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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 494-500, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935175

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic efficiency and incremental value of quantitative myocardial blood flow measurements by Cadmium-Zine-Telluride (CZT) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) dynamic myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with traditional semi-quantitative measurements by MPI. Methods: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study. We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of patients with suspected or known CAD, who underwent the dynamic MPI quantitative blood flow measurement of CZT SPECT in TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital from October 2018 to December 2020. Clinical data, semi-quantitative parameters (stress score (SS), rest score (RS) and different score (DS)) and myocardial quantitative blood flow parameters (rest myocardial blood flow (rMBF), stress myocardial blood flow (sMBF) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR)) were analyzed. According to the results of coronary angiography, patients were divided into the stenosis group and the control group with coronary artery stenosis ≥50% or ≥75% as the diagnosis criteria. The differences of quantitative and semi-quantitative parameters between the two groups were compared, and the diagnostic efficacy was compared by receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve. Results: A total of 98 patients with a mean age of (62.1±8.7) years were included in the study, including 66 males (67%). At the patient level, with the positive standard of coronary artery stenosis≥50%, the left ventricle (LV) stress MBF (LV-sMBF) ((1.36±0.45) ml·min-1·g-1) and LV-MFR (1.45±0.43) of the stenosis group were lower than the LV-sMBF ((2.09±0.64) ml·min-1·g-1) and LV-MFR (2.17±0.54) of control group; summed SS and summed DS were higher than control group (all P<0.05). With the positive standard of coronary artery stenosis ≥75%, the LV-sMBF ((1.19±0.34) ml·min-1·g-1) and LV-MFR (1.34±0.35) of stenosis group were lower than the LV-sMBF ((1.94±0.63) ml·min-1·g-1) and MFR (2.00±0.58) of control group; all semi-quantitative parameters were higher than control group (all P<0.05). At the vascular level, with coronary artery stenosis ≥50% as the diagnosis criteria, the sMBF ((1.26±0.49) ml·min-1·g-1) and MFR (1.35±0.46) of stenosis group were lower than the sMBF ((1.95±0.70) ml·min-1·g-1) and MFR (2.05±0.65) of control group; SS and DS were higher than control group (all P<0.05). With coronary artery stenosis≥75% as the diagnosis criteria, the sMBF ((1.12±0.41) ml·min-1·g-1) and MFR (1.25±0.38) of stenosis group were lower than the sMBF ((1.84±0.70) ml·min-1·g-1) and MFR (1.93±0.66) of control group; all semi-quantitative parameters were higher than control group (all P<0.05). With coronary artery stenosis≥50% as the diagnosis criteria and CAG as the reference standard, the AUC and 95%CI of myocardial quantitative blood flow parameters indicated by ROC curve for diagnosis of CAD were 0.830 (0.783-0.877). The sensitivity (86.1% vs. 61.5%), specificity (82.6% vs. 73.8%), positive predictive value (77.8% vs. 62.5%), negative predictive value (89.3% vs. 73.0%) and accuracy (84.0% vs. 68.7%) were all higher than the semi-quantitative parameters (all P<0.05). With coronary artery stenosis≥75% as the diagnosis criteria, the AUC and 95%CI of myocardial quantitative blood flow parameters indicated by ROC curve for diagnosis of CAD were 0.832(0.785-0.879). The sensitivity (89.2% vs. 67.6%), negative predictive value (95.5% vs. 86.2%) and accuracy (80.6% vs. 68.0%) were all higher than semi-quantitative parameters (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Compared with traditional SPECT MPI derived semi-quantitative parameters, diagnostic efficacy for CAD is higher using CZT SPECT quantitative myocardial blood flow parameters, this strategy thus has additional diagnostic benefits and incremental value on the diagnosis of CAD.


