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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879155

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to investigate the chemical constituents of the seeds of Herpetospermum pedunculosum. One new coumarin and two known lignans were isolated from the ethanolic extract of the seeds of H. pedunculosum with thin layer chromatography(TLC), silica gel column chromatography, Sephedax LH-20 chromatography, Semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography and recrystallization, etc. Their structures were elucidated as herpetolide H(1), phyllanglaucin B(2), and buddlenol E(3) by analysis of their physicochemical properties and spectral data. Among them, compound 1 was a new compound, and compounds 2 and 3 were isolated from this genus for the first time. In vitro anti-inflammatory activity test showed that herpetolide H had certain NO inhibitory activity for LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells, with its IC_(50) value of(46.57±3.28) μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Coumarins/pharmacology , Cucurbitaceae , Lignans , Seeds
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879135

ABSTRACT

The absorption is the key to the resulted efficacy of orally administered drugs and the small intestine is the main site to absorb the orally administered drug. In this paper, internationally recognized human colon adenocarcinoma cell line(Caco-2) monola-yer model which can simulate small intestinal epithelial cell was used to comparatively study the absorption and transportation diffe-rences of total coumarins and main individual coumarin in Angelica dahurica 'Yubaizhi' by separately using 6-and 12-well plates. It was found that apparent permeability coefficient(P_(app)) values of oxypeucedanin hydrate, byakangelicin and phellopterin were at the quantitative degree of 1 × 10~(-5) cm·s~(-1) when the individual administration was conducted independently, indicating that they were well-absorbed compounds. P_(app) ratio of their bi-directional transportation was close to 1, indicating that they can be absorbed across Caco-2 monolayer by passive diffusion mechanism without carrier mediation during the transportation. The similar trend of transportation was also observed for imperatorin, isoimperatorin and bergapten. The P_(app) values of oxypeucedanin hydrate, byakangelicin and bergapten were at quantitative degree of 1 × 10~(-5) cm·s~(-1) when the administration of total coumarins in Angelica dahurica 'Yubaizhi' was conducted, indicating that they were well-absorbed compounds. The results were consistent with those of independent administration of individual coumarins. Whereas, the P_(app) values of imperatorin, phellopterin and isoimperatorin in the total coumarins decreased, indicating that the interaction between compounds may exist although the P_(app) value ratio of bi-directional transportation was between 0.5 and 1.5. The results laid the foundation for intestinal absorption study of Angelica dahurica 'Yubaizhi' coumarins in compound Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Angelica , Caco-2 Cells , Coumarins , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Intestinal Absorption , Plant Roots
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879020

ABSTRACT

To demonstrate the fragmentation patterns of simple coumarins furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8), furanocourmarin(C_6-C_7) and dihydrofuran coumarin by mass spectrometry, with fraxin, scopoletin, isopsoralen, pimpinellin, isoimperatorin, notopterol and noda-kenin as study subjects, so as to provide a basis for rapid identification of compounds in different subtypes of coumarins. Ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography combined with quardrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was implemented in both positive and negative ion modes. Masslynx software was employed to provide the elemental constituents of each detected ion based on its accurate molecular weight. Chemdraw 2014 was used to cultivate mass number of each inferred structure. The fragment pattern of each compound was determined based on the structures inferred from all the relevant ions. And the patterns were drawn by Chemdraw 2014. The deviation between the calculated molecular weight of the inferred structure and the detected value of the ions was used to assess the correctness of the inferred structures in the fragmentation patterns. The results showed that with UPLC-Q-TOF, neutral loss of CO_2 and CO was reflected in lactone and furan skeletons from the courmarin structure. An even mass was attributed to the loss of an odd number of methyl radicals from compounds with a methoxy substituent. Furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) produced a protonated molecular ion([M+H]~+), while the other courmarin subtypes produced either a sodium adduct of the molecular ion([M+Na]~+) or a sodium adduct of the molecular ion([M+Na]~+) with a protonated molecular ion([M+H]~+). The m/z 203.03 was a diagnostic ion for furanocourmarin(C_6-C_7), and the m/z 147.04 was supplementary evidence for furanocourmarin(C_6-C_7) identification. The characteristic ion of furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) was m/z 131.05, while m/z 187.04 was the characteristic ion of dihydrofuran coumarin. The m/z 203.03 ion for furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) was pretty weak. In negative ion mode, furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) did not have any signals that were different from the other subtypes of courmarins. The fragmentation patterns in negative ion mode for the other subtypes of courmarins were similar to those in positive ion mode. Four types of fragmentation patterns were identified as forcourmarins from Notopterygium inchum. This study provides the basis for the rapid identification of courmarin subtypes by mass spectrometry.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Coumarins , Humans , Ions , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Extracts , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828018

