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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(2): 117-124, maio-ago. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252364

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o trauma é uma doença significativa em perda de anos de vida, contribuindo para alta morbidade e mortalidade. Seu evento em idosos pode ocasionar desfechos indesejáveis devido às condições fisiológicas do idoso. Objetivo: analisar as características e associação com o óbito de idosos traumatizados hospitalizados em uma unidade de terapia intensiva. Material e métodos: estudo transversal, com dados de prontuários de idosos hospitalizados por trauma em uma unidade de terapia intensiva geral. Foram incluídos pacientes com 60 anos ou mais de idade e admitidos por lesões. As variáveis coletadas relacionam-se às características sociodemográficas, da internação, de saúde, do trauma e do tratamento intensivo. Para identificação das principais características foi realizada análise descritiva, e para associação com o óbito foi realizado o teste de associação qui-quadrado. Resultados: observou-se predominância masculina (62,5%); idosos entre 60 e 79 anos (70,2%); com comorbidades (60,4%); politraumatizados (58,3%); trauma contuso (95,8%) tendo como principal causa externa as quedas (56,3%). A região do corpo mais afetada foi cabeça e pescoço (39,6%); e a gravidade do trauma foi leve (52,1%). Foram associados ao óbito a disfunção pulmonar (p=0,005), uso de nutrição enteral (p=0,027), drogas vasoativas (p=0,003) e ventilação mecânica (p<0,001). Conclusão: as informações sobre idosos hospitalizados por trauma em tratamento intensivo, sobretudo a observação de fatores associados ao óbito, são úteis para a composição de um perfil clínico capaz de direcionar para a assistência intensiva capaz de prevenir esse e demais desfechos indesejados durante a hospitalização.(AU)


Introduction: trauma is a significant disease in terms of loss of years of life, contributing to high morbidity and mortality. Its occurrence in the elderly can cause undesirable outcomes due to the physiological conditions of such a population. Objective: to analyze the characteristics and association with the death of traumatized elderly people hospitalized in an intensive care unit. Material and methods: cross-sectional study, with data collected from medical records of elderly hospitalized for trauma in a general intensive care unit. Patients aged 60 years' old and over, having been admitted for injuries, were included. The variables collected are related to sociodemographic, hospitalization, health, trauma, and intensive care characteristics. In order to identify the main characteristics, a descriptive analysis was performed. The chi-square association test was applied for the association with death. Results: the study presented predominance of male patients (62.5%); age ranging between 60 and 79 years' old (70.2%); with comorbidities (60.4%); polytrauma (58.3%); blunt trauma (95.8%) with falls being considered the main external cause (56.3%). The head and neck were the regions most frequently affected (39.6%), and the severity of the trauma being mild (52.1%). Lung dysfunction (p = 0.005), use of enteral nutrition (p = 0.027), vasoactive drugs (p = 0.003), and mechanical ventilation (p <0.001) were associated with death. Conclusion: information on elderly hospitalized for trauma in intensive care, especially the observation of factors associated with death, are useful for the composition of a clinical profile capable of guiding the patient to intensive care capable of preventing this and other undesirable outcomes during hospitalization.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Wounds and Injuries/complications , Wounds and Injuries/mortality , Hospitalization , Intensive Care Units , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation
2.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(3): 241-248, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248966

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study aimed to determine the role of vitamin D receptor in the pathogenesis of pterygium. The vitamin D receptor eexpression levels in pterygium tissue, blood vitamin D levels, and frequency of selected vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms (BsmI, FokI, and TaqI) were compared between patients with pterygium and healthy participants. Methods: The study included patients with pterygiumeee (n=50) and healthy volunteers (n=50). The serum vitamin D levels were measured for both groups. Immunohistochemical staining for vitamin D receptor ewas performed on sections obtained from the pterygium and adjacent healthy conjunctival tissues of the same individuals. The genomic existence of vitamin D receptor epolymorphisms (BsmI, FokI, and TaqI) were analyzed in DNA obtained from venous blood of participants using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism methods. Results: There was no difference found between the serum vitamin D levels of patients with pterygium and healthy controls. However, tissue expression of vitamin D receptor was higher in the pterygium endothelial cells of micro-vessels (p=0.002), subepithelial stromal (p=0.04), and intravascular inflammatory cells (p=0.0001), in comparison with the adjacent healthy conjunctival tissue. Moreover, while the BBtt haplotype was 2-fold higher, the bbTt haplotype was 2.5-fold lower, and the BbTT haplotype was 2.25-fold lower in the control group than in the pterygium group (p<0.001). Conclusions: Vitamin D serum levels did not differ between the healthy and pterygium groups. Vitamin D receptor expression was increased in the pterygium tissue versus the adjacent healthy tissue. However, vitamin D receptor polymorphism analysis in patients with pterygium did not reveal any significant difference in BsmI, FokI, or TaqI polymorphisms in comparison with the healthy volunteers.(AU)


