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1.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254158

ABSTRACT

Mulher de 18 anos com histórico de síncope, angina e palpitações há um ano. Uma indicação crucial era artéria coronária direita dilatada na ecocardiografia transtorácica. Os achados da tomografia computadorizada resultaram no diagnóstico da origem anômala da artéria coronariana esquerda proveniente da síndrome da artéria pulmonar.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Pulmonary Artery/physiopathology , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Bland White Garland Syndrome/pathology , Bland White Garland Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , X-Rays , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory/methods , Creatine Kinase/blood , Electrocardiography , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods
2.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901104, Nov. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054677

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (Ml/R) injury is a leading cause of damage in cardiac tissues, with high rates of mortality and disability. Biochanin A (BCA) is a main constituent of Trifolium pratense L. This study was intended to explore the effect of BCA on Ml/R injury and explore the potential mechanism. Methods: In vivo MI/R injury was established by transient coronary ligation in Sprague-Dawley rats. Triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining (TTC) was used to measure myocardial infarct size. ELISA assay was employed to evaluate the levels of myocardial enzyme and inflammatory cytokines. Western blot assay was conducted to detect related protein levels in myocardial tissues. Results: BCA significantly ameliorated myocardial infarction area, reduced the release of myocardial enzyme levels including aspartate transaminase (AST), creatine kinase (CK-MB) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH). It also decreased the production of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-18, IL-6 and TNF-α) in serum of Ml/R rats. Further mechanism studies demonstrated that BCA inhibited inflammatory reaction through blocking TLR4/NF-kB/NLRP3 signaling pathway. Conclusion: The present study is the first evidence demonstrating that BCA attenuated Ml/R injury through suppressing TLR4/NF-kB/NLRP3 signaling pathway-mediated anti-inflammation pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Genistein/pharmacology , Toll-Like Receptor 4/drug effects , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/drug effects , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Reference Values , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Cytokines/blood , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Creatine Kinase/blood , Lactate Dehydrogenases/blood , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology
3.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(1): 125-129, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991383

ABSTRACT

Rhabdomyolysis (RD) is the process that leads to cell destruction of striated muscle. Causes include inherited metabolic defects or acquired disorders. RD is frequently associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) and disorders of calcium metabolism. We report a 33 year old man that after amphetamine consumption and an uninterrupted 3,000 km driving presented vomiting, muscle pain and dark urine. He had elevated creatinkinase levels, severe hypocalcemia and an acute renal failure. He was treated with hemodialysis and calcitriol. He was transferred to our hospital and on admission a serum calcium of 18 mg/dl was detected. He continued on hemodialysis, recovering renal function and with normalization of creatinkinase levels and serum calcium level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Rhabdomyolysis/complications , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Hypercalcemia/etiology , Radionuclide Imaging/methods , Calcium/blood , Renal Dialysis/methods , Creatine Kinase/blood , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Hypercalcemia/diagnostic imaging , Hypocalcemia/etiology
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180526, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020439

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Crotalus envenomations cause serious complications and can be fatal without appropriate treatment. Venom isoforms present and inter/intraspecific variations in the venom composition can result in different symptoms presented by bites by snakes from the same species but from different geographical regions. We comparatively evaluated the local and systemic effects caused by Crotalus durissus terrificus (Cdt), C.d. collilineatus (Cdcolli), and C.d. cascavella (Cdcasc) envenomation. METHODS: Venom chromatography was performed. Proteolytic, phospholipase, and LAAO activities were analyzed. Edema, myotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and coagulation alterations were evaluated. RESULTS: The venom SDS-PAGE analyses found the presence of convulxin, gyroxin, crotoxin, and crotamine in Cdt and Cdcolli venoms. Crotamine was not present in the Cdcasc venom. Cdt, Cdcollli, and Cdcasc venoms had no proteolytic activity. Only Cdcasc and Cdt venoms had phospholipase activity. LAAO activity was observed in Cdcolli and Cdcasc venoms. Cdcolli and Cdcasc venoms caused 36.7% and 13.3% edema increases, respectively. Cdt venom caused a 10% edema induction compared to those by other venoms. All venoms increased TOTAL-CK, MB-CK, and LDH levels (indicating muscle injury) and ALT, AST, GGT, and ALP levels (markers of liver damage) and were able to induce a neuromuscular blockade. Urea and creatinine levels were also altered in both plasma and urine, indicating kidney damage. Only Cdcolli and Cdcasc venoms increased TAPP and TAP. CONCLUSIONS: Together, these results allow us to draw a distinction between local and systemic effects caused by Crotalus subspecies, highlighting the clinical and biochemical effects produced by their respective venoms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Crotalus/classification , Crotalid Venoms/toxicity , Edema/chemically induced , Kidney/drug effects , Liver/drug effects , Urea/blood , Creatine Kinase/drug effects , Creatine Kinase/blood , Creatinine/blood , Models, Animal , Edema/pathology , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Alkaline Phosphatase/drug effects , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Transaminases/drug effects , Transaminases/blood , Kidney/pathology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/drug effects , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Liver/pathology , Mice
5.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 20(5): 391-401, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977443

