Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.031
Filter
1.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(3): e710, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1351982

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El neuromonitoreo no invasivo en pacientes críticos representa una opción de primera línea para el manejo de complicaciones fatales derivadas del aumento de la presión intracraneal. En esta modalidad se incluye la ultrasonografía del diámetro de la vaina del nervio óptico, la cual representa una técnica rápida, fácil de realizar y disponible a la cabecera del paciente. Objetivos: Describir aspectos fundamentales y actualizados sobre el uso de la ultrasonografía en el monitoreo de la presión intracraneal a través de la medición del diámetro de la vaina del nervio óptico en los diferentes escenarios neuroclínicos. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura publicada en bases de datos como: PubMed/Medline, SciELO y Google académico entre los meses mayo y julio de 2020. Se revisaron publicaciones en inglés y español. Se seleccionaron 46 bibliografías que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se describen aspectos fundamentales como la anatomía ecográfica del nervio óptico, descripción de la técnica y su uso en entidades neurocríticas como el traumatismo craneoencefálico, ictus, muerte encefálica, entre otros. Conclusiones: La ecografía de la vaina del nervio óptico representa una alternativa no invasiva ampliamente aceptada para la medición del incremento de la presión intracranial. Con un diámetro de 5,0 hasta 5,9 mm o más se puede asumir el diagnóstico de hipertensión intracraneal con alta sensibilidad y especificidad, aunque debe individualizarse su uso en cada patología neurocrítica. La curva de aprendizaje para la realización del proceder es de breve tiempo y satisface las habilidades necesarias(AU)


Introduction: Noninvasive neuromonitoring in critically ill patients is a first-line option for the management of fatal complications derived from increased intracranial pressure. This modality includes ultrasound of optic nerve sheath diameter, which is a quick technique, easy to perform and available at the bedside. Objectives: To describe significant and state-of-the-art aspects regarding the use of ultrasound for monitoring intracranial pressure through measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter in different neuroclinical settings. Methods: A review was carried out, between May and July 2020, of the literature published in databases such as PubMed/Medline, SciELO and Google Scholar. Publications in English and Spanish were reviewed. Forty-six bibliographic sources were chosen, as long as they met the inclusion criteria. Fundamental aspects are described, such as the ultrasound anatomy of the optic nerve, the technique procedures and its use in neurocritical entities such as head trauma, stroke and brain death, among others. Conclusions: Ultrasound of the optic nerve sheath is a widely accepted noninvasive choice for measurement of increased intracranial pressure. With a diameter of 5.0 to 5.9 mm or more, the diagnosis of intracranial hypertension can be assumed with high sensitivity and specificity, although its use should be individualized in each neurocritical pathology. The learning curve for carrying out the procedure is short and satisfies the necessary skills(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Optic Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Intracranial Pressure/physiology , Critical Illness , Stroke , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Craniocerebral Trauma
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353440

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Introduction: According to the world health organization, injuries represent more than 20% of health problems in the world. Head trauma and the absence of neurosurgery and radiology services in less populated areas make it difficult to assess and manage patients with brain injury. Objective: To describe the clinical findings and benefits derived from the implementation of teleradiology in neurotrauma in areas of difficult geographic access. Materials and methods: A systematic search was carried out in Pubmed, Scopus, Ebsco host, Sciencedirect, and Embase, with the thesauri "Teleradiology" and "Craniocerebral Trauma". Results: The decision to intervene in a patient with brain trauma and the period of time until surgery are essential for the clinical outcome. Those centers that use teleradiology require transfers to specialized hospitals, for which portable technological devices contribute to the response time of neurosurgery care. Conclusion: Teleradiology has a positive impact on patients with traumatic brain injury in geographical areas of difficult access, facilitating communication with specialists; providing timely care and optimizing transfers to high complexity centers.


RESUMEN: Introducción: Según la organización mundial de la saludlos traumatismos representan más del 20% de los pro-blemas en salud en el mundo. El trauma craneoencefálico y la ausencia de servicios de neurocirugía y radiología en zonas menos pobladas dificultan la valoración y manejo de pacientes con lesión cerebral. Objetivo: Describir los hallazgos clínicos y beneficios derivados de la implementación de la telerradiología en neurotrauma en áreas de difícil acceso geográfico. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en Pubmed, Scopus, Ebsco host, Sciencedirect, y Embase, con los tesauros "Teleradiology" y "Craniocerebral Trauma". Resultados: La decisi-ón de intervenir a un paciente con traumatismo cerebral y el periodo de tiempo hasta la cirugía son fundamentales para el desenlace clínico. Aquellos centros que usan la telerradiología, precisan los traslados a los hospitales espe-cializados, por lo cual los dispositivos tecnológicos portátiles contribuyen en el tiempo de respuesta de la atención en neurocirugía. Conclusión: La telerradiología impacta positivamente en pacientes con trauma craneoencefálico en zonas geográficas de difícil acceso, facilitando la comunicación con especialistas; brindando atención oportuna y optimizando los traslados a centros de alta complejidad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Radiology , Brain Injuries , Teleradiology , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Craniocerebral Trauma
3.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(10): 879-885, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345311

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Although intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring is the gold standard method for measuring intracranial pressure after traumatic brain injury, optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurement with ultrasound (US) is also used in the evaluation of ICP. Objective: To investigate the association between a series of OSND measurements by US and changes in clinical presentation of the patient. Methods: Prospective study including 162 patients with traumatic brain injury. Age, sex, cerebral CT findings, ONSD levels by US at minutes 0, 60, and 120, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) within same period, change of consciousness, treatment, and mortality data were reviewed. The association of ONSD levels with GCS, change of consciousness, treatment, and mortality was evaluated. Results: There was no difference in ONSD changes in the patients' sample within the period (p=0.326). ONSD significantly increased in patients who died (p<0.001), but not in those who survived (p=0.938). There was no significant change in ONSD of the patients who received anti-edema therapy (p=801), but significantly increased ONSD values were found in those who received anti-edema therapy (p=0.03). Patients without change of consciousness did not have any significant change in ONSD (p=0.672), but ONSD values increased in patients who consciousness became worse, and decreased in those who presented a recovery (respectively, p<0.001, p=0.002). A negative correlation was detected between ONSD values and GSC values measured at primary, secondary, and tertiary time periods (for all p<0.001). Conclusions: ONSD follow-up may be useful to monitor ICP increase in patients with acute traumatic brain injury.