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar o papel do receptor da vitamina D na patogênese do pterígio. Os níveis de expressão do receptor da vitamina D no tecido do pterígio, os níveis sanguíneos de vitamina D e a frequência de alguns polimorfismos do gene do receptor da vitamina D (BsmI, FokI e TaqI) foram comparados entre pacientes com pterígio e participantes saudáveis. Métodos: Foram incluídos pacientes com pterígio (n=50) e voluntários saudáveis (n=50). Os níveis séricos de vitamina D foram medidos em ambos os grupos. Foi feita uma coloração imuno-histoquímica para o receptor da vitamina D em cortes obtidos do pterígio e dos tecidos conjuntivais saudáveis adjacentes dos mesmos indivíduos. A existência de polimorfismos do receptor da vitamina D (BsmI, FokI e TaqI) no genoma foi analisada em DNA obtido do sangue venoso dos participantes, usando métodos de Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) e RFLP. Resultados: Não foi observada nenhuma diferença entre os níveis séricos de vitamina D dos pacientes com pterígio e os dos controles saudáveis. Entretanto, a expressão tissular do receptor da vitamina D foi maior nas células endoteliais dos microvasos do pterígio (p=0,002), nas células estromais sub-epiteliais (p=0,04) e nas células inflamatórias intravasculares (p=0,0001), quando comparada à expressão no tecido conjuntival saudável adjacente. Além disso, embora o haplótipo BBtt tenha sido duas vezes mais frequente, o haplótipo bbTt foi 2,5 vezes menos frequente e o haplótipo BbTT foi 2,25 vezes menos frequente no grupo de controle do que no grupo com pterígio (p<0,001). Conclusões: Os níveis séricos de vitamina D não apresentaram diferenças entre o grupo de pessoas saudáveis e o com pterígio. A expressão do receptor da vitamina D mostrou-se maior no grupo com pterígio do que no tecido saudável adjacente. Entretanto, a análise dos polimorfismos do receptor da vitamina D nos pacientes com pterígio não revelou qualquer diferença significativa nos polimorfismos BsmI, FokI ou TaqI em comparação com os voluntários saudáveis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic/drug effects , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Pterygium/physiopathology , Immunohistochemistry/instrumentation , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(2): 103-106, Mar,-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153118

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between the incidence of complications and functionally monocular patients' emotional reactions during phacoemulsification under topical anesthesia. Methods: We enrolled 22 functionally monocular patients (11 males and 11 females; group 1) and 19 age- and sex-matched controls (6 males and 13 females; group 2) in this prospective, interventional, cross-sectional, case control study. Demographics data, including age, sex, and educational background, were collected. Surgeries were performed by the same surgeon, and during surgery, the patients' vital signs (blood pressure and heart rate) and surgical events (duration, body movements, signs of increased vitreous cavity pressure, difficulty in performing capsulorhexis, and complications) were noted. Pre- and postoperative visual acuity was also analyzed. Results: The mean age of group 1 was 73.05 ± 13.31 years and of group 1 was 69.74 ± 16.81 years. There was no significant between-group difference in systolic and diastolic blood pressures. The average heart rate was similar in both groups, too. During surgery, the surgeon's perception of excessive eye, eyelid, or head movements in both groups was similar, in addition to signs of increased vitreous cavity pressure. Conclusion: It is safe to perform phacoemulsification under topical anesthesia in functionally monocular patients, who apparently behave similarly to binocular patients.(AU)


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a relação entre a incidência de complicações e reações emocionais durante a cirurgia de catarata sob anestesia tópica em pacientes funcionalmente monoculares. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, transversal, caso-controle de vinte e dois pacientes monoculares e dezenove controles pareados por idade e sexo . Dados demográficos foram analisados: idade, sexo e escolaridade. As cirurgias foram realizadas pelo mesmo cirurgião e durante o procedimento os sinais vitais dos pacientes (como pressão arterial sistêmica e frequência cardíaca) e eventos cirúrgicos (duração da cirurgia, movimentos corporais, sinais de aumento da pressão vítrea, dificuldade de realização da capsulorrexis e complicações) foram coletados. A acuidade visual pré e pós foi analisada. A distribuição normal dos dados foi confirmada com o teste de Shapiro-Wilk. Os dados foram expressos como média ± DP e porcentagem. A comparação dos diferentes testes clínicos entre os grupos foi realizada utilizando Student's t-test e ANOVA com correção de Bonferroni. O qui-quadrado foi usado para comparar dados demográficos. Valor de p<0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significante. Resultados: Este estudo incluiu vinte e dois olhos de 22 pacientes funcionalmente monoculares (6 homens e 13 mulheres) e dezenove olhos de 19 controles (11 homens e 11 mulheres). A média de idade foi de 73,05 ± 13,31 anos nos indivíduos monoculares e 69,74 ± 16,81 no controle. Considerando-se os sinais vitais não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos (p>0,05). Durante o procedimento, a percepção do cirurgião em relação aos movimentos excessivos de olho, pálpebra ou cabeça em ambos os grupos foi semelhante, assim como sinais de aumento da pressão vítrea (p=0,2 e p=0,1, respectivamente). Conclusão: Este estudo sugere que é seguro realizar a extração de catarata com anestesia tópica em pacientes funcionalmente monoculares. Esses pacientes aparentemente se comportam de maneira semelhante aos pacientes binoculares.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Visual Acuity , Phacoemulsification/psychology , Capsulorhexis/methods , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage , Vision, Monocular , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Prospective Studies
4.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 11, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152745