ABSTRACT

UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS was developed for the identification of chemical constituents in Qingfei Paidu Decoction, which will clarify its material basis. ACQUITY UHPLC HSS T3 chromatography column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used with 0.1% formic acid(B)-acetonitrile(A) as the mobile phase in gradient elution. The decoction was detected by high-resolution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry equipped with an ESI ion source in positive and negative mode. Based on the accurate mass measurements, retention time, mass fragmentation patterns combined with comparison of reference and literature reports, a total of 87 major compounds including 43 flavonoids, 9 alkaloids, 4 triterpenoid saponins, 1 sesquiterpene, 2 coumarins, 10 phenolic acids and 18 other compounds were tentatively screened and characterized. UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS was employed to comprehensively elucidate the chemical components in Qingfei Paidu Decoction, which basically covered 20 Chinese medicines except gypsum in Qingfei Paidu Decoction. These collective results provide a scientific basis for further research on the quality control standard of Qingfei Paidu Decoction.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Coumarins , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Mass Spectrometry
5.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 181-199, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760573

ABSTRACT

Angelica decursiva Fr. et Sav. (Umbelliferae) has traditionally been used to treat different diseases due to its antitussive, analgesic, and antipyretic activities. It is also a remedy for thick phlegm, asthma, and upper respiratory infections. Recently, the leaf of A. decursiva has been consumed as salad without showing any toxicity. This plant is a rich in different types of coumarin derivatives, including dihydroxanthyletin, psoralen, dihydropsoralen, hydroxycoumarin, and dihydropyran. Its crude extracts and pure constituents possess anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-Alzheimer disease, anti-hypertension, anti-cancer, antioxidant, anthelmintic, preventing cerebral stroke, and neuroprotective activities. This valuable herb needs to be further studied and developed not only to treat these human diseases, but also to improve human health. This review provides an overview of current knowledge of A. decursiva metabolites and their biological activities to prioritize future studies.


Subject(s)
Angelica , Apiaceae , Asthma , Complex Mixtures , Coumarins , Ethnobotany , Ficusin , Humans , Pharmacology , Plants , Respiratory Tract Infections , Stroke
6.
Vitae (Medellín) ; 26(1): 17-22, 2019. Ilustraciones
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-995573

ABSTRACT

Background: 4-propil-2H-benzo[h]-cromen-2-ona (FCS-304) is a semisynthetic coumarin with MAO-A inhibitory activity and positive results in forced swimming and tail suspension test in mice, but until now, it has not been studied in other screening antidepressant models in mice and rats. Objectives: The aim of this work was to assess the serotonin like effect of FCS-304 in the 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) test in mice, in the behavioral despair test in rats, and in the reserpine test in rats. Methods: Potentiation of 5-HTP (100 mg/kg, i.p.), induced head twitches were assessed in mice, previously treated with FCS-304 (50-75-150 mg/kg, p.o.). The behavioral despair test was performed in rats treated with FCS-304, recording the immobility time attained by the animals subjected to forced swimming. Antagonism of reserpine-induced ptosis was examined in rats, assessing the level of palpebral closure. Imipramine (30 mg/kg, p.o.) and vehicle (canola oil) served as positive and negative controls, respectively. Results: FCS-304 significantly potentiated 5-HTP induced head twitches in mice, in a dose dependent manner. In rats, FCS-304 significantly decreased the immobility time in the behavioral despair test and antagonized reserpine induced ptosis. Conclusions: These results add support to propose that FCS-304 could elicit antidepressant effects related to MAO-A inhibitory activity.