RESUMO Antecedentes: Embora o monitoramento da pressão intracraniana (PIC) seja o método padrão-ouro para medir a pressão intracraniana após lesão encefálica traumática, a medição do diâmetro da bainha do nervo óptico (DBNO) com ultrassom (US) também é usada na avaliação da PIC. Objetivo: Investigar a associação entre uma série de medidas de DBNO por US e mudanças na apresentação clínica do paciente. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo incluindo 162 pacientes com traumatismo cranioencefálico. Idade, sexo, achados de TC cerebral, níveis de DBNO por US nos minutos 0, 60 e 120, Escala de Coma de Glasgow (GCS) no mesmo período, mudança de consciência, tratamento e dados de mortalidade foram revisados. A associação dos níveis de DBNO com GCS, mudança de consciência, tratamento e mortalidade foi avaliada. Resultados: Não houve diferença nas mudanças de DBNO na amostra de pacientes no período (p=0,326). O DBNO aumentou significativamente em pacientes que morreram (p<0,001), mas não naqueles que sobreviveram (p=0,938). Não houve mudança significativa no DBNO dos pacientes que receberam terapia antiedema (p=801), mas valores significativamente aumentados de DBNO foram encontrados naqueles que receberam terapia antiedema (p=0,03). Pacientes sem alteração da consciência não tiveram alteração significativa no DBNO (p=0,672), mas os valores do DBNO aumentaram nos pacientes que pioraram a consciência e diminuíram naqueles que apresentaram recuperação (respectivamente, p<0,001, p=0,002). Detectou-se correlação negativa entre os valores de DBNO e os valores de GSC medidos nos períodos primário, secundário e terciário (para todos, p<0,001). Conclusões: O acompanhamento do DBNO pode ser útil para monitorar o aumento da PIC em pacientes com lesão cerebral traumática aguda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Pressure , Craniocerebral Trauma/complications , Craniocerebral Trauma/diagnostic imaging , Optic Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Prospective Studies
4.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 4(3): 97-92, jul. 29, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1282064

ABSTRACT

Paciente masculino con antecedente de trauma craneoencefálico severo recibido en la unidad de emergencia con una puntuación en la escala de Glasgow de 3 puntos; se describió en la tomografía computarizada un hematoma frontal epidural y una hemorragia subdural aguda; fue intervenido quirúrgicamente por neurocirugía en la Unidad de Emergencias y posteriormente fue llevado a la unidad de cuidados intensivos donde durante la recuperación (2 meses) refirió disminución de la agudeza visual en ojo izquierdo; fue evaluado en el servicio de Oftalmología donde la agudeza visual del ojo derecho fue de 20/40 y en ojo izquierdo no percibe la luz, en la evaluación oftalmológica se evidencia la presión intraocular en ojo izquierdo de 44mmHg, abundante celularidad en cámara anterior y a la evaluación ultrasonografía de cámara vítrea se describe una imagen que se correlaciona con una aparente hemorragia vítrea. Se diagnostica con Glaucoma de células fantasmas y síndrome de Terson; se inicia tratamiento médico con antiglaucomatoso para el glaucoma de células fantasmas y expectante para el síndrome de Terson, a la semana debido a la pobre respuesta se realizó trabeculectomia y vitrectomía vía Pars plana, posterior al tratamiento oftalmológico, se describió una visión de ojo izquierdo de 20/200


Male patient with a history of severe head trauma received in the emergency unit with a Glasgow coma score of 3; radiologically, an epidural frontal hematoma and an acute subdural hemorrhage are described in the computed tomography; the patient underwent surgery in the Emergency Unit and was later admitted to the intensive care unit where during recovery (2 months) he reported decreased visual acuity in the left eye; is evaluated in the ophthalmology service where is found a visual acuity of the right eye with correction of 20/40 and the left eye does not perceive light, the ophthalmology evaluation shows an intraocular pressure of the left eye of 44mmHg, abundant cellularity in the anterior chamber and in the ultrasound evaluation of the vitreous chamber describes an image that correlates with an apparent vitreous hemorrhage. He is diagnosed with Ghost Cell Glaucoma and Terson Syndrome; Medical treatment with antiglaucoma treatment for Ghost cell glaucoma and expectant for Terson syndrome is started. After a week due to the poor response, a trabeculectomy and vitrectomy via pars plana was performed, after ophthalmological treatment, a vision of the left eye of 20/200 was described


Subject(s)
Ophthalmology , Patients , Vitrectomy , Glaucoma , Eye , Craniocerebral Trauma
5.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-7, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284463

ABSTRACT

El hematoma subdural crónico (HSC) es una patología neuroquirúrgica frecuente, que se reconoce como consecuencia de traumatismos craneoencefálicos de poca magnitud que habitualmente se diagnostican en pacientes seniles, aunque puede presentarse en pacientes jóvenes y sin antecedentes de traumas.El objetivo que persigue este trabajo es la presentación de una paciente con un HSC bilateral, con características poco usuales.Caso clínico: se presenta una paciente del sexo femenino, de 46 años de edad, sin antecedente de traumatismo craneal ni de otra patología concomitante, que consulta por una cefalea de 15 días de evolución. El examen físico constató midriasis, pupila de Hutchinson, papiledema bilateral y exoforia del ojo derecho, parálisis del tercer par craneal y ataxia de tronco, fue catalogada con Glasgow 13. Se realizó tratamiento anti edema cerebral temprano y las manifestaciones desaparecieron en gran medida. En la Tomografía axial computarizada se diagnosticó un hematoma subdural frontotemporal bilateral con desplazamiento de las estructuras de la línea media a la izquierda. Fue operada de urgencia y dada de alta completamente recuperada tres días después.Conclusión: el HSC puede presentarse con distintas formas clínicas, simulando procesos expansivos tumorales, ataques cerebrovasculares, demencias o entidades neurológicas de otra índole. El manejo del caso por clínicos y neurocirujanos fue rápido y efectivo, lo que explica que la paciente tuvo una recuperación temprana y total. En estos casos la actuación médica es decisiva en el éxito del tratamiento.