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease in which a mutation occurs in the β-globin chain gene, resulting in abnormal hemoglobin levels. In an environment with reduced oxygen concentration, red blood cells change their conformation, resulting in chronic hemolysis and consequent anemia and vaso-occlusive crises with injuries to several organs, with a significant impairment of the osteoarticular system. This study aimed to verify the chronic osteoarticular alterations and their association with clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with SCD with a more severe phenotype (SS and Sβ0), on a steady-state fasis. Methods: Fifty-five patients were referred to a medical consultation with a specialized assessment of the locomotor system, followed by laboratory tests and radiographic examinations. Results: In total, 74.5% patients had hemoglobinopathy SS; 67.3% were female; and 78.2% were non-whites. The mean patient age was 30.5 years. Most patients (61.8%) reported up to three crises per year, with a predominance of high-intensity pain (65.5%). Radiographic alterations were present in 80% patients. A total of 140 lesions were identified, most which were located in the spine, femur, and shoulders. Most lesions were osteonecrosis and osteoarthritis and were statistically associated with the non-use of hydroxyurea. Conclusions: There was a high prevalence of chronic osteoarticular alterations, which was statistically associated only with the non-regular use of hydroxyurea.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis/etiology , Osteonecrosis/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Hydroxyurea/administration & dosage , Anemia, Sickle Cell/physiopathology , Prognosis , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Risk Factors , Hydroxyurea/adverse effects
5.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 1, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152739

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Modifiable cardiovascular risk factors (MCRFs), such as those related to aerobic capacity, muscle strength, physical activity, and body composition, have been poorly studied in Takayasu arteritis (TAK). Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate MCRFs and their relationships with disease status and comorbidities among patients with TAK. Methods: A multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted between 2019 and 2020, in which 20 adult women with TAK were compared with 16 healthy controls matched by gender, age, and body mass index. The following parameters were analyzed: aerobic capacity by cardiopulmonary test; muscle function by timed-stands test, timed up-and-go test, and handgrip test; muscle strength by one-repetition maximum test and handgrip test; body composition by densitometry; physical activity and metabolic equivalent by IPAQ, quality of life by HAQ and SF-36; disease activity by ITAS2010 and NIH score; and presence of comorbidities. Results: Patients with TAK had a mean age of 41.5 (38.0-46.3) years, disease duration of 16.0 (9.5-20.0) years, and a mean BMI of 27.7±4.5 kg/m2. Three out of the 20 patients with TAK had active disease. Regarding comorbidities, 16 patients had systemic arterial hypertension, 11 had dyslipidemia, and two had type 2 diabetes mellitus, while the control group had no comorbidities. TAK had a significant reduction in aerobic capacity (absolute and relative VO2 peak), muscle strength in the lower limbs, increased visceral adipose tissue, waist-to-hip ratio, reduced walking capacity, decreased weekly metabolic equivalent, and quality of life (P< 0.05) as compared to controls. However, there were no correlations between these MCRFs parameters and disease activity. Conclusions: TAK show impairment in MCRFs; therefore, strategies able to improve MCRF should be considered in this disease.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Exercise , Takayasu Arteritis/physiopathology , Muscle Strength , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Risk Factors
6.
Rev. salud pública ; 22(4): e201, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139448

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To examine the association among six forms of violence and their levels among Peruvian university students from a public University in Peru's Junin region. Materials and Methods A cross-sectional study of students of both sexes from the Faculty of Education. Sampling comprised 961 voluntary students (629 females and 332 males) studying in the education faculty from the National University of Center of Perú. Data were collected in the period July-December 2019 using the Domestic Violence Measurements Scale (VIFJ4), which assessed six forms of violence (physical, psychological, sexual, social, patrimonial, and gender). These variables were assessed through three levels of violence (mild, moderate, and severe). Results All student felt violence in their six forms. A higher percentage of violence was found in females than males. According severe level the forms of violence were ordered as follow: physical > psychological > patrimonial > social > gender. For moderate level: social > sexual > physical > gender > patrimonial > psychological, and mild level: psychological > patrimonial > gender > social > physical > sexual. Conclusion It was confirmed that there are different forms of violence and their levels in both males and females. This knowledge will serve as a basis for the development and implementation of educational programs that help university students to establish adequate behavior and mental health.(AU)


RESUMEN Objetivo Examinar la asociación entre seis formas de violencia y sus niveles entre estudiantes universitarios peruanos de una universidad pública en la región peruana de Junín. Materiales y Métodos Un estudio transversal de estudiantes de ambos sexos de la Facultad de Educación. El muestreo incluyó a 961 estudiantes voluntarios (629 mujeres y 332 hombres) que estudiaban en la Facultad de Educación de la Universidad Nacional del Centro del Perú. Los datos se recopilaron en el período de julio a diciembre de 2019 utilizando la escala de medidas de violencia doméstica VIFJ4, que evaluó seis formas de violencia (física, psicológica, sexual, social, patrimonial y de género). Estas variables fueron evaluadas a través de tres niveles de violencia (leve, moderada y severa). Resultados Todos los estudiantes sintieron violencia en sus seis formas. Se encontró un mayor porcentaje de violencia en mujeres que en hombres. Según el nivel severo, las formas de violencia se ordenaron de la siguiente manera: física > psicológica > patrimonial > social > de género. Para nivel moderado: social > sexual > físico > género > patrimonial > psicológico; nivel leve: psicológico > patrimonial > género > social > físico > sexual. Conclusión Se confirmó que existen diferentes formas de violencia y sus niveles tanto en hombres como en mujeres. Este conocimiento servirá como base para el desarrollo e implementación de programas educativos que ayuden a los estudiantes universitarios a establecer un comportamiento y una salud mental adecuados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Students , Universities , Violence/trends , Peru , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation
7.
Brasília; s.n; 20 jul.2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117679

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Roxithromycin/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Cohort Studies , Interferons/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/therapeutic use , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
9.
Brasília; s.n; 13 jul. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117641

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Angiotensins/therapeutic use , BCG Vaccine/therapeutic use , Heparin/therapeutic use , Interferon Type I/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Cohort Studies , Iloprost/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Enoxaparin/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
10.
Brasília; s.n; 8 jul. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117634

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 16 artigos e 11 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Vaccines/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Colchicine/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Cohort Studies , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
11.
Brasília; s.n; 26 abr. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1097411

ABSTRACT

Essa é uma produção do Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia (Decit) da Secretaria de Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovação e Insumos Estratégicos em Saúde (SCTIE) do Ministério da Saúde (Decit/SCTIE/MS), que tem como missão promover a ciência e tecnologia e o uso de evidências científicas para a tomada de decisão do SUS, tendo como principal atribuição o incentivo ao desenvolvimento de pesquisas em saúde no Brasil, de modo a direcionar os investimentos realizados em pesquisa pelo Governo Federal às necessidades de saúde pública. Informar sobre as principais evidências científicas descritas na literatura internacional sobre tratamento farmacológico para a COVID-19. Além de resumir cada estudo identificado, o informe apresenta também uma avaliação da qualidade metodológica e a quantidade de artigos publicados, de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, entre outros). Foram encontrados 25 artigos e 47 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Hydrocortisone/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Vaccines/therapeutic use , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/instrumentation , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Dipyridamole/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
12.
Rev. salud pública ; 22(2): e214, mar.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139443

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo Estimar el intervalo serial y el número básico de reproducción de COVID-19 entre casos importados durante la fase de contención en Pereira, Colombia, 2020. Método Se realizó un estudio cuantitativo para determinar algunos aspectos de la dinámica de transmisión de la COVID-19. Se utilizaron las entrevistas epidemiológicas de campo en los que se incluyeron 12 casos confirmados por laboratorio con PCR-RT para SARS-CoV-2 importados y sus correspondientes casos secundarios confirmados, entre los que estaban contactos familiares y sociales. Resultados Los intervalos seriales en la COVID-19 se ajustan a una distribución Gamma, con una media del intervalo serial de 3,8 días (± 2,7) y un R0 de 1,7 (IC 95% 1,06-2,7) inferior a lo encontrado en otras poblaciones con inicio del brote. Conclusiones Un intervalo serial inferior al periodo de incubación como el que se estimó en este estudio sugiere un periodo de transmisión presintomático que, según otras investigaciones, alcanza un pico promedio a los 3,8 días, hecho que sugiere que durante la investigación epidemiológica de campo la búsqueda de contactos estrechos se realice desde al menos 2 días antes del inicio de síntomas del caso inicial.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To estimate the serial interval and the basic reproduction number of COVID-19 between imported cases during the containment phase in Pereira-Colombia, 2020. Method A quantitative study was carried out to determine the transmission dynamics for COVID-19. Field epidemiological data were used, which included 12 laboratory-confirmed cases with RT-PCR for imported SARS-CoV-2 and their corresponding confirmed secondary cases, including family and social contacts. Results The serial intervals in COVID-19 fit a Gamma distribution, with a mean of the serial interval of 3.8 days (2.7) and an R0 of 1.7 (95% CI 1.06-2.7) lower than that found in other populations with onset of the outbreak. Conclusions A serial interval lower than the incubation period such as that estimated in this study, suggests a presymptomatic transmission period that according to other investigations reaches an average peak at 3.8 days, suggesting that during the field epidemiological investigation the search for contacts Narrowing is performed from at least 2 days before the onset of symptoms of the initial case.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Basic Reproduction Number , Betacoronavirus , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Colombia/epidemiology
13.
Rev. salud pública ; 22(2): e213, mar.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139442

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo Zonificar el riesgo de transmisión de SARS-CoV-2 en Villavicencio, Colombia, mediante una evaluación espacial multicriterio. Materiales y Métodos Se implementó un modelo de evaluación multicriterio, a través de un proceso de análisis jerárquico integrado a un sistema de información geográfica. Como criterios fueron incluidos atributos descriptores de las amenazas y vulnerabilidades de transmisión viral identificados mediante un modelo epidemiológico en una misma escala numérica adimensional y proporcional a la probabilidad de contagio. Las alternativas evaluadas corresponden a entidades espaciales representadas por pixeles. Los criterios fueron ponderados de acuerdo con el juicio experto de los evaluadores, con los cuales se realizó el cálculo de una matriz de prioridades relativas normalizada, que permitió la estimación de un vector de pesos, cuyo grado de inconsistencia fue admisible. La magnitud del riesgo se calculó con una sumatoria ponderada de la valoración de los criterios, de acuerdo con un geoproceso de álgebra de mapas. Resultados La heterogeneidad espacial del riesgo de transmisión de SARS-CoV-2 fue descrita en Villavicencio, lo que permitió identificar las áreas con mayor probabilidad de transmisión localizadas en barrios caracterizados por una alta vulnerabilidad socioeconómica. Conclusiones La representación cartográfica derivada de la implementación de un modelo multicriterio, integrado a un Sistema de Información Geográfica, en el análisis de riesgo de transmisión de SARS-CoV-2 constituye un aporte metodológico relevante para la toma de decisiones que definan estrategias de mitigación a escala local y que faciliten la localización y optimización de recursos por parte de las autoridades sanitarias.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To zoning the risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in Villavicencio, Colombia, through a multi-criteria spatial evaluation. Materials and Methods A multi-criteria evaluation model was implemented, through a hierarchical analysis process, integrated into a Geographic Information System. As criteria, descriptive attributes of the threats and vulnerabilities of viral transmission identified by means of an epidemiological model were included, on the same dimensionless numerical scale and proportional to the probability of contagion; the alternatives evaluated correspond to spatial entities represented by pixels. The criteria were weighted according to the expert judgment of the evaluators, with whom the calculation of a normalized matrix of relative priorities was performed, which allowed the estimation of a vector of weights, the degree of inconsistency of which was admissible. The magnitude of the risk was calculated with a weighted summation of the evaluation of the criteria, according to a map algebra geoprocessing. Results The spatial heterogeneity of the risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission was described in Villavicencio, allowing the identification of the areas with the highest probability of transmission, located in neighborhoods characterized by high socioeconomic vulnerability. Conclusions The cartographic representation derived from the implementation of a multicriteria model, integrated to a Geographical Information System, in the SARS-CoV-2 transmission risk analysis, constitutes a relevant methodological contribution for decision-making defining strategies of mitigation at the local level, facilitating the location and optimization of resources by the health authorities.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Betacoronavirus , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Colombia/epidemiology , Risk Map , Spatial Analysis , Geography, Medical
14.
Rev. salud pública ; 22(2): e386475, mar.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115874

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background and aim The new outbreak "Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)" happened in china is caused by severe acute respiratory distress syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Consequently, it spreads across the globe and is affecting wellbeing frameworks and the global economy. This pandemic disease places a heavy burden on governments in general, so individuals must adhere to WHO's instructions to limit its spread. The current study was applied to find out the extent of commitment among the Iraqi people to the standards of prevention measures against the coronavirus. Materials and Methods A cross sectional study was conducted with 1153 respondents widely in all governorates of Iraq to identify the commitment of the Iraqis to the preventive measures against COVID-19 in Iraq. This study covered the Iraqis in three main regions (Southern, middle, and Northern) for data collection. It was conducted between the 17th and 25th of March 2020, and Iraqis were administered with a structured questionnaire comprising of three domains. Results The results showed that the majority of the respondents (52%) were female, and most of them (42.3%) were observed between the age group of 31-40 years. About 82% of the respondents were residents of urban areas. Conclusion This study reveals the excellent implementation of preventive measures by the population. It is observed that the application of prevention standards in the countryside is less than in the city.(AU)


RESUMEN Antecedentes y objetivo El nuevo brote "Enfermedad del coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19)" que sufrió en China es el problema del coronavirus 2 del síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda grave (SARS-CoV-2). En consecuencia, se extiende por todo el mundo y está afectando los marcos de bienestar y la economía global. Esta enfermedad pandémica supone una gran carga para los gobiernos en general, por lo que las personas deben cumplir con las instrucciones de la OMS para limitar su propagación. El estudio actual se aplicó para determinar el grado de compromiso entre el pueblo iraquí con los parámetros de medidas de prevención contra el coronavirus. Materiales y Métodos Se realizó un estudio transversal con 1153 encuestados en todas las provincias de Iraq para identificar el compromiso de los iraquíes con las medidas preventivas contra COVID-19 en Iraq. Este estudio cubrió a los iraquíes en tres regiones principales (sur, medio y norte) para la recopilación de datos. Se realizó entre el 17 y el 25 de marzo de 2020, y los iraquíes fueron administrados con un cuestionario estructurado que consta de tres dominios. Resultados los resultados mostraron que la mayoría de los encuestados (52%) eran mujeres, y la mayoría de ellos (42,3%) se observaron entre el grupo de edad de 31-40 años. Alrededor del 82% de los encuestados eran residentes de áreas urbanas. Conclusión Este estudio revela la excelente implementación de medidas preventivas por parte de la población. Se observa que la aplicación de normas de prevención en el campo es menor que en la ciudad.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Public Health Surveillance , Health Promotion , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Iraq
15.
Rev. salud pública ; 22(1): e481535, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139436