Antecedentes: 4-propil-2H-benzo[h]-cromen-2-ona (FCS-304) es una cumarina semisintética inhibidora de MAO-A con efectos positivos en las pruebas de nado forzado y suspensión por la cola en ratones, sin embargo, hasta ahora no se había estudiado en otros modelos de tamizado antidepresivo en ratones y ratas. Objetivos: el objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de tipo serotoninérgico de FCS-304 en la prueba de potenciación de 5-hidroxitriptofano (5-HTP) en ratones, y su respuesta en la prueba de desesperanza conductual en ratas y en la prueba de reserpina en ratas. Métodos: se evaluó la potenciación de las sacudidas de cabeza inducidas por 5-HTP (100 mg/kg, i.p.), en ratones tratados con FCS-304 (50-75-150 mg/Kg, v.o.). La prueba de desesperanza conductual se realizó en ratas tratadas con FCS-304, expuestas a nado forzado. El antagonismo de la ptosis palpebral inducida por reserpina se examinó en ratas determinando el grado de apertura ocular. Imipramina (30 mg/kg, v.o.) y el vehículo (aceite de canola, 0,1 mL/10 g), sirvieron como controles positivo y negativo, respectivamente. Resultados: FCS-304 incrementó significativamente el recuento de sacudidas de cabeza inducidas por 5-HTP en ratones, en función de la dosis. En ratas, FCS-304 fue efectiva para disminuir el tiempo de inmovilidad en la prueba de desesperanza inducida por nado forzado y el grado de ptosis palpebral inducido por reserpina. Conclusiones: estos resultados dan soporte para proponer que FCS-304 ejercería efectos de tipo antidepresivo relacionados con la inhibición de MAO-A.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rats , Serotonin Agents , 5-Hydroxytryptophan , Coumarins , Antidepressive Agents
7.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(2): 407-413, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889247

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fungal infections have become a concern for health professionals, and the emergence of resistant strains has been reported for all known classes of antifungal drugs. Among the fungi causing disease, we highlight those that belong to the genus Aspergillus. For these reasons, the search for new antifungals is important. This study examines the effects of a coumarin derivative, 4-acetatecoumarin (Cou-UMB16) both alone and together with antifungal drugs, and its mode of action against Aspergillus spp. Cou-UMB16 was tested to evaluate its effects on mycelia growth, and germination of Aspergillus spp. fungal conidia. We investigated its possible action on cell walls, on the cell membrane, and also the capacity of this coumarin derivative to enhance the activity of antifungal drugs. Our results suggest that Cou-UMB16 inhibits Aspergillus spp. virulence factors (mycelia growth and germination of conidia) and affects the structure of the fungal cell wall. When applying Cou-UMB16 in combination with azoles, both synergistic and additive effects were observed. This study concludes that Cou-UMB16 inhibits mycelial growth and spore germination, and that the activity is due to its action on the fungal cell wall, and that Cou-UMB16 could act as an antifungal modifier.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents/isolation & purification , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Aspergillus/drug effects , Coumarins/isolation & purification , Coumarins/pharmacology , Drug Synergism , Aspergillus/growth & development , Azoles/pharmacology , Cell Membrane/drug effects , Cell Wall/drug effects , Hyphae/drug effects , Hyphae/growth & development , Spores, Fungal/drug effects , Spores, Fungal/growth & development
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773610

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to elucidate whether the mechanism by which osthole decreases collagenI/III contents and their ratio is regulating the TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway in TGF-β1-overexpressed mouse cardiac fibroblasts (CFs). These CFs were cultured and treated with different concentrations of osthole. Our results showed that the TGF-β1 expression in the CFs transfected with that the recombinant expression plasmids pcDNA3.1(+)-TGF-β1 was significantly enhanced. After the CFs were treated with 1.25-5 μg·mL of osthole for 24 h, the mRNA and protein expression levels of collagensIand III were reduced. The collagen I/III ratio was also reduced. The mRNA and protein expression levels of TGF-β1, TβRI, Smad2/3, P-Smad2/3, Smad4, and α-SMA were decreased, whereas the expression level of Smad7 was increased. These effects suggested that osthole could inhibit collagen I and III expression and reduce their ratio via the TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway in TGF-β1 overexpressed CFs. These effects of osthole may play beneficial roles in the prevention and treatment of myocardial fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Actins , Genetics , Animals , Cells, Cultured , Collagen , Genetics , Coumarins , Pharmacology , Fibroblasts , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Mice , Myocardium , Cell Biology , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type I , Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta , Genetics , Signal Transduction , Smad Proteins , Genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775339

