Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.021
Filter
1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1004-1008, ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514328

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: For the purposes of teaching anatomy, the use of cadaver preparations is considered the most efficient way of ensuring that students retain knowledge. Nevertheless, in Ecuador the use of animal specimens in universities must comply with the internationally accepted principles of replacement, reduction and refinement (3Rs). Plastination is an alternative technique which allows organs to be conserved in the long term and complies with the 3Rs. The object of the present work was to use cold-temperature silicone plastination with Biodur® products to obtain long-lasting, easy-to-handle canine organs for use as tools for the teaching of animal anatomy. Six canine cadavers were obtained from local animal protection charities. The hearts, brains and kidneys of the cadavers were dissected and fixed with formaldehyde 10 %. They were then dehydrated with acetone at -20 °C. The specimens were impregnated with Biodur® S10:S3 (-20 °C) and finally cured with Biodur® S6. We plastinated six hearts, twelve kidneys, four brains and one encephalic slice of canine. The application of cold-temperature plastination to canine organs followed the parameters established for the conventional protocol, enabling us to obtain organs of brilliant appearance, free of odours, in which the anatomical form was preserved. Thus the technique helped us to comply with the 3Rs, as we obtained easy-to-handle teaching models to replace fresh or formaldehyde-fixed samples for the teaching-learning of the canine anatomy.


En la enseñanza de la Anatomía, el uso de preparaciones cadavéricas se considera el método que permite a los estudiantes retener el conocimiento de una forma más eficiente. No obstante, en Ecuador, el uso de especímenes animales en las universidades se debe realizar bajo el principio internacional de reemplazo, reducción y refinamiento (3Rs). La técnica de plastinación es una técnica alternativa que permite preservar órganos a largo plazo y que se adapta al principio de las 3Rs. El objetivo del trabajo fue utilizar la técnica de plastinación en silicona al frío con productos Biodur® para obtener órganos caninos duraderos y manejables útiles como herramienta para la enseñanza de la anatomía animal. Se obtuvieron seis cadáveres de caninos de fundaciones locales para la protección animal. Se realizaron disecciones de corazones, cerebros y riñones de los cadáveres caninos. Los órganos se fijaron con formalina al 10 %. A continuación, se llevó a cabo la deshidratación con acetona a -20 °C. Los especímenes fueron impregnados con S10:S3 Biodur® (-20 °C) y al final fueron curados con Biodur® S6. Se lograron plastinar seis corazones, doce riñones, cinco encéfalos y un tallo encefálico de canino. La técnica de plastinación al frío utilizada para obtener órganos de canino conservó los parámetros empleados en el protocolo convencional y permitió obtener órganos que presentaron aspecto brillante, ausencia de olores y mantuvieron la forma anatómica. Por lo que, la técnica facilitó cumplir con el principio de las 3Rs al obtenerse modelos didácticos fáciles de manipular que pueden reemplazar muestras frescas o formolizadas en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de la anatomía del canino.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Organ Preservation/methods , Cryopreservation , Plastination , Anatomy, Veterinary/education , Silicones , Tissue Preservation/methods , Cold Temperature , Cerebrum/anatomy & histology , Heart/anatomy & histology , Kidney/anatomy & histology
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1219-1227, ago. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514335

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: In this study we describe the functional morphology of Cornu aspersum (Helix aspersa), spermatozoa using light, scanning (SEM) and transmission electron (TEM) microscopies. The studies were performed with sperm located in the frozen hermaphroditic duct. Our results showed that the head presents an elongated conical shape slightly coiled in a corkscrew, with the nucleus partially covered by an acrosome, where an apical vesicle is located at the lateralized apex. This peculiar shape suggests the helical displacement movement of the spermatozoa. The head and the nucleus are slightly larger size compared to those of other gastropod species. The intermediate tract is surrounded by a mitochondrial complex and a glycogen helix. The glycogen helix is coiled helically along the intermediate tract, presenting at least five twists of glycogen helices. The complexity of both the mitochondrial complex and the glycogen helix suggests a high metabolic consumption considering the long period of time until fertilization occurs. Our findings on the detailed characterization of Cornu aspersum spermatozoa, obtained from a frozen hermaphroditic duct can contribute to a better understanding of the functional morphology of sperm and serve as a reference for future studies.


En este estudio describimos la morfología funcional de Cornu aspersum (Helix aspersa), espermatozoides utilizando microscopías de luz, barrido (SEM) y electrónica de transmisión (TEM). Los estudios se realizaron con espermatozoides localizados en el conducto hermafrodita congelado. Nuestros resultados mostraron que la cabeza presenta una forma cónica alargada ligeramente enrollada en un tirabuzón, con el núcleo parcialmente cubierto por un acrosoma, donde se ubica una vesícula apical en el ápice lateralizado. Esta peculiar forma sugiere el movimiento de desplazamiento helicoidal de los espermatozoides. La cabeza y el núcleo son de un tamaño ligeramente mayor en comparación con los de otras especies de gasterópodos. El tracto intermedio está rodeado por un complejo mitocondrial y una hélice de glucógeno. La hélice de glucógeno se enrolla helicoidalmente a lo largo del tracto intermedio, presentando al menos cinco giros de hélices de glucógeno. La complejidad tanto del complejo mitocondrial como de la hélice de glucógeno sugiere un alto consumo metabólico considerando el largo período de tiempo hasta que ocurre la fecundación. Nuestros hallazgos sobre la caracterización detallada de los espermatozoides de Cornu aspersum, obtenidos de un conducto hermafrodita congelado, pueden contribuir a una mejor comprensión de la morfología funcional de los espermatozoides y servir como referencia para futuros estudios.


Subject(s)
Animals , Snails , Spermatozoa/ultrastructure , Spermatozoa/physiology , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cryopreservation , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Hermaphroditic Organisms
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-13, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468850

ABSTRACT

The cold storage of milt implies potentials alterations in its quality because the storage generates as main process, free radicals that produce spermatozoa membrane lipids damage with the consequent motility and fertilising capacity disruptions. To decrease the damage generated by free radicals the cells have antioxidant defences (proteins, enzymes, and low molecular weight substances). The objective of the present study evaluated the time storage effect and different antioxidants prepared in spermatic diluents on sperm viability of O. mykiss milt stored at 4°C. The two-way ANOVA denoted that the time storage and antioxidant influence have significant effects separated or combined on viability parameters (sperm motility and viability, proteins concentrations and superoxide dismutase enzymatic activity in seminal plasma). In contrast, only the storage time affected the fertilising capacity and catalase enzymatic activity in seminal plasma. The resulting analysis can conclude that the antioxidant presence improves the viability of cold stored milt, especially the transport conditions and the antioxidants allow the fecundity despite motility decrease.


