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1.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(supl.2): 32-40, oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403611

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Rural food-producing communities are fundamental for the development of economic activities associated with sustainability and food security. However, despite the importance of rurality in Colombia, preventive strategies continue to be implemented homogeneously, without considering the dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 in rural food-producing communities. Objective: To model real areas in Colombia involving rural and urban populations that have intrinsic SARS-CoV-2 transmission dynamics. Characterize rural-urban interactions by means of a parameter that provides different scenarios and allows us to identify interactions capable of preventing SARS-CoV-2 transmission in rural food-producing communities. Materials and methods: The dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 infection was modeled in five case studies (Boyacá, Caquetá, Cundinamarca, Santander and Sucre) considering urban and rural areas and their interaction (connectivity) in the urban-rural interface. For this purpose, an epidemiological compartmental model considering a classification of individuals according to their economic activity and their epidemiological status was assessed. Results: Preventive measures focused on the urban-rural interface impact the number of deaths in rural areas. Hence, it is possible to assume that the dynamics of the disease in rural areas depend on the constant interaction with infected individuals from urban areas, which occurs due to the food production dynamics in the urban-rural interface. Conclusions: Preventive measures should focus on places of high transmissibility and risk for rural communities, such as the urban-rural interface. This work highlights the importance of national heterogeneous preventive measures and the protection of rural communities from the social and economic impacts of SARS-CoV-2.


Introducción. Las comunidades rurales productoras de alimentos son fundamentales para el desarrollo de actividades económicas asociadas a la sostenibilidad y la seguridad alimentaria. Sin embargo, a pesar de la importancia de la ruralidad en Colombia, las estrategias de prevención continúan siendo implementadas homogéneamente, sin considerar la dinámica del SARS-CoV-2 en estas comunidades. Objetivo. Modelar la dinámica del SARS-CoV-2 en poblaciones rurales colombianas. Se quiso caracterizar la interacción rural-urbana mediante un parámetro que proporciona diferentes contextos y permite identificar una interacción rural-urbana capaz de prevenir la transmisión del SARS-CoV-2 en comunidades rurales productoras de alimentos. Materiales y métodos. La dinámica de transmisión del SARS-CoV-2 se modeló en cinco estudios de caso (Boyacá, Caquetá, Cundinamarca, Santander y Sucre) considerando áreas urbanas y rurales, así como su interacción (conectividad) en la interfaz urbano-rural. Para ello, se empleó un modelo epidemiológico compartimental que considera una clasificación de los individuos según su actividad económica y su estado epidemiológico. Resultados. Las medidas preventivas enfocadas en la interfaz urbano-rural impactan el número de muertes en áreas rurales. Por lo tanto, es posible asumir que la dinámica de la enfermedad en las áreas rurales depende del contacto constante con los individuos infectados de las áreas urbanas, lo que ocurre debido a la dinámica de los sistemas de producción de alimentos en la interfaz urbano-rural. Conclusiones. Las medidas de prevención deben enfocarse en lugares con gran transmisibilidad y riesgo para las comunidades rurales, como la interfaz urbano-rural. En este trabajo se destaca la importancia de las medidas preventivas heterogéneas y la protección de las comunidades rurales contra los impactos sociales y económicos del SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Rural Population , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Communicable Disease Control , Colombia
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0009, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360920

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Tendo em vista que o sistema visual representa uma via de contaminação para o novo Corona vírus, a The Global Alliance of Eye Bank Association (GAEBA) divulgou um guideline preconizando a prevenção de transmissão do vírus entre o doadores de tecido ocular e o pacientes receptores, o que resultou em uma diminuição no número de ceratoplastias e aumento de filas de espera para transplantes de córnea (TC) em todo o mundo. Nesse sentido, o presente trabalho tem por objetivo analisar a situação do transplante de córnea (TC) no estado de Alagoas durante o primeiro ano de pandemia da COVID-19. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo analítico, transversal, observacional utilizando dados provenientes de 3 fontes diferentes: Banco de Tecido Ocular Humano de Alagoas (BTO-AL), Registro Brasileiro de Transplantes (RBT) e Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA). Resultados: Durante os últimos seis anos, foram realizados 284 TCs em Alagoas, segundo dados do Banco de Transplante de Olhos do estado (BTO), já segundo a Registro Brasileiro de Transplantes (RBT) foram realizados 451 TCs. A porcentagem de córneas não oriundas do BTO de Alagoas se mostrou crescente até 2019, porém decresceu em 2020, e no primeiro ano de pandemia , apenas 11,66% da necessidade anual estimada foi atendida, sendo o período com menor número de TCs realizados entre os seis anos analisados na pesquisa. Conclusão: O estudo demonstra o declínio na doação e realização de transplantes de córnea durante o primeiro ano da pandemia da COVID-19 em Alagoas.