ABSTRACT

Scopolin (SC-1), scopoletin (SC-2) and isofraxidin (IS-1) are the main active constituents in Chimonanthi Radix. However, the in vivo metabolism of SC-1, SC-2 and IS-1 have not been comprehensively clarified. In this study, the in vivo metabolic profiles of these three coumarins in the rat plasma, urine and feces were analyzed. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS) method was applied to characterize the prototypes and metabolites of SC-1, SC-2 and IS-1 in rat feces, urine, and plasma after intravenous administration. A total of 11 metabolites of the three parent compounds were tentatively identified. The main metabolic pathways were analyzed by identification of metabolites, and it was found that these three coumarins underwent multiple in vivo metabolic reactions including glucuronidation, sulfonation, isomerism and reduction. In this study, the analysis of metabolites of three coumarins basically demonstrated their in vivo metabolic process, providing basis for the further pharmacokinetics and pharmacological evaluations of SC-1, SC-2 and IS-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calycanthaceae , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Coumarins , Metabolism , Pharmacokinetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Pharmacokinetics , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of osthole on the expression of amyloid precursor protein (APP) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) cell model and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The SH-SY5Y cell with over expression of APP was established by transfection by liposome 2000. The cells were treated with different concentrations of osthole, and the cell viability was determined by MTT and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay. The differentially expressed miRNAs with and without osthole treatment were detected by miRNA array, and the target genes binding to the differentially expressed miRNAs were identified and verified by databases and Cytoscape. After the inhibitor of the differentially expressed miRNA was transduced into cells, the changes of APP and amyloid β (Aβ) protein were determined by immunofluorescence cytochemistry, and the mRNA expression of APP was determined by RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#The AD cell model with over expression of APP was established successfully. The results of MTT and LDH assay showed that osthole had a protective effect on cells and alleviated cell damage. miR-101a-3p was identified as the differentially expressed miRNA, which was binding to the 3'-UTR of APP. Compared with APP group, the expression of APP and Aβ protein and APP mRNA increased in the miR-101a-3p inhibitor group (all <0.01), while the expression of APP and Aβ protein and APP mRNA decreased in the cells with osthole treatment (all <0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Osthole inhibits the expression of APP by up-regulating miR-101a-3p in AD cell model.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor , Genetics , Cell Line , Coumarins , Pharmacology , Gene Expression Regulation , Genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism
11.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 109-114, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741608

ABSTRACT

Artemisia capillaris Thunb. (Compositae) is a native herb of East Asian countries and has used for the treatment of jaundice, high liver fever, and digestive diseases for a long time, as well as being developed as the source of herbal preparations until now. The major components from A. capillaris were chlorogenic acid (1) and its derivatives substituted with caffeoyl moieties, such as 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (2) and 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (3), and coumarins, such as scoparone. In the study, four compounds, chlorogenic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and scoparone (4) in the 70% ethanolic extract of A. capillaris were simultaneously determined by using HPLC-UVD system. This method was validated with the terms of linearity, precious and accuracy according to ICH guidelines. The developed method was successfully applied for the quantitative analysis of Artemisia genus, A. capillaris, A. iwayomogi, A. princeps, and A. argyi, distributed in Korea.


Subject(s)
Artemisia , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Chlorogenic Acid , Coumarins , Ethanol , Fever , Humans , Jaundice , Korea , Liver , Methods , Plant Preparations
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741597

ABSTRACT

Callophylum symingtonianum (Guttiferae), an evergreen broad-leaved tree that usually grows in hill forests, can be found distributed in the Malay Peninsula. The barks, leaves, flowers and seeds is often used medicinally to treat diarrhea and rheumatism. In the present study, we isolated two inophyllum type coumarins, 12-O-ethylinophyllum D (1) and iso-soulattrolide (2) from the stembarks of C. symingtonianum together with their antibacterial activity. The compounds were isolated by chromatographic methods on a silica gel. The structures were established by spectroscopic methods including UV, IR, (1D and 2D) NMR and mass spectrometry as well as by comparison with several literature sources. The antibacterial activity of those compounds was tested using a disc-diffusion assay against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Both compound exhibited mild inhibition against P. aeruginosa with both 111 µg/ml MIC value. Compound 2 also inhibits S. aureus with 25 µg/ml MIC value.


Subject(s)
Bacillus cereus , Calophyllum , Coumarins , Diarrhea , Escherichia coli , Flowers , Forests , Malaysia , Mass Spectrometry , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Rheumatic Diseases , Silica Gel , Staphylococcus aureus , Trees
13.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(1): 84-91, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899662

ABSTRACT

Resumen La terapia anticoagulante es ampliamente utilizada en la práctica clínica, como profilaxis en pacientes con riesgo de presentar fenómenos tromboembólicos o como tratamiento en aquellos que han presentado algún evento trombótico. Cada vez es más frecuente enfrentarse a pacientes en tratamiento anticoagulante crónico que serán intervenidos mediante procedimientos quirúrgicos, por lo que es importante y necesario conocer el manejo perioperatorio de los diferentes fármacos anticoagulantes, para disminuir los riesgos y complicaciones asociados a la suspensión o mantención de estos en el período perioperatorio. Para lograr este objetivo se debe evaluar y balancear el riesgo de sangrado versus el riesgo de eventos tromboembólicos, considerando la condición médica de cada paciente y el tipo de procedimiento quirúrgico que recibirá. La recomendación para fármacos anticoagulantes orales antagonistas de vitamina K es mantenerlos en cirugías con bajo riesgo de sangrado y suspenderlos 5 días antes de procedimientos quirúrgicos con riesgo hemorrágico moderado y alto, controlando el international normalized ratio el día previo a la cirugía. Los nuevos anticoagulantes orales no requieren monitorización de rutina, recomendándose suspenderlos a las 24-96 h previas al procedimiento quirúrgico, dependiendo del riesgo hemorrágico de cada cirugía y de la función renal. En relación con los anticoagulantes parenterales, la heparina no fraccionada en infusión intravenosa se recomienda suspenderla 4-5 h antes de la cirugía, mientras que la utilizada vía subcutánea, 12 h previas a la intervención quirúrgica. Las heparinas de bajo peso molecular en dosis de tratamiento se sugiere descontinuarlas 24 h previas a la cirugía, mientras que las usadas en dosis profilácticas, solo 12 h antes.


Anticoagulant therapy is widely used in clinical practice, as prophylaxis in patients at risk of presenting thromboembolic phenomena or as treatment in those who have presented a thrombotic event. It is increasingly the number of patients on chronic anticoagulant therapy to undergo surgical procedures, so it is important and necessary to know the perioperative management of the different anticoagulant drugs to reduce the risks and complications associated with suspension or maintenance of these in the perioperative period. To achieve this goal, the risk of bleeding should be evaluated and balanced against the risk of thromboembolic events, considering the medical condition of each patient and the type of surgical procedure to which they have undergone. The recommendation for vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant drugs is to maintain them for surgeries at low risk of bleeding and to suspend them 5 days before surgical procedures with moderate and high bleeding risk, controlling 'International Normalized Ratio' the day before surgery. The new oral anticoagulants do not require routine monitoring, recommending suspending them 24-96 h prior to the surgical procedure, depending on the hemorrhagic risk of each surgery and renal function of patient. In relation to parenteral anticoagulants, unfractionated heparin in intravenous infusion is recommended to be discontinued 4-5 h prior to surgery, while the subcutaneous route, 12 h prior to surgery. Low-molecular-weight heparins in treatment doses should be suspended 24 h prior to surgery, while in prophylactic doses, only 12 h earlier.


Subject(s)
Humans , Perioperative Care/methods , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Vitamin K/antagonists & inhibitors , Heparin/administration & dosage , Administration, Oral , Risk Assessment , Coumarins/administration & dosage , Factor Xa Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Hemorrhage/prevention & control
14.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 54(4): e00153, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001583

ABSTRACT

Pyrimidine derivative 3 was afforded through the reaction of compound (1) with 5-ureidohydantion (2). Product 3 underwent a cyclization to produce fused pyrimidine derivative 7, although the latter product 7 was synthesized through one step via the reaction of compound (1) with 5-ureidohydantion (2) using another catalyst. Compound 3 was oriented to react with cyclic ketones 8a,b in the presence of elemental sulfur, salicylaldehyde (10), aryldiazonium chlorides 12a,b and ω-bromo-4-methoxy- acetophenone (14), which afforded, fused thiophene derivatives 9a,b, coumarin derivative 11, arylhdrazono derivatives 13a,b and 4-methoxyphenyl butenyl derivative 15, respectively. The latter product 15 was reacted with either potassium cyanide (16a) or potassium thiocyanide (16b) to form cyano and thiocyano derivatives 17a,b, respectively. Compound 17a underwent further cyclization to afford pyridopyrimidine derivative 19. Compound 15 was reacted with either hydrazine (20a) or phenylhydrazine (20b) to produce hydrazo derivatives 21a,b and these products were cyclize to produce pyrrole derivatives 23a,b. Finally, 5-ureidohydantion (2) was reacted with compounds 24a,b,c to afford pyrimidine derivatives 25a,b,c. The structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed using IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and mass spectrometry techniques. Compounds 11 and 19 have promising as analgesic and antipyretic activities


Subject(s)
Pyridines/analysis , Pyrimidines/agonists , Pyrroles , Thiophenes/analysis , Coumarins/analysis , Antipyretics , Analgesics/classification
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(7): e7220, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889115

ABSTRACT

An abnormality in the Lin28/let-7a axis is relevant to the progression of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-positive hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which could be a novel therapeutic target for this malignant tumor. The present study aimed to investigate the antiproliferative and anti-invasive effects of urolithin A in a stable full-length HBV gene integrated cell line HepG2.2.15 using CCK-8 and transwell assays. The RNA and protein expressions of targets were assessed by quantitative PCR and western blot, respectively. Results revealed that urolithin A induced cytotoxicity in HepG2.2.15 cells, which was accompanied by the cleavage of caspase-3 protein and down-regulation of Bcl-2/Bax ratio. Moreover, urolithin A suppressed the protein expressions of Sp-1, Lin28a, and Zcchc11, and elevated the expression of microRNA let-7a. Importantly, urolithin A also regulated the Lin28a/let-7a axis in transient HBx-transfected HCC HepG2 cells. Furthermore, urolithin A decelerated the HepG2.2.15 cell invasion, which was involved in suppressing the let-7a downstream factors HMGA2 and K-ras. These findings indicated that urolithin A exerted the antiproliferative effect by regulating the Lin28a/let-7a axis and may be a potential supplement for HBV-infected HCC therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA-Binding Proteins/drug effects , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Coumarins/pharmacology , MicroRNAs/drug effects , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Reference Values , Sincalide/analysis , Time Factors , Virus Replication/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , RNA-Binding Proteins/analysis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/virology , MicroRNAs/analysis , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Hep G2 Cells , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/virology
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1016-1021, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689536

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of Osthole on apoptosis of HL-60 cells induced by tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) and its possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The proliferative inhibition of HL-60 cells treated with different concentrations of Osthole, TRAIL alone and Osthole combined with TRAIL was measured by MTT assay. The HL-60 cells were treated with Osthole, TRAIL alone and Osthole combined with TRAIL at the concentration<ICvalue, i.e. 100µmol/L for Osthole and 40 ng/ml for TRAIL. Apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) of HL-60 cells were detected by flow cytometry; the mRNA expression of BCL-2, BAX and DR5 was determined by RT-PCR; and the levels of Caspase-3,-8,-9 activity were detected by spectrophotometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The combined treatment (100µmol/L Osthole + 40 ng/ml TRAIL) of HL-60 cells for 48 h induced an apoptotic rate of (33.9±2.7) %, which was significantly higher than that of cells treated with Osthole or TRAIL alone (P<0.05); at the same time, the combined treatment promoted the decrease of MMP and the expression rate of BCL-2/BAX, and potentiated the expression of DR5 and Caspase-3,-8,-9 activity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Osthole can sensitize HL-60 cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis, which may be related with the activation of mitochondrial pathways and up-regulation of DR5.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Coumarins , HL-60 Cells , Humans , TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812399

