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1.
Med. U.P.B ; 40(1): 82-85, 03/03/2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1177504

ABSTRACT

El accidente apídico implica un bajo riesgo de morir por reacciones agudas como anafilaxia. Es frecuente que se desconozcan otros riesgos como el hepático y el neurológico. Dentro de las complicaciones menos conocidas está la polineuropatía aguda conocida como Guillain- Barré. La causa más ampliamente descrita es la reacción cruzada entre IgE y la proteína básica de mielina. A continuación, se reporta el primer caso en América Latina sobre la asociación entre Guillain-Barré y accidente por picadura de abejas. En este caso, hay criterios de causalidad como el nexo temporal, la plausibilidad biológica y la coherencia con otros artículos reportados en la literatura médica.


Bee sting accident usually implies a low risk of dying from acute reactions such as anaphylaxis. Other risks such as liver and neurological risks are often unknown. Among the lesser-known complications caused by this type of accident is the acute polyneuropathy known as Guillain-Barré. The most widely described cause is the cross reaction between IgE and myelin basic protein. The article reports the first case in Latin America on the association between Guillain-Barré and a bee sting accident. In this case, there are causality criteria such as temporal link, biological plausibility, and consistency with other articles reported in the medical literature


O acidente elapídico implica um baixo risco de morte por reações agudas, como anafilaxia. Outros riscos, como hepáticos e neurológicos, são frequentemente desconhecidos. Entre as complicações menos conhecidas está a polineuropatia aguda conhecida como Guillain-Barré. A causa mais amplamente descrita é a reação cruzada entre a IgE e a proteína básica da mielina. A seguir, é relatado o primeiro caso na América Latina sobre a associação entre Guillain-Barré e um acidente com picada de abelha. Nesse caso, há critérios de causalidade como vínculo temporal, plausibilidade biológica e consistência com outros artigos relatados na literatura médica


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Polyneuropathies , Bees , Bites and Stings , Immunoglobulin E , Accidents , Cross Reactions , Death , Anaphylaxis , Liver
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): S1-S11, 2020-02-00. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1096405

ABSTRACT

Los antiinflamatorios no esteroideos son ampliamente recetados en niños. Constituyen la segunda causa de reacciones a medicamentos en pediatría después de los antibióticos betalactámicos; sin embargo, solo una parte de estas son reacciones de hipersensibilidad. La prevalencia de dichas reacciones a antiinflamatorios no esteroideos en niños es del 0,3 % y aumenta al 5 % en asmáticos.Los mecanismos fisiopatológicos involucrados (inhibición de la ciclooxigenasa, hipersensibilidad mediada por inmunoglobulina E, linfocitos T reactivos y/o afectación de la inmunidad innata) darán lugar a diferentes entidades clínicas con sintomatología dispar.La confusión con síntomas propios de procesos virales y la variabilidad clínica hacen del diagnóstico de certeza un verdadero desafío. Una historia clínica detallada, análisis de laboratorio, pruebas cutáneas y de provocación controlada permitirán definir estrategias para cada paciente en particular sin etiquetar como alérgico a un niño que no lo es ni exponer a riesgos innecesarios a quien está sensibilizado.


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are widely prescribed in children. They are the second cause of drug ́s reactions in pediatrics after beta-lactam antibiotics, however only a part of them are hypersensitivity reactions. The prevalence of these reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in children is 0.3 %, increasing to 5 % in asthmatics.The different physiopathological mechanisms involved (inhibition of cyclooxygenase, immunoglobulin E-mediated hypersensitivity, reactive T lymphocytes and/or disturbance of innate immunity) will cause different clinical entities with diverse symptoms.The confusion between the common symptoms of a viral infection and a hypersensitivity reaction, and the variability of the clinical presentations make diagnosis a real challenge.A detailed clinical history, laboratory, skin and controlled provocation tests will provide strategies for each patient, without labeling a child who is not an allergic one, or taking unnecessary risks with those who are sensitized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Drug Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Drug Hypersensitivity/drug therapy , Skin Tests , Cross Reactions , Drug Hypersensitivity/prevention & control
3.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200225, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135239