O armazenamento a frio de leite implica potenciais alterações em sua qualidade, pois gera como processo principal radicais livres que provocam danos aos lipídios da membrana dos espermatozoides, com as consequentes alterações na motilidade e na capacidade de fertilização. Para diminuir os danos causados pelos radicais livres, as células têm defesas antioxidantes (proteínas, enzimas e substâncias de baixo peso molecular). O presente estudo avaliou o efeito do tempo de armazenamento e diferentes antioxidantes preparados em diluentes espermáticos no armazenamento de viabilidade de O. mykiss milt a 4°C. A ANOVA de duas vias denotou que o armazenamento no tempo e a influência antioxidante têm efeitos significativos separados ou combinados nos parâmetros de viabilidade (motilidade espermática, viabilidade espermática, concentrações de proteínas e atividade enzimática da superóxido dismutase no plasma seminal), enquanto apenas o tempo de armazenamento afetou a capacidade de fertilização e atividade enzimática da catalase no plasma seminal. A análise resultante pode concluir que a presença de antioxidante melhora a viabilidade do leite frio, especialmente as condições de transporte, e os antioxidantes permitem a fecundidade apesar da diminuição da motilidade.


Subject(s)
Animals , Catalase/analysis , Cryopreservation/methods , Oncorhynchus mykiss , Semen/drug effects , Analysis of Variance
4.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 21(1): e220071, 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1418130

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to develop a protocol for the cryopreservation of Pseudoplatystoma corruscans semen. For this, mature males were hormonally induced with a single dose of carp pituitary extract (5 mg/kg body weight). Semen was collected and evaluated. Two cryoprotectants were tested to compose the diluents: dimethyl acetamide (DMA) and dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO), in two concentrations (8% and 10%), + 5.0% glucose + 10% egg yolk. The semen was diluted in a 1: 4 ratio (semen: extender), packed in 0.5 mL straws and frozen in a dry shipper container in liquid nitrogen vapors. After thawing, sperm kinetics, sperm morphology and DNA integrity of cryopreserved sperm were evaluated. Pseudoplatystoma corruscans males produced semen with sperm motility > 80%. After thawing, all treatments provided semen with total sperm motility > 40%, with no significant difference (P < 0.05) between them, as well as between the other sperm kinetic parameters evaluated. The treatments with DMA provided a smaller fragmentation of the DNA of the gametes. Sperm malformations were identified in both fresh and cryopreserved semen, with a slight increase in these malformations being identified in sperm from thawed P. corruscans semen samples.(AU)


Este estudo teve como objetivo desenvolver um protocolo para a criopreservação do sêmen de Pseudoplatystoma corruscans. Para tal, machos maduros foram induzidos hormonalmente com uma dose única de extrato de hipófise de carpa (5 mg/kg de peso vivo). O sêmen foi coletado e avaliado. Sendo testados para compor os diluentes, dois crioprotetores: dimetil acetamida (DMA) e dimetil sulfóxido (Me2SO), em duas concentrações (8% e 10%), + 5,0% glicose + 10% gema de ovo. O sêmen foi diluído na proporção 1: 4 (sêmen: extensor), embalado em palhetas de 0,5 mL e congelado em container dryshipper em vapores de nitrogênio líquido. Após o descongelamento, foram avaliados os aspectos cinéticos espermáticos, a morfologia espermática e a integridade do DNA dos espermatozoides criopreservados. Os machos de P. corruscans produziram sêmen com motilidade espermática > 80%. Todos os tratamentos proporcionaram após o descongelamento sêmen com motilidade espermática total > 40%, sem diferença significativa (P < 0,05) entre eles, como também entre os demais parâmetros cinéticos espermáticos avaliados. Os tratamentos com DMA proporcionaram uma menor fragmentação do DNA dos gametas. Malformações espermáticas foram identificadas, tanto no sêmen fresco, como no criopreservado, sendo identificado um aumento discreto dessas malformações nos espermatozoides das amostras de sêmen descongeladas de P. corruscans.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Catfishes , Cryopreservation , Dimethyl Sulfoxide/adverse effects , Acetamides/adverse effects , Semen/chemistry
5.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 973-981, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008923

ABSTRACT

Ultra-rapid cooling and rewarming rate is a critical technical approach to achieve ice-free cells during the freezing and melting process. A set of ultra-rapid solid surface freeze-thaw visualization system was developed based on a sapphire flim, and experiments on droplet freeze-thaw were carried out under different cryoprotectant components, volumes and laser energies. The results showed that the cooling rate of 1 μL mixed cryoprotectant [1.5 mol/L propylene glycol (PG) + 1.5 mol/L ethylene glycol (EG) + 0.5 mol/L trehalose (TRE)] could be 9.2×10 3 °C/min. The volume range of 1-8 μL droplets could be vitrified. After comparing the proportions of multiple cryoprotectants, the combination of equal proportion mixed permeability protectant and trehalose had the best vitrification freezing effect and more uniform crystallization characteristics. During the rewarming operation, the heating curve of glassy droplets containing gold nanoparticles was measured for the first time under the action of 400-1 200 W laser power, and the rewarming rate was up to the order of 10 6 °C/min. According to the droplet images of different power rewarming processes, the laser power range for ice-free rewarming with micron-level resolution was clarified to be 1 400-1 600 W. The work of this paper simultaneously realizes the ultra-high-speed temperature ramp-up, transient visual observation and temperature measurement of droplets, providing technical means for judging the ice free droplets during the freeze-thaw process. It is conducive to promoting the development of ultra-rapid freeze-thaw technology for biological cells and tissues.


Subject(s)
Freezing , Vitrification , Cryopreservation/methods , Trehalose , Gold , Rewarming , Metal Nanoparticles , Cryoprotective Agents , Lasers
6.
São Paulo; s.n; 2023. 86 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1434705

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A oncofertilidade tem o desafio de buscar estratégias para preservar a função reprodutiva. Este estudo explorou duas possibilidades como implementação para as técnicas de preservação da fertilidade feminina e masculina. OBJETIVO: Analisar a eficiência do cultivo de folículos pré-antrais de camundongos suplementado com lisado de plaquetas humanas e desenvolver um protótipo para criopreservação de sêmen humano. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Os folículos pré-antrais foram isolados mecanicamente de ovários de fêmeas de camundongos e foram cultivados individualmente em sistema entre camadas de óleo mineral. Os folículos foram cultivados divididos em 4 grupos, sendo um controle, sem o uso do lisado de plaquetas e três grupos com diferentes concentrações de lisado de plaquetas humanas (PLTMax®). Foram avaliadas a sobrevivência celular, desenvolvimento folicular e características oocitárias. Para o segundo estudo foi desenvolvido e impresso em 3D com filamentos de acrilonitrilo butadieno-estireno (ABS) um protótipo que suporte 10 palhetas com amostras seminais no vapor de nitrogênio líquido (N2L), etapa essencial para criopreservação de sêmen humano. Para os testes foram utilizadas 40 amostras seminais. A temperatura ambiente e no interior das palhetas de envase das amostras foram medidas e estabelecida a curva de resfriamento. Os parâmetros de motilidade, vitalidade e fragmentação do DNA espermático foram avaliados antes do congelamento e após o descongelamento. Foram realizados dois testes, um de posicionamento das palhetas e outro comparativo entre o protótipo e um dispositivo com suporte em poliestireno expandido (EPS). RESULTADOS: O cultivo de 11 dias induziu um aumento no tamanho folicular em todas as condições, sendo maior no grupo controle, seguido do grupo com 10% de PLTMax®, mas com diferença significativa (p<0,001). O grupo controle apresentou maior número de oócitos intactos (>50%) em relação aos demais (<35%). Todos os 4 grupos apresentaram taxas de vitalidade celular acima de 70%. Quanto aos testes com o protótipo em ABS foi verificado que as curvas de refrigeração foram notavelmente reproduzíveis. O material do protótipo resistiu a inúmeros mergulhos (>300) no N2L, sem demonstrar danos ao material. Diferenças significativas (p<0,001) foram observadas para a taxa de recuperação média da motilidade e vitalidade espermática em relação aos dados da amostra 2 fresca em ambos os testes. A motilidade, a vitalidade e a fragmentação do DNA espermático antes do congelamento e após o descongelamento não mostraram diferenças em relação a posição das palhetas. Também não houve diferença quanto ao índice de fragmentação verificada das amostras criopreservadas com uso do protótipo em ABS e o suporte em EPS, mesmo após o cultivo, após 24 horas de cultivo. Contudo, houve diferença em relação a amostra fresca (p<00,1). Quanto a recuperação das taxas de motilidade e vitalidade não houve diferença entre o ABS e EPS após o descongelamento e 24 horas de cultivo. CONCLUSÃO: O PLTMax®, embora tenha apresentado menor desempenho que o HSA, é um candidato de suplementação para o cultivo de folículos pré-antrais que merece ser mais explorado. O protótipo em ABS demonstrou resistência, praticidade e segurança para criopreservação seminal de forma reprodutível e eficiente.


