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2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888471

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of airway pH monitoring in determining the association between chronic cough and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 274 children with chronic cough who were treated from January 2016 to December 2019 were enrolled. The DX-pH detection system was used to conduct 24-hour airway pH monitoring. The association between chronic cough and LPR was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 274 children, there were 168 boys and 106 girls, with a median age of 62.8 months and a median airway pH value of 7.3. Of all the 274 children, 99 (36.1%) had LPR, and the incidence rate of LPR was 36.9% (62/168) in boys and 34.9% (37/106) in girls (@*CONCLUSIONS@#LPR is highly associated with the development of chronic cough, and airway pH monitoring may be a safe and effective method for the diagnosis of LPR.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Chronic Disease , Cough/etiology , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Female , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux , Male
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(supl.3): 25-30, June 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1135187

ABSTRACT

Se trata de un análisis de características clínicas, hallazgos radiológicos, variables de laboratorio y mecánica respiratoria en pacientes con enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) durante el primer mes de la pandemia en Buenos Aires. Es un estudio descriptivo de casos, de un solo centro. Se incluyeron todos los casos confirmados de COVID-19 internados en la unidad de terapia intensiva de adultos (UTIA) del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires. Todos los casos se confirmaron por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa con transcriptasa inversa. Un total de 7 pacientes con COVID-19 fueron atendidos en la UTIA. La mediana de edad fue de 71 años (intervalos intercuartílicos: 52-75), 4 hombres y 3 mujeres. Las manifestaciones clínicas más comunes fueron fiebre (7), tos (5), astenia (4) y disnea (3). Entre los hallazgos radiológicos, cinco de ellos mostraron opacidades intersticiales y un paciente consolidación pulmonar bilateral. Cinco requirieron ventilación mecánica invasiva y múltiples sesiones de decúbito prono. Ninguno murió durante la hospitalización, aunque aún tres permanecen en UCI.


This is an analysis of clinical characteristics, images findings, laboratory variables and respiratory mechanics in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during the first month of the pandemic outbreak in Buenos Aires. In this descriptive case study of a single-centre, we included all confirmed cases of COVID-19 hospitalized in intensive care unit (ICU). All cases were confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. A total of 7 patients with confirmed COVID-19 were referred to out ICU. The median age was 71 years (interquartile range 52-75), including 4 men and 3 women. Patients most common clinical manifestations were fever (7), cough (5), asthenia (4) and shortness of breath (3). Among the radiological findings, five of them showed interstitial opacities and one patient had bilateral pulmonary consolidation. Five required invasive mechanical ventilation and multiple prone sessions. None died during hospitalization, although three still remain in the ICU. According to imaging examination, 71.4% showed interstitial opacities and one patient bilateral consolidation. Five patients required invasive mechanical ventilation and multiple prone sessions. None of them died during hospitalization, although three still remain in the ICU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Respiration, Artificial , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus/isolation & purification , Pandemics , Intensive Care Units/organization & administration , Argentina/epidemiology , Asthenia/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus/genetics , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Fever/etiology , Betacoronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
4.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(2): 53-55, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102484

ABSTRACT

Una de las características de la afección pulmonar por enfermedad por coronavirus (COVID-19) es la disociación entre la gravedad de la hipoxemia y el mantenimiento de una mecánica respiratoria relativamente conservada. En este contexto se ha establecido una teoría en relación con dos fenotipos de pacientes con síndrome de distrés respiratorio del adulto (SDRA): un fenotipo Low, caracterizado por baja elastancia y baja reclutabilidad, y un fenotipo High, con características de alta elastancia y alta reclutabilidad. Presentamos el caso de un paciente que cursó internación en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva de Adultos de nuestro hospital, con clínica, mecánica ventilatoria y patrón tomográfico compatible con el fenotipo Low de SDRA por COVID-19. (AU)