ABSTRACT

High-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) elicits large improvements in health and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). HIIE can be applied with calisthenics exercises to improve strength and endurance. The acute effects of high-intensity circuit training (HICT) considering different CRF on myological variables are unknown. The aim was measure acute effects of HICT in young women considering different levels of CRF. Twelve women were allocated in two groups, who achieve 41mLO2•kg-1•min-1 or more= High Physical Fitness (HPF, n=5) and who achieve less than 41mLO2•kg-1•min-1= Low Physical Fitness (LPF,n=7). Protocol: 2x4 sets of 20 seconds at maximum intensity (all-out fashion) interspersed with 10 seconds of passive rest (jumping jacks, squat and thrust using 2kg dumbbells, mountain climber, and burpees). Blood samples were collected before, immediately after, 15minutes, 30minutes, one hour and 24 hours after. Heart rate, serum myoglobin, lactate, and creatine kinase (CK) concentration were analyzed. The HR achieved 94.1±3.7% of HRmax for LPF and 104.5±20.3% for HPF, p=0.03. The mean of delta lactate was similar between groups. The highest myoglobin has reached at 1h after the exercise protocol, with 50.0±30.2 ng/mL for LPF and 36.9±9.25 ng/mL for HPF. The delta of total CK before and after the exercise protocol shows that the serum CK level in LPF was significantly higher than HPF group (p=0.042). HICT composed by calisthenic protocol produced elevated and similar effects on HRmax, serum lactate and myoglobin in the woman with HPF and LPF. However, LPF group presented higher muscle damage inferred by serum CK concentrations.


O exercício intermitente de alta intensidade(HIIE) melhora a saúde e a aptidão cardiorrespiratória(CRF). HIIE pode ser aplicado com exercícios calistênicos para melhorar a força e resistência. Os efeitos agudos do treinamento de alta intensidade(HICT) considerando diferentes CRF em variáveis miológicas são desconhecidos. O objetivo foi medir os efeitos agudos do HICT em mulheres jovens, considerando diferentes níveis de CRF. Elas foram alocadas pelo nível de VO2máx. em dois grupos, as que atingiram 41mLO2•kg-1•min-1 ou mais= alta aptidão física(HPF,n=5) e menos de 41mLO2•kg-1•min-1= baixo aptidão física(LPF,n=7). Protocolo: 2x4 séries de 20s com intensidade máxima (all-out) intercalados com 10s de repouso passivo (jumping jacks, squat and thrust usando halteres 2kg, mountain climber e burpees). Sangue foi coletado antes, zero, 15, 30min, 1h e 24hs depois. Foram analisadas, freqüência cardíaca, mioglobina sérica, lactato e creatina quinase (CK). A FC alcançou 94,1±3,7% da FCmax para LPF e 104,5±20,3% para HPF, p=0,03. A média do delta lactato foi semelhante entre os grupos. O pico de mioglobina foi 1h após o protocolo de exercício, com 50.0±30.2ng/mL para LPF e 36.9±9.25ng/mL para HPF. O delta de CK total antes e depois do protocolo de exercício mostra que o nível sérico de CK no LPF foi significativamente maior do que o grupo HPF(p=0,042). O HICT com exercícios calistênicos produziu efeitos elevados e semelhantes sobre FCmax, lactato sérico e mioglobina nas mulheres com alta e baixa aptidão física. No entanto, o grupo LPF apresentou maior dano muscular inferido pelas concentrações séricas de CK.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Sprains and Strains , High-Intensity Interval Training , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Exercise , Physical Fitness , Lactic Acid , Creatine Kinase/blood , Myoglobin/blood
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(6): 524-532, June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949352

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate in vivo animal model of cardiac ischemia/reperfusion the cardioprotective activity of pancreatic lipase inhibitor of the orlistat. Methods: Adult male Wistar rats were anesthetized, placed on mechanical ventilation and underwent surgery to induce cardiac I/R by obstructing left descending coronary artery followed by reperfusion to evaluation of ventricular arrhythmias (VA), atrioventricular block (AVB) and lethality (LET) with pancreatic lipase inhibitor orlistat (ORL). At the end of reperfusion, blood samples were collected for determination of triglycerides (TG), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK), and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB). Results: Treatment with ORL has been able to decrease the incidence of VA, AVB and LET. Besides that, treatment with ORL reduced serum concentrations of CK and LDL, but did not alter the levels of serum concentration of TG, VLDL and HDL. Conclusion: The reduction of ventricular arrhythmias, atrioventricular block, and lethality and serum levels of creatine kinase produced by treatment with orlistat in animal model of cardiac isquemia/reperfusion injury suggest that ORL could be used as an efficient cardioprotective therapeutic strategy to attenuate myocardial damage related to acute myocardial infarction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Lactones/pharmacology , Myocardial Infarction/prevention & control , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/prevention & control , Triglycerides/blood , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/blood , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Creatine Kinase/blood , Electrocardiography , Atrioventricular Block/prevention & control , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Lipoproteins, HDL/blood , Lipoproteins, LDL/blood , Lipoproteins, VLDL/blood , Myocardial Infarction/blood
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(1): 72-75, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887146