Subject(s)
Aged , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/methods , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(6): 1091-1098, Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278330

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A quantificação não invasiva da reserva fracionada de fluxo miocárdico (FFR TC ) através de software baseado em inteligência artificial em versão mais atualizada e tomógrafo de última geração (384 cortes) apresenta elevada performance na detecção de isquemia coronariana. Objetivos Avaliar o desempenho diagnóstico da FFR TC na detecção de doença arterial coronariana (DAC) significativa em relação ao FFRi, em tomógrafos de gerações anteriores (128 e 256 cortes). Métodos Estudo retrospectivo com pacientes encaminhados à angiotomografia de artérias coronárias (TCC) e cateterismo (FFRi). Foram utilizados os tomógrafos Siemens Somatom Definition Flash (256 cortes) e AS+ (128 cortes). A FFR TC e a área luminal mínima (ALM) foram avaliadas em software (cFFR versão 3.0.0, Siemens Healthineers, Forchheim, Alemanha). DAC obstrutiva foi definida como TCC com redução luminal ≥50% e DAC funcionalmente obstrutiva como FFRi ≤0,8. Todos os valores de p reportados são bicaudais; e quando <0,05, foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados Noventa e três pacientes consecutivos (152 vasos) foram incluídos. Houve boa concordância entre FFR TC e FFRi, com mínima superestimação da FFR TC (viés: -0,02; limites de concordância: 0,14 a 0,09). Diferentes tomógrafos não modificaram a relação entre FFR TC e FFRi (p para interação = 0,73). A FFR TC demonstrou performance significativamente superior à classificação visual de estenose coronariana (AUC 0,93 vs. 0,61, p <0,001) e à ALM (AUC 0,93 vs. 0,75, p <0,001) reduzindo o número de casos falso-positivos. O melhor ponto de corte para a FFR TC utilizando um índice de Youden foi de 0,85 (sensiblidade, 87%; especificidade, 86%; VPP, 73%; NPV, 94%), com redução de falso-positivos. Conclusão FFR TC baseada em inteligência artificial, em tomógrafos de gerações anteriores (128 e 256 cortes), apresenta boa performance diagnóstica na detecção de DAC, podendo ser utilizada para reduzir procedimentos invasivos.


Abstract Background The non-invasive quantification of the fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) using a more recent version of an artificial intelligence-based software and latest generation CT scanner (384 slices) may show high performance to detect coronary ischemia. Objectives To evaluate the diagnostic performance of FFRCT for the detection of significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in contrast to invasive FFR (iFFR) using previous generation CT scanners (128 and 256- detector rows). Methods Retrospective study with patients referred to coronary artery CT angiography (CTA) and catheterization (iFFR) procedures. Siemens Somatom Definition Flash (256-detector rows) and AS+ (128-detector rows) CT scanners were used to acquire the images. The FFRCT and the minimal lumen area (MLA) were evaluated using a dedicated software (cFFR version 3.0.0, Siemens Healthineers, Forchheim, Germany). Obstructive CAD was defined as CTA lumen reduction ≥ 50%, and flow-limiting stenosis as iFFR ≤0.8. All reported P values are two-tailed, and when <0.05, they were considered statistically significant. Results Ninety-three consecutive patients (152 vessels) were included. There was good agreement between FFRCT and iFFR, with minimal FFRCT overestimation (bias: -0.02; limits of agreement:0.14-0.09). Different CT scanners did not modify the association between FFRCT and FFRi (p for interaction=0.73). The performance of FFRCT was significantly superior compared to the visual classification of coronary stenosis (AUC 0.93vs.0.61, p<0.001) and to MLA (AUC 0.93vs.0.75, p<0.001), reducing the number of false-positive cases. The optimal cut-off point for FFRCT using a Youden index was 0.85 (87% Sensitivity, 86% Specificity, 73% PPV, 94% NPV), with a reduction of false-positives. Conclusion Machine learning-based FFRCT using previous generation CT scanners (128 and 256-detector rows) shows good diagnostic performance for the detection of CAD, and can be used to reduce the number of invasive procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Stenosis , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Severity of Illness Index , Artificial Intelligence , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Coronary Angiography , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Vessels , Machine Learning , Computed Tomography Angiography
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887873

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic performance of 1.5-T non-contrast free-breathing whole-heart magnetic resonance coronary angiography(MRCA)for≥50% and≥70% coronary artery stenosis in coronary artery disease(CAD).Methods Forty-one patients clinically scheduled for invasive coronary angiography(ICA)underwent 1.5-T non-contrast free-breathing whole-heart MRCA.The diagnostic performance for≥50% and≥70% stenosis was evaluated and compared using ICA as a reference standard.Results MRCA was completed in all the 41 patients with the total acquisition time of(10.1 ± 2.2)min.The sensitivity,specificity,and accuracy of MRCA for≥50% and≥70% stenosis were 100%(95%