ABSTRACT Objective: Considering the visual system is one source of contamination for the new coronavirus, The Global Alliance of Eye Bank Association (GAEBA) released a guideline recommending prevention of virus transmission between eye tissue donors and recipients, which resulted in a reduction of keratoplasties and increase in the waiting lists for corneal transplants worldwide. Hence, this work aims to analyze the situation of corneal transplantation in the state of Alagoas, during the first year of COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This is an analytical, cross-sectional, observational study using data from 3 different sources: Human Eye Tissue Bank of Alagoas (BTO-AL), Brazilian Transplant Registry (RBT) and National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA). Results: During the past six years, 284 corneal transplants were performed in Alagoas, according to data from the Eye Transplant Bank (BTO) of the state, whereas according to the Brazilian Transplant Registry (RBT) 451 corneal transplants were performed. The percentage of corneas not coming from the BTO of Alagoas increased until 2019 but dropped in 2020. In the first year of the pandemic, only 11.66% of estimated annual need was met, and this period had the lowest number of corneal transplants performed out of the six years analyzed in the research. Conclusion: The study demonstrated the decline in donation and performance of corneal transplants during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in Alagoas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Corneal Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Tissue Donors/supply & distribution , Tissue and Organ Procurement/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eye Banks , Pandemics , Observational Study
5.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(3): 804-815, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289819

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La covid-19 es una enfermedad infecciosa causada por el virus SARS-CoV-2, y es capaz de provocar un cuadro clínico variable. Los individuos que están en contacto estrecho con pacientes positivos de esta enfermedad, tienen un mayor riesgo de infección. Así les sucede a los trabajadores de la salud que atienden directamente a pacientes. Al igual que otros servicios de salud, la atención estomatológica requiere del contacto estrecho entre el profesional y el paciente. El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir las principales recomendaciones para la prevención y control de infecciones por SARS-CoV-2 en los servicios de Prótesis. En la práctica dental, la prevención, el control y la reducción de la transmisión de infecciones se realiza a través del uso del equipo de protección personal y de un conjunto de procedimientos de descontaminación, desinfección y esterilización en cualquier superficie o instrumento. La constante actualización científica y la adopción de medidas de protección antes, durante y después de la atención estomatológica, podrán garantizar el éxito de la atención médica con el mínimo riesgo de contagio (AU).


ABSTRACT COVID-19 is an infectious diseases caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus, and it is able to provoke variable clinical characteristics. The individuals that are in close contact with this disease positive patients are at higher infection risk. That is the case of the heath care workers directly caring for patients. As in any health service, dentistry care requires the narrow contact between the professional and the patient. The aim of this paper was describing the main recommendations for preventing and control SARS-CoV-2 in Prosthetic services. In the dental practice, the prevention, control and reduction of infection transmission is achieved using the personal protection equipment and a whole of decontamination, disinfection and sterilization procedures in any surface or device. The constant scientific updating and adopting protection measures before, during and after the dentistry care can ensure the success of health care with the minimal risk of contagion (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Prosthesis/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/pathology , Oral Medicine/education , Oral Medicine/methods , Ambulatory Care/methods
6.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(3): 816-828, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289820