Dissociation between severity of hypoxemia and relative preserved respiratory mechanics is a characteristic observed in lung impairment due to coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Patients with COVID-19 that present adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are identified for one of two phenotypes according to a theory recently established. The Low phenotype is distinguished by low elastance and low recruitability; and the High phenotype, by high elastance and high recruitability. The case describes a patient admitted in the adult Intensive Care Unit of Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires with observed symptoms, ventilatory mechanics and tomographic pattern that are compatible with Low phenotype of ARDS due to COVID-19. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/microbiology , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Phenotype , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/genetics , Respiratory Mechanics , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Fever/etiology , Hypertension/complications , Intensive Care Units , Hypoxia/physiopathology , Obesity/complications
6.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRC5478, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142868

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 33-year-old male with house dust mite allergic rhinitis and asthma reported an episode of facial and lip angioedema, dyspnea, cough and dysphagia at the age of 25, minutes after eating a mushroom ( Agaricus bisporus ) pizza. He denied any drug intake, hymenoptera stings or other possible triggers, and no identifiable cofactors were present. Since then he avoided all types of mushrooms, however an accidental contact occurred with mushroom sauce that resulted in angioedema of the lip within minutes. The allergy workup included measurements of total IgE and specific IgE to mushroom, and skin prick test to aeroallergens sources, possible food allergen sources and mushroom extract, a prick to prick test with raw and cooked A. bisporus , in addition to a SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting assay. The study revealed a specific IgE to mushroom of 0.76kUA/L positive skin prick test to mushroom extract, and prick to prick test positive to white and brown A. bisporus (raw and cooked). The immunoblotting identified two IgE binding proteins with 10kDa and 27kDa. We report a case of A. bisporus anaphylaxis probably due to primary mushroom sensitization. We detected two IgE-reactive proteins with 10kDa and 27kDa as possible culprit allergens.


RESUMO Paciente do sexo masculino, 33 anos, com asma e rinite alérgica desencadeadas por ácaros, relatou episódio de angioedema facial e labial, dispneia, tosse e disfagia aos 25 anos, minutos após a ingestão de uma pizza de cogumelo ( Agaricus bisporus ). O paciente negou consumo de medicamentos, picadas de himenópteros, ou quaisquer outros possíveis desencadeadores ou cofatores que pudessem estar presentes. Desde então, evita todos os tipos de cogumelos, até a ocorrência de um contato acidental com molho de cogumelo, que resultou em angioedema labial minutos após. O estudo imunoalergológico incluiu doseamento de IgE total e específica para cogumelos, testes cutâneos para aeroalérgenos, possíveis alérgenos alimentares e extrato de cogumelos, teste prick to prick com A. bisporus cru e cozido e teste de SDS-PAGE immunoblotting . O estudo revelou IgE específica para cogumelos de 0,76kUA/L, teste cutâneo positivo para extrato de cogumelos e teste prick to prick positivo para A. bisporus branco e castanho (cru e cozido). O immunoblotting identificou duas proteínas de ligação de IgE, de 10kDa e 27kDa. Relatamos, assim, um caso de anafilaxia por ingestão de A. bisporus , provavelmente explicado por sensibilização primária a cogumelos. Detectamos duas proteínas IgE-reativas de 10kDa e 27kDa como os possíveis alérgenos responsáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Cats , Agaricus , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Food Hypersensitivity/immunology , Anaphylaxis/etiology , Angioedema/etiology , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Skin Tests , Allergens , Alternaria , Flour , Anaphylaxis/chemically induced
8.
Clinics ; 75: e2027, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133362