INTRODUCTION: Oncofertility has the challenge of seeking strategies to preserve reproductive function. This study explored two possibilities as implementations for female and male fertility preservation techniques. PURPOSE: To analyze the efficiency of mouse preantral follicle culture supplemented with human platelet lysate and to develop a prototype for human semen cryopreservation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Preantral follicles were mechanically isolated from female mouse ovaries and were individually cultured using a mineral oil interlayer system. The follicles were cultured divided into 4 groups, one control, without the use of platelet lysate and three groups with different concentrations of human platelet lysate (PLTMax®). Cell survival, follicular development and oocyte characteristics were evaluated. For the second study, a prototype was developed and printed in 3D with acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) filaments to support 10 straws with seminal samples in liquid nitrogen (N2L) vapor, an essential step for human semen cryopreservation. For the tests 40 seminal samples were used. Ambient and internal temperatures inside the sample straws were measured and the cooling curve was established. The parameters of motility, vitality and sperm DNA fragmentation were evaluated before freezing and after thawing. Two tests were performed, one for positioning the straws and the other comparing the prototype and a device with expanded polystyrene (EPS) support. RESULTS: The 11-day culture induced an increase in follicular size in all conditions, being higher in the control group followed by the group with 10% PLTMax®, but with significant difference (p<0.001). The control group presented a higher number of intact oocytes (>50%) compared to the others (<35%). All 4 groups presented cell vitality rates above 70%. As for the ABS prototype tests, it was verified that the cooling curves were remarkably reproducible. The prototype withstood numerous dips (>300) in N2L without showing damage to the material. Significant differences (p<0.001) were observed for the mean recovery rate of sperm motility and vitality compared to the fresh sample data in both tests. Motility, vitality and sperm DNA fragmentation before freezing and after thawing showed no differences with respect to the position of the straws. There was also no difference in the fragmentation index verified for samples cryopreserved using the ABS prototype and the EPS support, even after 24 hours of culture. However, there was a difference compared to the fresh 4 sample (p<00.1). As for the recovery of motility and vitality rates there was no difference between ABS and EPS after thawing and 24 hours of culture. CONCLUSION: PLTMax®, although it showed lower performance than HSA, is a supplementation candidate for preantral follicle culture that deserves further exploration. The ABS prototype demonstrated strength, practicality and safety for seminal cryopreservation in a reproducible and efficient manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cryopreservation , Fertility , Semen , Ovarian Follicle , Mice , Neoplasms/complications
7.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245329, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285618

ABSTRACT

Abstract The cold storage of milt implies potentials alterations in its quality because the storage generates as main process, free radicals that produce spermatozoa membrane lipids damage with the consequent motility and fertilising capacity disruptions. To decrease the damage generated by free radicals the cells have antioxidant defences (proteins, enzymes, and low molecular weight substances). The objective of the present study evaluated the time storage effect and different antioxidants prepared in spermatic diluents on sperm viability of O. mykiss milt stored at 4°C. The two-way ANOVA denoted that the time storage and antioxidant influence have significant effects separated or combined on viability parameters (sperm motility and viability, proteins concentrations and superoxide dismutase enzymatic activity in seminal plasma). In contrast, only the storage time affected the fertilising capacity and catalase enzymatic activity in seminal plasma. The resulting analysis can conclude that the antioxidant presence improves the viability of cold stored milt, especially the transport conditions and the antioxidants allow the fecundity despite motility decrease.


Resumo O armazenamento a frio de leite implica potenciais alterações em sua qualidade, pois gera como processo principal radicais livres que provocam danos aos lipídios da membrana dos espermatozoides, com as consequentes alterações na motilidade e na capacidade de fertilização. Para diminuir os danos causados pelos radicais livres, as células têm defesas antioxidantes (proteínas, enzimas e substâncias de baixo peso molecular). O presente estudo avaliou o efeito do tempo de armazenamento e diferentes antioxidantes preparados em diluentes espermáticos no armazenamento de viabilidade de O. mykiss milt a 4°C. A ANOVA de duas vias denotou que o armazenamento no tempo e a influência antioxidante têm efeitos significativos separados ou combinados nos parâmetros de viabilidade (motilidade espermática, viabilidade espermática, concentrações de proteínas e atividade enzimática da superóxido dismutase no plasma seminal), enquanto apenas o tempo de armazenamento afetou a capacidade de fertilização e atividade enzimática da catalase no plasma seminal. A análise resultante pode concluir que a presença de antioxidante melhora a viabilidade do leite frio, especialmente as condições de transporte, e os antioxidantes permitem a fecundidade apesar da diminuição da motilidade.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Oncorhynchus mykiss , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Cryopreservation , Antioxidants
8.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(4): 535-541, Oct.-dec. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421540

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: An important component of the advances made in neuroblastoma treatment has been the use of peripheral blood stem cells to support high-dose chemotherapy. In this study, we report our experience on a series of small children who have undergone standard and large volume leukaphersis (LVL) procedures, provide an update on a single institution's experience with cryopreservation of autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs), using 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and applying post-thaw DMSO depletion and analyze a number of variables that may affect viability. Methods: A total of 36 aphereses were performed on 29 children weighing less than 25 kg between July 2016 and October 2019 at the Ibn Sina university hospital. Results: Seven females and twenty-two males, median bodyweight 14 kg (9 - 22). A single apheresis was sufficient to obtain at least 3 × 106/kg body weight (BW) of CD34+ cells in 82.8% of the cases. The LVL was performed in 22 aphereses. A median number of 5.9 × 106/ kg CD34 cells were collected per apheresis. A total of 60 PBSC samples were cryopreserved and 46 samples were infused. The mean cell viability percentage decreased from 94.75 ± 1.14% before freezing to 70.84 ± 8.6% after thawing (p < 0.001). No correlation was found between post-thaw viability and storage time (r = -0.233; p = 0.234) or number of total nucleated cells (r = 0.344; p = 0.073). Conclusion: Leukapheresis is safe and feasible in small pediatric patients if the appropriate measures are used. Cryopreservation poses numerous challenges, especially a decrease in cell viability after thawing.


