, na discriminação, a área abaixo da curva ROC para o EuroSCORE II foi de 0,81 [IC 95% (0,76-0,85), P<0,001]; para o EuroSCORE foi de 0,81 [IC 95% (0,77-0,86), P<0,001] e para o InsCor foi de 0,79 [IC 95% (0,74-0,83), P<0,001], revelando-se adequada para todos. Conclusão: O EuroSCORE II se tornou mais complexo e, à semelhança com a literatura internacional, mal calibrado para predizer mortalidade nos pacientes operados de coronária e/ou valva em nosso meio. Esses dados reforçam a importância do modelo local. .

Introduction: The most widely used model for predicting mortality in cardiac surgery was recently remodeled, but the doubts regarding its methodology and development have been reported. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the performance of the EuroSCORE II to predict mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafts or valve surgery at our institution. Methods: One thousand consecutive patients operated on coronary artery bypass grafts or valve surgery, between October 2008 and July 2009, were analyzed. The outcome of interest was in-hospital mortality. Calibration was performed by correlation between observed and expected mortality by Hosmer Lemeshow. Discrimination was calculated by the area under the ROC curve. The performance of the EuroSCORE II was compared with the EuroSCORE and InsCor (local model). Results: In calibration, the Hosmer Lemeshow test was inappropriate for the EuroSCORE II (P=0.0003) and good for the EuroSCORE (P=0.593) and InsCor (P=0.184). However, the discrimination, the area under the ROC curve for EuroSCORE II was 0.81 [95% CI (0.76 to 0.85), P<0.001], for the EuroSCORE was 0.81 [95% CI (0.77 to 0.86), P<0.001] and for InsCor was 0.79 [95% CI (0.74-0.83), P<0.001] showing up properly for all. Conclusion: The EuroSCORE II became more complex and resemblance to the international literature poorly calibrated to predict mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafts or valve surgery at our institution. These data emphasize the importance of the local model. .

Female , Humans , Male , Coronary Artery Bypass/mortality , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/mortality , Models, Theoretical , Risk Assessment/methods , Calibration/standards , Coronary Disease/mortality , Coronary Disease/surgery , Hospital Mortality , Heart Valve Diseases/mortality , Heart Valve Diseases/surgery , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 21(2): 128-132, abr.-jun. 2013. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-681945


INTRODUÇÃO: A doença arterial coronária é uma das principais causas de óbito em pacientes com doença renal crônica. Além disso, em decorrência da elevada prevalência de fatores de risco para aterosclerose, muitos desses pacientes necessitam de intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP) mesmo após o transplante renal. O objetivo deste estudo é descrever a evolução tardia de pacientes transplantados renais submetidos a ICP com stent. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos pacientes transplantados renais, com idade > 18 anos, tratados com ICP. O seguimento foi realizado por análise de prontuários e contato telefônico. O desfecho do estudo foi a incidência de eventos cardíacos adversos maiores (ECAM) durante o seguimento. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 29 pacientes. A média de idade foi de 54,8 ± 8 anos, sendo a maioria do sexo masculino (72,4%). A prevalência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica foi de 89,7%, de dislipidemia, de 69%, e de diabetes, de 51,7%. A maior parte apresentava doença multiarterial (biarterial: 44,8%; triarterial: 41,4%). A complexidade das lesões foi elevada, sendo 84,3% dos tipos B2 ou C e 27,5% com lesões em bifurcação. A taxa de sucesso do procedimento foi de 100%. Stents convencionais foram utilizados em 96,6% dos casos. O tempo de seguimento foi de 1.378 ± 977 dias. A mortalidade foi de 25,1%, a taxa de revascularização do vaso-alvo foi de 15,9% e nenhum paciente apresentou infarto não-fatal. A incidência de ECAM durante a evolução foi de 34,5%. CONCLUSÕES: A evolução clínica tardia após ICP em pacientes transplantados renais demonstrou elevada probabilidade de eventos clínicos. No entanto, a população estudada foi uma amostra de alta complexidade clínica e angiográfica.