ABSTRACT

In the near future, the overlap of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and dengue epidemics is a concrete threat in tropical regions. Co-epidemics of COVID-19 and dengue could be an overwhelming challenge for health systems in low- and middle-income countries. In this work, we investigated potential serological cross-reactions between COVID-19 and dengue patients. Among 32 COVID-19 positive sera, no positive Dengue virus (DENV) IgG/IgM results were observed. On the other hand, one false-positive result was observed among 44 DENV-positive sera tested for COVID-19 antibodies with each of the two rapid tests used. Further data on accuracy of COVID-19 diagnostic test are urgently warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , Cross Reactions , Dengue/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin M/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Dengue Virus/immunology , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus/immunology , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180139, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041506

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: High percentages of structural identity and cross-immunoreactivity have been reported between potato apyrase and Schistosoma mansoni ATP diphosphohydrolase (SmATPDases) isoforms, showing the existence of particular epitopes shared between these proteins. METHODS: Potato apyrase was employed using ELISA, western blot, and mouse immunization methods to verify IgE reactivity. RESULTS: Most of the schistosomiasis patient's (75%) serum was seropositive for potato apyrase and this protein was recognized using western blotting, suggesting that parasite and plant proteins share IgE-binding epitopes. C57BL/6 mice immunized with potato apyrase showed increased IgE antibody production. CONCLUSIONS: Potato apyrase and SmATPDases have IgE-binding epitopes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Apyrase/immunology , Schistosoma mansoni/immunology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/immunology , Solanum tuberosum/enzymology , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Antibodies, Helminth/immunology , Epitopes/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Blotting, Western , Cross Reactions , Mice, Inbred C57BL
5.
Zagazig univ. med. j ; 25(6): 928-934, 2019. tab
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1273877

ABSTRACT

Background: Proteus mirabilis is thought to contribute inrheumatoid arthritis (RA) development in susceptible individuals through molecular mimicry mechanism. This study was detecting the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) caused by Proteus mirabilis in RA patients to shed light on its rule in RA pathogenesis.Methods: This work has been conducted in medical Microbiology and Immunology Department and Rheumatology and Rehabitilation Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, during the period from May 2017 to May 2018 over a period of 12 months. This study is a case control included 70 RA patients (66 females and 4 males), with age ranged from 25 to 65 years, and 70 healthy controls (67 females and 3 males), with age ranged from 24 to 65 years. Two consecutive urine samples one week interval were collected from each participant for urine count and culture. Blood samples were collected from each participant for detection the level of IgG antibodies against both Proteus mirabilis and E. coli (the most frequent isolated organism from the RA urine) by homely prepared ELISA. Results: The ABU was detected in (40%) of RA patients and in (4.3%) of healthy controls. The most common isolated organisms were E. coli (50%) followed by Proteus mirabilis (25%). A significant difference between both studied groups regarding IgG antibodies levels against Proteus mirabilis was detected (P< 0.001). No significant difference was observed between both studied groups regarding IgG antibodies levels against E. coli (P= 0.902). Significant positive correlation was found between Proteus mirabilis IgG antibodies levels and the levels of ESR and CRP in RA patients. In conclusion: Proteus mirabilis seems to have a role in RA development


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Bacteriuria , Cross Reactions , Egypt , Proteus mirabilis
6.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): e25-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750186

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Pink peppercorn belongs to the same Anacardiaceae family as cashew and pistachio. However, the cross-reactivity of pink peppercorn with cashew and pistachio has yet to be studied. To date, there has been a single case report of anaphylaxis to pink peppercorn in a cashew and pistachio allergic individual. OBJECTIVE: We aim to demonstrate cross-sensitization to pink peppercorn in cashew and/or pistachio allergic children. METHODS: A small descriptive cohort study looking at cross-sensitization of pink peppercorn in cashew and/or pistachio allergic children was conducted. Children with a history of reaction to pistachio and/or cashew nut underwent skin prick tests to the pink peppercorn species Schinus terebinthifolius to determine cross-sensitization. RESULTS: Out of the 21 cashew and/or pistachio allergic subjects, 16 (76.2%) demonstrated cross-sensitization to pink peppercorn. None of the subjects had any knowledge of previous exposure or allergic reactions to pink peppercorn. DISCUSSION: This study demonstrates potential cross-reactivity between pink peppercorn and cashew and pistachio. While an oral food challenge to pink peppercorn would have been important in demonstrating clinical cross-reactivity, this was not performed due to ethical constraints. We hope to increase the awareness of pink peppercorn as a potential and hidden source of allergen and encourage further studies to demonstrate the clinical cross-reactivity and to better delineate the major allergen involved.