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El año 2020 ha sorprendido al planeta con la pandemia de la covid-19. Este artículo tiene como objetivo reflexionar sobre las repercusiones del nuevo coronavirus en la salud materno-infantil. Pese al poco tiempo transcurrido desde el inicio de la pandemia, en las embarazadas con covid-19 se han descrito algunas comorbilidades, así como alteraciones placentarias, abortos espontáneos, muertes fetales y maternas, e incremento en los partos por cesárea y nacimientos pretérminos. Los riesgos potenciales demandarán una vigilancia estrecha del comportamiento del embarazo en el futuro inmediato. Por otra parte, del total de la población afectada por la covid-19, los pacientes en edad pediátrica representan entre el 1 y el 2 %, y la mayoría presentan manifestaciones clínicas leves. No obstante, en los menores de un año cerca del 10 % puede evolucionar a formas severas o críticas. De especial interés ha sido la presentación del síndrome inflamatorio multisistémico en niños, debido a su gravedad y riesgo para la vida. En los recién nacidos, la infección por SARS-CoV-2 podría asociarse a dos formas, de acuerdo al momento de adquisición: la covid perinatal y la postnatal. Hasta el momento, las evidencias sobre la existencia de la vía de transmisión vertical son insuficientes, pero no pueden ser descartadas. En conclusión, por tratarse de un fenómeno en desarrollo, aún quedan muchas interrogantes sobre los efectos de la covid-19 en la salud materna e infantil, que demandarán en los próximos meses un gran esfuerzo por parte de investigadores, médicos de asistencia y directivos (AU).


ABSTRACT The year 2020 has surprised the planet with the covid-19 pandemics. This article is aimed to reflect on the repercussions of the novel coronavirus on maternal and infantile health. Despite of the short time elapsed from the onset of the pandemics, some comorbidities have been described in pregnant women with COVID-19, as well as placental anomalies, spontaneous abortions, stillbirths, maternal deaths, and an increasing number on cesarean section and preterm births. The potential risk will demand a close surveillance of pregnancy behavior in the near future. Moreover, pediatric patients are among 1 and 2% of the population affected by COVID-19, and most of them show mild clinical signs. Nevertheless, about 10% of the children aged less than a year may evolve to severe and critical forms. The multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children has been of special interest, due to its severity and risk for life. In newborns, SARS-CoV-2 infection could be associated to two forms according to the acquisition time: perinatal and postnatal COVID-19. Up to the moment, evidences on vertical transmission are insufficient, but they could not be discarded. In conclusion, as this is an ongoing phenomenon, many questions about the effects of COVID-19 on maternal and infantile health are pending; they will demand a crucial effort by researchers, health providers and decision makers (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Maternal Health/standards , Infant, Newborn , Child , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Maternal Exposure/prevention & control , Delivery of Health Care
9.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 20: e20216454, 05 maio 2021. graf, tab
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1223174

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Investigar manifestações clínicas, fatores de risco, tratamento e prevenção em recém-nascidos acometidos pela COVID-19 relatados na literatura científica. MÉTODO: Revisão integrativa realizada no mês de maio de 2020, nas bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, por meio de combinações entre os termos controlados newborn, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2. RESULTADOS: Sete estudos compuseram a amostra final, sendo cinco publicações provenientes da China, onde foram relatados os primeiros casos de infecção neonatal. DISCUSSÃO: A prática baseada em evidências é fundamental para o cuidado ao recém-nascido diante do atual contexto pandêmico. Assim, atualizações sobre abordagens terapêuticas são necessárias. CONCLUSÃO: Medidas de prevenção são importantes, visto que existem lacunas relacionadas ao tratamento da COVID-19 em recém-nascidos. As manifestações clínicas podem variar desde sintomas respiratórios até gastrointestinais e cutâneos. Embora os casos relatados pareçam ser adquiridos no período pós-natal, faz-se necessário mais estudos e evidências para elucidar o risco de transmissão vertical.


OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical manifestations, risk factors, treatment, and prevention of newborns affected by COVID-19 reported in the scientific literature. METHOD: This was an integrative review carried out in May 2020 in the LILACS, MEDLINE, and Virtual Health Library databases, via the combination of the controlled terms newborn, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2. RESULTS: Seven studies composed the final sample, five of which were from China, where the first cases of neonatal infection were reported. DISCUSSION: Evidence-based practice is essential for neonatal care in light of the current pandemic context, which requires constant updates about therapeutic approaches. CONCLUSION: Prevention measures are important, because there are gaps related to COVID-19 treatment in newborns. Clinical manifestations can vary from respiratory symptoms to gastrointestinal and cutaneous symptoms. Although the cases reported seem to have been acquired in the postnatal period, more studies and evidence are needed to clarify the risk of vertical transmission.