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease is a major cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease. Moreover, due to the high prevalence of risk factors for atherosclerosis, many of these patients require percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) even after renal transplantation. The aim of this study is to report the late follow-up of patients with renal transplantation treated with PCI and stenting. METHODS: Patients > 18 years of age, with prior kidney transplantation, and treated with PCI were included. Clinical follow-up was evaluated by medical record analysis and telephone contact. The study endpoint was the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) during follow-up. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients were included. Mean age was 54.8 ± 8 years and the majority male (72.4%). The prevalence of hypertension was 89.7%, dyslipidemia 69% and diabetes 51.7%. Most of them had multivessel disease (2-vessel: 44.8%; 3-vessel: 41.4%). Lesion complexity was high, being 84.3% type B2 or C lesions and 27.5% bifurcation lesions. Procedural success rate was 100%. Bare metal stents were used in 96.6% of cases. The follow-up time was 1,378 ± 977 days. The mortality rate was 25.1%, target vessel revascularization rate was 15.9% and none of the patients presented non-fatal infarction. The incidence of MACE during follow-up was 34.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Late follow-up after PCI in renal transplantation patients demonstrated a high probability of clinical events. However, the study population was a sample of high clinical and angiographic complexity.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Angioplasty/methods , Coronary Disease/complications , Coronary Disease/mortality , Kidney Transplantation , Stents , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Kidney Failure, Chronic/mortality , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
Rev. bras. cardiol. (Impr.) ; 26(3): 158-166, mai.-jun. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-704382


Fundamentos: A doença arterial coronariana (DAC)constitui uma das principais causas de mortalidade no mundo. As dislipidemias e a proteína C-reativa ultrassensível são importantes fatores de risco. Objetivo: Avaliar a concentração dos lipídeos, proteína C-reativa e a gravidade da DAC em pacientes submetidos à cineangiocoronariografia. Métodos: Estudo transversal e analítico de pacientes atendidos no Laboratório de Hemodinâmica do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão, que preencheram aos critérios de inclusão, no período de fevereiro a outubro 2009. Resultados: O grupo de pacientes com DAC apresentou idade (p=0,0003), sexo masculino (p<0,0001), pacientes alfabetizados (p=0,014), casados (p=0,014), renda superior a cinco salários mínimos (p=0,017) , hipertensão arterial (p=0,038) e triglicerídeos (TRIG)153,4±105,5 mg/dL (p=0,010), razão CT/HDL-c5,38±1,69 (p=0,007) e VLDL-c 30,8±21,6 mg/dL (p=0,008)significativamente maiores que o grupo sem DAC;e HDL-c 34,7±9,6 mg/dL (p=0,005) e Apo A1,17±0,275 g/L (p=0,004) significativamente menores que o grupo sem DAC. Os pacientes que apresentavam um número maior de vasos acometidos apresentaram valores de TRIG (p=0,031), de VLDL-c (p=0,025) significativamente maiores, e valores de HDL-c (p=0,010)e Apo A (p=0,005) significativamente menores que aqueles sem DAC. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas entre os demais lipídeos e razões lipídicas e a gravidade da DAC. Não houve associação significativa (p=0,91) entre os níveis de PCR e gravidade da DAC. Conclusão: A gravidade da DAC foi diretamente relacionada aos níveis de TRIG e VLDL-c e inversamente relacionada aos níveis de HDL-c e Apo A.