Subject(s)
Anacardiaceae , Anacardium , Anaphylaxis , Child , Cohort Studies , Cross Reactions , Food Hypersensitivity , Hope , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Nuts , Pistacia , Skin
7.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(5): 665-669, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041484

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Serological cross-reactivity between leishmaniasis and Chagas disease, especially at low titers, leads to difficulties of the seroepidemiological interpretation. METHODS: We have studied the ability of urea as a chaotrope to select high-avidity antibodies in IgG ELISA, thus reducing low-avidity IgG cross-reactivity in serologically positive samples in both assays. RESULTS: Using 0.5M urea for diluting the sample efficiently defined leishmaniasis or double infections in high-avidity IgG ELISA and eliminated false-positive results. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a chaotropic diluting agent is useful for improving the specificity of Chagas disease and leishmaniasis immunoassays.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urea/pharmacology , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Antibodies, Protozoan/blood , Leishmaniasis/immunology , Chagas Disease/immunology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Antibody Affinity/immunology , Urea/chemistry , Brazil/epidemiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Biomarkers/chemistry , Leishmaniasis/complications , Leishmaniasis/diagnosis , Leishmaniasis/epidemiology , Population Surveillance , Sensitivity and Specificity , Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/diagnosis , Chagas Disease/epidemiology
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742221

ABSTRACT

We developed a Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) kit for detecting IgG/IgM antibodies against Zika virus (ZIKV) using monoclonal antibodies to the envelope (E) and non-structural protein 1 (NS1) of ZIKV. These proteins were produced using baculovirus expression vector with Sf9 cells. Monoclonal antibodies J2G7 to NS1 and J5E1 to E protein were selected and conjugated with colloidal gold to produce the Zika IgG/IgM RDT kit (Zika RDT). Comparisons with ELISA, plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT), and PCR were done to investigate the analytical sensitivity of Zika RDT, which resulted in 100% identical results. Sensitivity and specificity of Zika RDT in a field test was determined using positive and negative samples from Brazil and Korea. The diagnostic accuracy of Zika RDT was fairly high; sensitivity and specificity for IgG was 99.0 and 99.3%, respectively, while for IgM it was 96.7 and 98.7%, respectively. Cross reaction with dengue virus was evaluated using anti-Dengue Mixed Titer Performance Panel (PVD201), in which the Zika RDT showed cross-reactions with DENV in 16.7% and 5.6% in IgG and IgM, respectively. Cross reactions were not observed with West Nile, yellow fever, and hepatitis C virus infected sera. Zika RDT kit is very simple to use, rapid to assay, and very sensitive, and highly specific. Therefore, it would serve as a choice of method for point-of-care diagnosis and large scale surveys of ZIKV infection under clinical or field conditions worldwide in endemic areas.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Baculoviridae , Brazil , Cross Reactions , Dengue Virus , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flavivirus , Gold Colloid , Hepacivirus , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Korea , Methods , Neutralization Tests , Point-of-Care Systems , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sf9 Cells , Yellow Fever , Zika Virus
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(3): 365-373, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896971

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The coral snake Micrurus surinamensis, which is widely distributed throughout Amazonia, has a neurotoxic venom. It is important to characterize the biological and molecular properties of this venom in order to develop effective antitoxins. METHODS: Toxins from the venom of M. surinamensis were analyzed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and their neurotoxic effects in vivo were evaluated. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Most proteins in the venom had masses < 14kDa, low phospholipase A2 activity, and no proteolytic activity. The toxins inhibited the coagulation cascade. The venom had neurotoxic effects in mice, with a median lethal dose upon intravenous administration of 700 µg/kg. Immunogenic studies revealed abundant cross-reactivity of antielapidic serum with 14kDa toxins and limited cross-reactivity with toxins < 10kDa. These results indicate that antielapidic serum against M. surinamensis venom has weak potency (0.35mg/ml) in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Elapidae , Elapid Venoms/enzymology , Elapid Venoms/genetics , Elapid Venoms/chemistry , Phospholipases A2/metabolism , Cross Reactions , Electrophoresis , Phospholipases A2/chemistry , Lethal Dose 50 , Mice, Inbred BALB C
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49043