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: There are scarce studies in the literature about hyaluronic acid in systemic autoimmune myopathies. Objectives: To analyze the serum level of hyaluronic acid in patients with dermatomyositis and polymyositis. Methods: Cross-sectional study, single-center, that evaluated hyaluronic acid in 18 dermatomyositis and 15 polymyositis (Bohan and Peter criteria), newly diagnosed, with clinical and laboratory activity, with no previous drug treatment. The patients were also age-, gender- and ethnicity-matched to 36 healthy individuals. The hyaluronic acid was analyzed by ELISA/EIA kit anti-hyaluronic acid. Results: There was a higher serum level of hyaluronic acid in patients with autoimmune myopathies, in relation to control group (P<0.05). Moreover, the serum level of this glycosaminoglycan was higher in dermatomyositis, when compared to polymyositis. Both groups were comparable with regard to demographic, clinical and laboratory data, except for the presence of skin lesions in the first group. Study limitations. The presence of hyaluronic acid in cutaneous lesions, particularly of patients with dermatomyositis, was not analyzed neither quantified. In addition, due to disease rarity and the establishment of strict inclusion and exclusion criteria, there was a small sample in the present study. Conclusions: As an example of others systemic autoimmune diseases, it is possible that the hyaluronic acid is involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune myopathies, and particularly when associated with cutaneous lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Polymyositis/blood , Dermatomyositis/blood , Hyaluronic Acid/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Creatine Kinase/blood , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/blood
8.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(2): e1604, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896640

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify and analyze factors associated with plasma creatine phosphokinase (CPK) levels in trauma victims with progression to rhabdomyolysis. Methods: we conducted a prospective, longitudinal study, with 50 patients submitted to the "Red Wave" protocol, with evolution to rhabdomyolysis after hospital admission. We studied the variables age, gender, trauma scores, mechanism and outcome, CPK at admission and final, intervals of days between laboratory evaluations, surgery and complications. We stratified CPK values in <500U/L, ≥500 - <1000 U/L, and ≥1000U/L, with calculation of the difference between the initial and final values. Results: at admission, 83% of patients (n=39) had CPK≥1000U/L, with predominance of blunt trauma and thoracic injury (p<0.05), as well as orthopedic fracture, acute renal failure and gastrointestinal bleeding, CPK being lower in those without acute renal injury, with a trend towards statistical significance. There were no differences in final CPK stratification. Factors that were independently associated with the greater CPK variation were, positively, hospitalization time greater than one week and compartment syndrome, and negatively, acute renal injury. Conclusion: the CPK level of 1000U/L remains the lower limit, with importance for early intervention in worsening conditions such as digestive hemorrhage, acute renal injury and compartment syndrome, which implied greater absolute differences between initial and final CPK, in addition to blunt trauma, thoracic injury and orthopedic fracture.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar e analisar fatores associados à variação dos níveis plasmáticos de creatina fosfoquinase (CPK) em vítimas de trauma com evolução à rabdomiólise. Métodos: estudo longitudinal prospectivo, com 50 pacientes que seguiram para o protocolo "Onda Vermelha", com evolução à rabdomiólise, após admissão hospitalar. Foram estudadas as variáveis: idade, sexo, escores, mecanismo e desfecho de trauma, CPK na admissão e final, intervalos de dias entre as avaliações laboratoriais, realização de cirurgia e complicações. Os valores da CPK foram estratificados em <500U/L; ≥500 - <1000 U/L; ≥1000U/L, com cálculo da diferença entre os valores inicial e final. Resultados: à admissão, 83% dos pacientes (n=39) apresentavam CPK≥1000U/L, com predomínio de trauma contuso e lesão torácica (p<0,05), além de fratura ortopédica, lesão renal aguda e hemorragia digestiva, sendo que a CPK era menor naqueles sem lesão renal aguda, com tendência à significância estatística. Não houve diferenças na estratificação por CPK final. Fatores que se revelaram independentemente associados à maior variação da CPK foram, positivamente, o tempo de internação superior a uma semana e síndrome compartimental, e negativamente, lesão renal aguda. Conclusão: como achado, nível de CPK de 1000U/L permanece como limite inferior, com importância à intervenção precoce em condições de agravamento do quadro, como hemorragia digestiva, lesão renal aguda e síndrome compartimental, que implicaram maiores diferenças absolutas entre CPK inicial e final, além do trauma contuso, lesão torácica e fratura ortopédica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Rhabdomyolysis/etiology , Rhabdomyolysis/blood , Wounds and Injuries/complications , Wounds and Injuries/blood , Creatine Kinase/blood , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(2): 90-95, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843475