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one ofthe main causes of mortality worldwide. Dyslipidemia and ultrasensitive C-reactive protein are important risk factors. Objective: To evaluate lipid and C-reactive protein concentrations and CAD severity in a group of patients undergoing coronary angiography. Methods: Transversal analytical study examining the clinical, social and economic data and laboratory results of patients meeting the inclusion criteria and treated between February and October 2009 at the Hemodynamic Laboratory, University Hospital, Maranhão Federal University. Results: The CAD patient group presented significantly higher age (p=0.0003), male gender (p<0.0001), literacy (p=0.014), married (p=0.014), income above five minimum wages (p=0.017), hypertension (p=0.038), triglycerides (TRIG)153.4±105.5 mg/dL (p=0.010), TC/HDL-c 5.38±1.69(p=0.007) and VLDL-c 30.8±21.6 mg/dL (p=0.008)than the non-CAD group, with significantly lower HDL-c 34.7±9.6 mg/dL (p=0.005) and Apo A1.17±0.275 g/L (p=0.004) than the non-CAD group. Patients with more affected blood vessels presented significantly higher TRIG (p=0.031) and VLDL-c(p=0.025) values, with significantly lower HDL-c(p=0.010) Apo A (p=0.005) than non-CAD patients. No significant differences were noted between CAD severity and the other lipids and lipid ratios. There was no significant association (p=0.91) between CRP levels and CAD severity.Conclusion: More severe CAD was related direct lyto TRIG and VLDL-c levels and related inversely to HDL-c and Apo A levels.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Coronary Disease/complications , Coronary Disease/mortality , Lipids/analysis , Lipids , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , C-Reactive Protein , Guidelines as Topic/standards , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Risk Factors
Rev. bras. cardiol. (Impr.) ; 25(2): 141-148, mar.-abr. 2012. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-629918


A doença arterial coronariana (DAC) é uma das condições mais prevalentes entre as doenças cardiovasculares. A angiografia coronariana invasiva (ACI) é o padrão de referência para o diagnóstico da DAC, sendo indicada quando há suspeita de estenose coronariana em pacientes com alta probabilidade de DAC. A angiocoronariografia com tomografia computadorizada de múltiplos detectores (TCMD) surgiu como nava técnica de diagnóstico, não invasiva, que permite a visão direta da artéria coronária. Sua indicação no diagnóstico de DAC, em pacientes sintomáticos com probabilidade pré-teste intermediária para essa condição, tem sido reportada. entretanto, os estudos apresentados até 2008 foram pequenos, de um único centro, envolvendo pacientes selecionados e, frequentemente, os segmentos com baixa nitidez de imagem eram excluídos da análise. O objetivo desta revisão sistemática foi avaliar a acurácia da TCMD no diagnóstico da DAC em pacientes que apresentavam probabilidade intermediária para essa condição. Dos 414 artigos encontrados, 13 estudos foram selecionados, os quais incluíam pacientes com probabilidade intermediária par DAC e que foram submetidos à angiocoronariografia invasica (ACI) e angiotomografia coronariana (ATC) de 64 detectores. Foram estudados 1992 pacientes em 12 dos 13 estudos selecionados, e somente oito estudos apresentaram dados disponíveis para a análise de 14725 segmentos coronarianas. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa...

Humans , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Disease/complications , Coronary Disease/mortality , Sensitivity and Specificity , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Positron-Emission Tomography , Risk Factors
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 31(4): 317-324, apr. 2012. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-620078


Objetivo. Examinar y describir la mortalidad por cardiopatía coronaria y su patrón de cambio (tendencia) por sexo, edad y zona de residencia (urbana frente a rural) en Tianjín, China, en el contexto de la transición epidemiológica, y compararla con lastendencias actuales en las Américas y Europa. Métodos. Se analizaron 104 393 casos de muertes debidas a cardiopatía coronaria ocurridas en Tianjín entre 1999 y 2008. Se codificó la mortalidad debida a cardiopatíacoronaria según la Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades (novena y décima revisiones). Se analizaron las tasas estandarizadas de mortalidad por cardiopatía coronaria y sus tendencias por edad, sexo y residencia urbana frente a rural. Resultados. Durante el período de estudio, de 10 años, la proporción de la mortalidad total debida a cardiopatía coronaria registrada en Tianjín aumentó significativamente(de 16% a 24%) y la mortalidad por cardiopatía coronaria estandarizadapor edad aumentó levemente (sin significación estadística), en contraposición con las tendencias de mortalidad por cardiopatía coronaria observadas en diversos países delas Américas y Europa, que están descendiendo. No se encontraron diferencias en la tendencia de la mortalidad por cardiopatía coronaria por sexo en Tianjín. La mortalidadgeneral por cardiopatía coronaria fue sistemáticamente más elevada en los grupos de mayor edad, los varones y los residentes de zonas urbanas. La proporción de muertes debidas a cardiopatía coronaria que ocurrieron fuera de los hospitales fue de 55,81%, con una tendencia decreciente en el período de estudio. Esta proporción fuemayor en las zonas rurales que en las urbanas, pero no se encontró diferencia entre los distintos grupos de edad.Conclusiones. Desde 1999 hasta el 2008, la mortalidad por cardiopatía coronaria en Tianjín varió según el sexo, la edad y la residencia urbana frente a la rural...