Subject(s)
Neuroblastoma , Stem Cells , Blood Component Removal , Cryopreservation , Child , Leukapheresis
9.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 117-122, maio 05,2022. fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370755

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o uso de substitutos cutâneos para o tratamento de diversas feridas graves é uma forma eficiente de prevenir infecções e favorecer o processo de reepitelização. No entanto, tecidos biológicos estão suscetíveis a degradação e contaminação. Por isso, devem ser submetidos a rigorosos protocolos de processamento e testes que comprovem suas contribuições benéficas e segurança de aplicação. Objetivo: trazer uma abordagem sobre as principais características dos métodos de criopreservação, glicerolização e liofilização e sua consequencia nos aspectos imunológicos, microbiológicos e de viabilidade tecidual de enxertos de pele humana. Metodologia: foi realizada uma busca online utilizando as palavras chaves "criopreservação", "liofilização", "glicerolização", "enxertos", "processamento tecidual" e "engenharia dos tecidos" em múltiplas combinações nos bancos de dados PubMed, LILACS e ScienceDirect. Resultados: 200 artigos científicos foram obtidos, 26 excluídos por duplicidade, 92 selecionados para leitura integral a partir da leitura de seus resumos e 27 utilizados na construção desta revisão. A liofilização e a glicerolização são métodos semelhantes considerando a viabilidade tecidual. O uso de glicerol traz como principal desvantagem sua citotoxicidade quando comparado aos outros métodos. A criopreservação mantém os tecidos viáveis. Contudo, pode ser mais cara e trazer riscos de transmissão de microorganismos patogênicos. De modo geral, não é bem estabelecido quais os melhores métodos de conservação para uma adequada conservação da viabilidade dos enxertos de pele. Considerações Finais: os 3 métodos, liofilização, glicerolização e criopreservação, possuem aplicabilidade na conservação de enxertos. A falta de padronização na aplicação de enxertos apesar de sua frequente aplicação e a escassez de estudos recentes sobre o tema justificam o presente estudo.


Introduction: the use of skin substitutes for treatment of several wounds is an efficient way to prevent infections and allow the re-epithelialization process. However, biological tissues are susceptible to degradation and contamination. Therefore, they must undergo rigorous processing and testing protocols that prove their beneficial contributions and application security. Objective:to bring an approach on the main characteristics of cryopreservation, freeze-drying and glycerol conservation methods and their implications on immunological, microbiological and tissue viability aspects when applied to human skin grafts. Methodology:a mostly online search was performed using the keywords "cryopreservation", "freeze-drying", "glycerol conservation", "grafts", "tissue processing" and "tissue engineering" in multiple combinations in PubMed, LILACS and ScienceDirect databases. Results: 200 scientific articles were rescued, 26 excluded by duplicity, 92 selected for full reading from the reading of their abstracts and 27 used in the construction of this review. Freeze-drying and glycerol conservation are similar methods, with glycerol conservation having greater economic advantage. The use of glycerol presents cytotoxicity when compared to the other methods. Cryopreservation keeps tissues viable, however, is more expensive and carry risks of transmission of pathogenic microorganisms. Overall, there is a lack of clarity about the importance of viability in the performance of skin grafts. Final considerations: the 3 methods have applicability in graft conservation. The lack of standardization in graft application despite its frequent application and the scarcity of recent studies on the subject justify the present study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cryopreservation/methods , Cryoprotective Agents , Free Tissue Flaps , Allografts , Glycerol , Freeze Drying/methods
10.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 61-72, feb. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388920

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los aloinjerto cutáneos (AC) son excelentes sustitutos cutáneos temporales, sin embargo, la donación y procura de piel cadavérica, fuente habitual de AC, es baja. Objetivo: Evaluar la factibilidad de utilizar la piel proveniente de abdominoplastías como fuente de AC y su eficacia clínica. Materiales y Método: Entre el 17 de agosto de 2020 al 28 de febrero de 2021 se analizó una cohorte prospectiva de 14 pacientes femeninas sometidas a abdominoplastía por motivos estéticos, que aceptaron donar la piel del colgajo cutáneo abdominal redundante, la cual fue criopreservada. Se utilizaron los AC de piel total criopreservados (ACPTC) en 10 pacientes con diagnósticos de: pie diabético (4), laparostomía contenida (2) herida compleja extremidad inferior (2), sarcoma de cuero cabelludo recidivado (1) y melanoma (1). Resultados: Se obtuvieron 14 colgajos de piel total, los cuales fueron procesados obteniendo una superficie promedio de 302 cm2 y 8,3 láminas de distintos tamaños de utilidad clínica por paciente. En todos los pacientes en que se utilizó ACPTC hubo un prendimiento inicial del AC para posteriormente, en promedio 21 días, presentar una escara necrótica que al ser retirada presentaba un tejido vital adherido al receptor rico en fibroblastos, siendo algunos pacientes auto injertados y otros manejados con cicatrización por segunda intención como tratamiento definitivo. Discusión: Los ACPTC proporcionan una cobertura intermedia, pues una parte se integra en forma definitiva, actuando como un andamiaje biológico para la formación de una interfase sobre la cual se puede autoinjertar o dejar evolucionar con cicatrización por segunda intención y una parte es rechazada. Conclusión: La procura de piel de donante vivo, en pacientes sometidos a cirugías de contorno corporal es un proceso factible, fuente de ACPTC, los cuales permiten una nueva cobertura intermedia con múltiples aplicaciones clínicas.


