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1.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(5): 665-669, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041484

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Serological cross-reactivity between leishmaniasis and Chagas disease, especially at low titers, leads to difficulties of the seroepidemiological interpretation. METHODS: We have studied the ability of urea as a chaotrope to select high-avidity antibodies in IgG ELISA, thus reducing low-avidity IgG cross-reactivity in serologically positive samples in both assays. RESULTS: Using 0.5M urea for diluting the sample efficiently defined leishmaniasis or double infections in high-avidity IgG ELISA and eliminated false-positive results. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a chaotropic diluting agent is useful for improving the specificity of Chagas disease and leishmaniasis immunoassays.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urea/pharmacology , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Antibodies, Protozoan/blood , Leishmaniasis/immunology , Chagas Disease/immunology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Antibody Affinity/immunology , Urea/chemistry , Brazil/epidemiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Biomarkers/chemistry , Leishmaniasis/complications , Leishmaniasis/diagnosis , Leishmaniasis/epidemiology , Population Surveillance , Sensitivity and Specificity , Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/diagnosis , Chagas Disease/epidemiology
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223787

ABSTRACT

Both immediate and delayed hypersensitivity reactions to iodinated contrast media (ICM) are relatively common. However, there are few data to determine the clinical utility of immunologic evaluation of ICM. To evaluate the utility of ICM skin testing in patients with ICM hypersensitivity, 23 patients (17 immediate and 6 delayed reactions) were enrolled from 3 university hospitals in Korea. With 6 commonly used ICM including iopromide, iohexol, ioversol, iomeprol, iopamidol and iodixanol, skin prick (SPT), intradermal (IDT) and patch tests were performed. Of 10 patients with anaphylaxis, 3 (30.0%) and 6 (60.0%) were positive respectively on SPTs and IDTs with the culprit ICM. Three of 6 patients with urticaria showed positive IDTs. In total, 11 (64.7%) had positive on either SPT or IDT. Three of 6 patients with delayed rashes had positive response to patch test and/or delayed IDT. Among 5 patients (3 anaphylaxis, 1 urticaria and 1 delayed rash) taken subsequent radiological examinations, 3 patients administered safe alternatives according to the results of skin testing had no adverse reaction. However, anaphylaxis developed in the other 2 patients administered the culprit ICM again. With 64.7% (11/17) and 50% (3/6) of the sensitivities of corresponding allergic skin tests with culprit ICM for immediate and delayed hypersensitivity reactions, the present study suggests that skin tests is useful for the diagnosis of ICM hypersensitivity and for selecting safe ICM and preventing a recurrence of anaphylaxis caused by the same ICM.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis/chemically induced , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Cross Reactions/immunology , Dermatitis, Contact/diagnosis , Drug Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Iodides/immunology , Iohexol/analogs & derivatives , Iopamidol/analogs & derivatives , Male , Middle Aged , Republic of Korea , Skin Tests/methods , Triiodobenzoic Acids , Urticaria/diagnosis
3.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 67(6): 942-948, Nov-Dec/2014.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-732806

ABSTRACT

O estudo objetivou conhecer o contexto do homem resiliente ao adoecer por câncer de próstata. Trata-se de um estudo de caso etnográfico realizado com dois homens sobreviventes ao câncer de próstata, com alto grau de resiliência. Os dados foram coletados no domicílio, no período de abril e maio de 2012, por meio da entrevista semiestruturada em profundidade, de observação participante e do ecomapa. Pela análise dos dados construíram-se duas unidades de sentido: "Identidade do homem resiliente: contextualizando os informantes" e "O homem resiliente descobrindo-se doente". Apreende-se que a identidade de ser homem resiliente, para estes informantes, foi marcada pela diferença histórica e cultural que permeou as suas ações, no processo de adoecimento por câncer de próstata. Considera-se importante que os enfermeiros atentem para os aspectos culturais da saúde do homem, para que este possa sentir-se parte integrante do processo de cura, tornando-se sujeito ativo frente à própria saúde.


The study aimed to understand the context of resilient man when ill with prostate cancer. This is an ethnographic case study conducted with two prostate cancer survival men with a high degree of resilience. The data was collected on their places, in 2012 April and May, using semi-structured in-depth interviews, participant observation and ecomap. For the data analysis, it was built two units of meaning: "Identity of the resilient man: contextualizing the informants" and "The resilient man finding himself ill". It was noticed that the identity of being a resilient man, to these informants, was marked by historical and cultural difference which permeated their actions in the process of being ill with prostate cancer. It is important that nurses pay attention to the cultural aspects of human health, so that they can feel part of the healing process, becoming an active subject facing their own health.


El estudio enfocó conocer el contexto del hombre resiliente al enfermar por cáncer de próstata. Se trata de un estudio de caso etnográfico realizado con dos hombres sobrevivientes al cáncer de próstata con alto grado de resiliencia. Los datos fueron recogidos en el domicilio, en el período de abril y mayo de 2012, por medio de entrevista semiestructurada en profundidad, observación participante y ecomapa. Por el análisis de los datos, se construyeron dos unidades de sentido: "Identidad del hombre resiliente: contextualizando a los informantes" y "El hombre resiliente descubriéndose enfermo". Se comprende que la identidad de ser hombre resiliente, para estos informantes, fue marcada por la diferencia histórica y cultural que hicieron permeables sus acciones en el proceso de enfermar por cáncer de próstata. Se considera importante que los enfermeros estén atentos a los aspectos culturales de la salud del hombre, para que este se pueda sentir parte integrante del proceso de cura, tornándose sujeto activo frente a la propia salud.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/adverse effects , Benzeneacetamides , Drug Eruptions/etiology , Hydroxamic Acids/adverse effects , Ketoprofen/adverse effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/immunology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Hydroxamic Acids/immunology , Ketoprofen/immunology , Patch Tests/methods
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121886

ABSTRACT

This study was undertaken to characterize the properties of a 100 kDa somatic antigen from Metagonimus yokogawai. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced against this 100 kDa antigen, and their immunoreactivity was assessed by western blot analysis with patients' sera. The mAbs against the 100 kDa antigen commonly reacted with various kinds of trematode antigens, including intestinal (Gymnophalloides seoi), lung (Paragonimus westermani), and liver flukes (Clonorchis sinensis and Fasciola hepatica). However, this mAb showed no cross-reactions with other helminth parasites, including nematodes and cestodes. To determine the topographic distribution of the 100 kDa antigen in worm sections, indirect immunoperoxidase staining was performed. A strong positive reaction was observed in the tegumental and subtegumental layers of adult M. yokogawai and C. sinensis. The results showed that the 100 kDa somatic protein of M. yokogawai is a common antigen which recognizes a target epitope present over the tegumental layer of different trematode species.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Helminth/immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Clonorchis sinensis/immunology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Fasciola hepatica/immunology , Female , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Heterophyidae/immunology , Immunologic Tests , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Paragonimus westermani/immunology , Trematode Infections/diagnosis
5.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2013 Dec; 51(12): 1063-1069
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-150293

ABSTRACT

The major hemorrhagin from C. purpureomaculatus (mangrove pit viper) venom was purified to homogeneity and termed Maculatoxin. Maculatoxin has a molecular weight of 38 kDa as determined by SDS-PAGE. It is an acidic protein (pI= 4.2) and exhibited proteolytic and hemorrhagic activities (MHD10 = 0.84 μg in mice) but was not lethal to mice at a dose of 1 μg/g. The hemorrhagic activity of Maculatoxin was completely inactivated by EDTA and partially inhibited by ATP and citrate. The N-terminal sequence of Maculatoxin (TPEQQRFPPTYIDLGIFVDHGMYAT) shares a significant degree of homology with the metalloprotease domain of other venom hemorrhagins. Indirect ELISA showed anti-Maculatoxin cross reacted with protein components of many snake venoms. In the double-sandwich ELISA, however, anti-Maculatoxin cross-reacted only with venoms of certain species of the Trimeresurus (Asia lance-head viper) complex, and the results support the recent proposed taxonomy changes concerning the Trimeresurus complex


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, Gel , Cross Reactions/immunology , Endopeptidases/chemistry , Endopeptidases/immunology , Endopeptidases/isolation & purification , Mice , Molecular Weight , Snake Venoms/genetics , Snake Venoms/immunology , Species Specificity , Trimeresurus/immunology , Trimeresurus/physiology
6.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 18(1): 116-123, 2012. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-618198

ABSTRACT

Cross-neutralization of Crotalus durissus terrificus venom coagulant activity was tested using bivalent horse antivenom against Bothrops alternatus and Bothrops diporus venoms. Our in vitro and in vivo experiments showed that bothropic antivenom neutralizes the thrombin-like activity of crotalic snake venom and this cross-reaction was demonstrated by immunoassays either with whole venom or a purified thrombin-like enzyme. These results suggest common antigenic properties and, consequently, similar molecular structure among venom thrombin-like enzymes. Besides, they provide information that could be further used in the development of new antivenom formulations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antivenins/immunology , Crotalid Venoms/immunology , Cross Reactions/immunology
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 71(2): 113-119, mar.-abr. 2011. graf, mapas, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-633829

ABSTRACT

El diagnóstico serológico de la infección producida por Trypanosoma cruzi es de especial relevancia dado que los métodos parasitológicos tienen, en las fases indeterminada y crónica, una sensibilidad limitada. El antígeno SAPA fue usado en diversos estudios y demostró ser un buen candidato para el diagnóstico de la infección por T. cruzi. La enfermedad de Chagas y la leishmaniasis son endémicas en el norte de Salta, con posibles zonas de solapamiento. Este hecho suele dar lugar a infecciones mixtas T. cruzi-Leishmania spp., con la consecuente probabilidad de diagnóstico cruzado cuando se usan antígenos no específicos. Se evaluó la reactividad del antígeno GST-SAPA en la prueba de ELISA (ELISA-SAPA) frente a sueros de personas infectadas por T. cruzi (n = 154), con leishmaniasis (n = 66), infecciones mixtas (n = 29) y controles negativos (n = 28), usando como pruebas de referencia para el diagnóstico de la infección por T. cruzi kits comerciales de ELISA y HAI. Se calculó la sensibilidad, especificidad e índice de concordancia kappa de la prueba de ELISA-SAPA, para la detección de infección por T. cruzi. Entre los sueros de pacientes con leishmaniasis estudiados se detectó un 30.5% de infecciones mixtas. Para la detección de infección por T. cruzi, ELISA-SAPA mostró una sensibilidad del 97.1% (intervalo de confianza del 95%: 94.5-99.9), una especificidad del 100% (intervalo de confianza del 95%: 99.5-100) y un índice de concordancia kappa de 96 (intervalo de confianza del 95%:93-99%), comparado con las pruebas serológicas comerciales. Los valores de sensibilidad, especificidad y concordancia calculados muestran una alta eficiencia de ELISA-SAPA.


Serologic diagnosis of Trypanosoma cruzi infection is important due to the limited sensitivity of direct parasitologic methods for diagnosis in the indeterminate and chronic phases of disease. SAPA antigen has been used in several studies and has been shown to be a good marker for use in the diagnosis of T. cruzi infection. Chagas disease and leishmaniasis are endemic in northern Salta with overlapping zones of transmission, which frequently leads to T. cruzi-Leishmania spp. mixed infections. Diagnosis is complicated by the fact that there is significant cross-reactivity when non-specific antigens are used. We evaluated the reactivity of GST-SAPA antigen in the ELISA test (ELISA-SAPA) against sera from persons infected with T. cruzi (n = 154), leishmaniasis (n = 66), mixed infections (29), and healthy controls (n = 28) using commercial ELISA and IHA kits as reference tests. For ELISA-SAPA the sensitivity, specificity and kappa index were calculated for detection of T. cruzi infection. Among sera from patients infected with leishmaniasis, 30.5% of co-infections were detected. ELISA-SAPA sensitivity was 97.1% (confidence interval 95%: 94.5-99.9), specificity was 100% (confidence interval 95%: 99.4-100), and kappa index was 96% (confidence interval 95%: 93-99%), for detection of T. cruzi infection. Sensitivity, specificity and kappa indices have shown a high efficiency of ELISA-SAPA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Protozoan/blood , Antigens, Protozoan , Chagas Disease/diagnosis , Glycoproteins , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/immunology , Neuraminidase , Trypanosoma cruzi/immunology , Antigens, Protozoan/immunology , Chagas Disease/immunology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Recombinant Proteins , Recombinant Proteins/immunology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Species Specificity , Serologic Tests/methods
8.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 2008 Dec; 26(4): 237-44
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-37045

ABSTRACT

To support the clinical diagnosis of human neurocysticercosis (NCC), we evaluated two peptides, HP6-3 and Ts45W-1, as well as crude saline extract (SE) of Tenia solium cysticerci as antigens for the detection of specific IgG4 subclass and total IgG antibodies by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The sera of definitive diagnosed NCC patients, patients infected with other parasitoses and healthy controls were examined. The diagnostic sensitivity for IgG4 and total IgG detection of the ELISA against SE antigen was 100% and 64.3% with a high amount of cross-reactions to taeniasis saginata at 88.9% (8/9) and 100% (9/9), respectively. The SE-based IgG4-ELISA showed the highest specificity (80.9%). Both peptide-based IgG4-ELISAs provided a superior sensitivity (78.6%) to the total IgG tests whereas their specificity was 66.7% for HP6-3 and 69.8% for Ts45W-1 only. The SE-based ELISA for the detection of specific IgG4 antibody can be used for the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis as well as for serological surveys of NCC endemic areas. The peptide-based IgG4 ELISAs potentially provide a reliable and cost effective alternative method independent from live parasite supply.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Animals , Antibodies/blood , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Brain/immunology , Child , Child, Preschool , Cross Reactions/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Male , Middle Aged , Neurocysticercosis/diagnosis , Peptides/immunology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Taenia solium/immunology , Young Adult
9.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 2008 Dec; 26(4): 245-56
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-36519

ABSTRACT

Allergic diseases such as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis are dramatically increasing all over the world including developing countries like India. Today, more than 30% of the population is known to suffer from one or other allergic ailment. Major causative agents implicated are pollen grains, fungal spores, dust mites, insect debris, animal epithelia, etc. Several aerobiological studies have been conducted in different parts of the country to ascertain aerial concentration and seasonality of pollen grains and fungi. Recently, an "All India Coordinated Project on Aeroallergens and Human Health" was undertaken by us to discover the quantitative and qualitative prevalence of aerosols at 18 different centers in the country. Allergenically important airborne pollen identified by clinico-immunologic evaluation are Alnus, Amaranthus, Argemone, Brassica, Cannabis, Cassia, Cedrus, Chenopodium, Cocos, Holoptelia, Mallotus, Morus, Parthenium, Prosopis juliflora, Quercus, Ricinus communis, and grasses such as Cenchrus, Cynodon, Imperata, Pennisetum etc. Cross-reactivity of the IgE antibodies is a common phenomenon among various pollen allergens. Ricinus communis pollen a commonly growing weed/shrub in India, cross-reacts with latex (Hevea brasiliensis), Mercurialis annua and also with seeds of Ricinus communis--all belonging to family Euphorbiaceae but geographically distantly located. Areca catechu cross-reacts with other members of Arecaceae such as Phoenix sylvestris, Cocos nucifera and Borassus flabelifer while pollen of Holoptelia integrifolia from India cross reacts with pollen of Parietaria judaica from Mediterranean Europe, both of which are members of family Urticaceae. Several reports on pollen and fruit syndrome have been analyzed. Experiments conducted by us revealed that pollutants (NO2 and SO2) not only affect pollen morphology but also changes its allergenic potency.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants/immunology , Allergens/immunology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Humans , Hypersensitivity/epidemiology , India/epidemiology , Pollen/immunology
10.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 41(2): 152-157, mar.-abr. 2008. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-484220

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the possibility of inoculation and reinoculation with a trypanosomatid isolated from bats that is morphologically, biologically and molecularly similar to Trypanosoma cruzi, to protect against infection by virulent strains. Non-isogenic mice were divided into 24 groups that received from zero to three inoculations of Trypanosoma cruzi-like strain RM1, in the presence or absence of Freund’s adjuvant, and were challenged with the VIC or JG strains of Trypanosoma cruzi. Parasitemia and survival were monitored and animals were sacrificed for histopathological analysis. Animals immunized with Trypanosoma cruzi-like strain RM1 presented decreased parasitemia, independently of the number of inoculations or the presence of adjuvant. In spite of this reduction, these animals did not present any protection against histopathological lesions. Severe eosinophilic infiltrate was observed and was correlated with the number of inoculations of Trypanosoma cruzi-like strain RM1. These findings suggest that prior inoculation with this strain did not protect against infection but, rather, aggravated the tissue inflammatory process.


Este trabalho avaliou a possibilidade da inoculação e reinoculação de um tripanossomatídeo isolado de morcego, morfológica, biológica e molecularmente semelhante ao Trypanosoma cruzi, na proteção contra a infecção por cepas virulentas. Camundongos não-isogênicos foram divididos em 24 grupos, que receberam de zero a três inóculos da cepa RM1 de Trypanosoma cruzi-like, na presença ou ausência de adjuvante de Freund e desafiados com as cepas de Trypanosoma cruzi VIC ou JG. Acompanhou-se a parasitemia e a sobrevida e os camundongos foram sacrificados para análise histopatológica. Os animais imunizados com a cepa RM1 de Trypanosoma cruzi-like apresentaram redução da parasitemia, independente do número de inóculos ou presença de adjuvante. Apesar dessa redução, os animais não apresentaram proteção contra lesões histopatológicas e observaram-se intensos infiltrados eosinofílicos que foram correlacionados com o número de inóculos da cepa RM1 de Trypanosoma cruzi-like. Sugere-se que a inoculação prévia dessa cepa, ao invés de proteger contra a infecção, agravou o processo inflamatório tecidual.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chagas Disease/immunology , Eosinophilia/immunology , Immune Sera/immunology , Immunization, Passive/methods , Parasitemia/immunology , Trypanosoma cruzi/immunology , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Chagas Disease/prevention & control , Chiroptera/parasitology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Eosinophilia/parasitology , Freund's Adjuvant/therapeutic use , Immune Sera/administration & dosage , Parasitemia/parasitology , Trypanosoma cruzi/isolation & purification , Trypanosoma cruzi/pathogenicity
11.
Iraqi Journal of Agriculture. 2008; 13 (1): 94-100
in Arabic | IMEMR | ID: emr-87339

ABSTRACT

Immunoelectrophoresis analysis showed immunological cross reactions between goat and cow milk caseins which belong to beta-casein, however, no such reaction were observed between goat and cow beta-lactoglobulin and alpha-lactalbumin. Systemic anaphylaxis test in guinea pigs showed strong immunological reactions between goat and cow milk proteins, injection of cow milk in animal's vein, which fed on cow milk caused 100% mortality. Same results were also obtained with injection of goat milk. Passive hemagglutination test against goat and cow milk was used to estimate antibody titer in guinea pigs serum, which fed cow's milk. The obtained results showed that the highest titer was found against casein followed by beta-lactoglobulin and alpha-lactalbumin for cow milk proteins, while for goat milk proteins the highest titer was found against casein followed by alpha-lactalbumm and beta-lactoglobulin. The titer of antibodies against goat alpha[s]-casein and Kappa-casein was lower than that for cow milk, the behavior of goat and cow beta-casein was similar for both proteins


Subject(s)
Animals , Cross Reactions/immunology , Goats , Cattle , Immunoelectrophoresis , Mortality , Guinea Pigs , Antibodies , Caseins/immunology , Lactalbumin/immunology , Lactoglobulins/immunology
12.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 48(6): 327-332, nov.-dez. 2006. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-439864

ABSTRACT

The presence of common antigens between Plasmodium falciparum and Anopheles albimanus was demonstrated. Different groups of rabbits were immunized with: crude extract from female An. albimanus (EAaF), red blood cells infected with Plasmodium falciparum (EPfs), and the SPf66 synthetic malaria vaccine. The rabbit's polyclonal antibodies were evaluated by ELISA, Multiple Antigen Blot Assay (MABA), and immunoblotting. All extracts were immunogenic in rabbits according to these three techniques, when they were evaluated against the homologous antigens. Ten molecules were identified in female mosquitoes and also in P. falciparum antigens by the autologous sera. The electrophoretic pattern by SDS-PAGE was different for the three antigens evaluated. Cross-reactions between An. albimanus and P. falciparum were found by ELISA, MABA, and immunoblotting. Anti-P. falciparum and anti-SPf66 antibodies recognized ten and five components in the EAaF crude extract, respectively. Likewise, immune sera against female An. albimanus identified four molecules in the P. falciparum extract antigen. As far as we know, this is the first work that demonstrates shared antigens between anophelines and malaria parasites. This finding could be useful for diagnosis, vaccines, and the study of physiology of the immune response to malaria.


Epítopes de antígenos compartidos entre Plasmodium falciparum y Anopheles albimanus fueron identificados. Diferentes grupos de conejos fueron inmunizados con: extracto crudo de mosquito hembra de An. albimanus (EAaH), glóbulos rojos infectados con P. falciparum (EPfs) y la vacuna antimalárica sintética SPf66. Los anticuerpos policlonales producidos en conejos fueron evaluados por ELISA, inmunoensayo simultáneo de múltiples antígenos (MABA) e Immunoblotting. Todos los extractos resultaron inmunogénicos cuando se evaluaron por ELISA, MABA e Immunoblotting. Diez moléculas fueron identificadas en los mosquitos hembras y diez en los antígenos de P. falciparum por los sueros autólogos. El patrón electroforético por SDS-EGPA fue diferente para los tres antígenos evaluados. La reactividad cruzada de moléculas entre An. albimanus y P. falciparum fue demostrada por ELISA, MABA e Immunoblotting. Anticuerpos anti-P. falciparum y anti-SPf66 reconocieron diez y cinco componentes respectivamente en el extracto crudo de anofelinos (EAaH). Asimismo, sueros inmunes contra An. albimanus hembra identificaron cuatro moléculas en el extracto del antígeno de P. falciparum. Hasta el presente, este es el primer estudio en el que se demuestra la presencia de antígenos compartidos entre anofelinos y los parásitos de malaria. Este hallazgo podría ser de relevancia para el diagnóstico, vacunas e interpretación de la fisiopatología de la respuesta inmunitaria en malaria.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rabbits , Anopheles/immunology , Antibodies, Protozoan/immunology , Antigens, Protozoan/immunology , Epitopes/immunology , Malaria Vaccines/immunology , Plasmodium falciparum/immunology , Antibodies, Protozoan/biosynthesis , Cross Reactions/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Host-Parasite Interactions/immunology , Immunoblotting , Immunoenzyme Techniques
13.
Biomedica. 2006; 22 ([Jul-Dec]): 80-83
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-76316

ABSTRACT

Brucellosis and Dengue fever can present with acute febrile illness with other nonspecific symptoms and share common haematological and biochemical abnormalities making their clinical differentiation a diagnostic challenge. We present two cases admitted with acute febrile illness and other nonspecific symptoms. In both patients diagnosis of brucellosis was confirmed by positive blood culture and or positive serology by tube agglutination test method, in both patients Dengue virus 1gM and or IgG was also positive. This may represent co-infection or cross-reactivity between serological tests used for the diagnosis of brucellosis and dengue fever. To the best of our knowledge this has not been previously reported. Both these cases are presented here to share our experience with others


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Brucellosis/immunology , Brucellosis/blood , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue/immunology , Dengue/blood , Cross Reactions/immunology , Infections , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 38(9): 1313-1320, Sept. 2005. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-408357

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have demonstrated a stronger seroreactivity against some synthetic peptides responsible for inducing neutralizing antibodies in injecting drug users (IDU) compared to that of individuals sexually infected with HIV-1 (S), but the effectiveness in terms of the neutralizing ability of these antibodies has not been evaluated. Our objective was to study the humoral immune response of IDU by determining the specificity of their antibodies and the presence of neutralizing antibodies. The neutralization capacity against the HIV-1 isolate MN (genotype B), the primary HIV-1 isolate 95BRRJ021 (genotype F), and the seroreactivity with peptides known to induce neutralizing antibodies, from the V2 and V3 loops of different HIV-1 subtypes, were analyzed. Seroreactivity indicates that IDU plasma are more likely to recognize a broader range of peptides than S plasma, with significantly higher titers, especially of V3 peptides. Similar neutralization frequencies of the MN isolate were observed in plasma of the IDU (16/47) and S (20/60) groups in the 1:10 dilution. The neutralization of the 95BRRJ021 isolate was more frequently observed for plasma from the S group (15/23) than from the IDU group (15/47, P = 0.0108). No correlation between neutralization and seroreactivity with the peptides tested was observed. These results suggest that an important factor responsible for the extensive and broad humoral immune response observed in IDU is their infection route. There was very little difference in neutralizing antibody response between the IDU and S groups despite their differences in seroreactivity and health status.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , HIV Antibodies/immunology , HIV Antigens/immunology , HIV Infections/immunology , HIV-1 , Substance Abuse, Intravenous/immunology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Genotype , HIV Infections/transmission , HIV-1 , Neutralization Tests/methods , Substance Abuse, Intravenous/complications
15.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 100(1): 85-89, Feb. 2005. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-398122

ABSTRACT

Anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) "binding antibodies" (antibodies capable of binding to synthetic peptides or proteins) occur throughout HIV-1 infection, are high-titered and highly cross-reactive, as confirmed in this study by analyzing plasma from B and F genotype HIV-1 infected individuals. Plasma from individuals infected with clade F HIV-1 displayed the most frequent cross-reactivity, in high titers, while Bbr plasma showed much higher specificity. Similarly, neutralization of a reference HIV-1 isolate (HIV-1 MN) was more frequently observed by plasma from F than B genotype infected individuals. No significant difference was seen in neutralization susceptibility of primary B, Bbr or F clade HIV-1 by plasma from individuals infected with the classical B (GPGR) or F HIV-1, but Bbr (GWGR) plasma were less likely to neutralize the F genotype primary HIV-1 isolates. The data indicate that both B and F genotype derived vaccines would be equally effective against B and F HIV-1 infection, with a slightly more probable effectiveness for F than B genotype. Although the Bbr variant appears to induce a much more specific humoral immune response, the susceptibility in neutralizing the Brazilian HIV-1 B genotype Bbr variant is similar to that observed with the classical B genotype HIV-1.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Antibody Specificity/immunology , HIV Antibodies/immunology , HIV Antigens/immunology , /immunology , HIV-1 , Peptide Fragments/immunology , AIDS Vaccines , Antibody Specificity/genetics , Cross Reactions/genetics , Cross Reactions/immunology , Genotype , /genetics , HIV Infections/immunology , HIV Infections/virology , HIV-1 , Neutralization Tests/methods , Peptide Fragments/genetics
16.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 41(6): 379-383, nov.-dez. 2004. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-414294

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar em cavalos, a incidência do vírus influenza e seu ciclo de transmissão interespécies. Portanto, levantamento sorológico foi realizado em soro de cavalos, confrontados com ambas cepas, as específicas (eqüino) e não específicas (humana) deste vírus. Sangrias de cavalos realizadas nos anos de 1999 e de 2000, forneceram soros que, após tratamento com Caolim (20%) e hemácias de galo(50%) para remoção dos anticorpos inespecíficos, foram titulados contra ambas referidas cepas, através do teste de Inibição da Hemaglutinação (recomendado pela OMS). Os resultados, demonstraram que as respostas sorológicas dos cavalos apresentaram reação cruzada entre as cepas específicas e as não específicas. As porcentagens de títulos IH obtidos foram de 62,75% e de 60,65% para as cepas específicas A/Eq1 (H7N7) e A/Eq2 (H3N8), respectivamente. E às cepas não específicas essas porcentagens foram de: 79,05% para A (H1N1), de 94,45% para A (H3N2) e de 77,75% ao tipo B. O mais relevante nestes dados comparativos com vírus influenza, foi a alta porcentagem de resposta protetora à cepa não específica comparada àquela específica, detectada nos soros eqüinos. Considerando o fato de que o tipo B, deste vírus, ser restrito à espécie humana, portanto a resposta de proteção nos cavalos sugere uma direta transmissão interspécies, como em viroses zoonóticas. Os autores relatam pela primeira vez este tipo de evento no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Horses/immunology , Horses/blood , Influenza A virus , Influenza A virus/pathogenicity , Influenza B virus/pathogenicity , Zoonoses/transmission , Zoonoses/virology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests/veterinary
17.
P. R. health sci. j ; 22(4): 353-357, Dec. 2003.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-358569

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the IgE reactivity against recombinant protein Blo t 1 from the dust mite Blomia tropicalis (Bt) using serum from patients with positive skin test to this mite and to investigate the cross-reactivity between Bt and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. BACKGROUND: Dust mites have an important role as inducers of allergic asthma and rhinitis. Particularly, Bt is an important mite specie in the tropic and subtropical regions of the world. Therefore, recombinant allergens of this organism could be an important feature for development of effective diagnostic and therapeutic measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Purified recombinant Blot t 1 was produced in Escherichia coli and tested against sera from 54 allergic individuals by the dot blot technique. RESULTS: IgE response to Blot 1 was 72% for sera from patients with positive skin test to Bt. Cross-reactivity with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus was not detected. Statistical analyses of the dot blot test results show 71.74% of sensitivity and 100% of specificity. CONCLUSION: By using a panel of allergic sera and an in vitro assay, the allergen rBlo t 1 exhibits no IgE cross-reactivity with Dermathophagoides pteronyssinus allergens. This finding suggests that specific clinical reagents are necessary for precise diagnosis and treatment of sensitization to Bt.


Subject(s)
Humans , Allergens/immunology , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus/immunology , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Hypersensitivity/etiology , Hypersensitivity/immunology , Immunoblotting/methods , Immunoglobulin E/analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Recombinant Proteins/immunology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Skin Tests
18.
P. R. health sci. j ; 22(4): 345-351, Dec. 2003.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-358570

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To produce and characterize monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against whole body extract of the dust mite Blomia tropicalis (Bt). BACKGROUND: Bt is an important source of allergens causing allergic diseases in tropical and subtropical regions. mAbs are excellent tools for delineating cross-reactivity between Bt and other mites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mice were immunized with extracts of Bt. mAbs were produced by standard techniques. Hybridoma screening was performed by ELISA. Ascitic fluids were produced and partially purified by adsorption chromatography. Reactivity of mAbs against extracts of Bt and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp) was analyzed by ELISA, immunoblots and ELISA inhibition. Also, reactivity of mAbs against the putative cysteine protease rBlo t 1 from Bt was tested. RESULTS: Three IgG mAbs were obtained and partially purified. The mAbs reacted with Bt by ELISA. In immunoblots, mAbs recognized two protein components of 29 and 35 KD. Also, the mAbs reacted with Dp extracts by ELISA, and the same sized components were detected in immunoblots. In competitive ELISA, Dp extract reduced in 62% the reactivity with Bt antigens, and Bt extract produced a maximum reduction of reactivity against Dp antigens of 83%. The mAbs recognized rBlo t1. The homology between Blo t1 and the proteins recognized by the mAbs was high (90%) as the inhibition assays demonstrated. CONCLUSIONS: The cross-reactivity between Dp and Bp could be related with the presence of proteins as their respective cysteine proteases. The produced mAbs have proven to facilitate the identification of antigens of Bt and to determine the possible cross-reactivity between Bt and other common mites of the acarofauna of tropical and subtropical countries where Bt is commonly found.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Mites/immunology , Allergens/immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology , Hypersensitivity/immunology , Antibody Specificity , Antigens, Dermatophagoides/immunology , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hypersensitivity/etiology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Cross Reactions/immunology
19.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2003 Feb; 41(2): 123-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-62847

ABSTRACT

Monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) were generated following immunization of BALB/c mice with protective antigen (PA) of B. anthracis. Five clones reactive to this protein were stabilized and preserved. These MoAbs could detect nanogram levels of PA when tested in ELISA. In Western blotting, they reacted with all PA preparations tested and no cross-reactivity was observed with lethal factor, edema factor of B. anthracis and with other organisms. These MoAbs could detect PA from 22 confirmed clinical isolates of B. anthracis on Western blotting and hold promise for direct detection of PA in clinical samples for diagnosing anthrax.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anthrax/immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/biosynthesis , Antibody Specificity/immunology , Antigens, Bacterial/immunology , Bacillus anthracis/immunology , Bacterial Toxins , Blotting, Western , Carrier Proteins/immunology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Sensitivity and Specificity , Viper Venoms/immunology
20.
Rev. bioméd. (México) ; 11(3): 155-60, jul.-sept. 2000. graf, CD-ROM
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-294983

ABSTRACT

Epítopo de reactividad cruzada en las glicoproteínas transmembranales de HIV-1/HIV-2. Introducción. En México se ha reportado una alta reactividad cruzada (24 por ciento) entre las glicoproteínas transmembranales del HIV-1 y HIV-2. Material y métodos. En este estudio, se sintetizó y se utilizó como antígeno para un ELISA, el péptido UIRH1 que corresponde a la región aminoterminal de la glicoproteína transmembranal del HIV-2 (aa629-652). La especificidad de la reacción se confirmó mediante un ensayo de competencia. Resultados. Los sueros de personas infectadas con el HIV-1 que no presentaron reacción cruzada con la gp32 del HIV-2 dieron valores de absorbancias similares a los que se obtuvieron de las personas seronegativas (1.1 veces) mientras que los sueros positivos al HIV-1 que presentaron reactividad cruzada dieron 2.8 veces la absorbancia de los negativos. Discusión. Proponemos que esta región transmembranal es responsable de la reactividad cruzada observada en ensayos de inmunoblot en individuos infectados con el HIV-1 en México.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cross Reactions/immunology , Membrane Glycoproteins/immunology , HIV/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Peptide Biosynthesis/immunology
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