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar la relación entre la temperatura ambiente, humedad relativa y el material particulado ambiental 2,5 con el número de casos de síndrome cardiopulmonar por virus hanta en Chile durante el periodo 2015-2017. Métodos Estudio observacional transversal en 197 casos de síndrome cardiopulmonar por virus hanta notificados y confirmados, ocurridos entre los años 2015 y 2017 en Chile. Se realizó análisis bi- y multivariado entre variables de estudio. Resultados Se determinó una relación positiva y significativa entre temperatura ambiente y número de casos de Síndrome Cardiopulmonar por virus Hanta y una relación negativa y significativa entre el número de casos de Síndrome Cardiopulmonar por virus Hanta y la humedad relativa. Además se observó que la temperatura ambiental junto con material particulado 2,5 aumentan significativamente el número de casos de Síndrome Cardiopulmonar por virus Hanta. Conclusiones Los factores ambientales están relacionados con el número de casos de síndrome cardiopulmonar por virus Hanta en Chile entre los años 2015 y 2017.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective Evaluate the relationship between ambient temperature, relative humidity and particulate matter 2,5 with the number of cases Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome in Chile between 2015 and 2017. Methods Observational, cross-sectional study in 197 cases of Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome reported and confirmed, occurring between 2015 and 2017 in Chile. Results Positive and significant relationship was identified between ambient temperature and number of cases of Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome and a negative and significant relationship between the number of cases Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome and the relative humidity. Also, ambient temperature together with particulate matter 2,5 was observed to increase significantly the number of cases of Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome. Conclusions Environmental factors are related to the number of cases Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in Chile between the years 2015 to 2017.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Hantavirus , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome/epidemiology , Temperature , Chile/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Humidity
16.
Rev. salud pública ; 22(1): e372795, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139434

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate weight gain during pregnancy according to the pregestational state in women who underwent prenatal care in Primary Health Care. Methods A cross-sectional study with the participation of 255 pregnant women. Socioeconomic and demographic variables were collected using a structured questionnaire. Women were evaluated for nutritional status and dietary intake. Data related to the age of the pregnant woman, gestational week, current weight, pregestational weight, and height were obtained from the prenatal follow-up form. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for statistical analysis. Results Pregestational nutritional status assessment showed that 43.2% (n=110) of the women started gestation with overweight and 4.3% (n=11) started with low weight. 51% percent (n=130) gained gestational weight above the recommended level. The mean age of women with pregestational BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 was significantly higher than that of those with BMI <25 kg/rrP (p<0.001). Total energy (p=0.037) and calcium (p=0.004) intake were higher in women with weight gain above the recommended. Discussion The results presented highlight the importance of strategies in public health to avoid excess weight gain during pregnancy. Conclusion Pregnant women presented a gestational weight gain above the recommended maximum value according to pregestational BMI, which may contribute to adverse maternal and infant outcomes.(AU)


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar la ganancia de peso durante el embarazo según el estado pregestacional en mujeres que se sometieron a atención prenatal en Atención Primaria de Salud. Métodos Se hizo un estudio transversal con la participación de las mujeres embarazadas. Las variables socioeconómicas y las variables demográficas se utilizaron a un cuestionario cuestionable. Las mujeres fueron evaluadas para el estado nutricional y la dieta. La relación con la edad de la mujer embarazada, la semana de gestación, obesidad, peso actual, peso previo a la gestación se obtuvieron de la forma prenatal. El Statistical Package para las Ciencias Sociales (SPSS) fue utilizado para el análisis estadístico. Resultados La evaluación del estado nutricional previo a la gestación reveló que el 43,2% (n=110) de las mujeres comenzaron su gestación con sobrepeso y el 4,3%, con un peso muy bajo. El 51% (n=130) obtuvo un peso gestacional por encima del recomendado. La edad media de las mujeres con un IMC previo a la gestación mayor o igual a 25 kg/m2 fue significativamente más alto que la de las mujeres con un BMI inferior a 25 km/ m2. La ingesta de energía total (p=0,037) y el calcio (p=0,004) fue mayor en las mujeres que subieron peso por encima del recomendado. Discusión Los resultados obtenidos resaltan la importancia de las estrategias de salud pública para evitar la ganancia de peso durante el embarazo. Conclusión Las mujeres embarazadas aumentan de peso por encima del valor máximo recomendados, acorde con el IMC previo a la gestación. Este hecho provoca consecuencias negativas en materia de maternidad e infancia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care/trends , Pregnancy , Weight Gain/physiology , Eating/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Colombia
17.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 44: e17, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101763