Introduction: Skin allografts (SA) are outstanding temporary skin substitutes; however, cadaveric skin donation and procurement, a common source of SA, remains low. Aim: To evaluate the feasibility and clinical efficacy of using skin from abdominoplasties as a source of SA. Materials and Method: A prospective cohort was analyzed from August 17th, 2020 and February 28th, 2021, with 14 female patients submitted to abdominoplasty surgeries for aesthetic motives, who authorized skin donation from the redundant abdominal flap which was posteriorly cryopreserved. Cryopreserved total skin allografts (CTSA) was used in 10 patients with the following diagnoses: diabetic foot (4), contained laparostomy (2) complex wound of the lower limb (2), relapsing sarcoma of the scalp (1), and melanoma (1). Results: 14 CTSA were obtained, which were processed, obtaining an average area of 302 cm2 and 8.3 sheets of different sizes and clinical applications from each patient. In all patients who received CTSA, an initial attachment was observed, followed by the appearance of a necrotic scar in an average of21 days. The peeling of the latter revealed a vital tissue tightly adhered to the receptor and rich in fibroblasts. Some of the patients received autografts, and others were managed with secondary intention scarring as a definite treatment. Discussion: CTSA provide an intermediate coverage since one part is definitely adhered to, acting as a biologic scaffolding for the formation of an interface that can be autografted or left for a secondary intention scarring, and the host rejects the other portion. Conclusión: skin procurement from a living donor in patients submitted to body contour surgeries is a feasible process and significant source of CTSA, which permits a new intermediate coverage with multiple clinical uses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cryopreservation , Abdominoplasty/methods , Allografts/surgery , Skin , Medical Examination , Surveys and Questionnaires , Informed Consent
11.
In. Kimelman Flechner, Dana; Taranto González, Fernando Carlos. Oncofertilidad: aspectos prácticos y abordaje interdisciplinario. Montevideo, Oficina del Libro FEFMUR, c2022. p.167-173.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1413662
12.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e241081, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285584

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the use of melatonin to arrest the effects of apoptosis in vitrified zebrafish (D. rerio) embryos. Dechorionated embryos at 22-24 somite-stage were divided (n = 60/treatment) into a non-vitrified (Control Group, 0 M melatonin) and vitrified treatments with 0 M (T1), 1 µM (T2) and 1 mM of melatonin (T3). For vitrified treatments, a solution methanol/propylene glycol based was used and the embryos stored in -196 °C for a week. After thaw, survival rate, scanning electron microscopy, expression of anti (bcl-2) and pro-apoptotic (bax/caspase-3) genes, reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and DNA fragmentation analyses were performed. No live embryos were obtained from vitrified treatments, observing a rapid degeneration immediately after thawing, with the vitelline layer rupture and leakage of its content, followed by breakdown of epithelial cells and melanisation of the tissue. Regarding the apoptotic process, T3 had the highest relative gene expression, for the three genes (P < 0.05) furthermore, T2 had similar expression of pro-apoptotic genes to CG (P < 0.05). ROS formation revealed that CG presented lower percentage of embryo surface area affected (3.80 ± 0.40%) (P < 0.05), in contrast, no differences were found among the other groups. T1 was most significantly (P < 0.05) damaged by DNA fragmentation. The vitrified groups with melatonin had similar damage levels of CG (P > 0.05). The inclusion of 1 µM of melatonin in the vitrifying solution, countered the effects of apoptotic process in post-thaw embryos, suggesting its utility in cryopreserving fish embryos.


Este estudo investigou o uso da melatonina para conter os efeitos da apoptose em embriões vitrificados de zebrafish (D. rerio). Embriões descorionados no estágio de 22-24 somitos foram divididos (n = 60 / tratamento) em tratamento não vitrificado (Grupo Controle, melatonina 0 M) e tratamentos vitrificados com 0 M (T1), 1 µM (T2) e 1 mM de melatonina (T3). Para os tratamentos vitrificados, utilizou-se uma solução à base de metanol/propilenoglicol e os embriões foram armazenados em -196 °C por uma semana. Após o descongelamento, foram realizadas análises de taxa de sobrevivência, microscopia eletrônica de varredura, expressão dos genes anti (bcl-2) e pró-apoptóticos (bax/caspase-3), formação de espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROS) e análises de fragmentação de DNA. Não foram obtidos embriões vivos a partir dos tratamentos vitrificados, observando uma rápida degeneração imediatamente após o descongelamento, com ruptura da camada vitelina e vazamento de seu conteúdo, seguida de quebra das células epiteliais e melanização do tecido. Em relação ao processo apoptótico. T3 apresentou expressão gênica relativa alta para os três genes (P <0,05), além disso, T2 apresentou expressão semelhante as dos genes pró-apoptóticos de GC (P <0,05). A formação de EROS revelou que GC apresentou menor percentual de área de superfície embrionária afetada (3,80 ± 0,40%) (P <0,05), ao contrário, não foram encontradas diferenças entre os outros grupos. T1 foi mais significativamente (P <0,05) danificado pela fragmentação do DNA. Os grupos vitrificados com melatonina apresentaram níveis de dano semelhantes ao do GC (P> 0,05). A inclusão de 1 µM de melatonina na solução de vitrificação, contrariou os efeitos do processo apoptótico em embriões pós-descongelamento, sugerindo sua utilidade na criopreservação de embriões de peixes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Zebrafish , Melatonin/pharmacology , Cryopreservation , Apoptosis
13.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2022. 102 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1416616

ABSTRACT

A preservação da fertilidade em pacientes com câncer objetiva assegurar a saúde reprodutiva. A criopreservação de tecido ovariano é a única técnica disponível para meninas pré-púberes e para casos em que o tratamento não pode ser adiado. A técnica de vitrificação está associada a uma melhor preservação de fragmentos do córtex ovariano quando comparada ao congelamento lento. Estudos preliminares demonstraram que a combinação de polímeros sintéticos na vitrificação preservou melhor o tecido e os folículos secundários no córtex de ovários de macacos, por serem miméticos às proteínas naturais responsáveis pela proteção conferida a alguns organismos durante o inverno. A técnica de vitrificação associada a polímeros sintéticos é uma alternativa promissora, mas ainda não está disponível um protocolo padrão que demonstre resultados consistentes. Assim, este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a aplicabilidade de polímeros sintéticos na criopreservação por vitrificação de tecido ovariano bovino. Ovários bovinos foram obtidos a partir de animais abatidos para consumo em um abatedouro local. O córtex foi extraído e cortado em fragmentos. Os fragmentos foram divididos em três grupos (controle fresco, vitrificação com (CP) e sem (SP) adição de polímeros sintéticos). Os fragmentos de tecido de todos os grupos antes e após aquecimento foram fixados em paraformaldeído a 4%, corados com hematoxilina e eosina para avaliação de morfologia, contagem e observação do estágio folicular. Parte dos fragmentos tiveram seus folículos secundários isolados mecanicamente e cultivados em matriz de alginato até atingirem o estágio antral. Durante o cultivo, para análise de viabilidade, foram avaliados a sobrevida, crescimento e formação de antro folicular. Para avaliação da funcionalidade folicular, o meio de cultivo foi coletado para posterior dosagem de esteróides ovarianos. Então, os três grupos foram comparados estatisticamente. Os tecidos ovarianos vitrificados apresentaram uma morfologia com sinais de injúria, com espaços vazios e menos densos, além de exibirem uma menor porcentagem de folículos normais quando comparados ao tecido fresco (Fresco x CP p<0,0001; Fresco x SP p=0,0004). Contudo, não foi observada diferença entre os grupos vitrificados com e sem polímeros (CP x SP p = 0,7173). Os folículos que passaram pela vitrificação apresentaram uma sobrevida similar entre si e menor que o controle fresco (χ²(2) = 19,87; p< 0,0001). Todos os grupos avaliados foram semelhantes na taxa de formação de antro (χ²(1) = 0,6569; p< 0,4176). Em todos os grupos houve crescimento folicular durante o cultivo. No entanto, os folículos frescos e com adição de polímeros aumentaram de diâmetro durante todo o cultivo, ao passo que os folículos sem adição de polímeros cresceram apenas na primeira semana. No fim do cultivo, os folículos que passaram pelo processo de vitrificação produzem menos hormônios que os frescos (p < 0,05), mas sem diferença entre SP e CP. A partir desses resultados, é possível concluir que a combinação do uso de polímeros sintéticos na vitrificação de tecido ovariano é uma técnica promissora, que poderá proteger o desenvolvimento folicular, mas são necessários mais estudos que possam aperfeiçoar esse protocolo.