Chronic subdural hematoma (CSH) is a common neurosurgical pathology that is recognized as a consequence of minor head injuries that are usually diagnosed in senile patients, although it can occur in young patients without a history of trauma.The objective of this work is the presentation of a patient with a bilateral CSH, with unusual characteristics.Clinical case: a 46-year-old female patient with no history of head trauma or other concomitant pathology is presented, who consulted for a 15-day-old headache. Physical examination confirmed mydriasis, Hutchinson's pupil, bilateral papilledema and exophoria of the right eye, third cranial nerve palsy, and trunk ataxia. She was cataloged with Glasgow 13. Early anti-cerebral edema treatment was performed and the manifestations largely disappeared. A computed tomography scan diagnosed a bilateral fronto temporal subdural hematoma with displacement of the midline structures to the left. She underwent emergency surgery and was discharged completely recovered three days later. Conclusion: HSC can present with different clinical forms, simulating expansive tumor processes, cerebrovascular attacks, dementias or neurological entities of another nature. The case management by clinicians and neurosurgeons was quick and effective, which explains that the patient had an early and complete recovery. In these cases, medical action is decisive in the success of the treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic/diagnostic imaging , Craniocerebral Trauma/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic/surgery , Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic/etiology
6.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(1): 17-21, jan.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177696

ABSTRACT

O traumatismo cranioencefálico (TCE) se apresenta na realidade brasileira como importante causa de incapacitações e óbitos, sendo de especial interesse da saúde pública, também, devido à alta demanda de recursos para o tratamento de suas vítimas. Nesse contexto, análises sistemáticas sobre o tema são de grande relevância para o direcionamento de políticas preventivas. O presente trabalho tem por objetivo analisar o perfil do TCE na região Nordeste do Brasil, através de estudo exploratório, descritivo, epidemiológico, de série temporal, de janeiro de 2009 a dezembro de 2019, com dados secundários do DATASUS - Ministério da Saúde do Brasil. Foi constatado um aumento no número de internações e óbitos no período, sendo a maioria das vítimas do sexo masculino, da raça parda, com idade entre 20 e 39 anos. Os custos com internações são elevados e se encontram em ascensão.


raumatic brain injury (TBI) appears in the Brazilian reality as an important cause of disabilities and deaths, being of special interest to public health, also, due to the high demand for resources for the treatment of its victims. Based on this, systematic analyzes on the topic are of great relevance for the direction of preventive policies. The present work aims to analyze the profile of the TBI in Northeastern Brazil, through an exploratory, descriptive, epidemiological, time series study, from January 2009 to December 2019, with secondary data from DATASUS - Ministry of Health of Brazil. There was an increase in the number of hospitalizations and deaths in the period, with the majority of male victims, of brown race, aged between 20 and 39 years. Hospitalization costs are high and on the rise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Craniocerebral Trauma/mortality , Craniocerebral Trauma/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Studies , Time Series Studies , Mortality , Hospital Information Systems , Hospitalization/economics
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 132-140, Jan.-Feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153043

ABSTRACT

Defeitos ósseos constituem um problema de saúde global. O sistema Rigenera permite a extração de microenxertos ricos em células-tronco mesenquimais (CTMs). Objetivou-se avaliar o processo de regeneração óssea por enxertos obtidos pelo sistema Rigenera em defeitos críticos na calvária de ratos. Foram utilizados 18 ratos Wistar, machos, pesando 285±29g, distribuídos em três grupos (n=6), sendo cada animal controle de si mesmo, denominados G15-Controle e G15-Tratado (15 dias); G30-Controle e G30-Tratado (30 dias) e G60-Controle e G60-Tratado (60 dias). Foram realizadas duas lesões de 5mm de diâmetro em cada antímero da calvária. Nos grupos tratados, foram utilizados microenxertos autólogos de cartilagem xifoide, obtidos pelo sistema Rigenera. O defeito contralateral serviu como controle em todos os animais. Os animais foram eutanasiados aos 15, 30 e 60 dias após a cirurgia, e as amostras foram processadas para a histoquímica. Nos grupos controle, não foram observados sinais de regeneração óssea, enquanto nos grupos tratamento foram verificadas áreas de formação óssea e tecido mesenquimal ativado. O sistema Rigenera foi eficiente na obtenção de microenxertos autólogos, para terapia celular em defeito crítico de calvária de ratos. Com o aprimoramento do protocolo, o sistema Rigenera poderá ser amplamente utilizado no tratamento de lesões ósseas.(AU)


Bone defects are a global health problem. The Rigenera system allows the extraction of micro grafts rich in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The objective of this study was to evaluate the bone regeneration process by grafts obtained by the Rigenera system in defects in the rats calvarian. Eighteen male Wistar rats were used, weighing 285 ± 29g, distributed in three groups (n = 6), where each animal was treatment and control, called G15-Control and G15-Treated (15 days); G30-Control and G30-Treated (30 days) and G60-Control and G60-Treated (60 days). Two 5mm diameter lesions were performed on each calvaria side. In the treated groups, autologous micrograft from xiphoid cartilage, obtained by the Rigenera system, were used. The other defect served as a control in all animals. The animals were euthanized at 15, 30 and 60 days after the surgery and the samples were processed for histochemistry. In the control groups, no signs of bone regeneration were observed, while in the treatment groups, areas of bone formation and activated mesenchymal tissue were verified. The Rigenera system was efficient in obtaining autologous micrograft for cell therapy in a critical calvaria defect in rats. Rigenera system can be widely used in the treatment of bone injuries.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Skull/injuries , Bone Regeneration , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Craniocerebral Trauma/therapy , Craniocerebral Trauma/veterinary , Rats, Wistar/injuries , Autografts
8.
J. afr. imag. méd ; 13(1): 36-45, 2021. Tables, figures
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1342869