ABSTRACT

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Myocardial protection is the most important in cardiac surgery. We compared our modified single-dose long-acting lignocaine-based blood cardioplegia with short-acting St Thomas 1 blood cardioplegia in patients undergoing single valve replacement. METHODS: A total of 110 patients who underwent single (aortic or mitral) valve replacement surgery were enrolled. Patients were divided in two groups based on the cardioplegia solution used. In group 1 (56 patients), long-acting lignocaine based-blood cardioplegia solution was administered as a single dose while in group 2 (54 patients), standard St Thomas IB (short-acting blood-based cardioplegia solution) was administered and repeated every 20 minutes. All the patients were compared for preoperative baseline parameters, intraoperative and all the postoperative parameters. RESULTS: We did not find any statistically significant difference in preoperative baseline parameters. Cardiopulmonary bypass time were 73.8±16.5 and 76.4±16.9 minutes (P=0.43) and cross clamp time were 58.9±10.3 and 66.3±11.2 minutes (P=0.23) in group 1 and group 2, respectively. Mean of maximum inotrope score was 6.3±2.52 and 6.1±2.13 (P=0.65) in group 1 and group 2, respectively. We also did not find any statistically significant difference in creatine-phosphokinase-MB (CPK-MB), Troponin-I levels, lactate level and cardiac functions postoperatively. CONCLUSION: This study proves the safety and efficacy of long-acting lignocaine-based single-dose blood cardioplegia compared to the standard short-acting multi-dose blood cardioplegia in patients requiring the single valve replacement. Further studies need to be undertaken to establish this non-inferiority in situations of complex cardiac procedures especially in compromised patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardioplegic Solutions/administration & dosage , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Heart Arrest, Induced/methods , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Aortic Valve/surgery , Postoperative Period , Potassium Chloride/administration & dosage , Bicarbonates/administration & dosage , Calcium Chloride/administration & dosage , Sodium Chloride/administration & dosage , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Lactic Acid/blood , Troponin I/blood , Creatine Kinase/blood , Magnesium/administration & dosage , Mitral Valve/surgery
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 107(4): 348-353, Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827860

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Clinical studies have demonstrated that adipocytokines play an important role in developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. Objective: The aim of study was to evaluate the relationship between serum resistin and leptin levels with obesity and coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: In a cross-sectional study, we assessed the levels of serum resistin and leptin, C-reactive protein (CRP), lipid profile and cardiac enzyme tests (AST, CPK, LDH, CK-MB) in 40 CAD patients compared to 40 healthy controls. Anthropometric measurements including weight and height for calculating of body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC) were performed for evaluation of obesity. Results: CAD patients had increased levels of leptin and CRP, (p < 0.001), cholesterol (p < 0.05), triglyceride (p < 0.01), and WC (p < 0.05) compared to healthy controls. There was no statistical difference between CAD and control subjects for resistin (p = 0.058). In a multiple regression analysis, only an association between serum leptin with BMI (β = 0.480, p < 0.05) and WC (β = 1.386, p < 0.05) was found. Conclusions: The findings suggest that leptin is a better marker of fat mass value than resistin and may be considered an independent risk factor for cardiac disorders that is largely dependent on obesity. However, further prospective studies are needed to confirm these results.


Resumo Fundamento: Estudos clínicos demonstraram que adipocitocinas têm papel importante no desenvolvimento de doenças cardiovasculares ateroscleróticas. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação entre níveis de leptina e resistina em soro com obesidade e doença arterial coronariana (DAC). Métodos: Em estudo transversal, avaliamos os níveis de resistina e leptina em soro, proteína C-reativa (CPR), perfil lipídico e testes de enzimas cardíacas (AST, CPK, LDH, CK-MB) em quarenta pacientes com DAC comparados a 40 controles saudáveis. Para avaliação de obesidade, foram feitas as medições antropométricas, incluindo peso e altura para o cálculo do índice de massa corporal (IMC) e circunferência da cintura (CC). Resultados: Pacientes com DAC apresentaram aumento nos níveis de leptina e CPR, (p < 0,001), colesterol (p < 0,05), triglicérides (p < 0,01) e CC (p < 0,05) em comparação aos controles. Não houve diferença significativa entre DAC e controles com relação à resistina (p = 0,058). Na análise de regressão múltipla, foi encontrada apenas uma associação entre leptina em soro ao IMC (β = 0,480, p < 0,05) e CC (β = 1,386, p < 0,05). Conclusões: Os achados sugerem que a leptina é melhor marcadora de valor de massa gorda do que a resistina, e pode ser considerada um fator de risco, dependente da obesidade, independente para distúrbios cardíacos. Contudo, outros estudos prospectivos serão necessários para a confirmação desses resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Leptin/blood , Resistin/blood , Obesity/blood , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Reference Values , Triglycerides/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Anthropometry , Cholesterol/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Creatine Kinase/blood , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(3): 387-389, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787299