OBJETIVO: Investigar las manifestaciones clínicas, factores de riesgo, tratamiento y prevención de recién nacidos infectados por COVID-19 informados en la literatura científica. MÉTODO: Revisión integrativa realizada en mayo de 2020 en bases de datos LILACS, MEDLINE y Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, utilizándose combinaciones entre los términos controlados newborn, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2. RESULTADOS: Muestra final integrada por siete estudios, cinco de ellos publicaciones de China, donde se reportaron los primeros casos de infección neonatal. DISCUSIÓN: La práctica basada en evidencias es fundamental para el cuidado del recién nacido ante el contexto pandémico actual. Las actualizaciones sobre abordajes terapéuticos resultan necesarias. CONCLUSIÓN: Las medidas preventivas son importantes, considerando existencia de brechas para tratamiento de la COVID-19 en recién nacidos. Las manifestaciones clínicas varían desde síntomas respiratorios hasta gastrointestinales y cutáneos. Aunque los casos reportados remiten a infección en período posnatal, son necesarios más estudios y evidencias para determinar el riesgo de transmisión vertical.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Child Health , Risk Factors , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy
13.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e701, ene.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156367

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La convivencia con la infección por COVID-19 en Cuba supone un reto actual de adaptación a todos los entornos hospitalarios y de salud, creación de protocolos y nuevos modelos de asistencia. La intervención sobre la vía aérea en sus diferentes formas, conlleva un riesgo de contaminación al personal de la salud. Objetivo: Describir las consideraciones anestésicas en los procedimientos laparoscópicos y endoscópicos durante la pandemia COVID-19. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cualitativo, de investigación-acción, apoyado en el análisis de documentos y la observación participante de las acciones tomadas en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso en el curso de los cuatro meses transcurridos a partir de que se identificara el primer caso de COVID-19 en Cuba. Resultados: Se establecieron las recomendaciones anestésicas para el procedimiento de actuación durante la COVID-19 en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso, que dictan las acciones para el tratamiento de los pacientes y la protección de los trabajadores. Esto posibilita mantener la calidad de los servicios médico quirúrgicos en estos escenarios de riesgo. Conclusiones: La evaluación y tratamiento anestésico estandarizado de los pacientes ante el brote de COVID-19 y en la fase poscovid permite optimizar la seguridad del paciente y el personal sanitario. Es importante el cumplimiento de los protocolos dirigidos hacia el control estricto de la parada quirúrgica, uso adecuado de los equipos de protección personal, disminución de los aerosoles con métodos de barrera y la desinfección del salón y equipos al concluir la intervención(AU)


Introduction: Coexistence with COVID-19 infection in Cuba is a current challenge of adaptation to all hospital and health settings, creation of protocols and new models of care. The airway approach in its different forms represents a risk of contamination of the health personnel. Objective: To describe the anesthetic considerations in laparoscopic and endoscopic procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A qualitative, action-research study was carried out, supported by the analysis of documents and participant observation of the actions taken in the National Center for Minimally-Invasive Surgery in the course of four months after the first case of COVID-19 was identified in Cuba. Results: Anesthetic recommendations were established for the action procedure during COVID-19 in the National Center for Minimally-Invasive Surgery, which dictate the actions for the treatment of patients and the protection of workers. This makes it possible to maintain the quality of surgical medical services in these risk settings. Conclusions: Assessment and standardized anesthetic treatment of patients in the face of the COVID-19 outbreak and in the post-COVID phase allows optimizing the safety of the patient and the healthcare personnel. It is important to comply with the protocols aimed at controlling strictly the surgical setting, proper use of personal protective equipment, reduction of aerosols with barrier methods, and disinfection of the room and equipment at the conclusion of the intervention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Guidelines as Topic , Patient Safety , Laparoscopy/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Anesthesia/standards
14.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3179-3191, mar.-abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251935

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El escenario estomatológico, si no se aplican adecuadamente los protocolos de protección, constituye una importante fuente de infección cruzada entre pacientes y profesionales de la Estomatología. Muchos son los microorganismos involucrados, y a esto se ha incorporado recientemente el SARS-CoV-2. Al tener en cuenta la letalidad mundial de esta enfermedad, es imprescindible reconsiderar si las medidas de bioseguridad establecidas son estrictas y eficaces para evitar su propagación. Fue realizada esta investigación con el objetivo de actualizar información relacionada con la presente pandemia y los modos de actuación que propicien una consulta estomatológica segura en tiempos de COVID-19 (AU).


ABSTRACT The dentistry setting is an important crossed infection source among patients and Dentistry professionals if the protection protocols are not adequately applied. There are many microorganisms involved, and recently SARS-CoV-2 has added to them. When taking into account the worldwide lethality of this disease, it is bare essential reconsidering if the stablished biosafety measures are strict and efficacious to avoid spread. A thematic update was carried out with the aim of updating the information related to current pandemic and the ways of acting propitiating a safe Dentistry consultation in times of COVID-19 (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Oral Medicine/standards , Patients , Practice Management, Dental/standards , Security Measures/standards , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Dentists
17.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(275): 5496-5505, abr.-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1223897

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a experiência de uma atividade lúdica para reflexão da técnica de higienização das mãos entre profissionais de enfermagem frente ao atendimento de paciente com Coronavírus. Método: trata-se do estudo de um relato de experiência profissional sobre uma atividade educativa realizada com 25 profissionais que estão na linha de frente do COVID-19. Resultado: os participantes perceberam as falhas durante o procedimento de higienização das mãos e foram esclarecidos sobres as principais dúvidas sobre a técnica correta, tempo de fricção, quantidade de sabão a ser utilizado, fazendo com que suas práticas fossem postas à prova. Conclusão: a educação permanente é primordial para incentivar e realizar as técnicas adequadas, principalmente as que se referem às barreiras de exposição ao vírus. O aumento da qualidade na higienização das mãos, exige investimento na educação continuada para os profissionais de saúde e mudanças dos aspectos relacionados às crenças e à cultura desses profissionais.(AU)


Objective: to describe the experience of a playful activity to reflect on the hand hygiene technique among nursing professionals regarding the care of patients with Coronavirus. Method: this is a study of a professional experience report about an educational activity carried out with 25 professionals who are on the front line of COVID-19. Result: the participants realized the flaws during the hand hygiene procedure and were clarified about the main doubts about the correct technique, friction time, amount of soap to be used, causing their practices to be put to the test. Conclusion: the permanent education is essential to encourage and carry out appropriate techniques, mainly those related to the barriers of exposure to the virus. The increasing in quality of hand hygiene requires investment in continuing education for health professionals and changes in the aspects related to the beliefs and culture of these professionals.(AU)


Objetivo: describir la experiencia de una actividad lúdica para reflexión sobre la técnica de higienización de las manos entre profesionales de enfermería en relación al cuidado de pacientes con Coronavirus. Método: se trata de un estudio de un informe de experiencia profesional sobre una actividad educativa realizada con 25 profesionales que se encuentran en la primera línea del COVID-19. Resultado: los participantes se notaron las fallas durante el procedimiento de higienización de las manos y se aclararon las principales dudas sobre la técnica correcta, tiempo de fricción, cantidad de jabón a utilizar, haciendo con que sus prácticas sean puestas a prueba. Conclusión: la educación permanente es fundamental para incentivar y realizar las técnicas adecuadas, principalmente aquellos que se refieren a barreras de exposición al virus. El incremento de la calidad de la higienización de las manos requiere inversiones en educación continua para los profesionales de la salud y cambios en los aspectos relacionados con las creencias y la cultura de estos profesionales.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Play and Playthings , Health Education/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Hand Hygiene , Nurse Practitioners , Research Report , Pandemics
18.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 14 abr. 2021. 1-5 p. fig.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1247403

ABSTRACT

Desde os primeiros surtos da doença provocada pelo novo coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2), que se disseminou rapidamente pelo mundo, há um interesse crescente em encontrar um potencial agente terapêutico para a doença. A prática atual para tratar COVID-19 é variável, o que reflete a incerteza em grande escala e, para tentar sanar essa incerteza, numerosos ensaios clínicos randomizados de diferentes medicamentos estão em andamento com o intuito de melhor orientar a clínica (WHO,2020). Até o momento os trabalhos acerca do uso do ganciclovir para tratar pacientes que contraíram a doença são escassos e ainda não foram realizados ensaios clínicos com este fármaco, apenas relatos e séries de caso foram localizados na literatura. Considerando os estudos analisados e a pirâmide de evidência proposta pelo Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine (figura 02), ainda não existe evidência robusta para sustentar a utilização deste fármaco, em larga escala, no tratamento da COVID-19.