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), emerged in Wuhan city and was declared a pandemic in March 2020. Although the virus is not restricted to the lung parenchyma, the use of chest imaging in COVID-19 can be especially useful for patients with moderate to severe symptoms or comorbidities. This article aimed to demonstrate the chest imaging findings of COVID-19 on different modalities: chest radiography, computed tomography, and ultrasonography. In addition, it intended to review recommendations on imaging assessment of COVID-19 and to discuss the use of a structured chest computed tomography report. Chest radiography, despite being a low-cost and easily available method, has low sensitivity for screening patients. It can be useful in monitoring hospitalized patients, especially for the evaluation of complications such as pneumothorax and pleural effusion. Chest computed tomography, despite being highly sensitive, has a low specificity, and hence cannot replace the reference diagnostic test (reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction). To facilitate the confection and reduce the variability of radiological reports, some standardizations with structured reports have been proposed. Among the available classifications, it is possible to divide the radiological findings into typical, indeterminate, atypical, and negative findings. The structured report can also contain an estimate of the extent of lung involvement (e.g., more or less than 50% of the lung parenchyma). Pulmonary ultrasonography can also be an auxiliary method, especially for monitoring hospitalized patients in intensive care units, where transfer to a tomography scanner is difficult.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Coronavirus/isolation & purification , Pandemics , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Cough/etiology , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Fever/etiology , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 Testing , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879797

ABSTRACT

A boy, aged 6 years and 11 months, was admitted due to nephrotic syndrome for 2 years, cough for 1 month, and shortness of breath for 15 days. The boy had a history of treatment with hormone and immunosuppressant. Chest CT after the onset of cough and shortness of breath showed diffuse ground-glass opacities in both lungs. Serum (1, 3)-beta-D glucan was tested positive, and the nucleic acid of cytomegalovirus was detected in respiratory secretions. After the anti-fungal and anti-viral treatment, the child improved temporarily but worsened again within a short period of time.


Subject(s)
Child , Cough/etiology , Cytomegalovirus Infections/therapy , Dyspnea/etiology , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Humans , Male , Nephrotic Syndrome/complications , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy
11.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 35(4): 293-303, dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092710

ABSTRACT

La fibrosis pulmonar idiopática (FPI) se caracteriza por presentar una capacidad funcional reducida, disnea e hipoxia inducida por el ejercicio, lo que disminuye su tolerancia al esfuerzo y limita su capacidad de realizar actividades diarias. Las comorbilidades son frecuentes y su presencia contribuyen al empeoramiento de la calidad de vida y aumento de la mortalidad. Por lo anterior, es que además de las terapias antifibróticas, los pacientes con FPI se benefician de un enfoque integral de la atención que puede incluir: pesquisa, diagnóstico y tratamiento de comorbilidades, ingreso a protocolos de investigación, manejo sintomático, cuidados paliativos, oxígeno suplementario, rehabilitación pulmonar, educación y apoyo por un equipo multidisciplinario.


Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by reduced functional capacity, dyspnea and exercise-induced hypoxia, which decreases tolerance to exertion and limits the ability to perform daily activities. Comorbidities are frequent and their presence contribute to worsening quality of life and increased mortality. Therefore, in addition to antifibrotic therapies, patients with IPF benefit of a comprehensive approach to care that may include: screening, diagnosis and treatment of comorbidities, admission to research protocols, symptomatic management, palliative care, supplementary oxygen, pulmonary rehabilitation, education and support by a multidisciplinary team.


Subject(s)
Humans , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/therapy , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/epidemiology , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Patient Care Team , Comorbidity , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/complications , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy
12.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 35(4): 304-307, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092711

ABSTRACT

La fibrosis pulmonar idiopática (FPI) se ha clasificado en enfermedad leve o temprana-moderada-severa o Avanzada, sin puntos de corte en parámetros clínicos, funcionales o imagenológicos. No existe aún consenso en cual es el principal parámetro que se debe medir. Si bien las variables funcionales como la capacidad vital forzada (CVF), capacidad de difusión de monóxido de carbono (DLCO) y test de caminata de 6 minutos se han utilizado de forma rutinaria en la practica clínica y en los principales estudios clínicos de tratamiento muchas veces no son representativos de la evolución clínica. Por lo anterior se han desarrollado, índices o puntajes compuestos como la escala GAP (Gender-Age-Physiology) que podrían ser útiles en el seguimiento de los pacientes.


Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) has been classified as mild or early - moderate - severe or advanced disease, with no cut-off points in clinical, functional or imaging parameters. There is no consensus yet on which is the main parameter to be measured although the functional variables such as forced vital capacity (FVC), carbon monoxide diffusion capacity (DLCO) and 6-minute walk test, have been routinely used in clinical practice and in the main clinical studies of treatment, are often not representative of the clinical evolution. Therefore, composite indices or scores such as the GAP (Gender-Age-Physiology) scale have been developed that could be useful in the follow-up of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/diagnosis , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/physiopathology , Respiratory Function Tests/methods , Clinical Evolution , Risk Assessment , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology
13.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 14(3): 126-130, sept. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087566

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux is a frequent condition in the daily life of infants and older children. When reflux causes symptoms, it is called gastroesophageal reflux disease. Different extraesophageal symptoms have been frequently attributed to gastroesophageal reflux, however, new diagnostic techniques available, such as pHmetry with impedance measurement, have allowed us to evaluate and eventually dismiss such relationships. In this article we review the relationship between gastroesophageal reflux and laryngeal pathology, chronic cough, asthma and aspiration. In general terms, the empirical treatment of a presumed reflux is not recommended in asymptomatic patients, in whom its presence is not demonstrated by techniques such as pHmetry with impedance, given that therapeutic response is low and similar to placebo, with potential adverse effects.


El reflujo gastroesofágico es una condición frecuente en la vida diaria de lactantes y niños mayores. Cuando produce síntomas, se denomina enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico. Se ha atribuido frecuentemente diferentes síntomas extraesofágicos al reflujo, sin embargo, nuevas técnicas diagnósticas disponibles, como la pHmetría con medición de impedanciometría, han permitido evaluar y eventualmente descartar tales asociaciones. En este artículo se revisa la relación entre el reflujo gastroesofágico y patología laríngea, tos crónica, asma y aspiración. En términos generales, no se recomienda el tratamiento empírico de un supuesto reflujo en pacientes asintomáticos, en quienes tampoco esté demostrada su presencia por técnicas como la pHmetría con impedanciometría, dado que la respuesta terapéutica es baja y similar a placebo, con potenciales efectos adversos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child , Respiratory Tract Diseases/etiology , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Asthma/etiology , Gastroesophageal Reflux/therapy , Laryngeal Diseases/etiology , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Cough/etiology , Respiratory Aspiration/etiology , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Manometry
14.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(2): 445-453, mar.-abr. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1004280

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La tos crónica en los adultos puede ser causada por muchas causas, existen cuatro principales: el síndrome de tos de la vía aérea superior, enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico, reflujo laringofaríngeo, asma bronquial, y bronquitis eosinofílica no asmática. Todos los pacientes deben evaluarse clínicamente con espirometria, y comenzar con tratamiento empírico. Otras causas potenciales incluyen el uso de inhibidores de la enzima convertidora de la angiotensina, cambios medioambientales, uso del tabaco, enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica, y la apnea obstructiva del sueño. La radiografía del tórax puede orientar hacia causas infecciosas, inflamatorias, y malignas. Los pacientes con tos crónica refractaria pueden remitirse a la consulta especializada de un neumólogo u otorrinolaringólogo, además de un ensayo terapéutico con gabapentin, pregabalin, y psicoterapia.