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Dermatomyositis is a rare inflammatory disease, autoimmune, with proximal myopathy associated with characteristic dermatological manifestations. In adults, 20-50% of the cases are paraneoplastic manifestation, being mandatory the workup for malignancy Herein we report a case of a woman with classic dermatological presentation of dermatomyositis and newly diagnosed breast cancer. In general, the clinical presentation of paraneoplastic dermatomyositis is more exuberant and manifestations may precede, concur or succeed the diagnosis of neoplasia. The prognosis of cases associated with breast cancer is worse than the idiopathic form. Treatment is based mainly on the resolution of the underlying disease, beyond immunosuppressants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Paraneoplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/diagnosis , Dermatomyositis/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/complications , Creatine Kinase/blood , Erythema/diagnosis , Exanthema/diagnosis
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(2): e5039, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951660

ABSTRACT

Phosphorylated-cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (Phospho-CREB) has an important role in the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia. We isolated the iridoid glycoside cornin from the fruit of Verbena officinalis L, investigated its effects against myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury in vivo, and elucidated its potential mechanism in vitro. Effects of cornin on cell viability, as well as expression of phospho-CREB and phospho-Akt in hypoxic H9c2 cells in vitro, and myocardial I/R injury in vivo, were investigated. Cornin attenuated hypoxia-induced cytotoxicity significantly in H9c2 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Treatment of H9c2 cells with cornin (10 µM) blocked the reduction of expression of phospho-CREB and phospho-Akt in a hypoxic condition. Treatment of rats with cornin (30 mg/kg, iv) protected them from myocardial I/R injury as indicated by a decrease in infarct volume, improvement in hemodynamics, and reduction of severity of myocardial damage. Cornin treatment also attenuated the reduction of expression of phospho-CREB and phospho-Akt in ischemic myocardial tissue. These data suggest that cornin exerts protective effects due to an increase in expression of phospho-CREB and phospho-Akt.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Myocardial Ischemia/drug therapy , Verbena/chemistry , CREB-Binding Protein/metabolism , Iridoid Glycosides/pharmacology , Fruit/chemistry , Phytotherapy , Troponin/blood , Cell Line/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Creatine Kinase/blood , Disease Models, Animal , CREB-Binding Protein/drug effects , Iridoid Glycosides/isolation & purification , Hypoxia/drug therapy
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(4): e4646, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-774524

ABSTRACT

Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with extracorporeal circulation produces changes in the immune system accompanied by an increase in proinflammatory cytokines and a decrease in anti-inflammatory cytokines. We hypothesize that dexmedetomidine (DEX) as an anesthetic adjuvant modulates the inflammatory response after coronary artery bypass graft surgery with mini-CPB. In a prospective, randomized, blind study, 12 patients (4 females and 8 males, age range 42-72) were assigned to DEX group and compared with a conventional total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) group of 11 patients (4 females and 7 males). The endpoints used to assess inflammatory and biochemical responses to mini-CPB were plasma interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-10, interferon (INF)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, C-reactive protein, creatine phosphokinase, creatine phosphokinase-MB, cardiac troponin I, cortisol, and glucose levels. These variables were determined before anesthesia, 90 min after beginning CPB, 5 h after beginning CPB, and 24 h after the end of surgery. Endpoints of oxidative stress, including thiobarbituric acid reactive species and delta-aminolevulinate dehydratase activity in erythrocytes were also determined. DEX+TIVA use was associated with a significant reduction in IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α, and INF-γ (P<0.0001) levels compared with TIVA (two-way ANOVA). In contrast, the surgery-induced increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive species was higher in the DEX+TIVA group than in the TIVA group (P<0.01; two-way ANOVA). Delta-aminolevulinate dehydratase activity was decreased after CPB (P<0.001), but there was no difference between the two groups. DEX as an adjuvant in anesthesia reduced circulating IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α, and INF-γ levels after mini-CPB. These findings indicate an interesting anti-inflammatory effect of DEX, which should be studied in different types of surgical interventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Anesthesia, Intravenous/methods , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/prevention & control , Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists/pharmacology , Analysis of Variance , Blood Glucose/analysis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Creatine Kinase/blood , Cytokines/blood , Hydrocortisone/blood , Prospective Studies , Reference Values , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/blood , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Time Factors , Troponin I/blood
14.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 91(5): 442-447, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-766168