The preservation of fertility in cancer patients aims to ensure reproductive health. Ovarian tissue cryopreservation is the only technique available for prepubescent girls and for cases where treatment cannot be delayed. The vitrification technique is associated with better preservation of ovarian cortex fragments when compared to slow freezing. Preliminary studies in the cortex of monkeys' ovaries have shown that the combination of synthetic polymers in vitrification is better to preserve the tissue and secondary follicles, as they are mimetic to the natural proteins responsible for the protection during the winter in some organisms. The vitrification technique associated with synthetic polymers is a promising alternative, but a standard protocol that demonstrates consistent results is not yet available. Thus, this work aimed to evaluate the applicability of synthetic polymers in cryopreservation by vitrification of bovine ovarian tissue. Bovine ovaries were obtained at a local abattoir. The cortex was extracted and cut into fragments. The fragments were divided into three groups (fresh control, vitrification with (CP) and without (SP) addition of synthetic polymers). Tissue fragments from all groups before and after heating were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde, stained with hematoxylin and eosin for morphology assessment, counting and observation of the follicular stage. Part of the fragments had their secondary follicles mechanically isolated and cultivated in alginate matrix until they reached the antral stage. During cultivation, for viability analysis, survival, growth and follicular antrum formation were evaluated. To evaluate the follicular functionality, the culture medium was collected for later measurement of ovarian steroids. The vitrified ovarian tissues presented a morphology with signs of injury, with empty and less dense spaces, in addition to showing a lower percentage of normal follicles when compared to fresh tissue (Fresh control x CP p< 0.0001). All groups evaluated were similar in the rate of antrum formation (χ²(1) = 0.6569; p< 0.4176). In all groups there was follicular growth during cultivation. However, fresh and polymer-added follicles increased in diameter throughout the cultivation, whereas follicles without polymer additions grew only in the first week. At the end of cultivation, the follicles that underwent the vitrification process produced less hormones than the fresh ones (p < 0.05), but there was no difference between SP and CP. From these results, it is possible to conclude that the combination of the use of synthetic polymers in the vitrification of ovarian tissue is a promising technique, which may protect follicular development, but further studies are needed to improve this protocol.


Subject(s)
Polymers , Cryopreservation , Fertility Preservation , Ovary , Cattle , Cryoprotective Agents , Reproductive Health
14.
Biol. Res ; 55: 34-34, 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403572

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The assessment of oocyte quality is, nowadays, a major challenge in aquaculture, oocyte cryopreservation, and environmental science. Oocyte quality is a determining factor in fertilization and embryo development; however, there is still a lack of rapid and sensitive cellular markers for its assessment. Currently, its estimation is pre-dominantly based on morphological analysis, which is subjective and does not consistently reflect the developmental competence of the oocytes. Despite several recent studies investigating molecular markers related to oocyte quality, methods currently available for their determination pose various technical challenges and limitations. In this study, we developed a novel approach based on fluorescence spectroscopy to assess different intrinsic physiological parameters that can be employed to evaluate egg quality in marine invertebrates that are widely used as animal models such as sea urchins and mussels. RESULTS: Different physiological parameters, such as viability, mitochondrial activity, intracellular ROS levels, plasma membrane lipid peroxidation, and intracellular pH, for egg quality evaluation have been successfully assessed in sea urchins and mussels by using specific fluorescent dyes and detecting the fluorescent signals in eggs through fluorescence spectroscopy. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our findings, we propose these physiological markers as useful predictors of egg quality in marine invertebrates; they can be estimated rapidly, selectively, and sensitively by employing this novel approach, which, due to the speed of analysis, the low cost, and easy use can be considered a powerful analytical tool for the egg quality assessment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Oocytes/metabolism , Embryonic Development , Sea Urchins , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Cryopreservation/methods
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 311-319, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248952

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the rate of conception, metabolic, and structural conditions of cryopreserved bovine sperm cells, plus extender with IGF-1 and glutathione (GSH). 12 ejaculations of Nelore bulls were used, submitted to treatments: control, gSH (2mM/mL), IGF-1 (100ng/mL) and gSH (1mM/mL) + IGF-1 (50ng/mL). After cryopreservation and thawing the semen passed the fast thermo resistance test (TTR), plasma membrane and acrosomal integrity (PIAI), mitochondrial membrane potential (AP), oxidative stress, and conception rate. Tukey test was used for the statistical analysis of the parametric variables and the Friedman test for nonparametric. The gestation percentage was compared by the Chi-square test. There was no statistical difference (P<0.05) between treatments for the TTRr variable. Otherwise in the oxidative stress evaluated with the CellROX probe was noted that the IGF-1 showed the highest number of reactive cells (P<0.05). The PIAI, AP and gestation rate showed no difference among treatments (P>0.05), with an average of conceptions of 36.58%. It is concluded that IGF-1, gSH and their association did not cause changes in sperm motility, mitochondrial potential, plasma and acrosomal membrane integrity. IGF-1 increased oxidative stress, however, there was no difference in the gestation rate among the treatments.(AU)


Objetivou-se avaliar a taxa de concepção, as condições metabólicas e estrutural das células espermáticas bovinas criopreservadas, acrescidas de diluidores com fator de crescimento semelhante à insulina do tipo 1(IGF-1) e glutationa (GSH). Foram utilizados 12 ejaculados de touros da raça Nelore, submetidos aos tratamentos: controle, gSH (2mM/mL), IGF-1 (100ng/mL) e gSH (1mM/mL) + IGF-1 (50ng/mL). Após a criopreservação e descongelação, o sêmen passou pelos testes de termorresistência rápida (TTRr), integridade de membrana plasmática e acrossomal (PIAI), alto potencial mitocondrial (AP), estresse oxidativo e taxa de concepção. Utilizou-se o teste de Tukey para as análises estatísticas das variáveis paramétricas e o teste de Friedman para as não paramétricas, com significância de 5%. A percentagem de gestação foi comparada pelo teste do qui-quadrado. Não hove diferença estatística (P<0,05) entre os tratamentos para a variável TTRr. Já no estresse oxidativo avaliado com a sonda CellROX, observou-se que o IGF-1 apresentou maior quantidade de células reativas (P<0,05), 36,38± 24,10. A PIAI, o AP e a taxa de gestação não apresentaram diferença entre tratamentos (P>0,05), com média de concepções de 36,58%. Conclui-se que o IGF-1, a gSH e a sua associação não causaram mudanças na motilidade espermática, no potencial mitocondrial, na integridade da membrana plasmática e acrossomal. O IGF-1 aumentou o estresse oxidativo, porém sem diferença na taxa de gestação entre os tratamentos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cattle , Semen Preservation/methods , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Cryopreservation/veterinary , Glutathione , Antioxidants/therapeutic use
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(1): 25-31, feb. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385297