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Humulus japonicus pollen (Hop J) is a major cause of inhalant allergy in autumn of the Far East countries, and its allergenic potency has been increasing with climate changes. Allergen immunotherapy has been considered in Hop J-sensitized allergic patients; however, Hop J allergen extracts for immunotherapy are not commercially available. We speculate that Humulus lupulus pollen (Hop L) belonged to the same genus may share cross-reacting allergens with Hop J and evaluated allergenic relationships between these 2 pollens. METHODS: Thirteen patients with allergic rhinitis and/or asthma sensitive to Hop J pollens were enrolled in Ajou University Hospital, Suwon, Korea. Hop J pollens were collected locally and lyophilized extracts were prepared, while lyophilized Hop L extracts were provided by Lofarma S.p.A. IgE-ELISA/enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) inhibition tests, sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and IgE-immunoblot/immunoblot inhibition analysis using sera from the enrolled subjects were performed. RESULTS: All patients had high serum specific IgE to both Hop J and Hop L extracts by ELISA, but no significant correlation was found between these 2 extracts. ELISA inhibition tests showed significant dose-dependent inhibitions on IgE-bindings to Hop L with serial additions of Hop J extracts in a dose-dependent manner, while minimal inhibitions of IgE binding to Hop J were noted with additions of Hop L. IgE-immunoblot analysis demonstrated that the major allergenic component of Hop J at 12 kDa was inhibited by Hop J, while no inhibitions were noted by Hop L extracts on IgE-immunoblot inhibition analysis. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that there may not be a significant cross-allergenicity between Hop J and Hop L.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Asthma , Climate Change , Cross Reactions , Desensitization, Immunologic , Electrophoresis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Far East , Humans , Humulus , Hypersensitivity , Immunoglobulin E , Immunotherapy , Korea , Pollen , Rhinitis, Allergic , Sodium
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69710

ABSTRACT

Oak and birch trees belong to Fagales order. Specific IgE to pollen allergens of both trees are frequently found in Korea pollinosis patients. Oak trees which comprise 40% of forest area are common in Korea. However, birch trees are sparse. We compared the allergenicity of pollen extracts of white oak, sawtooth and Mongolian oaks which are prevalent species in Korea, with the pollen extract of birch. The cross-reactivity of four pollen extracts was examined with pooled sera of 12 patients by ELISA, immunoblotting and CAP inhibitions. A protein of 17 kDa, putatively homologous to a major birch allergen Bet v 1, displayed strong IgE reactivity from white oak and sawtooth oak pollen extract but not from Mongolian oak pollen. Notably, a 23-kDa protein from sawtooth and white oaks showed strong IgE reactivity and inhibited by Bet v 1. IgE binding to white oak was inhibited a maximum of 94.6% by white oak, 93.4% by sawtooth oak, 83.2% by Mongolian oak, and 68.8% by birch. Furthermore, sawtooth oak, white oak, and Mongolian oak extracts were able to inhibit up to 78.5%, 76.6% and 67.3% of IgE binding to birch extract, while birch extract itself inhibited up to 94.3%. Specific IgE to Bet v 1 was inhibited a maximum of 79.1% by sawtooth oak, 77.4% by white oak, and 72.7% by Mongolian oak, while 81.5% inhibition was shown by birch. Bet v 1 was able to partially inhibit its homologous molecules from sawtooth oak and white oak in immunoblotting. Birch pollen extract was found to be cross-reactive primarily with Bet v 1-homologous allergen from oak pollens in Korea pollinosis patients. Considering the sparseness of birch tree in Korea, oak, especially sawtooth oak may be the main cause of tree pollinosis in Korea, rather than birch.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Allergens/immunology , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Betula/growth & development , Child , Cross Reactions , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Immunoblotting , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Male , Middle Aged , Pollen/immunology , Quercus/growth & development , Republic of Korea
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 399-406, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21016