Subject(s)
Coronary Angiography , Coronary Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Predictive Value of Tests , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 56-58, Jan.-Mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131006

ABSTRACT

Abstract Congenital pulmonary stenosis (PS) can be associated with pulmonary artery (PA) dilatation. In some cases, this can cause compression of nearby structures including the left main coronary artery (LMCA). This compression causes angina and is considered an indication for surgical treatment. We present the case of a patient with PS and angina secondary to LMCA compression by the right PA and review the main indications and options for surgical treatment.


Resumen La estenosis pulmonar congénita se asocia a dilatación de la arteria pulmonar. En algunos casos esto puede causar compresión de las estructuras adyacentes incluyendo el tronco de la coronaria izquierda. Esta compresión causa angina y es considerada una indicación para tratamiento quirúrgico. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con estenosis pulmonar y angina secundaria a compresión del tronco de la coronaria izquierda por la arteria pulmonar derecha y revisamos las indicaciones y opciones de tratamiento quirúrgico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Artery/pathology , Pulmonary Valve Stenosis/complications , Coronary Stenosis/etiology , Angina Pectoris/etiology , Pulmonary Valve Stenosis/congenital , Coronary Stenosis/complications , Angina Pectoris/surgery
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 205-210, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941092

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the incidence of coronary microvascular disease (CMVD) between patients with non-obstructive and obstructive coronary arteries. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 97 patients with angina pectoris, who underwent the absolute quantitative PET examination of myocardial perfusion and coronary anatomy examination within 90 days. All patients were divided into two groups: non-obstructive group (72 cases, no stenosis ≥50% in all three coronary arteries) and obstructive group (25 cases, at least one coronary stenosis ≥50%; and at least one coronary stenosis<50%). Quantitative parameters derived from PET including rest myocardial blood flow (RMBF), stress myocardial blood flow (SMBF), coronary flow reserve (CFR) and cardiovascular risk factors were compared between the two groups. CMVD was defined as CFR<2.90 and SMBF<2.17 ml·min(-1)·g(-1). Results: Incidence of CMVD was significant higher in the non-obstructive coronary arteries of the obstructive group than in the non-obstructive coronary arteries of non-obstructive group (47.1% (16/34) vs. 25.5% (55/216), χ(2)=6.738, P=0.009) while incidence of CMVD was similar between non-obstructive and obstructive patients ((44% (11/25) vs. 33.3% (24/72), χ(2)=0.915, P=0.339). RMBF ((0.83±0.14) ml·min(-1)·g(-1) vs. (0.82±0.17) ml·min(-1)·g(-1)), SMBF ((2.13±0.60) ml·min(-1)·g(-1) vs. (1.91±0.50) ml·min(-1)·g(-1)) and CFR (2.59±0.66 vs. 2.36±0.47) were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: CMVD can occur in non-obstructive coronary arteries in both patients with non-occlusive coronary arteries and patients with obstructive coronary arteries. Prevalence of CMVD is significantly higher in patients with obstructive coronary arteries than in patients with non-obstructive coronary arteries. The CMVD severity is similar between the two groups.


Subject(s)
Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Circulation , Coronary Stenosis , Humans , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828534

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prognosis of patients with vulnerable plaque indicated by coronary CT angiography (CCTA).@*METHODS@#Totally 1963 patients underwent CCTA from February 2nd 2015 to September 13th 2015, and 2728 coronary borderline lesions (stenosis of 50%-70%) were detected. Among them 804 patients had vulnerable plaques and 1159 patients had stable plaques. The primary endpoint was major cardiac adverse events (MACE), including cardiac death, acute myocardial infarction and target lesion revascularization.@*RESULTS@#Patients were followed up for a mean follow-up of 27.4±2.3 months. The incidence of MACE in the vulnerable plaque group was significantly higher than that in the stable plaque group (10.8%vs 2.3%, < 0.01). After adjusting for age, gender, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, the MACE hazard ratio () in the vulnerable plaque group was 5.022 (95% :3.254-7.751, < 0.01).Subgroup analysis showed that in the vulnerable plaque group, the incidence of MACE in patients taking antiplatelet and statin ≤3 months and those taking antiplatelet and statin > 3 months was 17.0%and 5.8%, respectively (=3.149, 95% :1.987-4.992, < 0.01); but the difference did not seen in stable plaque group (=1.721, 95% :0.798-3.712, >0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study confirmed the risk of MACE in patients with vulnerable plaque detected by CCTA and the drug treatment may reduce the risk for patients with vulnerable plaque.