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to elucidate whether the mechanism by which osthole decreases collagenI/III contents and their ratio is regulating the TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway in TGF-β1-overexpressed mouse cardiac fibroblasts (CFs). These CFs were cultured and treated with different concentrations of osthole. Our results showed that the TGF-β1 expression in the CFs transfected with that the recombinant expression plasmids pcDNA3.1(+)-TGF-β1 was significantly enhanced. After the CFs were treated with 1.25-5 μg·mL of osthole for 24 h, the mRNA and protein expression levels of collagensIand III were reduced. The collagen I/III ratio was also reduced. The mRNA and protein expression levels of TGF-β1, TβRI, Smad2/3, P-Smad2/3, Smad4, and α-SMA were decreased, whereas the expression level of Smad7 was increased. These effects suggested that osthole could inhibit collagen I and III expression and reduce their ratio via the TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway in TGF-β1 overexpressed CFs. These effects of osthole may play beneficial roles in the prevention and treatment of myocardial fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Actins , Genetics , Animals , Cells, Cultured , Collagen , Genetics , Coumarins , Pharmacology , Fibroblasts , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Mice , Myocardium , Cell Biology , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type I , Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta , Genetics , Signal Transduction , Smad Proteins , Genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Genetics
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121672

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Glehnia littoralis has been used to treat ischemic stroke, phlegm, cough, systemic paralysis, antipyretics and neuralgia. The pharmacological mechanisms of Glehnia littoralis include calcium channel block, coumarin derivatives, anticoagulation, anti-convulsive effect, as well as anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Alpha-amanitin (α-amanitin) is a major toxin from extremely poisonous Amanita fungi. Oxidative stress, which may contribute to severe hepatotoxicity was induced by α-amanitin. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Glehnia littoralis ethyl acetate extract (GLEA) has the protective antioxidant effects on α-amanitin -induced hepatotoxicity. METHODS: Human hepatoma cell line HepG2 cells were pretreated in the presence or absence of GLEA (50, 100 and 200µg/ml) for 4 hours, then exposed to 60µmol/L of α-amanitin for an additional 4 hours. Cell viability was evaluated using the MTT method. AST, ALT, and LDH production in a culture medium and intracellular MDA, GSH, and SOD levels were determined. RESULTS: GLEA (50, 100 and 200µg/ml) significantly increased the relative cell viability by 7.11, 9.87, and 14.39%, respectively, and reduced the level of ALT by 10.39%, 34.27%, and 52.14%, AST by 9.89%, 15.16%, and 32.84%, as well as LDH by 15.86%, 22.98%, and 24.32% in culture medium, respectively. GLEA could also remarkably decrease the level of MDA and increase the content of GSH and SOD in the HepG2 cells. CONCLUSION: In the in vitro model, Glehnia littoralis was effective in limiting hepatic injury after α-amanitin poisoning. Its antioxidant effect is attenuated by antidotal therapy.


Subject(s)
Alpha-Amanitin , Amanita , Antioxidants , Antipyretics , Apiaceae , Calcium Channels , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cell Line , Cell Survival , Cough , Coumarins , Fungi , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Methods , Neuralgia , Oxidative Stress , Paralysis , Poisoning , Stroke
19.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 213-216, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-83903

ABSTRACT

Activity-guided isolation of Heracleum moellendorffii roots led to four coumarin derivatives as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. The structures of these isolates were characterized by spectroscopic method to be angelicin (1), isobergapten (2), pimpinellin (3), and (3S, 4R)-3, 4-epoxypimpinellin (4). All the isolated compounds 1, 2, 3, and 4 showed moderate inhibition activities against acetylcholinesterase with the IC₅₀ values of 10.2, 18.1, 21.5 and 22.9 µM, respectively. (3S, 4R)-3, 4-Epoxypimpinellin (4) was newly isolated from the plant source.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase , Cholinesterase Inhibitors , Coumarins , Heracleum , Methods , Plants
20.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 97-102, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88723

ABSTRACT

Fourteen compounds were isolated from the stem of Angelica polymorpha. On the basis of spectral data, these compounds were identified as isoimperatorin (1), phellopterin (2), bergapten (3), xanthyletin (4), cnidilin (5), geijerine (6), (−)-3'-acetyl hamaudol (7), 7-demethylsuberosine (8), dehydrogeijerin (9), (−)-hamaudol (10), (+)-visamminol (11), divaricatol (12), scopoletin (13), and decursidate (14), respectively. Among them, compounds 4 - 6, 8, 9, 13, and 14 were isolated for the first time from A. polymorpha. Dehydrogeijerin (6) and geijerin (9) were isolated for the first time from genus Angelica. All isolates tested for inhibitory activity against acetylcholinesterae. Compounds 1 to 13 showed acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity with IC₅₀ values ranging from 1.4 to 37.5 µM.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase , Angelica , Cholinesterase Inhibitors , Chromones , Coumarins , Scopoletin
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