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: En el semen criopreservado, los procesos de congelación/descongelación y posterior manipulación, dañan las células espermáticas provocando disminución de la capacidad fecundante de los espermatozoides descongelados. Estos procesos han sido asociados con el estado de estrés oxidativo (EO) inducido por altos niveles de especies reactivas de oxígeno (EROS), causando daño a la función y estructura espermática. Los espermatozoides descongelados pueden ser protegidos de este daño, con la adición de antioxidantes (AO) al medio de incubación. El fruto de Calafate (Berberis microphylla G. Forst.) posee una alta capacidad antioxidante, lo que hace interesante investigar el efecto de sus componentes antioxidantes en estos procesos biotecnológicos especialmente postdescongelación. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el efecto de la suplementación de extracto liofilizado de fruto de Calafate (ELC), sobre la calidad espermática post-descongelación. Previamente se caracterizó el ELC, determinando la actividad antioxidante y metabolitos como fenoles y antocianinas; posteriormente, espermatozoides de bovino descongelados fueron incubados en un medio base suplementado con diferentes concentraciones de ELC. Post-incubación se evaluó la motilidad progresiva; la viabilidad e integridad de la membrana plasmática (SYBR14- PI) y acrosomal (FITC-PNA/PI) y la peroxidación lipídica (BODIPY) por citometría de flujo. La caracterización de ELC demostró que tanto la actividad antioxidante como los fenoles y antocianinas incrementan concomitante con el aumento de la concentración de ELC. La adición de ELC al medio de incubación, dependiendo de la concentración y tiempo de incubación, sería eficaz en proteger la motilidad, viabilidad e integridad de la membrana plasmática y disminuir la lipoperoxidación en los espermatozoides de bovino descongelados.


SUMMARY: In cryopreserved semen, the freezing/thawing process following of manipulation, damage the sperm cell, decreasing the fertilizing capacity of the thawed sperm; being one of the main factors of this damage the oxidative stress. The sperm once thawed can be protected from this damage, with the addition of antioxidants to the incubation medium. The Calafate fruit (Berberis microphylla G. Forst.) has a high antioxidant capacity, making it an interesting resource for investigating the effect of its antioxidant components on biotechnological processes. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of supplementation of Calafate fruit lyophilized extract (ELC) on sperm quality. The lyophilized extract of the Calafate fruit was characterized, determining the antioxidant activity and metabolites such as phenols and anthocyanins; subsequently, thawed bovine sperm were incubated in a medium supplemented with different concentrations of ELC. Post-incubation, progressive motility was evaluated. By flow cytometry, the viability and integrity of the plasma (SYBR14-PI), and acrosomal (FITC-PNA / PI), as well as lipid peroxidation (BODIPY), was determined. The characterization of Calafate fruits lyophilized extract indicated that antioxidant activity, phenols and anthocyanins increased concomitantly with the increase of dose extract used. The addition of ELC to the incubation medium, depending on the concentration and incubation time, would be effective to protect motility, viability and integrity of the plasma membrane and decreased lipid peroxidation in thawed bovine sperm.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Semen/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Berberis/chemistry , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Phenols/analysis , Semen/physiology , Sperm Motility/physiology , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Lipid Peroxidation , Cryopreservation , Cell Membrane , Reactive Oxygen Species , Oxidative Stress , Incubators , Anthocyanins/analysis , Antioxidants/chemistry
17.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(1): 30-36, ene.-feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279070

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Se requiere analizar diversos parámetros para el control de calidad adecuado de las unidades de sangre de cordón umbilical (USCU) cuando se utilizan con fines terapéuticos. Objetivo: Optimizar las unidades formadoras de colonias (UFC) de cultivos clonogénicos y detectar el genoma del virus del papiloma humano (VPH) en USCU. Métodos: Se incluyeron 141 muestras de sangre de cordón umbilical (SCU), de segmento y de UFC de cultivos clonogénicos de USCU. Se realizó extracción de ADN, cuantificación y amplificación por PCR del gen endógeno GAPDH. Se detectó el gen L1 del VPH con los oligonucleótidos MY09/MY11 y GP5/GP6+; los productos de PCR se migraron en electroforesis de agarosa. El ADN purificado de las UFC se analizó mediante electroforesis de agarosa y algunos ADN, con la técnica sequence specific priming. Resultados: La concentración de ADN extraído de UFC fue superior comparada con la de SCU (p = 0.0041) y la de segmento (p < 0.0001); así como la de SCU comparada con la de segmento (p < 0.0001). Todas las muestras fueron positivas para la amplificación de GAPDH y negativas para MY09/MY11 y GP5/GP6+. Conclusiones: Las USCU criopreservadas fueron VPH netativas; además, es factible obtener ADN en altas concentraciones y con alta pureza a partir de UFC de los cultivos clonogénicos.


Abstract Introduction: Analysis of several markers is required for adequate quality control in umbilical cord blood units (UCBU) when are used for therapeutic purposes. Objective: To optimize colony-forming units (CFU) from clonogenic cultures and to detect the human papillomavirus (HPV) genome in UCBU. Methods: One hundred and forty-one umbilical cord blood (UCB), segment or CFU samples from UCBU clonogenic cultures were included. DNA extraction, quantification and endogenous GAPDH gene PCR amplification were carried out. Subsequently, HPV L1 gene was detected using the MY09/MY11 and GP5/GP6+ oligonucleotides. PCR products were analyzed with electrophoresis in agarose gel. CFU-extracted purified DNA was analyzed by electrophoresis in agarose gel, as well as some DNAs, using the SSP technique. Results: CFU-extracted DNA concentration was higher in comparison with that of UCB (p = 0.0041) and that of the segment (p < 0.0001), as well as that of UCB in comparison with that of the segment (p < 0.0001). All samples were positive for GAPDH amplification and negative for MY09/MY11 and GP5/GP6+. Conclusions: Cryopreserved UCBUs were HPV-negative. Obtaining CFU DNA from clonogenic cultures with high concentrations and purity is feasible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Papillomaviridae/isolation & purification , DNA, Viral/isolation & purification , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/virology , Genome, Viral , Fetal Blood/virology , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Histocompatibility Testing , HeLa Cells , Cryopreservation , Cell Line , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (Phosphorylating) , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Fetal Blood/cytology
18.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 9, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152744