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Describe the clinical and laboratory profile, follow-up, and outcome of a series of cases of acute viral myositis. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of suspected cases under observation in the emergency department was performed, including outpatient follow-up with the recording of respiratory infection and musculoskeletal symptoms, measurement of muscle enzymes, creatine phosphokinase (CPK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), transaminases (AST and ALT), blood count, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in the acute phase and during follow-up until normalization. RESULTS: Between 2000 and 2009, 42 suspected cases were identified and 35 (27 boys) were included. The median age was 7 years and the diagnosis was reported in 89% in the first emergency visit. The observed respiratory symptoms were cough (31%), rhinorrhea (23%), and fever (63%), with a mean duration of 4.3 days. Musculoskeletal symptoms were localized pain in the calves (80%), limited ambulation (57%), gait abnormality (40%), and muscle weakness in the lower limbs (71%), with a mean duration of 3.6 days. There was significant increase in CPK enzymes (5507 ± 9180 U/L), LDH (827 ± 598 U/L), and AST (199 ± 245 U/L), with a tendency to leukopenia (4590 ± 1420) leukocytes/mm3. The complete recovery of laboratory parameters was observed in 30 days (median), and laboratory and clinical recurrence was documented in one case after 10 months. CONCLUSION: Typical symptoms with increased muscle enzymes after diagnosis of influenza and self-limited course of the disease were the clues to the diagnosis. The increase in muscle enzymes indicate transient myotropic activity related to seasonal influenza, which should be considered, regardless of the viral identification, possibly associated with influenza virus or other respiratory viruses.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Descrever o perfil clínico-laboratorial, o acompanhamento e o desfecho de uma série de casos de miosite aguda viral. MÉTODO: Foi conduzida uma análise retrospectiva de casos suspeitos, em observação em unidade de emergência, e seguimento ambulatorial com o registro de sintomas de infecção respiratória, sintomas músculo-esqueléticos, determinação de enzimas musculares, creatina-fosfoquinase (CPK), desidrogenase lática (DHL), transaminases (AST e ALT), hemograma, proteína C reativa e velocidade de hemossedimentação, na fase aguda e no acompanhamento, até a normalização. RESULTADOS: Entre 2000 e 2009, 42 casos suspeitos foram identificados e 35 (27 meninos) foram incluídos. A mediana de idade foi de sete anos e o diagnóstico relatado em 89%, na primeira visita de emergência. Os sintomas respiratórios observados foram: tosse (31%), coriza (23%) e febre (63%), com duração média de 4,3 dias. Os sintomas músculo-esqueléticos foram: dor localizada nas panturrilhas (80%), deambulação limitada (57%), marcha anormal (40%) e fraqueza muscular nos membros inferiores (71%), com duração média de 3,6 dias. Observou-se elevação importante das enzimas CPK (5.507 ± 9.180) U/l, DHL (827 ± 598) U/l e AST (199 ± 245) U/l e tendência a leucopenia (4.590 ± 1.420) leucócitos/mm3. A recuperação completa dos parâmetros laboratoriais foi observada em 30 dias (mediana) e a recaída clínica e laboratorial em um caso após 10 meses. CONCLUSÃO: Os sintomas típicos com enzimas musculares elevadas após diagnóstico de influenza e o curso autolimitado foram os indícios para o diagnóstico. A elevação de enzimas musculares indica a atividade miotrópica transitória relacionada à influenza sazonal que deve ser considerada, a despeito da identificação viral, possivelmente associada com o vírus influenza ou outros vírus respiratórios.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Myositis/virology , Virus Diseases/complications , Acute Disease , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Clinical Enzyme Tests/methods , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/blood , Creatine Kinase/blood , Influenza, Human/complications , Muscle Weakness/etiology , Myositis/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Time Factors , Transaminases/blood , Virus Diseases/diagnosis
15.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 133(4): 314-319, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-763372

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE:Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Studies have shown that therapeutic hypothermia decreases neurological sequelae and death. Our aim was therefore to report on a three-year experience of therapeutic hypothermia among asphyxiated newborns.DESIGN AND SETTING:Retrospective study, conducted in a university hospital.METHODS:Thirty-five patients with perinatal asphyxia undergoing body cooling between May 2009 and November 2012 were evaluated.RESULTS:Thirty-nine infants fulfilled the hypothermia protocol criteria. Four newborns were removed from study due to refractory septic shock, non-maintenance of temperature and severe coagulopathy. The median Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes were 2 and 5. The main complication was infection, diagnosed in seven mothers (20%) and 14 newborns (40%). Convulsions occurred in 15 infants (43%). Thirty-one patients (88.6%) required mechanical ventilation and 14 of them (45%) were extubated within 24 hours. The duration of mechanical ventilation among the others was 7.7 days. The cooling protocol was started 1.8 hours after birth. All patients showed elevated levels of creatine phosphokinase, creatine phosphokinase- MB and lactate dehydrogenase. There was no severe arrhythmia; one newborn (2.9%) presented controlled coagulopathy. Four patients (11.4%) presented controlled hypotension. Twenty-nine patients (82.9%) underwent cerebral ultrasonography and 10 of them (34.5%) presented white matter hyper-echogenicity. Brain magnetic resonance imaging was performed on 33 infants (94.3%) and 11 of them (33.3%) presented hypoxic-ischemic changes. The hospital stay was 23 days. All newborns were discharged. Two patients (5.8%) needed gastrostomy.CONCLUSION:Hypothermia as therapy for asphyxiated newborns was shown to be safe.


CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO:A encefalopatia hipóxico-isquêmica neonatal apresenta alta morbi-mortalidade. Estudos com hipotermia comprovam diminuição de sequelas neurológicas e morte. Nosso objetivo foi então relatar experiência de três anos da hipotermia terapêutica em recém-nascidos (RN) asfixiados.TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL:Estudo restrospectivo, conduzido em hospital universitário.MÉTODOS:Trinta e cinco pacientes com asfixia perinatal submetidos a resfriamento corporal entre maio de 2009 e novembro de 2012 foram avaliados.RESULTADOS:Trinta e nove RN preencheram os critérios do protocolo de hipotermia. Quatro RN foram excluídos devido a choque séptico refratário, não manutenção da temperatura e coagulopatia grave. A mediana do Apgar de 1 e 5 minutos foi de 2 e 5. A maior complicação foi infecção, diagnosticada em sete mães (20%) e 14 RN (40%). Convulsão ocorreu em 15 RN (43%). 31 pacientes (88,6%) necessitaram da ventilação mecânica e 14 (45%) foram extubados em 24 horas. O tempo de ventilação mecânica dos demais foi de 7,7 dias. O início do resfriamento ocorreu com 1,8 horas de vida. Todos os pacientes apresentaram níveis elevados de creatinofosfoquinase, creatinofosfoquinase-MB e desidrogenase lática. Não se observou arritmia grave; um RN (2,9%) apresentou coagulopatia controlada. Quatro pacientes (11,4%) tiveram hipotensão controlada. Realizou-se ultrassonografia cerebral em 29 pacientes (82,9%), 10 (34,5%) com hiperecogenicidade da substância branca. 33 RN (94,3%) fizeram ressonância magnética cerebral, 11 (33,3%) com alterações hipóxico-isquêmicas. O tempo de internação foi de 23 dias e todos receberam alta. Dois pacientes (5,8%) necessitaram de gastrostomia.CONCLUSÃO:A hipotermia como terapêutica para RN asfixiados demonstrou ser segura.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Asphyxia Neonatorum/therapy , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/therapy , Apgar Score , Brazil , Creatine Kinase/blood , Cross Infection/complications , Hospitals, University , Hypothermia, Induced/adverse effects , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/complications , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers
16.
Medical Sciences Journal of Islamic Azad University. 2015; 24 (4): 203-209
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-167522

ABSTRACT

There is an association between life style and serum levels of certain enzymes. This study aims to determine the effects of waterpipe smoke and darkness stress on serum levels of creatine kinase and alkaline phosphatase in female rats. In this experimental study, female Wistar rats were randomly divided into control, waterpipe smoke receiving, under darkness stress and both under darkness stress and warerpipe smoke receiving groups of 7 rats in each. Waterpipe smoke receiving rats were exposed to waterpipe smoke for 100 min/day and animals under darkness stress exposed to 5 hours darkness during the day. Under darkness stress and warerpipe smoke receiving animals were exposed to both waterpipe smoke for 100 min/day and 5 hours darkness during the day. After 7 weeks, blood samples were collected and serum alkaline phosphatase and creatine kinase levels were measured by spectrophotometry. The data were analysed using ANOVA. The serum creatine kinase and alkaline phosphatase levels significantly increased in waterpipe smoke receiving, under darkness stress and both under darkness stress and waterpipe smoke receiving rats compared to control animals [p<0.001 and p<0.05, respectively]. Also there was significant difference in creatine kinase and alkaline phosphatase levels between waterpipe smoke receiving and under darkness stress rats [p<0.001 and p<0.05, respectively]. The serum levels of creatine kinase and alkaline phosphatase were significantly higher in waterpipe smoke receving rats compared to under darkness stress animlas [p<0.001and p<0.05, respectively]. Our findings indicated that waterpipe smoke and darkness stress lead to increased serum levels of creatine kinase and alkaline phosphatase; according to which, these factors can impose serious pathophysiological effects on internal organs including heart, brain, liver or muscles


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , Tobacco , Darkness , Stress, Psychological , Creatine Kinase/blood , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Rats, Wistar
17.
Salud pública Méx ; 56(4): 355-362, jul.-ago. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-733314

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Identificar los riesgos de la brucelosis en el estado de Tlaxcala, México. Material y métodos. Se realizó un diagnóstico de tipo social en los municipios de Huamantla, Ixtenco y Teacalco, localizadas en la región oriente del estado. Se determinó la seroprevalencia de brucelosis en cabras y humanos. Resultados. El 46.9% de productores conoce los programas de la vacunación contra brucelosis; 19.7% aplica vacuna y 80.3% no aplica vacuna. Huamantla presentó la mayor seroprevalencia de brucelosis animal en 66.8 por ciento. San José Teacalco distribuye y comercializa quesos no pasteurizados en una distancia mayor de 270 km, lo que amplía los riesgos de contagio por brucelosis. Ixtenco registró la mayor prevalencia de brucelosis en humanos con 1.51 por ciento. Conclusión. Los municipios estudiados presentan riesgos de contagio y propagación de la brucelosis.