ABSTRACT

Objectif: Evaluer les doses délivrées aux patients adultes lors des examens TDM en vue de l'établissement des niveaux de référence diagnostiques tomodensitométriques au Togo.Matériel et méthodes: Etude transversale réalisée du 6 Mars au 30 Juillet 2018 dans 5 structures sanitaires disposant d'une unité tomodensitométrique au Togo ayant inclus les TDM cranio-encéphaliques, abdomino-pelviennes, thoraciques, thoraco-abdomino-pelviennes, rachidiennes cervicales et lombaires des patients d'au moins 15 ans.Résultats: Les 1155 TDM adultes inclus étaient dominées par les TDM cranio-encéphaliques et abdomino-pelviens avec respectivement 34,2% et 15,15%. La sex-ratio était de 1,42. Les appareils de marque GE dans 80%, étaient de 6 et 16 barrettes et 60% installés 2010. L'IDSvol de la TDM cérébrale était le plus élevé par rapport à l'IDSvol des autres types d'examen. La dispersion des PDL par acquisition et pour un examen complet inter et intra structure sanitaire était significative. Les NRD (75e percentile du PDL) par acquisition était de 1199,14mGy.cm (cérébral non traumatique), 1596,45mGy.cm (cérébral-traumatique), 635,63mGy.cm (cervical), 401,98mGy.cm (thorax), 594,42mGy.cm (abdomino-pelvien), 675,73mGy.cm (thoraco-abdomino-pelvien) et 681,35mGy.cm (lombaire). Les doses efficaces moyennes associées auxdifférents types d'examens étaient comprises entre 2-3mSv pour l'exposition de la tête et le cou et de 24mSv pour la TDM abdomino-pelvienne.


Objective: To evaluate the doses delivered to adult patients during CT scans in order to establish CT-scans diagnostic reference levels (DRL) in Togo.Material and methods: Cross-sectional study carried out from 6 March to 30 July 2018 in 5 health facilities with a CT-scans unit in Togo that included cranio-encephalic, abdominal-pelvic, thoracic, thoraco-abdominal-pelvic, cervical and lumbar spines CT-scans in patients at least 15 years of age. Results: The 1155 adult CT-scans included were dominated by cranio-encephalic and abdominal-pelvic CTs with 34.2% and 15.15% respectively. The sex-ratio was 1.42. GE brand devices in 80%, were 6 and 16 bars and 60% installed 2010. The brain CT IDSvol was the highest compared to the CTDIvol of other types of exams. The dispersion of the DLP by acquisition and for a complete inter and intra-structure examination was significant. DRLs (75th percentile of DLP) per acquisition were 1199.14mGy.cm (non-traumatic cerebral), 1596.45mGy.cm (traumatic cerebral), 635.63mGy.cm (cervical), 401.98mGy.cm (thorax),594.42mGy.cm (abdominal-pelvic), 675.73mGy.cm (thoracic-abdominal-pelvic) and 681.35mGy.cm (lumbar). The average effective doses associated with the different types of exams ranged from 2-3mSv for head and neck exposure and 24mSv for abdominal-pelvic CT. Conclusion : The high dispersion of dose delivered during CT-scan in Togo requires a process of homogenization of procedures and optimization from DRLs thus determined.(abdominal-pelvic), 675.73mGy.cm (thoracic-abdominal-pelvic) and 681.35mGy.cm (lumbar). The average effective doses associated with the different types of exams ranged from 2-3mSv for head and neck exposure and 24mSv for abdominal-pelvic CT.Conclusion: The high dispersion of dose delivered during CT-scan in Togo requires a process of homogenization of procedures and optimization from DRLs thus determined.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Craniocerebral Trauma , Togo
9.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(5): e0033, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341151

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Traumatic chiasmal syndrome is one of the rare etiologies of chiasmal syndrome, characterized by optic chiasm injury following head trauma. The main visual defect associated is bitemporal hemianopia with macular splitting; however, it can present with a variety of other visual defects and neurologic signs. The authors report a case of complete bitemporal hemianopia after head trauma, with multiple frontal and skull base fractures and no other neurologic deficits, or hypothalamic-pituitary abnormality. Most cases of traumatic chiasmal syndrome are caused by mechanical stretch or compression of the chiasma. Nevertheless, in this case, the radiologic findings excluded macroscopic disruption or external compression of the chiasma, raising the possibility of a contusion necrosis associated with functional impairment of the optic chiasma. Traumatic chiasmal syndrome must be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with complete bitemporal hemianopia after head injury caused by frontal and skull base fracture.


RESUMO A síndrome quiasmática traumática é uma das raras etiologias da síndrome do quiasma óptico, que se caracteriza pela presença de lesão do quiasma óptico causada por traumatismo craniencefálico. O principal defeito visual associado é a hemianopsia bitemporal com macular splitting. No entanto, pode se manifestar por uma variedade de outros defeitos visuais e sinais neurológicos. Os autores relatam um caso de hemianopsia bitemporal completa após traumatismo craniencefálico com múltiplas fraturas frontais e da base do crânio na ausência de outros défices neurológicos ou alterações do eixo hipotálamo-hipofisário. A maioria dos casos de síndrome quiasmática traumática é causada por estiramento mecânico ou compressão do quiasma. No entanto, no caso apresentado, os achados radiológicos excluíram lesão macroscópica ou compressiva do quiasma, levantando a possibilidade de uma necrose após contusão associada ao compromisso funcional do quiasma óptico. A síndrome quiasmática traumática deve ser considerada no diagnóstico diferencial de doentes que apresentam hemianopsia bitemporal completa após traumatismo craniencefálico, especialmente em casos de fratura do osso frontal e da base do crânio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Optic Chiasm/physiopathology , Optic Chiasm/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Hemianopsia/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Craniocerebral Trauma/etiology , Syndrome
10.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021332, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345353

ABSTRACT

Background Predominantly intraosseous meningiomas are rare entities that include true primary intraosseous meningiomas (PIM), as well as meningiomas that may show extensive bone involvement, such as en plaque meningiomas. Different hypotheses have been proposed to decipher the origin of PIMs, such as ectopic arachnoid cap cell entrapment during birth or after trauma. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice of such lesions. Case presentation We present a case of a 65-year-old man with an enlarging mass in the parieto-occipital region that grew slowly and progressively over 13 years, following head trauma during a motor vehicle accident. One year prior to presentation, he started experiencing daily holocranial headaches and blurry vision. CT and MRI studies revealed a permeative midline calvarial lesion measuring 14 cm in greatest dimension with extensive periosteal reaction, extension into the subcutaneous soft tissues, subjacent dural thickening and intracranial extension with invasion of the superior sagittal sinus. The favored pre-operative clinical diagnosis was osteosarcoma. The abnormal calvarium was excised and histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a predominantly intraosseous calvarial meningioma, WHO grade I. Conclusions The present case highlights the importance of histopathologic diagnosis in guiding therapeutic decisions and reiterates the necessity of considering PIM or meningiomas with extensive intraosseous component in the differential diagnosis of calvarial masses, even when imaging suggests a neoplasm with aggressive behavior, such as osteosarcoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Bone Neoplasms/complications , Meningioma/complications , Osteosarcoma/complications , Diagnosis, Differential , Craniocerebral Trauma/complications
11.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-7, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1337654

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Fractures of the frontal bone correspond to 5 to 15% of all facial fractures. This type of fracture can lead to difficulties in restoring bone congruence and to postoperative secondary aesthetic problems. Objective: This paper aims to present a clinical case report of frontal bone fracture where a late reconstruction was performed using a titanium mesh with the aid of stereolithographic model prototyping. Case report: Female patient, 26 years old, with aesthetic sequelae in the upper third of the face after a motorcycle accident. The imaging exams showed a comminuted frontal bone fracture, as well as upper edge and right orbit ceiling involvement. The planning consisted of reconstruction of the affected area with the use of a titanium mesh pre-shaped in a stereolithographic model. The procedure was performed under general anesthesia and coronal access. After installation of the fixation material, pericranial flap rotation and suture of the surgical wound were performed. The patient progressed well, with considerable improvement in facial aesthetics. Conclusion: This paper reports the importance of good planning in cases of frontal bone fracture sequel, in which the use of model-shaped mesh in a stereolithographic model tends to optimize surgery, bringing aesthetic and psychosocial benefits. (AU)


Introdução: As fraturas do osso frontal correspondem de 5 a 15% de todas as fraturas faciais. Esse tipo de fratura pode levar a dificuldades na restauração da congruência dos ossos e a problemas secundários estéticos pós-operatórios. Objetivo: Este trabalho objetiva apresentar um relato de caso clínico de fratura do osso frontal onde foi realizada reconstrução tardia utilizando tela de titânio com auxílio da prototipagem de modelo estereolitográfico. Relato de caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 26 anos, apresentando sequela estética em terço superior da face após acidente motociclístico. Os exames de imagem demonstraram fratura cominutiva em osso frontal, além de envolvimento de bordo superior e teto de órbita direita. O planejamento consistiu de reconstrução da área afetada com uso de tela de titânio pré-modelada em modelo estereolitográfico. O procedimento foi realizado sob anestesia geral e acesso coronal. Após instalação do material de fixação optou-se pela rotação de retalho de pericrânio e sutura da ferida cirúrgica. A paciente evoluiu bem, com melhora considerável da estética facial. Conclusão: Este trabalho relata a importância do bom planejamento em casos de sequela de fratura do osso frontal, no qual o uso de telas modeladas em modelo estereolitográfico tendem otimizar a cirurgia, trazendo benefícios estéticos e psicossociais. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Titanium , Frontal Bone , Craniocerebral Trauma
12.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 56(4): 5-10, out.-dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140795

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O traumatismo cranioencefálico (TCE) é considerado uma epidemia silenciosa e um grande problema de saúde pública mundial. Dados epidemiológicos precisos podem ajudar na formulação de políticas públicas e em estratégias para reduzir a incidência do TCE. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever a epidemiologia do TCE grave de pacientes admitidos na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI). MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo com coleta de dados em prontuário eletrônico na UTI de um hospital da rede SUS do Distrito Federal. Foram analisados o perfil epidemiológico e os principais desfechos clínicos e funcionais de pacientes com TCE internados entre janeiro e dezembro de 2015. Uma análise estatística descritiva foi conduzida e os dados foram expressos em médias, intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%) e taxas. RESULTADOS: 227 pacientes foram estudados com média de idade de 38 anos (IC95% 36 a 40), sendo 84% (191/227) do sexo masculino. O principal mecanismo de trauma foi o acidente motociclístico, 19% (43/227) seguido dos atropelamentos, 18% (40/227). O tempo médio de ventilação mecânica foi de 14 dias, (IC95% 12 a 15) e os tempos médios de internação na UTI e hospitalar foram de 16 dias, (IC95% 14 a 18) e 42 dias, (IC95% 36 a 47), respectivamente. Apenas 16% (36/227) dos pacientes conseguiu permanecer em ortostase na alta da UTI. A taxa de mortalidade na UTI foi de 25% (57/227). CONCLUSÃO: Os homens jovens são os mais acometidos por TCE grave sendo o principal mecanismo o acidente motociclístico. Estes pacientes apresentam internação hospitalar prolongada e altas taxas de mortalidade