Subject(s)
Computed Tomography Angiography , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Coronary Stenosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Infant , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Prognosis , Risk Factors
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826385

ABSTRACT

To investigate the association of pancreatic steatosis with coronary atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Patients with T2DM who underwent coronary computed tomography angiography(CCTA)in our center due to chest pain were enrolled from January 2016 to February 2019. According to the CCTA findings,patients were divided into normal group,mild-to-moderate coronary atherosclerosis group and severe coronary atherosclerosis group. CT attenuation of pancreas and spleen was measured on abdominal non-enhanced CT,and the CT attenuation indexes including the difference between pancreatic and splenic attenuation (P-S) and the ratio of pancreas-to-spleen attenuation (P/S) were calculated. Analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis rank test were used to assess differences among each group. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of severe coronary stenosis. The accuracy of P/S in predicting severe coronary artery stenosis was assessed by receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. A total of 173 consecutive T2DM patients were enrolled. These patients included 27 patients with normal coronary artery (15.6%),124 patients with mild to moderate stenosis (71.7%),and 22 patients with severe stenosis (12.7%). There were significant differences in CT attenuation of pancreas (=11.543,=0.003),P-S (=11.152,=0.004) and P/S (=11.327,=0.004) among normal coronary artery group,mild and moderate stenosis group,and severe stenosis group. The CT attenuation of pancreatic head,body,and tail significantly differed in patients with coronary artery stenosis (=14.737,=0.001). After adjusting for confounding factors,multiple Logistic regression showed that P/S (=0.062,95%=0.008-0.487,=0.008) was still significantly associated with the severe coronary artery stenosis. The area under the ROC curve of P/S for the diagnosis of severe coronary artery stenosis was 0.701,and the optimal cutoff point was 0.660. CT attenuation of pancreas and CT attenuation indexes are associated with the severity of coronary stenosis in T2DM patients,suggesting that pancreatic steatosis may be used as one of the indicators for predicting severe coronary artery stenosis.


Subject(s)
Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Stenosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Humans , Pancreas , Pathology , Predictive Value of Tests
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826357

ABSTRACT

To explore the correlation between the transluminal attenuation gradient with corrected contrast opacification(TAG-CCO)and the severity of atherosclerotic stenosis in the anterior segment of myocrardial bridge(MB). The imaging data of 200 patients diagnosed with left anterior descending branch(LAD)single MB and coronary atherosclerosis in the anterior segment of MB were retrospectively analyzed.According to MB types,the patients were divided into two groups:incomplete and complete.There were some significant differences in TAG-CCO between patients with the same degree of coronary atherosclerosis(mild,moderate,and severe stenosis)in two groups.The relationships among groups with different degrees(mild,moderate,and severe stenosis)of the same type of MB were further compared. Among 84 patients with complete MB,36,30,and 18 patients had mild,moderate,or severe coronary atherosclerosis in the anterior segment of MB;among 116 patients with incomplete MB,45,42,and 29 patients had mild,moderate,or severe coronary atherosclerosis in the anterior segment of MB.In the complete MB group,the TAG-CCO in the anterior segment of MB subgroups were(-0.0086±0.0014)/10 mm,(-0.0170±0.0180)/10 mm,and(-0.0230±0.0026)/10 mm,respectively,in mild,moderate,and severe subgroups( = 404.728, <0.001).In the incomplete MB group,the TAG-CCO of patients with mild,moderate and severe coronary stenosis in the anterior segment of MB were(-0.0039±0.0011)/10 mm,(-0.0100±0.0140)/10 mm,and(-0.0160±0.0020)/10 mm,respectively,and the difference among the different stenosis groups was statistically significant( = 17.756, < 0.001);the TAG-CCO of patients with mild( = 16.519, < 0.001),moderate( = 2.570, = 0.012)and severe anterior segment coronary stenosis( = 10.714, < 0.001)were significantly lower in the complete MB group than in the incomplete MB group. TAG-CCO is correlated with the MB type and the degree of anterior coronary artery stenosis.Thus,TAG-CCO can be used as a predictive indicator for the degree of atheroscleratic stenosis in the anterior segment of MB.


Subject(s)
Atherosclerosis , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Stenosis , Coronary Vessels , Humans , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878675

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between tortuosity and stenosis in patients with myocardial bridge(MB)on the left anterior descending artery(LAD). Methods Data of patients with MB on the LAD,which was discovered by coronary computed tomography angiography(CCTA),in the Affiliated Hospital of North China University of Science and Technology from October 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Among them 278 patients with tortuosity on LAD and 278 patients without tortuosity were selected.The clinical charateristics(age,gender,hypertension,hyperlipidemia,diabetes,smoking history,and family history)as well as the incidence and severity of stenosis of LAD were recorded and compared. Results The incidence of coronary artery stenosis in the non-tortuosity group(57.6%)was significantly lower than that in the tortuosity group(71.9%)($\bar{χ}$=12.608,


Subject(s)
China , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Stenosis/epidemiology , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Myocardial Bridging/pathology , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812991

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study myocardial perfusion and systolic function in patients with different coronary artery stenosis by myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) and two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI).@*METHODS@#MCE, 2D-STI and coronary angiography were conducted in patients with coronary heart disease in our hospital. Myocardial segments were divided into 4 groups according to the degree of coronary artery stenosis: group A (normal group), group B (mild stenosis, 50%-75%), group C (moderate stenosis, 76%-90%) and group D (severe stenosis, 91%-100%). Blood volume, blood flow velocity, blood flow and longitudinal myocardial strain value (SL) in each group were measured by analysis software for MCE and 2D-STI. The differences in blood volume, blood flow velocity, blood flow and SL were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The blood flow velocity and blood flow in B, C and D groups were decreased gradually, with significant difference (0.05). There were significant differences in SL among the 4 groups (<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a good correlation between coronary stenosis degree and myocardial perfusion or systolic function. The ability of 2D-STI to detect mild stenosis of coronary artery is better than MCE.


Subject(s)
Coronary Circulation , Coronary Stenosis , Echocardiography , Humans , Myocardium , Systole
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 165-172, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990563

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel method enabling efficient computation of FFR from three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D QCA) and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame counting. We decided to perform a systematic review and quantitative meta-analysis of the literature to determine the correlation between the diagnosis of functionally significant stenosis obtained by QFR versus FFR and to determine the diagnostic accuracy of QFR for intermediate coronary artery stenosis. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science for studies concerning the diagnostic performance of QFR. Our meta-analysis was performed using the DerSimonian and Laird random effects model to determine sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (LR+), negative likelihood ratio (LR-), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR). The sROC was used to determine diagnostic test accuracy. Results: Nine studies consisting of 1175 vessels in 1047 patients were included in our study. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, LR+, LR-, and DOR for QFR were 0.89 (95% CI: 0.86-0.92), 0.88 (95% CI: 0.86-0.91), 6.86 (95% CI,: 5.22-9.02), 0.14 (95% CI: 0.10-0.21), and 53.05 (95% CI: 29.75-94.58), respectively. The area under the summary receiver operating characteristic (sROC) curve for QFR was 0.94. Conclusion: QFR is a simple, useful, and noninvasive modality for diagnosis of functional significance of intermediate coronary artery stenosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Stenosis/physiopathology , Coronary Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial/physiology , Regression Analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 98-100, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985241