Objective. To identify the risk of brucellosis in the state of Tlaxcala, Mexico. Materials and methods. A diagnosis of social type was conducted in the municipalities of Huamantla, Ixtenco and Teacalco, located in the eastern region of the state. The seroprevalence of brucellosis in goats and humans was determined. Results. 46.9% of producers know the programs of vaccination against brucellosis; 19.7% apply the vaccine and 80.3% do not apply the vaccine. Huamantla had the highest seroprevalence of animal brucellosis in 66.8%; San Jose Teacalco distributes unpasteurized cheeses to a distance of 270 km, increasing the risk of infection with brucellosis. Ixtenco recorded the highest prevalence of brucellosis in humans, with 1.51%. Conclusion. The municipalities studied present risks of infection and spread of brucellosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Exercise/physiology , Ubiquinone/toxicity , Aerobiosis , Anaerobiosis , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/toxicity , Creatine Kinase/blood , Free Radicals/metabolism , Time Factors , Ubiquinone/administration & dosage
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104729

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We intended to clarify the hypothesis that minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty (MI-THA) leads to less tissue damage and inflammatory response than does conventional total hip arthroplasty (C-THA). METHODS: We performed 30 cases of THA between September 2005 and May 2006 and evaluated these cases prospectively. We chose 15 MI-THA cases for the study group and another 15 C-THA cases for the control group. We checked skeletal muscle marker enzymes, such as serum creatinine kinase and aldolase, the pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin (IL)-6 and 8, and the anti-inflammatory cytokines, IL-10 and IL-1 receptor antagonist (ra) the day before surgery and at postoperative days 1, 7, and 14. RESULTS: On postoperative days 1 and 3, the study group showed significantly lower serum creatinine kinase, IL-6, IL-10, and IL-1ra values than those in the control group. Additionally, IL-8 was significantly lower on day 7 after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: These data show that MI-THA decreased the release of muscle marker enzymes due to tissue damage immediately after surgery and minimized the inflammatory response related to the surgery during the early postoperative period.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Biomarkers/blood , Creatine Kinase/blood , Female , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/blood , Humans , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/blood , Interleukin-10/blood , Interleukin-6/blood , Interleukin-8/blood , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Soft Tissue Injuries/blood
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-216489

ABSTRACT

The safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of an oral cholera vaccine (OCV) was assessed in adult Korean male through an open-label, non-comparative clinical study. Two doses of vaccine with an interval of 2 weeks were given to 20 healthy subjects. A total of 7 adverse events occurred in 6 subjects. However, no clinically significant change was observed in electrocardiograms, vital signs, physical examinations, and clinical laboratory tests. The immunogenicity of OCV was evaluated by serum vibriocidal assay where anti-Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139 antibodies were measured at day 0, 14, and 28 of vaccine administration. The antibody titers ranged from < 2.5-5,120 for V. cholerae O1 Inaba, < 2.5-10,240 for V. cholerae O1 Ogawa and < 2.5-480 for V. cholerae O139. In addition, the fold increase in antibody titers ranged from 1-4,096 for O1 Inaba, 1-8,192 for O1 Ogawa, and 1-384 for O139. The seroconversion rate was 95% and 45% for O1 and O139 antibodies, respectively. Our study clearly shows that administration of two doses of OCV at a 2 week-interval increases an appropriate level of antibody titer in the serum of healthy Korean adult males (Clinical Trial Number, NCT01707537).


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Adult , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Antibody Formation , Cholera/prevention & control , Cholera Vaccines/adverse effects , Creatine Kinase/blood , Humans , Male , Republic of Korea , Toothache/etiology , Vibrio cholerae O1/immunology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193456

ABSTRACT

We investigated whether the presence of J wave on the surface electrocardiography (sECG) could be a potential risk factor for ventricular fibrillation (VF) during acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We performed a retrospective study of 317 patients diagnosed with AMI in a single center from 2009 to 2012. Among the enrolled 296 patients, 22 (13.5%) patients were selected as a VF group. The J wave on the sECG was defined as a J point elevation manifested through QRS notching or slurring at least 1 mm above the baseline in at least two leads. We found that the incidence of J wave on the sECG was significantly higher in the VF group. We also confirmed that several conventional risk factors of VF were significantly related to VF during AMI; time delays from the onset of chest pain, blood concentrations of creatine phosphokinase and incidence of ST-segment elevation. Multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the presence of J wave and the presence of a ST-segment elevation were independent predictors of VF during AMI. This study demonstrated that the presence of J wave on the sECG is significantly related to VF during AMI.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Creatine Kinase/blood , Electrocardiography , Female , Heart Conduction System/abnormalities , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Ventricular Fibrillation/diagnosis
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