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Japanese hop (Humulus spp.) and mugwort (Artemisia spp.) are notable causes of autumn pollinosis in East Asia. However, Japanese hop and mugwort pollen extracts, which are widely used for the diagnosis, have not been standardized. This study was performed to standardize Japanese hop and mugwort pollen extracts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Allergen extracts were prepared in a standardized way using locally collected Humulus japonicus and purchased Artemisia vulgaris pollens. The immunoglobulin E (IgE) reactivities of prepared extracts were compared with commercial extracts via IgE immunoblotting and inhibition analyses. Intradermal skin tests were performed to determine the bioequivalent allergy unit (BAU). RESULTS: The IgE reactive components of the extracts via IgE immunoblotting were similar to those of commercial extracts. A 11-kDa allergen showed the strongest IgE reactivity in Japanese hop, as did a 28-kDa allergen in mugwort pollen extracts. Allergenic potencies of the investigatory Japanese hop and mugwort extracts were essentially indistinguishable from the commercial ones. Sums of erythema of 50 mm by the intradermal skin test (SigmaED50) were calculated to be 14.4th and 13.6th three-fold dilutions for Japanese hop and mugwort extracts, respectively. Therefore, the allergenic activity of the prepared extracts was 90827.4 BAU/mg for Japanese hop and 34412 BAU/mg for mugwort. CONCLUSION: We produced Japanese hop and mugwort pollen extracts using a standardized method. Standardized Japanese hop and mugwort pollen extracts will facilitate the production of improved diagnostic and immunotherapeutic reagents.


Subject(s)
Allergens/analysis , Antibody Specificity , Artemisia , Bronchial Hyperreactivity/blood , Cross Reactions , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Immunoblotting , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Pollen/chemistry , Reference Standards , Republic of Korea , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8376

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) genotype circulating in Korea has changed from G3 to G1. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the antigenic relationship between the two genotypes by using antibody tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples from 42 sows and 216 horses were collected, and their seroprevalence was monitored using the hemagglutination inhibition and virus neutralization tests. Antisera against JEV G1 and G3 were isolated and prepared from guinea pigs. The cross-reactivity of these two viruses was then compared using the neutralizing antibody test. RESULTS: We found that there was a difference in the seropositive ratios of JEV G1 and G3. However, the difference was dependent on the antibody test used. There was also an observed difference in the antigenicity between the two genotypes, as ascertained using the neutralizing antibody test. CONCLUSION: There is an evident difference in JEV antigenicity between the genotypes G1 and G3. Therefore, we propose monitoring of the seroprevalence of JEV, and reevaluating the antigenicity of the current vaccine by using the relevant tests.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Cross Reactions , Encephalitis Virus, Japanese , Encephalitis, Japanese , Genotype , Guinea Pigs , Hemagglutination , Horses , Humans , Immune Sera , Korea , Neutralization Tests , Seroepidemiologic Studies
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255174

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To prepare rabbit monoclonal antibody (RabMab) against guanosine 3', 5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) and to develop a competitive ELISA for the detection of cGMP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>New Zealand white rabbits were immunized with synthesized cGMP-keyhole limpet hemoeyanin (cGMP-KLH) to prepared a RabMAb with monoclonal antibody technique of Epitomics. A competitive ELISA kit was produced with cGMP RabMAb. The specificity, the precision and the recoveries of the method were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The RabMAb with high sensitivity towards cGMP were prepared with an antibody timer of 3.1 ng/mL and 50% inhibitive concentration (IC50) of 12.57 ng/mL. The cGMP RabMAb had 33% cross-reactivity to inosine 3', 5'-cyclic monophosphate (cIMP) and little or no cross-reactivity to other compounds. A competitive ELISA was developed for detection of cGMP. The range of detection was 0~120 ng/mL with a minimal limit of 1.95 ng/mL. The recovery of assay was 89%~103%. The inter-assay and intra-assay coefficient variations were below 11.68% and 13.85%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The RabMab against cGMP with high affinity and high specificity has been generated successfully, and a competitive ELISA for detection of cGMP has been developed with the prepared cGMP RabMAb.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibody Specificity , Cross Reactions , Cyclic GMP , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Rabbits
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223787

ABSTRACT

Both immediate and delayed hypersensitivity reactions to iodinated contrast media (ICM) are relatively common. However, there are few data to determine the clinical utility of immunologic evaluation of ICM. To evaluate the utility of ICM skin testing in patients with ICM hypersensitivity, 23 patients (17 immediate and 6 delayed reactions) were enrolled from 3 university hospitals in Korea. With 6 commonly used ICM including iopromide, iohexol, ioversol, iomeprol, iopamidol and iodixanol, skin prick (SPT), intradermal (IDT) and patch tests were performed. Of 10 patients with anaphylaxis, 3 (30.0%) and 6 (60.0%) were positive respectively on SPTs and IDTs with the culprit ICM. Three of 6 patients with urticaria showed positive IDTs. In total, 11 (64.7%) had positive on either SPT or IDT. Three of 6 patients with delayed rashes had positive response to patch test and/or delayed IDT. Among 5 patients (3 anaphylaxis, 1 urticaria and 1 delayed rash) taken subsequent radiological examinations, 3 patients administered safe alternatives according to the results of skin testing had no adverse reaction. However, anaphylaxis developed in the other 2 patients administered the culprit ICM again. With 64.7% (11/17) and 50% (3/6) of the sensitivities of corresponding allergic skin tests with culprit ICM for immediate and delayed hypersensitivity reactions, the present study suggests that skin tests is useful for the diagnosis of ICM hypersensitivity and for selecting safe ICM and preventing a recurrence of anaphylaxis caused by the same ICM.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis/chemically induced , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Cross Reactions/immunology , Dermatitis, Contact/diagnosis , Drug Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Iodides/immunology , Iohexol/analogs & derivatives , Iopamidol/analogs & derivatives , Male , Middle Aged , Republic of Korea , Skin Tests/methods , Triiodobenzoic Acids , Urticaria/diagnosis
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218815

ABSTRACT

Hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test employing whole virus antigen is a prescribed serological test for serotyping, diagnosis and surveillance for avian paramyxoviruses (APMVs). For use as alternative to the virus antigen, hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) protein gene of the wild duck isolate APMV-6/WB12-163FS of APMV serotype 6 (APMV-6) was amplified, cloned and expressed in Spodoptera frugiperda insect cells. The HN gene of 1,842 bps in length showed nucleotide and amino acid homology of 93.4% and 97.1%, respectively with that of APMV-6 prototype strain. Putative sialic acid binding motif and potential N-linked glycosylation sites were conserved. In Western blot analysis, the expressed protein had a molecular mass of 66 kDa and reacted specifically with antiserum to APMV-6. In addition, the recombinant HN protein showed biological properties such as hemagglutination (HA) and elution. The recombinant HN protein produced from infected cells showed high HA titers (approximately 2(13) HA unit/ml). The HA activity of the recombinant HN protein was inhibited by antisera to APMV-6. In cross HA inhibition test, the recombinant HN protein had the highest titers with antisera to homologous APMV serotype, although there was weak cross reaction with some of antisera to other APMV serotypes. Our results indicated that recombinant APMV-6 HN protein would have the potential as alternative to the APMV-6 antigen in HI assays.


Subject(s)
Avulavirus , Baculoviridae , Blotting, Western , Clone Cells , Cross Reactions , Diagnosis , Ducks , Glycosylation , Hemagglutination , HN Protein , Immune Sera , Insecta , N-Acetylneuraminic Acid , Serologic Tests , Serotyping , Spodoptera
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291674

ABSTRACT

Food allergy is phenotypically an extremely heterogeneous group of diseases affecting multiple organs, sometimes in an isolated way, sometimes simultaneously, with the severity of reactions ranging from mild and local to full-blown anaphylaxis. Mechanistically, it is defined as a Th2-driven immune disorder in which food-specific IgE antibodies are at the basis of immediate-type adverse reactions. The sites of sensitization and symptoms do not necessarily overlap. Food allergy, which is the theme of this paper, is often confused with other adverse reactions to food of both animmune (e.g., celiac disease) and non-immune (e.g., lactose intolerance) nature. To reliably diagnose food allergy, a careful history (immediate-type reactions) needs to be complemented with demonstration of specific IgE (immune mechanism) and confirmed by an oral challenge. Co-factors such as exercise, medication, and alcohol may help trigger food allergy and further complicate accurate diagnosis. Where food extract-based diagnostic tests are poorly correlated to symptom severity, new generation molecular diagnostics that measure IgE against individual food allergens provide clinicians and patients with more reliable symptom severity risk profiles. Molecular diagnostics also support establishing whether food sensitization originates directly from exposure to food or indirectly (cross-reactivity) from pollen sensitization. Epidemiological surveys have indicated that allergy to peach primarily originates from peach consumption in Europe, whereas in China it is the result of primary sensitization to mugwort pollen, in both cases mediated by an allergen molecule from the same family. Epidemiological surveys give insight into the etiology of food allergy, the size of the problem (prevalence), and the risk factors involved, which together support evidence-based strategies for prevention. Over the past decade, food allergy has increased in the affluent world. Economic growth and urbanization in upcoming economies are likewise expected to lead to increased prevalence of food allergies, sometimes to different foods due to dietary habits. Molecular allergology and biotechnology now offer the possibility to combat the increasing burden of food allergy by developing safe immunotherapies for food allergy, using hypoallergenic mutant recombinant molecules. The first clinical trials to evaluate such approaches are underway. Last but not least, the identification and clinical risk characterization of a more and more complete list of food allergens additionally provides the allergenicity risk assessment of genetically modified foods a firmer basis.


Subject(s)
Allergens , China , Cross Reactions , Food , Food Hypersensitivity , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Immunoglobulin E , Immunotherapy , Pollen , Prevalence
19.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 357-362, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296276

ABSTRACT

To explore the impact of the history of infection by the influenza A virus subtype H1N1 on secondary infection by the influenza A virus subtype H9N2, pigs non-infected and pre-infected with H1N1 were inoculated with H9N2 in parallel to compare nasal shedding and seroconversion patterns. Unlike pigs without a background of H1N1 infection, nasal shedding was not detected in pigs pre-infected with H1N1. Both groups generated antibodies against H9N2. However, levels of H1N1 antibodies in pigs pre-infected with H1N1 increased quickly and dramatically after challenge with H9N2. Cross-reaction was not observed between H1N1 antibodies and H9N2 viruses. These findings suggest that circulation of the H1N1 virus might be a barrier to the introduction and transmission of the avian H9N2 virus, thereby delaying its adaptation in pigs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Allergy and Immunology , Cross Reactions , Immune Sera , Allergy and Immunology , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Allergy and Immunology , Physiology , Influenza A Virus, H9N2 Subtype , Allergy and Immunology , Orthomyxoviridae Infections , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Species Specificity , Swine , Allergy and Immunology , Virology
20.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): 17-24, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750014

ABSTRACT

The literature supports the notion that carbohydrate epitopes, on their own, do not contribute significantly to the induction of allergic reactions. They bind weakly to IgE antibodies and have been termed as cross reactive carbohydrate determinants. These epitopes cause confusion in in vitro IgE testing through nonspecific cross-reactivity. Coincident with the rising trends in food allergy prevalence, there has recently been reports of anaphylaxis induced by carbohydrate epitopes. There are two distinct groups, each with unique characteristics and geographical distribution. Anaphylaxis and acute allergic reactions related to the carbohydrate galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal) epitope that are present in the monoclonal antibody, cetuximab and red meat have been described in the United States and Europe populations where tick bites have been found to be the primary sensitizer. Another carbohydrate inducing anaphylaxis is galacto-oligosaccharides in commercial milk formula which has been described in the several Asian populations including Singapore. The latter is unique in that the allergen is a pure carbohydrate. We summarize the current literature on carbohydrate-induced food allergy, and evaluate the two new groups of carbohydrate allergy that have defied previous findings on carbohydrates and their role.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Anaphylaxis , Antibodies , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Carbohydrates , Cetuximab , Cross Reactions , Epitopes , Europe , Food Hypersensitivity , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Immunoglobulin E , In Vitro Techniques , Milk , Oligosaccharides , Prevalence , Red Meat , Singapore , Tick Bites , United States
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