ABSTRACT

Abstract With more than 800,000 coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) operations annually worldwide and the saphenous vein being the most common conduit used, there is no question that improving saphenous vein graft patency is one of the most important tasks in CABG. This video describes the no-touch harvesting procedure of the saphenous vein on an 80-year old man with hypertension, hyperlipidemia and a previous myocardial infarction with percutaneous coronary intervention to the right coronary artery. He was complaining of exertional chest pain and was diagnosed with stable angina pectoris. The coronary angiography showed advanced three vessel disease with significant stenoses in the left anterior descending (LAD) artery, two marginal arteries (MAs) and the posterior descending artery (PDA), in addition to an occluded diagonal artery (DA). The patient received a triple sequential no-touch vein graft to the PDA and two MAs together with a double sequential no-touch vein graft to the DA and LAD. A vein graft was used to bypass the LAD due to the age of the patient and the low degree of stenosis in the LAD. The no-touch harvesting technique is described in detail in the film with complete narration. A follow-up of this patient was performed at three months both clinically and with a computed tomography angiography (CTA). No angina pectoris symptoms were reported by the patient and the wounds in the chest and lower limb were completely healed. The CTA showed patent no-touch saphenous vein grafts to all the distal anastomoses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Stenosis/surgery , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods
17.
In. Consolim-Colombo, Fernanda M; Saraiva, José Francisco Kerr; Izar, Maria Cristina de Oliveira. Tratado de Cardiologia: SOCESP / Cardiology Treaty: SOCESP. São Paulo, Manole, 4ª; 2019. p.156-164.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009286
18.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1146-1155, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a modified subtraction coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) technique with a two-breathhold approach in terms of image quality and stenosis grading of calcified coronary segments and in the detection of significant coronary stenosis in segments with severe calcification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional board approved this study, and all subjects provided written consent. A total of 128 patients were recruited into this trial, of which 32 underwent subtraction CCTA scans and invasive coronary angiography (ICA). The average Agatston score was 356 ± 145. In severely calcified coronary segments, the presence of significant (> 50%) stenosis was assessed on both conventional CCTA and subtraction CCTA images, and the results were finally compared with ICA findings as the gold standard. RESULTS: For severely calcified segments, the image quality in conventional CCTA significantly improved from 2.51 ± 0.98 to 3.12 ± 0.94 in subtraction CCTA (p < 0.001). In target segments, specificity (70% vs. 87%; p = 0.005) and positive predictive value (61% vs. 79%, p < 0.01) were improved using subtraction CCTA in comparison with conventional CCTA, with no loss in the negative predictive value. The segment-based diagnostic accuracy for detecting significant stenosis was significantly better in subtraction CCTA than in conventional CCTA (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.94 vs. 0.85; p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: This modified subtraction CCTA method showed lower misregistration and better image quality in patients with limited breathhold capability. In comparison with conventional CCTA, modified subtraction CCTA would allow stenosis regrading and improve the diagnostic accuracy in coronary segments with severe calcification.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Stenosis , Humans , Methods , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 1022-1032, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759411

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intermediate coronary lesion that can be under- or over-estimated by visual estimation frequently results in stenting of functionally nonsignificant lesions or deferral of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of significant lesions inappropriately. We evaluated current status of PCI for intermediate lesions from a standardized database in Korea. METHODS: We analyzed the Korean percutaneous coronary intervention (K-PCI) registry data which collected a standardized PCI database of the participating hospitals throughout the country from January 1, 2014, through December 31, 2014. Intermediate lesion was defined as a luminal narrowing between 50% and 70% by visual estimation and then compared whether the invasive physiologic or imaging study was performed or not. RESULTS: Physiology-guided PCI for intermediate lesions was performed in 16.8% for left anterior descending artery (LAD), 9.8% for left circumflex artery (LCX), 13.2% for right coronary artery (RCA). PCI was more frequently performed using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) than using fractional flow reserve (FFR) for coronary artery segments (27.7% vs. 13.9% for LAD, 32.9% vs. 8.1% for LCX, and 33.8% vs. 10.8% for RCA). In accordance with or without FFR, PCI for intermediate lesions was more frequently performed in the hospitals with available FFR device than without FFR, especially in left main artery (LM), proximal LAD lesion (40.9% vs. 5.9% for LM, 24.6% vs 7.6% for proximal LAD). CONCLUSIONS: These data provide the current PCI practice pattern with the use of FFR and IVUS in intermediate lesion. More common use of FFR for intermediate lesion should be encouraged.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Stenosis , Coronary Vessels , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Korea , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Phenobarbital , Stents , Ultrasonography
20.
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