Objective. To examine and describe coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality and its pattern of change (trend) by sex, age, and area of residence (urban versus rural) in Tianjin, China, within the context of epidemiological transition, and compare it with current trends in the Americas and Europe.Methods. A total of 104 393 cases of CHD death in Tianjin occurring between 1999 and 2008 were monitored. Death due to CHD was coded using International Classification of Diseases (ICD) standards (ninth and tenth revisions). Standardized CHD mortality rates and their trends were analyzed by age, sex, and urban versus rural residence. Results. During the 10-year study period, the proportion of total deaths due to CHD in Tianjin increased significantly (from 16% to 24%) and age-standardized CHD mortalityincreased slightly (with no statistical differences), in contrast to CHD mortality trends in various countries in the Americas and Europe, which are declining. No difference was found inTianjin’s CHD mortality trend by sex. Overall CHD mortality was consistently higher among older age groups, males, and residents of urban areas. The proportion of CHD deaths occurringoutside hospitals was 55.81%, with a declining trend over the study period. Rural areas had a higher proportion of outside-hospital CHD mortality than urban areas, but no difference wasfound across age groups. Conclusions. From 1999 to 2008, CHD mortality in Tianjin varied by sex, age, and urbanversus rural area of residence. Future research to identify CHD risk factors and the populations most vulnerable to the disease is recommended to help strengthen CHD prevention. Strategiesfor CHD control similar to those used in various developed countries in the Americas and Europe should be developed to reduce the CHD burden in China.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Disease/mortality , Health Transition , Age Distribution , China/epidemiology , Rural Population , Sex Distribution , Time Factors , Urban Population
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 20(1): 53-57, mar. 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-639995


Introdução: Lesões coronárias tipo C representam um cenário angiográfico complexo embora bastante comum na prática clínica diária da intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP). Nossoobjetivo foi apresentar os resultados da prática clínica nacional das ICPs realizadas em pacientes com lesões tipo C. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo, com informações obtidas a partir dos dados inseridos no registro eletrônico da Central Nacional de Intervenções Cardiovasculares (CENIC) da Sociedade Brasileira de Hemodinâmica e Cardiologia Intervencionista (SBHCI), eque agrega informações sobre procedimentos das ICPs reunidosem um banco de dados dedicado, com preenchimento voluntário por médicos associados de várias instituições brasileiras. Resultados: Entre janeiro de 2010 e dezembro de 2011, foram incluídos 1.693 pacientes com lesões tipo C devidamente cadastrados na CENIC. Predominaram pacientes do sexo masculino (68%), com média de idade de 63 ± 26,3 anos, 40,9% eram diabéticos e 45,4% apresentaram quadros clínicos instáveis. Sucesso do procedimento foi alcançado em 95,6% dos casos, a mortalidade foi de 2,1%, infarto agudo do miocárdio ocorreu em 5% e revascularização da lesão-alvoocorreu em 0,5% dos pacientes na fase hospitalar. Conclusões: As ICPs em lesões tipo C do registro CENIC apresentaram altas taxas de sucesso e baixas taxas de complicação, numaamostra da população relativamente selecionada. A antiga classificação morfológica das lesões, ainda adotada no registro, não estratifica adequadamente os resultados da ICP naera contemporânea. A atualização da ficha de coleta dos dados e medidas que intensifiquem o controle de qualidadedo registro são urgentes e necessárias.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Angioplasty , Coronary Disease/complications , Coronary Disease/mortality , Registries , Stents , Risk Factors
Rev. bras. cardiol. (Impr.) ; 24(6): 369-376, nov.-dez. 2011. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-614228