ABSTRACT Although chronic cough in adults can be caused by many etiologies, four conditions account for most cases: upper airway cough syndrome, gastro-esophageal reflux disease, also known as laryngo- pharyngeal reflux disease, bronchial asthma, and non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis. All patients should be evaluated clinically with spirometry, and empiric treatment should be initiated. Other potential causes include angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use, environmental triggers, tobacco use, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and obstructive sleep apnea. Chest radiography can rule out concerning infectious, inflammatory, and malignant thoracic conditions. Patients with refractory chronic cough should be referred to a pulmonologist or otolaryngologist in addition to a therapeutic trial of gabapentin, pregabalin, and psychotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Chronic Disease/epidemiology , Evidence-Based Medicine , Cough/diagnosis , Cough/etiology , Cough/psychology , Cough/drug therapy , Cough/therapy , Cough/epidemiology , Asthma/diagnosis , Bronchitis/diagnosis , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Pregabalin/therapeutic use , /therapeutic use
15.
Medwave ; 19(5): e7655, 2019.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005861

ABSTRACT

El quilotórax tuberculoso es una patología infecciosa infrecuente, que se produce como consecuencia del bloqueo del conducto torácico. Su tratamiento está dirigido a combatir la infección tuberculosa. Se presenta el caso de un varón de 55 años de edad, chofer, natural de Trujillo-Perú, que acudió a emergencia por disnea progresiva y tos seca de cinco días de evolución. El examen físico reveló frémito vocal, matidez y murmullo vesicular disminuido en 2/3 inferiores del hemitórax izquierdo. La radiografía y ecografía torácica evidenciaron derrame pleural significativo, y la toracocentesis reveló quilotórax. Posteriormente, se colocó un tubo de drenaje torácico, con disminución progresiva del volumen del líquido pleural y cambios citoquímicos. Se realizó videobroncoscopía diagnóstica con aspirado broncoalveolar, revelando bacilos ácido-alcohol resistentes. El paciente recibió tratamiento antituberculoso, con evolución favorable. El quilotórax tuberculoso constituye una causa importante de quilotórax a considerar en zonas endémicas de tuberculosis. El tratamiento adecuado de la infección, conlleva a resolución de la enfermedad.


Tuberculous chylothorax is a rare infectious disease that occurs when the thoracic duct is obstructed. Treatment is directed to the tuberculosis infection. A 55-year-old male, driver, born in Trujillo (Peru) is admitted to the emergency department with increasing dyspnea and a 5-day dry cough. The physical examination revealed vocal fremitus, dullness to percussion, and a vesicular murmur that was decreased on the lower 2/3 of the left hemithorax. The X-ray and the thoracic ultrasound revealed significant left pleural effusion. The thoracocentesis drained fluid identified as chylothorax. Subsequently, a thoracic tube was placed, with a decrease in pleural fluid volume and later normalization of the cytochemical changes. Diagnostic video bronchoscopy was performed with a bronchoalveolar aspirate, revealing acid-fast bacilli. The patient received antituberculosis treatment with a favorable outcome. Tuberculous chylothorax is an important cause of chylothorax to be considered in endemic areas of tuberculosis. Proper treatment of the infection leads to resolution of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pleural Effusion/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Pleural/diagnosis , Chylothorax/diagnosis , Antitubercular Agents/administration & dosage , Peru , Tuberculosis, Pleural/drug therapy , Bronchoscopy , Chylothorax/microbiology , Chylothorax/drug therapy , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology
16.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 23(3): e20190034, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1019849

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To describe the therapeutic itinerary of people with tuberculosis in face of their health needs. Method: Descriptive, qualitative study. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with ten patients. Hermeneutic-dialectic method of analysis and concept of therapeutic itinerary as driver of the analysis. Results: Most had classic symptoms at the beginning, however there was a case with coughing for more than one year. Entrance door, access to diagnosis and treatment were predominant in Primary Care, through smear microscopy and X-ray; patients had to pay for exams. Decentralization of treatment for other services when necessary or by link with the professional. The patient followed the decisions of the professionals and the support of relatives; prejudice regarding the disease was noted. Conclusions and implications for practice: Fragility in disease management, importance of bonding and family. It should be considered the impact of the disease and the need to support patients to ensure continuity of care.