INTRODUCTION: traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been considered a silent epidemic and a major worldwide public health problem. Accurate epidemiological data can assist in the formulation of public policies and strategies to reduce the incidence of TBI. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of severe TBI in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: this is a retrospective study with data collected from electronic medical records from the ICU of a SUS hospital in the Federal District. The epidemiological profile and the main clinical and functional outcomes of patients with TBI hospitalized between January and December 2015 were analyzed. A descriptive statistical analysis was conducted and data were expressed as averages, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) and rates. RESULTS: 227 patients were studied with a mean age of 38 (95% CI 36 to 40), 84% (191/227) being male. The main mechanism of trauma was motorcycle collision, 19% (43/227) followed by pedestrian collision, 18% (40/227). The mean time of mechanical ventilation was 14 days, (95% CI 12 to 15) and the average length of stay in the ICU and hospital was 16 days, (95% CI 14 to 18) and 42 days, (95% CI 36 to 47), respectively. Only 16% (36/227) of patients managed to remain in orthostasis upon discharge from the ICU. The mortality rate in the ICU was 25% (57/227). CONCLUSION: Young men are the most affected by severe TBI, and the main mechanism was motorcycle accidents. These patients have prolonged hospital stays and high mortality rates


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Unified Health System , Craniocerebral Trauma/mortality , Craniocerebral Trauma/epidemiology , Rehabilitation , Accidents, Traffic/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Mortality , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay
14.
Med. U.P.B ; 39(2): 11-16, 21/10/2020. tab, mapas
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1123559

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar la atención de accidentes de tránsito en la ciudad de Medellín para obtener una imagen general de la situación de salud en este contexto. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo observacional, con intención analítica, de fuentes secundarias de información, en pacientes con edad mayor o igual a 16 años, atendidos por el personal 123, módulo salud, víctimas de accidentes de tránsito en Medellín. Resultados: Un total de 3 829 individuos sufrieron accidente de tránsito entre octubre y diciembre del 2018 según los criterios del estudio. De estos, el 63.1% de sexo masculino, con edad media de 34 años. La zona con mayor demanda de atención prehospitalaria fue la comuna 10 de la ciudad (La Candelaria) y la mayoría de los afectados por los accidentes lo fueron en calidad de conductor, 64%, y en un 75% de los casos, el vehículo involucrado fue una motocicleta. Solo el 26.5% de los pacientes fueron dados de alta en la escena. Las extremidades fueron las zonas corporales de mayor compromiso, en un 78.2% de los episodios, seguidas por el cráneo y la cara, con un 26.8%. Conclusiones: Es evidente la necesidad de la ciudad de implementar y evaluar el impacto de estrategias dinámicas que permitan un manejo eficiente de los recursos, que priorice las zonas y grupos demográficos de mayor riesgo y la articulación de la disposición de pacientes dentro de la cadena de atención, según los tipos más frecuentes de lesiones.


Objective: To characterize the traffic accident attention in the city of Medellín in order to obtain a general image of the health situation in this context. Methodology: Observational descriptive study, with analytic intent, of secondary information sources in patients with age higher or equal to 16 years of age, served by the 123 personnel, health module, who were victims of traffic accidents in Medellín. Results: A total of 3 829 individuals suffered traffic accidents between October and December of 2018 according to the study criteria. Of these, 63.1% were males, with an average age of 34 years old. The zone with the highest demand of pre-hospital attention was the Comuna 10 of the city (known as La Candelaria) and most of the affected by the accidents were as drivers, 64%, and 75% of the cases, the vehicle involved was a motorcycle. Only 26.5% of the patients were discharged on the scene. The extremities were the body zones with the highest compromise in 78.2% of the episodes, followed by the cranium and the face, with 26.8%. Conclusions: It is evident that the city needs to implement and evaluate the impact of dynamic strategies that enable an efficient management of the resources that prioritizes the zones and demographic groups with the highest risk and the articulation of the disposition of patients within the attention chain, according to the most frequent types of injuries.


Objetivo: Caracterizar a atenção de acidentes de trânsito na cidade de Medellín para obter uma imagem geral da situação de saúde neste contexto. Metodologia: Estudo descritivo observacional, com intenção analítica, de fontes secundárias de informação, em pacientes com idade maior ou igual a 16 anos, atendidos pelo pessoal 123, módulo saúde, vítimas de acidentes de trânsito em Medellín. Resultados: Um total de 3 829 indivíduos sofreram acidente de trânsito entre outubro e dezembro de 2018 segundo os critérios do estudo. Destes, 63.1% de sexo masculino, com idade média de 34 anos. A região com maior demanda de atenção pré-hospitalar foi a comuna 10 da cidade (La Candelaria) e a maioria dos afetados pelos acidentes foram em qualidade de condutor, 64%, e num 75% dos casos, o veículo envolvido foi uma motocicleta. Só 26.5% dos pacientes foram dados de alta na cena. As extremidades foram as zonas corporais de maior compromisso, em 78.2% dos episódios, seguidas pelo crâneo e a cara, com um 26.8%. Conclusões: É evidente a necessidade da cidade de implementar e avaliar o impacto de estratégias dinâmicas que permitam um manejo eficiente dos recursos, que priorize as zonas e grupos demográficos de maior risco e a articulação da disposição de pacientes dentro da cadeia de atenção, segundo os tipos mais frequentes de lesões.


Subject(s)
Humans , Accidents, Traffic , Prehospital Care , Extremities , Craniocerebral Trauma , Health Resources
16.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 58(3): 294-299, set. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138584

ABSTRACT

Resumen La anosognosia es un trastorno neuropsicológico que genera en el paciente una incapacidad para tener un estado de conciencia pleno sobre su enfermedad o déficit, producto de una injuria cerebral. En este artículo reportamos el análisis de un caso que producto de un traumatismo craneoencefálico presentó esta alteración cerebral. El análisis neuropsicológico inicia con la descripción clínica del caso, su estado premórbido, el relato familiar del estado actual y un análisis neuropsicológico que sustenta la hipótesis diagnóstica de anosognosia. Se discute el caso presentado en base a la necesidad de realizar diagnósticos precisos y proponer programas de rehabilitación neuropsicológica para que los pacientes con anosognosia sufran el menor impacto posible en las actividades de su vida diaria producto del trastorno cerebral adquirido.


Anosognosia is a neuropsychological disorder that generates in the patient an inability to have a state of full awareness about their disease or deficit due to brain injury. In this article we report the analysis of a case that, due to a head injury, presented this brain disorder. The neuropsychological analysis begins with the clinical description of the case, its premorbid status, the family report of the current state and a neuropsychological analysis of the symptoms presented that support the diagnostic hypothesis of anosognosia. The case presented is discussed based on the need to make accurate diagnoses and propose neuropsychological rehabilitation programs so that patients with anosognosia suffer the least possible impact on the activities of their daily lives as a result of acquired brain disorder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Awareness , Consciousness , Agnosia , Craniocerebral Trauma , Neuropsychology
17.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138873

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente artículo fue ofrecer una visión actualizada del uso de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación en la intervención neuropsicológica de pacientes con daño cerebral. Para esto se realizó la revisión de la literatura publicada sin límite de fecha y hasta junio del año 2019, en las bases de datos MedLine, Embase, Hinari, Lilacs y SciELO, y se consideró la experiencia profesional de los autores en el tema. Las principales tecnologías de la información y la comunicación que se utilizan en la actualidad en la evaluación neuropsicológica y la rehabilitación de los procesos cognitivos en esta población son los softwares, la telerrehabilitación, la realidad virtual, los teléfonos inteligentes, las apps móviles y los videojuegos. Estas tecnologías se han empleado en el tratamiento de diferentes funciones cognitivas (atención, memoria, funciones ejecutivas, habilidades visoespaciales, lenguaje, entre otros) y en diferentes tipos de patologías (traumatismos craneoencefálicos, demencias, ictus, epilepsia, adultos mayores, etcétera). Uno de los retos para el futuro será la creación de tecnologías que demuestren su eficacia en la reintegración de estos pacientes a su vida cotidiana. En Cuba diversas instituciones han integrado la información y la comunicación a la investigación neuropsicológica y han confirmado su utilidad clínica(AU)


The purpose of the study was to provide an updated view of the use of information and communication technologies in the neuropsychological intervention of brain damage patients. To achieve such an end, a review was conducted of the literature published on any date prior to June 2019 in the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, HINARI, LILACS and SciELO. The authors' professional experience in the subject was taken into account. The main information and communication technologies in current use for the neuropsychological evaluation and rehabilitation of cognitive processes in this population are software, telerehabilitation, virtual reality, smart phones, mobile apps and video games. These technologies have been used to treat a variety of cognitive functions (attention, memory, executive functions, visual-spatial abilities and language, among others) and conditions (traumatic brain injury, dementias, stroke, epilepsy, elderly patients, etcetera). One of the challenges to be faced in the future will be the creation of technologies proving their effectiveness in the reincorporation of these patients to their daily activities. Several Cuban institutions have integrated information and communication technologies into neuropsychological research, confirming their clinical usefulness(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Information Technology , Craniocerebral Trauma , Literature
18.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 26(2): 92-98, apr-jun 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120120

ABSTRACT

Es recomendable que los pacientes con antecedentes de trauma craneal moderado o grave, con pérdida de fragmentos de calota, que deben reparar con posterior craneoplastia, la realicen luego de 3 a 6 meses, reduciendo el riesgo de infección y de hipertensión endocraneana. Los materiales a utilizar son diversos; y para evitar la reapertura es fundamental un cierre sin tensión, en dos planos y sin tejido desvitalizado. Las infecciones son raras; son más frecuentes cuando la craneopatía se realizó dentro del 1er año del trauma. Otra complicación es la úlcera crónica, de manejo muy complejo. Material y métodos. Paciente de 58 años, sufrió un traumatismo encefalocraneano con pérdida de conocimiento en el año 2011, por accidente de tránsito; craneoplastia realizada a 8 meses del trauma, posterior ulceración sobre líneas de incisión en dos oportunidades, reparado en ambas con colgajos locales, conservando la placa craneal. La paciente consultó presentando nueva ulceración parietal izquierda y adelgazamiento del cuero cabelludo y translucencia del material frontoparietal izquierdos; sin infección local; y múltiples cicatrices remanentes. Se retiró la placa craneal, y a dos años se realizó expansión con insuflados lentos controlados con la signosintomatología que presentaba la paciente. Al 3er mes se recolocó nueva placa de titanio y cobertura con colgajos del cuero cabelludo. Discusión. La expansión tisular del cuero cabelludo es un método simple, con baja frecuencia de complicaciones si la técnica es delicada y atendemos la signosintomatología del paciente. Conclusión. El trabajo conjunto multidisciplinario, es la piedra angular para obtener resultados óptimos en la reconstrucción de lesiones complejas.


Patients with a history of moderate or severe skull trauma, with loss of shell fragments, which must be repaired with subsequent cranioplasty, it is recommended to perform it after 3 to 6 months, reducing the risk of infection and endocranial hypertension. The materials to use are diverse; and to avoid reopening, a tension-free closure is essential, in two planes and without devitalized tissue. Infections are rare, being more frequent when the craniopathy took place within 1 year of the trauma. Another complication is the chronic ulcer, very complex to handle. Material and methods. Fifty eight year-old patient, suffered a traumatic brain injury with loss of consciousness in 2011, due to a traffic accident; craneoplasty performed 8 months after trauma, subsequent ulceration on incision lines on two occasions, both repaired with local flaps, preserving the cranial plate. The patient consulted presenting a new left parietal ulceration, and thinning of the scalp and translucency of the left fronto-parietal material; no local infection; and multiple remaining scars. The cranial plate was removed, and two years later, expansion was performed with slow insufflants controlled with the patient's symptom sign. At the 3rd month, a new titanium plate was replaced and covered with flaps of the scalp. Discussion. Tissue expansion of the scalp is a simple method, with little frequency of complications if the technique is delicate, and we attend to the patient's sign-symptomatology. Conclusion. Multidisciplinary joint work is the cornerstone for obtaining optimal results in the reconstruction of complex injuries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Tissue Expansion , Craniocerebral Trauma/surgery , Craniocerebral Trauma/therapy , Surgical Flaps , Titanium , Methylmethacrylate , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary
19.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 36(1): 74-84, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1094228

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: revisar sistemáticamente la evidencia sobre la administración de progesterona tras un trauma craneoencefálico grave en adultos y su relación con mortalidad y pronóstico neurológico. Criterios de inclusión: ensayos clínicos aleatorizados que incluyan a pacientes adultos mayores de 18 años, haber sufrido un traumatismo craneal grave (Glasgow <8), donde se compare la administración de progesterona vs grupo control (placebo o no administración). Método: se realizó la búsqueda en las siguientes bases de datos: MEDLINE, the Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); PubMed, HINARI, EMBASE; Cochrane Injuries group y lista de referencia de los artículos. Resultados: no hubo reducción de la mortalidad comparado con el grupo control (RR 0,93, IC95% 0,79-1,10 p= 0,41), no hubo diferencias entre progesterona y el grupo control en desenlaces neurológicos positivos ni negativos (RR 1,07, IC95% 0,97-1,17 p= 0,20; RR 0,94, IC 95% 0,81-1,08 p= 0,27), respectivamente. Conclusiones: no se encontró evidencia respecto a que la administración de progesterona posterior a un traumatismo craneoencefálico reduzca la mortalidad o mejore desenlaces neurológicos, aunque se necesitan más estudios de buena calidad para extraer conclusiones definitivas.


Summary: Objective: to systematically review evidence on the administration of progesterone after a traumatic brain injury in adults and its relationship with mortality and neurological head prognosis. Inclusion criteria: randomized clinical trials that include: patients older than 12 years old, having had an injury (Glasgow <8), comparing the administration of Progesterone versus the control group (placebo or no administration). Methods: we searched the following databases: MEDLINE, the Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); PubMed, HINARI, EMBASE; Cochrane Injury Group and reference list of articles. Results: there was no reduction in mortality in patients in the control group (RR 0.93, 95% CI 0.79-1.10 p = 0.41), there were no differences between progesterone and the control group in favorable or adverse neurological outcomes (RR 1.07, 95% CI: 0.97-1.17 p = 0.20, RR 0.94, 95% CI: 0.81 -1,08 p= 0.27), respectively. Conclusions: there is no evidence that the administration of progesterone after a traumatic brain injury reduces or improves neurological results, although further good quality studies are required to obtain conclusive results.


Resumo: Objetivo: realizar uma revisão sistemática da evidência sobre a administração de progesterona depois de traumatismo crânio-encefálico grave em adultos e sua relação com a mortalidade e o prognóstico neurológico. Critérios de inclusão: ensaios clínicos aleatorizados que incluam: pacientes adultos maiores de 18 anos, haver sofrido um traumatismo craniano grave (Glasgow <8) donde se compare a administração de progesterona versus grupo controle (placebo ou não administração). Métodos: foi feita uma pesquisa bibliográfica nas seguintes bases de dados: MEDLINE, Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, HINARI, EMBASE, Cochrane Injuries Group e nas referências bibliográficas dos artigos. Resultados: não foi observada uma redução da mortalidade comparada com o grupo controle (RR 0,93, IC del 95%: 0,79-1,10 p= 0,41), não foram observadas diferenças entre o grupo que recebeu progesterona e o grupo controle nos resultados neurológicos positivos ou negativos (RR 1,07, IC del 95%: 0,97-1,17 p= 0,20; RR 0,94, IC del 95%: 0,81-1,08 p= 0,27), respectivamente. Conclusões: não se encontrou evidência de que a administração de progesterona depois de um traumatismo crânio-encefálico reduza a mortalidade ou melhore os resultados neurológicos embora novos estudos de boa qualidade sejam necessários para chegar a conclusões definitivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Progesterone/therapeutic use , Craniocerebral Trauma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Craniocerebral Trauma/mortality
20.
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 28(1): 69-75, jan.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092428

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo desta pesquisa foi realizar levantamento sobre a frequência das doações de órgãos ou tecidos no Hospital Regional do Agreste, Caruaru/PE. Trata-se de estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, com base nos dados de 439 prontuários que registraram as doações realizadas no hospital entre janeiro de 2011 e dezembro de 2014. As doações oscilaram no período considerado e diminuíram no último ano da série, ficando sempre muito abaixo do número de potenciais doadores. Além disso, a doação de tecido foi muito superior à de órgãos. Os resultados demonstram que é imprescindível criar medidas públicas permanentes para conscientizar a população sobre a importância do tema. Aprovação CEP-Unifavip CAAE 42440515.3.0000.5666


Abstract The goal of this study was to carry out a survey of the frequency of organ or tissue donation in Hospital Regional do Agreste, Caruaru, Pernambuco, Brazil. This is a descriptive, retrospective study, based on data from 439 medical records which documented donations made in the hospital between January 2011 and December 2014. Donations varied over the period in question and decreased in the last year of the series, remaining always well below the number of potential donors. In addition, tissue donation was far superior to organ donation. The results show that it is essential to create permanent public measures to raise awareness of the importance of this subject among the population. Approval CEP-Unifavip CAAE 42440515.3.0000.5666


Resumen El objetivo de esta investigación fue realizar una recolección de datos sobre la frecuencia de las donaciones de órganos o tejidos en el Hospital Regional do Agreste, Caruaru, Pernambuco, Brasil. Este es un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, basado en datos de 439 registros médicos que registraron las donaciones realizadas en el hospital entre enero de 2011 y diciembre de 2014. Las donaciones oscilaron en el período considerado y disminuyeron en el último año de la serie, siempre manteniéndose muy por debajo del número de donantes potenciales. Además, la donación de tejidos fue muy superior a la donación de órganos. Los resultados demuestran que es imprescindible crear medidas públicas permanentes para concienciar a la población sobre la importancia del tema. Aprobación CEP-Unifavip CAAE 42440515.3.0000.5666


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Brain Death , Public Awareness , Health Policy , Craniocerebral Trauma
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL