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1.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254158

ABSTRACT

Mulher de 18 anos com histórico de síncope, angina e palpitações há um ano. Uma indicação crucial era artéria coronária direita dilatada na ecocardiografia transtorácica. Os achados da tomografia computadorizada resultaram no diagnóstico da origem anômala da artéria coronariana esquerda proveniente da síndrome da artéria pulmonar.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Pulmonary Artery/physiopathology , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Bland White Garland Syndrome/pathology , Bland White Garland Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , X-Rays , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory/methods , Creatine Kinase/blood , Electrocardiography , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods
2.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 26: e20190079, 2020. graf, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1135133

ABSTRACT

Scolopendra polymorpha (S. polymorpha) is a predatory centipede whose venom contains a multiplicity of biochemical effectors that can cause muscle damage and cumulative cell destruction in its prey. Despite previous investigations of S. polymorpha and other centipede venoms, there is a lack of information on the morphological and biochemical patterns elicited by their myotoxic effects. To elucidate these processes, this paper presents evidence of skeletal muscle damage, and alterations in key biochemical mediators that appear only after exposure to centipede venom. Methods: Venom was collected and fractionated using RP-HPLC; mouse extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle was exposed to whole venom and venom fractions to evaluate myotoxicity by means of creatine kinase (CK) - a muscle damage marker - activity measurements and histochemical analysis. Results: CK activity was higher in EDL muscle exposed to venom than in unexposed muscle. This increase was observed after 15 min of venom incubation, and remained stable up to 45 min. Venom-exposed EDL muscle showed signs of muscle damage including necrosis, loss of fascicular structure as well as mitochondrial accumulations and ragged red fibers (RRF), suggesting an impairment in the normal mitochondrial arrangement. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and cytochrome oxidase (COX) tests also indicate that respiratory complexes might be affected. Conclusion: Our results suggest a different biochemical composition of S. polymorpha venom, based on the different effects of four venom fractions on the cells tested, according to statistical evidence. Fractions F6 and F7 caused the most important alterations.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Creatine Kinase , Myotoxicity , Chilopoda , Biochemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762461

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rapid and accurate diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is critical for initiating effective treatment and achieving better prognosis. We investigated the performance of copeptin for early diagnosis of AMI, in comparison with creatine kinase myocardial band (CK-MB) and troponin I (TnI). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 271 patients presenting with chest pain (within six hours of onset), suggestive of acute coronary syndrome, at an emergency department (ED). Serum CK-MB, TnI, and copeptin levels were measured. The diagnostic performance of CK-MB, TnI, and copeptin, alone and in combination, for AMI was assessed by ROC curve analysis by comparing the area under the curve (AUC). Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of each marker were obtained, and the characteristics of each marker were analyzed. RESULTS: The patients were diagnosed as having ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI; N=43), non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI; N=25), unstable angina (N=78), or other diseases (N=125). AUC comparisons showed copeptin had significantly better diagnostic performance than TnI in patients with chest pain within two hours of onset (AMI: P=0.022, ≤1 hour; STEMI: P=0.017, ≤1 hour and P=0.010, ≤2 hours). In addition, TnI and copeptin in combination exhibited significantly better diagnostic performance than CK-MB plus TnI in AMI and STEMI patients. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of TnI and copeptin improves AMI diagnostic performance in patients with early-onset chest pain in an ED setting.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Angina, Unstable , Area Under Curve , Chest Pain , Creatine Kinase , Diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Myocardial Infarction , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Troponin I
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 674-679, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057497

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To study the response of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MI/RI) in rats to simulated geomagnetic activity. Methods: In a simulated strong geomagnetic outbreak, the MI/RI rat models were radiated, and their area of myocardial infarction, hemodynamic parameters, creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), melatonin, and troponin I values were measured after a 24-hour intervention. Results: Our analysis indicates that the concentrations of troponin I in the geomagnetic shielding+operation group were lower than in the radiation+operation group (P<0.05), the concentrations of melatonin in the shielding+operation group and normal+operation group were higher than in the radiation + operation group (P<0.01), and the concentrations of CK in the shielding + operation group were lower than in the radiation + operation group and normal + operation group (P<0.05). Left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and ± dP/dtmax in the radiation+operation group were lower than in the shielding + operation group and normal+operation group (P<0.01). Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LEVDP) in the shielding + operation group was higher than in the normal + operation group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in area of myocardial infarction and LDH between the shielding + operation group and the radiation + operation group. Conclusion: Our data suggest that geomagnetic activity is important in regulating myocardial reperfusion injury. The geomagnetic shielding has a protective effect on myocardial injury, and the geomagnetic radiation is a risk factor for aggravating the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/physiopathology , Magnetic Fields/adverse effects , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Creatine Kinase , Disease Models, Animal , Hemodynamics
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901104, Nov. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054677

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (Ml/R) injury is a leading cause of damage in cardiac tissues, with high rates of mortality and disability. Biochanin A (BCA) is a main constituent of Trifolium pratense L. This study was intended to explore the effect of BCA on Ml/R injury and explore the potential mechanism. Methods: In vivo MI/R injury was established by transient coronary ligation in Sprague-Dawley rats. Triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining (TTC) was used to measure myocardial infarct size. ELISA assay was employed to evaluate the levels of myocardial enzyme and inflammatory cytokines. Western blot assay was conducted to detect related protein levels in myocardial tissues. Results: BCA significantly ameliorated myocardial infarction area, reduced the release of myocardial enzyme levels including aspartate transaminase (AST), creatine kinase (CK-MB) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH). It also decreased the production of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-18, IL-6 and TNF-α) in serum of Ml/R rats. Further mechanism studies demonstrated that BCA inhibited inflammatory reaction through blocking TLR4/NF-kB/NLRP3 signaling pathway. Conclusion: The present study is the first evidence demonstrating that BCA attenuated Ml/R injury through suppressing TLR4/NF-kB/NLRP3 signaling pathway-mediated anti-inflammation pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Genistein/pharmacology , Toll-Like Receptor 4/drug effects , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/drug effects , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Reference Values , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Cytokines/blood , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Creatine Kinase/blood , Lactate Dehydrogenases/blood , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology
6.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1128-1134, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763167

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Simvastatin has demonstrated anti-tumor activity in preclinical studies via tumor cell senescence, apoptosis, and anti-angiogenesis. This phase II trial evaluated the efficacy and toxicity profile of conventional XELOX and bevacizumab chemotherapy plus simvastatin in metastatic colorectal cancer patients (MCRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with MCRC received first-line XELOX in 3-week treatment cycles of intravenous oxaliplatin 130 mg/m² plus bevacizumab 7.5 mg/kg (day 1), followed by oral capecitabine 1,000 mg/m² twice daily (day 1-14). Simvastatin 80 mg tablets were taken orally once daily every day during the period of chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints were response rate, duration of response, overall survival (OS), time to progression, and toxicity. RESULTS: From January 2014 to April 2015, 60 patients were enrolled and 55 patients were evaluable for tumor response. The median follow-up duration was 30.1 months (range, 28.5 to 31.7 months). The median PFS was 10.4 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.6 to 11.1). The median OS of all patients was 19.0 months (95% CI, 11.9 to 26.0). The disease-control rate and overall response rate were 88.3% (95% CI, 74 to 96) and 58.3% (95% CI, 44 to 77), respectively, by intent-to-treat protocol analysis. There was one complete response and 34 partial responses. One patient experienced grade 3 creatine kinase elevation and liver enzyme elevation. CONCLUSION: Based on the current study, the addition of 80 mg simvastatin to XELOX and bevacizumab showed comparable clinical efficacy in patients with MCRC as first-line chemotherapy and did not increase toxicity.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Arm , Bevacizumab , Capecitabine , Cellular Senescence , Colorectal Neoplasms , Creatine Kinase , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver , Simvastatin , Tablets , Treatment Outcome
7.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 386-394, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762954

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, prognostic study, level II evidence. PURPOSE: To define the normal change in the creatine kinase (CK) levels in patients undergoing prone or supine lumbar or cervical spine surgery and to determine if positioning influences the postoperative changes in the CK levels. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Spine surgery is one of the most commonly performed and fastest growing areas of surgery in the United States. Thus, the various possible complications need to be understood, and risk factors for these complications need to be mitigated. One of the rare complications, reported in the literature as small case series and case reports, is rhabdomyolysis, diagnosed by high CK levels. Thus far, very few studies have examined the rise in CK levels following spine surgery, and to our knowledge, none has assessed the potential association of surgical positioning and the rise in CK levels. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 94 patients. We obtained their preoperative CK levels, and re-assessed their CK levels at postoperative day (POD) 1, 2, and 3, as well as at their 2-week follow-up. The data were analyzed with respect to the spine level and positioning to determine if positioning had any effect on the postoperative rise in the CK level. RESULTS: Total 94 consecutive patients were enrolled in this study. The average preoperative CK level was 179.64, and the average CK level was 847.04 on POD 1. Prone positioning showed a greater rise in the CK levels following surgery than the supine positioning. In a similar manner, lumbar procedures led to a larger rise in the CK levels than cervical surgery. Prone/lumbar surgery showed the largest increase among all groups. Finally, revision surgery and instrumentation both increased the postoperative CK levels. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that positioning can affect the postoperative CK level rise, with patients undergoing prone/lumbar surgery showing the greatest rise in the postoperative CK levels. This rise, however, may be related to paraspinal muscle damage, rather than the positioning itself.


Subject(s)
Creatine Kinase , Creatine , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Paraspinal Muscles , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Rhabdomyolysis , Risk Factors , Spine , United States
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766814

ABSTRACT

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is generally known as selective involvement of central nervous system. However, in recent years, some evidences have been found that NMOSD invades other peripheral organs. Especially, skeletal muscle involvement of NMOSD has been documented scantily and further studies must be required. Here, we describe a patient who first had generalized fatigue, mild weakness, and myalgia with increased level of serum creatine kinase and was finally diagnosed with myopathy associated with NMOSD.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System , Creatine Kinase , Fatigue , Humans , Muscle, Skeletal , Muscular Diseases , Myalgia , Myotonia , Myotonic Disorders , Neuromyelitis Optica
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764565

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics, prognosis and parallel clinical course of ovarian cancer (OC) and dermatomyositis (DM). METHODS: The medical records of 23 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with OC and DM and were treated at Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) between 2002 and 2017 were reviewed. Propensity score matching method was used to match control group (OC patients without DM) at a ratio of 1:5. The correlation between OC and DM was measured using the Pearson correlation scatter plot and Pearson's r. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazard regression analysis were performed to evaluate the prognostic factors. RESULTS: After matching, 23 patients who have the concurrence of OC and DM (DM group) and 115 patients diagnosed with OC alone (No DM group) were included. The 5-year overall survival rates (71.6% vs. 51.8%, p=0.020) and 5-year progression-free survival (30.5% vs. 0%, p=0.018) were poorer in DM group. Correlation between serum cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) and creatine kinase (CK) level was observed in 12 patients. The time between OC and DM diagnosis is significant through univariable analysis (p=0.021) but not in multivariable analysis in patients who have the concurrence of OC and DM. CONCLUSION: The concurrence of OC and DM as a paraneoplastic syndrome is rare and has a poor prognosis. The risk for patients diagnosed with DM is highest within 3 years before or after OC diagnosis. A correlation and a parallel clinical course exist between these 2 diseases.


Subject(s)
Beijing , Creatine Kinase , Dermatomyositis , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Medical Records , Methods , Ovarian Neoplasms , Paraneoplastic Syndromes , Prognosis , Propensity Score , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763614

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To compare the hemodynamic parameters—electrolyte concentration, D-dimer level, creatine phosphokinase level—and the incidence of early complications of simultaneous bilateral versus unilateral hip arthroscopy. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on patients (> 18 years of age) undergoing unilateral or bilateral hip arthroscopy under the same anesthetic between 2013 and 2015. Patients were followed up for 30 days after surgery. In all cases, data were collected before, during, and after the surgical procedure. RESULTS: One hundred cases of hip arthroscopy (51 unilateral and 49 bilateral) were included in this study. There was a greater variation in systolic blood pressure and heart rate in the unilateral group. The sodium levels were higher in the bilateral group with an adjusted mean difference of 5.31 mmol/L (p 500 ng/mL was 85.7% in the bilateral group and 56.9% in the unilateral group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the groups (bilateral, 8.2%; unilateral, 9.8%; crude odds ratio, 0.83; 95% confidence interval, 0.24 to 2.92; p = 0.526). CONCLUSIONS: The variations of hemodynamic parameters in patients undergoing hip arthroscopy remained within normal ranges. The findings of this study suggest that bilateral hip arthroscopy be selected according to the patient's condition, considering that the risk of complications and metabolic alterations in bilateral hip arthroplasty are similar to those in unilateral arthroscopy.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty , Arthroscopy , Blood Pressure , Creatine Kinase , Femoracetabular Impingement , Heart Rate , Hemodynamics , Hip , Humans , Incidence , Odds Ratio , Prospective Studies , Reference Values , Sodium
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775040

ABSTRACT

MicroRNA (miRNA) is a non-coding single-stranded RNA with a length of approximately 22 nucleotides and is mainly responsible for the regulation of gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. At present, miRNA have become potential biomarkers for various diseases such as tumor, leukemia, and nervous system disease. Muscle-specific microRNAs are enriched in the skeletal muscle of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and also play an important role in the pathogenesis of DMD. Creatine kinase has limited specificity in the diagnosis of DMD since its level is not significantly associated with disease severity, and therefore, it is of great clinical significance to explore whether muscle-specific microRNAs can be used as ideal biomarkers for DMD. This article reviews the research advances in this field.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Creatine Kinase , Humans , MicroRNAs , Muscle, Skeletal , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774548

ABSTRACT

In this study, solid dispersion technology was used to develop volatile oil from Acorus tatarinowii self-nanoemulsion dropping pills(VOA-SNEDDS-DP) and its protective effect on acute myocardial ischemia injury was evaluated. Taking exterior quality, weight variation and the resolving time as comprehendsive evaluation indexes, the preparation process and formulation of the dropping pills were optimized by orthogonal design, and the dissolution rate in vitro of the optimized VOA-SNEDDS-DP was investigated. The rat model of acute myocardial ischemia was induced by intraperitoneal injection of isoproterenol hydrochloride and the serum levels of superoxide dismutase(SOD), malondialdehyde(MDA), creatine kinase(CK) and pathological changes of myocardial tissue were determined to evaluate therapeutic effect of the dropping pills on acute myocardial ischemia. The results showed that the optimal formulation and preparation process of VOA-SNEDDS-DP were as follows: PEG6000-PEG8000 was 1∶1, proportion of VOA-SNEDDS and matrix was l∶2.5, the temperature of drug fluids was 75 ℃, drop rate was 35 drops/min, drop distance was 5 cm, the condensing agent temperature was 2-10 ℃. The content of β-asarone in the dropping pills was 42.46 mg·g~(-1). The accumulated dissolution rate of the dropping pills reached 93.85% in 10 min. The results of pharmacodynamic experiments showed that VOA-SNEDDS-DP could significantly increase the SOD content(P<0.05), reduce the levels of MDA and CK(P<0.05) in serum, and effectively improve the pathological morphology of myocardial tissue. These results revealed that the preparation of VOA-SNEDDS-DP by solid dispersion technology was stable and feasible, and VOA-SNEDDS-DP had protective effect on acute myocardial ischemia injury.


Subject(s)
Acorus , Chemistry , Animals , Creatine Kinase , Blood , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Malondialdehyde , Blood , Myocardial Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Oils, Volatile , Pharmacology , Plant Oils , Pharmacology , Rats , Superoxide Dismutase , Blood
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787181

ABSTRACT

Ischemic colitis primarily affects the elderly with underlying disease, but it rarely occurs in young adults with risk factors, such as coagulopathy or vascular disorder. Moreover, it is extremely rare in the very young without risk factors. This paper presents a patient with ischemic colitis associated with heat stroke and rhabdomyolysis after intense exercise under high-temperature conditions. A 20-year-old man presented with mental deterioration after a vigorous soccer game for more than 30 minutes in sweltering weather. He also presented with hematochezia with abdominal pain. The laboratory tests revealed the following: AST 515 U/L, ALT 269 U/L, creatine kinase 23,181 U/L, BUN 29.1 mg/dL, creatinine 1.55 mg/dL, and red blood cell >50/high-power field in urine analysis. Sigmoidoscopy showed ischemic changes at the rectum and rectosigmoid junction. A diagnosis of ischemic colitis and rhabdomyolysis was made, and the patient recovered after conservative and fluid therapy. This case showed that a diagnosis of ischemic colitis should be considered in patients who present with abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea after intense exercise, and appropriate treatment should be initiated immediately.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged , Colitis, Ischemic , Creatine Kinase , Creatinine , Diagnosis , Diarrhea , Erythrocytes , Fluid Therapy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Heat Stroke , Hot Temperature , Humans , Rectum , Rhabdomyolysis , Risk Factors , Sigmoidoscopy , Soccer , Weather , Young Adult
14.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 48-51, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785679

ABSTRACT

Symmetrical proximal weakness and characteristic dermatologic manifestations are important in the diagnosis of dermatomyositis. We report a case of atypical presentation of dermatomyositis due to previous steroid use and also report steroid-induced myopathy which may occur from steroid administration during the course of treatment. A 77-year-old man, previous steroid user, showed rapidly progressing weakness after abruptly stopped medication. He has presented erythematous papule on face and anterior chest but no heliotrope rash and Gottron's papules were observed. Muscle enzyme (creatine kinase) concentration is increased, and needle electromyography shows increased spontaneous activity on proximal limb muscle. The muscle biopsy confirmed dermatomyositis. During the course of treatment, he revealed persistent weakness despite the continuous steroid use and stable creatine kinase level. Electrodiagnostic study suggests steroid-induced myopathy and after tapering steroid, proximal muscle strength improved. This case reports the effect of steroid use on dermatomyositis patients and a process of diagnosing coexisting steroid induced myopathy during treatment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Biopsy , Creatine Kinase , Dermatomyositis , Diagnosis , Electromyography , Exanthema , Extremities , Humans , Muscle Strength , Muscular Diseases , Needles , Thorax
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813036

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinical characteristics of dermatomyositis, to investigate the types and clinical features of dermatomyositis complicated with malignant tumor, and to provide evidence for clinical diagnosis, treatment and prognostic evaluation.
 Methods: The clinical manifestations and laboratory test results for 108 cases of dermatomyositis with complications in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were analyzed.
 Results: Patients aged from 14 to 60 years accounted for 62.96%. The first symptom was single skin rash (54.63%), and the most characteristic cutaneous features were asymmetrical proximal myositis with various degrees (97.22%). The visceral involvement was as follows: the digestive tract (31.48%), the heart (19.44%), the lung (26.85%), and the thyroid damage (12.96%). Twelve (11.11%) patients were combined with malignant tumor. The positive rates for albumin (ALB), glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (AST), glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (ALT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), anti Jo-1 antibody, anti ribonucleoprotein (RNP) antibody, and anti-topoisomerasel (Scl) antibody were 25.93%, 46.30%, 28.70%, 87.04%%, 51.85%, 26.85%, 55.56%, 2.27%, 8.99%, and 2.27%, respectively. The patients were divided into a tumor group and a non-tumor group. The chi-square test results from clinical symptoms and laboratory tests suggested that increase of ESR was a risk factor for dermatomyositis combining tumor. The main strategy of therapy was corticosteroids.
 Conclusion: Dermatomyositis possesses typical skin lesions and dermatitis is the most common initial symptom of dermatomyositis. In clinic, diagnosis of dermatomyositis should be timely combined with muscle enzymes test, electromyography and muscle biopsy. Dermatomyositis can easily involve many organs. Thus relevant examinations (such as chest X-ray and CT) should be done preventively. Rapid ESR is a risk factor for dermatomyositis complicated with malignant tumor and it can be used as an index to guide clinical diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Creatine Kinase , Dermatomyositis , Electromyography , Humans , Middle Aged , Skin , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773225

ABSTRACT

This study was to investigate the mechanism of safflower yellow injection for regulating inflammatory response against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury( MIRI) in rats. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham operation group,model group,Hebeishuang group,safflower yellow injection high,medium and low dose groups. MIRI model was established by ligating left anterior descending coronary artery. Myocardial histopathological changes were observed by HE staining; myocardial infarct size was detected by TTC staining; content and changes of tumor necrosis factor-α( TNF-α) and interleukin-6( IL-6),serum creatine kinase( CK),aspartate aminotransferase( AST),and lactate dehydrogenase( LDH) were detected by biochemical method or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay( ELISA). Western blot assay was used to detect the protein expression of Toll-like receptor 4( TLR4) and nuclear factor-κB( NF-κB p65) in myocardial tissues. The results showed that as compared with the sham operation group,the myocardial arrangement of the model group was disordered,with severe edemain the interstitial,significantly increased area of myocardial infarction,increased activities of AST,CK and LDH in serum,and significantly increased contents of TNF-α and IL-6; the expression levels of TLR4 and NF-κB( p65) protein in myocardial tissues were also increased. As compared with the model group,the myocardial tissues were arranged neatlyin the Hebeishuang group and safflower yellow injection high,medium and low dose groups; the edema was significantly reduced; the myocardial infarct size was significantly reduced; the serum AST,CK,LDH activity and TNF-α,IL-6 levels were significantly decreased,and the expression levels of TLR4 and NF-κB( p65) protein in myocardial tissues were decreased. As compared with the Hebeishuang group,the myocardial infarct size was larger in the safflower yellow injection high,medium and low dose groups; the activities of AST,CK and LDH in serum and the contents of TNF-α and IL-6 in serum were higher,but there was no statistically significant difference in the expression levels of TLR4 and NF-κB( p65) protein in tissues. It is suggested that safflower yellow injection has a significant anti-MIRI effect,and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of TLR-NF-κB pathway to inhibit inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Chalcone , Pharmacology , Creatine Kinase , Blood , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Male , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Metabolism , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
17.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(1): 125-129, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991383

ABSTRACT

Rhabdomyolysis (RD) is the process that leads to cell destruction of striated muscle. Causes include inherited metabolic defects or acquired disorders. RD is frequently associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) and disorders of calcium metabolism. We report a 33 year old man that after amphetamine consumption and an uninterrupted 3,000 km driving presented vomiting, muscle pain and dark urine. He had elevated creatinkinase levels, severe hypocalcemia and an acute renal failure. He was treated with hemodialysis and calcitriol. He was transferred to our hospital and on admission a serum calcium of 18 mg/dl was detected. He continued on hemodialysis, recovering renal function and with normalization of creatinkinase levels and serum calcium level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Rhabdomyolysis/complications , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Hypercalcemia/etiology , Radionuclide Imaging/methods , Calcium/blood , Renal Dialysis/methods , Creatine Kinase/blood , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Hypercalcemia/diagnostic imaging , Hypocalcemia/etiology
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180526, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020439

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Crotalus envenomations cause serious complications and can be fatal without appropriate treatment. Venom isoforms present and inter/intraspecific variations in the venom composition can result in different symptoms presented by bites by snakes from the same species but from different geographical regions. We comparatively evaluated the local and systemic effects caused by Crotalus durissus terrificus (Cdt), C.d. collilineatus (Cdcolli), and C.d. cascavella (Cdcasc) envenomation. METHODS: Venom chromatography was performed. Proteolytic, phospholipase, and LAAO activities were analyzed. Edema, myotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and coagulation alterations were evaluated. RESULTS: The venom SDS-PAGE analyses found the presence of convulxin, gyroxin, crotoxin, and crotamine in Cdt and Cdcolli venoms. Crotamine was not present in the Cdcasc venom. Cdt, Cdcollli, and Cdcasc venoms had no proteolytic activity. Only Cdcasc and Cdt venoms had phospholipase activity. LAAO activity was observed in Cdcolli and Cdcasc venoms. Cdcolli and Cdcasc venoms caused 36.7% and 13.3% edema increases, respectively. Cdt venom caused a 10% edema induction compared to those by other venoms. All venoms increased TOTAL-CK, MB-CK, and LDH levels (indicating muscle injury) and ALT, AST, GGT, and ALP levels (markers of liver damage) and were able to induce a neuromuscular blockade. Urea and creatinine levels were also altered in both plasma and urine, indicating kidney damage. Only Cdcolli and Cdcasc venoms increased TAPP and TAP. CONCLUSIONS: Together, these results allow us to draw a distinction between local and systemic effects caused by Crotalus subspecies, highlighting the clinical and biochemical effects produced by their respective venoms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Crotalus/classification , Crotalid Venoms/toxicity , Edema/chemically induced , Kidney/drug effects , Liver/drug effects , Urea/blood , Creatine Kinase/drug effects , Creatine Kinase/blood , Creatinine/blood , Models, Animal , Edema/pathology , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Alkaline Phosphatase/drug effects , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Transaminases/drug effects , Transaminases/blood , Kidney/pathology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/drug effects , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Liver/pathology , Mice
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761533

ABSTRACT

Ischemic colitis primarily affects the elderly with underlying disease, but it rarely occurs in young adults with risk factors, such as coagulopathy or vascular disorder. Moreover, it is extremely rare in the very young without risk factors. This paper presents a patient with ischemic colitis associated with heat stroke and rhabdomyolysis after intense exercise under high-temperature conditions. A 20-year-old man presented with mental deterioration after a vigorous soccer game for more than 30 minutes in sweltering weather. He also presented with hematochezia with abdominal pain. The laboratory tests revealed the following: AST 515 U/L, ALT 269 U/L, creatine kinase 23,181 U/L, BUN 29.1 mg/dL, creatinine 1.55 mg/dL, and red blood cell >50/high-power field in urine analysis. Sigmoidoscopy showed ischemic changes at the rectum and rectosigmoid junction. A diagnosis of ischemic colitis and rhabdomyolysis was made, and the patient recovered after conservative and fluid therapy. This case showed that a diagnosis of ischemic colitis should be considered in patients who present with abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea after intense exercise, and appropriate treatment should be initiated immediately.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged , Colitis, Ischemic , Creatine Kinase , Creatinine , Diagnosis , Diarrhea , Erythrocytes , Fluid Therapy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Heat Stroke , Hot Temperature , Humans , Rectum , Rhabdomyolysis , Risk Factors , Sigmoidoscopy , Soccer , Weather , Young Adult
20.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 25(4): 233-244, oct.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990955

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Objective: To conduct a post hoc analysis of tofacitinib efficacy and safety in Colombian patients enrolled in global phase III studies. Methods: Data were pooled from Colombian patients with RA across four phase III tofacitinib studies: ORAL Sync, ORAL Scan, ORAL Solo, and ORAL Start. Patients received tofacitinib 5 or 10 mg twice daily, methotrexate (ORAL Start only), or placebo as single therapy (ORAL Start and ORAL Solo), or in combination with csDMARDs (ORAL Sync and ORAL Scan). Data were pooled from three studies with similar patient populations (Sync, Scan, Solo) for efficacy analyses, and from all studies for safety analyses, up to Month 24. The efficacy analysis excluded ORAL Start due to the methotrexate-naive patient population, and placebo and methotrexate groups, due to low patient numbers. Results: Data pooled included 77 patients for efficacy, and 125 for safety analyses. Tofacitinib-treated patients showed improved American College of Rheumatology 20/50/70 response rates, a mean Disease Activity Score 28-4 (erythrocyte sedimentation rate), and a mean change from baseline in Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index. Improvements were sustained in Months 12-24, although patient numbers were low post-Month 12. The most frequently reported adverse events were anemia, headache, influenza, and increased blood creatine phosphokinase. No tuberculosis cases, serious adverse events, or deaths were reported, and few cases of herpes zoster or malignancies occurred. Conclusions: Tofacitinib reduced RA signs and symptoms, and improved physical function. The efficacy and safety of tofacitinib in this Colombian sub-population were consistent with data from global phase III studies.


RESUMEN Introducción: Tofacitinib es un inhibidor oral de la janus kinasa para el tratamiento de la artritis reumatoide (AR). Objetivo: Análisis post hoc para evaluar la eficacia y seguridad de tofacitinib en los pacientes colombianos que participaron en los estudios globales de fase III. Métodos: La información se obtuvo de los pacientes colombianos con AR que participaron en 4 de los estudios de tofacitinib de fase III: ORAL Sync, ORAL Scan, ORAL Solo y ORAL Start. Los pacientes recibieron tofacitinib 5 o 10 mg 2 veces al día, ya sea en monoterapia (ORAL Start y ORAL Solo) o en combinación con csDMARDs (ORAL Scan y ORAL Sync), metotrexate (ORAL Start) o placebo. Para el análisis de eficacia se utilizaron 3 estudios que incluyeron poblaciones similares (Sync, Scan y Solo) y para el análisis de seguridad se utilizaron todos los estudios, hasta el mes 24. El análisis de eficacia excluyó tanto el estudio ORAL Start debido a población metotrexate naive como a los grupos placebo o metotrexate debido al bajo número de pacientes. Resultados: Se incluyeron 77 pacientes para el análisis de eficacia y 125 para seguridad. Los pacientes tratados con tofacitinib mostraron mejorías en las tasas de respuestas del American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20/50/70, en el promedio del Disease Activity Score (DAS) 28-4 (velocidad de sedimentación globular) y en el cambio promedio desde la basal en el Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI). Las mejorías fueron sostenidas desde el mes 12 al mes 24, aunque el número de pacientes luego del mes 12 fue bajo. Los eventos adversos más frecuentemente reportados fueron anemia, cefalea, influenza e incremento de la creatin-fosfoquinasa sérica. No se reportaron casos de tuberculosis, eventos adversos serios o muertes. Ocurrieron casos poco frecuentes de herpes zoster y malignidades. Conclusiones: Tofacitinib redujo los signos y síntomas de la AR y mejoró la función física. La eficacia y seguridad en esta subpoblación colombiana fue consistente con los resultados de los pacientes que participaron en los estudios globales de fase III.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Efficacy , Creatine Kinase , Headache , Anemia
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