Resumen Objetivo: Describir el itinerario terapéutico de personas con tuberculosis ante sus necesidades de salud. Método: Estudio descriptivo, cualitativo. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas con diez pacientes. Método de análisis hermenéutico-dialéctico y concepto de itinerario terapéutico como conductor del análisis. Resultados: La mayoría presentó síntomas clásicos al inicio, pero hubo un caso con tos durante más de un año. Puerta de entrada, acceso al diagnóstico y tratamiento fueron predominantes en la Atención Primaria, a través de baciloscopía y radiografía; se realizó un seguimiento de los exámenes por los pacientes. Descentralización del tratamiento para otros servicios cuando necesario o por vínculo con el profesional. Paciente siguió las decisiones de los profesionales y del apoyo de familiares; prejuicio con la enfermedad. Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica: Fragilidad en el manejo de la enfermedad, importancia del vínculo y de la familia. Se debe considerar el impacto de la enfermedad y la necesidad de apoyo a los pacientes para garantizar la continuidad de la atención.


Resumo Objetivo: Descrever o itinerário terapêutico de pessoas com tuberculose diante de suas necessidades de saúde. Método: Estudo descritivo, qualitativo. Realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com dez pacientes. Método de análise hermenêutica-dialética e conceito de itinerário terapêutico como condutor da análise. Resultados: A maioria apresentou sintomas clássicos no início da doença, mas houve caso com tosse por mais de um ano. Porta de entrada, acesso ao diagnóstico e tratamento foram predominantes na Atenção Primária, através de baciloscopia e raio-X; houve custeio de exames pelos pacientes. Descentralização do tratamento para outros serviços quando necessário ou por vínculo com o profissional. O paciente seguiu as decisões dos profissionais e do apoio de familiares; constatou-se preconceito relativo à doença. Conclusões e implicações para a prática: Fragilidade no manejo da doença, importância do vínculo e da família. Deve-se considerar o impacto da doença e a necessidade de apoio aos pacientes para garantir a continuidade da atenção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Primary Health Care , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/therapy , Health Services Accessibility , Sputum/microbiology , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Radiography , Cough/etiology , National Health Strategies , Qualitative Research , Delayed Diagnosis
17.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(2): 213-220, jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-961618

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La tos persistente es un síntoma de consulta frecuente, de origen multifactorial, que involucra a diferentes especialidades como la neumología, la gastroenterología y la otorrinolaringología. Sus causas más frecuentes son la descarga nasal posterior, tos como variante del asma y reflujo gastroesofágico/faringolaríngeo. Una vez descartadas dichas causas, cobran importancia los trastornos sensoriales del nervio vago, una entidad relativamente nueva que también es conocida como neuropatía laríngea sensitiva. En la neuropatía laríngea, una injuria a nivel neuronal aferente del reflejo de la tos produce un estado de hipersensibilidad laríngea en la que estímulos normalmente ignorados (que no producen respuesta tusígena) comienzan a gatillar el reflejo. Las características clínicas de la tos y el descarte de las causas más frecuentes permite llegar a este diagnóstico. Su tratamiento tiene como objetivo la modulación de las vías neuronales alteradas basándose en 3 pilares: educación sobre la patología, recomendaciones conductuales (higiene vocal, estrategias de reducción de tos) y los fármacos entre los que se usan los inhibidores de bomba de protones, mucolíticos y neuromoduladores.


ABSTRACT Persistent cough is a common symptom for medical consultation, it is of multifactorial origin and involves different specialties such as pneumology gastroenterology and otorhinolaryngology. The most frequent causes are postnasal drip, cough variant asthma and gastroesophageal/pharyngolaryngeal reflux. Once these causes are discarded the vagus nerve sensory disorder becomes of importance, it is a relatively new entity also known as laryngeal sensitive neuropathy. In the laryngeal neuropathy, an injury in the afferent neuronal pathway of the cough reflex produces laryngeal hypersensitivity in which normally ignored stimulus (i.e. do not cause cough) start to trigger the reflex. The clinical features of the cough and the rule out of the most frequent causes allow the diagnosis. The objective of the treatment is to modulate the altered neuronal pathways based on 3 pillars: education regarding the pathology, behavioral recommendations (vocal hygiene, cough reduction strategies) and drugs among which proton pump inhibitors, mucolytics and neuromodulators are used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laryngeal Diseases , Cough/diagnosis , Cough/physiopathology , Vagus Nerve Diseases/physiopathology , Cough/etiology , Cough/therapy , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux , Laryngeal Nerves
18.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(3): 455-458, jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-950026

ABSTRACT

El blastoma pleuropulmonar corresponde a una neoplasia primaria de pulmón, exclusiva de la edad pediátrica, poco frecuente y de características agresivas. La edad de diagnóstico varía entre 1 mes y 12 años. No se identifica una distinción de sexos. Se localiza en la pleura o el pulmón. Suele presentarse como dificultad respiratoria, con o sin neumotórax, dolor torácico y fiebre, por lo que es mal diagnosticada como neumonía. Radiológicamente, suele hallarse una masa de gran tamaño cercana a la pleura en la base pulmonar derecha sin broncograma aéreo. Cuenta con tres tipos histológicos: tipo I (quístico), tipo II (mixto), tipo III (sólido). Su tratamiento incluye resección y quimioterapia multimodal. El tipo I tiene un pronóstico favorable, pero los tipos II y III tienen mal pronóstico. Se presenta un caso de blastoma pleuropulmonar en una niña de 2 años, con énfasis en su diagnóstico clínico-radiológico.


Pleuropulmonary Blastoma corresponds to a malignant primary lung disorder, exclusive of pediatric age, infrequent and of aggressive characteristics. Age on diagnosis is 1 month-12 years. Rates per sex are equal. It can be found inside pleura or lungs. Respiratory distress associated or not with pneumothorax, chest pain and fever are classical clinical signs. These symptoms could be misdiagnosed as pneumonia. Radiologically, a large mass near the pleura at the base of the right lung without air bronchogram is its most common form. It has three histological types: type I (cystic), type II (mixed) and type III (solid). Its treatment requires tumor excision and multimodal chemotherapy. Pleuropulmonary Blastoma type I has good prognosis; type II and III variants have lower survival. We report a 2-year-old girl, pointing to the clinical-radiological diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Pulmonary Blastoma/diagnosis , Cough/etiology , Hemoptysis/etiology , Prognosis , Survival , Pulmonary Blastoma/physiopathology , Pulmonary Blastoma/diagnostic imaging
19.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 77(4): 456-466, dic. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902803

ABSTRACT

La tos ocurre por la compleja acción del arco de la tos. En condiciones normales es esencial para proteger la vía aérea. Es un síntoma muy frecuente, con un gran número de etiologías posibles. El enfrentamiento diagnóstico de los pacientes con tos crónica, puede resultar un desafío diagnóstico. Deben considerarse las patologías más prevalentes, que incluyen el reflujo faringolaríngeo y la descarga posterior: ambas condiciones que son parte del área otorrinolaringológica. En el presente artículo de revisión se pretende entregar un enfoque actualizado de su enfrentamiento y manejo, con la finalidad de aportar información que resulte relevante para la práctica clínica diaria.


Cough occurs due to the complex action of the coughing arch. Under normal conditions it is essential to protect the airway. It is a very frequent symptom with a large of possible etiologies. The diagnosis process of patients with chronic cough can be a challenge. The most prevalent pathologies must be considered. Thus includes pharyngolaryngeal reflux and posterior discharge: both conditions that are part of the otorhinolaryngolocical area. In the present article review, we pretend to provide an updated approach and management to this condition, in order to asses relevant information to daily clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cough/diagnosis , Cough/etiology , Otolaryngology , Chronic Disease , Cough/physiopathology , Cough/therapy , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux/complications
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