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo. Determinar las asociaciones existentes entre las características sociodemográficas y la prevalencia del consumo actual de tabaco en Costa Rica, según los resultados de la Encuesta Global de Tabaquismo en Adultos (GATS). Métodos. Estudio epidemiológico, observacional de tipo transversal con representación nacional (n = 8607), que utilizó las variables sociodemográficas incluidas en la GATS realizada durante 2015. Se diseñó un modelo de regresión logística para predecir la influencia de esas variables en el consumo actual de tabaco. La variable dependiente es el consumo actual de tabaco considerando los determinantes sociales disponibles en la encuesta: género, nivel educativo, zona de residencia, edad y la composición del hogar. Resultados. El modelo de regresión logística demuestra que ser mujer (OR = 0,29; P < 0,01), tener 65 años y más (OR = 0,61; P = 0,02), vivir en zona rural (OR = 0,63; P < 0,01) y vivir con otras personas (OR = 0,68; P < 0,01), en particular con niños de 15 años o menos (OR = 0,55; P < 0,01), son factores protectores del consumo de tabaco. El consumo de tabaco disminuye de forma significativa con el aumento de la riqueza medida por los artefactos en la casa en las mujeres, pero no en los hombres. Completar la educación secundaria es un factor protector en las personas de 15-34 años (OR = 0,47; P < 0,01), aunque no en las personas de 35 años y más. Conclusiones. Existe una asociación entre las variables sociodemográficas disponibles en la encuesta GATS Costa Rica realizada en el 2015 y el consumo actual de tabaco. Intervenciones a nivel familiar y comunal podrían contribuir a que los consumidores abandonen el tabaquismo.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective. To determine the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and the current prevalence of tobacco use in Costa Rica, based on the results of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). Methods. Cross-sectional observational epidemiological study, country-wide (n = 8607), that used the sociodemographic variables included in GATS 2015. A logistic regression model was designed to predict the impact of those variables on current tobacco use. The dependent variable is current tobacco use, considering the social determinants available in the survey: sex, educational level, area of residence, age, and household composition. Results. The logistic regression model shows that being female (OR = 0.29; P < 0.01), being 65 years old and over (OR = 0.61; P = 0.02), living in a rural area (OR = 0.63; P < 0.01), and living with other people (OR = 0.68; P < 0.01), in particular with children 15 years old or under (OR = 0.55; P < 0.01), are protective factors against tobacco use. Tobacco use declines significantly with increased wealth, as measured by household items, in women but not in men. Completing secondary education is a protective factor in people 15-34 years old (OR = 0.47; P < 0.01) but not in people 35 and over . Conclusions. There is an association between the sociodemographic variables found in the GATS Costa Rica survey carried out in 2015 and current tobacco use. Interventions at the family and community levels could help consumers give up smoking.(AU)


RESUMO Objetivo. Determinar as associações existentes entre as características sociodemográficas e a prevalência do consumo presente de tabaco na Costa Rica, segundo os resultados da Pesquisa Global sobre Tabagismo em Adultos (Global Adult Tobacco Survey - GATS). Métodos. Trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico observacional transversal com representatividade nacional (n = 8.607) com o uso das variáveis sociodemográficas estudadas na GATS realizada em 2015. Usou-se um modelo de regressão logística para predizer a influência das variáveis estudadas no consumo presente de tabaco. A variável dependente foi o consumo presente de tabaco levando em consideração os determinantes sociais disponíveis na pesquisa: gênero, nível de escolaridade, área de residência, idade e composição do domicílio. Resultados. Observou-se, no modelo de regressão logística, que ser do sexo feminino (OR 0,29; P < 0,01), ter 65 anos ou mais (OR 0,61; P = 0,02), residir na zona rural (OR 0,63; P < 0,01) e viver em um domicílio com outras pessoas (OR 0,68; P < 0,01), sobretudo com crianças menores de 15 anos (OR 0,55; P < 0,01), são fatores de proteção contra o consumo de tabaco. O consumo de tabaco diminui de forma significativa com o aumento da renda (medida de acordo com o número de serviços e utilidades domésticas) apenas entre as mulheres. Ter o ensino médio completo é um fator de proteção na faixa etária entre 15 e 34 anos (OR 0,47; P < 0,01), mas não entre as pessoas acima de 35 anos. Conclusões. Existe uma associação entre as variáveis sociodemográficas estudadas na GATS de 2015 e o consumo presente de tabaco na Costa Rica. Intervenções realizadas ao nível da família e da comunidade poderiam contribuir para a cessação do tabagismo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Demographic Indicators , Tobacco Use/epidemiology , Sociological Factors , Epidemiologic Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Regression Analysis , Costa Rica/epidemiology
18.
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 40, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130798

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: It is known that physical activity and muscular performance are reduced in fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome. This study aims to compare the performance of trunk muscles in women with FM and healthy controls and evaluate the correlation between trunk muscle strength and FM severity. Methods: Forty-six patients with FM and 42 age- and body mass index-matched healthy housewives without FM were included in the FM and control groups, respectively. The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) was used for the assessment of FM severity. The pain intensity was evaluated using the visual analogical scale (VAS). An isokinetic dynamometer was used to measure the isokinetic trunk muscle strength. The peak torque (PT) values were recorded. The psychological status of the patients was evaluated using the Beck Depression Inventory. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in terms of age, BMI, and BDI scores in two groups (p > 0.05, for all). The isokinetic trunk extensor PT values were significantly lower in the FM group (p = 0.002 for 60°/s, and p < 0.001 for 90°/s and 120°/s) than control group. There was a statistically significant negative correlation between FIQ score and isokinetic extensor muscle parameters. Conclusion: The results indicate that trunk extensor muscles were significantly weaker in FM patients. Trunk extensor muscle strength decreased as FM severity increased in FM patients.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Women , Fibromyalgia/physiopathology , Muscle Strength , Torso/injuries , Pain Measurement/instrumentation , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Visual Analog Scale
19.
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 33, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130797

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The severity of nail disease, the presence of arthralgia and fatigue are predictors of development of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in patients with psoriasis (Pso). In children, little is known about the musculoskeletal (MSK) impairment in patients with Pso and its effect on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Objectives To determine the frequencies of pain and MSK inflammation (i.e., arthritis, enthesitis, and sacroiliitis) among children and adolescents with Pso and its relationship to HRQoL and fatigue. Methods Pediatric patients with Pso underwent a rheumatologic physical examination to evaluate synovitis, enthesalgia, sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain and tender points of fibromyalgia. The core set of domains recommended by the GRAPPA - OMERACT to be measured in PsA studies was assessed. Ultrasound (US) was performed in clinical cases of enthesitis, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in cases of SIJ pain. Results Forty-three participants (10 ± 2.9 years old) were evaluated. Pain on palpation of the entheses was observed in 10 (23.2%) patients and pain on SIJ palpation was observed in 3 (7%). No patient presented with synovitis; one presented with enthesitis on US, but MRI did not confirm sacroiliitis in any case. Patients with MSK pain had greater skin disease severity (PASI 5.4 vs. 2, p < 0.01), worse fatigue, and lower HRQoL scores on all instruments used. The estimated risk of HRQoL impairment was eight times higher in the presence of MSK pain, which was an independent predictive factor. With a NAPSI greater than 30, the probability of pain was greater than 80%. Conclusion MSK pain is frequent among children with Pso, related to the severity of skin and nail disease, and negatively affects HRQoL. The typically used complementary exams might not detect the inflammatory process caused by Pso.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Arthritis, Juvenile/physiopathology , Quality of Life , Musculoskeletal Pain/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Fatigue
20.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3332, 2020. tab
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1115746

ABSTRACT

Objective: to identify the association between moral distress and the supporting elements of moral deliberation in Brazilian nurses. Method: a cross-sectional study conducted with Brazilian nurses working in health services at different complexity levels. The research protocol consisted of the Brazilian Scale of Moral Distress in Nurses, a sociodemographic and labor questionnaire, and a list of bases and ethical elements used for moral deliberation. For analysis, descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and Poisson regression were used. Results: 1,226 nurses took part in the study. The 12 elements associated with the moral deliberation process were classified as important for nurses' actions, especially the professional experience acquired, code of ethics/law of professional practice, and ethical and bioethical principles. The relationship of moral distress showed higher prevalence in the Beliefs, culture and values of the patient, Beliefs and personal values, and Intuition and Subjectivity elements. Conclusion: the results showed a balance between the subjective criteria of professional experience and the objective ones of deontology for moral deliberation.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar a associação entre o distresse moral e os elementos apoiadores da deliberação moral em enfermeiros brasileiros. Método: estudo transversal realizado com enfermeiros brasileiros atuantes em serviços de saúde de diferentes níveis de complexidade. O protocolo de pesquisa constituiu-se da Escala Brasileira de Distresse Moral em Enfermeiros, questionário sociodemográfico e laboral, e uma lista de bases e elementos éticos utilizados para deliberação moral. Para análise empregou-se estatística descritiva, teste do qui-quadrado e regressão de Poisson. Resultados: participaram do estudo 1.226 enfermeiros. Os 12 elementos associados ao processo de deliberação moral foram classificados com importância para atuação dos enfermeiros, destacando-se a experiência profissional adquirida, Código de Ética/Lei do Exercício profissional, e, princípios éticos e bioéticos. A relação do distresse moral evidenciou maiores prevalências nos elementos Crenças, cultura e valores do paciente, Crenças e valores pessoais e, Intuição e Subjetividade. Conclusão: os resultados apontaram um equilíbrio entre critérios subjetivos da experiência profissional e objetivos da deontologia para a deliberação moral.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar la asociación entre el distrés moral y los elementos de apoyo de la deliberación moral en los enfermeros brasileñas. Método: estudio transversal realizado con enfermeros brasileños que trabajan en servicios de salud de diferentes niveles de complejidad. El protocolo de investigación consistió en la Escala Brasileña de Distrés Moral en Enfermeros, un cuestionario sociodemográfico y laboral, y una lista de bases y elementos éticos utilizados para la deliberación moral. Para el análisis, se utilizó estadística descriptiva, prueba de chi-cuadrado y regresión de Poisson. Resultados: 1.226 enfermeros participaron en el estudio. Los 12 elementos asociados con el proceso de deliberación moral se clasificaron como importantes para el desempeño de los enfermeros, destacando la experiencia profesional adquirida, el Código de Ética/Derecho de Práctica Profesional y los principios éticos y bioéticos. La relación de distrés moral mostró una mayor prevalencia en los elementos Creencias, cultura y valores del paciente, Creencias y valores personales y, Intuición y Subjetividad. Conclusión: los resultados mostraron un equilibrio entre los criterios subjetivos de la experiencia profesional y los objetivos de ética para la deliberación moral.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Professional Practice , Stress, Psychological , Poisson Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Decision Making/ethics , Ethics, Nursing , Health Services , Health Services/ethics , Nurses, Male , Brazil
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