Fundamentos: A doença arterial coronariana é a principal causa de óbito no mundo e os pacientes submetidos àcirurgia de revascularização miocárdica (CRVM) constituem o grupo de maior risco. Objetivo: Analisar aspectos epidemiológicos na CRVM em hospital especializado em cirurgia cardíaca no Rio de Janeiro, entre agosto 2004 e junho 2009. Método: Estudo retrospectivo, realizado entre agosto2004 e junho 2009, em que se analisou a primeira CRVM em 1.029 pacientes consecutivos maiores de 18 anos.Foram analisados dados do pré-operatório e considerado o tipo de evolução hospitalar (alta versus óbito).Resultados: Média de idade 61,2±10,3 anos e 67,3% do sexo masculino, peso 72,0±13,6kg, altura 1,63±0,09m, índice de massa corporal 26,9±4,3kg/m2 e superfície corporal1,77±0,19m2. Cor da pele por autoclassificação observada: 75,8% brancos, 16,5% pardos e 7,7% pretos, versus a esperada segundo o IBGE 2008): branca=54,3%,parda=33,8%, preta=11,5% e amarela ou indígena=0,3% (p<0,0001). Fatores de risco cardiovascular: hipertensãoarterial sistêmica 88,3%, dislipidemia 66,4%, colesterol sérico 173±50,2mg/dl, história familiar 50,4%, diabetes mellitus 32,9% e tabagismo prévio 56,6%. EuroSCORE4,91±6,81% (quartis 1,40% e 5,26%). A mortalidade observada (8,89%) foi superior à esperada (4,91%)(p<0,0001). Conclusão: Conhecer os fatores de risco permite a prevenção, auxilia a decisão do médico e facilita a alocação de recursos. Houve predomínio inesperado e desproporcionados pacientes de cor da pele branca e elevada prevalência dos fatores de risco cardiovascular, além de mortalidadeacima do esperado neste grupo de pacientes.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Coronary Disease/surgery , Coronary Disease/mortality , Epidemiology , Hospitals, Special , Risk Assessment/methods , Risk Assessment , Myocardial Revascularization/mortality , Survival Analysis , Risk Factors
Rev. bras. ecocardiogr. imagem cardiovasc ; 24(4): 52-61, out.-dez. 2011. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-605342


Observamos a ocorrência de significativas modificações na atitude do cardiologista diante do idoso. A ecocardiografia é uma ferramenta essencial para o diagnóstico, conduta terapêutica e avaliação prognóstica do paciente com doença arterial coronariana. Contudo, a literatura émuito limitada quanto à ecocardiografia sob estresse, aplicada para os idosos com coronariopatia conhecida ou suspeita. São utilizados como estressores o exercício, os fármacos (dobutamina, dipiridamol e adenosina) e o marca-passo, porém, as maiores faixas etárias têm peculiaridades que determinam vantagens e limitações para as diversas modalidades de ecocardiograma sob estresse, devendo o ecocardiografista analisar com prudência e conhecimento para decidir aquele que melhor se aplica. Nesta revisão, abordaremos diversas metodologias disponíveis, considerandosegurança, análise dos efeitos adversos maiores e menores, acurácia e valor prognóstico. A constatação da grande importância da ecocardiografia sob estresse no idoso é obvia. Cabe-nos a tarefa de tornar essa efetiva metodologia mais presente na rotina da clínica cardiológica.

Development brings along longevity, changing in paradigms and technological innovations. It can be observed significant changes in the attitudeof the cardiologist towards the elderly. The echocardiography is an essential tool to the diagnosis, therapeutic conduct and prognostic evaluation of patients with coronary artery disease. However, the literature about stress echocardiography in elderly patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease is limited. The exercise, the drugs (dobutamine, dipyridamole and adenosine) and the pacemaker are used to cause stress. However, there are peculiarities in the oldest age groups that determine advantages and limitations to the different kinds of stress echocardiograms, so, the echocardiographer should analyze carefully and wisely to decide which best applies. This review shows different methodologies which are available, considering safety, analysis of major and minor side effects, accuracy and prognostic value. The verification of the great importance of the stress echocardiography in the elderly is obvious. It is our task to make this effective methodology more present in the routine of the cardiologic clinic.

Humans , Male , Aged , Aged , Dipyridamole , Dobutamine , Echocardiography, Stress/methods , Echocardiography, Stress , Coronary Disease/mortality , Risk Factors
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 96(5): 411-419, maio 2011.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-587650


FUNDAMENTO: A necessidade de melhorar a acurácia do teste de esforço, determinou o desenvolvimento de escores, cuja aplicabilidade já foi amplamente reconhecida. OBJETIVO: Avaliação prognóstica do coronariopata estável através de um novo escore simplificado. MÉTODOS: Um novo escore foi aplicado em 372 coronariopatas multiarteriais e função ventricular preservada, 71,8 por cento homens, idade média 59,5 (± 9,07) anos, randomizados para angioplastia, revascularização cirúrgica e tratamento clínico, acompanhados por 5 anos. Óbito cardiovascular foi o desfecho primário. Infarto do miocárdio não-fatal, óbito e re-intervenção formaram o desfecho combinado secundário. O escore baseou-se numa equação previamente validada resultante da soma de 1 ponto para: sexo masculino, história de infarto, angina, diabete, uso de insulina e ainda 1 ponto para cada década de vida a partir dos 40 anos. Teste positivo adicionou 1 ponto. RESULTADOS: Ocorreram 36 óbitos (10 no grupo angioplastia, 15 no grupo revascularização e 11 no grupo clínico), p = 0,61. Observou-se 93 eventos combinados: 37 no grupo angioplastia, 23 no grupo revascularização e 33 no grupo clínico (p = 0,058). 247 pacientes apresentaram escore clínico > 5 pontos e 216 > 6 pontos. O valor de corte > 5 ou > 6 pontos identificou maior risco, com p = 0,015 e p = 0,012, respectivamente. A curva de sobrevida mostrou uma incidência de óbito após a randomização diferente naqueles com escore > 6 pontos (p = 0,07), e uma incidência de eventos combinados diferente entre pacientes com escore < 6 e > 6 pontos (p = 0,02). CONCLUSÃO: O novo escore demonstrou consistência na avaliação prognóstica do coronariopata estável multiarterial.

BACKGROUND: The need to improve the exercise testing accuracy, pushed the development of scores, whose applicability was already broadly recognized. OBJECTIVE: Prognostic evaluation of stable coronary disease through a new simplified score. METHODS: A new score was applied in 372 multivessel coronary patients with preserved ventricular function, 71.8 percent male, age: 59.5 (± 9.07) years old, randomized to medical treatment, surgery (CABG) or angioplasty (PTCA), with 5 years of follow-up. Cardiovascular death was considered the primary endpoint. Non-fatal myocardial infarction, death and re-intervention were considered for a combined secondary endpoint. The score was based on an equation previously validated, resulting from a sum of one point for: male gender, infarction history, angina, diabetes, insulin use and one point for each decade of life after 40 years old. Positive exercise testing summed one additional point. RESULTS: Thirty six deaths was observed (10 in group PTCA, 15 in CABG and 11 in the clinical group), p = 0.61. We observed 93 combined events: 37 in PTCA group, 23 in CABG and 33 in the clinical group (p = 0.058). 247 patients presented clinical score > 5 points and 216 > 6 points. The cutoff point > 5 or > 6 points identified higher risk, p = 0.015 and p = 0.012, respectively. The survival curve showed a different death incidence after the randomization when score reached 06 points or more (p = 0.07), and a distinct incidence of combined events between the patients with score < 6 and > 6 points (p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: The new score was consistent for multiarterial stable coronary disease risk stratification.

FUNDAMENTO: La necesidad de mejorar la exactitud de las pruebas de estrés, determinó el desarrollo de los puntajes, cuya aplicación fue ampliamente reconocida. OBJETIVO: La evaluación pronóstica del coronariópata estable a través de un nuevo score simplificado. MÉTODOS: Un nuevo score se aplicó en 372 coronariópatas multiarteriales y función ventricular preservada, el 71,8 por ciento varones, edad media de 59,5 (± 9,07) años, randomizados para angioplastia, revascularización quirúrgica y tratamiento clínico, seguidos de cinco años. Muerte cardiovascular fue el resultado primario. El infarto de miocardio no fatal, la muerte y la re-intervención formaron el desenlace combinado secundario. El score se basó en una ecuación previamente validada resultante de la suma de 1 punto a: sexo masculino, antecedentes de infarto, angina, diabetes, uso de insulina y todavía un punto por cada década de vida después de 40 años. Prueba positiva añadida 1 punto. RESULTADOS: Hubo 36 muertes (10 en el grupo de angioplastia, 15 en el grupo de revascularización y 11 en el grupo clínico), p = 0,61. Se observó 93 eventos combinados: 37 en el grupo angioplastia, 23 en el grupo revascularización y 33 en el grupo clínico (p = 0,058). Presentaron score clínico > 5 puntos y 216 > 6 puntos 247 pacientes. El valor de corte > 5 o > 6 puntos identificó un mayor riesgo, con p = 0,015 y p = 0,012, respectivamente. La curva de sobrevida mostró una incidencia de muerte después de la aleatorización que aquellos con score > 6 puntos (p = 0,07), y una incidencia de eventos combinados diferentes entre los pacientes con score < 6 y > 6 puntos (p = 0,02). CONCLUSIÓN: El nuevo score demostró consistencia en la evaluación pronóstica del coronariópata estable multiarterial. (Arq Bras Cardiol 2011;96(5):411-419).

Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angina Pectoris , Coronary Disease , Exercise Test/methods , Myocardial Infarction , Age Factors , Angina Pectoris/epidemiology , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/mortality , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Artery Bypass/mortality , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Disease/mortality , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Epidemiologic Methods , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Insulin/therapeutic use , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Prognosis , Time Factors
Bahrain Medical Bulletin. 2011; 33 (4): 185-187
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-143997


In Bahrain, cardiovascular death accounts for about 19.5% annually. Prevalence of Ischemic Heart Diseases [IHD] was 174.4 per 100,000 populations. Coronary events found to be the fourth leading cause of discharge from Salmaniya Medical Complex [SMC] in 2005. To evaluate the pattern and profile of patients with coronary events. Salmaniya Medical Complex, Kingdom of Bahrain. Retrospective Cross-sectional Study. Two hundred twenty-six patients were selected by a systematic random sampling technique from patients admitted with coronary events in SMC from 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2004. Data were reviewed and documented from the medical record. One hundred thirty-eight [61.1%] suffered from unstable angina, 66 [29.2%] had myocardial infarction and 22 other coronary events. Pre-existing cardiovascular diseases [previous IHD, atherosclerotic diseases, other heart diseases and stroke] suffered by almost half of the patients. Hypertension was reported in 97 [42.9%] patients, while diabetes was reported in 82 [36.3%] patients. More than two-third of cases diagnosed with coronary events had unstable angina and nearly one-third of cases had myocardial infarction. The majority of patients had preexisting morbidities, which include diabetes mellitus, hypertension and chronic cardiac conditions

Humans , Male , Female , Myocardial Ischemia/epidemiology , Coronary Disease/mortality