Since the first outbreaks of the disease caused by the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), which has spread rapidly around the world, there is a growing interest in finding a potential therapeutic agent for the disease. The current practice to treat COVID-19 is variable, which reflects large-scale uncertainty and, to try to address this uncertainty, numerous randomized clinical trials of different drugs are underway in order to better guide the clinic (WHO,2020). To date, studies on the use of ganciclovir to treat patients who contracted the disease are scarce and no clinical trials have been conducted with this drug, only reports and case series have been found in the literature. Considering the studies analyzed and the pyramid of evidence proposed by the Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine (figure 02), there is still no robust evidence to support the use of this drug, on a large scale, in the treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Ganciclovir/administration & dosage , Ganciclovir/adverse effects , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy
19.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 08 abr. 2021. 1-7 p. fig, ilus.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1247615

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de síntese de evidências sobre as Intervenções Não Farmacológicas (INF). Sabe-se que estas têm desempenhado um papel fundamental na redução das taxas de transmissão da COVID-19 ao redor do mundo. Enquanto não houver vacinas seguras e efetivas para todos, principalmente para aqueles com maior risco de desenvolver a forma grave da doença, as INF continuam a figurar como as principais ações de saúde pública contra o SARS-CoV-2. Como a maioria das INF podem ter impactos negativos no bem-estar geral da população, nas atividades funcionais da sociedade e na economia, é necessário que seu uso seja norteado por dados da situação epidemiológica de cada local em que forem empregadas, com o objetivo geral de proteger os indivíduos mais vulneráveis da sociedade (ECDC, 2020). São analisadas intervenções em diferentes níveis e o lockdown é uma das mais drásticas e intrusivas INF para contenção da disseminação do SARS-CoV-2, com potencial impacto econômico, social e na vida das pessoas (HAUG et al, 2020)


This is a synthesis of evidence on non-pharmacological interventions (INFs). It is known that these have played a key role in reducing COVID-19 transmission rates around the world. As long as there are no safe and effective vaccines for all, especially those at higher risk of developing the severe form of the disease, INFs continue to be the main public health actions against SARS-CoV-2. Since most INFs can have negative impacts on the general well-being of the population, on the functional activities of society and on the economy, it is necessary that their use be based on data on the epidemiological situation of each place in which they are employed, with the general objective of protecting the most vulnerable individuals in society (ECDC, 2020). Interventions at different levels are analyzed and the lockdown is one of the most drastic and intrusive INF to contain the spread of SARS-CoV-2, with potential economic, social and life impact on people (HAUG et al, 2020)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/transmission
20.
Lima; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; abr. 6, 2021. 38 p. ilus..
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177779

ABSTRACT

El trabajo en conjunto de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud, el Programa Mundial de Alimentos, el Estado y la sociedad civil ha sido muy valioso. Se estableció una dinámica cercana, fluida y de permanente retroalimentación con la DIRESA Áncash, que permitió que el personal de salud aproveche de la mejor manera la asistencia técnica. El componente tecnológico del proyecto fue innovador y muy útil. La introducción de herramientas tecnológicas, como la Sala de Situación Interactiva y el aplicativo móvil Alerta COVID, han permitido tener información en tiempo real del comportamiento de la enfermedad en la región. Implementar un plan de trabajo con la participación activa de los agentes comunitarios de salud fue determinante, porque reforzaron los mensajes de conductas saludables, la vigilancia sanitaria y fueron el nexo entre la comunidad y el servicio de salud. La entrega de bonos y kits de higiene permitió que la población vulnerable pueda mantener una cuarentena en aislamiento con las necesidades básicas cubiertas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Local Health Systems/organization & administration , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Health Communication , Pandemics/prevention & control , Epidemiological Monitoring , Peru/epidemiology
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