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: In the past 20 years, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been investigated as treatment for systemic sclerosis (SSc). The goal of HSCT is to eradicate the autoreactive immune system, which is replaced by a new immune repertoire with long-lasting regulation and tolerance to autoantigens. Here, we describe the clinical outcomes of severe and refractory SSc patients that underwent HSCT at a single Brazilian center. Patients and methods: This is a longitudinal and retrospective study, including 70 adult SSc patients, with an established diagnosis of SSc, and who underwent autologous HSCT from 2009 to 2016. The procedure included harvesting and cryopreservation of autologous hematopoietic progenitor cells, followed by administration of an immunoablative regimen and subsequent infusion of the previously collected cells. Patients were evaluated immediately before transplantation, at 6 months and then yearly until at least 5-years of post-transplantation follow-up. At each evaluation time point, patients underwent clinical examination, including modified Rodnan's skin score (mRSS) assessment, echocardiography, high-resolution computed tomography of the lungs and pulmonary function. Results: Median (range) age was 35.9 (19-59), with 57 (81.4%) female and median (range) non-Raynaud's disease duration of 2 (1-7) years. Before transplantation, 96% of the patients had diffuse skin involvement, 84.2%, interstitial lung disease and 67%, positive anti-topoisomerase I antibodies. Skin involvement significantly improved, with a decline in mRSS at all post-transplantation time points until at least 5-years of follow-up. When patients with pre-HSCT interstitial lung disease were analyzed, there was an improvement in pulmonary function (forced vital capacity and diffusing capacity of lung for carbon monoxide) over the 5-year follow-up. Overall survival was 81% and progression-free survival was 70.5% at 8-years after HSCT. Three patients died due to transplant-related toxicity, 9 patients died over follow-up due to disease reactivation and one patient died due to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Conclusions: Autologous hematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation improves skin and interstitial lung involvement. These results are in line with the international experience and support HSCT as a viable therapeutic alternative for patients with severe and progressive systemic sclerosis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Scleroderma, Systemic/surgery , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cryopreservation/instrumentation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/instrumentation , Disease Progression , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
19.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 58(n.esp): e174301, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1348265

ABSTRACT

Developing effective cooled semen protocols is essential to increase pregnancy rates and reproductive efficiency in donkeys. This study aimed to evaluate the effect on sperm kinetic parameters and membrane integrity in cooled donkey semen diluted with defined milk proteins extender with 1% or 2% of egg yolk and the removal of seminal plasma. Twenty-four ejaculates from six jackasses were collected. Each ejaculate was divided into four aliquots that were diluted in extender with 1% (EY1) or 2% (EY2) egg yolk. One sample from each group was centrifuged, seminal plasma was removed (CEY1, CEY2 groups, respectively), and the samples were then refrigerated at 5 °C for 24 h. Fresh and cooled semen samples were assessed for sperm motility, morphology, and plasma membrane integrity. Total motility, progressive motility, sperm kinetic parameters, or live sperm cells were not statistically different when semen was cooled with an extender supplemented with 1% or 2% of egg yolk. Seminal plasma removal does not affect total motility or sperm kinetic parameters. However, progressive motility decreased (P<0.05) when semen was extended with 2% of egg yolk and seminal plasma was removed. Membrane integrity was affected (P<0.05) in centrifuged samples. In conclusion, the obtained results suggest that there is no difference in sperm kinetics and membrane integrity when 1% or 2% of egg yolk was added to the Equiplus extender. Also, the removal of seminal plasma by centrifugation did not have any beneficial effect on cooled donkey semen. Further studies are needed to relate these results with in vivo fertility tests with cooled donkey semen.(AU)


O desenvolvimento de protocolos de sêmen resfriado eficazes é essencial para aumentar as taxas de prenhez e eficiência reprodutiva em jumentos. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar o efeito do diluente à base de proteínas do leite com 1 ou 2% de gema de ovo sobre os parâmetros cinéticos do sêmen e integridade da membrana em sêmen resfriado de jumento, com ou sem a remoção do plasma seminal. Vinte e quatro ejaculados de seis jumentos foram coletados. Cada ejaculado foi dividido em quatro alíquotas e diluído em diluente com 1% (EY1) ou 2% (EY2) de gema de ovo. Uma amostra por grupo foi centrifugada e o plasma seminal removido (grupos CEY1 e CEY2, respectivamente). Os pellets foram novamente ressuspendidos nas mesmas concentrações e diluentes. Em seguida, as quatro alíquotas foram refrigeradas a 5°C por 24 horas. Amostras de sêmen fresco e refrigerado foram avaliadas quanto à motilidade espermática e integridade da membrana plasmática. Motilidade total, motilidade progressiva, parâmetros de cinética espermática ou células espermáticas vivas não apresentaram diferença significativa quando o sêmen foi resfriado com diluente suplementado com 1% ou 2% de gema de ovo. A remoção do plasma seminal não afetou a motilidade total ou os parâmetros de cinética espermática; entretanto, a motilidade progressiva diminuiu (P<0,05) quando o sêmen foi diluído com 2% de gema de ovo e o plasma seminal removido. Nas amostras centrifugadas, a integridade da membrana foi afetada (P<0,05). Em conclusão, os resultados sugerem que não há diferença na cinética espermática e na integridade da membrana quando 1% ou 2% de gema de ovo são adicionados ao diluente Equiplus e a remoção do plasma seminal por centrifugação não teve nenhum efeito benéfico no resfriamento de sêmen de jumento. Mais estudos são necessários para relacionar esses resultados com testes de fertilidade in vivo com sêmen resfriado em jumentos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Plasma , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Sperm Motility , Cryopreservation , Equidae , Egg Yolk , Semen , Proteins
20.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 825-831, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984081

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the effects of different pretreatment methods and preservation time on RNA quality of peripheral blood samples, and to optimize the preservation method of peripheral blood samples.@*METHODS@#Eight pretreatment methods were used to preprocess the peripheral blood from 3 healthy unrelated individuals and the treated samples were stored at -80 ℃. Total RNA of samples was extracted using Quick-RNATM Miniprep Plus kit. DNA/RNA ShieldTM was added to peripheral blood and total RNA was extracted after preservation at -80 ℃ for 0, 5, 10, 15, 30 and 60 days, respectively. The concentration, purity and integrity of RNA were determined. Statistical analyses were performed by SPSS 22.0 software to compare the differences in RNA yield, purity and integrity among the eight pretreatment methods.@*RESULTS@#In terms of purity, leukocyte pretreated with RNAlaterTM and directly cryopreservation peripheral blood showed the worst purity. The other six methods showed better purity. In terms of yield, blood cells with DNA/RNA ShieldTM came out with the highest yield, followed by peripheral blood with DNA/RNA ShieldTM. In terms of integrity, peripheral blood preserved in PAXgene Blood RNA tube method had the best integrity. Except for peripheral blood pretreated with DNA/RNA ShieldTM and blood cells pretreated with DNA/RNA shieldTM, the other five methods had statistical differences when compared to the method by keeping peripheral blood in PAXgene Blood RNA tube. The purity of RNA stored at six-time gradients ranged from 1.815 to 1.952. With the increase of storage time, RNA yield decreased from 4.516 ng to 1.039 ng, and RNA integrity decreased from 8.533 to 7.150.@*CONCLUSIONS@#According to the results of total RNA's yield, purity and integrity, peripheral blood pretreated with DNA/RNA ShieldTM was the best pretreatment method. After the pretreatment, samples can be preserved for up to 60 days in low temperature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Specimen Collection/methods , Cryopreservation , DNA/analysis , RNA
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL